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Systems that regulate the course of oil production from each well, To get the optimum
production rate and collect fluid production in a particular area is
2. It is separation process which removes liquid water but does not remove water vapour
(moisture) in natural gas. This process is necessary needed to reach dry gas. It is used to
prevent corrosion when acid component such as CO2 and H2S condense with water.
What process is it?
3. A method of thermal recovery in which hot water is injected into a reservoir through
specially distributed injection wells to reduce the viscosity of the crude oil, allowing it to
move more easily toward production wells. What is it?
4. This is a geothermal system that uses the earths ability to store heat at arelatively
constant temperature as a source for heating and cooling. What is this system called?
5. Mention 4 kinds of artificial lift!
6. A percentage share of production, or the value derived from production, paid from a
producing well is called
7. This is consisting of alumina, silica, lime, and other substances that hardens when mixed
with water. Extensively used in the oil industry to bond casing to the walls of the
wellbore. What is it?
8. Mention three index calculation of drive mechanism !
9. An index or degree of measurement capability for the production of a well producing at a
certain condition is the definition of?
10. What is the method of stimulation well that combine hydraulic fracturing and gravel
packing into a single well treatment, are designed to create relatively short, highly
conductive fractures in reservoirs of moderate to high permeability. They offer the
advantages of fracture stimulation combined with the benefits of sand control.
11. Reservoir pore fluid pressure that is not similar to normal saltwater gradient pressure.
The term is usually associated with higher than normal pressure, increased complexity
for the well designer and an increased risk of well control problems
12. A term used to specify the quality of a clay according to the number of barrels of 30-cp
viscosity mud that one ton of the clay would produce
13. the ratio of a fluid's diffusion coefficient when it is not confined by a porous medium to
its effective diffusion coefficient when confined in a porous medium
14. The repair or stimulation of an existing production well for the purpose of restoring,
prolonging or enhancing the production of hydrocarbons.
15. The analysis of pressure changes over time, especially those associated with small
variations in the volume of fluid. The analysis of these pressure changes can provide
information on the size and shape of the formation as well as its ability to produce fluids.
16. The surface termination of a wellbore that incorporates facilities for installing casing
hangers during the well construction phase. This equipment also incorporates a means of

hanging the production tubing and installing the Christmas tree and surface flow-control
facilities in preparation for the production phase of the well.
17. The act of adjusting a model of a reservoir until it closely reproduces the past behavior of
a reservoir. The historical production and pressures are matched as closely as possible.
18. What is SIBHP stand for?
19. A storage place for the kelly, consisting of an opening in the rig floor fitted with a piece
of casing with an internal diameter larger than the outside diameter of the Kelly.
20. A description of reservoir conditions under which a fluid, previously isolated or
separated from production, gains access to a producing wellbore.
21. Arab oil embargo happened in which year?
22. According to H.B. Crichlow , there are 4 basic principles that used for formula derivation
in reservoir simulation. Mention that !
23. What is SANTOS stands for?
24. The Anglo-Persian Oil Company is now better known by which name?
25. The fluid flowing condition at which the rate of change of pressure with respect to time
at any position in the reservoir is not zero or constant is defined as?
26. Compounds or complex ions that are formed by the union of water with other
substances. Hydrates can form in pipelines and in gas gathering, compression and
transmission facilities at reduced temperatures and high pressures. Once hydrates are
formed, they can plug the pipelines and significantly affect production operations.
27. An acoustic device that measures the time required for an explosive sound to echo from
the annular liquid level in nonflowing wells. The time is proportional to the distance
from the surface to the liquid. It is used to determine backpressure in the formation or a
static fluid level in the annulus. What is this acoustic device?
28. Convert 1 psig to psia !
29. What does SEG stand for?
30. What is the common name for a deflection tool used for changing the wellbore trajectory
while drilling a well?
31. A reduction of permeability in the immediate area surrounding the well bore. It is caused
by the invasion of foreign fluids or solids into the exposed section adjacent to the well
bore or by depositing of clays or wax already in the section. May also include permanent
damage when water based drilling muds are used in areas of moisture sensitive shales or
using excessive pump pressures on fragile formations.
32. The surface pipe through which oil travels from the well to the field processing facility.
33. A vertical or horizontal separator used mainly to remove any free water that can cause
problems such as corrosion and formation of hydrates or tight emulsions, which are
difficult to break.
34. Oil at sufficiently low pressure that it contains no dissolved gas or a relatively thick oil or
residue that has lost its volatile components.

35. What problem plagues bits in some formations where too

much weight on bit is applied?
36. This is one of the biggest oil spills. It happened in the Midway-Sunset Oil Field in Kern
County, California, in 1910. It was lasted 18 months and releasing 9 million barrels
(1.4106 m3) of crude oil. When drilling commenced, the Lakeview Oil Company
expected natural gas and a small amount of oil. Instead, there was a large blowout which
overloaded storage tanks. What is it called?
37. An activity to create holes in the liner or casing under conditions in which the hydrostatic
pressure inside the casing or liner is less than the reservoir pressure. When the
perforation is made, there will be a tendency for the reservoir fluid to flow into the
38. How many lives were lost at Deepwater Horizon Rig on April 20, 2010?
39. What is the map that can give some information such as gorss sand, water oil ratio, gas
oil ratio untill net sand oil?
40. This oil field, located south of Beaumont, Texas, and discovered by Anthony Francis
Lucas, was the first major oil field in the USA. What is the name for this field?
41. There are 4 analysys that has to be done for anlyzing the depositional environment of a
Rock, Mention 4 of them!
42. Based on the formation (depositional environments), sedimentary rocks are divided into
three. Mention Three of them!
43. Mention 3 logs which used for cement quality analysis!
44. The discipline of physics of the Earth and its environment in space. Its subjects include
the shape of the Earth, its gravitational and magnetic fields, the dynamics of the Earth as
a whole and of its component parts, the Earth's internal structure, composition and
tectonics, the generation of magmas, volcanism and rock formation, the hydrological
cycle including snow and ice, all aspects of the oceans, the atmosphere, ionosphere,
magnetosphere and solar-terrestrial relations, and analogous problems associated with
the Moon and other planets is
45. What is called the thickness or zone of rock in the hydrocarbon column that can be
produced economically
46. The act to prepare a well to be closed permanently, usually after either logs determine
there is insufficient hydrocarbon potential to complete the well, or after production
operations have drained the reservoir.
47. The fraction of the pattern area from which reservoir fluid is displaced by the injected
phase at the time of breakthrough
48. List the types of flow regimes that can be used in underbalanced drilling.
49. A type of damage in which formation permeability is reduced because of the
alteration of clay equilibrium. It occurs when water-base filtrates from drilling,

completion, workover or stimulation fluids enter the formation. It also can be caused
by ion exchange or changes in salinity.
50. A type of check valve, typically installed in the tubing hanger, to isolate the
production tubing. This valve is designed to hold pressure from below yet enable
fluids to be pumped from above, as may be required for well-control purposes.
51. The portion of the pressure transient occurring after radial flow. Analysis of the late-time
transient data provides characterization of outer boundaries such as faults or fluid
contacts. This portion of the data appears only in transient tests of sufficient duration.
52. The ratio of effective permeability to phase viscosity. The overall mobility is a sum of the
individual phase viscosities. Well productivity is directly proportional to the product of
the mobility and the layer thickness product.
53. Hydrocarbon liquid dissolved in saturated natural gas that comes out of solution when
the pressure drops below the dewpoint.
54. The differential pressure that drives fluids from the reservoir into the wellbore. The
drawdown, and therefore the production rate, of a producing interval is typically
controlled by surface chokes. Reservoir conditions, such as the tendency to produce
sand, may limit the drawdown that may be safely applied during production before
damage or unwanted sand production occurs.
55. A distance that characterizes how far a logging tool measures into the formation from the
axis of the tool or borehole. The term is similar to depth of investigation, but is more
appropriate for certain azimuthally symmetric.
56. Force applied to a liquid to cause it flow is?
57. What is SCAL stands for?
58. Casing and tubing are classified according to five properties. Name four of these
properties !
59. Afterflow of fluid into the wellbore after the well is shut-in at the wellhead. During this
effect, reservoir effects are masked or distorted, making it impossible to quantity well
properties such as permeability, skin, etc. this effect last until pressure is equalized
between the wellbore and the formation. What is the name of this effect?
60. If the production rate is too low, what will be happened to ESP?
61. They are generated by a sound source at the earths surface. These sound waves travel
through subsurface bedding planes at increasingly greater depths. At each bedding
interface, some of this energy is reflected back towards the wave source. Surface sensors
detect those reflected waves and record the waves amplitude. They often bear a striking
resemblance to startigraphic corss sections, and many individuals are tempted to intepret
them directly. The waves are usually used in the exploration of oil and gas.
62. What is geophysical method that commonly use in oil reservoir delineation?

63. What is electromagnetic method that commonly use in geothermal exploration?

64. Mention 2 geophysics method that commonly use in determining water distribution?
65. Mention 3 types of porosity based on pore connection!
66. A device used to remove water and water vapors from gas. Gas dehydration can be
accomplished through a glycol dehydrator or a dry-bed dehydrator, which use a liquid
desiccant and a solid desiccant, respectively. Gas dehydrators are designed to handle only
water and gas vapors. If liquid water or oil enters the dehydrator, the device cannot work
67. The process of forcing a nonwetting phase into a porous rock. Oil migrates into most
reservoirs as the non-wetting phase, so initial charging of the reservoir is a drainage
68. The loss of metal due to chemical or electrochemical reactions, which could eventually
destroy a structure. Corrosion can occur anywhere in the production system, either at
bottomhole or in surface lines and equipment. The corrosion rate will vary with time
depending on the particular conditions of the oil field, such as the amount of water
produced, secondary recovery operations and pressure variations.
69. A vessel that uses heat to break oil-water emulsions so the oil can be accepted by the
pipeline or transport. There are vertical and horizontal treaters. The main difference
between them is the residence time, which is shorter in the vertical configuration
compared with the horizontal one.
70. Operations on the rig for the purpose of retrieving from the wellbore sections of pipe,
collars, junk, or other obstructive items which are in the hole.
71. A decrease in oil volume caused by the vaporization of solution gas from the oil as
pressure is reduced
72. The maximum gauge pressure permissible at the top of a completed vessel in its
operating position for a designated temperature. This pressure is based on calculations
for every element of the vessel using nominal thicknesses exclusive of allowances for
corrosion and thickness required for loadings other than pressure. It is the basis for the
pressure setting of the pressure relieving devices protecting the vessel.
73. An assembly of valves and fittings attached to the uppermost flange of the tubing head,
used to control well production.
74. The pressure at which the first condensate liquid comes out of solution in a gas
condensate. Many gas condensate reservoirs are saturated at initial conditions, meaning
that the dewpoint is equal to the initial reservoir pressure. Condensate dissolution is
called retrograde condensation because this is counter to the behavior of pure substances,
which vaporize when the pressure drops below the saturation pressure under isothermal
(constant temperature) conditions.

75. A rise in well pressure as a function of time observed after a well is shut in or after the
production rate is reduced. Buildup pressures are normally measured at or near the
bottom of the hole.
76. The gas that accumulates in the upper portions of a reservoir where the pressure,
temperature and fluid characteristics are conducive to free gas. The energy provided by
the expansion of the gas cap provides the primary drive mechanism for oil recovery in
such circumstances. What kind of drive mechanism is it?
77. It is An arch-shaped fold in rock which rock layers are upwardly convex. Oil moves to
the highest point in this arch's dome and then trapped on it. What is it?
78. One of geophysics method is refraction seismic. This method is application of whose
79. What is terminology for pressure at which the first gas formed?
80. This is the largest class of hydrocarbons. These include linear and branched chain
molecules typically used in the production of fuel. What is this?