Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 12

430

Electric Auxiliary Brakes for Drawworks

The 7838 Baylor Brake, the largest of the five standard models
Baylor manufactures, has a rated nominal drilling depth capacity
of 30,000 feet.

Baylor manufactured its first electric brake more


than 25 years ago and has been the auxiliary brake
company ever since. Baylor Brakes have proven their
performance on thousands of rigs all around the
world allowing operators to drill deeper, faster and
more safely,
Designed to give the driller positive control over
drill string speed, the Baylor Brake develops exceptionally high braking torque at both high and very low
rotational speeds without friction devices of any kind.
A free-spinning drum inside the brake is coupled
directly to the drawworks shaft. When the driller operates the brake control, a magnetic field is produced
by four electromagnetic coils mounted concentrically inside the drum. By changing the amount of current
to these stationary coils, he controls the amount of
braking torque applied to the rotating drum. Because
the brake is deactivated by simply turning it off, no
overrunning clutch is required.
Baylor Brakes are manufactured in four standard
sizes for nominal drilling depths up to 30,000 feet.
Each consists of a steel drum attached directly to the
drawworks shaft by a flexible coupling or disconnect
clutch. The drum shaft rotates in two sets of oversized
spherical roller bearings. And the brake is connected
to the drawworks structure by adapter cradle mounts
fun,.shed by the drawworks manufacturer, The
maximum power requirement ranges from about 10
to 21 kw, which is easily supplied by standard AC light
plants. All rig floor components are explosion-proof.

8400 IS'" Driller's Control


The new 8400 IS driller's control simplifies operation
and facilitates faster training of drillers, Because control operation is linear, the control position is matched
to the amount of voltage applied to the coil (e.g.,
when the control is in the halfway position, half of the
voltage is applied). Rig operation is safer and more
efficient because the driller gets a better feel for the
brake more quickly. The control is also intrinsically
safe in any hazardous area.

The new 8400 IS driller's control gives the driller a much better feel
for the braking power applied.

PWM - CL Brake Power Supply


Baylor's new air-cooled brake power supply mounts
off the rig floor where a controlled atmosphere and
reduced vibration increase reliability, Passive,
convection-flow cooling eliminates blowers and
reduces maintenance to minor routine checkouts.

431
TM

Baylor Brakes
The PWM-CL is self-protected from both high input
voltages and accidental short circuits in the output.
Separate outputs for each magnet allow continued
brake operation despite a dead short in one circuit.
The PWM-CL power supply with a battery-powered
backup and the driller's control are fully compatible
with all Baylor Brakes currently in use.

Battery-Power Backup
Model PWM-CL brake power supplies are equipped
with battery connections and internal circuitry to accommodate backup power for uninterrupted emergency
brake operation in the event of AC power failure. The size
of the battery pack (supplied by customer) depends
upon the brake's rated capacity and the contractor's
needs.

Brake Cooling System


The fresh water required to cool the brake should
be low in mineral content, sufficient in quantity and
low enough in temperature to dissipate the heat
adequately.

Savior's PWM-CL air-cooled controls require minimal preventive maintenance.

Principles of Operation

Electrical control and brake cooling systems

Magnetic lines of force


Airgap

AC

PWM brake control


supply

Transformer
Driller's CO itrol

Coils

Magnets
Baylor
Brake

C
1[?
Drawworks

Rotor sea|

Y
rn

IE

f\\

Rotor

Relief valve

r-rn
| |

HI

Centrifugal pump

tfii Baylor s jpplied components

7838 Brake
( 30,000ft)

Fresh water
5ply

7040 Brake
( 20.000ft)

6032 Brake
(~ 15,000 ffl

5032 Brake
( 12,000ft)

432

Baylor Brake Torque Curves and Specifications


TKO 6032 Broke

50

100

150

200

250

300

50

Draw works shaft speed] rpm]

100
150
200
Drawworks shall speed(rpm)

250

50

300

7040 Brake

7838 Brake

100
150
200
Drawworks shaft speed (rpm)

250

300

250

300

6032 Brake

I
50

100
150
200
Drawworks shaft speed (rpm]

5032 Brake

B-

___________5032 Brake

Maximum torque
(ft-lbs,KNm)
Nominal drilling
depth (ft, m)*

39,000

52.9

12,000 3658

6032 Broke
55,500

75.3 84,000

(gpm, l/min)
Dimension A (in, mm)
Dimension B (in, mm)

113.9117,000 158.6

18

50

190

9,0004082
50 1 270
42

1067

7838 Brake

15,0004572 20,000 609630,000 9144

Nominal power
requirements (kw)
Cooling water
requirements

Weight (Ibs, kg)

7040 Brake

75

285

140

21

530

150

570

12,000 5443 24,00010886 28,00012701


60 1524
71 1803
78 1 981
45 1143

57

1 448

57 1448

"Based on a drill pipe weight of 20 Ibs/ft (29.76 kg/m). The number of lines strung, drum

diameter and other variables can offset rated capacities.

433

Boylor Brakes
Baylor Brake Performance Curves
Baylor Brakes operate according to the performance curves below, based on the following conditions:
the brake is in good condition; it is adequately cooled;
and the second wrap of wireline is over Lebus groov-

3000

Fast line speed (fpm)


100

200

300

400

ing. These curves are calculated according to common drum and wireline sizes with applicable friction
factors. Other curves based on specific customer
applications are available on request.

1000

2000

Fast line speed (fpm)


200
300

Block speed [fpm)

Block speed (fpml

21" dia drum, 1V wireline

2000

2000

Fast line speed (fpm)


100

200

Block speed (fpm)

3000

Fast line speed (fpm)


300

400

200

Block speed (tpm)

300

434

Hydro-Torque
Hydraulic Auxiliary Braking Systems
Baylor now offers two hydraulic auxiliary braking systems designed to economically govern drawworks
speed on drilling or workover/well-servicing rigsthe
Hydro-Torque 2200 and the new Hydro-Torque 1500.
With the Hydro-Torque 2200 producing 12,000 ft-lbs of
torque at 700 rpm and the Hydro-Torque 1500 producing 6,000 ft-lbs at 1400 rpm, both models provide more
torque than any comparable system. They also weigh
less and are narrower than competitive units although
their mountings are directly interchangeable*
Designed with the latest state-of-the-art turbine
research, the Hydro-Torque brakes are much simpler in
design and contain only 14 component parts, greatly
simplifying field service. Both models can be assembled in less than an hour, and shaft location and rotation direction can be reversed in the field without any
additional parts. The major rotary sealing surfaces use
a double-lip seal, and the lubrication systems assist in
sealing the bearing assemblies.
Like other Baylor auxiliary brakes, the Hydro-Torque
brakes slow the drill string without friction devices of any
kind. Instead of belts, slip rings, brake pads or bands,
braking torque is produced by water circulated
between the vaned pockets of the impeller and the
facing vaned pockets of a stationary member. The
brakes can be used with either an overrunning clutch
or an air-purging system for tripping out of the hole.

This Hydro-Torque 2200 is being installed on a rig working in


Oklahoma.

Pilot valve
(t driller's console)

"An adapter plate is provided when interchanging the Hydro-Torque 1500 with the Parmac
15" D.R.
Water supply valve
(at driller's console)

I, Boytor supplied

components

Support/Control Systems

Hydro-Torque Model
Torque (ft-lbs, KNm)

1500
6,000

2200
8.135

(at 1400 RPM)

Weight (Ibs, kg)

Mox Speed1500 Rf

50

100

200

300

500

700

Brake shaft speed (rpm]

1000

1500 2000

3000

40 50

100

200

300

Brake shaft speed [ipm)

500

700

1000

12,000
16.270
(at 700 RPM)

400

181.44

850

385.56

Dimension A (in, mm)

18.25

463.55

25.75

654.05

Dimension B* (in, mm)

20

508.00

22.62

574.55

"Shafts other than the one shown are provided to customer


specification.

435

Thyrig Systems

A typical SCR, the heart of


every Baylor Thyrig system.

1000-hp DC motors

Baylor driller's control

Mud system

Efficient SCR Rig Power


The pioneer in the use of silicon-based electronics
for efficiently converting AC power into the speedcontrollable DC power required by drilling rigs, Baylor
introduced the first SCR system to the oilfield 15 years
ago. And that first Thyrig SCR system is still operating in
the hostile environment of Alaska's Upper Cook's Inlet,
Today's new generation of Thyrig SCRs can be found
in operation on every type of rig in every part of
the world.
In planning a rig's configuration, Baylor assists the
contractor in taking advantage of every cost-cutting
measure and in sizing the SCR for optimum rig performance. This attention to detail and care in the
design of SCR-powered rigs can provide the contractor fuel savings of 18 to 48 percent over similarly
rated mechanical rigs.1
Rigs equipped with a Baylor SCR cost less to operate:
Fewer engines are on line at any one time.
Auxiliary engines, including the light plant, are
eliminated.
Fast, linear rotary speed/torque control eliminates
overshoot.
'Hunt, Stephen G., "Obtaining maximum efficiency with SCR rig
power," World Oil, May 1981, pp. 164-167.

Rigs equipped with a Baylor SCR make hole faster:


Fast throttle response speeds trip times,
Torque limiters protect the drill string and other
valuable equipment.
All drilling functions including auxiliaries are independently controlled from the rig floor.
Rigs equipped with a Baylor SCR set up faster:
Absence of engines on the rig floor facilitates selfelevating substructures,
No realignment, leveling or rigging of compounds
is required.
Fewer loads are necessary during rig moves.
Power cables plug in and bolt on.
Rig/mud system design is not dictated by compound configurations.
Rigs equipped with a Baylor SCR provide simpler maintenance and extended rig life:
SCR bridges draw out.
All systems use standard, readily available
Easier, Woodward and Texas Instruments
components.
Full over-speed, over-temperature, over-current,
under-frequency and reverse-power protection is
incorporated into the system,
Each SCR bridge is capable of multi-load assignments,
Solid copper bus with silver-plated connections
extends service life.

436

Thyrigger SCR
Compact AC-to-DC Rig Power Systems
The Thyrigger, Baylor's most compact SCR system, is
specifically designed for shallow- to medium-depth
drilling rigs and workover rigs.
More SCR in less space offers the contractor increased installation options.
Three- or four-bay (motor) systems supply from 0 to
750v DC at 1200 amps continuous, 1500 amps
intermittent at 50C ambient temperature.
The system accommodates up to three engine/
generator sets, each up to 1500 kva at 600v AC.
Operator-conscious design simplifies operation and
training.
Go/No-Go diagnostic center is included on each
SCR bay.
One-glance centralized engine/generator meters
and controls ease synchronization and status
monitoring.
Linear throttle provides unique low-speed torque
control.
Advanced design extends rig life.
Constant power dynamic braking allows soft stops,
reducing stress on the drawworks chain and
related components.
All motor speeds are controlled without tachometers.
Full-conduction gate drive assures SCR firing
reliability.

Drilling operations continue at reduced power in


the event of SCR cooling blower failure.
Service-conscious design simplifies maintenance
and field service.
All user-serviceable components are accessible
from the front.
Interchangeable electronic DC control modules
allow for quick troubleshooting, while test jacks
provide easy measurement of critical signals.

i^^yi

p. .
m ..** -

"

,.^SSS

One glance at this Go/No-Go panel indicates the status of the SCR
bay.
M Bovlor Brake control
Thyrigger SCR/ generator
controls

120/208V __

lighting paneT~~
AC plugboard
[interchangeable
wtthDC]

h/

If
03.

\ 480v AC motor control center)

Genercjtot connection windows [either siOe)

' II

11

M,
-

300 or 500 k.

The Thyrigger and the motor control center can be ordered for
mounting in a customer-supplied structure. Plugboards are fully

cabled and the system is completely tested before del^ery.

All Thyrigger system functions are controlled from this compact drill-

er's console. Quick-connect wiring throughout the system speeds


rig-up.

437

Thyrig' III SCR


Maximum SCR Flexibility for Greater Depths
Thyrig III, Baylor's workhorse SCR system, powers
medium-depth to deep drilling rigs for both land and
marine applications. Available in several standard
configurations to meet a variety of drilling needs, the
system can be furnished free-standing or completely
packaged in a Savior-built SCR house.
Because of its design flexibility, the Thyrig III can be
easily adapted to most drilling rigs. For a custom SCR
system at a relatively low cost, standardized cubicles
can be quickly assembled on a common deck rail to

meet individual requirements. Completion items can


then be added as required.
Thyrig III offers the contractor greater flexibility.
Three- or four-bay systems supply from 0 to 750v
DC at 1850 amps continuous and 2500 amps
intermittent at 50C ambient temperature for
drawworks duty.
The system accommodates two, three or four
engine/generator sets, 2000 kva each at600vAC.

Driller's console provides total system control


with all meters and indicators clearly visible.

SCR bridge and DC contactor sections are packaged as a unitized module, and all
user-serviceable components are accessible from the front of the bays.

)(

Motor Control Center


Air Handler

Air Handler

Plugboard

0"

AIC
F
Compressor '

-X,.

sformer

Thyrig III SC ^/Generator Co trals

1Ti

AC

mi

Transformer

Compressor

Atypical Thyrig III SCR house (generator windows available on either side)
Baylor-powered rig drilling in
South Texas.

438

Thyrig III-PM SCR


SCRs for Marine Applications
Baylor's most sophisticated system, the compact
Thyrig III-PM is designed to provide the greatest
amount of flexibility in complex marine applications
including drilling, propulsion, jacking and mooring. Because a solid-state programmable controller centralizes all logic functions in the same bay, wiring
throughout the system has been simplified and reduced, and most electromechanical logic relays have
been eliminated.

temperature to effectively power dual-motor


loads.
The system accommodates multiple engine/
generator sets up to 2500 kw and/or 3100 kva at

More SCR in less space offers increased installation


options.
Multiple bay systems supply from 0 to 750v DC up
to 2500 amps drawworks duty at 50C ambient

Operator-conscious design simplifies operation and


training.
A Go/No-Go diagnostic center is included on
each SCR bay.
Linear throttle provides unique low-speed torque
control.
Constant-power dynamic braking allows soft
stops, reducing shock to the drawworks chain.
Drilling operations continue at reduced power in
the event of SCR cooling blower failure.
Automatic sequencer provides state-of-the-art system control without requiring a computer technician
for service.
Texas Instruments 5TI sequencer controls all logic
functions.
The sequencer's "hard" memory is not erased by
power loss.
Adding rig machinery or sensors requires only simple field reprogramming with little or no wiring
changes.
Input-Output (I/O) modules replace most electromechanical logic relays; eliminate sensitivity to
dust and mechanical wear; and are easily accessible in the service bay.

A rig in Louisiana powered by a Thyrig III-PM system.


Top view
Contactor access

Cable entry

Contactor access

Cable entry

Cable entry

600vAC,60Hz.

Versatile design allows SCR/generator or SCR/


feeder combinations in any bay with the arrangement of the bays according to the customer's
requirements.

Cable entry

"
r
LI

c
t

Engine. gjnerator
contrc bay

Feeder'b eakerbay

Service bay
Eng ne<g enerator

Sync.'feederbay

contrc Ibay
Service bay

SCR bay

(can be placet
at either end)
\

Bna

a1
i B

n a

a a
j'

^'

|M|

'
(488 mm

SCR bay

Ql

.f.

SCR bay

SCR bay

van a a
a at

c=

n1

b'

a1

i8

8*BS!

E
E
c^

'a' b

46 "
1219 mm)
5359mm

Atypical Thyrig III-PM layout with four SCR bays.

10

All functions of the system are controlled from the driller's console,

439

Custom Products Group


Full Project Management Capabilities for Your Toughest Jobs
Based on our experience in the development of the
oilfield's first SCRs and electromagnetic brakes, Baylor
has the engineering expertise and manufacturing
capabilities to produce a broad range of products
and equipment according to your individual needs
and requirements. We call the experts who make up
this team the Baylor Custom Products Group, and they
are backed by Baylor's 30 years' proven versatility in
the development of a full-range of products for a wide
variety of applications.
Baylor's design innovation stretches back to the
early 1960s when a major oil company contracted us
to design a control system for thrust units which provided auxiliary maneuvering thrust, propulsion assistance, and main propulsion on drilling vessels. Installed
on the coring vessel "Eureka," Baylor's dynamic positioning system was instrumental in the later development of the oil industry's first drill ships which did not
require traditional anchored mooring.
Other custom mechanical products engineered
and manufactured by Baylor include a variety of offshore drilling equipment, including windlasses, fair-

leads and winches. Both on land and offshore, we've


built virtually everything from mud pumps to BOP stacks
and associated hose reels.
Baylor's electronics and electrical engineers have
made important contributions with the development
of oceanographic instrumentation, including an environmental and vessel motion data-gathering system.
These Baylor systems have been designed for measuring vessel heave, wave action, anchor tension and
ocean currents. In fact, Baylor was responsible for the
successful design and manufacture of the special
oceanographic/meteorological instrumentation used
on the prototype of the Exxon compliant platform
(guyed tower), constructed for use in the Gulf of Mexico's Block 280.
In the early development and use of jack-up rigs,
Baylor was a pioneer in the development of electronic

load-stress instrumentation for jackup-leg stress monitoring. We've designed and installed ballast control
equipment for semisubmersibles. And we've completely outfitted pipe-inspection trucks with pipehandling equipment and electronic instrumentation
for field pipe inspection.
But the experience of Baylor Custom Products Group
is not limited to the oilfield. For instance, we applied our
experience to the successful design of a complete line
of mining production, service and personnel hoists
mounted on skids innovative packaging common
to the oilfield but unprecedented in the mining industry. We have designed a long list of industrial products

as well, including hoists and conveyors, materialhandling equipment (such as pipe bundlers and transfer systems), SCR systems for large motors, switchgear
(low, medium and high voltages) and control consoles.
From purchasing professionals to industrial engineers to skilled machinists, the Baylor Custom Products
Group has the people and talents to provide you with
a total project management package. And in each
stage of operations, every project is subject to Baylor's
strict quality-assurance requirements. The result of Baylor's "Q + " program is top-grade products, prompt
delivery and cost savings for the customer.

11

440

Testing, Training and Service


supplied by experienced Baylor personnel. Depending on the product line, the length of training sessions
varies from two to five days, and a class can be set up
on short notice.

Testing
All Baylor SCR systems are full-load tested through all
assignments before shipping. This full-load test facility
uses a Baylor Brake coupled to two typical DC drilling
motors to fully simulate all drilling functions.

Service
Baylor's staff of highly trained electrical and mechanical service people are available on a 24-hour
basis from our Houston headquarters. While all Baylor
equipment is designed for minimum field service, the
Houston service center is equipped with special
troubleshooting gear and an inventory of parts for all
products. Always the emphasis is on preventive
maintenance and service making sure the equipment keeps on working rather than fixing it after it
goes down.

Customer Training
Baylor's classroom facilities are equipped with audiovisual equipment and simulators for all major products to provide hands-on training. Formal instruction is

The information and data in this catalog are accurate to the best of our knowledge and
belief but are intended for general information only. Applications suggested tor the materials
described are made solely to permit the reader to make his own evaluation and decision and
are neither guarantees nor to be construed as express or implied warranties of fitness for
these or other applications. All specifications are subject to change without notice.

Headquarters
P.O. Box 36326, Houston, Texas 77236 713/240-6111 Telex 762232
1985 Baylor Company, All rights reserved.
BAY 82792Y

Printed in USA