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9/22/2010

CE 452
Traffic Impact Assessment

Why Required?

New developments

P d / attract new traffic


Produce/
ffi

Production: Residences
Attraction: Shops, Offices, Schools, Hospitals etc. etc.

Changes in traffic pattern

Mode diversions
Route diversions
Peaking time, etc.

9/22/2010

Why Required?

Any large land development near major junctions and/or


major urban arterials requires careful investigation of the
access facilities to and from adjacent roadways

The evaluation of any negative traffic impacts must be


carefully reviewed and if necessary, mitigation strategies
must be implemented to ensure trouble free traffic
operations in and around such a development

Safe and smooth traffic operations in and around


commercial developments are not only essential for the
community at large, but are also critical for a development
to succeed
3

Traffic vs. Transport Impact


Assessment

Source: http://www.planningni.gov.uk

/
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When Required?

When a specified area is being rezoned


When de
development
elopment in
involves
ol es a specified number
n mber of
dwelling units or floor space
When development occurs in a sensitive area (e.g. near
major intersections, critical business district, area already
having traffic problems, etc.)
When financial assessments are required and the extent
of impact must be quantified

Whose Responsibility?

Should be a requirement of the City Planning


A th it as a pre-requisite
Authority
i it ffor project
j t
approval (similar to EIA)
Can be performed directly by the City
Planning Authority or contracted to
consulting companies
Recommendations can be implemented on
public-private partnership framework

9/22/2010

Example: Jamuna Future Park

Steps of Traffic Impact Assessment


(TIA)
1.
Determination of scope of work
Data collection

2.
a.
b.

Primary
P
i
d
data
Secondary data

Analysis

3.
a.
b.
c.

Required road width and intersection capacity


Required parking facilities
R i d loading
Required
l di and
d unloading
l di ffacilities
iliti

Recommendations

4.
a.
b.

Compare against provided facilities


Provide remedial measures if required
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1. Determination of Scope of Work

Identify areas likely to be significantly affected


G
Generally
ll b
based
d on the
h jjudgment
d
off the
h analyst
l

2. Data

Secondary

Details of the proposed development

Exact location
l
i off the
h project
j
Floor area and land use
Inventory of provided facilities

Established rates for generation and attraction (to be


provided)

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2. Data

Primary

Network , geometric and traffic control data within


the influence area including pedestrian facilities
Existing traffic flow: Traffic flow volume, OD,
directional movements, speed, parking inventory, etc.
Predicted traffic: Traffic flow volume, OD

11

3. Analysis

Calculate

Required
d road
d width
d h and
d intersection capacity

Four-step model
Analogy method

Required parking facilities


Required loading and unloading facilities

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4. Recommendations

Compare required vs. existing (or expanded )

R d
Roadway
and
d iintersection
i capacity
i

Parking facilities

Provide remedial measures if required

13

Example: Andalusia Project, Jeddah,


KSA

Consultant: MODON, Jeddah


Year: 2007
Courtesy: Dr. Tanweer Hasan

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Background

--

The Kinan International for Real Estate Development


Company has initiated its Andalusia project in Jeddah,
Jeddah
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The project includes offices, apartments, hotel, and retail


shops.

Modon, a local transportation consulting firm, is hired to


evaluate
l
the
h traffic
ffi iimpact off the
h proposed
d d
development
l
project and to recommend mitigation strategies, as
necessary.

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Site

--Project

The project is located in the north-east corner of the Tariq


Bin Zeyad intersection of Al Andalus Street and King
Abdullah Road. The intersection is a roundabout and is
also known as ship roundabout.

The project site is surrounded by two major arterials- AlAndalus Street on the west and King Abdullah Road on
the south.
south While there is a narrow road on the east side
(back of the project), there are some private corporate
buildings and government offices on the north of the
project site.
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9/22/2010

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Site

--Project

17

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Site

--Project

The access to the project site from west (front) is through the
service road of Al
Al-Andalus
Andalus street. To access the service road of Al
AlAndalus street, one needs to use the service road of King Abdullah
road. The people can enter the project site from the back using the
inner circulating streets.

Project Site Plan

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Objectives

--Study

The following objectives were established for the study:


1. Analyzing the current traffic situation in the study

area on the basis of the volume of traffic and the


level of service on the identified streets and the
surrounding intersections during the peak hours.
2. Estimating the future traffic volume generated from
the project during the peak and non peak hours.
3 Distribution
3.
Di ib i
off these
h
traffic
ffi volumes
l
on the
h
surrounding road network.

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Objectives

--Study

4. Analysis of the level of service of the selected

intersections in the study


y area to assess the future
state of traffic flow when the project is open and
suggest remedial measures.
5. Study the proposed street network including the
intersections, roundabouts, entrances and exits to the
project site and suggest solutions to facilitate smooth
and safe movements of traffic.
6 Estimating the parking demand for the project in
6.
order to assess the adequacy of the proposed parking
spaces.
7. Suggest possible solutions for the existing
surrounding road network in-terms of geometric and
operational improvements for smooth and safe flow
20
of traffic.

10

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Area

--Defining the Study

Considering the possible impacts of the trips coming into


p j
the study
y area was defined as
and exitingg from the project,
follows:
North side- section between the intersection of AlAndalus and Maadi and the intersection of Maadi
and Hail
East side- section between the intersection of Maadi
and Hail and the intersection of Hail and Amanah
SouthS h section
i b
between the
h iintersection
i off H
Hail
il and
d
Amanah and the intersection of Al-Falah and
Amanah
West- section between the intersection of Al-Falah
and Amanah and the intersection of Al-Andalus and
Maadi.
21

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Area

--Defining the Study

Study Area

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Area
A total of eight intersections are
selected which are expected to
be affected by the traffic
generated by this new
development.

--Defining the Study

Intersection
No.

Intersecting Streets

Al-Andalus
Al
Andalus Street and Maadi Street

Maadi Street and Fayeed Ur Rahman Street

Maadi Street and Hail Street

Hail Street and King Abdullah Road

King Abdullah Road and Al-Andalus Street

Fayeed Ur Rahman Street and Fayeed Al


Muhabba Street

Fayeed Ur Rahman Street and Fayeed Al


Karam Street

Al-Falah Street and Amanah Street

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Analysis

--Data Collection and

The data collected are of two types:


Office Data: include base maps of the study area,
area the
architectural plans showing the layouts of the different
components of the project, the digitized drawings of the street
networks within the study area, and historic data on some streets
within the study area. The historic data was used to determine the
natural growth of traffic in the surrounding areas of the project.

Field Data: include roadway data- number of lanes, width of

each lane,
lane width of the median,
median exclusive turning lanes,
lanes shoulders,
shoulders
etc.); control condition data- whether the intersection is signalized
or not, determining the cycle time, phases, etc, and traffic datamidsection traffic volume as well as turning proportions at the
study intersections.
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Analysis

--Data Collection and

Automatic and Manual counting techniques are used


to collect traffic volume data at midsections and at
the study intersections, respectively.
Automatic counting period was continuous
count for seven full days in a week.
The manual counting (3 hours during the peak
period) was adopted to determine the turning
proportion of traffic at all approaches of the
study intersections.
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Analysis

Automatic Counting Locations:

--Data Collection and

Station

Location

On Al-Andalus (North of Andalus and Maadi)

On Maadi (West of Maadi and Fayeed Ur


Rahman)

On Hail (North of Hail and King Abdullah)

On King Abdullah (East of King Abdullah and AlAndalus)

On Falah (South of Falah and Amanah)

On Amanah (West of Falah and Amanah)

On Al-Andalus (South of King Abdullah and AlAndalus)

On Al-Andalus (North of King Abdullah and AlAndalus)

On Fayeed Ur Rahman (North of King Abdullah


Service Road and Fayeed Ur Rahman)

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Analysis

--Data Collection and

Daily Traffic Volumes on Streets within Study Area:

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Analysis

--Data Collection and

A.M. Peak Hour Traffic Volumes on Streets within Study Area:

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Analysis

--Data Collection and

P.M. Peak Hour Traffic Volumes on Streets within Study Area:

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


Analysis

Manual Counting Locations:

--Data Collection and

Intersection
No.

Intersecting Streets

Al-Andalus
Al
Andalus Street and Maadi Street

Maadi Street and Fayeed Ur Rahman Street

Maadi Street and Hail Street

Hail Street and King Abdullah Road

King Abdullah Road and Al-Andalus Street

Fayeed Ur Rahman Street and Fayeed Al


Muhabba Street

Fayeed Ur Rahman Street and Fayeed Al


Karam Street

Al-Falah Street and Amanah Street

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study

--Data Collection and

Analysis

Traffic Volumes at Andalus & Maadi Intersection:


Peak Hour Turning Proportion (veh/h)
Approach

Total
Through

Right

Left

Peak Hour

Northbound
(Andalus)

1971

325

481

162

2939

Southbound
(Andalus)

1889

285

483

211

2868
5:00-6:00 PM

Eastbound
(Maadi)

146

142

352

647

Westbound
(Maadi)

227

178

230

120

755

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study

--Data Collection and

Analysis

Traffic Volumes at Maadi & F. Rahman Intersection:


Peak Hour Turning Proportion (veh/h)
Approach

Total
Through

Northbound
(F. Raham)

Right

Left

Peak Hour

237

237

Eastbound
(Maadi)

1212

252

1464

Westbound
(Maadi)

5:00-6:00 PM

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study

--Data Collection and

Analysis

Traffic Volumes at Maadi & Haail Intersection:


Peak Hour Turning Proportion (veh/h)

Approach

Total
Through

Right

Left

Peak Hour

Northbound
(Hail)

1048

300

61

1409

Southbound
(Hail)

0
4:45-5:45 PM

Eastbound
(Maadi)

492

386

107

985

Westbound
(Maadi)

95

414

250

759

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study

--Data Collection and

Analysis

Traffic Volumes at Haail & King Abdullah Rd. Intersection:


P kH
Peak
Hour T
Turning
i Proportion
P
i (veh/h)
( h/h)
Approach

Total
Through

Right

Left

Peak Hour

Northbound
(Hail)

703

322

222

12

1259

Southbound
(Hail)

466

115

555

39

1175

Eastbound
(King
Abdullah)

297

326

181

804

Westbound
(King
Abdullah)

586

474

522

1582

5:00-6:00 PM

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study

--Data Collection and

Analysis

Traffic Volumes at King Abdullah Rd. & Andalus Intersection:


P kH
Peak
Hour T
Turning
i Proportion
P
i (veh/h)
( h/h)
Approach

Total
Through

Right

Left

Peak Hour

Northbound
(Andalus)

2870

352

134

3356

Southbound
(Andalus)

1349

120

1102

164

2735

Eastbound
(King
Abdullah)

168

168

Westbound
(King
Abdullah)

491

1553

108

2152

5:00-6:00 PM

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study

--Data Collection and

Analysis

Traffic Volumes at F. Rahman & F. Muhabbah Intersection:


P kH
Peak
Hour T
Turning
i Proportion
P
i (veh/h)
( h/h)
Approach

Total
Through

Right

Left

Peak Hour

Northbound
(F. Rahma)

38

52

Southbound
(F. Rahma)

27

26

73

10

136

Eastbound
(F.Muhabba)

31

38

Westbound
(F.Muhabba)

28

11

48

4:30-5:30 PM

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study

--Data Collection and

Analysis

Traffic Volumes at F. Rahman & F. Karam Intersection:


Peak Hour Turning Proportion (veh/h)
Approach

Total
Through

Right

Left

Peak Hour

Northbound
(F. Rahma)

72

24

19

124

Southbound
(F. Rahma)

45

16

146

40

347

Eastbound
(F. Karam)

20

23

48

Westbound
(F. Karam)

28

97

31

159

4:45-5:45
4:45
5:45 PM

37

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study

--Data Collection and

Analysis

Traffic Volumes at Al-Falah & Amanah Intersection:


Peak Hour Turning Proportion (veh/h)
Approach

Total
Through

Right

Left

Peak Hour

Northbound
(Andalus)

2472

186

883

30

3571

Southbound
(Andalus)

1757

319

238

51

2365

Eastbound
(Amanah)

167

1026

219

1420

Westbound
(Amanah)

138

591

383

38

1150

5 00 6 00 PM
5:00-6:00

38

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Tools Used for Analyzing Traffic Operating

Conditions
Traffic analysis is carried out using one of the well

known analytic software, Synchro and SimTraffic


package
k
software
f
popularly
l l k
known as 'S
'SYNCHRO'
C
O'
version number 6.0, taking into consideration the local
traffic situations including the drivers characteristics and
the road circumstances.
Necessary changes were done to the software to
represent the local conditions as close as possible.
Synchro is a complete software package for modeling
and optimizing traffic signal timings.
Synchro provides an easy-to-use solution for single
intersection capacity analysis and timing optimization.
39

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Tools Used for Analyzing Traffic Operating

Conditions

Delay calculations are an integral part of the


optimization objective.
objective
All values are entered in easy-to-use forms.
Calculations and intermediate results are shown on
the same forms.
Synchro is fully interactive, when the input values
are changed
changed, the results are updated automatically.
automatically
Timing plans are shown on easy to comprehend
timing diagrams. The vehicle flow is animated and
shows individual vehicles that stop, queue up, and
then go.
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Tools Used for Analyzing Traffic Operating

Conditions

The assessment of traffic operating conditions at the study


y area street
area were done at two levels- the total study
network as a whole and each of the eight study intersections.
The traffic parameters used as measures of effectiveness are:

Delay experienced by the vehicles


Level of service (LOS)
Traffic density
Traffic flow
Speed
Travel time
Number of stops, and
Stop time

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Tools Used for Analyzing Traffic Operating

Conditions

Volume Input Window

Phase Timing Input Window

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Tools Used for Analyzing Traffic Operating

Conditions

LOS Output Window

Flow Animation Output Window

43

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Estimation of Traffic Demand of the

Project
The project is likely to generate significant amount of trips during the

peak hours. Since this is a mixed used development (see the table below),
both production and attraction of trips will occur.
Trips produced in the project area will have their destinations in other
parts of the city, and trips attracted to the project site will have their
destinations at the project site.

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Estimation of Traffic Demand of the

Project

The four-step transportation modeling techniques are


used Since the trips generated at the project site are
used.
vehicle trips (using passenger vehicles), the mode choice
step is absent.
The steps followed for the demand estimation and for
the determination of the additional turning traffic
volume at the study intersections are:

Estimation of trip generation at the project.


Distribution of these trips among all the city districts and zones.
Assigning these trips to the city and study area street network to
determine the traffic volume at the study intersections.
45

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Estimation of Traffic Demand of the

Project

Trip rates for different types of land uses within the


project area were carefully selected so that they
represent the local conditions.
Several international publications as well as local trip
generation study results were reviewed in this regard.
The calculations showed that the project will generate
p duringg the eveningg peak
p
hour of which 1,739
4,757 trips
trips are incoming and 3,018 trips are exiting.

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Estimation of Traffic Demand of the

Project

Trip Generation at the Project Site


Peak Hour Trips Generated by the Project
(Number of Vehicle Trips per Hour)

Land Use

A.M. Peak

P.M. Peak

IN

OUT

IN

OUT

Office

2,165

541

492

1,968

Residential

238

357

336

224

Hotel

116

94

70

50

Retail

231

231

841

776

Total

2,750

1,223

1,739

Grand Total

3,973

3,018
4,757

47

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Estimation of Traffic Demand of the

Project

To facilitate the trip distribution modeling, the city of


Jeddah was divided into 19 Traffic Analysis Zones
(TAZs).
A simple gravity model was used to distribute the trips.
Travel time between each TAZ and the site was used to
calculate the travel friction between each zone and the
project
p
j site.
The traffic assignment was done assuming that the
travelers will choose the minimum time paths.

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Estimation of Traffic Demand of the

Project

The results of the assignment


showed that 40% of the total
trips generated at the project
site have their origins or
destinations in the north. The
corresponding figures for south
and east are 22% and 38%,
respectively.
The
resulting
(project(project
generated)
turning
traffic
volumes at the eight study
intersections are also estimated
to assess the future traffic
conditions.

49

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Ten (10) scenarios were analyzed and simulated using the Synchro and
Conditions
SimTraffic package software:

R1: Existing condition of the network (2007).


R2: Future condition of the network considering only the natural traffic
growth
(2012).
R3: Future condition of the network considering only the natural traffic
growth (2017).
R4: Scenario R2 plus the impact of this project .
R5: Scenario R3 plus the impact of this project.
R6: Scenario R4 plus Alternative No.1 of the suggested improvements.
R7: Scenario R4 plus Alternative No.2 of the suggested improvements.
R8: Scenario R6 plus R7.
R9: Scenario R5 plus Alternative No.1 and Alternative No.2 of the suggested
improvements.
R10: Scenario R9 plus Alternative No.3 of the suggested improvements.

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions
Three Alternatives included in
scenarios R6 through R10 are:

Alternative No. 1: provide a


one way connection from the
service road of
King
Abdullah Road and the street
bordering the project from
the east side. In addition to
that the street bordering the
project
j
ffrom the
h east side
id
needs to be widened to
facilitate circulation of the
project traffic, especially the
exiting traffic.
51

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions
Three Alternatives

included
in scenarios R6 through R10
are (cont.):

Alternative No. 2: Jeddah


Municipality is planning to
upgrade Al-Andalus Street to
be a limited access highway
which will be accomplished
at
Tareek
Ben
Zeyad
Roundabout
d b
through
h
h the
h
construction of an underpass
along this street in the NorthSouth direction.
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions
Three Alternatives

included
in scenarios R6 through R10
are (cont.):

Alternative No. 3: Since both King


Abdullah Road and Al-Andalus
Street will be limited access
highways, this will require adding
directional ramps to take the left
turning
movements
as
free
movements.
This
study
is
recommending
di
tto h
have a
directional ramp to take the left
turning traffic from Al-Andalus
Street to King Abdullah Road. The
left turning traffic from King
Abdullah Road to Al-Andalus
Street will also have an at-grade
exclusive
lane
through
the
roundabout.

53

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions
The results of the evaluation of the traffic operating

conditions are presented in the following slides.


Th results
The
l iinclude
l d the
h performance
f
off the
h network
k
as a whole and also the performance of each study
intersections.
The performance was measured in terms of delays
experienced by the vehicles, levels of service, and a
performance index which is a function of delay,
number of stops,
stops travel time,
time travel speed
speed, etc.
etc
Note that a higher value of performance index
indicates a worse condition.

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions
Network Performance for Different Scenarios- Do Nothing.
Scenarios

Measures of
Effectiveness

R2: 2012 only


natural
growth

R3: 2017 only


natural
growth

20

44

68

59

95

435

1172

2293

1815

3723

500.5

1249.5

2388.2

1914.1

3845.2

R1: Existing
2007

Delay/Veh

Total Delay

Performance
Index

R4: 2012
growth and
project

R5: 2017
growth and
project

Higher value indicates worse condition


55

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions

Network
Performance Index
(higher value
indicates worse
condition)
diti ) for
f All
Scenarios

No

Network Performance

Performance
Index

R1: Existing condition of the network 2007

500.5

R2:
2 Future condition
di i off the
h networkk with
i h only
l the
h
natural traffic growth 2012

1249.5

R3: Future condition of the network with only the


natural traffic growth 2017

2388.2

R4: Scenario R2 plus the impact of this project.

1914.1

R5: Scenario R3 plus the impact of this project

3845.2

R6: Scenario R4 plus Alternative No.1 of the


suggested improvements

1827.9

R7: Scenario R4 plus Alternative No.2 of the


suggestedd improvements
i

1685.0

R8: Scenario R6 plus R7

1682.3

R9: Scenario R5 plus Alternative No.1and


Alternative No.2 of the suggested improvements

3749.5

10

R10: Scenario R9 plus Alternative No.3 of the


suggested improvements

1190.7

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions

Int. No.8: Al Falah & Amanah


Delay (sec/veh)
0

50

100

150

200

R2: Future condition of the network with only the natural traffic
growth (2012).

Scenarios

300

350

170

R3: Future condition of the network with only the natural traffic
growth (2017).

292
173

R4: Scenario R2 plus the impact of this project.

293

R5: Scenario R3 plus the impact of this project


R6: Scenario R4 plus Alternative No.1 of the suggested
improvements

173

R7 S
R7:
Scenario
i R4 plus
l Al
Alternative
i N
No.2
2 off the
h suggested
d
improvements

173

R8: Scenario R6 plus R7

173

R9: Scenario R5 plus (Alternative No.1and Alternative No.2 of


the suggested improvements
R10: Scenario R9 plus Alternative No.3 of the suggested
improvements

250

92

R1: Existing condition of the network (2007).

293
6

57

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions

In 2017 due to the natural growth of traffic, except the


Fayeed Ur Rahman and Fayeed Al Muhabbah intersection,
seven other study intersections will be operating at beyond
their capacity (i.e., LOS F).
The impact of the project on the surrounding area is
significant.
In 2017, considering the impact of the project and the
natural growth of traffic,
traffic the intersections those are most
affected (as compared to the existing condition) are the three
intersections on Fayeed Ur Rahman street- intersections
number 2, 6, and 7. This is because the entering and exiting
traffic from the project will be using the streets behind (east
side) the project.
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions

The total network delay will increase, due to both


natural growth and project generated traffic,
traffic from 435
hours in 2007 to 3723 hours in 2017, which is an
increase of more than eight times.
The performance of the network, measured by the
performance index, showed that the network
performance will deteriorate by more than seven times
(
(500.5
in
i 2007 as compared
d to 3845.2 iin 2017).
)

59

Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions

Alternative No. 1 (widening of the street bordering the project in


project
j site from the service
the east side and a direct access to the p
road of King Abdullah Road) cannot improve the traffic
operating condition at the major intersections in the study area.
Alternative 1, however, could improve the quality of traffic flow
of the three minor intersections in the back of the project on
Fayeed Ur Rahman street (delay at Maadi and Fayeed Ur Rahman
intersection reduced from 26 sec/veh to 22 sec/veh, and delay at
Fayeed Ur Rahman and Fayeed Al Muhabbah intersection
reduced from 22 sec/veh to only 9 sec/veh).
This Alternative could also increase the network performance by
4.5%.
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Assessment of Traffic Operating

Conditions

Implementation of Alternative 1 and Alternative 2 in 2012


can improve the quality of traffic flow on Fayeed Ur
Rahman and at the Tarik Bin Zyead roundabout with a
consequent 12.5% increase in network performance.
The network performance in 2017 can be significantly
increased if Alternative 3 along with the other two
alternatives are implemented. The analyses showed that the
performance could be increased by
y more than
network p
three times as compared to the network performance in the
same year when nothing is done (while performance index
for scenario R5 is 3845.2, the performance index for
scenario R10 is only 1190.7).
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Parking
Requirements

The standard parking requirements according to Local


Governorate Plan 1427 H for different types of land uses
are:
Land Use

Parking Requirements

Area Type

1 car/150 m2 or 1 car per unit,


whichever is higher

Leasable

Offices

1 car/60 m2

Gross

Mall and Supermarkets

1 car/25 m2

Leasable

Hotels

1 car/60 m2

Gross

Apartments

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Parking
Requirements

Adequacy of the Number of Parking Spaces for Different


Land Uses in the Project.
Land Use

Apartments

Offices

Mall and Supermarkets

Hotels

Area
(m2)

Number of Parking Spaces


Required

Parking Spaces
Provided in the
Design

56000 Leasable; 400


units

400

459

123000 Gross

2050

2080

23100 Leasable

500

200

30000 Gross

924

750

3874

3489

Total

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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Parking
Requirements

Numbers of parking spaces provided for the apartments


(459) and office areas (2080) are more than the standard
requirements of 400 and 2050, respectively.
The numbers of parking spaces provided for the shoppers
(750) are a little lower than the standard requirement of 924
parking spaces.
The number of parking spaces provided for the hotel (200),
however is considerably less than the standard requirement
however,
of 500 parking spaces.
The comparison shows that there is a total deficiency of 385
parking spaces (3874 required, 3489 provided).
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Parking
Requirements

The project is a mixed-use development.


Th peak
The
kh
hours off the
h shopping
h
i trips
i occur iin the
h
late evening when most of the offices are closed.
Sharing the office parking spaces can easily solve
the total parking deficiency of retail and hotel (474)
which is only 23% of the 2080 parking spaces
provided for the office.
office
Therefore, the parking spaces provided in the
project should be sufficient to meet the total
parking demand.
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Study
Recommendations
It is recommended that the Andalusia

Project proposal
submitted by Kinan International should be approved.
The following network improvement measures, however,
are also recommended to be implemented during a time
period of 10 years (from 2007-2017):
The road bordering the project in the east side should
be widened by 5 meters to a total width of 20 meters to
facilitate better circulation of traffic.
traffic
Provide access (entry) to the project in the south side so
that the project traffic can enter directly from the
service road of King Abdullah Road.
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Andalusia Traffic Impact Study


-Study
Recommendations
Construct an underpass (tunnel)

on Al-Andalus
Street at Tarik Bin Zyead roundabout to preserve
the mobility function of this major arterial in
future. When the tunnel is constructed, the
intersection of Andalus & Maadi, and intersection
of Amanah & Al Falah must be closed.
Construct directional ramps at Tarik Bin Zyead
roundabout
d b
to facilitate
f ili
the
h movements off left
l f
turning traffic from Andalus Street to King
Abdullah Road and also from King Abdullah Road
to Andalus Street.
67

Assignment

Perform a Traffic Impact Assessment (TIA) of


the
h N
New Palasi
P l i Market
M k to b
be constructed
d near
BUET Campus

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Tasks

Perform a Traffic Impact Assessment (TIA) of the New Palasi


Market to be constructed near BUET Campus.
You need to perform the following tasks:
Reconnaissance survey to evaluate existing conditions
Data collection

Secondary (will be provided)


Primary (to be collected)

Analysis
A
l i in
i analogy
l
method
h d (hi
(hint: ffrom where
h people
l will
ill
come, through which roads, how many additional vehicles,
etc.)
Recommendations
69

Presentation and Report

Background of the project


Importance of TIA for this particular location
Analysis results by analogy method

Existing geometric, parking and traffic data


Predicted traffic and parking requirements

Recommendations
(hint: are the existing roadway and parking capacities
sufficient
ffi i
to meet the
h d
demands,
d if not make
k proposals
l that
h
can help in overcoming potential problems)

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35