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# 2nd year civil

## 1st semester 2010

Fluid mechanics

Tanta University
Faculty of Eng.
Irri. & Hyd. Eng. Dept

Sheet 5
Basics of fluid Motion
Asume the conduit shown in fig 1 has inside diameters of 12 in and 18 in at-1
sections 1 and 2 respectively if water is flowing in the conduit at a velocity of 16
ft/sec at section 2, find a- velocity at section 1 b-volume flow rate at section 2 cvolume flow rate at section
. d-weight flow rate and e-mass flow rate 2
2
1

FIG 1

## The water tank in fig 2 is being filled through section 1 at-2

v1=4m/sec and through section 3at Q3 =.01m3/sec if water level h is constant,
.determine exit velocity v2
3
Q3=.01M3/SEC
1
2
D1=5cm

FIG

D2=7cm
d

Oil (s.g=.86) enters at section 1 in fig 3 at .06 N/sec to lubricate a thrust bearing.-3
The 10 cm diameter bearing plates are 2 mm apart. Assuming steady flow, compute
the inlet average velocity v1, outlet average velocity v2 a summing redial flow, and
.out let volume flux

## 2nd year civil

1st semester 2010
Fluid mechanics

Tanta University
Faculty of Eng.
Irri. & Hyd. Eng. Dept

D=10cm

H=2mm

FIG

D1=3mm

## The flow in the inlet between parallel in fig 4 is uniform-4

u=vo=4cm/sec. while down stream the flow develops in to parabolic laminar profile
u=az (zo-z), where a is a constant. If zo =1 cm and the fluid is glycerin at 20 c, for
.steady flow what is the value of umax
Z=ZO
UO

Umax
Z=O

FIG 4

Asumming the container in fig 5 a is large and losses negligible, derive a-5
expression for the distance x where the free jet leaving horizontally will strike he
.floor, as a function of h and H. sketch the free trajectories for h/H = .25 , and .75

Vo

H
h

FIG 5
X

## 2nd year civil

1st semester 2010
Fluid mechanics

Tanta University
Faculty of Eng.
Irri. & Hyd. Eng. Dept

Water flows at 10 m3/sec in a 150- cm diameter pipe, the head loss in a 1000- m-6
.length of this pipe is 20 cm. Find the rate of energy loss due to pipe friction
In fig 6, water flows from a , where the diameter is 12 in to b , where the diameter-7
is 24 in , at the rate of 13.2 cfs . The pressure head at a is 22.1 ft. considering no
.losses of energy from a to b, find the pressure head at b

b
FIG 6
a

Zb=25 ft

Za=10ft

A turbine is rated at 6 hp when the flow of water trough it is 21.5 cfs . Assuming-8
?an efficiency of 87 percent. What head is acting on the turbine
___________________________________________________________
Fig 7 shows a pump drawing water from a reservoir and discharging it in to the-9
air at point a, the pressure at point a in the suction pipe is vacuum of 10 in mercury,
and the discharge is 3 ft3/sec. Determine the total head at point a and at point b with
.respect to datum at the base of the reservoir
PUMP

D=8in

ft 40

D=10in

ft 15
FIG 7

ft 25

## 2nd year civil

1st semester 2010
Fluid mechanics

Tanta University
Faculty of Eng.
Irri. & Hyd. Eng. Dept

The siphon of fig 8 is filled with water and discharge at 150 l/sec .find the losses-10
from point 1 to point 3 in terms of velocity head v2/2g.find the pressure at point 2 if
two thirds of the losses occur
. between point 1 and point 2
2
mm 200

m2

1
m 1.5
Water

3
FIG 8

For the water shooting out of the pipe shown in fig 9 .find the height above the-11
nozzle to which the water jet will shot (distance h in fig 9 ). Assume negligible head
.loss

h
Nozzle d=100mm

mm 100

FIG 9
A
D=200mm
P=55 kpa

## 2nd year civil

1st semester 2010
Fluid mechanics

Tanta University
Faculty of Eng.
Irri. & Hyd. Eng. Dept

Determine the velocity and pressure at section 2 and section 3 if water flows-12
steadily through the pipe system shown in fig 10 .assume ahead losses of 6 ft from
.section 1 to section 2 and of 15 ft from section 2 to section 3
D=16 in
P=25
V=5ft/sec

FIG 10

D=8 in
D=12 in
2
3

ft 20
ft 15

ft 10

A large tank with a well rounded, small opening as an out let is shown in fig 11.-13
?What is the velocity of a jet issuing from the tank

1
h
2

FIG 11

Neglecting losses, find the discharge trough the venturei meter of 12.15-the-14
liquid in fig 12is gasoline (s.g=.85).the losses in the exist pipe equal kv2/2g, where k =
.6. The tank reservoir is large. Compute the flow rate in cubic feet per minute

## 2nd year civil

1st semester 2010
Fluid mechanics

Tanta University
Faculty of Eng.
Irri. & Hyd. Eng. Dept

mm 200

mm 300

FIG 12
mm 150

The flow from two reservoirs mixes together and flows through a common pipe-16
the elevations and pipe diameters are indicated in fig 13. Both reservoirs contain the
same liquid and are open to the atmosphere. The common pipe empties to the
atmosphere. Neglecting any frictional effects, find the flow rate through the common
.pipe
3
RES
RES

1
1
H2

H1

d2
d1

d3

FIG 13

## 2nd year civil

1st semester 2010
Fluid mechanics

Tanta University
Faculty of Eng.
Irri. & Hyd. Eng. Dept

Water flows at 10 ft/sec through a pipe 1000 ft long with diameter 1 in. The inlet-17
pressure p1=200psi, and the exit section is 100 ft higher than the inlet. What is the
?exit pressure p2 if the friction head loss is 35 ft
_________________________________________________________
18-If we neglect friction entirely for the siphon shown in fig 14, what is the
velocity of the water leaving at c as a free jet? What are the pressures of the
water in the tube at b and at a.
B
1.2M
A
M 2.4
WATER
C
FIG 14