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Experiment #9

The Periodic Table


Members:

Khoo, Janseen
Lagman, Nerise
Lim, China Marie
Santiago, Rhodalyn
Lozada, Dennis Jairo
Magampon, Vaughn

Procedures
A. Reaction of Active Metals with water
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Cut a 3 cm Mg ribbon and scrape off the coating of oxide with a sandpaper
Add the metal to 25 ml of water in a small beaker.
Heat the mixture
Observe what happens
Add two drops of phenolphthalein. Observe what happens

B. Properties of Carbonates of Group I-A and Group II-A Elements


1. Place a pinch of sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, calcium carbonate,
and barium carbonate in separate test tubes. Describe their physical state,
color, and appearance
2. Test their solubility by adding 2ml water
C. Properties of Metal Oxides
1. Prepare MgO by burning a 3cm magnesium ribbon and place the product in
an evaporating dish.
2. Describe the substance formed.
3. Add 2ml of water and 2 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Record
observations
4. Add 2ml water to a pinch of CaO in a test tube.
5. Shake well, and then add 2 drops of phenolphthalein indicator. Record
observations

D. Properties on Non-metal Oxides


1. Ignite a small amount of sulfur powder in an end of a glass tubing

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Insert the glass tubing in the mouth of a test tube


Quickly add 2 ml of water and cover it tightly
Shake vigorously then add a blue litmus paper
Place a 2ml conc. Nitric acid on a test tube
Drop a 4-cm piece of coiled copper wire. Place it in a test tube rack
Using a crucible tong, hold a piece of blue litmus paper near the mouth of a
test tube. Record observations

E. Metalloid Property
1. To each of two test tubes, place 2 mL of 0.1 M of AlCl 3.
2. Put a small piece of blue litmus paper to one test tube and red litmus paper
to the other. Observe the color of the litmus paper.
3. Add 3 drops of 1 M HCl to one test tube. Shake the test tube and observe the
color of the litmus paper.
4. Add 3 drops of 1 M NaOH to the other test tube. Shake the test tube and
observe the color of the litmus paper.
Results
Part A: The water turns violet during heating. After adding phenolphthalein, the
water completely turned violet.

Part B:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Na2CO3 didnt dissolve in water ,it floats


K2CO3 didnt dissolve completely; water turns light white
CaCO3 is dissolved completely; water turns to pure white
BaCO3 didnt dissolve completely; water turns into white

4.

2.

1.

3.

Part C: MgO sparks when added with water and water turns violet when added
with phenolphthalein; CaO water turns violet and the CaO remains at the bottom
of the test tube.

Part D: Blue litmus paper turns to pink in the sulfur powder mixture; blue litmus
paper turns to pink and water turns to blue in the HNO 3 mixture

Part E: Blue litmus paper turns to red, same result happened with HCl added; red
stays the same and happened also when NaOH is added.

Discussion
-

Some of the elements reacted to the reagents used upon them. This
experiment is done to examine the properties of each element by using
different reagents and to observe how the substance will react.

Conclusion
-

The group therefore concludes that there are some elements that will react to
the reagents used upon them and some of it is basically chemical reaction.
Physical changes that are only observed is when the red litmus paper didnt
change its color.