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Distribution models of umbrella species applied as spatial management tools in

the Corredor Trinacional de Conservacin (Three-National Conservation


Corridor) in the limits of Colombia, Ecuador and Peru
* Diego Zrrate Charry

1,, 2, 3,

Andrea Jara

2
Baquero ,

Juan Sebastin Jimnez

3,

Cesar Suarez & Camilo Ortega

1. World Wildlife Fund Colombia, 2. Oregon State University , 3. ProCAT Colombia

*diego.zarrate@oregonstate.edu

Results

Introduction
Distribution models of umbrella species have been used as a shortcut to
identify areas that need special protection, select conservation priorities,
and create management tools in the absence of specific biodiversity
information or other ecosystem functionality criteria (Simberloff 1998). We
review the distribution of nine vertebrate species that can be used as
umbrella species in a conservation planning approach, in the Corredor
Trinacional de Conservacin, and evaluate the species habitat quality change
in area under different species distribution approaches: Ecosystem as
proxies for habitat [total], extent of ocurrance [extent], species distribution
models [SDM] .

Difference in priority conservation and management areas


Species extent of occurrence weighted overlay
(Extent)

Ecosystem as habitat in the study area


(Total)

Suitability habitat weighted overlay


(SDM)

Objectives
Type information used
to define analysis area

Land use land


cover in the
study area

Different
scenarios of
habitat quality

Maxent
Species
Distribution
Model (SDM)

Species Extent
of occurrence

Species criteria to define


habitat score

Terrestrial umbrella
species
Aquatic umbrella
species
Terrestrial umbrella
species
Aquatic umbrella
species
Terrestrial umbrella
species
Aquatic umbrella
species

Change in area of habitat with high quality

Results

Area and spatial


identification of habitat
with high quality within
the study area

Area and spatial


identification of habitat
with high quality within
the Suitability weighted
overlay of SDM
Area spatial identification
of habitat with high quality
within the extent of
occurrence weighted
overlay of species

Materials and methods


We construct the extent of occurrence and the species distribution model of
nine species used as umbrella species in the Corredor Trinacional. The habitat
was analyzed using the habitat quality model incorporated in the InVEST
Geographic Tool. The sensitivity and threats magnitude valuation was
constructed using data from local perception and existing bibliography. The
boundaries of the analysis and definition of habitat was made using the species
distribution and ecological relationship with ecosystems.
We examined temporal scenarios of habitat quality loss between the years
1990 and 2010, and evaluate differences between sets of terrestrial and
aquatic umbrella species.

Terrestrial umbrella species high habitat


quality loss (Hectares)

Aquatic umbrella species high habitat


quality loss (Hectares)

Habitat quality (Hectares X 1000)


4000

120000

30000

3500

100000

25000

3000

80000

20000

2500

60000

15000

40000

5000

0
Change 19902010 (has)

Change 19902010 (has)

Change 19902010 (has)

Total

Extent

SDM

Low quality
habitat (0-0.

2000
1500

10000

20000

High quality
habitat (0.75

1000
500
Change 1990- Change 1990- Change 19902010 (has)
2010 (has)
2010 (has)
Total

Extent

SDM

Recommendations
Include in the habitat quality model the surrogate species concept
Incorporate in the habitat quality models, species distribution data to
improve management tools in Natural Parks
Reinforce management strategies in areas of umbrella species presence
with low habitat quality and high levels of habitat degradation
Relate species with different functional traits to improve the umbrella
species management approach
Select species that allow to understand regional priorities

1990

2010

Terrestrial umbrella
species

1990

2010

Aquatic umbrella
species