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Home > Active Speaker Repair > How To Fix Active Speaker- No Power

How To Fix Active Speaker- No Power


By Jestine Yong on August 12, 2016
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This nice designed Polytron active speaker came in with the complaint of no power and my

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customer wants me to fix it for him.

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Once the cover was removed, I could see the power supply and the amplifier circuit board. The main
fuse did not blow so this means usually the bride diodes were also good.

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I proceeded to perform the on board voltage test at the power supply output pins. The power was
turned On and I placed my meters red probe to the output pin and the black probe to cold ground.
The voltage reading that Id got was fluctuating. Even pulling out the white cable from the connector,
the result were still the same (fluctuating voltage went up and down).

I knew it was the power supply (SMPS) fault but I just could not find any bad components in the
primary and secondary side. The only components left to check were the 2 pieces Optoisolator IC
and the TL431 IC.

These ICs can actually breakdown when under load so checking them with an Ohmmeter will not
guarantee that they are good. The best is to replace them and retest.

I replaced the three ICs and to my surprise the power actually came back- see the photo below:

If you want to learn how to be good in switch mode power supply repair you can check out Jestine
Yongs SMPS repair ebook HERE.

This article was prepared for you by Suranga Bandara who owns an Electronics repair shop
in Anuradapura, Sri Lanka.

Please give a support by clicking on the social buttons below. Your feedback on the post is
welcome. Please leave it in the comments. If you have electronic repair articles to share with us,
please contact us HERE.
P.S- If you enjoyed reading this, click here to subscribe to my blog (free subscription). That way,
youll never miss a post. You can also forward this website link to your friends and colleaguesthanks!
Note: You may check out his previous post about fixing active speaker article in the below link:
http://jestineyong.com/how-to-repair-active-speaker-matsutec-brand/

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7 COMMENTS

Parasuraman S
August 12, 2016 at 8:29 am

Good Job! Replacing the TL431 and opto-couplers proved what an expert you are!

Reply

sudhir
August 12, 2016 at 1:37 pm

good work suranga


please keep posting as your troubleshooting skill are great and helps in understanding the
repair.
your best part is your presentation which is nice and informative.
once again thanks for your post

Reply

Suranga Electronics Sri Lanka


August 13, 2016 at 12:49 am

Thanks Mr,sudhir

Reply

Albert van Bemmelen


August 12, 2016 at 1:45 pm

Thank you Mr. Suranga Bandara for the given conclusion that the TL431 and the
Optocouplers can breakdown under load. I have a digital tester for those components which
would mean that maybe my device mistakenly could test them to be good when they aren't.
I hope I never had that happening yet!

Reply

Suranga Electronics Sri Lanka


August 13, 2016 at 12:50 am

Hi. Thanks Mr.Albert

Reply

Yogesh Panchal
August 12, 2016 at 3:03 pm

Suranga,
Good Repair,

Reply

Luciano Khware
August 12, 2016 at 6:53 pm

Great troubleshooting skills Mr Suranga!

Reply

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