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Gambar Teknik

Technical Drawing

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd
PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy

Pendahuluan
Apa itu Gambar teknik?
1. Ini adalah cara yang formal berkomunikasi
dan informasi tepat tentang bentuk
(shape), ukuran (features), dan fitur
presisi dari benda-benda fisik (precision of
physical objects).

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd
PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy

Sebuah bahasa universal yang digunakan dalam proses rekayasa desain untuk memecahkan masalah. dan melakukan analisis. Hal ini dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan tangan. mekanik.2. cepat dan akurat memvisualisasikan benda. atau komputer metode Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy 1-3 . 3. Sebuah representasi grafis dari benda-benda dan struktur.

Jenis Gambar All Drawings Technical Artistic Sketches (conceptual) Drawings (technical/engineering) Diagrams (design & technical) simulated perspective Diagram Diagram Oblique Isometric (design plan) (technical) projection projection Less technical Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy Multi view orthographic More technical .

 A conceptual sketch… Allows an idea to be expressed quickly in graphic form Is prepared free-hand (without drawing instruments) Is not done to scale. and is made roughly proportional to the object represented. but it respects the rules of technical drawing as much as possible. Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy 1-6 .  When you are ready to design the details. architects or machinists.Technical Drawings  Serve as a reference to workers. you make a technical drawing. done with more detail and more accuracy.

5 mm.Peralatan Gambar Mechanical pencils: 0.5 and 0. or F and 2H combinations) Compass and one divider One set of 45. Pencil grades – HB and H.3 mm combinations.7 and 0.and 30/60degree triangles Scales (one English unit and one Metric unit) Irregular curve (French curve) Protractor One good eraser Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy . or 0.

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy 1-8 .

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .

garis penuh tebal .Garis .2H .Tulisan.Untuk menggambar sebaiknya digunakan tingkat kekerasan berikut: .HB Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .F .Garis bantu .

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .

It is occurred by interception of various lines. A plane is always 2D. and other geometrical elements occurred by these Lines. b. Point: It is a non-dimensional geometrical element. drawn in various directions. shape and name of the plane will change. Line: It is a 1D geometrical element occurred by moving of a point in various direction. lines and planes. The picture below illustrates lines. c. When the number of element forming a plane increases. Below picture shows this type of matter: a.GEOMETRICAL DRAWINGS Any matter is occurred by geometrical elements like points. Plane: A plane is occurred by at least three points or connection of one point and one line. Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .

Standar Huruf Tinggi Huruf Besar 3.7 1 1.5 0.25 0. Huruf EFJLT dan angka lebarnya adalah ½ dari tinggi.5 5 7 10 Ketebalan Huruf 0. Lebar huruf M adalah 4/5 dari tingginya.4 2 Tinggi Huruf Kecil 2. Huruf W mempunyai lebar sama dengan tingginya.5 0.7 1 Lebar Huruf Lebar dari huruf-huruf kapital adalah 7/10 – 2/3 dari tinggi.35 0. Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .5 5 7 10 14 Jarak Antar Garis 5 7 10 14 20 Jarak Antar Huruf 0.5 3.

Draw another arc that cross point P and intercept AB line. Way: 1. Open the compass with arc R. 4. intercept AB line and obtain point C. Accept point P as center. Open the compass as PD arc. Put the compass to point C and intercept arc b. Connect the point P with point E.Gambar Geometrikal Membuat Garis Paralel Menggunakan Jangka sorong I. Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy 1-14 . Accept point C as center. 2. find point E. don’t move the compass. obtain point D 3.

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .

Way: 1. obtain point D. Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy . Connect point P and E. Accept point P and D as center. 4. 3.II. Open the compass as CP. draw an arc. 2. intercepting line AB. Draw any line crossing point P. respectively and find point E with intercepted arcs. Accept point C as center.

draw two arcs that are intercepted outside from AB line and form F Connect point D and F. respectively. Draw D and G point on line AB. Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .Garis Tegak Lurus To draw vertical line from the point on a line: Accept P point as center. By accepting D and G points as center.

way: 1. Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy . Accept point C as center. Mark point D at the intersection point. draw an arc crossing point P and previous arc.Drawing a vertical line at the end of a line I. draw an arc intercepting BC line. Obtain point C. Connect point P and D. 4. Don’t move compass angle. 2. Draw arc R and mark point B. Connect point B and C and prolong this new line. accept point B as center. 3. Accept point P as center. 5.

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .

accepting B. Open the compass as R amount and mark point B. 4. Don’t move the compass. Accept point P as center. Way: 1. C and D as center. draw the arcs intersecting each other.II. 2. 3. respectively. Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy . Connect point P and E. Obtain point E.

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .

Copyright  2012 McGraw-Hill Australia Pty Ltd PPTs t/a Engineering Drawing 8e by Boundy .