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A typical Motor Control Center

Relay Logic Cabinet for Relay Logic


Wiring Circuits

PLC Enclosure Cabinet for Protecting


PLC and its Wiring

Basic PLC Architecture

Network Communication in a typical


Industrial Plant

Electrical Input Symbols

LIMIT SWITCH
N. O.

PUSH BUTTON
SWITCH

TEMPERATURE
SWITCH

DOUBLE
CONTACT
PUSH BUTTON

FLOW SWITCH

FLOAT OR
LEVEL SWITCH

PRESSURE OR
VACUUM SWITCH

FOOT SWITCH

2 POSITION
SELECTOR
SWITCH

E STOP SWITCH
OR MUSHROOM
HEAD N.C.

PROXIMITY
SWITCH

Input I/O Modules

Input modules come in two major types, AC and DC


All input modules are optically isolated.
Input modules do not supply any power of their own.
DC input modules come in sourcing and sinking types.
Proximity and optical sensors also come in sourcing
(PNP) or sinking (NPN) types.
The input module and sensor device must be of opposite
types.

Wiring for 120VAC Input Module


120 VAC

IN

OPTO
ISOLATION
TO CPU

TYP INPUT
CIRCUIT
COM

Wiring for DC Input Module (Sinking)


24 VDC Supply

+
OPTO
ISOLATION

IN

TO CPU

TYP INPUT
CIRCUIT
COM

3 WIRE DC
PROXIMITY
SWITCHES

Wiring for a DC Input Module ( Sourcing)


24 VDC Supply

OPTO
ISOLATION

IN

TO CPU
TYP INPUT
CIRCUIT

COM

3 WIRE DC
PROXIMITY
SWITCHES

Examples of Sinking and Sourcing Proximity Circuits

Magnetic Prox Switch

+
-

OUT
CONTROL
CIRCUIT

DC PROX SW SINKING (NPN)

+
-

CONTROL
CIRCUIT

OUT

DC PROX SW SOURCING (PNP)

Examples of Prox Switch to Input Module Wiring

In

Sourcing
Prox

Com

DC Supply

+
I

DC Supply

Com

Sinking
Input
Module

Sinking
Prox

In

Sourcing
Input
Module

Examples of Electrical Output Symbols


MTR

PILOT LIGHT
(RED)

MOTOR

CR
SOLENOID
COIL

CONTROL
RELAY

WARNING
HORN

WARNING
BUZZER

WARNING
BELL

Electrical Output Symbols

Output modules come in two major types, AC and DC


All output modules are optically isolated.
Output modules do not supply any power of their own.
DC output modules come in sourcing and sinking
types.
Most are current limited at 1.5 amps.

Wiring for 120 VAC Output Module


120 VAC

CR

CR

CR

CR

OPTO
ISOLATION
OUT
FROM
CPU

VAC1

TYP OUTPUT
CIRCUIT

Wiring for a Sinking DC Output Module


24 VDC

CR

CR

CR

CR

OPTO
ISOLATION
OUT
FROM
CPU

DC
COM

DC COM

TYP OUTPUT
CIRCUIT

Power wiring
MAIN
DISCONNECT
POWER POWER
ON
OFF

FUSE

E STOP

E STOP

MCR

MCR

RFI / EMI FILTER

PLC POWER SUPPLY


MAIN
DISCONNECT
POWER POWER
ON
OFF

FUSE

E STOP

E STOP

MCR

MCR

RFI / EMI FILTER

PLC POWER SUPPLY

24V DC POWER

DC INPUT MODULE
COM
IN1
IN2
IN3

MCR
AC OUTPUT
MODULE
COM

IN4

O1
O2
O3

24V DC POWER

DC INPUT MODULE
COM
IN1
IN2
IN3

MCR
AC OUTPUT
MODULE
COM

O1
O2
O3

IN4

Control Cabinet Layout


MAIN
POWER
FEED

MOTOR
WIRING

MOTOR CONTROL RELAYS


120V
ISOLATION
TRANSFORMER

MAIN FUSES

24VDC
POWER SUPPLY

PLC CONTROLLER & I/O RACK

120VAC OUTPUT
WIRING

24VDC INPUT WIRING

Questions?