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Name: Jovanni Murray

Cell Membrane

Class/Period: 4th
Date: 1/21/17

Essential Question: How and why do substances move across a cell membrane?
What is the Cell
theory? ( level 1)
Who discovered the
meaning of cells?
(level 1)

How would you

classify a cell as
prokaryotic or
Eukaryotic? (level

How is the cell

membrane to real
life things?
(level 3)


Cell Theory

The cell theory is a well-tested description that unifies a

range of observations by multiple scientists.
Three parts of the cell theory
1. All living things are made of cells
2. Cells are the basic unit of structure and function in living
3. New cells are produced from existing cells.
Robert Hooke observed pieces of a cork and stated that they
look like cells. He used the word cell to describe them,
because they reminded him of the bare wall rooms where
monks lived. The rooms were called cells. Therefore, he
came up with the meaning of cell.
A prokaryotic cell does not have a nucleus
An example of a prokaryotic cell would be bacteria
A Eukaryotic cell has a nucleus which hold genetic
Examples of a eukaryotic cell would be Animals, plants, and

Cell membrane
The cell membranes functions are to protect, support the
cell and Regulate the transport of materials in and out of the
A security guard decides whose is allowed in and out of
Cytoplasm is like students. The cytoplasm fills up the cell
just like students fill up classrooms.
Vacuole is like trashcans. Vacuoles store waste and water,
while trashcans store waste.


Passive Transport


Passive transport is the movement of biomolecules without the use of energy.

Simple diffusion is the passive movement from high to low concentration.
Osmosis is the passive movement of water molecules from a region of low solute
concentration to a region of high solute concentration through a semi-permeable
Facilitated diffusion is the movement of particles from high to low concentration
through a protein carrier.
They are related to passive transport because they dont require energy to move the
molecules from high to low.
Substances move across the cell membrane because they need to
get from high solute to low solute. The molecules move across the
cell membrane through passive transport which requires no energy.
Only small, Non-Polar molecules can get through the lipid bilayer.
Large, Polar molecules have to go through a channel protein to get
inside the cell membrane. Every Living organism has cells and they
are the basic unit of structure and function. Also the cells are made
from preexisting cells.