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Ref. 29.292.940 rev.

A June 2008

ANDREA unit Romania


Technical manual

Cette page nest destine qu la gestion interne du


document et ne doit pas tre insre dans le
document pour le client.
Modifications :

Rdacteur

J
H
G
F

Pierre
SALINAS

Signature
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Vrificateur

C
B
A

24/06/2008

Rv.
Rvisions

Date

Approbateur

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pas t vrifie.

Digitally signed
by Pierre
SALINAS
DN: cn=Pierre
SALINAS,
o=SAPHYMO,
ou=Projets, c=FR
Date: 2008.06.24
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BOURDAIS
Celine

Statut du document

Gregoire
PETROSSIAN

Signatures numriques (prsente version)

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Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

ANDREA unit
Operation and maintenance manual

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Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Table of contents
1.

OVERVIEW.....................................................................................................................................................3

2.

TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS................................................................................................................4

3.

MOUNTING AND WIRING .............................................................................................................................6

4.

ANDREA UNIT ...............................................................................................................................................6

5.

MEASUREMENT PRINCIPLE .....................................................................................................................15

6.

OUTPUT RELAYS........................................................................................................................................19

7.

ANDREA UNIT SOFTWARE DOWNLOAD.................................................................................................19

8.

ANDREA DATA STRUCTURE FOR JBUS ACCESS.................................................................................20

9.

CONNECTORS TERMINALS ASSIGNMENT .............................................................................................29

10.

CONTACTS ..................................................................................................................................................31

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1. Overview
This document describes the installation and the use of the ANDREA central unit.
ANDREA monitors the pulses issued from up to 2 Gamma radiological detectors and 2 Neutron radiological
detectors.
The ANDREA unit includes :
A 2 x 20 characters LCD display with backlight and touch-pad,
A single printed circuit board with all plug connector connectors.
ANDREA is a standalone central unit which can be connected to a supervising software allowing the
configuration of the unit and the reading of the measurement data.
For the outside installation, it is preferable to use another treatment unit. The BRA400 has exactly the same
functions than the ANDREA unit expect that it do not have any screen so that it can be installed outside. In
this case, the parameters have to be set up with a portable screen during the commissioning.

Detector Gamma #1

Presence detector

Alarm report

Detector Gamma #2

Serial link

ANDREA unit
Detector Neutron #1

Supervisor

Detector Neutron #2

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2. Technical characteristics
The central unit housing is made of painted steel.
Outside dimensions :
Height

300 mm

Width

300 mm

Depth

120 mm

Weight

less than 6 kg

Electrical characteristics :
Operating temperature :

- 20C to + 40C with LCD screen


- 30C to + 40C without LCD screen

CR2032 3V lithium battery


Mains supply :

230VAC

Protection :

8.5 x 23 mm 4A fuse

24 VDC power supply :

4A

Connectors assignment :
BN1

detector Gamma #1

BN2

detector Neutron #1

BN3

detector Gamma #2

BN4

detector Neutron #2

BN7

Relays outputs

BN8

Relays outputs

BN9

Remote alarm box

BN10

Other inputs/outputs

BN13

RS422/485 link to the supervisor. In RS485 mode shortcut 1-3 and 2-4.

BN14

RS232 link to the supervisor

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Fuses assignment :
F1

Detector Gamma #1

1 A TD delayed

F2

Detector Neutron #1

0,5 A TD delayed

F3

Detector Gamma #2

0,5 A TD delayed

F4

Detector Neutron #2

0,5 A TD delayed

F5

Alarm report power supply

0,5 A TD delayed

F6

24VDC protection

2 A TD delayed

F7

Main protection

4A 250 V 8.5 x 23 mm

Serial printer port characteristics :


8 bits data
1 stop bit
no parity
programmable baud rate
RS422/485 on BN11 connector
RS232 on BN12 connector

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3. Mounting and wiring


Mounting :
The ANDREA case is fixed with 4 screws 6 x 40 mm.
Wiring :
Peripheral connections are made with screw terminal blocks. To prevent electrical shocks,
connections must be done when the mains power supply is off.
Cables arrival is done from the lower side of the case through the cable glands.
The cable for the power supply must be a shielded cable 3 x 1,5 mm2 type. INOX PG16 type cable
seal should be used for this cable.
Cables are connected to the PCB with plug-in connectors.
All other cables should throw the case with INOX PG9 type cable seal.

4. ANDREA unit
4.1 Powering
The mains cable must be connected to the F7 fuse-disconnect device. ANDREA is powered up when
the fuse is inserted. Then, the initialization sequence is started.
The main screen is displayed after a few seconds. The first line shows the date and time, the second
one recalls the status of the system (Background, Measurement or Inhibition).

4.2 Keypad
The keypad allows to navigate the menu structure of the ANDREA unit.
The meaning of the keys is described below :
Four arrows keys to browse menus and to input parameters,
One Enter key to validate data entry,
One Escap key to abort data entry or to go back to the parent menu,
One Menu key to enter submenus,
One alarm acknowledgement key (strikeout speaker symbol).

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4.3 Main screen


The ANDREA main screen comes as follows :

Time

Date

12/23/2003 09h44m11s
In BCR
Additional message

System status :
BCR, Measurement or
Inhibition

The additional messages could be one or more of them :


Alarm on (d)
Anomaly (d)
Door opened
Sensor CB (p) (Presence sensor cable break)
Channel CB (d) (Detector cable break)
Adapted FAR (Adapted False Alarm Rate)
(p) is the presence sensor number, (d) is the channel number (for example G1 for Gamma 1, NS for
Neutron Sum).
It is possible to scroll the display with the Up or Down arrow key to access information about the 4
single channels and the summing channels. The available data are BCR (background counting rate),
MEA (measurement counting rate ) and AL TH (alarm threshold level).
OK
TF technical Failure
AN Anomaly
AL Alarm

Channel #

Channel 1

OK

BCR

2946.1 pps

System status

Counting rate

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When the Menu key is pressed, five submenus can be accessed using the Up and Down keys :
History
Parameters
Configuration
Acquisition mode
About
Submenu selection is done with the Menu key.

4.4 History menu


This menu contains three submenus :
Controls History
Events History
B.C.R. History

4.4.1 Control history log


All controls are stored in the control database. By default, when Control History item is
selected, the last control is displayed.
Time

Date

12/23/2003 09h44m11s
Channel #

Counting rate

G1 OK BCR 2946.2
System status

OK
TF Technical Failure
AN Anomaly
AL Alarm

To display data of a given record use the Up and Down arrow keys. The left arrow key
displays the previous record, the next record is accessed by the right arrow key.

4.4.2 Events History log


One extremely useful function provided by the ANDREA unit is the ability to record a series of
events (alarms, technical failures, anomalies).
By default, when Events History item is selected, the last event is displayed.

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Time

Date

12/23/2003 09h44m11s
Channel #

Counting rate

G1 OK BCR 2946.2
System status

OK
TF Technical Failure
AN Anomaly
AL Alarm

To display data of a given record use the Up and Down arrow keys. The left arrow key
displays the previous record, the next record is accessed by the right arrow key.

4.4.3 BCR History (Background counting rate)


This option displays the measured BCR history log. When accessed the last record is shown :
Time

Date

12/23/2003 09h44m11s
Channel #

Counting rate

CHANNEL G1 BCR 2946


System status

To display data of a given record use the Up and Down keys. The left key displays the
previous record, the next record is accessed by the right key.
A new record of the BCR is stored every hour.

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4.5 Parameters
The access of the system parameters is protected by a password. When ANDREA is delivered, the
default password is 2004.
To modify a parameter, select the parameter and press the Menu or Enter key.
To enter a value, use the left and right arrow keys to select the character to be changed, then use
the up and down keys to change the value of the character. When the input is completed press the
Enter key to validate.
The available parameters are :
Gamma detector:
BCR Min threshold: it is the Minimal background threshold. It is set to half the average
background value for the corresponding channel.
BCR Max threshold: it is the Maximal background threshold. It is set to twice the average
background value for the corresponding channel.
System sensitivity: is the sensitivity of the Gamma sum channel in pps/kBq. Displayed only
in case of MDA mode setting.
System MDA (displayed only in case of MDA mode setting): gamma Minimum Detectable
Activity. It is the minimum activity of a source that can be detected in accordance with the
system performance requirement. If the system can not reach the requirement, it goes in
adapted F.A.R..
Summing threshold (displayed only in case of Sigma mode setting): alarm threshold for
the gamma detectors in sigma.
Advanced parameters:
o

Number of BCR steps : number of steps used to calculate the mean of the BCR
(default is 10 steps),

BCR step duration : duration of a step used to calculate the mean of the BCR
(default value is 5 seconds),

BCR confidence fact. : number of standard deviation authorized before inserting a


new sample into the mean of the BCR (default value is 4),

FAR limit : is the limit of the False Alarm Rate (default value is 2),

FAR threshold : is the standard deviation below the one the system has an adapted
False Alarm Rate (default value is 3.4),

Detection Limit : detection probability (default value is 2 to obtain 97.5%),

Correction factor : is the factor between the calculated and the real theoretical
standard deviation (default value is 1.2),

Attenuation factor: attenuation factor due to the screen effect of the background
(default value is 1).

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Neutron detector:
BCR Min threshold: it is the Minimal background threshold. It is set to half the average
background value for the corresponding channel.
BCR Max threshold: it is the Maximal background threshold. It is set to twice the average
background value for the corresponding channel.
Advanced parameters:
o

Number of BCR steps : number of steps used to calculate the mean of the BCR
(default is 10 steps),

BCR step duration : duration of a step used to calculate the mean of the BCR
(default is 30 seconds),

BCR confidence fact. : number of standard deviation authorized before inserting a


new sample into the mean of the BCR (default value is 4),

FAR threshold : is the False Alarm Rate threshold. Can be set to 0.15%, 0.1% or
0.01%.

Attenuation factor: attenuation factor due to the screen effect of the background
(default value is 1).

Speed threshold: the speed threshold allows to trigger an alarm when two presence sensors are
connected and when the vehicles drive too fast on the detection area. A 0 value for the speed
threshold allows to inactive this control.

4.6 Configuration
The configuration parameters are accessed via the Configuration menu. The different parameters
are :
Date and time : to modify the date and time of the ANDREA unit, the date format is
mm/dd/yyyy.
Language : allows the user to display the interface in four languages: French, English,
German and Portuguese.
Slave address : is the ANDREA unit slave address over the JBUS protocol
Supervisor baud rate : is the baud rate of the supervisor RS232 serial link. Can be set to
9600 or 19200 bauds.
Password : can be modified. By default, the factory password is 2004,
Distance : can be modified. As to be set to the distance that separate the presence sensors
for the rolling speed control.
Advanced configuration :
o

I/0 Mask

Number of Gamma detectors

Number of Neutron detectors

Alarm mode

Gamma dead time

Neutron dead time

Alarm reset key

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Display contrast

4.6.1 I/0 Mask

Presence lamp
AN-TF lamp
OK lamp
ALN lamp
ALG lamp
Not used
Not used
Relay W Power Down
Relay 2 Not used
Relay B AN/DT
Relay 1 Alarm
Relay A Alarm
Active ATECM
Not used
Wake up
Not used
Not used
No Mains Connect..
Bac500 Ack
Door opened
Cont. Ch N2 CB
Cont. Ch G2 CB
Cont. Ch N1 CB
Cont. Ch G1 CB
Cont. Pres. N2 CB
Cont. Pres. G2 CB
Cont. Pres. N1 CB
Cont. Pres. G1 CB
presence N2
presence G2
presence N1
presence G1

This parameter is used to select the polarity of the digital input and output signals.
The I/O assignment is listed below with the default configuration. To each I/O is assigned a 1
or a 0.
1 means the I/O is active when the contact is closed,
0 means the I/O is active when the contact is opened.

Binary
Hexa

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
0
0
0
6
0
0
0
Four I/O are grouped to obtain a hexadecimal digit. Hexadecimal transcription table is given
below :
Binary
0000
0001
0010
0011
0100
0101
0110
0111
1000
1001
1010
1011
1100
1101
1110
1111

Hexadecimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
B
C
D
E
F

The factory default value for the I/O mask parameter is : 00006000.

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It means BAC500 acknowledgement and mains power supply inputs are activated when the
corresponding contact is closed. All other inputs become active when the attached contact is
opened.

4.6.2 Number of Gamma and Neutron detectors


Number of Gamma detector : can be set from 0 to 2 for the ANDREA unit,
Number of Neutron detector : can be set from 0 to 2 for the ANDREA unit.

4.6.3 Alarm mode


The alarm mode defines the alarm threshold calculation mode for Gamma detectors. The
mode can be of 2 types:
Sigma: the gamma alarm threshold is set directly in sigma.
MDA : the gamma alarm threshold is calculated according to a Minimal Detectable
Activity configured in the software and the sensitivity of the system.

4.6.4 Gamma and Neutron Dead time


Inherent to the detector (default value 20s for Gamma detector and 0s for Neutron
detector).

4.6.5 Alarm reset key


It defines the function of the acknowledgement key (strikeout speaker symbol).
Must be one of them :
Activated : the key can acknowledge alarms.
Inactivated : the key cannot acknowledge alarms.
With password : a password is prompt before alarm acknowledgement.

4.6.6 Display contrast


The display contrast can be adjusted using the Up and Down keys. The contrast value is included
between 60 and 145.

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4.7 Acquisition mode


The acquisition mode is used to acquire the countings of the detectors during a defined duration. This
menu contains two submenus :
Acquisition time: it is the duration of the acquisition. Press Enter key then use the up and
down keys to change the value of the duration. When the input is completed press the
Enter key to validate.
Start: Use the Enter key to start the acquisition. Then, a confirmation message displays.
Use the Enter key to confirm and start the acquisition.
During the acquisition, the presence detection is disabled. It is enabled back at the end of the
acquisition.
When the acquisition time is elapsed, use the down and up arrows to scroll the average counting
values of the channels. Use the Esc. key to go back to the main view.

4.8 About
The menu About displays the serial number and version of the software ANDREA 20.217.846
Vx.y where x and y are respectively the major and minor revision of the software.

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5. Measurement principle
To save power for autonomous system, a wake up relay as been configured. It can be active or inactive
thank to the I/O mask. When it is active, an additional upstream presence sensor needs to be connected to
this input.
When a presence is detected, the system wakes up. The outputs cabled on the power down relay turn on.
The system goes to power save mode 2 minutes after the measurement, or 2 minutes after the detection of
the last presence.

5.1 Gamma channels


Background calculation mode
The purpose is to calculate an accurate background counting rate by following as close as possible
the gamma background variations. When the gamma background does not change, the counting time
remains long (set by the operator) in order to have a good statistics. If the gamma background
changes significantly, the counting time is reset to a shorter value (set by the operator) in order to
track the evolution of the background.
In background measurement mode, the counting rates are acquired every second and are corrected
from dead time:

bcorr = b
1 b

if 1 b 0,4

= b/0,4 otherwise.
An average value over bcorr is calculated on a predefined time T=Nt set by the operator. t is the
elementary counting duration, set by the program to 1s. The average is called Bcorr.

Bcorr = 1 bcorr
N
The corresponding standard deviation is calculated according to the formula:
N

2(Bcorr)= 12 i2
N

where :

i2 =

i =1

F2

(1.b )

bi
t

where : F : standard deviation correction factor,

t : elementary measurement time: 1s.


Now, we consider each value Bcorr as an elementary background counting rate. The successive Bcorr
values are put in a stack. The background is the average value of the stack which contains a

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maximum number of Npas values. But the number of elements in the stack is determined according to
the following algorithm:

((

If Bcorr Bcorr FC Bcorr + (Bcorr ) Then, the sample Bcorr is put in the stack. If the stack is already
filled with Npas values, the oldest sample of Bcorr is discarded.
Otherwise, the stack is emptied and only filled with the latest Bcorr value.
Where

2(Bcorr )=

1
2(Bcorr)
Npas 2 samples

FC is the confidence level for the statistical test. It can be set by the operator.
MDA mode Alarm threshold calculation

The presence inside the measurement area is detected with presence sensors.
The system calculates the number of standard deviations k1 which has to be exceeded in order to
trigger an alarm. k1 is determined by knowing the Minimum Detectable Activity (MDA kBq) set by the
operator for a given source put at the geometric center of the detectors :

k1= MDAS k2

sum

Where:
S: sensitivity of the sum channel for the given source put at the center of the system (c/s/kBq).

sum is the standard deviation of the sum channel during a measurement process. Sum means
the sum of the counting rates of all the detectors of the system.
k2 gives the detection probability (detection limit parameter) for a source with an activity of
MDA(kBq). It is set to 2, which means a probability of 97,5% to catch a source having a value of the
threshold set at MDA kBq.
The measurement values are refreshed every 100ms after the first second of measurement. The
counting rate measurement value, called m, is always determined on 1s total counting time (but
refreshed every 100ms).
m is corrected from the dead time in the same way as the background counting rate. We shall call it
mcorr.
The measurement process is triggered when at least one presence sensor is hidden.

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The alarm thresholds for each detector and for the sum channel are calculated and memorized only
once, when the measurement process is triggered:
Calculation of the standard deviation

(n)

for the net counting rates, for each detector. The

counting time is T, set to 1s.

2(n)=

F2

(1.bcalc.K )4

K.bcalc + K 2 2(Bcorr )
T

Bcorr
1+.Bcorr

Where bcalc=

Where K is the background attenuation factor when a vehicle goes through the system. Ordinary, K
can be set to 1, which has no effect on these alarm thresholds.
Calculation of the counting rate standard deviation for the sum channel:

2 sum = 2channel1 + 2channel2


Calculation of the k1 coefficient (see above). If k1 is less than a predefined value (False Alarm
Rate parameter), the system indicates that the false alarm rate is higher than expected, due to high
background and/or low MDA value.
This lower value of k1 is set to 3.4.
Calculation of the alarm threshold for each channel:

SALA= K.BDF + k1. channel


Comparison between the measurement value and the alarm threshold for each channel:

If mcorr SALA then ALARM


Sigma mode Alarm threshold calculation

The presence of the vehicle inside the measurement area is detected with presence sensors. The
system calculates, for each channel, the alarm threshold according to the preset alarm threshold in
sigma.

AT = KxBDF + N BDF
with
K : attenuation factor
N : alarm threshold in sigma

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5.2 Neutron signal processing


Neutron background acquisition
When no presence is detected, the system monitors the neutron background radiation level (NBRL) of
the total counting rate for each detector, and compares it to preset minimum (BCRmin) and maximum
(BCRmax) thresholds. Those parameters can be set up directly with the PC software.
If

BCRmin NBRL BCRmax , the corresponding counting channel is in working order (OK).

If

NBRL BCRmax

or

NBRLBCRmin , there is a Nuclear Anomaly (NA).

Alarm threshold calculation


The presence inside the measurement area is detected with the same presence sensors as for the
gamma calculation threshold. The system acquires the counting pulses from the neutron detector and
determines the counting rate on 1s, refreshed every 100ms.
The alarm threshold is the value that has to be exceeded in order to trigger an alarm with 98% of
probability and a false alarm rate of 0.01%.
The Neutron alarm threshold is calculated according to the following formula:

ATN = BCR+ N BCR


with,

ATN = Neutron Alarm Threshold (pps),

BCR = Background Value (pps),


N = N Sigma.
The N Sigma factor is the Neutron alarm threshold parameter. It is set during the calibration according
to the measured surrounding background.
This way of calculating alarm thresholds is the only way to guarantee a minimum false alarm rate and
the detection of the minimum source emission rate. Although the neutron background changes very
slowly, it can change significantly with meteorological conditions and sun conditions (cosmic rays).

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6. Output relays
The ANDREA unit includes 4 output relays. The relays can be used to control other equipment in case of
events occurring on the system.
The relays are activated in case of two events:
Alarm : the relays A and 1 are activated when a Gamma or Neutron alarm occurs on the system.
Anomaly/Technical Failure : the relay B is activated in case of Anomaly or Technical Failure.
Power down : the power down relay W is active to power supply other equipment when the system
is awake.
The outputs of the alarm are available on BN7 and BN8 of the ANDREA board.

7. ANDREA unit software download


The ANDREA software can be updated via the display serial link.
This operation requires the ANDREA LOADER PC software 20 216 284 and the ANDREA unit software
in an INTEL .HEX file format.
Programming steps are detailed in the LOADER software.

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8. ANDREA Data structure for JBUS access


System status (read only)
Address
(decimal)
0000
0001
0002

Size in
word
1
1
1

Integer
Integer
Integer

0003

Integer

Validity flag
Controls counter
Sample counter within a
measurement
System status

0004

Integer

Alarm status

0005

Long
integer

I/O Mask

Type

Variable

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Description
Message is valid if non zero

Bit 0 : channel G1 anomaly


Bit 1 : channel N1 anomaly
Bit 2 : channel G2 anomaly
Bit 3 : channel N2 anomaly
Bit 4 : detector G1 CB
Bit 5 : detector N1 CB
Bit 6 : detector G2 CB
Bit 7 : detector N2 CB
Bit 8 : presence sensor activated
for a long time
Bit 9 : work on UPS
Bit 10 : adapted FAR
Bit 11 : Reset
Bit 12 : Test terminated
Bit 13 : Measurement in progress
Bit 14 : channel GS anomaly
Bit 15 : channel NS anomaly
Bit 0 : channel G1 (1 =alarm)
Bit 1 : channel N1
Bit 2 : channel G2
Bit 3 : channel N2
Bit 4 : channel GS
Bit 5 : channel NS
Bit 6 : channel G
Bit 7 : channel N
Bit 8-14 : Not used
Bit 15 : alarm
Bit 0 : presence sensor G1
Bit 1 : presence sensor N1
Bit 2 : presence sensor G2
Bit 3 : presence sensor N2
Bit 4 : presence G1 CB
Bit 5 : presence N1CB
Bit 6 : presence G2CB
Bit 7 : presence N2CB
Bit 8 : detector G1 CB
Bit 9 : detector N1 CB
Bit 10 : detector G2 CB
Bit 11 : detector N2 CB
Bit 12 : door opened
Bit 13 : BAC500 acknowledge
Bit 14 : No mains UPS

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Address
(decimal)

Size in
word

Type

Variable

Description
Bit 15 : Wake up
Bit 16 : Not used
Bit 17 : Not used
Bit 18 : Not used
Bit 19 : Not used
Bit 20 : Relay A Alarm
Bit 21 :Relay 1 Alarm
Bit 22 :Relay B AN/TF
Bit 23 : Relay 2
Bit 24 : Relay W
Bit 25 : Not used
Bit 26 : Not used
Bit 27 : G Alarm lamp
Bit 28 : N Alarm lamp
Bit 29 : OK lamp
Bit 30 : Anomaly/TF lamp
Bit 31 : presence lamp

0007
008

1
2

Integer
Float

Not used
Gamma Measurement 1

0010

Float

Gamma Measurement 2

0012

Float

Gamma Measurement sum

0014

Float

Gamma Alarm threshold 1

0016

Float

Gamma Alarm threshold 2

0018

Float

Gamma Alarm threshold sum

0020

Float

Neutron Measurement 1

0022

Float

Neutron Measurement 2

0024

Float

Neutron Measurement sum

0026

Float

Neutron Alarm threshold 1

0028

Float

Neutron Alarm threshold 2

0030

Float

Neutron Alarm threshold sum

0032
0033
0034
0035
0036

1
1
1
1
2

BCD
BCD
BCD
BCD
Float

0038

Float

0040

Float

Day, month
Year
Hours, minutes
Seconds, ignore Lower byte
Gamma Background counting
rate
Gamma Background counting
rate
Gamma Background counting

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Gamma Measurement counting


rate in pps Channel 1
Gamma Measurement counting
rate in pps Channel 2
Gamma Measurement counting
rate in pps sum Channel
Gamma Alarm threshold in pps
Channel 1
Gamma Alarm threshold in pps
Channel 2
Gamma Alarm threshold in pps
sum Channel
Neutron Measurement counting
rate in pps Channel 1
Neutron Measurement counting
rate in pps Channel 2
Neutron Measurement counting
rate in pps sum Channel
Neutron Alarm threshold in pps
Channel 1
Neutron Alarm threshold in pps
Channel2
Neutron Alarm threshold in pps
sum Channel
DD MM (day, month)
YYYY
HHMM
SSxx
Gamma BCR in pps Channel 1
Gamma BCR in pps Channel 2
Gamma BCR in pps sum Channel

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Address
(decimal)

Size in
word

Type

0042

Float

0044

Float

0046

Float

0048
0049

1
1

Integer
Integer

0050
0051
0052

1
1
1

BCD
BCD
BCD

0053

BCD

0054
0056
0064

Float

Float

0066

Float

0068

Float

0070

Float

0072

Float

0074

Float

0076

Float

0078

Float

0080

Float

0082

Float

0084

Float

0086

Float

Variable
rate
Neutron Background counting
rate
Neutron Background counting
rate
Neutron Background counting
rate
Measurement duration
Test duration
End of measure Day, month
End of measure Year
End of measure Hours,
minutes
End of measure Seconds,
ignore Lower byte
Speed
Not used
Calculated Gamma Al
threshold Channel 1
Calculated Gamma Al
threshold Channel 2
Calculated Gamma Al
threshold sum Channel
Calculated Neutron Alarm
Threshold Channel 1
Calculated Neutron Alarm
Threshold Channel 2
Calculated Neutron Alarm
Threshold sum Channel
Maximum Gamma
measurement Channel 1
Maximum Gamma
measurement Channel 2
Maximum Gamma
measurement sum Channel
Maximum Neutron
measurement Channel 1
Maximum Neutron
measurement Channel 2
Maximum Neutron
measurement sum Channel

Page 22/31

Description
Neutron BCR in pps Channel 1
Neutron BCR in pps Channel 2
Neutron BCR in pps sum Channel
Measurement duration
Remaining test duration
(calibration)
DD MM (day, month)
YYYY
HHMM
SSxx
If > 1000 then speed alarm

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Recorded controls (events history)


Address
(decimal)
0128
0129
0130

Size in
words
1
1
1

Integer
Integer
Integer

0131

Integer

Validity flag
Controls counter
Sample counter within a
measurement
System status

0132

Integer

Alarm status

0133

Long
integer

I/O Mask

Type

Variable

Page 23/31

Description
Message is valid if non zero

Bit 0 : channel G1 anomaly


Bit 1 : channel N1 anomaly
Bit 2 : channel G2 anomaly
Bit 3 : channel N2 anomaly
Bit 4 : detector G1 CB
Bit 5 : detector N1 CB
Bit 6 : detector G2 CB
Bit 7 : detector N2 CB
Bit 8 : presence sensor activated
for a long time
Bit 9 : work on UPS
Bit 10 : adapted FAR
Bit 11 : Reset
Bit 12 : Test terminated
Bit 13 : Measurement in progress
Bit 14 : channel GS anomaly
Bit 15 : channel NS anomaly
Bit 0 : channel G1 (1 =alarm)
Bit 1 : channel N1
Bit 2 : channel G2
Bit 3 : channel N2
Bit 4 : channel GS
Bit 5 : channel NS
Bit 6 : channel G
Bit 7 : channel N
Bit 8-14 : Not used
Bit 15 : alarm
Bit 0 : presence sensor G1
Bit 1 : presence sensor N1
Bit 2 : presence sensor G2
Bit 3 : presence sensor N2
Bit 4 : presence G1 CB
Bit 5 : presence N1CB
Bit 6 : presence G2CB
Bit 7 : presence N2CB
Bit 8 : detector G1 CB
Bit 9 : detector N1 CB
Bit 10 : detector G2 CB
Bit 11 : detector N2 CB
Bit 12 : door opened
Bit 13 : BAC500 acknowledge
Bit 14 : No mains UPS
Bit 15 : Wake up
Bit 16 : Not used
Bit 17 : Not used

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Address
(decimal)

Size in
words

Type

Variable

Description
Bit 18 : Not used
Bit 19 : Not used
Bit 20 : Relay A Alarm
Bit 21 :Relay 1 Alarm
Bit 22 :Relay B AN/TF
Bit 23 : Relay 2
Bit 24 : Relay W
Bit 25 : Not used
Bit 26 : Not used
Bit 27 : G Alarm lamp
Bit 28 : N Alarm lamp
Bit 29 : OK lamp
Bit 30 : Anomaly/TF lamp
Bit 31 : presence lamp

0135
0136

1
2

Integer
Float

Not used
Gamma Measurement 1

0138

Float

Gamma Measurement 2

0140

Float

Gamma Measurement sum

0142

Float

Gamma Alarm threshold 1

0144

Float

Gamma Alarm threshold 2

0146

Float

Gamma Alarm threshold sum

0148

Float

Neutron Measurement 1

0150

Float

Neutron Measurement 2

0152

Float

Neutron Measurement sum

0154

Float

Neutron Alarm threshold 1

0156

Float

Neutron Alarm threshold 2

0158

Float

Neutron Alarm threshold sum

0160
0161
0162
0163
0164

1
1
1
1
2

BCD
BCD
BCD
BCD
Float

0166

Float

0168

Float

0170

Float

Day, month
Year
Hours, minutes
Seconds, ignore Lower byte
Gamma Background counting
rate
Gamma Background counting
rate
Gamma Background counting
rate
Neutron Background counting
rate

Page 24/31

Gamma Measurement counting


rate in pps Channel 1
Gamma Measurement counting
rate in pps Channel 2
Gamma Measurement counting
rate in pps sum Channel
Gamma Alarm threshold in pps
Channel 1
Gamma Alarm threshold in pps
Channel 2
Gamma Alarm threshold in pps
sum Channel
Neutron Measurement counting
rate in pps Channel 1
Neutron Measurement counting
rate in pps Channel 2
Neutron Measurement counting
rate in pps sum Channel
Neutron Alarm threshold in pps
Channel 1
Neutron Alarm threshold in pps
Channel 2
Neutron Alarm threshold in pps
sum Channel
DD MM (day, month)
YYYY
HHMM
SSxx
Gamma BCR in pps Channel 1
Gamma BCR in pps Channel 2
Gamma BCR in pps sum Channel
Neutron BCR in pps Channel 1

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Address
(decimal)
0172

Size in
words
2

Float

0174

Float

0176
0177

1
1

Integer
Integer

0178
0179
0180

1
1
1

BCD
BCD
BCD

0181

BCD

0182
0184

Float

Type

Variable
Neutron Background counting
rate
Neutron Background counting
rate
Measurement duration
Test duration
End of measure Day, month
End of measure Year
End of measure Hours,
minutes
End of measure Seconds,
ignore Lower byte
Speed
Not used

Description
Neutron BCR in pps Channel 2
Neutron BCR in pps sum Channel
Measurement duration
Remaining test duration
(calibration)
DD MM (day, month)
YYYY
HHMM
SSxx
If > 1000 then speed alarm

This area allows the retrieval of the recorded controls, it works like a FIFO stack.
When the validity flag is set, the data of the message can be taken under account. The next record will be
available by writing 0 at the address 128.
If the duration is 0 then it is an event message.

Page 25/31

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Recorded BCR (BCR history)


Address
(decimal)
192
193
194
195
196
197

Size in
words
1
1
1
1
1
2

Integer
BCD
BCD
BCD
BCD
Float

Validity flag
Day, month
Year
Hours, minutes
Seconds, ignore lower byte
Gamma BCR

199

Float

Gamma BCR

201

Float

Gamma BCR

203

Float

Neutron BCR

205

Float

Neutron BCR

207

Float

Neutron BCR

Type

Variable

Description
Message is valid if non zero
DD MM (day, month)
YYYY
HHMM
SSxx
Gamma BCR counting rate in pps
Channel 1
Gamma BCR counting rate in pps
Channel 2
Gamma BCR counting rate in pps
sum Channel
Neutron BCR counting rate in pps
Channel 1
Neutron BCR counting rate in pps
Channel 2
Neutron BCR counting rate in pps
sum Channel

This area allows the reading of the BCR history, it works like a FIFO stack.
When the validity flag is set, the data can be taken under account. The next record will be available by writing 0
at the address 192.
Date and time setting (write)
Address
(decimal)
256
257
258
259

Size in
words
1
1
1
1

Type
BCD
BCD
BCD
BCD

Variable
Day, month
Year
Hours, minutes
Seconds

Description
DD MM (day, month)
YYYY
HHMM
SSxx

The date and time fields are accepted when the lower byte xx of the seconds field is different from zero.

Page 26/31

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Mode (write)
Address
(decimal)
260

Size in
words
1

Integer

Mode

261

Integer

Test mode duration

Type

Variable

Description
0 = Normal
2 = Test
3 = Control
In seconds

The mode test is started by writing 2 at the address 260. The counting acquisition starts when the duration is
written at the address 261. At the end of the acquisition, the means of the counting rate are stored into the fields
Measures at the address 29.
Do not forget to restore Normal mode at the end of calibration.
Alarm acknowledgement (write)
Address
(decimal)
262

Size in
words
1

Type
Integer

Variable
Alarm acknowledgement

Description
Write a value different from zero to
acknowledge the alarm.

Alarm acknowledgement is only possible when the system is in background measurement.


Parameters (read/write)
Address
(decimal)
512
514
516
518
520
522
524
525
526
528
530
532
534
536
538
540
541
542
544
546
548
550
556
562

Size in
words
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
6
6
2

Type
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Integer
Integer
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Float
Integer
Integer
Float
Float
Float
Float
3 x float
3 x float
Float

Variable

Description

Gamma 1 Min BCR


Gamma 2 Min BCR
Gamma 3 Min BCR
Gamma 1 Max BCR
Gamma 2 Max BCR
Gamma 3 Max BCR
Number of Gamma BCR steps
Gamma BCR Step duration
Gamma BCR confidence factor
Neutron 1 Min BCR
Neutron 2 Min BCR
Neutron 3 Min BCR
Neutron 1 Max BCR
Neutron 2 Max BCR
Neutron 3 Max BCR
Number of Neutron BCR steps
Neutron BCR Step duration
Neutron BCR confidence factor
Gamma FAR limit
Gamma Adapted FAR threshold
Gamma good detection probability
Alarm threshold
MDA or Sigma
Sensitivity
Correction Factor
1.2

Page 27/31

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Address
(decimal)
564
565
567
576
578
580
582
588
594
596
597
599
608
610
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
656
658
659
660
662
664
665
666
668
703

Size in
words
1
2
9
2
2
2
6
6
2
1
2
9
2
29
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
10
2
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
35
1

Type
Integer
Float
Dummy
Float
Float
Float
3 x float
3 x float
Float
Integer
Float
Dummy
Float
Dummy
Integer
Integer
Integer
Integer
Integer
Integer
Integer
Dummy
Integer
Integer
Integer
Float
Float
Integer
Integer
Float
Dummy
Integer

Variable
Measurement time
Attenuation factor
Not used
Neutron FAR limit
Neutron Adapted FAR threshold
Neutron good detection probability
Alarm threshold
Sensitivity
Correction Factor
Measurement time
Attenuation factor
Not used
Speed Threshold
Not used
Checksum
Slave Address
Baud rate
Acknowledgement key
Language
Contrast
Password
Not used
I/O Mask
Gamma detector count
Neutron detector count
Gamma detector dead time
Neutron detector dead time
Gamma alarm mode
Neutron alarm mode
Distance from presence detectors
Not used
Checksum

IEEE 4 bytes float number format

31 30
23 22
S
Exp

0
Mantissa

The value of the number is equal to : (-1)s * 2 (Exp-127) * (1+ Mantissa/223)


Zero is represented as 4 bytes equals to 0.

Page 28/31

Description
Fixed do not change

Not used
Not used
In FAR unit
Not used
Fixed 1.0
Fixed do not change

Always 20 (s)
Always 0
MDA or sigma
FAR mode (sigma)
In meters

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

9. Connectors terminals assignment


Connector BN1 :
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Signal
24VDC
Pulse +
Pulse Detector CB detection
Presence 1
Presence CB detection
0V

Connector BN3 :
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Detector Gamma #2

Signal
24VDC
Pulse +
Pulse Detector CB detection
Presence 2
Presence CB detection
0V

Connector BN7 :
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Detector Gamma #1

Relays

Signal
Relay A CM contact
Relay A NC contact
Relay A NO contact
Relay B CM contact
Relay B NC contact
Relay B NO contact
Power Down Relay CM
contact
Power Down Relay WD
NO contact

Connector BN2 :
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Signal
24VDC
Pulse +
Pulse Detector CB detection
Not used
Not used
0V

Connector BN4 :
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Page 29/31

Detector Neutron #2

Signal
24VDC
Pulse +
Pulse Detector CB detection
Not used
Not used
0V

Connector BN8 :
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Detector Neutron #1

Relays

Signal
Relay 1 CM contact
Relay 1 NC contact
Relay 1 NO contact
Relay 2 CM contact
Relay 2 NC contact
Relay 2 NO contact
Power Down Relay WD
CM contact
Power Down Relay WD
NC contact

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

Connector BN9 :
Terminal
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

BAC500 alarm report


Signal
24VDC
Gamma Alarm led
Neutron Alarm led
OK led
Technical
Failure/Anomaly led
Acknowledgement
OV

Connector BN13 : RS485/422 serial link


Terminal
Signal
1
TXB
2
TXA
3
RXB
4
RXA
Note : in RS485 mode, shortcut 1-3 et 2-4

Connector BN10 :

Input/Output

Terminal
1
2
3
4
5

Signal
24VDC
Mains/UPS
Not used
Not used
Wake up

6
7

Presence indicator led


0V

Connector BN14 :
Terminal
1
2
3
4

Page 30/31

RS232 serial link


Signal
TxD
RxD
0V
0V

Ref. 29.292.940 rev. A June 2008

10. Contacts

HEADQUARTERS
SAPHYMO
5, rue du thtre
91884 MASSY CEDEX
FRANCE
Phone
Fax

:
:

+33 (0)1.69.53.73.00
+33 (0)1.69.53.73.01

FACTORY

OFFICE

SAPHYMO
ZI "La Chalopinire"
28480 THIRON GARDAIS
FRANCE

SAPHYMO-MAINTENANCE
10, Chemin des Clos
38240 MEYLAN
FRANCE

Phone
Fax

Phone :
Fax :

:
:

+33 (0)2.37.49.50.51
+33 (0)2.37.49.50.18

Page 31/31

+33 (0)4.76.41.11.46
+33 (0)4.76.41.35.99