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Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C.

UNRESTRICTED
Dec 2009

Document ID: SP 1275


Filing key:

Specification and Criteria for Design of


Civil & Building Works
SP 1275

This document is the property of Petroleum Development Oman, LLC. Neither the whole nor any part
of this document may be disclosed to others or reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted
in any form by any means (electronic, mechanical, reprographic recording or otherwise) without prior
written consent of the owner.

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Authorised For Issue Dec 2009

Signed: ............................................................
Ali Nasser Al Jahadhamy, UIB/4 (UEB)
CFDH, Civil Engineering

The following is a brief summary of the recent revisions to this document. Details of all revisions prior
to these are held on file by the issuing department.

Version
No.
Revision 0

Date

Author

Scope / Remarks

May 90

W. Von Schmidt, TTH/4

First Issue

Revision 1

April 95

BEZ/5

Updated to standard format

Version 1.0

June 04

Version 2.0

Dec 09

Ali Nasser Al Jahadhamy,


TTO/2 (UEC)
Ali Nasser Al Jahadhamy,
UIB/4 (UEB)

Converted to Specification as per PDO


policy and minor changes to the text
Building design specifications updated

SP 1275

Page i

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Contents
1.0 Introduction.......................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Purpose............................................................................................................................. 1
1.2 User Guidelines ................................................................................................................ 1
1.3 Changes to the Specification ............................................................................................ 1
1.4 Applicable Standards, Specifications and Codes ............................................................. 2
1.4.1
PDO Standards ................................................................................................ 2
1.4.2
Omani Standards ............................................................................................. 3
1.4.3
International Standards .................................................................................... 3
1.4.4
SIEP / Shell GSI Standards ............................................................................. 5
1.5 Compliance with Standards .............................................................................................. 6
2.0 Scope ..................................................................................................................................... 7
2.1 General ............................................................................................................................. 7
2.2 Units of Measurement ...................................................................................................... 7
2.3 Civil Design Requirements ............................................................................................... 8
2.3.1
Basic Information ............................................................................................ 8
2.3.2
Geotechnical Investigation ............................................................................... 8
2.3.2.1 Scope of Investigation ..................................................................................... 9
2.3.2.2 Geotechnical Investigation Report .................................................................. 9
2.3.3
Preliminary Civil Design ............................................................................... 10
2.3.4
Final Civil Design ......................................................................................... 11
2.3.5
Structural Design ........................................................................................... 12
2.3.5.1 Steelwork ...................................................................................................... 12
2.3.5.2 Concrete........................................................................................................ 14
2.3.5.3 Block Work .................................................................................................. 18
2.3.6
Engineering Drawings ................................................................................... 18
2.3.7
Design Requirements for Specific Buildings................................................. 22
2.3.8
Design Requirements for Pipe Supports ........................................................ 22
2.4 Design Loads .................................................................................................................. 22
2.4.1
Dead Loads .................................................................................................... 22
2.4.2
Live Loads ..................................................................................................... 23
2.4.3
Wind Loading ................................................................................................ 24
2.4.4
Seismic Loading ............................................................................................ 26
2.4.5
Design Loading For Crane Gantry Girders .................................................... 27
2.4.6
Dynamic Loads .............................................................................................. 27
2.4.7
Thermal Loads ............................................................................................... 27
2.4.8
Blast loading.................................................................................................. 28
2.4.9
Load Combinations ....................................................................................... 29
2.5 Climatic Aspects of Buildings ........................................................................................ 29
2.5.1
Climatic Design Criteria ................................................................................ 29
2.5.2
Siting & Orientation ...................................................................................... 29
2.6 Means of Escape and Fire Protection ............................................................................. 34
2.7 Minimum Building Requirements .................................................................................. 35
2.7.1
PDO Buildings .............................................................................................. 35
2.7.1.1 Control Room Buildings............................................................................... 35
2.7.1.2 PDO Office Buildings .................................................................................. 35
2.7.1.3 PDO Sleeping Accommodation .................................................................... 36
2.7.1.4 PDO Ablution Requirements ........................................................................ 36
2.7.2
Contractors Buildings.................................................................................... 36
2.7.3
Permanent Accommodation for Contractors (PAC) Buildings ...................... 36
2.7.3.1 SS Accommodation & Ablution Facilities.................................................... 36
2.7.3.2 JS/JE Accommodation & Ablution Facilities ............................................... 37
2.7.2.3 Kitchen and Messing Facilities ..................................................................... 38
2.8 Building Elements and Finishes ..................................................................................... 46

Dec 2009

Page ii

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

2.8.1
Walls .............................................................................................................. 46
2.8.1.1 Structural Loading......................................................................................... 46
2.8.1.2 Thermal Requirements .................................................................................. 47
2.8.1.3 Noise Requirements ...................................................................................... 47
2.8.1.4 Thermal Movements / Structural Freedom .................................................... 47
2.8.1.5 Economic Aspects ......................................................................................... 48
2.8.1.6 Wall Finishes ................................................................................................ 48
2.8.2
Floors ............................................................................................................. 48
2.8.2.1 External Floors & Hard standings ................................................................. 48
2.8.2.2 Internal Floors ............................................................................................... 48
2.8.2.3 Floor Finishes ............................................................................................... 49
2.8.3
Skirting .......................................................................................................... 49
2.8.4
Ceilings .......................................................................................................... 49
2.8.5
Doors ............................................................................................................. 49
2.8.6
Windows ........................................................................................................ 49
2.8.7
Ironmongery ................................................................................................... 50
2.9 Staircases and Platforms ................................................................................................. 50
2.9.1
Flow Capacities of Staircases ........................................................................ 50
2.9.2
Riser / Going Relationship ............................................................................ 51
2.9.3
Fire Rating for Structures .............................................................................. 54
2.10
Roofs ................................................................................................................... 59
2.10.1
Thermal Requirement ..................................................................................... 59
2.10.2
Water Discharge............................................................................................. 59
2.10.3
Flat Roofs ...................................................................................................... 59
2.10.4
Pitched Roofs ................................................................................................ 60
2.10.5
Roof Sheeting ................................................................................................ 60
2.11
Built-in-Furniture ................................................................................................ 61
2.12
Security ............................................................................................................... 61
2.12.1
Fencing and Gates .......................................................................................... 61
2.13
Paint Finish & Colour ......................................................................................... 64
2.13.1
External Surfaces ........................................................................................... 64
2.13.2
Internal Surfaces ............................................................................................ 64
2.14
External Works.................................................................................................... 64
2.14.1
Site Preparation ............................................................................................. 64
2.14.2
Landscaping ................................................................................................... 65
2.14.2.1 Hard Landscaping........................................................................................ 65
2.14.2.2 Soft Landscaping......................................................................................... 65
2.14.2.3 Screening Requirements .............................................................................. 65
2.14.3
Roads ............................................................................................................. 65
2.14.3.1 Internal Access Road ................................................................................... 65
2.14.3.2 External Access Roads ................................................................................ 66
2.14.4
Car Parks ....................................................................................................... 67
2.14.4.1 Standard Parking Layout ............................................................................. 67
2.14.4.2 Car Parks Construction ............................................................................... 67
2.14.4.3 Road Signs & Markings .............................................................................. 67
2.14.5
Materials Storage Yards................................................................................. 76
2.14.6
Footpaths ....................................................................................................... 76
2.14.6.1 Footpath Dimensions .................................................................................. 76
2.14.6.2 Footpath Construction ................................................................................ 76
2.15
Building Services Design Requirements ............................................................. 76
2.15.1
Manufacturers & Vendors ............................................................................. 77
2.15.2
Specification & Drawings .............................................................................. 77
2.15.3
As Built Drawings ......................................................................................... 77
2.15.4
External Services ........................................................................................... 77
2.16
Air-Conditioning & Ventilation .......................................................................... 77
2.16.1
Design Criteria for Air Conditioning & Ventilation Works .......................... 78
2.16.1.1 Outdoor Conditions .................................................................................... 78
SP 1275

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Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.16.1.2 Indoor Conditions ....................................................................................... 79


2.16.1.3 Equipment Overcapacity ............................................................................. 79
2.16.2
Specialist Areas ............................................................................................. 79
2.16.2.1 Battery rooms .............................................................................................. 79
2.16.2.2 Control Rooms and Field Auxiliary Rooms ............................................... 80
2.16.2.2 Electrical Substations & Switch Houses..................................................... 80
2.16.2.3 Gas Bottle Stores ........................................................................................ 81
2.16.2.4 Kitchens ...................................................................................................... 81
2.16.2.5 Laboratories ................................................................................................ 82
2.16.2.6 Temporary Buildings .................................................................................. 82
2.16.3
Condensate Drains......................................................................................... 82
2.16.4
Refrigerant Pipe work .................................................................................... 82
2.16.5
Automatic Shutdown ..................................................................................... 82
2.16.6
Legionnaires Disease ..................................................................................... 83
2.17
Plumbing ............................................................................................................. 83
2.17.1
Potable Water ................................................................................................ 83
2.17.1.1 Water Demand ............................................................................................ 83
2.17.1.2 Isolating Valves, Air Valves, Washouts ...................................................... 84
2.17.1.3 Water Meters .............................................................................................. 85
2.17.1.4 Storage ........................................................................................................ 85
2.17.1.5 Pumping ...................................................................................................... 85
2.17.1.6 Sterilisation................................................................................................. 85
2.17.2 Domestic Hot & Cold Water ............................................................................... 85
2.17.2.1 Water Consumption .................................................................................... 86
2.17.2.2 Water Systems ............................................................................................ 86
2.17.2.3 Isolation ...................................................................................................... 86
2.17.2.4 Insulation .................................................................................................... 86
2.17.2.5 Sterilisation................................................................................................. 86
2.17.2.6 Flush Control Valves .................................................................................. 87
2.17.2.7 Water Closet spray Assemblies ................................................................... 87
2.17.2.8 Emergency Showers .................................................................................... 87
2.17.2.9 Emergency Eye Wash Stations.................................................................... 87
2.17.2.10 Hot Water Service Dead legs .................................................................... 87
2.17.3
Drainage ........................................................................................................ 87
2.17.4
Sewerage........................................................................................................ 88
2.17.4.1 Toilets ......................................................................................................... 88
2.17.4.2 Flow Rates .................................................................................................. 88
2.17.4.3 Minimum Pipe Diameters ........................................................................... 89
2.17.4.4 Design velocities ......................................................................................... 89
2.17.4.5 Location of Manholes ................................................................................. 90
2.17.4.6 Interceptors ................................................................................................. 90
2.17.4.7 Pipe work Under Buildings......................................................................... 90
2.17.4.8Structural Penetrations................................................................................. 90
2.17.4.9 Connection to Existing Sewers ................................................................... 90
2.17.4.10 Sewage Pumping Stations ......................................................................... 90
2.17.5
Liquid Petroleum Gas .................................................................................... 90
2.17.5.1 Gas Cylinder Stores .................................................................................... 91
2.17.5.2 Regulators ................................................................................................... 91
2.17.5.3 Emergency Shutdown ................................................................................. 91
2.17.5.4 Domestic Installations................................................................................. 91
2.17.6
Laboratory Piped Services and fittings .......................................................... 91
2.17.7
Fire Fighting Water ....................................................................................... 91
2.17.7.1 Hose reels.................................................................................................... 91
2.17.7.2 Hydrants ...................................................................................................... 92
2.17.7.3 Fire Storage Tanks ...................................................................................... 92
2.17.7.4 Fire Pumps .................................................................................................. 92
2.17.8
Irrigation ........................................................................................................ 92
Dec 2009

Page iv

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

2.17.8.1 Demand ....................................................................................................... 93


2.17.8.2 System Components .................................................................................... 93
2.17.8.3 Storage ........................................................................................................ 94
2.17.8.4 Pumping & Filtration .................................................................................. 94
2.17.8.5 Control Systems .......................................................................................... 94
2.17.8.6 Pipe work Identification .............................................................................. 95
2.17.8.7 Sprinklers .................................................................................................... 95
2.17.8.8 Emitter Allocations ..................................................................................... 95
2.17.9
Swimming Pools ............................................................................................ 95
2.18
Sewage Treatment ................................................................................................ 95
2.18.1
Location of STP ............................................................................................. 96
2.18.2
Pollution Load ............................................................................................... 96
2.18.3
Sewage Treatment Plant ................................................................................. 96
2.18.4
Treated Effluent Standard .............................................................................. 98
2.18.5
Facultative Ponds ......................................................................................... 101
2.18.6
Septic Tanks ................................................................................................ 101
2.18.7
Hydrocarbon Disposal Pits .......................................................................... 101
2.19
Electrical Services ............................................................................................. 101
2.19.1
Electrical Supply.......................................................................................... 102
2.19.1.1 Rated Voltage & Frequency ...................................................................... 102
2.19.1.2 Loads ......................................................................................................... 102
2.19.1.3 Voltage Drop ............................................................................................. 103
2.19.1.4 Underground Cable De rating ................................................................... 104
2.19.1.5 Underground Cables.................................................................................. 105
2.19.1.6 Earthing..................................................................................................... 105
2.19.2
Small Power ................................................................................................. 105
2.19.2.1 Power Supply ............................................................................................ 106
2.19.2.2 Power Consumption .................................................................................. 106
2.19.2.3 Voltage Drop ............................................................................................. 107
2.19.2.4 Cables ....................................................................................................... 107
2.19.2.5 Conduit & Trunking.................................................................................. 107
2.19.2.6 Earthing & Bonding .................................................................................. 107
2.19.3
Indoor Lighting ............................................................................................ 107
2.19.3.1 Luminaries................................................................................................. 108
2.19.4
Emergency Lighting ..................................................................................... 108
2.19.4.1 Escape Route Lighting .............................................................................. 109
2.19.4.2 Exit Lighting ............................................................................................. 109
2.19.4.3 Vital Lighting ............................................................................................ 109
2.19.5
Outdoor Lighting ......................................................................................... 110
2.19.5.1 Lighting Fixtures ....................................................................................... 110
2.19.5.2 Illumination Levels .................................................................................... 110
2.20
Fire Detection & Alarm..................................................................................... 110
2.20.1
Operational Criteria ..................................................................................... 110
2.20.2
Cables .......................................................................................................... 112
2.21
Lightning Protection .......................................................................................... 112
2.22
Telecom Networks ............................................................................................. 112
2.22.1
Data Communications Networks ................................................................. 113
2.22.2
Television & Video Networks ..................................................................... 113
2.22.3
Audio Systems ............................................................................................. 113
2.22.4
Nurse Call Systems ...................................................................................... 113
Appendices ............................................................................................................................. 114
Appendix A: Glossary of Definitions & Abbreviations ...................................................... 115
A.1 General Definitions & Terminology .................................................................. 115
A.2 Abbreviations .................................................................................................... 116
A.3 Abbreviations for Building Types ..................................................................... 120
A.4 Abbreviations for Room Types .......................................................................... 127
SP 1275

Page v

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix B: Weights of General Building Materials ........................................................ 131


Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes ..................................................................... 134
Appendix D: Wall Finishes................................................................................................ 150
Appendix E: Floor Finishes ............................................................................................... 152
Appendix F: Skirting Types ............................................................................................... 155
Appendix G: Ceilings......................................................................................................... 156
Appendix H: Door Types ................................................................................................... 157
Appendix I: Window Types (Glazing)................................................................................ 158
Appendix J: Ironmongeries ................................................................................................ 159
Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria ........................................................... 173
Appendix L: Electrical Requirements ................................................................................ 182
Appendix M: CP User - Comment Form............................................................................ 192

Dec 2009

Page vi

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

1.0

Introduction

1.1

Purpose

Version 2.0

The purpose of this document is to specify the minimum requirements and recommendations
for Structural Design and Detail Engineering of Civil and Building Works and is
intended for use by PDO and its nominated Consultants and Contractors for the development
and operation of Company facilities.
This Code of Practice is intended to:

1.2

Set the Company standards for facilities along the facilities life cycle.

Disseminate and record facilities related information, experience and procedures.

User Guidelines
This Code of Practice supersedes version 1.0 of SP-1275 Civil & Building Design Criteria
Manual. Other than the conversion or formatting, the following are the main changes to this
document.
-

Applicable Standards, Specifications and Codes are revised. Specification for control
rooms included into this specification

Concrete surface Protection details are revised

Accommodation facility requirements for Contractors camps in section 2.7 and its
subsections are revised

Air conditioning filter specifications revised

Staircases & Platforms requirements in section 2.9 revised.

For all HSE requirements, the User should refer the CP-122 Code of Practice for Health,
Safety and Environmental Protection and other documents referenced therein.

1.3

Changes to the Specification


Custodian of this document is the Corporate Functional Discipline Head (CFDH) of Civil
Engineering. Any User of this document, who encounters an inaccuracy or ambiguity, is
requested to notify the CFDH using the SP user-comment form provided in Appendix-M.
Reviews and modifications or changes to the Code of Practice will normally be made by the
CFDH every four years or earlier when justified.

SP-1275

Page 1

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

1.4

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Applicable Standards, Specifications and Codes


This Code of practice shall be read in conjunction with the latest revisions of the following
Standards, Specifications and Codes.

1.4.1

Dec 2009

PDO Standards
GU 611

PDO Guide to Engineering Standards & Procedures

SP 2047

Specification for the Preparation and Content of


Engineering Drawings

IP 15

Institute of Petroleum Model Code of Safe Practice Part


15 Area Classification Code for Petroleum Installations

SP 1273

Specification for Civil & Buildings - Standard Drawing


Index

SP 1278

Specification for Site Selection and Soil Investigation


Works Engineering Guidelines Manual

SP 1274

Specification for Civil & Building Construction


Materials Testing

SP 1279

Specification for Civil & Building Construction

SP 1285

Specification for Building Services

SP 1280

Specification for
Construction

SP 1281

Specification for Roads Guide to Safe Road Works

SP 1282

Specification for Reinforced Concrete Production &


Construction Guidelines

SP 1283

Specification for Standard Sunshades


Requirements & Standard Drawings

SP 1276

Specification for Standard Control Building Design


Requirements & Standard Drawings

SP 1099

Specification for Electrical Installation Practice

SP 1104

Specification for Electrical Safety Rules.

SP 1105

Specification for Electrical Standard Drawings List.

SP 1109

Specification for Earthing & Bonding.

SP 1110

Specification for Electrical Supplies in Mobile Camps.

SP 1127

Plant Equipment Layout Specifications

PDO-ERD-71-01

Underground & Internal Telephone Cable Networks.

Page 2

Swimming

Pools

Design &

Design

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

SP 1075

Version 2.0

Specification for Fire & Explosion Management

SP 1284

Specification for Signs & Signboards Standard Signs


Catalogue

SP 1277

Specification for Transportable Accommodation Units


Design Requirements & Standard Drawings

CP122

Code of Practice for Health, Safety & Environmental


Protection

SP 1231

Health, Safety & Environment Specification (Occupational


Health)

SP 1232

Health Safety Environment & SD Public Health

PGSC List

Product Group Service Codes List for Civil Products

Highway Design Manual

Sultanate of Oman - Ministry of Communications

General Specification for


Roads

Sultanate of Oman - Ministry of Communications

Limits of Reuse &


discharge of Waste Water

Ministry of Environment

Bye-Laws & Ordinances

Sultanate of Oman - Royal Oman Police

Street Names & Property


Numbering Signs

Sultanate of Oman Capital Municipality

1.4.2

Specification for

Omani Standards

1.4.3

International Standards
BS 449

Specification for the use of Structural Steel in Buildings.

BS 648

Schedule of weights of building materials

BS 2573

Rules for the design of cranes

BS 3202

Laboratory Furniture & Fittings

BS 4800

Schedule of Paint Colours for building purpose

BS 5266

Emergency Lighting

BS 5268

Structural Use of Timber.

BS 5482

Code of Practice for Domestic Butane and Propane gas


burning installations

BS 5588

Fire Precaution in the Design, Construction and use of


buildings

SP-1275

Page 3

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

BS 5628

Code of Practice for the Use of Masonry.

BS 5925

Code of Practice for ventilation, principles and designing


for natural ventilation

BS 5839

Fire detection and Alarm systems for buildings

BS 5930

Code of Practice for Site Investigations.

BS 5950

Structural Use of Steelwork in Buildings.

BS 6399

Loading for Building.

BS 6651

Code of Practice for Protection of Structures against Lightning

BS 6700

Specification for Design, Installation, Testing & Maintenance of


services supplying water for domestic use within buildings &
their Cartilages.

BS 7543

Guide to durability of buildings and building elements products


and components

BS 7668

Specification for weldable structural steels.


structural hollow sections

BS 8004

Code of Practice for Foundations.

BS 8110

Structural Use of Concrete.

BS 8206

Code of Practice for Artificial Lighting

BS 8666

Specification for scheduling, dimensioning, bending and cutting


of steel reinforcement for concrete

BS EN 54

Fire detection and Fire Alarm system

BS EN 197

Cement composition, specification and conformity criteria for


common cements

BS EN 752

Drain & Sewer systems outside buildings

BS EN ISO 3766

Construction drawings. Simplified representation of concrete


reinforcement

BS EN 10025

Hot rolled products of non alloy structural steels

BS EN 10210

Hot Finished Structural Hollow Sections of non alloy and fine


grain structural steels

BS EN 12056

Gravity Drainage systems inside buildings

BS EN 13150

Work Benches for Laboratories.


Requirements and Test Methods

BS ISO 15686

Buildings and Constructed assets Planning, General Principles


and Prediction Service Life Procedures

Dec 2009

Page 4

Hot finished

Dimensions,

Safety

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

BS ISO 8995

Lighting of Indoor Work Places

CP 3

Code of Basic Data for the Design of Building.

CP 2012

Code of Practice for Foundations for Machinery

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Airconditioning Engineers Inc. (ASHRAE).

Eurocode 1 (BS EN
1991)

Actions on Structures

Eurocode 2(BS EN
1992)

Design of Concrete Structures

Eurocode 3(BS EN
1993)

Design of Steel Structures

Eurocode 4(BS EN
1994)

Design of Composite Steel and Concrete Structures

Eurocode 5(BS EN
1995)

Design of Timber Structures

Eurocode 6(BS EN
1996)

Design of Masonry Structures

Eurocode 7(BS EN
1997)

Geotechnical Design

Eurocode 8(BS EN
1998)

Design of Structures for Earthquake resistance

CIBSE

Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers


(CIBSE) Guides.

CARRIER

Carrier Air-conditioning Co.


conditioning System Design.

IEE

Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) Regulations for


Electrical Installations.

IEC 60364

Electrical Installation of Buildings

IEC 60439-4

Low voltage switchgear and control gear assemblies

DIN 57510 / VDE 0510

Specifications
Equipment.

1.4.4

Accommodation

and

for

Air-

Battery

SIEP / Shell GSI Standards


DEP 31.76.10.10-Gen.

SP-1275

for

Handbook

Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning of Plant


Buildings

Page 5

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

1.5

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

DEP 31.76.10.11-Gen.

Installation, Testing, Balancing & Commissioning of


HVAC systems

DEP 32.31.50.13-Gen.

Analyser Houses

DEP 33.64.10.10-Gen.

Electrical Engineering Guidelines

DEP 33.65.50.31-Gen.

Static DC Uninterruptible Power Supply (DC UPS)


Units.

DEP 34.00.01.30-Gen.

Minimum Requirements for Structural Design and


Engineering

DEP 34.17.00.32-Gen.

Design and Engineering of Buildings

DEP 34.17.10.30-Gen.

Reinforced Control Buildings (Explosive Proof)

DEP 34.17.10.31-Gen.

Laboratories

DEP 34.19.20.11-Gen.

Fire Hazards and Fireproofing/cold splash protection


of steel structures

DEP 34.28.00.31-Gen.

Steel Structures

DEP 80.00.10.10-Gen.

Area Classification (Amendment / Supplement to IP


15)

Compliance with Standards


Any deviations from this part of Code of practice shall be subject to Company approval and
shall be advised in writing to the Custodian.
In all cases, the Company shall determine the adequacy of the design carried out and Works
executed by the Contractor in accordance with this Code of Practices.

Dec 2009

Page 6

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.0

Scope

2.1

General

Version 2.0

This Code of Practice is an Engineering requirement for the Company Civil & Building
Facilities and includes applicable design and detailing data and requirements.

2.2

Units of Measurement
In general, the SI Units of Measurements shall apply. In addition, the following are used in
this document.

SP-1275

Acidity / Alkalinity of Water

pH

Biochemical oxygen demand

BOD

Dimension

metre, millimetre

Electrical resistance

ohms

Flow

litres per second

Force

Newton N = 0.9807 kg

Frequency

hertz Hz

Power

watt, kilowatt

W, kW

Pressure

kilopascals (gauge)

kPa, kPa(g)

Atmospheres bar

100 kPa

m, mm

l/s

Noise

decibel A scale

dBA

Refrigeration :

kilowatt

kW

Tons of refrigeration

TR = 3.517 kW

Relative Humidity

RH

Temperature

degrees Celsius

Velocity

metres per second

m/s

Weight

gram, kilogram

g, kg

Page 7

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.3

Civil Design Requirements

2.3.1

Basic Information
The Company should provide the information required to carry out the project to the
Consultant in the following form:
-

Scope of works

Project specification

Location drawing(s)

The information should include, but not be limited to, the following:
-

The intended use of the structure(s) or project

The required Design Life of the structure or various structures indicating


whether permanent, semi-permanent or temporary (as defined in Appendix A
section A.1 of this document).

Any information on existing site surveys, site investigations etc. that may be
available.

The Consultant shall bear in mind the following:


Building appearance shall conform to established PDO requirements, local customs, and if
applicable, existing buildings.
Engineering drawings shall comply with SP 2047 Specification for the Preparation and
Content of Engineering Drawings and shall be issued in the following stages:
- For Comments and Approval
- For Tender (If Applicable)
- For Construction
- As built
Building should be designed to allow for future horizontal extension unless specified
otherwise by the Company.
2.3.2

Geotechnical Investigation
The purpose of geotechnical investigation is to provide information on the soil conditions for
design and construction of civil and structural engineering works. The geotechnical
investigation work shall be carried out in accordance with DEP 34.11.00.10: Site
Investigations.
The main aims of a geotechnical investigation may be defined as follows:

Dec 2009

To enable a safe, durable and economic design for the works to be produced.

To enable the works to be constructed safely.

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

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To ensure that the construction of the works does not infringe on


environmental requirements.

2.3.2.1 Scope of Investigation


Depending on the requirements of the project, the investigation may be used to obtain
information on, but not limited to, the following:
-

Safe Bearing capacity

Settlement (total and differential settlements)

Behaviour of ground water level in respect of uplift on foundations, effects


on bearing capacity, pollution and flooding into excavations

Slope stability of embankments, cuttings and excavations

Swelling properties of soils (clays, silts, gypsum etc.)

Suitability of soil for fill

Chemical composition of soil and groundwater with particular reference to


chemical attack/corrosion on construction materials

Dynamic Shear Modulus of soil for Machine Foundations

Details of rock strata, dip, strike etc.

The Consultant however, shall carefully investigate the necessity for a geotechnical
investigation, and if required, the type of information needed. The Consultant may consider
the following:
A study of available information of the area such as geological maps, water and oil well logs,
hydrological data and geotechnical investigation reports of adjacent sites.
A site visit shall be carried out to obtain the information on the type and behaviour of
adjacent structures (cracks, sags due to differential settlements, rock outcrops that give an
indication of the presence of the depth of bedrock etc).
For extensions, single storey buildings on raft type foundations, pipelines etc., the
Consultant may consider a geotechnical investigation unnecessary based on the information
obtained from above, nevertheless it is the Consultants responsibility to ensure foundations
are suitable for the building/ structure and ground conditions.
However, for multi-storey structures, installation of large sized tanks (where settlement
predictions are important), installation of vibrating or rotary equipment (with considerable
dynamic loading) etc, dedicated geotechnical investigations shall be undertaken.
2.3.2.2 Geotechnical Investigation Report
Geotechnical Investigation Reports shall comply with DEP 34.11.00.10: Site Investigations
and BS-5930: Code of Practice for Site Investigations.
The report shall provide information on the items noted in section 2.3.2.1 as necessary. The
report shall be factual with engineering recommendations.

SP-1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Recommendations, information and discussions shall be based on anticipated details of the


structure such as, type of foundations, founding levels, foundation loadings, overturning
forces, construction procedures and details and any special construction methods. Should
any of these items significantly change during the procedure of design, the Consultant shall
review the validity of the original report recommendations and seek further advice as
necessary.
The geotechnical report shall clearly state how the recommendations have been arrived at and
shall include copies of the Terrzaghi curves used etc, to enable the Consultant to conclude
the magnitude of safety factors used to obtain the allowable bearing pressures, etc.
All reports shall be loaded in electronic form to PDO live link system for reference.
2.3.3

Preliminary Civil Design


The Consultant shall undertake preliminary designs. During this process, the Consultant
shall advise the Company on alterations considered necessary, if any, regarding orientation,
location etc, in view of local climatic conditions, topography or any other aspects. Such
alternations shall only be implemented if agreed by the Company.
In order to achieve preliminary designs, the Consultant shall be fully acquainted with the site.
To obtain the necessary knowledge the Consultant shall visit the site. The number of visits,
and personnel visiting the site, will be dependent on the project; however, the Consultant
shall ensure adequate knowledge is gained.
Preliminary designs shall comprise:
-

Site surveys (preliminary or final), which shall include details of existing


services, etc, as applicable (Various site and topographical surveys are
already available within the Company).

Site layout plan(s), showing the location of buildings and plant, and
indicating true North and prevailing wind direction(s).

A plan of every floor, indicating positions, dimensions, levels and intended


use of the rooms in the building, including typical furniture and equipment
layout where applicable.

Schematic elevations and typical cross sections.

Details of ground water levels for buildings containing basements.

Schedules of basic structural materials (concrete, steel, timber, etc,).

Locally manufactured materials shall be used wherever possible as long as such materials are
technically acceptable, in support of the Companys drive to promote local industry.

The Consultant is required, to some extent, to consider relaxing design specifications (and
hence investigate the financial consequences of the resulting operating and capital costs
associated with such a relaxation). All other civil/ building materials shall be chosen out
from the Company PGSC (Product Group Service Codes) list for Civil Products. All of
which (with minor exceptions) have local agents.

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Preliminary civil/ structural design assessment to cover structural stability,


robustness, concept, preliminary sizing of major elements and details of any
key elements.

A list of any assumed design parameters.

Preliminary designs shall include details of alternative construction and cost comparisons in
order to achieve both technically and economically viable solutions.
2.3.4

Final Civil Design


The Consultant shall obtain, as a minimum, the following information in order to undertake
the final design and details.
-

Intended use of structure (refer section 2.3.1).

The design life of the structure (Temporary, Semi-permanent or Permanent (refer


Appendix A section A.1).

Detailed site surveys including details of all existing services (if applicable) and likely
future building service runs for water, power, sewage disposal, telephones, etc.

Soil Investigation (refer section 2.3.2)

Design load requirements including meteorology (refer section 2.4)

Details of surrounding topography

Details of exposure conditions (acidic environment, saline environment, etc.)

The Consultant shall produce thorough and complete sets of detailed design calculations and
shall be approved by the Company. All calculations shall indicate, clearly and concisely the
output and conclusions of each particular solution.
Calculations shall be preceded with a standard information sheet, containing all of the above
information and additional details as shown in the project related drawings and documents.
The design statement shall summarise all relevant starting points for the calculation, such as
load data, design basis, code reference and method of analysis.
The following Codes of Practice and British Standards shall be used as a minimum for the
final design, unless alternative codes are agreed and approved by the Company.

SP-1275

BS 5268

Structural use of Timber

BS 5628

Code of Practice for the use of Masonry

BS 5950

Structural use of Steelwork in Buildings

BS 6399

Loading for Building

BS 8004

Code of Practice for Foundations

BS 8110

Structural use of Concrete

CP 3

Code of Basic Data for the Design of Building.

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Dec 2009

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

CP 2012

Code of Practice for Foundations for Machinery

Final design shall include, but not be limited to:

2.3.5

Layout plan(s) showing the locations and orientation of the building(s).

Full working drawings showing the structural and civil designs of the entire
project giving full details of all the elements in the building(s) (refer section
2.3.6).

Full working drawings showing all the architectural, mechanical, electrical and
plumbing details for the entire project (refer section 2.3.6).

Plans of every floor and roof, cross sections through individual floors and
essential elevations of the building. These drawings shall show the position,
form, dimensions and materials of all the various parts of the buildings and
structures.

Collected design data and calculations for climatic consideration, logically


leading to the conditions expected to prevail in the building.

Proof, by means of calculations, material and equipment data that the criteria for
comfort shall be satisfied.

Particular Specifications of works, to be added to the PDO Standard


Specifications, and any other specifications necessary, in sufficient detail to
invite competitive bids from erection contractors, so drafted as to provide
minimum possible disparity between the interpretations by such contractors.
These specifications shall also include a concept programme of erection, the
final material specifications and working details.

Such additional detailed designs, specifications and drawings, in order to define


fully all details of the building, and to ensure a smooth and effective completion
of the work.

A complete set of calculations for all disciplines, properly headed, indexed and
numbered, with the contract number on each sheet. All sheets shall be A4 format
and of a suitable quality for easy reproduction.

Structural Design
In the design for structural elements, the load factors, material factors, permissible stresses,
etc. shall be in accordance with the requirements of the design code being applied. Due
consideration shall be given to exceptional load conditions and accident cases for which the
design may be undertaken with reduced load and material safety factors as allowed by the
design code. Refer to Appendix B for Weights of General Building Material and Appendix
C for Live Loads.
2.3.5.1 Steelwork
Deflection in steel structures shall be limited to the values given in Table 1.
Deflections due to dead loads, where limits are given for live loads in Table 1, shall not
impair the strength and efficiency of the structure, lead to damage of the finishing or to be
unsightly. Measures to nullify the effects of deflection due to dead loads by adjusting the
casing on cased members or by pre-cambering should be considered.

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Horizontal deflections at crane rail level due to spread of the supporting structure shall be
considered and shall not exceed the value in Table 1, the manufacturers recommendations or
affect the performance of the crane. When checking for deflections the most adverse realistic
combination and arrangement of loads should be assumed.
Material grades should be as follows:
Structural hollow sections: BS EN 10210 Grade S275
All other structural steelwork: BS EN 10025 Grade S275 JR
Connections should, whenever possible, avoid the use of high strength friction grip bolts.
However, if used for special technical reasons, the mode of checking tension shall be by the
use of load indicating washers.
Bolt grades on a particular job should be standardised where possible to prevent incorrect
usage of bolt types on site.
Table 1: Allowable Deflections for Structural Steelwork Live Loadings.

SP-1275

Member

Maximum allowable
Deflection
where
Piping is supported

Maximum
allowable
Deflection where Piping
is not supported

Purlins

N/A

1/250th of the span

Supporting beams

1/500th of the span (due


to Live Loading)

1/360th of the span (due


to Live Loading)

Crane
Girders
(Vertical
deflection for 10 to 40 Tonnes
capacity)

N/A

1/800th of the span

Crane girders & Runaway


Beams (Vertical deflection up
to 10 Tonnes capacity)

N/A

1/600th of the span

Cantilevered Beams

1/400th of overhang
(due to Live Loading)

1/180th of overhang (due


to Live Loading)

Tops of columns in each storey


of building for braced structure

N/A

Height of that storey/300

Portal Frames (Horizontal)

1/200th of the height

1/150th of the height

Portal Frames (Vertical)

1/500th of the span (due


to Live Loading)

1/360th of the span (due


to Live Loading)

All Cranes (Horizontal)

N/A

1/500th of the span

Differential
horizontal
displacement of crane rails

N/A

3 mm

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.3.5.2 Concrete
Concrete elements shall contain suitable materials to meet the requirements of both strength
and durability. Consideration to both the levels of chloride and sulphates shall always be
given when specifying cement type.
One of the following three typical land based exposure conditions needs to be stipulated as
the basis of the design criteria of concrete foundations (chemical analysis to be assessed from
the soil investigation report):
1.

Concrete placed in soils containing only SULPHATES, with no significant


risk of chloride induced corrosion, shall follow the recommendations of
BRE Digest 363 (Building Research Establishment) Table 1. In addition the
concrete surface shall be treated with two coats of FOSROC Nitoproof
100 bituminous paint or any other approved equivalent.

2.

Concrete placed in soils containing only CHLORIDES, with no significant


exposure to sulphates, shall use Ordinary Portland Cement to BS EN 197
or ASTM Type I (that is, with medium to high CA3 content). In addition,
the concrete surface shall be protected in the form of protective coating
system as detailed below.

3.

Concrete placed in soils containing both CHLORIDES and SULPHATES


shall adopt the following criteria. When the chlorides are less than 0.05% in
the soil or ground water, the recommendation shall be as (1) above, that is,
for soils containing only sulphates. When the chlorides exceed 0.05% in the
soil or ground water, the recommendation shall be as (2) above, that is, for
soils containing only chlorides.

When the chlorides or sulphates or both (chlorides & Sulphates) in the soil or ground water,
are not in a significant level or totally free, the recommendation shall be ordinary Portland
cement (OPC) to BS EN 197 or ASTM Type I. In addition, the concrete surface shall be
treated with two coats of FOSROC Nitoproof 100 bituminous paint or any other approved
equivalent.
The coating system for concrete surfaces below ground level and upto 150 mm above grade
level or up to the bottom of floor beams in case of elevated buildings and framed equipment
foundations, shall consist of two coats of FOSROC Nitocote PE135 with glass mat or
any other approved equivalent with a wet film thickness (wft) of 400 microns. Unpainted
exposed surfaces of any concrete structure above ground shall be treated with two coats of
FOSROC Dekguard S Anti-Chlorides and Carbonation coatings or any other approved
equivalent with a dft of 350 microns. This coating shall be required to protect the above
ground concrete from the atmospheric effects and windborne salts. In case of equipment
foundations surrounded by concrete hardstand, the protection coating should extend 150 mm
above the hardstand/ floor. For more details of the exposure condition, refer SP-1282
Specification for Reinforced Concrete Production & Construction.
All coating system shall be strictly in accordance with the relevant manufacturers
instruction. Covers to all reinforcement including links shall never be less than the value
shown in Table 2.

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table 2: Minimum Concrete Cover to Reinforcement


Element

Absolute Minimum Nominal Cover

Columns & Beams


(Internal)

40 mm

Columns & Beams


(External)

50 mm

Building floor exposed to


earth, weather or water

50 mm

Building suspended floor /


roof slabs

30 mm

All concrete elements below


ground

50 mm

RCC Piles

75 mm

Note: The above are minimum nominal covers and shall be increased if required by the
relevant design standard being used.
For more information on recommended concrete cover to reinforcement related to external
exposure condition refer SP-1282 Specification for Reinforced Concrete Production &
Construction.
The design and details of concrete and concrete mixes shall be in accordance with SP-1282
Specification for Reinforced Concrete Production & Construction.
All structural concrete shall be of Grade C35 (that is, having a characteristic strength of 35
N/mm2 at 28 days), unless specified otherwise. Mass concrete shall be used for general
filling as required. Blinding concrete shall be a minimum of 50 mm thick. Both Blinding
and Mass Concrete shall have a characteristic strength of at least 10 N/mm2 at 28 days. All
edges of concrete below ground, which receives surface protection coating, shall have a
chamfer of approx. 25 mm.
Foundation bolts shall be in accordance with the latest revision of PDO Standard Drawing
STD-2-3950-001.

SP-1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Unless stated otherwise, the standard minimum lap lengths of concrete reinforcement shall be
as shown in Table 3.

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table 3: Minimum Reinforcement Lap Lengths


Minimum Lap Lengths (mm)
Size

Tension /
Compression

Size

Tension /
Compression

R6

300

T6

350

R8

350

T8

450

R10

400

T10

550

R12

500

T12

650

R16

650

T16

850

R20

800

T20

1050

R25

1000

T25

1300

R32

1250

T32

1650

R40

1600

T40

2050

Concrete reinforcement for Hot-Rolled Mild Steel and Hot-Rolled High Yield Strength
Deformed Bars, shall be detailed as follows:

12

R/T 10

200
SPACING OF BARS
BAR MARK
BAR TYPE AND SIZE

NUMBER OF BARS
REQUIRED
Minimum spacing of bars shall be larger of the following
a) Size of coarse aggregate + 5 mm,
b) diameter of bar
c) 50 mm
Maximum spacing of bars shall not exceed

SP-1275

150 mm

For main bars in beams

200 mm

For main, distribution of bars in slabs, walls

250 mm

For stirrups in beams and horizontal sidebars in beams

Page 17

Dec 2009

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300 mm

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Longitudinal bars in columns

2.3.5.3 Block Work


Careful consideration should be given to the partial safety factors used for materials when
designing block work. Details of supervision and quality of blocks required to meet the
design assumptions should be stated on the drawings or in the specification.
Block work shall be designed to carry all the applied loading and combinations of loading,
giving due consideration to differential and thermal movements.
2.3.6

Engineering Drawings
Engineering drawings shall be prepared in accordance with SP 2047 Specification for the
Preparation and Content of Engineering Drawings. A0 drawing shall not be used unless
agreed in writing by the Company.
Reinforcement shall be fully scheduled by the Consultant for working civil/structural
drawings in accordance with BS 8666 & BS EN ISO 3766, including bar bending schedules.
All welding symbols used shall comply with BS EN 1992-1-1
All drawings shall cross - refer to associated drawings.
All drawings shall provide details of required material grades.
Legend / Symbols are given below and for definitions and abbreviations see Appendix A.
Should other symbols or abbreviation be required (excepting welding symbols) a key shall be
provided on the drawing clearly describing their meaning.
Lettering and figures shall be distinct and uniform to ensure the production of good legible
prints. The style should be simple and unaffected. Capital letters should be used for all
titles and sub-titles. Lowercase letters should be used only for notes.
The size of all lettering shall be as follow:For A1 Drawings

3.0mm high minimum

For A2 & A3 Drawings

2.5 high minimum

All drawings should be to scale. The following scales should be used:


Civil/Structural
Site layout

1:200

General arrangement

1:100 or 1:50

Foundation Location Plans

1:100

Simple wall and slab details

1:50

Beam and column elevations

1:20

Beam and column sections

1:20 or 1:10

Note:
Dec 2009

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

1.

Where larger scale details are desirable, the following should be used 1:5,
1:2 or FS.

2.

For projects with large foundations, a scale of 1:25 may be used when scales
of 1:50 or 1:20 are clearly unsuitable.

All structural slab levels or finished floor levels should be indicated and related to a datum.
Levels shall be expressed in metres. All other dimensions shall be expressed in millimetres.
Structural steelwork working drawings should show details of main connections. For minor
connections all moments, forces and shears shall be required to enable their design by the
contractor. The Consultants scope of work shall include the checking of shop drawings and
connection details designed by the contractor.
The Consultant shall produce a full set of As Built drawings, based on fully marked up
drawings by the contractor, which shall contain all civil, structural, mechanical, electrical
details etc. They shall clearly indicate the true location of all hidden and underground
services, structures and the like.
Complete copy of drawings shall be submitted in electronic form and loaded to PDO live link
system.

SP-1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

The following legends / symbols shall be used where applicable:


Legend / Symbols

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Legend / Symbols (contd.)

SP-1275

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Dec 2009

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2.3.7

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Design Requirements for Specific Buildings


This Code of Practice gives minimum general requirements for the design and engineering of
all new building, however additional requirements for specific buildings are specified in the
following documents:
DEP 32.31.50.13 Gen.

Analyser Houses

Shell Standard Drawings S 17.001

Typical Analyser Houses for Tropical and mild


climate Areas

Shell Standard Drawing S 17.002

Typical Analyser Houses for Temperate and


cold climate Areas

DEP 34.17.10.31 Gen.

Laboratories

DEP 34.17.10.30 Gen.

Blast resilient and blast resistant control


buildings/field auxiliary rooms

SP-1283

Specification for Standard Sunshades


Design Requirements & Standard Drawings

SP-1276 Specification for standard control buildings Design requirements and standard
drawings is withdrawn and no longer applicable as this Code of Practice adequately covers
the general design requirements of buildings.
2.3.8

Design Requirements for Pipe Supports


The design of Standard simple Pipe Supports is covered in a separate document: SP-1187
Specification for Selection of Standard Pipe Supports.

2.4

Design Loads
The design shall take into account all loading conditions foreseen as occurring during the
design life of the structure. If applicable, loading from future extensions shall be allowed
for. These shall include any alterations to wind loading effects due to the change in structure
size. Details of assumptions made in this respect shall be clearly stated in the design concept
section of the calculations.
Loadings that will occur during construction of the structure shall be designed for. Details of
any specific construction procedural requirements such as back propping; de-propping etc.
shall be clearly stated to the contractor in the drawings or specifications as necessary.

2.4.1

Dead Loads
The self-weight of all the building elements including services, specific plant etc. shall be
calculated and used in the design of the structure. For proprietary systems, equipment and
machines specific details of loading shall be obtained from the manufacturers and used in the
design. These details shall correspond to the items specified on the contract drawings and in
the specifications.
Where permanent partitions are shown in the plans their actual weights shall be included in
the dead load.

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

The weights of tanks and other receptacles and of their contents shall be considered as dead
loads. These loads need to be calculated for the cases when a tank or receptacle is full and
when empty.
Dead loads should be calculated from the unit weights given in BS 648 or from actual known
weights of the materials used. For general building materials, however, the values given in
Appendix B may be used.
2.4.2

Live Loads
Live loads for buildings, and method of calculation, shall be in accordance with BS 6399
Part 1and 3, however the live loads shown in Appendix C may be used as a guideline.
For structural steel platforms on Oil/Gas projects, the following live loads shall be used:
Table 4: Minimum Imposed Loads
including

2.5 kN/m2 or a single concentrated


load of 3KN whichever is more
unfavourable.

Operating Floors (not next to heat


exchangers)

5 kN/m2 or a single concentrated


load of 7.5 KN whichever is more
unfavourable.

Special Cases (e.g. Floors located at the


draw end of a shell tube heat exchanger).

7.5 kN/m2 or a single concentrated


load of 10 KN whichever is more
unfavourable.

For sloped steel roofs (upto 30 deg)


accessible for inspection and repairs only

0.6 kN/m2 or a single concentrated


load of 0.9 KN whichever is more
unfavourable.

For Flat roof without access

1 kN/m2 or a single concentrated


load of 2 KN whichever is more
unfavourable (To cater for light air
conditioning equipments).

For Flat roof with access

2 kN/m2 or a single concentrated


load of 3 KN whichever is more
unfavourable.

For railings, balustrades

1 KN at any one point between


supports.

For Parapets

1.5 kN/m line load at the top of


parapet.

For buildings

Refer to Appendix C

Access
Walkways
operating floors)

(not

Under desert conditions roof with a pitch of less than 50 shall be designed for sand loading of
1 kN/m2in addition to other live loads.
For structural calculations, local codes or regulations, and actual loading situations shall be
adhered to if more stringent than the values obtained from Appendix C.
SP-1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Where applicable, the weight of vehicles shall be included as live loading and shall be
applied to produce the most critical design cases.
2.4.3

Wind Loading
Wind load calculations shall comply with the requirements of BS 6399-2 Loading for
Buildings Code of Practice for Wind Loads.
Figure 2 specifies Basic Mean Hourly Wind Speed, V 10 (m/s), at a height of 10 m, which
shall be accounted for in the design.
The Design Wind Speed at any height z above the ground, Vz (m/s), is derived from the
formula below:
Vz = F x V 10 x (z/10)1/y x S3 (m/s)
Where, Vz = The Design Wind Speed at height z.
V 10 = The Basic Mean Hourly Wind Speed
F = Gust Duration Factor (For general engineering calculations, Gust duration factor
corresponding to 3 sec gust may be considered. For towers, stacks and in general, smaller
protruding parts (e.g. ladders, cantilevers etc.) for which a 3-second gust shall used in the
design.
For steel and concrete chimneys, the requirements of the CICIND CODE for Steel and
Concrete Chimneys shall apply.)
Z = Height above grade
1/y = Locality Factor
S3 = Structure Category Factor
(S1 and S2 are included in the above).
Refer Table 5 for the values of F & 1/y and Table 5 for the value of S3.

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Figure: 1
MEAN HOURLY WIND SPEED CHART

SP-1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table 5: Values of Gust Duration Factor & Locality Factor


F
Category

1/y

Topography
3 sec gust

10 sec gust

Extreme exposure. Large


expanses of open water,
grassland, desert, etc.

1.5

1.3

1/14

Open country with low


obstructions, trees, 2storey buildings, etc.

1.7

1.4

1/11

Built-up areas and areas


with high obstructions.
Towns, refineries, etc.

2.0

1.6

1/8

Although 3-second gust speeds, are sometimes quoted and certainly of great importance when
dealing with wind forces on structures, the above formula takes this into account.
It is intrinsically incorrect to stipulate 3-second gust duration values, as these depend on
location, obstructions and the influence of neighbouring structures (which could cause eddies
and complex flow resulting in much higher gust velocities), as well as height above the
ground. Therefore, only use highest mean hourly wind speeds at 10 metres above the ground.
The values of S3 are shown in Table 5 and shall be used for the various category of structure
as described in section 2.5.
Table 6: Values of S3 for Wind Loading
Structure Type

S3

Permanent

1.00

Semi Permanent

0.83

Temporary

0.77

Note: The values given above shall not be applicable for Telecom Type Towers and for any
special structures for a particular project and shall be calculated from BS 6399.
2.4.4

Seismic Loading
In general, Seismic loading need not be considered for design of structures and foundation,
except for aqueous liquid storage structure and overhead water tanks supported on
independent staging. Such structures shall be designed for 5% seismic coefficient. However,
in the recent past seismic activity has been recorded in Yibal area. Hence, it is important to
consider seismic loading for all buildings, tanks, vessel & machinery foundations, equipment
supporting structures and pipe racks in the vicinity of Yibal area. The seismic coefficient or
the design response spectrum is site specific and shall be established prior to basic design
phase.

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.4.5

Version 2.0

Design Loading For Crane Gantry Girders


The following applies only to single crane operation and to simple forms of crane gantry
construction. Loads for heavy crane, high-speed operation or multiple cranes on a single
gantry have to be specially calculated.
For crane gantry girders, the following allowances can be used to cover all forces set up by
vibration, shock from slipping of slings, kinetic action of acceleration and retardation and
impact of wheel loads:
a. For loads acting vertically, the maximum static wheel loads shall be increased by the
following percentages.
For electric overhead cranes:

25%

For a hand operated cranes:

10%

b. The horizontal force acting on top of each rail in transverse direction, the following
percentages of the combined weight of the crab + trolley and the load lifted:
For an electric overhead crane:

10%

For a hand operated crane:

5%

c. The horizontal forces acting along the rails shall be taken as a percentage of the static
wheel loads, which can occur on the rails, as follows:
For an electric overhead crane:

10%

For a hand operated crane:

5%

The forces specified in either (b) or (c) above, shall be considered as acting at the rail level
and being appropriately transmitted to the supporting system.
Either of the horizontal forces in (b) or (c) above may act at the same time as the vertical load
on gantry girders and their vertical supports.
The design loadings for Overhead Travelling Cranes and outdoor gantries shall be determined
in accordance with BS 2573.
2.4.6

Dynamic Loads
Where loads arising from machinery, and other plant producing dynamic effects, are
supported by or communicated to a structure, allowance shall be made for these dynamic
effects by increasing the load by an adequate percentage.
Foundations, which directly support vibrating equipment such that the effects need to be
taken account of in the calculations, shall be designed in accordance with BS CP 2012. In
general it is advisable to provide anti-vibration pads.

2.4.7

Thermal Loads
If thermal expansion results in friction between equipment and supports, the friction force
shall be taken as the operating load on the support.
Applicable friction coefficient between surfaces shall be as given below.

SP-1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table 7: Friction coefficients


Surfaces

Friction coefficient

Steel to steel (not corroded)

???

Stainless steel to PTFE

0.04

PTFE to PTFE

0.04

Graphite to graphite

0.1

NOTE: The maximum sliding bearing pressures of the above materials shall be taken into
account.
In the design of horizontal vessel supports, the frictional forces imposed on supports shall be
considered. If the displacement of supports due to such frictional forces are greater than the
expansion of vessel between supports, then the actual force required to accommodate the
thermal expansion on supports may be considered support and foundation design.
In the design of pipe supporting beams, the horizontal slip forces exerted by expanding or
contracting pipes on steel pipe racks shall be assumed to be 15 % of the operating weight on
the beam. These 'slip forces' shall not be distributed to the foundations.
The design of the support structure shall consider the integrated effect of pipe friction forces
and (reaction) pipe anchor forces.
A concrete pipe rack beam shall be designed for an arbitrary horizontal pipe anchor force of
15 kN acting at mid span, which likewise shall not be distributed to the foundations.
For pipe anchor forces transferred by longitudinal girders to structural anchors (bracing), an
arbitrary force of 5 % of the total pipe load per layer shall be taken into account, unless
design calculations dictate a higher force. These forces shall be distributed to the
foundations.
2.4.8

Blast loading
The blast load on buildings shall be obtained from either a hazard assessment or the
Principal. As for as possible all the buildings shall be located out side the blast load
influence zone. In case a building has to be located within the over pressure influence zone,
the following parameters, to define the blast load, shall be obtained:

Peak side-on positive over-pressure, positive phase duration, rise time and the
corresponding positive impulse;

Peak side-on negative pressure, negative phase duration and the corresponding
negative impulse.

For details on design consideration of buildings subjected to blast loading, reference shall be
made to DEP 34.17.10.30-Gen Blast resilient and Blast Resistant Control Buildings/ Field
Auxiliary rooms

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.4.9

Version 2.0

Load Combinations
Load combinations shall be such that both maximum and minimum load cases are checked if
applicable to investigate not only design loadings on particular elements but also stability,
uplift and overturning conditions. Load combinations, partial safety factors and combination
factors shall be in accordance with the requirements of the particular design code of practice
or standard. A guide for loading combination is given in Table 3 of DEP34.00.01.30-Gen.

2.5

Climatic Aspects of Buildings


Attention shall be paid to the prevailing climatic conditions in various seasons (using records
of local climatic design data), such as air temperature, temperature differences, saline
atmosphere, sand and dust storms, possible sand infiltration of buildings, humidity, solar
influence, wind, micro climatic variations, etc., to arrive at a satisfactory design. Buildings
shall be designed and constructed so that, within operational and physical constraints, they
are able to maintain the necessary internal comfort condition with the minimum of capital and
operations costs over the whole range of external prevailing conditions.

2.5.1

Climatic Design Criteria


Outdoor design conditions should be based on the relevant meteorological data for each
project. For general detail, refer to section 2.16.

2.5.2

Siting & Orientation


Table 8: Facilities Orientation
1

Residential and
Housing Areas

If possible, camps & housing plots etc. shall be sited up wind of


industrial areas, so that prevailing winds drive smoke & fumes
away from accommodation/ residential areas. They shall also be
sited a reasonable distance away from mosques and recreational
facilities.

Industrial Areas

If possible, industrial areas shall be sited down wind of


accommodation/ residential areas but up wind of flare areas and
burn pits.

Individual
Accommodation
Units or Houses

As opposed to Western European standard, orientation of houses


shall, if at all possible, be such as to avoid excessive sun and wind
exposure. Advantage shall be taken where possible to make best
use of scenic outlook and privacy. Living rooms and bedrooms
should face the garden, while kitchens and ancillary rooms etc.,
should face the street.

Mosques
and
Prayer Shelters

All mosques and prayer shelters shall be orientated towards


Mecca. Once the building foundation trenches have been
excavated, final approval by the local religious authority shall be
received before further work commences. Mosques shall be
located away from any sources of noise.
(contd.)

SP-1275

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Dec 2009

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2.5.2

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Siting & Orientation (contd.)

Dec 2009

Outdoor Sports
Facilities

Tennis courts, volley ball courts (and preferably football pitches)


shall be orientated in the N-S direction because of sun light
problems at dawn and dusk. Care need to be taken in siting these
facilities in relation to problems of night time glare from
flares/burn pits. Shelter is needed from the wind, especially for
badminton or tennis courts. Sports facilities shall not be located
close to areas from which there is high level of noise, for example,
turbines, or close to likely source of fumes/smoke, for example, fire
training ground.

Open
Cinemas

Open Air Cinemas are usually only used at night. Therefore if such
a facility has been specified by the Company (no longer considered
a standard facility), their location and orientation shall depend on
problems associated with glare from flares etc., and noise to
accommodation, mosques, etc., or from adjacent plant and
equipment. Prevailing wind problems with fumes, dust, etc., shall
also be taken into account, not forgetting the effects of the glare
from the sun (least important).

Power Stations

Power Stations are generally very noisy and therefore their location
shall be such as to cause the least amount of discomfort to
occupants of camps, building, potential building plots, etc., still
ensuring cost effectiveness of cable lengths, O/H lines, fuel lines
etc. Gas Turbines have the added hazard of gas explosions (as well
as possible H2 S problems). Noise levels are defined in the section
3.0 of SP 1231 and section 4.6 of DEP 34.17.00.32.

Clinics

Clinics shall be sited such that easy access to both Residential and
Industrial Areas is achieved. Noise is considered the major hazard
for clinics even though hazards due to fumes/smoke/flare glare, etc.,
shall also be taken into account.

Schools

Schools generally have a certain amount of noise associated with


them, and therefore should not be too close to housing. A more
important factor is the hazard of fast traffic. Speed bumps shall be
located on both sides of the School, with appropriate traffic
warning signs, etc., to control traffic speeds. All hazard facilities,
such as electrical substations, sewage pumping pits, etc., shall be
securely fenced off with suitable locks.

10

Offices

Offices should have an E-W main axis, with the windows facing
either north or south, as the penetrating morning and evening sun is
undesirable. The sun can be kept out by sun blinds, window U/V
film, or roof overhang. Siting is dependant on client needs but care
must be taken against noise and fume/smoke hazards. Space is
needed directly outside the office space for off loading supplies and
adequate car parks. Natural day light is very desirable but not
necessarily essential. Artificial lighting, to correct levels, may be
used if no other option is available.

Air

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

11

Workshops

Version 2.0

Workshop orientation is dependent on access to and from the


workshop to the access road. Siting of workshops is dependent on
client needs, services availability, noise factor, hazardous factors,
and wind blown dust.
(contd.)

2.5.2

Siting & Orientation (contd.)


12

Warehouses
& Stores

Warehouses are normally located at the entrance of the supply


lay down area and orientated for easy access and removal of
material by fork lift trucks, transport trucks, etc. Materials that
need sun shading shall be orientated to obtain maximum effect
of side cladding while still attaining high efficiency of access.
In general this results in the main axis of the building being
orientated in the E-W direction, with access from the North
Wind blown dust also needs to be carefully taken into account.

13

Hydrocarbon
Laboratories

Hydrocarbon Laboratories shall be located well away from


points of ignition and other such hazards (see IP Part 15
Model Code of Safe Practice). They shall be free standing
with their own supply of uncontaminated air supply.
Orientation shall be such as to avoid direct sun light from
entering the laboratory, that is, the windows shall have a
northerly aspect.

14

Airstrips &
Air Terminals

When locating an Airstrip in the Interior the following points


shall be considered:
1. Air Lane activity in the area including for military flying.
2. Type of development in the surrounding area (camps,
garbage dumps, sewage lagoons, etc.). All these attract birds,
which are a hazard to incoming aircraft.
3. Communication (all types) problems and availability, radio
interference, etc.
4. Utilities available aviation fuel, water, electricity, etc.
5. Surrounding obstructions: telecom towers, sand dunes, etc.
6. Meteorological conditions throughout the year.
7. Likely use by non-PDO personnel

SP-1275

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Dec 2009

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Other factors to take into account are the expected lifetime of the
airstrip, type of planes that will be used, the effect and condition
of both the take off and approach zones, and access to camp site
or oil installation. The orientation of the airstrip shall be
dependent on prevailing winds and the surrounding obstructions
within the take off and approach zones. The terminal building
shall have the main axis parallel to the airstrip. For the airstrips
safety refer the PDO Safety Reference Document M.3.9 or the
appropriate standards as stated CP-122 Code of Practice for the
Health, Safety and Environment Protection.
(contd.)

2.5.2

Siting & Orientation (contd.)

Dec 2009

15

Explosives
Stores

Explosives stores shall be located a minimum of 1000 m from


roads and public buildings, which does not include the access
road to the store. These stores shall also be located a
minimum of 2000 m from vulnerable installations such as pipe
lines, production facilities, power lines and telecom facilities.
The compound itself shall be double security fenced 6 m apart,
with an outer 1 m deep, 2 m wide security anti vehicle ditch.
The associated guardhouse shall be located along the approach
access road, 400 m from the Explosives store security fencing.
All explosives stores shall conform to the Royal Oman Police
regulations.

16

Fuel Stations

Fuel Stations are considered as a hazardous area, especially


during fuel delivery/despatch time, and therefore its location
shall be dependent on minimum distances from a point of
ignition to fuel vents. All fuel stations shall conform to the
Model Code of Safe Practice IP Part 15.

17

Fire
Training
Areas

The Fire Training Area is a source of ignition and a source of


smoke (and possible H2 S). These areas shall be located well
away from Residential and Recreational facilities. They shall
also be located well away from any installations, which have
inflammable or hydrocarbon compounds such as oil/gas
installations, fuel stations, explosive stores, laboratories,
warehouses/stores, etc.
Building facilities, other than
buildings within the compound itself, shall not be less than
150 m away from a point of ignition in the Fire Training Area.
Prevailing winds and hence the effects of smoke must be taken
into consideration when locating such an area.

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

18

STPs (Sewage
Treatment
Plants)
and
Evaporation
Ponds

Both Sewage Treatment Plants (and associated ponds) and


Dedicated Evaporation Ponds are sources of smell and sanitary
pollution. All residential facilities and schools shall not be
located within 100 m of a STP or evaporation ponds.
Smell/bad odours are mainly caused by anaerobic (septic)
conditions even though excessive algae blooms do contribute
to the smell. Prevailing wind is a major factor when siting
STP's and evaporation ponds so that all manned locations shall
be located upward of such facilities. Wind is a major element
in the efficient running of an evaporation pond. Fencing to
ponds, to stop camels entering the area, shall be located away
from the pond itself to avoid affecting the wind fetch of the
pond.
Location is also decided by ground water
contamination, closeness to potential flooding of wadis, or
problems of percolation/leakage under the bunds into manned
areas (that is, ponds to be located down hill of manned
facilities).

19

Isotope Stores

Locations of Isotope Store are defined in the Safety Reference


document section M.2.1 or CP-122 Code of Practice for
Health, Safety and Environment Protection and other
documents referenced therein.
(contd.)

2.5.2 Siting & Orientation (contd.)

SP-1275

20

Telecom
Installations

Telecom installations are affected by heavy atmospheric


disturbance and high voltage. Care must be taken to ensure
that high voltage cables or overhead lines are located away from
such installations. Commonly associated with Telecom
facilities are high towers which affect take off and approach
zones of airstrips. Microwave towers need to be free of any
other outside obstructions.

21

Transportable
Units
(Portacabins)

The main problem with Transportable Units is their risk of fire.


The minimum distance between Units shall be 5 m. Units shall
be considered as a point of ignition when dealing with facilities
such as fuel stations, fuel tanks, etc. For access reasons, a
minimum space of 7 m shall be maintained between Units and a
fence/boundary wall.

22

R O Plants

These should, when possible, be located close to the supply


and disposal wells, preferably between the wells and the user
facility.

23

Garbage Dumps

Garbage dumps should be sited down wind from the camp and
in particular away from any aircraft landing strip or helicopter
pad as these attract birds, etc.

24

Scrap Heaps

Scrap heaps shall be located such as to minimise environmental


impact and shall be regularly backfilled as dumping continues.
Where removable scrap is stored this shall be within screened
areas.

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Dec 2009

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2.6

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

25

Military
Installations

25

Car Parks

26

Shops

Following is applicable for Military installations.


1) No construction allowed within 20m from outside fence
2) No more than one storey building is allowed within 200m
3) No more than two storey building is allowed within 300m
4) No more than three storey building is allowed within 400m
5) No construction allowed between the main road and outside
fence
6) ROP approval is required before constructing within 400m
from the outside fence.
In the design of car parks particular attention shall be drawn
to save ingress to and egress from the approach roads. In
congested areas right angle parking should be used to
maximise space usage and overall cost. Elsewhere 450
parking are considered desirable. Whilst it is mandatory in
the Interior to build car parks suitable for Reverse Parking, for
the Coast uses normal drive in parking (see Figure 5 in this
document).
Shops shall be provided with a storeroom, toilet and wash
hand basin. The store shall be minimum 15% of the shop
floor area.

Means of Escape and Fire Protection


The planning of all buildings shall be in accordance with the BS 5588 Part 1 to 5 Fire
Precautions in the Design & Construction of Buildings and shall comply with the
requirements of Fire Safety Part 1 - Requirement for Buildings as issued by Directorate
General of Civil Defence, Sultanate of Oman.
For production stations and fenced areas, as a general guideline the means of emergency
escape shall be available at not more than 50 m from any location along the periphery of the
boundary fence unless otherwise differently advised by QRA study.
Building layouts and proposed fire protection systems shall be subject to Company approval.
The layouts shall show safe means of escape routes, protected corridors and travelling
distances to the protected corridors, protected shafts and means of Emergency escape. A
statement shall be provided, specifying the proposed air-conditioning supply and return air
systems, its integration with fire detection system, and fire detection and protection systems
for the project.
The location of all hand held fire-fighting equipment shall be agreed with the Company.
All design principles relating to Fire Detection, Protection and Alarms is covered under
Section 2.17.7, 2.19.4 and 2.20 of this document.

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.7

Minimum Building Requirements

2.7.1

PDO Buildings

Version 2.0

2.7.1.1 Control Room Buildings


The function of a control building is to provide facilities for centralised monitoring
and controls of the related facility, and to provide the required air-conditioned
environment for the protection of the contained equipment.
Such facilities could also be manned for a few hours each day.
Control buildings consist of a control room, auxiliary room, electrical switch room,
toilet, rest room, prayer room, battery room, store and corridor providing controlled,
pedestrian access to the station via the building.
The size of the building is dependent on the amount of space that is required in the
control, auxiliary and switch rooms and can be varied accordingly.
The control building
extensions) shall be
Electrical Engineering
located in accordance

and its associated area (to be used for future control building
located in a non- hazardous area, as defined by SP-1103,
Guidelines. Control buildings and adjacent areas shall be
with SP-1127 Plant Equipment Layout Specification.

To facilitate access, location of the control building shall be at the periphery of the
station with the transformer area adjacent to a road or parking area.
Personnel access to the station shall be through a corridor.
Orientation and location shall be such that there are no personnel hazards located
immediately outside any door.
If the Control room is located within the influence zone of blast load from the equipments,
the control room shall be designed as per DEP 34.17.10.30 Gen.
2.7.1.2 PDO Office Buildings
These buildings shall be designed with an overall building width of 13 m. One of the centre
corridor walls shall coincide with the centre of the building giving offices of internal
dimensions of:
Office 1

4.15 m

x (3.38) m = 14 m2

Office 2

6.25 m

x (3.38) m = 21 m2

Minimum Corridor width

1.80 m

4 Walls of 200 mm each

0.80 m

Hence

13.00 m

(Width of building)

Provision shall be made for installation of partition walls at approximately 1.69 m intervals
so that following rooms sizes can be formed: 7 m2, 10.5 m2, 14 m2, 21 m2, 31.5 m2 and 42 m2.

SP-1275

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Dec 2009

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.7.1.3 PDO Sleeping Accommodation


All rooms in the PDO sleeping accommodation blocks shall have a bedroom, attached
bath/toilet and storage facilities. Standard room sizes are given in the Table 9. The
accommodation unit allocation shall be one person/ room for senior staffs and two
persons/room for junior staffs.
Table 9: Areas of Sleeping Accommodation
Staff (Grade)
Item
SS

JS

Bedroom m2

20.80

20.80

Shower/ WC m2

3.20

3.20

Storage m3

2.00

2.00

Total Area m2

24.00

24.00

Notes

En suite
shower/ wc

En suite
shower/ wc

2.7.1.4 PDO Ablution Requirements


In general toilets shall have minimum internal dimensions of 1.0 m x 1.6 m for both SS and
JS. This may be reduced to 0.9 m x 1.3 m in offices.
Showers shall have a minimum dimension of 1.0 m x 1.8 m, divided into a wet area and a dry
area by a simple curtain.
2.7.2

Contractors Buildings
Accommodation for contractors shall be provided in the PAC (Permanent Accommodation
for Contractors) and its facilities are similar to PDO facilities. If there is no PAC
accommodation the Contractors can have their own camp and shall follow the requirements
of Companys SP 1232 Health Safety Environment & SD - Specification for Public Health
.

2.7.3

Permanent Accommodation for Contractors (PAC) Buildings


Accommodation for contractors shall be provided in the PAC (Permanent Accommodation
for Contractors) and its facilities are similar like PDO facilities. If there is no PAC
accommodation the Contractors can have their own camp and to provide the facilities to their
staffs as per 2.7.2. The accommodation unit allocation in the PAC shall be one person/room
for senior staffs and two persons/room for junior staffs and all other category staffs.
Three persons sharing per room shall be allowed for JE and other staff categories, if the
bedroom size is more than 21 m2 or as stated in Table 6.
2.7.3.1 SS Accommodation & Ablution Facilities
SS accommodation shall have a sleeping room with an attached bath/toilet facilities. The
room sizes shall not be less than 20.8 m2.

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

The following sanitary ware fittings shall be provided for each bath /toilet unit. Refer Table
10.
Table10: Contractors SS Ablution Facilities
Sanitary Fittings
Item

Staff

2a

SS

2b

SS

2c

SS

WC
(Western)
1.6 m2

WC
(Eastern) Urinals
1.4 m2

Handwash
Basins

Shower
Units 1.8
m2

2.7.3.2 JS/JE Accommodation & Ablution Facilities


JS/JE and all other staffs accommodation units shall have a sleeping room with attached
bath/toilet facilities. The room sizes shall not be less than 20.8 m2 as given in Table 9. The
following minimum number of sanitary ware fittings shall be provided for each bath / toilet
unit. Refer Table 11.

Table11: Contractors JE Ablution Facilities


Sanitary Fittings
Item

SP-1275

Staff

WC
(Western)
1.6 m2

WC
(Eastern)
1.4 m2

Urinals

Handwash
Basins

Shower
Units
1.8 m2

3a

JS

3b

JE

3c

JE

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Dec 2009

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

3d

Others

3e

Others

2.7.2.3 Kitchen and Messing Facilities


In general, the Kitchen and Associated Facilities should be constructed in block work. The
Kitchen and Associated Facilities have been sized using the following design criteria, based
on international norms:
Individual space requirements in the kitchen for the various functions are shown in the Figure
3.

Dec 2009

Page 38

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Figure 3: Kitchen Facilities Dimension Chart

M2
60

Preparation

40
20
0 0

200

400

600

800

Meals
3.a. Preparation

M2
80
60

Service

40
20
0 0

200

400

600

800

Meals
3.b. Service

M2
60
40

Staff Facilities

20
0 0

200

600

800

3.c. Staff Facilities

Meals

SP-1275

400

Page 39

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Figure 3: Kitchen Facilities Dimension Chart (contd.)

M2
60
Cooking

40
20
0 0

200

400

600

800

600

800

Meals
3.d. Cooking

M2
60
40
Wash-Up

20
0 0

200

400

Meals
3.e. Wash-Up

M2
60

Storage (total)

40
20
0 0

200

400

600

800

Meals
3.f. Storage (total)

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table 12: Contractor Kitchen Facilities Dimensions/Sizes


Total Manpower of Contractor
Item

SP 1275

Description

0 to 10
People

10 to 25
People

25 to 50
People

50 to 100
People

100 to 200
People

200 to 400
People

Kitchen Area

4a

Preparation

N/A

10 m2

10 m2

11 m2

15 m2

23 m2

4b

Service

N/A

18 m2

18 m2

19 m2

22 m2

36 m2

4c

Staff Facilities

N/A

10 m2

10 m2

13 m2

15 m2

19 m2

4d

Cooking

N/A

19 m2

19 m2

20 m2

23 m2

39 m2

4e

Wash Up

N/A

8 m2

8 m2

10 m2

13 m2

18 m2

4f

Storage (Total)

N/A

25 m2

25 m2

27 m2

32 m2

35 m2

Total Kitchen Area JS and SS

N/A

90 m2

90 m2

100 m2

120 m2

170 m2

Page 41

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table 13: Contractors Dining Room Facilities Dimensions/Sizes


Total Manpower of Contractors
Item

Description
0 to 10 People

Dec 2009

Motel
Accommodation

10 to 25
People

25 to 50
People

SS + JS Eat SS + JS Eat
Together
Together

50 to 100
People

100 to 200
People

200 to 400
People

SS + JS Eat
Separately

SS + JS Eat
Separately

SS + JS Shift &
Eat Separately

5a

Condition of Dining/ Messing Facilities

5b

Assumed Average Population

N/A

20

40

80

170

180 - 2 No
Shifts

5c

Assumed Split Between JS and SS

N/A

1 to 4

1 to 5

1 to 6

1 to 7

1 to 8

5d

Assumed Number of Meals/sitting

N/A

20

40

80

170

360 - 2 No
Shifts

5e

Dining Space factor for JS

N/A

1.6pers/m2

1.5pers/m2

1.4pers/m2

1.4 persons/m2

07 persons/m2

5f

Dining Space factor for SS

N/A

N/A

N/A

1.8pers/m2

1.7 persons/m2

08 persons/m2

JS Dining Area Space Requirement in m2

N/A

32m2

60m2

93m2

203m2

220m2

JS Servery and Extra Circulation Space

N/A

18m2

30m2

47m2

107m2

110m2

Page 42

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table 13: Contractor Dining Room Facilities dimensions/Sizes (contd)


Total Manpower of Contractors
Item

5g

5h

5i

SP 1275

Description

0 to 10
People

10 to 25
People

25 to 50
People

50 to 100
People

100 to 200
People

200 to 400
People

Total Dining Space Requirement for JS

N/A

50m2

90m2

140m2

310m2

330m2

Dining Area Space Requirement for SS

N/A

N/A

N/A

25m2

43m2

36m2

SS Servery and Extra Circulation Space

N/A

N/A

N/A

15m2

27m2

24m2

Total Dining Space Requirement for


SS

N/A

N/A

N/A

40m2

70m2

60m2

Dining Area Space Requirement in m2 for


both JS & SS

N/A

32m2

60m2

118m2

246m2

256m2

Servery and Extra Circulation Space For


JS & SS

N/A

18m2

30m2

62m2

134m2

134m2

Total JS & SS Dining Area


Requirement

N/A

50m2

90m2

180m2

380m2

390m2

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Dec 2009

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table 14: Other Kitchen/ Messing Related Facilities Dimensions/ Sizes


Total Manpower of Contractors
Item

Description
0 to 10 People

10 to 25 People

25 to 50 People

50 to 100 People

100 to 200 People

200 to 400 People

Other Facilities

6a

Bakery

N/A

16m2

16m2

20m2

30m2

40m2

6b

Laundry

N/A

35m2

35m2

55m2

70m2

110m2

6c

Catering Offices

N/A

14m2

14m2

20m2

20m2

30m2

6d

SS Toilet / Wash

N/A

10 m2

15 m2

15 m2

24 m2

24 m2

6e

JS Toilet / Wash

N/A

25 m2

30 m2

30 m2

36 m2

36 m2

Total Other Facilities

N/A

100m2

110m2

140m2

180m2

240m2

Table 15: Overall Area of Contractors Kitchen/ Messing Facilities


Total Manpower of Contractors
Item

Dec 2009

Description

Overall Area of Kitchen/


Messing

0 to 10 People

10 to 25 People

25 to 50 People

50 to 100 People

100 to 200 People

200 to 400 People

N/A

240m2

290m2

420m2

680m2

800m2

Page 44

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

SP 1275

Version 2.0

Page 45

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

2.8

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Building Elements and Finishes


Building elements shall be designed and detailed to comply with fire regulations as detailed
in the United Kingdom Building Regulations 1985 produced by the Department of the
Environment and the Welsh Office. Designs and details shall also comply with the
requirements of the local fire regulations. Refer Appendix C for the relative values of the
different Building Elements and Finishes of PDO buildings.

2.8.1

Walls
All wall designs and details shall take into consideration the following:
-

Structural Loading Requirements

Thermal Insulation Requirements

Noise Insulation Requirements

Water/Moisture Repelling Requirements

Thermal Movement/Structural Freedom

Acoustic Reverberation Requirements

Economic Aspects

Finishing Requirements

Animal, Vermin, Insect Penetration Requirements

Dust Penetration Requirements

In addition, external walls shall be designed and detailed to resist moisture penetration, to
prevent the occurrence of condensation. Damp proofing is required, as in temperate
climates (regarding the omission of damp proof courses, refer section 2.8.1.5). Termite
barriers are essential in the construction of walls.
Internal walls for washrooms and other wet rooms shall be designed and detailed to be
moisture resistant and shall contain a damp proof course. Walls for control buildings,
auxiliary rooms, analyser houses, electrical stations and similar buildings in production
stations shall be solid with no cavities to prevent the possible build up of gases and
therefore hollow blocks shall not be used in these instances, unless the cavities are filled
with concrete/ mortar. Holes for cable entries in these buildings shall be sealed with
polyurethane foam after cables have been installed.
2.8.1.1 Structural Loading
All load bearing block work walls shall have a minimum compressive strength of 10 N/mm2.
All non - load bearing block work walls shall have a minimum compressive strength of 3.5
N/mm2.
Mortar shall as a minimum comply with the requirements of designation II as described in
BS 5628.
All openings for windows, doors, etc. in hollow block work shall be framed on all sides by
providing a minimum of one T12 reinforcing bar placed centrally in the block hollow
Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

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adjacent to the opening. The hollow shall subsequently be filled with concrete as the block
work progresses. The concrete shall be a minimum of grade 20. (Characteristic strength of
concrete shall be 20 N/mm2 @ 28 days with 10 mm aggregate).
The framing bar shall run from the floor below the opening to the ceiling above and where
applicable shall pass through and cast into the lintels above the opening. Where applicable,
it shall be cast into the slab below and soffit above the block panel under consideration.
Walls shall be designed to withstand all vertical, horizontal and longitudinal loads,
including wind and stability loading, as necessary. Due consideration shall be given to the
eccentricity of loading in the design.
2.8.1.2 Thermal Requirements
Light colour, heat reflecting, thermal qualities and low maintenance shall be the main
considerations in selecting the external finish. U values should not exceed 0.6 W/m2 0C for
external walls. Cavity walls with insulation are highly recommended in all external wall
designs for air-conditioned buildings to help conserve energy. See also section 2.8.1.5.
2.8.1.3 Noise Requirements
All walls shall be suitably designed and constructed to ensure compliance with the room
noise ratings specified in Appendix K.
2.8.1.4 Thermal Movements / Structural Freedom
In general, movement joints in the structure or building should pass through the whole
structure in one plane. Vertical movement joints in walls shall be placed at intervals not
exceeding the following:
Table 16: Movement Joints
Wall Type

Max. Joint spacing

Concrete framed buildings and structures

30 m

Concrete walls

30 m

Fired clay brick walls

12 m

Calcium silicate bricks

8m

Concrete brick walls

8m

Concrete block walls

6m

Parapet walls

5m

If the above joint spacing is required to be exceeded, then the structure shall be checked for
additional induced thermal stresses in addition to the stresses due to imposed loading.
Horizontal movement joints may be required where block work/ brickwork are built in a
frame to allow the frame to move independently.
All movement joints in buildings shall be sealed to prevent the ingress of water.
SP 1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.8.1.5 Economic Aspects


Consideration shall be given to exceeding the U value of 0.6 W/m2 C stipulated in section
2.8.1.2 where the environmental condition within the space is not critical.
Non-fair faced un-rendered block work may be used in areas of non-aesthetic importance.
Where wall cladding is used, un-plastered non-fair faced blocks shall be used on faces
covered by the cladding.
External walls constructed on concrete ground beams or slabs which are a minimum of 150
mm above surrounding ground level do not require a horizontal damp proof cover.
2.8.1.6 Wall Finishes
Wall finishes as detailed in Appendix D of this document shall be used.
2.8.2

Floors
2.8.2.1 External Floors & Hard standings
Where reinforced concrete floors are required externally, they should be constructed in bays
not greater than 15 m in width, which shall separated by longitudinal contraction/ expansion
joints. Each bay shall be divided into lengths not exceeding 15 m by transverse shrinkage
control joints. Expansion joints shall be provided in both directions at every 30 m. Floor
panels shall be constructed in sequence of casting alternate panels to avoid excessive
shrinkage.
Where plain concrete hard standings are used they shall be formed in bays not exceeding 5
m x 5 m, which shall be separated by either contraction or expansion joints alternatively.
All external floors and hard standings shall be laid with adequate falls (minimum 1:100)
such that, allowing for normal tolerances, there is no possibility of water stagnation and to
ensure quick and effective drainage.
Consideration shall be given, particularly with temporary or semi permanent floor to laying
the concrete directly on the ground.
2.8.2.2 Internal Floors
All exposed concrete floors shall be treated with an anti-dust compound.
All exposed concrete floors subject to oil/ chemical spillage shall be treated with a suitable
chemical resistant tiles or epoxy based flooring cover. Selection of flooring specification
shall be as per DEP 30.48.60.12-Gen
In workshops, due consideration shall be given to fork lift loading, racking and machine
foundations.
All vibrating and large machine foundations shall be isolated from the ground floor slab by
way of isolation joint.
For the installation of computers and other instrument or electrical equipment with cable
connecting at the bottom of the equipment cavity floors shall be provided. These shall
comprise a reinforced concrete lower floor and a removable panel upper floor of 600 x 600
module supported on pedestals. The pedestals shall be fixed to the concrete floor in such a
manner as to form firm bedding and shall be in accordance with the manufacturers
instructions. They shall be adjustable in height and the adjustable section shall have

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

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automatic positive locking. Ensure that the pedestals and the frames, supporting either the
instrument or electrical cabinets, are able to provide independent stability to the structure at
all times. Each floor panel shall be capable of supporting specified concentrated and
distributed load as per design requirement. The maximum deflection under specified
concentrated load shall not exceed 1 mm. The reinforced concrete floor below the cavity
shall be painted with an epoxy paint to prevent formation of dust.
All pre-cast suspended floors shall be suitably fixed to the structure to provide robust and
stable construction.
2.8.2.3 Floor Finishes
Floor finishes as detailed in Appendix E of this document shall be used.
To all wet areas such as toilets the floor and 200 mm up surrounding walls shall be painted
with two coats of bitumen and sharp sand splattered for key.
At change of finishes line, at all doorways and in bays not exceeding 15 m2 brass dividing
strips in brass, finished flush to the surface shall be provided.
2.8.3

Skirting
Skirting as detailed in Appendix F of this document shall be used.

2.8.4

Ceilings
Ceiling finishes as detailed in Appendix G of this document shall be used.

2.8.5

Doors
Doors as detailed in Appendix H of this document shall be used.
All doors shall be either solid teak framed or teak faced solid core flush doors. Where
doors are fire rated their composition shall change accordingly.

2.8.6

Windows
Windows types as detailed in Appendix I of this document shall be used.
Contractors shall verify the final dimensions at site before making shop drawings. Approval
to shop drawings shall be given prior to commencement of manufacture. All windows to be
anodised aluminium with hermetically sealed tinted double glazing
These glazing units, prefabricated by the Manufacturer, shall be composed of two spaced
glass panes with a cavity of dehydrated air.
Each unit shall consist of:
-

an outer pane of normal float glass, minimum thickness 5 mm;


an air space, minimum 6 mm;
an inner pane of laminated glass consisting of two layers of glass, minimum
thickness 2 mm each, and a PVB interlayer of 1.9 mm.

The outer and inner pane of the unit shall be fixed to the spacers of the air cavity by a
polysulphide adhesive compound. The edges of the units shall not be provided with a
channel-shaped metal cover.

SP 1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Glazing to floor level windows shall be armour plated glass. To bathrooms and toilets shall
be rough - cast narrow receded.

2.8.7

Ironmongery
Subject to the building type, the quality of fittings to be used shall be determined by the
Company Representative. Generally, ironmongery shall be in packs. Ironmongeries pack
and typical requirements are detailed in Appendix J of this document.

2.9

Staircases and Platforms


All stairs shall be designed and located to meet the requirements of the Directorate General
of Civil Defence for means of escape in case of fire.
All doors shall open in the direction of the escape route and be positioned so as not to block
any stairway.
Handrails or parapet walls shall be provided on both sides of the stairs, except when the
slope of stair is less than 30o and the stair is not higher than 2000 mm from ground, in
which case the hand rails can be provided on one side only.
Fire escape staircases and landings shall be enclosed by suitable fire-resistant material of
construction. Winding stairs shall be used for fire exits.
If equipment is located on top of roof, installation of stair or caged ladder will depend on
the maintenance/ inspection requirements. As a general rule, stairs shall be provided in
coastal area. However, caged ladder may be used in the interior subjected to principals
approval.
For steel stairs the minimum width of stairway, walkway & platforms shall not be less than
750mm. Stair treads shall not be made of GRP or aluminium and shall be hot-dip
galvanised steel. On platforms, the distance to a stair or ladder shall not be more than 25m.
The Concrete floors/ platforms in front of equipment doors shall be capable of receiving the
equipment that will be transported through the doors.
No stairway shall exceed sixteen risers in any one flight, if more are necessary a landing
shall be provided.

2.9.1

Flow Capacities of Staircases


For fire safety purposes (fire escapes) a flow capacity of 1.3 persons per second per metre
width shall be used. This is greater than normal use flow capacity which shall be
determined as shown in Table 17 below:
Table 17: Normal Use Staircase Flow Capacities
Free Flow Mean Plan Density <0.6
persons/m2
Speed along
Slope (m/s)

Dec 2009

Limit of stair capacity


with free flow
(persons/min/m/width)

Page 50

Full Design Capacity 1-way Plan


Density 2 persons/m2
Speed along
Slope (m/s)

Stair capacity
(persons/min/m/width)

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

0.9

2.9.2

27

0.6

Version 2.0

60

Riser / Going Relationship


The following formula shall be used to determine the suitable relationship of riser to going
for normal staircases:
The minimum slope of any stair shall not be less than 1 in 2 (26.5o) and not greater 5 in 6
(40o).
2 R + G = 550 TO 700 mm,
Where: R= Riser & G = Going
Refer Table 18 for the stairs dimensions, headroom clearances, travelling distances and
other requirements.

SP 1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table 18: Dimensions for Staircases

Dimensions in mm

Office Type
Building

Domestic
Serving for 1
Dwelling

Domestic
Serving >1
Dwellings

Industrial

Office Fire
Escape

Industrial
Fire Escape

(max.)

180

200

180

200

180

200

(min.)

75

75

75

75

75

75

(max.)

310

280

310

280

310

280

(min.)

280

240

280

240

280

240

(min.)

2100

2100

2100

2100

2100

2100

Minimum clearance (*) perpendicular to


flight.

1650

1650

1650

1650

1650

1650

Height of handrail above front of treads

900

900

900

900

900

900

Height of handrail above landing

1100

1100

1100

1100

1100

1100

Riser

Going

Headroom

(Contd.)

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table 18: Dimensions for Staircases (contd.)

Dimensions in mm

Max. number of risers in flight

Office Type
Building

Domestic
Serving for 1
Dwelling

Domestic
Serving >1
Dwellings

Industrial

Office Fire
Escape

Industrial
Fire Escape

12

16

12

16

12

16

Width of
stairway

900

1100

900

1100

Width of
stairway

Maximum travel distance along


Protected fire escape route
(Escape possible in one direction
only)

30 m

30 m

30 m

30 m

30 m

30 m

Maximum travel distance along


protected fire escape route
(Escape possible in more than
one direction)

45 m

45 m

45 m

45 m

45 m

45 m

Length of landings (+)

Minimum clearance above flights between:


a. Line drawn through nosings; and,
b. Ceiling at edge of stairwell

SP 1275

Length of landing shall not be less than width of staircase relevant to location of stairs.

Page 53

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

2.9.3

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Fire Rating for Structures


The minimum fire rating values of the building for various purposes and types are indicated in the Table 19, however these shall meet the requirements of the latest
Directorate General of Civil Defence regulations.
Table 19: Guide To Fire Ratings For Various Structures
Minimum Period (h) for Elements of
Structure

Maximum Dimensions
Purpose, Group &Type
of Building

Office Single storey


building or separated part
(no basement)

Building or separated part


which is not single storey

Shop Single storey


building or separated part
(no basement)

Dec 2009

Height (m) of
Building or of
Separated Part

Floor Area (m2)

Cubic (m3) Capacity

Ground or Upper
Storey

Basement Storey
(incl. Floor Over)

no limit

3000

no limit

0.5

not applicable

no limit

no limit

no limit

1.0

not applicable

7.5

250

no limit

0.5*

1.0

7.5

500

no limit

0.5*

1.0

15.0

no limit

3500

1.0**

1.0

28.0

500

14000

1.0

1.5

no limit

no limit

no limit

1.5

2.0

no limit

2000

no limit

0.5*

not applicable

no limit

3000

no limit

1.0

not applicable

Page 54

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

no limit

Version 2.0

no limit

no limit

2.0

not applicable

Table 20: Guide to Fire Ratings for various structures (Contd.)


Maximum Dimensions
Purpose, Group &
Type of Building

Building separated
part which is not
single storey

Building separated
part which is not
single storey

Industrial single
storey building or
separated part (no

SP 1275

Minimum Period (h) for Elements of Structure

Height (m) of Building


or of Separated Part

Floor Area (m2)

Cubic (m3) Capacity

Ground or Upper
Storey

Basement Storey
(incl. Floor Over)

7.5

150

no limit

0.5*

1.0

7.5

500

no limit

0.5*

1.0

15.0

no limit

3500

1.0**

1.0

28.0

1000

7000

1.0**

2.0

no limit

2000

7000

2.0

4.0

7.5

150

no limit

0.5*

1.0

7.5

500

no limit

0.5*

1.0

15.0

no limit

3500

1.0**

1.0

28.0

1000

7000

1.0

2.0

No limits

4000

14000

2.0

4.0

no limit

2000

no limit

0.5*

not applicable

no limit

3000

no limit

1.0

not applicable

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

basement)

no limit

no limit

no limit

2.0

not applicable

Table 20: Guide to Fire Ratings for various structures (Contd.)


Minimum Period (h) for Elements of
Structure

Maximum Dimensions
Purpose, Group &
Type of Building

Building separated part


which is not single
storey

Other non-residential
single storey building
or separated part (no
basement)

Height (m) of Building


or of Separated Part

Floor Area (m2)

Cubic (m3) Capacity

Ground or Upper
Storey

Basement Storey
(incl. Floor Over)

7.5

250

no limit

0.5*

1.0

7.5

no limit

1700

0.5*

1.0

15.0

no limit

4250

1.0**

1.0

28.0

no limit

8500

1.0

2.0

28.0

no limit

28000

2.0

4.0

no limit

2000

5500

2.0

4.0

no limit

500

no limit

0.5*

not applicable

no limit

1000

no limit

1.0

not applicable

no limit

3000

no limit

2.0

not applicable

no limit

no limit

no limit

4.0

not applicable
(Contd.)

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table 20: Guide to Fire Ratings for various structures (Contd.)


Minimum Period (h) for Elements of
Structure

Maximum Dimensions
Purpose, Group &
Type of Building

Building separated part


which is not single
storey

SP 1275

Height (m) of Building or


of Separated Part

Floor Area (m2)

Cubic (m3) Capacity

Ground or Upper Storey

Basement Storey
(incl. Floor Over)

7.5

150

no limit

0.5*

1.0

7.5

300

no limit

0.5

1.0

15.0

no limit

1700

1.0**

1.0

15.0

no limit

3500

1.0

2.0

28.0

no limit

7000

2.0

4.0

28.0

no limit

21000

4.0

4.0

over 28.0

1000

no limit

4.0

4.0

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Modifications
Any element of structure should have at least the minimum period needed for any other element structure, which it carries or supports (whether that other element is
load bearing or not).

Notes:

Increased to 1 hour for separating walls. Reduced to 0.5 hour if the area of the basement is 50 m2 less.

**

Reduced to 0.5 hour for any floor (which is not also a compartment floor), but not for any part of floor, which contributes to the support of the
building as a whole and not for any beam, which supports the floor.

1. The floor area of each storey in the building or where the building is divided in compartments the floor area of each storey in the compartment of
which the element structure forms part.
2. The cubic capacity of the building or where the building is divided into compartments cubic capacity of the compartment of which the structure forms part.
3. Where the building is fitted throughout with an automatic sprinkler system meeting relevant recommendations of BS 5306: Part 2.

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.10

Version 2.0

Roofs
Due consideration shall be given to the provision of access to roofs, where necessary for
maintenance etc. In situations where required, a safe means of access shall be provided. If
equipment is located on top of roof, installation of stair or caged ladder will depend on the
maintenance/ inspection requirements. As a rule, stairs shall be provided in coastal area.
However, caged ladder may be used in the interior subjected to principals approval.
Various types of water proofing and roof insulation materials are available to provide
satisfactory water proofing for float roofs like membranes, extruded polystyrene insulation,
polyurethane insulation, light weight foam concrete etc. Waterproofing details in these
instances shall be such that they will satisfactorily withstand the likely subsequent wear and
tear.

2.10.1

Thermal Requirement
Roofs should have a maximum U value of 0.6 W/m2 0C. Insulation should be capable of
withstanding rodent attack in situations where it may be exposed to the same. Roofs are
subject to intense heat and thermal movement and waterproof membranes shall be
adequately protected or detailed to withstand these conditions. It should be possible to
inspect and repair the membrane periodically and consideration should be given to
permanent access. Because of its exposure special care should be taken when specifying
roof insulation for Upside-Down roofs, in terms of required insulation characteristics,
durability, water absorption and physical strength.

2.10.2

Water Discharge
Rain is infrequent, but when it does occur it can be torrential, consequently, traditional
gargoyles are the preferred method of rainwater disposal from flat roofs (for upto two floor
buildings) and should be employed. For buildings with more than two floors, suitably sized
rain water down pipes shall be employed. Careful consideration shall be given to the
projection of gargoyles, RWP Gully and to the ground treatment where rain water
discharges. Gargoyles shall be provided with suitable drips to prevent water running down
the face of the building causing unsightly stains. Gargoyles shall be sited away from doors,
lights and where possible windows.

2.10.3

Flat Roofs
Flat roofs should be promoted where possible. Pitched roofs, other than for warehouses/
workshops, are not permitted in Capital Area. The upside down flat roof has the added
advantage that the roof insulation protects the waterproofing layer from both the intense
heat and puncturing. Extreme care in detailing of such roofs is essential to ensure
durability.
Flat roofs shall be provided with a minimum fall of 1in 80. Consideration shall be given to
pre-cambering, particularly on long span roofs to prevent ponding. In any case ponding
shall not occur.
Parapets on flat roofs are a natural source of building defects, particularly when of block
work construction.
Parapets shall be carefully detailed to control thermal movement with control joints not
exceeding the spacing in section 2.8.1.4.
Parapets shall be securely fixed to the roof slab and shall be capable of resisting a minimum
horizontal load, on access roofs, of 0.75 kN/m run at the top of the parapet which should be
a minimum of 1.1 m above the roof covering.

SP 1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Flat roofs cast on load bearing block work should contain a slip plane between the block
work and slab soffit to allow for thermal movement of the slab without distressing the block
work. The roof slab, however, must be suitably held in place to ensure stability criteria are
maintained.
2.10.4

Pitched Roofs
Pitched roofs shall be avoided wherever possible. As a general rule, only flat roof designs
shall be used in the Capital Area. Pitched roof designs may be considered in the Interior
only if it needs to match existing roofs, or used for warehouses/ workshops and sunshades.
Any Pitched roofs in the Capital Area should be hidden by using appropriate facades.
When used, pitched roof plan shapes shall be kept as simple as possible, hips and valleys
should be avoided. The construction shall be such as to result in a completely waterproofed
roof.
Consideration shall be given to ridge vents in order to reduce internal design pressures
arising from wind loading and where required to provide natural ventilation.
Pitched roofs shall generally have a slope between 1 in 5 to 1 in 10.
Gutters and downspouts shall only be provided over entrances and where people have to
pass. However adequate details at ground level shall be provided to prevent erosion and
percolation.
Design of Sunshades and standard details are covered under a separate document: SP-1283
Specification for Standard Sunshades Design & Standard Drawings.

2.10.5

Roof Sheeting
It is important to fully specify the roof sheeting requirements on design drawings. The
following minimum requirements shall be used:
Where ever possible, Aluminium roof sheeting shall be preferred. Only in unavoidable
circumstances, Steel sheeting shall be used.
Aluminium Sheeting shall:
1.

Be pre-painted with a minimum of 50 microns on the external face, and the


internal face is painted or lacquered,

2.

Have a minimum thickness of the metal of 0.7 mm,

3.

Have a profile depth of not less than 26 mm,

4.

Be inspected on a two yearly basis, resulting in the sheets being washed


down to remove salt deposits,

5.

Be fixed with stainless steel self-tapping screws and isolated from the
purlins with In-seal Tape.

Galvanised Steel Sheeting shall:

Dec 2009

1.

Be painted with a protective coating on both sides, with a minimum of 25


microns on the external face, and 12.5 microns for the internal face.

2.

Have a minimum thickness of the metal of 0.5 mm.

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

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3.

Have a profile depth of not less than 26 mm.

4.

Not be used in severe marine areas (for example, MAF, RAH, etc.): this is
also in line with the requirements of the Muscat Municipality.

5.

Be thoroughly inspected during erection and before acceptance, looking


carefully how drilled holes and cut edges are finished off (ensure drill
cuttings are not left as a deposit on the sheeting upon completion of the
works).

6.

Be inspected on a yearly basis for deterioration, resulting in the sheets


being washed down to remove salt deposits.

In addition to the above two materials (but ignoring sheeting materials such as GRP/ GRE/
etc.), a third type of material may be used known as 55%ALZn Coated Steel Sheeting. This
material has an ideal mix of 55% Aluminium, 43.4% Zinc and 1.6 Silicon. The material
shall follow the same requirements as Galvanised Steel (see above), but can be used for
Coastal Areas (MAF, RAH, etc.). There might be problems related to powder coating this
material and therefore colour choices will be limited.

2.11

Built-in-Furniture
All cupboards shall be fitted with shelving to maximise the use of the storage space.
In the layout of kitchens particular attention shall be paid to safe distances between electric
points and the sink. Kitchens shall be designed to be ergonomically and correctly related in
the layout of the parts. In general,
Broom cupboard Fridge/Freezer Worktop Sink Worktop Cooker Worktop.
Worktop shall have integral up stands.
Fitted wardrobes shall be provided in all bedrooms including SS rooms and Clinic wards.
Where rooms are in use by two persons two wardrobes shall be provided.
In each dwelling bathroom, and each room with bed(s) and basin, a bathroom cabinet shall
be provided with mirror front, two sections, shaver point and light.
Pin boards shall be provided to all:
1.

Mess Entrance Halls, Billiards Rooms, Table Tennis Rooms, Dining


Rooms.

2.

Offices.

3.

Squash viewing gallery.

To detached and semi-detached accommodation and mess block, curtain pelmets shall be
provided.
To outdoor cinemas, slatted hardwood seating shall be provided.

2.12

Security

2.12.1

Fencing and Gates


All fencing and gates shall comply with the requirements of the Company standard
specification SP-1279-P Specification for Civil & Building Construction Fencing &

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Gates. The consultants drawing shall make reference to the fencing and gate types
contained therein. Types of fences to be used in various locations are shown in Table 21:
Table 21: Types of Fences
Location
Air Fields and Air Strips

Booster Station

Contractors Area (Industrial)

Contractors Area (Residential)

Corrosion Monitoring Pit

Dec 2009

Type of Fence

Barrier

Explosives Store

Farms

Flares Ground

Flares Tower

Garbage Dumps

Gas Plants (Double Fence)

Gathering Station

H2 S Well

High Pressure Gas Well Heads

Interior Camps

Isotope Pit

Main Line Block Valve Station

Main Line Pump Station

Microwave Areas

Oil Tank Farm Primary

Oil Tank Farm Secondary

Oil Terminal & Metering Station (Double Fence)

Oxidation Ponds

Pig Launchers/ Catchers (when separate)

PDO Industrial Area Camp Workshop

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contd.

Table 21: Types of Fences (contd.)


Location

Type of Fence

PDO Industrial Area Fire Station

PDO Industrial Area Fire Training

PDO Industrial Area Main Workshop

Power Station

Production Station

Reverse Osmosis Plant

Right of Way (only in Populous Areas)

Barrier

Sewage Treatment Plants

Sub Station

Supply Yard Sub Station

Supply Yard Surplus

Supply Yard Scrap

Telecom Centres

Telecom Towers

Water Injection Area (when separate)

Well Test Module

In addition to the above requirements, a standard signboard (refer SP-1284 Specification for
Signs & Signboards Standard Signs Catalogue shall be placed at the entrance of the
fenced compound, indicating the presence of a Restricted Area (refer CP-122). It should
be noted that the rationale for installing fences and gates as tabled above, is as a direct result
of having identified Specific HSE Site Hazards and/ or Specific Security related Access
Control Requirements.
The HSE Access Control Procedure (refer CP-122 and the documents referenced therein),
Stipulates that the asset holder (as defined in the Corporate Asset Holder Register) is
required to specify those areas, which need Access Control (based on what hazards and
threats have been identified). It is possible therefore, that asset holders may decide to install
fences/ gates in locations not included in the above table.
Low Pressure Well Heads and Remote Manifolds do not require fencing. For details, refer
SP-1127 Plant Equipment & Layout Specification.
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2.13

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Paint Finish & Colour


Colours shall be to British Standard BS 4800. If specific colours are not requested or
specified, the following colours should be used for:
08-B-15

Magnolia

10-B-15

Ivory

08-B-17

Honey Beige

06-C-33

Peach

14-C-31

Glacial Green

00-E-55

White

For non-specialised buildings, that is, accommodation, offices, exposed service pipes, for
example water pipes, shall be painted to match their background colour.
2.13.1

External Surfaces
All external walls should be 06-C-33 throughout (unless specified otherwise). All exposed
drainage or vent pipes in front of the external wall shall be painted the same colour as the
wall.

2.13.2

Internal Surfaces
All Mess Dining Rooms, Games Rooms, Lounges, Billiards Rooms and TV/Video Rooms
shall be 08-B-17 - Wood Smoke.
All Clinic and Hospital Wards shall be 14-C-31 Light Green.
All Detached and Semi-detached Housing shall be 08-B-15 - Magnolia.
Where the soffit of the ceiling is exposed (either exposed concrete or plastered ceilings) use
00-E-55.
All other areas shall be 10-B-15 - Ivory.
The type of paint finish shall be as described in Wall Finishes (Appendix D).

2.14

External Works
External works shall be designed to suit the particular traffic, whether vehicular or
pedestrian. Emphasis is to be placed on cost saving by, for example, minimising lengths of
roads, paving only essential areas and providing a finished level, which will minimise
earthworks and yet function to the technical requirements.

2.14.1

Site Preparation
Site is to be inspected and general site clearance requirements established. Design is to
include for removal of debris, vegetation and vegetable soil, removal or replanting plants,
trees, bushes, etc. and protection measures for plants, trees and bushes where they are to
remain within the project works.

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2.14.2

Version 2.0

Landscaping
All projects involving landscaping should incorporate the current PDO landscaping
specification SP-1279-Q. Particular attention should be paid to the creation of a localised
microclimate with low, medium or high canopies as appropriate to the particular situation.
For Landscaping Irrigation refer to section 2.17.8.
2.14.2.1 Hard Landscaping
Hard landscaping should be designed with regard to considerations of general aesthetics.
Within open spaces hard landscaping/foot paths etc. should be designed with curves, that is,
straight lines should be avoided. An aesthetically pleasing variety of colour should be
achieved in hard landscaping.
2.14.2.2 Soft Landscaping
Soft Landscaping should be designed considering both the aesthetic aims and long term
maintenance requirements.
2.14.2.3 Screening Requirements
Consideration should be given to the need to reduce dust nuisance in amenity areas by
landscaping in conjunction with other appropriate means, for example, fabric attached to
fences.

2.14.3

Roads
2.14.3.1 Internal Access Road
Where internal access roads are required to serve buildings, car-parking areas etc., the
Consultant must clarify the likely range of vehicles that will be requiring access.
Where the layout is designed for private vehicle usage, mountable kerbs should be provided
where necessary to allow for occasional heavy vehicle passage.
1. Geometric Design:
Typical desirable and minimum standards for internal access roads for both light and
commercial vehicle usage are given in Table 22. It should however be borne in mind that the
dimensional requirements may vary according to the actual size of commercial vehicle
requiring access.
Table 22: Typical Design Standards for Internal Access Roads
Light Vehicle

Commercial Vehicle

Dimensions in metres

SP 1275

Max.

Min.

Max.

Min.

Carriageway Width 1 way

4.5

3.0

5.5

4.5

Carriageway Width 2 way

6.0

4.5

7.0

6.0

Centre Line Radius

30.0

10.0

60.0

30.0

Kerb Radius at Junctions

6.0

4.0

15.0

10.0

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Roadside Parking bay Width

2.5

3.5

Roads are to be cambered or with cross fall at 1.5% and provided with adequate longitudinal
gradient to ensure dispersal of storm water into the proposed drainage system.
Care shall be taken in the design to avoid flat spots and consequent ponding of storm water.
Care shall be taken to ensure adequate visibility sightlines particularly where buildings are
located adjacent to junctions.
2. Pavement construction
The pavement is to be constructed to suit the future loading over the specified design life.
Where loadings are light, consideration should be given to designing a pavement of granular
material sealed with surface dressing (e.g. spray and chip, SPP stabilised and sand sealed
or slurry dressing).
Where roads will be trafficked by commercial vehicles, the anticipated traffic loading should
be predicted and the pavement designed in accordance with the procedure set out in the
latest issue of the Oman Highway Design Manual, as well as what is advised in both SP1279-R & S (Specification for Civil & Building Construction Roads & Paving, and
Graded Roads, Rig Locations, Airstrips, Tank Pads & Bund Works).
3. Road Signs & Markings:
Road signs and markings should be minimised and yet give clear direction to drivers. Road
signs should be of minimum 600mm size and be in accordance with SP-1284 Specification
for Signs and Signboards Standard Signs Catalogue.
Road markings should be either thermoplastic or road marking paint to suit the scale of
works. A mandatory warning sign is required below the danger warnings at all junctions of
the Grades/Tarmac transition to give more information about the dangerous situation.
2.14.3.2 External Access Roads
Where external access roads are required to serve a facility, the road must be designed to
suit the initial level of service and yet allow for future upgrading if required.
1. Geometric Design
Roads are to be designed to the geometric design standards set out in the latest issue of the
Oman Highway Design Manual, using an appropriate design speed.
Road surfaces are to be profiled to ensure rapid dispersal of storm water.
2. Pavement Construction
Figure 4 details standard pavement construction for PDO interior roads, which will allow
progressive development of the standard of road as required. These are further detailed in
SP-1279-S Specification for Civil & Building Works Graded Roads, Rig Locations,
Airstrips, Tank Pads & Bund Works. Roads, which are to be adopted by the Ministry of
Communications, are to be constructed with asphaltic concrete overlying granular pavement
layers. The pavement is to be designed in accordance with the latest issue of the Oman
Highway Design Manual.
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Currently tests are being performed using road material stabilisers. Their performance in
these tests might well promote the use of road stabilisers in the construction of both graded
and paved roads. The road designer shall therefore investigate the status of these tests, and
hence assess their suitability in the design of all roads.
Successful road base stabilisation, say with SPP (Sulphonated Petroleum Product), could
result in CBR of greater than 120, which will in turn allow cheaper road surface dressings to
be used, such as Sand Seal and Slurry. However, the latter road seal thickness is only in the
order of 6 to 8 mm, and therefore road surface finish tolerance (and therefore the roads
riding comfort) is likely to be poor.
3. Road Signs and Markings:
Road signs and markings should be provided to suit the scale of the road and shall be in
accordance with the latest issue of SP-1284 Specification for Signs and Signboards
Standard Signs Catalogue and the Oman Highway Design Manual. A mandatory warning
sign is required below the danger warnings at all junctions of the Grades/Tarmac transition
to give more information about the dangerous situation.
2.14.4

Car Parks
Car parks should be provided on-site to cater for employees, operational needs and visitors
typical car park spacing requirements are given in Table 19. Car parks shall be designed so
as to discourage parking in the aisles and access routes. Where parking is designed for
commercial vehicles, the standards to be applied are to suit the particular usage.
2.14.4.1 Standard Parking Layout
Car parking facilities shall be generally designed to the layout standards shown in Figure 5.
Parking bays are based on a 3 m x 6 m module. Where available space permits, parking
areas should be designed for 900angle parking.
Car parks shall be profiled to ensure dispersal of storm water to the proposed drainage
system.
2.14.4.2 Car Parks Construction
Car parks are surfaced with 80 mm thick interlocking block paving, asphaltic concrete or
surface dressing as appropriate to the scale of construction and required aesthetics.
Pavement construction is to be designed to cater for the relevant loading over the design
period.
Where the construction is in interlocking block work, use should be made of different
colours to clearly distinguish between vehicle routes and parking areas. In general vehicles
routes are to be paved with grey blocks and parking areas with charcoal grey blocks.
Landscaping and street furniture should be set back from kerb lines to allow overhang of
vehicles.
2.14.4.3 Road Signs & Markings
Road signs and markings should be minimised and yet give clear direction to drivers.
Where interlocking block work construction is proposed, use should be made of coloured
blocks for markings and bay divisions. Road signs should be of minimum 600 mm size and
in accordance with the latest issue of SP-1284 Specification for Signs & Signboards
Standard Signs Catalogue.

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Figure 4: Standard Pavement Construction for Interior Roads

(
Contd.)

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Figure 4: Standard Pavement Construction for Interior Roads (contd.)

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

(
Contd.)

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Figure 4: Standard Pavement Construction for Interior Roads (contd.)

(Contd.)

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Figure 4: Standard Pavement Construction for Interior Roads (contd.)

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table 23: Typical Car-parking provision


Parking Spaces
Facility

On Site

Off Site

500 900 m2

200 400 m2

Flats/ Town Houses

0.5

Kindergarten

14

12

Elementary

16 38

24 96

Preparatory

23 54

22 86

Secondary

200 - 375

38 77

Hospital (40 bed)

44

Clinic (18 bed)

20

Social and Cultural

Social Centres

20

30

Offices

All Centres

1/50 m2 (1)

1/50 m2 (1)

Retail

Camp Shops

1/30 m2 (1)

Other Centres

1/30 m2 (1)

Residential

Education

Health Care

Transport Services

SP 1275

Type

Facility Housing

Bus Station

20

Bus Terminus

40

Bus Garage

50

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Figure 5: Standard Parking Layouts

(Contd.)

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

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Figure 5: Standard Parking Layouts (contd.)

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2.14.5

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Materials Storage Yards


Material storage yards should be designed to suit the particular material to be stored.
Where applicable, the following are to be included:
-

Storage areas for perishable goods and non-perishable goods.

Lay down areas for perishable goods and non-perishable goods.

Shake out and sorting out areas.

Surplus material store.

Area for scrap material.

Dedicated facilities for receipt and despatch.

Particular attention must be made for access and manoeuvre of forklifts and delivery
vehicles.
2.14.6

Footpaths
Footpaths are to be provided, where required, to clearly define pedestrian routes. Analysis
is to be carried out of the desirable walkway routes, bearing in mind that pedestrians tend to
try to minimise the distance walked.
2.14.6.1 Footpath Dimensions
Footpaths are generally 2 m wide. This may be reduced to 1.5 m minimum where layouts
and volume of pedestrian traffic permits.
2.14.6.2 Footpath Construction
Footpath are generally to be surfaced with 60 mm thick coloured interlocking block work or
pre cast concrete slabs overlying sand laying course and granular base material. Footpaths
are to be bound by kerbs.

2.15

Building Services Design Requirements


Building services design criteria shall be established in consultation with the Company.
Designs shall be fit for purpose and requirements for economy, reliability, maintainability,
flexibility and life expectancy shall be agreed with the company.
The requirements described here shall apply to the following Sections of this document.
2.16: Air Conditioning & Ventilation
2.17: Plumbing
2.18: Sewage Treatment
2.19: Electrical
One set of the final approved design calculation shall be submitted to the Company for the
record purpose.

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2.15.1

Version 2.0

Manufacturers & Vendors


Material and equipment shall be selected from the latest PGSC (Product Group Service
Codes) list. .As stipulated, Type of materials, shall be identified by duty and specification
only and not by the manufacturer. In the selection of materials and equipment, building
services designs shall show a preference for the use of local, and GCC, manufacturers.

2.15.2

Specification & Drawings


Building services designs should take the following form.

2.15.3

Company Standard Specifications

Project Particular Specification

Equipment Schedules

System Schematics & Isometrics

Control Logic & Line Diagrams

Electrical Line Diagrams

Wiring Diagrams

External Layout Drawings, Scale 1:200 or 1:100

Internal Layout Drawings, Scale 1:50

Equipment Area Drawings, Scale 1:20

Details drawings, Scale 1:10

The maximum drawing size shall be A1.

As Built Drawings
Building services design should normally include updating the drawings to As Built.

2.15.4

External Services
External services include the services of water, electricity, sewerage, telecommunications,
fire alarm, fire protection and irrigation. Chilled water service may also be included.
External service design should include the allocation of rights of way.
Wherever possible services should be routed in common services trenches located in
unpaved areas.
Minimum dimensions for depths of cover and for separation between services are shown on
company Standard Drawings STD-2-1404.

2.16

Air-Conditioning & Ventilation


The Building Services design shall include, but not be limited to, overall scheme design,
sizing of equipment and pipe work and coordination with other service.

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Loads should be calculated using ASHRAE, Carrier or CIBSE methods.


Specialised manufactures generally supply HVAC systems as package units or as single
components. Standard HVAC equipment, suitable for the prevailing conditions, shall be
applied as for as possible. The design of HVAC system may specify Chilled water system,
VRF system or Direct expansion system. The HVAC design philosophy for the building
must address the suitability and economics of the selected system. The refrigerants shall
comply with the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer,
including amendments.
Direct Expansion unit is a unit consisting of a compressor and a condenser. The refrigerant
vapour is compressed to a certain pressure, condensed to liquid refrigerant and then
vaporised, thus utilising the vaporising refrigerant's latent heat in a cooling. The vaporised
refrigerant is returned from the coil to the compressor. Direct Expansion units shall be
provided by internal re-circulation air handling units having at least two DX units. One
outdoor compressor/ condenser unit shall be provided for each DX unit.
District chilled water service installations should comprise buried mains served from a
chillers compound suitably located to reduce the environmental impact, particularly noise,
on adjacent buildings. The chillers compound pump room may be combined with an
electrical substation in one building. Allowance should be made for future expansion of
district chilled water schemes, and this should be done with minimal costs. For schemes
with a high probability of future expansion, ring main chilled water distribution is provided,
with secondary chilled water pumps at each building. For other schemes, radial distribution
may be appropriate. In any case, the logistic and limits of future expansion should be
established and agreed with the Company.
Fresh air ventilation units for control buildings, Computer buildings & auxiliary rooms
shall be provided with a pre-filter for 85% efficiency ASHRAE dust spot and an after-filter
for 92% efficiency ASHRAE dust spot (dust spot tests according to ANSI/ASHRAE 52.1).
For other buildings, after-filter efficiency shall be not less than 85%.
A dust collector shall be applied if the dust concentration at the fresh air intake is more than
10 mg/m3.
Re-circulation air handling units shall be provided with 65% efficiency ASHRAE dust spot
test filters.
The interface with the electrical design shall be established with the Company as described
in section 2.19.
The Air-Conditioning & Ventilation system, materials and Equipments shall comply with
the SP-1285 Specification for Buildings Services Chapter B Air Conditioning Works.
2.16.1

Design Criteria for Air Conditioning & Ventilation Works


2.16.1.1 Outdoor Conditions
Design outdoor conditions should be based on relevant meteorological data for each project
area and shall be subject to Company approval. In the absence of definitive data, the figures
given in Table 24 should be used.

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Table 24: Outdoor Air conditioning Design Criteria.


Location

Summer

Winter

Coastal Oman

44/33 0C DB/WB

18/15 0C DB/WB

North Oman

50/30 0C DB/WB

13/11 0C DB/WB

South Oman

47/32 0C DB/WB

12/10 0C DB/WB

2.16.1.2 Indoor Conditions


Appendix K includes the following criteria relating to the majority of company facilities.
-

Room temperature

Room humidity

Minimum fresh air

Minimum air change

Maximum noise rating

Where criteria are not listed in Appendix K, design indoor conditions should be based on
the CIBSE Guide, Section A1, Environmental Criteria for Design, and shall be subject to
Company approval.
Normally, humidity control should not be necessary. However, the critical psychometrics of
each design should be checked to ensure that reasonable comfort conditions are always
achieved.
2.16.1.3 Equipment Overcapacity
With diversity and standby requirements taken into account, air-conditioning equipment
should be sized to have a minimum overcapacity of 15%.
2.16.2

Specialist Areas
2.16.2.1 Battery rooms
The design of battery room ventilation system shall fully comply with the requirements of
DIN 57510/VDE 0510.
Battery systems considered here are as follows.
Nickel Cadmium

Lead Acid

SP 1275

Trickle charge

1.4 1.45 volts/cell

Boost charge

1.6 1.65 volts/cell

Trickle charge

2.23 volts/cell

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Boost charge

2.4 volts/cell

All cells in which the electrolyte is in aqueous solution give off hydrogen and oxygen
during charging, the major gassing occurring towards the end of the charging or during
boost charging. Typical boost charging cycles are for 8 hours every 6 months. An explosive
mixture is formed when the hydrogen concentration, by volume, in air exceeds 3.8%.
A safe dilution (20% of the above) will be maintained using the following formula.

Q = 0.055 x N x I
Where,
Q = Airflow in m3/h
N = Number of battery cells. (Number of blocks x cells/block)
I = Charging current at the end of the boost charge, in amps
(For design purposes, 25% rated charger current in amps)
Battery rooms should be air-conditioned, by extracting conditioned air from adjoining
electrical panel room, to maintain an average room temperature of 10 300C, to give best
battery performance and service life, and to limit electrolyte temperature rises during
charging.
Inlet air should be introduced at low level, from the building air-conditioning system, and
mechanically exhausted to atmosphere at as high a level as possible, to avoid air pockets.
When ventilation is provided as described above, the battery room shall be classified as nonhazardous. However, due to possible local concentrations of gas, the exhaust fan should be
suitable for a Zone 2 installation and resistant to the electrolyte.
2.16.2.2 Control Rooms and Field Auxiliary Rooms
A ducted all-air system shall be provided maintaining the control building under positive
pressure (+5 mm wc) to reduce ingress of dust.
The outside make-up air connection shall include a sand-trap louver and pre-filter. Both
make-up air and return air connections shall include dampers for balancing purposes.
Two equal direct expansion air-handling units, with matching condensers shall be provided,
sized so that with both units running, an internal temperature of 23oC is not exceeded.
Humidity control is not required. If one of the units fail then the remaining unit shall
maintain a temperature not exceeding 35oC.
Account should be taken of possible future expansion of the building.
Air-handling and condensing units shall be located in an external enclosure. Provision shall
be made to allow the condensate to discharge into an external soak away.
2.16.2.2 Electrical Substations & Switch Houses
Substations and switch houses should normally be designed as completely closed structures,
with dust tight construction and cable passages.

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The air conditioning design shall include two or more separate installations, which shall be
individually electrically supplied and controlled.
The indoor design criteria shall be such that:
HVAC system and equipment selection for the buildings will be capable of producing a
positive pressure (+5 mm wc) in the rooms, except battery rooms and toilets, where it will be
slightly less due to exhaust fans. The positive pressure will minimise the dust ingress from
outside.
During normal operation, the maximum indoor temperature shall not rise above 24oC DB.
In case of breakdown or maintenance to one of the installations, the maximum indoor
temperature shall not rise above 35oC.
The maximum supply air relative humidity shall not exceed 75%.
2.16.2.3 Gas Bottle Stores
Spare and empty gas bottles shall be separated and stored in an upright-chained position and
housed in a purpose built, well-ventilated, shaded and secured enclosure located at least 20
m from combustible materials. Possible air pockets at high level shall be avoided.
Requirements are normally satisfied by the provisions of a cage of tubular frame, chain link
fencing and roof sheeting with an internal separation.
Electrical installations in gas bottle stores shall be suitable for Zone 2.
2.16.2.4 Kitchens
The guidelines given below address commercial catering installations, criteria for domestic
kitchens are given in Appendix K.
Often it is not possible to achieve comfort conditions in kitchen cooking areas at all times
because of the extremely high expenditure involved. In such cases, it should be sufficient to
maintain acceptable working conditions.
Generally air should be extracted from cooking and subsidiary areas through double-skin
hoods located over the main cooking and dishwashing equipment. Hoods should be sized to
overlap equipment by 100 mm, to have a minimum face velocity of 0.3 m/s and to have a
minimum clearance of 1900 mm above finished floor level. The hood volume should suit
the equipment covered. 80 85% of the replacement air should be provided, as filtered
outside air, at the internal perimeter of the hood. If this part of the replacement air is
supplied outside the hood, it should be 100% outside air-cooled to plenum conditions, say
250C. Ducted, re-circulating systems should not be used because of greasing problems. The
remainder of the replacement air should be drawn from adjacent areas so that a negative
kitchen pressure is maintained to contain odours.
Extract ductwork shall be designed for ease of cleaning, with flanged joints and man-size
access doors, and shall be constructed of galvanised sheet steel, minimum thickness, 1.0
mm. Air velocities should be a minimum of 9 m/s. Extract fans should be treated for
moisture and heat, and attenuators should be avoided.
Comfort air conditioning should be provided by high level fan coil units.
The requirements for fire detection and protection in kitchens are included in SP-1075
Specification for Fire & Explosion Risk Management.
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2.16.2.5 Laboratories
Laboratory air conditioning design shall be based on the specific requirements of the
laboratory work. However, the following guidelines should apply.
Laboratory working and solvent storage areas should be provided with 100% outside air
system, and should be under positive pressure to reduce dust ingress. In interior Oman,
heating should be included for winter morning start up. Ancillary areas, such as offices,
should be provided with separate, re-circulating systems such as fan coil units. Mechanical
exhaust should be provided for chemical and material storage areas, typically at a rate of 6
15 air changes an hour, depending on the items stored.
Fume cupboards for use with hydrocarbons should have an acid resistant 18/12 stainless
steel internal fume chamber with integral bench top. The minimum air velocity over a 400
mm deep sash opening should be 0.75 m/s.
Fume cupboards for general use should have 1 mm thick high-pressure plastic laminate on
the sides and solid epoxy resin bench tops. The minimum air velocity over a 400 mm deep
sash opening should be 0.5 m/s.
All fume cupboards should be provided with airfoil sash opening profiles and high-level bypass grilles to ensure constant volume airstreams.
Fume cupboard exhaust ductwork shall be constructed of HDPE and shall not contain fire
dampers.
The internal fume chamber, exhaust ducting and exhaust fan shall be classified as Zone 1
hazard. The internal light fittings therefore shall be separated from the fume chamber by an
airtight glass plate. Solvent and gas bottle stores shall be classified Zone 2.
2.16.2.6 Temporary Buildings
Air conditioning design parameters for temporary buildings, such as transportable units,
should be similar to those for permanent buildings. However, due to inferior thermal
conductivity characteristics, electric heating may be required.
2.16.3

Condensate Drains
Condensate drains from indoor terminal units should discharge to wash hand basins, or
sinks, before the trap to ensure that the connection to the drainage system is always sealed.
While drains may discharge into planter areas, the use of soakaways should be avoided.

2.16.4

Refrigerant Pipe work


Pipe work shall not be directly buried, nor chased in floors or walls, but shall be enclosed in
preformed ducts or voids.

2.16.5

Automatic Shutdown
Activation of a fire alarm shall cause the shutdown of air conditioning system, unless
continued operation of the system does not cause spread of smoke to outside the area where
the fire has been detected. In case of a H2 S alarm the air-conditioning system shall
shutdown automatically to prevent ingress of H2 S into the building through fresh air
system.

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2.16.6

Version 2.0

Legionnaires Disease
Where installations include evaporate water-cooling, the guidelines of CIBSE TM 13,
minimising the Risk of Legionnaires Disease, shall be followed.
Particular attention is drawn to the optimum temperature for multiplication of bacteria and
to the design, operation and maintenance of evaporative water-cooling systems.

2.17

Plumbing
Plumbing installation design includes the following services:
-

Potable water,

Domestic hot and cold water,

Drainage,

Liquid petroleum gas,

Fire fighting water,

Swimming pools,

Irrigation.

Plumbing installation, materials and equipment shall comply with the following
specifications:
SP-1285 Specification for Buildings Services Chapter C Plumbing Works
SP-1285 Specification for Buildings Services Chapter D Fire Protection Works
SP-1280 Specification for Swimming Pools - Design & Construction Guidelines
2.17.1

Potable Water
Potable water quality shall confirm to Oman STDS 08/98, which is reproduced in
Appendix-C of SP 1232 Health Safety Environment & SD - Specification for Public
Health. Normally, the primary source of potable water to specification will be provided by
the Company, which is outside the scope of the Building Services Project.
The demand, size, location and interface for the potable water main connection(s) should be
established with the Company at preliminary design stage.
Connection to existing potable water mains shall require prior Company approval. The
valve and meter may be supplied and installed, and the service connection made, by the
Company.
The following Company Standard Drawings relate to water supply systems.
STD-2-1401: Typical Potable Water Details
2.17.1.1 Water Demand
Demand will vary with time, location and population. Average and peak consumption
figures should be subject to individual analysis for each system.
However, in the absence of definitive data, the figures in Table 25 should be used for
average demands:

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Table 25: Typical Water Demands


Area

Water Demand

Coast
Residential

400 litre / day / person

Offices

180 litre / day / person

Industrial

As advised by the Company

Interior
Residential

450 litre / day / person

Offices

180 litre / day / person

Industrial

As advised by the Company

Similarly, peak demands may be taken as 5 times of the average. Average water demand may
be calculated based on the daily water consumption over a period of 12 hours. (Eg. 400 litre/
(12X3600) = 0.01 litre/ sec/ person)
Table 26: Minimum flow rates
Flow rate (L/min)
Fitment

Cold water

Hot water

Hand wash basins

10

Wash troughs, per tap

10

Sinks

15

10

Showers/ sprays

2.17.1.2 Isolating Valves, Air Valves, Washouts


Isolating valves shall be located at:

Dec 2009

Major intersections,

Branches off ring mains,


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Regular intervals on distribution mains shall be 400 m maximum spacing.

Valve chambers should be located in areas with easy access but not subject to heavy traffic.
Pipelines shall have facilities for venting air, flushing and cleaning. In secondary
distribution networks, air may be vented through building connections. In pipelines of 300
mm dia or greater, air valves and washouts should be provided at high and low points
respectively.
2.17.1.3 Water Meters
Water meters shall be provided for each large user, down to and including all Senior Staff
accommodation (married and bachelor), and on the main transmission line for each
distribution network.
Meters should be fitted above ground at building entries, or in valve chambers below
ground.
2.17.1.4 Storage
The capacity and location of main storage tanks should be agreed with the Company. In
general, not less than 24 hours storage should be provided in any distribution system, but
this will depend on the source and location of the water supply.
Main water tanks should be provided with visual level indicators, access ladders, access
manholes, (with adequate provision for safety and lighting) etc. Inlet and overflows should
be close to access points for maintenance purposes.
For individual buildings not connected to the regular potable water mains, like control &
electrical buildings in remote production and distribution stations, airstrip buildings and
like, 3000 litre GRP, to BS 4994, water tanks, one or in required numbers connected
serially, shall be provided on roof top to facilitate water supply to the building. Such tanks
shall have provisions to load by pumping water from a water tanker. The inlet to these tanks
should be fitted with 2 inlet piping with non-return valve. The inlet pipe must terminate at
1.2 m above ground level on the outer wall of the building, from where the water tank can
access for loading.
2.17.1.5 Pumping
Pump sets should be designed to meet forecast peak demands. Constant pressure systems,
with run and standby facility, are preferred. The maximum pumping pressure shall be 50%
of test pressure of the installed water pipes or 6 bar, whichever is minimum.
2.17.1.6 Sterilisation
Potable water systems shall be completely flushed out and sterilised, to the approval of the
Company, before being put into service.
Details of the sterilisation process are given in SP-1285 Specification Buildings Services
Chapter C Plumbing Works.
2.17.2 Domestic Hot & Cold Water
Design of HWS/ CWS systems shall comply with the requirements of BS 6700:
Specification for Design, Installation, Testing & Maintenance of Services Supplying Water
for Domestic Use within Buildings & their Cartilages.
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2.17.2.1 Water Consumption


While published data may be used as guidelines, estimated consumption of water should be
based on specific use as well as numbers of consumers and fittings. For example, for Staff
Accommodation Blocks in the interior, peak demand for HWS is for showers at the end of
shifts.
Water heater sizes should therefore be based on the following.
Shower demand

say 0.1 l/s/shower

Shower duration

say 180 sec

say 75%

Number of showers
Diversity

Section 2.17.1.1 gives typical per capita water demands for different applications.
2.17.2.2 Water Systems
Systems should be designed for supply directly from the potable water main unless there is a
specific requirement for storage. In any case, drinking water draw offs shall be taken
directly from the main.
HWS/ CWS systems shall be vented at all high points and provision for drain-down shall be
provided at all low points.
Treated effluent water may be used to flush toilet in order to conserve water. In such
situation, a separate close system shall be designed to tap from nearest irrigation source.
Refer also 2.17.8.
2.17.2.3 Isolation
The incoming main shall be provided with a stop valve and a drain cock, preferably located
immediately inside the building. The stop valve may be located in a valve chamber adjacent
to the building.
Connections to sanitary ware, or equipment, should be provided with a means of isolation.
However, in some applications, and subject to Company approval, it may be sufficient to
isolate in sections rather than individually.
2.17.2.4 Insulation
HWS/ CWS pipe work exposed to ambient conditions, concealed in ducts and in false
ceiling voids, and in equipment rooms shall be insulated.
Pipe work buried in wall and floor chases shall be protected.
Surface mounted connections to equipment and fittings shall not be insulated but should be
painted.
2.17.2.5 Sterilisation
HWS/ CWS systems shall be completely flushed out and sterilised, to the approval of the
Company, before being put into service (see section 2.17.1.6).

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2.17.2.6 Flush Control Valves


All urinal cisterns, and other automatically flushed devices, Should be fitted with a Sensor
based control valve to limit waste of water. As an alternate, flush control may be achieved
by provision of push button flush pipe valves or by cistern cold feed control valves.
All WC flush system shall be designed to deliver a minimum amount of water required for a
sufficient flush, in not more than six seconds and shall comply with water saving devices
like half flush options to save water consumption.
2.17.2.7 Water Closet spray Assemblies
Anal spray assemblies shall be provided for all AWCs, and EWCs in public toilets, located
on the right hand side of the pan.
2.17.2.8 Emergency Showers
Emergency showers shall be capable of delivering water at a minimum rate of 80 1/min at a
pressure of 0.3 bar(g).
Water to showers should be taken, by a dedicated gravity feed, from a +cold-water storage
tank. However, if insufficient head is available or the water temperature may exceed 35 0C,
then a connection should be taken directly off the incoming main, immediately after the
main stop valve.
2.17.2.9 Emergency Eye Wash Stations
Eye wash stations shall be self-contained units, mounted on wall brackets, located within 10
sec or 30 m of the hazard and such that the water temperature shall not exceed 40 0C.
Units shall flush both eyes simultaneously and deliver not less than 1.5 1/min.
2.17.2.10 Hot Water Service Dead legs
HWS deadlegs shall not exceed the lengths listed in Table 27. When dead legs do exceed
these lengths secondary HWS pumps shall be installed.
Table 27: Maximum HWS Dead legs
Pipe Size

2.17.3

Max Length

15 mm

12 m

22 mm

8m

28 mm

3m

Drainage
Design of above ground drainage systems shall comply with the requirements of BS EN
12056 Gravity Drainage Systems inside buildings

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2.17.4

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Sewerage
This section covers domestic sewage systems that discharge into treatment plants. Sewage
treatment is addressed in section 2.18 of this specification.
Systems handling industrial, non-biodegradable, waste shall be designed in consultation
with the Company.
Storm water drainage shall not discharge into sewage systems.
Systems should be designed in accordance with BS EN 752 Drain & Sewer Systems
Outside buildings and the following Company Standard Drawing STD-2-1030 Typical
Manhole Details.
2.17.4.1 Toilets
The accommodation for male and female personnel shall be kept separate. The minimum
number of fitments for offices, laboratories, training centres, workshops, canteens, etc shall
be as follows:
Table 28: Sanitary Convenience
Fitment

Male Personnel

Female Personnel

WC

1 for 1 - 15 persons
2 for 16 - 40 persons
3 for 41 - 70 persons
4 for 71 - 100 persons

1 for 1 - 12 persons
2 for 13 - 25 persons
3 for 26 - 40 persons

Urinals

nil up to 5 persons
1 for 6 - 10 persons
2 for 11 - 20 persons
3 for 21 - 40 persons
4 for 41 - 100 persons

Hand-wash
basins

1 for 1 - 20 persons

1 for 1 - 15 persons

2 for 21 - 40 persons
3 for 41 - 60 persons
4 for 61 - 80 etc.
1 for 1 - 20 persons
(in laboratories, canteens and
Workshops)

2 for 16 - 30 persons
3 for 31 - 45 persons
4 for 46 - 60 etc.

Showers

For Control rooms in plants, 1 WC, 1 hand-wash basin and I shower shall
be provided for every 10 persons on day shift. In addition, 1 urinal shall be
provided for every 10 men.

Local religious customs and/or regulations shall be followed with respect to


the location of WC suites and the like, including the installation of
foot-washing facilities.

2.17.4.2 Flow Rates


Rates of sewage flow vary with time, location and population. Average and peak flow rates
should be subject to individual analysis for each system. However, in the absence of
definitive data, the figures in Table 29 should be used for average dry weather flows (DWF):

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Table 29: Typical Sewage Flow Rates


Area

Water Demand

Coast
Residential

350 litre / day / person

Offices

160 litre / day / person

Interior
Residential

400 litre / day / person

Offices

160 litre / day / person

Similarly, in the absence of definitive data, peak flows may be taken as 5 times DWF.
Average DWF may be calculated based on the daily sewage discharge over a period of 12
hours. (Eg. 350 litre/ (12X3600) = 0.01 litre/ sec/ person)
2.17.4.3 Minimum Pipe Diameters
Below slab on grade, branch pipes

50 mm

Below slab on grade, main runs

110 mm

Building connections

110 mm

Between manholes

160 mm

2.17.4.4 Design velocities


It is essential to maintain self-cleaning velocities in drain pipes. Though it is preferable to
achieve a self-cleaning velocity of 0.75 m/ sec, a minimum of 0.6 m/ Sec may be considered
for DWF. However, the maximum velocity in drainpipes should be restricted to 2.4 m/ Sec
at peak flow. Drain pipes are normally designed 2/3 full for peak flows. Drain lines should
follow the natural slope of the ground so that they will always lie at the same depth. The
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minimum slope for drains should be not less than 1 in 150 for pipes upto 160 mm dia and 1
in 250 for pipes 200 mm dia and above.
2.17.4.5 Location of Manholes
Manholes shall be provided at all changes of direction and at all junctions. For straight runs
of pipe work, the maximum distance between manholes shall be 45 m.
2.17.4.6 Interceptors
Grease traps shall be provided at connections from catering installations and should be
located indoors to contain the temperature to less than 37oC as higher temperatures will
inhibit the grease-dispersing agent. The use of enzyme dosing shall be considered during
design.
Petrol/oil interceptors shall be provided at connections from vehicle workshop and fuel
stations.
2.17.4.7 Pipe work Under Buildings
The placing of drainage pipe work under buildings shall be avoided wherever possible.
Where unavoidable, pipes shall be laid in straight lines at one gradient. In no case, rain
water pipes and drain pipes shall not pass through electrical equipment rooms and
basements. Access shall be provided for cleaning of obstructions in drains pipes within
building. Such access points within the building shall have screwed access covers.
2.17.4.8Structural Penetrations
Pipe work passing through retaining walls, footings, ground beams etc., shall be sleeved,
with the same material, and packed with polystyrene or similar. Flexible joints shall be
provided at exits from buildings.
2.17.4.9 Connection to Existing Sewers
Connection to existing sewerage systems shall require prior company approval.
2.17.4.10 Sewage Pumping Stations
Pumping of sewage should be avoided where possible since, in addition to the extra cost, it
also forms the weakest link in the operation of a sewage system.
While the sewage pumping station design must take account of peak flows, the emphasis on
sizing pumps and the sump together with the levels of the flow switches should be on
keeping the sewage flowing so that potential problems of septic in the sump and hydraulic
shock at the treatment plant are avoided. A typical flow rate would be 5 times DWF.
2.17.5

Liquid Petroleum Gas


Design of LPG systems should follow the recommendations of the following BS Standards:

Dec 2009

BS 5482: Code of Practice for Domestic Butane and Propane Gas Burning
Installations &

BS EN ISO 10239 Small Craft Liquefied Petroleum Gas systems.

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2.17.5.1 Gas Cylinder Stores


Refer section.2.16.2.3.
2.17.5.2 Regulators
For catering installations, primary regulators should be provided at bottle manifold
discharge to give a gas pressure of approximately 350 mb with all appliances operating at
maximum demand.
Secondary regulators should normally be supplied with each appliance, be fitted after the
appliance isolating valve, be adjustable, and be capable of reducing the gas pressure from
approximately 345 mb to the appliance operating pressure at maximum demand.
2.17.5.3 Emergency Shutdown
For catering and industrial systems, an emergency shut-off fire valve, normally of the
deadweight type, shall be provided in the main supply, upstream of the high-pressure
regulator(s). The valve should be operated manually, from exits, and automatically by the
fire detection system.
Cable or electrically activated systems may be used. Electrically operated actuators shall be
suitable for hazard Zone 1.
The following are accepted temperature ratings for deadweight gas valve fusible links.
Inside hoods

185 0C

Elsewhere

160 0C

2.17.5.4 Domestic Installations


Domestic LPG installations shall be carried out strictly in accordance with Company
Standard Drawing PDO-STD-2-1403.
2.17.6

Laboratory Piped Services and fittings


Design of laboratory service should follow DEP 34.17.10.31.Gen and BS 3202: Laboratory
furniture & Fittings.

2.17.7

Fire Fighting Water


Company fire fighting design parameters are set out in SP-1075 Specification for Fire &
Explosion Risk Management. Brackish water should normally be considered too corrosive
for use as fire fighting water in buildings.
The Company standards for fresh water system materials and equipment shall comply with
the following: SP-1285 Specification for Buildings Services Chapter D Fire Protection
Works and the Company Standard Drawing STD-2-1402: Typical Fire Water Details.
2.17.7.1 Hose reels
Hose reel installations should be designed so that the whole of each floor area is protected,
and no part of the area protected is more than 6 m from a hose nozzle when hose is
extended. Water supply should cater for a minimum of 3 hose reels operating at any time,
with a total flow rate of 2.3 1/s, at a working pressure of 2.1 bars (g) at the furthest reel.

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The firewater installation should be an extension of the firewater mains. Where firewater
mains are not available, connection may be made to the domestic water supply. In such
cases, the connection shall be made before the incoming water main valve and be dedicated
to the hose reel installations, and fitted with an isolation valve a lockable devise. In
installations where the incoming main pipe work is UPVC, the service pipe work is copper,
and the hose reel pipe work is GI, then the GI branch shall be from the UPVC before the
change to copper.
Office areas hose reels should be automatic, swinging, recess type with 25m of 19mm hose.
Industrial area hose reels should be automatic, swing open, wall type with 30m of 25mm
hose.
2.17.7.2 Hydrants
Hydrants should be located in strategic positions around Company buildings, generally at
80 m spacing in industrial areas and 100 m spacing in residential areas, and should be
installed 15 m away from any building, preferably in soft earth or paved areas rather than
roadways.
Hydrants should be sized to give 8.3 l/s at 6bar(g) from a 19 mm nozzle.
2.17.7.3 Fire Storage Tanks
Tanks shall store water for both hydrant and hose reel supply, and should be sized to hold
sufficient water to supply 3 fire fighting jets, 19 mm nozzles, at 8.3 l/s for 45 minutes, i.e.
67.5m3 minimum. Tanks used for combined storage shall have a dedicated firewater outlet,
and a dedicated and secure firewater storage volume.
Below ground storage, such as swimming pools, with suction hose hydrants may be
appropriate.
2.17.7.4 Fire Pumps
Package fire pump sets shall be sized to supply 41.5 l/s with a minimum 4 bar (g) pressure at
the farthest hydrant.
2.17.8

Irrigation
Treated effluent (TE) from sewage treatment plants should be used for the irrigation of
Company community area soft landscaping.
TE irrigation applications shall comply with the requirements of the Ministry of Regional
Municipalities and Environment.
For some applications, it may be necessary or desirable to use potable water (PW). It is
therefore necessary to check directly with MRME Engineers on all such issues. In addition,
irrigation for Company residences should be taken off the dwelling PW supply, after the
water meter. In either case, the irrigation system demand should match the quality and
quantity of water available. The irrigation system shall comply with SP-1285 Specification
for Buildings Services Chapter C Plumbing Works & the following Company Standard
Drawings STD-2-1400: Typical Irrigation Details & STD-2-1401: Typical Potable Water
Details.

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2.17.8.1 Demand
Irrigation water demands should be determined for individual schemes taking account
evaporation rates, soil conditions, salinity and consequent leaching requirements and the
method of irrigation.
Table 30 sets out typical figures for the maximum water required for mature planting in the
summer based on automatic or semi-automatic drip irrigation systems. Demands would
increase markedly if non-automatic irrigation were employed during daylight hours when
evaporation rates are very high. The figures given do not include for leaching.
Further details of planting requirements are given in SP-1279-Q Specification for Civil &
Building Construction Landscaping Works.

Table 30: Typical Irrigation Water Demands


Plant Type

Irrigation demand

Large trees (25 m2 canopy)

80 litre/tree/day

Small trees (10 m2 canopy)

40 litre/tree/day

Shrubs

16 litre/shrub/day

Hedges

12 litre/m/day

Ground cover

16 litre/m2/day

Grass

10 litre/m2/day

2.17.8.2 System Components


Typically, an irrigation system comprises the following components.
System
1. Head works

Components
:

Irrigation water storage


Distribution pumps

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Filters
Control panel
2. Primary Distribution

Ring mains
Washouts
Sub mains
Pressure regulators
Isolating valves
(Contd.)

System
3. Secondary Distribution

Components (Contd.)
:

Sub mains
Zone control, valves
Laterals
Spray sprinklers
Drip feed emitters

2.17.8.3 Storage
TE should be held in storage tanks similar to what is described in section 2.17.1.4. For
large TE irrigation systems, it may be preferable to provide more than one tank, strategically
located. Tanks should be sized to hold two days demand.
Storage tanks for TE shall be identifiable as not containing drinking water. Signage should
be in Arabic and English and the tanks should be painted green (even if they are constructed
of concrete).
2.17.8.4 Pumping & Filtration
Systems should be designed to operate 8 h a day in two equal periods, morning and evening.
A run and a standby pump and pressure vessel should be provided together with a stainless
steel core filter with a fine-hole element.
Pump power and auto-changeover control should normally be incorporated in a main Motor
Control Panel such as that provided for a sewage treatment plant. Pump auto-start should
be initiated by a relay in the Irrigation Control Panel described in section 2.17.8.5.
2.17.8.5 Control Systems
External irrigation control systems should comprise electro-mechanical zoned control panels
and zone solenoid valves. Controls for local small irrigation systems, such as those in
Company residences, may comprise similar solenoid valves controlled by a local timer.
Drip systems generally operate best under pressure of 1 to 3 bars. Pressure regulators,
before the zone solenoid valves, may be required to maintain these limits.

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2.17.8.6 Pipe work Identification


TE irrigation water pipe work shall be pigmented green to distinguish from PW.
2.17.8.7 Sprinklers
Since spray sprinklers normally require PW irrigation (refer section 2.17.8.), and incur
higher evaporation losses compared with drip emitters, their use should be avoided where
possible. However, sprinklers should be used for lawn irrigation since emitter systems often
leave blemishes.
2.17.8.8 Emitter Allocations
Table 31 sets out typical emitter allocations for different plants, designed to apply the
quantities of water given in Table 30.

Table 31: Typical Emitter Allocations


Plant type

2.17.9

No of Emitters

Size

Large trees (25 m2 canopy)

5 each

8 litres / hour

Small trees (10 m2 canopy)

5 each

4 litres / hour

Shrubs

2 each

4 litres / hour

Hedges

3 per m

2 litres / hour

Ground cover

2 per m2

4 litres / hour

Swimming Pools
For Swimming Pools refer SP-1280 Specification for Swimming Pools Design &
Construction Guidelines.

2.18

Sewage Treatment
Installation shall comply with the regulations of the Ministry of Regional Municipalities
and Environment MRME which will normally require an Environmental Impact
Statement. The Company focal point for liaison with the MRME is the Environmental
Advisor, Corporate HSE department.

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This section primarily covers treatment of domestic, biodegradable, sewage. The treatment
and controlled disposal of industrial, non-biodegradable, waste shall be determined in
conjunction with the Company in each case. The preferred process shall be by sewage
treatment plant with all the treated effluent used for irrigation purposes. For temporary
facilities, facultative ponds may be provided. In remote locations, with population
equivalent up to 100, septic tanks with soakaways may be provided, subject to Company
approval. In specific cases, holding tanks and sludge gulpers may be appropriate. For very
low population equivalents, chemical toilets may be appropriate.
The following Company Standards Drawings relate to sewage treatment systems.
STD-2-1030: Typical Manhole Details
STD-2-1033: Septic Tanks
STD-2-1034: Soakaways
STD-2-4025: Hydrocarbon Disposal Pit
2.18.1

Location of STP
The location of sewage treatment plant should take the following factors into account.

2.18.2

Adjacent accommodation (minimum separation of 100m)

Prevailing wind direction

Availability and cost of land

Minimised pumping costs

Future extension.

Pollution Load
Treatment plant throughout and peak flows should be determined as detailed in section
2.17.4.1.
In the absence of definitive data, a biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) of 65 gm/capita/day
should be used.

2.18.3

Sewage Treatment Plant


Treatment should be by the activated sludge process with extended coarse bubble aeration,
chlorination and tertiary filtration, should be collected in a holding tank, and be used for
irrigation purposes. Water retaining structures of epoxy painted reinforced concrete, above
ground, should be preferred.
Control panels, pumps, filters and blowers should be housed in a naturally ventilated block
work with a telephone and external visual fault alarm.
An overflow pond should be provided for start-up, while process biology is being
established, and for maintenance purposes. Sludge should be collected in drying beds.
Potable water should be provided to a hand-wash trough and to a shower Hose bib taps,
which may supply treated effluent, should be provided at strategic locations for general
cleaning purposes. Treated effluent outlets shall be labelled NOT DRINKING
WATER, in Arabic and English.

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Provision should be made for maintenance vehicle access and the whole of the sewage
treatment area should be secured within a Type of C fence. Photocell activated external
lighting should be provided around the main plant.
The sewage treatment plant should include, but not be limited to, the following components.
System

Component

1. Inlet works:

Will include a pumping station, which can be sized to


act as a raw sewage holding/balancing tank, to even
out the peak flow and prevent shock loading rake
screen.

2. Aeration tank:

Sized for a minimum 24 h retention at DWH + 500


mm freeboard transfer float.
(Contd.)

System
3. Sedimentation tank:

Component (Contd.)
Sized for minimum 6 hr retention at DWF.
Hopper bottom for sludge collection,
Airlift pumps for sludge transfer and removal.
Scum baffle weir plate.

4. Chlorination chamber:

Sized for minimum 1 hr retention at DWF.


Chlorination by liquid chlorine injection or equal
and approved by the Company. Tablet dispenser not
recommended.

5. Access walkway:

Flush with tank rim.


Around perimeter of combined treatment tanks
Across settling tank
Rigid handrail (extn), removable chain handrail (intrn)
caged access ladder
Walkway lighting

6. Tertiary filtration:

Duty and standby pressure type multi-media filters


Duty and standby filter service pumps.
Dedicated backwash pump
Each sized for a minimum 2 x DWF

7. Controls:

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Staggered motor start


Duty/standby auto change
Auto-reset
Visual fault alarm
8. Flow measurement:

On raw sewage at inlet and treated effluent water at


outlet.

9. Test kit:

Dissolved oxygen
PH
Chlorine
Measuring cylinders

9. Test kit (contd.)

BOD 5 should normally be measured at the Company


facilities

10. Treated effluent


Storage tank:

Sized for a minimum 48 h retention at DWF

The sewage treatment process and control philosophy should be agreed with the Company
during the preliminary design of each plant.
2.18.4

Treated Effluent Standard


Sewage treatment plant shall comply with the regulations of the Ministry of Regional
Municipalities and Environment Table 32 gives current requirements in mg.l or ppm (unless
otherwise stated). For definition of A and B, refer Table 28.
Table 32: Treated Effluent Standards Maximum Quality Limits

Parameter

Standards (See Table 28)


A

BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand 5d@200C

15.000

20.000

150.000

200.000

15.000

30.000

Total Dissolved Solid (TDS)

1500.000

2000.000

Electrical Conductivity (E C) (micro S./ cm)

2000.000

2700.000

10.000

10.000

6-9.000

6-9.000

Aluminium (as Al)

5.000

5.000

Arsenic (as As)

0.100

0.100

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)


Suspended Solids (SS)

Sodium Absorption Ration (SAR)*


pH (within range)

Dec 2009

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Barium (as Ba)

1.000

2.000

Beryllium (as Be)

0.100

0.300

Boron (as B)

0.500

1.000

Cadmium (as Cd)

0.010

0.010

650.000

650.000

Chromium (as Cr)

0.050

0.050

Cobalt (as Co)

0.050

0.050

Copper (as Cu)

0.500

1.000

Chloride (as Cl)

(Contd.)

Table 32: Treated Effluent Standards Maximum Quality Limits (contd.)


Standards (See Table 28)
Parameter
A

SP 1275

Cyanide (total as CN)

0.050

0.100

Fluorine (as F)

1.000

2.000

Iron (total as Fe)

1.000

5.000

Lead (as Pb)

0.100

0.200

Lithium (as Li)

0.070

0.070

Magnesium

150.000

150.000

Manganese

0.100

0.500

Mercury

0.001

0.001

Molybdenum

0.010

0.050

Nickel

0.100

0.100

Nitrogen: Ammonical (as N)

5.000

10.000

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Nitrogen: Nitrate (as NO 3 )

50.000

50.000

Nitrogen: Organic (Kjeldahl) (as N)

5.000

10.000

Oil and Grease (total extractable)

0.500

0.500

Phenols (total)

0.001

0.002

Phosphorus (total as P)

30.000

30.000

Selenium

0.020

0.002

Silver

0.010

0.010

Sodium

200.000

300.000

Sulphate

400.000

400.000

Sulphide

0.100

0.100

Vanadium

0.100

0.100

Zinc

5.000

5.000

Faecal Coliform Bacteria (per 100 mm).

200.000

1000.000

Viable Nematode Ova (per litre).

<1.000

<1.000

Table 33, below, provides details of the re-use of wastewater from a sewage treatment plant.
Wastewater quality shall at all times be within the limits that are set out in Table 32.
Table 33: Treated Effluent Re-Use Areas of application of Standards A and
B (see table 32)
Area

(For effluent standard refer Table 27)

Crops

Grass &
Ornamental Areas

Dec 2009

Vegetables likely to be eaten raw.

Vegetables to be cooked or
processed.

Fruit likely to be eaten raw and


within 2 weeks of any irrigation

Fruit if no irrigation within 2


weeks of cropping. Fodder,
cereal and seed crops.

Public parks, Hotel, Lawns


Recreational Areas.

Pastures.

Areas with public access. Lakes


with public contact (except places
which may be used for praying and
hand washing).

Areas with no public access.

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2.18.5

Version 2.0

Aquifer Recharge

All controlled aquifer recharge.

Method of
Irrigation

Spray or any other method of arial irrigation not permitted in areas


with public access unless with timing control.

Any other Re-use


Applications

Subject to the approval of the Ministry.

Facultative Ponds
Facultative Ponds shall require special permit from MRME and PDO Corporate HSE
department. All Facultative pond shall be lined.
Facultative ponds should be sized on the basis of 2 months holding excluding losses. The
maximum holding level should be at a depth of 800 mm to achieve a reasonable balance of
aerobic and anaerobic action.
Bunds should be constructed of late-rite fine grade, maximum 40m, in layers of 150 mm,
well compacted up to 95% modified AASHTO. The internal bund gradient should be 1:1.5
maximum, top bund widths should be 1000 mm minimum and the external bund gradient
should be 1:2 maximum. The external bund face may have riprap. The height of the bund
should be 1200 mm above the floor of the pond.
The whole of the evaporative pond area should be secured within a Type G fence.

2.18.6

Septic Tanks
The design of septic tanks with soakaways should comply with the Company Standard
Drawing listed in section 2.18.

2.18.7

Hydrocarbon Disposal Pits


The design of pits for the collection of hydrocarbon waste shall comply with the Company
Standard Drawing STD-2-4025 and other standards listed in section 2.18.

2.19

Electrical Services
This section covers the design of building services low voltage (LV), 415V/3ph/50Hz,
electrical distribution installations and extra low voltage (LLV), 30V and below,
instrumentation installations. High voltage (HV), rated above 415V, installations are not
part of the building services design scope nor are LV vital supply installations. The scope
of, and interface between, LV and HV electrical designs shall be established with the
Company at preliminary design stage. Electrical building services installations include:

SP 1275

LV Electrical Supply

Small Power

In-door Lighting

Emergency Lighting

Outdoor Lighting

Fire Detection and Alarm


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Lightning Protection

Telecoms

Datacoms

Television and Video

Audio

Nurse Call

The entire electrical installation shall be designed to be suitable for the environment and
climatic conditions prevailing in the Sultanate of Oman.
The following Company Standard Specifications and Drawings relate to LV electrical
distribution systems shall be applicable for the Electrical services.

2.19.1

IP 15

Institute of Petroleum Model Code of Safe Practice Part 15


- Area Classification Code for Petroleum Installations

SP-1099

Specification for Electrical Installation Practice

SP-1104

Specification for Electrical Safety Rules

SP-1105

Specification for Electrical Standard Drawings List

SP-1110

Specification for Electrical Supplies to Mobile Camps

SP-1111

Specification for Temporary Electrical Supplies

DEP 33.64.10.10-Gen

Electrical Engineering Guidelines

DEP 80.00.10.10 Gen

Area classifications (Amendments / Supplement to IP 15)

Electrical Supply
Building services electrical supply design should normally comprise input to the design of
the LV main switchboard and earth bar, which should be part of the HV design scope,
together with the design of the LV electrical installation from the LV main switchboard
outgoings and the earth bar.
Vital service supply by no-break set (UPS) or emergency generator set shall not be part of
building services design, which shall be confined to local battery backup packages.
2.19.1.1 Rated Voltage & Frequency
Electrical equipment shall be selected to comply with the following rated voltages and
frequencies.
415V/3ph/50Hz, 240V/1ph/50Hz
2.19.1.2 Loads
The electrical design shall include a schedule of connected and instantaneous loads, which
shall be updated during the design process to form the basis of the power supply and
distribution capacity. The figures given in Table 34 may be used for estimating purposes.

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

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The power supply and distribution system should be designed with minimum 25% spare
capacity to accommodate changes and future expansion.
The overall system power factor, inclusive of reactive power losses in transformers and
distribution system equipment, shall not be less than 0.8 lagging at rated design load.
2.19.1.3 Voltage Drop
The voltage drop in cables between LV main switchboard outgoings and consumer terminals
shall not be more than 5%, based on continuous maximum current loading and rated voltage.
Moreover, during the starting and stopping of heavy loads, such as chiller compressors, the
transient voltage depression at the terminals of any motor shall not be more than 20% of the
rated equipment voltage.

SP 1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table 34: Estimated Electrical Loads


Facility

Maximum Demand

PDO Permanent Camp


Accommodation

4.5 kVA/unit

Laundry / Messing

1.0 kVA/person

Cinema (open air)

4.8 kVA

Clinic

18.0 kVA

Football Pitch

36.0 kVA

Fuel Station

21.0 kVA

Guard House

10.0 kVA

Mosque

14.5 kVA

Shop

10.0 kVA

Squash Court

9.0 kVA

Tennis Court

18.0 kVA

PDO Temporary Camp


Accommodation

3.7 kVA/unit

Laundry / Messing

0.7 kVA/person

Contractor Facility
Accommodation

3.7 kVA/unit

Laundry / Messing

0.4 kVA/person

Workshop (open sheds)

30.0 kVA/unit

Broad brush

30.0 VA/m2

2.19.1.4 Underground Cable De rating


While the sizing of above ground cables shall be in accordance with the IEE Regulations
(refer section 1.4.3 for the IEE), a basic de-rating factor, depending on cable size and type,
shall be used for underground cables. The figures given in Table 35 shall be used a catchall
factors.
A further de-rating factor shall be applied relating to the grouping of cables.

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table 35: Overall De rating Factors for Underground LV Cables (Note: Not
applicable to cable groups)
Cable
Single Core

Multi Core

De rating Factor

Up to 150 mm2

0.61

185 400 mm2

0.60

above 500 mm2

0.59

Up to 16 mm2

0.65

25 150 mm2

0.63

above 185 mm2

0.62

2.19.1.5 Underground Cables


LV cables sizes 16 mm2 and above shall be copper conductor, cross-linked polyethylene
insulated, steel wire armoured, polyvinyl chloride sheathed (XLPE/SWA/PVC).
LV cables sizes 2.5 mm2 to 10 mm2 may be PVC insulated, copper braid armoured, PVC
sheathed, (PVC/SWB/PVC).
2.19.1.6 Earthing
Earthing systems shall be provided in accordance with SP-1099 Specification for Electrical
Installation Practice section 2.3, Earthing Systems. The system of earthing shall be TN-S,
that is, protection against indirect contact obtained by earthed equipotential bonding and
automatic disconnection of supply.
Minimum ring cable size shall be 70 mm2, minimum radial cable size shall be 25 mm2.
2.19.2

Small Power
Appendix L includes the following small power requirements relating to Company facilities.

SP 1275

Power outlets

Shaver outlets

Hand dryers

Fire alarm systems

Air-conditioners

Ventilation fans

Water heaters

Drinking water coolers

Cookers
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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Refrigerators

Insectocutors

SP-1099 Specification for Electrical Installation Practice, gives the Company Electrical
Standards for the following.
-

Applicable Standards, Specifications & Codes

General Requirements

Cable Installation

Earthing Systems

Hazardous Area

Equipment Installation

The Company Electrical Standard Drawings lists are contained in SP-1105 Specification for
Electrical Standard Drawings List.
2.19.2.1 Power Supply
Electrical designs shall include distribution board and feeder pillar single line diagrams
showing:
-

Board reference, area served and location.

Incoming feeder cable size and reference.

Circuit MCB/RCD protection sizes.

Sub circuit ways, outgoing feeders, MCB/RCD/ELCB protection ratings, wire sizes
and sub areas served.

Sub circuit loads and total connected load per phase.

Min 25% spare outgoing feeders (refer section 2.19.1).

Distribution boards shall incorporate residual current type earth leakage circuit breakers to
provide discriminatory protection as follows.
-

Distribution Board feeders: 100mA

Socket outlet ring sub circuit: 30mA

Distribution boards shall not be located within toilets or ablutions. Neither power outlet
nor switch shall be located within 1 m of a water source, or under a water pipe.
A means of identifiable local isolation shall be provided for each connection to electrical
equipment.
2.19.2.2 Power Consumption
All single-phase loads shall, as far as is practically possible, be evenly distributed over the
phases.

Dec 2009

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

2.19.2.3 Voltage Drop


Refer section 2.19.1.3 of this specification for voltage drop.
2.19.2.4 Cables
Armoured cables shall be as described for underground cables in section 2.19.1.4.
Cables in conduit or trunking shall be copper conductor, PVC insulated. Minimum size
shall be 2.5 mm2.
2.19.2.5 Conduit & Trunking
PVC conduit shall be used only inside buildings in locations not liable to mechanical
damage. Only GI conduit shall be used for external work. Minimum conduit size shall be
20 mm. Design drawings should indicate the number and use (line, neutral and protective
earth) of cables in each conduit.
GI trunking should be used instead of multiple conduit runs. Trunking that is intended for
the accommodation of different services shall be divided into separate compartments to
provide complete cable separation.
Steel conduit and trunking shall be electrically and mechanically continuous throughout.
2.19.2.6 Earthing & Bonding
Earthing and bonding installations shall be shown on the electrical design drawings. All
metallic electrical equipment enclosures shall be earthed as described in section 2.19.1.6.
Exposed metalwork of all conduits, trunking, ducts, sheaths and armouring of cables, and
all fixed metalwork which is in reach of electrical apparatus, shall be bonded and earthed.
Such other fixed metalwork required, to be bonded and earthed shall include exposed metal
pipes, sinks and tanks.
The earth bonding connection to any water services entering a building shall be as near as
possible to the point of entry, after the isolation valve.
Minimum cable size for bonding metal pipes, sinks and the like shall be 6 mm2.
2.19.3

Indoor Lighting
General requirements for the illumination of Company facilities are given in Appendix L.
Where requirements are not listed in Appendix L, illumination levels should follow the
standards listed below: Indoor lighting design should comply with the recommendations of
the following.
BS 8206: Code of Practice for Artificial Lighting.
BS ISO 8995: Lighting of Indoor Work Places
CIBSE: Code of Interior Lighting.

SP 1275

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

2.19.3.1 Luminaries
As well as first cost, lamps should be selected for long life, giving reduced maintenance and
replacement costs, and low energy consumption. Where special requirements for colour
rendering exist, they should be met. Incandescent lamps should only be used for decorative
purposes. Low pressure sodium discharge lamps should not be used since they represent a
fire hazard in the event of breakage. Table 36 gives typical lamp selections for standard
applications.
Table 36: Typical Indoor Lamp Selection
Application

Lamp

General

Fluorescent

Types 2D,PL,SL,TL

Industrial

Fluorescent

Type TL, white

High bay

HP discharge

Type MBF

Fluorescent

Ex e

HP discharge

Ex d

Zone 1 & 2

Luminaries located in ablution and toilet areas shall be protected to IP54, in special cases,
for example, where cleaning is by water hose, IP55 may be required. Light switches in
ablution and toilet areas shall be pull cord operated.
Luminaries, surface mounted on ceilings of combustible material, shall be offset by 50 mm.
2.19.4

Emergency Lighting
Emergency lighting systems cover escape route lighting, exit sign indication and vital
lighting.
The function of emergency lighting shall be to:
-

Indicate the escape routes clearly and unambiguously.

Provide illumination along such routes to allow safe movement towards and through
the exits provided.

Ensure that the fire alarm call points and fire fighting equipment provided along escape
routes can be readily located.
-

Provide illumination to a facility which, when failing in operation, can cause an


unsafe condition or can result in major damage.

Escape route and exit lighting shall be located at each exit door, emergency exit door, and
where necessary to identify potential hazards, that is,

Dec 2009

At corridor intersections

At corridor changes of direction

At stair flights

At hazardous changes in floor level.


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General requirements for escape route and exit lighting are given in Appendix L.
An un-switched power supply shall be provided to keep the battery backup packs on charge,
and to sense mains failure.
Emergency lighting system design, installation and implementation shall confirm to the
requirements of BS 5266, Emergency Lighting.
2.19.4.1 Escape Route Lighting
Fixed escape route lighting shall actuate within 5 sec of normal lighting failure.
Illumination should be not less than 0.2 lux.
Light fittings should be non-maintained, self contained, slave luminaries, operated by a DC
battery which shall be capable of 3 hour running time. Alternatively, battery backup
conversion kits may be used on selected lamps to enable fluorescent luminaries to operate as
emergency lighting.
2.19.4.2 Exit Lighting
Exit light fittings should be maintained, self-contained slave units, with 3 hour battery
backup.
EXIT lettering, in Arabic and English, shall be green on a white background.
2.19.4.3 Vital Lighting
In cases where vital lighting is required for operational purposes, battery backup conversion
kits should be used in a proportion of the standard light fittings.
Appropriate vital illumination levels should be calculated in each case, but in the absence of
definitive data, the number of vital lamps as part of the total number of lamps may be
determined using Table 37.
Table 37: Typical Vital Lighting Requirements
Area

SP 1275

Vital Lamps

Administrative Area

5%

Computer Room

10%

Control Room

50%

Field Auxiliary Room

30%

Switch House

30%

Utility Area

20%

Clinic Ward

25%

Page 109

Dec 2009

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2.19.5

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Outdoor Lighting
Outdoor lighting installations shall comply with SP-1099 Specification for Electrical
Installation Practice section 2.5.5 Lighting.
2.19.5.1 Lighting Fixtures
Outdoor lighting fixtures shall be located a minimum distance of 0.5 m from the face of
roadway kerbs and a minimum 1.5 m from the face of car park kerbs.
Polycarbonate diffusers shall not be used unless they are certified as UV resistant.
Table 33 includes preferred lamp types for outdoor lighting applications.
2.19.5.2 Illumination Levels
Table 38 also gives minimum maintained illumination levels for outdoor lighting.
Table 38: Typical Outdoor Lighting Lamps & Illumination Levels
Application

2.20

Lamp Type

Illumination

Football Pitch

SON

150 lux

Lay down Area

MBF

50 lux

Operational Area

MBF

10 lux

Roadway

MBF

10 lux

Tennis Court

SON

200 lux

Volleyball Court

SON

200 lux

Walkway

MBF.2D

10 lux

Workshop

MBF

50 lux

Fire Detection & Alarm


The Company fire detection and alarm design parameters are set out in SP-1075
Specification for Fire, Explosion & Risk Management. General requirements are given in
Appendix L. For the fire detection and alarm equipment and materials shall comply with
the requirements as given in SP-1285 Specification for Buildings Services Chapter D Fire
Protection Works. The above are considered as being the minimum standard, however each
project shall be reviewed for particular requirements at the design stage.

2.20.1

Operational Criteria
Power supplies for fire detection and alarm systems shall include a standby battery and
automatic charger, and shall be designed so as not to become inoperative in the event of
failure of the power supply. In general, stand by power supply shall be designed in
accordance with DEP 33.65.50.31-Gen. Static DC Uninterruptible Power Supply (DC
UPS) Units.

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

The main supply feeding the local annunciator panel shall be connected to a dedicated
circuit way on a distribution board which is part of the main switch panel. No other service
shall be connected to this circuit way and, where MCBs are used, the one serving the fire
protection system shall be coloured red and labelled, white/red/white, FIRE ALARM-DO
NOT SWITCH OFF (consideration should be given to providing a key switch; the key
being held by the fire officer). The main supply cable should follow the least hazardous
route available.
The battery backup power supply shall provide at least 24-hour of system operation plus 15minute of full alarm.
The battery charger shall be capable of restoring the battery to full capacity within 8 hours
from fully discharged condition. Fault monitoring and alarm indication shall be provided
for:
a.

Main power failure by red light without opening the panel

b.

Battery power failure indication

c.

Charger output failure indication

A closed circuit principle shall be used, and all wiring shall be continuously monitored such
that any of the following conditions cause a FAULT indication at the local annunciator
panel.
a.

Short circuit fault, indicating the affected zone.

b.

Open circuit fault, indicating the affected zone.

c.

Earth fault.

d.

Power supply fault.

The control circuitry shall be so arranged such that none of the above conditions cause the
fire alarms to sound. Monitoring of the system shall be intrinsic in the control circuit
design and shall be automatic in operation, and shall not require manual operation of
switches or other apparatus.
Large buildings shall be suitably zoned in accordance with BS 5839 Fire detection and
Alarm system for buildings.
The local annunciator panel shall be located at the building main entrance and shall be
visible from outside the building. The panel shall indicate zone FAULT, and zone FIRE
which shall be activated by manual call points and automatic detection systems. Activation
of one zone alarm shall operate audible alarms on all zones. Activation of one zone alarm
shall also shutdown air-conditioning systems in all zones except for systems that do not
cause the spread of smoke outside the area of the fire. FAULT and FIRE alarm shall be
relayed to a central mimic panel, at a location specified by the Company.

SP 1275

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2.20.2

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Cables
Fire alarm and detection cables shall be segregated from other electrical services, including
those of similar voltage and frequency.
Cables shall be protected by armour, conduit or trunking. Buried cables shall have steel
wire armour and cables encased within building fabric may be in PVC conduit. Cables
should be exposed only in industrial applications.

Cables should be single copper conductor, minimum size 2.5 mm2 for low voltage (240v)
and minim size 1.13 mm2 for very low voltage (to 30v).
Mineral insulated cable should not normally be required for fire detection and alarm
systems.

2.21

Lightning Protection
Lightning protection requirements, if any, should be based on the factors listed below and
shall be agreed with the Company.
-

Exposure risk

Use of structure

Type of construction

Contents or consequential effects

Height of structure and degree of isolation

Location topography

Lightning protection system designs should follow the requirements of BS 6651, Code of
Practice for Protection of Structures Against Lightning.

2.22

Telecom Networks
The design of telephone distribution systems shall be agreed with and approved by the
Company Telecommunications Projects Department (TCT). The building services design
shall include, but not be limited to, allocation of reserved rights of way, external layouts,
internal layouts and schematics. A key sheet may also be required.
The project scope of work, and the interface between the building services contractor and
the telecoms contractor, shall also be agreed with TCT. Normally, this will exclude the
pulling and the terminations of external telephone cable but will include the distribution
points, telephone outlets, and terminations at the distribution points, conduit and wiring,
and terminations at the outlets.
Company supplied materials, which are free issue to the building services contractor, shall
be specified by TCT. Normally, they will include:

Dec 2009

Underground ducting

Distribution boxes

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Manhole accessories

Underground cables and handsets are installed by Telecom Specialist Contractors.


General requirements for telephones are given in Appendix L.
The Company Standards for cable laying, manhole construction, duct installation and for
installation within buildings is given in PDO-ERD-71-01, Installation of Underground and
Internal Telephone Cable Networks.
2.22.1

Data Communications Networks


The scope of building services design should normally be confined to the provision of
distribution ways, conduit, trunking or trays, and outlet points together with spatial
requirements for equipment.
The scope and design shall be agreed with approved by the Company Telecommunications
Department (TCT).

2.22.2

Television & Video Networks


Normally, provision for TV shall be confined to built-in conduit and outlet points.
However, in cases where reception for individual buildings is not possible, a central antenna
system may be provided. For camps in the Oman Interior, a VCP system, as well as a
satellite dish, may also be included.
Concept design shall be part of the building services scope with detail design provided by a
Specialist Vendor. Both concept and detail design shall be subject to Company approval.
General requirements for TV outlets are given in Appendix L.

2.22.3

Audio Systems
Concept and detail design scopes shall be as described in section 2.22.2.

2.22.4

Nurse Call Systems


Concept and detail design scopes shall be as described in section 2.22.2.
requirements for Nurse Call systems are given in Appendix L.

SP 1275

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General

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Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendices
Appendix A: Glossary of Definitions & Abbreviations
Appendix B: Weights of General Building Materials
Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes
Appendix D: Wall Finishes
Appendix E: Floor Finishes
Appendix F: Skirting
Appendix G: Ceilings
Appendix H: Door Types
Appendix I: Window Types (Glazing)
Appendix J: Ironmongeries
Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria
Appendix L: Electrical Requirements
Appendix M: SP User Comment Form

Dec 2009

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SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix A: Glossary of Definitions & Abbreviations


For the purposes of this document, the following definitions, terminology and abbreviations
shall apply.
A.1

SP 1275

General Definitions & Terminology


Shall

The word 'shall' indicates a requirement

Should

The word 'should' indicates a recommendation

the Company

Petroleum Development Oman L.L.C.,

the Contractor

The party with which the Company has entered into a Contract

Manufacturer

A Party responsible for the manufacture of equipment and services to


perform the duties specified by the Consultant or the Company.

Vendor /
Supplier:

A party responsible for the supply of equipment, materials or product


related services in accordance with the purchase order issued by PDO
or its nominated purchasing office.

Local Agent

An authorised agent of a Manufacturer in the Sultanate Of Oman who


can supply the product and services.

National
Product

A product defined as a National Product, in origin manufactured in


the Sultanate Of Oman as per the General Conditions of Contract.

GCC Product

A product defined as a GCC Product, in origin manufactured in GCC


country as per the General Conditions of Contract.

Works

The permanent Works to be executed and maintained in accordance


with the contract together with all temporary works of every kind
required in or about the execution or maintenance of the Works.

Workshop

A defined place, approved by the Company, where the Contractor


executes fabrication works.

Worksite

The land and other places on, under, in or through which the Works
are to be executed.

the User

The Company, and/or Consultant, designate using this document.

Temporary
Structures

Any member or structure which needs to withstand loads and forces of


a temporary nature, such as scaffolding, erection bracing, steel props,
commissioning facilities, etc.
The word temporary shall be
understood as a short period, limited to maximum of 2 years.

Semi
Permanent
Structures

Any member or structure which needs to withstand all meteorological


conditions, loads and forces of a permanent nature, but designed for a
short period. The word semi-permanent shall be understood as a
relatively short period, limited to maximum of 4 years.

Permanent
Structures

Any member or structure which needs to withstand all meteorological


conditions, loads and forces of a permanent nature, but designed for a
long period. The word permanent shall be understood as a relatively
long period, say 30 years or more.

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A.2

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Abbreviations
The following abbreviations are used in this document.

Dec 2009

AASHTO

American Association of State Highway and Transport Officials

ACI

American Concrete Institute

ACV

Aggregate Crushing Value.

ASME

American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ASNT

American Society Non-Destructive Testing

ASTM

American Society for Testing and Materials

AWC

Asian Water Closet

AWS

American Welding Society

Bottom

BLK

Block work

BOB

Bottom of Base

BOP

Bottom of Pipe

BS

British Standard

BWK

Brickwork

CBR

California Bearing Ratio

CIBSE

Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers

CFDH

Corporate Functional Discipline Head

CP

Code of Practice

CWS

Code Water Service

DB

Dry Bulb Temperature

DEP

Design and Engineering Practice (SIEP / Shell GSI Standard)

DFT

Dry Film Thickness

DIA

Diameter

Page 116

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

A.2 Abbreviations (contd.)

SP 1275

DIN

Deutsche Institute for Normung (West German Institute for


Standardisation)

DRG

Drawing

DWF

Dry Weather Flow

EF

Each Face

EW

Each Way

ELCB

Earth Leakage Circuit Breaker

EPC

Engineering, Procurement & Construction

ERD

Engineering Reference Document

ESD

Emergency Shutdown

EWC

European Water Closet

EXL

Existing Level

FF

Far Face

FFL

Finished Floor Level

FS

Full Size

GCC

Gulf Cooperation Council

GI

Galvanised Iron

GRC

Glass Reinforced Concrete

GRE/GRP

(Fibre) Glass Reinforced Epoxy or Plastic

GRG

Glass Reinforced Gypsum

HDPE

High Density Polyethylene

HOR

Horizontal

HP

High Pressure

HSE

Health, Safety and Environment

HV

High Voltage

HW

Hardwood

Page 117

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

IEE

Institution of Electrical Engineers


(Contd.)

A.2

Dec 2009

Abbreviations (contd.)

JE

Junior Employee

JS

Junior Staff

LPG

Liquid Petroleum Gas

LV

Low Voltage

MAF

Mina Al Fahal (PDO Coastal Centre of Operations)

MAX

Maximum

MBF

High Pressure Mercury Discharge

MCB

Miniature Circuit Breaker

MIN

Minimum

MMMF

Man Made Mineral Fibres

MOC

Ministry of Communications

MPN

Most Probable Number

MRME

Ministry of Regional Municipalities & Environment

Neutral

N/A

Not Applicable

NF

Near Face

No.

Number

NTS

Not to Scale

OPC

Ordinary Portland Cement

PE

Protective Conductor

PDO

Petroleum Development Oman LLC

ppm

Parts per Million

PVA

Polyvinyl Acetate

PVC

Polyvinyl Chloride

PW

Potable Water

Page 118

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

RC

Reinforced Concrete

RCD

Residual Current Device

Version 2.0

(Contd.)
A.2

SP 1275

Abbreviations (contd.)

SELV

Safe Extra Low Voltage

Shell GSI

Shell Global Solutions International B.V.

SIC

Shell International Chemicals B.V.

SIEP

Shell International Exploration and Production B.V.

SIS

Sveriges Standard
Institute)

SON

High Pressure Sodium Discharge

SP

Specification

SPP

Sulphonate Petroleum Product

SRD

HSE (Safety) Reference Document

SS

Senior Staff

SSL

Structural Slab Level

STD

Standard

SWA

Steel Wire Armour

SWB

Steel Wire Braid

Top

TE

Treated Effluent

TN-S

Separate N and PE Conductors

TOC

Top of Concrete

TOG

Top of Grating

TOS

Top of Steel

UPS

Uninterrupted Power Supply

UPVC

Unplasticised Polyvinyl Chloride

UV

Ultra Violet

VERT

Vertical

Page 119

Iseringskommision

(Swedish

Standards

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

WB

A.3

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Wet Bulb Temperature

Abbreviations for Building Types


The abbreviations used in this document for different building types are given in Table
A.3.1
Table A.3.1: Building Type Codes
Code

Dec 2009

Building or Area

ABL

Ablutions

ABL/1

Ablution Block SS

ABL/2

Ablution Block JS

ABL/3

Ablution Block JE

ACC

Accommodation

ACC/1

Accommodation SS House

ACC/2

Accommodation SS Bachelor Flats

ACC/3

Accommodation SS Rooms

ACC/4

Accommodation JS Units

ACC/5

Accommodation JE Units

AIR

Air Terminal

AIR/1

Air Terminal Building

AIR/2

Air Terminal Sunshade

ANC

Ancillary Building (Catering / Laundry)

ANC/1

Ancillary Building Main Camps

ANC/2

Ancillary Building Satellite Camps

Page 120

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

(Contd.)

Table A.3.1: Building Type Codes (contd.)


Code

SP 1275

Building or Area

CON

Control Building

CON/1

Control Building Type 1

CON/2

Control Building Type 2

CON/3

Control Building Type 3

ELE

Electrical Facility

ELE/1

Electrical Installation Substation

ELE/2

Electrical Installation Switch Yard

ELE/3

Electrical Installation Power Station

EXP

Explosives Store

FIR

Fire Station

FIR/1

Fire Station Type 1

FIR/2

Fire Station Type 2

GAR

Garage / Fuel Station

GAR/1

Garage / Fuel Station Type 1

GAR/2

Garage / Fuel Station Type 2

GAR/3

Garage / Fuel Station Type 3

Page 121

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

GUA

Guard House

GUA/1

Guard House

GUA/2

Sentry Box
(Contd.)

Table A.3.1: Building Type Codes (contd.)


Code

Dec 2009

Building or Area

HOS

Hospital / Clinic

HOS/1

Clinic Type 1

HOS/2

Clinic Type 2

HOS/3

First Aid Post

KIT

Kitchen (Separate Building)

KIT/1

Kitchen SS

KIT/2

Kitchen JS

KIT/3

Kitchen JE

LAB

Laboratory

LAB/1

Laboratory Production Chemistry

LAB/2

Laboratory Geology

LAU

Laundry

MES

Mess / Canteen

MES/1

Mess / Canteen SS

MES/2

Mess / Canteen JS

MES/3

Mess / Canteen JE

Page 122

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

MOS

Mosque

MOS/1

Mosque Permanent

MOS/2

Mosque Prayer Shelter

Version 2.0

(Contd.)

Table A.3.1: Building Type Codes (contd.)


Code

SP 1275

Building or Area

OFF

Office

OFF/1

Office Solid Partitions

OFF/2

Office Demountable Partitions

REC

Recreational Facility

REC/1

Recreational Facility SS

REC/2

Recreational Facility JS

REC/3

Recreational Facility JE

REC/4

Recreational Facility Arts & Crafts

REC/5

Recreational Facility Cinema Indoor

REC/6

Recreational Facility Cinema Outdoor

REC/7

Recreational Facility Swimming Pool

ROS

Reverse Osmosis Plant (Utilities)

SCH

School/Training Centre

SCH/1

Junior School

SCH/2

Kindergarten

SCH/3

Training Centre

Page 123

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

SHO

Shop

SHO/1

Shop Bulk Store (Liquor)

SHO/2

Shop General Store


(Contd.)

Table A.3.1: Building Type Codes (contd.)


Code

Dec 2009

Building or Area

SPO

Sports Facility

SPO/1

Sports Facility Squash Court

SPO/2

Sports Facility Sports Hall / Gym

SPO/3

Sports Facility Boat Centre

SPO/4

Sports Facility Golf Course

SPO/5

Sports Facility Tennis / Volleyball Court

SPO/6

Sports Facility Changing Rooms

SPO/7

Sports Facility Sports Field

STO

Store

STO/1

Store Edit and Seismic Tape

STO/2

Store File Archives

STO/3

Store Chemical

STO/4

Store Core Shed

STO/5

Store Loose Grain Store

STO/6

Store Cold Store

STO/7

Store Dry Store / Tinned Food Store

STO/8

Store Gas Bottle

Page 124

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

STP

Sewage Treatment Plant

TEL

Telecommunications Facility

TEL/1

Telecoms Buildings Type A

TEL/2

Telecoms Buildings Type B

TEL/3

Telecoms Buildings Type C

TEL/4

Telecoms Buildings Type D

Version 2.0

(Contd.)
Table A.3.1: Building Type Codes (contd.)
Code

SP 1275

Building or Area

TRU

Transportable Unit (Cabin)

TRU/1

Temporary Accommodation

TRU/2

Temporary Offices

TRU/3

Temporary Store

TRU/4

Temporary Mess

TRU/5

Temporary Kitchen

TRU/6

Temporary Ablution

WAH

Warehouse / Depot

WAH/01

Warehouse / Depot Non-Inflammable Material

WAH/02

Warehouse / Depot Personal Effects

WAH/03

Warehouse / Depot Furniture & Semi-Inflammable

WAH/04

Warehouse / Depot Inflammable Material

WOR

Workshop

WOR/01

Workshop Electrical & Air-conditioning

WOR/02

Workshop Mechanical

Page 125

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Dec 2009

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

WOR/03

Workshop Instrument

WOR/04

Workshop Carpentry

WOR/05

Workshop Light Vehicle

WOR/06

Workshop Heavy Vehicle

WOR/07

Workshop Integrated

Page 126

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

A.4

Version 2.0

Abbreviations for Room Types


The abbreviations used in this document for different room types are given in Table A.4.1.
Table A.4.1: Room Type Codes
Code

Room Type

ALL

All rooms unless noted otherwise

BAKE

Bakery

BAR

Bar

BATH

Bathroom

BED

Bedroom

BLDG

Building

BTRY

Battery Room

CANT

Canteen

CDST

Cold Store

CHRM

Changing Room

CLNR

Cleaners Room

CLRM

Classroom

CONF

Conference Room

CORR

Corridor

CTRL

Control Room

DARK

Dark Room

DINE

Dining Room

DPFZ

Deep Freeze Store

DUCT

Service Duct

ELEC

Electrical Cupboard

ENTR

Entrance Hall

EQMT

Equipment Room

EXAM

Examination Room

FILE

Files Store
(Contd.)

SP 1275

Page 127

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table A.4.1: Room Type Codes (contd.)


Code

Room Type

ICE

Ice Store

ISO

Isotope Pit

KTCH

Kitchen

LABC

Laboratory (Cores)

LABO

Laboratory (Oil)

LABW

Laboratory (Water)

LBRY

Library

LDRY

Laundry

LESR

Leisure

LIFT

Elevator

LNGE

Lounge/Sitting Room

MORT

Mortuary

OFF1

7 m2 Module Office

OFF2

10.5 m2 Module Office

OFF3

Drawing Office

PARK

Parking Bay

PRAY

Prayer Room

PREP

Food Preparation

PROJ

Projection Room

PTRY

Pantry

REC1

Recreation Snooker Room

REC2

Recreation Table Tennis Room

RECP

Reception

REDX

First Aid Room

RSNT

Restaurant
(Contd.)

Dec 2009

Page 128

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

TableA.4.1: Room Type Codes (contd.)


Code

Room Type

SERV

Service Room

SH

Shower

SHOP

Shop

SL

Sluice

SQCT

Squash Court

ST/B

Gas Bottle Store

ST/C

Chemical Store

ST/D

Dry Store

ST/E

Equipment & Tools Store

ST/G

General Supply Store

ST/H

Health Dept Store (Poisons)

ST/K

Kitchen Consumables Store

ST/L

Bulk (Liquor) Store

ST/M

Medical (Drugs) Store

ST/O

Office Supplies Store

ST/P

Pork Products Store

ST/S

Secure Store

ST/T

Edit & Seismic Tape Store

ST/U

UV Shielded Store

STND

Stand & Wait Area

STWL

Stairwell

SWGR

Switchgear Room

TLET

Public Toilet

TRMT

Treatment Room

TV

TV / Video Room
(Contd.)

SP 1275

Page 129

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

TableA.4.1: Room Type Codes (contd.)


Code

Dec 2009

Room Type

UTIL

Utility Room

VIEW

Viewing Gallery

WAIT

Waiting Room

WARD

Ward

WC

Toilet

WKSP

Workshop

XRAY

X-Ray Room

Page 130

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix B: Weights of General Building Materials


kN/m2

Building Material
Aluminium Roof Sheeting

0.7 mm thick

Asbestos Cement Sheeting

This material shall not be used.

Asphalt Roofing, 2 layers

19 mm thick

0.41

25 mm thick

0.58

Bitumen, built up felt roofing 3 layers incl chippings

kN/m3

0.023

0.29

Block work (excluding weight of


mortar)
Concrete, solid,

Per 25 mm thick

0.54

Concrete, hollow,

Per 25 mm thick

0.34

Lightweight, solid,

Per 25 mm thick

0.32

Clay, solid,

Per 25 mm thick

0.45

Low density

Per 25 mm thick

0.49

Medium density

Per 25 mm thick

0.54

High density

Per 25 mm thick

0.58

Clay, perforated,

Per 25 mm thick

Low density

25% voids

0.38

15% voids

0.42

25% voids

0.40

15% voids

0.46

25% voids

0.44

15% voids

0.48

Brickwork, (excluding weight of


mortar)

Medium density

High density

(Contd.)

SP 1275

Page 131

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix B: Weights of General Building Materials (contd.)


kN/m2

Building Material

kN/m3

Boards
Cork, compressed,

Per 25 mm thick

0.06

Fibre insulating,

Per 25 mm thick

0.07

Laminated blockboard,

Per 25 mm thick

0.11

Plywood,

Per 12.7 mm thick

0.09

Concrete, reinforced, 2% steel


Glass Clear float

23.55
4 mm

0.09

6 mm

0.14

Thermal insulation,

Per 25 mm thick

0.005

Acoustic insulation,

Per 25 mm thick

0.01

Glass Fibre

Glazing, Patent 6.3 mm Glass


Lead covered bars at 610 mm
centres

0.29

Aluminium alloy bars at 610 mm


centres

0.19

Plaster

12.5 mm thick

0.22

Gypsum

9.5 mm thick

0.08

Plasterboard Gypsum

12.5 mm thick

0.11

19.0 mm thick

0.17

19 mm thick

0.10

25 mm thick

0.12

32 mm thick

0.14

Roof Boarding
Softwood rough sawn

(Contd.)

Dec 2009

Page 132

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix B: Weights of General Building Materials (contd.)


Building Material

kN/m2

kN/m3

Rendering & Screed


Portland cement: sand, 1:3 mix

Per 12.5 mm thick

0.29

Concrete

Per 25 mm thick

0.58

Lightweight

Per 25 mm thick

0.32

Steel
Steel Roof Sheeting (as laid)

77.22
0.50 mm thick

0.05

0.70 mm thick

0.07

Tiling, Roof
Clay or concrete, plain, laid to 10 mm gauge

0.62 0.7
0.48

Tiling, Floor Finishes

SP 1275

Asphalt

3 mm thick

0.06

Clay

12.5 mm thick

0.27

Cork, compressed

6.5 mm thick

0.025

PVC, flexible

2.0 mm thick

0.035

Timber Softwoods

Pine Spruce

4.72

Douglas Fir

4.72

Redwood

5.50

Pitch pine

6.60

Timber Hardwood

Teak, Oak

7.07

Wood-wool Slabs

Per 25 mm thick

Page 133

0.15

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes


Legend:

W = Wall Finish

F = Floor Finish

C = Ceiling Finish

S = Skirting

D = Door

G = Windows/ Glazing

Note: For Abbreviations of Building Types & Room Types refer Tables A.3.1 & A4.1 in Appendix A.
Appendix
D Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4 for W1

C3

D9

G5

BATH

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C3/5

D9

G5

BED

1.5

W1

F15

S3

C3

D9

G14

DINE

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G13

DUCT

1.5

W7

F8

S7

C2

D9

ELEC

2.0

W7

F8

S7

C2

D9

ENTR

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

EXTR

3.0

W3

F6

S8

KTCH

1.5

W1/2

F2

S5 /S4

C3

D9

G14

LNGE

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G13

ST/K

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C2

D9

G6

Building

Room

ABL/1-3

ALL

Live Load
kN/m2

ACC/1

Dec 2009

Page 134

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Building

Room

Live Load
kN/m2

Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

STWL

3.0

W1

F1

S2

C3

WC

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C3/5

D9

G10

BATH

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G5

BED

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G14

DINE

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G6

DUCT

1.5

W7

F8

S7

C2

D9

ELEC

2.0

W7

F8

S7

C2

D9

ENTR

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

EXTR

3.0

W3

F6

S8

KTCH

1.5

W1/2

F2

S5/S4

C3

D9

G14

LNGE

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G13

ST/K

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C2

D9

G6

STWL

3.0

W3

F8

S7

C3

ACC/1

ACC/2

SP 1275

Page 135

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C3/5

D9

G10

BATH

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G10

BED

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G7

DINE

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G13

ENTR

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

EXTR

3.0

W3

F6

S8

KTCH

1.5

W1/2

F2

S5/S4

C3

D9

G14

STWL

3.0

W3

F8

S7

C3

WC

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G5

BATH

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C8

D11

BED

1.5

W1/6

F3

S1

C8

D9

ELEC

2.0

W7

F8

S7

C2

D9

ENTR

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C8

D11

Building

Room

ACC/2

WC

Live Load
kN/m2

ACC/3

G8

ACC/4

Dec 2009

Page 136

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

EXTR

3.0

Version 2.0

W3

F6

S8

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Building

ACC/4

ACC/5

SP 1275

Room

Live Load
kN/m2

Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

SERV

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D11

SH

2.0

W2

F4

S4

C3

D11

ST/G

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

STWL

3.0

W3

F8

S7

C3

WC

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C8

D11

BATH

1.5

W2

F4

S4

C8

D11

BED

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C8

D9

ELEC

2.0

W7

F8

S7

C2

D9

EXTR

3.0

W3

F6

S8

C8

KTCH

3.0

W1/2

F3

S5/S4

C3

D9

LNGE

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

SERV

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D11

Page 137

Appendix I
Gx Type

G8

G13

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

SH

2.0

W2

F4

S4

C3

D11

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix
G Cx Type

Appendix
H Dx Type

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

WC

1.5

W1/2

F4

S4

C7

ALL

4.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D11

EXTR

4.0

W3

F6

S8

AIR/2

ALL

4.0

ANC/1 &
ANC/2

BAKE

3.0

W2/6

F4

S4

C2

D11

CDST

7.5

W2

F11

C2

D3

LDRY

3.0

W2/6

F4

S4

C2

D11

ST/B

7.5

W1

F8

S7

C2

D9

ST/D

7.5

W1

F8

S7

C2

D9

ST/G

5.0

W1

F8

S7

C2

D9

ST/K

7.5

W1

F8

S7

C2

D9

Building

Room

ACC/5

ST/G

AIR/1

Dec 2009

Live Load
kN/m2

Page 138

Appendix I
Gx Type

G5

G5

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

ST/P

5.0

W1

F4

S5

C2

D9

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S5/S4

C8

D9

G5

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Appendix E
Fx Type

W1

F12

EQMT

7.5

W1

F12/8

BTRY

10

W13

ALL

7.5

EXTR

7.5

Room

CON/1-3

CTRL

ELE/1

ELE/2

ELE/3

FIR/1

SP 1275

Appendix D
Wx Type

Building

Live Load
kN/m2

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

C5

D1

/S7

C2

D3

F14

S9

C12

D4

W1

F8

S7

C2

D4

W3

F6

S8

C2

D4

Appendix I
Gx Type

100 mm
Gravel

ALL
ALL

7.5

W1

F8

S7

EXTR

7.5

W3

F6

S8

OFF

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G-

WC

2.0

W2

F4

S4

C2

D9

G5

ALL

7.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D11

G-

Page 139

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

EXTR

5.0

W3

F6

S8

PARK

7.5

W1

F7

S7

D12

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Room

FIR/1

WC

2.0

W2

F4

S4

GAR/1

EXTR

20.0

W3

F6

S8

WC

2.0

W2

F4

S4

EXTR

20.0

W3

F6

S8

OFF

3.0

W1

F3

WC

2.0

W2

EXTR

20.0

ST/E

GAR/2

GAR/3

GUA/1

Dec 2009

Live Load
kN/m2

Building

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

C2

D9

G5

C2

D9

G5

S1

C3

D11

G14

F4

S4

C2

D9

G5

W3

F6

S8

5.0

W7

F8

S7

C1

D8

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C2

D9

G5

ALL

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D11

G9

EXTR

2.0

W3

F6

S8

Page 140

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

HOS/1 &
HOS/2

Version 2.0

WC

1.5

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G6

BATH

2.0

W2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G6

ST/M

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G5

Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Building

HOS/1 &
HOS/2

SP 1275

Room

Live Load
kN/m2

EXAM

2.0

W1/6

F3

S1

C3

D9

G5

OFF

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G5

ST/H

2.0

W1

F7

S7

C3

D9

G5

MORT

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D3

BED

1.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

G9

PTRY

3.0

W1/6

F4

S5/S4

C3

D9

G5

RECP

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D2

G-

SL

2.0

W1/6

F4

S4

C3

D9

G6

TRMT

2.0

W1/6

F3

S1

C3

D9

G6

WC

2.0

W2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G6

Page 141

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

HOS/3

KIT/1-3

REDX

2.0

W1/6

F3

S1

C3

D9

G5

WC

1.5

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G6

EXTR

3.5

W3

F6

S8

KTCH

3.0

W1/2

F4

S5/S4

C3

D2

G5

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

3.0

W13

F14

S9

C5

D2

G14

EXTR

3.0

W3

F6

S8

OFF

2.5

W1

F5

S3

C5

D9

G14

BAR

5.0

W1

F2

S4

C4

D12

G1

CLNR

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

CORR

4.0

W1

F5

S4

C5

D1

DINE

4.0

W1

F3

S1

C5

D1

EXTR

4.0

W3

F6

S8

ICE

3.0

W1

F5

S4

C3

D9

KTCH

3.0

W2/9

F2

S4

C3

D11

Room

Live Load
kN/m2

LAB/1-3

ALL

MES/1

Dec 2009

Appendix D
Wx Type

Building

Page 142

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

G1

G5

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

LNGE

2.0

W1/11

F10

S3

C5

D1

G1

RECP

2.0

W1/11

F3

S1

C3

D1

G1

ST/G

4.0

W1

F8

S7

C3

D9

ST/L

5.0

W1

F2

S4

C3

D12

Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Room

Live Load
kN/m2

MES/1

SERV

4.0

W12/9

F2

S4

C3

D5

TV

3.0

W1

F10

S3

C3

D3

G1

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G6

CLNR

2.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

CORR

4.0

W1

F5

S4

C5

D1

DINE

4.0

W1

F3

S1

C5

D1

EXTR

4.0

W3

F6

S8

ICE

3.0

W1

F5

S4

C3

D9

KTCH

3.0

W2/9

F2

S4

C3

D11

MES/2 &
MES/3

SP 1275

Appendix I
Gx Type

Building

Page 143

G1

G5

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

LNGE

2.0

W1/11

F10

S3

C5

D1

G1

RECP

2.0

W1/11

F3

S1

C3

D1

G1

ST/G

4.0

W1

F8

S7

C3

D9

SERV

4.0

W12/9

F2

S4

C3

D5

TV

3.0

W1

F10

S3

C3

D3

G1

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Building

Room

Live Load
kN/m2

MES/2 &
MES/3

WC

2.0

MOS/1

DOME

MOS/2
OFF/1 &

Dec 2009

Appendix D
Wx Type
W1/2

Appendix E
Fx Type
F4

Appendix F
Sx Type
S4

W5

Appendix G
Cx Type
C3

Appendix H
Dx Type
D9

C2

ENTR

3.0

W1

F3

S1

EXTR

3.0

W3

F6

S8

PRAY

3.0

W1

F10

WC

2.0

W1/2

PRAY

2.0

CORR

4.0

Appendix I
Gx Type
G6
G7

C3

D12

S3

C3

D12

G3

F4

S4

C3

D9

G3

W1

F10

S3

C3

D9

W1

F3

S1

C4

D1

Page 144

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

OFF/2

Version 2.0

ELEC

3.0

W1

F8

S7

C2

D9

ENTR

4.0

W1

F3

S1

C5

D1

EXTR

4.0

W3

F6

S8

FILE

5.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D11

OFF

2.5

W1

F10

S3

C3

D11

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

8.0

W1

F7

S7

C3

D9

WC

2.0

W2

F4

S4

C3

D9

ELEC

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

PROJ

2.5

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

STAND

4.0

W1

F7

S7

C3/5

D9

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

EXTR

3.0

W3

F6

S8

Room

OFF/1 &
OFF/2

ST/O

REC/5

REC/6

SP 1275

Appendix D
Wx Type

Building

Live Load
kN/m2

Page 145

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

G6

G7

G6

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

SCH/1 To
SCH/3

CLRM

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

CORR

4.0

W1

F3

S1

C3/5

D1

DINE

4.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D1

FILE

5.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

D9

EXTR

4.0

W3

F6

S8

KTCH

3.0

W1/2

F2

S4

C3

D9

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

G-

G-

G-

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Building
SCH/1 To
SCH/3

SHO/1

Dec 2009

Live Load
kN/m2

Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

SERV

3.0

W1/2

F2

S4

C3

D3

ST/O

8.0

W1

F8

S7

C3

D3

STWL

4.0

W7

F8

S7

C3

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C5

D9

WKSP

10.0

W1

F8

S7

C2

D1

ALL

7.5

W1

F3

S1

C2

D11

Room

Page 146

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

G6

G-

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

& /2

EXTR

5.0

W3

F6

S8

SPO/1

ELEC

3.0

W1

F3

S1

C3

EXTR

4.0

W3

F6

S8

C3

SQCT

2.0

W4

F9

VIEW

4.0

W1

F8

WC

2.0

W1/2

ALL

4.0

EXTR

4.0

SPO/2

D9

C3

D12

S7

C8

D11

F4

S4

C3

D9

W1

F-

S2

C-

D-

W3

F-

S8

G6

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Building
SPO/2
SPO/3 &
SPO/4

STO/1 To

SP 1275

Room

Live Load
kN/m2

Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix F
Sx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

Appendix I
Gx Type

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

ALL

4.0

W1

F-

S-

C5

D-

EXTR

4.0

W3

F-

S8

KTCH

3.0

W1/2

F2

S4

C3

D9

G5

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

G6

ALL

2.5/m

W1

F8/F11

S7

C3/5

D3

Page 147

G6

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

STO/2

2.5/m

W3

F6

S8

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

STO/5

ST

10/m

W1

F11

S1

C2

D3

STO/6 & /7

EXTR

5.0

W3

F6

S8

ST

5/m

W1

F4

S4

C2

D3

ALL

5.0

W2

F8

S7

C2

D3

EQMT

5.0

W2

F12

C2

D3

EXTR

5.0

W3

F6

Appendix D
Wx Type

Appendix E
Fx Type

Appendix G
Cx Type

Appendix H
Dx Type

TEL/1

EXTR

G6/11

S8

Appendix C: Typical Live Loads & Finishes (contd.)


Appendix F
Sx Type

Room

TEL/1

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

TEL/2

ALL

5.0

W1

F7

S7

C2

D3

EXTR

5.0

W3

F-

S8

WC

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

C3

D9

CORR

5.0

W1

F8

S7

C3

D3

WOR/1 To

Dec 2009

Live Load
kN/m2

Building

Page 148

Appendix I
Gx Type
G5

G5

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

WOR/4

EXTR

7.5

W3/10

F6

S8

FILE

5.0

W1

F8

S7

C3

D9

OFF

2.5

W1

F1

S2

C3

D11

WKSP

20.0

ST

2.5/m

W7

F8

S7

D9

WARE

2.5/m

W7

F8

S7

D3

2.0

W1/2

F4

S4

WC

SP 1275

Version 2.0

G5

F-

Page 149

C3

D9

G5

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix D: Wall Finishes


Type
W1

Description
Internal Render & Emulsion Paint
15mm cement/sand render applied in two coats. Primed with one coat PVA
primer/seal and two coats PVA copolymer based putty filled, rubbed down
with fine sandpaper to completely even surface and painted with two coats of
washable and steam resistant emulsion paint Vinyl Silk finish. (It should
be noted that while Vinyl Silk finish is specified here this may not be always
the case: sometimes Gloss Oil to Dado is required; or Matt finish; or Gloss
finish all over, etc., if in doubt check with the Company).

W2

Ceramic Wall Tiles


10mm cement/sand render to block work walls applied in two coats. Second
coat keyed with cross hatching and combing to receive 5.5mm thick glazed
ceramic wall tiles of specified size. Tiles fixed and grouted with
manufacturers recommended epoxy based adhesive. All adhesives should be
waterproof. Shower grouting should be waterproof and kitchen grouting
should be epoxy to prevent growth of bacteria etc. Tiling full height or to
heights indicated on drawings. All external angles to be formed using round
edged tiles. Round edged tiles to be used at change in wall finish.

W3

Heavy texturised External Paint


Fair faced block work and fair faced in-situ concrete. Cleaned down and
flush pointed. Cement/Sand wash bag rubbed, applied over entire surface
and finished to 4.5mm overall thickness with one coat of PVA Copolymer
emulsion paint. Emulsion paint priming coat and one coat roller applied
heavy texturised external copolymer emulsion paint finish coat. Final texture
by sponge or spatula.

W4

Fibrous Epoxy Plaster


Fair faced block work walls cleaned down and dampened. Finished to 15mm
overall thickness with two coats trowel. Fibrous Epoxy Plaster applied in
accordance with manufacturers printed instructions. Surface blemishes
sanded down with fine sand paper. For Squash courts the wall court
markings are to be made with polyurethane paint.

W5

Mosque Dome
Rendering with steel float finish. One coat of primer sealer, two coats PVA,
two undercoats and two coats of full gloss.

W6

Ceramic Tile Splash Backs


Splash backs to back and sides of sink/vanity unit to be as specification W2
minimum 3 courses of tiles high x 4 tiles wide unless shown otherwise on
drawings.

Dec 2009

Page 150

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix D: Wall Finishes (contd.)


Type
W7

Description
Fair Faced Block work
Fair faced block work cleaned down and flush pointed. Cement/sand wash,
bag rubbed applied over entire surface and finished with 1 coat PVA
Primer/sealer and 2 coats washable and steam resistant emulsion.

W8

Epoxy Glazed Finish


Epoxy glazed finish to full height or as shown on Drawings/Instructions.

W9

Corner Guards (Stainless Steel Angle)


Stainless steel angle corner guards 2.0m long to protect all external angles of
walls, including door jambs. Bottom edge level with top of skirting.

W10

Stucco embossed Finish


Composite insulated aluminium cladding panels with 0.55m aluminium inner
skin with white Stucco embossed (or to clients choice) finish.

W11

Veneer Finish
Timber partitions with HW veneer faced ply facing.

W12

Demountable Partition Finish


Demountable galvanised steel framed partitions with plastic coated steel face.
(A great deal of demountable partitions are also made from gypsum
plasterboard covered in vinyl cloth or paper which can be used as an
alternative).

W13

Acid resistant wall tiles and acid resistant painting


10mm cement/sand render to block work walls applied in two coats. Second
coat keyed with cross hatching and combing to receive 7mm thick acid
resistant ceramic wall tiles of specified size. Tiles fixed and grouted with
manufacturers recommended acid resistant epoxy based adhesive. Tiling to
heights indicated on drawings or upto 1500 mm from floor level. All external
angles to be formed using round edged tiles. Round edged tiles to be used at
change in wall finish. Above tiling, the wall surface shall be painted as
indicated in W1 but with silky white acid resistant paint

Note:

SP 1275

Refer Appendix C for wall finishes in different buildings and rooms.

Page 151

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix E: Floor Finishes


Type
F1

Description
Vinyl Floor Tiles
Size 300m x 300m x 2mm fixed with manufacturers recommended
bituminous adhesive to cement/sand screed. Overall thickness of tiles and
screed 50mm.

F2

Clay Floor Quarry Tiles


12.5mm thick shot faced clay floor quarry tiles to specified size (BS 6431
type A). Bedded and jointed in cement/sand mortar (1:4) on cement/sand
floor screed. Overall thickness of tiles and screed 50mm or laid to falls as
required.

F3

Pre cast Terrazzo Tiles


300mm x 300mm x 25mm tiles bedded and joined in cement/sand mortar to
overall thickness of 50mm. Pointed with matching grout, ground to a high
degree of accuracy, polished and sealed on completion with metalized
emulsion polish/sealer to manufacturers recommendation.

F4

Non-slip Ceramic Floor Tiles


9.5mm thick floor tiles to specified size, fixed with manufacturers
recommended adhesive to cement/sand screed and pointed with matching
epoxy grout. Overall thickness 50mm or laid to falls as required. Matching
ribbed step tread tiles to be provided across all shower entrances.

F5

Unglazed Ceramic Floor Tiles


9.5mm thick floor tiles to specified size. Fixed as item F4.

F6

PC Interlocking Tiles
To be specified by the client as there are several different varieties in terms
of thickness, sizes, patterns and colours.

F7

Non-slip Granolothic Pavings


50mm minimum thickness granolithic topping applied to matured concrete
slab. Concrete slab surface to be cleaned, hacked and wetted and cement
grout brushed over entire surface before laying of granolithic concrete.
Granolithic concrete to be laid in 15m2 bays and carborundum dust
sprinkled and trowelled into finished surface at a rate of 1.5 kg/m2 while
still Green. Granolithic toppings to stairs to be laid monolithically on
fresh base concrete within 3 hours and sprinkled with carborundum dust as
above. Where indicated as being to falls maximum thickness to be 70mm.

Dec 2009

Page 152

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix E: Floor Finishes (contd.)


Type
F8

Description
Hardened & Sealed Granolithic Floor
50mm minimum thickness granolithic topping laid monolithically on fresh
base concrete (within three hours) and finished with case hardening, dust
proofing and oil proofing compound for granolithic floors applied in
accordance with the manufacturers recommended instructions. Where
indicated as being to falls maximum thickness to be 70mm. (Note: Where
specified in services cupboards or ducts topping can be applied to matured
slabs, not monolithically).

F9

Squash Court Flooring


Proprietary squash court flooring system comprising semi-resilient under
carriage of 50mm x 50mm preservative treated battens at 300mm centres on
rubber pads on steel floated concrete floor slab. Maple or beech 25mm
thick strip flooring tongued and grooved and secretly nailed to battens.
Machine sanded. Court markings applied in polyurethane paint. Entire
surface sealed with matt polyurethane varnish (2 coats). This item is not
tabulated being a one off item.

F10

Carpet Tiles
Size of tiles 600mm x 600mm x 7.3mm. Laid with medium stick latex antislip solution on 50mm cement/sand screed, sealed with anti-dust
compound.

F11

Epoxy Coated Flooring


Two pack high build epoxy coating. Applied onto 50mm cement/sand
screed. Wire brushed to remove laitence and filled with solventless filter.

F12

Raised Access Floor (Pedestal Floor)


Medium grade raised access floor with vinyl infill. To include MS channel
bridging to services trenches. O/A depth 800mm (or as stated) from
finished floor level to structural slab level. Weight capacity to be
determined. Slab to be finished with non-dusting coating (epoxy coating).
It should be noted that if carpet tiles are used then these need to be antistatic.

F13

Flexible Sheet PVC Gymnasium Flooring

F14

Acid resistant tiles


9 mm thick of specified size acid resistant ceramic floor tiles fixed as per
details specified in F4. All adhesives and pointing/ grouting shall be of
acid resistant material

F15

SP 1275

Fitted Carpets

Page 153

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Note:

Dec 2009

Refer Appendix C for floor finishes in different buildings and rooms.

Page 154

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix F: Skirting Types


Type

SP 1275

Description

S1

Pre cast terrazzo skirting tiles of size 100 mm x 20 mm with chamfered edges
on top and matching with floor tiles.

S2

Vinyl tile with toe sit on skirtings (pre-formed corners).

S3

Hardwood matching door architecture, minimum 18m x 100mm of even grain


and colour. Rounded leading edge, PX65 satin wood stain preservative and
Sadotop finish.

S4

Coved ceramic tiles with special corners, matching floor tiles.

S5

Wall tiles with right angle butt to floor with 3mm mastic pointed abutment.

S6

Trunking skirting.

S7

Coved Granolithic integral with floor.

S8

Bituminous paint skirting on fair face concrete or block work.

S9

Coved acid resistant ceramic tiles with special corners, matching floor tiles.

Note:

Refer Appendix C for skirting in different buildings and rooms.

Page 155

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix G: Ceilings
Type

Description

C1

Smooth fair face concrete.

C2

Emulsion painted smooth fair face concrete.

C3

Brilliant white textured finish on smooth fair face concrete.

C4

Suspended ceiling, 600mm x 600mm exposed grid self finish acoustic


mineral fibre lay in panels.

C5

Suspended ceiling, 600mm x 600mm exposed grid self finish washable


mineral fibre lay in panels.

C6

Softwood T and G chamfered match boarding with secret fixing and clear
matt finish (all as detailed).

C7

As C6 but hardwood (all as detailed).

C8

Hardwood framing with Glasal white enamel faced panels, HW PX65


wood stain perservative and clear gloss finished (all as detailed).

C9

Insulated sandwich construction profiled aluminium with white shade


embossed finish, soffit and coloured polyester externally.

C10

Polyester finished aluminium rib ceiling with or without filler.

C11

Metal lay-in ceiling with exposed grid and bagged sound insulation over.

C12

Acid resistant silky white painted smooth fair face concrete.

Note:

1. Access panels shall be provided and coordinated into ceilings and


allow proper access to equipment over.
2. Refer Appendix C for ceilings in different buildings and rooms.

Dec 2009

Page 156

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix H: Door Types


Type

Description

D1

Double Door with middle rail and glazed.

D2

Double Door with half glazing only.

D3

Double Door solid core flush door.

D4

Double Door steel faced flush door.

D5

As D1 and HW louvers.

D6

As D4 single door.

D7

Flush door with flush side panel for wide furniture access.

D8

As D7 with HW louvers.

D9

Single flush door.

D10

Full glazed door.

D11

Half glazed door.

D12

By Specialist.

Note:

1. Doors will vary in width to suit the plan, also where required frames
may be storey height and ventilation grilles may be set into the doors.
2. Refer Appendix C for doors in different buildings and rooms.
3. Vision panels in Fire Door should be avoided. If vision panels are
provided, the doors shall be de-rated to 0.5 hrs fire rating.
4.Automatic sliding doors shall either have swing doors adjacent to
them or the doors shall remain open in case of power failure and
emergencies.

SP 1275

Page 157

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix I: Window Types (Glazing)


Type

Dec 2009

Description

G1

Low-level fixed lights with high level bottom hung ventilator (1450mm
high, 1250mm wide).

G2

Mid height sliding window fixed light over (1200mm wide).

G3

Side hung to floor fixed light over (400mm wide).

G4

Fixed light to floor (400mm wide).

G5

High level, one fixed, one bottom hung (1600mm wide).

G6

High level, bottom hung (800mm wide).

G7

High level, fixed light (1400mm, 800mm, 400mm wide).

G8

Mid height, 2 fixed lights, 2 bottom hung over (1200mm wide).

G9

Mid height, fixed light with bottom hung over (800mm wide).

G10

Mid height, 2 pane fixed (400mm wide).

G11

Mid height, fixed light (400mm wide).

G12

Mid height, two fixed light (1000mm wide).

G13

Low level, one sliding, one fixed (2000mm wide) patio door.

G14

Mid height, double sliding window (1000mm wide).

Note:

Refer Appendix C for window types in different buildings and rooms

Page 158

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Appendix J: Ironmongeries
Table J.1: Ironmongery Pack
Pack
100X75 3 knuckle butt hinges s.s. washers
(pairs)

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

100x75 Aluminium rising butt rust proof

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

O
1.5

1.5

Mortise dead lock with escutcheon


Mortise cylinder lock-latch with release turn

1
1

Mortise latch
5 lever Mortise lock-latch

Mortise security dead lock with escutcheon


Bathroom Mortise lock with indicator and
extension release

Heavy duty roller latch

SP 1275

Page 159

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table J.1: Ironmongery Pack (contd.)


Pack

Heavy duty magnetic catch


Toilet indicator bolt extension release and pull lip
Back plate to suit lock with shaped levers and
fansorite spindle (pair)
150x19 D handle with secret fixing

1
1

1
1

300x19 D handle with secret fixing (pair)

Flush 75mm cabinet handle and batch set for


Squash Court

Panic latch with external cylinder lock and latch


knob
Overhead door closer with hydraulic check & 900
hold

One way medium duty floor spring (adjustable)


with 900 hold

Two way medium duty floor spring (adjustable)


with 900 hold

2
(Contd.)

Dec 2009

Page 160

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table J.1: Ironmongery Pack (contd.)


Pack

Perko pneumatic closer with check action


Perko spring closer
200mm high kick plates, pair to suit
Coat hook door stop
Wall mounted stop or floor stop

1
1

2 No. 150 flush lever bolts with anti dirt sockets

Limit stays
Push plate

M of F indicator plate

Note: All Cylinder locks to have 5 individual keys, 3 Sub-Master keys per block/ floor, 2 Builders Master key, and 1 Grand Master.
The above list of ironmongeries is only a guideline. Since a variety of products are available in the market, ironmongeries list from approved brand shall
be selected in consultation with client.

SP 1275

Page 161

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery


Building
ACC/1

Room

BATH
BED

DINE

DUCT

ELEC

EXTR

ACC/2

KTCH

LNGE

ST/K

BED

Dec 2009

BATH

DUCT

ELEC

Page 162

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

(Contd.)
Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)
Building
ACC/2

Room

EXTR

ST/K
ACC/4

BATH
BED

ELEC
EXTR
SERV

ST/K

STWL

WC
ACC/5

BED
ELEC

SP 1275

BATH

Page 163

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

(Contd.)

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

ACC/5

EXTR

KTCH

LNGE
SERV

ST/K

WC
CON/1 - 3

CLNR

ELE/1 &
ELE/2

ALL

EXTR
ELE/3

ALL
EXTR

OFF

Dec 2009

Page 164

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

WC
(Contd.)

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

GAR/1

EXTR
WC

GAR/2

EXTR

OFF
WC
GAR/3

EXTR
ST/F

GUA/1

WC

ALL

EXTR
WC

SP 1275

Page 165

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

HOS/1

BATH
ST/M

(Contd.)

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

HOS/1

EXAM

OFF

ST/H

MORT

BED

PTRY

SL

TRMT

Dec 2009

RECP

WC

Page 166

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

HOS/2

Version 2.0

REDX

WC

(Contd.)

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

KIT/1/2/3

EXTR

KTCH
LAB/1 &
LAB/2

ALL
EXTR

OFF
MES/1

BAR

ST/L

CLNR

CORR

SP 1275

Page 167

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

DINE

EXTR
ICE

KTCH

(Contd.)

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

SERV

ST/K

WC

TV

CLNR

CORR

Dec 2009

RECP

MES/2 &
MES/3

LNGE

MES/1

Page 168

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

DINE

EXTR
ICE

KTCH

LNGE

(Contd.)

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

SERV

ST/K

TV
DOME

ENTR

SP 1275

WC

MOS/1

RECP

MES/2 &
MES/3

Page 169

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

EXTR

PRAY

WC
MOS/2
OFF/1 To
OFF/3

CORR

ELEC

(Contd.)

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

OFF/1 TO
OFF/3

ENTR

EXTR

OFF

ST/G

Dec 2009

WC
REC/5

ELEC

Page 170

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

PROJ

STND

WC
REC/6

EXTR

SCH/1 To
SCH/4

ALL

EXTR

KTCH

(Contd.)

Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

SCH/1 TO
SCH/4

SERV

ST/G

WKSP

ALL

EXTR

SP 1275

WC

SHO/1 & /2

Page 171

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

SPO/1

ELEC

EXTR

SQCT

WC
VIEW
SPO/2

ALL

EXTR

WC

(Contd.)
Table J.2: Typical Ironmongery (contd.)
BUILDING

ROOM

SPO/3 &
SPO/4

ALL

Dec 2009

KTCH

EXTR

WC
STO/1 &

ALL

Page 172

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

STO/2

Version 2.0

EXTR

WC
STO/5 & /7

ST/E

TEL/1 &
TEL/2

ALL

EXTR

WC
WOR/1 To
WOR/4

EXTR

OFF
WARE

Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria


0

Room Temp
C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise
Rate NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

Std

Std

Std

10

40

200

Building

Room

Standard Rooms
ALL

SP 1275

BAR

Page 173

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Room Temp
C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise
Rate NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

BATH

No

40

150

BED

No

30

150

BTRY

24 30

No

45

150

CANT

Std

Std

Std

45

200

CHRM

No

40

150

CLNR

No

No

No

45

100

CLRM

Std

Std

Std

Std

35

300

CONF

17/pers

35

300

CORR

No

No

No

40

150

Building

Room

Standard Rooms

(Contd.)
Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria (contd.)

Dec 2009

Page 174

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Room Temp
C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise
Rate NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

CTRL

Std

Std

10/m2

No

35

300

DARK

No

35

DINE

17/pers

40

200

ENTR

No

No

40

300

FILE

40

300

GYM

Std

40

300

ICE

45

150

LBRY

Std

35

300

LNGE

Std

35

300

OFF1

35

500

Building

Room

Standard Rooms

ALL

Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria (contd.)

SP 1275

Page 175

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Room
Temp 0C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise Rate


NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

OFF2

35

500

OFF3

Std

Std

Std

35

750

PRAY

No

35

150

PROJ

No

35

150

RECP

No

40

300

RSNT

Std

40

200

SHOP

No

No

40

300

SQCT

40

500

SERV

45

150

SH

No

No

45

150

ST/O

No

45

150

Building

Room

Standard Rooms

ALL

Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria (contd.)

Dec 2009

Page 176

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Room
Temp 0C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise Rate


NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

SWGR

30+5

90 max

45

150

TLET

No

No

No

45

150

TV

Std

Std

Std

35

200

UTIL

No

No

45

150

VIEW

40

150

WAIT

40

200

WC

No

No

45

150

ACC (ALL)

KTCH

Std

Std

No

40

300

ANC (ALL)

BAKE

24+4

No

45

300

CDST

51

No

No

45

150

Building

Room

Standard Rooms

ALL

(Contd.)
Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria (contd.)

SP 1275

Page 177

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Room
Temp 0C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise Rate


NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

DPFZ

-18 1
(depends)

45

150

LDRY

24+4

No

45

300

ST/K

Std

Std

No

No

40

150

ST/P

40

150

AUX

Std

Std

No

No

45

150

CTRL

10/m2

40

300

EXAM

Std

Std

No

35

300

MORT

No

40

150

RECP

40

300

REDX

Std

40

300

Building

Room

Standard Rooms

ANC (ALL)

CON (ALL)

HOSP (ALL)

(Contd.)
Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria (contd.)

Dec 2009

Page 178

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Room
Temp 0C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise Rate


NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

ST/M

No

40

150

TRMT

35

300

WARD

Std

Std

Std

35

XRAY

35

200

KTCH

24+4

90 max

80%

20

40

500

PTRY

Std

Std

No

No

40

150

PREP

10

40

500

ST/K

No

45

150

CORR

Std

Std

No

No

40

150

LABO

FC capacity

40

500

LABW

FC capacity

40

500

Building

Room

Standard Rooms

HOSP (ALL)

KIT (ALL)

LAB (ALL)

Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria (contd.)

SP 1275

Page 179

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Room
Temp 0C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise Rate


NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

ST/B

45

150

ST/F

40

500

REC1

Std

Std

17/pers

No

40

REC2

17/pers

40

500

ST/E

No

40

150

ST/L

40

150

KTCH

Std

Std

No

40

300

ST/B

No

No

45

150

ST/C

Std

No

40

150

ST/F

Std

40

150

ST/H

40

150

Building

Room

Standard Rooms
LAB (ALL)

MES (ALL)

SCHO (ALL)

STO (ALL)

WAH (ALL)

(Contd.)
Appendix K: Internal Environment Design Criteria (contd.)

Dec 2009

Page 180

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Room
Temp 0C

Relative
Humidity %RH

Min Fresh Air


l/s

Min Air
Change Per h

Max Noise Rate


NR

Min Illumination
Lux

Standard (Std)

242

45-60

10/pers

Project Specific

ST/M

Std

Std

No

40

150

ST/T

221

502

No

40

300

ST/U

Std

Std

No

40

150

WOR/1

WKSP

Std

Std

Std

No

40

300

WOR/2

WKSP

No

No

No

No

45

200

WOR/3

WKSP

Std

Std

Std

No

40

300

WOR/4

WKSP

No

No

No

45

200

WOR/5 & /6

WKSP

No

No

No

No

45

200

Building

Room

Standard Rooms

WAH (ALL)

Note: * = Project Specific Requirements

SP 1275

Page 181

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Appendix L: Electrical Requirements


Table L.1: Legend for Electrical Requirements
Ref No

Service

Legend

E1

POWER OUTLET

Qty Y = qty as rqd

E2

SHAVER OUTLET

qty

E3

HAND DRYER

qty
Y = qty as rqd

E4

LIGHTING

BLD = external
ROOM = internal
A = automatic

E5

FIRE ALARM
M = manual

E6

EMERGENCY LIGHTING

Y = qty as rqd

E7

NURSE CALL

Y = qty as rqd

E8

TELEPHONE OUTLET

Qty

E9

TELEVISION OUTLET

Qty

E10

AIR-CONDITIONED

Y = qty as rqd

E11

MECH VENTILATION

Y = qty as rqd

E12

WATER HEATER

Qty Y = qty as rqd

E13

DRINKING WATER COOLER

Qty Y = qty as rqd

E14

COOKER

Qty Y = qty as rqd

E15

REFRIGERATOR

Qty Y = qty as rqd

E16

INSECTOCUTOR

Qty Y = qty as rqd

Note: * = Means Special Application in the following pages under table 38


+ = Means requirement to be assessed in the following pages under table 38

Dec 2009

Page 182

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table L.2: Electrical Requirements Schedule


BUILDING

ROOM

E1

BAR

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

A
A

E7

E8

E9

E10

E11

E12

E13

E14

E15

E16

Standard Rooms

BTRY

ALL

SP 1275

CANT

CHRM

CLNR

CLRM

CONF

CORR

CTRL

DARK

DINE

ENTR

FILE

Y
Y
Y

Y
Y

Y
Y

Page 183

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table L.2: Electrical Requirements Schedule (contd.)


BUILDING

ALL

Dec 2009

ROOM

E1

GYM

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

E8

E9

E10

E11

ICE

LBRY

LDRY

LNGE

OFF1

OFF2

OFF3

PRAY

PROJ

RECP

RSNT

SHOP

SQCT
SERV

E12

E13

E14

E15

E16

Y
Y

Y
Y

Y
1
Y

Y
1
1

Page 184

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

(Contd.)
Table L.2: Electrical Requirements Schedule
BUILDING

ROOM

E1

E2

SH

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

E8

E9

E10

ST/O

TLET

TV

UTIL

E11

E12

E13

E14

E15

E16

Y
A

Y
Y

ALL

VIEW
WAIT

ABL

ACC/1 &
ACC/2

WC

BLDG

BLDG

BATH

BED

KTCH

Y
1

Y
Y

(Contd.)

SP 1275

Page 185

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Table L.2: Electrical Requirements Schedule (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

E1

E2

BLDG
ACC/3

BATH
BED

Y
1

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

E9

E10

E12

E13

E14

E15

E16

E11

Y
Y

BLDG

E8

1
A

ACC/4 & /5

AIR/1

BED

BLDG

BLDG

ANC (ALL)

Y
Y

1
Y

Y
Y

BAKE

CDST

DPFZ

LDRY

ST/K

ST/P

+
(Contd.)

Dec 2009

Page 186

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

Version 2.0

Table L.2: Electrical Requirements Schedule (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

E1

BLDG
CON (ALL)

E2

E3

E4

E5

E6

E7

E8

E9

E10

E11

CTRL

ELE (ALL)

BLDG

EXP

BLDG

FIR (ALL)

BLDG

GAR (ALL)

BLDG

GUA/1

BLDG

BATH

EXAM

MORT

RECP

REDX

Y
1

E13

E14

E15

E16

AUX

BLDG

E12

Y
1

HOS (ALL)

SP 1275

1
A

Page 187

+
1

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

(Contd.)
Table L.2: Electrical Requirements Schedule (contd.)
BUILDING

HOS/ALL

ROOM

E1

ST/M

E4

E5

TRMT

WARD

WC
XRAY

LAB (ALL)

Dec 2009

E3

E6

Y
Y

BLDG

KIT (ALL)

E2

E7

KTCH

PTRY

PREP

ST/K

BLDG

E9

E10

E11

E12

E13

E14

E15

E16

Y
1

Y
Y

E8

Y
1

Y
Y

Y
Y

Y
A

CORR

LABO

Page 188

Y
Y

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

LABW

Version 2.0

+
(Contd.)

Table L.2: Electrical Requirements Schedule (contd.)


BUILDING

ROOM

E1

E2

E3

E4

ST/B

ST/C

BLDG

E5

E6

E7

E8

E9

E10

E11

E12

E13

E14

E15

E16

LAB (ALL)

REC

MES (ALL)

SP 1275

ST/E

ST/L

REC/1 to 4

BLDG

REC/5

BLDG

REC/7

AREA

ROS

AREA

SCH/1 to 3

BLDG

SHO/1

BLDG

SHO/2

BLDG

Y
Y

Y
Y

Page 189

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

SPO/1 to 3

BLDG

SPO/5

AREA

(Contd.)
Table L.2: Electrical Requirements Schedule (contd.)

Dec 2009

BUILDING

ROOM

SPO/6

E1

E2

E3

E4

E5

BLDG

SPO/7

AREA

STO/1

BLDG

STO/2

BLDG

STO/3

BLDG

STO/4

BLDG

STO/5 to 7

BLDG

STO/8

AREA

TEL (ALL)

BLDG

WAH/1 & 2

BLDG

WAH/3 & 4

BLDG

E6

E7

E10

E11

E12

E13

Page 190

E8

E9

E14

E15

E16

SP 1275

Specification and Criteria for Design of Civil & Building Works

WOR (ALL)

SP 1275

BLDG

Version 2.0

Page 191

Dec 2009

Version 2.0

Specification and C

Appendix M: CP User - Comment Form


CP User-Comment Form
If you find something that is incorrect, ambiguous or could be better in this CP, write your
comments and suggestions on this form. Send the form to the Document Control Section (DCS).
They make a record of your comment and send the form to the correct CFDH. The form has spaces
for your personal details. This lets DCS or the CFDH ask you about your comments and tell you
about the decision.
CP Details

Title

Issue Date:

Heading Number:

Figure Number:

Number:
Page number:
Comments:
Suggestions:
Users personal details
Name:

Ref. Ind:

Signature:

Date:
Phone:

Document Control Section Actions


Comment Number:

Dates

CFDH

Recd:

Ref. Ind:

To CFDH:

CFDH Actions
Recd Date:

Decision:

Inits:

Ref.
Ind:

Date:

Date:

Intls:

Reject:
Accept, revise at next issue:
Accept, issue temporary
amendment
Comments:
Originator
Advised:

Dec 2009

Date:

Intls:

Document Control
Section Advised:

Page 192