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R

R

R \ ( )

R R ∈ R \ ( ∂ )

( ) = {

¯

: ( ) = } .

( ) =

( )

[ ]

: R R,

( , , ] , [) =

( ) = { ∈ ¯ : ( ) = } . ( ) =

| |

( , , ) = ( , , )

R \ ( )

( ) = ( )

| − | ( , , ) = ( , , ) R \ (

 

¯

× [ , ] R C

¯

:

[ , ]

[ , ], / ( , ) ( (·, ), , )

| = |

/ ( ) = ( )

( , , ) = ( , , )

¯ × [ , ] → R C ¯ : [ , ] ∀ ∈

( )

¯

/ ( \ ) ( , , ) =

( , , ) = ( , , )

∈ C( , )

∈ C( , R ) ( )

\ ( )

R \ ( )( )

( , , ) = ( , , ) ( , , )

( ) ¯ ∈ / ( \ ) ( , , ) = ( ,

C ( , , )

( )

( ) + ( ) ( )

C ( , , ) ( ) ∈ ( ∂ ) + ( − )

R

¯

|

( , , ) = ( , , )

( )

R ¯ → ∂ | ( , , ) = ( , , ) ∈

R

¯

( ¯) = ¯

¯

R ¯ ( ¯) = ¯ ¯ ∈

R ¯ ( ¯) = ¯ ¯ ∈

( )

:

( ) = ( ) ψ ( ( ))

{ψ ( )| ( )}

...

...

( ) ( )

¯

( )

...

( )

( ) ⊂ : → ( ) = ψ ( ( )) { ψ (

:

:

: → : →

:

¯

=

( )

/ ( ) < ( , ( ))

= / ( ) ( ,

¯

, )

: ¯ → = − ( ∂ ) ∈ / ( ∂ ) < (

( , , ) = ( , , )

( , , )

( , , ) = ( , ∩ , ) ( , ∩ , )

( ) = ( , ( ), )

∈ C ( , ) =

( )

( )

( , ( ), )

( ) = ( , ( ) , ) ∈ C ( , ) =

( )

= ( ) σ σ = λ> η λ

λ = η λ

( ) = ( − ) σ = η λ = η

+ ( , ) = ,

( ) = ,

( ) = ,

= ∆ ( ) = ( , )

∆ + ( , ) = , ∀ ∈ Ω ( ) = , ∀

= { ∈ C (Ω)| ( ) = , }

, ( )

+

:

( ) = ( )

( ) =

= { ∈ C (Ω) | ( ) = , ∀ ∈ ∂ Ω }

( ) = ( ),

( ) ( )

( , , ) = ( , , ) =

=

¯

(

¯) =

( ) = − ( ) , ≤ ≤ ∈ ∂ ( ) ≥ −