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Date

S12

Beam - Column Connection - Ver W2.6.01 - 16 Jan 2013


Title : DETAIL 9
Code of Practice : BS5950 - 2000
Created : 1/12/2017 1:36:55 PM
Notes and Assumptions
1
2
3

All bolt holes are assumed to be normal clearance holes.


All bolts are assumed to have threads in their shear planes.
It is assumed that the connection is deep enough for the flanges
to resist the compressive and tensile forces in them.
It is assumed that compressive forces in flanges and stiffeners
are conveyed through welds and not through bearing.
Axial force in the column is not considered in the design.
HSFG bolts are designed for non-slip under factored loads.

4
5
5

Summary
Summary of Forces and Capacities for Design to BS5950 - 2000
Check

Member

Type

LC

Applied

Capacity

Units

% of Cap.

Weld

Flange

15

548.9

704.4 kN

Weld

Web

15

127.9

Column Web

Tension Yielding

21

540.3

Column Web

Compression Crippling 15

548.9

Column Web

Compression Buckling 15

Column Web

Shear

15

Bolts & Flange

Tension & Bending

N/A

N/A

Column Flange

Bearing

15

9.1

Bolts & End Plate Tension & Bending

21

221.3

86.2 kN

256.8

Fail

10

End Plate

Bearing

15

9.1

283.4 kN

3.2

O.K.

11

Bolts

Shear

15

9.1

132.4 kN

6.9

O.K.

12

Bolts

Shear & Tension

21

0.6

1.4 kN

44.7

O.K.

13

Bolts

Slip

N/A

N/A

N/A kN

N/A

N/A

Input

77.9

O.K.

2859.3 kN

4.5

O.K.

495 kN

109.1

Fail

495 kN

110.9

Fail

-922337203685477581
548.9
-922337203685477581
kN

Fail

477.9

-922337203685477581
0 kN
N/A kN

Fail

N/A

N/A

-922337203685477581
0 kN

Fail

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General Settings
Bolt Tension Analysis

Plastic

Bolt Type

Bearing

Bolt Grade

8.8

Member Ultimate Strength

430

Member Yield Strength

275

Weld Ultimate Strength

480

Connection Type

Extended End Plate : Bottom

Column

457x191x75

I1

Beam

457x191x82

I1

Column Extent Above


Beam Angle

(mm) 15

Haunch Depth

(mm) 330

Haunch Length

(mm) 2500

Date

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Ultimate Limit State Loads in Beam


Load Case

Shear
(kN)

Axial
(kN)

Moment
(kNm)

SLS Factor
(Divide to
get Loads)

15

132.584

61.887

398.001

1.4

16

-33.99

-0.404

-137.633

1.2

17

39.605

7.968

-137.633

1.2

18

29.097

55.032

69.964

1.2

19

102.684

63.407

363.854

1.2

20

-16.288

28.546

-25.073

1.2

21

-124.361

-40.056

-400

1.2

22

-38.499

-30.288

-72.138

1.2

23

-50.76

24.619

-172.99

1.2

24

35.092

34.391

169.882

1.2

25

-103.708

-6.28

-283.867

1.2

End Plate

Width

(mm) 220

Extent Above Beam Flange

(mm) N/A

Extent Below Haunch

(mm) 60

Thickness

(mm) 25

Stiffeners

Column Stiffeners

None

Width

(mm) 90

Top Stiffener Thickness

(mm) 10

Bottom Stiffener Thickness

(mm) 10

Shear Stiffener Thickness

(mm) None

Shear Stiffener Orientation

Top Backing Plate

Thickness

Bottom Backing Plate

Thickness

None
None
(mm) None
(mm) 15
(mm) 15

Bolts

Diameter

(mm) 24

Web Plates

Layout
Thickness

Above Top Flange


Rows of Bolts

Below Top Flange


Above Haunch

N/A
4
3

Date

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Below Haunch

Bolt Offsets

Date

None

Row Spacing

(mm) 100

Web

(mm) 45

Flange

(mm) 65

Above Haunch

(mm) 50

Beam & Haunch Flanges


Welds

Checked by

12

Beam Web

(mm) 12

Top Stiffener

(mm) 10

Bottom Stiffener

(mm) 10

Shear Stiffener

(mm) N/A

Capacity of the Stiffeners


The capacity of the applicable stiffener is the lesser of the
capacity of the plate and the capacity of the stiffener welds.

Top Stiffener : Weld


The Capacity of weld is the lesser of :

Ps =
=

6.8.5

0.5 . Aw . Ue
1000
0.5 2 545.2 480
1000

= 610.848 kN

Ps =
=

0.55 . Aw . Us
1000
0.55 2 545.2 430
1000

= 601.940 kN

Top Stiffener : Tension


Ps =
=

4.5.4

2 . t . b . py
1000
2 10 90 275
1000

= 495.000 kN

Top Stiffener : Compression


Ps =
=

2 . t . b . py
1000
2 10 90 275
1000

= 495.000 kN

4.5.2/3

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Bottom Stiffener : Weld


The Capacity of weld is the lesser of :

Ps =
=

6.8.5

0.5 . Aw . Ue
1000
0.5 2 545.2 480
1000

= 610.848 kN

Ps =
=

0.55 . Aw . Us
1000
0.55 2 545.2 430
1000

= 601.940 kN

Bottom Stiffener : Tension


Ps =
=

4.5.4

2 . t . b . py
1000
2 10 90 275
1000

= 495.000 kN

Bottom Stiffener : Compression


Ps =
=

4.5.2/3

2 . t . b . py
1000
2 10 90 275
1000

= 495.000 kN

Check 1 : Capacity of the Beam Flange Welds


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
Bmax = 548.854 kN
The Capacity of the weld is the lesser of :

Pw =
=

0.5 . Aw . Ue
1000
0.5 2 978.571 480
1000

= 714.857 kN

6.8.5

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Pw =
=

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Date

0.55 . Aw . Us
1000
0.55 2 978.571 430
1000

= 704.432 kN

Beam Flange Weld is safe

Check 2 : Capacity of the Beam Web Welds


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
Bmax = 127.944 kN
The Capacity of the weld is the lesser of :

Pw =
=

6.8.5

0.5 . Aw . Ue
1000
0.5 12 090.24 480
1000

= 2 901.658 kN

Pw =
=

0.55 . Aw . Us
1000
0.55 12 090.24 430
1000

= 2 859.342 kN

Beam Web Weld is safe

Check 3 : Capacity of the Column web in tension


Opposite Top flange of the beam :
The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
when Tmax =477.869 kN
The Capacity of the web is :
4.5.4

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Pt =
=

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tw . leff . py
1000
0 536.875 275
1000

= 0.0000100 kN
But due to the stiffeners the resistance is :
Pteff = Pt + Ps
= 0.0000100 + 495
= 495.000 kN
Opposite Bottom flange of the beam :
The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 21
when Tmax =540.256 kN
The Capacity of the web is :
4.5.4

tw . leff . py
Pt =
1000
=

0 536.875 275
1000

= 0.0000100 kN
But due to the stiffeners the resistance is :
Pteff = Pt + Ps
= 0.0000100 + 495
= 495.000 kN

Column web tension failure

Check 4 : Crippling Capacity of the Column web in Compression


Opposite Top flange of the beam :
The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 21
when Fxmax =491.623 kN
The Capacity of the web is :
4.5.2

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Pbw =

(b1 + n . k ) . tw . pyw
1000

(66 + 5 0 )0 275
1000

Checked by

Date

= 0.0000100 kN
But due to the stiffeners the resistance is :
Pceff = Pbw + Ps
= 0.0000100 + 495
= 495.000 kN
Opposite Bottom flange of the beam :
The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
when Fxmax =548.854 kN
The Capacity of the web is :
4.5.2

(b1 + n . k ) . tw . pyw
Pbw =
1000
=

(66 + 5 0 )0 275
1000

= 0.0000100 kN
But due to the stiffeners the resistance is :
Pceff = Pbw + Ps
= 0.0000100 + 495
= 495.000 kN

Column web compression crippling failure

Check 5 : Buckling Capacity of the Column web in Compression


Opposite Top flange of the beam :
The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 16
when Fxmax =176.139 kN
Assumptions : 1) Bearing flange is restrained against rotation relative to the web
2) Bearing flange is restrained against lateral movement relative to
the outer flange

A . pc
Pc =
1000
=

1800 -9 223 372 036 854 775.81


1000

= -16.6021015 kN

4.5.3.3

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Opposite Bottom flange of the beam :


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
when Fxmax =548.854 kN
Assumptions : 1) Bearing flange is restrained against rotation relative to the web
2) Bearing flange is restrained against lateral movement relative to
the outer flange
4.5.3.3

Pc =
=

A . pc
1000
1800 -9 223 372 036 854 775.81
1000

= -16.6021015 kN

Column web compression buckling failure

Check 6 : Shear Capacity of the Column Web


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
when Fv =477.869 kN

Pv =

0.6 . py . Av
1000

0.6 275 0
1000

4.5.6
4.2.3

= 0.0000100 kN

Column web shear failure

Check 7 : Bolt tension and Column Flange Bending


No tensile bolt forces

Check 8 : Bearing on the Column Flange


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
with Fb = 9.139 kN
The Bearing Capacity of the Flange at any Bolt is the lesser of :

d . tp . pbb
Pbb =
1000
=

24 0 1008
1000

= 0.0000100 kN

6.3.3.2

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And
6.3.3.3

d . tp . pbs
Pbs =
1000
=

24 0 472.35
1000

= 0.0000100 kN
And
6.3.3.3

1. . .
e tp pbs
2
Pbs =
1000
1
65 0 472.35
2
=
1000
= 0.0000100 kN

Column flange bearing failure

Check 9 : Bolt tension and End Plate Bending


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 21
Fmax = 221.342 kN

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The resistance is the smaller of the 3 possible failure modes :


Mode 1 : Complete yielding of the End Plate
R1 =
=

4 . Mpl .
1000
m
4 13.00986
1000
140.45

= 370.519 kN
Mode 2 : Bolt Failure with yielding of the End Plate
R2 =
=

2 . Mpl . 1000 + n . 2 . Bt
m+n
2 13.00986 1000 + -45 2 197.68
140.45 + -45

= 86.208 kN
Mode 3 : Bolt Failure only
R3 = 2 . Bt
= 2 197.68
= 395.360 kN
Therefore R = R2 = 86.208

Bolt tension or End Plate bending failure

Check 10 : Bearing on the End Plate


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
with Fb = 9.139 kN
The Bearing Capacity of the Flange at any Bolt is the lesser of :

d . tp . pbb
Pbb =
1000
=

6.3.3.2

24 25 1008
1000

= 604.800 kN

And
6.3.3.3

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Pbs =
=

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Date

d . tp . pbs
1000
24 25 472.35
1000

= 283.410 kN
And
6.3.3.3

1. . .
e tp pbs
2
Pbs =
1000
1
65 25 472.35
2
=
1000
= 383.784 kN

End plate bearing is safe

Check 11 : Shear Capacity of the Bolts


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 15
when Fsmax =9.139 kN
6.3.2

The resistance of any bolt is :


Ps =
=

ps . As
1000
375 353
1000

= 132.375 kN

Bolt shear is safe

Check 12 : Shear and Tension Capacity of the Bolts


The worst load is encountered for Load Case : 21
6.3.4.4

The factor must be less than or equal to 1.4 :


Fs Ft
Factor =
+
Ps Pt

8.662
110.671
+
132.375 197.68

= 0.6253

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Bolt shear and tension is safe

Checked by

Date

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Bolt Forces

Bolt Forces for Load Case : 15


84.36 kN
84.36 kN
84.36 kN
84.36 kN
0 kN
0 kN
0 kN

Shear force per bolt : 9.14 kN

Bolt Forces for Load Case : 16


0.17 kN
0.17 kN
0.17 kN
0.17 kN
36.92 kN
36.92 kN
36.92 kN

Shear force per bolt : 2.42 kN

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Bolt Forces for Load Case : 17


0 kN
0 kN
0 kN
0 kN
35.79 kN
35.79 kN
35.79 kN

Shear force per bolt : 2.78 kN

Bolt Forces for Load Case : 18


12.05 kN
12.05 kN
12.05 kN
12.05 kN
0 kN
0 kN
0 kN

Shear force per bolt : 1.8 kN

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Bolt Forces for Load Case : 19


76.78 kN
76.78 kN
76.78 kN
76.78 kN
0 kN
0 kN
0 kN

Shear force per bolt : 7 kN

Bolt Forces for Load Case : 20


0 kN
0 kN
0 kN
0 kN
4.4 kN
4.4 kN
4.4 kN

Shear force per bolt : 1.3 kN

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Bolt Forces for Load Case : 21


3.04 kN
3.04 kN
3.04 kN
3.04 kN
110.67 kN
110.67 kN
110.67 kN

Shear force per bolt : 8.66 kN

Bolt Forces for Load Case : 22


2.06 kN
2.06 kN
2.06 kN
2.06 kN
21.97 kN
21.97 kN
21.97 kN

Shear force per bolt : 2.59 kN

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Bolt Forces for Load Case : 23


0 kN
0 kN
0 kN
0 kN
44.36 kN
44.36 kN
44.36 kN

Shear force per bolt : 3.74 kN

Bolt Forces for Load Case : 24


35.6 kN
35.6 kN
35.6 kN
35.6 kN
0 kN
0 kN
0 kN

Shear force per bolt : 2.33 kN

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Bolt Forces for Load Case : 25


0.84 kN
0.84 kN
0.84 kN
0.84 kN
76.79 kN
76.79 kN
76.79 kN

Shear force per bolt : 7.36 kN