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DESIGN CALCULATIONS

1.0

INTRODUCTION
1.1 General
This design note pertains to the design of foundation, columns, beams and floor slabs of
RUWI ROWER FOR M/s Zubair
The frame analysis has been done by computer software STAAD pro 2005.
Design calculation has been carried out in line with the design criteria attached herewith

2.0

Foundations
The foundation of the buildings are assumed safe bearing capacity of 250 KN/m2 at 3 m
below the finished ground level or as per the soil investigation reports
The soil report indicates that chloride contents are less than the permissible limits and
therefore, be applied to concrete surface in contact with soil and 3 coats of bituminous
paint is recommended for all block work in contact with soil.

3.0

BASIC DESIGN DATA


3.1

Material

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.6

Grade of Concrete
Steel Reinforcement
Density of P.C.C
Density of R.C.C
Light weight concrete
Density of Hollow Block Work
Density of Solid Block Work

: M35
: 460 N/mm2
: 22 KN/m3
: 25 KN/m3
: 19 KN/m3
: 14.6 KN/m3
: 22 KN/m3

Ruwi tower
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4.0

DEAD LOADS ON FLOORS

4.1

SELF WEIGHT OF SLAB (275mm)

4.2

Wall Loads

= 6.6 kn/m2

a) Internal walls load (190 mm hollow)


i) 190 hollow wall 3.1m height

= 0.19 x3.1x 14.60


= 8.6 kn/m
ii) 20mm plaster inside/out side
= (0.02x3.1x22 ) x 2
= 2.73 kn/m
Total = 8.6+2.73 kn/m = 11.3 kn/m
Considering opening 10%
Wall load (200mm thick) =0.9x11.3 = 10.1 kn/m

b) External walls 350 mm thick


i) 190 thick hollow wall 3.1m height = 0.19 x3.1x 14.60
=8.6 kn/m
ii) 100 thick solid wall 3.5m height = 0.1 x3.1x 22.0
=6.82 kn/m
iii) 20mm plaster inside/out side

= (0.02x3.1x22) x 2
= 2.73 kn/m

Total = 8.6+6.8+2.73 = 18.15 KN/m


Considering 15% opening the load /m=18.15x0.85
=15.43 t/m
Wall load (350mm thick) = 16 kn/m

c) Internal partition wall load (100 mm thick) = 5.0 kn/m


NOTE- Wall load on floors =6.4 kn/m2
Ruwi tower
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4.3

SUPER IMPOSED DEAD LOADS ON FLOOR


a) Finishes Loads
i)
Partitions/Suspended Ceilings= 50 kg/m2
=0.5 kn/m2
ii)
Finishes (50 mm thick)
=0.05x22 = 1.1 kn/m2
Total finishes/services

4.4

=.5+1.1= 1.6 kn/m2

SUPER IMPOSED DEAD LOADS ON ROOF


a) Roof finishes
i) 130 mm screed including tiles
ii) Plant load (split unit 70kg on 1.1mx0.65m Area)
(including 300mm thick pedestal)
iii) water tank load (1m height)

5.0

= 0.3 t/m2
= 2.5 kn/m2
= 10.0 kn/m2
(locally applied load)

Live Loads
5.1

Accomodation area

= 2.0 kn/m2

5.2

Corridor / Hall

= 4.0 kn/m2

5.3

Roof

= 1.5 kn/m2

5.4

PARKING AREA

=5.0 Kn/m2

Ruwi tower
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6.0

WIND LOADS
Wind speed = 46m/s

7.0

SEISMIC LOADS
Seismic design for ZONE A (UBC CODE)

8.0

LOAD AND LOAD COMBINATIONS


The building is designed for the following combinations:
Load Combinations
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
Where-

Description
DL
IDL (WALL +FINISHES)
LL
WLX
WLZ
EQX
EQZ
DL+IDL+LL
1.4DL+1.4IDL+1.6LL
1.4 DL+ 1.4IDL+1.4 WLX
1.4 DL+1.4IDL+ 1.4 WLZ
1.4 DL+1.4IDL+ 1.4 EQX
1.4 DL+1.4IDL+ 1.4 EQZ
1.0 DL+1.0IDL + 1.4 WLX
1.0 DL + 1.0IDL+1.4 WLZ
1.0 DL +1.0IDL+ 1.4 EQX
1.0 DL +1.0IDL+ 1.4 EQZ
1.2 DL+1.2IDL+1.2 LL+1.2 WLX
1.2 DL +1.2IDL+ 1.2 LL + 1.2 WLZ
1.2 DL +1.2IDL+ 0.5*1.2 LL + 1.2 EQX
1.2 DL+1.2IDL + 0.5*1.2 LL + 1.2 EQZ

DL=Dead load
IDL=Imposed Dead load
LL= Live load
WLX=Wind load in X direction
WLZ=Wind load in Z direction
EQX=Earthquake Load in X direction
EQZ=Earthquake Load in Z direction

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9.0

CONCRETE COVER
The concrete cover provided to the steel reinforcement in the design as below:
Locations
1. Face in contact with soil
2. Face away from the soil
2. Beam /column/walls
3. Slabs

10.0

11.0

ALLOWABLE SETTLEMENT
10.1 Total Settlement
10.2 Max Lateral Displacement
10.3 Differential settlement

Concrete Cover
75mm
50 mm
50 mm
30mm

= 25mm
= 25mm
=0.1% of lateral spacing of the footings

TEMPERATURE EFFECT
11.1 Air temperature range considered from 5 to 55 degree.

Ruwi tower
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