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# Miller 7th Ed.

Reviewer
Chapter 1. Introductory Topics
1.

## Which part of the sinewave expression cannot be varied in

accordance with the low-frequency intelligence to create
a modulated signal?
a.
b.
c.
d.

2.

Phase
Frequency
Time
Amplitude

Modulation frequency
Carrier frequency
Transmission distance
Information transmitted
b.
c.
d.

Jl
A

a.

10 In

b.

10 log ^

c.

20 In

d.

20 log ^

## Communication systems are most often categorized by

what characteristic?
a.
b.
c.
d.

A
4

## Which expression indicates a measurement

using
a
1-W
reference
a.

dBm(1)

d.

identified.
The sampling signal has been incorrectly
identified.

dB1
dBW
dB(W)

## An amplifier operating over a 2-Mhz bandwidth

has
a
75
input resistance. If it is operating at 22 C and
has a voltage gain of 300, the noise produced at the output
of this amplifier would be approximately

11

a.

a.

b 7.33pV
c

1.56pV

469,JV

b.

Fluorescent light
Solar emission
Resistor noise
Lightning

## An amplifier's output signal has 25 mV p-p of

desired
signal mixed in with 45 V rms of undesired noise.
impedance is 50 . What is the amplifier's output
S/N level
in dB?
a.
b.
c.
d.

## The oscillator design that uses a third

capacitor in the tank
circuit for swamping out the effect of the
transistor's internal capacitances is the
a.
b.
c.
d.
13

Information theory
Fourier analysis
FFT
Hartley's law
Aliasing can be defined as errors occurring when
a.
b.
c.

## The input frequency exceeds the sample

rate.
The bandwidth is less than the input
frequency.
The type of modulation has been incorrectly

14

## The flywheel effect

Barkhausen criteria
The piezoelectric effect
Frequency synthesis

a.
b.
c.
d.

15

Hartley design
Clapp design
Colpitts design
Crystal design

frequency
is
due to
a.
b.
c.
d.

## Why does a 5-kHz square wave require a greater

bandwidth than a 2-kHz sinewave?

## At the resonant frequency the impedance

of
the
circuit
is
a
minimum.
If Q>10, the resonant frequency is the same
as
it
would
be
if
it were a series.
It is commonly referred to as a tank circuit.
At the resonant frequency, the circuit draws
minimum
current
from the constant-voltage source.

12

22.9 dB
54.9 dB
45.9 dB
51.9 dB

## a. The square wave has a larger frequency than the

sinewave.
b.
The square wave has an infinite number of harmonics,
whereas the sinewave has only one.
c.
The square wave is much easier to cover by noise.
d.
The square wave must also include an offset (dc) voltage,
whereas the sinewave does not.

10

c.
d.

external noise
a.
b.
c.
d.

a.
b.
c.
d.

## Which of the following does not hold true

for a parallel
resonant circuit?

Fourier analysis
Oscillation
Troubleshooting

## Which of the following

troubleshooting plan?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

can

be

called

## Symptoms as clues to faulty stages

Signal tracing and signal injection
Voltage and resistance measure
Substitution
All the above

1.

not called the

## Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer

a.
b.
c.
d.
2.

Modulating signal
Information signal
Modulating wave
Carrier

## A 7.0-Mhz carrier is modulated by a

voice
signal
that
has
three
frequency components of 100 Hz,
200 Hz, and 300 Hz. What three frequencies comprise the
lower sideband?

a.
b.
c.
d.

## 6.9997 Mhz, 6.9998 Mhz, and

6.9999 Mhz
100 Hz, 200 Hz, and 300 Hz
6.9999 Mhz, 7.0000 Mhz, and
7.0001 Mhz
7.0001 Mhz, 7.0002 Mhz, and
7.0003 Mhz

c.
d.
4.

## The total output power of an AM

transmitter is measured
to be 850 W. What is the total output
sideband
power if it has a percent modulation of 100%?

6.

a.
b.

425 W
850 W

a.
b.
c.
d.

25%
50%
100%
200%

b.

c.

d.

11.

The most
economic
approach for lowpower
transmitters.
Characterized by the use of
"linear" power amplifiers to
amplify the AM signal.
Characterized by having the
carrier and the intelligence
signals mix at low power levels
All the above.

b.
c.
d.

Allows
more
efficient
amplification.
Allows use of low-powered
intelligence signal.
Provides higher modulation
percentage.
Is more economical.

## The purpose of an antenna coupler is

to
a.
Match the output
impedance of the
transmitter with the
antenna's impedance to
provide maximum
b.

c.

d.

12.

b.
c.
d.
13.

b.
c.

It prevents transmitters
from producing
spurious
frequencies in the
output signals.
It provides power amplification
with high efficiency.
Its high input impedance

## Prevent damage to output

circuits.
Minimize damage to the regular
antenna.
Prevent overmodulation.
Prevent
undesired
transmissions.

A spectrum analyzer is
a.

b.

c.

d.

14.

## Allow the transmitter to be

connected to several antennas
at
the same time.
Filter out the carrier frequency
from the transmitter's AM
output signal.
Cause the transmitter to
operate at more than one
carrier
frequency at the same time.

antenna is to
a.

## What is the purpose of a buffer

amplifier stage in a
transmitter?
a.

## prevents oscillators from

drifting off frequency.
It amplifies audio frequencies
before modulation occurs.

power transfer.

## The main advantage of a highlevel modulation system

compared to a low-level system is
that it
a.

10.

1084 W
1170 W
1350 W
1224 W

d.

Low-level modulation is
a.

9.

## One full revolution of a

phasor generates which
percentage of a full
sinewave?

250%
40%
25%
37.5%

## A transmitter having a 900-W carrier

transmits 1188 W
when modulated with a single
sinewave. If the carrier is
simultaneously modulated with
another sinewave at 60%
modulation, calculate the total
transmitted power.
a.
b.
c.
d.

8.

5.

102 kHz
100.02 kHz to 102 kHz
101 kHz
100.002 kHz to 102 kHz

## An AM waveform at maximum is 100 V p-p and at

minimum is 40 V p-p. The modulation percentage is
a.
b.
c.
d.

7.

## A 100-kHz carrier is modulated by a

20-Hz - 2kHz signal.
The upper sideband is
a.
b.
c.
d.

3.

283.3 W
141.65 W

## An instrument that displays

amplitude versus frequency on
a
CRT.
Often used to determine if a
transmitter's output signal is
free from any spurious
signals.
Can be thought of as a radio
range.
All the above.

The
strategy for repair of
electronic equipment includes the
following.

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
15.

## Verify that a problem exists.

Isolate the defective stage.
Isolate the defective component.
Replace
the
defective
component and hot check.
All the above.

## A technique that helps you

understand how a carrier and
sideband combine to form the
AM waveform

is
a.
b.
c.
d.

## The tangential method.

Phasor representation.
Keying.
None of the above.

1.

## The main problem with

the TRF design is
a.

b.
c.

d.

2.

Lack of selectivity in
receiving all AM
stations
Poor demodulation
of an AM station
Frustration in tuning
than one station
Lack of sensitivity in
receiving all AM
stations

The sensitivity of a
receiver has to do with its
ability to
a.
b.
c.
d.

Withstand shock
versus another
weak
stations
All the above

3.

## When the input to an

ideal nonlinear device is
an
AM
waveform
consisting of a carrier and
its
sidebands, the output of nonlinear mixing produces the original
intelligence because
a.
b.
c.

d.

4.

The
intelligence
signal is one of its
inputs.
A dc component is
also produced.
The difference
between the
carrier and its
sidebands is the
original
intelligence
frequency.
The
intelligence
frequencies
are the upper
and the lower
sideband
frequencies.

An AM signal having
a carrier frequency
of 940 kHz is to be
mixed with a local
oscillator output
signal in
order to produce an intermediate frequency of 455 kHz. At what
should the L.O. frequency be set?

a.
b.
c.
d.
5.

455 kHz
1395 kHz
910 kHz
1850 kHz

## Diodes that have

been specially
fabricated to produce
a
capacitance that
varies inversely
proportional to

a.
b.
c.
d.
6.

complete
manufactured on
an integrated
circuit is
a.
b.
c.
d.
11.

Varactor diodes
Varicap diodes
VVC diodes
All the above

## The image frequency

for a standard
using a 455-kHz IF
and tuned to a station
at 680

b.
c.
d.

a.
b.
c.
d.

7.

8.

c.
d.

b.

c.

d.

200 W
50 W
100 W

Image frequency
Tracking
Diagonal clipping
Poor sensitivity

b.
c.
d.
13.

Reduces selectivity
Increases
sensitivity
Decreases
sensitivity
All the above

14.

## The speaker output

level
would
drastically change
while
tuning from a weak
signal to a strong
signal.
Local
stations
would
easily
produce distorted
signals
in
the speaker.
There would be a
constant need to
the
volume
control as the
weather
and
ionosphere
change.
All the above

The only
having a

Synchronous
detector
Product detector
Heterodyne
detector
Diode detector

Tracking in a superhet
using a
a.
Trimmer capacitor
b.
c.
Varicap diode
d.
a and b
e.
All the above
If no stations are picked
up on the lower half of the
AM band,
the likely problem is
a.
b.
c.
d.

15.

## The decibel power

gain of the receiver
Automatic
gain
control (AGC)
The dynamic range
The IF amplifier
gain

is the
a.

## Which of the following

would occur in a receiver
not
having
AGC?
a.

10.

12.

## An auxiliary AGC diode

a.
b.

9.

1135 kHz
225 kHz
1590 kHz
1815 kHz

Double conversion is
used to overcome the
problem of
a.
b.
c.
d.

a.
b.
c.

## The decibel difference

between the largest
tolerable
and its sensitivity is
called
a.

kHz would be

## Tuned circuits and

volume controls
Cost
Phase-locked loops
Ceramic filters

Low RF gain
Poor
operation
IF selectivity
LO tracking

AGC

## If no sound is heard from

a receiver, the most likely
problem
area is the
a.
b.
c.
d.

Power supply
RF section
Audio amplifier
AGC diode

1.

An SSB
signal with a
maximum
level of 200
V p-p into a
50
in a PEP
rating of

d.

800 W
2.

a.
b.
c.
d.

3.

## The noise advantage of SSB over AM is

a.
b.
c.
d.

4.

b.

c.
d.

c.
d.

Crystal filter
Ceramic filter
Mechanical filter
Tank circuit

a.
b.
c.
d.

8.

## A dual-gate FET having symmetry

Center-tapped transformers causing
canceling magnetic
fields
The nonlinearity of the diodes that are used
Symmetrical differential amplifier stages

Which
cannot be used successfully to convert
DSB-SC to SSB?
a.
b.
c.
d.

7.

## There is no carrier produced in the output of

a balanced
modulator.
In a balanced modulator, there is 180 phase
shift
between
the upper and lower sidebands.
In a balanced modulator, only one sideband is
produced.
In a balanced modulator, harmonics of the
sidebands are
suppressed.

suppression is
accomplished by
a.
b.

6.

3-5 dB
5-7 dB
8-10 dB
10-12 dB

## What is the difference between a balanced modulator

and a
regular modulator?
a.

5.

## Maximum signal range with minimum transmitted

power
Easy carrier reinsertion
Elimination of carrier interference
a and c

## The shape factor

The peak-to-valley ratio
The insertion loss
The quality factor

## Which of the following is not an advantage of the phase

method
over the filter method in producing SSB?

a.

b.

c.

d.

a.
b.
c.
d.
11.

10.

Code
Music
Noise
All the above

## 3-dB slope per octave

3-dB slope per decade
6-dB slope per octave
6-dB slope per decade

b.

c.

d.

## Mixing the USB with LSB signals and filtering

out the
resulting different frequencies
Filtering out the difference between either
sideband and
the internally generated carrier signal
Filtering out the harmonics of the received
sideband
signal frequencies
Amplifying the dc term produced by mixing action

a.

Ring modulator
a.

FM

b.

PM

c.

AM

d.

## All the above

e.

a and b
2
The amount of frequency increase
and
decrease
around
the center frequency in an FM signal
is called the

a.

Index of modulation

b.

Frequency deviation

c.

Phase deviation

d.

be
amplified by
a.
b.
c.
d.

14.

## A nonlinear amplifier to conserve bandwidth

A nonlinear amplifier to conserve energy
A linear amplifier to conserve bandwidth
A linear amplifier to avoid distortion

## The advantages provided by carrier elimination in

SSB
do not apply to transmission of

b.
c.
d.

Phase modulator
Lattice modulator
All the above

## Describe the oscilloscope waveform of an SSB

transmitter's balanced modulator if it exhibits
carrier

leakthrough.
a.
b.
c.
d.

by
a.

13.

9.

## Provide the approximate "outside-ofpassband"

attenuation of a Butterworth filter.
a.
b.
c.
d.

12.

## The design of the 90 phase-shift network

for the
intelligence frequencies is simple.
Lower intelligence frequencies can be
economically
used, because a high-Q filter is not necessary.
Intermediate balanced modulators are not
necessary,
because high-Q filters are not needed.
It is easier to switch from one sideband to the
other.

15.

Trapezoidal wave
Sinewave
FM wave
AM wave

a.
b.
c.
d.

## Test carrier suppression

Test filter ripple
Test amplifier linearity
None of the above

## Chapter 5: Frequency Modulation Transmission

1 Angle modulation includes the following types of
modulation:

dependent on the
intelligence frequency in

a.

10

b.

c.

d.

20

## The amount an FM carrier frequency

deviates
for
a
given
modulating input voltage level is called
the
a.

Frequency deviation

b.

Index of modulation

c.

Deviation constant

d.

Deviation ratio

a.

An FM signal

b.

A PM signal

c.

d.

## An FM signal has an intelligence

frequency
of
2
kHz
and
a maximum deviation of 10 kHz. If its
carrier
frequency
is
set at 162.4 Mhz, what is its index of
modulation?

bandwidth of

a.

150 kHz

b.

200 kHz

c.

75 kHz

d.

15 kHz

## Carson's rule is used to approximate

the necessary
a.

Frequency deviation

b.

Bandwidth

c.

Capture ratio

d.

Modulation index

## An FM transmitter has an output

power of 500 W when it
is not modulated. When intelligence is
modulation index is 2.0. What is its
output power with a
modulation index of 2.0?
a.

250 W

b.

500 W

c.

1000 W

d.

2000 W

## Another way to describe the

modulation index is using
the
a.

Deviation ratio

b.

Deviation constant

c.

Capture ratio

d.

Maximum deviation

## Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer

10

11

a.

Capture effect

b.

Signal-to-noise ratio

c.

Noise figure

d.

Bessel function

In a Crosby FM transmitter, an FM
signal having a center
frequency of 2.04 Mhz and a
deviation of 69 Hz is
passed through four cascaded
frequency multiplier
stages: two triplers, one doubler, and
What type of signal appears at the
output of the last
multiplier stage?
a.

b.

c.
d.

12

13

d.

## The inherent ability of FM to minimize

the effect of
undesired signals operating at the
same or nearly the
same frequency as the desired station
is known as the

2

An FM
rarely works
satisfactorily
without
an RF
amplifier
because

## a. FM receivers typically work with smaller input

signal levels due to thei noise
characteristics
b. FM receivers have a narrower bandwidth.
c. FM receivers do not have very much gain in
their IF amplifier stages.
d. FM receivers need RF amplifier stages to be
able to decode stereo signals.
3

## A certain FM receiver provides a voltage gain of

113 dB prior to its limiter. The limiter's quieting
voltage is 400 mV. Its sensitivity is approximately

a.
a.

## Center frequency of 2.04

Mhz and deviation of 4.96
kHz
Center frequency of 146.88
Mhz and deviation of 4.96
kHz
Center frequency of 2.04 Mhz
and deviation of 69 Hz
Center frequency of 146.88
Mhz and deviation of 69
Hz
c.
Deemphasis network

10ii
V
C

0.9.H
V
d

0.7

(J V
4

stages

## The circuitry used to increase the operating frequency of

a transmitter up to a specified value is called the

a.
b.

## Mix the 38-kHz pilot carrier with the L - R audio

Convert the L and R channels to L + R and L - R
channels

a.

Multiplier

c.

b.

Expander

d.

c.

Pump chain

d.

signal

## The purpose of the matrix network in a stereo FM

broadcast transmitter is to
a.

125

b.

0.2

c.

d.

15 Frequency multipliers
a.

b.

c.

d.

14

## An FM signal has an intelligence frequency of 5 kHz and

a maximum deviation of 25 kHz. Its index of modulation
is

c.
Are used to multiply the frequency of the carrier
signal
of an FM signal
Consist of a class C amplifier followed by a
tank circuit
that filters out a single harmonic
Are used to multiply the frequency deviation of
an FM
signal
All the above

d.

## Produces higher values of voltage

gain than do
JFETs
Is not compatible with AGC
5

The Foster-Seely
detector design is
superior to
the ratio detector in that it
a.

b.

## 1 A difference between AM and FM receiver block

diagrams is that the FM version includes a
a.
b.

Limiter
Discriminator
a.
Offers increased dynamic range
over those of
JFETs
b.
Produces higher-frequency
responses than do
JFETs

c.

d.
6

## Does not respond to

any undesired
amplitude
variations
Also
provides
an
output AGC signal
Offers superior linear
response to wideband
FM
deviations
Does not need a limiter
stage

Local oscillator

through the
a.
b.
c.
d.
7

## Which is not one of the

three stages in which a
PLL can be operated?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Free-running
Capture
Locked/tracking
Searching

## A PLL is set up so that its

VCO free-runs at 8.9
Mhz. The VCO does not
change frequency unless
its input is within i75 kFlz of
8.9 Mhz. After it
does lock, the input
frequency can be adjusted
within 120 kFlz of 8.9 Mhz
without having the
PLL start to free-run again.
The capture range of
the PLL is
a.
b.
c.
d.

IF transformer
Antenna
All the above

75 kHz
120 kHz
150 kHz
240 kHz

used due to
a.
b.

Nonlinearity
Attenuation

## Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer

c.
d.
10

In an FM stereo receiver,
what is the purpose of
the 23-53-kHz filter?
a.

c.

## To filter out the

SCA signal at the
output of the
discriminator
To filter out the L R signal at the
output of the
discriminator
To filter out the L +

a.
b.
c.
d.

4W
79 nW
1.26
2.25 mW

b.

12

b.
c.
d.

Range of
frequencies in
which it will
remain
locked
Allowable range of dc
voltage
Allowable range of ac
input voltage
Satisfactory range of
operating temperatures

b.
c.
d.

When troubleshooting a
stereo demodulator, the
input signal should be
5

100 rms
1 mV rms
d.
100 mV rms

## Why are image frequencies somewhat less of

a
problem
in FM receivers than they are in SSB or AM
a.

b.

FM

signals

have

capture

effect

c.

d.

FM

do

not

use

the

## The tuned circuits prior to the mixer in a

superheterodyne
receiver are called the
a.

Front end

b.

Tuner

c.

Preselector
d. All the above

Allows
for
greater
sensitivity in an FM
Provides
improved
noise performance
Reduces shot noise
Minimizes
crossmodulation

10 jdV rms
c.

## A dual audio amplifier is

rated to provide 65 dB of
channel separation. If the
right channel has 4 W of
output power, how much of
this power could be
due to the left channel
intelligence?

superheterodyne design.

VCO
Low-pass filter
Comparator
Phase detector

The square-law
relationship of the
FETs input
versus output
a.

15

11

R signal at the
output of the
discriminator
To produce separate
L and R signals from
the L
+ R and L - signals

characteristic.

at the
a.
b.
c.
d.

14

d.

concerns the
a.

13

Complexity
All the above

## The signal-strength meter that shows the

relative signalstrength level is called the
.
a.

S meter

b.

Signal meter

c.

Strength meter

d.

## An AM broadcast receiver has two identical

tuned circuits
with a Q of 50 prior to the IF stage. The IF
frequency is
460 kHz and the receiver is tuned to a station on
550
kHz. The image-frequency rejection is
a.

41 dB

b.

36.2 dB

c.

72.4 dB

d.

82 dB

## An AGC that causes a step reduction in

gain
at
some arbitrarily high value of received signal
in
order
to
a.

Arbitrary AGC

b.

Auxiliary AGC

c.

Delayed AGC

a.

b.

c.

d.
7

## The range over which the input to a receiver or

amplifier
provides a usable output is called the
a.

Level of acceptability

b.

Dynamic range

c.

Degree of usefulness

d.

Specified

input

## A receiver has a 30-dB noise figure, a 1.5

Mhz
bandwidth, a 6-dBm third intercept point,
and a 3-dB
signal-to-noise ratio. Its sensitivity is
a.

-94 dB

b.

-82.2 dB

c.

-79.2 dB

d.

-81 dB

## Two-modulus dividers are used in the

synthesis of
frequencies into the VHF band due to
a.
b.
c.

d.
10

.b and c

## Its ability to work at practical power

consumptions
Its ability to work at practical speeds
The insufficient speed and
power of the basic
programmable divider designs
All the above

## The disadvantage of direct digital

synthesizers (DDS)
over analog frequency synthesizers is

b.

c.

sampling
process
are
called

d.

## All the above

a.

Foldover distortion

b.

Aliasing

c.

Nyquist rate

d.

a and b

11

a.

b.

c.

d.

## An HF amateur transceiver using AM

and SSB
modulation modes
A VHF commercial transceiver
using the FM
modulation mode and a channel
guard function
A military transceiver using all
modes on HF
frequencies
A cellular telephone transceiver

5
12

13

14

15

RZ code?
a.

RZ-unipolar

b.

RZ-bipolar

c.

RZ-M

d.

RZ-AMI

## The type of radio transmission that uses

pseudorandomly
switched frequency or time transmissions is known as

a.

a.

Synthesizing

b.

b.

Facsimile

c.

d.

Compression

c.

d.

a.

b.

c.

d.

## Channel-division multiple-access systems

A
typical
problem
troubleshooting
frequency synthesizer is

encountered

a.

b.

c.

No output

d.

when
a

A transceiver is
a.

c.

d.

## The advantage(s) of digital and/or data

communications
a.

Noise performance

b.

Regeneration

c.

d.

hold
the
sampled
voltage is

a.

20 Hz

b.

20 kHz

c.

40 Hz

d.

40 kHz

a.

b.

c.

DACs

d.

## A CD audio laser-disk system has a

frequency bandwidth
of 20 Hz to 20 kHz. The minimum sample
rate to satisfy
the Nyquist criteria is

and

are

virtually

identical

bands
of
frequencies

b.

## Both sender and receiver are

exactly
synchronized
to
the same clock frequency.
Each computer word is
preceded by a start bit and
followed by a stop bit to frame
the word.
The receiver derives its clock
signal
from
the
data stream.
All the above.

## The type of modulation that uses

sampling on one of the
parameters of the transmitted and
known as
a.

Phase modulation

b.

Pulse modulation

c.

Amplitude modulation

d.

Frequency modulation

## An alphanumeric code for representing

the decimal
values from 0 to 9 that is based on the
relationship that
only one bit in a binary word changes for
each binary step
is known as
a.

ASCII

a.

Aperture time

b.

EBCDIC

b.

Acquisition time

c.

Baudot code

c.

Flat-top time

d.

Gray code

d.

Dmin

10

## The quantizing error of PCM systems

for
weak
signals
can be made less significant by
a.

Companding

b.

## Using time-division multiplexing

c.

Using

frequency-division

multiplexing
d.

11

12

## When the message and the BCC

are transmitted as
separate parts within the same
transmitted code, it is
called a(n)
a.

Systematic code

b.

CRC

c.

d.

Interleaved code

## The value left in the CRC dividing

circuit after all data
have been shifted in is the

b.

14

has

excessive

the code.
c.
d.

## The parity bit is difficult

to detect.
Differing between
various widths of
the pulses is an
extremely
complicated
process.

a.

Quantile interval

## A special digital modulation

technique that achieves high
data rates in limitedbandwidth channels is called

b.

Codec

a.

Delta modulation

c.

BCC

b.

Pulse-coded

d.

Syndrome

modulation (PCM)
c.

13

It

## Which of the following is not an

example of code error
detection and correction in a data
communication
channel?
Parity

b.

Frequency-shift keying

c.

Block-check character

d.

Hamming code

amplitude

modulation (QAM)
d.

Pulse

amplitude

modulation (PAM)
4

a.

## Error-correcting techniques that allow for

correction at the

## FSK systems are much

superior
to
two-tone
amplitudemodulation systems with
respect to
a.

Noise performance

b.

Bandwidth
requirements

of

the

channel
a.

b.

c.

d.

Parity

c.
d.

## Codes producing random data that

closely resemble
digital noise are
a.

Systematic codes

b.

PN codes

c.

Pseudonoise codes

d.

b and c

a.

Pulse-width modulation
(PWM)

c.

Pulse-frequency
modulation (PFM)

Using an oscilloscope to
data
bits that provide information
on noise, jitter, and linearity
is called a(n)
a.

Constellation pattern

b.

Loopback

c.

Statistical
Concentration

Pulse-amplitude
modulation (PAM)

b.

## Chapter 9 Digital Communications Transmission

d.

Power consumption

modulation?

d.

characteristics

5
15

Ionospheric

Eye pattern

Pulse-position
modulation (PPM)

## PPM and PWM are superior

to PAM systems in
a.

Noise characteristics

b.

Bandwidth
characteristics

c.

Simplicity in design

d.

Frequency response of
the intelligence signal

Half-duplex
operation
involves communication
a.

## Why isn't Morse code well

suited to today's telegraphic
equipment?

b.

## In both directions, but

a.

c.

It uses an automatic

## only one can talk at a

time
Where both parties can
talk at the same time

d.

8

10

11

## A procedure that decides

which device has permission
to
transmit at a given time is
called
a.

Line control

b.

Protocol

c.

Flow control

d.

Sequence control

b.

TDM

c.

CVSD

d.

DPSK

## Using radio to transmit

gathered data on some
particular
phenomenon without the
presence of human monitors
is
known as
a.

b.

c.

d.

## a. The number of bit errors that occur for a given number

of bits transmitted

## The technique that uses the

BPSK vector relationship to
generate an output with
logical
0s
and
1s
determined
by
comparing the phase of two
successive data bits is
a.

CSU/DSU

b.

## The most common method of referring to the quality of

a digital communication system

a.
b.

c.
d.

All the above

c.

12

d.

13

a.
b.
c.

## Excessive noise producing errors

Insufficient frequency response of the
intelligence
signal

d.

Complexity of design

## The use of shorter transmission lines

The use of computers in finding
unused portions of
multiplex systems to maximize use
The application of digital switching
theory
to
increase
channel capacity
Sharing of communication links by
voice and data
signals
4

## The capacity of a telephone channel that has an

S/N
of
2047 if its bandwidth is 3.5 kHz is

## The advanced mobile phone

services (AMPS) is an
example of
a.

b.

frequency reuse

c.

14

a.

b.

c.

d.

d.
5

channels

b.

channels

c.

channels
d.

channels

fax l O 1
1* 10
b

15

1 M i ry ^

and is

1 x 1 n_!

## long. Its expected number of error bits is

i xid*
1x10
d

A
device
protocols and formats is called a

cell-splitting

telephone

system

a.

interconnecting

a.

Bridge

b.

Gateway

c.

Router

d.

Node

two

networks

that

protocol?
a.

Framing

b.

Line control

c.

Flow control

d.

Topology

e.

Sequence control

## The LAN that was developed by

Xerox,
Digital
Equipment
Corporation, and Intel in 1980 is
called
a.

IEEE-488

b.

Ethernet

c.

OSI

d.

CSMA/CD
use

different

## Chapter 10 Network Communications

lines is
called a(n)
1

An
interconnection
of users that
allows
communication
with one another
is known as a
a.

Modem

b.

UART

c.

Network

d.

Protocol

A complex LC
filter that
removes delay
distortion from
signals that are
traveling down
long
transmission

a.

.
Delay
equalizer

b.

UART

c.

Attenuatio
n distortion
filter

d.

Trunk
switcher

Which of the
following is not a
way that
designers of
telephone
equipment are
increasing use
of computers

## Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer

10

11

and digital
coding in
telephone
communication
A device interconnecting LANs together that usually have
identical protocols at the physical and data link layers is
called a
a.

Bridge

b.

Gateway

c.

Router

d.

Node

## In telephony, traffic is defined in

a.

Hundred-call seconds

b.

c.

Erlang

d.

a.

## The same thing

b.

Completely different

c.

Related

d.

a.

a.

Frequency reuse

b.

b.

Cell reuse

c.

c.

Cell splitting

d.

d.

Handoff

e.

and b
13

12

14

phone systems.
a.

Star

b.

Ring

c.

Bus

d.a

and b

## In local area networks, the following topology or

topologies are seldom used.

## The following numeric describing data rates for copper

coax and twisted pair is rarely used

c.

10 Base T

d.

100 Base FX

a.

10 Base 2

e.

a and b

b.

10 Base 5
15

a.

VDSL

b.

SDSL

c.

HDSL

d.

IDSL

e.

open-wire
line
is
a.

b.

Low cost

c.

d.

d.
6

b.

c.

d.

along the line

b.

c.

line

d.

equal to zero

e.
7

## A nonlossy transmission line that is

terminated with a
resistive load that is equal to the
characteristic
impedance of the line
a.

a.

2.08 m

is called

a.

No reflection

a.

Velocity factor

b.

VSWR = 1

b.

## Relative dielectric constant

c.

No physical imperfections

c.

Velocity of propagation

d.

a and b

d.
Delay time
In a balanced line, the same current flows in
each line but
is
a.

45 out of phase

b.

90 out of phase

c.

d.

a.

b.

c.

## What is the length of a quarter-wavelength

section of RG8A/U coaxial cable at a frequency of 144.2 Mhz
if its
velocity factor is 0.69.
a.

52.1 cm

b.

35.9 cm

c.

143.6 cm

with a short
circuit has an

d.

## In-phase reflected voltage that is equal in

magnitude
to
the incident voltage
Opposite-phase reflected voltage
that is equal in
magnitude to the incident voltage
In-phase reflected voltage that is smaller
in
magnitude
than the incident voltage
Opposite-phase reflected voltage
that is smaller in
magnitude than the incident voltage

crosstalk and
attenuation is

10

a.

ACR

b.

CAS

c.

CAA

d.

AAC

Q has a VSWR of

300

11

a.

6:1

b.

1:6

c.

0.666:1

d.

1.5:1

section of a
50-

a short is

12

14

a.

50

b.
c.

0 G (a short)

d.

100 0

Infinite (open)

## A device that is used to match an unbalanced

transmission line to a balanced transmission
line is called
a
a.

b.

0.166

c.

0.714

d.

1.4

13

a.

## Quarter-wavelength matching transformer

b.

Balun

c.

Shorted-stub section

d.

Slotted line

## A 50- G transmission line with a

impedance
has a reflection coefficient of

## A cable has an inductance of 1 nH/ft and

capacitance of 1
nF/ft. The delay introduced by a 1 -ft section is

b.

c.

Omnisphere

d.

b

1 * 10

s
s

2 x 10"5 s
15

a.

Inductor

b.

Capacitor

c.

Filter

d.

Matching section

e.

## An antenna can be thought of as

a(n)
a.

Oscillator

b.

Capacitor

c.

Transducer

d.

Frequency multiplexer

## A wave that is characterized by

having its direction of
propagation perpendicular to its
oscillation is known as
a.

Isotropic

b.

Transverse

c.

Polarized

d.

Refractive

## Which is not an effect of

our environment on wave
propagation?
a.

b.

Reflection

c.

Refraction
d. Diffraction

## A point in space that radiates

electromagnetic energy
equally in all directions is called
a.

Transverse

## The process of waves, which

traveling in straight paths,
bending around an obstacle is
a.

b.

Reflection

c.

Refraction

d.

Diffraction

## Which is not one of the basic

modes of getting a radio
wave from the transmitting to
receiving antenna?
a.

Ground wave

b.

c.

Space wave

d.

e.

Sky wave

## The type of wave that is most

affected by the D, E, and F
layers of the ionosphere is:
a.

Ground wave

b.

Space wave

c.

Sky wave

d.

Satellite

## The largest frequency that will be

returned
to
earth
when
transmitted vertically under given
ionospheric
conditions
is called the
a.

Critical frequency

b.

(MUF)

c.

(OWF)

d.
9

Skip zone

free space is
a.

Not known

b.

Infinite

c.

50

d.

377

G
G

## Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer

10

11

a. Space diversity

## The area between the point where

the ground wave ends
and first sky wave returns is called
the
a.

Quiet zone

b.

Skip zone

c.

Null Zone

d.

e.

a and b

## The refraction and reflection action

of a skywave between
the ionosphere and ground is
known as

## Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer

12

b.

Skip

c.

Tropospheric scattering

d.

13

14

15

a.

VSAT

b.

MSAT

c.

SATCOM

d.

WESTAR

## A satellite communication system used by

companies
such as K-Mart to quickly verify credit cards and
check
inventory data is called

a.

EMI

b.

c.

Reflections

d.

## Diversity reception does not include:

a.

Space diversity

b.

Time diversity

c.

Frequency diversity

d.

Angle diversity

## When installing a receiving antenna, you can

often
overcome diffraction problems by finding a

as
a.

Marconi antenna

b.

Hertz antenna

c.

Vertical antenna

d.

Phased array

## An antenna that is a quarter-wavelength

long connected
such that the ground acts as a reflecting
quarterwavelength section is called a
a.

Hertz antenna

b.

Dipole antenna

a.

Null zone

c.

Marconi antenna

b.

d.

## All the above

c.

Hot spot

d.

Skip zone

Chapter 13 Antennas

## The process of interchangeability

of receiving and
transmitting operations of
antennas is known as
a.

Polarization

b.

Reciprocity

c.

Efficiency

d.

Counterpoise

b.

50

c.

73

d.

300

a.

Bandwidth

b.

Front-to-back ratio

c.

Lobe distribution

d.

Beamwidth

## The input impedance at the center of a

dipole antenna is
approximately

a.

36.6

b.

103.9

c.

122.5

d.

147.9

## As the height of a half-wavelength

antenna is reduced
below a quarter-wavelength, the
a.

Increases

b.

Decreases

c.

d.

## A dipole antenna is being fed with a 300

2 transmission
line. If a quarter-wave matching
transformer is to be used
as the non-resonant matching section,
what must be the
characteristic impedance of the cable
used in the
matching transformer?
a.

## The angular separation between the halfpower

points
on
an antenna's radiation pattern is the

186.5

## An impedance-matching device that

transmission line as it approaches the
antenna is called a
a.

Delta match

b.

c.

Director

d.

Counterpoise

## A loading coil is often used with a

Marconi antenna in
order to
a.

## Miller 7th Ed. Reviewer

b.

c.
d.
10

11

portion
of
the
input
impedance of the antenna
Tune out the inductive reactance
portion
of
the
input
impedance of the antenna
Raise the input impedance of the
antenna
Decrease the losses of the antenna

## Standard AM broadcast stations usually

use what type of
transmitting antennas?
a.

b.

Marconi array

c.

Yagi-Uda

d.

Log-periodic

a.

b.

c.

Slot

Log-periodic

antenna
12

15

## When troubleshooting antennas, the

level
of
VSWR
that
indicates a problem is

a.

Greater than 1

a.

b.

Less than 1

c.

d.

## Greater bandwidth than a half-wave

dipole

-0 input impedance

b.

A 288

c.

dipole

13

d.

e.

b and c

a and b

## The Yagi-Uda antenna consists of

a.

A driven director

and parasitic

reflector
b.
c.
d.
14

## A driven reflector and parasitic

director

a.

Transmission lines

b.

Waveguides

c.

Antennas

d.

## A grid-dip meter measures the

resonant frequency of
tuned circuits
a.
b.
c.

## At a frequency of 1 Ghz and

of 30 mi, which is the most
efficient device for energy
transfer?

## The most efficient means of

transmitting a 1 -Ghz signal
1500 ft would typically be

inductance

a.

Transmission lines

b.

Waveguides

inductance

c.

Antennas

d.

tuned circuit
d.

capacitance

a.

TE10

b.

TE01

c.

TM10

d.

TM01

## The propagation velocity

of the signal in a
waveguide,
when compared to the
speed of light is

a.

Efficiency reasons

b.

Ease of manufacture

c.

Rotating

a.

larger

d.

b.

smaller

c.

d.

either b or c

a.

cost

b.

attenuation

c.

## ability to work at lower

frequency
ease of construction

## A circular waveguide is used

for

a.

22.8

b.

18.9

c.

188.9

d.

45.6

for

section

applications

Greater bandwidth

## Variable attenuators are used

in waveguides to
a.

Isolate a source
from reflections at
its load so as to
preclude frequency
pulling.

b.

c.

d.

## Ridged waveguides are

rectangular
waveguides in their

d.
6

## The dominant mode

waveguide operation is

The coupling in dB of a
directional coupler that has
85
mW into the main guide and
0.45 mW out the secondary
guide is

9

10

## The resonant frequency of

a cavity may be varied by
changing the cavity's

11

## The process of employing

radio waves to detect and
locate physical objects is
known as

a.

Volume

b.

Inductance

a.

c.

Capacitance

b.

d.

## All the above

c.

Directional coupling

d.

Cavity tuning

a.

Greater

than

free-

space wavelength
b.

Equal

to

free-space

wavelength
c.

wavelength

d.

12

## The use of two grounded

conductors that sandwich
a
smaller conductive strip
with constant separation
by a
dielectric material on a
printed circuit board for
use at
frequencies above 500
Mhz is known as

a.

Artwork traces

b.

Dielectric waveguide

c.

Microstrip/stripline

a T ravelin

MICs or MMICs

b Gunn Oscillator

d.

.

## g wave tube oscillator

.
c.Klystron oscillator
d Magnetron oscillator

## 13 Second return echoes are

a.

b.

Echo
es
prod
uced
when
the
reflec
ted
beam
make
s a
seco
nd
trip
Echo
es
that
arrive
after
the
trans
missi
on of
the
next
pulse
c.
Ec
ho
es
ca
us
ed
by
the
PR
T
bei
ng
too
lon
g
d.

All
the
ab

im
pe
da
nc
e
for
wa
ve
gui
de
s
is

a.

75

b.

377

c.

Dependent on frequency

d.

## Dependent on waveguide shape

e.

c and d
15

A dielectric waveguide is
a.
b.
c.

ov
e
14

Th
e

d.

## Enclosed by a conducting material

A waveguide with just a dielectric
Dependent on the
principle that two
dissimilar
dielectrics can guide
waves
b
and c

ch
ara
cte
rist
2
ic
wa
ve

## Which is not a type of horn

antenna
design
for
microwave
frequencies?
a.

Parabolic horn

b.

Circular horn

c.

Pyramidal horn

d.

Sectoral horn

Cassegrain feed to a
paraboloid antenna involves
a
a.

Dipole antenna

b.

Point-source antenna

c.

Secondary reflector

d.

## Any of the above

6
Which is not

of the Gunn
gallium
arsenide
oscillator?
a.

Ease

of

removing
heat
from the
chip
b.

Small
size

c.

Ruggedn
ess

d.

Lack

of

a.

filaments
e.

manufact
ure
9

The i in P-I-N
diode refers to
a.

Indium

b.

Impact

c.

Integrate
d

d.

Intrinsic

a.

Maser

b.

Laser

c.

Yig

d.

Parametr

attenuato
r

Low cost
of

Whic
h is
not a
typic
al
appli
catio
n of
a
ferrit
e in
a
micr
owav
e
syste
m?

b.

amplifier

c.

isolator

d.

circulator

A low noise
microwave
amplifier that
provides
amplification
via the
variation of a
reactance is
known as
a

being

ic

amplified

amplifier

c.

Bandwidt
h of the

10

The
major
difference
between
a
laser and a
maser is the
a.

b.

signal
being
amplified
d.

Frequen

Phase of

cy of the

the

signal

signal

being

being

amplified

amplified

Amplitud

11

e of the

Lasers
useful in

are

signal
a. Industrial welding
3

## Calculate the beamwidth of a microwave

with a 6-m mouth diameter when used at 5 Ghz.

dish

antenna

b. Surgical procedures
c. Distance measuring

a.

0.49

b.

4.9

c.

d.

0.7

device:

Zoning refers to

a.

PIN diode

a.

b.

Baritt diode

b.

c.

Zener diode

c.

d.

Tunnel diode

d.

a.

Low gain

## 13 Which of the following represent typical failure mode(s)

for a TWT
b.
Spurious modulation
amplifier?
c.
Poor frequency response
d.

Low RF output

e.

## All the above

e
d

14

s
i
g
n
a
l
s
:
v
i
d
e
o

15

Which of the
following is not
used as a
microwave
antenna?
a.

Patch antenna

b.

Marconi antenna

c.

Lens antenna

d.

Horn antenna

Compared to linear
power supplies,
switching power
supplies are
a.

Less efficient

b.

More efficient

c.

Simpler

d.

Heavier

Chapter 16 Television

a
n
d
a
u
d
i
o
c.

A television
transmitter
actually
transmits two
signals
at once. They
are

a.

An
am
plit
ud
emo
dul
ate
d
vid
eo
sig
nal
an
d
fre
qu
en
cymo
dul
ate
d
au
dio
sig
nal
b.

T
w
o
a
m
p
li
t
u
d
e
m
o
d
u
l
a
t

An
am
plit
ud
emo
dul
ate
d
au
dio
sig
nal
an
d
fre
qu
en
cymo
dul
ate
d
vid
eo
sig
nal
d.

T
w
o
f
r
e
q
u
e
n
c
y
m
o
d
u
l
a
t
e
d
s
i
g
n
a
l
s

:
v
i
d
e
o

frames
per
second
b.

40
frames
per

a
n
d

second
c.

60
frames

a
u
d
i
o

per
second
d.

100
frames

The
most
widely used
type of TV
camera is the
a.

Charge

per
second
5

couple
device
b.

Vidicon

c.

Image
orthicon

d.

Iconosc
ope

Synchroni
zing
pulses
that
consist of
equalizing
pulses,
followed
by
serrations,
followed
by more
equalizing
pulses at
a rate of
60 times
per
second
are called
a.

a.

204.5
Mhz

b.

205.25
Mhz

c.

211.25
Mhz

d.

211.75
Mhz

Color
synchro
nizing
pulses

b.

Channel
12 on U.S.
television
extends
from 204
to
210 Mhz.
The
channel
12 carrier
frequency
is
Approxima
tely

Horizon

The
length of
time an
image
stays on
the
screen
after the
signal is
remove
d is
termed

tal
a.

retrace
c.

Vertical

b.

Flicker

retrace

c.

Persist
ence

pulses
d.

d.

Eightbackporch
pulses

The frame
frequency for
U.S.
television
approximatel
y
a.

30

Back
porch

cycle

Retenti
on

pulses

Whi
ch
is
not
part
of
the
tune
r
sect
ion
of a
TV
rece

iver
?
a.

mixer

are
positioned
exactly on
their
respective
color dots on
the face of
the picture
tube is called

stage

a.

The

rf

amplifie
r stage
b.

c.

The

The

ent

local

b.

oscillat

Conver
gence

or

c.

stage
d.

Alignm

Interlea
ving

The

d.

video-

Interlaci
ng

detecto
r stage
11
8

The stage in
that filters out
the
vertical
and
horizontal
retrace
pulses from
the
video
signal
is
the
a.

A faulty TV
having
symptoms of
normal
sound and
raster but no
picture must
have a
problem
in the
a.

Video

or

detecto

iz
o

r
b.

nt

Video

al

IF

or

amplifie

ve

r
c.

d.

rti

Sync

ca

separat

or

os

Sound

cil

detecto

lat

or
or

The winding
around the
CRT yoke
that deflects
the
electron
beam with its
magnetic field
is called the

hi

a.

Coil

b.

Yoke

c.

Deflect

g
hvo
lta
g
e
p

er
su

or
d.

Magnet

pl

o
10

A
cumbersome
series of
to a color TV
order to make
sure that the
three electron
beams of the
picture tube

y
b.

Main
power
supply

c.

Video
amplifie
rs
followin
g

the

sound
takeoff

d.

R
F
,
I
F
,
o
r
v
i
d
e
o
a
m
p
l
i
f
i
e
r
s
p
r
i
o
r
t
o
t
h
e
s
o
u
n
d
t
a
k
e
o
f
f

12

Raster refers
to

b.

CRT resolution

a.

c.

## CRT aspect ratio

b.

Called a pixelate

d.

c.

Due to noise

d.

b and c

13

14

## The high voltage for the anode of the

CRT is
obtained from the low-voltage power
supply using
a.

b.

c.

d.

## The introduction of digital television in

the United
States has been hampered by

Which is an advantage of
optical communication
transmission lines or
waveguides?
a.

Small size

b.

Extremely

c.
a.

b.

## Shortages of appropriate chips

c.

Customer rejection

d.

Less

than

ideal

wide

bandwidths
Immunity

to

electromagnetic
interference (EMI)

regulatory

d.

Lower cost

e.

climate
2
15

## When a digital picture freezes even

when there is
motion in the video, it is

b.

Red

c.

Violet

d.

Ultraviolet

## The most common light

used in fiber-optic links is
a.

a.

b.

c.

d.

a and b above

e.

## All the above

pulse
dispersion effect is to
a.

In the
telecommunication
s industry, the most
commonly used
fiber(s) are
a.

d.

125 micron

## The abrupt change in

refractive index from core
to
cable is called the
internal

reflection

b.

Numerical aperture

c.

Dispersion

d.

Step index

A technique that is
used to minimize the
50 nW
500 nW

c.

5 uW

d.

50 uW

Which is not an
important

light

## Use plastic cladding

Minimize the core
diameter

c.

b.

higher

c.
d.

62.5 micron

a.

frequency
b.

50 micron

Total

Use
source

b.

a.

Infra-red

## The loss (attenuation) of

signal in optical fiber is
due
to
a.

Scattering

b.

Absorption

c.

Macrobending

d.

Microbending

e.

## Calculate the optical

power 100 km from a 0.5
mW
source on a single mode
fiber that has 0.10 dB
per
km loss.

characteristic of a light
detector?

10

a.

Responsitivity

b.

Dark current

c.

Power consumption

d.

Response speed

e.

Spectral respons

11

Modal

b.

Chromatic

c.

Polarization mode

d.

## All the above

e.

a and b above

a.

Air gaps

b.

Rough surfaces

c.

Axial misalignment

d.

Angular
misalignment

optics is termed
a.

## Fiber optic connections

suffer high loss due to

e.
12

## Fiber optic technology is

used in applications of
a.

## Local area networks

(LANs)

b.

Cable TV (CATV)
systems

c.

Telephone networks

13

14

## The dispersion of light in fiberoptic

cable
caused
by
a portion of the light energy
traveling
in
the
is called
a.

Modal dispersion

b.

Material dispersion

c.

Waveguide dispersion

d.

Cable dispersion

Recent laser
developments for
fiber optic
communication
include
a.

b.

Heterojunction

c.

Vertical

cavity

emitting (VCSEL)

15

d.

a and b above

e.

a and c above

## The following consideration

is important when
deciding between using a
diode laser or an LED

surface

a.

Response time

b.

Power levels

c.

Temperature sensitivity

d.

Failure characteristics

e.

APTER

1
0

1
1

1
2

1
3

1
4

1
5

1
6

1
7

10

11

12

13

14

15