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TABLA DE INTEGRALES

REGLAS DE INTEGRACIÓN

1. dx x C

2.

3.

4.

 

af ( x ) dx a

f

( x ) dx ,

a constante

f ( x ) f ( x ) dx f ( x )dx f ( x )dx

1

2

1

2

1

f ax b dx

(

) F ax b C

(

)

a

a ≠ 0

FORMAS BASICAS

1

x dx

1

x

x

e

n

n 1

8.

x

n 1

x C

C , n

 1

9. dx ln

10.

11.

x

a

dx e C

a

x

x

a

dx   C

ln

, siendo a > 0 y a ≠ 1.

Recordar que a x = e ln (a*) = e x ln a

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

sen x dx  cos x C

cos x dx sen x C

sec x dx tan x C

csc x dx  cot x C

sec x tan x dx sec x C

2

2

Tabla de Integrales

f

'( x )

5. dx ln

f

( x )

f ( x ) C

f ' x e

f x

6.

dx e

7. udv uv vdu

f x

C

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

csc x cot x dx  csc x C

 tan x dx  ln
cos x
 C  ln
 cot x dx  ln
sen x
 C
sec xdx
 sec x tan x
ln
 C
csc xdx
 csc x cot x
ln
 C
dx
1
x
a
ln
 C
x
2
a
2
2 a
x
a

sec x

C

dx
x
x
 sen
1
C cos

1
a
2
x
2
a a
dx
1
x
1
x
tan
1
C

cot
1
a
2
 x
2 a
a
a
a
dx
1
x
1
 sec
1
 C  csc
x
x  a
2
2
a
a
a
 C
x
 1
 C
a
Página1

Página2

dx
1
x
 a
2 ln
 C
26. 
a x
2
2 a
x
 a
dx
1
x
a
ln
 C
27. 
x
2
 a
2
2 a
x
a
FORMAS TRIGONOMETRICAS
1 1
 x dx 
sen
2
x 
sen 2 x  C
29.
2 4
 x
1
1
cos
2
dx  x 
sen 2 x  C
30.
2 4
 tan
2
x dx  tan x  x  C
31.
 cot x dx  cot x  x  C
2
32.
1
 x dx 
sen
3
2  sen x cos x  C
2
33.
3
 x
1
cos
3
dx
2  cos x sen x  C
2
34.
3
1
 tan
3
x dx tan x ln
2
cos x
 C
35.
2
1
cot x dx
3

cot x ln
2
sen x
 C
36.
2
1
1
 sec x
3
dx
sec x tan x ln
sec x  tan x
37.
2
2

C

38.

39.

40.

1

csc x dx csc

3



2

sen ax sen bx dx

cos ax cos bx dx

1
2

x cot x ln

csc x cot x

sen a b x

 

2

a

b

sen a a b x

2

b

sen a b x

 

2 a b

sen a b x

2 a b

C

C , si a

C , si a

2

2

41.



sen ax

cos bx dx

Tabla de Integrales

cos a b x cos a b x

2

a b

2 a b

C , si a

28.

2

b

b

2

2

b

x dx
1
ln
a
2
 x 2
2

2

a

2

x

2

C

Página3

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

1

n

1

1

n 1

n

n 1

n

n

2

n

2

n

sen x dx 

1

n

n

sen x cos x

sen x

n

n

1

1

sen x dx

cos x dx 1

n

2

n

2

n

cos x

cos x dx tan

x dx

cot x dx  

sec x

n n

n

n

n

dx

1

1

n

n

1

1

1

1

n

2

tan x

n

1

cot x

n

tan x dx , n

x dx , n   1 2   1 2

cot

1 sec x dx , n 1 csc x dx , n 1

n

2

n

2

sec x tan x

n

2

n

n

csc x

dx csc x cot x

n

1

n

48.

sen x x dx 

cos

n

m

n

1

sen x

cos

m

1

x

m 1

n m

n m

49.

sen x cos x dx

n

m

sen x cos x m 1

n

1

m

1

n m

n m

50.

51.

x

x

sen x dx sen x x cos x C

cos x dx cos x x sen x C

n 2

sen x

cos

m

xdx n m

,



sen x cos x dx , m n



n

m

2

x sen x dx 
n
x cos x n  u cos x dx
n
n  1
52.
 
x
n
cos x dx  x sen x  n u sen x dx
n
n  1
53.
x  a
2
2
FORMAS QUE IMPLICAN
54. a dx
x
2
2
x 2
2
x
a
2
a ln
x
x
2
a
2
 C
2
2
55. a dx
x
2
x
2
2
dx
56.  ln
x
2
 a
2
x
2 x
2
a
2
8
x
x
2
a
2
a
4
x
2
a
2
ln
x
x
2
a
2
8

C

1
a
x
2
a
2
a
x

dx

57.  ln

x
x  a
2
2

Tabla de Integrales

C

C

Página4

x
2
 a
2
a
x
2
a
2
dx 
x
2
a
2
a ln
 C
58. 
x
x
x
2
 a
2
x
dx
a sec
 1
 C
59. 
x
a
x dx
2
x
a
2
x
2
a 
2
ln
x
x
2
a
2
 C
60. 
x  a
2
2
2
2
dx
 
 C
61. 
x x  a
2
2
2
2
a x
x
2
 a
2
x
2
 a
2
62. dx 
 ln
x
x
2
a
2
 C
x
2
x
dx
 x
 C
63. 
 x
2
 a
2
3
a x  a
2
2
2

FORMAS QUE IMPLICAN

a  x
2
2
a
2
64.  x dx 
a
x 2
x
2
2
a
x
2
sen
 1
 C
2
2
a
x
dx

C
65. 
a  x
2
2
x
a
4
x
66. a  x dx 
x
2
2
2
2
x
2
a
2
a
2
x
2
sen
 1
8
8 a

C

FORMAS EXPONENCIALES Y LOGARITMICAS

67.

68.

69.

70.

1

dx e C

e

xe dx

a

1

2

a

1

a

ax

n ax

x e dx

ax e C

1

ax

n ax

x e

ax

n

a

n 1

x

ax

ax

e

ax

C

e

ax

sen bx dx

e

a

2

b

2

a sen bx b cos bx C

Tabla de Integrales

Página5

71.

72.

73.

74.

75.

76.

77.

e

ax

cos bx dx

e

ax

a

2

b

2

ln x dx x ln x x C

a cos bx b sen bx C

1

x ln x

dx ln

ln x

C

x

x

n

m

ln x dx

x

n

1

n 1

ln x

x

n

1

n 1

2

n

ln x dx

1

1   x

m

m 1

n

ln x

C

n x ln

m

n 1

x dx

ln

ln

x

2

2

x

2

a dx

x

ln

x

a

2

dx x ln x

2

2

2

a

2

x

2

a x a

2

2

a

tan

1

x

ln

a

C

C

. m ≠ –1

 FORMAS TRIGONOMETRICAS INVERSAS FORMAS HIPERBOLICAS sen x dx x sen x    1 1  1  x 2  C 84.  senh x dx  cosh x  C 85.  cosh x dx  senh x  C 78. 79.   cos x dx x cos x    1 1  1  x 2  C    1 2 80. tan x dx x tan x     81. x sen  1 x dx 1 82. x cos x dx  1 4    2 x 2 -1 1 2 2   4 x -1  1 1 ln  1  2 x   C  1 sen x  x 1  x 2 4  C  1 cos x  x 1  x 2 4  C 86.   tanh x dx ln 87. coth x dx ln 88.  sec h   cosh x senh x 2 x dx  tanh x  C  C  C  1  83. x tan x dx x   2 1 2  1   1 tan x  x  C 89.  csc h 2 x dx  coth x  C 2 90.  sec h x tanh x dx  sec h x  C 91.  csc h x coth x dx  csc h x  C

Tabla de Integrales

Página6

 1 cos 2 x + sen 2 x = 1 sen 2 x = 1 – cos 2 x cos 2 x = 1 – sen 2 x 2 sec 2 x = 1 + tan 2 x 3. csc 2 x = 1 + cot 2 x 4. cos (–x) = cos x; sen (–x) = –sen x 5 cos (a + b) = cos a cos b – sen a sen b 6. cos (a – b) = cos a cos b + sen a sen b 7 sen (a + b) = sen a cos b + cos a sen b 8. sen (a – b) = sen a cos b – cos a sen b 9 sen 2x = 2 sen x cos x 10. cos 2x = cos 2 x – sen 2 x

11.

12.

14.

15.

17.

18.

19.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

cos 2x = 2 cos 2 x 1 o bien

tan x

2

1 2 tan tan x x

2

sen 2 x

2

1

cos x

2

tan a b

1 tan tan a a tan tan b b

cos 2x = 1 2 sen 2 x

si se usa la identidad fundamental

13.

cos

2

sen x

2 x

1

2

1

cos x

2

2

cos x

2

16.

tan a b

1 tan tan a a tan tan b b

2

cos x

1

2

cos x

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

sen m n x cos m n x sen m n x

cos m n x cos

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

sen m n x cos m n x sen m n x m n x A B

1

2

1

1

sen mx cos nx mx mx mx A sen A

nx

nx

nx

sen

sen

cos

cos

cos

sen

sen

sen

A

B sen

2

2

B cos

2

B cos

2

1

2

1

2

A B cos A A B cos

1

B sen A B

2

1

2

A B

sen

cos

cos A cos B  sen

cos

1 2 A B sen A B

1

2

2

Tabla de Integrales

Página7

1.

2.

3.

D x (C) = 0

D x (u·v) = u’v + vu’

D x    u v    u' v v uv'

2

Constante

Producto

Cociente

4. D x f(g(x)) = f’(g(x))·g’(x)

5.

D x x n =nx n-1

Potencia

6.

7.

8.

D x Cf(x) = C f’(x)
x
D x
x
x
1
D
x ln x 

x

DERIVADAS DE LAS FUNCIONES TRIGONOMETRICAS

12. D x sen x = cos x

13. D x cos x = sen x

14. D x tan x = sec 2 x

15. D x cot x = csc x

9.

10.

11.

16.

17.

D

x

log

a

x

D x e x = e x

1

x ln a

D x a x = a x ln a

D x sec x = sec x tan x

D x csc x = csc x cot x

DERIVADAS DE LAS FUNCIONES TRIGONOMETRICAS INVERSAS

1
18. sen x 
D
 1
x
1  x
2
1
19. cos x 
D
 1
x
1
x
2

1

20. tan x

D

x

1

1 x

2

1

21. cot x 

D

x

1

1 x

2

DERIVADAS DE LAS FUNCIONES HIPERBOLICAS

24. D x senh x = cosh x

25. D x cosh x = senh x

26. D x tanh x = sech 2 x

27. D x coth x = csch x

D
sec
 1
22. x 
x
1 2
x
x
 1
1
23. x 
D
csc
 1
x
x
x
2
 1

28.

29.

D x sech x = sech x tanh x

D x csch x = csch x coth x

DERIVADAS DE LAS FUNCIONES HIPERBOLICAS INVERSAS

1
30. senh x 
D
1
x
1
 x
2
1
31. cosh x 
D
1
x
x
2
 1

Tabla de Integrales

 32. tanh D  1 x  1 x 1  x 2
 x 

33. coth

D

1

x 

1

1 x

2

1
34. sec h x 
D
 1
x
x
1  x
2

35.

D

x

1

csc x 

1

x
x
2
 1