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NOTES FOR PRESENTATION TO ACC COURSE 26

AT THE
NIGERIAN COLLEGE OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY
ZARIA, JUNE 2010
CIVIL AVIATION ACT 2006:
General Purposes: The Civil Aviation Act generally seeks:

The establishment of an autonomous Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA)


The establishment of an autonomous Accident Investigation Bureau (AIB)
To provide fresh guidelines for the aviation industry in Nigeria.
To establish aviation safeguards,
To enforce safety guidelines,
To improve security checks,
To prescribe ministerial powers during emergencies,
To define offences that endanger safety,
To enact penalties for violations.
To address compensation for passengers,
To regulate licensing and permits of air transport particularly concerning
eligibility, suspension and revocation

Part 1 - General Operations


Part 1 outlines

the basic rules of construction and application of the regulations,


definitions applicable to all the Parts of the Regulations, and
the rules governing the administration of licenses and certifications .

Part 2 personnel Licensing

Article 32 of the Chicago Convention requires States to issue certificates of


competency and licenses or validate such certificates or licenses issued by other
Contracting States, to airmen engaged in international navigation.
The basis of this obligation is the goal of promoting and conducting safe and
regular aircraft operations through the development and implementation of
internationally acceptable certification and licensing processes.
Personnel Licensing presents the broad international specifications for
personnel licensing agreed upon by Contracting States.
Part 2 of the Regulations therefore presents detailed requirements for the
general rules of licensing and detailed requirements for the certification of
pilots, engineers, air traffic controllers and other categories of airmen,
Part 2 also presents medical standards for granting of licenses and certification
and for the administration of medical examinations.
The licensing and medical standards are therefore based upon ICAO Annex 1.

Part 3 - Training Organizations


Part 3 of these Regulations

addresses the certification and administration of Approved Training


Organizations (ATO).
No ICAO Annex presently covers international standards for an ATO.
Current ATO requirements rely heavily upon regulations presented in the
JARs and the FARs.
The use of an ATO for the training and qualification of airmen is now a
common practice in modern aviation.
Nigerian citizens who receive training from a foreign ATO is expected to be
trained by an ATO meeting Nigerian standards.

Part 4 - Aircraft Registration

Part 4 of these Regulations derives from ICAO Annex 7.


It sets forth the requirements for registration of aircraft in Nigeria, and
governs the application of nationality and registration marks.

Part 5 - Airworthiness
Part 5 of these Regulations

presents regulatory requirements for the airworthiness of aircraft expected to


operate in Nigeria,
It draws from the standards and recommended practices in ICAO Annexes 6
and 8 and supplemented by sections from JARs and the FARs.
It is designed to address the complex situation in respect of the airworthiness
of aircraft operating within Nigeria and in international aviation.
Proper airworthiness of aircraft is dependent on effective communication.
The Regulations require all persons operating Nigerian registered aircraft to
notify the Authority when certain events occur.
The Authority is required to open lines of communication with the State of
Design and/or the State of Manufacture of each type of aircraft operating in
Nigeria so that the Authority can receive all airworthiness directives and other
safety bulletins.

Part 6 - Maintenance Organizations

Part 6 of these Regulations provides regulations for the approval and monitoring
of Maintenance Organizations performing any form of maintenance on Nigerianregistered aircraft.

The proper maintenance of aircraft is fundamental to aviation safety, and


requires meticulous record-keeping.

Part 6 requires that the maintenance organization of an Aircraft Operator


Certificate (AOC) holder must qualify as an AMO.

Part 6 requires an AMO applicant within Nigeria to disclose any and all AMO
certificates in any Contracting State other than Nigeria.

Part 7 - Instruments and Equipment

Part 7 of these Regulations presents regulatory requirements for instruments


and equipment on aircraft expected to operate in Nigeria.

The requirements in Part 7 address two categories of aircraft operations.

o Minimum requirements applicable to all aircraft categories and are noted


by the key (AAC) preceding the particular section.

o Those that specifically apply to all aircraft in the Commercial Air


Transport (CAT) Category,

Part 8 - Operations
Part 8 of these Regulations

presents regulatory requirements for the operation of aircraft in Nigeria, based


upon the requirements of ICAO Annexes 6 and 8.
prescribes the requirements for operations conducted by airmen certificated in
Nigeria while operating aircraft registered in Nigeria, as well as, operations of
foreign registered aircraft by Nigerian AOC holders and operations of aircraft within
Nigeria by airmen or AOC holders of a foreign State.
It also applies to operations outside Nigeria by all Nigerian pilots and operators
unless compliance would result in a violation of the laws of the foreign State in
which the operation is conducted.
apply to all aircraft, except where superseded by the more stringent requirements
put upon entities engaged in commercial air transport.

Part 9 - Air Operator Certification


Part 9 of these Regulations

Sets forth the requirements for any person or entity to be granted an AOC in
Nigeria.
It includes regulations concerning
o the Air Operator Certification,
o Flight Operations Management,
o Maintenance Requirements,
o Security Management , and
o Dangerous Goods Management.
The requirements for an AOC holder-operated maintenance organization are
contained in this part and apply whether the AOC holder uses the services of
another AMO, or obtains an AMO certification for its maintenance organization .

Part 10 - Foreign Air Operators


Part 10 of these Regulations

prescribes requirements applicable to foreign operators.

A foreign operator is one who operates any civil aeroplane or helicopter for the
purpose of commercial air transport whose Air Operator Certificate is issued and
controlled by a Civil Aviation Authority other than that of Nigeria.

It does not apply to aeroplanes and helicopters when used by military,


customs, and police services, unless those flights are made for hire or reward.

sets forth the requirements for foreign Operations Specifications (Opspecs), to


be issued by this Authority, documents to be carried aboard the aircraft and
security and dangerous goods requirements placed upon a foreign operator
operating into or out of Nigeria.

Part 11 - Aerial Work


Part 11 sets forth the requirements for aerial work operations including

agricultural aviation,
helicopter external load carrying,
glider and banner towing,
TV and movie operations,
sight-seeing flights,
fish spotting, and
traffic reporting.

Although the requirements of Part 11 appear to address operations internal to


Nigeria, in some instances, aircraft registered in Nigeria will be able to perform aerial
work in contiguous states.
If such operations can be carried out outside the boundaries of Nigeria, the aircraft
must be operated and maintained in accordance with ICAO standards set forth in
other Parts of these Regulations.

Part 12 - Aerodromes
Aerodrome safety is a vital link in aviation safety. Aerodrome safety is achieved by
providing aerodrome facilities and maintaining aerodrome environments that are safe
for aircraft operations. By complying with the prescribed standards and procedures
and taking a pro-active safety management approach in the operation of their
aerodromes, aerodrome operators can demonstrate that they have discharged their
safety obligations to the travelling public.

Part 14 - Air Navigation Services


The Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA), is currently the Nigerian air

navigation service provider. It provides air traffic services in Nigeria including Air
Traffic Control, visual and non-visual aids, aeronautical telecommunication services
and electrical supplies relating thereto, to enable public transport, private business
and military aircraft fly, as far as practicable; and as safely as possible. NAMA is
required to adhere to Part 14 of the NCAA Regulations.

Part 15 - Dangerous Goods


This Part provides advice to the aviation industry on the regulatory requirements for
dangerous goods and covers the following area:

Commercial aircraft operators;

Ground handling agents (GHA);

Freight forwarders;

Shippers of dangerous goods;

Screening Authorities; and

Independent dangerous goods training organisations seeking the approval of


NCAA to conduct dangerous goods training

Part 16 - Environmental Protection


This Part shall apply to:

Subsonic jet aeroplanes, other than aeroplanes which requires a runway length
of 610m or less at maximum certificated mass for airworthiness.

All propeller driven aeroplanes of over 9000kg maximum certificated mass.

Part 17 - Aviation Security


These Regulations apply to:

International airport operators

Designated domestic airports operators and any other aerodrome operator


specified by the Appropriate Authority

National aircraft operators

Foreign aircraft operators

Aerodrome tenants and/or operators of Tenant Restricted Areas at International


airports or Designated Domestic airports

Any person in or within the vicinity of an international airport or designated


domestic airport, or any other aerodrome specified by the Director General

Any person who offers goods for transport by air

Any person who provides a service to an aircraft operator

Any person on board an aircraft

Part 18 Offences

Part 18 applies
to offences, breaches, violations and non-compliance with the provisions of the
Nigeria Civil Aviation Regulations 2006 and other specified Civil Aviation
offences.
Additional provisions specific to certain other offences are included in Part 1 of
these Regulations,