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Operating Instructions

Automated Viscosity
Analyzer
HVB
U 480, HVU481 und HVU482

Walter Herzog GmbH


Testing Equipment for Petroleum Products
Badstrae 3-5
D-97912 Lauda-Knigshofen, P.O.Box 1241
Germany
Telefax
++49 ()9343 / 640-101
Internet: www.Walter-Herzog.com
Sales department:

Telephone: ++49 (0)9343 / 640-0


E-Mail: Sales@Walter-Herzog.com

Service:

Telephone:++49 (0)9343 / 640-181


E-Mail: HSC@Walter-Herzog.com

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Copyright
The Automatic Viskosimeter HVU481/482 and this manual are protected by copyright.
Reproduction of the unit will result in prosecution.
All rights to the manual are reserved. Reproduction in any form, including in the form of
excerpts, shall require written permission from the copyright holder.
We reserve the right to make technical and content changes including without prior notice.

Liability
The manual was carefully checked prior to issue. However, no express or implicit liability
whatsoever is assumed for losses or consequential losses arising from the use of this manual.
Claims for damages are excluded unless gross negligence, deliberate action or errors in the
assured properties of the unit can be proved against the company Walter Herzog GmbH.
We accept no liability for losses arising from the improper use of the unit or use other than as
intended.
Great care was taken on the development of the software program. But neither Walter Herzog
GmbH nor the Licensor will take upon any guarantee, juridical responsibility or liability for
any consequences arising by the use of the program, above all for lacking economical success,
missed earnings, consequential damages and deficiently consequential damages.
According to the current state of engineering it is not possible to develop computer software
in such a way that it will work faultlessly under any applicability and combination. This is
mostly the result of the large number of the various hardware configurations.

All brand names and product names mentioned are trademarks or registered trademarks of the
relevant companies or organizations.

Copyright 1996 WALTER HERZOG GmbH,


D-97922 Lauda-Knigshofen

Doc.- Nr.: 820-087

Introduction

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Contents
1
2

5
6

Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 7
1.1
General ....................................................................................................................... 7
1.2
Amendment to Operating Instructions ....................................................................... 8
Technical Specifications.....................................................................................................9
2.1
Unit Values HVU 480/481 ......................................................................................... 9
2.2
Unit Values HVU 482 ..............................................................................................10
2.3
Ambient and Operation Conditions.......................................................................... 11
HVU 480/481/482 Configuration..................................................................................... 13
3.1
General ..................................................................................................................... 13
3.2
Ordering information:............................................................................................... 14
3.3 ......................................................................................................................................... 15
3.4
Accessories specific for HVU481 ............................................................................ 17
3.5
Accessories specific for HVU482: ........................................................................... 18
3.6
Accessories for HVU481 and HVU482: ..................................................................20
3.7
HVU 482 NTC Capillaries (Sensor B) ..................................................................... 25
3.8
HVU 482 with capillaries from the HVU480/481....................................................25
HVU 480/481/482 Installation ......................................................................................... 27
4.1
General ..................................................................................................................... 27
4.2
HVU 480/481 Installation Procedure ....................................................................... 28
4.2.1 Cleaning Solvents for HVU 480/481 ......................................................................29
4.3
HVU 482 Installation Procedure .............................................................................. 29
4.3.1 Solvents for HVU 482 ............................................................................................. 30
4.3.2 Filling of the drying tubes ....................................................................................... 31
4.3.3 Installation of the drying tubes ................................................................................ 32
4.3.4 Installation of the cold trap...................................................................................... 32
4.4
Connection of a slop sensor (Accessory) ................................................................. 33
4.4.1 Not networked units with slop sensor ..................................................................... 33
4.4.2 Several units with one common used slop sensor ................................................... 33
4.4.3 Networked units with own slop sensor.................................................................... 33
4.5
Coding of the measurement points ........................................................................... 34
4.6
Connection between HVU 480/481/482 and printer ................................................ 34
4.7
Connection of several HVU 480/481/482 units to one printer................................. 35
4.8
Connection of several HVU 480/481/482 units to a PC........................................... 35
HVU 480/481/482 Operation ........................................................................................... 37
5.1
Menu Range.............................................................................................................. 37
Program Measurement...................................................................................................... 39
6.1
General ..................................................................................................................... 39
6.2
Sample Identification................................................................................................ 40
6.3
Programming of parameters ..................................................................................... 40
6.4
Bath heating? ............................................................................................................41
6.5
Start of testing procedure.......................................................................................... 41
6.6
Aborting the viscosity measurement ........................................................................ 41
6.7
Viscosity measurement procedure............................................................................ 42
6.8
End of test................................................................................................................. 42
6.8.1 Display of viscosity and flow periods ..................................................................... 42
6.8.2 Printing test results .................................................................................................. 43
6.9
Program Overview.................................................................................................... 44

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Introduction

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Parameter Program ........................................................................................................... 47


7.1
General information.................................................................................................. 47
7.2
Standard/non-standard .............................................................................................. 48
7.3
Left Capillary............................................................................................................ 48
7.4
Right Capillary ......................................................................................................... 48
7.5
Programming Analysis Tolerance ............................................................................ 48
7.6
Cleaning.................................................................................................................... 49
7.7
Pre-flush ................................................................................................................... 50
7.8
Solvent 1 ................................................................................................................... 50
7.9
Solvent 2 ................................................................................................................... 51
7.10 Drying....................................................................................................................... 51
7.11 Sample Measurement ............................................................................................... 52
7.12 Equilibration time ..................................................................................................... 52
7.13 Equilibration type ..................................................................................................... 52
7.14 Temperature Units (C/F) ....................................................................................... 53
7.15 Bath Temperature ..................................................................................................... 53
7.16 Bath calibration ........................................................................................................ 54
7.17 Cooling valve temperature........................................................................................ 55
7.18 Acceleration due to gravity ...................................................................................... 55
7.19 Slop sensor connected?............................................................................................. 56
7.20 Data transfer ............................................................................................................. 56
7.21 Printer ....................................................................................................................... 57
7.22 Print .......................................................................................................................... 57
7.23 Printing Viscosity Results ........................................................................................ 57
7.24 Capillary Calibration ................................................................................................ 58
7.25 Text Language .......................................................................................................... 58
7.26 Interval air dryer ....................................................................................................... 59
7.27 Bath heating? ............................................................................................................59
7.28 Parameter Print-out................................................................................................... 60
7.29 Change Password...................................................................................................... 61
7.30 Parameter Overview ................................................................................................. 62
8
Viscosity measurements ................................................................................................... 67
8.1
General ..................................................................................................................... 67
8.2
Drying of the viscometers for the HVU 482 ............................................................ 67
8.2.1 Bath temperature above the dew point .................................................................... 67
8.2.2 Bath temperature below the dew point .................................................................... 68
8.3
HVU482 and Viscometer with hose connection ...................................................... 68
8.4
Preparation and execution of viscosity measurements ............................................. 68
8.5
Measuring result deviations with the HVU 482 .......................................................69
9
Diagnostic Program .......................................................................................................... 71
9.1
General ..................................................................................................................... 71
9.2
Check the Reference Resistors ................................................................................. 71
9.3
Bath Temperature Display........................................................................................ 72
9.4
NIR detection left .....................................................................................................72
9.5
NIR detection right ................................................................................................... 72
9.6
NTC detection left .................................................................................................... 73
9.7
NTC detection right .................................................................................................. 73
9.8
Bath Cooling Valve .................................................................................................. 73
9.9
Bath Heaters ............................................................................................................. 74

Introduction

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.10
9.11
9.12
9.13
9.14
9.15
9.16
9.17
9.18
9.19
9.20
9.21
9.22
9.23
9.24
9.25
9.26

Slop Tank Level ....................................................................................................... 74


Solvent left................................................................................................................ 75
Solvent right .............................................................................................................75
Solenoid Valves Left ................................................................................................ 75
Solenoid Valves Right .............................................................................................. 76
Air Pressure Pump .................................................................................................... 76
Vacuum Pump .......................................................................................................... 76
Detection Left ........................................................................................................... 76
Detection Right......................................................................................................... 77
Buzzer (acoustic signal)............................................................................................ 77
Set the Clock 24/12 Hour Mode ............................................................................... 77
Set the Clock Time ................................................................................................... 78
Date Programming.................................................................................................... 78
Inspek air dryer in..................................................................................................... 78
Bath Circulation Values............................................................................................ 79
HVU 480/481/482 Software (manufacturer use only) ............................................. 80
Diagnostic Overview ................................................................................................ 81
10
Messages....................................................................................................................... 85
10.1 Messages of the HVU 480/481/482 ......................................................................... 85
10.1.1 Error numbers 1.................................................................................................. 86
10.1.2 Error numbers 10................................................................................................88
10.1.3 Error numbers 20................................................................................................91
10.1.4 Error numbers 30................................................................................................94
10.1.5 Error numbers 40................................................................................................94
10.1.6 Error numbers 60................................................................................................94
10.1.7 Error numbers 90................................................................................................95
10.1.8 Error messages that are coded into the flow out times .......................................... 96
11
Cleaning Cycle ............................................................................................................. 97
11.1 General information.................................................................................................. 97
11.2 Initial flushing ..........................................................................................................99
11.3 Flushing .................................................................................................................... 99
11.4 Drying..................................................................................................................... 100
11.5 Cleaning Program Overview .................................................................................. 101
12
HVU 480/481/482 Construction Overview................................................................ 102
12.1 HVU 480/481/482 Mechanics Overview ............................................................... 102
12.2 HVU 480/481/482 Electronics Overview .............................................................. 103
13
HVU 480/481/482 Serial Output................................................................................106
13.1 General ................................................................................................................... 106
13.2 Protocol Capillary Left ........................................................................................... 107
13.3 Protocol Capillary Right......................................................................................... 108
13.4 Protocol Example: .................................................................................................. 110
14
HVU 480/481/482 Calibration ................................................................................... 112
14.1 General ................................................................................................................... 112
14.2 Available mercury thermometers ........................................................................... 113
14.3 Check of Time Measurement ................................................................................. 113
15
Spare Parts .................................................................................................................. 115
15.1 HVU 480 Spare Parts ............................................................................................. 115
15.2 Recommended spare parts for appr. 2 years of operation for HVU481+482......... 118
15.3 Recommended spare parts for appr. 2 years of operation specific for HVU481....121

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Introduction

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

15.4 Recommended spare parts for appr. 2 years of operation specific for HVU482....122
15.5 Other spare parts for HVU481 + HVU482............................................................. 123
15.6 Configuration of the Measurement Unit................................................................. 128
15.7 CPU with keyboard and display controller 607-252 .............................................. 129
15.7.1 Configuration Master/Slave................................................................................. 129
15.7.2 Configuration Display controller.........................................................................130
16
Peculiarities ................................................................................................................ 131
16.1 Viscosity Determination acc. to DIN 51 562 ......................................................... 131
17
Maintenance ............................................................................................................... 133
17.1 Maintenance work for HVU 482 ............................................................................ 133
17.1.1 Maintenance of the drying tubes (optional)......................................................... 133
17.1.2 Maintenance of cold trap (optional) .................................................................... 134
17.1.3 Removal of the moisture in the thermostated bath by heating ............................ 134
18
HVU 480/481/482 Documentation............................................................................. 135
18.1 General ................................................................................................................... 135
18.2 Resistance Table ..................................................................................................... 136
18.3 Drawings and wiring diagrams............................................................................... 137
18.4 HVU 480/481/482 Identification Diagrams ...........................................................137

Introduction

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

1 Introduction

1.1

General

The viscosity determination for mineral oils, hydrocarbons and other transparent or
non-transparent liquids that behave like Newton's fluid represents a testing method
often required by the mineral oil industry. The product specifications define the
respective allowable viscosity range. Within the allowable limit ranges, it is thus
particularly important to achieve accurate measurements with an extremely high
reproducibility. This requires the use of a highly accurate viscometer, a viscosity
bath with an extremely high temperature stability and an accurate time measurement.
A number of glass viscometers are available to determine the kinematic viscosity.
The Ubbelohde viscometer with a suspended sphere level has proven to be a device
producing the most accurate measurements. Due to the design features of the unit,
the coefficient of expansion exhibited by the glass at different temperatures has such
a minor effect that it can be neglected.
The Herzog HVU 480/481/482 is based on this Ubbelohde viscometer and uses a
fourth glass tube to obtain an automatic cleaning phase; it is available in two
versions.
With NIR - Can be used for transparent to very dark samples (order no.
04805-000-XX). When the meniscus is no longer operative due to the low
transparency exhibited by the sample, the HVU 480/481/482 program switches
automatically to the through-view mode.
With NTC - Used for non-transparent samples or for samples that absorb NIR
(near infrared) or reflect through solid bodies (order no. 04806-000-XX).
NIR and NTC viscometers can be used simultaneously in a HVU 480/481/482
bath.
The Herzog HVU 480/481/482 is fitted with a viscosity bath to receive 2 HVU
480/481/482 Ubbelohde viscometers yielding a measurement range of between +20
C and +150 C, with an automatic washing and drying device, electronic time
measurement unit and a program that meets the requirements of our world-wide
clients (manufacture and supply of viscometers since 1977). A special silicon oil is
required as the bath liquid. The unit was designed such that it includes features to
protect the environment (small solvent quantity for cleaning purposes).

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Introduction

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

The Herzog HVU 480/481/482 viscometers can be used as individual units or with
the VISNET data bank software (optional) with a personal computer using Windows.
It is possible to control up to 16 HVU 480/481/482 testing units with up to 32
measurement points by means of one serial interface of a central PC and to
automatically transfer the data to the VISNET data bank. Automatic viscosity index
calculations as well as statistical evaluations can be executed by means of the data
bank.
To obtain testing protocols from a joint printer (optional), it is possible to link up to
16 HVU 480/481/482 units without the need to operate a PC.

1.2

Amendment to Operating Instructions

This Operating Instructions (Version 21.1B) describe the functions of the instruments
with HLIS-Versions:
HLIS16
unit version 14.1B
HLIS32

unit version 21.1B

Introduction

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

2 Technical Specifications

2.1

Unit Values HVU 480/481

Standard methods

DIN 51562
ASTM D 445
IP 71

Mains voltage

230 V

Mains frequency

50 or 60 Hz

Power rating (Watt)

1200 Watt

Dimensions (WxDxH)

350x500x900 mm

Weight

88 kg (HVU480)
100kg (HVU481)

Temperature indication
Sample volume

C / F
20ml

Viscosity range

1-50 000 mm2/s

Temperature range

20-150 C
68-302 F

Detection system

NIR or NTC

Consumption of cleaning solvent

10 ml per cycle

Text language

German/English

Cooling of the temperature regulated bath below ambient air temperature can be
achieved with a independent cooling system.
Output of viscosity measurement can be seen on the HVU 480/481 display and/or with a
PC.
HVU 480/481 results can be printed out with a printer

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Technical Specifications

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

2.2

Unit Values HVU 482

Standard methods

DIN 51562
ASTM D 445
IP 71

Mains voltage

230 V 10 %

Mains frequency

50 or 60 Hz

Power rating (Watt)

1200 Watt

Dimensions (WxDxH)

350x515x900 mm

Weight

102 kg

Temperature indication

C / F

Sample volume

20 ml

Viscosity range

1-50 000 mm2/s

Temperature range

-40 to +100 C
-40 to +212 F

Detection system
+100C

Sensor A from -40C to


Sensor B from +20C to

+100C
Required cooler power at HVU 482 bathtemp.

-20 C ==> 150 Watt


-40 C ==> 200 Watt

Cooling valve

optional, external

Consumption of cleaning solvent

10 ml per cycle

Text language

German/English

Cooling of the temperature regulated bath below ambient air temperature can be
achieved with a independent cooling system.
Output of viscosity measurement can be seen on the HVU 482 display and/or with a
PC.
HVU 482 results can be printed out with a printer

10

Technical Specifications

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

2.3

Ambient and Operation Conditions

For the operation of the HVU 480/481/482 the following conditions must be
fulfilled. If the instrument is used for other purposes or is operated without fulfilling
these conditions, the producer will take no liability.
The HVU 480/481/482 is a viscosity automate for the detection of viscosity
according to ASTM 445.
The permissible location of use is the industry sector.
The instrument is constructed according to safety class 1 and may therefore
only be operated at a grounded plug (with safety contact).
The voltage fluctuations of the power supply net may not exceed 10 % of the
nominal value.
The external connection cables RS232, Centronics and HTR must be shielded.
The instrument should only be operated at ambient temperatures between 10C
and 35C. The best results are achieved between 15C and 25C.
The storage temperatures should not exceed the range of -15C to +55C.
The relative air humidity may be maximum 60 % at temperatures up to 35C
The initial boiling point from the solvent, for cleaning the capillaries should be
distinct higher as the bath temperature.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Technical Specifications

11

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

12

Technical Specifications

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

3 HVU 480/481/482
Configuration

3.1

General

The HVU 480/481/482 Viscometer is an integrated unit. The main components


include:
Electronic controller
Temperature regulated bath and fixtures for two Ubbelohde capillaries
Color coded connectors to the capillaries
Three bottles are needed; two to store cleaning solvents and the other bottle for slop
which is generated from the cleaning cycle.
The HVU 480/481/482 arrives with 20 liters of manufacturer specified silicone oil.
Sample material used for viscosity analysis is filled into the capillary with a
disposable hypodermic syringe. The available Ubbelohde capillaries along with their
part numbers are listed here.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

13

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

3.2

Ordering information:

Order No.

Description

Picture

04811-000-00

Herzog Automated HVU 481 Viscometer acc.


To ASTM D 445, complete with integrated
keypad, display, temperature bath, 2
Ubbelohde style NIR capillary tubes as
specified below (NTC detection on request)
timing and cleaning systems.
Bath temperature range +20 to +150 C.
Up to 16 viscometers baths may be connected
to a PC for data acquisition, test program
setting and results management with HLIS-32
(Herzog Laboratory Information System).
Order this instrument is at some future time
you may want to upgrade to use the MP491
sample changers.
For 230 V +/- 10%, 50 Hz. Power cord with
Continental European IEC/DIN plug.
Capillaries
Standard Supply are 2 NIR viscometer
capillaries with constants 0.1 and 1.0
otherwise please select 2 capillaries from the
accessory list below.
Accessories included:
04831-000-00 Silicone bath oil, can of 20 liters
1 x 414-143 Solvent supply and slop
disposal hose; Teflon, 6 m,
6mm x 7mm x 0.5 mm
2 x 370-323 Solvent pre-filter 45m mesh
1 x 626-082 Connection cable for HTR
communication, instrument to
instrument, short, 0,8 m
1 x 101-052 Cord with Continental European
IEC/DIN plug. DIN mains
connector
1 x 412-221 Set of hexagonal wrenches:
1.5; 2; 2.5; 3; 4; 5mm.

04811-000-60

Herzog Automated HVU 481 Viscometer acc.


To ASTM D 445 as above but
for 230 V +/- 10%, 60 Hz

625-113

Transformer 1380W; In 115V, out 230V,


With 2 sockets for Continental European
IEC/DIN plug.

625-116

Transformer 1380W; In 208V, out 230V,


With 2 sockets for Continental European
IEC/DIN plug.

14

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

3.3
Order No.

Description

04821-000-01

Herzog Automated HVU 482 Viscometer,


operating normal and low bath temperatures,
acc. to ASTM D 445, complete with integrated
keypad, display, temperature bath, 2
Ubbelohde style NIR capillary tubes.
Bath temperature range: -40 to +100C
(-20 to -40C 8 hours only)
-without external cooling:
+50 to +100C
Bath temp. Stability:
+/- 0,01C
Temperature indication:
C or F
Required cooler power: -20C = 150 Watt
-40C = 200 Watt
Meniscus detection: NIR from -40 to +100C
NTC from +20 to +100C
Viscometer cleaning: automatically
Air drier:
Molecular sieve
Up to 16 viscometers baths may be connected
to a PC for data acquisition, test program
setting and results management with HLIS-32
(Herzog Laboratory Information System).
For 230 V +/- 10%, 50 Hz. Power cord with
Continental European IEC/DIN plug.
Capillaries
Standard Supply are 2 NIR viscometer
capillaries with constants 0.1 and 1.0
otherwise please select 2 capillaries from the
accessory list below.
Accessories included:
04341-000-00 Silicone bath oil, can of 20
liters
2 x 108-286 Drying tube for capillaries
(filled with molecular sieve)
and connection hose
1 x 108-315 Drying tube for bath (filled with
molecular sieve) and
connection hose
1 x 414-143 Solvent supply and slop
disposal hose; Teflon, 6 m,
6mm x 7mm x 0.5 mm
2 x 370-323 Solvent pre-filter 45m mesh
1 x 626-082 Connection cable for HTR
communication, instrument to
instrument, short, 0,8 m
1 x 101-052 Cord with Continental
European IEC/DIN plug. DIN
mains connector
1 x 412-221 Set of hexagonal wrenches:
1.5; 2; 2.5; 3; 4; 5mm.

04821-000-61

Herzog Automated HVU 482 Viscometer,


operating normal and low bath temperatures
as above but:, 230V +/- 10%, 60Hz.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Picture

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

15

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order No.

Description

Picture

625-113

Transformer 1380W; In 115V, out 230V,


With 2 sockets for Continental European
IEC/DIN plug.

625-116

Transformer 1380W; In 208V, out 230V,


With 2 sockets for Continental European
IEC/DIN plug.

16

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

3.4

Accessories specific for HVU481

Order No.

Description

Picture

110-141

Kit to Upgrade from HVU481 to HVU490 in


order to use MP491 sample changers

04911-000-02

Automatic Sample Changer MP491 for 2


converted HVU481 baths with a 48 samples
capacity.
Complete with a set of 48 sample beakers.
For 230 V +/- 10%, 50 or 60 Hz (please specify
in your order).

04911-000-04

Automatic Sample Changer MP 491 for a 4bath capacity with a 96 sample capacity.
Complete with a set of 96 sample beakers.
For 230 V +/- 10 %, 50 Hz or 60 Hz (please
specify in your order).

08283-000-00

External circulation cooler obtains bath


temperatures from 20 . 40C.
Cooler must be positioned on the bench level
of the viscometer. Max. pump pressure 0.15
bar.
For 230 VAC, 50 Hz, 300 W .
Power cord with Continental European IEC/DIN
plug.
Dimensions 200 x 350 x 500 mm (w x d x h)

08290-000-00

External circulation cooler obtains bath


temperatures from 20C 40C.
With powerful pump, cooler can be placed
under the bench on floor level. Max. pump
pressure 0.4bar.
Working temperature -10 to +120C,
Cooling Power: 150 W at 20C
Bath volume3 - 4,5 ltr.
For 230VAC, - 50 Hz, 300W.
Power cord with Continental European IEC/DIN
plug.
Dimensions 200 x 350 x 550 mm

301-047

Silicone connection hose in8x2mm with


out 32mm Armaflex isolation for connection
of cooler to viscometer (2 m)

Version 21.1B/14.1B

No picture

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

17

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

3.5

Accessories specific for HVU482:

Order No.

Description

04825-000-01

Low temp. NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer capillary


for HVU 482 , with NIR meniscus detection,
ready mounted in holder, with engraved
capillary constant and color coding for
connection to hoses,
Constancy "C" appr. 0,001 mm2/s2
range 0,2 to 1,2 mm2/s.

04825-000-02

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 0,003, range 0,6 to 3,0 mm2/s

04825-000-03

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 0,005 range 1,0 to 5,0 mm2/s

04825-000-04

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 0,01, range 2,0 to 10,0 mm2/s

04825-000-05

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 0,03, range 6,0 to 30,0 mm2/s

04825-000-06

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 0,05, range 10,0 to 50,0 mm2/s

04825-000-07

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 0,1, range 20,0 to 100,0 mm2/s

04825-000-08

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 0,3, range 60,0 to 300 mm2/s

04825-000-09

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 0,5, range 100 to 500 mm2/s

04825-000-10

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 1,0 range 200 to 1000 mm2/s

04825-000-11

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 3,0, range 600 to 3000 mm2/s

04825-000-12

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 5,0, range 1000 to 5000 mm2/s

04825-000-13

Low temp. NIR Ubbelohde Viscometer for HVU


482, c = appr. 10, range 2000 to 10.000
mm2/s

08301-000-00

Circulation cooler recommended for Viscosity


determinations down to -20C
Working Temp. range:45 to +150C
Temperature control:
0.02C
Resolution of indication:
0.1C
Bath volume:
5.5.8 l
Dimensions (WxDxH):
40 x 50 x 78 cm
Voltage:
230V, 50Hz
Power
2 kW
Power cord with Continental European
IEC/DIN plug.

18

Picture

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order No.

Description

08284-000-00

Circulation cooler recommended for


Viscosity determinations down to -40C
Continuous cooling by operation with max.
cooling capacity, depending on load, up to -80
degree C.
With air-cooled compressors, floor-mounted
unit with grips and 4 castors.
Temp-adjustment/display: digital red LED
Display resolution:
1 degr. C
Flow rate:
22 l/min. max.
Max. feed pressure:
0,5 bar
Bath Volume:
11 ltr. appr.
Cooling capacity:
450 W at 20 C
90 W at -80 C
Cooling medium:
R 404 a/TP5R3
-free of CFCDimensions (WxDxH):
50x62x75 cm
Voltage:
230V, 50Hz,
Power:
1,1 kW max.
Power cord with Continental European IEC/DIN
plug.

301-047

Silicone connection hose in8x2mm with


out 32mm Armaflex isolation for connection
of cooler to viscometer (2 m)

101-173

Isolation valve, isolates the external chiller


when cooling is not necessary and prevents
excessive bath heating against the cooler.
24 V, 12 W, ND 6 mm

01000-445-51

Certified Reference Material for viscosity verification


and calibration, at low temperature, 500ml, with
Certificate stating result and accuracy
2
JF1, 3.7 mm /s @ -20C

108-332

Adaptor set to connect HVU481 NIR capillaries


of the 04805 type and NTC capillaries of
the04806 type to the thread couplings of the
HVU482.
Attention: Only for use above +20C

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Picture

No picture

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

19

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

3.6
Order No.

Accessories for HVU481 and HVU482:

Description

Picture

04805-000-01 NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer capillary for


HVU 480 / HVU481, with NIR meniscus
detection, ready mounted in holder, with
engraved capillary constant and color coding for
connection to hoses,
Constancy c = appr. 0.001 mm2/s2
range 0,2 to 1,2 mm2/s.
04805-000-02

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 0,003


HVU 480/481, range 0,6 to 3,0 mm2/s

04805-000-03

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 0,005


HVU 480/481, range 1,0 to 5,0 mm2/s

04805-000-04

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 0,01


HVU 480/481, range 2,0 to 10,0 mm2/s

04805-000-05

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 0,03


HVU 480/481, range 6,0 to 30,0 mm2/s

04805-000-06

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 0,05


HVU 480/481, range 10,0 to 50,0 mm2/s

04805-000-07

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 0,1


HVU480/481, range 20,0 to 100,0 mm2/s

04805-000-08

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 0,3


HVU480/481, range 60,0 to 300,0 mm2/s

04805-000-09

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 0,5


HVU480/481, range 100,0 to 500,0 mm2/s

04805-000-10

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 1,0


HVU480/481, range 200,0 to 1000,0 mm2/s

04805-000-11

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 3,0


HVU480/481, range 600,0 to 3.000,0 mm2/s

04805-000-12

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 5,0


HVU480/481, range 1.000,0 to 5.000,0 mm2/s

04805-000-13

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 10,0


HVU480/481, range 2.000,0 to 10.000, 0
mm2/s

04805-000-14

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 30,0


HVU480/481, range 6.000,0 to 30.000,0 mm2/s

04805-000-15

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 50,0


HVU480/481, range 10.000,0 to 50.000,0
mm2/s

04805-000-16

NIR-Ubbelohde Viscometer c = appr. 2,0


HVU480/481, range 400,0 to 2.000,0 mm2/s

20

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order No.

Description

Picture

04806-000-01

NTC-Ubbelohde Viscometer capillary for


HVU480/HVU481 with NTC meniscus
detection for opaque samples, ready mounted
in holder, with engraved constant and color
coding for connection to hoses.
c= 0.001 mm2/s2
Range 0,2 to 1,2 mm2/s

04806-000-02

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 0.003


HVU 480/ 481, range 0,6 to 3,0 mm2/s

04806-000-03

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 0.005


HVU 480/481, range 1,0 to 5,0 mm2/s

04806-000-04

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 0.01


HVU 480/481, range 2,0 to 10,0 mm2/s

04806-000-05

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 0.03


HVU 480/481, range 6,0 to 30,0 mm2/s

04806-000-06

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 0.05


HVU 480/481, range 10,0 to 50,0 mm2/s

04806-000-07

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 0.1


f HVU 480/481, range 20,0 to 100,0 mm2/s

04806-000-08

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 0.3


HVU 480/481, range 60,0 to 300,0 mm2/s

04806-000-09

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 0.5


HVU 480/481, range 100,0 to 500,0 mm2/s

04806-000-10

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 1.0


HVU 480/481, range 200,0 to 1.000,0 mm2/s

04806-000-11

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 3,0


HVU 480/481, range 600,0 to 3.000,0 mm2/s

04806-000-12

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 5.0


MP 480, range 1.000,0 to 5.000,0 mm2/

04806-000-13

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 10.0


HVU 480/481, range 2.000,0 to 10.000,0
mm2/s

04806-000-14

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 30.0


HVU 480/481, range 6.000,0 to 30.000,0
mm2/s

04806-000-15

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 50,0


HVU 480/481, range 10.000 to 50.000 mm2/s

04806-000-16

NTC Ubbelohde Viscometer C = 2.0


HVU 480/481, range 400,0 to 2.000,0 mm2/

108-247

Slop container for 6 liter waste solvent. Ready


to connect the slop sensor 638-031 and 2
Teflon slop hoses. Has a drain nozzle where
a vacuum pump may be connected.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

21

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order No.

Description

108-331

Capillary adjustment tool to verify the


perpendicular adjustment of the capillary in the
holder in order to assure the D445
requirements

638-040

Picture

Timing device check tool for HVU480,


HVU481, HVU482, HVU490 clocks.
Plugged into the NTC meniscus sensor socket,
it will give a light signal enduring 600 seconds.
Use a precision stop watch to verify the HVUs
internal clock

638-031

Slop sensor for HVM472/ HVU480, HVU481,


HVU482, HVU490, detects a full slop
container, preventing overflow. Ready to be
placed in 108-247 slop container.

110-084

Slop sensor with weight for non Herzog origin


containers

04841-000-01

HLIS-32 Windows PC Program


(English edition)
; Herzog Laboratory Information System,
PC based Windows program
; Operates up to 10 analyzers HVU 480,
HVU 481 or HVU 482 with material
based individual measurement
programs
; Calculates VI and other derived data
; Storage and database management
; Customized output data format for a
transfer to an external LIMS

22

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order No.
01061-481-02

Description

Picture

PC with LCD display


; 15.1" TFT LCD
; Vivid Screen offers natural colors
; Hard-Disk-Drive
; Floppy-Disk-Drive
; CD-ROM-Drive

626-072

Connection cable PC to instrument (RS 232)


2,5 m

101-137

Ink jet printer with English and German


manual, ASCII compatible, for 100 - 230VAC.
Power cord with Continental European IEC/DIN
plug.

626-053

Connection cable printer to PC


(CENTRONICS)

101-214

Matrix dot printer, 40 columns, using endless


paper roll of 76mm width, Centronics interface,
Dimensions: 156 mm (W) x 248 mm (D) x 132
mm (H).
230 VAC, 24W, Power cord with Continental
European IEC/DIN plug.
Centronics Printer cable not included

101-212

Ink ribbon for Matrix dot printer 101-214

No Picture

101-184

Ink ribbon for Matrix dot printer 101-175 and


101-176

No Picture

101-185

Paper rolls (10 pcs.) for Matrix dot printer 101175, 101-176 and 101-214
76 mm x 60 x 12mm

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

23

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order No.

Description

626-029

Connection cable Printer (Centronics) to


HVU481/482. This is a special wired cable for
certain Herzog instruments only.

105-094

Space saving base to have printer above PC

01000-445-01

Certified Reference Material for viscosity


verification and calibration,
500ml, with Certificate, stating results and
accuracy of density @ 20C and
viscosity @ 20, 25, 40, 50 and 100C
S1, 2.9 mm2/s @40C; 1.2 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-11

D5, 4.0 mm2/s @40C; 1.4 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-02

S6, 5.7 mm2/s @40C; 1.8 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-12

D10, 7.5 mm2/s @40C; 2.2 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-03

S20, 18 mm2/s @40C; 3.9 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-13

D50, 30 mm2/s @40C; 5.2 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-04

S60, 54 mm2/s @40C; 7.7 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-09

P1/13, 114 mm2/s @40C; 13 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-05

S200, 180 mm /s @40C; 17 mm /s @ 100C

01000-445-15

D500, 225 mm2/s @40C; 20 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-19

D750, 323 mm2/s @40C; 26 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-16

D1000, 420 mm2/s @40C; 31 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-06

S600, 522 mm2/s @40C; 36 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-20

P4/1000, 1004 mm2/s @40C; 59 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-07

S2000, 1700 mm2/s @40C; 84 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-17

D5000, 1850 mm2/s @40C; 88 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-18

D10000, 3500 mm2/s @40C; 143 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-08

S8000, 6700 mm2/s @40C; 236 mm2/s @ 100C

01000-445-10

P1/600, 22020 mm2/s @40C; 600 mm2/s @ 100C

505-001

Control thermometer +18 +22C:0.01C res.

505-003

Control thermometer +38 +42C:0.01C res.

505-004

Control thermometer +48 +52C:0.01C res.

505-005

Control thermometer +98 .. +102C:0.01C res

24

Picture

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order No.

Description

505-006

Control thermometer +96+103 F:0,02F res.

505-007

Control thermometer +206..+214F:0,02F res.

505-008

Control thermometer +68.+72C:0,01C res.

506-051

Certified thermometer +18 +22C:0,01C res.

506-053

Certified thermometer +38+42C:0,01C res.

506-054

Certified thermometer +48+52C:0,01C res.

506-055

Certified thermometer +68+72C:0,01C res.

506-056

Certified thermometer +98..+102C:0,01C res.

506-057

Certified thermometer +96..+103F:0,02F res.

506-058

Certified thermometer +206+214F:0,02F res.

506-121

Certified thermometer +148+152C:0,01C res

506-122

Certified thermometer +133+137C:0,01C res

626-082

Connection cable for HTR communication,


instrument to instrument, short 0,8 m

626-138

Connection cable for HTR, instrument to


instrument long 2,5 m

3.7

Picture

HVU 482 NTC Capillaries (Sensor B)

For the moment there are no special NTC capillaries available for the HVU 482. You
can use the NTC capillaries produced for the HVU 480/481 with an adapter (Order
No.: 108-332).
Note:

Only suitable for bath temperatures higher than +20C.

3.8
HVU 482 with capillaries from the
HVU480/481
At bath temperatures higher than +20C, it is also possible to use NIR or NTC
capillaries of the HVU480/481, with an adapter(Order No.: 108-332).

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

25

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

26

HVU 480/481/482 Configuration

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

4 HVU 480/481/482 Installation

4.1

General

Place the HVU 480/481/482 on a stable laboratory bench. The sample flow in the
viscometer depends on gravity. Therefore the capillaries must be in a vertical
position (90).
Before putting the HVU 480/481/482 into service, check the data for voltage,
frequency and power rating. The socket for the HVU 480/481/482 must be fused
accordingly. If the supply corresponds with the values on the rating plate, plug in the
unit.

Volt 230
Hertz 50
Watt 1200
FABR. NR.

93480079

Volt 230
Hertz 60
Watt 1200
FABR. NR.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

93480079

HVU 480/481/482 Installation

27

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

4.2

HVU 480/481 Installation Procedure


Before the HVU 480/481 can be put into service, please follow these installation
procedures:
Note:

Be careful not to drop screws into the bath compartment during


installation procedures.

1. Unscrew the knurl screws and remove the silver bath cover plate (4 screws).
Upon removing this plate you will see screws that secure the plastic collars
used to secure the glass baffle tubes.
2. With a screw driver, unscrew and remove the plastic collars (2 screws).
3. Carefully place the glass baffle tubes into position. The glass tube should be
centred above circulation holes and in the middle of the metal stabilising studs
on bath floor.
4. With a screw driver, secure the plastic collars fitting them over the glass tubes.
Make sure that the capillary key slot on the collar is mounted so that it points to
the left. This is essential for lining up the colour coded capillary connection
tubes.
5. Replace and secure the silver bath cover plate.
6. Connect all coloured hoses to the corresponding colour shown on HVU
480/481 diagram (see chapter HVU 480/481 Identification Diagrams). Slop
bottle must be atmospheric allowing air displacement when slop is discharged
into the bottle.
7. Volume of the slop bottle must be larger than solvent 1 and solvent 2 bottles
combined (ex. solvent 1 and solvent 2 bottles are one liter each for a total of 2
liters. Slop bottle needs to be 2.5 to 3 liters).
If fast cooling of the regulated bath is needed or the bath temperature must be lower
than ambient air temperature, a cooling system should be connected to the connectors
at the rear of the HVU 480/481 (see chapter HVU 480/481 Identification Diagrams).
To insure meaningful results when using the HVU 480/481 without a cooling system,
the ambient air temperature must be at least 15K lower than the bath temperature. To
maintain a constant HVU 480/481 bath temperature, when using a cooling system,
the cooling system set temperature should be 10K below the required bath
temperature ( ex. HVU 480/481 bath temperature = 20C, Cooling system = 10C).
When using common water cooling, it must be kept at a constant temperature and
flow rate to maintain satisfactory HVU 480/481 bath regulation.
Fill the bath with silicone oil up to 2 cm below the top of the glass window. The
glass viscometer is completely immersed in bath oil because of special construction.

28

HVU 480/481/482 Installation

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Note: Do not fill above the level. Bath overflow can occur at high temperatures.
If the bath temperature is not stable, it could be that there is water in the
siliconoil. The water could be evaporated if the bath is heated to 130 C for
3 hours.

4.2.1 Cleaning Solvents for HVU 480/481


Do not use acetone as a cleaning solvent. Acetone destroys the Viton seals used in
the HVU 480/481. In concentrations of 50% or less, aromatics can be used for
cleaning solvent material. We recommend 50% aromatic (ex. Toluene) mixed with
cleaning solvent. The IBP for cleaning solvent should be higher than the HVU
480/481 bath temperature.

4.3

HVU 482 Installation Procedure

Before the HVU 482 can be put into service, please follow these installation
procedures:
Note:

Be careful not to drop screws into the bath compartment during


installation procedures.

1. Unscrew the four knurled screws holding the heat exchanging tubes and
remove the transport safety devices.
2. Connect the solvent and slop vessel according to the HVU 480/481 diagram
(refer to chapter Hardware documentation). Connect the Solvent-filter (370323) in the Solvent-hospipe. The slop vessel must be atmospheric so that the
air can escape when the cleaning solvent drains into the vessel.
3. Volume of the slop bottle must be larger than solvent 1 and solvent 2 bottles
combined (ex. solvent 1 and solvent 2 bottles are one liter each for a total of 2
liters. Slop bottle needs to be 2.5 to 3 liters).
If fast cooling of the regulated bath is needed or the bath temperature must be lower
than 60C, a cooling system should be connected to the connectors at the rear of the
HVU 482 (see chapter Hardware documentation).
To insure meaningful results when using the HVU 482 without a cooling system, the
ambient air temperature must be at least 55C lower than the bath temperature. To
maintain a constant HVU 482 bath temperature, when using a cooling system, the
cooling system set temperature should be 15C below the required bath temperature
(ex. HVU 482 bath temperature = -20C, Cooling system = -35C) and the cooling
liquid flow should be constant.
When using common water cooling, it must be kept at a constant temperature and
flow rate to maintain satisfactory HVU 482 bath regulation.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Installation

29

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Fill the bath with silicone oil up to 1.5 to 1 cm below the top of the glass heat
exchanger tube. Oil may spill over at a bath temperature of +100C when more oil is
filled in.
The glass viscometer is completely immersed in bath oil because of special
construction.
Note: Do not fill above the level. Bath overflow can occur at high temperatures.
Despite extensive constructional measurements it is not possible to avoid that the
silicone oil will absorb humidity. Therefore it is necessary to heat up the bath to
100C after about 40 operation hours (depending on the bath temperature and the
atmospheric humidity) refer to chapter Removal of the humidity in the
thermostated bath by heating.

4.3.1 Solvents for HVU 482


The IBP for cleaning solvent should be higher than the HVU 482 bath temperature.
The materials which are in contact with the solvent are brass, Kalrez and Teflon.
Therefore nearly every solvent is possible.
e.g. Aceton, Toluol, n-Heptan, benzine
Note: Humidity (water) in the solvent can settle in the capillary such leading to
unprecise measuring results. Therefore make sure that either dry solvent is used or
the solvent is dryed with a molecular sieve.

30

HVU 480/481/482 Installation

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

4.3.2 Filling of the drying tubes


To fill the drying tubes with the drying beads loosen the knurled nut and take out the
disk and the filter.

Drying

Filter

Disk

Knurled nut

Then fill the drying tube with the drying beads and remove the filter, the disk and the
nut.

As the drying beads have only a certain absorbing capacity, it is necessary to


exchange them once in a while (refer to chapter Maintenance of the drying tubes).
Note:

Version 21.1B/14.1B

There are drying beads of different qualities on the market. If the


water absorbing capacity of the drying beads is not sufficient, ice
will form in the thermostated bath and the capillary tube. Ice in the
capillary tube will lead to deviations in the measuring results.

HVU 480/481/482 Installation

31

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

4.3.3 Installation of the drying tubes


Install the dry tubes as shown in the picture.

4.3.4 Installation of the cold trap


Connect the cold trap in the preflow area, i.e. between the outflow of the cooler and
the inflow of the HVU 482.

The cold trap will loose its power when there is ice at the cooling tube. For
maintenance of the cold trap refer to chapter :Maintenance of cold trap.

32

HVU 480/481/482 Installation

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

4.4
Connection of a slop sensor
(Accessory)
To prevent an overflow of the slop container it is neccessary to use a slop sensor. The
plug for the slop sensor is at the rear panel of the unit.

4.4.1 Not networked units with slop sensor


After the connection of the slop sensor the last step is to change the parameter Slop
Sensor to Yes.

4.4.2 Several units with one common used slop sensor


Are several units supposed to use one slop sensor, the slop sensor is connected to the
Master unit. The other units have to be configured as slave and networked with the
Master (see chapter 4.6).
Afterwards it is necessary to change the parameter Slop Sensor to Yes.

4.4.3 Networked units with own slop sensor


Are networked units supposed to use own slop sensors, it is necessary to make a
hardware modification.
This modification is to be done by an service engineer. The modification is to
connect by an wire Pin 4 and Pin 33 of the 37 Pin plug to the CPU board 607-084.
Afterwards it is necessary to change at all units the parameter Slop Sensor to
Yes.
Attention:

Version 21.1B/14.1B

All units which have not the modification will use the information
of the slop sensor which is connected to the master unit !

HVU 480/481/482 Installation

33

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

4.5

Coding of the measurement points


As delivered, the testing units are coded as measurement point 1 and master.
To change the coding, simply disconnect the power from the HVU 480/481/482 and
remove the hood of the electronics unit. The DIL switch (S1) and the wrap pins
(WP1 and WP2) are located on circuit board 607-13 or 607-84 adjacent to the 9-pole
plug (see drawing in the hardware instructions).

S
W
I
T
C
H

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8

0
On
On
On
On
On
On
On
X

UNIT NUMBER
1
2
3
4
off on off on
on off off on
on on on off
on on on on
on on on on
on on on on
on on on on
X X X X

5
off
on
off
on
on
on
on
X

6
on
off
off
on
on
on
on
X

7
off
off
off
on
on
on
on
X

8
on
on
on
off
on
on
on
X

9
off
on
on
off
on
on
on
X

10
on
off
on
off
on
on
on
X

11
off
off
on
off
on
on
on
X

12
on
on
off
off
on
on
on
X

13
off
on
off
off
on
on
on
X

14
on
off
off
off
on
on
on
X

15
off
off
off
off
on
on
on
X

Switch 1.8 X = off = Master


Switch 1.8 X = on = Slave
Note: When a unit is to be changed from "master" to "slave" (or vice-versa), it will
be necessary to change the jumpers accordingly. In the master mode, the 3
jumpers must bridge the pins WP1; pins WP2 are thus bridged for the slave
operation. Please make sure that only one testing unit is coded as "master"
when several linked testing units are used.

4.6
Connection between HVU 480/481/482
and printer
A printer can be connected to the analysis unit HVU 480/481/482 to print the test
results. This requires only a standard printer with a parallel printer connection and
the expanded IBM character set.
The connection between the printer and the parallel interface (D-SUB 25P) at the
back of the HVU 480/481/482 must be made using cable no. 626-029. (The
centronics cable usually used for PCs cannot be used to connect the printer to the
HVU 480/481/482).

34

HVU 480/481/482 Installation

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

4.7
Connection of several HVU 480/481/482
units to one printer
When several testing units (up to 16 HVU 480/481/482) must be connected to one
printer, it is necessary to link them to the HTR plug (on the back of the testing unit)
by means of the enclosed cable no. 626-082.
Gert 2 / Unit 2

Gert 1 / Unit 1

Kabel Nr. 626-082

Master

Gert 3 / Unit 3

Kabel Nr. 626-082

Slave

Slave

Kabel Nr. 626-029

Drucker / Printer

It should be noted that the printer must be connected to the "master" testing unit and
that the other testing units are linked as "slaves".
Furthermore, each testing unit must have a different equipment number (equipment
numbers 0-15).

4.8
Connection of several HVU 480/481/482
units to a PC
It is possible to connect up to 16 viscometers of the type HVU 480/481/482 to one
PC.
Cable no. 626-072 is used to connect the analysis unit defined as "master" to the PC.
With the help of cable no. 626-082, the "master" and the maximum of 15 "slaves"
shall be connected to the lower HTR plug (D-Sub 9P) on the back of the HVU
480/481/482 (see chapter HVU 480/481/482 Identification Diagrams) and shall be
coded as indicated in chapter Coding of the measurement points
Furthermore, each testing unit must have a different equipment number (equipment
numbers 0 - 15).
The syntax of the data transfer is described in chapter HVU 480/481/482 Serial
Output.

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5 HVU 480/481/482 Operation

5.1

Menu Range

PROGRAM

This menu is used to start the viscosity measurement. It is


possible to enter a sample number and to change specific
parameters for this viscosity determination.

DIAGNOSTIC

Program to check functions: when this menu is called, instrument


functions can be released and checked. During a viscosity
analysis the diagnostic menu is a function indication window
only. The program run can ONLY be observed (see chapter
Diagnostic Program).

PARAMETER

This menu is used to enter the parameters. With this menu, it is


possible to program the parameters required for the execution of
the viscosity test. Four freely programmable parameter programs
are available. To prevent unauthorised changes, the parameters
can be protected by a password (see chapter Parameter Program).

MESSAGES

Program for error message indication: in this menu, errors and


messages are displayed (see chapter Error messages).

HVU 480/481/482 Keyboard and Display (see chapter Identification Diagrams) for
identification)

PROGRAM 1
PROGRAM 2
PROGRAM 3
PROGRAM 4
CLEANING

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6 Program Measurement

6.1

General

After switching on the HVU 480/481/482, the manufacturer, model number, unit
number and the software version of the Display-Slave (Slave 0) are displayed.

HERZOG HVU 480


Version

#.##

Press the "start" button and the display will show the approximate calibration factor
of the left (L > K = ..) and right capillary (R > K = ....) along with the bath
temperature. A flashing bath temperature display indicates that the programmed bath
temperature has not been reached.
To program a viscosity analysis, the operator must choose to program either the right
or left capillary. Designate a capillary by pushing the "right" arrow key (right
capillary) or the "left" arrow key (left capillary).
Choose the viscosity analysis program that you need with the "P" key. Press the
"start" key to initiate the test.

L>K~0.03
Bathtemp.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

R>K~1
40.00 C

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39

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

6.2

Sample Identification

Alphanumeric signs can be entered to identify sample tests. The keyboard is


constructed in such a way that numbers can be entered directly while letters must be
selected with the "up" and "down" arrow keys (see chapter Identification Diagrams)).
The "up" and "down" arrow keys scroll through all possible letters. Pressing the
arrow "right" key enters the selected letter and moves the cursor one step to the right.
When numbers are keyed in, the cursor automatically moves to the right. Characters
can be deleted with the arrow "left" key. Up to 14 characters can be entered.
Example: Input "Tank 1520" as the sample number.
The letters for "Tank" are selected by scrolling through all the letters with the "up"
and "down" arrow keys. After each individual character the arrow "right" key is
pressed to enter data and move the cursor to the next position.
The numbers are entered directly by pressing them on the numeric keypad.
Incorrect characters can be deleted by using the arrow "left" key.
Activation of the "start" key will move to the next parameter.

L>K=0.02916
Pr-No TANK 1520

6.3

Programming of parameters

This program is used to determine the need to change any of the specific parameters.
These changed parameters are valid only for one test. All program parameters return
to their original values, when the operator leaves the program menu or presses the
STOP key. In other words, the parameters must be programmed again in the program
menu.
Since there is no need to change these parameters often, they are listed in a submenu. The right-arrow key must be used to move to "Yes" to activate said sub-menu.
Thereafter, the arrow-up key can be moved to reach the sub-menu. The definitions of
the parameters are given in chapter xx.

Parameter
Yes

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6.4

Bath heating?

Only important for the HVU 482!!


When the bath temperature is below the dew point there is the risk of water
formation. As long as the HVU 482 is switched on, the dewiness can be avoided.
Therefore it is recommended to heat the thermostated bath above the dew point
before it is switched off.
If the question displayed is answered with yes, the thermostated bath is heated
automatically at the end of the measuring cycle.
You can choose in the parameter program whether this question shall be displayed in
the start menu.

6.5

Start of testing procedure

Press the START key again.


The testing process does not begin right away; the question "Start Test?" is displayed
first. Press the STOP key to abort the starting procedure.

L>K=0.02916
Test start ?
Press the START key again, when the testing is to be carried out without checking
the programming. The display shows the capillary constants and the status for the left
and the right measurement station as well as the bath temperature. A blinking bath
temperature light indicates that the programmed bath temperature has not yet been
reached. The measurement procedure (tempering, measuring) begins only after the
proper bath temperature has been reached.

6.6

Aborting the viscosity measurement

The measurement procedures of the HVU 480/481/482 can be aborted any time
during the viscosity analysis by pressing the STOP key. The display shows "Abort
test?". The display itself does not abort the test; this is achieved by pressing the
STOP key again. When it is nevertheless necessary to test the sample again, it will be
necessary to remove the capillary tube connection hoses to provide a fluid level
balance for the sample to be tested.
When the test was aborted during the cleaning cycle, the solvent located in the
system is piped under pressure to the slop container. However, the capillary tubes as
well as the cleaning system are not clean. Accordingly, the cleaning phase must be
activated prior to the next measurement.

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Test Stop?
Pr. No. TANK 1520
Press the START key, when the measurement is to be continued.

6.7

Viscosity measurement procedure

The bath temperature stabilizes at the earlier established value after the viscosity
measurement has been started. The capillary tube type (sensor A or B) is recognized
automatically. As soon as the bath temperature is reached, the tempering period
begins to adjust the sample to the bath temperature. To obtain a faster tempering of
the sample, the sample can be moved during the tempering period; this is called the
"Dynamic tempering type". Particle deposits on the capillary tube can lead to
erroneous measurement results; this applies in particular to black samples. It will be
necessary to use the static tempering type in this case.
The measurement cycle is repeated until two sequential measurement results are
within the programmed tolerance (see chapter Programming Analysis Tolerance).
The flushing and drying process begins after the viscosity measurement. The
cleaning of the capillary tubes can be programmed such that two different solvents
are used sequentially. Air is used for the drying process.
The cleaning system consists of 14 solenoid valves, one vacuum pump and a compressed air pump (see chapter Cleaning Cycle).

6.8

End of test

After the viscosity has been measured, it will be possible to display the viscosity of
the sample as well as all flow periods and to print a test protocol.
These functions are available prior to the start of a new measurement phase.

6.8.1 Display of viscosity and flow periods


he already concluded flow periods can still be indicated on the display during other
measurements or after the measurement. The flow periods can only be displayed,
when the program is in the PROGRAM mode.
1. Activate "PROGRAM" by pressing the "M" key.
2. Select the right or left capillary tube by pressing the left-arrow or right-arrow
key.
3. To display other flow periods, press the up-arrow or down-arrow key.

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6.8.2 Printing test results


The test results can be printed on a printer either automatically or on request by the
operator (see chapter Printer up to chapter Printing Viscosity Results). It is also
possible to print several copies, if required. The operator can choose between a
"standard protocol" and an "expanded protocol" (see chapter Print). The expanded
protocol is used automatically and "*" is printed after the word viscosity, when no
measurement value met the tolerance requirements. This indicates that the viscosity
was determined as the mean value of all measurement periods. Possible error
messages are also printed in the expanded protocol.
When selecting the parameter "automatic printing", the printing occurs prior to the
cleaning cycle immediately after the viscosity determination.
Sample Standard Print-out

HERZOG HVU 480


Sample number:
Viscosity * :
Outflow 1

Unit number: 1

Herzog

Date:25.10.93

Time: 15:37:09

10.667 mm

: 365.83 s

Still Number : right


Constatnt :
0.2916

Outflow 2

: 365.81 s

Bath temperature : 100.00 C


Tolerance
: 0.1 %

Sample Enlarged Print-out

HERZOG HVU 480


Sample number:
Viscosity * :

Unit number: 1

Herzog

Date:25.10.93

Time: 15:37:09

10.667 mm

Outflow 1 : 365.83 s

Outflow 2

: 365.81 s

Outflow 3 : 366.87 s

Outflow 4

: 366.97s

Outflow 5 : 365.75 s

Outflow 6

: 365.91 s

Outflow 7 : 0.00 s

Outflow 8

: 0.00 s

Outflow 9 : 0.00 s
Still Number :
right
Capillary constatnt : 0.2916

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Bath temperature : 100.00 C


Tolerance
: 0.1 %

Program Measurement

43

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

6.9
General:

Program Overview

Stop will return user to the program start point

Herzog MP-480 1
Version xxx
Start
L>K~0,1
Bathtemp

R>K~1
40,00 C
Start

L>K = 0,099
Pr-Nr TANK 1250
Start
Parameter
yes

Parameter?

yes

The new parameter can be programmed.

no

When parameter is "no", operation goes


directly to test start.

no

yes
L>K = 0,099
Equili. time 20 min

L>K = 0,099
No of measuring

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L>K = 0,099
Tolerance 0,2 %

ye

L>K = 0,099
Cleaning yes

cleaning
?

no

no

ye
L>K = 0,099
Sample disolve

L>K = 0,099
Solvent 1
3

L>K = 0,099
Solvent 2

L>K = 0,099
Drying
5 min
Stop
L>K = 0,099
Test start ?
Stop

Start

Start test

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7 Parameter Program

7.1

General information

The parameter menu is selected by pressing the "M" key. Four user-defined
programs can be established with this program. The program to be changed is
selected by pressing the program key "P".
The parameters are blocked when a measurement phase has started. The capillary
constant can only be changed for a measurement point that has not been started.

01 Parameter
Password: ########
The standard password for the HVU 480/481/482 set by the manufacturer is
"00000000" (eight zeros). The use of this password makes it unnecessary to enter a
password to change the parameters. The operator can change this password (see
chapter Change Password) to prevent unauthorized changes to the parameters.
Attention: Should the password become lost, the system can be reset to the
standard password. All of the following steps require that the testing
unit HVU480/481/482 is disconnected from the power supply. Open the
electronic unit and bridge WP1 pins 1 and 2 on circuit board 607-083
or, on older models, bridge WP1 pins 3 and 4 on circuit board 607-059.
The location of the circuit boards is described in chapter HVU
480/481/482 Electronics Overview. Chapter HVU480/481/482
Documentation also contains the wiring diagrams of the circuit boards
indicating the position of the WP's. The unit must be turned on for
approximately one minute. It is now necessary to remove the bridge and
close the electronic unit with a freed testing unit.

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7.2

Standard/non-standard

Standard parameters are pre-programmed for the testing process. The message
"Standard" appears on the display, when the parameters were not changed. The
message "Non-standard" appears, when a parameter (with the exception of the
capillary constants, bath temperature, temperature unit, bath calibration, slop sensor,
acceleration due to gravity) was changed. The right-arrow key is used to re-enter the
standard values in this case. The display changes again to "Standard".
Attention: All parameters are reset, when the standard values are re-entered.
For example, bath temperature to 40 C, capillary constants to 0.1, etc.
However, the term "Standard" has nothing to do with the parameters used to maintain
the standard method; it only indicates that the manufacturer's parameters are used or
not.

7.3

Left Capillary

To enter the capillary constant, press the "up" arrow key and enter the calibration
constant of capillary (left side). The capillary tube constant is the relation between
flow time and viscosity. This value is stamped on a tag that is attached to the
viscometer capillary tube.

03 Tube left
Constant 0.02916

7.4

Right Capillary

To enter the capillary constant, press the "up" arrow key and enter the calibration
constant of capillary (right side). The capillary tube constant is the relation between
flow time and viscosity. This value is stamped on a tag that is attached to the
viscometer capillary tube.

04 Tube right
Constant 0.9629

7.5

Programming Analysis Tolerance

Press the arrow "up" key and key in the necessary tolerance (max. allowable
difference between two consecutive flow times). Measurements will be repeated until
two successive flow times lie within this tolerance range or the programmed number

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of measurements are complete. Tolerance value ranges are a min. of 0.1% and max.
of 0.9%.

05 Tolerance
0.2%

7.6

Cleaning

Press the arrow "up" key and program whether automatic cleaning of the capillaries
should follow the measuring process. Enter "Yes" with "right" arrow key, "No" with
"left" arrow key.
If no cleaning is programmed, the sample will remain in the capillary tube at the conclusion of the viscosity analysis. The sample can then be re-analyzed (at the same or
a different bath temperature), manually removed by suction and cleaned or
automatically removed and cleaned with the cleaning program.
The cleaning cycle consists of 3 base operations: Pre-flush (dissolve) solvent 1,
cleaning with solvent 1 and 2 and drying.

06 Cleaning
Yes

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Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

7.7

Pre-flush

After analysis is complete and prior to removal from the capillary, the HVU
480/481/482 can be programmed to add solvent to the sample. By adding solvent to
the sample the possibility of sample material plugging or fouling valves is reduced.
Samples that are wax free or will not thicken upon cooling may not require a preflush cycle. Very waxy or viscous materials may require two pre-flush cycles. For
materials that require two pre-flush cycles, the "cleaning" program should use
solvent 1 six times and solvent 2 at least three times.
Press the arrow "up" key and key in the number of pre-flush cycles. Selection range
is a minimum of 0 and maximum of 2 (each cycle uses 10mL of solvent).

07 Sample disolve
1

7.8

Solvent 1

Solvent 1 must be strong enough to dissolve sample material and clean the capillary
tube.
Press the "up" arrow key and then enter the number of times the capillary is to be
cleaned with solvent 1. Selection range is a minimum of 0 and a maximum of 9.
10 ml of solvent is used for each cleaning cycle. Solvent is added to the four tubes
(air, fill, capillary, and cleaning). Dirty solvent is then sucked into the slop container.
The number of cleaning cycles required depends on the sample material being
cleaned and the composition of the solvent. Two cleaning cycles are usually
sufficient.

08 Solvent 1
1

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7.9

Solvent 2

Enter the number of times the capillary has to be cleaned with solvent 2.
Selection range is a minimum of 0 and a maximum of 9.
Solvent 2 cleans the capillary tube after solvent 1 has been flushed out. Solvent 2
should contain properties that will evaporate completely during air drying.
10 ml of solvent is used for each cleaning cycle. Dirty solvent is flushed into the slop
container. The number of cleaning cycles required depends on the sample material
being cleaned and the composition of the solvent. One or two cleaning cycles are
usually sufficient.

09 Solvent 2
1

7.10

Drying

After cleaning 1 and 2 are complete, air is circulated through the capillary tube to
evaporate residual solvent. The drying time required depends on the volatility of
solvent 2 at the bath temperature. Ten minutes of drying is typical.
Enter the number of minutes the capillary has to be dried. The range is a minimum of
no drying (0 min.) and a maximum of 99 minutes ( 0 - 99 min.).
Attention: The subsequent measurement results could be erroneous, when the
capillary tubes are not dried after flushing.

10 Drying
5 Min

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Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

7.11

Sample Measurement

Push the "up" arrow key and enter the number of viscosity measurements to be performed.
The HVU 480/481/482 performs measurements until two successive flow times lie
within the programmed tolerance (see chapter Programming Analysis Tolerance), or
until the maximum number of measurements are complete. Selection range is a
minimum of 0 and a maximum of 9 measurements.

11 No. of Measuring
4

7.12

Equilibration time

Enter the tempering period for which the sample is to be tempered prior to the
viscosity measurement. The optimal tempering period is a function of bath
temperature, sample temperature at the time the sample is placed in the HVU
480/481/482, heat conductivity of the sample and required accuracy.
The tempering period can be selected between 0 and 40 minutes.

12 Equilibration time
20 min

7.13

Equilibration type

To obtain a faster tempering of the sample, it is possible to move the sample during
the tempering period, i.e., "Equilibration time". Particle deposits on the capillary tube
can lead to erroneous measurement results; this applies in particular to black
samples. It will be necessary to use the static tempering type in this case.

13 Equilibration type
static

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7.14

Temperature Units (C/F)

Selection has to be made whether temperature units are displayed in C or F.


Select C with the "right" arrow key and F with the "left" arrow key.

14 Temperat. unit
C

7.15

Bath Temperature

The bath temperature range from the HVU 480/481 is 20-150 C, or 68-302 F and
for the HVU 482 40 - +100 C, or 40 - +212 F.
If the difference between the ambient air temperature and the bath temperature is less
than 15K with an HVU 480/481 and 20K with an HVU 482, an independent cooling
system must be connected to the HVU 480/481/482.
To reverse the sign use the arrow right key.
Enter the bath temperature. The HVU 480/481/482 will begin adjustment to the
programmed temperature by pushing the "up" arrow key. After entering the new bath
temperature with the "up" arrow key, the temperature indication will flash until the
programmed temperature is reached.

15 Bath temperature
100 C

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Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

7.16

Bath calibration

The accuracy of the bath temperature also plays a role in the viscosity measurement.
The bath for the HVU 480/481/482 can be calibrated for ten different temperatures
(HVU 480/481from +20 C to +150 C / +68 F to +302 F and HVU 482 from 40
to +100 C / -40 to +212 F).
When a non-calibrated temperature is selected, the offset for this temperature is
determined by interpolation. However, there is no guarantee that the bath
temperature is maintained at the correct level.
Attention: There will be no interpolation, when the tempering bath was calibrated
for 40 C and 100 C and the bath temperature was selected at 130 C.
The calibration is carried out with a suitable calibrated mercury thermometer. With
the help of the enclosed thermometer holder, said thermometer is placed in the bath
in place of the capillary tube. After the bath temperature light stops blinking, the
temperature is read from the thermometer and entered. This new value is confirmed
by pressing the START key and the new offset value is calculated automatically.
This process is repeated until the displayed bath temperature agrees with the mercury
thermometer temperature.
The calibration must be checked from time to time (see chapter HVU 480/481/482
Calibration).

16 Bath calibration
-------

100 C

The DIL switch S1 on circuit board 607-084 or 607-063 is used to reset the
temperature offsets to zero.
Disconnect the HVU 480/481/482 from the power supply and remove the hood of the
electronics unit. The DIL switch is located on circuit board 607-63 or 607-84
adjacent to the 9-pole plug (see drawing in the hardware instructions). Switch 6 must
be in the "off" position. Turn the unit on for approximately one minute. The offsets
of all temperatures are now reset to zero. Switch the DIL switch 1.6 to "on" and
close the housing.

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7.17

Cooling valve temperature

The solenoid valve (HVU 482 optional) opens and allows the solvent to flow through
the cooling agent distributor of the HVU 480/481/482, when the programmed bath
temperature is lower than the cooling valve temperature.
This function is provided for a situation, in which the temperature difference between
ambient temperature and bath temperature is less than 15 C, thus requiring a counter
cooling phase to bring the bath to the required temperature.
The initial temperature of the cooling system should be approximately 10 C at
HVU 480/482 and 20 C at HVU 482 lower than the required bath temperature and
the cooling medium flow should be constant to ensure a constant bath temperature in
the HVU 480/481/482 with the use of a cooling system (For example: bath
temperature of the HVU 480/481/ = 20 C, cooling system = 10 C).
The cooling valve temperature shall be entered as 35 C, when there is no cooling
system.

17 Coolvent. Temp. P
35 C

7.18

Acceleration due to gravity

The capillary constant is a function of gravitation (gravitation of the earth). The


gravitation exhibits different values as a function of the place on earth, at which the
HVU 480/481/482 is located and operated. The capillary tubes of the HVU
480/481/482 are calibrated for Germany, where the gravitational constant is 9.80665.
The capillary constant must be corrected or re-calculated for other locations
exhibiting different gravitation's.
This display page is only a display and the capillary constant is not automatically
corrected with the changing of the capillary constant.

18 Gravitation
9.80665

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Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

7.19

Slop sensor connected?

A slop sensor (order number 110-084) can be connected to the HVU 480/481/482. It
is necessary to select "slop sensor yes", when a slop sensor is used to prevent an
overflow of the slop container.
Should several units are used with one slop sensor, the slop sensor is to connected to
the master unit. The other units are coded as slaves and are linked to the master unit
(see chapter Connection of several HVU 480/481/482 units to one printer).
Are the units networked, but everyone has its own slop sensor, it is neccessary to
make a hardware change.(see chapter Connection of a slop sensor)
Comment: A disconnected slop sensor may cause an overflow at the slop container.
"Slop sensor no" must be selected, when no slop sensor is connected. When no slop
sensor is used, the slop container must be designed such that the solvent containers
are empty before the slop container overflows. Accordingly, it will be necessary to
drain only the slop container, when the solvent containers are full.
Indicate YES by pressing the right-arrow key. Indicate NO by pressing the left-arrow
key.

19 Slop Sensor ?
Yes

7.20

Data transfer

The data transfer can be started automatically or manually from the testing unit after
the test results have been measured or on request by the operator from a remote
computer, if required.
The data protocol is described in chapter HVU 480/481/482 Serial Output.
Select "Automatic" with the "right arrow" key.
Select "Request" with the "left arrow" key.

20 Data transfer
request

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7.21

Printer

Select the type of printer to be used: Two print drives are available on the HVU
480/481/482. The Epson drive is standard ASCII text format from the parallel printer
port. The Data-Mega driver is a special format used by the Herzog cassette printer
(#1021-000-000)
The "right" arrow key selects EPSON, the "left" arrow key selects DATA-MEGA.

21 Printer
Epson

7.22

Print

Select whether the result should be printed "standard" or "enlarged".


The HVU 480/481/482 printed report includes the bath temperature, date, time,
capillary constant, flow times and the viscosity value.
Standard print-out will print the last two flow times. The enlarged print-out will print
all flow times which were measured.
Select "standard" with the "right" arrow key, select "enlarged" with the "left" arrow
key (see chapter Printing test results for sample print-out).

22 Print record
Standard

7.23

Printing Viscosity Results

Select automatic or request: The HVU 480/481/482 can print test results
automatically or on request.
Select "automatic" with the "right" arrow key, print results on "request" with the
"left" arrow key.

23 Result printing
automatic

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Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

7.24

Capillary Calibration

Before calibrating your capillary tubes, confirm that the bath temperature is correct
with a calibrated mercury thermometer. Use a reference standard with a known
viscosity value when calibrating capillary tubes (see chapter HVU 480/481/482
Calibration)).
To calculate new capillary constants, divide the viscosity of the standard by the
average value of the last flow times (having a consistent value).
Const (mm2 / sec2) =

Viscosity / Flow time

The viscosity of your standard must have a minimum flow time in the capillary of
200 seconds. When the capillary calibration function is performed, ALL
programmed measurements will be performed regardless of their results.
Select "Yes" with the "right arrow" key, select "No" with "left arrow" key.

24 Capillary calibration
No

7.25

Text Language

Select the text language (English/German):


"right" arrow key indicates English, and the "left" arrow key activates German.

25 Language
english

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7.26

Interval air dryer

This parameter is only available in the HVU 482.


When the hours of operation set in the HVU 482 have been reached, the message air
dryer? is displayed (HLIS). Now the drying beads and/or the cold trap should be
maintained (refer to chapter Maintenance of the drying tubes).
The hours of operation are reset to 0 by pressing the Start key. A successful reset of
the hours of operation will be acknowledged by a short acoustic signal.

7.27

Bath heating?

This parameter is only available in the HVU 482.


Do not switch off the HVU 482 when the bath temperature is lower than +20C. At
the start of a viscosity measurement there is the possibility to decide whether it is the
last viscosity measurement before the HVU 482 is switched off.
This parameter determines whether the question Bath heating? is displayed at the
beginning of the viscosity test.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Parameter Program

59

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

7.28

Parameter Print-out

The printing of the parameters is also possible under the protection of a password.
The printing can be started by pressing the right-arrow key.

26 Parameter print

Sample Parameter print-out


Herzog HVU 480 Unit Number: 15
Parameter
Bath Tempera.:

100.00 C

Offset:

+0.33

Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:
Temp. Point:

20.00 C
40.00 C
100.00 C
150.00 C
0.00 C
0.00 C
0.00 C
0.00 C
0.00 C
0.00 C

Offset 1:
Offset 2:
Offset 3:
Offset 4:
Offset 5:
Offset 6:
Offset 7:
Offset 8:
Offset 9:
Offset 10:

+0.00
+0.16
+0.33
+0.00
+0.00
+0.00
+0.00
+0.00
+0.00
+0.00

Coolv. Tempera..: 40.00 C


Interv. Air dryer: 40 hours

60

Gravitation:

9.80665

Data transfer

request

Result print:

request

Print record:

enlarged

Slop sensor:

No

Parameter Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

7.29

Change Password

Does the user want to change the password? The maximum number of characters allowed for a password is 8.
To change the password, follow these steps:
1. Press the "right" arrow key to start password change procedure (this changes
("NO" to "YES").
2. When you see "change password, yes", push the "up" arrow or "start" key. The
old password will be displayed.
3. Enter the new password by typing over the old password.
4. Push the "up" arrow or "start" key to enter the new password.

27 Change Password
No
28 New Password
########
This is the last page of the "parameter" section. Press the "up" arrow key and page 01
of the parameter section will be displayed.

01 Parameter
Password: ########
Press the "M" key at any time to enter other HVU 480/481/482 operation
modes
("program", "diagnostic" or "messages").

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Parameter Program

61

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

7.30

62

Parameter Overview

Parameter Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

01 Parameter
Password

02 Parameter
Standardt

Parameter set to standard values

03 Tube left
constant 0,02916

04 Tube right
constant 0,9629

05 Tolerance
0,2 %

06 Cleaning
yes

yes
no

07 Sample disolve
1

08 Solvent 1
1

09 Solvent 2

10 Drying
5 min

11no of measuring
4

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Parameter Program

63

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

12 Equilibration time
20 min

13 equilibration type
static

14 Temperat. unit
C/F

C
F

15 Bath temperature
40 C

16 Bath calibration
40 C

17 Coolvent. temp.
35 C

18 Gravitation
9,80665

64

19 Slop sensor
yes

yes

20 Data transfer
request

automatic

21 Printer
Epson

Epson

22 Print record
standard

standard

23 Result printing
automatic

automatic

no

request

Data

enlarged

request

Parameter Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

24 Kapil. calibr.
No

Yes
No

25 Language
english

english

26 Parameter
print

start

german

27 Change password
no

28 New password
########

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Enter new password

Parameter Program

65

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

66

Parameter Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

8 Viscosity measurements

8.1

General

Select the requested program by pressing program key "P". Press the START key
and enter the sample number, if required. Again press the START key until the
message appears. The analysis is carried out automatically. The end of the
measurement process is indicated by an acoustic signal that must be confirmed by
pressing the STOP key. This is followed by a display of the viscosity value.
Note/Cleaning: Do not use acetone as a cleaning solvent at the HVU 480. Acetone
will destroy the Viton seals used in the HVU 480 valve system.
In concentrations of 50% or less, aromatics can be used as cleaning
solvent material. Herzog recommends a mixture of 50% aromatics
(ex. Toluene) mixed with cleaning solvent. It is necessary to
change the Viton hose sockets for the viskometer connection
after 100 measurements.
With the HVU 481/482 the solvent restriction are not valid. In the
HVU 481/482 valve system it is only Kalrez and Teflon used. But
it is necessary to change all HVU481-hose sockets and the filling
hose socket of the HVU482 for the viskometer connection after 100
measurements.
The boiling range of the solvent must be higher than the bath temperature. Solvent 2 must be a solvent that dries easily.

8.2
482

Drying of the viscometers for the HVU

8.2.1 Bath temperature above the dew point


You can also insert undried viscometers in the HVU 482 when you start immediately
a cleaning cycle with at least 5 minutes drying.

8.2.2 Bath temperature below the dew point


When the temperature is below the dew point in the thermostated bath of the HVU
482, do only insert dried viscometers, which have been dried externally with dried air
or nitrogen.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Viscosity measurements

67

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

You can also dry the viscometer with the HVU 482 by connecting it to the HVU 482
without inserting it into the bath.

After having run a cleaning cycle with at least 5 minutes drying, you can place the
viscometer in the thermostated bath.

8.3
HVU482 and Viscometer with hose
connection
It is also possible to use viscometer with hose connection in the HVU482. But they
could only be used at a bath temperature higher than +20C. To connect the
viscometers with the HVU482 it is necessary to use a set of adapters (108-332).

8.4
Preparation and execution of viscosity
measurements
1. Switch on the HVU 480/481/482 and press the "start" key.
2. Select a capillary tube, for which the discharge time of the oil corresponds to the
ASTM standard. The following equation applies: kinematic viscosity (mm2/s) =
discharge time (s) x calibration factor (mm2/s2). The maximum discharge time
that can be measured is 1800 seconds.
3. Place the capillary tubes (only dried ones for the HVU 482) in the bath (change
the capillary constant in the parameter menu, if required). Connect the capillary
tubes to the appropriate sensor connection. Pay attention to the colour coding of
the capillary tube connection hoses. The colour code of the plastic hoses must
agree with the designation of the capillary tubes.
4. With the "right" or "left" arrow key, designate the right or left capillary for
viscosity analysis.
5. With a hypodermic syringe inject 20 ml sample into the fill tube (white coded)
to the top filling mark. Make sure not to trap air into the capillary fill tube.

68

Viscosity measurements

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

6. Select the requested program by pressing program key "P". Press the START key
and enter the sample number, if required. Again press the START key until the
message appears. The analysis is carried out automatically. At the end of the
measurement process the viscosity value is displayed.
7. The cleaning cycle will begin automatically when programmed.
8. Depending on the selected program the instrument will print the result
automatically or on request.

8.5
Measuring result deviations with the
HVU 482
Measuring result deviations can be caused by

Humidity in the solvent => dry the solvent with the molecular sieve

Humidity in the sample => dry the sample with the molecular sieve

Saturated drying beads in the drying tube => exchange the drying beads

Undried Viscometers have been placed in the bath => take the viscometer out
of the bath, warm it up and dry it.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Viscosity measurements

69

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

70

Viscosity measurements

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9 Diagnostic Program

9.1

General

Comment: The HVU 480/481/482 is a complex measurement unit. Please contact


the customer service department to discuss problems you cannot
alleviate yourself.
Using the diagnosis program, you are able to manually control valves, pumps, relays
and heating units of the HVU 480/481/482. The diagnosis options can be carried out
only in the diagnosis program ("DIAGNOSTIC") with a released diagnosis test.
The diagnostic program is called by the menu key "M".

01 Confiden-Test
Unlocked !

9.2

Check the Reference Resistors

The reference resistors for the analogue temperature measurement are on printed
circuit board 607-049. The measured resistor values are shown here. The reference
resistors are in a circuit used to measure the resistance of the PT 500 bath
thermometer.

02 Rmin
+8131

Rmax
-8155

Rmin should be between 7000 and 9000


Rmax should be between -6500 and -9500
In case of a broken or poor connection the display will indicate a 0.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Diagnostic Program

71

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.3

Bath Temperature Display

The set value and the measured value of the bath temperature are displayed here. A
short circuit or broken thermometer is indicated on the display with a 0. Possible
malfunctions are on board 607-049.

9.4

03 Set

Actual

100.00 C

100.00 C

NIR detection left

With the display "NIR control left", the display for the upper sensor "o" and the
lower sensor "u" must change by at least 50 points with the connecting of a NIR
capillary tube placed in the tempering bath.

04 NIR-Det. left
t = -873

9.5

b = -875

NIR detection right

With the display "NIR control right", the display for the upper sensor "o" and the
lower sensor "u" must change by at least 50 points with the connecting of a NIR
capillary tube placed in the tempering bath.

05 NIR-Det. right
t = -873

72

b = -875

Diagnostic Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.6

NTC detection left

With the display "NTC control left", the display for the upper sensor "o" and the
lower sensor "u" must change by at least 100 points with the connecting of a NIR
capillary tube placed in the tempering bath.

06 NTC-Det. left
t = -904

9.7

b = -875

NTC detection right

With the display "NTC control right", the display for the upper sensor "o" and the
lower sensor "u" must change by at least 100 points with the connecting of a NIR
capillary tube placed in the tempering bath.

07 NTC-Det. right
t = -904

9.8

b = -875

Bath Cooling Valve

This solenoid valve (at HVU 482 optional) enables cooling medium to flow through
the HVU 480/481/482 cooling manifold.
The bath cooling valve can be activated and deactivated by pushing the "right arrow"
and " left arrow" keys while listening for it clicking on/off.

08 Bath Valve
Off

Version 21.1B/14.1B

40 C

Diagnostic Program

73

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.9

Bath Heaters

The HVU 480/481/482 has four heating systems to control the bath temperature. Any
of the four heating systems can be selected by pressing the appropriate key on the
number keyboard (For example: press key "1" for heating system 1, key "2" for
heating system 2, etc.).
Pressing the right-arrow key turns the bath heating system on and pressing the leftarrow key turns it off.
Attention: Turning on a heating system deactivates the bath temperature control
and changes the bath temperature. The bath heating system is not turned
off automatically. This could cause an overheating of the bath
(excessive temperature control protection is triggered). The bath control
system begins operation only after the diagnosis test page is exited.

09 Bath Heater
1 Off

9.10

40.00 C

Slop Tank Level

A thermal detector indicates the liquid level in the slop tank. An asterisk indicates
low level "*", a minus sign (-) indicates that slop container must be emptied or that
there is no slop sensor attached.

10 Slop level
*

74

Diagnostic Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.11

Solvent left

This function is used to check, if the level sensor of the left solenoid valve unit is operating. This sensor is located in the solvent container made of glass (capacity of 20
ml). Prior to its injection into the capillary tubes, the solvent reaches the solvent tank
to meter the solvent by means of the sensor.
An asterisk (*) must appear in the display, when the sensor is surrounded by air (no
solvent in the solvent container). A minus sign (-) indicates a possible sensor defect.

11 Flush level left


*

9.12

Solvent right

This function is used to check, if the level sensor of the right solenoid valve unit is
operating. This sensor is located in the solvent container made of glass (capacity of
20 ml). Prior to its injection into the capillary tubes, the solvent reaches the solvent
container to meter the solvent by means of the sensor.
An asterisk (*) must appear in the display, when the sensor is surrounded by air (no
solvent in the solvent container). A minus sign (-) indicates a possible sensor defect.

12 Flush level right


*

9.13

Solenoid Valves Left

Each one of the 14 solenoid valves in the unit configuration can be checked. Key in
the valve number and check its function by pushing the "arrow left" to switch off or
the "arrow right" key to switch the valve on.
This procedure can be repeated for each solenoid valve.

13 Solen. Valve left


01 Off

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Diagnostic Program

75

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.14

Solenoid Valves Right

Each one of the 14 solenoid valves in the unit configuration can be checked. Key in
the valve number and check its function by pushing the "arrow left" to switch off or
the "arrow right" key to switch on the valve.
This procedure can be repeated for each solenoid valve.

14 Solen. Valve right


01 Off

9.15

Air Pressure Pump

The air pressure pump can be switched on and off. The bath temperature is also displayed.
Push the "right" arrow key to turn the pump on and the "left" arrow key to turn the
pump off.

15 Pressure pump
Off

9.16

40.00 C

Vacuum Pump

The vacuum pump is used for the cleaning phase and can be turned on and off. The
bath temperature is also indicated.
Attention: The vacuum pump cannot be turned on, when there still is a vacuum in
the vacuum pump. Such a scenario could occur in the diagnosis test,
when the vacuum pump has been turned on several times. During the
cleaning of the capillary tubes, the software ensures that the vacuum
pump is cleaned prior to being turned on.
Pressing the right-arrow key turns the pump on and pressing the left-arrow key turns
it off.

16 Vacuum pump
Off

9.17

40.00 C

Detection Left

No function in the HVU 481/482

76

Diagnostic Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

This function is used to check, if the safety sensor located in the left solenoid valve
unit functions properly. This sensor is located in the T-section behind the capillary
tube connection. The safety sensor was installed to prevent the product from flowing
into the solenoid valve unit in the event of a malfunction.
An asterisk (*) must appear in the display, when the sensor is surrounded by air (no
solvent in the solvent container). A minus sign (-) indicates a possible sensor defect.

17 Detection left
*

9.18

Detection Right

No function in the HVU 481/482


This function is used to check, if the safety sensor located in the right solenoid valve
unit functions properly. This sensor is located in the T-section behind the capillary
tube connection. The safety sensor was installed to prevent the product from flowing
into the solenoid valve unit in the event of a malfunction.
An asterisk (*) must appear in the display, when the sensor is surrounded by air (no
solvent in the solvent container). A minus sign (-) indicates a possible sensor defect.

18 Detection right
*

9.19

Buzzer (acoustic signal)

The buzzer can be switched on and off.


Push the "right" arrow key to turn the buzzer on and the "left" arrow key to switch
the buzzer off.

19 Buzzer
Off

9.20

Set the Clock 24/12 Hour Mode

The time can be displayed as 24 hours (military time) or 12 hours.


Arrow "right" key: 24 hours mode.
Arrow "left" key:

Version 21.1B/14.1B

12 hours mode.

Diagnostic Program

77

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

20 24/12-Hour
24-Hour
*Note that a mode change will influence the date indication.
Date in 24 hours mode: day/month/year.
Date in 12 hours mode: month/day/year.

9.21

Set the Clock Time

The time can be changed with the number keys. An asterisk (*) appears in the
display when the time is changed. This indicates that the new time has not been
entered. Press the START key to confirm the new time.

21 Time
07:55:09

9.22

Date Programming

As a function of the time format, the date must be entered in the format
day/month/year (for the 24-hour format) or in the format month/day/year (for the 12hour format). The date is changed with the number keys. An asterisk (*) appears in
the display when the date has been changed. This indicates that the new date has not
been entered. Press the START key to confirm the new date.

22 Date
25.10. 93

9.23

Inspek air dryer in

Only HVU 482


This value shows the time in which the air dryer should be inspected

23

Inspek air dryer in


35 hours

78

Diagnostic Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.24

Bath Circulation Values

These values are intended for manufacturers use only.

23

-20 -440

-36

R0 +3991 +3991

Version 21.1B/14.1B

+2816

Diagnostic Program

79

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.25 HVU 480/481/482 Software


(manufacturer use only)
The software versions used are shown on the last diagnosis pages.

24 VERSION MA

#.##

25 VERSION S1 #.##

VERSION S0

#.##

VERSION S2 #.##

26 VERSION S3

#.##

VERSION S4 #.##
When ordering an EPROM, it is also necessary to indicate the equipment number
and the software versions of the EPROM in the testing unit.
Ma

Master

Master software on circuit board 607-063 or 607-084.


EPROM designation 480M for HVU 480
EPROM designation 481M for HVU 481
EPROM designation 482M for HVU 482

S0

Slave 0

Software for the control of the display on circuit board 607-059


or 607-081.
EPROM designation 480S0 for HVU 480/481
EPROM designation 482S0 for HVU 482

S1

Slave 1

Software for the control of the solenoid valves on circuit board


607-071.
EPROM designation 480S1

S2

Slave 2

Software for analogous measurements on circuit board 607-049.


EPROM designation 480S2 for HVU 480/481
Software for analogous measurements on circuit board 607-221
EPROM designation 482S0 for HVU 482

S3

Slave 3

Software for the including of measured values from the left


capillary tube on circuit board 607-087.
EPROM designation 480S3

S4

Slave 4

Software for the including of measured values from the right


capillary tube on circuit board 607-087.
EPROM designation 480S3

Attention: The EPROM's of slaves 3 and 4 are designated identically with 480S3.
The location of the circuit boards in the testing unit is shown in chapter
xx. No communication with the slave is possible, when ****** is
shown in place of a software version.

80

Diagnostic Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

9.26

Diagnostic Overview

General:

Stop will return to "01

01 confiden-Test
unlocked

02 Rmin
+8131

Rmax
-8155

03 Set
100.00 C

Actual
45,00 C

04 NIR-Det left
o= -873
u = -875

05 NIR-Det right
o= -873
u = -875

06 NTC-Det left
o= -904
u = -850

07 NTC-Det right
o= -904
u = -850

on

08 Bath valve
off
40 C

off

on (heater 1-4)

09 Bath heater
1 off
40,00 C

10 Slop level
*

Version 21.1B/14.1B

(valve

off

(valve

Slop full
Slop empty

Diagnostic Program

81

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

82

11 Flush level left


*

12 Flush level right


*

solvent
solvent
solvent
solvent

13 Solen. valve left


01 off

on (valve

14 Solen. valve right


01 off

on (valve

15 Press. pump
off
40,00 C

on

16 Vacuum pump
off
40,00 C

on

off

off

off

off

17 Detection left
*

*
-

18 Detection right
*

*
-

no
detection
no
detection

19 Buzzer
off

on

20 24/12 Hour
24 Hours

24 hour (date shown as

21 Time
07:55:09

move cursor

enter new time

move cursor

Start

enter new data

22 Date
25.10.93

move cursor

enter new date

move cursor

Start

enter new data

off

12 hour (date shown as

Diagnostic Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

23 -20 -440 -0
R0+399 +3991 +2816

Screen 23 - 26 are for factory use only.


These screens are not programmable.

24 Version Ma X.XX
Version S0 X.XX

25 Version S1 X.XX
Version S2 X.XX

26 Version S3 X.XX
Version S4 X:XX

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Diagnostic Program

83

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

84

Diagnostic Program

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

10 Messages

10.1

Messages of the HVU 480/481/482

An error is indicated by the sounding of the buzzer and the message "Error" on the
display. This message and the buzzer can be cancelled with the key "Stop". Use the
"M" key to bring up the menu "Messages". This menu indicates the number of errors
that have occurred. Using the up-arrow key provides you with the number and a short
description of the errors. The error is cleared and thus deleted from the error list
using the HLIS Software. The table that follows gives a more accurate description of
the error.
When a test was interrupted by an error, the sample remains in the capillary; it can
thus be measured after remedying the error.
When the flushing cycle was interrupted by an error, it will be necessary to start the
flushing cycle again after remedying the error to ensure that the system is clean and
dry.
Starting a test deletes all previous messages. There are basically four types of
messages:
Messages that have no effect on the testing procedure
Messages that cause a shut-down of the test
Messages that require a RESET (the unit is turned off and then on again) to make the
unit operational again
Messages for checksum errors. With these types of errors, the standard parameters
are set automatically in the respective program.
Comments: Make sure an error message was not prompted by an operating error.
Communication problems (transfer) between the master and slave in the
unit can be caused by external sources; this can lead to a program crash.
When an error was triggered by such a problem, it can be cancelled with
a RESET (the unit is turned off and then on again). Each unit (circuit
board) must have a proper voltage supply. The respective cable
connections should also be checked.
Caution:

The power plug must be removed prior to working on the test unit.

The messages are shown as follows:

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Messages

85

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

No. Short Description

Effects

Error criteria
Error sources

Required measures

10.1.1 Error numbers 1


1

Bath Temperature

Shut down

Bath temperature deviates by more than 0,05C from the programmed temperature
The ambient temperature is too high and
the bath temperature cannot set to the
nominal temperature

Use counter cooling

Cooling valve temperature is set too low

Change the temperature, at which the valve


must open.

No external cooling system is connected


Connect external cooling system and
or lack of a constant cooling medium flow provide a constant cooling medium flow

Bath heating

In theHVU 480/481 was the programmed bath temperature not reached after 1,5 hours
The level/excess temperature protection
device was triggered to the off position.

See error 4.

Defective heating control (SSR circuit


board 607-053 or measurement unit 607049 / 607-221).

Check heating system controls.

Output of the external cooling system is


too high.

Reduce the difference between bath


temperature and cooling temperature.

Bath Cooling

In theHVU 480/481 was the programmed bath temperature not reached after 1.5 hours.
In the HVU 482 was the cooling rate less than 3C(5,4F) in 20 Minutes
Malfunctioning cooling valve.

Check control of measuring unit 607-049 /


607-221.

The external cooling system was not turned Check the proper functioning of the external
on/is not connected.
cooling system.

Bath - Level/Overtemp.

Unit off

Bath sensors indicate that the bath temperature is too high or the oil level of the bath is too
low.

86

Messages

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Caution: This error message causes a shut-down of the bath heating system; it can be
activated only after a RESET (the unit is turned off and then on again).
Selected bath temperature is too high.

Check the bath temperature in the parameter


menu.

Excess temperature protection is set too


low.

Set the excess temperature protection approx.


20 Kelvin above the nominal bath
temperature.

The bath level is too low.

Fill bath level to the nominal level at room


temperature.

Bath - Communication

No communication between master and slave S2 within 60 seconds.


Program crash caused by an external
source.

Execute a RESET.

Bath - Rmin

Rmin is outside the allowable range.


Defective measuring unit 607-049 (HVU
480/481)

Replace temperature measurement unit.

Defective measuring unit 607-221 (HVU


482)

Bath Rmax

Rmax is outside the allowable range.


Defective measuring unit 607-049(HVU
480/481)

Replace temperature measurement unit.

Defective measuring unit 607-221 (HVU


482)

Bath - Pt500

Defective bath thermometer Pt500.


Short circuit or interruption in the
thermometer or connection line.

Check the bath thermometer and replace, if


necessary.

Bath - Debit Value

The nominal value for the bath temperature is outside the allowable range
(HVU 480/481 from +20 to +150 C / +68 to +302 F).

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Messages

87

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

(HVU 482 from -40 to +100 C / -40 to +212 F).


Data loss during the data transfer between Turn the unit off and then on again.
the display processor S0 and processor S2 Nominal temperature must be checked in
the parameter menu thereafter.
on measuring unit 607-049.

10.1.2 Error numbers 10


10

Sa. press up left

Shut-down

The pressing upward of the sample through the capillary lasts too long (five minutes is the
maximum).
Sample viscosity is too high for selected
capillary

Select a capillary with a constant that ensures


a run-off period within the measurement
range of the test unit.

The needle valve "compressed air intensity" The adjusting of the needle valve is shown in
(needle valve 1) is adjusted incorrectly.
drawing 841-007.

88

Malfunctioning Pressure Pump.

Check the pressure pump controls.

The connection hose was not attached to


the filling pipe of the capillary.

Attach hose and restart.

Messages

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

11

Sa. press up right

Shut-down

The pressing upward of the sample through the capillary lasts too long (five minutes is the
maximum).
Sample viscosity is too high for selected
capillary.

Select a capillary with a constant that ensures


a run-off period within the measurement
range of the test unit.

The needle valve "compressed air intensity" The adjusting of the needle valve is shown in
(needle valve 1) is adjusted incorrectly.
drawing 841-007.
Malfunctioning pressure pump.

Check the pressure pump controls.

The connection hose was not attached to


the filling pipe of the capillary.

Attach hose and restart.

12

Measur. left

Shut-down

The sample run-off in the left capillary lasts longer than 30 minutes.
Sample viscosity is too high for selected
capillary.

Select a capillary with a constant that ensures


a run-off period within the measurement
range of the test unit.

Sample viscosity is too low for selected


capillary; a run-off period of not less than
100 seconds for NTC capillaries is
required.

Select a capillary with a constant that ensures


a run- off period within the measurement
range of the test unit.

Sample is too dark for a NIR capillary.

Use a NTC capillary.

Defective capillary.

Check capillary.

No atmosphere above the capillary.

Check solenoid valve unit.

13

Measur. right

Shut-down

The sample run-off in the right capillary lasts longer than 30 minutes.
Sample viscosity is too high for selected
capillary.

Select a capillary with a constant that ensures


a run-off period within the measurement
range of the test unit.

Sample viscosity is too low for selected


capillary; a run-off period of not less than
100 seconds is required for NTC unit.

Select a capillary with a constant that ensures


a run- off period within the measurement
range of the test unit.

Sample is too dark for a NIR capillary.

Use a NTC capillary.

Defective capillary.

Check capillary.

No atmosphere above the capillary.

Check solenoid valve unit.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Messages

89

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

14

Shut-down

Safety cutup left

Sample liquid was detected by the safety sensor. This sensor detects sample material that
reaches the unit beyond the second capillary sensor.
Caution: The capillary tube can no longer be atmospheric, when the sample has reached
the flushing system. A normal flushing cycle will make the test unit operational
again.
This error may point to a defective
capillary sensor.

15

Carry out the measurement with another


capillary.

Safety cut up right

Shut-down

Sample liquid was detected by the safety sensor in the HVU 480/481/482. This sensor
detects sample material that reaches the unit beyond the second capillary sensor.
Caution:

The capillary tube can no longer be atmospheric, when the sample has reached
the flushing system. A normal flushing cycle will make the test unit
operational again.

This error may point to a defective capillary Carry out the measurement with another
sensor.
capillary.

16

No solvent 1 left

Shut-down

Still no solvent 1 suctioned on the left side after 120 seconds.


The solvent 1 container is empty.

Fill the container with solvent.

Suction hose at solvent container was


displaced upward.

Move suction hose to correct position.

Malfunctioning vacuum pump.

Check vacuum pump and vacuum pump


controls.

17

No solvent 2 left

Shut-down

Still no solvent 2 suctioned on the left side after 120 seconds.


The solvent 1 container is empty.

Fill the container with solvent.

Suction hose at solvent container was


displaced upward.

Move suction hose to correct position.

Malfunctioning vacuum pump.

Check vacuum pump and vacuum pump


controls.

18

No solvent 1 right

Shut-down

Still no solvent 1 suctioned on the right side after 120 seconds.

90

Messages

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

The solvent 1 container is empty.

Fill the container with solvent.

Suction hose at solvent container was


displaced upward.

Move suction hose to correct position.

Malfunctioning vacuum pump.

Check vacuum pump and vacuum pump


controls.

19

No solvent 2 right

Shut-down

Still no solvent 2 suctioned on the right side after 120 seconds.


The solvent 1 container is empty.

Fill the container with solvent.

Suction hose at solvent container was


displaced upward.

Move suction hose to correct position.

Malfunctioning vacuum pump.

Check vacuum pump and vacuum pump


controls.

10.1.3 Error numbers 20


20.

Slop is full

Slop container is full


Slop container is full.

Drain slop container.

Although no slop sensor is connected, the


prompt "slop sensor connected" in the
parameter menu (see Chapter Slop sensor
connected ?) was answered with "Yes".

Select the correct parameter in the parameter


menu.

Defective slop sensor.

Replace slop sensor.

21

Printer

Still no data transfer to the printer after 20 seconds.


Printer was not turned on.

Turn printer on.

Printer is off-line.

Turn printer on to on-line.

Printer is out of paper.

Provide paper.

No printer connected.

Connect printer.

Incorrect printer cable.

Use connection cable 626-051 for DataMega printer. Use connection cable 626-029
for standard printers.

22

RS232

Still no data transfer by way of RS-232 after 120 seconds.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Messages

91

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

External computer is not ready.

23

Start terminal program.

MV - Proz. communic

Communication is interrupted between the master processor on the CPU circuit board
607-84 or 607-063 and the MV processor (480S1) on circuit board 607-071.
Program crash caused by an external
source.

24

Carry out a RESET.

MS L - Proz communic.

Shut-down

No response after command from the master to measurement slave S4 (within 90 seconds).
Program crash caused by an external
source.

25

Carry out a RESET.

MS R Proz communic.

Shut-down

No response after command from the master to measurement slave S4 (within 90 seconds).
Program crash caused by an external
source.

26.

Carry out a RESET.

Display Proz communic

Shut-down

No response after command from the master to display slave S0 (within 10 seconds).
Program crash caused by an external
source.

27

Carry out a RESET.

Flushing left

Shut-down

Liquid was pumped to the intermediate glass container (20 ml) during the mixing of the
solvent with the sample material.
The flushing cycle was cancelled during the Restart the flushing cycle.
initial flushing cycle and then started again.
This causes an accumulation of a large
quantity of the sample/solvent mixture in
the capillary that can reach the testing unit
during the initial flushing.
Defective filling level sensor for the solvent Replace filling level sensor.
quantity.
Defective detection component of the
filling level sensor on circuit board 607-

92

Replace circuit board 607-072.

Messages

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

072.

28

Flushing right

Shut-down

Liquid was pumped to the intermediate glass container (20 ml) during the mixing of the
solvent with the sample material.
The flushing cycle was cancelled during the Restart the flushing cycle.
initial flushing cycle and then started again.
This causes an accumulation of a large
quantity of the sample/solvent mixture in
the capillary that can reach the testing unit
during the initial flushing.
Defective filling level sensor for the solvent Replace filling level sensor.
quantity.
Defective detection component of the
filling level sensor on circuit board 607072.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Replace circuit board 607-072.

Messages

93

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

10.1.4 Error numbers 30


30.

NIR + NTC left

Shut-down

Both capillary types were detected at the left measurement location after starting.
Both capillary types connected.

Only one capillary can be connected per side.

Defective capillary or NIR/NTC sensor


circuit board.

Check NIR/NTC sensor circuit board.

31

No tube left

Shut-down

No capillary type was detected at the left measurement location after starting.
No capillary connected.

Connect the capillary plug to the test unit.

Defective capillary or NIR/NTC sensor


circuit board.

Check the NIR/NTC sensor circuit board.

Capillary connection plug was incorrectly


connected at the test unit.

Observe the connection plug coding when


making the connection.

10.1.5 Error numbers 40


40.

NIR + NTC right

Shut-down

Both capillary types were detected at the right measurement location after starting.
Both capillary types connected.

Only one capillary can be connected per side.

Defective capillary or NIR/NTC sensor


circuit board.

Check NIR/NTC sensor circuit board.

41

No tube right

Shut-down

No capillary type was detected at the right measurement location after starting.
No capillary connected.

Connect the capillary plug to the test unit.

Defective capillary or NIR/NTC sensor


circuit board.

Check the NIR/NTC sensor circuit board.

Capillary connection plug was incorrectly


connected at the test unit.

Observe the connection plug coding when


making the connection.

10.1.6 Error numbers 60


60

Air dryer ?

The time to inspect the air dryer is gone. (setted in the Parameter Air dryer,)
the air dryer is not inspected

Inspect the air dryer and quit the message

The inspection was done, but the operating time If the inspection is finished the operating time is to

94

Messages

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

was not reseted.

be reseted by quitt the message Air dryer ?, or to


press the start button in the parameter menue Air
dryer

10.1.7 Error numbers 90


90

Checksum progr. 1

Control checksum error in program memory bank 1 of the display slave.


Defective Eeprom at the display control.

91

The program-specific parameters (tolerance,


all parameters for the flushing and measuring
cycle) of program 1 are set to "standard".

Checksum prog. 2

Control checksum error in program memory bank 2 of the display slave.


Defective Eeprom at the display control.

92

The program-specific parameters (tolerance,


all parameters for the flushing and measuring
cycle) of program 2 are set to "standard".

Checksum progr. 3

Control checksum error in program memory bank 3 of the display slave.


Defective Eeprom at the display control.

93

The program-specific parameters (tolerance,


all parameters for the flushing and measuring
cycle) of program 2 are set to "standard".

Checksum progr. 4

Control checksum error in program memory bank 4 of the display slave.


Defective Eeprom at the display control.

94

The program-specific parameters (tolerance,


all parameters for the flushing and measuring
cycle) of program 2 are set to "standard".

Checksum progr. 5

Control checksum error in program memory bank 5 of the display slave.


Defective Eeprom at the display control.

95

The program-specific parameters (tolerance,


all parameters for the flushing and measuring
cycle) of program 2 are set to "standard".

Checksum parameter

Control checksum error in the parameter memory bank of the display slave.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Messages

95

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Defective Eeprom at the display control.

96

The program-specific parameters (tolerance,


all parameters for the flushing and measuring
cycle) of program 2 are set to "standard".

Checksum master

Control checksum error in the bath offset memory bank of the master processor.
Battery RAM on the CPU circuit board.

The bath offset is set to 0.00 C for all


temperatures.

10.1.8 Error messages that are coded into the flow out
times
Flow out time = 7777.77 seconds
A detection occurred during the run-off at the bottom and none at the top when
measuring a bright transparent sample.
Defective upper sensor (detected too early Replace sensors.
during the pressing upward).
Air bubbles in the oil.

Ensure that no air bubbles are in the oil


when filling the sample.

Sample was pressed upward too quickly in Correctly adjust the needle valve for the
the capillary tube.
pressing upward of the sample.

Flow out time= 8888.88 seconds


A detection occurred during the run-off at the bottom and none at the top when
measuring a bright transparent sample.
Defective upper sensor (detected too early Replace sensors.
during the pressing upward).
Air bubbles in the oil.

Ensure that no air bubbles are in the oil


when filling the sample.

Sample was pressed upward too quickly in Correctly adjust the needle valve for the
the capillary tube.
pressing upward of the sample.

96

Messages

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Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

11 Cleaning Cycle

11.1

General information

Attention: When the flushing cycle was aborted due to an error or a command
from the keyboard, a complete flushing cycle must be carried out
nevertheless. This ensures that the flushing unit and the capillary tubes
are clean and dry.
The cleaning phase for the HVU 480/481/482 after a measurement consists of three
basic steps that can be programmed with the cleaning program function
(CLEANING) in menu "P" or with the parameter program.
Initial flushing Mixing of the sample with the solvent and removal of the
mixture
Flushing

Cleaning of the capillary tubes with solvent.

Drying

Drying of the capillary tubes with the help of a vacuum.

To program the cleaning functions by means of the parameter program, the operator
must indicate "YES" for the parameter "Cleaning". Press the right-arrow key to do
so.
The cleaning options are identical for a request made from the cleaning program
function (CLEANING) in menu "P" or from the parameter program (see chapter
Cleaning up to chapter Drying ).
A display indicating the present cleaning status of the HVU 480/481/482 appears in
the display when requesting the cleaning program function (CLEANING) in menu
"P". The cleaning function for the left capillary tube can be programmed in the
example shown below. Press the START key or the arrow-up key to proceed to the
next programming function.

L> Cleaning ?

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Cleaning Cycle

97

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

11.2

Initial flushing

The viscometer HVU 480/481/482 can be programmed such that the solvent is added
to the sample liquid prior to its removal. The supply of solvent to the sample liquid
reduces the risk of the sample material clogging the valves.
Paraffin-free samples or samples that do not thicken during the cooling may not
require an initial flushing; on the other hand, samples with a high paraffin content or
highly viscous samples may require two initial flushing cycles. With materials
requiring two initial cycles, solvent 1 must be used six times and solvent 2 at least
three times during the cleaning program.
The entered value must vary between 0 and 2 (10 ml solvent are used for each cycle).
Press the START key or the arrow-up key to proceed to the next programming
function.

L>K=0.02916
Sample disolve

11.3

Flushing

Solvent 1 must have a good dissolving effect on the sample material and must clean
the capillary tube to a large degree. The entered value must range between 0 and 9.
A solvent quantity of 10 ml is used for each cleaning cycle. The solvent is piped
through four tubes (filling tube, capillary tube, air tube and flushing tube). The contaminated solvent is subsequently piped to the slop container by means of a vacuum.
The number of required cleaning cycles is a function of the sample material to be removed and of the solvent composition. Two cleaning cycles are generally sufficient.

L>K=0.02916
Solvent 1

You must indicate the number of times the capillary tubes are to be cleaned with solvent 2. The entered value must range between 0 and 9.
After flushing out solvent 1, the capillary tubes are cleaned with solvent 2. The
components of solvent 2 must become fully volatile during the drying with air.
A solvent quantity of 10 ml is used for each cleaning cycle. The contaminated
solvent is flushed into the slop container. One or two cleaning cycles are generally
sufficient.

98

Cleaning Cycle

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

L>K=0.02916
Solvent 2

11.4

Drying

After the completion of cleaning processes 1 and 2, air is with the help of a vacuum
piped through the capillary tubes to remove the remaining solvent by way of
evaporation. The required drying period is a function of the volatility of solvent 2. A
drying period of 10 minutes is generally used.
Indicate the period, for which the capillary tubes must be dried (time in minutes).
The entered value should range between 0 minutes (no drying) and 99 minutes.
Attention: The subsequent measurements could be erroneous, when the capillary
tubes are not dried after the flushing.

L>K=0.02916
Drying

Version 21.1B/14.1B

5 Min

Cleaning Cycle

99

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

11.5

Cleaning Program Overview

General:
1. Use the "M" key to designate "program". Choose the "right" or "left"
capillary with the corresponding "right arrow" or "left arrow" key
2. Then designate "cleaning" program with the "P" key.
3. Push "Start" key
4. "Stop" key-display returns to "Program" at the menu and will exit the
cleaning program

L>K~0,1
Bathtemp

R>K~1
40,00 C

M
L > Cleaning?
Start
L>K = 0,099
Sample disolve

Start
L>K = 0,099
Solvent 1
Start
L>K = 0,099
Solvent 2
Start
L>K = 0,099
Drying
5 min
Start

cleaning program started

100

Cleaning Cycle

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

12 HVU 480/481/482
Construction Overview

12.1

HVU 480/481/482 Mechanics Overview

This chapter explains HVU 480/481/482 component positions.


The base of the HVU 480/481/482 contains the temperature regulated bath, the air
pressure pump and the vacuum pump.
The top of the unit contains the electronics with key pad display and the CPU board.
The top of the HVU 480/481/482 is hinged like the hood of a car for easy access to
components.
After opening the hood, the side panels can be removed. Behind each panel is a
configuration of piping and 13 solenoid valves for the flushing operation of each
measuring station.
At the front of the HVU 480/481/482 is a glass window used for viewing the
capillaries. Silicone oil is filled to a level 2 cm below the top of the window. When
looking through the window, it looks as if the capillaries are not completely
immersed in the oil. This is not the case. By using glass cylinders and a circulation
pump, the oil level inside the bath is raised to immerse the capillaries completely.
Located on the front control panel of the HVU 480/481/482 (see chapter HVU
480/481/482 Hardware Documentation V1):
Power control (On/Off) switch
Three color coded tubes that connect to the Ubbelohde capillary
Over temperature protection control
Bath filling port
Connection for capillary light detection sensor
One needle valve that controls the air intake for the HVU 480/481/482. This
valve is adjusted by the manufacturer.
Alphanumeric keypad (see chapter HVU 480/481/482 Hardware
Documentation V2)

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Construction Overview

101

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Located on the back panel of the HVU 480/481/482 (see chapter HVU 480/481/482
Hardware Documentation V3):
Four color coded plastic tube connections for cleaning solvents
Two color coded plastic tube connection for the slop tank
Inlet and outlet ports for a cooling system
Port for printer (parallel interface)
Computer output (RS 232)
Mains plug and two mains fuses
Ground connection
HTR (Herzog Token Ring)
Slop Sensor
Vent for the vacuum pump

12.2

HVU 480/481/482 Electronics Overview

The HVU 480/481/482 power supply 603-025 is commercially available and


supplies +15, -15V and +5V.
The HVU 480/481/482 has a CPU unit 607-084 (units manufactured through
February 1994 have 607-063) including a microprocessor and a Programmable Read
Only Memory. The memory is programmed by Herzog to perform 4 different
viscosity analyses and a cleaning program.
Coding switch S1 is used to define the serial number of the instrument (see chapter
Coding of the measurement points).

102

HVU 480/481/482 Construction Overview

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

CPU 607-084
Eprom XXX
Niveau
detection
607-243

Keyboard
/Display
Control 607-083

Level /
Overtemperature
protection 607-055

Power supply
+5V,+15V,15V
603-025

NIR/NTC
Sensorboard
607-087
Eprom XXX S3

Power supply 24 V
603-019

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Measuring
607-049/650-551
HVU480/481
650-549/650-551
HVU482

Keyboard
607-060

Solenoid valve
control 607-071
Eprom XXXS1

HVU 480/481/482 Construction Overview

Display
607-084

103

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

104

HVU 480/481/482 Construction Overview

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

13 HVU 480/481/482 Serial


Output

13.1

General

Data transfer can be executed automatically or on request (see chapter Data transfer).
The parameters for the serial output are
2400 Baud, non Parity, 8 Databit, 1 Stopbit,
The command to request data from the PC is "XTR0Y".
X

unit number

Attention The unit number is hexadecimal coded.


from 0 - 9 for unit number 0 - 9
and A - F for unit number 10 - 15

TR0 =

command send data. Attention: 0 is the number zero.

Capillary number

L for left capillary


R for right capillary

Attention:

The HVU 480/481/482 answers as MP-480 because of compatibility.


reasons

When the command to the PC is received, it answers with the following string:

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Serial Output

105

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

13.2

Protocol Capillary Left

XPA;MP-480;_;_;_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;_ _ _ _ _ _;
Bathtemperature in 1/100
Gravity with exponent
Language 1 = German 2 = English
Temperature unit C = Celsius
F = Fahrenheit

XPB;_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;

Sample I. D. number
XPC;_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_;

Equili. type

S = static

D = dynamic
Drying time in minutes

Cleaning with solvent 2


Cleaning with solvent 1
Pre cleaning
Number of measurements
Equilibration time in minutes
Tolerance in 1/10 %
Capillary constant with exponent

XER;1;01;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;1;02;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;1;03;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;1;04;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;1;05;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;1;06;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;1;07;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;1;08;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;1;09;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
Control bit
Flow time in 1/100s
Flow time number

106

HVU 480/481/482 Serial Output

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

XER;1;0A;_ _ _ _ _ _ _;_ _ _;_;YYMMDD;HHMMSS1;

1 = a. m.
2 = p. m.
Time
Date

Control bit 1 = in Tolerance


0 = not in Tolerance
Exponent for Viskosity
Viscosity

13.3

Protocol Capillary Right

XPA;MP-480;_;_;_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;_ _ _ _ _ _;
Bathtemperature in 1/100
Gravity with exponent
Language 1 = German 2 = English
Temperature unit C = Celsius
F = Fahrenheit

XPD;_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;

Sample I. D. number
XPE;_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_ _;_;

Equili. type

S = static

D = dynamic
Drying time in minutes

Cleaning with solvent 2


Cleaning with solvent 1
Pre cleaning
Number of measurements
Equilibration time in minutes
Tolerance in 1/10 %
Capillary constant with exponent

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Serial Output

107

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

XER;2;01;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;2;02;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;2;03;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;2;04;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;2;05;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;2;06;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;2;07;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;2;08;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
XER;2;09;_ _ _ _ _ _;_;
Control bit
Flow time in 1/100s
Flow time number

XER;2;0A;_ _ _ _ _ _ _;_ _ _;_;YYMMDD;HHMMSS1;

1 = a. m.
2 = p. m.
Time
Date

Control bit 1 = in Tolerance


0 = not in Tolerance
Exponent for Viskosity
Viscosity

108

HVU 480/481/482 Serial Output

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

13.4

Protocol Example:

Command which from an external computer is to be send, to get the data from the
right measuring place in unit 1
1TR0R
From unit 1 sended datas.
1PA;MP-480;C;1;980665 -5; +4000;
1PD;Test Walter Herzog

1PE;3155 -4; 2; 4; 4; 1; 1; 0; 5;S;


1ER;2;01;23187;0;
1ER;2;02;23184;0;
1ER;2;03; 0;0;
1ER;2;04; 0;0;
1ER;2;05; 0;0;
1ER;2;06; 0;0;
1ER;2;07; 0;0;
1ER;2;08; 0;0;
1ER;2;09; 0;0;
1ER;2;0A;73150; -3;1;950303;1039171;

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Serial Output

109

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

110

HVU 480/481/482 Serial Output

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

14 HVU 480/481/482 Calibration

14.1

General

To calibrate the HVU 480/481/482 bath and capillaries, use calibrated mercury
thermometers (minimum resolution 0.01 C). Remove capillary from the bath and
place the plastic capillary cover in its place. Slide the mercury thermometer through
the capillary cover hole so you can read it through the bath window.
Note: Make sure that mercury thread in the calibrated thermometer is intact.
If the mercury is separated, cool the thermometer down and then heat it
up, shake it gently if necessary. Mercury thread must be complete (not
separated).
Enter temperature values by following these steps:
1. Operator must be in "parameter" program for bath calibration (see chapter Bath
calibration).
2. Be sure that the bath temperature is stable (temperature display is NOT
flashing)
3. With the calibrated mercury thermometer in the bath, read the temperature
value.
4. Enter the bath temperature from the thermometer with the HVU 480/481/482
numeric keypad (include decimals).
5. Push the "start" key to enter the calibrated temperature value.
6. Repeat steps 1-5 until the bath temperature is correct.
Before calibrating capillaries, the HVU 480/481/482 bath must be calibrated.
Capillary calibration procedures are described in "ASTM Petroleum Products and
Lubricants (1), Volume 5.01". Reference ASTM Designation: D446-89a, Standard
Specifications and Operating Instructions for Glass Capillary Kinematic
Viscometers1.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Calibration

111

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Calibrated thermometers in the appropriate range(s) with an accuracy of +/-0,01 C


Herzog part numbers:

14.2

Available mercury thermometers

Verified or calibrated thermometers for the corresponding temperature are available


with following order number:
Order number
506-077
506-051
506-052
506-053
506-054
506-055
506-056
506-126
506-057
506-058
506-059

14.3

temperature
-22 - -18 C
18 - 22 C
36 - 40 C
38 - 42 C
48 - 52 C
68 - 72 C
98 - 102 C
128 -132 C
96 - 103 F
206 - 214 F
126 - 134 F

Check of Time Measurement

Another criterion responsible for the precision of the viscosity measurement is the
time measurement of the instrument. To check this criterion you need the time
calibration LED (P/N 638-040) available as accessory and a calibrated stop watch.
Attention! Software version (S3/S4) from 4.0A is necessary.
1. Plug the time calibration LED into the female connector of the NTC sensor
(sensor B) (instead of the capillary tube)
2. Switch the instrument off and about 30 seconds later on again.
3. Having switched the instrument on again, the LED will light for about 5
seconds. The extinguishing of the LED is the starting signal for the time
measurement.
4.

Now the condition of the LED changes every 600.00 Seconds (10 minutes).

5. To keep a measuring fault, which may arise due to different reaction times
using a manual stop watch, rather low, we recommend to determine the time
in several cycles. The relative uncertanity of the time measurements must not
exceed 2*10-4 [DIN 51562-1]. The checking function is stopped as soon as a
viscosity test is started.

112

HVU 480/481/482 Calibration

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

15 Spare Parts

15.1

HVU 480 Spare Parts

The following spare parts list includes all the accessory and replacement parts which
you can order if needed for the HVU 480. Some of these are already included in the
shipment from the plant.
Spare parts marked in the list with "*" are part of a basic replacement set. These parts
should always be on hand.
The lists are order of increasing order numbers:
Part#:
101-074
101-098
101-099
101-116
101-165
110-084
121-015
121-041
125-003
125-004
125-051
125-052
125-053
270-029
348-029
348-079
348-080
370-323
380-058
380-059
412-004
412-024
412-029

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Description
*
*
*
*
*

*
*

Solenoid valve 311-C-02-E351


Tappet complete for 3 way solenoid valve
Caps (Viton) for 2 way solenoid valve
Magnetic valve 2 ways E 330
Filter Minisart SRP25, 0,45m
Slop sensor, CpL., HVU 480/481/482
O-ring 25 x 1.5/75 SH Viton
O-ring (Viton) for solenoid valve 413-029 / 412-031
Diaphragm vacuum pump 230 V. 50 Hz replaced by 125-051
Diaphragm vacuum pump 230 V. 60 Hz replaced by 125-052
Diaphragm vacuum pump 230V/50 Hz PM13562-811
Diaphragm vacuum pump 230V/60 Hz PM13993-811
Repair kit for 125-051 / 052 membrane, O-ring, Valve plate
Sealing for engine frame 126x126x3mm Viton
Clutch spring for Stirrer motor (618-132)
Hose socket big with white hose
Hose socket small with 3 hoses
Solvent filter
Pump 230 V/50 Hz
Pump 230 V/60 Hz
Filter mat
10 pieces disposable plastic syringe
Solenoid valve 300- C-01.6-F-M5
to 08/1999

Spare Parts

113

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

412-031
412-106
412-107
412-215
412-216
414-108
414-142
480-018
480-019
480-027
480-028
501-018
501-024
603-014
603-019
603-025
607-053
607-055
607-059
607-060
607-062
607-071
607-082
607-083
607-084
607-087
607-243
613-018
613-055
615-006
617-053
618-050
618-132
619-013
621-062
621-063
623-044
627-049
628-023
636-059
636-098
636-108
636-109
638-024

114

*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

Solenoid valve 200-A.1.6-F.M5-024/-F000


to 08/1999
Tappet for solenoid valve 3 ways (412-029)
Viton cap for solenoid valve 2 ways type 412-031
Solenoid valve Typ 6011, M5, 24V
since 09.1999
Solenoid valve Typ 6012, M5, 24V
since 09.1999
Membrane for vacuum pump 101-004
Membrane, Viton, for vacuum pump 101-004
Connection hoses for left capillary HVU480
Connection hoses for right capillary HVU480
Connection hoses for capillary compl. HVU481
Set of Hose sockets for the capillary connections
Measuring tube 20 ml
Glass cylinder small
Mains part 24V/2.5 A since 01/2000
Mains part 24V/2.5 A to 12/1999
Mains part +5V +15V -15V
Relay board
Over temperature level P.C.B.
Keyboard control P.C.B. for display 607-062 Rework kit 108-179 necessary
Keyboard P.C.B.
Display P.C.B. for keyboard control 607-059 Rework kit 108-179 necessary
Solenoid valve control P.C.B.
Display for keyboard control 607-083
Keyboard control for display 607-082
CPU P.C.B.
NIR/NTC sensor board
Level detection P.C.B. since 03.2002
Pasi relay
Solid-State-Relays 4A
Battery
Mains switch
Stirrer motor for temperature system
to 01/1999
Stirrer motor for temperature system
since 01/1999
Varistor metallic oxyde S 20 K 300
Halogen bulb 5W/12V; holder, tube form (Bath illumination)
Halogen bulb 5W/12V; holder, angle form (Bath illumination)
Potentiometer 470 K-Ohm
Ventilator 230 V
Fuse 6.3A
Resistance thermometer
to 10-2001
Resistance thermometer Pt100, 80mm with plug /MP481/490 to 09.1999
Resistance thermometer Pt100 without plug
since 10-1999
Resistance thermometer Pt 500 bath (metal version)
Level sensor short complete
to 09.1999

Spare Parts

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

638-025
638-028
638-037
638-038
639-009
645-029
650-103
650-104
650-105
650-119
650-120
650-551
04831-000-00
Use part
description for
ordering

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Level sensor long complete


to 09.1999
Halogen bulb complete with holder for Visko HVU480/481/482/490
Niveau-Sensor for safety shut off HVU480
since 10.1999
Niveau-Sensor long HVU480
since 10.1999
Blower 40x40x20, 24V/1W 10m /h
Heating complete 230 V/260 W
EPROM 480S!
EPROM 480S2
EPROM 480S0
EPROM 480Ma Version < 10.00
EPROM 480S3
Universal measurement unit
20 liters silicone oil
Resistance measuring bridge and decade box
(accuracy +/- 0.05 Ohm)

Spare Parts

115

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

15.2 Recommended spare parts for appr. 2


years of operation for HVU481+482
Order.-No.

Description

Qty

101-153

Solenoid valve 2 ways Type 127 NO


(valve no. 1-5,7,8,12,13)

101-154

Solenoid valve 2 ways Type 127 NO (valve


no.14)

101-155

Solenoid valve 3 ways Type 127 (valve 9 11)

121-048

Set of O-rings (3 pcs.) Kalrez for valves type 127

101-099

Valve seat for 2 way solenoid valve 101-116 of


MC452, HVU480/481/482/490

125-051

Vacuum-pump 230V / 50Hz, with Teflon


diaphragm

1
or

125-052

Vacuum-pump 230V / 60Hz with Teflon


diaphragm

125-053

Repair kit for 125-051/052 (Membrane, O- ring,


valve plate)

370-323

Solvent-filter

380-058

Air pressure pump 220V/50 Hz. for MC


452/MP480/HVU490

1
or

380-059

Air pressure pump 230V/60 Hz. f. MC


452/MP480/HVU490

116

Spare Parts

Picture

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order.-No.

Description

Qty

412-004

Filter mat for MP491 air inlet (for 491 sample


changers)

412-024

Single use syringe, useful for transferring sample 10


into beaker

603-019
603-014

Mains part 24V/2.5 A to 12/1999


Mains part 24V/2.5 A since 01/2000

603-025

Power supply +5V, +15V, -15V

607-053

Relay board

613-055

SSR relay 4 A, 20V for 607-053 and 607-207


HVU480/1/2, HVU490

621-062

Low voltage halogen bulb 12V / 5W for bath


illumination. For solder connection on
instruments (sold before mid 2000)

2
or

621-063

Low voltage halogen bulb 12V / 5W for bath


illumination. For plug connection
(sold since mid 2000)

628-023

Fuse 6.3 A - MT

10

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Spare Parts

Picture

117

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order.-No.

Description

Qty

638-039

Level sensor for solvent (HVU481/2, HVU490


valve block)
Replacement for 638-033: Level sensor for
solvent (HVU481/490 valve block)

645-029

Heater cartridge 4 per bath 230 V/260W/MP 470, 1


MP480, HVU481/482/490

118

Spare Parts

Picture

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

15.3 Recommended spare parts for appr. 2


years of operation specific for HVU481
Order.-No.

Description

Qty

04831-000-00

Silicone oil for HVU (MP) 480/481/490,


appr. 20 liter

480-027

Set of connection hoses cpl. for Visco HVU481

480-028

1 set of hose caps (6Stk.) for HVU480/481


3 x large, 2 x small, 1 x medium hole size

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Spare Parts

Picture

119

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

15.4 Recommended spare parts for appr. 2


years of operation specific for HVU482
Order.-No.

Description

Qty

04341-00000

Silicone oil for HVU482, HVB438


appr. 20 liter

815-296

Molecular sieve for air drying tubes, 1kg can

108-286

Drying tube for capillaries (filled with molecular


sieve) and connection hose

108-315

Drying tube for bath (filled with molecular


sieve) and connection hose

120

Spare Parts

Picture

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order.-No.

Description

416-005

Solenoid valve for Isolation valve 101-173;


24 V, 12 W, ND 6 mm

15.5

Qty

Other spare parts for HVU481 + HVU482

Order.-No.

Description

101-116

Solenoid valve 2 way, Bath cooling

101-099

Valve seat for 2 way solenoid valve 101-116 of


MC452, HVU480/481/490

121-042

O-ring 60x2.6 / capillary fixture HVU 480/490

121-045

O-ring 44 x 1.8 (between bath bottom and valve)

607-049

Bath control P.C.B. HVU480,481,490, without


EPROM

650-104

EPROM with latest HVU481 software version for


607-049

650-147

EPROM with latest HVU482 software version for


607-049

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Picture

Picture

Spare Parts

121

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order.-No.

Description

650-555

Bath control P.C.B HVU 482 with software


since Ser.-No. 034820045
Attention! The board is configurated for use in the
HVU 480/481/482 by setting the code switch!
see chapter 15.6

607-055

Over temperature level P.C.B.

607-060

Keyboard-P.C.B. / MP 329/330, HVU 48x/490

607-071

Solenoid valve control P.C.B./ HVU 480/490


version: A, without EPROM

650-103

EPROM with latest software version for 607-071

607-243

Bath liquid level sensor, replacement for 607-072

607-082

Display P.C.B. green HVU480,481,490

607-083

Keyboard- and display control P.C.B., without


EPROM

650-105

EPROM with latest HVU481 software version for


607-083

650-146

EPROM with latest HVU482 software version for


607-083

607-084

CPU P.C.B. ,without EPROM

650-136

EPROM with latest HVU481 software version for


607-084

650-145

EPROM with latest HVU482 software version for


607-084

122

Picture

Spare Parts

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order.-No.

Description

607-252

CPU board with keyboard and display controller


without EPROM
Attention! The CPU board is only confabulated for
use in HVU480/481/482 after having programmed
the code switches! See chapter: 15.7

650-145

EPROM with latest HVU480/481/482 software for


607-252 for HLIS16

650-158

EPROM with latest HVU480/481/482 software for


607-252 for HLIS32

607-087

NIR / NTC - sensor P.C.B, without EPROM

650-120

EPROM with latest HVU481/482 software version


for 607-087

613-018

Heater safety shut off relay HVU480,481,


HVU482, 490

613-060

SSR relay 1 A for 607-207

615-006

3.6 volt battery for clock buffer on 607-83 PCB


HVU480, 481, 490

617-053

Mains switch

618-132

Motor 220V / 50Hz / 32W for bath pumping


HVU480, 481, 482, 490
To

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Picture

11.04 HVU481
11.04.HVU482

Spare Parts

123

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Order.-No.

Description

618-148

Motor 220V / 50Hz / 32W for bath pumping


HVU480, 481, 482, 490
since

Picture

11.04 HVU 481 Ser.-No.:044810303


11.04 HVU 482 Ser.-No.:044820057

636-109

Resistance thermometer PT 500 / metal for Visco


bath HVU480/1/2, HVU490

636-108

Resistance thermometer level sensor and over


temperature protection, bath HVU481/482/490

627-049

Fan 230V, for air exhaust MP470, HVU


480/1/2/490

124

Spare Parts

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Spare Parts

125

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

15.6 Configuration of the Measurement


Unit
This board contains the software for all instruments using PT500-temperature
sensors for measurement. The measuring program for the particular instrument is set
at the 4-pins code switch on the board.

Beispiel:
HVU 480/481/490

126

Spare Parts

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

15.7CPU with keyboard and display controller


607-252
15.7.1 Configuration Master/Slave
Photo1
- Encoding as
master
- Encoding as
slave see
photo 2
Encoding
switches S1.1
to S1.8 (see
manual)

MasterEPROM

Photo 2

Switch S1.8 ON

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Spare Parts

127

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

15.7.2 Configuration Display controller


On the printed circuit board 607-252 there is a display controller integrated
additionally to the CPU, which can replace the external display controller board 607092.
When do you have a new unit (without Display-Controller 607-092), then realize the
following settings f
Photo 3
- Standard encoding

Slave 0 not assembled


when using an external
display controller board or
-092

- Standard encoding

- Master-EPROM =
27C512
- Standard encoding

128

Spare Parts

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

16 Peculiarities

16.1
562

Viscosity Determination acc. to DIN 51

Set the following parameters in the menu Parameter:

1.

Number of measurements:

2.

Language: German

The tolerance given in the measuring program will not apply to measurements acc. to
DIN 51 562.
The start of the viscosity determination acc. to DIN 51 562 is the same as for the
standard program.
Note:

If one of these parameters is changed, the viscosity measurements will not


follow the DIN 51 562.

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Peculiarities

129

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

130

Peculiarities

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

17 Maintenance

17.1

Maintenance work for HVU 482

17.1.1 Maintenance of the drying tubes (optional)


There are 3 drying tubes connected to the HVU 482. Two of them (large connection)
are for drying the air which flows through the viscometers. The third one (small
connection) is needed to press the dried air into the thermostated bath. Thus the
humidity is prevented to get into the thermostated bath.
The drying tubes for the viscometers can be maintained when no measuring cycle
takes place in the referring viscometer.
Please only do maintenance work at the drying tube of the thermostated bath when
the bath temperature is above the dew point. If there is no time to heat the
thermostated bath, replace the filling of the drying tube by regenerated drying beads.
Thus the drying tube will only be disconnected from the HVU 482 for a short time.
When taking up water the drying beads (silica gel) change their color.
Most types of drying beads change their color from blue (dry) to rose (saturated).
These drying beads contents cobalt chloride
Therefore we have now dry beads without cobalt chloride but these dry beads
change their color from rose (dry) to colorless (saturated)
When the drying beads in the drying tube are saturated by , they must be dried
again.
1. To this end take the drying beads out of the drying tube and spread them (e.g. on
a baking tin) in a drying chamber. The ideal oven temperature is 150C to get out
the moisture. In case the drying beads are heated higher than 180C, the color
indicator in the drying beads will be destroyed, which means that the saturation
of the drying beads will not be indicated by a change in the color any more.
If the drying beads are heated higher than 200C, they will loose their ability to
absorb water.
2. Fill the regenerated drying beads and reconnect it to the HVU 438.
3. Reset the hours of operation of the HVU 482 since the last inspection of the
drying tubes to 0 by pressing the START-key in the parameter menu on page

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Maintenance

131

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

interval air dryer. A successful reset of the hours of operation will be


acknowledged by a short acoustic signal.
The drying beads can be regenerated several times. We recommend to replace the
drying beads by new ones at least once a year.

17.1.2 Maintenance of cold trap (optional)


Ice formation at the cooling pipe
The more the cooling pipe is covered with ice, the more the cooling capacity of
the cold trap decreases. Defrost the cooling pipe when it is iced by heating the
thermostated bath of the HVU 482 above the dew point and switching off the
cooler.

Dew water in the cold trap


Remove the dew water from the cold trap when the cooling pipe is defrosted.
Please make sure that the level of the dew water is clearly below the tube ends
in the cold trap.

Having finished the maintenance work reset the hours of operation of the HVU 482
since the last inspection to 0 by pressing the START-key in the parameter menu on
page Interval air dryer. A successful reset of the hours of operation will be
acknowledged by a short acoustic signal

17.1.3 Removal of the moisture in the thermostated bath by


heating
Despite extensive constructional measurements it is not possible to avoid that water
gets into the thermostated bath liquid.
When the thermostated bath is operated below the dew point all the time, water (ice)
will settle at the heat exchanger.
A too high water content in the thermostat bath liquid (silicone oil) HVU 482 may
lead to damages of the HVU 482.
Therefore we recommend to remove the water by heating the bath once a week.
Procedure:
1.
2.

Heat the thermostated bath to a temperature above the dew point, e.g. 40C.

3.

Remove both viscometers from the thermostated bath.

4.

Heat the thermostated bath to 100C.

5.
6.

132

If there is no valve between the cooler and the HVU 482, switch the cooler
off.

About 3 hours heating should be enough to remove the water from the
thermostated bath.
Insert the viscometers and let the thermostated bath cool down (switch off).

Maintenance

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

18 HVU 480/481/482
Documentation

18.1

General

Wiring diagrams and drawings may not be copied either in whole, or in part.
Distribution or access to diagrams and drawings are prohibited to all third parties and
competitors without written consent from Walter Herzog GmbH.
Hardware improvements make changes in wiring diagrams necessary. Outdated
components are phased out of production. If you get spare parts shipments and
realize that the wiring diagrams do not match the delivered parts, please ask for the
corresponding diagrams.
Part numbers with multiple versions like 607-061 or 607-061A exist. The letter "A"
indicates an upgrade. Additional letters like B-C D etc. are hardware versions.
Hardware versions with the same numbers may also be used or exchanged in other
Herzog instruments.
Example: 6269-607-061A with 3299-607-061A (MP-626 board can be used in
MP-329/330).

Version 21.1B/14.1B

HVU 480/481/482 Documentation

133

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

18.2

Resistance Table

Resistance Table for PT 500:


Temperatur

134

-100 C

300,443

302,494

304,543

306,591

308,638

310,683

312,727

314,769

316,810

318,850

-90 C

320,888

322,925

324,961

326,995

329,028

331,060

333,090

335,119

337,147

339,174

-80 C

341,199

343,223

345,246

347,268

349,288

351,307

353,325

355,342

357,358

359,372

-70 C

361,386

363,398

365,409

367,419

369,428

371,436

373,442

375,448

377,453

379,456

-60 C

381,459

383,460

385,460

387,460

389,458

391,455

393,451

395,447

397,441

399,434

-50 C

401,427

403,418

405,409

407,398

409,387

411,375

413,361

415,347

417,332

419,316

-40 C

421,300

423,282

425,264

427,244

429,224

431,203

433,181

435,159

437,135

439,111

-30 C

441,086

443,060

445,033

447,006

448,978

450,949

452,919

454,888

456,857

458,825

-20 C

460,793

462,759

464,725

466,691

468,655

470,619

472,582

474,545

476,507

478,468

-10 C

480,429

482,388

484,348

486,306

488,264

490,222

492,179

494,135

496,091

498,046

0 C

500,000

501,954

503,907

505,860

507,812

509,764

511,715

513,665

515,615

517,564

10 C

519,513

521,461

523,408

525,355

527,302

529,247

531,192

533,137

535,081

537,025

20 C

538,968

540,910

542,852

544,793

546,733

548,673

550,613

552,552

554,490

556,428

30 C

558,365

560,301

562,237

564,173

566,107

568,042

569,975

571,908

573,841

575,773

40 C

577,704

579,635

581,565

583,495

585,424

587,352

589,280

591,207

593,134

595,060

50 C

596,986

598,911

600,835

602,759

604,682

606,605

608,527

610,448

612,369

614,290

60 C

616,210

618,129

620,047

621,965

623,883

625,800

627,716

629,632

631,547

633,462

70 C

635,376

637,289

639,202

641,114

643,026

644,937

646,848

648,758

650,667

652,576

80 C

654,484

656,392

658,299

660,205

662,111

664,017

665,921

667,826

669,729

671,632

90 C

673,535

675,437

677,338

679,239

681,139

683,038

684,937

686,836

688,734

690,631

100 C

692,528

694,424

696,319

698,214

700,108

702,002

703,896

705,788

707,680

709,572

110 C

711,463

713,353

715,243

717,132

719,021

720,909

722,796

724,683

726,569

728,455

120 C

730,340

732,225

734,109

735,992

737,875

739,757

741,639

743,520

745,400

747,280

130 C

749,160

751,038

752,917

754,794

756,671

758,548

760,424

762,299

764,174

766,048

140 C

767,922

769,795

771,667

773,539

775,410

777,281

779,151

781,020

782,889

784,758

150 C

786,626

788,493

790,360

792,226

794,091

795,956

797,820

799,684

801,547

803,410

160 C

805,272

807,133

808,994

810,855

812,714

814,574

816,432

818,290

820,148

822,004

170 C

823,861

825,716

827,571

829,426

831,280

833,133

834,986

836,838

838,690

840,541

180 C

842,392

844,241

846,091

847,940

849,788

851,635

853,482

855,329

857,175

859,020

190 C

860,865

862,709

864,552

866,395

868,238

870,080

871,921

873,761

875,602

877,441

200 C

879,280

881,118

882,956

884,793

886,630

888,466

890,302

892,136

893,971

895,804

HVU 480/481/482 Documentation

Version 21.1B/14.1B

Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

18.3

Drawings and wiring diagrams

The hardware documentation for the HVU 480/481/482 consists of the following
drawings and wiring diagrams:
Power Supply

841-001

Power Supply, low voltage

841-002

Measuring Control Unit

607-049

Measuring Control Unit

650-549

Relay Board

607-053

Over Temperature Protection Level

607-055

Keyboard

607-060

CPU-Board through Feb. 1994

607-063

Solenoid Valve Control

607-071

Level Detection

607-072

Level Sensor

607-078

Keyboard Display Control

607-083

CPU-Board after Feb. 1994

607-084

NIR/NTC sensor board

607-087

18.4 HVU 480/481/482 Identification


Diagrams
V1

HVU 480 component identification (front view)

V2

HVU 480 component identification (back panel)

V3

HVU 480 cleaning hose and slop tank configuration

V4

HVU 481 component identification (front view)

V5

HVU 481 component identification (back panel)

V6

HVU 481 cleaning hose and slop tank configuration

V7

Multiple HVU 480/481's with one printer

V8

Multiple HVU 480/481's with one PC

V9

HVU 480/481 display and keyboard identification

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Index
measurement procedure 41
MESSAGES 37, 43, 61, 85

A
Aborting 41
Air dryer 94

N
NIR 7, 72, 89, 116, 137
NTC 7, 25, 73, 89, 116, 137

B
Bath heating? 41

P
C

calibration 39, 48, 68, 112


Cleaning 7, 9, 10, 13, 41, 49, 67, 76, 97,
103, 137
Coding 68, 94, 103
Connection 11, 28, 41, 56, 68, 71, 87, 102,
116
Cooling 9, 10, 28, 29, 50, 73, 86, 99, 103

Detection 11, 72, 92, 102, 116, 137


DIAGNOSTIC 37, 61, 71
DIN 51 562 131
Drying 7, 42, 49, 97

Equilibration 52
F
flow periods 42
H

R
Rmax 71, 87
Rmin 71, 87

PARAMETER 37, 40, 47, 68, 87, 97, 112


parameters 37, 40, 47, 85, 106
password 37, 47
pressure 41, 76, 88, 102
PROGRAM 7, 37, 39, 67, 85, 97, 103,
112

S
Safety 11, 77, 90
slop 13, 28, 41, 48, 74, 91, 99, 103, 115,
137
slop sensor 33
Software 8, 39, 76, 85
solenoid valves 42, 75, 102
solvent 8, 9, 10, 28, 29, 41, 49, 67, 75, 90,
97
Standard methods 9, 10
Start 37, 39, 54, 67, 78, 85, 97, 112
T

heating systems 74
I
Installation 27

Temperaturbereich 113
Temperature range 9, 53
Tolerance 42, 48, 52, 95

L
language 9, 10, 58
M

V
vacuum 42, 76, 90, 97, 102, 115
viscosity 7, 9, 10, 13, 37, 39, 48, 67, 88,
103

Mains frequency 9, 10
Mains voltage 9, 10
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Automated Viscosity Analyzer HVU 480/481/482

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HVU 480/481/482 Documentation

Version 21.1B/14.1B