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Section 1 7450 ESS Family

Module 1 Product Overview

Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation


7450 ESS Family Product Overview

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Module Objectives
Upon successful completion of this module, the student will understand:

Key features of an Ethernet Service Switch (ESS)


ESS requirements
Key features of the Alcatel 7450 ESS Series of routers

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

7450 Ethernet Service Switch


The Alcatel 7450 Ethernet Service Switch (ESS) is designed and optimized for the delivery of
carrier Metro Ethernet services.
The Alcatel 7450 ESS is available in two shelf sizes, offering a wide range of interfaces
including 10/100/1000 Ethernet, GigE, 10 GigE, and SONET/SDH:

single-slot
seven-slot

The Alcatel 7450 ESS supports a wide range of services including:

SLA-based Layer-2 VPNs

Hierarchical VPLS

Hierarchical QoS

Class-based queuing

Scalable and fully featured VPLS (multi-point Ethernet Layer-2 VPN) implementation

Extensive OA&M tools for per-service verification and troubleshooting

Per-service QoS and accounting with extensive ingress and egress buffering and true rate
shaping to CIR/PIR

Enhanced Q-in-Q support

Robust and scalable routing protocols ( IS-IS, OSPF, RIP, and MPLS (RSVP-TE and
targeted LDP (T-LDP))

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol(RSTP (802.1W)) to the customer facing ports with 4K
instances

MAC table limits per SAP(Service Access Point)/Spoke

10Gb/s line-rate access lists and deep packet filtering

Very high interface density and performance in a small footprint (e.g. 1000 GigE (copper)
500GigE (optical) or 800 OC-12 interfaces per 7 ft. rack)

future-proof solution using a fully programmable flexible fast path network processor
technology, eliminates the need for ASIC re-spins and line card replacements when new
features are introduced

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

7450 ESS Family

7450 ESS-1
e Switch
Ethernet Servic

ESS-1
ESS-7

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Services - Virtual Leased Line (VLL)


Layer 2 service
Only PE device is aware of
VPN
Point-to-point connection
between two locations
To the customer it looks like a
virtual leased link
Transparent to customers
data or protocols
Service provider can apply
billing, ingress/egress
shaping, and policing

PE B
Virtual Leased
Line Link

PE A

PE C

IP / MPLS
Network

PE D

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

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Point-to-Point Ethernet Service


Point-to-Point Ethernet Service, also referred to as a Virtual Leased Line (VLL), links two
locations together. This service provides the same functionality as a private line/leased line
service. The 7450 ESSs implementation of this service is called an Epipe service.
The 7450 ESS is able to provide a point-to-point Ethernet service that is:

Scalable supports thousands of customers per node

Flexible this service leverages IP/MPLS networks

Sometimes referred to as L1VPN since there is no MAC learning required

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Services - Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)

Multipoint Ethernet service


Layer 2 service
Only the PE device is aware
of the VPN
To customer it appears like a
single switched VLAN
Transparent and protocol
independent
Clear distinction between
customer network and
service provider network

PE B
VPLS Service
IP/LSP Full-Mesh

PE C

PE A

IP / MPLS
Network

PE D

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

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Multipoint Ethernet Service

Also known as Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS)

Provides each customer with multiprotocol connectivity between multiple locations

Simple to provision, no complex routing required between the customer and the service
provider

Transparent to higher-layer traffic

Forwarding decisions based on MAC addresses

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Services - Enhanced Internet Service(IES)

Used to provide IP
access to the Internet

Internet

Subscriber
Network

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

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Dedicated Internet Access Service

7450 ESS version is called Internet Enhanced Service (IES)

7450 ESS provides:

system scalability and high port density

thousands of dynamically configurable ingress and egress Access Control Lists (ACL)

support for millions of forwarding table IP addresses

support for key protocols ( IS-IS, OSPF)

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Evolution of IP/MPLS Based Solutions

Ethernet

Ethernet Service Switches

(IP/MPLS)

Ethernet
Service Switch
Ethernet
Services

ATM & FR

Private
Line

Traditional Ethernet &


ATM Switches

Frame Relay & ATM Switches

Multipoint using VPLS


Point-to-point using
Martini
Point-to-point using
Martini

SONET ADMS/DACS

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

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Evolution to IP/MPLS Based Ethernet Solutions


There are four main categories of services:

Private Line
ATM and Frame Relay
Transparent LAN
Internet access

Today, each type of service is carried over a separate network infrastructure.


A growing number of service applications are IP based and service providers want to expand
the basic forwarding and routing capabilities of best-effort IP with sophisticated service
handling.
The IETFs work on Layer 2 VPNs coupled with innovation from vendors such as Alcatel is
enabling the migration of existing Frame Relay and Transparent LAN Services to an IP/MPLS
infrastructure. This allows the consolidation of multiple infrastructures, with resultant cost
savings.

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Evolving to an IP/MPLS-Enabled Metro Ethernet Service Network

Traditional Ethernet Switch


EIA, VLL, VPLS

Aggregation

SLAs

NO

OA&M

NO

Scalability

NO

Reliability

NO

Ethernet Service Switch

Migrate

EIA, VLL, VPLS

YES

SLAs

YES

OA&M

YES

Scalability

YES

Reliability

YES
Best Effort
Ethernet

Best Effort
Ethernet
VLL

Video

Bridging
only (STP)

Migrate

IP/MPLS
Switching

Data

Voice

Best Effort
Ethernet

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

Best Effort
Ethernet
SVLAN, VLAN

VPLS

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Ethernet Service Switches


The Ethernet Service Switch is designed to deliver Service Level Agreement ( SLA)-based
services. This requires designing all the features (QoS, accounting, troubleshooting tools)
around the concept of a service. Existing routers and switches were designed around interfaces
(ports). Current Ethernet switches provide effectively no QoS support at all and are based on
Best Effort traffic. Traditional Ethernet switches have a built-in ceiling of 4,000 VLANs that
prevents profitable metro-wide growth.
Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) is not designed for scalable metro Ethernet networks, it only
gets worse with scalability.
The 7450 ESS is a leading-edge Ethernet service switch is necessary to support the breadth
and depth of services and features to meet customer requirements.

Scalability through IP/MPLS encapsulation and tunneling, provides customer isolation


and supports tens of 1,000s of customers and services
Tiered services with differentiated priority for voice, video, data
MPLS eliminates the need for STP as a failover mechanism
Superior reliability-sub 50 ms restoration. integrates MPLS switching and traffic
engineering
Only edge switches need to know end user MAC addresses of
directly connected customers
Deliver point-to-point (VLL) and multipoint (VPLS) Ethernet services

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Ethernet Service Switch Features


Requirements

Traditional Ethernet Switches

Ethernet Service Switch

Benefit

Internet Service

Best-effort Internet service

Enhanced Internet service

Wider range of service


offerings

Routing protocols

Interoperable routing protocols

Scalable and interoperable


protocols

More customers supported,


allows for growth

Flexible billing

Interface-based billing

Service-based billing

More services, higher revenue

Support for evolving standards

ASICS limit supported


standards

Programmable fast path


adapts to new standards

Protects investment, allows for


future growth

Service provisioning

No

Scalable service provisioning

Rapid service turn up

Operations and management


tools

No

Service-oriented OA&M

Faster troubleshooting,
reduced downtime

Flexible IP and MPLS


tunneling

STP (Spanning Tree Topology)


Management in the core

Flexible IP or MPLS service


tunneling on any port

Easy migration from IP to


MPLS

Advanced traffic filtering

No basic ACLs

Advanced traffic filtering at 10


Gb/s rate

Allows value-added services,


protection from DoS attacks

Per-service QoS

No-limited port-based QoS


Q-Tags/Q-in-Q

Hierarchical per-service QoS

Efficient use of resources,


better SLA enforcement

Point-to-point VLL

Basic, limited scaling

Scalable, enhanced VLLs

Private line alternative

Multipoint VPLS

Very limited or none

Scalable, enhanced VPLS

ATM, FR alternative

Enforceable SLAs

No

Per-service SLA accounting


and billing

Better customer service

Carrier customized features

Limited and slow

Programmable in fast path

Rapid addition of features

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

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Traditional Ethernet Switches vs Ethernet Service


Switches
Traditional Ethernet switches focus on Ethernet connectivity rather than services.
They are best-effort Ethernet services, which lack scalability and reliability.
Only basic QoS is offered affecting customer SLAs and they offer limited or no service level
management. Legacy Ethernet platforms are unsuited to carrier services, whereas the 7450
ESS is highly suited to this environment.

The change from traditional best-effort Ethernet switching to true service routing is a quantum
step it is a radical advancement that has required a complete rethinking of the product
architecture and design. The 7450 ESS has been developed as a service-based Ethernet switch
from the very beginning.

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

7450 ESS Key Feature Summary


Key Features

Benefit

>
>
>
>

Designed for simple and rapid service provisioning


Integrated service OA&M toolkit, sub 50ms restoration
Same operating system and I/O across all platforms
High port density and consolidate multiple services onto a single
Ethernet service switch

Reduce Costs

>

Deliver multiple new Ethernet services from a


single platform
Extensive per-service QoS, policing and shaping to
deliver guaranteed SLAs
Sophisticated counters for SLA-based billing
Flexible access capability MPLS, VLAN, SVLAN

Increase Revenues

Fully programmable fast path at 10 Gb/s


Sevice switch with more port and service capacity than basic
Layer 2/Layer 3 Ethernet switches
Pluggable optics and MDAs allow pay as you
grow approach
Software scales to tens of 1,000s of services

Protect Investment

>
>
>

>
>
>
>

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

All rights reserved 2004, Alcatel

7450 Design Features


The 7450 ESS was designed from the start to optimize service router capability:

In-house designed network processor array combines high performance with


programmability
Delivery of SLA-based Layer 2 private data services over an IP/MPLS infrastructure
Sophisticated SLAs
MPLS fast reroute
Flexible logical services
Service-based QoS, statistics, and filtering
Service-aware Operations, Administration, Maintenance, and Provisioning (OAM&P),
including service assurance, diagnostic protocols, and service mirroring
Fully-featured Command Line Interface (CLI)
Scalability aggregation (up to tens of 1000s of customers and services)
aggregation of customers traffic for efficiency (e.g., LSP aggregation)
No Spanning Tree Protocol STP within the Metro Ethernet network
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol(RSTP (802.1W)) available to the customer facing ports
No VLANs or MAC table scalability issues
Support for tens of 1000s of VPLS and VLL technology
Robust, manageable control plane protocols(e.g., IS-IS, OSPF)
Enables inter-metro services
Fast failover for services
Sophisticated billing models

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Service Assurance
>

Service Assurance

is this service and all elements of


it working correctly, end to end?
Path MTU Size
what is the largest packet the
customer can send?
Round-trip delay
am I meeting the delay
specified in the SLA?

SERVICE PING

IP/MPLS CORE

Alcatel 7450 ESS OA&M tools verify service operation endto-end and speed troubleshooting, reducing OPEX.
7450 ESS Family Product Overview

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Service Assurance
The 7450 ESS has a comprehensive set of tools and applications that enable a provider to
verify a service before handing it over as operational and rapidly troubleshoot problems.
The Alcatel 7450 ESS provides a comprehensive set of tools to verify service connectivity
:
Rapid Service Assurance
MAC Ping (can I reach this specific destination e.g. customers router?)
MAC Traceroute (how do packets get to this destination?)
Service Ping (is the service reachable end to end?), includes:
Configuration Alignment (is the configuration matched at each end?)
VC Labels (are the same VC labels allocated at each end?)
LSP Ping (is the MPLS LSP tunnel working in each direction?)
SDP Ping (is the service tunnel reachable end to end?), includes:
Path MTU Size (what is the largest packet the customer can send?)
Round-trip delay (am I meeting the delay specified in the SLA?)

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Service Troubleshooting and Monitoring


>

>
>

Ingress or egress service mirroring


Local or remote egress point
Full or partial packet
mirroring (slice size)
Filters can be defined
Ethernet / POS translation
Removes the need for expensive outof-band monitoring/analysis
Compliance with government/ law
enforcement (e.g., CALEA) on wiretapping

CUSTOMER TRAFFIC

MEN*

NETWORK
ANALYSER

NOC

*Metro Ethernet Network


Alcatel 7450 ESS OA&M tools reduce truck rolls, conserve technical
resources and comply with government regulations
7450 ESS Family Product Overview

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Service Troubleshooting and Monitoring


When troubleshooting complex operational problems, it is useful to be able to examine
customer packets as they traverse the network. Each Alcatel 7450 ESS is able to mirror packets
for a specific service to any destination point in the network, regardless of interface type or
speed.
It is possible to copy full packets, including all customer data or to slice the packets so that, for
example, only the headers are copied for analysis.

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

Rapid Service Provisioning


>
>
>
>

Service-Oriented Platform enables Service-Oriented Provisioning with


simple template-based procedures
Proactive fault management and service assurance
Service accounting and statistics
Security management

Alcatel 5620 SAM


Service Aware Manager
5620 SAM-E
Element Manager

5620 SAM-A
Assurance

5620 SAM-P
Provisioning

5620 SAM-O
Open Interfaces

Reduces Operating Expenses

7450 ESS Family Product Overview

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Alcatel 5620 Service Aware Manager (SAM)


The Alcatel 5620 Service Aware Manager (SAM) is a service-aware manager that provides
comprehensive fault, configuration, accounting, performance and security (FCAPS)
management for networks built using the Alcatel 7450 ESS.
The 5620 SAM offers the following features:
The 5620 SAM-E provides an advanced network Element Manager for Alcatel
supported Ethernet Service Switches
The 5620 SAM-P provides advanced network and service provisioning applications for
Alcatel supported Ethernet Service Switches
The 5620 SAM-A provides advanced network and service assurance applications for
Alcatel supported Ethernet Service Switches
The 5620 SAM-O provides advanced network and service open interfaces for Alcatel
supported Ethernet Service Switches
The 5620 SRM runs on Windows XP/2000, Solaris 9 and Linux RedHat 7.2 platforms.

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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Alcatel 7450 ESS Implementation R2.0

Alcatel University

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7450 ESS Family Product Overview

Section 1 Module 1 Product Overview

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