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Technical

Product
Information

Spring wire for applications with high performance demands

Suzuki Garphyttan has produced wire since 1906.


Since 1927 the main product is oiltempered valve
spring wire for the automotive industry. During the
years others specialty wires such as stainless round
wire, flatrolled and shaped wire in carbon, low alloyed
and stainless material, have been added to the
product program. We have acquired extensive knowledge and experience of steel grades, efficient
manufacturing and quality control which is crucial to
the properties of the finished product. Large resources
are invested in research concerning improved
properties of our products and improved manufacturing processes, enabling Suzuki Garphyttan to be
world leader in the manufacturing of spring wire.
The main focus is spring wire for combustion
engines (valve and transmission springs, piston
rings, compression rings, fuel injection springs)
and other automotive applications.

Coiling properties
Defect free surfaces, narrow dimensional and tensile strength tolerances are important in achieving
the best properties for spring coiling. Each wire is continuously controlled during the entire
manufacturing from wire rod to the finished product according to a specific control plan.
Certified quality
Suzuki Garphyttan has a Quality Management System certified according to the International Standard
for Quality ISO TS 16949.
Our main wire rod suppliers also have Quality Management Systems certified by a third party
according to ISO 9001 as a minimum and are also regularly audited by Suzuki Garphyttan.
Technical support
We are prepared to assist you in utilizing modern materials for maximum performance. For us it is
obvious and necessary to be at the front, to serve our customers, discussing problems and areas for
development in existing as well as new products.
Environmental awareness
Our goal is to manufacture high quality products without any negative effects on the environment. We
are continuously improving our manufacturing processes to improve both internal and external
environment. Before new investments are made, special consideration is given to environmental
solutions.
We are certified according to ISO 14001.
For more information regarding different elements in our products we recommend the database
IMDS International Material Data System where each element is named with a separate CAS-No.
See the following Internet address: www.mdsystem.com.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

Specialty steel spring wire for applications with high performance requirements

Oil tempered
spring wire

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA oil tempered valve spring wire


For valve springs in combustion engines as well as
for transmission and crankshaft damper springs
subjected to extreme fatigue. OTEVA grades cover
different demands of high performance in tensile
strength and fatigue life.

High quality
oil tempered
wire

Our valve spring wire grades differ from each other in


terms of chemical, mechanical and technical
properties as well as required surface finish with
regard to surface depth and decarburization levels.
Oil tempered wire is also manufactured with egg or
elliptical cross sections. Profiled cross sections give
the advantage of optimum distribution of stresses in a
spring (see fig.).

KD oil tempered clutch and


transmission spring wire
For use in clutch springs of different types with
various performance demands. KD is an oil tempered
wire with good dynamical characteristics, excellent
coiling characteristics and good relaxation properties.

Stress distribution
in transversal section
comparing round (picture
to the right) and egg
shaped (picture to the
left) wire respectively.

STATO oil tempered spring wire


An oil tempered wire grade used for springs subjected
to static stress or moderate fatigue. STATO is
available in different types of steel demanding
ultimate tensile strength, and relaxation properties
comparable to the OTEVA grades. Good coiling
characteristics make STATO an excellent alternative
to cold drawn spring wire.

Chemical composition, approximate values in %


Our grades

Si

Mn

P max.

S max.

Cr

Ni

OTEVA 90 SC

0.60

2.00

0.85

0.020

0,020

0.95

0.10

0.30

OTEVA 75 SC

0.60

1.47

0.70

0.020

0.020

0.67

0.15

OTEVA 70 SC

0.53

1.47

0.70

0.025

0.020

0.67

70 KD

0.53

1.47

0.70

0.025

0.020

0.67

STATO 70

0.53

1.47

0.70

0.025

0.025

0.67

Nearest equivalent standards


Our grades

EN 10270-2

SIS

ASTM

B.S.

JIS

OTEVA 90 SC

OTEVA 75 SC

VDSiCrV

OTEVA 70 SC

VDSiCr

142090-05

A 877

2803 685A55HD

JIS G 3561 SWOSC-V

70 KD

TDSiCr

142090-05

A 401

2803 685A55ND

STATO 70

FDSiCr

142090-05

A 401

2803 685A55HS

JIS G 3568 SWOSC-B

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

Eddy Current
continuous
surface testing

Eddy Current testing is carried


out on material with high
demands on surface quality.
EC-testing is performed in
Circograph and Defectomat
equipment. The different levels of
EC-testing are indicated in the steel
grade designations in the table
below.

Steel grade designations


OTEVA 90 SC RD40 S
OTEVA 75 SC RD40 S
OTEVA 70 SC RD40 S
OTEVA 70 SC S

(*)

OTEVA 70 SC

(*)

70 KD R60
70 KD

(*)

STATO 70

(*)

SC

= Super Clean

= Circograph tested

RD

= Circograph
+ Defectomat tested

40, 60 = Defect depth levels in m


S

Suzuki Garphyttan uses the most advanced Eddy Current testing equipment
available on the market. Experience from many years of surface testing in
efficient continuous testing lines is a guarantee for high quality spring wire.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

= Shaved

Continuous testing of surface


defects is performed as standard in
sizes from 2.20 6.00 mm.
Other sizes from 2.00 up to 6.20
mm can be agreed upon.
Grades indicated with (*) refer to
material outside the size range 2.20
6.00 mm, or grades not requiring
EC-testing.

Delivery forms
Oil tempered spring wire
Delivery forms
Spool/Coil diameter
Inner
Outer
diam.
diam.
min. mm
max. mm

Coil/Spool weight

Wire sizes
mm

Type

Code

0.50 1.00
0.50 2.10

Plastic spool
Metal spool

S4610
S6520

314
400

460
700

1.10 2.50
0.80 2.50
0.80 2.50

Coils/Carrier No 1
Coils/Carrier No 2
Coils/Wooden Box

RU0004
RM0004
RM0021
RM0024
RM0025

450
450
450
450
450

700
700
700
700
700

2.00 3.00

Coils/Carrier No 3

RM0006
RU0006
RU0019
RU0021*

720
720
720
720

1200
1200
1200
1200

225
450
450
450

2.00 4.00

Coils/Wooden Box

RM0021
RM0022
RM0023

720
720
720

1200
1200
1200

225
225
225

2.00 3.00

Coils/Carrier No 4

RU0011
RU0020
RU0022*

1070
1070
1070

1500
1500
1500

900
900
900

> 3.00 6.50 Coils/Carrier No 5

RU0012
RU0014*

1070
1070

1500
1500

1800
1800

1350

1650

500

> 6.50 14.00 Coils**

abt. kg

40
125/ 250

80/
80/
80/
80/

250
170
170
170
170

* RU0014, RU0021 and RU0022 has VCI plastic cover, oversea transport.
** Sizes > 6.50 14.00 mm in coils in unshaved condition subcontracted.

Packing

The packings for the different delivery forms can be seen in the next page.
Standard packing alternatives (others can be delivered on special request):
Plastic and metal spool covered with paper
- on EUR-pallet (S-codes)
Coil covered with plastic hood
- on carrier (RU-codes)
Coil covered with VCI plastic hood
- on carrier (RU-codes) oversea transport.
Coils separately wrapped with paper
- on carrier (RM-codes)
Coils separately wrapped with paper
- in wooden boxes (RM-codes)
Wire sizes 6.50 10.00 mm is subcontracted and the sales is organized from our German office.
Packaging materials used are only those which can be recycled, such as paper and polyethylene.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

Delivery forms
Oil tempered spring wire
Carriers
Surface: galvanized
Type

Delivery
form
Code

Carrier 1

RU0004

800

1200 1000

420

17

700

Carrier 2

RM0004

800

1200 1000

540

17

300

Carrier 3

RM0006
RU0006
RU0019
RU0021

800
800
800
800

1200
1200
1200
1200

900
900
900
900

720
720
720
720

18
18
18
18

1200
1200
1200
1200

Carrier 4

RM0011
RU0011
RU0020
RU0022

1160
1160
1160
1160

1530
1530
1530
1530

960
960
960
960

1070
1070
1070
1070

31
31
31
31

1200
1200
1200
1200

Carrier 5

RU0012
RU0014

1160
1160

1530 1200 1070


1530 1200 1070

42
42

1800
1800

Size, mm
A
B

Tara
weight
abt. kg

Max
weight
abt. kg

Spools
Colour: black/green
Type

Delivery
form
Size, mm
Code
A
B

Plastic

S4610 460

105

319

91

305

Metal

S6520 695

314

400

270

33

Tara
weight
abt. kg

1.8
26

Max.
weight
abt. kg

40
275

EUR-pallet
Spools
Type

Delivery
form
Code

SP6520

800

1200

150

26

275

750

SP4611

800

1200

340

34

40

500

SP4612

800

1200

540

42

40

750

SP4613

800

1200

740

50

40

1000

Size, mm
Width
Length

Height

Tara
weight
abt. kg

Spool
weight
abt. kg

Weight
abt. kg

Packing of plastic and metal spools on EUR-pallet. Max. weight 1000 kg.
Wooden boxes
Boxes for coils
Type

Delivery
form
Code

Outer size, mm
Width
Length Height

Tara
weight
abt. kg

Coil
weight
abt. kg

Weight
abt. kg

Box 1 RM0021

1110

1150

1000

78

225/450 1000

Box 2 RM0022

1110

1150

620

57

225/450

500

Box 3 RM0023

1110

1150

430

48

225/450

250

Box 4 RM0024

800

850

940

52

80/170

500

Box 5 RM0025

800

850

580

36

80/170

250

Packing of wrapped coils with wire sizes > 2.50 mm is usually carried out
in boxes No. 1 3. Coils with wire sizes < 2.50 mm in boxes No. 1, 4 5.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA 90 SC is a Super Clean (SC) steel.

OTEVA 90 SC

OTEVA 90 SC is especially intended for the


manufacture of valve springs and other springs
requiring extremely high fatigue properties and
good relaxation properties at increased working
temperatures.

Oil tempered SiCrV+Ni-alloyed high tensile


valve spring wire for surface nitriding

Manufactured as standard in sizes from 2.00 mm to 6.00 mm in shaved condition. Other wire sizes on request.
We also produce OTEVA 90 SC in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2.50 mm to 6.00
mm).
Chemical composition
C
%

Si
%

Mn
%

P max.
%

S max.
%

Cr
%

V
%

Ni
%

0.50 0.70

1.80 2.20

0.70 1.00

0.020

0.020

0.85 1.05

0.05 0.15

0.20 0.40
4)

Physical properties
Tolerance
mm

Tensile strength
2
N/mm

Reduct. of area
min. %

Torsions
l=300 mm,
min. revs.

2.00 2.50

0.020

2180 2280

45

>2.50 3.20

0.020

2130 2230

45

>3.20 4.00

0.025

2080 2180

45

>4.00 5.00

0.025

2030 2130

45

>5.00 5.60

0.030

1980 2080

40

>5.60 6.00

0.035

1980 2080

40

1)

Size range
mm

2)

3)

1)

Other wire sizes on request.

2)

Ovality, i. e. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section, is maximum half the tolerance range.

3)

Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.

4)

Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire
axis. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.

Yield point
The proof stress Rp0.2 is min. 0.8 x tensile strength of the
wire. The proof stress will rise above 0.9 x tensile strength
after stress relieving the springs. The tensile strength Rm
2
within one coil does not vary more than 50 N/mm .
E and G modulus
Modulus of elasticity, E:
Modulus of shear, G:

About 206 kN/mm2


About 79.5 kN/mm2

Surface condition
Non-destructive testing
In the standard size range 2.20 - 6.00 mm the wire is tested
continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level
of > 40 microns. Other wire sizes on request.
End sample test
The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and
binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of
the material structure.
Decarburization and surface defect depths
Max. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization
and surface defects, 0.5% x wire diameter. No complete
decarburization allowed.
Non-metallic inclusions
The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is
inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki
Garphyttan method (or alternative max. T-method).

Our critera for releasing wire rod material for valve spring
wire are the following;
For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. 15 m in surface
area.
Inclusion size, surface
Max. number of inclusions

510
50

> 1015

>15 m

As stated by IVSWMA*, it is likely to find occasional


inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than
15m.
* IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers
Association

Heat treatment
As soon as possible after coiling, the springs should be
stress relieved. Depending on nitriding temperature used
later in the valve spring manufacturing process, this
temperature may be decreased.
Hot presetting
After shot peening, the springs should be hot preset or
stress relieved. In order to reach optimum fatigue and
relaxation properties, the springs must be preset at an
appropriate stress.
Delivery forms
See separate sheet.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA 90 SC
Oil tempered SiCrV+Ni-alloyed high tensile
valve spring wire for surface nitriding
Soft shot peening
Before the nitriding process a soft shot peening process
shall be applied in order to remove the oxide layer on the
spring wire surface.

Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests


(specially designed test spring) Diagrams 1 and 2:

Nitriding
Springs of OTEVA 90 SC should be nitrided to obtain
optimum fatigue and relaxation properties. Our
recommendation is gas nitriding.

Wire diameter
Spring index
Stress relieving
Temperature

Shot peening
In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties, the process
time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. Size
of shots should be adapted to wire dimension, pitch and
shot peening equipment.
For nitrided springs with an extremely hard surface zone, it
is important to use a shot peening media with high
hardness.
Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly
critical.
Relaxation and fatigue properties
In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are
illustrated in a Goodman-diagram, based on a special test
spring design.

Final stress Tau (corr.)


2
6
N/mm
Number of cycles: 25 x 10

Time

450 5 C (840 10 F)
min. 420 C (790 10 F) for
nitriding
30 minutes

Soft shot peened


Speed
Time
Shot size

20-30 m/s
5 min
0,8 mm

Nitriding
Temperature
Time
Aim for surface hardness
Aim for core hardness
Compound (white) layer

Gas nitriding
450-470C
5-20 hours
Min. 800 Hv
Min. 560 Hv
Max. 1 m.

Shot peening (double shot


peening for nitrided springs)
1st treatment

Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of load) of


springs made from OTEVA 90 SC wire subjected to static
compression at different temperatures, nitrided/not nitrided.
For further technical support, please contact Suzuki
Garphyttan.

3,85 mm
6

2nd treatment
Hardness of shot-peening
grit (shot)
Aim for Almen arc-height
Hot presetting
(theoretically set)
Temperature
Time

Initial stress
Tau (corr.)
2
N/mm

Speed 56 m/sec. for 20 minutes,


size of shots 0.6 mm
Speed 30 m/sec. for 10 minutes,
size of shots 0.25 mm
min. 800 Hv
0.55-0.60 mm
2

1500 N/mm (nitrided springs)


2
1300 N/mm (not nitrided springs)
200C (max. 250C)
10 minutes

Nitrided
Not nitireded

Time of test:

24 h

Initial stress Tau (corr.) N/mm

Loss of load, %

Diagram 1 - Fatigue properties as nitrided/not nitrided.

Diagram 2 - Relaxation properties, nitrided/not nitrided springs.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA 75 SC is a Super Clean (SC) steel.

OTEVA 75 SC

OTEVA 75 SC is especially intended for the


manufacture of valve springs and other springs
requiring high fatigue properties and good
relaxation properties at moderately increased
working temperatures.

Oil tempered SiCrV-alloyed


high tensile valve spring wire

Manufactured as standard in sizes from 2.00 mm


to 6.00 mm in shaved condition.
We also produce OTEVA 75 SC in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2.50 mm to 6.00
mm).
Chemical composition
C
%

Si
%

Mn
%

P max.
%

S max.
%

Cr
%

V
%

0.50 0.70

1.20 1.65

0.50 0.80

0.020

0.020

0.50 1.00

0.05 0.20

Physical properties
4)

1)

Size range
mm

2)

3)

Torsions
l=300 mm,
min. revs.

Tolerance
mm

Tensile strength
2
N/mm

Reduct. of area
min. %

2.00 2.50

0.020

2110 2210

45

>2.50 3.20

0.020

2060 2160

45

>3.20 4.00

0.025

2010 2110

45

>4.00 5.00

0.025

1960 2060

45

>5.00 5.60

0.030

1910 2010

40

>5.60 6.00

0.035

1910 2010

40

1)

Other wire sizes on request.

2)

Ovality, i. e. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section, is maximum half the tolerance range.

3)

Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.

4)

Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire
axis. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.

Yield point
The proof stress Rp0.2 is min. 0.9 x tensile strength of the
wire.
The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more
2
than 50 N/mm .

Non-metallic inclusions
The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is
inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki
Garphyttan method (or alternative max. T-method).

E and G modulus
Modulus of elasticity, E:
Modulus of shear, G:

Our criteria for releasing wire rod material for valve spring
wire are the following;
For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. 15 m in surface
area.

About 206 kN/mm2


About 79.5 kN/mm2

Surface condition
Non-destructive testing
In the standard size range 2.20 - 6.00 mm the wire is tested
continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level
of > 40 microns. Other wire sizes on request.
End sample test
The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and
binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of
the material structure.
Decarburization and surface defect depths
Max. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization
and surface defects, 0.5% x wire diameter. No complete
decarburization allowed.

Inclusion size, surface


Max. number of inclusions

510
50

> 1015

>15 m

As stated by IVSWMA*, it is likely to find occasional


inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than
15m.
* IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers
Association

Delivery forms
See separate sheet.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA 75 SC
Oil tempered SiCrV-alloyed
high tensile valve spring wire

Heat treatment
As soon as possible after coiling, the springs should be
stress relieved.
Shot peening
In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties, the
process time should be adjusted to get a complete
treatment. Size of shots should be adapted to wire
dimension, pitch and shot peening equipment.
Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is
particularly critical.
Hot presetting
After shot peening, the springs should be hot preset or
stress relieved. In order to reach optimum fatigue and
relaxation properties, the springs must be preset at an
appropriate stress.
Relaxation and fatigue properties
In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are
illustrated in a Goodman-diagram, based on a special
test spring design.
Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of
load) of springs made from OTEVA 75 SC wire
subjected to static compression at different
temperatures.

Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests


(specially designed test spring) Diagram 1 and 2:
Wire diameter
Spring index

4.00 mm
6

Stress relieving
Temperature
Time

420 5C (790 10 F)
30 minutes

Shot peening (double shot


peening)
1st treatment
2nd treatment
Hardness of Shot-peening
grit (shot):
Aim for Almen arc-height
Hot presetting
(theoretically set)
Temperature
Time

Speed 56 m/sec. for 20 minutes,


size of shots 0.8 mm
Speed 30 m/sec. for 10 minutes,
size of shots 0.8 mm
610-670 Hv
Min 0.45 mm
2

1300 N/mm

200C (max. 250C)


10 minutes

For further technical support, please contact Suzuki


Garphyttan.

Final stress Tau (corr.)


2
N/mm

Number of cycles:

Initial stress Tau (corr.)


2
N/mm

25 x 10

24 h

Loss of load, %

Initial stress Tau (corr.) N/mm

Diagram 1 - Fatigue properties

Time of test:

Diagram 2 - Relaxation properties

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA 70 SC is a Super Clean (SC) steel.


OTEVA 70 SC is especially intended for the manufacture of valve
springs and other springs requiring high fatigue properties and
good relaxation properties at moderately increased working
temperature.

OTEVA 70 SC
Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed
valve spring wire

The wire is manufactured in sizes from 0.70 mm to 6.50 mm in shaved or unshaved condition (6.50 14.00 mm in
unshaved condition subcontracted).
We are also producing OTEVA 70 SC in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2.50 mm to
6.00 mm).
Chemical composition
C
%

Si
%

Mn
%

P max
%

S max
%

Cr
%

0.50 0.60

1.20 1.60

0.50 0.80

0.020

0.020

0.50 0.80

Physical properties
4)

1)

Size range
mm

2)

3)

Torsions
l=300 mm,
min. revs.

Tolerance
mm

Tensile strength
N/mm2

Reduct. of area
min. %

0.70 0.80

0.010

2080 2210

>0.80 1.30

0.015

2080 2210

50

>1.30 1.40

0.015

2080 2210

50

>1.40 1.60

0.020

2080 2210

50

>1.60 2.00

0.020

2010 2160

50

>2.00 2.50

0.020

1960 2060

50

>2.50 3.00

0.020

1910 2010

50

>3.00 3.20

0.020

1910 2010

45

>3.20 3.50

0.025

1910 2010

45

>3.50 4.50

0.025

1860 1960

45

>4.50 5.00

0.025

1810 1910

45

>5.00 5.60

0.030

1810 1910

40

>5.60 6.50

0.035

1760 1860

40

1)

Smaller wire sizes (from 0.50 mm) on request.

2)

Ovality, i. e. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section, is maximum half the tolerance range.

3)

Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.

4)

Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the
wire axis. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.

Yield point
The proof stress Rp0.2 is min. 0.9 x tensile strength of the
wire.
The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more
2
than 50 N/Mm .
E and G modulus
Modulus of elasticity, E: About 206 kN/mm2
2
Modulus of shear, G: About 79.5 kN/mm
Surface condition
Non-destructive testing
In the standard size range 2.20 - 6.00 mm the wire is tested
continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level
of > 40 microns. Other wire sizes on request.
End sample test
The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and
binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of
the material structure.

Decarburization and surface defect depths


Max. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization
and surface defects, 1.0% x wire diameter. In shaved
condition 0.5% x d. No complete decarburization allowed.
The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is
inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki
Garphyttan method (or alternative max. T-method).
Our criteria for releasing wire rod material for valve spring
wire are the following;
For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. 15 m in surface
area.
Inclusion size, surface
Max. number of incl.

510

>1015

>15 m

50

As stated by IVSWMA*, it is likely to find occasional


inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than
15m.
* IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers
Association

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA 70 SC
Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed
valve spring wire

Delivery forms
See separate sheet.

Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests


(specially designed test spring) Diagram 1 and 2:

Heat treatment
As soon as possible after coiling, the springs
should be stress relieved.
Shot peening
In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties, the
process time should be adjusted to get a
complete treatment. Size of shots should be
adapted to wire dimension, pitch and shot
peening equipment.
Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is
particularly critical.
Hot presetting
After shot peening, the springs should be hot
preset or stress relieved. In order to reach
optimum fatigue and relaxation properties, the
springs must be preset at an appropriate stress.

Wire diameter
Spring index

4,00 mm
6

Stress relieving
Temperature
Time

420 5C (790 10 F)
30 minutes

Shot peening
Hardness of Shot-peening
grit (shot):
Aim for Almen arc-height
Hot presetting
(theoretically set)
Temperature
Time

Speed 48 m/sec. for 20 minutes,


size of shots 0.8 mm
610-670 Hv
Min. 0.40-0.45 mm
2

1200 N/mm

200C (max. 250C)


10 minutes

Relaxation and fatigue properties


In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade
are illustrated in a Goodman-diagram, based on a
special test spring design.
Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss
of load) of springs made from OTEVA 70 SC
wire subjected to static compression at different
temperatures.
For further technical support, please contact
Suzuki Garphyttan.

Final stress Tau (corr.)


2
N/mm
Number of cycles:

Initial stress Tau (corr.)


2
N/mm

25 x 10

Time of test:

24 h

Initial stress Tau (corr.) N/mm

Loss of load, %

Diagram 1 - Fatigue properties

Diagram 2 - Relaxation properties

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA 76 SC is a Super Clean (SC) steel.

OTEVA 76 SC

OTEVA 76 SC is especially intended for the


manufacture of valve springs and other springs
requiring high fatigue properties and good
relaxation properties at moderately increased
working temperatures.

Oil tempered SiCrV-alloyed


high tensile valve spring wire
Only manufactured in USA and China

Manufactured as standard in sizes from 2.00 mm


to 6.00 mm in shaved condition.
We also produce OTEVA 76 SC in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2.50 mm to 6.00 mm).

Chemical composition
C
%

Si
%

Mn
%

P max.
%

S max.
%

Cr
%

V
%

Ni
%

0.50 0.70

1.20 1.65

0.50 0.90

0.020

0.020

0.50 1.00

0.05 0.20

0.15 0.50

Physical properties
4)

1)

Size range
mm

2)

3)

Torsions
l=300 mm,
min. revs.

Tolerance
mm

Tensile strength
2
N/mm

Reduct. of area
min. %

2.00 2.50

0.020

2110 2210

45

>2.50 3.20

0.020

2060 2160

45

>3.20 4.00

0.025

2010 2110

45

>4.00 5.00

0.025

1960 2060

45

>5.00 5.60

0.030

1910 2010

40

>5.60 6.00

0.035

1910 2010

40

1)

Other wire sizes on request.

2)

Ovality, i. e. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section, is maximum half the tolerance range.

3)

Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.

4)

Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire
axis. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.

Yield point
The proof stress Rp0.2 is min. 0.9 x tensile strength of the
wire.
The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more
2
than 50 N/mm .

Non-metallic inclusions
The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is
inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki
Garphyttan method (or alternative max. T-method).

E and G modulus
Modulus of elasticity, E:
Modulus of shear, G:

Our criteria for releasing wire rod material for valve spring
wire are the following;
For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. 15 m in surface
area.

About 206 kN/mm


About 79.5 kN/mm2

Surface condition
Non-destructive testing
In the standard size range 2.20 - 6.00 mm the wire is tested
continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level
of > 40 microns. Other wire sizes on request.
End sample test
The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and
binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of
the material structure.
Decarburization and surface defect depths
Max. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization
and surface defects, 0.5% x wire diameter. No complete
decarburization allowed.

Inclusion size, surface


Max. number of inclusions

510
50

> 1015

>15 m

As stated by IVSWMA*, it is likely to find occasional


inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than
15m.
* IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers
Association

Delivery forms
Please contact site: South Bend USA or Suzhou China

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

OTEVA 76 SC
Oil tempered SiCrV-alloyed
high tensile valve spring wire

Heat treatment
As soon as possible after coiling, the springs should be
stress relieved.
Shot peening
In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties, the
process time should be adjusted to get a complete
treatment. Size of shots should be adapted to wire
dimension, pitch and shot peening equipment.
Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is
particularly critical.
Hot presetting
After shot peening, the springs should be hot preset or
stress relieved. In order to reach optimum fatigue and
relaxation properties, the springs must be preset at an
appropriate stress.
Relaxation and fatigue properties
In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are
illustrated in a Goodman-diagram, based on a special
test spring design.
Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of
load) of springs made from OTEVA 76 SC wire
subjected to static compression at different
temperatures.

Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests


(specially designed test spring) Diagram 1 and 2:
Wire diameter
Spring index

4.00 mm
6

Stress relieving
Temperature
Time

420 5C (790 10 F)
30 minutes

Shot peening (double shot


peening)
1st treatment
2nd treatment
Hardness of Shot-peening
grit (shot):
Aim for Almen arc-height
Hot presetting
(theoretically set)
Temperature
Time

Speed 56 m/sec. for 20 minutes,


size of shots 0.8 mm
Speed 30 m/sec. for 10 minutes,
size of shots 0.8 mm
610-670 Hv
Min 0.45 mm
2

1300 N/mm

200C (max. 250C)


10 minutes

For further technical support, please contact Suzuki


Garphyttan.

Final stress Tau (corr.)


2
N/mm

Number of cycles:

Initial stress Tau (corr.)


2
N/mm

25 x 10

24 h

Loss of load, %

Initial stress Tau (corr.) N/mm

Diagram 1 - Fatigue properties

Time of test:

Diagram 2 - Relaxation properties

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

SWOSC-V is a Super Clean (SC) steel.


SWOSC-V is especially intended for the manufacture of valve
springs and other springs requiring high fatigue properties and
good relaxation properties at moderately increased working
temperature.

SWOSC-V
Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed
valve spring wire
Only manufactured in China

The wire is manufactured in sizes from 2.00 mm to 6.50 mm in shaved condition


We are also producing SWOSC-V in egg (ovate) or elliptical shape (corresponding to round cross section 2.50 mm to 6.00
mm).
Chemical composition
C
%

Si
%

Mn
%

P max
%

S max
%

Cr
%

0.50 0.60

1.20 1.60

0.50 0.80

0.025

0.020

0.50 0.80

Physical properties
4)

Tolerance
mm

Tensile strength
N/mm2

Reduct. of area
min. %

Torsions
l=300 mm,
min. revs.

1.80 2.00

0.020

2010 2160

50

>2.00 2.50

0.020

1960 2060

50

>2.50 3.00

0.020

1910 2010

50

>3.00 3.20

0.020

1910 2010

45

>3.20 3.50

0.025

1910 2010

45

>3.50 4.50

0.025

1860 1960

45

>4.50 5.00

0.025

1810 1910

45

>5.00 5.60

0.030

1810 1910

40

>5.60 6.50

0.035

1760 1860

40

1)

Size range
mm

2)

3)

1)

Smaller wire sizes (from 0.50 mm) on request.

2)

Ovality, i. e. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section, is maximum half the tolerance range.

3)

Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.

4)

Torsion test is carried out for assesing deformability. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the wire
axis. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.

Yield point
The proof stress Rp0.2 is min. 0.9 x tensile strength of the
wire.
The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more
2
than 50 N/Mm .
E and G modulus
Modulus of elasticity, E: About 206 kN/mm2
2
Modulus of shear, G: About 79.5 kN/mm
Surface condition
Non-destructive testing
In the standard size range 2.20 - 6.00 mm the wire is tested
continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level
of > 40 microns. Other wire sizes on request.
End sample test
The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and
binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of
the material structure.

Decarburization and surface defect depths


Max. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization
and surface defects, 1.0% x wire diameter. In shaved
condition 0.5% x d. No complete decarburization allowed.
The presence of non-metallic inclusions in the wire rod is
inspected for every heat in accordance with the Suzuki
Garphyttan method (or alternative max. T-method).
Our criteria for releasing wire rod material for valve spring
wire are the following;
For wire rod samples: Inclusion size max. 15 m in surface
area.
Inclusion size, surface
Max. number of incl.

510

>1015

>15 m

50

As stated by IVSWMA*, it is likely to find occasional


inclusions in valve spring quality steel of a size larger than
15m.
* IVSWMA: International Valve Spring Wire Manufacturers
Association

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

SWOSC-V
Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed
valve spring wire

Spring conditions for fatigue and relaxation tests


(specially designed test spring) Diagram 1 and 2:

Delivery forms
Please contact site: Suzhou China
Heat treatment
As soon as possible after coiling, the springs should be
stress relieved.
Shot peening
In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties, the process
time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. Size
of shots should be adapted to wire dimension, pitch and
shot peening equipment.
Shot peening of the inside of the spring coils is particularly
critical.
Hot presetting
After shot peening, the springs should be hot preset or
stress relieved. In order to reach optimum fatigue and
relaxation properties, the springs must be preset at an
appropriate stress.

Wire diameter
Spring index

4,00 mm
6

Stress relieving
Temperature
Time

420 5C (790 10 F)
30 minutes

Shot peening
Hardness of Shot-peening
grit (shot):
Aim for Almen arc-height
Hot presetting
(theoretically set)
Temperature
Time

Speed 48 m/sec. for 20 minutes,


size of shots 0.8 mm
610-670 Hv
Min. 0.40-0.45 mm
2

1200 N/mm

200C (max. 250C)


10 minutes

Relaxation and fatigue properties


In diagram 1 the fatigue properties of this grade are
illustrated in a Goodman-diagram, based on a special test
spring design.
Diagram 2 shows the relaxation properties (loss of load) of
springs made from SWOSC-V wire subjected to static
compression at different temperatures.
For further technical support, please contact Suzuki
Garphyttan.

Final stress Tau (corr.)


2
N/mm
Number of cycles:

Initial stress Tau (corr.)


2
N/mm

25 x 10

Time of test:

24 h

Initial stress Tau (corr.) N/mm

Loss of load, %

Diagram 1 - Fatigue properties

Diagram 2 - Relaxation properties

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

70 KD is especially intended for the manufacture


of clutch and transmission springs and similar
moderately high fatigue stressed springs. The
material has good relaxation properties.

70 KD
Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed
clutch and transmission spring wire

The wire is manufactured in sizes from 0.70 to


6.50 mm .
Chemical composition
C
%

Si
%

Mn
%

P max
%

S max
%

Cr
%

0.50 0.60

1.20 1.60

0.50 0.80

0.025

0.020

0.50 0.80

Physical properties
Torsions
1)

2)

3)

4)

Tolerance
mm

Tensile strength
N/mm2

Reduct. of area

l=300 mm,
min. % min. revs.

0.70 0.80

0.010

2080 2210

>0.80 1.30

0.015

2080 2210

50

>1.30 1.40

0.015

2080 2210

50

>1.40 1.60

0.020

2080 2210

50

>1.60 2.00

0.020

2010 2160

50

>2.00 2.50

0.020

1960 2060

50

>2.50 3.00

0.020

1910 2010

50

>3.00 3.20

0.020

1910 2010

45

>3.20 3.50

0.025

1910 2010

45

>3.50 4.50

0.025

1860 1960

45

>4.50 5.00

0.025

1810 1910

45

>5.00 5.60

0.030

1810 1910

40

>5.60 6.50

0.035

1760 1860

40

Size range
mm

1)

Smaller wire sizes (from 0.50 mm) on request.

2)

Ovality, i. e. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section, is maximum half the tolerance range.

3)

Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.
Torsion test is carried out for assessing deformability. The fracture of the torsion test piece shall be smooth and perpendicular to the
wire axis. The rupture shall show no longitudinal cracks.

4)

Yield point
The proof stress Rp0.2 is min. 0.9 x tensile strength of the
wire.
The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more
2
than 60 N/mm .
E and G modulus
Modulus of elasticity, E: About 206 kN/mm2
Modulus of shear, G:
About 79.5 kN/mm2
Surface condition
Non-destructive testing
In the standard size range 2.20 - 6.00 mm the wire is tested
continuously in Eddy Current equipment to a surface level
of > 60 microns. Other wire sizes on request.
End sample test
The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and
binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of
the material structure.
Decarburization and surface defect depths
Max. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization
and surface defects, 1.3% x wire diameter. No complete
decarburization allowed.

Non-metallic inclusions
Max. level 2 according to DIN 50602-M.
Corresponding standard: ASTM E-45-A.
Heat treatment
As soon as possible after coiling, the springs should be
stress relieved.
Shot peening
In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties, the process
time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. Size of
shots should be adapted to wire dimension, pitch and shot
peening equipment. Shot peening of the inside of the spring
coils is particularly critical.
Hot presetting
After shot peening, the springs should be hot preset or
stress relieved. In order to reach optimum fatigue and
relaxation properties, the springs must be preset at an
appropriate stress.
Delivery forms
See separate sheet.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

STATO 70 is especially intended for the manufacture of


springs exposed to static or moderately high fatigue
stresses. The material has good relaxation properties.

STATO 70

The wire is manufactured in sizes from 0.70 mm to


6.50 mm .

Oil tempered SiCr-alloyed


spring wire

Chemical composition
C
%

Si
%

Mn
%

P max
%

S max
%

Cr
%

0.50 0.60

1.20 1.60

0.50 0.80

0.025

0.025

0.50 0.80

Physical properties
Size range1)
mm

3)

Tolerance2)
mm

Tensile strength
2
N/mm

Reduct of area
min. %

0.70 0.80

0.010

2100 2250

>0.80 1.00

0.015

2100 2250

50

>1.00 1.40

0.020

2100 2250

50

>1.40 1.60

0.020

2060 2210

50

>1.60 2.00

0.025

2010 2160

50

>2.00 2.50

0.025

1970 2120

50

>2.50 2.70

0.025

1910 2060

50

>2.70 3.00

0.030

1910 2060

50

>3.00 3.50

0.030

1910 2060

45

>3.50 4.00

0.030

1870 2020

45

>4.00 4.50

0.035

1870 2020

45

>4.50 5.00

0.035

1830 1980

45

>5.00 5.60

0.035

1830 1980

40

>5.60 6.50

0.040

1780 1930

40

1)
2)
3)

Smaller wire sizes (from 0.50 mm) on request.


Ovality, i. e. the difference between the largest and smallest dimension of a cross section, is maximum half the tolerance range.
Conversion from tensile strength to hardness values can be calculated in standard ISO EN 18265.

Yield point
The proof stress Rp0.2 is min. 0.9 x tensile strength of the
wire.
The tensile strength Rm within one coil does not vary more
2
than 70 N/mm .
E and G modulus
Modulus of elasticity, E:
Modulus of shear, G:

About 206 kN/mm2


About 79.5 kN/mm2.

Surface condition
End sample test
The wire is end sample tested by means of etch testing and
binocular inspection as well as microscopical inspection of
the material structure.
Decarburization and surface defect depths
Max. permissible depth of partial surface decarburization
and surface defects, 1.5% x wire diameter. No complete
decarburization allowed.

Non-metallic inclusions
Max. level 2 according to DIN 50602-M.
Corresponding standard: ASTM E-45-A.
Heat treatment
As soon as possible after coiling, the springs should be
stress relieved.
Shot peening
In order to obtain optimum fatigue properties, the process
time should be adjusted to get a complete treatment. Size
of shots should be adapted to wire dimension, pitch and
shot peening equipment. Shot peening of the inside of the
spring coils is particularly critical.
Hot presetting
After shot peening, the springs should be hot preset or
stress relieved. In order to reach optimum fatigue and
relaxation properties, the springs must be preset at an
appropriate stress.
Delivery forms
See separate sheet.

March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.

Addresses
Production Sites

Sales Representatives/Distributors/Re-sellers

Sweden
Suzuki Garphyttan AB
Bruksvgen 3
SE-719 80 Garphyttan
Sweden
Tel +46 (0)19 295 100
Fax +46 (0)19 295 101
e-mail info.se@sg-wire.com
www.suzuki-garphyttan.com

Albania, Austria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,


Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia, Romania, SerbiaMontenegro, Slovakia and Slovenia
AWS STAHLHANDEL GESELLSCHAFT MBH
Feldgasse 2
AT-3422 Hadersfeld
Austria
Tel +43 2242 5330
Fax+43 2242 5333-30
e-mail aws@aws.co.at
www.aws.co.at

USA
Suzuki Garphyttan Corp.
4404 Nimtz Parkway
South Bend, IN 46628
USA
Tel +1 574 232 8800
Fax +1 574 232 2565
e-mail info.us@sg-wire.com

Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands

China
Suzuki Garphyttan (Suzhou) Co. Ltd.
Building B, No 6 Longpu Road
SIP, Suzhou 215126
P.R. China
Tel +86 512 8885 5360
Fax +86 512 8885 5366
e-mail info.cn@sg-wire.com
Sales Offices
China
Suzuki Garphyttan (Suzhou) Co. Ltd.
Building B, No 6 Longpu Road
SIP, Suzhou 215126
P.R. China
Tel +86 512 8885 5360
Fax +86 512 8885 5366
e-mail info.cn@sg-wire.com
Germany
Suzuki Garphyttan GmbH
Postfach 102541
DE-40016 Dsseldorf
Germany
Tel +49 (0)211/92304-0
Fax +49 (0)211/92304-40
e-mail info.de@sg-wire.com
www.suzuki-garphyttan.de
Sweden
Suzuki Garphyttan AB
Bruksvgen 3
SE-719 80 Garphyttan
Sweden
Tel +46 (0)19 295 100
Fax +46 (0)19 295 101
e-mail info.se@sg-wire.com
www.suzuki-garphyttan.com
France
Tel +33 1 39 60 74 63
e-mail info.fr@sg-wire.com

JOOP H BECKER HANDELSONDERNEMING


Schaaksport 142
NL-9728 PG Groningen
Netherlands
Tel +31 651 345 233
Fax+31 505 278 515
e-mail jodecke@attglobal.net
Brazil
UBRASTEEL TRADING LTDA
Rua Vieira de Morais, 420 - conj 92 - Campo Belo
BR - CEP 04617-000 - Sao Paulo - SP
Brazil
Tel +55 11 5536 9540
Fax +55 11 5093 1131
e-mail info@ubrasteel.com.br, vendas@ubrasteel.com.br,
ole.bergh@ubrasteel.com.br
Great Britain
STRIDE SUPPLIES LTD
Monkspath Business Park
Highland Road
GB-B90 4NZ Solihull, West Midlands
England
Tel +44 121 733 3010
Fax +44 121 733 3360
e-mail info@stride-supplies.co.uk
Korea
JOIL STEEL Co
8F, Koami New B/D
13-6, Yoido-Dong
Youngdeungpo-Ku
Seoul
Korea
Tel +82-2-761-2028
Fax +82-2-761-2029
e-mail joilstl@kornet.net
Spain
BHLER UDDEHOLM IBERICA S A
C/ Guifr 686-692
ES-08918 Badalona (Barcelona)
Spain
Tel +34 93 460 99 07
Fax +34 93 460 99 10
e-mail alberto.franco@bohler-uddeholm.com

USA
Suzuki Garphyttan Corp.
4404 Nimtz Parkway
South Bend, IN 46628
USA
Tel +1 574 232 8800
Fax +1 574 232 2565
e-mail info.us@sg-wire.com
March 2011
This information is subject to change (design, dimensions,
technical data, etc) without prior notice.