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Trade or Labor unions in the Philippines are organizations sanctioned by Labor Code of the
Philippines as an acknowledgment of Filipino workers' freedom to self-organize. Trade unions aim
the following:
1. To promote enlightenment among Filipino workers concerning their wages, hour of work,
and other legal rights.
2. To raise awareness on their obligations as union members and employees.
They serve as legitimate entities that negotiate with employers in policy-making with regard
to terms and conditions of employment. These negotiations formally take place in the process of
Collective Bargaining Agreement an agreement in writing or writings between an employer
and a trade union setting forth the terms and conditions of employment or containing provisions
in regard to rates of pay, hours of work or other working conditions of employees.
**Please study Labor Code of the Philippines, Book Five: Labor Relations, Title III: Bureau of Labor
Relations, Article 231: Registry of unions and file of collective bargaining agreements

Trade unions are granted with a right to go on a strike, a temporary stoppage of work by the
employees when there is a labor dispute are defined as situation when there are controversies
surrounding negotiations and arranging of the terms and condition of employment. The union,
however, must file a notice of strike or the employer must file a notice of lockout with the
Ministry. But when a strike or lockout is deemed to compromise national interests or interests of
the Filipino public (for instance, the case of health workers), the Secretary of Labor and
Employment has the authority to prohibit it and deliberately enforce resumption of regular
List of Trade Union in the Philippines:

1. Federation of Free Workers

FFW is also considered as a national trade union center in the country considering its size
and membership of eight (8) trade federations (TFs) and two (2) special sector federations.
Among civil society movements, FFW is known as "the oldest trade union-social movement" in
the Philippines "that is still in existence". It was founded 19 June 1950, and has 200,000 mass
members in the formal and informal sectors. 80,000 members are dues-paying and covered with
collective bargaining agreements.
Among the prominent affiliates of FFW with collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) are in
education institutions, banks, pharmaceutical and electronics companies Ateneo de Davao,
Central Philippine University, University of the East - Ramon Magsaysay, Philippine School of
Business Administration, National College of Business Administration, University of San Agustin
of Iloilo, Branches of the Bank of the Philippine Islands, BPI Family Bank, Philippine Clearing,
CountryBankers, Malayan Insurance the Temic Semiconductor, Temic Continental, Vishay
Philippines, United Pulp and Paper, Oro Port of Cagayan de Oro, Thomas National Transport, Avis,
Europe cars, Mitsubishi, San Roque Metals Mining, Philippine Mining, Lepanto Mining, Delfi, Coca

Cola, Pfizer, Boie Takeda, Smithkline Beecham, Astra Seneca, Hi-Eisai Pharmaceutical, Bayer
Philippines, Johnson & Johnson, Interphil Laboratories, Globe Telecom, among others.

2. Kilusang Mayo Uno or May First Labor Movement Centre

It is an independent labor center in the Philippines promoting militant unionism. It follows in
the fighting tradition of the country's first trade union, the Union Impresores y Litografos de
Filipinas (Printers' and Lithographers' Union of the Philippines) in 1892 and the Congress of Labor
Organizations (CLO) of the 1950s.
It was created on 1 May 1980 during the Marcos regime to represent progressive workers
organizations in the country that advocated National Democratic struggle, especially the end of
what was seen as US Imperialism.
KMU advocates for an across-the-board-wage increase of 125. This campaign has been
launched in 1999 and in December 2006, the House of Representatives approved House Bill 435
seeking a 125 legislated wage hike. KMU is also leading a campaign against extrajudicial
killings. Since 2001, more than 70 unionist and labor activists have been killed by death squads.
The union president of Nestl Philippines and PAMANTIK Chairperson Diosdado Fortuna was
amongst the slain. They have also launched an international campaign against political killings
and have filed a complaint to the International Labor Organization versus the government of
former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. They have also an ongoing campaign to boycott
Nestl, whom they accuse of labor rights violations in the company's facilities in Laguna
Province. Previous campaigns include a 2004 transport strike to protest rising oil prices, and a
campaign to free the late congressman Crispin Beltran from detention by the Philippine National
3. Trade Union Congress of the Philippines
The Trade Union Congress of the Philippines (TUCP), with 1.2 million members, is the biggest
confederation of labor federations in the Philippines. It was founded on December 14, 1975 by 23
labor federations which saw the necessity and importance of uniting themselves into a strong
and dynamic labor center. Today, the TUCP, as the most representative labor center in the
country is composed of almost 30 federations with members in all sectors and industries (from
agriculture to manufacturing to services) including government employees. It also has members
coming from associations/organizations of groups from the OFWs, informal sector, drivers, urban
poor, youth groups, cooperatives, alliances, coalitions and other civil society groups.
TUCP is committed to developing critical cooperation with government, advocating for an
economic policy which promotes national interest and international competitiveness and further
strengthening internal and international solidarity and cohesiveness among the union of the