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Modular Theory of the Mind

and Other Anthropolensed

Explaining Optic Second

Sight Circuit Interactions

Egyptian Soul Economy

Three directive souls: Akh, Ba, Ka
Three Intermediary energies: Ran, Jab (Hati), Shut (Khaibit)
Three executive elements: Sekhem, Sanhu, Nacht (Sat)

The next triad of the elements of a human being are: Ba, Yab, and Sahh, which belong to the inter-mediating sphere of the
whole being. Here, all weight of afterlife of a human being rests, because it is them that determinate what will one do living
ones life, and what was the intention of his doings. Thus, they are the main protagonists of the judgment over the dead,
because they are responsible for a human beings conscious actions and submit to the judgment over the dead. They are as
Ba: This element is most closely associated with the understanding of a soul in the Western occidental civilization. Ba may be the reflexive, passionate element, responsible for life choices.
Egyptians held that Ba was a loyal servant, thus a soul of one was his loyal servant (bak). Ba is
described in writing by two different determinatives: the older one is a black stork, the younger
one falcon with a human head. The reflexive soul was thus considered an inseparable companion,
which suggests motives and way of acting. Ba was not responsible for creative thought, but advised how they should be applied, it resided in the heart (yab), and its inclinations influenced
the active heart (Hati). The heart commanding separate senses and movements decided which of
the Ba-influences to execute, and which one should be rejected. When Ba is recommending inner
tranquillity, moderation, care for oneself and others, or it persuades Maat, then it has a chance
of attaining the state of divinity and it awaits a reward in the afterlife. This happy fate met him/
her only when they conducted themselves as above. When the Ba-soul contradicted the order of
Maat and influenced the human being to act against his con-science (co-feeling), or the voice of
the Yab-heart which was inscribed with unfaltering laws and principles stemming from Ren in the
Necheru sphere then it must have been punished with other elements of the deceased, belonging to the sphere Hhekau, dying in cruel condition in the Underworld; The advices of the soul
might be completely contradicting con-science, and even may put afterlife in doubt, in the scripture Conversation of a suicide with his Ba we may note a complete contradiction between the
Ba-element and inner consideration of a man. The soul or Ba in this case seem to be a synonym
of sobriety and at all costs it attempts to silence the burdened con-science. The Ba, attached to
all pleasantries of life conjures its image and recommends idleness. Operating on rational arguments the Ba negates afterlife, just to protect the protagonist from suicide. It knows that it leads
to the extermination of consciousness in the afterlife. To the life in opposition to Maat it portrays
a noble death, which is saving from wickedness and assures existence in the afterlife. The conscience suggests that a person living in accord with Maat has more influence in the world than the
living body, attaining a degree of post-mortem divinity and the ability to conjure miracles. In the
light of Egyptian narrative, the Ba is not only belonging to the human existence, also Gods and
animals possess it. Yet, Gods are not limited to having just one Ba as the rational friend, the Ba
may undergo transformations. Of course, a Ba belonging to a Deity is of much higher hierarchy
than that of a mortal or an animal, it is higher, perfect, and infallible. In essence, the Deity-Ba is
similar to human Akh, Ba of the divine is a manifestation of Necheru, may inhabit the bodies of
many animals and this fact is the basis of Egyptian zoolatry (for example the Deity Horus, as the
God of Life, may be emanating through all living beings in the positive aspect of their expression).

The interpretation and translation is based on Wiesaw Bators, scholarly work Religion of Ancient Egypt: Perspectives from Religious Studies (Jagiellonian University Publications: Cracow, 2012)

Akh (bright, illumined) directs the whole intellectual sphere of a human being, and contains all his or hers intellectual potential (that
may be trained). The hieroglyphic determinative and logogram of
the concept Akh was the walking bird. This element returned to
Yaaru (heavens) considered the house of Gods and Goddesses, it
was this element that was the messenger of the Gods that worked
in accord with the laws of Maat, Akh of the deceased was identified with Stars across the universe, because Akh was also the source
of all wisdom, the living wrote letters to the stars or to the Akh of
their ancestors, leaving them in their graves, where the statue (tut)
of the deceased was erected, they awaited the reply in their dreams.

Ran/Ren (the name), nefer, it meant beautiful; happy; joyful;

glorious; splendid. It was the mirroring of the universal creative word (kheru, medu), the name was considered a natural link
in-between creative soul and Akh and its passive executive form
(Sekhem), but also an inter-mediary element between the Necher
(Gods and Goddesses) and affective-emotional domain of the being,
called hhekau (represented in case of human being by triad: Ba,
Yab, Sahh). Name, understood in such a way, was associated with all
governing forces over energy, and thus the physical world. The power of the name Ren depends on the quality of Akh of its beholder;

Sekhem was considered the primal, unspoiled form of a human being the ideal prototype of his body residing in the divine sphere of Nerchru. Visually, Sekhem reminded
of earthly body, but it did not have any defects, nor did it undergo the effects of time.
Observing representation of phenomena of time-less youth in artistic impressions conjured by Egyptian masters of Sekhem of immortal beings, as they were considered artistic ideations of the Earthly mirroring of Sekhem. This kind of idealistic portrayals were
considered earthly mirroring of Sekhem and they were given the name Tut, which were
included by some researchers into the fundamental elements of ones personality. Egyptians did not deny tut (the figure) a form of life (Tut Ankh or living image) , but always considered Tut an Earthly substitute of Sekhem. Many researchers sought in Sekhem
some active force, working in an autonomous manner, which might not be completely
accurate, because the same element was equal in a determinative of a standing mummy,
which may be found amongst the concepts of other bodies: Sahh and Djet. Thus, all three
elements of human nature belong to the same category of receptive, or passive forms.
This hypothesis is supported by Egyptian mythology, that the Goddess Sekhmet, of personified Sekhem of the highest being, is seen as a passive executor of the will of the King
of Gods Atum-Re-Chepri, who, according to the Stone of Shabaka, is understood as
the heart and word of the panenteistic God Ptah; The above-mentioned elements of
the human personality which work in the divine sphere of Necheru were considered the
most perfect prototype of a mortal, thus the numinous mirroring of his Earthly nature.


Yab/Hati, or heart is the main concept of Egyptian anthropology and the key to the active human being, Egyptians believed that that it is the temple and store-house of thoughts, and thus
they assigned it a role similar to this that we are assigned to the brain nowadays (it might be said
that the brain and associated cognitive processes and affective states and feelings are modulating the essential heart, thus experiences, and pain, suffering, influences or cleanses the heart alike
to karmic inclinations, when a heart drowns in its despair, or becomes alike to stone different
from detached abiding it grows cold but it may not be limited to biochemical physiological
brain functions, it works with the components that give the feeling component authenticity, and
the genius its proper, spiritual function, thus also it might be said that apart from a regular heart
pumping blood through the organism, there is a hidden layer, a spiritual heart and its circulation,
through which all states of being are carried throughout thus some believed that in blood therein
is also contained the vital force of the heart, it is a violation thus to abuse the blood of ones heart,
as it develops a parasitical dependence, and reliance on someone elses heart thus rejecting ones
own as an independent being). The heart was divided into the passive form (con-science) called
yab, and directive active part (desire, or rather direction) hati. As con-science the heart (yab)
is never bribed and it may be a witness against the deceased in the world of the dead. Some researchers believed that yab is directed towards the meta-physical worlds, while hati directs the
doing of a human being in the world of the senses, for hatia means also ruler. It thus also has
in Egyptian texts a function alike to defence-double (ka) controlling the visible physical body. According to Egyptians they are different in the sense that hati is guided by conscious working of
our body, and Ka controls only the physiological functioning of our organism that is not guided by

our will (in essence Yogins of the East, by establishing Hati-Hatia command over Ka,
they could be in charge of the emotional, affective, cognitive and other functions of the
mind and body, thus establishing a seat of consciousness linking it with the true will or
the higher image) . The hati heart, as a collection of active desires, emotions, also commands the passive form (body) related to the sphere of Hhekau, also called Sahh

Khaibit (shut), or shadow was considered amongst the Egyptian thinkers an intermediary element that transports the recommendations of Ka to autonomous physiological systems. It was always portrayed as pitch-black, and thats why it was called the shadow. This shadow-soul accompanied a human being even at night, being his visual representation of vital and reproductive
forces (thus shadow-substance may be considered as a psycho-sexual energy in relation to living organisms). As a state of physical reality, mediating between pure energy and matter may be often borrowed by Sahh, which in such a way is materializing and assumes a visible form. After
death, Khaibit lived in the grave altogether with Ka and Djet, and like them, required nourishment.

Sahh: is a passive being of the human being, which is at disposal of the heart and executed
through the meditation of the Sahh(-body) the will of the Ba-soul. It works without the interference of the senses and as a signal to act it is enough to think (emanate or vibrate) a word (any
directed thought-form, or act, voice etc.). It may be called soul-body, subtle-body, or emotional body. Because its determinative is also a standing mummy, a corpse, it is said the true
process of mummification was an attempt at turning a regular body into Sahh (perhaps an astral double). These concepts, however, are not identical because the mummy is described with
the Egyptian word Ui although equipped with identical determinative. In any case Sahh was
the principle tool (and perhaps a protective carrier-shielding) in working of the Ba-soul through
mediation of the heart, and it could take any shapes and infiltrate physical matter. It could also
shape it into proper, visible imaginations; It is her that could morph its being into notions, or
representations of Deities (modern idea of godforms, masks or illusions, unlike true Deities), animals, plants, and symbols. It could also change things into another (transmutation,
for example modifications on the mental-astral plane, or endowing physical objects with various kinds of energy consecrated, or cursed objects). That is why Sahh was an element, without which no magical work could be performed, that was considered obvious and common.

Djet: One of the many names of the physical body. In Egyptian texts there are several synonyms: kat, sat, hha. As the most sensuous of them all and the only fully accessible sensuous element that played a major function. The most important function of Djet was to execute the commands of heart or hati. In such a way the physical body realised in the world ideas of purely
conceptual element Akh descending from the divine sphere of Netcheru and through Djet the
effects of conscious choice of man and his decisions which he makes in the sphere of hhekau. No
wonder that caring for the body was a fundamental responsibility for every Egyptian, moreover
aversion towards ascesis was on par with aversion to lack of moderation in submitting to physical lusts. Both stances led, according to Egyptian wise-man to the destruction of an organism, and
thus criminally limited the potential acting of the Ba-soul and divine particle Akh in the physical world. After death, Djet was transformed into a ui-mummy for Khaibit and Ka to live further;

The third sphere of the world, in which a human being played was the physical world, called nachtu. There are
three functional elements here: directing Ka, intermediary (Khaibit, Shu) and executive (Djet), from all listed elements of personality only the last one is captured in a sensual way, khaibit (shadow-being) is a delicate substance, and Ka is considered an invisible care-taker sustaining the human body in a good condition.

Ka It is not commonly agreed, but some speculate that it is closest to the form close to
platonic ideas, others that it is a blind instinctual force without any form of spirituality (it
might happen that in fact it is blind, instinctual at first, but undergoes refinement into the
divine, numinous ideas that penetrate this world as interpretable powers, or eternal grammar of the world, which understood, becomes reflected in it). The main function of Ka is
providing nourishment to the physical body. The female version of Ka, or Hemsut proves
that this component has a role in sexual differences and regulated physiological needs. Ka
has also some relation with the ancestors and heritability, Ka might look like a double (perhaps an astral double, representing the image of the person at a given time). Ka most likely was not responsible for psychic and moral traits of a human being. The energy-basis
which Ka operates in , governing the physiology of a human being is khaibit (shut). After death, Ka resided (with two other elements) in the grave, still having physical needs.