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Solar Tracker

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September 12, 2010

31/07/2014 21:34

Solar Tracker

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Description: This solar tracker circuit is an open source circuit and anyone may
edit the circuit to his/her own preference. Watch the video for other useful
information regarding features the solar tracker does and does not include that
you may have to implement yourself.

Solar Tracker Schematic

Motor Components

-Linear Actuator
-Hobby Motor

Circuit Components

31/07/2014 21:34

Solar Tracker

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-1x Comparator LM339D


-4x Resistor 10k
-3x Resistor 100k
-2x Resistor 2.2k
-1x Resistor 3.3k
-2x Photo Transistor
-2x PNP MOSFET IRF5305
-2x NPN MOSFET IRF3205
-1x Blocking Diode BAT54

Most of these components can be found at online electronic component stores


such as: Jameco.com or Mouser.com

For more information about why we used certain components in the circuit, click
here.

Comments

13 comments

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13 comments

Benjamin Naber Central High School (Rapid City, South Dakota)


Instead of using photo transistors or photo-resistors, I used clear lens LEDs. I change the value of th
the reference voltage divider to 1M ohms to bring down the Vref from .421V to 42.1mV.
Also, ensure you are using the same MOSFETS, ie, don't use a IRF510 and a IRF640. For the P-ch
had a IRF9530 and a IRF9540. Either the IRF9540 was bad, or because the drain-source resistance
MOSTFET would get *very* hot after a second of two of the motor spinning. The other MOSFETs re
touch.
After salvaging another IRF9530 from a power supply, none of the MOSFETs get warm, even after p
using a flashlight, making the motor rapidly change directions.
Reply Like July 18 at 3:08pm
Benjamin Naber Central High School (Rapid City, South Dakota)
Most of the components can be taken from desktop computer power supplies. The diode is nothing
higher rectifier diode will work fine.
The LM339 or KA339 can be found in some Un-interruptable power supplies, wall input voltage doe
could probably use an LM324 or LM224. Or, whatever you have to use to get four op-amps.
the linear actuator connection is simple. The two wires from the motor. Once the sensors are in in pl
moves the other direction, switch the two wires on the actuator around.
Reply Like July 18 at 3:01pm
Gia Phat Qu nh
hi, i'm in Vietnam, I cant find enough Components, can i use Comparator LM339N instead of Com
Reply Like June 19 at 8:51pm
Gia Phat Qu nh
i cant buy blocking diode bat 53, which diode i can use instead of it.
Reply Like June 20 at 4:15am
Ha Vu Works at TNUT
Some one can explain or show to me the structure of connection between panel and pole of linear a
think that this join is not fix????
Reply Like January 1 at 7:39pm
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About Author

Robert Smith

I'm the proud owner of greentechtown.com, and I gained a passion for


green energy from building my very own solar panel. I believe solar energy and
other renewable energies are our future, and my goal is to continue to expose
others to that technology. View all posts by Robert Smith

31/07/2014 21:34