Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 47

POLICE ETHICS

It comes from the Latin word ETHOS


and Greek ETHICUS which means
customary,

CHAPTER I
FOUNDATIONS OF POLICE ETHICS

Ethics employs the faculty of human


reasoning in tackling the important
question of what makes an upright life. Ethics
is therefore a noble and important science.

A.INTRODUCTION TO ETHICS
Understanding Ethics
Public Office is a public trust. In
view thereof, all officers and members of the
police force must at all times be accountable
to the people, serve them with utmost
responsibility, integrity, loyalty and
efficiency, and act with judiciousness,
patriotism and justice. As law enforcers they
are also protectors of the rights of the
people, the guardians and implementers of
peace and order and at all times exemplars of
conduct befitting a public servant.
What is Ethics?
As a field of study, ethics is a branch of
philosophy which studies the principles
of right or wrong in human conduct.
Right or wrong are qualities assigned to
actions, conduct and behavior.

Ethics is commonly associated with the


following:
1. Customs
2. Habits
3. Practices
4. Etiquette
5. Moral values
6. Principle
Customs- means long established practices
common to a particular community, class or
race. A customs implies a more or less
permanent way of acting a reinforced by
traditions and social attitudes, e.g., the
customs of giving gifts on Christmas.
Habits- on the other hand as applied to an
individual implies the repetition of the same

27

28

action as to develop a natural, spontaneous


or rooted tendency or inclination to perform
it.

that is consistent with what is generally


considered to be right or moral. Ethical
behavior is the bedrock of mutual trust.

Practice- means a regularly followed


procedure or pattern in conducting activities.

ETHICS IN PRACTICE
Kenneth R. Andrews, in "Ethics in
Practice," contends that there are three
aspects to ethical behavior in organizations:

Etiquette- means observance of social


norms as required by good breeding, e.g.
table manner, dress code, etc.

1. The development of the individual as an


ethical person,
2. The effect of the organization as an ethical
or unethical environment, and
3. The actions or procedures developed by
the organization to encourage ethical
behavior and discourage unethical behavior.

Values- provide the basis for judgments


about what is important for the organization
to succeed in its core business.
Moral values- those choices, decisions
and actions by which mans rational
faculties are involved and perfected.

There are three qualities individuals


must possess to make ethical decisions.

Objectives of Ethics:
1. make clear to us why one act is better than
the other;
2. Enable us to live and have an orderly social
way of life;
3. Appraise, criticize and evaluate
intelligently the moral conduct and ethical
system, and;
4. Explore and aspire to the time value of life.
To behave ethically is to behave in a manner
27

1. The ability to recognize ethical issues


and to reason through the ethical
consequences of decisions.
2. The ability to look at alternative points
of view, deciding what is right in a
particular set of circumstances. This is
similar to the ability to reframe.

28

3. The ability to deal with ambiguity and


uncertainty;
making a
decision on the best information
available.

Police officers cannot be considered competent


if they do not support their behavior on the
street with a personal ethics that is thoughtfully
created
and
maintained.
Ethics
and
competence
are
largely
determined
by
individual police officers character.

IMPORTANCE OF ETHICS

What is justice?

It is an indispensable knowledge
Without moral perception, man is
only an animal
Without morality, man as a human
being is a failure.

It is the concept of moral rightness based


on ethics, rationality, law, natural law,
religion, fairness or equity along with the
punishment of the breach of said ethics.
Justice as a process- prevails when people
under similar circumstances are treated in an
equal and fair manner before the law.

B. POLICE ETHICS
Police ethics is a practical science that treats
the principle of human morality as applied to
law enforcement.

Justice as a substance- prevails when people


receive from the law what they deserve to
receive.
THE THREE MAJOR POLICE FUNCTIONS

THE POLICE AND THE LAW

1. Enforce the law.

The police must apply the law fairly,


evenhandedly with a view to promote justice.
Laws are created by legislature presumably for
the best interest of all people. In a great
extent, the actions of the police determines
what the law really means .

2. Maintain order.

27

3. Provide community service


.
THE NEED FOR POLICE TO STUDY
ETHICS
28

Why is it important for the police officers


today to discuss morality in relation to
their work? Some of the reasons are;
1. Limited police academy training in
ethics.
Police academies offer only three and
one half hours allocation for ethics in
their curriculum. This is so inadequate
for
police
officers
who
always
encounter ethical dilemma in the
performance of their sworn duties.
2. Limited academic training in ethics.
An increasing number of police recruits
who are graduates of Criminology have
only six units in ethics which is
inadequate for them to exercise their
profession as a true professional police
officer.
3. The intellectual
todays officer.

capabilities

of

A
professional,
knowledgeable,
competent and effective police officer
must want to include in his or her body
of knowledge of what ethics means.
Public
expectations
of
police
competence, is an officer with a clear,
27

ethical understanding of the job and


possess good moral character.

POLICE PROFESSIONALISM
The first era in the history of policing
was introduced by Sir Robert Peel, an
English
statesman
with
the
establishment of the Metropolitan Police
of London in 1829. The members were
regarded as professional because they
were hired, trained and paid to do the
job on a full time basis. These people
replaced a semi-voluntary system of
night watchmen. This is referred to as
Political Era which was followed by the
Reform era between 1910 and 1950.
During the reform era, strict controls
were placed on police officers and police
organizations in order to fight corruption
and incompetence. Chains of command
were tightened, uniforms and a more
military look were harnessed and
internal
affairs
were
created
to
investigate
accusations
of
police
misconduct. The police academy was
invented ,and training were taken

28

seriously
police.

for

professionalizing

the

Professionalism is changing the way


thousands of police officers view their
job. The change is from seeing police
work as an occupation that gives
something to police officer, to seeing
police work as a profession to which the
police officer owes something.
The personal ethics of individual police
officers are critical to the impact of the
criminal justice system.

POLICE PROFESSIONAL CODE OF


ETHICS
Every criminal justice profession and
association has codes of ethics,
canons of professional responsibility,
standards of practice, oath of
office, along with pledges, vows,
prayers and declarations.
The practice of profession cannot be
regulated entirely by legislation. Each
profession therefore subscribes to a
set of moral code. This code of ethics
guides the actuation of a professional
where the law is silent or inadequate.

Professional officer must possess;


1. Passion- the understanding that
resorting to violence or threats is
ethically acceptable if and only if it is
done in the interest of justice and in
accordance with the welfare of the
community.
2. Perspective- the development of an
inner understanding of the motives of
the people, a sense of lifes causes
and effects, and knowledge of the
tragedy of life.

27

LAW ENFORCEMENT
ETHICS

CODE

OF

The law enforcement code of ethics is


such a guide. Its basic context is
commensurate
with
professional
standards.
Codes are like firearm ; they have
their value and they have their
dangers. The police code is designed
to be like an oath of office. Originaly
28

this code was developed by the


California Peace Officers Association
and later was adopted by the
International Associations of Chiefs
of Police in 1957.

and be constantly mindful of the welfare


of others. Honest in thought and deed in
both my personal and official life, I will
be exemplary in obeying the laws of the
land and the regulations of my

. Law Enforcement Code of Ethics

department. Whatever I see or hear of a


confidential nature or that is confided to

As a Law Enforcement Offi cer, my


fundamental duty is to serve mankind;

me in my official capacity will be kept

to safeguard lives and property; to

ever secret unless revelation is

protect the innocent against deception,

necessary in the performance of my

the weak against oppression or

duty.

intimidation, and the peaceful against


I will never act officiously or permit

violence or disorder; and to respect the


Constitutional rights of all persons to

personal feelings, prejudices,

liberty, equality and justice.

animosities or friendships to influence


my decisions. With no compromise for
crime and with relentless prosecution of

I will keep my private life unsullied


as an example to all; maintain

criminal, I will enforce the law

courageous calm in the face of danger,

courteously and appropriately without

scorn or ridicule; develop self-restraint;

fear or favor, malice or ill will, never

27

28

employing unnecessary force or violence


and never accepting gratuities.
I recognize the badge of my office as
a symbol of public faith, and I accept it
as a public trust to be held so long as I

citizens faith and trust, his uniform a


mirror of decorum and integrity and
his whole human person an oblation
of enduring love for homeland,
fellowmen and God.
A Filipino policeman emulates the
valor of Lapu Lapu, serenity of Rizal,
the leadership of Aguinaldo, the
courage of Bonifacio, the idealism of
Del Pilar, the wisdom of Mabini and
forfitude of Gomez, Burgos, Zamora.

am true to the ethics of the police


service. I will constantly strive to
achieve these objectives and ideals,
dedicating myself before God to my
chosen profession...law enforcement.
MAIN VIRTUES
ETHICS

CULTIVATED

BY

CODES

OF

1. Ethics of public service


2. Ethics of professionalism.

THE FILIPINO POLICEMAN


Who is a Filipino Policeman?

A Filipino policemen has an oath


for his republic to uphold: to defend
the constitution, honor the flag, obey
the
laws
and
duly
constituted
authorities. He has covenant with his
people to comply: to safeguard and
protect them even beyond the call of
duty. And he has a legacy for his
family to fulfill: to bequeath unto
them the one and only treasure of his
life an embellished name.
THE POLICEMAN AND HIS BADGE

A
Filipino
policeman
is
a
protector and a friend of the people.
His badge is the symbol of the
27

Pointedly enough, it is precisely upon


grounds of reliability and unreliability,
28

fidelity of infidelity in the performance of


his duties that the badge of a policeman
assumes paramount significance.

the people in distress; Honor could be


the
overriding
criterion
and
consideration in the performance of
their entrusted task or mission; and
Justice
dispensed
to
everyone
whatever is due to him without
favoritism or discrimination of any
sort.

PNP BADGE AND SYMBOLISM


Philippine Monkey Eating Eagle; The
National Bird- symbol of swiftness
and ferocity, power, courage, and
immortality.
PNP Shield - symbol of protection of
all citizens
Three Stars- stands for Luzon,
Visayas, and Mindanao.
Eight Sun Rays- ideals of the 8
provinces whose courage gallantry,
patriotism led to their revolt against
Spain.
Lapu-Lapu- symbolizes bravery.
Honor, Service, Justice - service is the
vibrant and cogent deeds and actions
in response to the needs and wants of
27

Laurel leaves - competency, brilliance


and honor.
Philippine National Police - symbol of
identity and solidarity.
PNP SEAL SYMBOLISM
Lapu- Lapu Hero - the great Filipino hero
of Mactan, the prototype of the best and
most noble in Filipino manhood who is the
symbol and embodiment of all the genuine
attributes
of
leadership,
courage,
nationalism, self- reliance and a people based and people powered community
defense.
Laurel - green laurel with 14 leaves,
symbolizes the 14 Regional commands. It is
also a symbol of the honor, dignity and the
privilege of being a member of a noble

28

organization where the call to public service is


par excellence a commitment to public trust.
Shield - the symbol of the Philippine
Constabulary, the first
National Police by
virtue of organic Act No.175, enacted by the
Phil. Commission on 18 July 1901.
Three Stars - Luzon, Visayas,
Mindanao and the 7,107 islands.

and

Service
Honor Justice added distinct
ideals for the officers, men and women of the
PNP
to
insure
efficiency,
integrity,
cohesiveness, camaraderie, and equanimity to
enhance community acceptance and support to
attain its mission of peace keeping and law
enforcement.
Sun symbolize the flowering, maturing
and ultimate realization of the glorious
evolution of the PC/INP into a National
Police Organization national in scope and
civilian in character as enshrined in the 1986
Constitution. The traditional light rays which
represent the fight in eight provinces whose
ideals of courage and patriotism the members
of the National Police must possess.

27

PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC SERVICE


1. Public service-public servants treat their
office as a public trust, only by using
power and resources for public interest,
and not to attain personal benefit or
pursue
any
other
private
interest
incompatible with public good.
2. Objective
judgmentemploy
independent
objective
judgment
in
performing their duties, deciding all
matters on the merits, free from avoidable
conflicts of interest and both real and
apparent improper influences.
3. Accountabilityassure
that
the
government
is
conducted
openly,
efficiently, equitable and honorably in a
manner that permits the citizenry to make
judgment and hold government officials
accountable.
4. Democratic leadership- honor and
respect the principles and spirit of
representative democracy and set a
positive example of good citizenship by
observing the letter and spirit of laws and
rules.

28

5. Respectabilitysafeguard
public
confidence
and
the
integrity
of
government by being honest, fair, caring
and respectful and by avoiding conduct
creating appearance of impropriety or
which is otherwise unbefitting a public
official.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
1. Crime It is defined as an act committed or
omitted in violation of law forbidding or
commanding it.
2. Dishonesty concealment or distortion of
truth in a manner of a fact relevant to ones
office or connected with the performance of his
duties.
3. Disloyalty to the Government
abandonment or renunciation of ones loyalty to
the Government of the Philippines, or
advocating the overthrow of the government.
4. Ethical Standard set of conducts and
behavior governing a group, a class, or
organization.
5. Gift a thing or right or right disposed
gratuitously, or any act of liberality in favor of
another to accepts, and shall include a
27

simulated sale or ostensibly onerous disposition


thereof.
6. Incompetency manifest lack of adequate
ability and fitness for the satisfactory
performance of police duties.
7. Malfeasance performance of some act
which ought not to be done either through
ignorance, inattention or malice, of that which
the officer had no legal right to do at all, as
when he acts without any authority whatsoever,
or exceeds, ignores, or abuses his powers.
8. Misconduct premeditated, obstinate or
intentional purpose; or transgression of some
established and definite rule of action, where no
discretion is left except what necessity may
demand.
9. Misfeasance or Irregularities in the
Performance
of
a
Duty improper
performance of some act which might lawfully
be done or the performance of a lawful act in an
unlawful
or
culpably
negligent
manner
(Websters).
10. Morals and morality judged as good
conduct or someone who has the capacity to
make value judgments and discern from wrong.

28

11. Moonlighting An act of a member of the


PNP pursuing or following any calling or
occupation, or the act of engaging in any
business, which includes but not limited to all
activities, jobs, work, and similar functions,
performed, engaged in or undertaking by him,
in or off duty hours with or without
compensation,
which
is
inconsistent
or
incompatible with the PNP duties or functions.
12. Nonfeasance or Neglect of Duty
omission of some act, which ought to be
performed or refusal without sufficient excuse,
to perform an act or duty, which as a peace
officers legal obligation to perform.
13. Oppression Imports an act of cruelty,
severity, unlawful execution, or excessive use
of authority.
14. Police Customs and Social Decorum A
set of norms and standards practiced by
members during social and other functions.
15. Police ethics practical science that
treats the principle of human morality and duty
as applied to law enforcement.
16. Professional conduct- set of behavioral
standard governing a particular profession or
professionals.

27

17. Public official elective and appointed


officials
and
employees,
permanent
or
temporary, whether in the career and noncareer service, including military and police
personnel, whether or not they receive
compensation, regardless of amount.
18. Public Officer or employee- any person
holding any public office or employment by
virtue of an appointment, election or contract,
and any person holding any office or
employment, by appointment or contract in any
state-owned or controlled corporation.
19. Violation of law- presupposes conviction
in court of any crime or offense penalized under
the Revised Penal Code or any special law or
ordinance

PROFESSIONAL POLICE PRINCIPLES


1. Prevention of crime and disorder
basic mission for which the police exist
is to prevent crime and disorder as an
alternative to the repression of crime
and disorder by police force and
severity of legal punishment.

28

2. Cooperation of the community


secure the willing cooperation and the
voluntary observance of the law to be
able to secure and maintain the respect
and support of the community.
3. Unreasonable
force
reduce
community cooperation never
employ unnecessary force or violence
and will use only such force in the
discharge of duty as in reasonable in all
circumstances.
4. Use of reasonable force when
persuasion is not sufficient use
reasonable
force
to
the
extent
necessary to secure observance of the
law or to restore order only when the
exercise of persuasion, advice and
warning is found to be insufficient to
attain police objectives.
5. Impartial enforcement of laws
seek and preserve community favor, not
by catering to community opinion, but
constantly demonstrating absolutely
impartial enforcement of laws, without
regard to the justice and injustice of the
substance of particular laws.
27

6. The Community are the Police at


all
times
should
maintain
the
relationship with the community that
gives really to the historic tradition that
the police are the community and the
community is the police.
7. Police should not usurp judicial
powers always direct their actions
strictly towards their functions and
never appear to usurp the powers of
judiciary by averaging individuals of the
state of authoritative judging guilt or
punishing the guilt.
8. Reduction of Crime and Disorder is
the test of police efficiency not by
evidence of police presence and action
in dealing with the community.
9. Rule of Enforcement impartially
observed always consider the safety
and security of who might be caught in
the crossfire or arm encounters.
10. Police
Discretion
to
use
responsively the discretion vested in the
position and exercise it within the law.
The principle of reasonableness will
28

guide the officers determinations and


the officer will consider all surrounding
circumstances whether any legal action
shall be taken.

sanctity of marriage, responsible


dominion and stewardship over
material things, and truthfulness.

Section 3. PNP STAND ON BASIC


ISSUES

PNP CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICAL


STANDARDS
POLICE OFFICERS CREED AND STAND
ON BASIC ISSUES
Section 1. THE PNP CORE VALUES
The Police service is a noble
profession and demands from its
members specialized knowledge and
skills and high standards of ethics
and morality. In this regard, the
members of the PNP must adhere to
and internalize the enduring core
values of love of GOD, respect for
authority selfless love and service for
people, respect for women and the
27

3.1 PNP Image the image of


any organization affects the esprit de
corps, morale, welfare of the
members and sense of pride to the
organization. In view thereof, all
members of the PNP should conduct
themselves in a manner that would
not place the PNP in bad light.
Instead, they should live in
accordance with PNP core values and
possess the following virtues; honor,
integrity, valor, justice, honesty,
humility, charity and loyalty to the
service.
3.2. Career Management; the
key to professionalism the PNP shall
formulate stringent policy and strictly
implement the human resource
development system, compatible to
the equitable distribution of
28

procurement, fair promotion,


rationalizes approach in assignment,
skill development, immediate grant
of reward and award, decent living
upon retirement.

3.6. Police Lifestyle endeavor


to promote a lifestyle for every
member of the PNP that is acceptable
to the eyes of the public. Further,
each member should set good
example to the subordinate and
follow good examples from their
superiors. They must be free from
greed, corruption and exploitation

3.3. Police Management


leadership the effectiveness of law
enforcement is reflective of the
managerial capabilities and
competent leadership of the men and
women in the PNP.
3.4. Equality in the service
there shall be judicious and equitable
distribution of opportunity to prove
ones worth in the police service. The
civilian character of the organization
requires adherence to the rule of
merit and fitness system and to
dissociate the above process from
class orientation and factionalism.
3.5. Delicadeza in consonance
with the requirements of honor and
integrity in the PNP, all members
must have the moral courage to
sacrifice self- interest in keeping with
the time honored principle of
delicadeza.
27

3.7. Political patronage inhibit


them from soliciting political
patronage in matters pertaining to
assignment, awards, training and
promotion.
3.8. Human rights respect and
protect human dignity and
mans inalienable rights to
life, liberty, and property.
3.9. Setting example- all PNP
members should set a good
example to the subordinates
and follow good examples
from the superiors.
PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT AND ETHICAL
STANDARDS

28

Standards of Police Professionalism


All PNP personnel shall perform duties
with excellence, competence, integrity,
intelligence and expertise in the
application of specialized skill and
technical knowledge.
- All PNP members shall perform their
duties with excellence, competence, integrity,
intelligence and expertise in the application of
specialized skill and technical knowledge.
Police Professional Conduct
- All members of the PNP shall observe
the following professional conduct:
1. Commitment to Democracy Uniformed PNP members commits
themselves to the democratic way of life
and values and maintains the principle of
public accountability. They shall at all
times uphold the Constitution and be
loyal to our country, people and
organization above loyalty to any person
or organization.
2. Commitment to Public Interest Members shall always uphold interest.
All government properties, resources and
27

powers of their respective offices must


be employed and used effectively,
honestly and efficiently, particularly to
avoid wastage of public funds and
revenues.
3. Non - Partisanship - PNP members
shall provide services to everyone
without discrimination regardless of party
affiliation in accordance with existing
laws and regulations.
4. Physical Fitness and Health - All PNP
members shall strive to be physically
and mentally fit and in good health
at all times. Toward this end, they shall
undergo regular physical exercises and
annual medical examination in any PNP
Hospital or Medical facility.
5. Secrecy Discipline - All PNP members
shall guard the confidentiality of
classified information against
unauthorized disclosure, including
confidential aspects of official business,
special orders, communications and
other documents, roster or any portion
thereof of the PNP, content of criminal
records, identities of persons who may
have given information to the police in
28

confidence and other classified


information on intelligence material.
6. Social Awareness - All PNP members
and their immediate family members
shall be encouraged to actively get
involved in the religious, social and
civic activities to enhance the image of
the organization but without affecting
their official duties.
7. Non-Solicitation of Patronage - All
members shall seek self-improvement
through career development and shall
not directly or indirectly solicit influence
or recommendation from politicians,
high-ranking government officials,
prominent citizens, persons affiliated
with civic or religious organizations with
regard to their assignments, promotions,
transfer or those of other members of the
force, nor shall they initiate any petition
to be prepared and presented by citizens
in their behalf. Moreover, they shall
advise their immediate relatives not to
interfere in the activities of the police
service particularly in the assignment
and reassignment of personnel.

8. Proper Care and Use of Public


Property - PNP members shall be
responsible for the security, proper
care and use of public property
issued to them and/or deposited under
their care and custody. Unauthorized use
of public property for personal
convenience or gain and that of their
families, friends, or relatives is strictly
prohibited.
9. Respect for Human Rights - In the
performance of duty, PNP members shall
respect and protect human dignity and
uphold the human rights of all persons.
No member inflict, instigate or
tolerate extra-judicial killings,
arbitrary arrests, any act of torture
or other cruel, inhuman or
degrading treatment or punishment,
and shall not invoke superior orders or
exceptional circumstances such as a
state-of- war, a threat to national
security, internal political instability or
any public emergency as a justification
for committing such human rights
violations.
10. Devotion of Duty - All PNP
members shall perform their duties

27

28

with dedication, thoroughness,


efficiency, enthusiasm,
determination, and manifest
concern for public welfare, and
shall refrain from engaging in any
activity which shall be in conflict with
their duties as public servants.

and be courteous to superior


officers and other appropriate
authorities within the chain of
command.

11. Conservation of Natural


Resources - All members of the PNP
shall help in the development and
conservation of our natural resources
for ecological balance and posterity as
these are the inalienable heritage of
our people.
12. Discipline - They shall conduct
themselves at all times in keeping with
the rules and regulations of the
organization.

15. Command Responsibility - In


accordance with the Doctrine on
Command Responsibility, immediate
commanders shall be responsible for
the effective supervision, control and
direction of their personnel and shall
see to it that all government resources
shall be managed, expended or
utilized in accordance with laws and
regulations and safeguard against
losses thru illegal or improper
disposition.
Ethical Standards
- shall refer to established and generally
accepted moral values.

13. Loyalty - Above all, PNP members


must be loyal to the Constitution and
the police service as manifested by
their loyalty to their superiors peers
and subordinates as well.

Ethical acts to be observed are the


following:
1. M o r a lit y - All PNP members shall
adhere to high standard of morality and
decency and shall set good examples for

14. Obedience to Superiors - All PNP


members shall obey lawful orders
27

28

others to follow. Hence, among others,


and in no instance during their terms of
office shall they be involved as owners,
operators, managers or investors in any
house of ill-repute or illegal gambling den
or other places devoted to vices; nor
shall they patronize such places unless
on official duty, and tolerate operations
of such establishments in their respective
areas of responsibilities. They shall be
faithful to their lawfully wedded spouses.
2. Judicious Use of Authority - PNP
members shall exercise proper and
legitimate use of authority in the
performance of duty.

5. Humility - All PNP members shall


recognize the fact that they are public
servants and not the masters of the
people and toward this end; they should
perform their duties without arrogance.
They should also recognize their own
inadequacies, inabilities and limitations
as individuals and perform their duties
without attracting attention or expecting
the applause of others.
6. Orderliness - All PNP members shall
follow logical procedures in
accomplishing tasks assigned to them to
minimize waste in the use of time,
money and effort.

3. In t e g r it y - PNP members shall not


allow themselves to be victims of
corruption and dishonest practices in
accordance with the provisions of RA
6713 and other applicable laws.

7. P e r s e v e r a n c e - Once a decision
is made, all PNP members shall take
legitimate means to achieve the goal
even in the face of internal or external
difficulties, and despite anything which
might weaken their resolve in the course
of time.

4. Justice - PNP members shall strive


constantly to respect the rights of others
so that they can fulfill their duties an
exercise their rights as human beings,
parents, children, citizens, workers,
leaders, or in other capacities and to see
to it that others do likewise.

CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS

27

28

The PNP adopts the generally acceptable


customs and traditions based on the desirable
practices of the police service. These shall
serve as inspiration as the PNP endeavors to
attain its goals and objectives.

- The following are police customs on social


decorum:
1. Proper Attire - PNP members always
wear appropriate and proper attire in
conformity with the occasion.

Definition of Terms:
2. Table Manners - PNP members observe
table etiquette at all times.

1. C u s to m s - Established usage or
social practices carried on by traditions
that have obtained the force of law.

Police Customs on Courtesy


2. Traditions - Bodies of beliefs, stories,
customs and usages handed down from
generation to generation with the effect
of an unwritten law.

The following are customs on courtesy in the


PNP:
1. S a l u t e - Salute is the usual greeting
rendered by uniformed members upon
meeting and recognizing person entitled
to a salute.

3. C o u rte s y - A manifestation or
expression of consideration and respect
for others.
4. C e r e m o n y - A formal act or set of
formal acts established by customs or
authority as proper to special occasion.

2. Salute to National Color and


Standards - Members stand at attention
and salute the national color and
standard as it pass by them or when the
national color is raised or lowered during
ceremonies.

5. Social Decorum - A set of norms and


standards practiced by members during
social and other functs
Police Customs on Social Decorum

27

28

3. A d d re s s /T i t le - Junior in rank
address senior members who are entitled
to salute with the word "Sir".
4. Courtesy Calls
- The following are the customs on courtesy
calls:
1. Courtesy Call of Newly
Assigned/Appointed Member - PNP
members who are newly appointed or
assigned in a unit or command and to
other key personnel for accounting,
orientation and other purposes.

5. Exit Call - PNP members pays an Exit


Call on their superiors in the unit or
command when relieved or reassigned
out of the said unit or command.
6. Courtesy of the Post - The host unit
extends hospitality to visiting personnel
who pay respect to the command or unit.
7. Rank Has-Its-Own Privilege (RHIP) PNP members recognize the practice that
different ranks carry with them
corresponding privileges.
Police Customs on Ceremonies
The following are police customs on
ceremonies:

2. Christmas call - PNP members pay a


Christmas Call on their local executives
in their respective area of responsibility.
3. New Year's Call - PNP members pay a
New Year's call on their commanders
and/or key officials in their respective
area of responsibility.

1. Flag Raising Ceremony - The PNP


members honor the flag by raising it
and singing the National Anthem
before the start of the official day's
work.

4. Promotion Call - Newly promoted PNP


members call on their unit head. On this
occasion, they are usually given due
recognition and congratulations by their
peers for such deserved accomplishment.

27

2. Flag Retreat Ceremony - At the end


of the official the lowering of the flag.
3. Half-Mast - The flag is raised at halfmast in deference to deceased uniformed
members of the command.
28

8. Wedding Ceremony - During marriage


of PNP members, a ceremony is
conducted with participants in uniform
and swords drawn.

4. Funeral Service and Honors Departed uniformed members, retirees,


war veterans or former PC/INP services
and graveside honors as a gesture of
farewell.

9. Anniversary - The birth or institutional


establishment of a command or unit is
commemorated in an Anniversary
Ceremony.

5. Ceremony Tendered to Retirees - In


recognition of their long faithful and
honorable service to the PNP, a
testimonial activity is tendered in their
honor.
6. Honor Ceremony - Arrival and
departure honor ceremonies are
rendered to visiting dignitaries, VIPs, PNP
Officers with the grade of Chief
Superintendent and above and AFP
officers of equivalent grade, unless
waived.
7. Turn-Over Ceremony - The
relinquishment and assumption of
command or key position is publicly
announced in a Turn-Over Ceremony by
the out-going and in-coming officers in
the presence of the immediate superior
or his representative.

27

10

. Proper Attire PNP members


always wear
appropriate and proper
attire in conformity of the occasion.

11

. Uniform/Appearance
The
public looks upon a PNP member as
distinctively a man among men. It is a
welcome sight when PNP members wear
their uniform properly wherever they
may be. Bulging stomach is a taboo in
the uniformed service. Since disciplined
PNP members are best exemplified by
those who are neat in appearance and
wearing the prescribed uniform, they
must therefore observe the following:
a. Wearing of prescribed uniform.
b. Adherence to haircut prescribed by
rules & regulations.

28

12. Manner of Walking- Every PNP Member


is expected to walk with pride and dignity.

a light hearted jesting or airing of minor


gripes.

Other Police Customs:


1.
Visiting
the
SickImmediate
commanders or other available officers of
the unit visit PNP Members who are sick
in the hospital, their residence or any
place of confinement in order that their
needs are attended to.
2. Survivor Assistance of Heir of
Deceased Members- A survivor officer
is designated whenever PNP members
die, to render maximum assistance to
their bereaved family until all benefits
due shall have been received.
3. Visiting the Religious Leaders- PNP
Officers visit religious leaders in their areas of
assignment to establish or maintain rapport
and cooperation between the different
religious leaders and the PNP.
4.
Athletics- PNP members indulge in
physical fitness activities o insure that their
proper physical appearance and bearing are
smaller than the size of his chest and in
conformity with the standard set forth by the
organization.
5. Happy Hours- Usually on Friday or any
other day suitable for the occasion, PNP
members gather together at their PNP club for

THE TRADITIONS THAT POLICEMEN ARE


ADHERING TO:

27

1. Spiritual beliefs religious and Godloving persons. They attend religious


services together with the members of
their family.
2. Valor history attests that the Filipino
law enforcers have exemplified the
tradition of valor in defending the
country from aggression and
oppression.
3. Patriotism patriotic by nature. They
manifest their love of country with a
pledge of allegiance to the flag and a
vow to defend the constitution.
4. Discipline instinctive obedience to
lawful orders and through spontaneous
actions towards attainment of
organizational objectives guided by
moral, ethical and legal norms.
5. Gentlemanliness bright in
character, polite in manner, dignified

28

in appearance and sincere in his


concern to his fellowmen.

b. The pampadulas the gift given to


facilitate or expedite the doing of a legal
thing.

6. Word of honor a policemans word


is his bond. He stands by it and
commits to uphold it.

c. The pampasalamat the gift given


in appreciation for a thing already done.

7. Duty dedicated public servants who


perform their tasks with a deep sense
of responsibility and self- sacrifice.
8. Loyalty loyal to the organization,
country and people as borne by history
and practice.
9. Camaraderie the binding spirit that
enhances teamwork and cooperation
in the police organization, extending to
the people they serve manifested by
members deep commitment and
concern to one another.

d. Themagcashundo the password


used in consideration of doing
something to be done or to undo, in
terms of cash or in kind.
e. por diez por siento an
explanatory remark in a new sense for
por dos por santo!of an official dealing
or transaction, either in cash or in kind.

THE POLICE AND THE COMMUNITY


A. Police Characteristics:

SOME CORRUPT PRACTICES


COMMITTED BY SOME DISHONEST
MEMBERS OF THE PNP
a. The pabagsak the gift given so that
an illegal thing maybe done.

27

1. Morale and esprit de corps there


must be high morale among the
members of the PNP reflected in their
esprit de corps and spring from their
genuine loyalty and noble faith in the

28

policies and objectives of their


organization.

6. Courteous treatment of law


violator.

2. Must have exacting and


exemplary conduct the
community demands that members
of the PNP are more exacting
(demanding) and exemplary than is
expected of private citizens.

7. Leadership psychological balance


showing a well integrated personality.
B. A good leader must possess
the following qualities:

3. Police must understand


policemans duty is to regulate the
conduct and administers to the needs
of the people from all walks of life.
4. Police influence over the
community the community looks
upon policeman as representative of
the authority of law.
5. Practice of courtesy to appreciate
sincerity habitually performs act of
courtesy requires cultivation of
appearance, voice, manner,
intelligence, humor, temperament
and unselfishness that are easily
appreciated by the people.

27

1. Self confidence is faith to


oneself, and is predicated upon
knowledge, still in applying
knowledge and in the ability and
willingness to pass ones
knowledge for the benefit of
others.
2. Self- sacrifice is a fundamental
trait to true leadership. It is
inescapable fact that to
contemplate a situation without
bias requires first a subordination
of self.
3. Paternalism as a quality is
found in a policeman who is
mindful of the welfare of others. It
is basic to police leadership
because community welfare is the
28

primordial responsibility of the


police.

not thoroughly understood by most


citizens.

4. Fairness and honesty are


qualities that have universal
appeal. Thus, there is opportunity
or need to display these qualities
especially in the police service.

8. Moral ascendancy influence


that one person exercise over a
group of persons by reason of
exemplary nature of his character.
It arises out and withstands the
hardships and vicissitudes of the
work, sincerity of purpose that
manifest its willingness to
personally adhere, without
equivocation, to the same
standards of conduct that he is
duty-bound to enforce upon others.

5. Decisive - initiative and


decisiveness are characteristic
traits of man who acts correctly
and at a proper time.
6. Personal dignity is indicative of
a policemans appreciation of the
honor of his position. It is an
excellent manifestation of his
esprit de corps and is a powerful
factor in creating community
respect.
7. Physical and moral courage
community assumes that
policemen are physically
courageous, yet true courage is

9. Dependability and punctuality


public has the right to the same
guarantees in the manner of its
safety as all exacts for the
protection of public.

10. Attitude in trial court


a. He must say nothing but the
truth.
b. He must be calm.
27

28

c. He must be prepared.
d. He must be courteous.
e. He must be natural and
straightforward
f. He must maintain his temper
g. He must be attentive to the
questions to be heard.
h. He must speak loudly enough to
be heard.
i. He must be conscious of his
personal appearances.

11.

Appearing as a witness:

a. Witness in criminal case


policeman shall, when subpoena
as a witness in a criminal case,
promptly notify their immediate
chiefs.
b. Witness in civil case no
member of the PNP shall testify
in civil cases unless summoned
by proper authority.

immediately report to their


superior officer.

OTHER ETHICAL CREEDS


PNP MISSION:
The PNP shall enforce the law,
prevent and control crimes, maintain
peace and order and ensure public safety
and internal security with the active
support of the community.

PNP VISION:
We are committed to the vision of
professional, dynamic and highly
motivated PNP supported by a responsive
community, regarded as one of the most
credible national institution and rank
safety and internal security with the
active support of the community.

c. Action after court


attendance after having been
released thereof for the day,
27

28

public office is a public trust and that all


POLICE 2000:

public servants must at all times serve with

P - Prevention and control of crime


primarily through the COPS.
O - Order and maintenance and internal
security.
L - Law enforcement without fear or favor.
I - Image credibility and image support.
C - Coordination with other government
agencies, NGO.
E Efficiency and effectiveness in the
performance of duty.

utmost responsibility, integrity, morality,


loyalty and efficiency with due respect to
human rights and dignity as hallmark of a
democratic society. They shall at all times
bear faithful allegiance to the legitimate
government, support and uphold the
Constitution, respect the duly constituted
authority and be loyal to the police service.

PNP Code of Conduct


All members of the Philippine National

The Police Officer's Creed:

Police shall abide and adhere to the

1. I believe in God, the Supreme


Being, a Great Provider, and the
Creator of all men and everything
dear to me. In return, I can do no less
than love Him above all, seek His
guidance in the performance of my
sworn duties and honor Him at all times.

provisions of this Code of Professional


Conduct and Ethical Standards. Towards this
end, a truly professionalized and dedicated
law enforcers shall be developed in
promoting peace and order, ensuring public

2. I believe that respect for authority


is a duty. I respect and uphold the
Constitution, the laws of the land and

safety and enhancing community


participation guided by the principle that all

27

28

the applicable rules and regulations. I


recognize the legitimacy and authority of
the leadership; and follow and obey
legal orders of my superior officers.
3. I believe in selfless love and service
to people. Towards this end, I commit
myself to the service of my fellowmen
over and above my personal
convenience.
4. I believe in the sanctity of marriage
and the respect for women. I shall set
the example of decency and morality
and shall have high regard for family life
and chastity.
5. I believe in the responsible
dominion and stewardship over
material things. I shall inhibit myself
from ostentatious display of my property. I
shall protect the environment and conserve
nature to maintain ecological balance. I
shall respect private and public properties
and prevent others from destroying it.
5. believe in the wisdom of
truthfulness. I must be trustworthy

27

and I shall speak the truth at all times as


required by my profession.
The Police Offi cers Pledge
1. I will love and serve God, my country
and people;
2. I will uphold the Constitution and obey
legal orders of the duly constituted
authorities;
3. I will oblige myself to maintain a high
standard of morality and professionalism;
4. I will respect the customs and traditions
of the police service; and
5. I will live a decent and virtuous life to
serve as an example to others.

Forum to Recite
The Police Offi cers Pledge should be
recited during the following occasions:
1. Flag raising and flag retreat
ceremonies, jointly with the Pledge of
Allegiance to
the Flag (Panunumpa sa Watawat).
2. PNP Training/course opening and
closing ceremonies.
3.
Seminars
on
moral
values
internalization.
4. Other ceremonies.
28

with the UN Code of


Conduct for Law
Enforcement Officials as
well as other basic
international human rights
standards applicable to
law enforcement officials.
These standards should be
made available as widely
as possible to the general
public and fully respected
under all circumstances.
They should be reflected
in national legislation and
practice, and regular
public reports issued on
their implementation.
Exceptional circumstances
such as a state of
emergency or any other
public emergency do not
justify any departure from
these standards.

10 Basic Human Rights Standards


for Law Enforcement Officials

All governments are


required to adopt the
necessary measures to
instruct law enforcement
officials, during basic
training and all
subsequent training and
refresher courses, in the
provisions of national
legislation in accordance

All governments should


adopt an active and visible
policy of integrating a
gender perspective into
the development and
27

28

implementation of training
and policies for law
enforcement officials.

parliamentarians, journalists and nongovernmental organizations of some


fundamental standards which should be
part of any police training and police

Introduction

practice.

These 10 Basic Human Rights Standards


for Law Enforcement Officials were

It is hoped that police authorities will be

prepared by Amnesty International in

able to use these 10 basic standards as a

association with police officials and experts

starting point to develop detailed guidance

from different countries. They are based on

for the training and monitoring of the

United Nations law enforcement, criminal

conduct of police agents. Certainly, it is the

justice and human rights standards. They

duty of all officers to ensure that their

are intended as a quick reference, and not

colleagues uphold the ethical standards of

as a full explanation of or commentary on

their profession - the standards outlined

the applicability of international human

here are essential for exercising that

rights standards relevant to law

responsibility.

enforcement.

Basic Standard 1:

This document is intended to raise

Everyone is entitled to equal


protection of the law,
without discrimination on any

awareness amongst government officials,

27

28

grounds, and especially against


violence or threat.
Be especially vigilant to protect
potentially vulnerable groups such as
children, the elderly, women,
refugees, displaced persons and
members of minority groups.

substantial impairment of their


fundamental rights through acts or
omissions that are in violation of criminal
law.

Basic Standard 3:
Do not use force except when strictly
necessary
and to the minimum extent required
under the circumstances

For the implementation of Basic Standard 1


it is of great importance that police officers
at all times fulfill the duty imposed on
them by law, by serving the community
and protecting all persons against illegal
acts, consistent with the high degree of
responsibility required by their profession.

The implementation of Basic Standard 3


involves, among other things, that Police
officers, in carrying out their duty, should
apply non-violent means as far as possible
before resorting to the use of force. They
may use force only if other means remain
ineffective or without any promise of
achieving the necessary result. Basic
Standard 3 must be implemented in
accordance with Basic Standard 4 and 5.

Basic Standard 2:
Treat all victims of crime with
compassion and respect,
and in particular protect their safety
and privacy

Basic Standard 4:

Victims are people who have suffered


harm, including mental and physical injury,
emotional suffering, economic loss or

Avoid using force when policing


unlawful but
non-violent assemblies. When
27

28

dispersing violent assemblies,


use force only to the minimum extent
necessary.

Standard 5 requires, among other things.

Everyone is allowed to participate in


peaceful assemblies, whether political or
non-political, subject only to very limited
restrictions imposed in conformity with the
law and which are necessary in a
democratic society to protect such
interests as public order and public health.
The police must not interfere with lawful
and peaceful assemblies, otherwise than
for the protection of persons participating
in such an assembly or others.

Basic Standard 6:
Arrest no person unless there are
legal grounds to do so,
and the arrest is carried out in
accordance with lawful arrest
procedures

To make sure that an arrest is lawful and


not arbitrary, it is important that the
reasons for the arrest and the powers and
identity of arresting officers are known.

Basic Standard 5:
Lethal force should not be used
except when strictly unavoidable
in order to protect your life or the
lives of others

Basic Standard 7:
Ensure all detainees have access
promptly after arrest to their family
and legal representative and to any
necessary medical assistance

The use of firearms is an extreme measure


which must be strictly regulated, because
of the risk of death or serious injury
involved. The implementation of Basic

27

28

Experience worldwide has shown that it is


often in the first hours or days of detention
that detainees are at greatest risk of being
ill-treated, tortured, made to "disappear",
or killed.

from ill-treatment including torture.

Basic Standard 9:
Do not carry out, order or cover up
extrajudicial executions or
"disappearances", and refuse to obey
any order to do so

Basic Standard 8:
All detainees must be treated
humanely.
Do not inflict, instigate or tolerate any
act of torture or ill-treatment,
in any circumstances, and refuse to
obey any order to do so

No one should be arbitrarily or


indiscriminately deprived of life. An
extrajudicial execution is an unlawful and
deliberate killing carried out by, or on the
order of, someone at some level of
government, whether national, state or
local, or with their acquiescence.

Detainees are inherently vulnerable


because they are under the control of law
enforcement officials who therefore have a
duty to protect detainees from any
violation of their rights by strictly
observing procedures designed to respect
the inherent dignity of the human person.
Accurate record-keeping is an essential
element of the proper administration of
places of detention. The existence of
official records which are open for
consultation helps to protect detainees

Basic Standard 10:


Report all breaches of these Basic
Standards to your senior officer
and to the office of the public
prosecutor.
Do everything within your power to
ensure steps are taken to
investigate these breaches.

27

28

Enforcement Officials (Preamble)

All violations of human rights by the police


or other law enforcement personnel,
including any breaches of these Basic
Standards, should be investigated fully,
promptly and independently, for instance
by the office of the public prosecutor. The
main objective of these investigations is to
establish the facts and to bring to justice
those responsible:

Amnesty International is a worldwide


voluntary activist movement working
towards the observance of all human rights
as enshrined in the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights and other international
standards.
Amnesty International promotes respect
for human rights, which it considers
interdependent and indivisible, through
campaigning and public awareness
activities, as well as through human rights
education and pushing for ratification and
implementation of human rights treaties.

Has a violation of human rights or a


breach of principles or of national law
been perpetrated? If so, by whom?
If a public official has committed a
crime or breach of regulations, was
he or she acting under orders or with
the acquiescence of other officials?
Has the office of the prosecutor
opened a criminal investigation and, if
there is sufficient admissible
evidence, sought to prosecute?

Amnesty International takes action against


some of the gravest violations by
governments of people's civil and political
rights. The focus of its campaigning
against human rights violations is to:
free all prisoners of conscience.
These are people detained for their
political, religious or other
conscientiously held beliefs or
because of their ethnic origin, sex,

Sources include: UN Code of Conduct for


Law Enforcement Officials (Preamble and
Articles 1, 2, 8); UN Basic Principles on the
Use of Force and Firearms by Law
27

28

color, language, national or social


origin, economic status, birth or other
status - who have not used or
advocated violence;
ensure fair and prompt trials for all
political prisoners;
abolish the death penalty, torture
and other ill-treatment of prisoners;
end political killings and
"disappearances".

and Social Council (ECOSOC); the United


Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO); the Council of
Europe; the Organization of American
States; the Organization of African Unity;
and the Inter-Parliamentary Union.
summary
10 Basic Human Rights Standards
for Good Conduct
by Law Enforcement Officials

Amnesty International also calls on


armed political groups to respect human
rights and to halt abuses such as the
detention of prisoners of conscience,
hostage-taking, torture and deliberate and
arbitrary killings.

1. Everyone is entitled to equal protection


of the law, without discrimination on any
grounds, and especially against violence or
threat. Be especially vigilant to protect
potentially vulnerable groups such as
children, the elderly, women, refugees,
displaced persons and members of
minority groups.

Amnesty International is independent of


any government, political persuasion or
religious creed. It does not support or
oppose any government or political
system, nor does it support or oppose the
views of the victims whose rights it seeks
to protect. It is concerned solely with the
impartial protection of human rights.

2. Treat all victims of crime with


compassion and respect, and in particular
protect their safety and privacy.

Amnesty International has formal


relations with the United Nations Economic

3. Do not use force except when strictly


necessary and to the minimum extent
27

28

required under the circumstances.

order to do so.

4. Avoid using force when policing unlawful


but non-violent assemblies. When
dispersing violent assemblies, use force
only to the minimum extent necessary.

10. Report all breaches of these Basic


Standards to your senior officer and to the
office of the public prosecutor. Do
everything within your power to ensure
steps are taken to investigate these
breaches.

5. Lethal force should not be used except


when strictly unavoidable in order to
protect your life or the lives of others.
6. Arrest no person unless there are legal
grounds to do so, and the arrest is carried
out in accordance with lawful arrest
procedures.

VALUES

7. Ensure all detainees have access


promptly after arrest to their family and
legal representative and to any necessary
medical assistance.

Ethics as values education


Ethics relies solely on human reason to
investigate truths. Ethics takes the form
of Value Education. A value is something a
person prizes, cherishes and esteems as
important to him. The aim of value
education is to guide the individual in
choosing wisely his values and in acting
upon them.
Man is a person who possesses intellect
and will. Person is considered as self or

8. All detainees must be treated humanely.


Do not inflict, instigate or tolerate any act
of torture or ill-treatment, in any
circumstances, and refuse to obey any
order to do so.
9. Do not carry out, order or cover up
extrajudicial executions or
"disappearances", and refuse to obey any
27

28

ego which implies self-sufficiency of the


person and implies worth or value.
Value is intimately related to the search
for meaning in human life. Life is
meaningful when man finds something
capable of arousing his commitment to it,
something deserving for his best efforts,
something worth living and dying for.

KINDS OF VALUES; ( according to the level


of human life to which they correspond).

Values enable man to change, to establish


self-control and self- direction.
Definitions of value
= value pertains to a thing which is perceived
as good and desirable.
= a concept that describes the beliefs of an
individual or culture.
=ideas and norms man considers relevant and
good.
It comes from the Latin word valere which
means to be strong or to be worth.
TYPES OF VALUES
1. ethical/moral values
2. doctrinal/ideological(political,
religious)values
3. social values and;
4. aesthetic value

1. Biological value =necessary to the


physical survival of man as an
organism.
Life and health
Food and shelter
work
2. Social values = necessary to the
sensual needs and fulfillment.
Leisure and sex
Marriage
Family and home
Parental authority
education
3. Rational values= necessary to the
functions of intellect and will
Understanding and control of
nature
Guide and control of oneself
Solidarity
Parental authority with fellowmen.
OTHER VALUES:

27

28

1. Religious values= pertains to our


relationship with God
2. Cultural values= pertains to mans
relationship to others in a given
community, shaping their kinship,
and directing their attention to
definite ideals of behavior.
3. Social values= pertains to the
relationship necessary in the
promotion of human society as a
whole.

those that provide short-lived


pleasures.
Ex. Pursuing your artistic hobby
over fanatical devotion to movie
star.
THE HIGHEST VALUE- GOD
He is the Summum Bonum, the
ultimate and absolute good that
will fulfill all human desires. God is
the ultimate end of human life, HE
is the preserver of values.

GUIDE IN OUR PREFERENCE TO


CHOOSE VALUES
1. Permanent or lasting values must
be preferred over temporary ones.
Ex. Education over courtship
2. Values favored by greater number
of people must be preferred over
those that appeal only to the few.
Ex. discipline over personal
freedom
3. Essentials must be preferred over
accidental.
Ex .health over beauty
4. Those that give greater
satisfaction must be preferred over
27

Filipino Values
1. Fear of the Lord (Pagkatakot sa
Diyos) this helps Filipinos recognize
the Divine Being as source and
inspiration of everything in the world
which translates into respect for fellow
Filipinos and for nature.
2. Faith (Pananalig) being religious is
the kind of faith every Filipino carries
in the heart and assurance that the

28

Divine Being watches over each and


every one of us.

9. Responsible Citizenship (Mabuting


Mamamayan) Filipinos value good
deeds towards their community and
government.

3. Close Family Ties (Makapamilya)


Filipinos basically values family
relationships.
4. Community Spirit (Bayanihan) the
whole community pitching in to help
out an individual or family.
5. Solidarity (Pakikibaka) a show of
unity in fighting poverty, injustice, and
inequality.
6. Love for Others/Fellowmen
(Pakikipagkapwa/Pakikisama)
Filipinos are naturally mindful of the
welfare of others.

10. Courage (Lakas or Tibay ng


Loob) Filipinos usually fight for what
they believe.
11. Industry/Hardworking (Masipag
or Kasipagan) this is an innate
characteristics of Filipinos who in spite
of adverse condition, they works hard
to attain their goals.
12. Nurturing (Mapag-alaga or
mapag-aruga) Filipinos love to care
for the weak. This is manifested by
properly caring of children and even
the aged parents.

7. Knowledge (Karunungan) this is


characterized by Filipinos love to
learning new things.

13. Faithfulness (Katapatan) this is


characterized by fidelity of spouses to
their respective spouses, to the
country, and to ones employer.

8. Love for Country or Patriotism


(Pagmamahal sa Bayan) Filipinos
are culturally and naturally proud of
their own.

14. Joyful (Masayahin) even in chaotic


situations, Filipinos still can make a
laughter out of those adversarie

27

28

15. Flexibility or Adaptability


(Marunong Makisama) wherever
you place Filipinos, they have the
ability to survive because of this trait.

use (or should be using) every day in


everything we do.

16. Creativity or Ingenuity


(Marunong Gumawa ng Paraan)
no adverse situation that could not be
overcome by Filipinos because of this
trait.
Core Values
The core values of an organization are
those values we hold which form the
foundation on which we perform work and
conduct ourselves. We have an entire
universe of values, but some of them are so
primary, so important to us that throughout
the changes in society, government, politics,
and technology they are STILL the core
values we will abide by. In an ever- changing
world, core values are constant. Core values
are not descriptions of the work we do or the
strategies we employ to accomplish our
mission. The values underlie our work, how
interact with each other, and which strategies
we employ to fulfill our mission. The core
values are the basic elements of how we go
about our work. They are the practices we
27

CORE VALUES:
Govern personal relationships
Guide business processes
Clarify who we are
Articulate what we stand for
Help explain why we do business the
way we do
Guide us on how to teach
Inform us on how to reward
Guide us in making decisions
Underpin the whole organization
Require no external justification
Essential tenets
ACADEMY CORE VALUES:
1. INTEGRITY: Uprightness of character
and soundness of moral principle,
absolute truthfulness, and
honesty. Integrity does not stand alone;
it is supported by the other key

28

values: Fairness, Respect, Honesty,


Courage and Compassion.

impropriety are unacceptable to the


profession of law enforcement.

2. FAIRNESS: A value characterized by


freedom from prejudice or
favoritism. Fairness is the essential
attribute of impartiality and is a
cornerstone of the relationship between
the citizenry and those sworn to protect
and serve them. Law enforcement
officers must treat all witnesses, victims
and suspects fairly without reference to
personal feelings, beliefs or
interest. Fairness requires respect for
cultural and ethnic diversity.

5. COURAGE: A value that law


enforcement officers must possess to
preserve life and property. Courage is
control under adversity or fear and the
ability to do what is right. Courage is the
value that prompts law enforcement
officers to take control, and if necessary,
risk their lives to defend and protect
human life.

3. RESPECT: A value that denotes


national pride and a high regard for all
citizens, the Constitution, and authority
of office. Law enforcement officers must
show respect for others through
temperance, fairness, and civility in the
execution of their duties and conduct of
their personal lives.
4. HONESTY: Honesty means being
trustworthy and sincere in accordance
with experience and facts. Lying,
cheating, stealing, or the appearances of

27

6. COMPASSION: A value that is inherent


to understanding or sympathy for
victims or another's
suffering. Compassion is the ability to
restore order to others' lives while
controlling and understanding personal
feelings, which influence individual
actions. Humility is a necessary attribute
of compassion.
The PNP Core Values
The police service is a noble profession
and demands from its members specialized
knowledge and skills and high standard of
28

ethics and morality. In this regard, the


members of the Philippine National Police
must adhere to and internalize the enduring
core values of love of God, respect for
women and the sanctity of marriage,
responsible dominion and stewardship
over material things, and truthfulness.

Important terms:
Corruption

forbidden
involving misuse of office for gain.
Favoritism
(nepotism)
breaks to friends or relatives

acts
unfair

Discretion - the ability to choose


between two courses of action.
Discrimination occurs when a
group of individual is treated differently
for no justifiable reason.
Duty

consists
of
responsibilities attached to a role.

the

EXERCISE NO. 1
NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

Police Brutality the use of


excessive force, name calling, sarcasm,
ridicule and disrespect.

27

28

EXERCISE NO. 3
EXERCISE NO. 2

NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

27

28

EXERCISE NO. 5
EXERCISE NO. 4

NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

27

28

EXERCISE NO. 7
EXERCISE NO. 6
NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

27

28

EXERCISE NO. 9
EXERCISE NO. 8
NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

EXERCISE NO. 10

27

28

NAME: _______________________________
SCHEDULE: __________________________
RATING: _____________

27

28