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General Knowledge Today

Current Affairs: November 2016 [Date-


wise Compendium]

Published Date: December 7, 2016


Published by: GKTODAY.IN
GKToday 2016 | All Rights Reserved

Suitable for Bank Probationary, Bank Clerical, IBPS Recruitment, NDA, CDS,
LIC/GIC, Railways, SSC, UGC and state / UPSC preliminary Examination.
Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

Contents
Month Highlights: November, 2016 ............................................................................................................... 3
November 1, 2016 ............................................................................................................................................. 14
Union Government noties rules for Real Estate Act for ve UTs ................................................. 14
Sushil Chandra takes charge as CBDT chairman ............................................................................... 15
About Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) ................................................................................... 15
More differently abled attend schools than before: 2011 Census .................................................... 15
Maharashtra tops in 2016 Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index of NITI
Aayog ................................................................................................................................................... 16
10th Indo-Nepal joint military exercise Surya Kiran commences ................................................... 18
Andhra Pradesh, Telangana top Ease of Doing Business list ........................................................... 19
Odisha Government launches Madhubabu Aain Sahayata Sibir Scheme ..................................... 20
India ranks 133rd in 2016 Global Youth Development Index ......................................................... 21
Kerala becomes 3rd Open Defecation Free state ............................................................................... 21
About Swachh Bharat Mission ............................................................................................................... 22
November 2, 2016 ............................................................................................................................................ 22
International Forum on adopting ICT Perspective to Education and Learning begins in New
Delhi ..................................................................................................................................................... 22
About International Bureau of Education (IBE) ................................................................................. 22
NHPC commissions 50 mw Wind project in Rajasthan ................................................................... 23
About National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) ........................................................... 23
Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016 comes into force ............................ 23
Russia invites India to join fast-neutron reactor project ................................................................... 24
RCEP members worry over market access to China ........................................................................ 25
PM Narendra Modi launches Saur Sujala Yojana in Chhattisgarh ................................................. 25
India, Palestine ink MoU for setting up of Techno Park in Ramallah ........................................... 26
November 3, 2016 ............................................................................................................................................ 26
Union Government is developing National Data Registry ............................................................... 26
Sarabjit Singh Marwah becomes Canadas rst Sikh Senator ........................................................ 27
About Sarabjit Singh Marwah ................................................................................................................ 27
Pratul Joshi wins Bahrain International Challenge badminton tournament ................................. 27
Union Government appoints Bindheswar Pathak as brand ambassador of Swachh Rail Mission
................................................................................................................................................................ 28
About Bindheswar Pathak ....................................................................................................................... 28
MoU signed for enabling online submission of applications under PMAY .................................. 28
About Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana .................................................................................................... 29
Union Government extends duty drawback facility for textiles ...................................................... 29
IISER Researchers develop Gelator to scoop out marine oil spills ................................................. 29
Union Government imposes anti-dumping duty on imports of steel wire rods from China
................................................................................................................................................................ 30

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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

PM Narendra Modi inaugurate Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction


................................................................................................................................................................. 31
November 4, 2016 ............................................................................................................................................ 32
Rekha to be awarded DIFF Lifetime Achievement Award .............................................................. 32
About Rekha ............................................................................................................................................... 32
About Dubai International Film Festival (DIFF) ................................................................................. 32
Chinese scholar Xuan Zang stayed in Vijayawada to study Buddhist scriptures ......................... 32
Indias rst titanium project starts test production in Odisha .......................................................... 33
Maharashtra becomes rst state to launch cyber police stations in all districts .......................... 34
Paris Agreement on Climate Change enters into force .................................................................... 34
NASA completes construction of James Webb Space Telescope ................................................... 35
GST Council xes 4-rate structure ....................................................................................................... 37
MNRE issue bidding guidelines for setting up 1000 MW Wind Power Projects ........................ 39
Food Security Act implemented throughout country ....................................................................... 40
About National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 ............................................................................. 40
November 5, 2016 ........................................................................................................................................... 40
India, Venezuela sign deals to increase oil production ..................................................................... 40
Google ties up with ASI for virtual tour of monuments ................................................................... 41
About Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) ....................................................................................... 41
Andhra Pradesh tops World Banks energy-saving rankings ........................................................... 41
Latvia becomes rst Baltic Sea country to link with Chinas OBOR ............................................. 42
India-Bangladesh joint military exercise SAMPRITI-2016 begins .................................................. 42
November 5: World Tsunami Awareness Day ................................................................................... 43
Union Government launches Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan ................................ 44
India, UNISDR sign Statement of Cooperation on Sendai Framework ....................................... 44
About Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-30 ................................. 45
New Delhi Declaration, Asian Regional Plan adopted at AMCDRR 2016 .................................. 46
New Delhi Declaration of AMCDRR ................................................................................................... 46
Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework ............................................. 47
Indian Womens hockey team wins 2016 Asian Champions Trophy ........................................... 47
About Asian Hockey Champions Trophy ........................................................................................... 47
November 6, 7, 2016 ...................................................................................................................................... 47
HCC becomes rst rm to get debt recast under RBIs S4A Scheme ......................................... 47
Union Environment Ministry constitutes Four-Member team for Conservation of Loktak Lake
............................................................................................................................................................... 48
About Loktak Lake ................................................................................................................................... 49
DRDO inks MoU with IIT Delhi to establish JATC ......................................................................... 49
PM Narendra Modi to inaugurate PETROTECH 2016 ................................................................... 50
Indias Aniruddha Rajput elected to UNs International Law Commission .................................. 50
About Aniruddha Rajput .......................................................................................................................... 51
About International Law Commission (ILC) ....................................................................................... 51
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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

Anti-dumping duty on Metallurgical coke bane to steel industry: ISA .......................................... 51


PM Narendra Modi inaugurates rst International Agro-biodiversity Congress ........................ 52
India, Sri Lanka agree to form Joint Working Group on Fisheries to address shermen issue
................................................................................................................................................................ 52
RBI appoints M Rajeshwar Rao as new Executive Director ............................................................. 53
About M Rajeshwar Rao .......................................................................................................................... 53
India ranks second in global business optimism index: Report ....................................................... 53
CII launches Startup Mentorship Circle platform .............................................................................. 54
About Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) ................................................................................... 54
Scientists found palaeo-channel of lost Chandrabhaga River in Odisha ....................................... 54
November 8, 2016 ............................................................................................................................................ 55
Coradia iLint: Worlds rst zero-emissions hydrogen train unveiled in Germany ...................... 55
Uttarakhand High Court bans construction near glaciers in Uttarakhand ................................... 56
COP7 of WHO FCTC begins in Noida ............................................................................................... 57
128th birth anniversary of CV Raman observed ................................................................................ 58
About CV Raman ...................................................................................................................................... 58
NASAs MMS mission sets Guinness world record .......................................................................... 58
About Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mission .......................................................................... 59
Union Government puts ban on NDTV India on hold .................................................................... 60
Archaeologists plan to use LIDAR to study ancient Rajgir hills ...................................................... 61
India, UK ink two MoUs ......................................................................................................................... 62
China to block Indias bid for NSG membership .............................................................................. 63
Rs. 500, Rs. 1,000 notes no longer legal tender ............................................................................... 64
November 9, 2016 ........................................................................................................................................... 65
President Pranab Mukherjee presents Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam IGNITE Awards .......................... 65
About Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam IGNITE competition ........................................................................... 65
About National Innovation Foundation (NIF) .................................................................................... 65
Union Government appoints Praveen Kumar Sharma as CR, MD & CEO of CERSAI ............ 66
About Central Registry of Securitisation Asset Reconstruction and Security Interest of India
(CERSAI) ............................................................................................................................................ 66
Scientists discover water on metallic asteroid Psyche ....................................................................... 66
About Psyche Asteroid ............................................................................................................................ 67
9th International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines Meeting begins in New Delhi
............................................................................................................................................................... 67
About International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines (IRCH) .............................. 67
RBI issues new series of Rs 500 and Rs 2,000 currency notes ..................................................... 68
Indias rst LNG-powered bus rolled out in Kerala .......................................................................... 68
Union Government extends AFSPA in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh .............................. 69
Union Cabinet approves India-Japan MoU for Marine-Earth Science and Technology ........... 70
November 10, 2016 ......................................................................................................................................... 70
Donald Trump elected as 45th President of United States .............................................................. 71
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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

About Donald Trump ............................................................................................................................... 71


Chhattisgarh launches Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign to complete irrigation projects ............... 71
Kamala Harris becomes rst Indian-American to win US Senator seat ....................................... 72
About Kamala Harris ............................................................................................................................... 72
RBI issues clarications on Hedging for External Commercial Borrowings ................................ 72
Union Government launches Smart India Hackathon ...................................................................... 73
Union Government launches Healthy India Initiative magazine and No More Tension mobile
App ...................................................................................................................................................... 74
Union Government launches Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana for entrepreneurs .......................... 74
Delhi Declaration on Agrobiodiversity Management adopted ........................................................ 75
10 November: World Science Day for Peace and Development .................................................... 76
November 11, 2016 .......................................................................................................................................... 76
India should improve ports, logistics to boost exports: World Bank ............................................. 76
Guy Ryder re-elected as DG of ILO ..................................................................................................... 77
About International Labour Organization (ILO) ............................................................................... 77
Peru to host 2016 Asia-Pacic Economic Cooperation Summit .................................................... 78
About Asia-Pacic Economic Cooperation ......................................................................................... 78
India to host 2018 International Competition Network annual conference ................................ 78
About International Competition Network (ICN) ............................................................................ 79
Punjab Law Terminating Sutlej-Yamuna Link Agreement unconstitutional: SC ........................ 79
China successfully launches pulsar navigation satellite XPNAV-1 ................................................... 81
India and Japan Sign Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement ........................................................... 81
India, Japan ink ten agreements including civil nuclear deal ........................................................... 82
November 12, 2016 .......................................................................................................................................... 83
Professor Raj Bisaria selected for Kalidas Samman ........................................................................... 83
About Raj Bisaria ....................................................................................................................................... 83
About Kalidas Samman ........................................................................................................................... 84
SAIL wins 2016 Golden Peacock Award for corporate governance ............................................ 84
About Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) .................................................................................. 84
About Golden Peacock awards ............................................................................................................. 84
City Union Bank launches Indias rst banking robot Lakshmi in Chennai ................................ 84
High Level Meeting of Interior Ministers of IOR adopts Colombo declaration to Counter Drug
Trafcking .......................................................................................................................................... 85
Union Government unveils steps to boost cybersecurity ................................................................. 85
About CERT-In (Indian Computer Emergency Response Team) ................................................. 86
GoM recommends heavy ne and ban on celebrities endorsing products in misleading ads
............................................................................................................................................................... 86
November 13, 14, 2016 ................................................................................................................................... 87
Meng Hongwei elected as new INTERPOL President ..................................................................... 87
About INTERPOL ..................................................................................................................................... 88
PM Narendra Modi inaugurates International Conference on sugarcane value chain .............. 88
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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

About Vasantdada Sugar Institute (VSI) .............................................................................................. 88


India-Nepal Joint Training Exercise Surya Kiran culminates .......................................................... 88
Aditi Ashok becomes the rst to win womens Indian Open tournament .................................. 89
36th India International Trade Fair begins in New Delhi ............................................................... 89
November 12: World Pneumonia Day ................................................................................................. 90
Researchers isolate a bacterium in chicken transmitting multidrug resistant pathogen to humans
................................................................................................................................................................ 91
Termination clause in N-deal with Japan not binding on India: Government ............................. 91
CPEC becomes reality as Pakistan inaugurates Gwadar port ......................................................... 92
November 15, 2016 .......................................................................................................................................... 92
Padmini Rout wins 2016 National Women Premier Chess Championship .................................. 92
Biggest and brightest Supermoon observed ....................................................................................... 93
Special Task Force led by SS Mundra formed to recalibrate ATMs ............................................ 94
Facebook sets wireless world record by transmitting data at 20 Gbps ........................................ 95
2016 will be hottest year on record ...................................................................................................... 95
272 products registered as geographical indication so far .............................................................. 96
India, Israel ink two agreements ........................................................................................................... 97
November 16, 2016 ......................................................................................................................................... 98
India, ADB sign $500 million loan to build longest river bridge across Ganges River ............ 98
About Asian Development Bank (ADB) ............................................................................................. 98
CCEA hikes Minimum Support Price of wheat and pulses ............................................................. 99
Union Cabinet approves constitution of Special committee for inter-linking of rivers ............. 99
Maharashtra becomes rst state to adopt Fly Ash Utilization Policy ........................................... 100
India, China Joint Training Exercise Hand in Hand 2016 begins in Pune ................................... 101
20 nations sign framework agreement of International Solar Alliance ....................................... 101
About International Solar Alliance (ISA) ........................................................................................... 102
November 16: International Day for Tolerance ............................................................................... 102
Hunar Haat inaugurated at 2016 India International Trade Fair ................................................. 103
About USTTAD scheme ....................................................................................................................... 103
November 17, 2016 ........................................................................................................................................ 104
Pakistan conducts military exercise close to Indian border ........................................................... 104
CRPF for rst time deploys women commandos for anti-Naxal operations ............................. 104
About Central Reserve Police Force (CRFP) .................................................................................... 104
Indias combat-capable Rustom-II drone successfully completes maiden test ight ................ 105
Russia withdraws from International Criminal Court ..................................................................... 105
About International Criminal Court (ICC) ........................................................................................ 106
Doctors from Netherlands perform brain implant for the rst time in history ........................ 106
President launches National Student Startup Policy ........................................................................ 107
Steel Ministry to set up of Steel Research & Technology Mission of India ................................ 107
SC orders to constitute nodal agency to crack down sex selection ads ..................................... 108
About PCPNDT Act, 1994 ................................................................................................................... 108
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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

Supreme Court refuses to lift ban on Jallikattu ................................................................................ 109


Chinas Sunway Taihulight wins fastest supercomputer title ........................................................ 109
About Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer ........................................................................................ 110
November 18, 2016 .......................................................................................................................................... 111
Jammu and Kashmir Government launches Jhelum-Tawi Flood Recovery Project ................... 111
Iran becomes Indias top crude oil supplier ........................................................................................ 111
Scientists produce faster-growing crops by improving photosynthesis ....................................... 112
International Conference on Brucellosis 2016 inaugurated in New Delhi .................................. 113
About Brucellosis ...................................................................................................................................... 113
India is non-committal on market economy status for China ....................................................... 114
Indian Navy inducts 4 types of indigenously developed sonars ..................................................... 115
November 19, 2016 ......................................................................................................................................... 116
2016 Infosys Prize Winners ................................................................................................................... 116
About Infosys Prize .................................................................................................................................. 117
Quami Ekta Week (National Integration Week) 2016 .................................................................... 117
India and Cyprus ink Revised DTAA .................................................................................................. 118
India and UK sign three Bilateral Advance Pricing Agreements ................................................... 118
Jagdish Singh Khehar appointed executive chairman of NALSA .................................................. 119
About National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) ......................................................................... 119
COP22 adopts Marrakech Action Proclamation .............................................................................. 120
Tamil Nadu gets worlds rst salt-tolerant plant garden ................................................................. 121
Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia receives 2016 Sumitra Charat Ram Award .................................. 122
About Pandit Hari Prasad Chourasia ................................................................................................... 122
About Sumitra Charat Ram Award ..................................................................................................... 122
November 19: World Toilet Day .......................................................................................................... 122
About World Toilet Day ........................................................................................................................ 123
Income Tax Department to launch Project Insight in May 2017 ................................................. 123
November 20, 21, 2016 ................................................................................................................................. 124
NASA launches Next Generation Weather Satellite GOES-R ....................................................... 124
Kenyas Eliud Kipchoge wins 2016 Delhi Half Marathon .............................................................. 125
PV Sindhu wins 2016 China Open Super Series Premier title ....................................................... 125
Union Government launches Pehchan identity cards for artisans ................................................ 126
47th International Film Festival of India begins in Goa ................................................................. 126
About International Film Festival of India (IFFI) .............................................................................. 127
China launches worlds longest super-secure quantum communication line ............................ 127
Scientists develop Zika replicon system to develop vaccines ......................................................... 128
16 of 22 PSBs skip paying dividends to Government due to mounting NPAs .......................... 128
Thailands Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn conferred with rst World Sanskrit Award ..... 129
About Maha Chakri Sirindhorn ........................................................................................................... 129
About World Sanskrit Award ............................................................................................................... 129
RBI proposes Islamic window in conventional banks ..................................................................... 130
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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

PM Narendra Modi launches Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana ......................................... 130
India elected as new vice chair of Kimberly Process for 2018 ....................................................... 131
About Kimberly Process Certicate Scheme (KPCS) ...................................................................... 131
Twin trial of Prithvi-II missile successfully conducted ..................................................................... 132
About Prithvi-II missile ........................................................................................................................... 132
November 22, 2016 ........................................................................................................................................ 132
Scientists discover Super Earth like exoplanet GJ 536b .................................................................. 132
India ranks 20th on 2017 Climate Change Performance Index ................................................... 133
Indias longest expressway inaugurated in Uttar Pradesh ............................................................... 134
Stealth Guided missile destroyer INS Chennai commissioned into Indian Navy ....................... 135
About Project 15A ................................................................................................................................... 135
India becomes Associate Member of CERN ..................................................................................... 136
About European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) ...................................................... 136
Radhika Menon becomes rst woman to receive IMOs Exceptional Bravery award at Sea
.............................................................................................................................................................. 137
About Radhika Menon ........................................................................................................................... 137
Union Government constitutes committee to assess the status of demonetisation drive ........ 138
Gaganjeet Bhullar wins Indonesia Open ............................................................................................ 138
November 23, 2016 ........................................................................................................................................ 138
Veteran Carnatic Music exponent M Balamuralikrishna passes away ......................................... 138
About Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna ........................................................................................... 139
Pankaj Patel elected as FICCI President for 2017 ............................................................................ 139
About Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) ............................ 139
Indias wealth rises and also disparity: Credit Suisse Report ......................................................... 140
India, Switzerland sign Joint Declaration for implementing AEOI ............................................... 140
Portugal Prime Minister Antonio Costa to be Chief Guest of 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas
............................................................................................................................................................... 141
About Antonio Costa .............................................................................................................................. 141
About Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) ................................................................................................. 142
Nuclear capable Agni-I ballistic missile successfully test-red ...................................................... 142
About Agni-I missile ............................................................................................................................... 142
China agrees to import rice from 17 mills in India .......................................................................... 143
RBI doubles cap on PPIs to Rs. 20,000 ............................................................................................. 144
Renowned Scientist MGK Menon passes away ................................................................................ 145
About M.G.K. Menon ............................................................................................................................ 145
Defence Ministry to relook at defence blacklist guidelines ............................................................ 146
November 24, 2016 ....................................................................................................................................... 146
Andhra Pradesh Government launches water distribution monitoring portal .......................... 146
5th International Tourism Mart begins in Imphal, Manipur ......................................................... 146
Malini Subramaniam honoured with International Press Freedom Award ................................ 147
About International Press Freedom Award (IPFA) ......................................................................... 147
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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

Yudhvir Singh Malik appointed as new Chairman of NHAI ......................................................... 148


About National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) ................................................................... 148
NABARD to disburse Rs 21,000 crore to farmers for Rabi Season ............................................ 148
About National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) .............................. 149
IAFs Upgraded Jaguar DARIN III aircraft receives IOC ............................................................... 149
Indian-American Nikki Haley named as US ambassador to UN .................................................. 150
About Nikki Haley .................................................................................................................................. 150
China successfully launches fourth data satellite Tianlian I-04 ...................................................... 151
Airtel launches Indias rst Payments Bank service in Rajasthan ................................................... 151
SEBI eases rules for angel funds ........................................................................................................... 152
Himalayan hydro power projects face ood risk .............................................................................. 153
CCEA approves setting up of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas in 62 uncovered districts .......... 153
November 25, 2016 ........................................................................................................................................ 154
IBBI noties two regulations under Bankruptcy Code ................................................................... 154
Colombia Government, FARC rebels sign revised Peace Agreement .......................................... 155
Union Cabinet approves introduction of Merchant Shipping Bill, 2016 ..................................... 156
Union Government imposes safeguard duty on certain steel imports ......................................... 157
India ranks 138 in 2016 ICT Development Index ........................................................................... 157
25 November: International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women ................... 159
India hosts World Robot Olympiad for the rst time ..................................................................... 160
About World Robot Olympiad ............................................................................................................. 160
November 26, 2016 ....................................................................................................................................... 160
Co-creator of MiG-29 Fighter Jet Ivan Mikoyan passes away ..................................................... 160
About Ivan Mikoyan ............................................................................................................................... 160
About MiG-29 ghter jet ....................................................................................................................... 161
Veteran journalist Dileep Padgaonkar passes away .......................................................................... 161
About Dileep Padgaonkar ...................................................................................................................... 161
Upma Chowdhary named rst woman director of LBSNAA ........................................................ 161
About Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) ........................... 162
Scientists develop articial human lung model using 3D printing ............................................... 162
Indian Railways to introduce Tri-Netra to check collisions ........................................................... 162
Union Government constitutes Amitabh Kant Committee to push cashless transactions ...... 163
Indian Navys seventh landing craft utility L-57 launched by GRSE ........................................... 164
November 26: Constitution day .......................................................................................................... 164
Cubas former President Fidel Castro passes away .......................................................................... 165
About Fidel Castro .................................................................................................................................. 165
Rajasthan Government to launch Annapurna Rasoi Programme to provide quality meal at cheap
price ................................................................................................................................................... 166
26 November: National Milk Day ....................................................................................................... 166
About Dr.Verghese Kurien ................................................................................................................... 167
Supreme Court bans sale of recrackers in Delhi-NCR ................................................................ 167

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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

Union Government launches AirSewa website and app to track ights, register complaints
.............................................................................................................................................................. 168
November 27, 28, 2016 ................................................................................................................................ 168
Noted Marathi author Anand Yadav passes away ........................................................................... 168
Sachin Singh wins gold medal at the AIBA Youth World Championships ................................ 169
RBI introduces incremental CRR to manage excess liquidity in banking system ...................... 169
Lt. Gen. Qamar Bajwa appointed Pakistan Army chief .................................................................. 170
About Lt. Gen. Qamar Bajwa ............................................................................................................... 170
51st Annual DGPs Conference held in Hyderabad ........................................................................... 171
Government launches e-Pashuhaat portal to connect farmers and breeders of bovine animals
............................................................................................................................................................... 171
India hosts golden jubilee celebrations of UNCITRAL in New Delhi .......................................... 172
About United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) ....................... 172
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board sets up two advisory committees .......................................... 173
About IBBI ................................................................................................................................................ 173
WHO settles India, EU medicine dispute issue .................................................................................. 173
November 29, 2016 ....................................................................................................................................... 175
PM Narendra Modi launches Indian Police at Your Call mobile app .......................................... 175
Andhra Pradesh CM N Chandrababu Naidu to head CMs Committee on Demonetisation
.............................................................................................................................................................. 175
Iranian lm Daughter wins Golden Peacock award at 47 IFFI ................................................... 176
Akodara becomes Indias rst Digital Village ................................................................................... 176
Union Government introduces Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 .................... 177
November 30, 2016 ....................................................................................................................................... 178
Lt General AK Bhatt appointed as new DGMO .............................................................................. 178
Union Government to introduce Direct Transfer of Fertilizer Subsidy ...................................... 178
Gross NPAs of PSBs touch over 6 lakh crores in July-September 2016 ................................... 179
Asias rst cycle highway inaugurated in Uttar Pradesh ................................................................. 180
Sex Ratio at Birth at decline in India: CRS data ............................................................................... 180
Worst coral die-off recorded at Australias Great Barrief Reef ...................................................... 181
About the Great Barrier Reef ............................................................................................................... 182
ISRO drones help to map disasters in north-east ............................................................................. 182
About North-Eastern Space Applications Centre (NE-SAC) ........................................................ 183
Industries should use recycled groundwater: Water Ministry ....................................................... 183
Compendium of Multiple Choice Questions ............................................................................................. 184

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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

Month Highlights: November, 2016


Persons in news Appointments / Elections
Sushil Chandra
Senior Indian Revenue Service (IRS) officer Sushil Chandra took over as chairman of the
Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak
The Union Ministry of Railways has appointed Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak (73), the founder
of Sulabh International as a Brand Ambassador for Swachh Rail Mission of Indian Railway.
Sarabjit Singh Marwah
India born Sarabjit Singh Marwah has become the first Sikh to be appointed to the Canadian
Senate (upper house).
Aniruddha Rajput
Indian lawyer, Aniruddha Rajput (33) has been elected as a member International Law
Commission (ILC), a top body of legal experts of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
M Rajeshwar Rao
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has appointed M Rajeshwar Rao as Executive Director (ED)
following voluntary retirement of G Mahalingam.
Praveen Kumar Sharma
The Union Government has appointed Praveen Kumar Sharma as the Central Registrar
(CR), Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Central Registry of
Securitisation Asset Reconstruction and Security Interest of India (CERSAI).
Kamala Harris
Californias Attorney General Kamala Harris (51) created history by becoming the first India-
American to win the US Senate (upper chamber) seat from the state.
Donald Trump
Real estate mogul-turned politician and Republican Party candidate Donald Trump (70) was
elected as 45th President of United States of America (USA).
Guy Ryder
Guy Ryder from United Kingdom has been re-elected Director-General of the International
Labour Organisation (ILO) for a second five-year term.
Meng Hongwei
Meng Hongwei, high-level police official from China has been elected as the new President of
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL).
Jagdish Singh Khehar
The Union government has appointed Jagdish Singh Khehar, a judge of the Supreme Court,
as the new Executive Chairman of the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA).
Pankaj Patel
Pankaj Patel was elected as the President of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and
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Current Aairs: November 2016 [Date-wise Compendium]

Industry (FICCI) for the year 2017.


Antnio Costa
Antnio Costa (54), the Indian origin Prime Minister of Portugal will be the chief guest at the
14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) Convention.
Yudhvir Singh Malik
The Union Government has appointed Yudhvir Singh Malik as the Chairman of National
Highways Authority of India (NHAI).
Nikki Haley
US President-elect Donald Trump has named Indian-American Governor of South Carolina
State, Nikki Haley (44) for the high-profile post of US ambassador to the United Nations.
Prof. M G K Menon
Acclaimed high energy particle physicist and an institution builder of Indian science Prof. M
G K Menon passed away.
Upma Chowdhary
Upma Chowdhary was appointed as new Director of Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of
Administration (LBSNAA) at Mussoorie.
Lt. Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa
Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa was appointed Pakistans new army chief (or Chief of Army Staff
, COAS).
A K Bhatt
The Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) has appointed Lt-General A K Bhatt as the
new director-general of military operations (DGMO).
Government Policy and Schemes
Madhubabu Aain Sahayata Sibir
Odisha government has launched Madhubabu Aain Sahayata Sibir (MASS) scheme to provide
legal assistance to deprived sections of the society at the grassroots level.
Kerala
Kerala became the third Open Defecation Free state in the country after Sikkim and Himachal
Pradesh under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) (Gramin).
National Data Registry (NDR)
Union Government is developing National Data Registry (NDR) to compile and serve
metadata of different agencies and re-engineer feature data sets for improving their use.
Saur Sujala Yojana
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Saur Sujala Yojana that would provide solar
powered irrigation pumps to farmers at a subsidized price.
Maharashtra
Maharashtra became the first state in the country to have a cyber-police station in each
district to take on cyber criminals.
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Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan


The Union Government launched Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) to
provide free health check-ups to pregnant women at government health centres and
hospitals.
New Delhi Declaration
The 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) adopted
New Delhi Declaration and Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai
Framework.
Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign
Chhattisgarh Government has launched Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign to complete the
irrigation projects that could not be completed.
Smart India Hackathon 2017
The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has launched Smart
India Hackathon 2017. It is the worlds largest digital national building initiative.
New Delhi Declaration on Agrobiodiversity Management
The first International Agrobiodiversity Congress (IAC) held in New Delhi has adopted New
Delhi Declaration on Agrobiodiversity Management.
Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana (PMYY)
The Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has launched
of Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana (PMYY) to scale up an ecosystem of entrepreneurship for
youngsters.
Maharashtra
Maharashtra became the first state in the country to adopt the Fly Ash Utilization Policy. It
was approved by state cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis.
Hunar Haat
The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs for the first time had
inaugurated Hunar Haat (Skill Haat) at India International Trade Fair (2016)
at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi.
National Student Startup Policy (NSSP)
President Pranab Mukherjee launched the National Student Startup Policy (NSSP) to promote
technology-driven student start-ups.
Jhelum-Tawi flood recovery project
Jammu and Kashmir Government has launched Jhelum-Tawi flood recovery project to give
push to the reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure post-2014 floods in the state.
Project Insight
The Income Tax department is planning to implement the first phase of Project Insight from
May 2017 to monitor high value transactions, with a view to curbing the circulation of black
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money.
Pehchan identity cards
Union textile Minister Smriti Irani launched a scheme of Pehchan identity cards to artisans in
Ahmedabad.
Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched
the Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana (PMAY-G), flagship housing for all scheme in Agra,
Uttar Pradesh.
Smart Water Distribution Monitoring
Andhra Pradesh Government has launched the Smart Water Distribution Monitoring web
interface. The monitoring portal is a part of ourvmc.org from where it can be accessed.
Amitabh Kant Committee
The Union Government has constituted a new committee to form a strategy to expedite the
process of transforming India into a cashless economy.
Annapurna Rasoi Programme
Rajasthan Government has decided to start Annapurna Rasoi Programme to provide quality
meal at cheap and affordable price to people belonging to the weaker section and labourers.
AirSewa website and app
The Union Ministry of Civil Aviation launched AirSewa website and app to track flights,
register complaints to offer people a convenient and hassle-free air travel experience.
e-Pashuhaat portal
The Union Agriculture & Farmers Welfare launched e-pashuhaat portal to connect farmers
and breeders of bovine animals.
Indian Police at Your Call App
Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently had launched the Indian Police at Your Call mobile
app at a national police conference held in Hyderabad. It was organised by the Intelligence
Bureau (IB).
Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana, 2016
It seeks to attract more people to disclose their unaccounted cash and also to put in a
framework in place to use that for the welfare of the people especially in the rural areas.
Science, Technology & Environment
Gelator
Researchers from Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER)
Thiruvananthapuram have developed a compound named gelator to scoop out marine oil
spills.
James Webb Space Telescope
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has completed the construction

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of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) after more than 20 years of work.
Paris Agreement on Climate Change
The Paris Agreement to combat climate change officially entered into force after 55 parties to
the convention accounting for at least 55% of total GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions ratified
it.
Loktak Lake
The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has constituted
a four-member team for conservation and management of Loktak Lake in Manipur.
Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission
NASAs Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission has set the Guinness world record for
highest altitude fix of a Global Positioning System (GPS) signal.
Metallic asteroid Psyche
Scientists have detected the presence of water on Psyche, the largest metallic asteroid in our
solar system.
Indias first LNG bus
Indias first eco-friendly liquefied natural gas (LNG)-driven bus was launched in
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
XPNAV-1 Satellite
China has successfully launched experimental X-ray pulsar navigation satellite XPNAV-1. It
is the worlds first pulsar navigation satellite or spacecraft.
Lakshmi
Indias first banking robot named Lakshmi was launched by the Kumbakonam-based City
Union Bank (CUB) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Lakshmi will be first on-site huamanoid (robot)
in India.
Chinas Sunway Taihulight
Chinas Sunway Taihulight has won the fastest supercomputer title in the recently released
48th edition of Top500 list of supercomputers.
Marrakech Action Proclamation
The COP22 to the UNFCC, 12th session of COP of Parties to Kyoto Protocol (CMP 12), and
first session of COP of Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1) were held in Marrakech,
Morocco. Nearly 200 nations attending the COP22 to the UNFCC have adopted Marrakech
Action Proclamation for Our Climate and Sustainable Development.
Genetic Garden of Halophytes
The worlds first Genetic Garden of Halophytes (naturally occurring salt-tolerant plants) was
inaugurated at the coastal town of Vedaranyam in Tamil Nadu.
GOES-R Satellite
The NASA has successfully launched highly advanced geostationary weather satellite
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Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R).


Zika replicon system
Scientists have developed Zika replicon system, a novel tool to replicate the Zika virus by
stripping it of the genes that make the virus infectious.
Super-secure quantum communication line
China has launched worlds longest super-secure quantum communication line connecting
Hefei, capital of Anhui province to Shanghai, the countrys financial hub.
Exoplanet GJ 536b
Scientists have discovered a new super Earth type exoplanet named as GJ 536b orbiting a
very bright star near to our Sun.
Climate Change Performance Index
India was placed at the 20th rank among the 58 countries on the 2017 Climate Change
Performance Index (CCPI).
India: associate member of CERN
India became an associate member of the European Organisation for Nuclear Research
(CERN), the worlds largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory.
Tianlian I-04
China has successfully launched its fourth data satellite named Tianlian I-04. The satellite will
join its three predecessors to achieve global network operation.
Tri-Netra
Indian Railways will soon introduce Tri-Netra (terrain imaging for diesel drivers infrared,
enhanced optical and radar assisted) system on its trains to reduce train accidents.
Events & Observances
Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on
Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) in New Delhi.
November 5: World Tsunami Awareness Day
The First World Tsunami Awareness Day was observed across the world on 5 November
2016 to spread awareness among people across the world about Tsunami.
Petrotech-2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the 12th edition of International Oil and Gas
Conference and Exhibition Petrotech-2016 in New Delhi on 5 December 2016.
International Agro-biodiversity Congress
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first International Agro-biodiversity
Congress in New Delhi.
COP7 of WHO FCTC
The 7th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP7) to the WHO Framework
Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) started in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.
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Birth anniversary of CV Raman observed


The 128th birth anniversary of Nobel laureate Bharat Ratna Sir CV Raman was observed on
November 7, 2016.
International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines Meeting
The 9th Annual Meeting of International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines
(IRCH) was inaugurated in New Delhi.
10 November: World Science Day for Peace and Development
The World Science Day for Peace and Development is observed on 10 November 2016 across
the world to raise awareness of benefits of science in our daily life.
International Competition Network
The Competition Commission of India (CCI) was selected as the host the 2018 International
Competition Network (ICN) in New Delhi in MarchApril 2018.
Colombo declaration
The High Level Meeting of Interior Ministers of Indian Ocean Region (IOR) to Counter
Drug Trafficking was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka. It had adopted Colombo declaration.
International Conference and Exhibition on Sugarcane Value Chain
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the International Conference and Exhibition on
Sugarcane Value Chain Vision 2025 Sugar in Pune, Maharashtra.
November 12: World Pneumonia Day
The World Pneumonia Day is observed globally every year on November 12 to generate
awareness about the pneumonia disease.
India International Trade Fair
The 36th edition of India International Trade Fair (IITF) was held at Pragati Maidan, New
Delhi. It will be held from 14th to 18th November 2016.
16 November: International Day for Tolerance
The International Day for Tolerance is observed globally on 16 November to generate public
awareness of the dangers of intolerance.
International Conference on Brucellosis 2016
The International Conference on Brucellosis 2016 and the 69th meeting of the International
Society on Brucellosis was inaugurated in New Delhi.
Qaumi Ekta Week
The Qaumi Ekta Week (National Integration Week) was observed all over the country from
19th to 25th November, 2016.
November 19: World Toilet Day
The World Toilet Day is observed every year across the world on 19 November to raise
awareness and inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis.
47th International Film Festival of India
The 47th edition of the International Film Festival of India (IFFI) began in Goa. It is one of
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Asias oldest and Indias biggest film festival.


International Tourism Mart
The fifth International Tourism Mart has begun in Imphal, Manipur. It will be held between
23 25 November 2016.
World Robot Olympiad
India hosted the 13th edition of the World Robot Olympiad on the sidelines of trade fair in
New Delhi. This is for first time India hosted World Robot Olympiad.
25 November: International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (IDEVAW) is
observed every year across the world on 25 November.
26 November: Constitution day
The Samvidhan Diwas or the Constitution Day of India is being observed on 26th November
to spread awareness of Indian Constitution.
26 November: National Milk Day
The National Milk Day (NMD) was observed on 26 November is to mark birth
anniversary Dr.Verghese Kurien, father of the White Revolution in India.
Defence Related
Surya Kiran
The tenth edition of Indo-Nepal joint military exercise Surya Kiran commenced at Army
Battle School, Saljhandi in Nepal.
SAMPRITI-2016
The seventh edition of India-Bangladesh joint military exercise SAMPRITI-2016 has
commenced to practise counter-terrorism and disaster-management operations.
Arunachal Pradesh
The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has extended the Armed Forces Special Powers
Act (AFSPA) in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh.
Hand in Hand 2016
The sixth edition of India-China Joint Training Exercise Hand in Hand 2016 has started in
Pune, Maharashtra.
Raad ul Barq
Pakistan conducted Raad ul Barq (Strike of Thunder) military exercise in a strategically located
area in Punjab province, bordering India.
Rustom-II
Indias indigenously developed long-endurance combat-capable drone, Rustom-II (TAPAS
201) successfully completed its maiden-flight.
4 types of indigenously developed sonars inducted
The Indian Navy has inducted four types of indigenously developed sonars that will boost its

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underwater surveillance capability. They are Abhay, Humsa UG, AIDSS, NACS.
Prithvi-II missile
The twin trial of surface-to-surface nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile was successfully
conducted by the India Army from a test range at Chandipur in Odisha.
INS Chennai
INS Chennai, a Kolkata-class stealth Guided missile destroyer ship was commissioned into
Indian Navys combat fleet by Defence minister Manohar Parrikar in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Agni-I missile
The indigenously built nuclear capable Agni-I ballistic missile was successfully test-fired from
a test range off Odisha coast, as part of a user trial by India Army.
Upgraded Jaguar DARIN III
The upgraded Jaguar DARIN III twin-seat aircraft has received Initial Operation Clearance
(IOC). It is considered as a significant milestone for the countrys military aviation sector.
LCU L-57
Indian Navys seventh landing craft utility (LCU) L-57 was launched by Garden Reach
Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE) in Kolkata, West Bengal.
Awards
Rekha
Veteran Bollywood actress and Rajya Sabha MP Rekha will be honoured by the upcoming
Dubai International Film Festival (DIFF) with a Lifetime Achievement Award.
Prof Raj Bisaria
Madhya Pradesh Government has selected renowned theatre personality Prof Raj Bisaria for
the prestigious Kalidas Samman national award for 2015-16.
SAIL
The Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) has won the prestigious 2016 Golden Peacock
Award for Corporate Governance.
Infosys Prize 2016
The Infosys Science Foundation (ISF) has announced six winners of the Infosys Prize 2016 in
the six different categories of the award.
Engineering and Computer Science:Kumaran.
Humanities:Sunil Amrith.
Life Sciences:Gagandeep Kang.
Mathematical Sciences:Akshay Venkatesh.
Physical Sciences:Anil Bhardwaj.
Social Sciences:Kaivan Munshi.
Pandit Hari Prasad Chourasia
Noted flautist Pandit Hari Prasad Chourasia (78) was conferred 2016 Sumitra Charat Ram
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Award for lifetime achievement in the field of Indian classical music.


Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
Thailands Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn was presented with the first World Sanskrit
Award for her exemplary contribution for the promotion of the language for the year 2015.
Radhika Menon
Captain Radhika Menon was awarded with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO)
award for Exceptional Bravery at Sea.
Malini Subramaniam
Indian journalist Malini Subramaniam was conferred with the 2016 International Press
Freedom Award.
Iranian film Daughter
Iranian film Daughter has won the coveted Golden Peacock award at the 47th International
Film Festival of India (IFFI).
Finance, Business and Economy
Maharashtra
Maharashtra has been ranked first state in the country in 2016 Agricultural Marketing and
Farmer Friendly Reforms Index.
India
India has been ranked 133rd out of 183 countries in the 2016 Global Youth Development
Index (YDI) compiled by the Commonwealth Secretariat.
Andhra Pradesh, Telangana
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have jointly topped the Ease of Doing Business Reforms
Ranking 2015-16.
Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh has been ranked number one in the World Banks Energy Efficiency
Implementation Readiness.
Hindustan Construction Company
Construction major Hindustan Construction Company (HCC) became Indias first firm to get
debt recast under RBIs new Scheme for Sustainable Structuring of Stressed Assets (S4A).
Startup Mentorship Circle
The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has launched Startup Mentorship Circle, a
unique platform to help in connecting start-ups with the global marketplace.
India
As per recently released report, India was ranked second in the global business optimism
index during the third quarter (July-September 2016).
Steel Research & Technology Mission of India
Ministry of Steel is planning to set up Steel Research & Technology Mission of India
(SRTMI) to facilitate joint collaborative research projects in the iron and steel sector in India.
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Iran
Iran for the first time ever has surpassed Saudi Arabia to become Indias top crude oil
supplier.
Airtel Bank
Airtel Payments Bank Limited or Airtel Bank became the first payments bank in the country
to launch live banking services in Rajasthan.
2016 ICT Development Index
India has been ranked 138th in the 2016 ICT Development Index out of a total of 175
countries. In 2015, India ranked 135th position.
Sports
Pratul Joshi
Indian shuttler Pratul Joshi has won the Bahrain International Challenge badminton
tournament in the mens singles category.
India
Indian Womens hockey team has won the 2016 Asian Champions Trophy held in Singapore.
Aditi Ashok
Teen golf sensation Aditi Ashok (18) became the first Indian woman to win a Ladies
European Tour title.
Padmini Rout
International Master Padmini Rout has won the 2016 National Women Premier Chess
Championship.
Eliud Kipchoge
Kenyas Olympic marathon champion Eliud Kipchoge has won the mens race in Delhi Half
Marathon. Ethiopias Worknesh Degefa won the womens title.
PV Sindhu
Indias ace shuttler and Olympic silver medalist PV Sindhu has won the $700,000 2016 China
Open Super Series title in womens category.
Gaganjeet Bhullar
Ace Indian Golfrer Gaganjeet Bhullar has won the US $ 300,000 BANK BRI-JCB Indonesia
Open for the second time in his career.
Sachin Singh
Indian boxer Sachin Singh won the gold medal at the AIBA (International Boxing
Association) Youth World Championships in the 49 kg weight class.
Persons in news: Died
Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna
Legendary carnatic music vocalist, playback singer and
composer Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna passed away.

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Dileep Padgaonkar
Eminent Journalist and intellectual Dileep Padgaonkar passed away in Pune, Maharashtra
after brief illness.
Ivan Mikoyan
Russian aircraft designer and co-creator of the MiG-29 fighter jet Ivan Mikoyan passed away.
Fidel Castro
Cubas former president and leader of the Communist revolution Fidel Castro passed away
due to old age. He was 90.
Anand Yadav
Noted Marathi author Anand Yadav passed away in Pune, Maharashtra. He was 80.
Miscellaneous Terms and Facts
International Solar Alliance (ISA)
Over 20 countries, including India, Brazil and France have signed the framework agreement
of the International Solar Alliance (ISA).
Kimberly Process Certificate Scheme
India has been elected as the vice chair for 2018 and chair for 2019 of the Kimberly Process
Certificate Scheme (KPCS).
Merchant Shipping Bill, 2016
The Union Cabinet has approved introduction of the Merchant Shipping Bill, 2016 in the
Parliament. The bill is a revamped version of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958.
Colombia Government, FARC rebels sign revised Peace Agreement
Colombian Government has signed revised peace agreement with the countrys largest rebel
movement, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
November 1, 2016
Union Government notifies rules for Real Estate Act for five UTs
November 1, 2016
The Union Ministry of Housing has notified the Real Estate (Regulation and Development)
(General) Rules, 2016, to be applicable to the five Union Territories.
These five Union Territories are Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu,
Lakshadweep and Chandigarh.
Key Facts
These Rules have been notified as stipulated in the Real Estate (Regulation & Development)
Act, 2016 for ensuring timely completion of projects in five Union Territories
As per provisions of the Act, Real Estate Regulatory Authorities (RERA) and Real Estate
Appellate Tribunals (REAT) have to be set up by the end of April, 2017.
The Rules provide for compounding of punishment with imprisonment for violation of the
orders of REAT against payment of 10% of project cost in case of developers and 10% of the
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cost of property purchased in case of allottees and agents.


Real Estate (Regulation & Development) Act, 2016
The Real Estate Act that seeks to regulate the housing sector besides bringing transparency and
ensuring timely completion of projects. The law is touted as a major reform measure to regulate the
vast real estate sector. It requires registration of all projects with state-level Real Estate Regulatory
Authorities to ensure protection of the interests of both buyers and builders.
Sushil Chandra takes charge as CBDT chairman
November 1, 2016
Senior Indian Revenue Service (IRS) officer Sushil Chandra took over as chairman of the Central
Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT).
He succeed Rani Singh Nair who retired from service. Chandra is a 1980-batch officer of Indian
Revenue Service. Prior to this appointment he was working in the board as Member (Investigation).
About Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)
CBDT is nodal policy-making body of the Income Tax (IT) department under the Union
Finance Ministry.
It is a statutory authority established under The Central Board of Revenue Act, 1963. The
composition of CBDT includes Chairman and six members.
It is responsible for framing policy and administrative issues related to direct taxes and the
Income Tax department.
More differently abled attend schools than before: 2011 Census
November 1, 2016
According to recently released new 2011 census data, nearly two-thirds of the disabled population in
the age-group of 5-19 in 2011 were attending educational institutions.
It was mentioned in the table C-22 of census which gives distribution of the disabled population in
the age-group 5-19 by their attendance status in educational institution, type of disability, sex, age
and residence.
Highlights of the table C-22 of census
As many as 40.2 lakh (61.2%) out of the total of 65.7 lakh disabled population in the specified
age group were attending educational institutions in 2011.
Besides, 8.0 lakh (12.1%) had attended educational institutions earlier and 17.5 lakh (26.7%)
never had attended any educational institutions.
The census shows improvement of 11% points from 2001 when 33 lakh (50%) of the 65.3
lakh differently abled persons had attended educational institutions.
The enrolment figure is 10% points lower than that of the total population 71% attending
educational institutions.

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27% of the disabled people in the age group of 5-19 have never attended any educational
institute.
Data show those who reported to have any other disability has the highest percentage
(71.2%) of the people attending any educational institution.
This was followed by those having visual disability (68%) and hearing difficulty (67%),
Movement (59.6%), Speech (58.9%), Mental retardation (47.2%), Multiple disability (37.2%)
and Mental illness (34.1%).

Maharashtra tops in 2016 Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index of NITI
Aayog
November 1, 2016
Maharashtra has been ranked first state in the country in 2016 Agricultural Marketing and Farmer
Friendly Reforms Index.
The first-ever index based on initiatives taken by the states in implementing farm sector reforms was
issued by the NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog.
What is Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index?
The index ranks states based on their initiatives taken in implementing provision of seven
farm sector reforms.
These reforms have been proposed under model APMC Act, joining eNAM initiative, special
treatment to fruits and vegetables for marketing and level of taxes in mandis.
States are ranked based on score on the scale ranging from 0 to 100. The minimum score of 0
implies no reforms at all and score of 100 means state is friendliest to farmers.
The index identifies three major parameters. They are (i) reforms in agricultural marketing,
(ii) land lease and (iii) forestry on private land.
What is purpose of the index?
The index aims at helping states identify and address problems in farm sector, which suffers
from low growth, low incomes and agrarian distress to double farm income.
It also seeks to bring reform in agriculture sector by ease of doing agribusiness as well as
provide opportunities for farmers to benefit from modern trade and commerce.
The various indicators of index showcases the levels of competitiveness, efficiency and
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transparency in agriculture markets of the states.


Key Highlights of 2016 Index
Top 5 States are Maharashtra (score 81.7), Gujarat (71.5), Rajasthan (70), Madhya Pradesh
(69.5) and Haryana (63.3).
Maharashtra has implemented most of the marketing reforms and offers the best
environment for doing agribusiness among all states and UTs.
Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, West Bengal, Assam, Jharkhand and Tamil Nadu performed poorly
and not even have reached the halfway score mark of 50.
Some states/UTs that have not adopted APMC Act or revoked it are not included in the
ranking. They include Bihar, Kerala, Manipur, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli,
Andaman and Nicobar.
Rankings and score of states

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10th Indo-Nepal joint military exercise Surya Kiran commences


November 1, 2016
The tenth edition of Indo-Nepal joint military exercise Surya Kiran commenced at Army Battle
School, Saljhandi in Nepal. Its emphasis will be on counter terrorism in mountainous terrain.
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The two weeks (from 31 October to 13 November 2016) military exercise seeks to boost defence ties
between India and Nepal.
Key Facts
In this edition of Joint Battalion Level Exercise, Indian Army is being represented by elite
Kumaon Regiment, while Nepal Army is being represented by Jabar Jung Battalion.
The aim of exercise is to conduct battalion level joint training with emphasis on Counter
Terrorism in mountainous terrain. Besides, aspects of Disaster Management have also been
included in the exercise.
It will platform for the contingent of both nations to share their experience and gain
mutually. Thus, it will enhance defence co-operation and relations between two nations.
Background
The Surya Kiran series of military exercises are being conducted annually, alternatively in India and
Nepal. Surya Kiran series of military exercises with Nepal is largest in terms of troops participation
in series of military training exercises undertaken by India with various countries.
Andhra Pradesh, Telangana top Ease of Doing Business list
November 1, 2016
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have jointly topped the Ease of Doing Business Reforms Ranking
2015-16.
The ranking of the states was conducted by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion
(DIPP) and the World Bank.
How states were ranked?
States were ranked on their implementation of DIPP-proposed 340-point Business Reform
Action Plan in period between July 2015 and June 2016.
They were rated based on their score in the per cent scale i.e. implementation rate regarding
the 340 reform measures.
These 340 reform areas are broadly under six key categories: tax reforms, single-window
systems, environment and labour reforms, construction permits, inspection reforms and
commercial disputes and paper-less courts.
32 States and UTs had submitted evidence of implementation of 7,124 reforms. These
submissions were reviewed by the World Bank team and validated by the DIPP.
Key Highlights of the 2016 rankings
Top 10 states: Andhra Pradesh (Score 98.78%), Telangana (98.78%), Gujarat (98.21%),
Chhattisgarh (97.32%), Madhya Pradesh (97.01%), Haryana (96.95%), Jharkhand (96.57%),
Rajasthan (96.43%), Uttarakhand (96.13%) and Maharashtra (92.86).
The national implementation average of reforms stands at 48.93%, significantly higher than
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2015 national average of 32. This demonstrates the great progress made by States in 2016.
Low-income States: Four of seven States with lowest income levels in India had found a
place in top 10. All seven such lowest income levels states had an implementation rate of over
75%.
These low-income States included Chhattisgarh (97.32%, 4th rank), Madhya Pradesh
(97.01%, 5th rank), Jharkhand (96.57%, 7th), Rajasthan (96.43% and 8th), Odisha (92.73%,
11th), Uttar Pradesh (84.52%, 14th), and Bihar (75.82%, 16th rank).
12 states were ranked as leaders with 90-100% implementation record. 17 states and UTs,
including Kerala, Goa and most north-eastern states, were ranked as laggards with 0-40%
implementation record.

Odisha Government launches Madhubabu Aain Sahayata Sibir Scheme


November 1, 2016
Odisha government has launched Madhubabu Aain Sahayata Sibir (MASS) scheme to provide legal
assistance to deprived sections of the society at the grassroots level.
The scheme has been named after great Odia lawyer Madhu Babu, who is considered as the first
lawyer of Odisha.
Key Features of Scheme
State government will provide free legal consultations to deprived sections of the society by
setting up legal assistance cells in all 6,812 gram panchayats across the state.
Legal assistance will be given in shape of free legal aid in order to ensure that opportunities
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for securing justice are not denied to any citizen for economic and other reasons.
A practicing lawyer with minimum three years of experience would head the legal cells. The
lawyer who will give legal assistance will receive Rs 500 per sitting as remuneration.
It will help people especially the women, senior citizens, children, SC, ST and socially and
educationally backward to resolve long pending litigations.
India ranks 133rd in 2016 Global Youth Development Index
November 1, 2016
India has been ranked 133rd out of 183 countries in the 2016 Global Youth Development Index
(YDI) compiled by the Commonwealth Secretariat.
The Global Youth Development Index report measures countries prospects for young people in
employment, education, health, civic and political spheres.
Key Facts
Top 10 countries in 2016 YDI: Germany (1), Denmark (2), Australia (3), Switzerland (4), UK
(5), Netherlands (6), Austria (7), Luxembourg (8), Portugal (9) and Japan (10)
Indias neighbours: Sri Lanka (31), Bhutan (69) and Nepal (77).
India related facts: India accounts for nearly 20% of the global youth population, with
nearly 345 million young people between the ages of 15 and 30 living in the country.
India is currently experiencing the most significant youth bulge with nearly 27% of its
total population made up of young people.
Indias overall rank in 2016 YDU is relatively low, but it has registered an 11% improvement
in scores over last five years (from 2010 and 2015).
The report highlights need for greater investment to reap so-called demographic dividend.
Youth development levels in India lag particularly in the domains of education, health and
employment.
Kerala becomes 3rd Open Defecation Free state
November 1, 2016
Kerala became third Open Defecation Free state in the country after Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh
under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) (Gramin)..
The announcement in this regard was made by the Drinking Water and Sanitation Secretary
Parameswaran Iyer in New Delhi on the occasion foundation day of Kerala (1 November).
With this Kerala becomes first high density populated state in the country to achieve Open
Defecation Free status. All 14 districts, 152 blocks, 940 Gram Panchayats and 2117 villages of the
State have been declared free from open defecation.
Freedom from open defecation has been proven to lead to significant health benefits in terms of
incidences of water-borne diseases, especially in children, and provide safety and dignity for all,
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especially women and senior citizens.


About Swachh Bharat Mission
The Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) was launched in October 2014 to accelerate the efforts to
achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation.
The mission aims to achieve Swachh Bharat or make India clean by 2019, as a fitting tribute
to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
The SBM consists of two sub-missions Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), implemented in
rural areas, and Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), implemented in urban areas.
SBM-G seeks to eliminate open defecation in rural areas by 2019 through improving access to
sanitation by ensuring the use of toilets, besides their construction.
It also seeks to generate awareness to motivate communities to adopt sustainable sanitation
practices, and encourage the use of appropriate technologies for sanitation.
November 2, 2016
International Forum on adopting ICT Perspective to Education and Learning begins in New
Delhi
November 2, 2016
The International Forum on adopting ICT Perspective to Education and Learning has begun in New
Delhi. It will be held from 31th October to 4th November 2016.
It has been organised by the International Bureau of Education (IBE), UNESCO in partnership with
Google and the Union Ministry of Human Resource Development.
Key Facts
The forum targets mainly countries which are implementing the UNESCO developed
General Education Quality Analysis Framework (GEQAF).
Participating countries include Egypt, Azerbaijan, Botswana, Gabon, India, Lithuania, Oman,
Seychelles, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, Brazil, Mauritius, US and Swaziland.
It has been designed differently than the common practice of conferences and workshop
characterized by extensive presentations.
It seeks to build on concrete cases of ICT integration and inclusion thought practical hands-
on activities. Best practice cases from countries will be presented.
About International Bureau of Education (IBE)
IBE is a UNESCO category 1 institute mandated as the Centre of Excellence in curriculum
and related matters.
It supports countries efforts both through direct technical assistance and also by proving
platform to share experiences and best practices from around the world.
It also helps to build countrys capacity to harness technology to strengthen education systems
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for sustained improvement of education quality, equity and inclusion.


NHPC commissions 50 mw Wind project in Rajasthan
November 2, 2016
Indias largest hydropower generation company National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC)
has commissioned its 50 MW wind power project (WPP) in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.
The project has achieved synchronization with the national grid in October, 2016. NHPC has signed
a power purchase agreement with Inox wind and Rajasthan government to set up 25 turbines of 2
MW for the project.
NHPC is engaged in construction of 5 power projects aggregating to a total installed capacity of 4290
MW including 1000 MW (Pakal Dul hydroelectric project) executed through JV company.
Besides, its 10 projects of 7,151 MW are awaiting clearances for their implementation including
three projects of 1,186 MW to be executed through subsidiary/joint venture companies.
About National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC)
NHPC is enterprise of Central Government incorporated with an objective to plan, promote
and organise an integrated and efficient development of hydroelectric power in all aspects.
Established: 1975
Headquarters: Faridabad, Haryana.
Besides, hydroelectric power the company has expanded its objects to include other sources of
energy like Solar, Geothermal, Tidal, Wind etc.
At present, NHPC is a Mini Ratna Category-I Enterprise of the Central Government with an
authorised share capital of Rs. 1,50,000 Million.
Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016 comes into force
November 2, 2016
The Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016, designed to curb black money and
passed by parliament in August 2016, came into effect.
The new law amended the Benami Transactions Act, 1988 and renamed as the Prohibition of
Benami Property Transactions (PBPT) Act, 1988. The amendment act also to strengthen the parent
Act in terms of legal and administrative procedure.
What is benami transaction?
The benami (without a name) transaction refers to property purchased by a person in the name of
some other person. The person on whose name the property has been purchased is called the
benamdar and the property so purchased is called the benami property. The person who finances the
deal is the real owner.
Key Highlights Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Amendment Act, 2016
Persons indulging in benami transactions may face up to 7 years imprisonment and fine.
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Furnishing false information is punishable by imprisonment up to 5 years and fine


Properties held benami are liable for confiscation by government without compensation
Initiating Officer may pass an order to continue holding property and may then refer case to
Adjudicating Authority which will then examine evidence and pass an order.
Appellate Tribunal will hear appeals against orders of Adjudicating Authority. High Court
can hear appeals against orders of Appellate Tribunal.
Russia invites India to join fast-neutron reactor project
November 2, 2016
Russia has invited India to join in developing next-generation nuclear reactors and to participate in
its fast-reactor research project.
The multipurpose fast research reactor project known by Russian acronym MBIR is coming up as
the International Research Centre (IRC) in Dimitrovgrad located in the Ulyanovsk region.
What is purpose of this project?
Creation of a new technological platform for nuclear energy, which will be based on the
closed fuel cycle with fast neutron reactors
It will be used to conduct a large number of reactor studies of Generation 4 nuclear systems,
including the fast neutron reactor with closed fuel cycle, as well as small and medium power
thermal neutron reactors.
What is significance of MBIR?
The MBIR project is based on the closed fuel cycle which involves recycling the nuclear waste
as new fuel.
It essentially signifies research on a sodium-cooled Generation 4 fast reactor to design an
advanced fast neutron reactor for use in nuclear power plants.
MBIRs design includes three independent loops that can be used to test different coolants
like gas, lead, molten salt, among others.
Therefore it makes possible to conduct material testing research in those different
environments
What is a fast neutron reactor?
It is a type in which the nuclear fission chain reaction is sustained by fast neutrons. It also
known as a fast reactor.
Such a reactor needs no neutron moderator like normal water, which serves such a purpose
in thermal reactors.
What are advantages of fast neutron reactor?
With these types of reactors it is possible to solve the major ecological problem of
reprocessing and deactivation of accumulated radioactive waste, at same time provide much
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needed energy.
It will lead to the solution of the five key problems safety, shortage of fuel, competitiveness,
reprocessing and refabricating used nuclear fuel and radioactive waste and enforcing non-
proliferation of fission materials and weapons technologies.
RCEP members worry over market access to China
November 2, 2016
The 15 Asia-Pacific nations including India of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership
(RCEP) are concern to give greater market access to Chinese goods without gaining in return.
All these countries in the RCEP grouping are also worried about agreeing to eliminate tariffs
altogether, a move that will mainly help China.
What are the concerns?
These 15 Asia-Pacific nations including India fear that China may dump its excess capacity in several
items including steel, as well as highly subsidised items which may harm local industry of importing
countries and distort trade.
What is RCEP?
RCEP is the proposed mega-regional Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between 16 Asia-Pacific
countries.
It includes India, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and the 10-member
ASEAN bloc.
The RCEP negotiation process had started in 2013 and is unlikely to be concluded by the end
of 2016.
The proposed FTA aims to open up trade in goods and services as well as liberalise
investment policies.
It will cover a market of over 3 billion people in these 16 countries whose total combined
GDP is more than $17 trillion and collectively account for 40% of world trade.
PM Narendra Modi launches Saur Sujala Yojana in Chhattisgarh
November 2, 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Saur Sujala Yojana that would provide solar powered
irrigation pumps to farmers at a subsidized price.
It was launched in Chhattisgarh as part of the states 16th foundation day celebrations. With this
Chhattisgarh becomes the first state to implement the scheme.
Key Facts
Under the scheme, solar powered irrigation pumps of 3HP and 5HP capacity will be
distributed to the farmers. The beneficiaries would get the pumps at the subsidised price.
It is mainly aimed to give priority to those areas where electricity has not reached, so that
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farmers can utilize them in irrigation and agriculture.


Around 51,000 farmers would be benefitted in the state with the launch of the scheme by
2018.
Earlier, PM Narendra Modi had dedicated the Jungle Safari in Naya Raipur. It is claimed to be the
biggest man-made safari in Asia. The safari is spread across 320 hectares of area.
India, Palestine ink MoU for setting up of Techno Park in Ramallah
November 2, 2016
India has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Palestine for setting up of Palestine-
India Techno Park at Ramallah in Palestine.
The decision to set up Techno Park was taken during the visit of President Pranab Mukherjee to
Palestine in October 2015.
Key Facts
The Technopark will be set up with an Indian grant of $12 million as part of Indias strong
commitment to Palestinian cause.
It will serve as an IT hub in Palestine with complete IT facilities offering a one-stop solution
to all IT-related service requirements.
It will also provide state-of-the-art technology, host IT companies and foreign companies
benefiting local business, universities and other institutions.
The project will help job creation, business and other opportunities for young Palestinians.
November 3, 2016
Union Government is developing National Data Registry
November 3, 2016
The Union Government is developing a National Data Registry (NDR) to compile and serve
metadata of different agencies and re-engineer the feature data sets for improving their use.
The registry will also serve as a source of authenticated information. The Department of Science and
Technology (DST) will be the nodal coordinating agency of the NDR.
NDR will require all agencies state, private and academic, collecting and storing geospatial data to
provide details of data they store.
What is the purpose of such a registry?
The registry aims to create a catalogue that will prevent duplication of data sets and to help
users locate the right agencies to source information.
It will be a meta-data repository to only inform about the nature of the data a service
provider has. It is not actually be a source of geospatial data.
It can operate across a wide range of formats and can source information automatically. Thus,
Survey of India can vet it for accuracy and see whether it contains information that
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contravenes national security.


Sarabjit Singh Marwah becomes Canadas first Sikh Senator
November 3, 2016
India born Sarabjit Singh Marwah has become the first Sikh to be appointed to the Canadian Senate
(upper house). He was among six people from Ontario who have appointed to Senate by Prime
Minister Justin Trudeau.
With this, he becomes the only Indian-origin member of the Canadian Senate. He is third Sikh
person in the Canadian parliament after Defence Minister Harjeet Sajjan and Science Minister
Navdeep Bains. There are over 20 MPs of Indian origin the Canadian House of Commons (lower
house).
About Sarabjit Singh Marwah
Marwah was born in 1952 in Kolkata, West Bengal.
He is an alumnus of Delhis St Stephens College and the Delhi School of Economics and holds
an MBA degree from the University of California.
Marwah joined Scotiabank as a financial analyst in Toronto in 1978. Later on he went on to
become the Chief operating Officer (COO) of the bank in 1998.
In 2002, he was made the banks senior executive vice president and chief financial officer
(CFO). In 2005, he was elevated as the vice chairman and chief administrative officer.
In 2008, he was re-designated as vice chairman and COO of the bank the positions which he
held till his retirement in 2014.
He is one of the founders of the Sikh Foundation of Canada that promotes Sikh culture and
art among the diaspora community.
Pratul Joshi wins Bahrain International Challenge badminton tournament
November 3, 2016
Indian shuttler Pratul Joshi has won the Bahrain International Challenge badminton tournament in
the mens singles category. It was his maiden international title.
In the final match played at Segayya in Bahrain, Pratul defeated his brother Aditya Joshi by 21-17,
12-21 and 21-15 score.
Other Category winners
Womens singles title: It was won by Sri fatmawati of Indonesia. She defeated her
compatriot Asty Dwi Widyaningru.
Mens doubles title: It was won by Russian pair of Evgenij Dremin and Denis Grachev.
They defeated Indian pair of Vighnesh Devlekar and Rohan Kapoor by 18-21, 17-21 score.
Womens doubles title: It was won by Tanisha Crasto (Bahrain) and Aprilsasi Lejarsar
Variella (Indonesia). They defeated Indian pair of Farha Mather and Ashna Roy by 12-21
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18-21 score.
Bahrain International Challenge: It is an open international badminton tournament in Bahrain.
It was established in 2013.
Union Government appoints Bindheswar Pathak as brand ambassador of Swachh Rail
Mission
November 3, 2016
The Union Ministry of Railways has appointed Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak (73), the founder of Sulabh
International as a Brand Ambassador for Swachh Rail Mission of Indian Railway.
Indian Railways had tied up with Sulabh International to clean some important railway stations
across the country as part of the mission with an aim to promote cleanliness at rail premises/
As a pilot project, Sulabh International had started cleaning and maintenance of five important
railway stations Gorakhpur, Old Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Gwalior from September 2016.
About Bindheswar Pathak
Born on April 2, 1943 in Rampur, Bihar. He is sociologist and founder of Sulabh
International.
His work is considered pioneering in social reform, especially in the field of sanitation and
hygiene.
He received various national and international awards for his work with this organization.
Sulabh International: It is a social service organization which works to promote environmental
sanitation, human rights, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms
through education.
MoU signed for enabling online submission of applications under PMAY
November 3, 2016
The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation has inked MoU with Common
Services Centre (CSC), a SPV of Ministry of Information Technology for enabling online submission
of applications under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban).
The MoU was signed in the presence of Union Minister for Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation
M Venkaiah Naidu and Union Minister for IT Ravi Shankar Prasad.
What is significance of the MoU?
It will enable online submission of applications by the urban poor for affordable houses under
PMAY (Urban).
About 60 thousand CSCs located in urban areas will enable online submission of applications
at a nominal cost of 25 rupees per application.
CSCs will also facilitate printing of the acknowledgement receipt with beneficiary
photograph which helps applicants in tracking application status.
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About Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana


Union Government had launched Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana in June 2015 in line with its
ambitious Housing for All by 2022 Mission.
Under this scheme government plans to build two crore houses for the poor in urban areas by
year 2022, which coincides with 75 years of Independence.
The scheme has four basic components viz. slum rehabilitation, affordable housing, credit
linked interest subsidy and beneficiary-led individual house construction or enhancement.
Intended beneficiary will be poor people (BPL) and people living under EWS and LIG
categories in urban establishments of the country.
Under this scheme, the ownership of houses will be in the name of woman or jointly with
husband.
Union Government extends duty drawback facility for textiles
November 3, 2016
The Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) has extended duty drawback facility on all textile
products for one year to boost exports.
Besides, CBEC also has increased rates in some cases for the benefit of Indian exporters.
What is duty drawback?
It is a refund that can be obtained when an import fee has already been paid by a business
entity for a good but the good is then subsequently exported.
In order to obtain a duty drawback, a business does not have to have paid the import duty nor
do they have had to perform the products exportation. But they only need to be assigned the
drawback from those to whom it would typically be due.
Under the revised norms
Domestic textiles will attract drawback of 7.5% now as against 7.3% earlier. Thus, duty
drawback benefits textile exporters will help to overcome barriers exporters face in exports.
Similarly, incorporation of blanket and other cotton products in this category will attract
drawback rate of 8% from 7.2% earlier.
What is purpose of the duty drawback facility?
These drawback duties are aimed at giving a boost to exports of cotton textiles. It will provide
adequate neutralization of incidence of duties and taxes on the export goods and make them more
competitive in the international markets.
IISER Researchers develop Gelator to scoop out marine oil spills
November 3, 2016
Researchers from Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Thiruvananthapuram
have developed a compound named gelator to scoop out marine oil spills.

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They had produced gelators using glucose as a starting material and through several other chemical
reactions.
How it works?
The gelator molecule is partly hydrophilic and partly hydrophobic. The hydrophilic part helps
in self-assembling to form gelator fibres, while the hydrophobic part is responsible for its
diffusion into oil layer.
Since outer part of the fibre is hydrophobic, oil tends to gets into spongy network made of
fibres. Once inside the fibre network, oil loses fluidity and becomes a gel. The gel was strong
enough to be scooped with a spatula.
What are the advantages?
Gelator has ability to selectively congeal oil, including crude oil from an oil-water mixture. It
makes the process of recovering marine oil spills simple, efficient and cost-effective.
It is in a powder form and can be easily applied over oil-water mixture. It does not cause any
environmental damage.
It can be recovered oil from oil-water mixture and can be reused several times. But in the case
of crude oil, the gelator cant be recycled.
Union Government imposes anti-dumping duty on imports of steel wire rods from China
November 3, 2016
The Union Government has imposed anti-dumping duty on imports of steel wire rods from China
to protect domestic manufacturers from cheap in-bound shipments.
In this regard, the Department of Revenue (DoR) has issued a notification mentioning that dumping
duty has been imposed for six months.
What is the case?
The protectionist measures against cheap Chinese imports were taken based on the
recommendation of Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties (DGAD).
DGAD in its investigation had found that steel wire rods were being exported by China
below normal value and the domestic industry suffered material injury because of such cheap
imports.
What are applications of steel wire rods?
Wire rod of alloy or non-alloy steel finds applications in many sectors such as automotive
components, fasteners, welding electrodes, binding wires for construction industry and armoured
cables.
What is anti-dumping duty?
Anti-dumping duty is an import duty imposed by government on imported products which have
prices less than their normal values or domestic price. Thus, it is protectionist and counter import
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measure used by a country under the multilateral World Trade Organisation (WTO) regime to
protect its domestic producers and market from below-cost/cheap imports. It varies from product to
product and from country to country. In India, anti-dumping duty to be levied is recommended by
the Union Ministry of Commerce (i.e. by DGAD), while the Union Finance Ministry imposes it. So
far, India has initiated maximum anti-dumping cases against below-cost imports from China.
PM Narendra Modi inaugurate Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction
November 3, 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk
Reduction (AMCDRR) in New Delhi.
The conference has been organised by Union Government in collaboration with the United Nations
Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
Key Facts
2016 AMCDRR will pave the way for implementation of the Sendai framework in the Asian
region and will also devise a mechanism for monitoring its progress.
About 2,000 foreign delegates, including ministers from 54 Asia Pacific countries will
participate in the 2016 AMCDRR.
2016 AMCDRR will focus on consultation, collaboration and partnership with governments
and stakeholders to mainstream Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) in the region.
It will adopt the Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework endorsed
by the Asian countries.
Comment
2016 AMCDRR is the seventh edition of the conference after it was established in 2005 and the first
major inter-governmental event after the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk
Reduction (SFDRR) adopted at 3rd UN World Conference in Sendai, Japan in March, 2015. This is
second time India hosting AMCDRR. For the first time India had also hosted the second AMCDRR
in 2007 in New Delhi.
PM Narendra Modi after inaugurating 2016 AMCDRR outlined a ten-point agenda for renewing
efforts towards disaster risk reduction. The 10-point agenda includes
All development sectors must imbibe the principles of disaster risk management.
Work towards risk coverage for all starting from poor households to SMEs to MNCs to
nation states.
Encourage greater leadership and involvement of women in disaster risk management.
Invest in risk mapping globally. For mapping risks related to hazards like earthquakes we
have accepted standards & parameters.
Leverage technology to enhance the efficiency of disaster risk management efforts.
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Develop a network of universities to work on disaster issues.


Utilize the opportunities provided by mobile and social media technologies.
Build on local initiatives and capacity.
Opportunity to learn from a disaster must not be wasted. After every disaster there are papers
on lessons that are rarely applied.
Bring greater cohesion in international response to disasters.
November 4, 2016
Rekha to be awarded DIFF Lifetime Achievement Award
November 4, 2016
Veteran Bollywood actress and Rajya Sabha MP Rekha will be honoured by the upcoming Dubai
International Film Festival (DIFF) with a Lifetime Achievement Award.
She will be honoured for her 40-year career contribution and participation in more than 180 films.
2016 DIFF will commence on 7 December 2016 and will conclude on 14 December 2016.
About Rekha
She was born as Bhanu Rekha Ganesan on 10 October 1954 in Chennai in then Madras State
(now Tamil Nadu).
She is known for her versatility and is acknowledged as one of the finest actresses in Hindi
cinema.
She had started her film career in 1966 as a child actress in the Telugu film Rangula Ratnam.
Her film debut as a lead was in Sawan Bhadon (1970). Since then she has acted in more than
180 films in a career spanning over 40 years.
She has won 3 Filmfare Awards, 2 for Best Actress and 1 for Best Supporting Actress for her
roles in Khubsoorat (1980), Khoon Bhari Maang (1988) and Khiladiyon Ka Khiladi (1996),
respectively.
She has won National Film Award for Best Actress for her portrayal of a classical courtesan in
film Umrao Jaan (1981). Union Government has honoured her with Padma Shri in 2010.
About Dubai International Film Festival (DIFF)
DIFF is an annual film festival held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It was started in year 2004. Each
year DIFF provides platform and presents new and exciting cinema from the Arab world, Asia,
Africa and beyond. It is a not-for-profit cultural event, presented and organised by Dubai
Entertainment & Media Organization.
Chinese scholar Xuan Zang stayed in Vijayawada to study Buddhist scriptures
November 4, 2016
Seventh century Chinese Buddhist pilgrim and scholar Xuan Zang (also spelled Hsuan Tsang) stayed
a couple of years in Bezawada (the old name of Vijayawada) to copy and study Buddhist scriptures.

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In 630 AD, Xuan Zang came to India through Kashmir after visiting Central Asia, Iran and
Afghanistan through the Silk Route. He had travelled from north to east during his 14-year stay and
lived in Bihar for a couple of years. At Nalanda University, Xuan Zang had interacted with scholars
and students, mastered local languages and discovered Buddhist stupas.
Xuan Zang travelled to Andhradesa to visit the Viharas (monasteries) at Amaravathi and
Nagarjunakonda around 640 CE and stayed at Amaravathi for a couple of years. During his stay, he
had studied and copied the Abhidhammapitakam, the last of the three pitakas (Pali for baskets)
constituting the Pali canon, the scriptures of Theravada Buddhism.
What are proofs of his stay?
British chronicler and collector of Kistna Gordon Mackenzie in his manual written in 1883
recorded that Xuan Zang in his writing spoke about the kingdom of Anta-lo (Andhra) with
its capital Ping-ki-lo (Vengi) and in Dhanakacheka (Dharani Kota?).
He also recorded that Xuan Zang described two Poorasaila (eastern hill) and Aparasaila
(western hill) Buddhist monasteries.
According to V.V. Krishna Sastry, former director of the united Andhra Pradesh Archaeology
department these two monasteries are actually Moghalrajpuram caves and Akkannna
Madanna caves located in the heart of Vijayawada.
These Buddhist monasteries (Viharas) were converted into Hindu Cave temples during the
reign of the Vishnukundins (reign was from 420 to 624).
Significance Xuan Zangs visit
The writings of Xuan Zang about his travels in India are detailed accounts of the life of the
people in the 7th century.
Chinese government has used his work to establish that the relationship between India and
China is 1,400 years old.
Indias first titanium project starts test production in Odisha
November 4, 2016
The first titanium project of India has started its test production Ganjam district of Odisha. The
project has been established by Saraf Group.
This is first of its kind titanium plant and the only one in the country. During the test run, one of its
four furnaces became functional.
Key Facts
After inception, this plant is expected to produce 36,000 tons of titanium slag and 20,000 tons
of pig iron per year.
The raw material of the plant ilmenite would be procured from Odisha Sands Complex
(OSCOM), a unit of Indian Rare Earths Limited (IREL) in Ganjam district of Odisha as well
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as a private company which has its unit in Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh.


Earlier in August 2015, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) had fully commissioned and
started commercial production at the first indigenous Titanium Sponge Plant at Chavara in Kerala.
This plant had commercially started producing Titanium Sponge exclusively for the space
programme and strategic areas especially in aerospace and defence areas. With this commissioning
India became the seventh country in the world producing Titanium sponge commercially.
Maharashtra becomes first state to launch cyber police stations in all districts
November 4, 2016
Maharashtra became the first state in the country to have a cyber-police station in each district to
take on cyber criminals.
In this regard, state government is converting 42 state-of-the-art cybercrime labs into cyber police
stations simultaneously.
Key Facts
These cyber police stations will also be set up at police commissionerate and Range IG offices.
Any offence related to cybercrime will be registered in these police stations at district level.
Besides, additional cyber police stations will also be set up in some cities.
Background
The cyber-crime wing of Maharashtra government had proposed to set up 51 cyber-crime labs
across the state take on cyber criminals. These included 34 labs at the district level, 7 labs at Inspector
Generals offices, 9 labs at Commissioner of Police offices and 1 lab at the state police headquarters.
Earlier in August 2016, state government had inaugurated 34 well equipped cyber labs in all districts.
Why there is need to launch cyber police stations?
In last few years, cyber-crime in Maharashtra has risen by a whopping 142.1%. Even
cybercrime cases in tier-II cities and also in rural areas also have increased in Maharashtra.
For the normal local police stations, tackling cyber-crimes is a daunting task owing to lack
technical knowledge and of proper training.
However, the cyber labs have trained manpower and modern equipment to deal with the new
age crimes in the cyber world.
Paris Agreement on Climate Change enters into force
November 4, 2016
The Paris Agreement to combat climate change officially entered into force after 55 parties to the
convention accounting for at least 55% of total GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions ratified it.
The threshold for entry into force of the Paris Agreement was achieved on 5th October 2016. At
present, 94 parties have ratified the convention. India was 62nd country to ratify it on 2 October
2016.
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What is Paris Agreement on Climate Change?


It is an international climate deal to combat climate change. It facilitates enforcement of
global GHGs reduction measures in the post-2020 i.e. in post Kyoto Protocol scenario.
Under it, all countries must pursue to keep global temperature rising below 2C by 2100
above pre-industrial levels with an ideal target of keeping temperature rise below 1.5C.
It forces developed countries to provide 100 billion dollars annually to the developing
counterparts beginning in 2020 to deal with climate change.
It empowers countries to determine how to cut their emissions but mandates that they report
transparently on those efforts.
Now what?
The first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) serving as the Meeting of the Parties
to the Paris Agreement (CMA1) will take place in Marrakech (Morocco).
It will be in conjunction with the COP 22 to the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) meeting that is starting from 7 November 2016 .
The CMA1 meeting is expected to address matters relating to the implementation of the Paris
Agreement like modalities, procedures and guidelines. It will also look at the status of
ratification of the Paris Agreement.
NASA completes construction of James Webb Space Telescope
November 4, 2016
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has completed the construction of the
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) after more than 20 years of work.
JWST is the largest-ever space telescope is expected to launch in 2018 following the in-depth testing.
It is bigger and more powerful than NASAs operational Hubble Space Telescope.
Key Facts
James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a space telescope optimized for observations in the
infrared. It is a planned to be launched in 2018 on an Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana.
It is the formal successor to the Hubble Space Telescope and the Spitzer Space Telescope.
After its launch it will be the premier observatory of the next decade.
JWST has been named after James E. Webb, former administrator of NASA. It was formerly
known as the Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST).
It is an international collaboration between of about 17 countries including NASA, European
Space Agency (ESA) and the Canadian Space Agency (CSA).
It has a total area of 270 square feet composed of 18 hexagonal mirrors coated with beryllium
and gold to collect the infrared readings. JWST has reflecting mirrors having diameter of
6.5m
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Hubbles mirror has an area of just 48 square feet. Thus, JWST will be able to see much
fainter objects than Hubble.
Location: After its launch it will be positioned at the EarthSun L2 Lagrange Point (It is
point of orbital equilibrium for blocking all its infrared interference).
Four instruments of JWST: Cameras and spectrometers that are able to record
extremely faint signals. NIRSpec having programmable microshutters for observation up to
100 objects simultaneously. Cryocooler for cooling the mid-infrared detectors.
Applications: It will help in broad range of investigations across the fields of astronomy and
cosmology. It will help to understand the origins of the universe, evolution of our own Solar
System, search for signs of life on faraway planets. It can also analyze the atmospheres of
exoplanets that pass in front of their stars

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GST Council fixes 4-rate structure


November 4, 2016
The GST Council has finalised 4 tier Goods and Services Tax (GST) rate structure with a multiple-

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slab rates, including the cess for the new indirect tax regime. Thus, GST will be levied at multiple
rates ranging from 0% to 28%.
Decision in this regard was taken by the GST Council meeting chaired by Union Finance Minister
Arun Jaitley in New Delhi.
What are the outcomes of GST Council meeting?
The four bands of tax rates have been fixed at 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. Besides, another
category of tax between 40% and 65% will be imposed on luxury goods like pan masala,
tobacco products, aerated drinks and high-end cars.
Nearly half of the consumer inflation basket goods including food grains, will be zero-rated
(i.e. 0% GST) to

insulate people from inflationary pressures.


The lowest slab of 5% will be for items of common consumption. The bulk of the goods and
services including fast-moving consumer goods will be included in two standard rates of 12%
and 18%.
The highest slab of 28% will include white goods and all those items on which current rate of
incidence varies from 30-31%.
Ultra luxuries, demerit and sin goods, will attract 28% GST along with a GST cess for a
period of 5 years. The quantum of cess on each of these will depend on current incidence of
tax.
The revenue raised from the cess will be used to finance the compensations to States for the
losses. This cess will have a sunset clause of five years.
If the revenue raised from the cess is found to be in excess of the sums then GST Council will
decide where to use the surpluses.
The GST will subsume the multitude of cesses currently in place, including the Swachh
Bharat Cess, Krishi Kalyan Cess and the Education Cess.
Only the Clean Environment Cess will be retained and revenues from it will also fund the
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compensations.
The GST Council was not able to take a call on the GST rate on gold. It will be finalised after the
fitting to the approved rates structure of all items is completed.
MNRE issue bidding guidelines for setting up 1000 MW Wind Power Projects
November 4, 2016
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has issued Guidelines for transparent bidding
process for setting up of 1000 MW Wind Power Project connected to inter-state transmission
system (ISTS).
The guidelines have been issued for implementation of Scheme launched in June 2016 for providing
power purchase agreements for electricity generated from 1,000-MW wind power projects.
As per Guidelines
Wind Power Projects will be selected through transparent and open competitive bidding
followed by e-reverse auction for setting up of 1000 MW Wind Power Projects.
The capacity these Wind Power Projects may go higher than 1000 MW, if there is demand
from Buying Entities.
Under this Scheme, Discoms of non-windy State/UTs and also the bulk consumers of any
State/UTs who intend to buy 10 MW or more can buy wind power.
The PTC India Ltd, trading company will sign Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with wind
projects at bidded tariff and back-to-back Power Sale Agreement (PSA) with Buying Entities
at a pooled price of the total bids selected.
The term of PSA and PPA will be 25 years. Bidder can bid for a minimum capacity of 50 MW
and maximum up to 250 MW.
The selected bidder is required to injected wind power at ISTS interconnection point and will
be also allowed to install 5% of additional rated capacity that will compensate auxiliary
consumption and system losses up to interconnection point.
Background
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) had launched a Scheme for setting up
of 1000 MW ISTS connected Wind Power Project in June 2016.
The objective of the Scheme is to encourage competitiveness through scaling up of project
sizes and introduction of efficient and transparent e-bidding and e-auctioning processes.
It seeks to facilitate fulfilment of Non-Solar Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO)
requirement of non-windy states.
Provisions also have been made in the Tariff Policy to waive the inter-state transmission
charges and losses in order to facilitate transmission of wind power from these windy states
to non-windy states.
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Food Security Act implemented throughout country


November 4, 2016
The Union Government has announced that the National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013 which
envisages supply of subsidised foodgrains has been implemented across the country.
Announcement in this regard was made by Union Food Minister Ram Vilas Paswan after last two
remaining states Kerala and Tamil Nadu rolled out the NFSA from November 2016.
Key Facts
With this, now NFSA has been implemented in all States and Union Territories. As a result,
81.34 crore persons will get subsidised wheat at Rs. 2 per kg and rice at Rs. 3 per kg.
At the current coverage, the monthly allocation of foodgrains to States and UTs under the
Act is about 45.5 lakh tonnes.
The subsidy implication of about Rs. 11,726 crore per month and it is overall about Rs.
1,40,700 crore per year.
Now Union Government will focus on further reforms in the public distribution system
(PDS) including end to end computerization in order to check leakages and diversion of
foodgrains.
About National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013
The NFSA aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of the
population (75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas).
It converts into legal entitlements for existing food security programmes of the Central
Government. It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, Integrated Child Development Services
scheme and the Public Distribution System.
Grains like wheat, rice and coarse grain will be distributed at the subsidized price of 3 Rs. 3,
Rs. 2 and Rs. 1.
Pregnant women and lactating mothers and children are entitled to get meals under the
prescribed nutrition by MDM and ICDS.
NFSA 2013 will provide high nutrition food to the children from age group of 6 months to 14
years. Pregnant women and lactating mothers will be entitled to get maternity benefit of not
less than Rs. 6,000
November 5, 2016
India, Venezuela sign deals to increase oil production
November 5, 2016
India and Venezuela have signed an oil production deals worth about 1.45 billion US dollar to
increase oil production.
The agreement was signed between Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Venezeulas Petroleos
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de Venezuela SA (PDVSA), and Venezuelas consortium Delta Finance BVin Caracas.


The Indo-Venezuelan partnership created in 2009 is expected to double the daily oil production of
San Cristobal field from 20,000 to 40,000 barrels of oil.
Comment
The agreement comes amid a severe economic crisis in Venezuela. It is seen as a way to boost oil
production, pay off debts, obtain funds from other foreign partners, and increase the countrys oil
income.
Venezuelan crisis
Venezuelas economy relies on oil exports and it accounts for half of the Venezuelan governments
revenues. Recently, it has been severely hit by a drastic fall in oil prices and resulted in the
Venezuelas economic crisis. The inflation rate in Venezuela is out of control leading to
hyperinflation like condition resulting in shortages of goods and essential commodities. The
inflation rate of Venezuela is highest in the world which is expected to reach 475% by the end of
2016.
Google ties up with ASI for virtual tour of monuments
November 5, 2016
Technology giant Google has tied up with Archaelogical Survey of India (ASI) for 360 degree virtual
tour of 280-odd monuments across the country.
ASI has given its permission to Google for creating the virtual tour of the monuments which would
be available in the Google maps.
Some of the major monuments are Taj Mahal, Victoria Memorial and the ruins of Hampi. Of the
total 280 monuments 30 are in West Bengal and eight are from Kolkata.
About Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)
The ASI is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the
cultural heritage of the country.
The prime objection of ASI is to maintain the archaeological sites, ancient monuments and
remains of national importance.
Headquarters: New Delhi.
Established: 1861 by Alexander Cunningham.
It regulates all archaeological activities as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and
Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958.
It functions under the aegis of the Union Ministry of Culture. It also regulates Antiquities and
Art Treasure Act, 1972.
Andhra Pradesh tops World Banks energy-saving rankings
November 5, 2016

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Andhra Pradesh has been ranked number one in the World Banks Energy Efficiency
Implementation Readiness.
The ranking of the states were released in the World Banks study report titled: Indias State Level
Energy Efficiency Implementation Readiness.
Key Facts
Andhra Pradesh topped with overall score of 42.01 followed by Rajasthan (41.89), Karnataka
(39.34) and Maharashtra (39.29).
Kerala, Gujarat, Delhi (UT), Punjab, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh are the other states in the top
ten ranking in that order.
Andhra Pradesh topped the list by achieving an energy saving of 1,500 million units (MU) i.e.
around 650 MW in two years through use of LED lighting.
The World Bank study suggests adoption of achievable energy savings targets against the
identified energy efficiency interventions.
It also calls upon the states to endeavour to bring sector-specific energy efficiency policies
with definite goals and time-bound action plans.
Latvia becomes first Baltic Sea country to link with Chinas OBOR
November 5, 2016
Latvia has become the first country in the Baltic Sea area to sign a Memorandum of Understanding
to link up with Chinas One Belt and One Road (OBOR) Initiative.
The MoU was signed after Chinese Premier Li Keqiangs meeting with his Latvian counterpart
Maris Kucinskis in Riga (capital of Latvia). It was Chinese Premiers first visit to the European Union
country.
Besides, Latvia and China also singed five agreements on cooperation in such areas as small and
medium-sized enterprises, transportation and logistics.
What is Chinas One Belt and One Road (OBOR) Initiative?
OBOR initiative is Chinas ambitious development strategy and framework that aims to boost
its connectivity and trade across Asia, Africa and Europe.
It comprises two components viz. the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century
Maritime Silk Road. It was proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013.
OBOR initiative is part of Chinas revived 21st century Silk Road diplomacy that seeks to
push it to take a bigger role in global affairs as a major global power.
India-Bangladesh joint military exercise SAMPRITI-2016 begins
November 5, 2016
The seventh edition of India-Bangladesh joint military exercise SAMPRITI-2016 has commenced to
practise counter-terrorism and disaster-management operations.
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The 14-day (from 05 to 18 November 2016) joint military exercise will be held at Shaheed Salauddin
Cantonment in Tangail, Dhaka (Bangladeshs Capital).
Key Facts
The SAMPRITI 2016 will simulate a scenario where both nations are working together in a
Counter Insurgency and Counter Terrorism environment under the UN Charter.
The exercise curriculum is progressively planned in which the participants will initially get
familiar with each others organizational structure and tactical drills.
Subsequently, the training will advance to joint tactical exercises wherein the battle drills of
both the armies will be practiced.
It will culminate with a final validation exercise in which troops of both armies will jointly
practice a Counter Terrorist Operation in a controlled and simulated environment.
Background
SAMPRITI Exercise is important bilateral defence cooperation between India and Bangladesh.
Earlier six editions of the exercise were hosted alternately by both countries. The first edition of the
exercise in this series was held at Jorhat in Assam in 2010.
November 5: World Tsunami Awareness Day
November 5, 2016
The First World Tsunami Awareness Day was observed across the world on 5 November 2016 to
spread awareness among people across the world about Tsunami.
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had constituted the day by adopting a resolution in
December 2015. The proposal was first mooted by Japan after the 3rd UN Conference on Disaster
Risk Reduction held in Sendai (Japan) in March 2015.
2016 Theme: Effective Education and Evacuation Drills.
Significance of the Day
Spread awareness among people across the world in matters related to the dangers of
tsunami.
Stress on the importance of early warning systems in order to mitigate damage from the
devastating natural calamity.
Background
November 5 was designated as World Tsunami Awareness Day by UNGA to coincide with the
annual anniversary of the 1854 Inamura-no-hi (Fire of Inamura) event. On this day in 1854, a
villager in Wakayama Prefecture in Japan through his quick action had saved countless lives after he
had set fire to sheaves of rice on the top of a hill, thus warning people of the imminent danger of a
tsunami. This was the first documented instance of a tsunami early warning.

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Union Government launches Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan


November 5, 2016
The Union Government launched Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) to
provide free health check-ups to pregnant women at government health centres and hospitals.
The Scheme was launched by Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda in New Delhi.
It was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his monthly radio address Mann Ki Baat
in June 2016.
Key Features
The national programme aims to provide pregnant ladies free ante-natal services (ANC) and
required treatment for free on 9th of every month.
Objectives of the scheme are (i) Provide healthy life to the pregnant women. (ii) Lowering the
maternity mortality rate. (iii) Making pregnant women aware of their health issues and
diseases. (iv) Making sure safe delivery and healthy life of the baby.
The scheme is applicable only for the pregnant women in their pregnancy period of 3 to 6
months. It will provide all kinds of medical checkups completely free to pregnant women.
These checkups will take place at the medical centres, government and private hospitals and
private clinics across the country.
These free of cost tests will include blood pressure, sugar level, weight, haemoglobin test,
blood test and screening.
Women will be marked differently using different colour stickers based on their health
problems so that doctors can easily detect the problem.
Different colour stickers will be Red Sticker for Serious patients, Blue Sticker for High blood
pressure and Yellow Sticker for Other diseases.
India, UNISDR sign Statement of Cooperation on Sendai Framework
November 5, 2016
India and United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction signed a Statement of Cooperation
(SoC) of the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR).
It was signed during the second day of the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction
(AMCDRR) 2016 held in New Delhi.
Features of the SoC
The cooperation aims to ensure effective implementation and monitoring of the SFDRR
through Training and capacity building for Asian countries.
It also seeks at promoting international and regional cooperation to reinforce political
commitment.
It facilitates knowledge sharing and strengthens the capacity of UNISDR for monitoring and
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review of the Sendai Framework.


Underlines the guiding principles, objectives and areas of cooperation between India and
UNISDR towards effective implementation and monitoring of SFDRR.
India will partner with UNISDR to work towards strengthening the capacity of Asian
countries in ensuring risk resilient development.
It facilitates sharing of knowledge and experiences and collaborative efforts towards
addressing critical regional challenges.
About Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-30
SFDRR is an international Treaty that was approved by UN member states in March 2015 at
the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan.
It is a voluntary and non-binding treaty which recognizes that the UN member State has
the primary role to reduce disaster risk. It has framework for 15-year i.e. 2015 to 2020.
It calls for sharing the responsibility with other stakeholders including local government, the
private sector and other stakeholders.
It is successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action (20052015), which had been the most
encompassing international accord on disaster risk reduction.
It sets of common standards, a comprehensive framework with achievable targets, and a
legally-based instrument for disaster risk reduction.
It calls for adopting integrated and inclusive institutional measures for preventing
vulnerability to disaster, increase preparedness for response and recovery and strengthen
resilience.
Four specific priorities of Sendai Framework: (i) Understanding disaster risk (ii)
Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk (iii) Investing in disaster risk
reduction for resilience (iv) Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and
recovery, reconstruction and rehabilitation.
7 Global Targets of SFDRR are

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New Delhi Declaration, Asian Regional Plan adopted at AMCDRR 2016


November 5, 2016
The 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) adopted New Delhi
Declaration and Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework.
It was the first AMCDRR to be held after the advent of the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR)
2015-2030. The next AMCDRR will be held in Mongolia in 2018.
AMCDRR was established in 2005. It is a biennial conference jointly organized by different Asian
countries and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).
World Tsunami Awareness Day
The Conference also commemorated the first World Tsunami Awareness Day (observed on 5
November) to spread awareness on tsunami. The observance of the day stressed on the importance
of early warning systems and preparedness of communities in order to mitigate damage from the
often devastating natural hazard.
New Delhi Declaration of AMCDRR
It is a political commitment of participating governments towards preventing and reducing
disaster risk in the Asian region.
It also committed for strengthening the resilience of communities, nations and the Asian
region for Disaster Risk Reduction.

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It commits to a people-centred and whole-of-society approach towards DRR in order to


accelerate the implementation of global frameworks.
It also emphasises the need to enhance the capacity of communities and ensure participation
of all stakeholder groups towards achieving resilience.
Asian Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework
It focuses on the how to reduce disaster risk at national and local levels.
It has longer term road map of cooperation and collaboration, spanning the 15-year horizon
of the Sendai Framework.
Besides, it also has a two-year action plan to further disaster risk reduction with specific,
actionable activities.
What is Sendai Framework for DRR?
The SFDRR was adopted by at the Third World Conference on DRR at Sendai in Japan in March,
2015. It identifies targets and priority action areas towards reducing disaster risk by reducing the
damage caused by natural hazards like floods, droughts, earthquakes and cyclones through an ethic of
prevention.
Indian Womens hockey team wins 2016 Asian Champions Trophy
November 5, 2016
Indian Womens hockey team has won the 2016 Asian Champions Trophy held in Singapore. It was
the maiden win of Indian Womens hockey team in Asian Champions Trophy.
In summit clash held in Singapore, India defeated China by 2-1 goals. The first goal for India was
scored by Deep Grace Ekka in the 13th minute which was equalised by Chinas Zhong Mengling in
the 44th minute. The second and winning goal was scored by Deepika Thakur that gave the India
formidable lead to win the tournatment.
About Asian Hockey Champions Trophy
The Asian Hockey Champions Trophy is held annually by the Asian Hockey Federation since 2011.
The tournament features the Asian Games top six field hockey teams competing in a round robin
format. In womens category, South Korea has won most titles for two times in 2010 and 2011.
November 6, 7, 2016
HCC becomes first firm to get debt recast under RBIs S4A Scheme
November 6, 2016
Construction major Hindustan Construction Company (HCC) became Indias first firm to get debt
recast under RBIs new Scheme for Sustainable Structuring of Stressed Assets (S4A).
The RBI-mandated Overseeing Committee (OC) under the S4A has approved HCCs Rs. 5,000-crore
debt recast passed by an ICICI Bank-led joint lender forum in September 2016.
Under this debt recast of HCC

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52% of the debt (nearly Rs. 2,600 crore) was found to be sustainable and can be serviced as per
original terms and conditions, including about interest rate and tenure.
Out of the remaining 48% (Rs.2,400 crore) debt, 1,000 crore debt will be converted into
equity for banks, which could eventually give them 25% stake in the companys post-scheme
equity capital.
The remaining debt of Rs. 1,400 crore would get converted into optionally convertible
debentures to be issued to the lenders. These measures would now go for approval from
HCCs shareholders.
What is Scheme for Sustainable Structuring of Stressed Assets (S4A)?
The RBI had launched S4A scheme to help resolve the corporate debt problem and
strengthen the lenders ability to deal with stressed assets.
Under this scheme, a companys debt is bifurcated into two parts sustainable and
unsustainable based on the cash flows of the companys project.
The sustainable debt cannot be less than 50% of existing debt and will have to be serviced
over the same terms as that of existing facilities.
The unsustainable debt can be converted into equity, Optionally Convertible Debentures or
Redeemable Optionally Convertible Preference Share with clearly spelt out terms.
Banks can sell this stake or equity to a new owner who will have the advantage of getting to
run the business with a more manageable debt.
Banks or lenders will formulate the resolution plan and implement the same along with
necessary internal approvals.
RBI mandated advisory body called Overseeing Committee (OC) will be constituted, which
will review the resolution plans submitted by the Banks.
Union Environment Ministry constitutes Four-Member team for Conservation of Loktak Lake
November 6, 2016
The Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has constituted a four-
member team for conservation and management of Loktak Lake in Manipur.
The team will visit Loktak Lake and hold discussions with the State government, its concerned
agencies and other stakeholders including people living in the vicinity of the lake.
Terms of reference of team are
Review implementation of works undertaken with financial assistance provided by Union
and State governments so far for the conservation and management of the lake.
Suggest further interventions required for conserving the lake in a holistic manner.
Enumerate steps required to be initiated for declaring Loktak Lake as a UNESCO World
Heritage Site.
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Identify actions and steps to be taken for increasing tourism potential of Loktak Lake.
About Loktak Lake
Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast India and is famous for the phumdis
floating over it.
Phumdis are the heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil and organic matter at various stages
of decomposition.
Keibul Lamjao National Park is also one of Phumdis in the lake. It is only floating national
park in world and is last natural refuge of endangered Sangai deer.
This ancient lake plays an important role in the economy of Manipur. It serves as a source of
water for irrigation, drinking water supply and hydropower generation.
Considering the ecological status and its biodiversity values, Loktak lake was initially
designated as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention in 1990.
Later it was also listed under the Montreux Record in 1993. Human activity has led to severe
pressure on the lake ecosystem.
DRDO inks MoU with IIT Delhi to establish JATC
November 7, 2016
The Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) has signed a MoU with Indian
Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi to establish a Joint Advanced Technology Centre (JATC).
The JATC will be located in the campus of IIT Delhi at the upcoming Science and Technology Park
(Mini-Science Park MSP).
Key Facts
The objective of JATC is to undertake and facilitate multi-disciplinary directed basic and
applied research in the jointly identified research verticals.
The JATC will enable Directed, Basic & Applied Research and will engage with premier
research institutes through multi-institutional collaboration.
DRDO will support JATC in equipping it with advanced and unique research facilities to
enable the faculty and scholars to conduct advanced research.
The researchers will get the opportunity to work in advanced areas of research such as
Advanced Materials for Ballistic Protection, Advanced Electromagnetic Devices and
Terahertz Technologies, Advanced Mathematical Modelling and Simulation, Smart &
Intelligent Textile Technologies, Brain Computer Interface and Brain Machine Intelligence
besides Photonic Technologies, Plasmonics and Quantum Photonics, etc.
It will facilitate towards advanced research to utilize technology outcome in the futuristic
applications.
The focused research efforts at the JATC will help in realization of indigenous technologies
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the critical areas which will be used for speedy self-reliance.


PM Narendra Modi to inaugurate PETROTECH 2016
November 7, 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the 12th edition of International Oil and Gas
Conference and Exhibition Petrotech-2016 in New Delhi on 5 December 2016.
The 2016 theme is Hydrocarbons to fuel the future Choices and Challenges. 6000 delegates from about
75 countries are expected to attend the mega event.
Key Facts
PETROTECH is Indias flagship biennial international oil and gas conference and exhibition.
It is Asias largest oil and gas event.
This global event aims at bringing Energy Ministers, professionals, industry leaders,
academicians and domain experts from the energy sector on a common platform.
It is a biennial platform for national and international experts in the oil & gas industry to
exchange views and share knowledge, expertise and experiences.
It also showcases the strengths & potential of Indian Hydrocarbon industry to the world
besides providing a vibrant platform for sharing of experience, exchange of ideas, knowledge
and technological development across various segments of hydrocarbon industry.
Petrotech 2016 will also include a BRICS Roundtable of Energy Ministers and a Roundtable
discussion involving select CELAC (Community of Latin American and Caribbean States)
countries of Latin America.
International Energy Forum International Gas Union (IEF-IGU)
India will also host the International Energy Forum International Gas Union (IEF-IGU)
Ministerial Forum on December 6, 2016. It is supported by GAIL (India) Limited and the
Natural Gas Society of India.
The main theme of the forum is Gas for Growth: Improving economic prosperity and living
standards. The forum seeks to increase the dialogue between Governments, Organisations
and Companies in the global gas industry.
Indias Aniruddha Rajput elected to UNs International Law Commission
November 7, 2016
Indian lawyer, Aniruddha Rajput (33) has been elected as a member International Law Commission
(ILC), a top body of legal experts of United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).
Rajput is among the 34 individuals elected by the UNGA as members of the ILC. He is Indias first
time candidate to the Commission and youngest among the group.
He is also the first Indian nominee chosen from outside the close circuit of lawyers of the Union
Ministry of External Affairs.
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Elections
The members have been elected from five geographical groupings of Asia-Pacific, African, Latin
American and Caribbean, Eastern European and Western European states. Rajput was elected from
the Asia Pacific Group by garnering 160 votes. They will have five-year term commencing from
January 2017.
About Aniruddha Rajput
He had practiced in the Supreme Court for six years and was also visiting professor for
international Commercial Arbitration and International Trade Law at Indian Law Institute.
He is an alumnus of London School of Economics. He was appointed by Law Commission of
India to an expert group tasked with analysis of Model Bilateral Investment Treaty 2015.
His prime areas of interest being international laws include sources of international law, law
of sea, international arbitration, UN law & practice and international trade law (WTO law).
He has several publications to his name, including books, articles, chapters, conference papers
on legal issues.
About International Law Commission (ILC)
The ILC was established by the UNGA in 1947 to undertake the mandate of UN to ensure
promotion and progressive development of International law and its codification. It holds an annual
session at the UN Office at Geneva.
Anti-dumping duty on Metallurgical coke bane to steel industry: ISA
November 7, 2016
The Indian Steel Association (ISA) has asked the Central Government not to impose any anti-
dumping duty on Metallurgical Coke (met coke) fearing cost escalation of their products.
A levy of anti-dumping duty on met coke will have a cost-push effect on the steel sector. It will fuel
further the cost of steel making, resulting in an increase in the cost of finished steel.
What is Metallurgical Coke?
Metallurgical coke is made from low ash, low sulfur bituminous coal, with special coking properties.
It is one of the most important and critical raw materials for the steel industry. The steel industry in
India having large blast furnaces requires met coke with high ash content and moisture content of
less than 5% to run efficiently. This demand is met through imports from other countries as the
domestic met coke has low ash content and high moisture content along high phosphorous and
sulpher content.
What is the issue?
The Union Ministry of Commerce had initiated anti-dumping investigation on import of low ash
met coke from Australia and China in the year 2015. It had resulted in the sharp increase in the price
of this key raw material with no signs of abating. Besides this, domestic steel industry is getting
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affected by the unbridled steel imports from countries such as China, Japan, South Korea, Russia at
predatory prices.
PM Narendra Modi inaugurates first International Agro-biodiversity Congress
November 7, 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the first International Agro-biodiversity Congress in
New Delhi.
The 4-day Congress (from November 6 to 9, 2016) will be attended by 900 delegates from 60
countries to discuss conservation of genetic resources.
What is Agrobiodiversity?
Agrobiodiversity is defined as the variety and variability of plant, animals and micro-
organism that are used directly or indirectly for food and agriculture. It includes all species
that are closely inter-woven in an agricultural ecosystem.
India is one of the most diverse countries in the world possessing unique crop and animal
diversity. It covers only 2.4% of the worlds land area and yet it harbours 7-8% of all recorded
species, including over 45,000 species of plants and 91,000 species of animals.
Key Facts
The conference has been organised by the Indian Society of Plant Genetic Resources and
Biodiversity International, a CGIAR Research Centre headquartered in Rome, Italy.
It will address the threats imposed by climate change and ways to achieve sustainable
agriculture production. It may adopt Delhi Declaration on Agrobiodiversity management and
use.
It will lead to discussion and knowledge sharing on issues for efficient management of gene
banks, crop diversification, science-led innovations in genetic resources, issues relating to
quarantine, intellectual property rights and biosafety and biosecurity.
It will also prepare a road map to enhance food, nutrition and health security by optimal
utilisation of agrobiodiversity while protecting agro-ecosystems.
It also seeks to develop a network of partnerships to strengthen biodiversity management
system at national, regional and global levels.
India, Sri Lanka agree to form Joint Working Group on Fisheries to address fishermen issue
November 7, 2016
India and Sri Lanka have agreed to set up a Joint Working Group (JWG) on Fisheries and hotline
between their Coast Guards to address long-standing issue of fishermen from Tamil Nadu. These
mechanisms aim to help find a permanent solution to the fishermen issues.
The decision in this regard taken during talks between Union External Affairs Minister Sushma
Swaraj and Sri Lankan Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera in New Delhi.
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The JWG on Fisheries will meet every three months beginning January 2017 while the Ministers of
Fisheries on both sides would meet every six months along with Naval representatives and Coast
Guard to discuss the protracted issue.
Terms of reference of the JWG
Expediting the transition towards ending the practice of bottom trawling at the earliest.
Framing procedures for returning fishermen arrested by both sides.
Possibility of joint patrolling.
However, both sides failed to resolve the issue of their seized boats which has been an emotive issue
in Tamil Nadu. This issue will be discussed at the first JWG meeting.
What is the issue?
The fishermen issue continues to be a major irritant in the India-Lanka ties. This issue has a
socio-economic dimensions, livelihood and humanitarian dimension and wants a long term
solution to the problem.
Sri Lankas Position: It accuses Indian fishermen of straying into its territorial waters. It
wants Indian fishermen to immediately end to bottom trawling, a practice that depletes the
oceans resources. It also has refused to return more than 100 trawlers seized since 2014.
Indias Position: Fishermen from Tamil Nadu are only fishing in their traditional areas,
especially around Katchatheevu, an islet ceded to Sri Lanka in 1974.
RBI appoints M Rajeshwar Rao as new Executive Director
November 7, 2016
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has appointed M Rajeshwar Rao as Executive Director (ED)
following voluntary retirement of G Mahalingam.
In his new role, Mr. Rao will look after Department of Statistics and Information Management,
Financial markets Operations Department and International Department of the RBI.
About M Rajeshwar Rao
Rao has a Bachelor of Arts in Economics and a Master of Business Administration (MBA)
from University of Cochin. He is also a Certificated Associate of Indian Institute of Bankers.
He had joined RBI in 1984 and as career central banker has exposure in various aspects of
central bank functioning.
Prior to his appointment as ED, he was the Chief General Manager (CGM), Financial
Markets Operations Department of the RBI.
Previously, he had held charge of the Risk Monitoring Department of RBI and also had
worked as the Banking Ombudsman, New Delhi.
India ranks second in global business optimism index: Report
November 7, 2016

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As per recently released report, India was ranked second in the global business optimism index
during the third quarter (July-September 2016).
It was revealed by the Grant Thornton International Business Report. India has improved its ranking
by one spot in the index.
The report was prepared on the basis of a quarterly conducted global business survey of 2,500
businesses across 36 economies. Earlier in second quarter (April-June 2016) India was ranked third
after being on top for two consecutive quarters.
Key Facts
In the report Indonesia took the top spot and Philippines was placed third after India.
India was able to improve its rank because of policy reforms and adaptation of Goods and
Services tax (GST).
The improvement clearly reflects that the reform agenda of the government and its efforts on
improving the climate for doing business are having an impact.
Globally, business optimism stands at net 33%, rising 1 percentage point from the previous
quarter but has failed by 11 percentage points over the year.
CII launches Startup Mentorship Circle platform
November 7, 2016
The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) has launched Startup Mentorship Circle, a unique
platform to help in connecting start-ups with the global marketplace.
The platform was launched in view of Union Governments vision of nurturing entrepreneurship
under the Startup India Initiative.
Key Facts
Under this Platform Large corporate houses are planning to mentor about 100 start-ups over
the next two years.
Initially it will focus on start-ups in the Western part of the country and will be soon scaled
to other parts.
It seeks to provide platform to create strong eco-system to nurture innovation and startups to
drive sustainable economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities.
About Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
CII is an association of Indian businesses which works to create an environment conducive to the
growth of industry in India. The headquarters of CII is located at New Delhi.
Scientists found palaeo-channel of lost Chandrabhaga River in Odisha
November 7, 2016
Scientists from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur have claimed to discover
evidence of lost river Chandrabhaga in Odisha.

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Earlier, KS Valdiya led expert committee had found out that Saraswati River did exist and flowed
through India and Pakistan before meeting Arabian Sea through Rann of Kutch.
Chandrabhaga River
It is an ancient mythical river believed to have existed at a distance of about two km from the 13th
century Sun Temple at Konark (built by King Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty in 1255
CE.), a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Odisha. It has been mentioned prominently in ancient
literature. Besides, almost all lore regarding Konark, including illustrations and photographs,
indicate presence of the river in proximity of temple. However at present, no trace of any water body
is at present visible in proximity of temple.
IIT study
The IIT study was conducted through an integrated geological and geophysical exploration in
conjunction with historical evidence and analysis of satellite data.
Imagery from USs Landsat and Terra satellites and those obtained by NASA Space Shuttle
Endeavours Radar Topographic Mission in 2000 were also used.
What scientist found out?
The satellite imagery and Google Earth images showed a sinusoidal trace, characteristic of a
typical palaeo-channel (remnants of an inactive river) passing north of the Sun Temple
extending approximately parallel to the coast.
It was further corroborated through profiling the surface using ground penetrating radar that
showed the existence of a V-shaped subsurface river valley.
Besides, field studies also revealed that palaeo-channel is characterised by swampy lands and
geologically the area is covered with alluvium, a deposit characteristic of rivers.
Data also showed a low gravity anomaly zone along suspected palaeo-channel which is an
indication of presence of low density sedimentary deposits along the depressed zone.
Significance of discovery
Identification of such a palaeo-channel of Chandrabhaga River may lead to the delineation of pockets
of freshwater zones within a dominantly saline water environment in coastal Odisha. It may even
partially help to alleviate the chronic drinking water problem along the Odisha coast.
November 8, 2016
Coradia iLint: Worlds first zero-emissions hydrogen train unveiled in Germany
November 8, 2016
World first hydrogen-powered and zero-emission passenger train named as Coradia iLint was
unveiled in Germany.
The first of its kind ecofriendly train has been developed by French rail company Alstom. The
Coradia iLint only emits excess steam and condensed water into the atmosphere.
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Key Facts
Coradia iLint is powered by a hydrogen fuel tank fitted on its roof. The fuel cell is supplied
with hydrogen and oxygen from the air.
The fuel cell converts hydrogen and oxygen into electric power. Excess electric is stored with
onboard lithium batteries.
The train is totally carbon-neutral and carbon-free which makes it a much more sustainable
alternative conventional diesel trains.
Besides, the claims speeds of up to 87 miles per hour and has a hydrogen storage capacity for a
497-mile range.
Way forward
The testing of the hydrogen-powered train will be carried out by the end of 2016 in Germany. If the
results prove successful, the trains will service the Buxtehude-Bremervrde-Bremerhaven-Cuxhaven
line in Lower Saxony, Germany by December 2017.
Uttarakhand High Court bans construction near glaciers in Uttarakhand
November 8, 2016
The Uttarakhand High Court has banned near glaciers in Uttarakhand and directed the state
government to preserve the rapidly melting glaciers, a source of major rivers.
The High Court issued an order, taking notice of the degradation in the Himalayan ecology and
environment based on a Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition filed on encroachment and illegal
construction around various water bodies including the Nainital lake.
What is the issue?
The Himalayan state of Uttarakhand alone has 968 glaciers spread across an area of 2,857 sq km.
These glaciers are a source of major rivers including the Ganga and the Yamuna. In recent times
these glaciers are facing severe problem of rapid reduction in snow cover due to climate change and
the melting of ice.
High Court order
No new permanent constructions must come up within a 25 kilometre radius from the edges
of all the glaciers across the state.
Restriction on burning of fossil fuels within a 10 kilometre radius of the edges of glaciers.
Complete ban on the use of plastic, in all forms, within a 20 kilometre radius of glaciers
State Government must provide the LPG and Kerosene Oil in abundance to the people living
in these areas by involving Oil Companies to mitigate their hardships.
The entry of persons visiting the glaciers must be regulated and Chief Secretary of state must
be the authority to issue limited passes for these visiting persons.
The State government can also impose a cess in the form of Glacier Tax on persons visiting
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places in the vicinity of the glaciers.


State administration must put up stations 20 kilometres from each glacier to ensure the
enforcement of the Court directions.
Army and paramilitary forces are permitted to set up infrastructures but they too must
consider the environment of the area before undertaking constructions of any kind.
COP7 of WHO FCTC begins in Noida
November 8, 2016
The 7th Session of the Conference of the Parties (COP7) to the WHO Framework Convention on
Tobacco Control (FCTC) started in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.
It is for the first time India is hosting COP meeting of FCTC. It is the worlds biggest convention on
tobacco control policy in which 180 countries are participating.
It was inaugurated by the Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J.P Nadda and was attended
by Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena.
What is WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC)?
The FCTC is the worlds first public health treaty under the World Health Organisation
(WHO).
It provides a new legal dimension for international cooperation in healthcare in combating
the tobacco epidemic.
It has successfully helped to co-ordinate and energize the global struggle against tobacco. It is
considered as one of the most widely embraced treaties in the history of WHO and UN.
It is an evidence-based treaty that reaffirms the right of all people to the highest standard of
health and was developed in response to globalization of tobacco epidemic.
Under it, the Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was adopted to address
the increasing illegal trade in tobacco products in November 2012. Currently, it has 13 Parties
and shall come in force 90 days after 40 Parties ratify it.
What is Conference of the Parties (COP)?
The COP is the FCTCs governing body and is comprised of all 180 Parties. The regular
sessions of COP are held at two yearly intervals.
It regularly reviews the implementation of the Convention and takes action to promote its
effectiveness.
Indias challenges
Tobacco use kills around 6 million people a year globally and the cost to treat tobacco-related
diseases is whopping $22 billion.
In case of India, there are nearly 275 million tobacco users and close to one million deaths
every year due to its direct or indirect use.
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Preventive steps taken


India is pushing for stricter control on smokeless tobacco. In India, implementation of 85%
pictorial warnings on cigarette packets has been mandatory.
The new Juvenile Justice Act makes sale of tobacco products to minors punishable offence
with 7 years of rigorous imprisonment.
128th birth anniversary of CV Raman observed
November 8, 2016
The 128th birth anniversary of Nobel laureate Bharat Ratna Sir CV Raman was observed on
November 7, 2016.
Various functions including debates have been organized in schools and colleges across India to
commemorate the day.
About CV Raman
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was born on November 7, 1888 at Thiruvanaikaval in
Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu. He died on 21 November 1970 (aged 82) in Bangalore.
He had discovered Raman Effect, a scientific phenomenon of scattering of light which
makes the sea and clear sky look blue.
He had discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected
light changes in wavelength.
Awards and Honours: His discovery of Raman Effect had earned him the 1930 Nobel Prize
for Physics. In 1954, he was honoured him with Indias highest civilian award Bharat Ratna.
He was the first recipient of the Bharat Ratna along with politician C. Rajagopalachari,
philosopher Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
National Science Day is observed every year in India on February to mark the discovery of
Raman Effect.
What is Raman Effect?
Some part of light beam after passing through a transparent medium gets scattered. This
phenomenon of scattering of light is termed as Raman Scattering and the cause of scattering is called
the Raman Effect. The wavelength of these scattered rays is different from that of the incident rays of
light.
NASAs MMS mission sets Guinness world record
November 8, 2016
NASAs Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission has set the Guinness world record for highest
altitude fix of a Global Positioning System (GPS) signal.
The four MMS satellites operating in a highly elliptical orbit around Earth has set the record at
70,006.4 kilometres above the surface of the Earth.
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About Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) Mission


NASAs MMS mission is an unmanned space mission to study the Earths magnetosphere,
using four identical satellites flying in a tetrahedral or pyramid formation.
Objectives: The mission launched in March 2015 aims to map magnetic reconnection, a
process that occurs as the sun and Earths magnetic fields interact.
Understanding causes of magnetic reconnection is important for understanding phenomena
of auroras on Earth, flares on surface of sun, and areas surrounding black holes.
The mission is also designed to gather information about the microphysics of energetic
particle acceleration and turbulence, processes that occur in many astrophysical plasmas.
Significance: When these satellites are closest to Earth, they move at up to 35,405 km/hour,
making them the fastest known operational use of a GPS receiver.
These satellites operate in a highly elliptical orbit around Earth and incorporate GPS
measurements into their precise tracking systems.
This system which require extremely sensitive position and orbit calculations to guide tight
flying formations.
Achievements: Earlier in 2016, MMS had achieved the closest flying separation of a multi-
spacecraft formation with only 7.2 km between the four satellites.
The mission still in the first year of its prime mission is giving scientists new insight into
Earths magnetosphere.
What is magnetosphere?
Magnetosphere is the region of space surrounding an astronomical object in which charged particles
are controlled by that objects magnetic field. The magnetic field near the surface of many
astronomical objects resembles that of a dipole. The field lines of the magnetic field significantly
distort the flow of electrically conducting plasma emitted from a nearby star (e.g. In case of Earth, the
solar wind from the Sun).

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Union Government puts ban on NDTV India on hold


November 8, 2016
The Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has put hold its order imposing a oneday ban
on Hindi channel NDTV India.
Earlier, the ministry had imposed oneday ban (on November 9) on NDTV India over its live
coverage of the Pathankot terror attack, violating Programme/Advertising Code.
Opposition parties and media bodies have criticised arbitary punitive decision of the Union
Government saying this was tantamount to an assault on media freedom.
What is the issue?
An Inter-ministerial Committee (IMC) had found that NDTV India channel had violated the
provisions of the programme code, specifically, clause (rule) 6 (1) (p) of the code, in its live
coverage of the Pathankot terrorist attack on 4 January 2016.
The live coverage by the channel may have given away sensitive information and could have
helped the terrorists.
The IMC comprised of joint secretaries Home, Defence, I&B, External Affairs, Law and
Justice, Health and Family Welfare, Consumer Affairs, Women and Child Development and
representative of the Advertising Standards Council of India (ASCI).

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What is Programme Code?


The Programme/Advertising Code of the Cable Television Network Rules, 1994 has been
incorporated in the Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995.
The code gives the Union Government the power to block the transmission and re-
transmission of any channel in the country. It is binding on all cable networks.
It has been taken from Content code governing All India Radio (AIR) which has been framed
around restrictions to free speech under 19 (2) of the Constitution.
For the violation of this code, 30 channels have been ordered to be banned for periods
ranging from 1 day to 2 months between 2005 and November 2016.
Note: There are no content-specific laws or binding rules for the print media and nor they require
licence to publish a newspaper.
What is clause 6 (1) (p) of the Programme Code?
The clause 6(1)(p) was introduced by an amendment to The Cable Television Network Rules
in 2014 by the Union Government and it came into force in March 2015.
It prohibits live coverage of any anti-terrorist operation by security forces. In these
cases, media coverage will be restricted to periodic briefing by an officer designated by the
appropriate Government till such operation concludes.
Comment
There are no specific laws protecting the freedom of the media in India. But journalists and
journalism thrive on broader freedom of expression guaranteed under Article 19 of
Constitution.
Article 19 gives all citizens the right to freedom of speech and expression. However, the first
constitutional amendment in 1951 put reasonable restrictions on use of Article 19.
The reasonable restrictions can be imposed on issues related to sovereignty and integrity of
India, security of state, friendly relations with foreign states, public order, decency or morality
or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence.
Archaeologists plan to use LIDAR to study ancient Rajgir hills
November 8, 2016
Indian archaeologists are planning to use Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) technology to
survey the archaeological evidence, flora and fauna in the ancient Rajgir hills in Bihar.
The LIDAR devices mounted on drones or on helicopters will be deployed as part of the inter-
disciplinary Rajgir Archaeological Survey Project (RASP).
RASP is a collaborative project between the Bihar Heritage Development Society and Nalanda
University in co-ordination with Bihars Ministry of Art, Culture and Youth. It is considered as the
most comprehensive survey ever conducted in that region.
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Key Facts
Using this remote sensing technology, a grid-map of the entire Rajgir hills will be prepared
for archaeological evidence, flora and fauna.
The survey also incorporates new technologies such as GIS (geographic information system)
mapping.
Besides, the modern techniques of archaeological survey involving GPR (ground-penetrating
radar).
It will be used to locate numerous Buddhist monuments and antiquities which remain buried
underground.
LIDAR is a remote-sensing technique that uses high-end scanning laser light to sample the surface of
the earth.
What is significance of Rajgir hills?
Rajgir hills in Nalanda district of Bihar is an area associated with Buddha. It has complex of temples
and monasteries. It is one of Indias most important tourist places for Buddhist pilgrims. The ancient
city of Rajgir was the first capital of the Magadha empire. Buddha had spent many years in Rajgir and
also delivered sermons here. His teachings were also penned at Rajgir. It was also the venue for the
first Buddhist Council. The region is also associated with Jainism.
India, UK ink two MoUs
November 8, 2016
India and the United Kingdom have signed two memorandum of understanding (MoUs) to boost
relations between the two nations.
These MoUs were signed during the official three days state visit of UK Prime Minister Theresa May
to India. It was her first bilateral visit outside Europe after becoming PM and after UKs decision to
exit from European Union.
Signed MoUs are
MoU on Ease of Doing Business
Under it, expertise from UK Government will be made available to relevant departments and
agencies of the Indian Government for the ease of doing business drive.
It includes sharing of best practices and technical assistance, exchange between the officials to
India for effective implementation of the initiatives in order improve its ranking in the ease
of doing business.
Important areas of cooperation include tax administration, regulatory regimes, support to
businesses and startups, competition economics, etc.
MoU for cooperation in the field of intellectual property
It was signed between the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) and the
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Intellectual Property Office (IPO) of UK.


It envisages establishing a mechanism for furthering cooperation between the IP Offices of
India and UK in the field of IP and related information technology (IT) services.
It includes exchange of experience, best practices and knowledge of IP awareness among the
public, businesses, industry, R&D organizations and educational institutions.
It also includes exchange of processes for disposal of applications for trademarks, patents,
industrial designs and geographical indications.
Both countries also agreed to establish new Joint Working Group (JWG) to discuss and resolve trade
related issues. It will focus on goods trade and also on services, including through greater mobility
for skilled professionals.
China to block Indias bid for NSG membership
November 8, 2016
China has decided to once again block Indias bid for Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) membership
ahead of plenary meet of NSG in Vienna, Austria.
Earlier, China along with few other member countries of NSG had blocked Indias membership
proposal in the plenary meet of NSG in Seoul, South Korea in June 2016.
What is Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)?
NSG is an elite group or cartel of countries concerned with reducing nuclear proliferation by
controlling the export and re-transfer of materials that may be used for development of nuclear
weapons. It was set up in 1974 as a reaction to Indias first successful nuclear tests (code name
Smiling Buddha conducted on 18 May 1974) to stop so called misuse of nuclear material meant for
peaceful purposes. NSGs members are allowed to trade in and export nuclear technology. Currently,
NSG has 48 members (including China) and works by consensus.
What are benefits for India by joining NSG?
NSG membership will be a significant boost for India which is seeking to expand its atomic
energy sector.
It will pave the way for India to access to the advance technology for a range of uses from
medicine to building nuclear power plants.
With this advance technology, India can commercialize the production of nuclear power
equipment which will in turn boost innovation and high tech manufacturing in India.
It will give big boost to Make in India programme and exports as India will have ability to
offer its own nuclear power plants to the world.
It will make domestic nuclear industry companies comply with international norms and make
it easier for them to trade in international market.
It will help realise Indias commitment to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce
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burden of oil and gas for energy security.


It will also help to realise Indias commitment to reduce dependence on fossil fuels to meet its
commitment to tackle the issue of the climate change.
Besides, it will recognition to Indias clean record track record in nuclear non-proliferation
without being signatory of non-Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT) .
What is Chinas concern?
China says that Indias membership and also of Pakistan will be considered only after rules for the
entry of non-Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT) countries is finalised by the elite group. It supports
the notion of the two-step approach within the NSG to address the question of membership. The first
stage includes reaching agreement on a non-discriminatory formula applicable to all the non-NPT
states and in second stage to take up country-specific membership issues.
Comment
China is using Indias membership bid as a bargaining card for its membership to the Missile
Technology Control Regime (MTCR) which has been blocked by Western countries over the
concerns about Chinas export control standards. Even, China had supported Pakistans membership
bid (applied May 2016) to counter Indias bid. However, many NSG members opposed Pakistans
membership bid because of its poor track record.
Rs. 500, Rs. 1,000 notes no longer legal tender
November 8, 2016
The Union Government has announced that Rs. 500, Rs. 1,000 notes will cease to be legal tender. It
was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a surprise address to nation.
The demonetisation drive of these two currency units was taken to root out the menace of black
money, corruption and fake currency from the country. The currency notes of 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2
and 1 rupee will remain unaffected by this decision and remain legal tender.
Key Facts
Persons holding old 500, Rs. 1,000 notes must deposit these notes in their bank or post office
accounts from 10th November till 30th December 2016 without any limit.
Those who are not able to deposit 30th December 2016 can go to the specified offices of RBI
up to 31st March 2017 and deposit the notes after submitting a declaration form.
However, for immediate needs, old 500, Rs. 1,000 notes can be exchanged in any bank, head
post office or sub post office by showing identity proof like Aadhaar card, voter card, ration
card, passport, PAN card or other approved proofs.
The limit for such exchange will be four thousand rupees till 24th November, and will
increase from 25th November till 30th December 2016.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will issue new 500 and Rs. 2,000 notes from 10 November
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2016.
There will no restrictions of any kind on non-cash payments by cheques, demand drafts, debit
or credit cards and electronic fund transfer.
What is Demonetisation?
It is an act of stripping a currency unit of its status as legal tender. Demonetization is mandatory
whenever there is a change of national currency. In this process, the new currency unit replaces the
old unit of currency which is retired.
Demonetisation in India
This is not the first time the Government or the RBI has demonetised currency in India. For the first
time in January 1946, Rs 1,000 and Rs 10,000 banknotes were demonetised. However, these two
denominations were reintroduced in 1954 along with currency notes of Rs 5,000. But all these three
denominations were again demonetised in January 1978. The RBI more recently in 2014, had
demonetised all banknotes printed before 2005.
November 9, 2016
President Pranab Mukherjee presents Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam IGNITE Awards
November 9, 2016
President Pranab Mukherjee presented the Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam IGNITE Awards to the children
winning IGNITE competition at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
This year, total 31 students were awarded for their ideas and innovations in the IGNITE competition
organized by the National Innovation Foundation (NIF).
About Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam IGNITE competition
The IGNITE competition is a national competition of original technological ideas and
innovations by children up to class 12 or those out of school up to the age of 17 years.
The award is an effort to focus primarily on the creativity of the children and promote
inclusive and compassionate thinking among them.
It was started in 2008 and is organized every year by National Innovation Foundation (NIF)
to promote creativity and originality among children.
The awards of competition are announced on 15 October every year on Dr APJ Abdul
Kalams birthday, which is celebrated by NIF as Childrens Creativity and Innovation Day.
About National Innovation Foundation (NIF)
NIF is an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology, Union Ministry
of Science and Technology.
It was set up in February 2000 to provide institutional support for scouting, sustaining,
spawning and scaling up the grassroots innovations across the country.
Since then, it has been actively engaged in promoting creativity and innovation in society. It
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has taken major initiatives to serve knowledge-rich but economically poor people of the
country.
It is committed to making India innovative by documenting, adding value, protecting IPR of
contemporary unaided technological innovators as well as of outstanding traditional
knowledge-holders and disseminating their innovations on non-commercial and commercial
basis.
Union Government appoints Praveen Kumar Sharma as CR, MD & CEO of CERSAI
November 9, 2016
The Union Government has appointed Praveen Kumar Sharma as the Central Registrar (CR),
Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Central Registry of Securitisation
Asset Reconstruction and Security Interest of India (CERSAI).
He was appointed by the Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) for the tenure of three years.
Prior to this appointment he was Sharma General Manager at State Bank of India (SBI).
About Central Registry of Securitisation Asset Reconstruction and Security Interest of
India (CERSAI)
CERSAI is a central online security interest registry of India. It is a Government company
licensed under section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956. Its headquarters is in New Delhi.
It was primarily created to check frauds in lending against equitable mortgages, in which
people would take multiple loans on the same asset from different banks
CERSAI provides the platform for filing registrations of transactions of securitization, asset
reconstruction and security interest by the banks and financial institutions.
Any person can also search and inspect the records maintained by the registry on payment of
prescribed fees.
Scientists discover water on metallic asteroid Psyche
November 9, 2016
Scientists have detected the presence of water on Psyche, the largest metallic asteroid in our solar
system.
It was detected based on the new observations from the NASAs Infrared Telescope Facility
(IRTF) in Hawaii. The telescope observations show evidence of water or hydroxyl on its surface.
Key Facts
The source of these hydroxyl or water molecules on Psyche remains a mystery.
Researchers believe that Water-rich minerals detected on Psyche may have been delivered by
carbonaceous asteroids that may had impacted it in the distant past.
Based on the previous observations of Psyche, it was believed that the asteroid did not have
water-rich minerals on its surface.

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About Psyche Asteroid


Psyche is made of almost pure nickel-iron metal and is about 300 kilometres across. It is located in
the asteroid belt. It is considered as the remnant core of a budding planet that was mostly destroyed
by impacts billions of years ago.
NASAs Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF): It is a 3-meter telescope optimized for use in infrared
astronomy. It is located at the Mauna Kea Observatory in Hawaii.
9th International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines Meeting begins in New Delhi
November 9, 2016
The 9th Annual Meeting of International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines (IRCH) was
inaugurated in New Delhi.
It has been organised by the Union Ministry of AYUSH and was inaugurated by Minister of State
(MoS) for AYUSH Sripad Naik.
In this meeting 19 member countries of IRCH with 36 delegates including experts from WHO are
participating. The event would be utilized to show case AYUSH strength to these countries.
About International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines (IRCH)
IRCH is a global network of regulatory authorities created by World Health Organization
(WHO) responsible for regulation of herbal medicines. It was established in 2006.
Its mission is to protect and promote public health and safety through improved regulation
for herbal medicines. India is member of IRCH network since 2007.
Objectives of IRCH: Globally promote and facilitate the safe use of herbal medicines,
through regional initiatives, sharing information and fostering dialogue.
Facilitate and strengthen cooperation between national regulatory authorities by sharing
experience, knowledge and information related to regulation, efficacy, quality and safety of
herbal medicines.
Discuss existing standards and requirements to promote the efficacy, quality and safety of
herbal medicines.
Recommend future activities to WHO related to the quality and safety of herbal medicines;
Refer issues to the International Conference of Drug Regulatory Authorities and other
bodies, where ever needed related to the quality herbal medicines.
Goals of IRCH: Development of a process that addresses and resolves questions related to the
regulation and safe use of herbal medicines;
Establish communication network that fosters dialogue on the regulation and safe use of
herbal medicines among the IRCH members.
Develop efficient links between National Drug Regulatory Authorities and information focal
points among the IRCH member countries through WHO.
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RBI issues new series of Rs 500 and Rs 2,000 currency notes


November 9, 2016
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued new series of notes for 500 rupees and 2,000 rupees
denomination with improved features and newer sizes.
These new series of notes was issued following Prime Minister Narendra Modis announcement that
Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 currency notes now in use will no longer be legal tender.
Key Facts
Both the designs of 500 rupees and 2,000 rupees notes is very friendly towards the visually-
impaired by having features which make it accessible for all sections.
They are Braille-compliant with lines on the side that enable blind people to ascertain their
denomination easily.
2,000 rupees note: It will be for the first time 2,000 rupees note denomination has been
issued. It will be called as the Mahatma Gandhi (New) Series.
The base colour of the note is magenta. Size of the new note is 66mm*166mm.
It has a motif of the Mangalayan, the low-cost mission of ISRO to Mars on the reverse side
and Mahatma Gandhi on front side.
500 rupee note: It has different colour, size, theme, design and location of security features
compared to the old notes. It has portrait and electrotype watermarks.
It will be in a stone grey in colour. The motif Delhis Red Fort is on reverse side and
Mahatma Gandhi on front side. Size of the new note is 63mm*150mm.

Indias first LNG-powered bus rolled out in Kerala


November 9, 2016

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Indias first eco-friendly liquefied natural gas (LNG)-driven bus was launched in
Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
The first pilot run of the eco-friendly bus was jointly flagged off by Union Petroleum and Natural
Gas Minister Dharmendra Pradhan and Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan.
Key Facts
The LNG-driven bus was rolled out as part of the Centres plans to use LNG. Thus, it opens
new chapter in the countrys transport sector which moves towards clean fuel.
The project has been a joint effort of Petronet LNG Limited (PLL), Indian Oil Corporation
Ltd (IOL) and Tata Motors Ltd.
As it is a pilot project, the LNG-driven bus will run on a trial basis and later after certification
it will be launched for commercial application.
Benefits of LNG
LNG is considered to be a cleaner and safer fuel which emits 50% less carbon, for mass
transportation. It eco-friendly and more economical compared to diesel for public transportation.
Union Government extends AFSPA in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh
November 9, 2016
The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has extended the Armed Forces Special Powers Act
(AFSPA) in three districts of Arunachal Pradesh.
These districts are Tirap, Changlang and Longding. They have been disturbed area under Section
3 of the AFSPA.
Why AFSPA has been extended in these districts?
The Naga underground factions including National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Muivah)/
NSCN-IM and NSCN (Khaplang)/NSCN-K continue to indulge in extortion, area domination,
recruitment of locals and inter-factional rivalry in these districts.
Background
The NSCN-IM had entered into a ceasefire agreement with India in 1997 after decades of
violence. It is the largest group representing the Nagas.
It is demanding a Greater Nagalim or a contiguous land for Nagas, across the north-eastern
states of Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Mizoram.
The NSCN-K (now banned ground) had unilaterally abrogated the ceasefire in March 2015
but NSCN-IM continues to be in a ceasefire pact with the Union Government.
Earlier in August 2015, the Union Government had signed a framework agreement with
NSCN-IM to find a final solution to the six-decade-old Naga issue.
What is Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA)?
The Parliament had enacted AFSPA in 1958 to confer special powers upon the armed forces
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in disturbed areas declared under the Act. It provides army officers and jawans legal
immunity for their actions in disturbed areas.
Under this act, a member of the Indian armed forces cannot be prosecuted or tried in any
criminal or civil court for any act committed by him or her while performing duty in a
disturbed area. Moreover, no court or quasi-judicial body can question the governments
decision to declare any area disturbed.
Presently, the AFSPA is in force in Assam, Jammu and Kashmir, Nagaland, Manipur (except Imphal
municipal area), Arunachal Pradesh (in above 3 districts plus a 20-km belt bordering Assam) and
Meghalaya ( along 20-km area bordering Assam).
Why provisions of AFSPA are objectionable?
It is necessary for a part of State to be handed over to the armed forces is for the Governor or
the Central Government to notify it to be in a disturbed and dangerous condition.
Even a non-commissioned officer of the armed forces is free, on the mere suspicion of
violation of the law or commission of an offence, to fire upon or otherwise use force, even to
the causing of death, against any person.
He can also without any warrant, arrest any person and enter and search any premises. No
prosecution of anyone indulging in excesses purporting to act under AFSPA is possible except
with the previous sanction of the Government.
Union Cabinet approves India-Japan MoU for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
November 9, 2016
The Union Cabinet has approved India-Japan Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for
advancement of academic research in the field of Earth Sciences.
The MoU will be signed between Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
(JAMSTEC) and the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences.
Key facts
The prime objective of the MoU is for the advancement of academic research in the field of
Earth Sciences for the benefit of the peace and human welfare.
It will help to enhance needed exposure and hands-on experience to Indian scientists in the
field of atmospheric and climate research, ocean technology observation and hazard
mitigation.
The cooperation between both countries under this MoU will be pursued primarily through
joint survey, exchange of scientific visits, cruise and R&D activities, joint scientific seminars,
workshops and meetings or exchange of information and data.
November 10, 2016

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Donald Trump elected as 45th President of United States


November 10, 2016
Real estate mogul-turned politician and Republican Party candidate Donald Trump (70) was elected
as 45th President of United States of America (USA).
He will be the first President of USA without political experience since Dwight D. Eisenhower (34th
President). Besides, he will oldest first term President of USA.
He will succeed Barack Obama and is scheduled to take office as the President of the USA on 20
January 2017.
Background
In the 2016 Presidential elections, Donald Trump gained 48% of the votes and 279 votes in the
Electoral College to defeat Democrat Party opponent Hillary Clinton who gained 47% votes. Hillary
Clinton had created history in this election by becoming the first woman to top the presidential
ticket of a major US political party.
About Donald Trump
Born as Donald John Trump on June 14, 1946 in New York City, New York, United States.
He is the chairman and president of Trump Organisation, a principal holding company for
his real estate ventures and other business interests.
He had joined his fathers company in 1968 after graduating in economics from University of
Pennsylvania. In 1971, he took control of company and renamed it Trump Organisation.
As of 2016, Forbes Magazine had listed him as the 324th wealthiest person in the world and
156th in the US.
From 1996 until 2015, Trump owned part or all of the Miss Universe, Miss USA, and Miss
Teen USA beauty pageants. In 1987, he had released his book Trump: The Art of the Deal.
Chhattisgarh launches Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign to complete irrigation projects
November 10, 2016
Chhattisgarh Government has launched Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign to complete the irrigation
projects that could not be completed.
Under the campaign, the state water resources department has identified 108 projects that could not
be completed.
Key Facts
Most of the projects identified under campaign are minor and middle. For the last three
decades, the projects were pending for required clearances.
Of the 108 projects, the water resources department has set a target to complete 88 projects in
the financial year 2016-17.
The districts with irrigation potential has been below 10% had been given priority in the

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campaign.
These projects on completion would provide irrigation in additional 71322 hectares of area.
Comment
These irrigation projects will be milestone in enhancing growth in the agriculture sector in the state
which falls under Rice-agro-climatic zone of the country. About 80% population of the state is rural
and their main livelihood is agriculture and agriculture based small industries. Besides, the economy
of the state is mainly based on agriculture and forestry. The agriculture sector contributes around
38% to the States Net Domestic Product. Of the total workforce of 8.3 million, 5.9 million (around
71%) are engaged in agriculture.
Kamala Harris becomes first Indian-American to win US Senator seat
November 10, 2016
Californias Attorney General Kamala Harris (51) created history by becoming the first India-
American to win the US Senate (upper chamber) seat from the state.
She defeated fellow Democrat Loretta Sanchez from her own party. She will replace Barbara Boxer
who had announced her retirement in 2014 after serving more than two decades in the Senate.
She is the sixth black individual to be elected to the US Senate. US President Barack Obama was the
fifth black elected Senator. She is also the first black woman elected to the upper chamber in more
than two decades.
About Kamala Harris
Kamala Harris is an American politician, lawyer and member of the Democratic Party.
She is the daughter of an Indian-American mother Dr. Shyamala Gopalan Harris and a
Jamaican-American father Donald Harris.
Since 2011, she has been serving as the Attorney General of California. She was elected
Californias Attorney General for first time in 2010 and was re-elected in 2014.
She had served as Managing Attorney of the Career Criminal Unit in the San Francisco
District Attorneys Office from 1998 to 2000.
From 1990 to 1998, she had worked as a Deputy District Attorney in Alameda County,
California.
She had served as the Chief of the Community and Neighborhood Division in the office of
San Francisco City Attorney from 2000 to 2003.
RBI issues clarifications on Hedging for External Commercial Borrowings
November 10, 2016
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued the Clarifications on hedging for External Commercial
Borrowings (ECB) in a bid to effectively address currency risk at the systemic level.
The Clarifications were issued by RBI under section 10(4) and 11(1) of the Foreign Exchange
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Management Act (FEMA), 1999.


What are External Commercial Borrowings (ECBs)?
ECBs are commercial loans borrowed from foreign sources for financing the commercial
activities in India.
It may be bank loans, securitised instruments, buyers credit, suppliers credit, foreign
currency convertible bonds, etc.
It should be noted that ECBs are not FDI. In case of FDI, foreign money is used only to
finance the equity Capital. But in case ECBs, foreign money is used to finance any kind of
funding other than equity.
What hedging means?
Hedging is an investment mechanism to cut the risk of adverse price movements in an asset.
Usually, a hedge involves taking an offsetting position in a related security.
Highlights of the Clarifications
The ECB borrower will be required to cover both principal as well as coupon payments
through the hedges done, starting from the day of borrowing.
The hedging period will be for the entire life of the liability with a minimum 1 year rollover
option. It will be ensuring that the total exposure is not unhedged at any point of time.
The borrower has to hedge in such a manner that the projected cash flows match the
expectation of the borrowers irrespective of the fluctuations in the foreign currency.
The designated banks will have the responsibility of verifying that 100% hedging requirement
is complied with.
Union Government launches Smart India Hackathon
November 10, 2016
The Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has launched Smart India
Hackathon 2017. It is the worlds largest digital national building initiative.
Through this initiative, HRD Ministry is keen to reach out to all technology institutions in the
country and challenge students to offer innovative solutions to some of the daunting problems faced
by our nation.
Key Facts
The Hackathon aims to find digital solutions by harnessing creativity and technical expertise
of over 30 lakh students from technology institutes in remotest parts of India.
Besides, it seeks to spark several institute-level hackathons countrywide and help build a
funnel for Startup India, Standup India campaign.
It is joint initiative of All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), University Grants
Commission (UGC), MyGov, NASSCOM, i4c, Rambhau Mhalgi Prabodhiniand Persistent
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Systems.
It will find digital solutions to problems in the areas of education, health, water, power,
agriculture, finance, urban & rural development, energy, aviation & shipping, transport,
sanitation, law & justice, sports, skill development & entrepreneurship, textiles, tourism,
defence etc.
The initiative will help to institutionalize a model for harnessing the creativity and skills of
youth for nation-building.
The Hackathon will have nearly 500 problem statements in all and will be published on
innovate.mygov.in. In the first set of 250 problem statements were unveiled.
Union Government launches Healthy India Initiative magazine and No More Tension mobile
App
November 10, 2016
The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has launched Healthy India Initiative
magazine and No More Tension mobile App.
It was launched by Union Health Minister J P Nadda for promotion of health and to strengthen the
health communications programmes.
Key Facts
Healthy India Magazine: It will be a quarterly magazine. It will cater to health related
information and raise awareness about healthy living.
The magazine will cover different aspect of health including women and child health, elderly
health, daily nutritional needs, seasonal ailments, safe medication practices and home
remedies for healthy living.
No More Tension App: It will help users to manage stress and will also provide
information regarding stress, symptoms and its management.
The application will allow user to measure their stress level and learn various techniques like
yoga and meditation to reduce stress from their lives.
Union Government launches Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana for entrepreneurs
November 10, 2016
The Union Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has launched of Pradhan Mantri
Yuva Yojana (PMYY) to scale up an ecosystem of entrepreneurship for youngsters.
The scheme was launched by Union Minister of State(I/C) for Skill Development and
Entrepreneurship Rajiv Pratap Rudy to mark 2nd Foundation Day of Ministry of Skill Development
and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
Key Facts
PMYY is MSDEs flagship scheme on entrepreneurship education and training. The scheme
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spans over five years (2016-17 to 2020-21) with a project cost of 499.94 crore rupees.
It will provide entrepreneurship education and training to over 7 lakh students in 5 years
through 3,050 institutes.
It will provide easy access to information and mentor network, incubator, credit and
accelerator and advocacy to create a pathway for the youth.
The institutes under the PMYY include 2,200 institutes of higher learning (colleges,
universities, and premier institutes), 500 ITIs, 300 schools and 50 entrepreneurship
development centres through Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs).
Delhi Declaration on Agrobiodiversity Management adopted
November 10, 2016
The first International Agrobiodiversity Congress (IAC) held in New Delhi has adopted New Delhi
Declaration on Agrobiodiversity Management.
In the declaration, 900 participants from 60 countries have urged researchers and policy-makers to
strengthen and promote complementary conservation strategies to conserve and use
agrobiodiversity.
Key Features of Declaration
Agrobiodiversity Conservation: Nations must accord top priority to the agrobiodiversity
conservation and their sustainable use towards achieving targets of Sustainable Development
Goals (SDGs) relating to poverty alleviation, food and nutritional security, good health,
gender equity and partnership.
Traditional knowledge: Recognises importance of traditional knowledge on
agrobiodiversity of farm women and men, pastoralists and other tribal and rural communities
and also their role in its conservation and use for a food and climate resilient world.
It calls upon nations to develop the necessary funding, legal and institutional mechanism to
ensure and facilitate their continued active participation.
Conservation strategies: Urge policy-makers and researchers to initiate, strengthen, and
promote complementary conservation strategies to conserve and use agrobiodiversity.
It must include wild relatives of crop to ensure a continuum between in situ, ex situ and on
farm conservation strategies to combat food and nutrition insecurity as well as adverse effects
of land degradation, climate change and biodiversity loss.
Modern technologies: Researchers must employ modern technologies including, but not
limited to, space, genomic, computational and nano-technologies for characterization,
evaluation and trait discovery using genetic resources.
Their aim should be to achieve equality, efficiency, economy and environmental security in

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agricultural production systems and landscapes.


Global exchange: It reemphasizes the necessity of global exchange of plant, animal, aquatic
microbial and insect genetic resources for food and agriculture to meet the ever-growing food
and nutritional needs of each country.
Countries need to harmonise their multiple legal systems and prioritize the improvement of
their phytosanitary capacities to facilitate safe transfer of genetic resources using latest
technologies and trans-boundary partnerships.
Agrobiodiversity index: It suggests developing and implementing an agrobiodiversity
index to help monitor conservation and use of agrobiodiversity.
10 November: World Science Day for Peace and Development
November 10, 2016
The World Science Day for Peace and Development is observed on 10 November 2016 across the
world to raise awareness of benefits of science in our daily life.
2016 Theme: Celebrating Science Centres and Science Museums. It highlights the importance of science
centres and museums for capacity building and to send strong messages about the importance of
science for sustainable development.
To mark the day, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
had organised special campaigns, visits to science museums for school children, etc.
Background
World Science Day was started in 2001 by UNESCO as a follow-up to the first World Conference on
Science in 1999. The conference was jointly organised by UNESCO and International Council for
Science in Budapest (Hungary). The 2015 theme of World Science Day was Science for a Sustainable
Future.
November 11, 2016
India should improve ports, logistics to boost exports: World Bank
November 11, 2016
World Bank in its report has mentioned that India must take steps to improve ports and logistics and
frame policies to reduce farm subsidies to emerge as an export powerhouse.
It was mentioned in the World Banks recently released report titled South Asias Turn: Policies to Boost
Competitiveness and Create the Next Export Powerhouse.
The report has suggested a set of policy actions in four sectors agribusiness, apparel, electronics
and automotive.
What the report says?
India and the South Asia region can be Next Export Powerhouse by adopting the right set of
productivity-enhancing policies.
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It can triple its share in global markets of electronics and motor vehicles and double its
already significant market share in apparel (excluding textiles and leather) by 2030.
India remains behind on global value chain capabilities including physical capital, human
capital, institutions and logistics.
Farm sector: Government needs to bring out reforms including reducing subsidies and
promoting competition to enhance the business environment in the farm sector.
The passive and non-targeted subsidies have encouraged farmers to continue to produce low
value crops using low productivity and unsustainable techniques.
Improved targeted subsidies will help to benefit the poor farmers. Targeted subsidies will
encourage farmers to adopt new technologies and (seed) varieties.
Bedsides, restrictions on agricultural markets have constrained productive private
investments in higher value food products.
Automotive sector: Government should gradually reduce tariffs on final cars, as the
prevailing high import tariffs on the completely built units.
Electronics sector: It is faced constraints such as underdeveloped clusters and poor trade
logistics. India needs to facilitate the development of clusters and improve its trade logistics to
enable the seamless import and export of hundreds of components.
Apparel sector: It is facing difficulties to import man-made fibre, preventing upgrading and
diversification. India needs to reform the duty drawback scheme to facilitate the import of
fabrics for exports.
Guy Ryder re-elected as DG of ILO
November 11, 2016
Guy Ryder from United Kingdom has been re-elected Director-General of the International Labour
Organisation (ILO) for a second five-year term.
He was elected by the Governing Body of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and received
54 of the 56 votes.
Ryder is the 10th DG of ILO and was elected for the first time in May 2012. He has some 35 years of
experience in the world of work.
About International Labour Organization (ILO)
The ILO is a United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international
labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
It was established in 1919 as an agency of the League of Nations following World War I.
After World war II it was continued as an agency of UN. Its headquarters are located in
Geneva, Switzerland.

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The ILO has 187 member states. It includes 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook
Islands.
The agency registers complaints against entities that are violating international rules related
to labour issues; however, it does not impose sanctions on governments.
In 1969, ILO was awarded Nobel Peace Prize for pursuing decent work and justice for
workers, improving peace among classes and providing technical assistance to other
developing nations.
Peru to host 2016 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Summit
November 11, 2016
The 2016 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Forums Leaders Summit will be held in Lima,
Peru from November 19 to 20, 2016.
The theme of the summit is Quality Growth and Human Development and the official logo is
the architecture of the ancient city of Caral.
It will be the second time Peru hosting to the APEC Summit, previously it had hosted the event in
2008. The 2016 summit will gather leaders from the worlds 21 most important member economies,
as well as over 1,500 investors and entrepreneurs.
Agenda for the 2016 APEC summit
Four priority areas were laid out as topics to be discussed. These are Human Capital Development,
Regional Food Market, Upgrading SMEs and Regional Economic Integration Agenda. These subjects were
chosen to build upon on the discussions from the 2015 APEC summit held in the Philippines.
About Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
APEC is regional economic forum of 21 Pacific Rim member economies that promotes free
trade throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
These 21 member countries collectively account for nearly 50% of the worlds trade and about
57% of GDP.
It was established in 1989 in order to leverage the growing interdependence of Asia-Pacific
regions economies and promote free trade in the region.
Headquarters: Singapore.
21 Members Economies: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Indonesia, Japan, South Korea,
Malaysia, New Zealand, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, United States, Taiwan, Hong
Kong, China, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Chile, Peru, Russian and Vietnam.
India is observer of APEC since 2011 and has applied for membership.
India to host 2018 International Competition Network annual conference
November 11, 2016
The Competition Commission of India (CCI) was selected as the host the 2018 International
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Competition Network (ICN) in New Delhi in MarchApril 2018.


By virtue of this event, CCI has also been inducted as an ex-officio member of the steering group
member of the ICN for a period of 3 years. The 2017 ICN Annual Conference will be held in
Portugal and will be hosted by Portuguese Competition Authority.
About International Competition Network (ICN)
ICN is an informal international body consists of 132 members from 120 competition
jurisdictions. It was established in 2001. CCI is a member of the ICN since 2003.
It is exclusively devoted to international competition enforcement and facilitate cooperation
between competition law authorities globally.
ICN provides competition authorities with a specialised platform (informal) for addressing
practical competition concerns, sharing experiences and adopting international best practices.
Besides, it holds an Annual Conference which is hosted by a member competition agency.
Its members are national competition authorities and Non-governmental Advisers (NGA)
which include reputed law firms, eminent persons, and think tanks of international repute.
Punjab Law Terminating Sutlej-Yamuna Link Agreement unconstitutional: SC
November 11, 2016
The Supreme Court has scrapped Punjab Termination of Water Agreements Act, 2004 which
unilaterally allows Punjab to stop sharing Ravi, Beas waters with other States.
Ruling in this regard was given by a five-judge SC Constitution Bench led by Justice Anil R. Dave.
The SC bench gave its opinion on a Presidential Reference made by then President APJ Kalam in
2004 to the apex court under Article 143 (1) of the Constitution questioning the constitutional
validity of the Act.
SC Order
The law unilaterally enacted by Punjab was illegally designed to terminate a 1981 agreement
entered into among Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan to re-allocate waters of Ravi and Beas.
By introducing the 2004 Act, Punjab defied two back-to-back apex court verdicts,
pronounced in 2002 and 2004.
Punjab exceeded its legislative power in proceeding to nullify the decree of this court and
therefore.
State Legislative Assembly cannot through legislation do an act in conflict with the judgment
of the highest court which has attained finality.
What is the issue?
The creation of Haryana from Punjab in 1966 threw up the problem of giving Haryana its
share of river waters. Since then, Punjab has opposed sharing waters of the Ravi and Beas
Rivers with Haryana, citing riparian principles, and arguing that it had no water to spare.
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After dividing Punjab, Union Government allotted Haryana 3 million acre-feet (MAF) of
water of the Ravi and

Beas in 1976. Later in 1981 agreement was entered into among Punjab, Haryana and
Rajasthan to re-allocate the waters of Ravi and Beas.
According to this agreement, available supplies of the Beas and Ravi Rivers were recalculated
to be 17.17 MAF. Rajasthan, Punjab and Haryana and Rajasthan were allocated 8.6 MAF. 4.22
MAF and 3.5 MAF respectively. Jammu and Kashmir and Delhi got 0.65 MAF and 0.20
MAF.
To enable Haryana to use its share of waters of Sutlej and its tributary Beas, Union
Government started Sutlej Yamuna Link (SYL) canal Project in 1982 to link Sutlej with the
Yamuna. The SYL Canal was a product of this 1981 agreement.
The total length of the SYL canal is 214-km, of which 122 km was to be in Punjab and 92 km
in Haryana. However, the work of canal was completely stopped after local political issues
and militant attack on workers in Punjab.
In 1996, Haryana approached Supreme Court for the early completion of the canal. In 2002,
SC directed Punjab to complete the SYL Canal in a year. Again in June 2004, SC directed
Punjab to complete the work in its territory and ordered the formation of a central agency to
take control of Punjabs work on the canal.
In response to SC order, Punjab Assembly passed The Punjab Termination of Agreements
Act, 2004, in July 2004 terminating its water-sharing agreements and thus jeopardising the
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construction of SYL in Punjab.


China successfully launches pulsar navigation satellite XPNAV-1
November 11, 2016
China has successfully launched experimental X-ray pulsar navigation satellite XPNAV-1. It is the
worlds first pulsar navigation satellite or spacecraft.
It was launched on board of Long March 11 solid-fuelled rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch
Center in Chinas northwest. It was 239th flight mission of the Long March carrier rocket series.
Key Features of XPNAV-1 satellite
The satellite weighs more than 200 kilogrammes and carries two detectors.
It will operate in a Sun-synchronous orbit (500 kilometers) inclined 97 degrees.
It will conduct in-orbit experiments of autonomous spacecraft navigation using pulsar
detectors to demonstrate new technologies.
It will also test its detectors functions in responding to the background noise of the universe,
outline pulsar contours, and create a database for pulsar navigation.
What are pulsars?
Pulsars are highly magnetized, rotating neutron stars that emit a beam of electromagnetic radiation.
They are spherical, compact objects that are about the size of a large city but contain more mass than
the sun. Scientists are using pulsars to study extreme states of matter, search for planets beyond
Earths solar system and measure cosmic distance.
What is X-ray pulsar navigation?
X-ray pulsar navigation is an innovative navigation technology in which periodic X-ray signals
emitted from pulsars are used to determine location of a spacecraft in deep space. This method of
navigation, based on X-ray signals emitted from pulsars is known as XNAV.
Potential Benefits
XNAV is expected to provide a faster estimation of spacecraft location in space as current
systems are limited by the time delay at great distances.
It is also seen as a cheaper alternative for a radio-based system as it would require reduced
ground infrastructure.
Besides, it is expected to lead to autonomous spacecraft navigation in the future. It will also
save additional cost as X-ray satellites can be made smaller and lighter.
India and Japan Sign Civil Nuclear Cooperation Agreement
November 11, 2016
After years of negotiations, India and Japan have signed a bilateral Civil Nuclear Cooperation
Agreement on 11 November, 2016. With this, India has become the first non-NPT country with
which Japan has signed a Civil Nuclear Agreement.
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The civil nuclear agreement between the two countries was not realized so gar manly because India
did not fit into Japans Hikaku San Gensoku or three non-nuclear principles. These principles adopted in
a resolution by Japanese parliament provide that Japan would neither possess nor manufacture
nuclear weapons, nor shall it permit their introduction into Japanese territory.
The talks for Civil Nuclear Agreement between the two countries had started when a joint statement
in 2006 with joint statement by then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Japanese Prime Minister
Shinzo Abe. However, the discussions took five years to move to negotiation stage in 2010. The
cause of delay was political opposition within Japan from anti-nuclear lobbies and media.
Till now, India has also signed civil nuclear deal with 10 other countries viz. United States, Russia,
South Korea, Mongolia, France, Namibia, Argentina, Canada, Kazakhstan, and Australia.
India, Japan ink ten agreements including civil nuclear deal
November 11, 2016
India and Japan signed have ten agreements to boost the bilateral cooperation between the two
nations.
The agreements were signed in presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Japanese
counterpart Shinzo Abe in Tokyo, Japan.
Agreements signed are
Agreement for Cooperation in Peaceful uses of Nuclear Energy: It provides for bilateral
cooperation in the field of Nuclear Energy. It will help to strengthen of energy security of
India, by facilitating development of nuclear power projects in India. It will also open up the
door for collaboration between Indian and Japanese industries in our Civil Nuclear
programme.
Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) on the Manufacturing Skill Transfer
Promotion Program: It envisages training 30,000 Indian youth in the Japanese styled
manufacturing in the next 10 years. It will be achieved through programmes of Japan-India
Institute for Manufacturing (JIM) and the Japanese Endowed Courses (JEC) in select
Engineering colleges. It will contribute to Make in India and Skill India.
MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Outer Space: It was signed between ISRO and JAXA.
It provides for cooperation in planetary exploration, satellite navigation and space industry
promotion, joint use of ground systems, joint missions and studies for mutual support and
personnel exchange.
MoU on Mutual Collaboration in Marine and Earth Science and Technology: It was
signed between Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth
Science and Technology (JAMSTEC). For more information click here

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MoC in the Field of Agriculture and Food Related Industry: It seeks to deepen the
bilateral cooperation in the fields of agriculture and food industries. It includes industries
related to food value chain networking and protecting Geographical Indication (GI) of
agriculture products.
MoU for Transport and Urban Development: It was signed between National Investment
and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) Limited and Japan Overseas Infrastructure Investment
Corporation (JICA). It will enable cooperation for promoting investment in infrastructure
projects in transportation and railways, port terminals, toll roads, logistics, airport terminals,
urban development and any supporting industries for these sectors.
MoU in the Field of Textiles: It aims to improve quality of Indian Textiles for conformity
assessment for Japanese market.
MOC in the Field of Cultural Exchange: It seeks to promote bilateral cooperation in the
field of art & culture between both countries. It includes exchange of exhibitions & personnel
in performing and visual arts, exchange of exhibitions and experts from museums,
cooperation in preserving the cultural heritage and to promote people-to-people exchanges.
MoC on Cooperation in Sports: It seeks to provide a framework for bilateral cooperation in
the field of Sports ahead of the forthcoming 2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics.
MOU between Gujarat and Hyogo Prefectural Government: It seeks to promote mutual
cooperation between Hyogo and Gujarat in the fields of business, academics, cultural
cooperation, disaster management and environmental protection.
November 12, 2016
Professor Raj Bisaria selected for Kalidas Samman
November 12, 2016
Madhya Pradesh Government has selected renowned theatre personality Prof Raj Bisaria for the
prestigious Kalidas Samman national award for 2015-16.
He will be bestowed with the prestigious award for achievement in theatre in a ceremony to be held
in Ujjain.
About Raj Bisaria
He was born on November 10, 1935. He is director, producer, actor and educationalist.
He is best known for blending artistic concepts of the East and the West and the traditional
and the modern.
The Press Trust of India (PTI) describes him as the father of the modern theatre in North
India.
He had founded Theatre Arts Workshop in 1966 and Bhartendu Academy of Dramatic Arts

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in 1975. He also owns repertory company of Bhartendu Academy of Dramatic Arts founded
in 1980.
About Kalidas Samman
It is an annual award constituted by Madhya Pradesh in 1980. It is bestowed upon personalities in the
four fields of classical music, classical dance, theatre and arts. Some of the previous recipients are
Pandit Ravi Shankar, MF Husain, Pandit Jasraj, Shambhu Mitra, Habib Tanvir, Ebrahim Alkazi etc.
SAIL wins 2016 Golden Peacock Award for corporate governance
November 12, 2016
The Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) has won the prestigious 2016 Golden Peacock Award
for Corporate Governance.
The award was received by Ashwini Kumar, CEO of Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) on behalf of SAIL
during the 16th London Global Convention on Corporate Governance and Sustainability in London,
UK.
SAIL was bestowed with this award on account of its exemplary performance in the field of
corporate governance i.e. for balancing the interests of all the stakeholders of the company
management, customers, shareholders, suppliers, financiers, government and the community.
About Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
SAIL is one of the largest state-owned steel in India and one of the top steel makers in world.
SAIL is the 24th largest steel producer in the world.
It was founded in 1954 and incorporated in 1973. Its headquarters are in New Delhi.
It operates and owns 5 integrated steel plants at Bhilai, Durgapur, Rourkela, Bokaro and
Burnpur and 3 special steel plants at Salem, Durgapur and Bhadravathi.
About Golden Peacock awards
Instituted by the Institute of Directors (IoD) in 1991. They are presented annually under various
categories. The awards comprise to sets Global Awards and National Awards.

City Union Bank launches Indias first banking robot Lakshmi in Chennai
November 12, 2016
Indias first banking robot named Lakshmi was launched by the Kumbakonam-based City Union
Bank (CUB) in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Lakshmi will be first on-site huamanoid (robot) in India.
Currently, CUB has readied only one version of huamanoid banker and but is planning to deploy
25-30 robots at key branches by end of year if Lakshmi proves a hit with customers.
Key Facts
Lakshmi is artificial intelligence powered robot. It can speak English, gesture and engage
in a life-like manner in conversations.

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The robot can interact with customers on more than 125 subjects including account balance
and interest rates on loans.
It will not voice the sensitive financial information like account details rather display it
discreetly on its screen.
What is artificial intelligence?
Artificial intelligence is the branch of computer science concerned with making computers behave
like humans. In contrast to normal hardware and software, artificial intelligence enables a machine to
perceive and respond to its changing environment. The artificial intelligence machines learn
automatically like humans during their processing by assimilating large volumes of information.
High Level Meeting of Interior Ministers of IOR adopts Colombo declaration to Counter Drug
Trafficking
November 12, 2016
The High Level Meeting of Interior Ministers of Indian Ocean Region (IOR) to Counter Drug
Trafficking was held in Colombo, Sri Lanka. It had adopted Colombo declaration.
The delegates from 18 littoral states of the IOR have resolved to work towards making the region a
Drug Free Zone. Indian delegation was led by the Union Minister of State (MoS) for Home Affairs
Hansraj Ahir.
Key Facts
The high-level meeting was attended by 18 littoral states of the IOR which included seven
Ministers and Deputy Ministers of Home Affairs/Interior.
It was also attended by seven international organizations and UN agencies engaged in
counter-narcotics initiatives in the region.
Features of Colombo declaration
Narcotic drug trafficking in the IOR poses a threat to peace and security in the region and its
possible link to organized crime and funding of terrorism.
It stresses upon need for coastal states to cooperate more closely on enforcing maritime law,
providing mutual legal assistance and sharing information in narcotic drug trafficking.
It also calls for the expansion and development of communication through the United
Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODCs) Indian Ocean Prosecutors Network.
It called on the littoral states of the IOR to meet on an annual basis within the framework of
the Southern Route Partnership (SRP) of Indian Ocean Forum on Maritime Crime (IOFMC).
These states must assess and report on the drug trafficking threat in the IOR and develop a
coordinated approach to counter such threats.
Union Government unveils steps to boost cybersecurity
November 12, 2016

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Union Government has unveiled a slew of measures in an attempt to strengthen cyber security in
India.
It was announced by the Union Minister for Electronics and IT Ravi Shankar Prasad at the
Economic Editors Conference-2016. The conference was organised by the Press Information Bureau
(PIB) in collaboration with the Union Ministry of Finance in New Delhi.
What are the steps undertaken to strengthen cyber security?
Central Government is taking measure to strengthen Cert-IN (Indian Computer Emergency
Response Team), the governments cyber security arm
Mandatory for all organisations having a significant IT infrastructure will need to appoint
cyber security officers.
State Certs are being planned by Maharashtra, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and
Jharkhand.
Three sectoral Certs in power sector viz. generation, transmission and distribution also have
been set up in addition to the existing banking sector one.
National cyber coordination centre (NCCC) is being set up to provide near real time
situational awareness and rapid response. This project will be completed in 5 years at a cost of
Rs 985 crore.
The Phase 1 of NCCC is expected to be operational by March 2017. The Central Government
will also launch Botnet Center shortly.
About CERT-In (Indian Computer Emergency Response Team)
CERT-In is a government-mandated nodal agency for information technology (IT) security
established in 2004.
It is nodal department under the aegis of the Indian Department of Information Technology,
Ministry of Electronics and IT.
According to the provisions of the IT Amendment Act, 2008, CERT-In is responsible for
overseeing administration of the Act.
Purpose of CERT-In: (i) Protect Indian cyberspace and software infrastructure against
destructive and hacking activities. (ii) Respond to computer security incidents, report on
vulnerabilities and promote effective IT security practices throughout the country.
(iii) Issue guidelines, vulnerability notes, advisories, and whitepapers regarding to
information security practices, prevention, procedures, response and reporting of cyber
security incidents.
GoM recommends heavy fine and ban on celebrities endorsing products in misleading ads
November 12, 2016
A high-level Group of Ministers (GoM) has approved imposing a heavy fine and ban on celebrities
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who endorse products making unrealistic and dodgy claims.


The GoM headed by Union Finance Minister was tasked to look into the issue of Celebrity
endrosement and recommendations of Standing Committee of the Parliament on the recently
introduced The Consumer Protection Bill, 2015.
GoM recommendations
First time offender celebrities should be fined Rs 10 lakh and banned for one year.
Second and subsequent offenders should be fined Rs 50 lakh and banned for up to 3 year.
Dropped Standing committees proposal of jail term to celebrities found guilty for
misleading endorsement.
Background
The Union Government had introduced The Consumer Protection Bill, 2015 in Parliament
to replace the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 to deal with consumer protection and safety.
The bill proposes tough measures for the protection of consumer rights and providing strict
punishment to violators.
After its introduction it was referred to a Standing Committee, which gave a report
suggesting measures like making celebrities accountable for the brands they endorse.
It also had called for severe penalties such as jail term for celebrities endorsing brands,
publishers/broadcasters of misleading advertisements and manufacturers of such products.
Recommendations of Standing Committee
For the first-time offence, offender celebrities should be penalised with either a fine of Rs 10
lakh or imprisonment up to two years or both.
For second-time offences, offender celebrities should be penalised with either Rs 50 lakh or
imprisonment of five years or both.
What is the issue related to celebrity endorsement?
The issue of accountability of celebrities as brand endorsers was in spotlight after the ban on Nestle
India Ltds Maggi Noodles over inadequate safety standards and high levels of lead and Monosodium
glutamate (MSG). The ban was subsequently lifted. Besides this, some other celebrities, too had faced
public ire for endorsing brands that did not meet expectations.
November 13, 14, 2016
Meng Hongwei elected as new INTERPOL President
November 14, 2016
Meng Hongwei, high-level police official from China has been elected as the new President of
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL).
With this, he becomes first Chinese citizen to hold the four-year post. He was elected at the
INTERPOLs 85th annual general assembly held in Bali, Indonesia and succeeds Mireille Ballen
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Ballestrazzi.
Prior to this appointment, Meng Hongwei was Vice Minister of Public Security in China. He rich
experience of 40 years in criminal justice and policing. In his career he has overseen affairs related to
legal institutions, counter-terrorism, narcotics control, border control, immigration and
international cooperation.
About INTERPOL
Interpol is global police co-operation agency and a non-governmental organization (NGO).
Its work focuses on public safety and battling terrorism, crimes against humanity, genocide,
war crimes, environmental crime etc.
It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923. Its
headquartered is located at Lyon, France.
It is the 2nd-largest international organization after the United Nations in terms of
international representation with 190 member countries.
PM Narendra Modi inaugurates International Conference on sugarcane value chain
November 14, 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the International Conference and Exhibition on
Sugarcane Value Chain Vision 2025 Sugar in Pune, Maharashtra.
The 3 days conference has been organised by Vasantdada Sugar Institute (VSI) at Manjari near Pune.
Around 1,500 delegates are expected to participate in this conference from across the globe.
Key Facts
In this conference, eminent international and national speakers will deliver lectures on
significantly different important aspects of sugarcane value chain.
Besides, there will be an exhibition showcasing various technological developments in sugar
industry.
It will also have live demonstrations of sugarcane crop showing various advance technologies
and practices in cultivation.
About Vasantdada Sugar Institute (VSI)
VSI is an autonomous body established in 1975 by sugarcane growers of co-operative sugar mills in
Maharashtra with support of Central and State government. Former Chief Minister of Maharashtra
Vasantdada Patil was founder of the institute. Former Union Minister Sharad Pawar is the present
President of VSI.
India-Nepal Joint Training Exercise Surya Kiran culminates
November 14, 2016
The tenth edition of India-Nepal Joint Military Training exercise was conducted at Army Battle
School (NABS), Saljhandi in Nepal from 31 October to 13 November 2016.

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The bilateral Military Training exercise had played important role in boosting defence ties between
India and Nepal.
Key Facts
In this exercise, Indian Army is being represented by elite Kumaon Regiment, while Nepal
Army is being represented by Jabar Jung Battalion.
It provided an ideal platform for troops of the two countries to share their experiences on
Counter Terrorists Operations and Disaster Management.
During training other activities conducted included basic familiarisation with each others
weapons & equipment and concepts while operating in Counter Terrorism environment.
Background
The Surya Kiran series of military exercises between India and Nepal are being conducted annually.
It is the largest bilateral military exercise in terms of troops participation in series of military
training exercises undertaken by India with various countries.
Aditi Ashok becomes the first to win womens Indian Open tournament
November 14, 2016
Teen golf sensation Aditi Ashok (18) became the first Indian woman to win a Ladies European Tour
title.
She achieved this feat by winning the Hero Womens Indian Open held at the DLF Golf and Country
Club in Gurugram, Haryana. She won a prize purse of 60,000 dollar.
She won the tournament with a score of 3-under-par 213. Her round included birdies on the par-
four second and 10th holes and bogeys on the seventh, 13th and 17th.
Aditi Ashok is the first and the only Indian golfer who had played the Asian Youth Games (2013),
Youth Olympic Games (2014), Asian Games (2014) and Rio Olympics (2016).
36th India International Trade Fair begins in New Delhi
November 14, 2016
The 36th edition of India International Trade Fair (IITF) has started at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
It will be held from 14th to 18th November 2016.
The fair was inaugurated by the President Pranab Mukherjee. The theme of 2016 IITF is Digital
India. 150 companies from 27 countries are taking part in the fair.
Key Facts
The 2016 IITF has been organised by the India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO), under
aegis of Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
This years partner country is South Korea and focus country is Belarus. Besides, Madhya
Pradesh and Jharkhand are partner states and Haryana is focus state.
This years theme highlights countrys persistent efforts to alleviate poverty through
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meaningful convergence of digital technologies and e-governance.


The fair will provide a glimpse with updated information on various missions, schemes and
initiatives launched by the Central Government.
It will also manifest a multi-pronged strategy of Indian economy driven by Make in India
initiative and reforms to transform trade and industry into an engine of socio-economic
growth.
November 12: World Pneumonia Day
November 14, 2016
The World Pneumonia Day is observed globally every year on November 12 to generate awareness
about the pneumonia disease.
The day aims to highlight the severity of pneumonia and bring together the people from all over the
world to promote the prevention and treatment of the disease.
2016 Theme: Keep the Promise, Stop Pneumonia Now.
Background
The World Pneumonia Day was first observed in 2009 after more than 100 organisations joined
together form the Global Coalition against Child Pneumonia. At present, the global coalition
comprises of over 140 NGOs, academic institutions, government agencies and foundations.
About Pneumonia
Pneumonia is caused by inflammation of the airspaces in the lungs. It is most commonly due
to an infection. It is a leading cause of death for children under the age of five years around
the world.
It may be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. The most common bacterial type that causes
pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae.
Signs and symptoms: Fever, chills, cough, shortness of breath, and fatigue.
Treatment: Vaccinations are available against several common organisms that are known to
cause pneumonia. Besides, antibiotics can also treat pneumonia by controlling the bacterial or
fungal infection.
Indias pneumonia and diarrhoea burden
Indias position is much where it stood in the year 2015. It tops with a total of 2,96,279 deaths
from pneumonia and diarrhoea in 2015 compared to last years figure of 2,97,114 deaths.
The Pneumonia and Diarrhoea Progress Report has placed India among the top of the list of
15 nations.
Five countries among those with the highest pneumonia burden are India, Indonesia, Chad,
China and Somalia.

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These countries are still not using pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in their routine
immunisation programmes which were introduced in 2000.
Preventive steps taken: Recently, India had announced a partial introduction of these vaccines in
five states (Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh) from 2017.
Earlier in 2015, India had introduced rotavirus vaccines in four States.
Researchers isolate a bacterium in chicken transmitting multidrug resistant pathogen to
humans
November 14, 2016
Researchers from Hyderabad have isolated Helicobacter pullorum bacterium in chicken that may
be source of transmission of the multidrug resistance pathogen to humans.
This is the first evidence on prevalence and isolation of H. pullorum multidrug resistance bacterium
from broilers and free-range chicken sold in Indian markets.
What is Helicobacter pullorum?
Helicobacter pullorum is a pathogen commonly found in the liver and gut of poultry birds including
chickens. It is untreatable and may be cancer-causing. It is being suspected that H. pullorum is
resistant wide range of antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones, cephalosporins, sulfonamides and
macrolides
What are ill effects on human health?
Infected chicken with Helicobacter pullorum bacterium when consumed are known to cause
gastrointestinal infections in humans. Besides, Helicobacter pullorum is known to produce a
cancercausing agent called cytolethal distending toxin. This toxin damages the DNA and interferes
with the cell cycle. Since this multidrug resistance bacterium also infects the liver, it increases the risk
of cancer in the organ.
Termination clause in N-deal with Japan not binding on India: Government
November 14, 2016
The Union Government has said that the termination clause in the recently signed historic civil
nuclear deal with Japan will be not binding on India.
But the termination clause merely records the views of the Japanese side considering its special
sensitivities as Japan is the only nation to have suffered a nuclear attack.
Besides, the Union Government has also insisted that India has made no additional commitments
over the similar agreements signed with the US and other countries.
What is the issue?
The historic India-Japan Nuclear Cooperation Agreement (or nuclear deal) was signed on 11
November 2016. The Note on Views and Understanding signed after the agreement effectively
allow Japan to invoke an emergency suspension of nuclear supplies if India goes for testing a
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nuclear weapon and to contest any compensation claims from India in court. This note has been
included to help the Japanese Government to clear the nuclear deal in the Parliament or Diet in early
2017. In Japan, there is political opposition for making an exception for India as it is not signatory of
the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
What is Indias position?
India has given a voluntary moratorium on nuclear tests and has traditionally refused to link its
nuclear trade with pre-conditions on testing, holding it is a matter of nuclear sovereignty. The
nuclear agreement with Japan follows the same template as that of the India-US nuclear deal.
However, in this case the circumstances triggering a possible termination are not sharply defined.
Thus, note on views and understanding signed with Japan is simply a record by the negotiators (i.e.
India and Japan) of respective views on certain issues and not binding.
CPEC becomes reality as Pakistan inaugurates Gwadar port
November 14, 2016
Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif inaugurated the operational activities of the revamped
strategic Gwadar port in the south-western Balochistan Province.
With the operationalisation of the deep sea port, the multi-billion dollar China-Pakistan Economic
Corridor (CPEC), linking western China to the Arabian Sea became a reality.
Key Facts
The port was operationalised after a Chinese commercial ship laden with around 250
containers set off for West Asia and Africa.
The ship was carrying Chinese goods which were ferried by major trade convoy that started
from Kashgar in western China on 30 October 2016 reached Gwadar on 12 November 2016.
It was considered as watershed moment in the history of Pakistan and symbol of Pakistans
commitment to Chinas One Belt-One Road (OBOR) initiative, of which CPEC is a key port.
Benefits to Pakistan: Chinas OBOR initiative integrates with Pakistans Vision 2025 which
seeks to transform the country into a hub of trade and commerce. The CPEC would
ultimately integrate South Asia, China and Central Asia.
Indias concern: The CPEC is being laid through the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).
For more information: (i) CPEC (ii) CPEC Analysis
November 15, 2016
Padmini Rout wins 2016 National Women Premier Chess Championship
November 15, 2016
International Master Padmini Rout has won the 2016 National Women Premier Chess
Championship.
With this win, she has scored a hat-trick in the National Women Premier Chess Championship.
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Earlier she had won the championship in 2014 and 2015.


She was representing Petroleum Sports Promotion Board (PSPB) and to secure a hat-trick of title
wins after hard fought draw with her PSPB teammate Eesha Karavade.
In this Chess Championship, S Vijayalakshmi of Air India won silver medal while Eesha Karavade of
PSPB bagged bronze medal.
The victory has ensured that Padmini will be a part of the Indian women team in the next World
team chess championship. The other two confirmed members of the team are Grandmasters Koneru
Humpy and D Harika.
Biggest and brightest Supermoon observed
November 15, 2016
The Supermoon was observed after the moon was closest to the Earth at 356,509 km. This is for the
first time moon came closest to Earth since 1948.
Last time, the moon came closer to earth on 26 January 1948. Next time the supermoon will be
observed on 25 November 2034. During this time moon will be even closer than this year.
What is supermoon?
Supermoon or perigee full moon is a phenomenon that occurs when a full moon coincides with
the moon being the closest to the Earth on its orbit. During this time, the natural satellite appears
roughly 30% larger in area and 30% brighter than the smallest full moons. In terms of diameter, the
width of the moon is about 14% wider than the smallest full moons.
What causes a supermoon?
The moons orbit around Earth is ellipse (a kind of squashed circle) and not in a circle. When an
orbit is elliptical, Earth in the middle sits at one of two foci of ellipse. The moon is inevitably closer
to the Earth when it passes one side of the ellipse and further away as it passes the other side. When
it is at the closest side (called perigee) it is a full moon. If this distance is to closer to earth then it is
called a supermoon.
Why are supermoons not all the same size?
The reason is that the shape of the ellipse that the moon draws around the Earth is changing all the
time as it is pushed and pulled by other gravitational forces.

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Special Task Force led by SS Mundra formed to recalibrate ATMs


November 15, 2016
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has formed Special Task Force to speed up the process of
recalibration of automated teller machines (ATM) to dispense the new denomination notes.
The Special Task Force will be headed by S.S Mundra, Deputy Governor, RBI. Representatives from
the Union Finance and Home ministries, RBI, State Bank of India, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Axis
Bank and the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) will be its members.
Besides, representative from each of ATM original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), cash in transit
(CIT) companies and white label ATM (WLA) operators will be invited to the Task Forces
deliberation
Terms of the reference of Task Force
Expeditious reactivation of all ATMs in a planned manner.
Draw up an action plan and ensure its implementation for quick recalibration of the ATMs to
enable them to dispense the new Rs. 500 and Rs. 2,000 notes.
Why task force has been formed?
After the Union Government had surprisely announced demonitization of old series Rs. 1,000 and
Rs. 500 notes, there was issue of currency crunch across the nation. Following introduction of new
series of Rs. 2,000 and Rs. 500 notes, it has become necessary to recalibrate all ATMs/cash handling
machines to dispense the new design notes. However, the recalibration process will take up to 3
weeks for all the 2 lakh ATMs to operate normally.

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Facebook sets wireless world record by transmitting data at 20 Gbps


November 15, 2016
Facebooks Connectivity Lab has set a world record transmitting at nearly 20 Gbps for 13.2
kilometers using Milli Meter Wave (MMW) technology.
The Connectivity Lab achieved a data rate of nearly 20 Gbps in a point-to-point land-based test from
a mountaintop in Malibu, California to a building rooftop in Woodland Hills in United States. The
line-of-sight distance for the point-to-point test was of 13.2 km.
With this Facebook broke the previous record set in May 2016 by German scientists of 6 Gbps data
transmission over 37 km using MMW technology. Earlier in February 2016, a team of Japanese
researchers had hit 100 Gbps by batching multiple 10 Gbps signals but not in the MMW spectrum.
What is Millimeter waves (MMW)?
Millimeter waves (MMW) is electromagnetic waves with the wavelength from 1 to 10 millimeters.
This waves share the features of microwaves and far infrared waves since its wavelength ranges
between these two waves.
MMW application in communications: It is generally used for point-to-point transmission
technology. Basically the band of radio spectrum between 30 Ghz and 300 Ghz of MMW is used for
this purpose. It is mainly used for connecting internet service to distribution points. It is difficult and
uneconomical to use MMW for individual residential connections.
2016 will be hottest year on record
November 15, 2016
According to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the year 2016 was the warmest year
on record globally.
It was mentioned in the WMOs preliminary assessment provided in its Status of the Global Climate
in 2016 report. WMO is the United Nationss authoritative voice on Weather, Climate and Water.
Key Highlights of report
Global temperatures for January to September 2016 were 1.2oC above pre-industrial levels
and 0.88C above the average for the 1961-1990 reference period (baseline).
Ice and snow cover: Arctic sea ice remained at very low levels, especially during early 2016
and the October re-freezing period. In this region, temperatures were 6 to 7 oC above the
long-term average.
Many other Arctic and sub-Arctic regions in Russia, Alaska and northwest Canada were at
least 3oC above average.
Oceans: The temperatures had spiked in the early months of the year 2016 because of the
powerful El Nio event of 2015-16.
The excess ocean heat by the El Nio event had contributed to coral reef bleaching, and
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above-average sea-level rise.


However, the extra heat from the powerful El Nino event has disappeared, the heat from
global warming will continue.
High-Impact events: Because of climate change, the occurrence and impact of extreme
events has risen. Heat waves and flooding are becoming more regular.
Sea level rise has increased exposure to storm surges associated with tropical cyclones.
Besides, wildfires and major droughts affected several parts of the world.
Humanitarian consequences: The annual and long-term changes in the climate system will
aggravate social, humanitarian and environmental pressure.
Population migration is expected to increase as a result of more frequent and potentially more
intense weather-related disasters.
Rising sea levels will render coastal and low lying zones uninhabitable. Climate Change will
also increase competition and conflict over shrinking resources.
Paris Agreement on Climate Change
The Paris Agreement in 2015 had adopted 2oC as the absolute threshold for staying within safe global
warming levels. However, 1.5 oC was set as an ambitious target, especially bearing in mind the fate of
small island countries that are threatened with submergence due to sea-level rise and extreme
weather events.
Comment
In future, the world is likely to cross 1.2 oC of global warming above pre-industrial levels in 2016.
World is coming dangerously close to breaching the 1.5 oC warming level, which is an ambitious
target to stay safe from the worst impacts of climate change.
272 products registered as geographical indication so far
November 15, 2016
As many as 272 products have been registered as geographical indications since September 2003,
according to data of Office of Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks.
During this fiscal (2016-17), 11 products have been registered so far as GI from states across India.
26 items had received GI status in the 2015-16 fiscal .
11 GI products added this year are
Sangli Raisins (Maharashtra), Parmigiano Reggiano (Italy), Banaras Metal Repouse Craft (Uttar
Pradesh), Beed Custard Apple (Maharashtra), Jalna Sweet Orange (Maharashtra), Uttarakhand
Tejpat (Uttarakhand), Waigaon Turmeric (Maharashtra), Purandar Fig (Maharashtra), Jalgaon
Brinjal (Maharashtra), Solapur Pomegranate (Maharashtra) and Kashmiri Hand Knotted Carpet
(Jammu & Kashmir)

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What is Geographical Indication (GI)?


Geographical Indication is an insignia on products having a unique geographical origin and
evolution over centuries with regards to its special quality or reputation attributes. The status to the
products marks its authenticity and ensures that registered authorised users are allowed to use the
popular product name.
What are benefits of Geographical Indication Status?
The GI registration confers: (i) Legal protection to the products (ii) Prevents unauthorised use of a
GI tag products by others (iii) Helps consumers to get quality products of desired traits (iv) Promotes
economic prosperity of producers of GI tag goods by enhancing their demand in national and
international markets.
Which are legal Authorities associated with GI?
Geographical Indications are covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under the
Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. At international level, GI is governed by
World Trade Organisations (WTOs) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
Rights (TRIPS). In India, GI registration is governed by the Geographical Indications of goods
(Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. This had come into force from September 2003. Darjeeling tea
was the first product in India accorded with GI tag.
India, Israel ink two agreements
November 15, 2016
India and Israel have inked two agreements in the field of water resources management and
agriculture.
These agreements were signed following the delegation level talks between Prime Minister Narendra
Modi and visiting Israeli President Reuven Rivlin in New Delhi.
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin is in India on a six-day official state visit. He is the first Israeli head of
state to visit India in nearly 20 years. The last and first Israeli president to officially visit India was
Ezer Weizman in January 1997.
India-Israel Relations
India had formally recognised Israel in September 1950. Embassies were opened in 1992 after
full diplomatic relations were established.
Since the upgradation of relations in 1992, defence and agriculture have been the main pillars
of bilateral engagement.
In recent years, bilateral ties have expanded to areas such as education, science and
technology and homeland security.
The future vision of the cooperation is of a strong hi-tech partnership as both countries
leading knowledge economies. Both countries have friendly political ties.
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Trade and economic Relations


The bilateral trade from $200 million in 1992 (comprising primarily trade in diamonds) has
reached $5.19 billion in 2011. Since then it has stagnated around $4.5 billion.
The diamonds constitutes close to 50% of bilateral trade between both countries. In recent
times trade has diversified into several sectors such as agriculture, pharmaceuticals, IT and
telecom and homeland security.
Major exports from India to Israel include precious stones and metals, textiles and textile
articles, chemical products, plants and vegetable products, and mineral products.
Major imports by India from Israel include precious stones and metals, chemicals (mainly
potash) and mineral products, base metals and machinery and transport equipment.
November 16, 2016
India, ADB sign $500 million loan to build longest river bridge across Ganges River
November 16, 2016
The Union Government and Asian Development Bank (ADB) have inked a $500-million loan
agreement to build a 9.8 km long road bridge across the Ganga River in Bihar.
It will be countrys longest river bridge and shall provide better connectivity between North and
South Bihar and also Patna and its surrounding areas.
In addition to the loan, ADB will $900,000 in technical assistance. The state government will provide
$215 million for the project. It is expected to be completed by end of December 2020.
Key Facts
The new Ganga Bridge will be located near Patna. It will span both channels of the Ganga
River and serve as an alternate route to the existing Ganga Bridge, which has begun to
deteriorate. The project will include building of embankments, viaducts and toll facilities.
The bridge will be constructed using the latest engineering techniques. It will serve as an
alternative to the existing bridge and will be linked to the National Highway network.
It will be first of its kind in India with its height and length customized to deal with climate-
related issues such as rise in water levels while ensuring minimum impact on the river.
About Asian Development Bank (ADB)
The ADB is a regional development bank which aims to promote social and economic
development in Asia.
It was established on 19 December 1966. It is headquartered in Manila, Philippines.
ADB now has 67 members, of which 48 are from within Asia and the Pacific and 19 outside.
The ADB has been modelled closely on the World Bank. It has similar weighted voting
system where votes are distributed in proportion with members capital subscriptions.
As of 2014, Japan is the largest shareholder (capital subscription) of ADB having 15.7%
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shares. US (15.6%), China (6.5%), India (6.4%), and Australia (5.8%).


CCEA hikes Minimum Support Price of wheat and pulses
November 16, 2016
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has hiked the Minimum Support Price (MSP)
of wheat and pulses to boost the output of these rabi crops and check prices.
The MSP of wheat was hiked by 100 rupees per quintal for the 2016-17 rabi crop. The procurement
cost of wheat will be 1,625 rupees per quintal against 1,525 rupees per quintal last year. The support
price on Barley has been increased to 1,325 rupees from 1,225 rupees per quintal.
MSP on Pulses
Masur: It has been raised to 3,950 rupees per quintal from 3,400 rupees.
Mustard and safflower: MSP have been hiked to 3,700 rupees per quintal each.
Gram: It has been raised to 4,000 rupees per quintal including bonus, from 3,500 rupees per
quintal.
To incentivise cultivation of pulses and oilseeds, CCEA also announced a bonus on these crops over
and above MSP.
What is Minimum Support Price (MSP)?
MSP is a form of agricultural market intervention undertaken by the Union Government in order to
insure agricultural producers are protected against any sharp fall in farm prices. It is announced for
certain crops by the Union Government prior to the sowing season. The prices are decided by CCEA
on the basis of the recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).
Union Cabinet approves constitution of Special committee for inter-linking of rivers
November 16, 2016
The Union Cabinet has approved constitution of special committee for inter-linking of rivers in
compliance with a 2012 Supreme Court order.
Decision in this regard was taken in the Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra
Modi in New Delhi.
Key Facts
The constitution of committee will help in monitoring precious projects to be carried out
under its National Perspective Plan, 1980.
The special committee will submit status-cum-progress report bi-annually to Union Cabinet
to facilitate faster and appropriate decisions in the interest of the country.
Background
The Supreme Court in its final judgement dated February 2012 had given go ahead for inter-
linking river project, seeking to transfer water from surplus to water deficit areas in country.
The apex court had called for formation of a committee to take firm steps and fix a definite
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time line to lay down the guidelines for completion of feasibility reports or other reports.
Besides, it had mandated the committee ensure the completion of projects so that the benefits
accrue within reasonable time and cost.
The project is in the pipeline since 1980. It has been touted by the Central Government as
one solution to a number of problems.
It includes making water available for irrigating land, enabling full use of existing irrigation
projects; generating power, flood control etc.
Maharashtra becomes first state to adopt Fly Ash Utilization Policy
November 16, 2016
Maharashtra became the first state in the country to adopt the Fly Ash Utilization Policy. It was
approved by state cabinet meeting chaired by Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis.
The policy paves way for prosperity by generating wealth from waste and environment protection.
Key Facts
The policy seeks 100% use of fly ash generated from thermal power plants and biogas plants
for construction activities.
Facilitates use of fly ash to make bricks, blocks, tiles, wall panels, cement and other
construction materials.
The policy extends use of fly ash to 300 kms radius of power plant from earlier 100 kms
radius of power plant.
It will help in environment protection and save soil excavation. It also will make available
raw material for construction at low cost to help Housing for All projects.
It will also help create new employment opportunities in the power plant sector and pave
way for prosperity by generating Wealth from Waste.
What is fly ash?
Fly ash is a fine, glass powder by-product recovered from gases of burning coal in thermal power
plants during production of electricity. They are micron sized earth elements primarily consisting
silica, alumina and iron.
What are environmental concerns?
The Fly ash causes air pollution. It can also contaminate water and soil systems. The wet disposal of
Fly ash results in leaching of toxic heavy metals in ground water system.
Recyclable Uses
Fly ash can be used as a replacement for some of the Portland cement contents of concrete. It can be
used in the production of bricks for building construction. Central Government has made it
mandatory for use of fly ash bricks in construction activities happening 500km around thermal
power plants.
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India, China Joint Training Exercise Hand in Hand 2016 begins in Pune
November 16, 2016
The sixth edition of India-China Joint Training Exercise Hand in Hand 2016 has started in Pune,
Maharashtra.
The aim of the bilateral military exercise is to share the expertise in drills and practices while tackling
insurgency and terrorism between Indian Army and Peoples Liberation Army of China.
Thus, it seeks to promote healthy military to military relations between the two armies and
developing joint strategies for conducting operations in a counter terrorism environment.
Key Facts
The 2016 Hand in Hand Exercise has been planned at the company level with respective
battalion headquarters controlling the training.
The exercise will be supervised by a joint directing panel comprising senior officials of both
the nations.
It will be conducted in three phases. The first phase will consists of familiarization with
weapons and equipment.
The second phase will consist of basic training that includes combat conditioning, support
weapon and practice of drills like establishment of covert observation post, firing of personal
weapon, house clearing, cordon and search and humanitarian and disaster relief operations.
The third phase of the exercise is the conduct of joint exercise. This exercise will enrich the
two contingents of both armies in further honing basic military skills.
Background
The Hand-in-Hand joint training exercise is in continuation of the series of joint exercises between
both countries. The first exercise in the series was held in China at Kunming in Yunnan province in
2007. The exercise between two neighbours contributes immensely in developing mutual
understanding and respect for each others military. The last exercise was held in October 2015 at the
Kunming Military Academy in China.
20 nations sign framework agreement of International Solar Alliance
November 16, 2016
Over 20 countries, including India, Brazil and France have signed the framework agreement of the
International Solar Alliance (ISA).
The framework agreement of ISA was opened for signatures on the sidelines of CoP22 to the UN
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at Marrakech, in Morocco.
The signing of the framework agreement has to be followed by ratifications by countries. The
agreement will become operational after at least 15 countries have ratified it.

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About International Solar Alliance (ISA)


ISA was jointly launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and French President Francois
Hollande at CoP21 in Paris in November 2015.
The initiative is brainchild of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. It is Indias first international
and inter-governmental organization comprising 121 Countries.
ISA is an alliance of 121 solar resource-rich tropical countries lying fully or partially between
two tropics and who are also UN members.
The institutional structure of ISA consists of an Assembly, a Council and a Secretariat. The
secretariat of the ISA is to be located in India.
Its members will take coordinated actions through programmes and activities that will
aggregate demands for solar finance, solar technologies, innovation, R&D and capacity
building.
What are objectives of ISA?
Boost global demands which will result in further reduction in prices of solar energy
deployment.
Boost R&D, particularly in areas of efficient storage systems.
Promote standardisation in the use of equipments and processes for generating electricity.
Standardisation will make the manufacturing of equipments and other hardware cheaper.
What is purpose of ISA?
More than 120 countries are geographically located in the tropics i.e. between the Tropic of
Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, either fully or partially.
These places get ample sunlight throughout the year, making solar energy easily available
resources.
These countries also happen to be ones where maximum growth in energy demand in the
coming years, but their current production is woefully short of requirement.
Thus, the ISA will ensure that as these countries rapidly ramp up their electricity production,
predominantly by using clean solar energy and avoid fossil fuels.
It is also an attempt to accelerate the global demand for solar energy and gives India an
opportunity to take global leadership in the fight against climate change.
November 16: International Day for Tolerance
November 16, 2016
The International Day for Tolerance is observed globally on 16 November to generate public
awareness of the dangers of intolerance
The observance of the day seeks to educate masses about the need for tolerance in society and help
them understand the negative effects of intolerance.
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Besides, the 2016 UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize for Promotion of Tolerance and Non-
Violence was bestowed upon Russias Federal Research and Methodological Centre for Tolerance
Psychology and Education (Tolerance Centre).
Background
The International Day for Tolerance was instituted by the United Nations General Assembly
(UNGA) by passing resolution 51/95 in 1996. The day was officially designated in the wake of the
United Nations Year for Tolerance 1995 proclaimed by the UNGA in 1993.
UNESCO-Madanjeet Singh Prize
The UNESCO had instituted Madanjeet Singh Prize in 1995 to mark the day and the 125th
anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi for the promotion of tolerance and non-violence. The
prize rewards persons in the fields of scientific, artistic, cultural or communication aimed at the
promotion of a spirit of tolerance and non-violence.
Hunar Haat inaugurated at 2016 India International Trade Fair
November 16, 2016
The Union Ministry of Minority Affairs for the first time had inaugurated Hunar Haat (Skill Haat) at
India International Trade Fair (2016) at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi.
It is aimed at promoting and supporting artisans from Minority communities and providing them
domestic as well as international market for display and sell their products.
Key Facts
The Hunar Haat exhibition has been organised by the National Minorities Development &
Finance Corporation (NMDFC) under USTTAD scheme
In it about 184 master artisans from across the country are showcasing their traditional art
and skills at about 100 stalls at the international platform.
It seeks to provide an excellent platform to artisans belonging to Minority communities from
across nation to display their art and skills before domestic and international visitors.
About USTTAD scheme
USTTAD stands for Upgrading the Skills & Training in Traditional Arts/Crafts for
Development. It was launched by the Union Ministry of Minority Affairs.
The scheme aims at preserving and promoting the rich heritage of the traditional arts & crafts
of the Minority communities.
In the light of globalisation & competitive market, these crafts have gradually lost their
employability.
It also envisages at boosting the skill of craftsmen, weavers and artisans who are already
engaged in the traditional ancestral work.

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November 17, 2016


Pakistan conducts military exercise close to Indian border
November 17, 2016
Pakistan conducted Raad ul Barq (Strike of Thunder) military exercise in a strategically located area
in Punjab province, bordering India.
It was the comprehensive joint exercise carried out jointly by Pakistan Army and Air Force to reflect
the preparedness of our armed forces to respond to any threat to its national security.
Key Facts
The exercise showcased the combat readiness of the countrys defence line with live
firepower demonstration using heavy artillery fighter jets and air defence weapons.
During the military exercise, JF-17 Thunder fighter jets, helicopter gunships and Al-Khalid
tanks hit designated targets on the ground.
It also demonstrated Pakistans indigenously developed surface-to-air missiles, multi-barrel
rocket launchers, sky radars for target detection and rocket propelled target system.
CRPF for first time deploys women commandos for anti-Naxal operations
November 17, 2016
The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) for the first time has deployed a team of women
commandos in anti-Naxal operations in Jharkhand.
The 135 women commandos belonging to the 232 battalions Delta company have started carrying
out anti-Naxal operations.
Key Facts
The women commandos are currently undertaking operations under the close supervision of
CRPFs 133 battalion in Naxal-infested forests on the outskirts of Ranchi near Khoonti area.
They will be equally capable of neutralising Naxals in par with men commandos. They are
experts in carrying out all types of anti-Naxal operations and shall play important role in
tackling women Naxals.
They have been trained in several case studies and carry out their operation in a perfect
manner. They are also equipped with modern weapons and software to assist them in
executing their plan.
About Central Reserve Police Force (CRFP)
CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India. It functions
under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and
order and contain insurgency.
It was established in 1939, under Crown Representatives Police but after independence it was

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made statutory after enactment of the CRPF Act, 1949.


At present, CRPF is the worlds largest paramilitary force with 228 battalions and over three
lakh personnel.
Indias combat-capable Rustom-II drone successfully completes maiden test flight
November 17, 2016
Indias indigenously developed long-endurance combat-capable drone, Rustom-II (TAPAS 201)
successfully completed its maiden-flight.
The test flight took place from Aeronautical Test Range (ATR), Chitradurga, Karnataka, which is a
newly developed flight test range for the testing of UAVs and manned aircraft.
During the test, TAPAS 201 accomplished the main objectives of proving the flying platform, such as
take-off, bank, level flight and landing among others.
Key Facts
RUSTOMII is a Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) UAV. The UAV weighs two
tonnes. It has an endurance of 24 hours.
It is multi-mission UAV which can conduct Intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance
missions for the armed forces. It can also be used as an unmanned armed combat.
It is capable to carry different combinations of payloads like Medium Range Electro Optic
(MREO), Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Long Range Electro Optic (LREO).
It can also carry Electronic Intelligence (ELINT), Communication Intelligence (COMINT)
and Situational Awareness Payloads (SAP) to perform missions during day and night.
It has been designed and developed by Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE), the
Bangalore-based lab of DRDO. HAL and BEL are the production partners.
Rustom-II (TAPAS 201) is also first R&D prototype UAV which has undergone certification
and qualification for the first flight from Centre for Military Airworthiness & Certification
(CEMILAC) and Directorate General of Aeronautical Quality Assurance (DGAQA).
Russia withdraws from International Criminal Court
November 17, 2016
Russia has officially withdrawn from International Criminal Court (ICC) after President Vladimir
Putin signed an executive order in this regard.
The executive order mentioned that Russia is pulling out of the 2002 Rome Statute, which
establishes the ICCs status and powers. However, Russia had never ratified the statue meaning it was
never member subject to its jurisdiction.
What is the issue?
Russia was against by ICCs declaration that Russias 2014 annexation of Ukraines Crimea peninsula
was an armed conflict. Russia is also under international pressure over its campaign of air strikes in
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Syria over the issue of bombing civilians and civilian targets. Russia has denied those allegations.
Besides, ICC is also examining allegations of war crimes committed by Russian and Georgian forces
during a brief 2008 war.
About International Criminal Court (ICC)
ICC based in The Hague, Netherlands is an intergovernmental organization and international
tribunal.
It has the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals for the international crimes of genocide, crimes
against humanity and war crimes.
It was established by the Rome Statute which was adopted in July 1998 end entered into
force in July 2002.
ICC is seen as a successor to Nuremburg trials after World War II and ad-hoc UN war crimes
tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda.
The multilateral treaty of Rome Statute serves as the ICCs foundational and governing
document.
Currently, there are 124 states which are party to Rome Statute and therefore members of the
ICC (India and China are not its members).
Doctors from Netherlands perform brain implant for the first time in history
November 17, 2016
Doctors from Netherlands have performed the first-ever brain implant on a 58-year-old woman
paralysed by Lou Gehrigs disease (also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-ALS).
With this, she became the first patient to use a brain-computer interface. The implant has enabled
paralysed women to communicate in day-to-day life via a speech computer.
What is the case?
Prior to this implant, the ALS disease had caused nerve degeneration in the women and she was left
completely locked-in. Her motor neurons had deteriorated to the point where she could only control
her eye muscles.
First-ever brain implant
Doctors in first-ever brain implant directly installed a device called an electrocorticograph
(ECoG) on the womens brain. The device has electrodes fitted in the brain.
Using these electrodes in brain, the patient can control the computer using brain signals, spell
out messages at two letters per minute.
How it works?
These implanted electrodes detect brain activity that results when she moves fingers in her
mind, and coverts it into a mouse click.
The patient has a screen in front of her that includes the alphabet and some additional
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functions (such as selecting previously spelled words or deleting letters).


Each letter on screen lights up one at a time, and by using her brain to click the mouse at the
right time, she can compose words one letter at a time.
These words then are vocalized by a speech computer. The entire process is done wirelessly.
President launches National Student Startup Policy
November 17, 2016
President Pranab Mukherjee launched the National Student Startup Policy (NSSP) to promote
technology-driven student start-ups.
It was launched during the second Visitors Conference held at Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi.
Key facts
The NSSP has been formulated by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE).
It aims to create 1 lakh technology based student start-ups and a million employment
opportunities within the next 10 years.
It also aims to propel Indian youth to contribute to the nations socio-economic progress
through promotion of technology-driven student start-ups.
NSSP seeks to develop an ideal entrepreneurial ecosystem by lending crucial soft skills like
decision-making in the students.
It also seeks to promote strong inter-institutional partnerships among technical institutions.
Second Visitors Conference: It is a conference of Vice Chancellors/Directors/Director Generals
of Institutions of higher learning for which the President is a visitor. This is the second time
President has convened such a conference which has brought together all heads of higher education
institutions in one forum. Earlier, separate conferences were held for Vice Chancellors of Central
Universities, Directors of IITs, IISERs, NITs and IISC.
Steel Ministry to set up of Steel Research & Technology Mission of India
November 17, 2016
Ministry of Steel is planning to set up Steel Research & Technology Mission of India (SRTMI) to
facilitate joint collaborative research projects in the iron and steel sector in India.
The conceptualization of SRTMI was done by a high level task force set up by the Union Ministry of
Steel.
Key Facts
SRTMI has been setup as a Registered Society wherein the Union Ministry of Steel is a
facilitator. It is an industry driven institutional initiative.
It will be governed and administered by a Governing Body comprising the CEOs of steel
companies, domain experts and a representative from Union Ministry of Steel.
The Director of SRTMI will carry out the executive functioning who will be assisted by
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appropriate supporting structure.


Initial corpus for setting up of SRTMI is. 200 crore rupees. Union Ministry of Steel will
provide 50% of corpus and the balance will be provided by participating steel companies.
Significance
The SRTMI is likely to enhance the R&D investments in the iron and steel industry to the
international levels. The R&D investment of the leading steel companies in India in terms of
percentage of their turnover is very low and ranges from 0.05 to 0.5% vis--vis upto 1%. Some of the
steel companies also have formulated R&D masterplans to increase their expenditure in R&D to 1%
of their turnover to meet international levels.
SC orders to constitute nodal agency to crack down sex selection ads
November 17, 2016
The Supreme Court ordered search engines Google, Yahoo and Microsofts Bing to immediately stop
displaying advertisements relating to pre-natal sex determination tests.
It also directed the Union government to constitute a nodal agency to monitor and trigger search
engines to crack down on online pre-natal sex determination advertisements.
What is the case?
The apex court was hearing a petition filed by Dr. Sabu Mathew George in 2008 in the background
of increasing instances of female foeticide. The petition had contended that pre-natal sex
determination tests continue with impunity despite being made illegal in 1994. It also had
highlighted that search engines violated Indian laws by displaying prenatal sex determination
advertisements.
What was SCs order?
The nodal agency should receive complaints about illegal online advertisements under the
Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act, 1994.
It should communicate the tip-offs to online search engines which would delete these
advertisements within 36 hours of getting the information.
This interim arrangement will continue till it took a final decision on the continued existence
of online sex selection ads.
In the previous order, the SC had concluded that it was the liability of these search engines to check
for pre-natal sex determination advertisements and develop in-house methods to prohibit such
content. As follow up to this order, the search engines had developed a technique called auto block
which prohibited advertisements on sex determination.
About PCPNDT Act, 1994
The PCPNDT Act, 1994 prohibits pre-natal sex determination in the country. The law was brought
in to stop female foeticide and arrest the declining sex ratio in India. Under this Act, gender
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determination and gender selection is prohibited. Under it, anyone who abets such an act, either by
helping in removing a foetus or by giving such information about a foetus is liable to be punished.
Supreme Court refuses to lift ban on Jallikattu
November 17, 2016
The Supreme Court has dismissed a plea filed by Tamil Nadu to review a 2014 apex court judgment
banning Jallikattu.
The apex court questioned the need to tame a domestic animal like the bull and further held that
Jallikattu has nothing to do with exercise of the fundamental right of religious freedom.
It also held that Jallikattu runs counter to the concept of welfare of the animal, which is the basic
foundation of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960.
Tamil Nadu Governments argument
However, the State government countered that Jallikattu was defined as an act of taming of bulls
under the Tamil Nadu Regulation of Jallikattu Act, 2009 and it does not amount to cruelty. This law
was introduced to stop any kind of torture and taming a bull is not torture.
What is issue?
The Supreme Court had banned Jallikattu in May 2014 and held that bulls could not be used as
performing animals. It ordered to completely stop use of bulls for Jallikattu events or bullock-cart
races across the country. The ban was imposed by SC as it violated provisions of The Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960; fundamental duty Article 51A (g): compassion towards animal; Article 21
(Right to Life), which prohibits any disturbance to the environment, including animals as it is
considered essential for human life. However, in January 2016, the Union Government through
notification lifted this ban and allowed use of bulls for Jallikattu events or bullock-cart races in Tamil
Nadu and Maharashtra. But, the apex court put on hold of the Union Governments notification.
What is Jallikattu?
Jallikattu is a bull taming sport played in Tamil Nadu on Mattu Pongal day as a part of Pongal
celebrations i.e. harvest festival. It is one of the oldest living ancient tradition practiced in the
modern era. Jallikattu has been derived from the words calli (coins) and kattu (tie), which means a
bundle of coins is tied to the bulls horns. In Sangam literature the sport is called as Yeru
thazhuvuthal (means to embrace bulls). In older times Jallikattu was popular amongst warriors
during the Tamil classical period. The bull tamer sought to remove this bundle from the animals
head to win gold or silver coins to be called brave and valourous. All castes participate in the event
and majority of jallikattu bulls belong to the pulikulam breed of cattle.
Chinas Sunway Taihulight wins fastest supercomputer title
November 17, 2016
Chinas Sunway Taihulight has won the fastest supercomputer title in the recently released 48th
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edition of Top500 list of supercomputers.


With this, Chinese supercomputer has retained the top spot in the list of the worlds fastest
supercomputers for the eighth consecutive year.
In this list, the number of systems installed in China had increased to 171 from 168 on last list
released in June 2016. United States also now has 171 systems up from 165 in previous list.
About Sunway TaihuLight supercomputer
Sunway TaihuLight is built entirely using processors designed and made in China. It had
made its first public appearance in June 2016.
It was developed by the Chinas National Research Centre of Parallel Computer Engineering
and Technology (NRCPC).
It can perform 93 quadrillions calculations per second (petaflop/s) almost three times as fast
as Tianhe-2.
In June 2016, TaihuLight had dethroned the former fastest supercomputer Tianhe-2, also a
Chinese system but built based on Intel chips.
Prior to its introduction, Tianhe-2 had claimed top spot in Top500 list for past three years.
TaihuLight is intended for use in research and engineering including climate, weather, life
sciences, advanced manufacturing and data analytics.
Other supercomputers in Top500 list
Second position: An Intel-based Chinese Tianhe-2 supercomputer which can perform
calculations with processing speed of 33.86 Pflops.
Third position: Supercomputer Titan of the US Department of Energy (DOE). It has a
performance of 17.59 Pflops.
Fourth position: IBM Sequoia Supercomputer system installed at US DOEs Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory.
Fifth position: The Cori supercomputer. It is a new system installed at US Lawrence
Berkeley National Laboratory. It has a performance of 14.0 petaflop/s.
Top500 list of Supercomputers
Top500 list is considered one of the most authoritative rankings of the worlds supercomputers. It is
compiled on the basis of the supercomputers performance on the Linpack benchmark by experts
from the United States and Germany
Comment
In the 47th edition of list released in June 2016, China had overtaken US in the number of total
supercomputers installed. That was the first time that US has not dominated this category since the
list was started 23 years ago. It indicates the rise of China in the high performance computing (HPC)

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field.
November 18, 2016
Jammu and Kashmir Government launches Jhelum-Tawi Flood Recovery Project
November 18, 2016
Jammu and Kashmir Government has launched Jhelum-Tawi flood recovery project to give push to
the reconstruction and rehabilitation of infrastructure post-2014 floods in the state.
The project which is funded World Bank was formally launched Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti in
Srinagar.
Key Facts
The project was conceptualised and pursued by former Chief Minister Mufti Muhammad
Sayeed in the aftermath of devastating floods of 2014 in the state.
It aims at reconstructing and recovering support in flood-affected areas in which public
infrastructure and livelihoods were impacted severely.
It will focus on 20 flood-affected districts in state. As a follow up the Union Government and
World Bank had signed a $250 million credit agreement for the project.
The loan was provided by International Development Association, the World Banks
concessionary lending arm. It has maturity of 25 years, including a 5 year grace period.
Background
In September 2014, continuous unprecedented heavy rainfall had caused Jhelum, Chenab and Tawi
rivers and their tributaries to flow above the danger mark. These overflowing rivers had flooded the
catchment areas, particularly low lying ones for more than two weeks. It had severely affected
livelihoods and had damaged the basic infrastructure in the state.
Iran becomes Indias top crude oil supplier
November 18, 2016
Iran for the first time ever has surpassed Saudi Arabia to become Indias top crude oil supplier. It was
revealed by ship tracking data and a report compiled by Thomson Reuters Oil Research and
Forecasts.
Earlier, Iran used to be Indias second-biggest oil supplier after Saudi Arabia till 2010-11. However, it
had ceded its position to Iraq after the tougher western countries sanctions imposed on Iran over its
nuclear development programme.
Key Facts
Indias oil imports from Iran have shot up after sanctions were lifted in January 2016. In
October 2016, oil imports from Iran surged more than threefold as compared October 2015.
In October 2016, India imported 7,89,000 barrels per day (bpd) from Iran compared to
6,97,000 bpd supplied by Saudi Arabia.
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In the January to October 2016 period, Saudi Arabia still holds Indias top supply spot, at an
average of 8,30,000 bpd against Iraqs 7,84,000 bpd and Irans 4,56,400 bpd.
What are reasons for sudden surge?
Iran produces almost 4 million bpd of oil and exports 2.4 million bpd. Its arch rival Saudi
Arabia, has increased its capacity to refine oil rather than exporting more crude.
Iranian price discounts has attracted purchases from Indias programme to build up its
strategic petroleum reserves (SPR).
For the SPR stocks, India imported 2 million barrels of Iran and is going to import another 4
million barrels in November 2016.
Besides, buyers of Iranian oil which had stopped imports during the sanctions period again
have returned. It includes, Indian refiners including Reliance Industries Ltd, operator of the
worlds biggest refinery complex at Jamnagar.
Scientists produce faster-growing crops by improving photosynthesis
November 18, 2016
Scientists have improved the photosynthesis process in the plants to produce faster-growing crops.
The breakthrough was published in the journal Science.
They had used genetic modification technology to improve photosynthesis in the plants. This
modification increased amount of sunlight energy crop plants can channel into food production.
Significance
The breakthrough has increased the yield in the experimental crop by 15 per cent. This is seen as a
critical step towards increasing crop production to feed a growing global population.
What is Photosynthesis?
Photosynthesis is a chemical process through which plants produce glucose and oxygen from carbon
dioxide and

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water, in presence of the light as a source of energy. Some bacteria and algae
also produce their own food using photosynthesis. The photosynthesis process is
extremely important for plants to carry out essential growth and other life
processes. It is also important for life on earth as it provides the oxygen that all
other life depends on.
How research was conducted?
Scientists had targeted plants natural Sun-protection mechanism. This mechanism
evolved in plants along with its ability to produce food using sunlight energy.
The Sun-protection mechanism evolved in plants to protect them from Sun damage by
slowing down the photosynthesis by losing the excess heat.
Scientists inserted extra copies of the genes responsible for this heat-loss switch in the plants
to remove inefficiencies in crops resulting in loss of the excess heat.
This gene stopped heat-loss switch and stopped the heat loss and used excess heat for
enhancing photosynthesis.
International Conference on Brucellosis 2016 inaugurated in New Delhi
November 18, 2016
The International Conference on Brucellosis 2016 and the 69th meeting of the International Society
on Brucellosis was inaugurated in New Delhi.
The three day conference has been organised by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) in
collaboration with Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR).
Highlights of the conference
Provide a technical platform for scientist and experts from all over the world including
Participants from 26 countries.
Help endemic countries in designing effective control strategies and eradication methods as
per the laws governing the livestock production systems.
The conference is result of DBTs network programme on Brucellosis launched in 2012 to address
the epidemiology and development of new generation of vaccines and diagnostic kits.
Brucella Free Villages programme
On the sidelines of the conference, Brucella Free Villages programme was also launched. It
will be implemented on pilot scale in 50 villages covering 10 states.
This programme will be supported by guidelines and standard operating practices along with
an IT enabled application.
About Brucellosis
Brucellosis is a dreadful disease caused by genus of bacteria known as Brucella. It infects various
species of Brucella cows, buffalos, goats, sheep, pigs, dogs and other animals and also humans.

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How it is transmitted?
Human become infected by this disease by coming in contact with animals or animal products (meat
and milk) contaminated with these bacteria. The persons who are exposed to high risk of brucellosis
infection are dairy man, veterinarians, butchers and other animal handlers.
What are symptoms?
In infected humans, range of brucellosis symptoms are seen. They are similar to the flu and may
include fever, headache, sweats, back pain and physical weakness. In case of severe infections of the
central nervous system (CNS) or lining of the heart may also occur.
Diagnosis
Often it is diagnosed after ruling out all other fevers such as those caused by typhoid, malaria, dengue
etc. Chronic brucellosis can be treated with triple-antibiotic therapy.
India is non-committal on market economy status for China
November 18, 2016
India is not inclined to automatically grant the coveted Market Economy Status (MES) to China
under World Trade Organisation (WTO) norms in December 2016.
The main reason India is reluctant to grant MES to China is that it will severely curb Indias ability
to impose anti-dumping duties on unfairly priced Chinese imports. Earlier, US and the EU also had
opposed to grant MES to China on the same issue.
What is Market Economy Status (MES)?
Under WTO norms, once a country gets MES status, exports from it are to be accepted at the
production costs and selling price as the benchmark. Prior to this status, country is considered as a
Non Market Economy (NME). Under the WTO norms, the importing countries are allowed to use
alternative methodologies for the determination of normal values for the exports from NME
country. It often leads to imposition of higher anti-dumping duties by importing countries to protect
its domestic market.
What is the MES issue of China?
As per the 2001 agreement (Protocol on accession of China to the WTO), WTO-member
countries had then decided to deem China as a market economy from December 2016.
The 15-year time period (i.e. till December 2016) was given to China to carry out internal
reforms and transition into a market economy.
This period allowed WTO member nations to ignore selling price and production costs in
China for 15 years in calculating the normal value of the exported goods.
It also gave permission WTO member nations to compare prices or costs with external
benchmarks to calculate the normal value and dumping margin.
However, unlike in market economies where prices of items are market determined there is
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still a significant government influence in the Chinese market. So many countries are
opposing to give MES status to China.
What are main reasons for opposition?
Chinese government influence is still seen in its market which in turn causes distortions in
international trade and export of cheap goods to other countries. It includes government subsidies
for various sectors, currency manipulation and the related price fixing, bad loans of banks and
absence of transparency in lending rates, minimum wages and property rights, lack of proper
business accounting standards etc.
What will be consequences for India?
MES status to China, will severely limit Indias ability to resort to anti-dumping on cheap
imports from China.
It will have negative impact on Indias manufacturers in chemicals, steel, electrical and
electronics sectors as they will be severely hurt by unfairly low-priced imports from China.
Indian Navy inducts 4 types of indigenously developed sonars
November 18, 2016
The Indian Navy has formally inducted four types of indigenously developed sonars that will boost
its underwater surveillance capability.
The systems have been designed and developed by NPOL Naval Physical & Oceanographic
Laboratory (NPOL), a Kochi based laboratory of DRDO.
These 4 types of sonars are
Abhay: It is an advanced hull mounted active-cum-passive integrated sonar system.
It has been designed and developed for the smaller platforms such as shallow water crafts and
coastal surveillance/patrol vessels.
It is capable of detecting, classifying, localizing and tracking sub-surface and surface targets in
both its active and passive modes of operation.
Indian Navy has proposed to induct this SONAR on three of the Abhay class ships.
Humsa UG: It has been designed for upgrading the existing Humsa sonar system for
intensifying the command over the high seas.
This system is proposed to be installed on seven ships of three different classes of ships.
AIDSS: It stands for Advanced Indigenous Distress sonar system for submarines. It is distress sonar
is an Emergency Sound Signaling Device.
It is used to indicate that a submarine is in distress and enable quick rescue and salvage. It is
also provided with a transponder capability.
NACS: It stands for Near-field Acoustic Characterisation System. It determines the in-situ
performance of SONAR systems used to find the frequency-dependent 3-D transmission and
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reception characteristics of SONAR.


It is also used to measure magnitude and phase characteristics of SONAR transmission and
reception electronics and the transducers.
The NACS has been integrated with HUMSA-NG SONAR array and proved onboard Naval
platforms. It will be fitted on all frontline ships.
Benefits of induction of these four systems
Underwater surveillance capability of the Indian Navy will get a boost.
Give fillip to Indias the quest for self-reliance in this critical area of technology.
November 19, 2016
2016 Infosys Prize Winners
November 19, 2016
The Infosys Science Foundation (ISF) has announced six winners of the Infosys Prize 2016 in the six
different categories of the award.
They will be bestowed with this award at the awards ceremony scheduled to be held in Bengaluru on
7 January 2017.
Winners are
Engineering and Computer Science: V. Kumaran. He has been chosen for his seminal
work in complex fluids and complex flows especially in transition and turbulence in soft
walled tubes and channels. His work is of high practical utility in cardio-vascular and
pulmonary health.
Humanities: Sunil Amrith. He has been chosen for his outstanding contributions to the
history of migration, history of international public health and environmental history and in
recognition of his field-changing research on interrelated past of contemporary Asia.
Life Sciences: Gagandeep Kang. She has been chosen for her pioneering contributions to
understanding the natural history of rotavirus and other infectious diseases.
Her findings have enormous implications for vaccines and other public health measures to
thwart these infections.
Mathematical Sciences: Akshay Venkatesh. He has been chosen for his exceptionally wide
ranging, foundational and creative contributions to modern number theory.
Physical Sciences: Anil Bhardwaj. He has been chosen for his outstanding contributions to
Planetary Science and Exploration, including detection and delineation of the nature and
origin of planetary X-rays.
Social Sciences: Kaivan Munshi. He has been chosen for his remarkably deep analysis of the
multifaceted role of communities, such as castes and ethnic groups in the process of economic

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development.
About Infosys Prize
Infosys Prize is an annual award bestowed upon researchers, scientists, social scientists and
engineers in India by the Infosys Science Foundation (ISF).
The Prize is given to six categories Life Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, Engineering and
Computer Science, Social Sciences, Physical Sciences and Humanities.
Each category prize carries a 22-carat gold medallion, a citation certificate and prize money of
65 Lakh rupees.
The Infosys Prize is one of the highest monetary awards in India that recognizes the scientific
research.
Quami Ekta Week (National Integration Week) 2016
November 19, 2016
The Qaumi Ekta Week (National Integration Week) will be observed all over the country from 19th
to 25th November, 2016.
The week long programmes under it with a view to foster and reinforce the spirit of Communal
Harmony, National Integration and pride in vibrant, composite culture and nationhood.
Purpose of the observation
Highlight the inherent strength and resilience of the India and to withstand actual and
potential threats to the eclectic and secular fabric of our country. It also seeks to
Provide an opportunity to reaffirm age old traditions and faith in the values of tolerance, co-
existence and brotherhood in a multi-cultural and multi-religious society.
Key Facts
November 19: It will be observed as National Integration Day. Based on themes of secularism,
anti-communalism and non-violence programmes like meetings, symposia and seminars will
be organized.
November 20: It will be observed as Welfare of Minorities Day. On this day, items of the 15
Point Programme will be emphasized.
November 21: It will be observed as Linguistic Harmony Day. To enable people of each region
to appreciate the linguistic heritage of other parts of India programmes like Special literary
functions and Kavi Sammelans will be organized.
November 22: It will be observed as Weaker Sections Day. Help SCs/STs and weaker sections
with particular emphasis on the distribution of surplus land to landless labourers.
November 23: It will be observed as Cultural Unity Day. Various cultural functions will be
organized to present the Indian tradition of unity in diversity and for promoting cultural
conservation and integration.
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November 24: It will be observed as Womens Day. It will highlight the importance of
Women in Indian Society and their role in development of nation-building.
November 25: It will be observed as Conservation Day. It will give emphasise to the growing
need for awareness and action to conserve the environment.
On the concluding day, National Foundation for Communal Harmony (NFCH) will organise
Communal Harmony Campaign and Communal Harmony Flag Day.
NFCH is an autonomous organisation of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs. It promotes
Communal Harmony and strengthens National Integration. It also provides financial assistance for
relief and rehabilitation of children rendered orphan or destitute in communal, caste, ethnic or
terrorist violence.
India and Cyprus ink Revised DTAA
November 19, 2016
India and Cyprus have inked a revised Agreement for Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention
of Fiscal evasion (DTAA) with respect to taxes on income, along with its Protocol.
It will replace the existing DTAA that was signed by two countries in June 1994. The provisions of
new DTAA will enter into force after completion of necessary internal procedures in both countries.
Key provisions of new DTAA
Provides source based taxation of capital gains arising from alienation of shares, instead of
residence based taxation provided under the existing DTAA.
Provides for Assistance between the two countries for collection of taxes. Updates the
provisions related to Exchange of Information to accepted international standards.
Enables exchange of banking information and allow the use of such information for purposes
other than taxation with the prior approval of the Competent Authorities.
Expands the scope of permanent establishment and reduces the tax rate on royalty in the
country from which payments are made to 10% from the existing rate of 15%.
Updates the text of other provisions in accordance with the international standards and
consistent policy of India in respect of tax treaties.
India and UK sign three Bilateral Advance Pricing Agreements
November 19, 2016
The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) signed three Bilateral Advance Pricing Agreements
(APAs) with the Competent Authority of United Kingdom (UK) to reduce tax litigation.
Earlier both countries had exchanged mutual agreements amongst them under the Mutual
Agreement Procedure (MAP) Article of the India-UK Double Taxation Avoidance Convention
(DTAC). With this, CBDT so far has entered into 111 APAs.
These three APAs cover international transactions in the nature of payment of intra-group service
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charges and pertain to the telecom industry. They also have a roll-back provision.
What is Advance Pricing Agreement (APA) Programme?
The APA Programme was introduced by Finance Act, 2012 with a view to provide a
predictable and non-adversarial tax regime and to reduce litigation in Indian transfer pricing
arena. Rollback of APAs was announced in the Budget in July 2014.
An APA is usually signed between taxpayer and central tax authority on an appropriating
transfer pricing methodology for determining the value of assets and taxes on intra-group
overseas transactions. An APA can be entered into for a maximum of 5 years at a time.
It seeks to introduce certainty in tax law by reducing compliance costs and make tax regime
investment friendly.
It provides certainty to taxpayers regarding transfer pricing that aim to avoid disputes
between taxpayer and tax regulator.
What are benefits of APAs?
Boost to economy and ease of doing business.
Provide alternative path to the investors with rollback provision to reduce litigation
Strengthen Governments mission of fostering a non-adversarial tax regime.
Jagdish Singh Khehar appointed executive chairman of NALSA
November 19, 2016
The Union government has appointed Jagdish Singh Khehar, a judge of the Supreme Court, as the
new Executive Chairman of the National Legal Services Authority (NALSA).
He succeeds Anil R. Dave who retired as Judge of Supreme Court after completing tenure of over six
years.
About National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)
NALSA provides for free legal aid to the poor and weaker sections of the society. It has been
constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987.
Its aim is to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by
reasons of economic or other disabilities.
NALSA also identifies specific categories of marginalised and excluded groups and formulates
various schemes for implementation of legal service programmes.
It provides services of free legal aid in civil and criminal matters for the poor and
marginalised people who cannot afford the services of a lawyer in any court or tribunal.
It also organises Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes. It works in close
coordination with various State Legal Services Authorities, District Legal Services
Authorities and other agencies.

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COP22 adopts Marrakech Action Proclamation


November 19, 2016
The COP22 to the UNFCC, 12th session of COP of Parties to Kyoto Protocol (CMP 12), and first
session of COP of Parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA 1) were held in Marrakech, Morocco.
Nearly 200 nations attending the COP22 to the UNFCC have adopted Marrakech Action
Proclamation for Our Climate and Sustainable Development.
The 11-day meeting concluded with all participating member nations collectively reaffirming their
commitment to climate action under Paris Agreement adopted in November 2015.
Key Features of Proclamation
It is urgent duty of countries to respond global warming which is warming the climate at an
alarming and unprecedented rate.
It is necessary for rapid entry into force of the Paris Agreement with its ambitious goals, its
inclusive nature and its reflection of equity and common but differentiated responsibilities.
Countries affirm their commitment to full implementation of the Paris Agreement which also
reflects respective capabilities in light of different national circumstances of countries.
The nations demanded solidarity with those countries most vulnerable to the impacts of
climate change.
It highlighted the need to support efforts aimed at enhancing their adaptive capacity, to
strengthen resilience and to reduce vulnerability of most vulnerable countries.
The countries called for an increase in the volume, flow and access to finance for climate
projects, alongside improved capacity and technology.
Developed Country Parties, reaffirm our $100 billion mobilisation goal.
The nations, who are parties to Kyoto Protocol (which does not include the US) should ratify
of the Doha Amendment, with its focus on pre-2020 action.
Called for urgently raising ambition and strengthening cooperation among the countries to
close the gap between current emissions trajectories.
Strengthen and support efforts to eradicate poverty, ensure food security and to take
stringent action to deal with climate change challenges in agriculture.
Significance
The adaptation of Marrakech Action Proclamation sends out a strong signal to the world on climate
action and shift towards a new era of implementation and action on climate and sustainable
development.
India has welcomed Marrakesh Action Proclamation as most of its demands including the issue of
providing finance to developing nations to tackle climate change has been incorporated.
Doha Amendments to the Kyoto Protocol
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Doha Amendments to the Kyoto Protocol was made at Doha climate conference in 2012.
It was made for extending the obligation of the developed countries under Kyoto Protocol to
make targeted cuts in their greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions by 2020.
The Kyoto Protocol adopted in 1997 had initially assigned GHGs emission cut targets to the
developed countries only till 2012.
Why Doha Amendments are important?
Developing countries are putting pressure on developed countries not to ignore their
commitments under Kyoto Protocol which ends in 2020 and after which Paris Agreement
come into existence.
Unlike the Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement is not legally-binding and it does not assign any
emission cut targets on any country.
Under Paris Agreement, every country decides for itself the actions that it wants to take to
fight climate change.
Tamil Nadu gets worlds first salt-tolerant plant garden
November 19, 2016
The worlds first Genetic Garden of Halophytes (naturally occurring salt-tolerant plants) was
inaugurated at the coastal town of Vedaranyam in Tamil Nadu.
The first of its kind garden in the world was inaugurated by Mauritius President Ameenah Gurib
Fakim through video-conferencing.
Key Facts
The garden has been set up by M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) founded by
eminent agriculture scientist Prof M S Swaminathan, father of Indian Green Revolution.
It will have over 1,600 species belonging to 550 genera and 117 families of Halophytes plants.
Initially it will comprise halophytes occurring along the coasts of India including the
Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
What are Halophytes?
Halophytes are salt-tolerant or salt-resistant plants. They can thrive and complete their life cycles in
soils or waters containing high salt concentrations. They constitute two per cent of terrestrial plant
species.
Significance
Halophytes plants are important in the context of increasing salinisation of land especially due sea
level rise because of climate change and global warming. In recent times, alarming rise in the sea level
has prompted agriculture scientists to call for the cultivation of saline-tolerant crops in light danger
of sea intrusion. In future, anticipatory research of these plants could reap rich rewards to mitigate
impact of climate change as they can provide food for people, fodder for livestock, bio fuel and also
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can be used for ornamental purposes.


Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia receives 2016 Sumitra Charat Ram Award
November 19, 2016
Noted flautist Pandit Hari Prasad Chourasia (78) was conferred 2016 Sumitra Charat Ram Award for
lifetime achievement in the field of Indian classical music.
The prestigious award bestowed upon him by Lt Governor Najeeb Jung at a function held in New
Delhi.
About Pandit Hari Prasad Chourasia
Chaurasia had started learning vocal music at the tender age of 15 from his neighbour Pandit
Rajaram.
Later, he had switched over to playing the classical flute under the tutelage of Pandit
Bholanath Prasanna of Varanasi. He plays in the North Indian tradition.
He joined the All India Radio (AIR), Cuttack, Odisha in 1957 and worked as a composer and
performer.
Awards and Honours: Sangeet Natak Academy (1984), Padma Bhushan (1992), Yash
Bharati Sanman (1994), Padma Vibhushan (2000), Dinanath Mangeshkar Award (2000) etc.
About Sumitra Charat Ram Award
The prestigious award has been named after Sumitra Charat Ram who had played a key role
in revival of the performing arts traditions, specially kathak and Hindustani music in north
India.
It is bestowed upon individuals who have excelled in field of Indian classical dance and music
or other disciplines of Indian art and culture, including theatre during last 15 years.
The award carries a purse, citation, shawl and a silver plaque. The past recipients include Pt
Birju Maharaj (kathak), Kishori Amonkar (Hindustani vocal), Mayadhar Raut (Odissi), Pt
Jasraj (Hindustani vocal) and Kumudini Lakhia (kathak).
Note: Sumitra Charat Ram was also the founder of Shiram Bharatiya Kala Kendra, one of the
countrys premier institutions of performing arts.
November 19: World Toilet Day
November 19, 2016
The World Toilet Day is observed every year across the world on 19 November to raise awareness
and inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis.
Significance of Day: It seeks to draw attention of people around the world to raise global awareness
of the daily struggle for proper sanitation which in fact is a human right along with clean water.
2016 Theme: Toilets and jobs. It focuses on how sanitation or the lack of it, can impact on
livelihoods. It also highlights the importance of crucial role played by Toilets in creating a strong
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economy, as well as improving health and protecting peoples safety and dignity, particularly
womens and girls.
The observance of this day is coordinated by United Nations-Water in collaboration with
Governments of member countries and relevant stakeholders.
India related Facts
In India, the observance of the day highlights the importance of Swacch Bharat Mission which to
make India clean and open defecation free (ODF) by 2019. So far under Swacch Bharat Mission-
Gramin 2.7 crore toilets are built, 1.2 lakhs villages are declared ODF, 60 districts declared ODF, 3
states (Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Kerala) are declared ODF.
About World Toilet Day
WTD was instituted by World Toilet Organisation in 2001. United Nations General Assembly
(UNGA) had given it official recognition in July 2013 in its 67th session under the global campaign
of Sanitation for All resolution. Observance of this day now has become an important platform to
demand action from governments. It seeks brings together different groups, such as media, the
private sector, development organisations and civil society in a global movement to advocate for safe
toilets.
Income Tax Department to launch Project Insight in May 2017
November 19, 2016
The Income Tax department is planning to implement the first phase of Project Insight from May
2017 to monitor high value transactions, with a view to curbing the circulation of black money.
This project has been initiated for data mining, collection, collation and processing of such
information for effective risk management with a view to widening and deepening tax base.
Key Facts
Project Insight is an integrated platform that will utilize vast amount of information easily
available on social media to conduct raids online rather than traditional way of conducting
random searches, known as tax raids.
It will use data mining, big data and analytics to scoop out tax evaders from social media
platforms like Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.
The Permanent Account Number (PAN) will be the unique identifier is used by the Income
Tax department to link and analyse various transactions relating to the tax payers.
This will enhance the departments ability to monitor the flow of funds and will provide an
audit trail of high value transactions and curb circulation of black money
The Project Insight will be implemented in phased manner during the period 2016-2018. For
its implementation, the IT department has signed a contract with L&T Infotech Ltd.
It will also be leveraged for implementation of Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act Inter
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Governmental Agreement (FATCA IGA) and Common Reporting Standard (CRS).


Significance of Project Insight
It will help in catching tax evaders in a non-intrusive manner using technology and without
traditional intrusive methods like search and seizure.
The integrated platform will play a key role in widening of tax base and data mining to track
tax evaders.
The reporting compliance management system of project will ensure that third party
reporting by entities like banks and other financial institutions is timely and accurate.
It will also set up a streamlined data exchange mechanism for other government departments.
November 20, 21, 2016
NASA launches Next Generation Weather Satellite GOES-R
November 21, 2016
The NASA has successfully launched highly advanced geostationary weather satellite Geostationary
Operational Environmental Satellite-R (GOES-R).
It was launched on board of Atlas 5 rocket which had lifted off from Cape Canaveral Air Force
Station, Florida.
The satellite will boost the USs weather observation capabilities, leading to more accurate and timely
forecasts, watches and warnings.
Key Facts
GOES-R is the first of four new advanced weather satellites of the GOES-R program
managed by USs National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
It will become operational within a year after undergoing a testing and validation of its six
new instruments, including the first operational lightning mapper in geostationary orbit.
The satellites primary instrument Advanced Baseline Imager, will provide images of
Earths weather, oceans and environment with 16 different spectral bands.
GOES-R is also first satellite to carry a lightning mapper instrument to geostationary
orbit. It will photograph lightning activity throughout Western Hemisphere about 200 times
every second.
It will monitor the sun and relay crucial information to forecasters so they can issue space
weather alerts and warnings.
In all, data from GOES-R will result in 34 new or improved meteorological, solar and space
weather products.
It also will be part of the Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking (SARSAT) System,
an international satellite-based search and rescue network operated by NOAA.

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Kenyas Eliud Kipchoge wins 2016 Delhi Half Marathon


November 21, 2016
Kenyas Olympic marathon champion Eliud Kipchoge has won the mens race in Delhi Half
Marathon. Ethiopias Worknesh Degefa won the womens title.
It was ninth edition of Delhi Half Marathon. Over 34 thousand participants from across the world
had participated in it. 13 Rio Olympians took part in the elite race category.
The marathon also had featured some of the biggest track and field and distance runners, with a total
of 25 men and 18 women athletes from country.
Winners
Mens title
Eliud Kipchoge won the race by clocking 59 minutes and 44 seconds to cover the 21.097km
distance. Ethiopias Yigrem Demelash came second and Kenyas Augustine Choge was third.
Womens title
Ethiopias Worknesh Degefa won the womens title by clocking one hour, seven minutes and
42 seconds. Ethiopias Ababel Yeshaneh came second and Helah Kiprop of Kenya was third.
Indian elite mens category
Lakshmanan won the race by clocking his Personal Best of 1 hour 04 minutes and 37 seconds.
M D Yunus came second and Man Singh third.
Indian womens category
Monika Athare won the race by clocking her Personal Best of 1 hour 15 minutes and 34
seconds. Sanjeevani Jadhav came second and Swati Athare third.
PV Sindhu wins 2016 China Open Super Series Premier title
November 21, 2016
Indias ace shuttler and Olympic silver medalist PV Sindhu has won the $700,000 2016 China Open
Super Series title in womens category. It was her maiden Super Series Premier title and first post
2016 Rio Olympics title.
In the summit clash held in Fuzhao, Sindhu (World No 11) defeated Chinas Sun Yu (World No 9)
by 21-11, 17-21, 21-11 score.
Other Category winners
Mens Singles
Jan . Jrgensen (Denmark) won the title in mens single category by defeating I Z Zainuddin
(Malaysia) by 22-20,22-20, 7-21 score.
Mens Doubles
Chinese pair of Chai B and Hong W won the title by defeating Indonesian pair of M F
Gideon and K S Sukamuljo by 21-16, 24-26 and 19-21 score.

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Mixed Doubles
Indonesian paor Tontowi Ahmad and Liliyana Natsir won the title by defeating South
Korean pair of Choi S-g and Chae Y-j by 21-17 and 25-23 score.
Union Government launches Pehchan identity cards for artisans
November 21, 2016
Union textile Minister Smriti Irani launched a scheme of Pehchan identity cards to artisans in
Ahmedabad. She also inaugurated thematic handicrafts exhibition.
The upgraded pehchan cards were distributed to artisans from five clusters of Gujarat namely
Jamnagar, Naroda, Surendranagar, Amreli and Kalol.
Besides, minister also announced that to give tool kits and safety equipment women and BPL artisans
for metal craft for free of cost in a bid to encourage women.
What is Pehchan cards scheme?
Pehchan cards scheme was launched as part of the Pehchan initiative of Union Textile
ministry to register and provide Identity (ID) cards to handicraft artisans and link them to a
national database.
It is a new upgraded ID card for artisans that will be linked with their Aadhar numbers and
bank accounts so that they can receive direct cash transfer benefit.
47th International Film Festival of India begins in Goa
November 21, 2016
The 47th edition of the International Film Festival of India (IFFI) began in Goa. It is one of Asias
oldest and Indias biggest film festival.
It was inaugurated by Veteran filmmaker Ramesh Sippy in the presence of Union Information and
Broadcasting Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu.
Key Facts
This year over 300 films including 4 premieres, 6 international premieres, 26 Asian premieres
104 Indian premieres and Oscar-winning entries from nearly 90 countries will be screened.
South Korea is the focus country of IFFI 2016. Polish film After-Image of filmmaker
Andrzej Wajdas is the opening film of the festival.
The South Korean film Age of Shadows of Kim Jee Woon will be the festivals closing film.
This film also South Koreas official entry for the Oscar awards.
In addition, 20 award winning short films based on Swachh Bharat theme as a part of
Swachh Bharat campaign will be showcased in the festival.
The Centenary Award for Indian Film Personality of the Year was bestowed upon Veteran
singer SP Balasubrahmanyam.
Besides, prestigious Lifetime Achievement Award at IFFI 2016 was bestowed upon legendary
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South Korean film director and writer Im Kwon Taek.


About International Film Festival of India (IFFI)
IFFI was founded in 1952 and is annually held in Goa.
It is the biggest state-backed film festival and conducted jointly by Union Ministry of
Information and Broadcasting, Directorate of Film Festivals and Government of Goa.
It aims at providing a common platform for the cinemas of the world to project the excellence
of the film art.
It also seeks to contribute to create awareness for understanding and appreciation of film
cultures of different nations in the context of their social and cultural ethos and promote
friendship and cooperation among people of the world.
China launches worlds longest super-secure quantum communication line
November 21, 2016
China has launched worlds longest super-secure quantum communication line connecting Hefei,
capital of Anhui province to Shanghai, the countrys financial hub.
The super-secure quantum communication line is 712-km in length. It boasts of ultra-high
security making it impossible to wiretap, intercept or crack the information transmitted through
them.
Key Facts
The 712-km line is part of a 2,000-km Beijing-Shanghai quantum communication.
It has 11 stations and it took three years of construction. In one of its first test
communication, it had transmitted a secure video conference between the two cities.
The Beijing-Shanghai quantum communication line is expected to be completed at the end of
the year 2016.
It will be backbone highly secured communication network to be used in the fields of finance,
electronics and government affairs.
Worlds first quantum satellite
Earlier in August 2016, China had successfully launched the worlds first quantum satellite. It was
nicknamed as Micius after a 5th century BC Chinese philosopher and scientist. The Micius quantum
satellite will be connected with the Beijing-Shanghai quantum communication line through the lines
station in Beijing. It will enable the space-to-Earth highly secure hack-proof quantum
communication network.
What is Quantum communication?
Quantum communication uses subatomic particles to securely communicate between two
points. These subatomic particles are mainly quantum entanglement of photons.
It ensures that nobody taps into the line as a photon can be neither separated nor duplicated.
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Thus tapping the network will inevitably corrupt the signal.


It has the ability to inform the two communicating users of the presence of any third party
trying to eavesdrop. At the same time, the information being intercepted will self-destruct.
Scientists develop Zika replicon system to develop vaccines
November 21, 2016
Scientists have developed Zika replicon system, a novel tool to replicate the Zika virus by stripping it
of the genes that make the virus infectious.
The Zika replicon system is considered as an advance novel tool that may pave the way for
development vaccine to fight Zika virus.
How it works?
The Zika replicon system deleted some of the genes that give the Zika virus its structure. The system
was engineered by attaching genes that allow researchers to tag certain parts of the Zika virus for
making it a powerful tool for vaccine development. The system has made Zika virus no longer
infectious and also lowered the safety risk involved in working with it.
What are Replicons?
Replicons are basically segments of viral genome that can replicate on their own, independent of the
cellular chromosome. They can be used to locate portions of the viral molecule that block or halt
viral replication. They can also study potential antiviral agents by differentiating between when the
virus is making copies of itself and when its altering its structure. Thus, they can be used for making
a powerful tool for vaccine development.
Significance
Recent Zika virus outbreak has highlighted the urgent need to establish genetic tools for
studying how the virus multiplies and causes disease in order to develop countermeasures.
It has also become important to deal with Zika virus which is spreading rapidly and behaves
differently than other viruses as it can be transmitted sexually and is associated with
microcephaly and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS).
16 of 22 PSBs skip paying dividends to Government due to mounting NPAs
November 21, 2016
As many as 16 of 22 public sector banks skipped paying dividends to Government in fiscal 2015-16
due to issue of mounting bad loans.
It has led to a 67% decline in government receipts to Rs. 1,444.6 crore. Only six PSBs have declared
dividends, though at a lower rate for the fiscal ended March 2016.
PSBs which skipped dividend payments included Allahabad Bank, Bank of India, Bank of Baroda,
Central Bank of India, Canara Bank, Corporation Bank, Punjab National Bank, Dena Bank and
Syndicate Bank.
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During 2015-16, the highest dividend was paid by State Bank of India (SBI) to the government at Rs.
1,214.6 crore, 22% lower than in the previous fiscal.
Under the existing guidelines
Profit-making PSBs have to pay a minimum dividend of 20% of their equity or 20% of their
post-tax profit, whichever is higher.
The Union Government which is the majority shareholder in all the PSBs has witnessed a
67% decline in dividend receipts from PSU banks at Rs. 1,444.6 crore.
What is the issue?
Balance sheets of most of the PSBs have been under stress due to the clean-up exercise
targeted at non-performing assets (NPAs).
Banks have been given time till March 2017 to clean up their balance sheet. Due to heavy
provisioning for bad loans, many banks posted losses in last quarter of the previous fiscal.
In 2014-15, the Gross NPAs of the PSU banks had surged from 5.43% (Rs 2.67 lakh crore) to
9.32% (Rs 4.76 lakh crore) in 2015-16 of the total advances.
Thailands Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn conferred with first World Sanskrit Award
November 21, 2016
Thailands Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn was presented with the first World Sanskrit Award
for her exemplary contribution for the promotion of the language for the year 2015.
Besides, American linguist and Indologist Prof. George Cardona was also presented with this award
for the year 2016. They were bestowed with the award by Vice President Hamid Ansari at a function
held in New Delhi.
About Maha Chakri Sirindhorn
She is noted educator and scholar of Sanskrit and Pali.
She has been awarded with several awards and Honorary Doctorates including Honorary
Degree of Doctor of Literature (Sanskrit) from Delhi University in 1987.
She also won Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development Award from the
Union Government in 2004; and Magsaysay Award for Public Service in 1991.
She was also the Royal Patron of the 16th World Sanskrit Conference which was held in
Bangkok in 2015.
About World Sanskrit Award
The award was instituted by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR).
It was announced by the Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj during her
inaugural address in the 16th World Sanskrit Conference in Bangkok in June 2015.
It is presented to eminent Sanskrit scholars to recognise their outstanding contribution to the
study/research/ teaching in Sanskrit language and literature.
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RBI proposes Islamic window in conventional banks


November 21, 2016
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has proposed the opening of Islamic window in conventional banks
for gradual introduction of Sharia-compliant or interest-free banking in the country.
In this regard, RBI has also prepared a technical analysis report and submitted to the Union Finance
Ministry for its consideration.
What is the issue?
Islamic or Sharia banking is a finance system based on the principles of not charging interest.
The charging of interest is prohibited under Islam.
However, in recent times both the Union Government and the RBI have been exploring the
possibility of introduction of Islamic banking for a while to ensure financial inclusion of those
sections of society that have remain excluded due to religious reasons.
How RBI going to implement it?
Initially, RBI is planning to introduce a few simple products similar to conventional banking
products through the Islamic window. But it will be after necessary notification issued by the Union
Government. In later stage, full-fledged Islamic banking with profit-loss sharing complex products
may be considered on the basis of experience gained in course of time.
What are difficulties in implementing Islamic window in conventional banks?
Indian banks have no experience in the Islamic or Sharia banking. There are also lots of complexities
of Islamic finance. There are also various regulatory and supervisory challenges involved in the
matter.
PM Narendra Modi launches Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana
November 21, 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched the Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awas Yojana (PMAY-G),
flagship housing for all scheme in Agra, Uttar Pradesh.
Under PMAY-G Government aims to provide affordable, environmentally safe and secure pucca
house to every rural household living below the poverty line by 2022.
Features of Scheme
PMAY-G is part Union Governments flagship Housing for All scheme and has replaced
previous rural housing scheme Indira Awas Yojana
The beneficiaries for this scheme will be selected through a completely transparent process
using the Socio Economic Census 2011 data and validating it through the Gram Sabha.
It uses ICT and space technology to further confirm correct selection of beneficiaries and
progress of work.
Under it, financial assistance will be provided for construction of dwelling units and

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upgradations of existing unserviceable kutcha houses.


The entire payments will be done through transparent IT/DBT mode with Aadhaar linked
Bank accounts with consent, to ensure complete transparency and accountability.
The unit cost for houses has been increased with convergence of a minimum support of
nearly Rs. 1.5 lakh to Rs. 1.6 lakh to a household is available. If the beneficiary desires, then
there is also a provision of Bank loan upto Rs. 70,000.
PMAY-G will be also serve as a major step forward in bringing together Skill India, Make In
India, IT/DBT Aadhaar platform, Digital India and Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana.
The scheme allows over 200 different housing designs across country based on a detailed
study of housing typologies, households requirements and environmental hazards.
It will provide skilling for 5 lakh Rural Masons by 2019 and envisages large scale use of local
materials.
Houses built under the scheme will have cooking space, electricity provision, LPG, toilet and
bathing area, drinking water etc through convergence.
India elected as new vice chair of Kimberly Process for 2018
November 21, 2016
India has been elected as the vice chair for 2018 and chair for 2019 of the Kimberly Process
Certificate Scheme (KPCS).
The decision in the regard was taken at the recently held KP Plenary meeting in Dubai. It was
announced by the Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC).
About Kimberly Process Certificate Scheme (KPCS)
KPCS is a joint initiative of the governments, industry and civil societies to prevent the entry
of conflict diamonds from the mainstream rough diamond market.
It was established in 2003 through a United Nations General Assembly Resolution. India is
founder member of the scheme.
In India, the scheme is administered through the Department of Commerce under the aegis
of the Union Commerce and Industry Ministry.
What are Conflict diamonds?
Conflict diamonds or blood diamonds are the rough diamonds used by rebel movements in the third
world countries especially in Africa to finance (civil) wars with an aim to topple legitimate
governments. The KPCS completely bans import and export of rough diamonds without
certification.
Note: GJEPC is an organisation for the promotion of gem and jewellery industry in India. It has been
established by the Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

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Twin trial of Prithvi-II missile successfully conducted


November 21, 2016
The twin trial of surface-to-surface nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile was successfully conducted by
the India Army from a test range at Chandipur in Odisha
During the test, two Prithvi-II missiles in salvo mode were successfully test-fired in quick succession
from mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR).
Earlier, similar twin trial was conducted by Indian Army in October 2009 from the same base where
both tests were successful.
About Prithvi-II missile
Prithvi-II is the first missile to be indigenously developed by the DRDO under the Integrated
Guided Missile Development Programme.
Range: It is surface-to-surface medium range ballistic missile with strike range of 350 km.
Warheads: It is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1000 kg of conventional as well as nuclear
warheads.
Fuel and stages: It is single-stage liquid-fuelled. It uses advanced inertial guidance system
along with manoeuvring trajectory to hit its target precisely.
It already has been inducted into Indias armed forces in 2003.
Variants: Prithvi-I for the Indian Army, Prithvi-II for the Indian Air Force, and Dhanush
Missile for Indian Navy.
November 22, 2016
Scientists discover Super Earth like exoplanet GJ 536b
November 22, 2016
Scientists have discovered a new super Earth type exoplanet named as GJ 536b orbiting a very
bright star near to our Sun.
The planet was jointly detected by Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC) and the Geneva
Observatory.
Key Facts
The exoplanet GJ 536b has a mass of around 5.4 Earth masses. It is orbiting a star much
smaller and cooler than the sun
It is not within the stars habitable zone and has short orbital period of 8.7 day. The
luminosity of its star makes it an attractive candidate for investigating its atmospheric
composition.
Besides, the planets short orbital period would come handy in conducting future studies of
biological activity.
How GJ 536b was discovered?
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It was detected using the HARPS (High Accuracy Radial velocity Planet Seeker) spectrograph on the
3.6M ESO Telescope (La Silla in Chile) and HARPS North on the Telescopio Nacional Galileo
(TNG) Roque de los Muchachos Observatory (Garafia in Spain). HARPS is a second-generation
high-precision radial velocity planet finding spectrograph. It is the most successful planet finder after
the Kepler Space Observatory
Astronomical terms
Exoplanet: It is a planet that does not orbit the Sun and instead orbits a different star, stellar
remnant, or brown dwarf. It is also termed as extrasolar planet.
Super-earths: They are extrasolar planets which are larger than the Earth. However they
have mass substantially below the solar systems giant planets namely Neptune and Uranus.
India ranks 20th on 2017 Climate Change Performance Index
November 22, 2016
India was placed at the 20th rank among the 58 countries on the 2017 Climate Change Performance
Index (CCPI).
The index was released by Germanwatch, an independent German NGO and Climate Action
Network Europe.
What is CCPI?
The CCPI is an instrument designed to enhance transparency in international climate
politics. It is list of countries doing the most to combat climate change.
It aims to put social and political pressure on those countries which have, up until now, failed
to take ambitious action on climate protection.
The index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 58 countries on the
basis of standardised criteria.
These 58 countries together are responsible for about 90% of global energy-related CO2
emissions.
Key Highlights of 2017 CCPI
First three spots in the list of 2017 CCPI rankings were left vacant. France was placed at 4th
place, thus leads list for the first time. It was followed by Sweden (5th) and UK (6th).
The index underlines that countries like India are making great efforts in the fields of
renewables and energy efficiency.
It emphasised that developing countries should choose a cleverer and cleaner development
path and not ape industrialised nations.
Emerging economies of G20 like India (20), Argentina (36) and Brazil (40) have improved
their ranking. Indias scores have improved slightly interms of renewables and energy
efficiency.
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Canada (55), Australia (57) and Japan (60) are in the bottom group countries and have been
rated very poor the list.
The 2015 Paris Agreement has helped in encouraging the trends in switching towards the
renewable energy, but the revolution in switching is very slow at the global level.
Many countries still lack in ambition in switching towards the renewable energy. Worlds
two largest emitters are USA and China were ranked 43rd and 48th respectively.
Indias longest expressway inaugurated in Uttar Pradesh
November 22, 2016
Indias longest expressway connecting Agra and Lucknow was inaugurated by Uttar Pradesh Chief
Minister Akhilesh Yadav at Bangarmau in Unnao district of UP.
It has been built by the Uttar Pradesh Expressways Industrial Development Authority (UPEIDA) in a
record time of 23 months.
Key Facts
The Agra-Lucknow Expressway is six-lane greenfield expressway having total length of
302-km. It has a design speed of up to 120 kms per hour.
It starts from Agra and passes through Firozabad, Mainpuri, Etawah, Auraiya, Kannauj,
Hardoi, Unnao, Kanpur to reach Lucknow.
It passes through four National Highways, two state highways and five rivers such as Ganga,
Yamuna, Sai, Isan, and Kalyani.
The expressway will help cut down the time between Agra and Lucknow to just 3.5 hours,
from the current 7 hours.
Moreover, it is expected to reduce the road travel time between Delhi and Lucknow to
anywhere between 5 to 6 hours.
The expressway has 2 km dedicated stretch built for fighter jets to land and take-off in times
of war-like emergencies. The six-lane expressway also can be expanded to 8-lane
It also has State-of-the-art Advance Traffic management System for safe & secure transit and
reducing road accidents and helping even at the time of fog.
The entire Expressway is lined with metal beam crash barrier on both sides and wire fencing
for safe & secure transit.
Note
During the inauguration ceremony, six fighter jets (Three Mirage 2000s and three Sukhois) of the
Indian Air Force (IAF) touched down on a stretch of the expressway in simulated landings. This was
the first time that IAF fighterjets took part in the inauguration of an expressway as part of Union
Governments plan to increasingly use highways as landing and take-off strips. In May 2015 an IAF
Mirage 2000 had landed on the Yamuna Expressway in Uttar Pradesh making it Indias first road
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runway.
Stealth Guided missile destroyer INS Chennai commissioned into Indian Navy
November 22, 2016
INS Chennai, a Kolkata-class stealth Guided missile destroyer ship was commissioned into Indian
Navys combat fleet by Defence minister Manohar Parrikar in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
It is the largest-ever warship to be built in India. It is third and last Kolkata-class guided missile
destroyers built under Project 15A. Thus, its induction also marks the end of the Project 15A.
Key features
INS Chennai has been named after the iconic port city of Chennai. It is 164 metres long with
a displacement of over 7,500 tonnes.
It has been built at the Mazagon Dock Shipbuilders Ltd in Mumbai under the strategic Project
15A.
It can sail at a top speed of over 30 knots (around 55 kms) per hour and is propelled by four
powerful Gas Turbines, in a Combined Gas and Gas (COGAG) configuration.
The ship has enhanced stealth features resulting in a reduced Radar Cross Section (RCS) and
uses radar transparent materials on exposed decks.
It is armed with Barak-8 Long Rang Surface-to-Air missiles and supersonic surface-to-surface
BrahMos missiles.
INS Chennai is fitted with Kavach chaff decoy system for defence against enemy missiles and
Mareech torpedo decoy system for protection from enemy torpedoes.
Its undersea warfare capability includes indigenously developed anti-submarine weapons and
sensors, hull-mounted sonar HUMSA-NG, towed array sonar capability, heavyweight
torpedo tube launchers and rocket launchers.
The ship is truly classified as a Network of Networks as it is equipped with sophisticated
digital networks, such as ATM based Integrated Ship Data Network (AISDN), Automatic
Power Management System (APMS), Auxiliary Control System (ACS) and Combat
Management System (CMS).
It will be placed under the operational and administrative control of the Western Naval
Command based in Mumbai. It has a complement of about 45 officers and 395 personnel.
About Project 15A
Under this project Kolkata class of stealth guided missile destroyers have been built for Indian
Navy.
The class comprises of three ships and are the largest destroyers to be operated by the Indian
Navy.
The first ship of this class named INS Kolkata was commissioned in August 2014 followed by
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INS Kochi commissioned in September 2015.


These destroyers are follow-on of the legendary Project 15 Delhi class destroyers which had
entered service in the late 1990s.
India becomes Associate Member of CERN
November 22, 2016
India became an associate member of the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), the
worlds largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory.
In this regard, an agreement was signed by Dr. Sekhar Basu, Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission
(AEC) and CERN Director General Dr. Fabiola Gianotti in Mumbai, Maharashtra.
India will formally become member of CERN around January 2017 after depositing an instrument of
ratification.
Significance
As an associate member, India can take part in meetings of the CERN Council and its
committees (Scientific Policy Committee and Finance Committee). However India will not
have voting rights on decisions of the council.
It will open up new avenues for Indian scientists to engage with their counterparts in front
line research in physics and engineering
It will help to boost Indias science credentials and give access to high end scientific
technology. It will also make Indian scientists eligible for staff appointments in CERN.
Besides, Indian industry will be entitled to bid for CERN contracts. Thus, it will open up
opportunities for industrial collaboration in areas of advanced technology.
India will also has to contribute a certain amount of money for research activities including
annual contribution of 11.5 million swiss frank to CERN.
Background
In September 2016, CERN Council adopted a resolution upgrading Indias position as associate
member from earlier observer status (since 2004). Prior to it, in 2015 the Union Cabinet had given
its nod to the proposal for Indias officially entry to CERN. Earlier because of the observer status
India was allowed to attend council meetings and to receive council documents but was not allowed
to take part in the decision-making procedures of the organisation.
About European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN)
CERN as an organisation is worlds largest nuclear and particle physics laboratory. It is
situated in North West suburbs of Geneva on France-Swiss Border.
It was established in 1954.
Members: It has 22 member states, four associate member states (including India and
Pakistan) and three International Organisations have observer status.
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Functions: The laboratory helps scientists and engineers probing fundamental structure of
Universe using the most sophisticated scientific instruments and advanced computing
systems
Provide the necessary infrastructure needed for high-energy physics research including
particle accelerators.
Achievements: CERN operates the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) which is the worlds
largest and most powerful particle accelerator.
It is associated with the discovery of the Higgs Boson which is popularly known as the God
particle.
Indian scientists had active in construction of the LHC in the areas of design, development
and supply of hardware accelerator components, software development and deployment in
the machine.
They also had played significant role in the CMS (Compact Muon Experiment), one of the
two large experiments that led to discovery of God particle.
Radhika Menon becomes first woman to receive IMOs Exceptional Bravery award at Sea
November 22, 2016
Captain Radhika Menon was awarded with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) award
for Exceptional Bravery at Sea.
With this, she became the first woman in the world to receive the Award. She was presented with
this award for saving lives of seven fishermen from sinking fishing boat in Bay of Bengal.
Besides, B M Das operator and diver of a rescue helicopter at Indian Coast Guard air station Daman
was also presented with this award. He was bestowed with this award for rescuing all 14 crew
members of the merchant ship Coastal Pride, which capsized and eventually sank.
About Radhika Menon
She had joined the Shipping Corporation of India (SCI) as a trainee radio officer in 1991. She
was the first woman to do so and is native of Kodungallur in Kerala.
Later on she ascended the hierarchy by clearing exams for the posts of second mate and chief
mate and did the sea time required to appear for the masters certificate in 2010.
In 2011, Radhika Menon had made history by becaming the first woman to become captain of
Indian Merchant Navy. In 2012, she took charge of MT Suvarna Swarajya.
International Maritime Organisation (IMO): It UNs specialised agency responsible for the safety
and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships.
Award for Exceptional Bravery at Sea: It is an annual Award established by IMO. It seeks to
provide international recognition for those who perform acts of exceptional bravery at the risk of

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losing their own life.


Union Government constitutes committee to assess the status of demonetisation drive
November 22, 2016
The Union Finance Ministry has constituted a committee comprising Additional Secretaries, Joint
Secretaries and Directors to know status of implementation of demonetisation drive.
The committee was formed after the Union Government took decision to scrap 500 and 1000 rupees
currency notes on 9th November 2016.
Terms of references of committee
Visit the States and union territories and submit its report by 25th November 2016.
Each of the officers will visit different areas of the State and UTs separately with special focus
on the rural areas.
Submit a report on the general outlook and challenges arising out of implementation of the
scheme.
Check currency availability across the States/UTs in the network of bank branches, ATMs
and post offices.
Check facilities at bank branches and post offices for deposit, withdrawal and exchange of
currency.
Check the impact of the demonetization on various segments including households, wage
earners, agriculturists, traders, transportation, industries, informal sectors and small business.
Gaganjeet Bhullar wins Indonesia Open
November 22, 2016
Ace Indian Golfrer Gaganjeet Bhullar has won the US $ 300,000 BANK BRI-JCB Indonesia Open for
the second time in his career. He won the title after closing with a four-under-par 68.
Earlier, Bhullar has also won the event in 2013. With this year victory, he has sealed his seventh
Asian Tour victory. It was his second title 2016 season with a 16-under-par 272 total at the Pondok
Indah Golf Course in Jakarta.
With this win, Bhullar became the fifth player after Thaworn Wiratchant (Thailand), Frank Nobilo
(New Zealand), Frankie Minoza (Philippines) and Lu Hsi-chuen (Chinese Taipei) to win the event
twice.
November 23, 2016
Veteran Carnatic Music exponent M Balamuralikrishna passes away
November 23, 2016
Legendary vocalist, playback singer and composer Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna passed away
due to age-related geriatric problems in Chennai. He was 86.
He was considered as doyen of classical music. During his long musical career he had excelled as a

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prominent Carnatic vocalist, multi-instrumentalist, playback singer, composer and actor.


About Mangalampalli Balamuralikrishna
Balamuralikrishna was born on 6 July 1930 in Sankaraguptam, East Godavari District,
Andhra Pradesh.
He had started his musical journey as a child prodigy at a tender age of 8. Since then, he has
performed in over 25 thousand concerts.
He had innovated the whole Carnatic music system by keeping its rich tradition untouched.
The ragas like Ganapathi, Sarvashri, Mahati, Lavangi etc. were credited to him.
He also had composed over 400 compositions in various languages including in his native
tongu, Telugu and in Kannada, Tamil, Sanskrit, Malayalam, Hindi, Bengali, and Punjabi.
His compositions range from Devotional to Varnams, Krithis, Javalis and Thillans, in all the
fundamental 72 melakartha ragas to film music.
He made his acting debut with Bhakta Prahlada (1967) as Narada and also has acted in various
films including Kananda
Awards and Honours: Padma Vibhusan (1991), Mahatma Gandhi Silver Medal from
UNESCO (1995), Frances Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. He is also a recipient
of Filmfare awards and National Film Awards for best music direction and playback singing.
Pankaj Patel elected as FICCI President for 2017
November 23, 2016
Pankaj Patel was elected as the President of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and
Industry (FICCI) for the year 2017.
He will take over after incumbent Ambuja Neotia Group Chairman Harshavardhan Neotia completes
his term in December 2016.
At present Pankaj Patel is Chief Managing Director of Zydus Cadila. He is actively involved in
various educational institutions and is on advisory committees and academic councils of several
educational institutions such as IISER (Kolkata), IIM Ahmedabad etc.
He is also the Vice President, Executive Chairman and Trustee of the Gujarat Cancer Society and
Chairman of the Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, one of the largest of its kind regional Cancer
Centre in India.
About Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)
FICCI is the largest and oldest apex business organization in India. It is a non-governmental
and non-profit organization.
Establish: 1927
Headquarters: New Delhi.
Mission: To enhance efficiency and global competitiveness of Indian industry.
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To expand business opportunities both in domestic and foreign markets through a range of
specialized services and global linkages.
Indias wealth rises and also disparity: Credit Suisse Report
November 23, 2016
As per a report on global wealth published by Credit Suisse, the total quantum of wealth in India is
rising but disparity between rich and poor is also rising.
The report says that the uneven growth has left 96% of the adult population in India at the base of
the wealth pyramid with wealth below $10,000. However, a small fraction of the adult population
(0.3%) has net worth of more than $100,000.
Key Highlights from report
Indian Scenario: The wealth in India is mostly dominated by property and other real estate.
It makes up 86% of its estimated household assets.
The wealth in India in local currency terms increased 5.1% in 2016 but due to adverse
currency exchange movements.
Indias household wealth fell by 0.8% to $3 trillion in dollar terms. The annual growth of
wealth per adult in rupees has averaged 6% between 2000 and 2016.
The number of millionaires remained flat at 1.78 lakh with $973 billion in wealth. Among
these, ultra high-networth individuals increased by 5.2% to 2,260, including 1,040 with more
than $100 million.
The number of millionaires in India is projected to increase by 9.5% in the next five years to
2.8 lakh in 2021.
Meanwhile, the personal debts are estimated to be 9% of gross assets in India which is much
lower than in most developed countries.
Global Scenario: Overall growth in wealth remained limited in 2016. It is continuing the
trend that had emerged in 2013 and is contrasting sharply with the double-digit growth rates
witnessed before the global financial crisis of 2008.
The total global wealth in 2016 edged up by 1.4% or $3.5 trillion to a total of $256 trillion, a
rise in line with the increase in the worlds adult population.
India, Switzerland sign Joint Declaration for implementing AEOI
November 23, 2016
India and Switzerland have signed a Joint Declaration for implementation of Automatic Exchange of
Information (AEOI) in respect of accounts of Indians held abroad.
Under the pact, both countries will start collecting data in accordance with the global standards in
2018 and exchange it from 2019 onwards.
Thus, it will help India to get access details of bank accounts held by Indians in Switzerland for 2018
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and subsequent years on an automatic basis from September 2019. It is considered as a big step
towards fighting black money stashed by Indians overseas.
The pact is based on the Multilateral Competent Authority Agreement on the Automatic
Exchange of Financial Account Information (MCAA) also known as Common Reporting
Standards (CRS) on AEOI.
Background
Switzerland always had been at the centre of the debate on black money allegedly stashed by Indians
abroad. It used to be known for very strong secrecy walls around its banking practices till a few years
ago. However, after huge global pressure had forced Switzerland to sign MCAA on AEOI and do
away with its tough secrecy clauses in its local laws given to the banks.
What is the Multilateral Automatic Exchange of Financial Account Information (MCAA)?
MCAA is multilateral convention on administrative assistance in taxation matters developed
by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
It was signed by 53 jurisdictions in July 2015 based on Article 6 of the Convention on Mutual
Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters. India had joined it in June 2015.
It sets up a system wherein bulk taxpayer information will be periodically be sent by source
country of income to the country of residence of the taxpayer.
This agreement obliges signatories to exchange a wide range of financial information among
themselves periodically and automatically.
Its main aim is to prevent international tax evasion and avoidance and help member countries
to curb tax evasion and deal with the problem of black money.
Portugal Prime Minister Antonio Costa to be Chief Guest of 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas
November 23, 2016
Antnio Costa (54), the Indian origin Prime Minister of Portugal will be the chief guest at the 14th
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) Convention.
The PBD Convention is scheduled to be held from January 7 to 9, 2017 in Bengaluru, Karnataka. Mr.
Costa will participate in the inaugural session of the PBD Convention on January 8 and address the
delegates.
Besides, Surinam Vice president Michael Ashwin Satyandre Adhin will be the Special Guest at the
Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) to be held in Bengaluru on January 7, 2017.
About Antonio Costa
Atonio Costa was born on 17 July 1961 in Lisbon, capital city of Portugal. By profession he is
lawyer. He traces his paternal roots to Goa (India)
He is son of Orlando Costa, an accomplished poet and writer and has several relatives at
Margao in Goa. His grandfather, Luis Afonso Maria da Costa hailed from Goa.
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After Portugals 2015 general election, he was appointed as Prime Minister after he had put
together a coalition of left parties that is currently in power in Portugal.
In 2004, he was elected as one of the 14 Vice-Presidents of the European Parliament and also
had served on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs.
He was Mayor of Lisbon City from 2007 to 2015. He was elected as Secretary-General of the
Socialist Party in September 2014.
About Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD)
The PBD is celebrated every year on January 9 to mark the contribution of overseas Indian
community in the development of India. It is celebrated every year since 2003.
It provides a platform to the overseas Indian community to engage with the government and
people of the land of their ancestors for mutually beneficial activities.
January 9 was chosen as the day to celebrate this occasion since it was on this day in 1915 that
Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa.
Thus, this event marks the importance of arrival of Indias greatest Pravasi who led Indias
freedom struggle and changed the lives of Indians forever.
Nuclear capable Agni-I ballistic missile successfully test-fired
November 23, 2016
The indigenously built nuclear capable Agni-I ballistic missile was successfully test-fired from a test
range off Odisha coast, as part of a user trial by India Army.
It was test-fired from a mobile launcher from the launch pad-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at
Abdul Kalam Island (Wheeler Island). The last trial of Agni-I was conducted successfully in March
2016 from the same base.
About Agni-I missile
Agni-I is intermediate range nuclear capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile. It is first
missile of the Agni series launched in 1983.
It was developed by a premier missile development laboratory of DRDO in collaboration
with Defence Research Development Laboratory and Research Centre Imarat and integrated
by Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad.
It weighs 12 tonnes and is 15-metre-long. It is designed to carry a payload of more than one
tonne. It is single stage missile powered by solid propellants.
It can hit a target 700 km away. Its strike range can be extended by reducing the payload. It
can be fired from road and rail mobile launchers.
It is equipped with sophisticated navigation system which ensures it reaches the target with a
high degree of accuracy and precision.
The missile already has been inducted into armed forces. Since its induction it has proved its
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excellent performance in terms of range, accuracy and lethality.


It is also claimed to be a part of the Indias minimum credible deterrence under No first to use
policy.

China agrees to import rice from 17 mills in India


November 23, 2016
China has agreed to import rice, non-basmati and basmati varieties from 17 registered mills in India.
These mills are in Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
It is considered as a major breakthrough in Indias efforts to ensure market access for Indian products
(especially rice) in China as it is the worlds largest rice importer.
What is the issue?
India had repeatedly sought market access for Indian products citing the countrys widening
goods trade deficit with China.
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The products included non-basmati rice, pharmaceuticals and many fruits and vegetables
among others.
However, China had not granted market access to Indias non-basmati rice claiming that it
failed to meet Chinese norms on quality, safety and health standards.
Chinas apprehensions included the possibility of the cabinet beetle (or Khapra beetle) pest
getting transported along with Indian non-basmati rice consignments to China.
In India, Chinas objection to Indian non-basmati export was seen more political in nature
than anything else as it imports non-basmati rice from its all weather friend Pakistan.
Note: Indias goods trade deficit with China has ballooned to $52.7 billion in 2015-16 from $1.1
billion in 2003-04.
Background
After numerous requests from Indian side, Chinese officials had visited India in September to
inspect 19 rice mills registered with National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO).
NPPO had assisted its Chinese counterpart AQSIQ during inspection for plant quarantine
purposes and pest-risk analysis to ensure that non-basmati consignments from India will be
pest-free, of good quality and safe.
The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)
under the Indian Commerce Ministry was also involved in the process.
Besides, India also had earlier sent the information sought by AQSIQ regarding the quality
protocol and standard operating procedures.
NPPO is the nodal government agency for inspecting mills and granting certificates on plant health
for export purposes. It is mandatory for Indian rice exporters to get registered with NPPO.
RBI doubles cap on PPIs to Rs. 20,000
November 23, 2016
The Reserve bank of India (RBI) has increased the per month limit of Prepaid Payment Instruments
(PPIs) to Rs. 20,000 from Rs. 10,000 and to Rs. 50,000 for merchant bank.
This decision was taken due to sudden increase in demand for digital wallets (especially mobile
wallets) after Government announced demonetisation of Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes.
Key Facts
The prepaid PPIs could be also issued to merchants if they provided a self-declaration in
respect of their status and bank account and also to be kept on record by the issuer.
Funds transfer from such PPIs will be permitted only to the merchants own linked bank
account and upto an amount of Rs. 50,000 per month, without any limit per transaction.
Thus, this decision will boost mobile wallet transactions following the withdrawal of high-
value notes. The measures will be applicable till December 30, 2016.
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What are Prepaid Payment Instruments (PPIs)?


PPIs are methods that facilitate purchase of goods and services against the value stored on
such instruments.
The value stored on such instruments represents the value paid for by the holder, by debit, by
cash to a bank account or by credit card.
These prepaid instruments can be issued as online wallets, mobile accounts, mobile wallets,
smart cards, magnetic stripe cards, internet accounts, paper vouchers and any such
instruments used to access the prepaid amount.
Renowned Scientist MGK Menon passes away
November 23, 2016
Acclaimed high energy particle physicist and an institution builder of Indian science Prof. M G K
Menon passed away. He was 88.
He was Scientist, Science & Technology policy-maker, scholar, parliamentarian, Cabinet Minister.
He has been described as one of Indias most eminent statesmen of science
About M.G.K. Menon
Mambillikalathil Govind Kumar Menon was born on 28 August 1928 in Mangalore,
Karnataka. He was famously known as MGK or Goku.
He was awarded a Ph.D. at a relatively young age of 25 by University of Bristol, UK in 1953.
He had joined TIFR (Tata Institute of Fundamental Research) in 1955 at invitation of Homi
Bhabha. In 1966, he was appointed Director of TIFR after death of Homi Bhabha.
In 1971, he was appointed Secretary in the Department of Electronics. Since then for two
decades plus, he played important role in Indias science and technology policy-making.
In 1971, after death of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, he was given additional charge as Chairman of
ISRO and the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad.
Subsequently in 1974 he was appointed Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister and
concurrently looked after the DRDO.
In 1978 he was appointed Secretary, Department of Science and Technology and Director-
General of the CSIR.
He had served as the Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) from
January 1972 and September 1972.
He had served as member of the Planning Commission (1982-1989), Scientific Adviser to the
Prime Minister (1986-1989), Vice President, CSIR (1989-1990).
He had served as a Minister of State (MoS) in the short-lived V.P. Singh Cabinet; and a Rajya
Sabha member from 1990 to 1996.
Awards and Honours: Padmabhushan (1968), Padma Vibhushan (1985). The asteroid 7564
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Gokumenon was named in his honour in late 2008. In May 1970, he was elected a Fellow of
the Royal Society.
Defence Ministry to relook at defence blacklist guidelines
November 23, 2016
The Union Defence Ministry is planning to relook at defence blacklist guidelines for dealing with
global defence firms engaged in corruption in arms deals.
Thus, under recently released new policy called Guidelines of the Ministry of Defence for
penalties in business dealings with entities the Union Defence Ministry will re-ascertain the
list of companies banned from doing business in India.
The blacklisting policy was approved by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) on November 7,
2016 and the policy was released by the Ministry on 21 November 2016.
Key Facts
The new policy has moved away from blanket banning of blacklisted firms which has
adversely affected defence preparedness. Instead of ban, it imposes heavy penalties.
It has reduced the period of blanket ban to 5 years from 10 years. However the upper limit of
the ban period has not been specified.
It allows doing business with a blacklisted firm for support of critical spares and maintenance
in view of national security.
However, it will be through prior approval from the Defence Minister, i.e. the designated
competent authority.
Why there is need to relook?
Many global defence firms have been banned from doing business in India because of allegations of
corruption against them. However, blacklisting such firms has skewed the competition, with the
Indian military not able to access many of the global products.
November 24, 2016
Andhra Pradesh Government launches water distribution monitoring portal
November 24, 2016
Andhra Pradesh Government has launched the Smart Water Distribution Monitoring web
interface. The monitoring portal is a part of ourvmc.org from where it can be accessed.
It was formally launched by Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu. Using this portal people can
check the status of drinking water in the water tanks nearby.
The portal has Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system. This system helps in
reduction of water wastage as well as ensures seamless supply to the households.
5th International Tourism Mart begins in Imphal, Manipur
November 24, 2016

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The fifth International Tourism Mart has begun in Imphal, Manipur. It will be held between 23
25 November 2016.
The event has been organized by the Union Ministry of Tourism in association with the North
Eastern States and West Bengal.
Key Facts
North East region of India has immense tourism potential because its varied topography, rich
flora, fauna and ethnic communities with rich heritage, lifestyles, festivals, arts, and crafts.
The event has been organised with the objective of highlighting the tourism potential of the
region in the domestic and international markets.
It brings together the tourism business fraternity and entrepreneurs together to facilitate
interaction between buyers, sellers, media, Government agencies and other stakeholders.
57 buyer delegations from countries like Australia, Japan, Japan, US, Brazil, UK, Canada are
participating in this edition of mart.
Background
The International Tourism Mart is an annual event organized in the North Eastern region to
highlight the tourism potential of that region in both domestic and international markets. It is
annually organized on rotation basis in the North Eastern States. Earlier editions of the event took
place in Guwahati (Assam), Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh), Shillong (Meghalaya) and Gangtok
(Sikkim).
Malini Subramaniam honoured with International Press Freedom Award
November 24, 2016
Indian journalist Malini Subramaniam was conferred with the 2016 International Press Freedom
Award. She has been honored for her reporting from the Naxal-infested Bastar area and for the
commitment to a free press.
She is among the four journalists selected by the Committee to Protect Journalists for this years
award. Others are Oscar Martinez (El Salvador), Can Dundar (Turkey) and Abou Zeid (Egypt).
Malini Subramaniam is a contributor to the news website Scroll.in. She has reported on abuses by
security forces and police, jailing of minors, sexual violence against women, shutdown of schools,
extrajudicial killings, and threats against journalists in Bastar region in Chattisgarh.
About International Press Freedom Award (IPFA)
The IPFA honors journalists or their publications around the world for showing courage in
defending press freedom despite facing attacks, threats or imprisonment.
The award was established in 1991 and is administered by the Committee to Protect
Journalists (CPJ), an independent NGO based in New York, US.
In addition to recognizing individuals, CPJ seeks to focus local and international media
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coverage on countries where violations of press freedom are particularly serious.


Yudhvir Singh Malik appointed as new Chairman of NHAI
November 24, 2016
The Union Government has appointed Yudhvir Singh Malik as the Chairman of National Highways
Authority of India (NHAI).
He will succeed outgoing chairman Raghav Chandra who has been moved as secretary to the
National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.
Malik is 1983 batch IAS officer of Haryana cadre. Prior to this appointment he was posted as special
secretary in NITI Aayog.
Prior to joining NITI Aayg, he was CEO of FSSAI from October 2014 to September 2015. His tenure
marked with Maggi noodle ban issue which had brought food regulator into limelight.
About National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)
NHAI is an autonomous agency of the Union Government, responsible for management of a
network of over 70,000 km of national highways in India.
It was established through National Highways Authority of India Act, 1988. In February
1995, it was formally made an autonomous body.
It is a nodal agency of the Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. It is responsible
for the development, management, operation and maintenance of National Highways.
NABARD to disburse Rs 21,000 crore to farmers for Rabi Season
November 24, 2016
The Union Government has allowed National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
(NABARD) to disburse Rs 21,000 crore to help cash-starved farmers to sow Rabi crops.
The money will be disbursed by NABARD to District Central Cooperative Banks (DCCBs) which
will enable them to pass on grant funds to the primary agriculture cooperatives.
The farm cooperatives will further pass it to farmers for meeting crop loan requirements in Rabi
season. Besides, banks also have been asked to ensure regional rural banks (RRBs) and district
cooperative banks have required cash available to satisfy the sowing needs of farmers.
Background
The Union Governments demonetisation move which has swept away 86% of currency in
circulation, has badly hit farmers leaving them without cash just ahead of the Rabi sowing season.
Due to restrictions placed on bank withdrawals after demonetisation announcement has badly hit the
farmers ahead as they are left with very little cash to buy seeds and fertilisers. It is estimated that
more than 40% of small and marginal farmers take crop loans from cooperative institutions. District
Central Cooperative Banks (DCCBs) receive their cash from currency chests of banks and state
cooperatives. Thus, disbursement of funds from NABARD will help in the smooth flow of credit for
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farmers to enable them to undertake Rabi requirements.


About National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)
NABARD is an apex development bank in India. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) holds the
majority stake in it.
Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Established: 1982 on the recommendations of Shivaraman Committee to implement the
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development Act, 1981.
It has been entrusted with matters concerning policy, planning and operations in the field of
credit for agriculture and other economic activities in rural areas in India.
It is active in developing financial inclusion policy and is a member of the Alliance for
Financial Inclusion.
Mandate: (i) Facilitate credit flow for promotion and development of agriculture, small-scale
industries, cottage and village industries, handicrafts and other rural crafts.
(ii) Support all other allied economic activities in rural areas, promote integrated and
sustainable rural development and secure prosperity of rural areas.
IAFs Upgraded Jaguar DARIN III aircraft receives IOC
November 24, 2016
The upgraded Jaguar DARIN III twin-seat aircraft has received Initial Operation Clearance (IOC). It
is considered as a significant milestone for the countrys military aviation sector.
The satisfactory completion of IOC was announced by Deputy Chief of IAF, Air Marshal RKS
Bhadauria who had flown the aircraft at HAL airport in Bengaluru.
Key Facts
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) has upgraded 3 DARIN I Standard Jaguars to DARIN
III Standard. The aircraft is now equipped with world class avionics system.
HALs Mission and Combat System Research and Design Centre (MCSRDC) had carried out
total design and development of aircraft and modification was done at Overhaul Division.
Besides HAL, certification agencies, trial team of ASTE and other agencies were also involved
in the upgrade programme.
The upgraded aircraft incorporates new state-of-the-art avionics architecture including the
Open System Architecture Mission Computer (OSAMC), Fire Control Radar.
It also has Solid State Digital Video Recording System (SSDVRS), Autopilot with Alt Select &
HNAV and Identification of Friend or Foe (IFF) and more.
DARIN I Standard Jaguar is an Anglo-French jet attack aircraft. It was originally used by the French
Air Force and British Royal Air Force in the close air support and nuclear strike role. It is still in
service with the Indian Air Force and its fleet is based at the Ambala air force station.
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Indian-American Nikki Haley named as US ambassador to UN


November 24, 2016
US President-elect Donald Trump has named Indian-American Governor of South Carolina State,
Nikki Haley (44) for the high-profile post of US ambassador to the United Nations.
With this, she becomes the first Indian-American to be appointed to a Cabinet-level post in any US
administration. She is also first female appointment to a Cabinet-level post and overall sixth
appointment of the President-elect Donald Trump led administration.
About Nikki Haley
Nikki Haley is a daughter of Indian immigrants. She is currently serving her second term as
Governor of South Carolina State.
She became the first woman to serve as a Governor of South Carolina in 2011. Currently, she
holds the distinction of being the youngest current governor in the US.
She is also the second Indian-American after Bobby Jindal to serve as governor of a state in
the US. She is one among the six Asian-American governors of the US.

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Prior to becoming governor, she represented Lexington County in the South Carolina House
of Representatives from 2005 to 2011.
China successfully launches fourth data satellite Tianlian I-04
November 24, 2016
China has successfully launched its fourth data satellite named Tianlian I-04. The satellite will join
its three predecessors to achieve global network operation.
The satellite was launched on board of Long March-3C carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite
Launch Centre in southwest Sichuan province.
Key Facts
Tianlian I-04 has been developed by the China Academy of Space Technology under the
China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation.
The satellite seeks to achieve global network operation that will provide data relay,
measurement and control services for its manned spacecraft.
The network will also offer data relay services for the countrys medium- and low-Earth
orbiting resources satellites, control support and measurement for spacecraft launches.
Background
Tianlian I and CTDRS-1 is a Chinese data tracking and relay communications satellite series.
Functionally, it is similar to US Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System.
China had launched its first data relay satellite the Tianlian I-01, in April 2008.The second
and third relay satellite was launched in July 2011 and July 2012 respectively.
Airtel launches Indias first Payments Bank service in Rajasthan
November 24, 2016
Airtel Payments Bank Limited or Airtel Bank became the first payments bank in the country to
launch live banking services in Rajasthan.
The pilot phase of the Airtel bank launched in Rajasthan aims at testing systems and processes ahead
of a full scale pan Indian launch.
Key Facts
Airtel Payments Bank is a subsidiary of Bharti Airtel Limited. Mahindra Bank holds 19.9%
stake in it.
Airtel retail outlets across Rajasthan will act as banking points. They offer a range of basic,
convenient banking services as per Payments Bank guidelines issued by RBI.
Customers can open bank accounts by using Aadhaar based e-KYC. Airtel subscribers mobile
number will function as a bank account number.
The bank will accept deposits not exceeding Rs 1 lakh. It cannot perform lending activities,
except while giving loans to its employees on approval of the board.
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It intends to give an interest rate of 7.25% per annum on deposits in savings accounts.
It will be offering customers the convenience of cashless purchase of goods/services using
their bank accounts/wallets, contributing to of financial inclusion and banking for all.
Though payment banks are allowed to issue debit card facility, but Airtel Payments Bank will
be not offering this facility right now.
Background
In August 2015, RBI had had given in-principle approval to 11 applicants to set up payments bank by
February 2017. So far, out of these 11 applicants, Tech Mahindra Ltd, Cholamandalam Investment
and Finance Co, and billionaire Dilip Shanghvi have opted out.
SEBI eases rules for angel funds
November 24, 2016
The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has liberalised norms for angel investors to invest
in early-stage entities.
In this regard, SEBI in its meeting decided to amend the SEBI (Alternative Investment Funds)
Regulations, 2012.
This decision was taken based on the recommendations received from the NR Narayana Murthy
Alternative Investment Policy Advisory Committee.
Decisions taken by SEBI
Increased the upper limit for number of angel investors in a scheme from 49 to 200.
Angel Funds will also be allowed to invest in start-ups incorporated within 5 years instead of
the earlier norm of 3 years.
The requirement of minimum investment amount by an angel fund in any venture capital
undertaking has been reduced to Rs. 25 lakh from earlier Rs. 50 lakh.
The lock-in requirements of investment made by angel funds in the venture capital
undertaking has been reduced to one year from three years.
Such funds also have been allowed to invest in overseas venture capital undertakings. It will
be up to 25% of their investible corpus in line with other Alternative Investment Funds
(AIFs).
Benefits
This move was taken as part of its attempts to facilitate fund-raising for start-ups and help to
boost investment in the early stages for start-ups in the country.
It will benefit start-ups looking for raising venture funding not just for the money but for the
other value addition.
It will help start-ups raising money from a venture capital firm brings such as direction and
mentorship from seasoned investors.
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What is an Angel Investor?


Angel investors invest in small startups or entrepreneurs. These investors are often among an
entrepreneurs family and friends. The capital provided by angel investors to these startups may be a
one-time investment to help them to propel their business or it may ongoing injection of money to
support and carry starup through its difficult early stages.
Himalayan hydro power projects face flood risk
November 24, 2016
The potential hydro power projects in the Himalayan region face increased flood risks from the
formation of new lakes and the expansion of existing ones due to melting glaciers.
It was revealed by study conducted by Swiss researchers on the impact of climate change in the
Himalayas.
The study made analysis of Himalayan glaciers and their possible future impact on livelihoods in
States adjoining the region. It found that the global warming could cause Himalayan glaciers to melt
rapidly increasing the flow of water.
According to the study
441 hydro-power projects spanning India, Nepal, Pakistan and China are on possible Glacier
Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF) tracks.
It means that these projects could be gorged with extra water from melting glaciers. These
441 projects accounts 66% of constructed and potential hydro power projects,
Thus, almost a third of these hydro-power projects could experience GLOF discharges well
above what these dams account for.
If the hydro-power projects are situated close to these glaciers, they would have to account
for higher water flows.
The fear of floods can be mitigate by taking in to consideration extra need of design or safety
features in these projects.
What is Indian Scenario?
In this study, 129 hydro projects from India were analysed. In the Parvati Valley catchment area, 12
lakes in 1989 had increased to 77 lakes in 2014 and in the Beas basin, six lakes (in 1989) had increased
to 33 (in 2011). Most of the lakes were in Himachal Pradesh are relatively small or with a capacity
less than of a million cubic metres, and only a few of them had a capacity larger than 10 million cubic
metres of water.
CCEA approves setting up of Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas in 62 uncovered districts
November 24, 2016
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved opening of one Jawahar
Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) in each of the 62 uncovered districts.
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These JNVs will provide good quality modern education to the talented children prominently from
rural areas. Nearly 35,000 students will be benefitted from these JNVs.
Key Facts
The expenditure for this purpose during the 12th Plan will be 109.53 crore rupees with a spill
over amount of 2,761.56 crore rupees from 2017-18 to 2024-25.
All JNVs are residential and co-educational in nature. It is compulsory for all the staff and
students to reside in the Vidyalaya campus.
These 62 new JNVs will provide direct permanent employment to 2914 individuals. They
will also generate opportunities to the local vendors for supply of essential commodities.
It will also create large opportunity for local service providers such as tailor cobbler, barber,
manpower for housekeeping and security services etc.
Background
There are 598 sanctioned JNVs in 576 districts spread across 35 States/UTs as on date. Out of
these, 591 are functional.
Each JNV has classes from VI to XII with a sanctioned strength of 80 students per class and
total strength of 560 students. One third of the total seats are reserved for girls.
Admissions to JNVs in class VI are done through an entrance examination. At least 75% of
the seats in a district are filled by candidates selected from rural areas of the district.
The reservation of seats in favour of children belonging to SC/ST is provided in proportion
to their population in the concerned district.
However this reservation is subject to the condition that it is not less than the national
reservation percentage (15% for SC and 7.5% for ST).
November 25, 2016
IBBI notifies two regulations under Bankruptcy Code
November 25, 2016
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board (IBBI) of India has notified two regulations in exercise of its
powers conferred under section 240 of Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 seeks to ensure time-bound settlement of insolvency,
faster turnaround of businesses and create a unified database of serial defaulters.
These two regulations are IBBI (Model Bye-Laws and Governing Board of Insolvency
Professional Agencies) Regulations, 2016; IBBI (Insolvency Professional Agencies)
Regulations, 2016.
Key Facts
The two regulations provide (i) eligibility norms to be a Professional Member of an
Insolvency Professional Agency (IPA) and (ii) norms to get registered with IBBI as an
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Insolvency Professional Agency.


It allows company registered under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013 having a minimum
net worth of Rs. 10 crore to be eligible for an IPA.
The IPA should have over half of its Directors as independent directors and not more than
one-fourth of the Directors can be insolvency professionals.
It shall have Monitoring Committee, Membership Committee(s), Disciplinary Committee(s)
and Grievance Redressal Committee(s) for the purposes of regulation and oversight of
professional members.
Colombia Government, FARC rebels sign revised Peace Agreement
November 25, 2016
Colombian Government has signed revised peace agreement with the countrys largest rebel
movement, Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
The revised document was signed between President Juan Manual Santos and FARC leader Rodrigo
Londono in Bogota, capital city of Colombia.
This is the second attempt undertaken by Colombian Government to end Latin Americas longest-
running conflict (civil war) which has killed 220000 people. The previous deal singed September
2016 was rejected narrowly by the Colombian people in a popular vote held in October 2016.
The revised agreement will be submitted to Colombian Congress for approval, rather than put to a
popular vote. It would not form a part of the Colombias constitution.
Key Facts
Within 90 days of approval of revised agreement, FARC rebels will lay down their arms.
Within five months they are required to completely surrender all weapons to the UN.
Under the new deal, rebels will have to declare their assets. The money will be used for
reparation payments to victims of the conflict.
However, the new agreement has not ban rebels from holding public office or includes jail
terms.
Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in October 2016 for his
efforts to end the war.
Background
The civil war in Colombia is one of the longest civil wars in modern times and the sole remaining
armed conflict in the South America. The five decade long civil war has cost the lives of at least 220
000 Colombians and internally displaced close to six million people. It was started in the 1960s as a
rural uprising for land rights by FARC as communist-inspired guerrilla movement inspired by
Cuban Revolution. The main aim of FARC was to reduce the gulf dividing rich and poor and land
reform for equality in the Andean country. The conflict has drawn in various leftist rebel groups,
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drug gangs and right-wing paramilitaries over the decades. However in recent times, the FARC had
shifted from their original ideology and were active in illegal drug trade, kidnapping and extortion
activities.
Union Cabinet approves introduction of Merchant Shipping Bill, 2016
November 25, 2016
The Union Cabinet has approved introduction of the Merchant Shipping Bill, 2016 in the
Parliament.
The bill is a revamped version of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958. It seeks to repeal Merchant
Shipping Act, 1958 as well the Coasting Vessels Act, 1838.
Key Features of Bill
Allows substantially-owned vessels and vessels on Bare Boat-cum-Demise (BBCD) to be
registered as Indian flag vessels.
Recognises Indian controlled tonnage as a separate category. Makes separate rules for coastal
vessels to develop and promote coastal shipping.
Dispenses with the requirement for issuing of licences to Indian flag vessels for coastal
operation and for port clearance by the Customs authorities
Seafarers held in hostage captivity of pirates will receive wages till they are released and reach
home back safely.
Mandatory for vessels owners to compulsorily take insurance of crew engaged on vessels
including fishing, sailing and whose net tonnage is less than 15.
The crew members now dont need to sign of articles of agreement before the Shipping
Master.
Incorporates all International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Conventions/Protocols in
Indian laws up-to-date by inserting provisions relating to 7 different conventions.
These 7 different conventions are Intervention Convention 1969, Search and Rescue
Convention 1979, Protocol for Prevention of Pollution from Ships, Convention for Control
and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments 2004, Nairobi Wreck Removal
Convention 2007, Salvage Convention 1989 and International Convention for Bunker Oil
Pollution Damage, 2001.
Besides, the provisions for survey, inspection and certification of vessels are placed together
in Bill to provide simplified regime for convenience of Indian shipping industry.
Why the bill repeals old laws?
As a result of various amendments carried out in the Merchant Shipping Act, 1958 from time
to time, it had become a bulky piece of legislation over the years.
It was amended 17 times between 1966 and 2014 which had resulted in increase in the
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number of sections to more than 560 sections.


The new bill has provisions which have been meticulously shortened to 280 sections. It also
simplifies the law governing the merchant shipping in India.
Further, certain redundant provisions have been removed and remaining provisions have
been consolidated and simplified to promote ease of doing business, transparency and
effective delivery of services.
The Coasting Vessels Act, 1838 was also an archaic legislation of the British era. It provided
limited jurisdiction for registration of non-mechanically propelled vessels to Saurashtra and
Kutch. The proposed bill allows registration of all vessels for the whole of India.
Union Government imposes safeguard duty on certain steel imports
November 25, 2016
The Union Government has imposed safeguard duty on import of certain steel products to protect
domestic manufacturers from cheap in-bound shipments.
It was imposed by the Revenue Department on steel products like hot rolled flat sheets and plates of
alloy (excluding hot rolled flat products in coil form) or non-alloy steel.
Key Facts
The effective duty rate will be calculated after deducting value of goods and the anti-dumping
duty payable when import price is below $504 per tonne.
The duty arrived at would be 10% in the first year and will gradually reduce to 8% by 2018
and 6% by 2019.
Background
The Director General (Safeguard), in his final findings in August 2016 had found that increased
imports of these steel products into India have caused serious injury to the domestic producers.
Thereby it was necessary to impose safeguard duty on imports of steel products into India. Earlier,
India had imposed anti-dumping duty on certain cold-rolled flat steel products from four nations
including China and South Korea.
What is Safeguard Duty?
The safeguard duty is tariff barrier imposed by government on the commodities to ensure that
imports in excessive quantities do not harm the domestic industry. It is temporary measure
undertaken by government in defence of the domestic industry which is harmed or has potential
threat getting hared due to sudden cheap surge in imports.
India ranks 138 in 2016 ICT Development Index
November 25, 2016
India has been ranked 138th in the 2016 ICT Development Index out of a total of 175 countries. In
2015, India ranked 135th position.
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The index was released as part of the annual Measuring the Information Society Report for 2016 of the
International Telecommunications Union (ITU).
What is ICT Development Index (IDI)?
The ICT Development Index (IDI) rankings compare the state of ICT development across
countries. It is published annually by the UN ITU.
The IDI is based on 11 ICT indicators, grouped in three sub-indices: access, use and skills.
It is standard tool that governments, operators, researchers, development agencies and others
can use to measure the digital divide and compare ICT performance within and across
countries.
Key Highlights of 2016 IDI
Top 5 Countries: South Korea (1st), Iceland (2nd), Denmark (3rd), Switzerland (4th) and
United Kingdom (5th).
Bottom 5 Countries: Niger (175), Chad (174), Guinea-Bissau (173), South Sudan (172) and
Burundi (171).
Region wise Facts: European and countries in Americas region have made significant
progress in ICT development.
In the Asia Pacific region, India is ranked at 26 out of the 34 countries. 9 countries in region
remained least concerned. Africa was named as the worst performing region.
India related facts: Indias score has improved from 2.50 (in 2015) to 2.69. In terms of sub-
indices access, India ranks 139 in 2016 as against 140 in 2015; use sub index, India has moved
up to 142 in 2016 from 143 in 2015; skills sub index, India ranked 122.
Broadband access in India has become cheaper compared to the year 2015, but the data caps
are among the most highest and restrictive in the world.
In India over 40% of the population still does not own a mobile phone. There is also a
significant gender gap in mobile phone access in India.
Besides, there is lack of mobile ownership seen in lower income category, and among those
who are not educated. People in rural regions are more likely to not own a mobile phone.
Fixed line telephone subscriptions have gone down in India, and now only two people in a
hundred have a landline.
However, mobile phone subscriptions, computers in households, amount of available
bandwidth, and access to an internet connection have all seen increase in India.
The percentage of users on the internet has gone up from 21% in 2014 to 26% of the
population in 2015.
Way forward
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For improving the IDI, India needs to improve internet access to the underserved to reduce
digital divide.
There is also a need to change the definition of the minimum broadband speed.
The FUP (fair usage policy) levels must be relaxed which are among the most restrictive in
the world.
Efforts should be taken to promote the use of mobile phones in rural areas. Besides more
efforts must be taken to increase access of mobile phones to more women.
25 November: International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
November 25, 2016
The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (IDEVAW) is observed every
year across the world on 25 November.
Observance of this day seeks to raise awareness about violence against women and girls, end the
violence against the women. It also seeks to show that prevention is possible against violence of
women.
2016 Theme: Orange the World raise funds to end violence against women. The orange colour in the
theme symbolizes a better future to women and girls all over the globe without the pervasive human
rights violation which affects 1 in 3 women and girls all over the globe.
Background
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) had designated this day through a resolution
54/134 passed in December 1999.
Prior to it, womens activists across the world observed this day against violence since 1981.
Earlier in December 1993, the UNGA had adopted the Declaration on the Elimination of
Violence against Women by passing resolution 48/104.
This day is commemorated in the memory of the Mirabal sisters who were three political
activists from the Dominican Republic. They were brutally assassinated during the Rafael
Trujillo dictatorship (1930-1961) in 1960.
Why this International Day is observed?
Violence against women is a human rights violation.
Violence against women is a consequence of discrimination against women, in law. It is also
in general practice and persisting inequalities between men and women.
Violence against women impedes, progress in many areas, including poverty eradication,
peace and security and combating HIV/AIDS.
Violence against women and girls is not inevitable but prevention is possible and essential.
Violence against women continues to be a global pandemic.

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India hosts World Robot Olympiad for the first time


November 25, 2016
India hosted the 13th edition of the World Robot Olympiad on the sidelines of trade fair in New
Delhi. This is for first time India hosted World Robot Olympiad.
It has been organised by National Council of Science Museums (NCSM), Ministry of Culture in
collaboration with the India STEM Foundation (ISF).
Key Facts
The three-day international championship aims to find innovative solutions using robotics
technology to reduce, manage and recycle waste.
The theme of the event is Rap the Scrap selected in line with Union Governments Swachh
Bharat Mission. It will see participation of over 2000 students from 54 countries.
Students in age group of 9 to 25 years will participate in four categories regular category
(Elementary, Junior High, Senior High), open category, WRO football and advanced robotics
challenge.
About World Robot Olympiad
It is a global robotics competition that seeks to bring together young minds from across the world to
develop their creativity and problem solving skills through challenging and educational robotics
competition. It was formally established in 2003 and was for the first time held in 2004 in Singapore.
Japan, Singapore, China and South Korea are considered the founding countries of the competition.
Note: The 12th edition of World Robot Olympiad was held in Doha, Qatar in November 2015. The
theme was Robot Explorers. The 2017 World Robot Olympiad will be held in Costa Rica.
November 26, 2016
Co-creator of MiG-29 Fighter Jet Ivan Mikoyan passes away
November 26, 2016
Russian aircraft designer and co-creator of the MiG-29 fighter jet Ivan Mikoyan passed away. He was
89.
He had the majority of his career as a leading engineer at the MiG Aircraft Corporations design
bureau, which was founded by his uncle Artyom Mikoyan.
About Ivan Mikoyan
He was born on 1 September 1927 in the USSR (now Russia).
He had graduated to become an aircraft engineer from a military aviation mechanics school
and Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy.
After graduation, he started working in his uncles design bureau, first as the chief engineer,
and later deputy chief designer.
During his career, he took part in the development of the design of the MiG-21. Later he

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became an adviser of the Russian Aircraft Corporation MiG.


For his work on the MiG-29, Mikoyan was twice awared the USSR State Prize state honour.
About MiG-29 fighter jet
The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name: Fulcrum) is a twin-engine jet fighter aircraft.
It was developed by the Mikoyan design bureau in the Soviet Union in 1970s.
It was designed to counter new US fighters such as General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
and McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle. It had entered service with Soviet Air Force in 1982.
To date, more than 1,600 MiG-29s of various modifications have been built. More than jets
of the MiG-29s type have been exported by Russia to some 30 countries including India.
Veteran journalist Dileep Padgaonkar passes away
November 26, 2016
Eminent Journalist and intellectual Dileep Padgaonkar passed away in Pune, Maharashtra after brief
illness. He was 72.
Mr. Padgaonkar along with Prof. Radha Kumar and Information Commissioner Prof. M M Ansari
were part of the three-member interlocutors team chosen by the Union Government in 2010 to
design a road map for peace in strife-torn Jammu and Kashmir.
About Dileep Padgaonkar
Padgaonkar was born in Pune in 1944. He graduated from Fergusson College, Pune n political
science.
Before commencing an illustrious career in journalism he had received doctorate in
humanities from Sorbonne University, France,
He joined Times of India as its Paris correspondent. Since then had served paper in various
capacities before he was appointed its Editor in 1988. He held the post for six years.
He also served with the UNESCO in Paris and Bangkok from 1978 to 1986.
In 2010, he was part of a three member team of interlocutors selected by Union Government
to design a road map for peace in strife-torn Jammu and Kashmir.
A staunch liberal and had campaigned against communalism, Hindu nationalism and
terrorism, among other pressing issues of the day.
Awards and Honours: He was honoured with the Legion dHonneur, Frances highest
civilian distinction in April 2002 for his services to journalism.
Upma Chowdhary named first woman director of LBSNAA
November 26, 2016
Upma Chowdhary was appointed as new Director of Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of
Administration (LBSNAA) at Mussoorie.
She will be the 23rd director and first woman director of LBSNAA. She will replace Rajeev

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Kapoor.
Upma Chowdhary is a 1983 batch IAS officer of Himachal cadre. Currently, she is posted as
Additional Chief Secretary in Himachal Pradesh. During her 33 years service as an IAS officer, she
had served in several positions in the state and at the centre.
About Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA)
LBSNAA is Indias premier institution dedicated to training Officers of the countrys higher
civil services.
It was established in 1959 in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand as the National Academy of
Administration by merging the IAS Training School, Delhi and IAS Staff College, Shimla.
Mission: Promote good governance, by providing quality training for building a professional
and responsive civil service in a caring, ethical and transparent framework.
Mandate: (i) Induction level training to members of All India Services and Central Services
(Group A) through a common Foundation Course (ii) Induction-level and post-entry
professional training for officers of IAS including mid-career training programmes (iii) Other
in-service training programmes for the IAS and other services.
Scientists develop artificial human lung model using 3D printing
November 26, 2016
Scientists from Czech Republic have developed a model of a functioning human lung using 3D
printing and other technologies. It has received three patents for its modeling.
The model was developed by the research group from the Brno University of Technology. It can be
used to simulate problems like asthma or other chronic diseases and their treatments.
Key Facts
It is mechanical- and computer-based model of the lung developed by utilizing an array of
modern technologies including 3D printing.
It can help devise treatment methods with more precision than past testing and tailor it to
individual patients.
It can also be used as a reference model for developing inhaled drugs. It can show whether an
inhaled drug will settle in the concrete areas where we need it to.
For more information: Application of 3D printing in Medicine
Indian Railways to introduce Tri-Netra to check collisions
November 26, 2016
Indian Railways will soon introduce Tri-Netra (terrain imaging for diesel drivers infrared, enhanced
optical and radar assisted) system on its trains to reduce train accidents.
Tri-Netra is an advance system is made up of a high-resolution optical video camera, high-sensitivity
infrared video camera and a radar-based terrain mapping system. These three components will act as

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three eyes (Tri-Netra) of the Locomotive Pilot.


The requirement for this advance system gained more pace after 14 bogies of the Patna-bound
Indore-Rajendra Nagar Express went off the tracks near Kanpur Dehat on 20 November 2016. It
was one of the worst railway accidents in recent times in which over 146 passengers and 200 people
were injured.
How it works?
The Tri-Netra system uses infrared and radar technology to collect signals up to a distance of
2-3 km and displays the information on a screen fitted inside the locomotive.
In case of any physical obstruction on railway tracks ahead it will alert the drivers and thus
give ample time for the driver to apply the brakes to prevent train accidents.
It will be very useful during fog, heavy rain and nights, when drivers have to constantly look
outside the locomotive to judge the condition.
Key Facts
Tri-Netra will help reduce train accidents by keeping a record of the track maintenance and
will also provide better visibility during foggy days.
The system provides a locomotive pilot a clear view of up to one kilometre on a straight
track, even during inclement weather.
This will also help in maintaining high speed in poor visibility and avoid delay in arrivals.
The new technology has been used on a trial basis and has shown good results.
Union Government constitutes Amitabh Kant Committee to push cashless transactions
November 26, 2016
The Union Government has constituted a new committee to form a strategy to expedite the process
of transforming India into a cashless economy.
The committee will be headed by Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant. It has been tasked with identifying
various bottlenecks affecting access of digital payments.
Terms of Reference of Committee
Identify and operationalise in the earliest possible time frame user-friendly digital payment
options in all sectors of the economy.
Identify various digital payment systems appropriate to different sectors of the economy and
coordinate efforts to make them accessible.
Engage regularly with Central ministries, state governments, regulators, local bodies, district
administration, trade and industry associations to promote adoption of digital payment
systems.
Estimate costs involved in various digital payments options and oversee implementation of
measures to make such transactions between citizens and government cheaper than cash
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transactions.
Implement an action plan on advocacy, awareness and hand-holding efforts among public-,
micro-enterprises and other stakeholders.
Background
The committee was set up following a directive from the Prime Ministers Office (PMO) to back up
the demonetisation move. The Union Government is working towards moving all government
transactions to the cashless mode, through a new single window e-payment system that businesses or
individuals can use to make payments to any central or state department.
Indian Navys seventh landing craft utility L-57 launched by GRSE
November 26, 2016
Indian Navys seventh landing craft utility (LCU) L-57 was launched by Garden Reach Shipbuilders
and Engineers Ltd (GRSE) in Kolkata, West Bengal.
LCU L-57 is the largest ship of this kind built anywhere in the world. It is the seventh vessel in the
series of eight LCU Ships being designed and built by GRSE for the Indian Navy.
Key Facts
LCU L-57 is fully designed in-house by GRSE. It is designed for a maximum speed of 15
knots with an endurance of more than 1,500 nautical miles.
It has a capability to transport two tanks or four special vehicles and 160 Army troops for
landing in remote area.
It can be deployed for multirole activities like beaching operations, humanitarian and disaster
relief operations and evacuation from distant islands.
It will be extremely useful for joint operations carried out by the Indian Navy and Indian
Army for ensuring maritime security and protection of remote islands.
It is best suited for protection of Indias island territories of Lakshadweep islands in the
Arabian Sea as well as Andaman and Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal.
November 26: Constitution day
November 26, 2016
The Samvidhan Diwas or the Constitution Day of India is being observed on 26th November to
spread awareness of Indian Constitution.
On this day in 1949, constitution of India was adopted and came into force on January 26, 1950
marking the beginning of a new era in the history of free India.
The Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (MSJE) is the nodal Ministry for the
celebration of Constitution Day. This year it is second edition of the Constitution Day.
On this occasion Prime Minister Narendra has released two books on Constitution Making of
Constitution and New Version of Constitution of India.
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Some facts about Indian Constitution


The Indian Constitution is a core legal document which has nearly 448 articles or provisions
in 25 parts, 12 schedules. It is living fundamental document which makes the government
system work effectively.
It lists out fundamental rights of citizens, duties, role of the government, powers of the prime
minister, president, governor and chief minister, interaction between the government and its
citizens and defines how the federal structure of the country will be maintained.
It also defines the powers of the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The key feature of
the Constitution is separation of powers while keeping a check on each arm of the
government.
The Indian Constitution drafters had borrowed concepts and ideas from the Constitutions of
UK, US, Germany, Ireland, Australia, Canada and Japan.
Background
In October 2015, Prime Minister Narendra Modi had declared 26 November as Constitution Day as
part of year-long nationwide celebrations of 125th birth Anniversary of Dr. B R Ambedkar,
Chairman of the Drafting Committee of Constituent Assembly.
Cubas former President Fidel Castro passes away
November 26, 2016
Cubas former president and leader of the Communist revolution Fidel Castro passed away due to old
age. He was 90.
He was commander in chief of the 1959 Cuban revolution 1959 and had successfully built a
communist state on the doorstep of the United States during Cold War.
He had ruled Cuba as a one-party state for almost half a century (from 1976 to 2008) before handing
over the powers to his brother Raul Castro in 2008 due to ill health.
About Fidel Castro
He was born as Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz on August 13, 1926 in Birn, Holguin Province,
Cuba.
In 1953, he was imprisoned after leading an unsuccessful rising against Batistas regime.
However was released in 1955 from prison under an amnesty deal.
In 1956, Castro along with Che Guevara started a guerrilla war against the Cuban
government led by US-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista.
In 1959, he overthrew dictator Fulgencio Batista Government in through Communist
revolution. He was sworn in as prime minister and was in office from 1959 to 1976.
In 1960, he successfully fought off CIA-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion by Cuban exiles. He
also defied many attempts even assassination attempts of US to topple him from power.
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1962, under his leadership Cuba allowed USSR can deploy nuclear missiles on its territory
which had resulted into Cuban missile crisis.
Under his leadership, Cuba became a one-party communist state, industry and business were
nationalized and state socialist reforms implemented throughout society.
His greatest legacy is free healthcare and education, which have given Cuba some of the
regions best human development statistics.
In 2008, he stepped down as President of Cuba due to health issues. He was in office from
1976 to 2008. He worlds third longest-serving head of state, after Britains Queen Elizabeth
and the King of Thailand.
Rajasthan Government to launch Annapurna Rasoi Programme to provide quality meal at
cheap price
November 26, 2016
Rajasthan Government has decided to start Annapurna Rasoi Programme to provide quality meal at
cheap and affordable price to people belonging to the weaker section and labourers.
The main beneficiary of the scheme will be rickshaw pullers, labourers, auto drivers, students,
working women, elders and other weaker section.
Key Facts
The food under this programme will be provided at subsidized rates, breakfast at Rs 5 per
plate and lunch/dinner at Rs 8 per plate.
In the first phase the scheme will be started in 12 districts. They are Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur,
Ajmer, Kota, Bikaner, Bharatpur, Pratapgarh, Dungarpur, Banswara, Baran and Jhalawar.
The food will be distributed by 80 mobile vans at locations decided by local self-help agencies
in districts. The remaining 21 districts of state will be covered in second phase.
26 November: National Milk Day
November 26, 2016
The National Milk Day (NMD) was observed on 26 November is to mark birth anniversary
Dr.Verghese Kurien, father of the White Revolution in India.
This year it was 95th birth anniversary of Dr.Verghese Kurien and third edition of observance of the
day since it was established in 2014.
To mark this event, all dairy cooperatives across the country had conducted a mega activation in all
markets across the country.
In addition, the Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), which markets the
Amul brand of milk and dairy products printed 150 million milk pouches with the National Milk Day
logo featuring Dr. Kuriens picture with the National Milk Day logo on it.
Background
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The idea of observing National Milk Day was first mooted by Indian Dairy Association (IDA) in
2014 on the lines of World Milk Day (observed every year on June 1) under the aegis of UN Food
and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The first NMD was observed on 26 November 2014 by all
Indian diary sector majors including National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), IDA along with
around 22 state level milk federations.
About Dr.Verghese Kurien
Verghese Kurien was born on 26 November 1921 in Calicut (now Kozhikode in Kerala) in
then Madras Presidency of British India. He had died on 9 September 2012.
He was a social entrepreneur who had started billion-litre idea-Operation Flood which was
the worlds largest agricultural development programme.
Operation had helped to transform India from a milk-deficit country into the worlds largest
milk producer.
He was pioneer in starting co-operatives movement in dairy sector. He had founded around
30 cooperative institutions of excellence (like AMUL, GCMMF, IRMA, NDDB) which are
owned, managed by farmers and run by professionals.
He was founding chairman of the Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation
(GCMMF) and pioneer in establishment and success of the Amul brand of dairy products.
Under his chairmanship, Amul achieved key invention of milk powder processed from
buffalo milk.
Awards and Honours: Ramon Magsaysay Award (1963), World Food Prize (1989), Padma
Shri (1965), Padma Bhushan (1966), Padma Vibhushan (1999), Economic Times award for
Corporate Excellence (2001) etc.
Supreme Court bans sale of firecrackers in Delhi-NCR
November 26, 2016
The Supreme Court has banned the sale of firecrackers in Delhi-NCR in an attempt to keep the
rising pollution level of the capital and its surrounding areas under check.
The order of apex means that any sale, purchase or stocking of firecrackers in Delhi-NCR will be
rendered illegal. The a ban on firecrackers also links to winter pollution
The Supreme Court ruling also sends a clear message that religious and wedding celebrations take
second place to the basic fundamental right to breathe clean air under Article 21.
What SC order says?
The licences of the existing firecrackers sellers in Delhi-NCR will be suspended. Government
will not issue new licences to any seller in this region.
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) must study the harmful effects of the materials used
in firecrackers and submit its report in three months.
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There is no restriction on bursting crackers as it will be difficult to implement and monitor.


What is the issue?
New Delhi ranks among the most polluted cities in the world. The air quality usually in New Delhi
usually worsens during Diwali, when smoke from firecrackers and crops residue burnt in
neighbouring states envelops the capital city. Following Diwali celebrations this year, air pollution
had increased at an alarming rate, covering the national capital in a blanket of smog for few days.
This year Diwali fire crackers had pushed pollution level in Delhi to a dangerous level, worst in past
three years. On Diwali night, Particulate Matter (PM) 10 in Delhi ranged from 448 (micrograms per
cubic metre) g/m3 to 939 g/m3 as against the national safe standard of 100 g/m3.
Union Government launches AirSewa website and app to track flights, register complaints
November 26, 2016
The Union Ministry of Civil Aviation launched AirSewa website and app to track flights, register
complaints to offer people a convenient and hassle-free air travel experience.
Both include a mechanism for grievance redressal, back-office operations for grievance handling,
flight status and airport information.
Key facts
Passengers can register their grievances through this new service by uploading voice or video
along with an elaborate description about their grievances.
On reporting grievances passengers will be given a unique reference number for each of their
reported grievances via an email and SMS.
The users can track the status and response to these grievances through the web portal as well
as mobile app based on the reference number provided.
Once the grievance is closed the user has an option to provide his feedback and rate the
overall experience and satisfaction.
Each shared grievance will be directed to the responsible nodal agency for resolution based on
the category chosen by the complainant.
Each grievance have a resolution timeline defined for initial response as well as final
resolution and the nodal officer will communicate via an email and SMS.
Besides, user can check the flight status and schedule between any airports on the basis of
flight number or for all flights to a particular airport.
Airport information will be also displayed which will include basic details like weather,
contact information of airport services like transport/parking, rest and relax, Wi Fi service.
November 27, 28, 2016
Noted Marathi author Anand Yadav passes away
November 28, 2016

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Noted Marathi author Anand Yadav passed away in Pune, Maharashtra. He was 80.
His autobiography novel Zombi had won him prestigious Sahitya Akadmi award in 1991. It is
based story of a young boy, his loving mother, his life of utter poverty, and his eagerness to receive
education.
About Anand Yadav
He was born on November 30, 1935 in Kagal village near Kolhapur district.
During his illustrious literally career, he has penned around 40 books which comprise
collection of essays, criticism, poems among others.
He had written book Santsurya Tukaram based on Sant Tukaram, a 17th century saint poet
from Maharashtra.
He was elected president of the 82nd Akhil Bharatiya Sahitya Sammelan, the prestigious
literary meet held in March 2009.
Recently, famous Marathi movie Natrang (2010) was based on his novel with the same name.
Sachin Singh wins gold medal at the AIBA Youth World Championships
November 28, 2016
Indian boxer Sachin Singh won the gold medal at the AIBA (International Boxing Association)
Youth World Championships in the 49 kg weight class.
In the summit clash held at St Peterburg (Russia), Sachin Singh defeated Jorge Grinan of Cuba by 5-0
score.
With this he became the third Indian boxer ever to win gold medal in the AIBA Youth World
Championships. Others are Thokchom Nanao Singh (2008) and Vikas Krishan (2010).
In this edition of AIBA tournament, India won with one gold medal and a bronze medal, marking
improvement from the solitary bronze medal won in the 2014 edition. Naman Tanwar had to settle
for a bronze medal after losing in the semifinal in the 91 kg category.
RBI introduces incremental CRR to manage excess liquidity in banking system
November 28, 2016
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has introduced an incremental Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) of 100%
for fortnight to absorb excess liquidity in the banking system following demonetisation.
CRR is the proportion of deposits that banks have to keep as cash with the RBI (or the central bank).
Banks do not earn any interest on CRR balances kept with the RBI.
What RBI decision says?
Banks have to maintain 100% CRR for incremental deposits they received between
September 16, 2016 and November 11, 2016.
The incremental CRR requirement will be temporary measure and it is within RBIs liquidity
management framework.
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However, overall CRR requirement will stay at 4%. The incremental CRR will be reviewed
on December 9, 2016 or even earlier.
Background
After Union Government announced demonization of old Rs. 500 and Rs. 1,000 notes on November
8, 2016, banks started depositing and exchanging those notes. The deposits in banks had swelled by
Rs.3.24 lakh crore between September 16 and November 11, 2016. The last fortnight of September
2016 saw deposit mobilisation jump by Rs.3.5 lakh crore.
Implications
It is intended to absorb a part of the surplus liquidity arising from the return of specified bank
notes to the banking system.
Thus, it leaves adequate liquidity with banks to meet the credit needs of the productive
sectors of the economy
It will only have a marginal impact on banks cost of funds since it was a temporary measure.
Lt. Gen. Qamar Bajwa appointed Pakistan Army chief
November 28, 2016
Lt. Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa was appointed Pakistans new army chief (or Chief of Army Staff ,
COAS). He will succeed Gen. Raheel Sharif who has formally retired from service.
He was elevated to the rank of four-star general by the Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
The post of Army chief is the most powerful in Pakistan. The Pakistani army is worlds sixth-largest
army by troop numbers. The army has played a prominent role in Pakistans politics since its
independence in 1947 and so far has staged three coups.
About Lt. Gen. Qamar Bajwa
Gen. Bajwa has extensive experience of handling affairs in Pakistan-ocupied Kashmir and the
northern areas of Pakistan. He belongs to infantrys Baloch Regiment.
He has commanded the 10 Corps, Pakistani armys largest corp responsible for the area along
the Line of Control (LoC).
He has also served with a UN mission in Congo as a brigade commander alongside former
Indian army chief Gen Bikram Singh.
Prior to this elevation to the top post, Lt. Gen. Bajwa was serving as Inspector General of the
Training and Evaluation.
Note
Under the constitution of Pakistan, the prime minister is the head of the countrys executive. But the
army controls domestic-security issues, Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI), the spy agency and the
nations defence and foreign policies.

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51st Annual DGPs Conference held in Hyderabad


November 28, 2016
The 51st Annual Conference of Directors-General of Police of States was held at the Sardar
Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad, Telangana.
The three day (from November 25-27, 2016) conference was inaugurated by Union Home Minister
Rajnath Singh. It was attended by around 100 DGPs of states, Director Generals of Central
paramilitary forces and their Inspectors General.
Key Facts
The Conference focused on cross-border terrorism, infiltration and radicalisation of youth
into Middle East terrorist groups like ISIS.
Besides, it also discussed issues related to reforms in police forces, filling up of vacant posts in
various police forces, menace of narcotics smuggling and human trafficking.
It concluded with presentations made by the delegates on Challenges posed by
Communication Technology, Technology Deficit in Policing and the threat of Radicalization.
Prime Minister Narendra addressed the conference on second day and took part in the Yoga
session at . He also launched a mobile app Indian Police at Your Call.
Besides, Presidents Police Medals and Police Medals were also presented to the officers of the
Intelligence Bureau during the conference.
Note
This was for the third time since Independence that the annual DGPs conference was held outside
New Delhi. It was held in Guwahati (Assam) in 2014 and Kutch (Gujarat) in 2015. The idea of
holding the meeting of DGPs and IGPs outside New Delhi was mooted by Prime Minister Modi after
he assumed power in 2014.
Government launches e-Pashuhaat portal to connect farmers and breeders of bovine
animals
November 28, 2016
The Union Agriculture & Farmers Welfare launched e-pashuhaat portal to connect farmers and
breeders of bovine animals.
The portal will act as a single online e-trading market platform, including availability of bovine
germplasm. It will enable the farmers to buy bovine animals, frozen semen and embryo.
Key Facts
e-pashuhaat portal will connect farmers with breeders- State, Central, Co-operative, Milk
Federations, and private agencies.
It will provide information related to certification of the animal, breeding, its picture, volume
of milk given by the cow etc.
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It will facilitate farmers to purchase advanced breed of bovine animals at a reasonable price as
per as their requirements.
It will provide, certified picture of animals, its parents information, breeding, volume of milk
given by bovine animal information.
Besides, it will provide information related to animal fodder varieties, its volume and price. It
will have real time authentic certified information on availability of germplasm.
Significance
Earlier there was no single authentic organised market for animals. Information like pet
cattle, trading of bovine animals was not available in any other forum or platform in the
country. This portal is likely to help fill in the vacuum.
Since dairying activity is a major supplementary source of income for farmers. The portal will
play important role in increasing income of framers from animal rearing for achieving the
goal of doubling farmers income by 2022.
It establishes links between farmer to farmer and farmer to institutes. Thus, it minimises
the involvement of middlemen.
It will create a comparative Farm Network that will facilitate farmers to exchange local
knowledge and resources.
India has the largest bovine population in the world. It accounts for 14% of world cattle population,
while share for buffalo alone is 53% of which 79% of the cattle are indigenous and 21% are crossbred
and exotic varieties. The Indigenous bovine breeds are sturdy and are endowed with quality of heat
tolerance, resistance to diseases. They have ability to thrive under extreme climatic conditions and
survive with low inputs. However, most of the indigenous are suited for draught animal power as
they have low genetic potential for milk production. Rashtriya Gokul Mission launched in
December 2014 aims at addressing this issue.
India hosts golden jubilee celebrations of UNCITRAL in New Delhi
November 28, 2016
India hosted the golden jubilee (50th anniversary) celebrations of United Nations Commission on
International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) in New Delhi.
The opening address at international conference of the golden jubilee celebrations of UNCITRAL
was given by President Pranab Mukherjee.
About United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL)
UNCITRAL was established by the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in 1966 to promote the
progressive unification and harmonisation of international trade law.
It is the core legal body of the UN system in the field of international trade law. It specialises
in reforms in commercial law worldwide for a period of over 40 years.
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India is a founding member of UNCITRAL. India is only one of eight countries which have
been a member of UNCITRAL since its inception.
IT has a membership of 60 States selected from among States Members of the UN. In 2015,
India was re-elected for a term of six years (2016-2022).
Out of total 60 members, 14 are Asian states, 14 are African, 10 Latin American & Caribbean
states, 8 Eastern European and 14 Western European and other States.
These member states are selected to ensure the representation of various geographic,
principal economic and legal systems of the world.
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board sets up two advisory committees
November 28, 2016
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has set up two high-level advisory committees
to gather inputs from experts, including on service providers and corporate liquidation.
IBBI has been set up under the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 and is expected to soon
operationalize. The two committees have begun their deliberations.
Key Facts
The advisory committee on services: It will be headed by educationist Mohandas Pai. It
includes National Stock Exchange Vice-Chairman Ravi Narain, SEBI Executive Director J
Ranganayakulu, National Institute of Public Finance and Policys Professor Ajay N Shah and
senior lawyer Amarjit Singh Chandiok.
The advisory committee on corporate insolvency and liquidation: It will be headed by
noted banker Uday Kotak. It includes Credit Information Bureau Chairman M V Nair,
Corporate and Economic Research Group Advisorys Chairperson Omkar Goswami and BSE
CEO Ashishkumar Chauhan.
About IBBI
IBBI seeks to consolidate and amend laws relating to reorganisation as well as insolvency
resolution of corporate persons, partnership firms and individuals in a time-bound manner.
It has been set up by the code to regulate professionals, information utilities (IUs) and
agencies engaged in the resolution of insolvencies of companies.
It has chairman and 10 members. Present chairman is M S Sahoo. There four government-
nominated members.
WHO settles India, EU medicine dispute issue
November 28, 2016
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has dropped the term counterfeit and retained falsified to
describe medicines of inferior quality.
This decision was taken by a WHOs technical working group on draft working definitions of
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substandard/spurious /falsely-labelled/falsified/counterfeit (SSFFC) medical products.


It settles longstanding India, EU medicine dispute and battle about labelling of drugs. It is considered
as a significant victory for the global access to medicines campaign.
What is the issue?
The above mentioned terms were used interchangeably to confiscate Indian made cheap
generic drugs exported to other countries by showing that they were in violation of
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).
It was also alleged that big pharmaceutical companies were using term counterfeit to
describe generic medicines and disrupting trade of generic medicines especially from India.
Even the European Union Free Trade Agreement (EU FTA) was derailed after affordable,
safe-to-use generic drugs made in India were confiscated as illegal and counterfeit.
Between 2008 and 2009, nearly 20 shipments of generic drugs were detained while in transit
from India to several developing countries via Europe.
What were the concerns?
Under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
the definition of counterfeit was clearly targeted at one particular area.
It clearly mentioned that it is wilful infringement of trademark on a commercial scale.
However in reality, campaigns and legislation against counterfeit drugs often have nothing to
do with concerns about drug quality.
The major European and US pharmaceutical companies used these rules for vested interest by
limiting competition from generic drugs.
They were using increased enforcement of IP laws as a tool to clamp down on the legitimate
trade in high-quality generic medicines between developing countries
Significance of WHO decision
The adopted definition will use falsified and drops the word counterfeit. The term falsified is
much more in line with public health concerns regarding medicines.
It makes false claims about what they contain or where they are from, that represent a
genuine problem.
It clarifies that the term counterfeit will now be used by member States with respect to
protection of IPR.
Settles a long-standing battle about labelling of drugs as for far too long, genuine generic
medicines have been labelled as counterfeit.
Removes confusion on the much needed attention from the substandard medicines which
is a bigger public health problem for developing countries.

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WHO is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public
health. It was established on 7 April 1948. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
November 29, 2016
PM Narendra Modi launches Indian Police at Your Call mobile app
November 29, 2016
Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently had launched the Indian Police at Your Call mobile app at a
national police conference held in Hyderabad. It was organised by the Intelligence Bureau (IB).
The app is a GIS Map based interface for the citizens to locate police stations near to their current
location so that they can easily reach the police station in case of emergency.
Key Features
The app was developed by Nation Information Centre (NIC). It has been developed on
Android and iOS platforms.
It was launched as part of the Digital India initiative aimed at the safety and security of the
citizen anytime anywhere.
The app provides the names of the police stations, distance from the place where you are and
how much time it will take to reach police station one wants to go to.
It provides the police station number, number of control room and also the SP office number.
However, no mobile phones numbers are provided.
It also promotes facility to Tap to Call any of these police stations and know the route and
road distance to reach there.
Andhra Pradesh CM N Chandrababu Naidu to head CMs Committee on Demonetisation
November 29, 2016
The Union Government has decided to constitute a sub-committee of Chief Ministers of five states
in the wake of demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 denomination notes.
The committee will be headed by Andhra Pradesh CM N Chandrababu Naidu. It will suggest
measures to normalise the situation.
Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has called up Bihar CM Nitish Kumar, Karnataka CM
Siddharamaiah, Assam CM Sarbananda Sonowal and Maharashtra CM Devendra Fadnavis to be part
of the committee.
Since demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 denomination notes was announced by the Union
Government, Andhra Pradesh CM N Chandrababu Naidu government has been effectively tackling
the cash crisis in the state.
He has come up with several alternatives to encourage mobile and online transactions besides
distributing small change at vegetable markets as an immediate relief to the people.
As a long-term measure, Andhra Pradesh government has roped over 90 lakh members from co-
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operative sector in villages and towns to undertake statewide campaigns on online transactions.
Under it, as many as 5,000 women are being trained as master trainers to train 90 lakh women.
The state government is also designing a mechanism that makes ordinary phones do money
transactions. The government will distribute such phones to families which do not have one.
Iranian film Daughter wins Golden Peacock award at 47 IFFI
November 29, 2016
Iranian film Daughter has won the coveted Golden Peacock award at the 47th International Film
Festival of India (IFFI).
It has been directed by Reza Mirkarimi. It is a family drama set in southern Iran. It brings out
intergenerational conflict between a strict father and a young daughter.
Union Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore conferred
these awards during the concluding ceremony of IFFI held in Goa.
Other Category Awards
Special jury award: The Throne (South Korea) directed by Lee Joon-Ik.
Best Actor Female award: Elina Vaska (Latvia) for Mellow Mud.
Best Actor Male award: Farhad Aslani (Iran) for Daughter.
Best Director award: Jointly-shared by Soner Caner and Baris Kaya for Turkish film Rauf.
ICFT UNESCO Gandhi Medal Prize: Turkish director Mustafa Kara for his film Cold of
Kalandar.
Special Jury mention award: Tiffany Hsuig for the Korean movie The Apology.
Centenary Award for the Best Debut Feature of the director: Pepa San Martin for the
film Ra Ra.
Akodara becomes Indias first Digital Village
November 29, 2016
Akodara village in Sabarkantha district of Gujarat has earned the coveted tag of becoming Indias first
digital village in India.
The village with a total population of 1,191 people and 250 households uses a various cashless system
for payments of goods and services. All transactions in the village are carried out through digital
modes like SMS, net-banking or debit cards.
Key Facts
The village was adopted by ICICI Bank under its Digital Village Project in 2015 and made
cashless by adopting digital technology.
The project was launched in January 2016 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and ICICI Bank
MD and CEO Chanda Kochar to mark 60-year-celebration of the ICICI groups existence.
All households in village have savings account in local ICICI Bank branch. The bank has
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provided training to villagers to embrace digital technology to reduce dependence on cash.


The village has almost 100% financial rate and all mobile banking is done in Hindi, English
and Gujarati languages. It also has its own official website.
The villagers most important transactions selling agri-produce at the local market or mandi
or selling milk at the co-operative society have been made cashless.
It has primary, secondary and higher secondary schools equipped with smart boards,
computers and tablets.
It can be said that this village has become prime example of how e-banking can be practically
implemented in Indian villages without much difficulty to make India cashless economy.
Union Government introduces Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016
November 29, 2016
The Union Government has introduced the Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 in the
Parliament.
The bill amends existing tax laws to impose a higher rate of tax and penalty in respect of undisclosed
incomes. It proposes, Taxation and Investment Regime for Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan
Yojana, 2016 (PMGKY), an anti-poverty scheme.
It seeks to attract more people to disclose their unaccounted cash and also to put in a framework in
place to use that for the welfare of the people especially in the rural areas.
It also ensures that tax defaulting assessees and black money holders are subjected to tax at a higher
rate and stringent penalty provision.
Key features of Bill
Mandatory for black money declarants to deposit 25% of amount disclosed in Pradhan
Mantri Garibi Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY) 2016 for a 4 year lock-in period without interest.
Those who choose to declare their ill-gotten wealth stashed till now in banned Rs. 1,000 and
Rs. 500 currency notes under the PMGKY scheme will have to pay a tax at the rate of 30% of
the undisclosed income.
Additionally, 10% penalty will be levied on the undisclosed income and PMGK Cess
(surcharge) at the rate of 33% of tax (33% of 30%).
Further, the declarants will have to deposit 25% of the undisclosed income in a scheme to be
notified by the government in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
The money from PMGK will be used for projects in irrigation, infrastructure, primary
education, primary health, housing, toilets and livelihood so that there is justice and equality.
For those who continue to hold onto undisclosed cash and are caught they will be levied with
flat 60% tax plus a surcharge of 25% of tax (15%), which will amount a levy of 75%.

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Besides, if the assessing officer can charge a 10% penalty in addition to the 75% tax.
Why it is necessary?
In general, evasion of taxes deprives the nation of critical resources which could enable Government
to undertake development and anti-poverty programmes. It also puts a disproportionate burden on
the honest taxpayers who have to bear the brunt of higher taxes to make up for the revenue leakage.
The Taxation Laws (Second Amendment) Bill, 2016 seeks to remove existing redundant provisions
of the IT Act, 1961 which can possibly be used for concealing black money. It also ensures that
defaulting assessees are subjected to tax at a higher rate and stringent penalty provision.
November 30, 2016
Lt General AK Bhatt appointed as new DGMO
November 30, 2016
The Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) has appointed Lt-General A K Bhatt as the new
director-general of military operations (DGMO).
He will succeed Lt-General Ranbir Singh who has been promoted and will take over 1 Corps
(headquarters at Mathura), command of a strike corps on the Western border.
Lt-General A K Bhatt will be in charge of all army operations including on the LoC which has seen
heightened tension.
He belongs to the Gorkha Rifles. Earlier he had served in the military operations directorate as a
brigadier. Prior to this appointment he was posted as the additional director general of the
complaints and advisory board at the Army HQ. Earlier he had commanded the 21 Division in
Assam.
In September 2016, Lt-General Ranbir Singh along with foreign Secretary had declared Army Special
Forces had conducted surgical strikes against terror launch pads at five separate locations in
Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir (PoK) on 29 September 2016.
Note: 1 Corps of Indian Army is one of the three assault forces of the army which is mandated to
cross into Pakistan in a short notice. Other two are 2 Corps (Ambala) and 21 Corps (Bhopal). In all,
the Army has 14 Corps under six operational or regional commands. The fourth is the new 17
Mountain Corps being raised as a deterrent against China.
Union Government to introduce Direct Transfer of Fertilizer Subsidy
November 30, 2016
The Union Government has decided to introduce Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) system for fertilizer
subsidy payments.
Under the proposed system, 100% subsidy on various fertilizer grades will be released to the
manufacturers and importers on basis of actual sales made by the retailer to the beneficiaries.
Key facts
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Initially, the modified subsidy procedure under DBT system will be introduced on pilot basis
in 16 select districts.
In the second phase, the new payment system will be rolled out in all states only after its due
stabilization in first phase.
The proposed DBT will address the issues relating to diversion and smuggling of urea.
How DBT system for fertilizer subsidy is different?
The DBT in fertilizer sector being implemented is slightly different from the normal DBT
implemented in LPG subsidy.
Under it, the subsidy will be released to the fertilizer companies instead of the beneficiaries,
after the sale is made by the retailers to the beneficiaries.
The subsidy will be released on submission of claims generated in the web-based online
Integrated Fertilizer Monitoring System (iFMS) by fertilizer companies.
Potential benefits
It will reduce diversion and smuggling of fertilizers to a large extent. Thus, it will help
Government to save subsidy to the some extent.
The fertilizers will be available to all on no denial basis and release fertilizer subsidy to
fertilizer companies has no direct relation with landholding of the farmers.
Gross NPAs of PSBs touch over 6 lakh crores in July-September 2016
November 30, 2016
The Union Government has announced that the gross non-performing assets (NPAs) of the Public
sector banks (PSBs) have touched around 66 lakh 40 thousand in the three months period from July
to September 2016.
As on September 30, 2016 gross NPAs of the PSBs in the country rose to Rs. 6,30,323 crore as
against Rs. 5,50,346 crore by end of June 2016. It shows increase of Rs. 79,977 crore NPAs on
quarter on quarter basis during this period.
Steps taken by Government
The incidence of NPAs is high in sectors like infrastructure, power, road textiles, steel etc. So, the
Union Government has taken sector specific measures to tackle the menace of NPAs. These
measures aim at improving resolution or recovery of bank loans. They are enactment of Insolvency
and Bankruptcy code, 2016 followed by amendment of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of
Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act (SARFAESI) and Recovery of Debt due to
Banks and Financial Institutions (RDDBFI), Act. In addition, six new Debt Recovery Tribunals
(DRTs) have been established.
What are Non-Performing Assets (NPAs)?
NPAs are loans made by a bank or finance company on which repayments or interest
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payments are not being made on time.


Thus, NPAs are any asset of a bank which is not producing any income and are also called
non-performing loans.
The loan is considered to be a NPA once the borrower fails to make interest or principal
payments for 90 days.
In case of Agriculture/Farm Loans, the NPA varies for of Short duration crop loan (interest
not paid for 2 crop seasons), Long Duration Crops (interest not paid for 1 Crop season).
What are negative effects of NPAs?
Large number of NPAs affects the profitability & liquidity of the banks. It adversely affects the value
of bank in terms of market credit and widens assets and liability mismatch. It results in inflating the
cost of capital for economic activities and banks may charge higher interest rates on some products
to compensate NPAs.
Asias first cycle highway inaugurated in Uttar Pradesh
November 30, 2016
Asias first and longest cycle highway was inaugurated in Uttar Pradesh. It is also Indias first cycle
highway.
The 207-km-long cycle highway runs between Etawah and Agra. It was inaugurated by state Chief
Minister Akhilesh Yadav.
Key facts
The cycle highway has been constructed by the UP public works department. It runs parallel
to the main highway.
It is about 7-feet-wide and is separated by a divider from main highway which ensures the
safety of cyclists.
The track begins from the lion safari in Etawah. Along its path it dots 92 villages across the
two districts. It criss-crosses the natural beauty of the Chambal and Yamuna rivers
On its way it has tourist destinations like Naugava ka Quila, Raja Bhoj ki Haveli, and
Bateshwarnath Temple.
Sex Ratio at Birth at decline in India: CRS data
November 30, 2016
According new data from Civil Registration System ( CRS) released by the Office of the Registrar
General of India, Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) continues to worsen in India.
The SRB has declined to 887 in 2014 from 898 in 2013. The ratio has been declining since 2011
when the figure was 909. Thus, Sex ratio at birth is still on the decline.
Key facts
The SRB based on CRS figures indicate the gap between registered male and female births,
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calculated as the number of females per thousand males.


Highest SRB has been reported in Lakshadweep (1043), followed by Andaman and Nicobar
Islands (1031) and Arunachal Pradesh (993).
Lowest SRB has been reported in Manipur (684), Rajasthan (799) and Tamil Nadu (834).
These states have worst SRB.
The level of registration of births with CRS has been improving. In 2014, it is estimated that
88.8% births were registered, up from 85.6 % in 2013.
16 States/UTs recorded all births. 14 out of 20 major States crossed the 90% level of
registration of births in 2014.
The new date show that the majority of births in 2014 occurred in an institution i.e.
government or private hospital. Institutional delivery accounted for 72% of all births.
Another 14.1% births were attended by physicians/nurse/midwife. However, around 3.8% of
the cases were still attended by an untrained midwife.
While 38.7% of the total registered deaths had occurred in institution, 23.3% did not receive
any medical attention at the time of death.
Only about 8.0% of the deceased received medical attention from qualified allopathic
professional.
Worst coral die-off recorded at Australias Great Barrief Reef
November 30, 2016
Scientists have recorded worst mass coral bleaching event on Australias Great Barrier Reef. It has
killed more corals than ever before, sounding the alarm over the delicate ecosystem.
It is estimated nearly two-thirds of 2,300-kilometre long reef or 700 km stretch of coral in the Great
Barrier Reefs northern part have died in the past nine months.
This is the worst die-off ever recorded in Great Barrier Reef and also the largest ever recorded
anywhere. However, the central and southern sections of the reef are fared far better, with only 6%
and 1% of the coral dead, respectively.
What are Corals reefs?
Coral reefs result from the natural work of little polyps (few millimeters long) is budded on
top of one another. They are the most biologically diverse ecosystems of the planet
Over centuries, shells (mostly made up of Calcium Carbonate) of these corals combine to
form the exotic shapes of coral reefs.
Tiny differences in the anatomy of each polyp species mainly affect the shape of their shells
and produce the exotic shapes of each reef.
Conditions required for growth of corals: Warm tropical oceans with minimum

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temperature of 20 degree. They are primarily located between 30 degree north and 25 degree
south latitudes where water temperature favours the growth of coral organisms; Transparent
parts of ocean bodies; Oceanic water must free of sedimentation; it should have relatively low
salinity.
What is coral bleaching?
Coral bleaching causes corals to expel tiny photosynthetic algae, draining them of their
colour. It calcifies the corals to turn into white.
Algae are vital to the coral, which uses the organic products of photosynthesis to help it grow.
The loss of algae makes it vulnerable to disease and it will eventually die.
When a coral bleaches, it is not dead. They can recover if the water temperature drops and
the algae are able to re-colonise them.
Reasons: It occurs when abnormal environmental conditions, such as warmer sea
temperatures.
In recent times unusual warm ocean water is mainly heated by man-made climate change and
the natural El Nio climate pattern.
About the Great Barrier Reef
It is the biggest coral reef system in the world composed of over 2,900 individual reefs. It was
recorded as a World Heritage site in 1981.
The reef is located in the Coral Sea, north east of Australia and covers an area of
approximately 348,000 sq km.
It is credited as the worlds biggest single structure made by living organisms and is visible
from the outer space.
ISRO drones help to map disasters in north-east
November 30, 2016
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is using drones to map disasters in north-eastern
States by collecting land details and add it to data from remote sensing satellites.
In this regard, ISROs Shillong-based North-Eastern Space Applications Centre (NE-SAC) has tested
unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to map various problems and disasters.
Key facts
NE-SAC has taken the initiative for design and assembling of UAVs for various applications
to assess several regional problems in the northeast region.
UAVs can perform efficient surveys for disaster-prone or physically inaccessible areas. It can
undertake quick damage assessment of floods, landslides and earthquakes and enable timely
relief measures.
These drones providing ground-based details which are generally combined with data from
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ISROs remote sensing satellites.


Recently they were used for to map the area affected by landslides along NH40, Meghalayas
life line. It also gave the extent of damage caused to pest-infested paddy fields in Naramari
village of Assam.
About North-Eastern Space Applications Centre (NE-SAC)
NE-SAC is a joint initiative of Department of Space (DoS) and North Eastern Council. It was
started in the year 2000. It is located at Umiam (near Shillong), Meghalaya.
It aims to provide developmental support to the North Eastern region using Space
technology-based communication and technology.
Its mandate is to develop high technology infrastructure support to enable NE states to adopt
space technology for their development.
NE-SAC provides developmental support by undertaking specific application projects using
remote sensing, satellite communication, GIS and conducts space science research.
Industries should use recycled groundwater: Water Ministry
November 30, 2016
The Union Water Ministry is planning to impose restrictions on how industries, farmers and
various groups can use groundwater by amending to a Bill on groundwater management.
It was announced by the Union Water Resources Minister Uma Bharti at a seminar organised by the
Central Groundwater Board in New Delhi.
Earlier in 2016, the Water Ministry had made public a draft Bill that proposed significant changes to
the way groundwater will be regulated.
Key provisions
The bill seeks to sharply regulate extracting pristine water from aquifiers which is currently
the norm in much of the country. Failing to adhere it will invite stringent punishment.
It seeks to guarantee every individual a certain amount of water for life and protecting
groundwater from undue exploitation and pollution.
Industries can only use recycled water, and activities such as gardening must use treated
sewage water. It also mandates the use of rainwater harvesting in residential projects.
However, this new version of the Bill does not compel companies and other stakeholders to use
recycled water. It only demands t users give priority to recycling water.
What is the issue?
Groundwater depletion is among the grave ecological threats that the country faces. It has become
serious concern to use groundwater judiciously. The groundwater is source to around 85 % of
drinking water and 65% of water for irrigation. However, water being State subject in the seventh
schedule of constitution has stalled previous plans to address the problems. Even existing laws give
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the owners of a piece of land complete right over its groundwater.


Compendium of Multiple Choice Questions
Below 230 Questions were published in GKTodays Current Aairs Quiz Section from November 1
to November 30, 2016.

1. Which of the following states have topped the 2016 all-India State/Union Territory-wise Ease of
Doing Business rankings?
[A]Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
[B]Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh
[C]Bihar and Jharkhand
[D]Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan
Answer:Andhra Pradesh and Telangana
Explanation:
Andhra Pradesh and Telangana have jointly topped the 2016 all-India State/Union Territory-wise
Ease of Doing Business rankings, conducted by the Department of Industrial Policy and
Promotion (DIPP) and the World Bank. The rankings are on the basis of a 340-point business
reform action plan and their implementation by the States. This covers the period from July 1,
2015 to June 30, 2016. Gujarat has acquired 3rd position in the 2016 DIPP-World Bank rankings,
followed by Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh.

2. What is the theme of the 2016 Vigilance Awareness Week?


[A]Combating Corruption Technology as an enabler
[B]Public participation in promoting integrity and eradicating Corruption
[C]Preventive Vigilance as a tool of Good Governance
[D]Promoting Good Governance: Positive contribution of vigilance
Answer:Public participation in promoting integrity and eradicating Corruption
Explanation:
The 2016 Vigilance Awareness Week is observed every year from October 31 across India to
promote probity in public life and achieve a corruption free society. The observance of week
commenced with pledge taking by public servants in the Ministries, Departments, PSUs, Banks
and all other Organizations. The 2016 theme of the week is Public participation in promoting
integrity and eradicating Corruption. During the week, several functions will be organized by the
Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) to create awareness among the people about the corrupt
practices as it adversely aects the development of the country.

3. What is the theme of the 2016 United Nations World Cities Day?
[A]Designed to Live Together
[B]Promoting a better urban future
[C]Inclusive Cities, Shared Development
[D]Better City, Better Life
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Answer:Inclusive Cities, Shared Development


Explanation:
The United Nations World Cities Day is observed every year on October 31 with the commitment
to work together for a planned and sustainable urban life in the wake of rapid growth of
population and problems. The 2016 theme is Inclusive Cities, Shared Development to highlight
the role of urbanization as a source of global development and social inclusion.

4. India has signed a MoU with which country for setting up of Techo Park in Ramallah?
[A]Israel
[B]Iran
[C]Afghanistan
[D]Palestine
Answer:Palestine
Explanation:
India has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Palestine for setting up of
Palestine-India Techo Park at Ramallah in Palestine. The Technopark will serve as an IT hub in
Palestine with complete IT facilities oering a one-stop solution to all IT-related service
requirements. It will also provide state-of-the-art technology, host IT companies and foreign
companies beneting local business, universities and other institutions. The assistance is part of
Indias strong commitment to Palestinian cause. The project will help job creation, business and
other opportunities for young Palestinians.

5. Which state government has observed November 1 as No Tobacco Day?


[A]Punjab
[B]Kerala
[C]Odisha
[D]Haryana
Answer:Punjab
Explanation:
The Punjab government has observed November 1 as No Tobacco Day in an eort to discourage
tobacco use in the State. The purpose of the campaign is to reduce prevalence of
Tobacco/Nicotine use in Punjab in order to reduce prevalence of Non Communicable diseases
and to increase public awareness about preventing various non-communicable diseases such as
Cancer and Cardiovascular diseases by pledging not to use Tobacco, Nicotine, Scented,
processed, avoured chewable tobacco products.

6. How much amount startups can raise via External Commercial Borrowings (ECBs) annually, as
per new norms of Reserve Bank of India (RBI)?
[A]$ 4 million
[B]$ 3 million
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[C]$ 2 million
[D]$ 5 million
Answer:$ 3 million
Explanation:
According to new norms for ECB route for startups, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has permitted
startups to raise External Commercial Borrowings (ECBs) of up to $ 3 million in a nancial year,
with an aim to boost innovation and promote job creation. Under this, funds can be raised with a
minimum maturity of 3 years and the borrowing should be denominated in any freely convertible
currency or in Indian Rupees (INR) or a combination of both. The borrowing can be in the form of
loans or non-convertible, optionally convertible or partially convertible preference shares and the
minimum average maturity period will be 3 years. ECBs can be raised from a country which is
either a member of Financial Action Task Force (FATF) or FATF-Style Regional Bodies.

7. Jhulan Goswami is associated with which sports?


[A]Hockey
[B]Chess
[C]Cricket
[D]Wrestling
Answer:Cricket
Explanation:
Jhulan Goswami, the Indian womens cricket team captain, has recently acquired No.1 spot in the
ICC Womens ODI bowling rankings, followed by Australias Shelly Nitschke and Lisa Sthakelar.

8. Which state has topped the NITI Aayogs 2016 Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly
Reforms Index?
[A]Gujarat
[B]Rajasthan
[C]Jharkhand
[D]Maharashtra
Answer:Maharashtra
Explanation:
The state of Maharashtra has been ranked rst out of 29 Indian states, according to NITI Aayogs
2016 Agricultural Marketing and Farmer Friendly Reforms Index. As per the states score in the
Index, Gujarat ranked second, followed by Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Himachal
Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Goa and Chhattisgarh. The purpose of the
Index is to help the states to identify and address problems in the farm sector, which suer from
low growth, low farm income and agrarian distress.

9. Surya Kiran-X the Indo-Nepal Joint Military Exercise has started in which city?
[A]Saljhandi, Nepal
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[B]Kutch, Gujarat
[C]Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
[D]Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand
Answer:Saljhandi, Nepal
Explanation:
The Indo-Nepal Joint Military Exercise Surya Kiran-X has started at Army Battle School,
Saljhandi, Nepal from October 31 which will continue till November 13, 2016. The purpose of the
exercise is to conduct battalion level joint training with emphasis on Counter Terrorism in
mountainous terrain. It is an ideal platform for the contingent of both nations to share their
experience and gain mutually.

10. Kylie Verzosa, who has been crowned Miss International 2016, is belonged to which country?
[A]Nicaragua
[B]Philippines
[C]Argentina
[D]Venezuela
Answer:Philippines
Explanation:
Kylie Verzosa from Philippines has been crowned Miss International 2016 at the Tokyo Dome City
Hall in Tokyo, Japan. She is the 6th Filipino to win the crown of Miss International.

11. Who is the newly appointed chairman of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)?
[A]Sushil Chandra
[B]Kaushal Sharma
[C]Junad Khan
[D]KV Pathak
Answer:Sushil Chandra
Explanation:
Sushil Chandra, a 1980-batch ocer of Indian Revenue Service (IRS), is the newly appointed
chairman of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), the apex policy making body for the
Income Tax department. He succeeded Rani Singh Nair. Prior to this appointment, he was the
member (Investigation) of the CBDT. The CBDT has six members apart from the chairman and is
responsible for framing policy and administrative issues related to direct taxes and the Income
Tax department.

12. Which of the following states have become Open Defecation Free (ODF) states in India?
[A]Kerala, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
[B]Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim
[C]Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Tripura
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[D]Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and Assam


Answer:Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim
Explanation:
Kerala has become the 3rd Open Defecation Free (ODF) state in India on its foundation day
(November 1, 2016) under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Gramin. With this, Kerala has
become rst high density populated state in India to achieve ODF status. Earlier, Himachal
Pradesh and Sikkim had declared themselves ODF states.

13. Who has won the 2016 Formula 1 Mexican Grand Prix?
[A]Daniel Ricciardo
[B]Sebastian Vettel
[C]Lewis Hamilton
[D]Nico Rosberg
Answer:Lewis Hamilton
Explanation:
Lewis Hamilton, a British Formula One racing driver from England, has won the 2016 Formula
One Mexican Grand Prix at the Autodromo Hermanos Rodrguez in Mexico City.

14. M N Sharma, who passed away recently, was the first chief architect of which Indian city?
[A]Kolkata
[B]Chennai
[C]New Delhi
[D]Chandigarh
Answer:Chandigarh
Explanation:
MN Sharma (93), the rst chief architect of Chandigarh, has recently passed away in Chandigarh.
He recently wrote a book Making of Chandigarh: Le Corbusier and After, which brought the
chronology of the events of the making of the city in his book. He was the rst chief architect of
Chandigarh, who closely worked with legendary Swiss-born French architect Le Corbusier.
Sharma was the recipient of many national and international awards for his valuable
contribution, including the award of the Institute of Life (France) for creating the best
environment for the common man in 1973.

15. Parippida Mission has been launched by which state government to ensure housing for all?
[A]Kerala
[B]Karnataka
[C]Tamil Nadu
[D]Assam
Answer:Kerala
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Explanation:
The Kerala government has launched four major programmes viz. Parippida Mission, Haritha
Keralam, Ardram and Lifein the education, health, housing and sanitation sectors to mark the
60th anniversary of the state on November 1, 2016. Under Parppida Mission, the government
plans to ensure housing for all, while Ardram proposes to upgrade basic facilities in
government hospitals without inating rates. At least 1,000 schools are supposed to be elevated
to international standards under Life, a scheme that will focus on improving liveability
conditions. Haritha Keralam, which means Green Kerala, aims to look at eective methods of
waste disposal, popularizing organic vegetable farming and conservation of forest and water
resources. All schemes have a 5-year deadline.

16. Katherine Espin, who won the crown of 2016 Miss Earth, is belonged to which country?
[A]Philippines
[B]Ecuador
[C]Colombia
[D]Venezuela
Answer:Ecuador
Explanation:
Katherine Elizabeth Espn of Ecuador has won the crown of 2016 Miss Earth at the Mall of Asia
Arena, Philippines. She competed with 83 delegates from around the world for the prestigious
and coveted beauty title with the theme Empowered to make a Change.

17. Silvio Gazzaniga, who designed the FIFA World Cup trophy, was belonged to which country?
[A]France
[B]Germany
[C]Italy
[D]Brazil
Answer:Italy
Explanation:
Silvio Gazzaniga (95), the Italian sculptor who designed and created the FIFA World Cup trophy in
1971, has recently passed away in Milan, Italy. He was also known as Mr Cups, as he designed
UEFA Cup and the UEFA Super Cup. The FIFA World Cup trophy is 18-carat solid gold trophy
weighs approximately 6 kg (or 13 pounds). It depicts a moment of joy: two players celebrating
with their arms outstretched and a globe resting on the backs of their shoulders.

18. What is the theme of 2016 World Savings Day?


[A]A global celebration for saving
[B]Shining a light on what people value
[C]Saving, investment and planning for retirement
[D]Grabbing hold of your financial future
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Answer:Grabbing hold of your financial future


Explanation:
The World Savings Day is observed every year on October 31 to increase the publics awareness
of the importance of savings both for modern economies and for individuals alike. The main
topics are focused on the importance of savings in the global economy and how every depositor
contributes to its development. The 2016 theme is Grabbing Hold of Your Financial Future.

19. Sampriti-2016 a joint military training exercise will be conducted between India and which
country?
[A]Myanmar
[B]Bangladesh
[C]Italy
[D]Venezuela
Answer:Bangladesh
Explanation:
The joint military training exercise Sampriti-2016 will be conducted between India and
Bangladesh at Tangail, Dhaka, Bangladesh from 05 to 18 November 2016. The training will
culminate with a nal validation exercise in which troops of both armies will jointly practice a
Counter Terrorist Operation in a controlled and simulated environment.

20. The book Immortal has been authored by whom?


[A]Ajay Kotian
[B]Krishna Udayasankar
[C]Nikita Deshpande
[D]Umang Jethva
Answer:Krishna Udayasankar
Explanation:
The book Immortal: Death is certain for all who are bornor is it? has been authored by
Krishna Udayasankar. It is the story of Asvatthama, the cursed immortal warrior from the
Mahabharata, who is wandering on the Earth in the guise of Professor Bharadvaj.

21. The International Forum on Adopting an ICT Perspective to Education and Learning has started
in which city?
[A]New Delhi
[B]Pune
[C]Bangaluru
[D]Chennai
Answer:New Delhi

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Explanation:
The International Forum on Adopting an ICT Perspective to Education and Learning has started in
New Delhi from October 31 and will continue till November 4, 2016. The forum is being organized
by International Bureau of Education (IBE), UNESCO in partnership with Google. The participating
countries in the international forum are Azerbaijan, Botswana, Egypt, Gabon, India, Lithuania,
Oman, Seychelles, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Swaziland, etc. The forum targets mainly countries
which are implementing the UNESCO developed General Education Quality Analysis Framework
(GEQAF).

22. Which bank has launched home loan overdraft facility for salaried customers?
[A]State Bank of India
[B]ICICI Bank
[C]Axis Bank
[D]HDFC Bank
Answer:ICICI Bank
Explanation:
ICICI Bank Ltd has launched ICICI Bank Home Overdraft facility for salaried customers. The
facility will enable customers to seek loans upto Rs 1 crore for personal needs against property.
The minimum and maximum loan over the Home Overdraft facility is Rs. 5 lakh and Rs. 1 crore.
The customers can avail themselves of minimum 10% of the total amount as term loan and
maximum 90% as overdraft.

23. Who has been appointed as the brand ambassador of Swachh Rail Mission of Indian Railway?
[A]Nitin Patil
[B]Bindeshwar Pathak
[C]Varsha Sharma
[D]Nishant
Answer:Bindeshwar Pathak
Explanation:
Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak has been appointed as a Brand Ambassador for Swachh Rail Mission of
Indian Railway to promote cleanliness at rail premises. The initiative will help push the
cleanliness drive of the Railway. Pathak is the founder of Sulabh International, an India-based
social service organization. Sulabh International has been assigned to clean some important
railway stations across the country as part of the mission. As a pilot project, Sulabh has started
cleaning and maintenance of ve important railway stations from September. These railway
stations are Gorakhpur, Old Delhi, Jaipur, Ahmedabad and Gwalior.

24. Who has been appointed as the new Prime Minister of South Korea?
[A]Yim Jong-yong
[B]Jung Youn-kuk
[C]Kim Byong-joon
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[D]Choi Soon-sil
Answer:Kim Byong-joon
Explanation:
Kim Byong-joon has been appointed as the new Prime Minister of South Korea on November 2,
2016. He succeeded Hwang Kyo-ahn, who was sacked as Prime Minister amid the 2016 South
Korean political scandal as President Park Geun-hye tried to rebuild condence in her
administration.

25. The World Vegan Day is observed on which date?


[A]November 2
[B]November 4
[C]November 1
[D]November 3
Answer:November 1
Explanation:
The World Vegan Day is observed every year on November 1 by setting up stalls, hosting
potlucks and planting memorial trees to benet the veganism for humans, non-human animals
and the natural environment.

26. Who has won the 2016 Bahrain International challenge Mens singles badminton tournament?
[A]Pratul Joshi
[B]Vighnesh Devlekar
[C]Rohan Kapoor
[D]Aditya Joshi
Answer:Pratul Joshi
Explanation:
Indian shuttler Pratul Joshi has won the 2016 Bahrain International challenge Mens singles
badminton tournament by defeating Aditya Joshi in the nal by 21-17, 12-21, 21-15 at Segayya
in Bahrain.

27. Saur Sujala Yojana has been launched in which state of India?
[A]Madhya Pradesh
[B]Rajasthan
[C]Chhattisgarh
[D]Sikkim
Answer:Chhattisgarh
Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has recently launched the Saur Sujala Yojana at Naya Raipur in
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Chhattisgarh that would provide solar powered irrigation pumps to farmers at a subsidized price.
Chhattisgarh would be the rst state to implement the scheme. Under the scheme, solar
powered irrigation pumps of 3HP and 5HP capacity worth Rs 3.5 lakh and Rs 4.5 lakh would be
distributed to the farmers by March 31, 2019. The beneciaries would get the pumps at the
subsidized price.

28. Who is the most valued Indian athlete, as per recently released Forbes Fab 40?
[A]Sakshi Malik
[B]Sania Mirza
[C]PV Sindhu
[D]Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Answer:Mahendra Singh Dhoni
Explanation:
Team Indias limited-overs cricket captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni has been named as the top
most valued athlete in India, as per the recently released Forbes Fab 40. Where as, Swiss tennis
legend Roger Federer has been named as the most valued athlete in the world. Forbes Fab 40
list is a unique list which estimates the brand value of top sports labels, athletes, teams and
events every year using dierent methodologies and is one of the most accurate listings in the
world.

29. Which state will be the first Indian state to launch cyber police stations in all districts?
[A]Madhya Pradesh
[B]Assam
[C]Maharashtra
[D]Odisha
Answer:Maharashtra
Explanation:
Maharashtra will be the rst state in India to launch cyber police stations in each district to nab
cyber criminals. Any oence related to cyber crime will be registered in these police stations at
the district level. Additional cyber police stations will also be set up in some cities. Cyber police
stations will also be set up at police commissionerate and Range IG oces.

30. The book Harp has been authored by whom?


[A]Nidhi Dalmia
[B]Naveena Vijayan
[C]Anita Nair
[D]Suresh Menon
Answer:Nidhi Dalmia
Explanation:
The book Harp has been authored by Nidhi Dalmia. It is the story of Ashok who is caught
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between what is expected of him and what he wants it to be, which makes the book totally
relatable to ones life as most of us have been there or are there.

31. Which country will host the 7th session of Conference of Parties (COP7) on tobacco control?
[A]India
[B]United States
[C]France
[D]Nepal
Answer:India
Explanation:
India will host 7th session of Conference of Parties (COP7) on tobacco control from November
7-12, 2016 at India Exposition Mart in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh. The conference will provide
an opportunity to learn from other countries and showcase the steps taken by India to check
tobacco consumption. More than 1500 delegates from 180 countries along with other Observers
in ocial relations with the WHO FCTC Secretariat, Geneva are expected to participate in the
conference. It is the rst occasion that a Conference of Parties (COP) meeting is being held in
India. The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is the rst global evidence-
based public health treaty that recognizes the right of all people to the highest standard of
health.

32. Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan scheme has been launched by which union
minister in New Delhi?
[A]Maneka Gandhi
[B]M. Venkaiah Naidu
[C]Narendra Modi
[D]Jagat Prakash Nadda
Answer:Jagat Prakash Nadda
Explanation:
Jagat Prakash Nadda, the Union Health and Family Welfare Minister, has recently launched
Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan in New Delhi to improve health care facilities for
pregnant women. Under the scheme, pregnant ladies will be given free health check-up and
required treatment free of cost on 9th of every month. The scheme will be applicable for
pregnant women in all Government hospitals across India.

33. Which Bollywood personality will be honoured with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2016
Dubai International Film Festival (DIFF)?
[A]Amitabh Bachchan
[B]Yash Raj Chopra
[C]Rekha
[D]Jeetendra

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Answer:Rekha
Explanation:
Bollywood actor Rekha will be honoured with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 13th edition
of Dubai International Film Festival (DIFF), which will be held from December 7-14, 2016.

34. The Asias largest man-made Jungle Safari is located in which state of India?
[A]Madhya Pradesh
[B]Chhattisgarh
[C]Rajasthan
[D]Uttar Pradesh
Answer:Chhattisgarh
Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has recently inaugurated Asias largest man-made Jungle Safari
at Naya Raipur in Chhattisgarh. It is nearly 800-acre Nandanvan Zoo and Safari. The Jungle Safari
has been divided into 8 zones viz. Monument zone, Parking zone, Administrative zone, Water
zone, Waiting zone, Zoo zone, Safari zone, Management zone. It will have wild animals moving
freely in natural surroundings. The eco-friendly vehicles would take the visitors around to have
the enchanting glimpses of wild-life and natures beauty. The Jungle Safari would accommodate
around 10,000 visitors every day. There would be safaris for tigers, lions, bears and other wild
animals. The area would also have separate zones for the carnivorous and herbivorous animals
in the Safari.

35. LinkedIn has signed MoU with which union ministry to create jobs for students?
[A]Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
[B]Ministry of Home Affairs
[C]Ministry of Women and Child Development
[D]Ministry of Human Resource Development
Answer:Ministry of Human Resource Development
Explanation:
LinkedIn has signed MoU with Union Ministry of Human Resource Development to create more
jobs opportunities for Indian students. As part of the MoU, LinkedIns Placements product will be
adopted by all Indian colleges aliated with All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). The
placements provides a level-playing eld for all students, regardless of their location or college
and allows them to take an online assessment test, which gives them direct access to thousands
of openings in 35 top corporates in India.

36. Kwon Taek Im, who will be honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2016
International Film Festival of India (IFFI), is belonged to which country?
[A]Japan
[B]Taiwan
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[C]South Korea
[D]Malaysia
Answer:South Korea
Explanation:
Kwon Taek Im, the renowned South Korean director, will be honoured with the Lifetime
Achievement Award at the 47th edition of International Film Festival of India (IFFI) in Goa. In the
2016 IFFI, South Korea will be the focus country and its movies will be showcased and well-
known lm personalities will also attend the festival.

37. The Bhitarkanika National Park is located in which state of India?


[A]Assam
[B]Odisha
[C]Tripura
[D]Arunachal Pradesh
Answer:Odisha
Explanation:
The Bhitarkanika National Park is a national park located in the Kendrapara District, Odisha. The
park is a unique ecosystem, highly dynamic and at the same time fragile. The delta, the river
mouth, the sea, mangrove forest, avian fauna, reptiles, amphibians and fauna and ora
contribute to the parks biological diversity. It is in news because a two-member technical
evaluation mission team of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) deputed by the
UNESCO has recently visited the National Park. The purpose of the visit is for the ground-zero
assessment of the bio-diversity of the unique mangrove eco-system of park.

38. The Election Commission of India (ECI) has launched an online survey to assess level of
awareness among Overseas Indian Citizens in collaboration with which institute?
[A]Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology
[B]Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha
[C]Dr. B. R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology
[D]Tata Institute of Social Sciences
Answer:Tata Institute of Social Sciences
Explanation:
The Election Commission of India (ECI) has launched an online survey for Overseas Indian
Citizens in collaboration with Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai to assess level of
awareness about the registration and voting process and to also gather opinion about their
preferred method of voting. The purpose of the unique survey is to study and determine the
registration and participation rates among overseas electors. The survey shall help in not only
identifying information gaps but also in nding the preferred methods of voting which can
subsequently be shared with the Government and Legislators. The link may be seen at
www.everyvotecounts.in.

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39. The 7th edition of Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) has
started in which city?
[A]Agartala
[B]Pune
[C]Guwahati
[D]New Delhi
Answer:New Delhi
Explanation:
The 7th edition of Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) has
inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi on November 3, which will continue
till November 5, 2016. The conference will pave the way for implementation of the framework in
the Asian region and will also devise a mechanism for monitoring its progress. The conference
has been organized by Government of India (GoI) in collaboration with the United Nations Oce
for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). The purpose of the conference is to transform the
commitments of governments and stakeholders during the Sendai Conference into national and
local action. The AMCDRR is a biennial conference in the Asia region to ensure political and
stakeholders commitment towards Disaster Risk Reduction implementation.

40. Aware and Care the health awareness campaign has been launched by which state government?
[A]Uttar Pradesh
[B]Kerala
[C]Punjab
[D]Karnataka
Answer:Punjab
Explanation:
The Chief Minister of Punjab, Parkash Singh Badal has recently launched the Aware and Care
campaign by agging o 100 Information Education Communication (IEC) mobile vans. The basic
purpose of IEC vans is to apprise people about the diseases like cancer, hepatitis-C, cervical
cancer and the preventive measures to be taken to cure the patients suering from these
diseases in the early stages. The health awareness campaign would also aim to create
awareness amongst the people about the diseases like dengue, chicken guniya, malaria with the
focus on sensitizing them about personal hygiene and cleanliness of environs around them.

41. Which state government has recently inked MoU with Union Ministry of Civil Aviation for
Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS)-UDAN?
[A]Assam
[B]Odisha
[C]Haryana
[D]Madhya Pradesh

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Answer:Assam
Explanation:
The Assam government has recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the
Union Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) under Regional Connectivity Scheme (RCS) UDAN to
boost State air connectivity. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) shall be the Implementing
Agency for the scheme on behalf of Ministry of Civil Aviation. As per the MoU, the State
Government shall reduce VAT to 1% or less on ATF at RCS Airports and for RCS ights from other
airports located within the state. The Government of Assam shall also provide minimum land for
development and expansion of RCS Airports and also provide multi-modal hinterland connectivity
(road, rail, metro, waterways, etc.) as required.

42. Where is the headquarters of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)?


[A]Pune
[B]New Delhi
[C]Bhopal
[D]Raipur
Answer:New Delhi
Explanation:
The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) is an association of Indian businesses which works to
create an environment conducive to the growth of industry in India. The headquarters of CII is
located at New Delhi. It is in news because CCI has launched a unique platform Startup
Mentorship Circle in Mumbai to help in connecting start-ups with the global marketplace. The
platform is truly a strong eco-system for nurturing innovation and startups to drive sustainable
economic growth and generate large scale employment opportunities.

43. Pandit Amaradeva, who died recently, was the music legend of which country?
[A]India
[B]Nepal
[C]Sri Lanka
[D]Bhutan
Answer:Sri Lanka
Explanation:
Pandit Amaradeva (88), the legendary Sri Lankan singer and composer, has recently passed
away in Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Sri Lanka. He was the recipient of many international
honours, including Ramon Magsaysay Award, Padma Shri, for his contribution to music.

44. What is the theme of the first-ever World Tsunami Awareness Day (WTAD)?
[A]Reduce Mortality, Raise awareness
[B]Knowledge for Life
[C]Live To Tell: Raising Awareness
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[D]Effective Education and Evacuation Drills


Answer:Effective Education and Evacuation Drills
Explanation:
The rst-ever World Tsunami Awareness Day (WTAD) has been observed on November 5, 2016
to spread awareness among people across the world in matters related to the dangers of
tsunami and shall stress on the importance of early warning systems in order to mitigate
damage from the often devastating natural hazard. It also aims at reviving traditional knowledge
about tsunamis. The 2016 theme of WTAD is Eective Education and Evacuation Drills.

45. Which Indian lawyer has been elected to United Nations International Law Commission?
[A]Geeta Madhavan
[B]Zia Mody
[C]Nirmala Joshi
[D]Aniruddha Rajput
Answer:Aniruddha Rajput
Explanation:
Aniruddha Rajput, a practicising lawyer of Indias Supreme Court, has been elected to UNs
International Law Commission. He is Indias rst time candidate to the Commission and a
permanent representative to the UN Ambassador. Rajput is among the 34 individuals elected by
the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) as members of the International Law Commission.
The newly elected members will serve 5-year terms of oce with the Geneva-based body, which
will begin from January 2017. The members have been elected from ve geographical groupings
of African, Asia-Pacic, Eastern European, Latin American and Caribbean and Western European
states.

46. The book An Era of Darkness: The British Empire in India has been authored by whom?
[A]Amrish Tripathi
[B]Hamid Ansari
[C]Shashi Tharoor
[D]Romesh Dutt
Answer:Shashi Tharoor
Explanation:
The book An Era of Darkness: The British Empire in India has been authored by Dr. Shashi
Tharoor, the Lok Sabha MP. The book recalls in some detail the misdeeds of the British in looting
India and making it suer an agonizing and violent death. In it, author has rightly points out that
British rule in India was eectively and regularly supplemented by famine, forced migration and
brutality the three examples of why British rule over India was despotic and anything but
enlightened. The book has recently released by the Vice President of India M. Hamid Ansari.

47. Petrotech-2016 the International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition will be held in which
city?
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[A]New Delhi
[B]Tokyo
[C]Tehran
[D]Kabul
Answer:New Delhi
Explanation:
The 12th edition of International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition Petrotech-2016 will be
held at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi on December 5. The 2016 theme is Hydrocarbons to fuel
the future Choices and Challenges. The purpose of the global event is to bring Energy
Ministers, industry leaders, professionals, academicians and domain experts from the energy
sector on a common platform. It is a biennial platform for national and international experts in
the oil & gas industry to exchange views and share knowledge, expertise and experiences.

48. Which country will host the 2016 International Energy Forum International Gas Union (IEF-
IGU) Ministerial Forum?
[A]India
[B]Qatar
[C]Iran
[D]Israel
Answer:India
Explanation:
The Government of India (GoI) will host the 2016 International Energy Forum International Gas
Union (IEF-IGU) Ministerial Forum in New Delhi on December 6, 2016, which is also supported by
GAIL (India) Limited and the Natural Gas Society of India. The main theme of the forum will be
Gas for Growth: Improving economic prosperity and living standards. The purpose of this forum
is to increase the dialogue between Governments, Organisations and Companies in the global
gas industry.

49. The first-ever International Agro-biodiversity Congress (IAC) has started in which of the
following cities?
[A]New York
[B]Berlin
[C]Kathmandu
[D]New Delhi
Answer:New Delhi
Explanation:
The rst ever International Agro-biodiversity Congress (IAC) has started in New Delhi on
November 6, 2016. The 4-day Congress has been inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi,
which will be attended by 900 delegates from 60 countries. The event will initiate and encourage
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a dialogue among stakeholders, including farmers, to better understand everyones role in agro-
biodiversity management and the conservation of genetic resources. It will address the threats
imposed by climate change and ways to achieve sustainable agriculture production. India is one
of the mega-diversity centres possessing unique crop and animal diversity.

50. Which countrys hockey team has won the 2016 Womens Asian Champions Trophy?
[A]China
[B]India
[C]Japan
[D]Malaysia
Answer:India
Explanation:
Indian womens hockey team has won the 4th edition of the 2016 Asian Womens Hockey
Champions trophy- 2016 by defeating China in the nal by 2-1 in Singapore . This is rst time
that Indian womens hockey team has won the Asian Champions Trophy competition.

51. The 7th session of Conference of Parties (COP7) on tobacco control has started in which state of
India?
[A]Uttar Pradesh
[B]Haryana
[C]Rajasthan
[D]Odisha
Answer:Uttar Pradesh
Explanation:
The 7th session of Conference of Parties (COP7) on tobacco control has started at India
Exposition Mart in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh from November 7, 2016. The 6-day conference
will provide an opportunity to learn from other countries and showcase the steps taken by India
to check tobacco consumption. About 1500 delegates from 180 countries along with other
observers in ocial relations with the WHO FCTC Secretariat, Geneva are expected to participate
in the conference. This is rst time that India is hosting the crucial global tobacco control
conference.

52. What is the Indias position on the global business optimism index, as per the latest Grant
Thornton International Business Report?
[A]5th
[B]9th
[C]2nd
[D]4th
Answer:2nd

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Explanation:
India has been ranked 2nd out of 36 nations on the global business optimism index during the
third quarter (July-September 2016), according to the latest Grant Thornton International
Business Report. The report stated that the improvement in the optimism ranking in the recent
past clearly reects that the reform agenda of the government and its eorts on improving the
climate for doing business are having an impact. The list is topped by Indonesia, while
Philippines acquired 3rd position. The report is prepared on the basis of a quarterly conducted
global business survey of 2,500 businesses across 36 economies.

53. Which country is hosting the Conference of Parties (COP22) of the UN Framework Convention
on Climate Change (UNFCCC) ?
[A]India
[B]Morocco
[C]Nepal
[D]Palestine
Answer:Morocco
Explanation:
The 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) of the UN Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC) has started at Marrakech in Morocco on November 7. In the 12-day
global climate conference, delegates will deliberate on the details of implementing the Paris
deal, such as drafting rules for how to measure and report emissions as well as the nancial
contributions meant to help poor countries deal with climate change.

54. The Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) has signed a MoU with which IIT
institute to establish a Joint Advanced Technology Centre (JATC)?
[A]IIT Bombay
[B]IIT Kharagpur
[C]IIT Indore
[D]IIT Delhi
Answer:IIT Delhi
Explanation:
The Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) has signed a MoU with Indian
Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi to establish a Joint Advanced Technology Centre (JATC). The
JATC will be located in the campus of IIT Delhi at the upcoming Science and Technology Park.

55. Which bollywood personality has been appointed as the brand ambassador of Switzerland
tourism?
[A]Amitabh Bachchan
[B]Alia Bhatt
[C]Ranveer Singh
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[D]Shah Rukh Khan


Answer:Ranveer Singh
Explanation:
Bollywood actor Ranveer Singh has been appointed as the brand ambassador of Switzerland
tourisms campaign for 2017 Nature wants you back.

56. Which Indian Armed Force has launched Operation school chalo in South Kashmir?
[A]Indian Army
[B]Indian Air Force
[C]Indian Navy
[D]All of the above
Answer:Indian Army
Explanation:
Indian Army has launched Operation school chalo in South Kashmir under a local slogan
Chyem ne zaroorat Daulat-o-ubab, Faqat Gochum School te Kitab (I dont need money and fame,
I need books and school. In it, Indian Army will identify areas and provide students with free
coaching and make them participate in extra-curricular activities. Beside this, Army ocers and
men will also encourage the parents to send their children to makeshift dwellings to study.

57. The National Cancer Awareness Day is observed on which date in India?
[A]November 8
[B]November 7
[C]November 5
[D]November 6
Answer:November 7
Explanation:
The National Cancer Awareness Day is observed every year in India on November 7 to stress
upon the early detection and cure of cancer.

58. Who has been appointed as the new Executive Director (ED) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)?
[A]K K Malhotra
[B]M Rajeshwar Rao
[C]Arindam Kunar
[D]Greesh Bindra
Answer:M Rajeshwar Rao
Explanation:
M Rajeshwar Rao has been appointed as the new Executive Director (ED) of the Reserve Bank of
India (RBI). He will succeed G Mahalingam, who is taking voluntary retirement from the central

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bank. Rao will look after Department of Statistics and Information Management, Financial
markets Operations Department and International Department. Prior to this appointment, he was
the Chief General Manager, Financial Markets Operations Department. He has also worked as the
Banking Ombudsman, New Delhi and in the Reserve Banks regional oces at Ahmedabad,
Hyderabad, Chennai and New Delhi.

59. The book Game Goes On has been authored by whom?


[A]Alan McGilvray
[B]James Leigh Hunt
[C]Arun Kolatkar
[D]Nissim Ezekiel
Answer:Alan McGilvray
Explanation:
The book Game Goes On has been authored by an Australian commentator, Alan McGilvray.
The book is based on his more than 50 years of the involvement with the game of cricket. He
includes recollections of games he has witnessed through his life as a commentator and, in his
younger days, as a player associated with extravagant cricketers like Bradman, Oldeld,
McCabe, and OReilly.

60. Who has been appointed as MD & CEO of Central Registry of Securitisation Asset
Reconstruction and Security Interest of India (CERSAI)?
[A]Rishabh Jain
[B]Praveen Kumar Sharma
[C]Kirti Singh
[D]Sudha Singhvi
Answer:Praveen Kumar Sharma
Explanation:
Praveen Kumar Sharma has been appointed as Managing Director and Chief Executive Ocer
(CEO) of Central Registry of Securitisation Asset Reconstruction and Security Interest of India
(CERSAI). Sharma is the General Manager of the State Bank of India (SBI).The CERSAI is a central
online security interest registry of India, which provide the platform for ling registrations of
transactions of securitization, asset reconstruction and security interest by the banks and
nancial institutions. Any person can also search and inspect the records maintained by the
registry on payment of prescribed fees. The headquarters of CERSAI is located at New Delhi.

61. Kanubhai Gandhi, who passed away recently, was related to which field?
[A]Law
[B]Sports
[C]Science
[D]Journalism

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Answer:Science
Explanation:
Kanubhai Gandhi (87), grandson of Mahatma Gandhi and a former NASA scientist, has recently
passed away in Surat, Gujarat. He was famously captured in an iconic photograph as the boy
tugging at Mahatma Gandhis walking stick during salt satyagraha at Dandi, Gujarat. Kanubhai
was the son Ramdas Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhis third son). He came back to India in 2014 after
a four-decade long stay in the US, where he had worked with NASA for 25 years.

62. Which country is hosting the 2016 International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines
(IRCH)?
[A]Germany
[B]Morocco
[C]Indonesia
[D]India
Answer:India
Explanation:
The 9th Annual Meeting of International Regulatory Cooperation for Herbal Medicines (IRCH) has
started at Ashoka Hotel in New Delhi from November 8, 2016. It is organized by Ministry of
AYUSH and is inaugurated by Minister of State for AYUSH Sripad Yesso Naik. The purpose of IRCH
meeting are to globally promote and facilitate the safe use of herbal medicines, facilitate and
strengthen cooperation between national regulatory authorities by sharing experience,
information and knowledge related to the regulation, quality, safety and ecacy of herbal
medicines, etc.

63. The 2016 Urban Mobility India conference has started in which state?
[A]Punjab
[B]Gujarat
[C]Uttar Pradesh
[D]Assam
Answer:Gujarat
Explanation:
The 2016 Urban Mobility India conference has started at at Mahatma Mandir in Gandhinagar,
Gujarat on November 8 with the theme Planning Mobility for Citys sustainability. The 4-day
conference has been organized jointly by Ministry of Urban Development and Gujarat
Government. About 2500 delegates will discuss climate friendly urban transport systems in the
conference.

64. Who has been bestowed with the 2016 Reporters Without Borders (RSF) TV5 Monde Press
Freedom Prize in journalist category?
[A]Hadi Abdullah
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[B]Zaina Erhaim
[C]Li Tingyu
[D]Inan Kizilkaya
Answer:Hadi Abdullah
Explanation:
Syrian freelance journalist Hadi Abdullah has been bestowed with the 2016 Reporters Without
Borders (RSF) TV5 Monde Press Freedom Prize in journalist category for reporting from some of
the most perilous zones in his countrys 5-year-old war. He has unhesitatingly ventured into
danger zones, where western journalists are no longer willing to go to lm and interview civilian.
Apart from him, the Chinese news website 64Tianwang and Chinese citizen journalists Lu Yuyu
and Li Tingyu has also been honoured with the award in the media and citizen journalist
category.

65. The India-Bangladesh joint military exercise SAMPRITI-2016 has started at which place?
[A]Jaisalmer
[B]Kutch
[C]Jalpaiguri
[D]Tangail
Answer:Tangail
Explanation:
The 6th edition of India-Bangladesh Joint Military Exercise SAMPRITI-2016 has started at
Bangabandhu Senanibas in Tangail, Bangladesh on November 4, 2016. A Company Group of The
MAHAR Regiment is representing the Indian Contingent. The main focus of the 14-day joint
exercise is on Counter-Terrorism Operations in mountainous and jungle terrain under the United
Nations Mandate. The purpose of this exercise is to achieve interoperability in joint operations
the troops from both sides would acquaint themselves with respective approach of the two
armies towards the conduct of such operations.

66. The 2016 International Academy of Aviation & Space Medicine (IAASM) has started in which
city?
[A]Braslia
[B]New Delhi
[C]Pretoria
[D]Beijing
Answer:New Delhi
Explanation:
The 64th edition of International Congress of Aviation and Space medicine (IAASM) has started in
New Delhi on November 7 and will continue till November 10, 2016. The Congress is which is
organized by Indian Society of Aviation Medicine (ISAM) and is being attended by more than 300
delegates across the world. The theme of IAASM 2016 is Learn and Overcome. IAASM 2016 will
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provide an opportunity to Indian Aerospace Medicine (IAM) specialists to interact with eminent
personalities from the eld of Aerospace medicine around the world and learn from them the
newer advances made in the eld.

67. Y Sanathoi Devi is associated with which sports?


[A]Badminton
[B]Wushu
[C]Football
[D]Hockey
Answer:Wushu
Explanation:
Recently, Indian wushu team has won 5 medals in 8th Sanda World Cup at Xian, China. In it, Y
Sanathoi Devi won the silver for India in 52kg category after losing to Chinas Luan Zhang. Devi
is the Arjuna Awardee and world silver medalist. The other silver medallist for India were Uchit
Sharma in the 52kg, Suraya Bhanu Pratap Singh in 60kg and Monika in 56kg categories. Pooja
Kadian in 75kg category secured the lone bronze medal.

68. How much loan amount has been sanctioned by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to improve
to improve Assams power distribution system?
[A]$54 million
[B]$48 million
[C]$88 million
[D]$63 million
Answer:$48 million
Explanation:
The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has sanctioned $48 million loan to help Assam state
continue to its drive to improve access to ecient and reliable power in the national capital. This
is the 2nd tranche loan of the $300 million multi tranche nancing facility for the Assam Power
Sector Investment Program that was approved by the ADB Board in July 2014. The project will
help Assam to enhance capacity and eciency of its power distribution system to improve
electricity service to end users. The rst tranche loan of $50 million was signed in February 2015.

69. Who will be conferred with the Rashtriya Kalidas Samman for year 2016-17?
[A]N. Rajam
[B]Anupam Kher
[C]Raj Bisaria
[D]Banshi Kaul
Answer:Banshi Kaul
Explanation:

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The Rashtriya Kalidas Samman will be conferred to Banshi Kaul for 2016-17 and Raj Bisaria for
2015-16. Both the theatre artists are known for long cherished practice, excellence and
continuous creative activeness in the country. Governor Omprakash Kohli will present the awards
at an award ceremony to be held on November 10, 2016 in Ujjain. The Kalidas Samman is a
prestigious arts award presented annually by the government of Madhya Pradesh in India. The
award carries a cash prize of Rs. 200,000 and a citation.

70. The book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology has been authored by
whom?
[A]John Walker
[B]Bill Gates
[C]Ray Kurzweil
[D]Janet Maslin
Answer:Ray Kurzweil
Explanation:
The book The Singularity Is Near: When Humans Transcend Biology has been authored by
inventor and futurist Ray Kurzweil. It is a non-ction book about articial intelligence and the
future of humanity.

71. The Healthy India Initiative magazine has been launched by which union minister?
[A]Jagat Prakash Nadda
[B]Raj Nath Singh
[C]Prakash Javadekar
[D]Narendra Modi
Answer:Jagat Prakash Nadda
Explanation:
The Union Health and Family Welfare Minister Jagat Prakash Nadda has recently launched the
Healthy India Initiative magazine and No More Tension mobile App for promotion of health
and to strengthen the health communications programmes in New Delhi. The Healthy India is a
quarterly magazine and will cater to health related information and raise awareness about
healthy living. The magazine will cover dierent aspect of health including women and child
health, elderly health, seasonal ailments, daily nutritional needs, safe medication practices and
home remedies for healthy living. The app helps users to manage stress and will also provide
information regarding stress, symptoms and its management. The application allows the user to
measure their stress level and learn various techniques like yoga and meditation to reduce
stress from their lives.

72. The 2018 International Competition Network (ICN) annual conference will be hosted by which
country?
[A]Portugal
[B]India
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[C]Japan
[D]Singapore
Answer:India
Explanation:
The 2018 International Competition Network (ICN) annual conference will be hosted by
Competition Commission of India (CCI) at New Delhi in March April 2018. ICN is an international
body consists of 132 members from 120 competition jurisdictions exclusively devoted to
international competition enforcement. The 2017 ICN Annual Conference will be hosted by
Portuguese Competition Authority.

73. Which state government has launched Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign to complete the irrigation
projects?
[A]Madhya Pradesh
[B]Chhattisgarh
[C]Uttar Pradesh
[D]Assam
Answer:Chhattisgarh
Explanation:
The Chhattisgarh government has launched Lakshya Bhagirathi campaign to complete the
irrigation projects that could not be completed. Under the campaign, the water resources
department had identied 108 projects that could not be completed. For the last three decades,
the projects were pending for required clearances.

74. Who is the newly elected director-general of the International Labour Organization (ILO)?
[A]Adriana Cruz
[B]Michel Hansenne
[C]Juan Somava
[D]Guy Ryder
Answer:Guy Ryder
Explanation:
Guy Ryder Guy Ryder has been re-elected Director-General of the International Labour
Organisation (ILO) for a second ve-year term that will start ocially on October 1,2017. Ryder,
who is the 10th ILO Director-General, has some 35 years of experience in the world of work. The
headquarters of ILO is at Geneva, Switzerland.

75. Who will be honoured with the Tata Literature Live! Lifetime Achievement Award for 2016?
[A]Mahasweta Devi
[B]Sir VS Naipaul
[C]Amitav Ghosh
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[D]MT Vasudevan Nair


Answer:Amitav Ghosh
Explanation:
Amitav Ghosh, an acclaimed Indian-American ction author, will be honoured with the Tata
Literature Live! Lifetime Achievement Award for 2016 in recognition of his outstanding
contribution to the Indian literary space. The award will be presented to him at Tata Literature
Live!s annual awards ceremony to be held on November 20, 2016 at the National Centre for the
Performing Arts (NCPA), Nariman Point, Mumbai.

76. Indias first-ever Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) driven bus has been launched in which state?
[A]Kerala
[B]Assam
[C]Tamil Nadu
[D]Karnataka
Answer:Kerala
Explanation:
Indias rst-ever Liqueed Natural Gas (LNG) driven bus has been jointly launched by Union
Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Dharmendra Pradhan and Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi
Vijayan in Thiruvanthapuram, Kerala. The rst pilot eco-friendly bus is a joint eort of Petronet
LNG Limited (PLL), Indian Oil Corporation Ltd and Tata Motors Ltd to introduce LNG as a fuel in
commercial vehicles in the state capital. LNG is considered to be a cleaner and safer fuel which
emits 50 % less carbon for mass transportation.

77. The 2016 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) will be hosted by which country?
[A]India
[B]Peru
[C]China
[D]Philippines
Answer:Peru
Explanation:
The 2016 Asia-Pacic Economic Cooperation (APEC) will be held in Lima, Peru from November
19-20.The theme of the summit is Quality Growth and Human Development and the ocial
logo of the APEC summit is the architecture of the ancient city of Caral.

78. Smart India Hackathon 2017 has been launched by which union minister?
[A]Ravi Shankar Prasad
[B]Narendra Modi
[C]Prakash Javadekar
[D]Dr. Harsh Vardhan

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Answer:Prakash Javadekar
Explanation:
The Union Minister of Human Resource and Development, Prakash Javadekar has launched the
worlds largest digital national building initiative Smart India Hackathon 2017 in New Delhi to
harness creativity & technical expertise of over 30 lakh students from technology institutes in
remotest parts of India. The purpose of this initiative is to nd digital solutions to problems in the
areas of power, education, health, water, nance, agriculture, energy, etc. The Smart India
Hackathon 2017 is a pan-India 36-hour nonstop digital programming competition which will take
place in more than 20 centres simultaneously. The initiative will help institutionalize a model for
harnessing the creativity and skills of youth for nation-building. It is the rst initiative of this kind
that has been ever launched in India.

79. The Pradhan Mantri YUVA Yojana has been launched by Union Government for what purpose?
[A] Entrepreneurship
[B] Women Education
[C] Sports
[D] SC/ST Education
Answer:
Explanation:
The Pradhan Mantri YUVA Yojana has been launched by Rajiv Pratap Rudy, who is the Minister of
State (I/C) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. It is the Ministry of Skill Development and
Entrepreneurship (MSDE)s agship scheme on entrepreneurship education and training. The
scheme spans over ve years (2016-17 to 2020-21) with a project cost of Rs. 499.94 crore, and
will provide entrepreneurship education and training to over 7 lakh students in 5 years through
3050 institutes. It will also include easy access to information and mentor network, credit,
incubator and accelerator and advocacy to create a pathway for the youth.

80. The 2016 BRICS Communication Ministers meeting has started in which city of India?
[A]Chennai
[B]New Delhi
[C]Bengaluru
[D]Kochi
Answer:Bengaluru
Explanation:
The second-edition of BRICS Communication Ministers meeting has started in Bengaluru,
Karnataka on November 10, which is chaired by Minister of State for Communication Manoj
Sinha. The High Level delegation from Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa will deliberate
for greater cooperation in Telecommunication and ICT sectors. The 2-day conference will draw
course of action on creating new frameworks of cooperation and collaboration among BRICS
countries. The meeting will discuss ways to improve collaboration in the eld of digital economy,
future communications, mobile technology among other things.

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81. Who has become the brand ambassador for 2017 T20 Blind Cricket World Cup?
[A]Rahul Dravid
[B]Sachin Tendulkar
[C]V V S Laxman
[D]Saurav Ganguly
Answer:Rahul Dravid
Explanation:
Rahul Dravid, the former Indian Cricketer and Captain, has become the brand ambassador for
2017 T20 Blind Cricket World Cup, which will be hosted by India. The tournament will be played
from January 28 to February 12, 2017, with 10 countries participating in the event. On this
occasion, Dravid has also launched the Support Blind Cricket by buying a Cricket Ball campaign.

82. The World Science Day for Peace and Development (WSDPD) is observed on which date?
[A]November 11
[B]November 12
[C]November 10
[D]November 13
Answer:November 10
Explanation:
The World Science Day for Peace and Development (WSDPD) is observed every year on
November 10 to highlight the important role of science in society and the need to engage the
wider public in debates on emerging scientic issues. It also underlines the importance and
relevance of science in our daily lives. The 2016 WSDPD is celebrated with the theme
Celebrating Science Centres and Science Museums.

83. Leonard Cohen, who passed away recently, was the legendary singer of which country?
[A]Japan
[B]Brazil
[C]Canada
[D]Germany
Answer:Canada
Explanation:
Leonard Cohen (82), the legendary singer-songwriter of Canada, has recently passed away in
California, United States. His work explored religion, politics, isolation, sexuality and personal
relationships.

84. The Kathakar-International Storytellers Festival 2016 has started in which city?
[A]Bengaluru
[B]Chennai
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[C]Kochi
[D]New Delhi
Answer:New Delhi
Explanation:
The 6th edition of Kathakar: International Storytellers Festival has started in New Delhi on
November 11, 2016. It is organized by Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) in
collaboration with NGO Nivesh. The 3-day long festival will showcase both contemporary stories
and tales from the histories and oral traditions of dierent countries. The festival will feature
both national and international storytellers.

85. Who is the newly appointed chairman of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)?
[A]Ishaat Hussain
[B]Aman Mehta
[C]Ron Sommer
[D]N Chandrasekaran
Answer:Ishaat Hussain
Explanation:
Ishaat Hussain is the newly appointed interim-chairman of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS). He
succeeded Cyrus Mistry and shall hold oce as chairman of the company until a new chairman is
appointed in his place.

86. The book Beyond the Last Blue Mountain: A Life Of J. R. D. Tata has been authored by whom?
[A]R M Lala
[B]Gita Subramaniam
[C]C. S. Lakshmi
[D]Elena Ferrante
Answer:R M Lala
Explanation:
The book Beyond the Last Blue Mountain: A Life Of J. R. D. Tata has been authored by R M Lala.
Partition. It is the biography of J.R.D. Tata, the patriarch of the biggest industrial house in India.

87. The Public Service Broadcasting Day is observed on which date in India?
[A]November 9
[B]November 15
[C]November 12
[D]November 14
Answer:November 12
Explanation:
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The Public Service Broadcasting Day is observed every year on November 12 in India to
commemorate Mahatma Gandhis maiden visit to All India Radio (AIR) studio. On November 12,
1947, the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi visited the studio of All India Radio, Delhi for the
rst and last time. He addressed the refugees from Pakistan, stationed at the camp at
Kurukshetra in Haryana after partition.

88. Mike McCormack, who has won the 2016 Goldsmiths Prize, is belonged to which country?
[A]Brazil
[B]Peru
[C]Portugal
[D]Ireland
Answer:Ireland
Explanation:
Mike McCormack from Ireland has won the 2016 Goldsmiths Prize for his novel Solar Bones.
The annual prize is a British literary award and has 10,000 remuneration. It is awarded to a
book that is deemed genuinely novel and which embodies the spirit of invention that
characterizes the genre at its best.

89. Lakshmi Indias first banking robot has been launched which bank?
[A]State Bank of India
[B]City Union Bank
[C]ICICIC Bank
[D]Axis Bank
Answer:City Union Bank
Explanation:
Indias rst banking robot Lakshmi has been launched by the Kumbakonam-based City Union
Bank, which will become the rst on-site bank helper in India. The articial intelligence powered
robot Lakshmi can speak English, gesture and engage in a life-like manner in conversations.
The robot can interact with customers on more than 125 subjects including account balance and
interest rates on loans.

90. Which Indian firm has won the 2016 Golden Peacock Award for Corporate Governance?
[A]Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
[B]Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
[C]Food Corporation of India (FCI)
[D]GAIL (India) Limited
Answer:Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL)
Explanation:
The Maharatna rm, Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) has won the prestigious 2016 Golden

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Peacock Award for Corporate GovernanceGolden Peacock Award. The award was received by
Ashwini Kumar, CEO of Rourkela Steel Plant (RSP) on behalf of SAIL during the 16th London
Global Convention on Corporate Governance and Sustainability in London, United Kingdom (UK).

91. Who has become the first Indian to be elected the President of the International Hockey
Federation (FIH)?
[A]Narinder Batra
[B]Dhanraj Pillay
[C]K D Singh
[D]Kirtan Singh
Answer:Narinder Batra
Explanation:
Narinder Batra has become the rst Indian to be elected the President of the International
Hockey Federation (FIH). He succeeds Spaniard Leandro Negre, who has been the FIH chief since
2008. Batra, who is the president of Hockey India, has become the 12th FIH President and the
rst Asian to grab the post.

92. Which is the focus country in the 2016 India International Trade Fair (IITF)?
[A]South Korea
[B]Belarus
[C]Japan
[D]Thailand
Answer:Belarus
Explanation:
The 36th edition of India International Trade Fair (IITF) will be held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi
on 14th November, 2016 and will continue till November 18, 2016. The fair will be inaugurated
by the President of India Pranab Mukherjee with the theme of Digital India. This years partner
country and states are South Korea and Madhya Pradesh and Jharkhand respectively. The focus
country and state are Belarus and Haryana respectively.

93. The first Indian National Open Accuracy Paragliding Championship has started in which state?
[A]Uttarakhand
[B]Sikkim
[C]Jammu & Kashmir
[D]Himachal Pradesh
Answer:Himachal Pradesh
Explanation:
The rst Indian National Open Accuracy Paragliding Championship has started at Bir-Billing,
Himachal Pradesh. In it, 107 pilots from 15 countries will take part.

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94. Janardhan Negi, who passed away recently, was related to which field?
[A]Geophysics
[B]Sports
[C]Journalism
[D]Medical
Answer:Geophysics
Explanation:
Noted geophysicist Janardhan G Negi (81) has recently passed away in Hyderabad. He was the
former Director-grade scientist at the National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI). He was
known for making outstanding contribution in understanding earthquakes, mass extinctions,
especially dinosaurs and the movement of the Indian sub-continent plates.

95. The book SRK 25 Years of a Life has been authored by whom?
[A]Samar Khan
[B]R K Kapoor
[C]Sonali Kokra
[D]Omang Tripathi
Answer:Samar Khan
Explanation:
The book SRK 25 Years of a Life has been authored by writer and lmmaker Samar Khan. The
book traces the journey of the Bollywood superstar Shah Rukh Khan through all his directors
eyes. The thought behind the book was to show why his directors thought of such iconic
characters for Shah Rukh.

96. Which countrys team has won gold at the 2016 Womens World Carrom Championship?
[A]Australia
[B]India
[C]China
[D]Sri Lanka
Answer:India
Explanation:
Indian womens carrom team has won gold at the 7th World Carrom Championship by defeating
Sri Lanka in Birmingham, UK. Indias S Apoorwa and Kajol Kumari also won gold in the womens
doubles event.

97. Meng Hongwei, who has been elected as the new President of Interpol, is belonged to which
country?
[A]Japan

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[B]Thailand
[C]China
[D]Malaysia
Answer:China
Explanation:
Meng Hongwei, a politician of Peoples Republic of China, has been elected as the new President
of International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL). Interpol is the 2nd-largest international
organization after the United Nations in terms of international representation. The headquartered
of INTERPOL is located at Lyon, France. Its work focuses on public safety and battling terrorism,
crimes against humanity, environmental crime, genocide, war crimes, etc.

98. Who has become the new Whole-Time Member (WTM) of the Securities and Exchange Board
of India (SEBI)?
[A]M M Patel
[B]Niranjan Sahu
[C]Gurumoorthy Mahalingam
[D]S Raman
Answer:Gurumoorthy Mahalingam
Explanation:
Gurumoorthy Mahalingam has become the new Whole-Time Member (WTM) of the Securities and
Exchange Board of India (SEBI) for a period of 5 years or till the age of 65 years,whichever is
earliest. He will get a consolidated salary of Rs 3.75 lakh. Previously, Mahalingam was the
executive director and former regional director of Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

99. What is the theme of 2016 World Pneumonia Day (WPD)?


[A]Universal access to pneumonia prevention and care
[B]Keep the Promise, Stop Pneumonia Now
[C]Every Breath Counts: Stop Pneumonia Now
[D]Innovate to End Child Pneumonia
Answer:Keep the Promise, Stop Pneumonia Now
Explanation:
The World Pneumonia Day (WPD) is observed every year on November 12 to provide an annual
forum for the world to stand together and demand action in the ght against pneumonia. The
2016 theme is Keep the Promise, Stop Pneumonia Now.

100. The International Conference & Exhibition on Sugarcane Value Chain Vision 2025 Sugar
has started in which city?
[A]Pune
[B]New Delhi
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[C]Kochi
[D]Lucknow
Answer:Pune
Explanation:
The International Conference and Exhibition on Sugarcane Value Chain Vision 2025 Sugar has
been inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Manjari near Pune on November 13, 2016.
It is organised by Vasantdada Sugar Institute (VSI). Around 1,500 delegates are expected to
participate in this conference from across the globe.The VSI is an autonomous body established
in 1975 by cane growers of co-operative sugar mills in Maharashtra with support of State and
Central government.

101. Who has been bestowed with the 2016 honorary Academy Award (or Oscar)?
[A]Jackie Chan
[B]Tom Hanks
[C]Chris Tucker
[D]Michelle Yeoh
Answer:Jackie Chan
Explanation:
Jackie Chan, the popular Chinese actor, has been bestowed with the honorary Academy Award
(or Oscar) by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences at the 8th Annual Governors
Awards at the Hollywood and Highland Center in Los Angeles on November 12, 2016 for his
extraordinary achievements in the movies. Chan is known for his acrobatic ghting style, comic
timing, use of improvised weapons and innovative stunts, in his movies. Beside him, the
honorary Oscar has been given to editor Anne Coates, casting director Lynn Stalmaster and
documentary maker Frederick Wiseman.

102. Who has become the first Indian woman to won 2016 Hero Womens Indian Open
tournament?
[A]Sharmila Nicollet
[B]Aditi Ashok
[C]Kishi Sinha
[D]Gauri Monga
Answer:Aditi Ashok
Explanation:
Indian Golfer Aditi Ashok has become the rst Indian woman to won a Ladies European Tour title
by clinching the Hero Womens Indian Open 2016 at Gurugram, Haryana. She won a prize purse
of $60,000.

103. Who has won the 2016 Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix?
[A]Nico Rosberg
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[B]Kimi Raikkonen
[C]Lewis Hamilton
[D]Max Verstappen
Answer:Lewis Hamilton
Explanation:
Lewis Hamilton, a Mercedes Formula One racing driver from England, has won the 2016 Formula
One Brazilian Grand Prix at Autodromo Jose Carlos Pace in Brazil. It is his 9th win in 2016 season
and the 52nd of his career.

104. The worlds highest skywalk will come up in which state of India?
[A]Himachal Pradesh
[B]Assam
[C]Arunachal Pradesh
[D]Sikkim
Answer:Sikkim
Explanation:
Sikkim Chief Minister Pawan Chamling has recently laid the foundation stone of a ropeway and
support facilities for the Bhaleydhunga Skywalk Project at Dhapper in Yangang, which once
completed, will be the worlds highest skywalk. The Bhaleydhunga Skywalk will be built at a
height of 10,300 feet with world class infrastructure and will be the second of its kind in Asia and
the rst in India.

105. Which Indian city will host India-China Joint Training Exercise Hand-in-Hand 2016?
[A]Kochi
[B]Pune
[C]Bhubaneswar
[D]Madurai
Answer:Pune
Explanation:
The 6th edition of India-China Joint Training Exercise Hand in Hand 2016 will be held in Pune
from November 15 to 27. The purpose of the joint training is to share the expertise in drills and
practices while tackling insurgency and terrorism and also to promote healthy military to military
relations between the Indian Army and the Peoples Liberation Army of China.

106. Which Indian-origin personality has been honoured with the Henley & Partners Global Citizen
Award for 2016?
[A]Leigh Foster
[B]Garriaud-Maylam
[C]Imtiaz Sooliman
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[D]Christian Kalin
Answer:Imtiaz Sooliman
Explanation:
Dr. Imtiaz Sooliman, an Indian-origin man in South Africa, has been awarded the prestigious
Global Citizen Award by international citizenship advisory rm Henley & Partners for his
innovative and visionary contribution to the global community. Sooliman is the founder of the
internationally-lauded Gift of the Givers Foundation. The Global Citizen Award is bestowed
annually to an inspirational individual who has made an extraordinary contribution towards
improving the global community. The award consists of a specially-made commemorative medal,
an award certicate and a $ 50,000 monetary prize, of which $ 25,000 is donated to the UN High
Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

107. Which committee has been constituted by the Supreme Court (SC) to verify the availability of
night shelters?
[A]H L Dattu committee
[B]T S Thakur committee
[C]S K Seth committee
[D]Kailash Gambhir committee
Answer:Kailash Gambhir committee
Explanation:
The Supreme Court has recently constituted Justice Kailash Gambhir committee to verify the
availability of night shelters, including if they are in compliance with the operational guidelines
under the National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) and to inquire into the reasons for slow
progress in setting up shelter homes by the States/Union Territories. The committee will submit
its report within 4 months. Justice Gambhir is the former Delhi High Court judge.

108. What is the theme of the 2016 World Diabetes Day (WDD)?
[A]Understand diabetes and live Happily
[B]Eyes on Diabetes
[C]Healthy Living and Diabetes
[D]Diabetes education and prevention
Answer:Eyes on Diabetes
Explanation:
The World Diabetes Day (WDD) is observed every year on November 14 as an annual campaign
to raise awareness about diabetes by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). The theme of
WDD 2016 is Eyes on Diabetes. This year the focus will be on promoting the importance of
screening to ensure early diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and treatment to reduce the risk of
serious complications.

109. Who is the author of The Burning Forest: Indias War in Bastar ?

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[A]Amrish Tripathi
[B]Ramachandra Guha
[C]Nandini Sundar
[D]Anish Sarkar
Answer:Nandini Sundar
Explanation:
The book The Burning Forest: Indias War in Bastar has been authored by sociologist Nandini
Sundar. Through book, the poet draws on many years of research in the beautiful and war-torn
region of Bastar.

110. Who will be honoured with the Tata Literature Live! Poet Laureate Award for 2016?
[A]Shantanu Ray Chaudhuri
[B]Lata Mangeshkar
[C]Gulzar
[D]Sonu Nigam
Answer:Gulzar
Explanation:
Lyricist-writer Gulzar will be honoured with the Tata Literature Live! Poet Laureate Award for
2016 for his contribution to Indian literature through his heart-rending poetry. The award carries
a citation, plaque and cash prize and will be presented to him at Tata Literature Live!s annual
awards ceremony to be held on November 17, 2016 at the National Centre for the Performing
Arts (NCPA), Nariman Point, Mumbai.

111. Padmini Rout is associated with which sports?


[A]Chess
[B]Tennis
[C]Hockey
[D]Badminton
Answer:Chess
Explanation:
Padmini Rout has recently won the 43rd edition of National Women Premier Chess Championship
2016 in New Delhi. It is 3rd time she won the championship. Rout is an Indian chess player who
holds the titles of International Master and Woman Grandmaster.

112. Which Indian city is hosting the 2016 National Childrens Film Festival (NCFF) ?
[A]New Delhi
[B]Jaipur
[C]Lucknow

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[D]Mumbai
Answer:Jaipur
Explanation:
The 2nd edition of National childrens lm festival (NCFF) has started at Birla Auditorium in
Jaipur, Rajasthan on November 14, 2016 with the theme Make in India.

113. Who is the head of a task force formed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to re-calibrate all
ATMs and cash dispensing machines with the new design of (Rs 500 and Rs 2000) notes?
[A]H R Khan
[B]N S Vishwanathan
[C]S S Mundra
[D]Shaktikanta Das
Answer:S S Mundra
Explanation:
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has formed a special task force under the Chairmanship of
Deputy G Governor of RBI SS Mundra to re-calibrate all ATMs and cash dispensing machines with
the new design of (Rs 500 and Rs 2000) notes. The task force will consists of representatives
from the government, large banks like SBI, Axis Bank, ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank, National
Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) and select channels.

114. How much loan amount has been sanctioned by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) to build
Indias longest river bridge across the Ganges River?
[A]$450 million
[B]$300 million
[C]$500 million
[D]$550 million
Answer:$500 million
Explanation:
The Government of India (GoI) has recently signed a $500 million loan agreement with the Asian
Development Bank (ADB) to build a 9.8 km long road bridge across the Ganges River to improve
transport connectivity between North and South Bihar and for better link between Patna and the
surrounding areas. This will be Indias longest river bridge. The project will also build viaducts,
embankments, and toll and service facilities, and will link to national highway networks.

115. India has recently signed agreements with which country in the field of water resources
management and agriculture?
[A]Israel
[B]Iran
[C]Palestine
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[D]Australia
Answer:Israel
Explanation:
India and Israel has inked two agreements in the eld of water resources management and
agriculture. The agreements were signed between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Israeli
President Reuven Rivlin in New Delhi.

116. Indias first Cherry Blossom Festival has started in which state?
[A]Arunachal Pradesh
[B]Andhra Pradesh
[C]Meghalaya
[D]Himachal Pradesh
Answer:Meghalaya
Explanation:
Indias rst Cherry Blossom Festival has started at Shillong in Meghalaya on November 14, 2016,
which is widely celebrated in Japan. The 4-day festival will provide opportunities to showcase the
unique beauty of pink and white cherry blossoms and traditional arts, culture and cuisine to the
naturalists and tourists of state. The Cherry Blossom Festival is popularly known as Sakura
Festival in Japan i.e. held in April every year.

117. The book Heyday: Britain and the Birth of the Modern World has been authored by whom?
[A]G M Young
[B]Charles Baudelaire
[C]Ben Wilson
[D]Keigo Higashino
Answer:Ben Wilson
Explanation:
The book Heyday: Britain and the Birth of the Modern World has been authored by Ben Wilson.
It is a lucid survey of episodes, diversities of experience and responses to these innovations as
the Northern Atlantic cultures begin to span far-ung geographies and histories of peoples.

118. The 2016 World Internet Conference has started in which country?
[A]Japan
[B]China
[C]India
[D]South Korea
Answer:China
Explanation:

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The 3rd edition of World Internet Conference has started in Wuzhen, China on November 16,
2016 to discuss the future of the digital economy.The 3-day event is expected to be attended by
delegates from more than 120 countries, including 8 top foreign leaders.

119. Which state has become the first Indian state to adopt the Fly Ash Utilization Policy?
[A]Andhra Pradesh
[B]Maharashtra
[C]Assam
[D]Uttar Pradesh
Answer:Maharashtra
Explanation:
The Maharashtra government has become the rst Indian state to adopt the Fly Ash Utilization
Policy to generate wealth from waste and environment protection. The state cabinet has recently
approved a policy for 100 % use of y ash generated from thermal power plants and biogas
plants for construction activities. The policy will create new employment opportunities in the
power plant sector and pave way for prosperity by generating Wealth from Waste. The y ash
will be used to make bricks, blocks, tiles, wall panels, cement and other construction materials.
This policy will save soil excavation and aid construction of low-cost housing.

120. Who has been honoured with the 2016 Raja Ram Mohan Roy Award for his outstanding
contribution to journalism?
[A]Arvind Kumar Singh
[B]Renjith Jonh
[C]S Nihal Singh
[D]T P Dhanesh
Answer:S Nihal Singh Veteran journalist S Nihal Singh has been honoured with the 2016 Raja
Ram Mohan Roy Award for his outstanding contribution to journalism on the occasion of the
National Press Day (NPD) and is presented by the Press Council of India (PCI). The award
carries a cash component of Rs 1 lakh. The National Press Day (NPD) is celebrated every year in
India on November 16 as a symbolic of a free and responsible press in India. This year, the day is
coincides with Golden Jubilee of Press Council of India.
121. The United Nations (UN) International Day for Tolerance is observed on which date?
[A]November 16
[B]November 17
[C]November 15
[D]November 18
Answer:November 16

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Explanation:
The The United Nations (UN) International Day for Tolerance is observed on November 16 every
year to appreciate the rich variety of worlds cultures, forms of expression and ways of being
human. The day recognises the universal human rights and fundamental freedoms.

122. Which state has become the first Indian state to adopt resolution on demonetisation?
[A]Madhya Pradesh
[B]Chhattisgarh
[C]Assam
[D]Haryana
Answer:Chhattisgarh
Explanation:
Chhattisgarh has become the rst Indian state to adopt a resolution on demonetization of high-
value currency notes. The decision was taken to ush out black money from the system and to
usher in the clean transaction and clean money system. Besides ghting black money, it will also
impact various other contentious issues plaguing the system.

123. How much Minimum Support Price (MSP) has been hiked in wheat by the Union Government
for 2016-17?
[A]Rs. 60 per quintal
[B]Rs. 100 per quintal
[C]Rs. 200 per quintal
[D]Rs. 150 per quintal
Answer:Rs. 100 per quintal
Explanation:
The Union Government has hiked Rs. 100 per quintal in wheat Minimum Support Price (MSP) to
Rs. 1,625 per quintal for the 2016-17 and pulses by up to Rs. 550 per quintal to boost the output
of these rabi (winter- sown) crops and check prices. Apart from this, MSP on Gram has been
hiked to Rs. 4,000 per quintal including bonus, from 3,500 rupees per quintal while MSP of Masur
has been raised to Rs. 3,950 per quintal from Rs. 3,400. The support price on Mustard and
saower has been hiked to Rs. 3,700 per quintal each. On Barley the support price has been
increased to Rs. 1,325 from Rs. 1,225 per quintal. To incentivize cultivation of pulses and
oilseeds, CCEA also announced a bonus on these crops over and above MSP. The MSP is the rate
at which government buys the grain from farmers.

124. 2016 Raad ul Barq military exercise has been conducted by which country?
[A]Afghanistan
[B]Nepal
[C]Iran
[D]Pakistan
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Answer:Pakistan
Explanation:
The comprehensive joint exercise 2016 Raad ul Barq Strike of thunder has been conducted
by Pakistan Army and Pakistan Air Force in Khairpur Tamewali ring range of Cholistan desert,
near Indo-Pak border, to showcase the combat readiness of the countrys defence line with live
repower demonstration using heavy artillery ghter jets and air defence weapons.

125. Har Ghar Bijli Lagataar programme has been launched by which state government?
[A]Bihar
[B]Uttar Pradesh
[C]Odisha
[D]Rajasthan
Answer:Bihar
Explanation:
The Bihar government has recently launched Har Ghar Bijli Lagataar (continuous power to every
home) programme to provide free electricity connection to about 50 lakh households above the
poverty line. The purpose of the programme is to supply power to every household in Bihar in the
next two years.

126. Indo-China joint military exercise Hand-in-Hand 2016 has started in which state?
[A]Rajasthan
[B]Maharashtra
[C]Madhya Pradesh
[D]Odisha
Answer:Maharashtra
Explanation:
The 6th edition of India-China Joint Military Training Exercise Hand-in-Hand 2016 has started at
the parade ground in Aundh Military Camp in Pune, Maharashtra from November 15 and will
continue till November 27. The purpose of the joint exercise is to share the expertise in drills and
practices while tackling insurgency and terrorism and also to promote healthy military to military
relations between the Indian Army and the Peoples Liberation Army of China.

127. Which Indian chess grandmaster has won the 2016 Champions Showdown?
[A]Viswanathan Anand
[B]Babu M.R. Lalith
[C]Vidit Santosh Gujrathi
[D]Dronavalli Harika
Answer:Viswanathan Anand
Explanation:
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Indian chess Grandmaster Viswanathan Anand has won the 2016 Champions Showdown in Saint
Louis, USA. Anand beat three other grandmasters- Hikaru Nakamura, Fabiano Caruana and
Veselin Topalov to clinch the top spot. The tournament saw each competitor play 24 matches,
including two classical round robins, two rapid round robins and four blitz round robins. Anand
won seven and drew 16. His only defeat came on the nal day against Nakamura.

128. The book Water for Elephants has been authored by whom?
[A]Audrey Niffenegger
[B]Robert Pattinson
[C]Luain Gaines
[D]Sara Gruen
Answer:Sara Gruen
Explanation:
The Water for Elephants is a historical novel authored by Sara Gruen. The novel presents us
with a fascinating history of the American circus as well as a painful look at the time known as
The Great Depression.

129. Dharambir Singh is associated with which sports?


[A]Sprint
[B]Football
[C]Cricket
[D]Boxing
Answer:Sprint
Explanation:
Haryana sprinter Dharambir Singh is in news because he has been slapped an 8-year ban by the
National Anti-Doping Agency (NADA) because of his second dope-related oence. Earlier, he was
barred from representing India in the 2016 Rio Olympics at the last minute for failing a dope test.

130. For which purpose Hind-Iran portal has been launched between India and Iran?
[A]Social cause
[B]Trade
[C]Education
[D]Entrepreneurship
Answer:Trade
Explanation:
The Hind-Iran portal hindirantrade.org has been launched between India and Iran to facilitate
trade. The purpose of the trade portal is to disseminate information relevant to Indo-Iran Trade
and to provide an e-marketplace for the buyers and sellers of the two countries. It is a joint
initiative of STC and Douman Queshm, Iran.

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131. The 2016 World Travel Market (WTM) has started in which city?
[A]London
[B]New Delhi
[C]Geneva
[D]Berlin
Answer:London
Explanation:
The 2016 World Travel Market (WTM), the leading global event for the travel industry, has
started in London, United Kingdom (UK). The 3-day business-to-business exhibition for the
worldwide travel and tourism industry will be attended by almost 50,000 senior travel industry
professionals, government ministers and international press. Ministry of Tourism, Government of
India (GoI) has participated as Ocial Premier Partner at WTM London 2016.

132. Which of the following has been named as the worlds fastest supercomputer, as per recently
released Top500 list of supercomputers?
[A]Tianhe-2
[B]Sunway Taihulight
[C]IBM Sequoia
[D]Cori
Answer:Sunway Taihulight
Explanation:
Sunway Taihulight has been named as the worlds fastest supercomputer title, as per recently
released semiannual Top 500 list of supercomputers. It is developed by the Chinas National
Research Centre of Parallel Computer Engineering and Technology (NRCPC). Taihulight can
perform 93 quadrillions calculations per second (petaop/s). It is intended for use in research and
engineering including climate, weather, life sciences, advanced manufacturing and data
analytics. The TOP 500 list is considered one of the most authoritative rankings of the worlds
supercomputers. It is compiled on the basis of the machines performance on the Linpack
benchmark by experts from U.S. and Germany.

133. Which state government has signed a MoU with the Microsoft India for digital initiatives?
[A]Andhra Pradesh
[B]Kerala
[C]Telangana
[D]Tamil Nadu
Answer:Telangana
Explanation:
The Telangana government has recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the
Indian unit of Microsoft Corporation for digital Telangana programme. Under the MOU, Microsoft
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India will work with the state government to support the development of cloud and mobile-based
solutions and support the use of machine learning and advanced visualization to help solve
challenges in the elds of education, agriculture and healthcare.

134. The 2016 Great Indian Film and Literature Festival (GIFLIF) will be held in which state?
[A]Uttar Pradesh
[B]Maharashtra
[C]Assam
[D]Haryana
Answer:Haryana
Explanation:
The 2016 Great Indian Film and Literature Festival (GIFLIF) will be held at DLF Cyber Hub in
Gurugram, Haryana from December 2 to showcase the vernacular spirit of Indian lm and
literature. The 3-day-festival will include panel discussions on an array of themes ranging from
lmmaking, digital media, advertising, to publishing, literature, script writing and lm screenings,
besides a play and a music concert.

135. Sonam Wangchuk, who has been chosen for the 2016 Rolex Awards for Enterprise, is belonged
to which country?
[A]India
[B]China
[C]Nepal
[D]Bhutan
Answer:India
Explanation:
Dr.Sonam Wangchuk, the famous educationist and social scientist from Ladakh, has been
awarded the prestigious 2016 Rolex Awards for Enterprise at Los Angelis for remedying water
scarcity in Western Himalayas by building articial glaciers- Ice Stupas to store water for
irrigation purpose and aorestation of desert land. The Rolex Award funds will support his Ice-
stupas project and promote ice stupas as a climate-change adaptation and desert-greening
technique.

136. The National Institute of Sowa Rigpa will be established in which state?
[A]Himachal Pradesh
[B]Jammu & Kashmir
[C]Sikkim
[D]Uttarakhand
Answer:Jammu & Kashmir
Explanation:

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The National Institute of Sowa Rigpa will be established at Leh in Jammu & Kashmir, which is
approved by Government of India (GoI). The Tibetan Medicine system is known as Sowa Rigpa
(Amchi). The System of Sowa Rigpa is practiced in many parts of India viz. Ladakh, Sikkim,
Darjeeling, Mon Tawang and West Kameng regions of Arunachal Pradesh, etc. The medicine has
been recognized by Government of India (GoI) by amending the Indian Medicine Central Council
(IMCC) Act, 2010.

137. Where is the headquarters of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO)?
[A]Bangaluru
[B]Chennai
[C]New Delhi
[D]Pune
Answer:New Delhi
Explanation:
Recently, the Ministry of AYUSH has decided to set up a central regulatory structure for AYUSH
drugs as a part of Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO) to enforce the
provisions for Ayurvedic, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathic drugs in coordination with the State
regulatory authorities. The CDSCO is the national regulatory body for Indian pharmaceuticals and
medical devices and is headquarters is located at New Delhi.

138. The book A Season of Ghosts has been authored by whom?


[A]Amrish Tripathi
[B]Chetan Anand
[C]Ruskin Bond
[D]Milan Ganguly
Answer:Ruskin Bond
Explanation:
The book A Season of Ghosts has been authored by Ruskin Bond. It is an entertaining book,
which have interesting short stories about the mists and mellow magic of Bonds beloved
mountains.

139. The 2016 Global Citizen India festival has started in which city?
[A]New Delhi
[B]Mumbai
[C]Chennai
[D]Lucknow
Answer:Mumbai
Explanation:
The 2016 Global Citizen India festival has started at MMRDA Grounds in Mumbai, Maharashtra

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that will bring together popular culture and public policy in one of the largest gatherings for a
social cause. Global Citizen India is a social action platform for a generation that wants to solve
the worlds biggest challenges. The festival will conclude a two-month long campaign in support
of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. It will mark the beginning of a 15-year-
long journey to activate and mobilize young Indians to ensure India leads the ght against
extreme poverty.

140. Which Indian company has been named as the 2016 Digital Innovator of the Year by GE
Digital?
[A]Infosys
[B]Wipro
[C]Reliance Jio
[D]Tata Consultancy Services
Answer:Tata Consultancy Services
Explanation:
Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has been awarded 2016 Digital Innovator of the Year by GE
Digital in the Ecosystem Excellence award category at GEs Minds + Machines event in San
Francisco, California. The award recognizes TCS innovation and excellence in developing the
TCS Digital Store, an expanding suite of ready-to-use digital solutions that deliver superior
customer experience, real time data analytics and organizational agility across multiple industry
segments.

141. The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna -Gramin (PMAY-G) has been launched in which city for rural
poor ?
[A]Agra
[B]Bhopal
[C]New Delhi
[D]Jaipur
Answer:Agra
Explanation:
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna Gramin (PMAY-G), in
Agra, Uttar Pradesh to provide aordable houses to all those Indians living below the poverty line
by the year 2022. Under the scheme, Rs. 1, 50,000 will be given for each house which will be
equipped with many facilities like kitchen and toilet. Beside this, the prime minister has also
distributed allotment letters to 50 beneciaries of the scheme, which aims to provide about 3
crore new housing units countrywide.

142. Eliud Kipchoge, who has won mens Airtel Delhi Half Marathon (ADHM), is belonged to which
country?
[A]Sudan
[B]Kenya
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[C]Ethiopia
[D]Jamaica
Answer:Kenya
Explanation:
Kenyan Rio Olympic marathon champion, Eliud Kipchoge has won the the 9th edition of mens
Airtel Delhi Half Marathon(ADHM) at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium while Ethiopias Worknesh
Degefa clinched the womens title. Over 34 thousand participants from across the world
participated in the marathon. Both the mens and womens elite winners won $27,000 for their
victories.

143. Who has been honored with the 2016 Centenary Indian Film Personality of the year award at
the 47th International Film Festival of India (IFFI)?
[A]Vijay Yesudas
[B]Bhimsen Joshi
[C]SP Balasubrahmaniam
[D]Jyotsna Radhakrishnan
Answer:SP Balasubrahmaniam
Explanation:
SP Balasubrahmaniam, the legendary singer, has been honored with the 2016 Centenary Indian
Film Personality of the year award at the 47th International Film Festival of India (IFFI) 2016 at
Panaji in Goa for his distinguished services to the lm industry. In the 2016 IFFI, South Korea will
be the focus country and its movies will be showcased and well-known lm personalities will also
attend the festival. In it, the 2016 the Lifetime Achievement Award has been awarded to Im
Kwon Taek, the internationally acclaimed South Korean lm director and writer.

144. Who has been conferred the 2016 Mother Teresa Memorial International Award for Social
Justice?
[A]Hishaam Hussain
[B]Faraaz Ayaaz Hossain
[C]Abinta Kabir
[D]Tarishi Khan
Answer:Faraaz Ayaaz Hossain
Explanation:
Faraaz Ayaaz Hossain, the young man who refused to desert his friends during the July 1 terror
attack at the Holey Artisan Bakery in Dhaka, has been conferred the 2016 Mother Teresa
Memorial International Award for Social Justice posthumously at a ceremony in Mumbai by NGO
Harmony Foundation. This is the rst time the award has been conferred posthumously.

145. India has been elected as Vice Chair of Kimberly Process Certificate Scheme (KPCS) for which

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year?
[A]2019
[B]2017
[C]2020
[D]2018
Answer:2018
Explanation:
India has been elected as the Vice Chair for 2018 and Chair for 2019 of Kimberley Process
Certicate Scheme (KPCS). The announcement was made at the recently held KP Plenary
Meeting 2016 at Dubai. India is founder member of Kimberley Scheme of United Nations for
import/export of rough diamonds to ensure that conict diamonds are not traded. The Chair
oversees the implementation of the program, the operations of the working groups and
committees, and general administration. The Chair rotates annually. The current chair of KPCS is
the nation that held the position of vice chair the previous year.

146. Which country has launched the worlds longest super-secure quantum communication line?
[A]New Zealand
[B]China
[C]Japan
[D]South Korea
Answer:China
Explanation:
China has launched the worlds longest super-secure quantum communication line to safely
transmit sensitive information. The new 712 km quantum communication line links Hefei, capital
of Anhui province, to Shanghai, the countrys nancial hub. It is part of a 2,000-km quantum
communication line connecting Beijing and Shanghai.

147. Who has won the 2016 womens singles China Open Badminton Super Series Premier?
[A]Kirsty Gilmour
[B]PV Sindhu
[C]Li Xuerui
[D]Saina Nehwal
Answer:PV Sindhu
Explanation:
Ace Indian shuttler PV Sindhu has won the 2016 womens singles China Open Badminton Super
Series Premier by defeating Sun Yu of China in the nal by 2111, 1721, 2111 in Fuzhou, China
and won the prize money of $700,000.

148. What is the theme of the 2016 World Toilet Day (WTD)?

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[A]Toilets and nutrition


[B]Toilets and jobs
[C]Equality and dignity
[D]I give a shit, do you?
Answer:Toilets and jobs
Explanation:
The World Toilet Day (WTD) is observed every year on November 19 to motivate and mobilize
people on issues of sanitation. The 2016 theme is Toilets and jobs to focus on how sanitation,
or the lack of it, can impact peoples livelihoods.

149. Which famous personality has been conferred the 2016 Sumitra Charat Ram Award for lifetime
achievement in the field of Indian classical music?
[A]Hari Prasad Chourasia
[B]Kishori Amonkar
[C]Birju Maharaj
[D]Mayadhar Raut
Answer:Hari Prasad Chourasia
Explanation:
The well-known autist Pt Hari Prasad Chourasia has been conferred the 2016 Sumitra Charat
Ram Award for lifetime achievement in the eld of Indian classical music by Lieutenant Governor
Najeeb Jung at Kamani Auditorium in New Delhi. The award is given to individuals who have
excelled in the eld of Indian classical dance and music or other disciplines of the Indian art and
culture, including theatre during the last 15 years and who had a signicant impact in promoting
a particular art form.

150. What is the theme of 2016 United Nations'(UN) Universal Childrens day?
[A]Teach Respect
[B]A World Fit for Children
[C]Stop violence against children
[D]Innovate for Children
Answer:Stop violence against children
Explanation:
The United Nations'(UN) Universal Childrens Day is observed every year on November 20 to
promote international togetherness, awareness among children worldwide and improving
childrens welfare. The 2016 theme is Stop Violence Against Children.

151. Where is the headquarters of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)?
[A]Geneva
[B]Berlin
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[C]Washington
[D]New York
Answer:Geneva
Explanation:
India has recently become an associate member of the European Organization for Nuclear
Research (CERN) that operates the largest particle physics laboratory in the world. The
agreement was signed by Dr. Sekhar Basu, Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission and
Secretary and CERN Director General Dr. Fabiola Gianotti in Mumbai, Maharashtra. With this
membership, India will enhance participation of young scientists and engineers in various CERN
projects and bring back knowledge for deployment in the domestic programmes. It will also open
opportunities for Indian industries to participate directly in the CERN project. The headquarters of
the CERN is located at Geneva, Switzerland.

152. Which Indian golfer has won 2016 BANK BRI-JCB Indonesia Open?
[A]Anirban Lahiri
[B]Gaganjeet Bhullar
[C]Jyoti Randhawa
[D]Jeev Milkha Singh
Answer:Gaganjeet Bhullar
Explanation:
Gaganjeet Singh Bhullar, an Indian professional golfer, has won the $300,000 BANK BRI-JCB
Indonesia Open for the 2nd time in his career after closing with a four-under-par 68 at Pantai
Indah Kapuk in Jakarta. With this win, Bhullar has become the 5th player after Thaworn
Wiratchant of Thailand, Frank Nobilo of New Zealand, Frankie Minoza of the Philippines and Lu
His-chuen of Chinese Taipei to win the event twice.

153. The worlds first Bollywood Park theme park has opened in which city?
[A]Mumbai
[B]New York
[C]Dubai
[D]Kuala Lumpur
Answer:Dubai
Explanation:
The worlds rst Bollywood theme park has opened in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). The
theme park will have 16 cinematic rides, six themed restaurants and a choice of 30 live shows
that are inspired by contemporary and classic blockbusters, including the Dabangg action
movies and the epic historical drama Mughal-E-Azam. The vibrant cultutal-rich park boasts
cinemas, a theatre, rides, simulators and 4D shows of popular Hindi movies.

154. Denton Cooley, the famous surgeon who performed worlds first artificial heart transplant, was

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belonged to which country?


[A]Germany
[B]China
[C]Japan
[D]United States
Answer:United States
Explanation:
Dr. Denton A. Cooley (96), the famous heart surgeon who performed worlds rst articial heart
transplant, has recently passed away in Texas, United States. Cooley was the founder of Texas
Heart Institute and pioneered many techniques that are still used in cardiovascular surgery.

155. Which Indian personality has been honoured with the 2016 Dr. Nagendra Singh Internal Peace
award?
[A]Baba Ramdev
[B]Sushma Swaraj
[C]Narendra Modi
[D]Sri Sri Ravishankar
Answer:Sri Sri Ravishankar
Explanation:
Spiritual guru Sri Sri Ravishankar has been honoured with the Dr Nagendra Singh International
Peace Award for his eorts in ensuring world peace at a function at Vigyan Bhawan, New
Delhi.The award has been instituted in the memory of Dr.Nagendra Singh, the rst Indian judge
at International Court of Justice, Hague.

156. Which of the following is the Indias longest expressway in the Indian road network?
[A]Agra-Lucknow Expressway
[B]Ahmedabad Vadodara Expressway
[C]Allahabad Bypass Expressway
[D]Yamuna Expressway
Answer:Agra-Lucknow Expressway
Explanation:
Indias longest Agra-Lucknow Expressway has recently inaugurated by Uttar Pradesh Chief
Minister Akhilesh Yadav at Bangarmau in Unnao district of Uttar Pradesh. It is a 302 kms 6-lane
controlled-access highway, which will be expandable to 8-lanes in future. The Greeneld
expressway is expected to reduce the travel time between two cities to three and half hours. It
will further reduce the journey time between Lucknow and Delhi by almost half to 5-6 hours.

157. What is the Indias rank in the 2017 Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI)?
[A]56th
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[B]20th
[C]37th
[D]66th
Answer:20th
Explanation:
India has been ranked 20th out of 58 nations on the 2017 Climate Change Performance Index
(CCPI), as per latest publication issued by Germanwatch and Climate Action Network Europe. The
top three positions are left vacant and France is at 4th position followed by Sweden, United
Kingdom, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Malta and Portugal. The CCPI is an instrument designed to
increase transparency in international climate politics and aims to put political and social
pressure on those countries which have, up until now, failed to take ambitious action on climate
protection.

158. Who has won the 2016 Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize?
[A]Mahesh Rao
[B]Janice Pariat
[C]Akshaya Mukul
[D]Samanth Subramanian
Answer:Akshaya Mukul
Explanation:
Akshaya Mukul, the senior journalist, has been awarded the 2016 Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize
for his book Gita Press and the Making of Hindu India. The book gives us details how a small
regional press like Gita Press and Kalyan magazine and a determined individual ideologue can
inuence the mind-set of a nation, reconstruct a religion and seed the politics of separatism that
owers nearly a century later.

159. Ram Naresh Yadav, who recently passed away, was the former Chief Minister of which state?
[A]Madhya Pradesh
[B]Rajasthan
[C]Uttar Pradesh
[D]Haryana
Answer:Uttar Pradesh
Explanation:
Ram Naresh Yadav (89), the Veteran Congress leader and former Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister,
has recently passed away in Lucknow. He was very popular among common and poor people as
he was easily accessible to all of them. He completed his term as Madhya Pradesh governor on
September 8, 2016 as his last stint of public service.

160. The book The Ivory Throne: Chronicles of The House of Travancore has been authored by
whom?
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[A]Manu S. Pillai
[B]Kanishk Tharoor
[C]Madhu Gurung
[D]Nisid Hajari
Answer:Manu S. Pillai
Explanation:
The book The Ivory Throne: Chronicles of The House of Travancore has been authored by Manu
S. Pillai. Through the novel, the author traces the rise and fall of Maharani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi
(1895 -1985), regent queen of the erstwhile Kingdom of Travancore.

161. Who has been elected as the new President of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and
Industry (FICCI) for 2017?
[A]Pankaj Patel
[B]Harshavardhan Neotia
[C]Nikunj Srivastav
[D]Anil Bhatti
Answer:Pankaj Patel
Explanation:
Pankaj Patel has been elected as the President of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce
and Industry (FICCI) for the year 2017. He will succeed Harshavardhan Neotia during the Ficci
AGM to be held on December 2016 in New Delhi. Patel is the Chairman and Managing Director
(CMD) of Cadila Healthcare Ltd.

162. Which of the following has become the Indias first e-assembly constituency?
[A]Dharamshala assembly constituency
[B]Palampur assembly constituency
[C]Rinchenpong assembly constituency
[D]Chujachen assembly constituency
Answer:Palampur assembly constituency
Explanation:
The Palampur Assembly Constituency has become the Indias rst e-assembly constituency at
Kangra district in Himachal Pradesh. Now, the resident of constituency would not only know
about the development works going on by one click on computer but they would also send their
requirement about funds for dierent schemes in their respective areas online. This system
would be introduced in other 67 constituencies of the state in next 6 months.

163. Indias first International Childrens festival will be held in which city?
[A]Mumbai
[B]Pune
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[C]New Delhi
[D]Guwahati
Answer:Mumbai
Explanation:
The 2nd edition of the Windmill Festival, touted as Indias rst International Childrens festival,
will be held at Reliance Jio Garden in Mumbai on January 14 and 15, 2017. The 2-day festival will
be jointly organised by Event Capital and Tribe Asia and will cater kids below 12 years. It will
include a day care centre; play areas, centre for robotics, centre for art, workshops, music and
sports arena and much more, all categorised to suit the needs of dierent age groups of children.

164. William Trevor, who died recently, was the renowned author of which country?
[A]Iceland
[B]Portugal
[C]Ireland
[D]Greece
Answer:Ireland
Explanation:
The Irish author William Trevor (88), one of the greatest short story writers, has recently passed
away at Somerset in England. His mournful, sometimes darkly funny short stories and novels
about the small struggles of unremarkable people placed him in the company of masters like V.
S. Pritchett, W. Somerset Maugham and Chekhov.

165. M Balamuralikrishna, who passed away recently, was the famous personality of which field?
[A]Journalism
[B]Music
[C]Dance
[D]Politics
Answer:Music
Explanation:
Legendary Carnatic musician M.Balamuralikrishna (86) has recently passed away in Chennai,
Tamil Nadu. He penned about 300 kirtanas and many Universities decorated him with honorary
doctorates. Balamuralikrishna caught the nations attention in Doordarshans iconic music video
Mile Sur Mera Tumhara in which he sang the Tamil lyrics in the song rst telecast on
Independence Day in 1988. He was also a recipient of Filmfare awards and National Film Awards
for best music direction and playback singing.

166. Dr.Viveki Rai, who was the famous Hindi and Bhojpuri litterateur, was belonged to which
state?
[A]Madhya Pradesh

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[B]Chhattisgarh
[C]Uttar Pradesh
[D]Jharkhand
Answer:Uttar Pradesh
Explanation:
Dr. Viveki Rai (92), the renowned Hindi and Bhojpuri litterateur, has recently passed in Varanasi,
Uttar Pradesh. He wrote about 50-books of stories, essays and novels. His novel Sonamati
recognized as one of his best literary work. Rais creative works mainly depict rural life of India.
His rst story was Pakistani published in 1945 in the then popular newspaper Aaj.

167. Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, who has been conferred the first World Sanskrit Award, is belonged
to which country?
[A]India
[B]Malaysia
[C]Thailand
[D]Indonesia
Answer:Thailand
Explanation:
Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand has been conferred the rst World Sanskrit Award
for her contribution towards promotion of the language by the Vice President Mohammad Hamid
Ansari at the Pravasi Bharatiya Kendra in New Delhi. The award is instituted by the Indian Council
for Cultural Relations (ICCR) and is presented to eminent Sanskrit scholars to recognise their
outstanding contribution to the study/teaching/research in Sanskrit language and literature.
Sirindhorn is an educator and scholar of Sanskrit and Pali.

168. Prof.MGK Menon, who passed away recently, was the chief of which organisation?
[A]Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
[B]Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
[C]Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
[D]Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC)
Answer:Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
Explanation:
Prof. MGK Menon (88), an acclaimed physicist and ex- Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
chief, has recently passed away in Karnataka. He played a prominent role in the development of
science and technology in India over the last ve decades. He was also a Fellow of the Indian
Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society of London.

169. Which Indian journalist has been honoured with the CPJs 2016 International Press Freedom
Award?

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[A]Malini Subramaniam
[B]Zafarul Islam Khan
[C]Prannoy Lal Roy
[D]Palagummi Sainath
Answer:Malini Subramaniam
Explanation:
Indian journalist Malini Subramaniam has been conferred with the Committee to Protect
Journalists (CPJ)s 2016 International Press Freedom at the Waldorf-Astoria in New York City.
Subramaniam has won the award for reporting on human rights violations by security forces in
Chhattisgarhs Bastar region, despite facing threats and censure from authorities. She won the
award along with El Salvadors Oscar Martinez and Turkeys Can Dundar. Jailed Egyptian
photographer Abou Zeid, known as Shawkan, was given an award in absentia.

170. Who will be the chief guest at the 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) Convention?
[A]Li Keqiang
[B]Shinzo Abe
[C]Antonio Costa
[D]Satyandre Adhin
Answer:Antonio Costa
Explanation:
The Indian-origin Portugal Prime Minister, Antonio Costa will be the chief guest at the 14th
Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) Convention to be held from January 7 to 9, 2017 in Bengaluru,
Karnataka. Apart from this, Michael Ashwin Satyandre Adhin, vice-president of the Republic of
Suriname, will be the special guest at the Youth Pravasi Bharatiya Divas to be held on January 7,
2017 in Bengaluru.

171. Smart Water Distribution Monitoring web portal has been launched by which state
government ?
[A]Andhra Pradesh
[B]Telangana
[C]Kerala
[D]Tamil Nadu
Answer:Andhra Pradesh
Explanation:
The Andhra Pradesh government has recently launched the Smart Water Distribution
Monitoring web interface through which people can check the status of drinking water in the
water tanks nearby. The Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system helps in
reduction of water wastage as well as ensure seamless supply to the households. The monitoring
portal is a part of ourvmc.org from where it can be accessed.

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172. Which of the following entities has launched Indias first payment bank?
[A]Reliance Industries
[B]Airtel M Commerce Services
[C]Vodafone M-Pesa
[D]FINO PayTech
Answer:Airtel M Commerce Services
Explanation:
Airtel Payments Bank Limited (or Airtel Bank), a subsidiary of Bharti Airtel Limited has launched
Indias rst payment bank with 7.25% interest on savings accounts as a pilot basis of its banking
services in Rajasthan.Airtel Banks services can be accessed by Airtel customers on their mobile
phones through the Airtel Money app, through USSD by dialing *400#; or via a simple IVR by
dialing 400. Both the USSD & IVR options are available in Hindi and English language and work
on simple feature phones as well. The non-Airtel customers can access Airtel Banks services by
dialing 8800688006.

173. Who has been honoured with the 2016 International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Award?
[A]Rainer Brinkmann
[B]William S. Benson
[C]Radhika Menon
[D]Wu Shengli
Answer:Radhika Menon
Explanation:
Captain Radhika Menon from India has been honoured with the 2016 International Maritime
Organisation (IMO) Award for her exceptional bravery in the dramatic rescue of 7 shermen from
a sinking shing boat in tumultuous Bay of Bengal waters in 2015 at IMO Headquarters in
London. With this, she has become the rst woman in the world to be awarded by the IMO.
Menon is also the Indias rst female Merchant Navy Captain. The annual award was established
by IMO to provide international recognition for those who, at the risk of losing their own life and
perform acts of exceptional bravery.

174. The 2016 World Robot Olympiad (WRO) will be held in which country?
[A]China
[B]Japan
[C]France
[D]India
Answer:India
Explanation:
The 13th edition of World Robot Olympiad (WRO) will be held in Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.
The theme for the competition is Rap the Scrap, where students would showcase solutions to

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reduce, manage and recycle waste using robotics technology. Over 2,000 participants from 55
countries are taking part in the international championship. The WRO is an annual robotics
competition for students where participants will be presenting ideas on problem solving through
the use of robots. The competition is being organized jointly by the India STEM Foundation and
the National Council of Science Museums (NCSM) under the Ministry of Culture.

175. The book How to Steal a Ghost@Manipal has been authored by whom?
[A]Shweta Taneja
[B]Aditya Sudharsan
[C]Sudha Murthy
[D]Amrish Tripathi
Answer:Shweta Taneja
Explanation:
The book How to Steal a Ghost@Manipal has been authored by Shweta Taneja. Its a novel
about paranormal adventure, full of romance, jealousy, folklore, gadgets and ghosts.

176. India has recently signed bank information sharing deal with which country for the
implementation of Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI)?
[A]Malaysia
[B]Switzerland
[C]Mauritius
[D]Singapore
Answer:Switzerland
Explanation:
India has recently signed bank information sharing deal with Switzerland for the implementation
of Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI) between the two countries. With this joint
declaration, India will automatically receive all nancial information about its residents, including
bank accounts and balances, dividends and interest income and sales proceeds used to calculate
capital gains tax, from September 2019. The AEOI seeks to bring the era of banking secrecy to
an end; eventually all nancial information will be shared between governments. Switzerland is a
signatory to the AEOI agreement under the aegis of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation
and Development.

177. Who has been appointed as the new Chairman of National Highways Authority of India
(NHAI)?
[A]Danish Kapoor
[B]K K Sahoo
[C]Raghav Chandra
[D]Yudhvir Singh Malik
Answer:Yudhvir Singh Malik
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Explanation:
Yudhvir Singh Malik, an 1983-batch Haryana cadre IAS ocer, has been appointed as the new
Chairman of National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). He succeeded Raghav Chandra, who
has been shifted to National Commission for Scheduled Tribes as secretary. Earlier, Malik was the
special secretary in National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog.

178. Which Indian film has been nominated as Indian entry for ICFT UNESCO Gandhi Medal?
[A]Harmonia
[B]Allama
[C]Beluga
[D]A Real Vermeer
Answer:Allama
Explanation:
Allama, a lm directed by T.S. Nagabharana, has been nominated as Indian entry for the
International Council for Film, Television and Audio-visual Communication (ICFT) UNESCO Gandhi
Medal. ICFT Paris in collaboration with UNESCO will award the lm that best reects the Gandhi
ideals of peace, tolerance and non-violence, a prestigious Gandhi Medal and Certicate. Allama
is a lm about 12th century metaphysician, a son of a temple dancer who embarks on a quest for
knowledge and answers to his four core sentiments, yearning, and obsession Maddales, failures
and self-realization.

179. Which committee was constituted by Union Government on Yoga Education in Universities?
[A]M M Lal committee
[B]Dwarakanath Bhavan Committee
[C]Suresh Lal Barnawal committee
[D]H R Nagendra committee
Answer:H R Nagendra committee
Explanation:
The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH, Shripad Yesso Naik has recently given
information regarding Prof. H.R. Nagendra committee on Yoga Education in Universities in the
Rajya Sabha. The 12-member committee has prescribed the curriculum for the following ve
courses: Bachelors of Science (yoga), Masters of Science(Yoga), Doctor of Philosophy(Yoga), Post
Graduate Diploma In Yoga and Post Graduate in Yoga Therapy. The committee has also
prescribed the details of courses to be run and qualication of yoga faculty in its report.

180. The 2016 International Tourism Mart has started in which state of India?
[A]Arunachal Pradesh
[B]Manipur
[C]Tripura
[D]West Bengal
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Answer:Manipur
Explanation:
The 5th edition of International Tourism Mart-2016 has started at Sanjenthong in Imphal,
Manipur from November 23rd 25th, 2016. The Union Ministry of Tourism has organized the
annual event in association with the North Eastern States and West Bengal. The purpose of the
event is to highlight the tourism potential of the region in the domestic and international
markets.

181. Annapurna Rasoi Programme will be started by which state government to provide quality
meal to weaker section?
[A]Rajasthan
[B]Uttar Pradesh
[C]Madhya Pradesh
[D]Odisha
Answer:Rajasthan
Explanation:
The Rajasthan government will start the Annapurna rasoi programme to provide quality meal at
cheap price to people belonging to the weaker section and labourers. Under the programme,
labourers, rickshaw pullers, auto drivers, students, working women, elders and other weaker
section will be provided breakfast at Rs 5 per plate and lunch/dinner at Rs 8 per plate.

182. Which advanced monitoring system will be introduced by Indian Railways to collision
avoidance?
[A]Tri-Sutra
[B]Tri-Netra
[C]Tri-Call
[D]Tri-Nest
Answer:Tri-Netra
Explanation:
Indian Railways will soon introduce an advanced system Tri-Netra on its trains which will help
to reduce train accidents by keeping a record of the track maintenance and will also provide
better visibility during foggy days. Tri-Netra stands for Terrain imaging for diesel drivers infra-
red, enhance optical & radar assisted system. The system provides a locomotive pilot a clear
view of up to 1km on a straight track, even during inclement weather. This helps in maintaining
high speed in poor visibility and avoids delay in arrivals. Tri-Netra system is made up of a high-
resolution optical video camera, high-sensitivity infrared video camera and a radar-based terrain
mapping system.

183. Which Indian institution has been ranked as the top institution in India by QS Graduate
Employability Rankings 2017?
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[A]IIT-Delhi
[B]University of Delhi
[C]IIT Kharagpur
[D]IIT-Madras
Answer:IIT Kharagpur
Explanation:
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur has been ranked as the top institution in India by
QS Graduate Employability Rankings 2017. This is the 2nd consecutive year that the Indias
oldest technology school has spotted in the list of top 100 universities. The top 3 universities
ranked globally are Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Tsinghua
University. Three hundred universities from across the world had participated in the exercise.

184. K. Subaash, who passed away recently, was related to which field?
[A]Sports
[B]Politics
[C]Science
[D]Film Industry
Answer:Film Industry
Explanation:
K. Subaash, the Tamil writer-director, has recently passed away in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. He was
best known for penning superstar Shah Rukh Khan starrer Chennai Express. Beside this, he also
worked on Bollywood movies such as Sunday, Entertainment and Housefull 3.

185. The 2016 Wangala harvest festival has celebrated by which tribe of North-East India?
[A]Deori tribe
[B]Khasi tribe
[C]Garo tribe
[D]Nyishi tribe
Answer:Garo tribe
Explanation:
The Wangala harvest festival is an annual post-harvest festival of the Garo tribe of Meghalaya
i.e. started in November 2016. The festival marks the end of the agricultural year. It is an act of
thanksgiving to the sun god of fertility Misi-A-Gilpa-Saljong-Galapa. During the festival, men
play the drums and women perform the Wangala Dance. The festival is also known as 100 Drum
Festival, which mainly includes tribal groups oering sacrices to please their main deity
Saljong the Sun God.

186. What is the Indias rank in the 2016 Global ICT Development Index (IDI)?
[A]71st

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[B]138th
[C]155th
[D]66th
Answer:138th
Explanation:
India has been ranked 138th out of 175 nations in the 2016 ICT Development Index (IDI), as per
new report published by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The list is topped by
the South Korea, Iceland, Denmark, Switzerland and United Kingdom (UK).The 2016 IDI is the
part ITUs agship annual Measuring the Information Society Report that presents a global and
regional overview of the latest developments regarding information and communication
technologies (ICTs), based on internationally comparable data and agreed methodologies.

187. Harjeet Singh is associated with which sports?


[A]Boxing
[B]Wrestling
[C]Badminton
[D]Hockey
Answer:Hockey
Explanation:
Mid-elder Harjeet Singh from Punjab has been named as the captain in the 18-member Indian
Mens hockey team in the Junior World Cup to be held in Lucknow from December 8 to 18, 2016.
Defender Dipsan Tirkey will shoulder the responsibilities of the vice-captain. Harjeet was also
part of the Indian senior mens team that won the silver medal at the FIH Champions Trophy in
London 2016 where he replaced ace midelder Sardar Singh.

188. Which committee has been constituted to convert 100% Government Citizen Transactions to
the digital platform?
[A]Piyush Goyal committee
[B]Arun Jaitely committee
[C]Kirti Parekh committee
[D]Amitabh Kant committee
Answer:Amitabh Kant committee
Explanation:
The Government of India (GoI) has constituted a committee of ocers to enable 100 %
conversion of Government Citizen Transactions to the digital platform. The committee, under
the leadership of NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant, will identify and operationalize various digital
payment systems appropriate to dierent sectors of the economy and coordinate eorts to make
them accessible and user-friendly. The committee will also identify and access infrastructural
and bottlenecks aecting the access and utility of digital payment options.

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189. The book Midnights Furies: The Deadly Legacy of Indias Partition has been authored by
whom?
[A]Kisan Jha
[B]Nisid Hajari
[C]Milan Vaishnav
[D] Ruskin Bond
Answer:Nisid Hajari
Explanation:
The book Midnights Furies: The Deadly Legacy of Indias Partition has been authored by Nisid
Hajari, an Indian Author and foreign aairs expert . Its a fast-moving and highly readable
account of the violence that accompanied the partition of India in 1947.It takes a fresh look at
how Partition created not just a physical boundary, but also a psychological border between
these two states.

190. Dileep Padgaonkar, who passed away recently, was the famous personality of which field?
[A]Sports
[B]Journalism
[C]Politics
[D]Science
Answer:Journalism
Explanation:
Dileep Padgaonkar, the noted journalist and editor, has recently passed away in Pune,
Maharashtra. He was part of a 3-member interlocutors team that was chosen by the Centre in
2010 to have dialogues with various strata of society in Jammu and Kashmir. Padgaonkar was a
long-time editor of the Times of India and was a recipient of the Legion dHonneur, Frances
highest civilian distinction, for his services to journalism.

191. What is the theme of 2016 International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women?
[A]Orange your neighbourhood
[B]Orange the world
[C]Orange the life
[D]Orange the people
Answer:Orange the World
Explanation:
The 2016 International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is observed every
year on November 25 to raise public awareness of violence against women. The 2016 theme is
Orange the World raise funds to end violence against women in which orange colour
designated the UNiTE campaign to symbolize a brighter future without violence.

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192. Which Bollywood actor has won the Best Performance by an Actor award at the 2016 Asia
Pacific Screen Awards?
[A]Manoj Bajpayee
[B]Johnny Lever
[C]Danny Denzongpa
[D]Nawazuddin Siddiqui
Answer:Manoj Bajpayee
Explanation:
The Bollywood actor Manoj Bajpayee has won the Best Performance by an Actor at the 10th
edition of Asia Pacic Screen Awards (APSA) for his performance as Professor Siras in Aligarh
directed by Hansal Mehta. The 10th APSA is recognizing and promoting cinematic excellence and
cultural diversity of the worlds fastest growing lm region.

193. Who has been elected as the new National President of Trade body Indo-American Chamber of
Commerce (IACC) for 2016-17?
[A]K K Kamal
[B]Vasant Subramanyan
[C]N V Srinivasan
[D]Lalit Bhasin
Answer:N V Srinivasan
Explanation:
N V Srinivasan has been elected as the new National President of Trade body Indo-American
Chamber of Commerce (IACC) for 2016-17.

194. The Constitution Day is celebrated on which date in India?


[A]November 25
[B]November 24
[C]November 27
[D]November 26
Answer:November 26
Explanation:
The Constitution Day (or Samvidhan Divas) is celebrated every year in India on November 26 to
commemorate the adoption of Constitution of India and spread awareness among youth. On this
day in 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India and it came into
eect on 26 January 1950. On this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra has recently released two
books on Constitution Making of Constitution and New Version of Constitution of India.

195. Fidel Castro, who passed away recently, was the revolutionary leader of which country?

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[A]Cuba
[B]Libya
[C]Namibia
[D]Ethiopia
Answer:Cuba
Explanation:
Fidel Castro (90), the revolutionary leader and former President of Cuba, has recently passed
away in Havana, Cuba. Under his administration, Cuba became a one-party socialist state,
industry and business were nationalized and state socialist reforms implemented throughout
society.

196. Which Indian boxer to be honoured with Legends Award by International Boxing Association
(AIBA)?
[A]Sarjubala Devi
[B]Mary Kom
[C]Mandeep Jangra
[D]Shiva Thapa
Answer:Mary Kom
Explanation:
M C Mary Kom, an Olympic bronze-medallist and a 5-time world champion, to be honoured with
Legends Award by International Boxing Association (AIBA) on December 20,2016.

197. Which portal has been launched by Union Government to track air flights & register
complaints?
[A]AirSuraksha Portal
[B]AirSandesh Portal
[C]AirTrack Portal
[D]AirSewa Portal
Answer:AirSewa Portal
Explanation:
The Union Government has launched an AirSewa Portal and Mobile App to oer air travelers a
convenient and hassle free experience in New Delhi. Through this app, passengers can check
their ight status, ight schedule and register their grievances. The user will be given a unique
reference number for each reported grievance and passengers can track its status and response.
The website is designed to bring together information about all airports and airlines on a single
portal. The nodal ocers have been nominated by the Airline and Airport to address the
grievances in a time bound manner.

198. Sachin Singh is associated with which sports?


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[A]Boxing
[B]Wrestling
[C]Badminton
[D]Football
Answer:Boxing
Explanation:
Sachin Singh has become the 3rd Indian boxer ever to bag gold at the AIBA Youth World
Championships. In the 49 kg weight class, Sachin defeated the Cuban national champion Jorge
Grinan in the nal by 5-0 at St Peterburg, Russia. With this, India nished the tournament with
one gold and a bronze.

199. e-pashuhaat portal has been launched by which union ministry for livestock?
[A]Narendra Modi
[B]Arun Jaitley
[C]Radha Mohan Singh
[D]Rajnath Singh
Answer:Radha Mohan Singh
Explanation:
The Union Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Minister, Radha Mohan Singh has recently launched e-
pashuhaat portal (www.epashuhaat.gov.in) to connect farmers and breeders of bovine animals.
The portal will provide all details at a single platform, including availability of bovine germplasm.
The e-pashu haat portal will not only enable the farmers to buy bovine animals but cattle frozen
semen and embryo may also be purchased through it.

200. The book Banaras City of Light has been authored by whom?
[A]Vrinda Grover
[B]Diana Eck
[C]Mini Kapoor
[D]Sanjaya Baru
Answer:Diana Eck
Explanation:
The book Banaras City of Light has been authored by Diana L. Eck. It is about the spiritual and
historical aspects of the city.

201. The book Swimmer Among the Stars has been authored by whom?
[A]Kanishk Tharoor
[B]Nikunj Juneja
[C]Amitav Ghosh

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[D]AK Ramanujan
Answer:Kanishk Tharoor
Explanation:
The book Swimmer Among the Stars has been authored by Kanishk Tharoor. The novel is a
magnicent collection of short ction. It transports one into a dierent world, especially with its
minute details, achieving the near-impossible with words.

202. Anand Yadav, who passed away recently, was the author of which language?
[A]Hindi
[B]Marathi
[C]Odia
[D]Telugu
Answer:Marathi
Explanation:
Anand Yadav, the renowned Marathi author and Sahitya akademi awardee, has recently passed
away in Pune, Maharashtra. His autobiography Zombi won him Sahitya Akadmi award in 1991.
During his illustrious career, Mr Yadav faced a major controversy over his book Santsurya
Tukaram, wrote on Sant Tukaram, a 17th century saint poet from Maharashtra. He has penned
around 40 books which comprise collection of essays, poems, criticism,etc.

203. The 2016 annual Conference of Directors-General of Police (DGPs) of States has been held in
which city?
[A]New Delhi
[B]Pune
[C]Hyderabad
[D]Guwahati
Answer:Hyderabad
Explanation:
The 51st edition of Annual Conference of Directors-General of Police (DGPs) of States has been
held at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) in Hyderabad, Telangana
on November 25, 2016 to focus on cross-border terrorism, inltration and radicalisation of youth.
The 3-day conference was inaugurated by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh. It was attended
by around 100 DGPs of states, Director Generals of Central paramilitary forces and their
Inspectors General.

204. The National Milk Day (NMD) is celebrated on which date in India?
[A]November 28
[B]November 29
[C]November 25

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[D]November 26
Answer:November 26
Explanation:
The National Milk Day (NMD) is celebrated every year on November 26 to mark the birth
anniversary of Dr. Verghese Kurien, the father of Indias White Revolution. The 2016 campaign
uses the cow as the visual element to highlight the works of Dr. Kurien. Additionally, Amul has
also printed 150 million milk pouches with the National Milk Day logo which features Dr. Kuriens
picture with the National Milk Day logo on it.

205. Indias first underwater festival has been held in which city?
[A]Pune
[B]Kochi
[C]Mumbai
[D]Guwahati
Answer:Pune
Explanation:
Indias rst underwater festival has been held at the Finkick Adventures SCUBA Diving Center in
Pune, Maharashtra on November 27, 2016. The purpose of the festival was to promote
awareness about the state of marine life and encourage people to conserve it. The fest organised
by Finkick Adventures in which both swimmers and non-swimmers can enjoy a host of games like
underwater-chess and hockey.

206. Who has been appointed as the new Chief of Army Staff (COAS) of Pakistan?
[A]Raheel Sharif
[B]Zubair Hayat
[C]Ishfaq Nadeem Ahmed
[D]Qamar Javed Bajwa
Answer:Qamar Javed Bajwa
Explanation:
Lt. Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa has been appointed as the new Chief of Army Sta (COAS) of
Pakistan. He will succeed Gen. Raheel Sharif who has formally retired from service.

207. Indian Police at Your Call mobile app has been launched by which union minster?
[A]Rajnath Singh
[B] Arun Jaitely
[C]Narendra Modi
[D] Sushma Swaraj
Answer:Narendra Modi
Explanation:
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi has recently launched the Indian Police at Your Call mobile app at
a national police conference in Hyderabad organised by the Intelligence Bureau (IB). The app is a
GIS Map based interface for the citizens to locate police stations near to their current location so
that they can easily reach the police station in case of emergency. The App also promoted the
facility to Tap to Call any of these police stations and know the route and road distance to
reach there.

208. Who has been appointed the new director of Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of
Administration (LBSNAA), Mussoorie?
[A]Sapna Lodha
[B]Upma Chawdhry
[C]Vineet Thakur
[D]Rajeev Kapoor
Answer:Upma Chawdhry
Explanation:
Upma Chawdhry, a 1983-batch IAS ocer of Himachal Pradesh cadre, has been appointed the
new director of the prestigious Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration
(LBSNAA), Mussoorie. With this, she has become the rst-ever woman director of the Academy.
Chawdhry will succeed Rajeev Kapoor.

209. The 2nd edition of Judima Festival will be hosted by which state?
[A]Arunachal Pradesh
[B]Sikkim
[C]Assam
[D]Haryana
Answer:Assam
Explanation:
Assams picturesque hill station Haong will host the Judima Festival on December 18, 2016 on
sports and culture. The theme of the festival will be centered on preservation, promotion and
nurturing of ethnic culture, music, dance, craft and folk-art of Dimasa tribals living in Dima Hasao
district of the state. The 2nd edition of festival is not only a symbolic celebration of the rich
Dimasa drink but also to initiate the idea of an alternative means of livelihood to the local
brewers.The festival has been named after the Dimasa traditional brew Judima, which is one of
the best brews in the region.

210. Indias first digital and cashless village Akodara is located in which state?
[A]Tamil Nadu
[B]Gujarat
[C]Maharashtra
[D]Kerala

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Answer:Gujarat
Explanation:
Indias rst digital and cashless village Akodara is located at Sabarkantha district in Gujarat. It
is situated 90 kms away from Ahmedabad. Under the guidance of Prime Minister Narendra Modi,
the village was adopted by the ICICI Foundation in 2015 and developed as a digitised village. In
it, all transactions are carried out without cash changing hands through sms, net-banking or
debit cards.

211. Which Indian state will become the first state in India to go cashless?
[A]Goa
[B]Sikkim
[C]Assam
[D]Kerala
Answer:Goa
Explanation:
Goa will become the rst state in India to go cashless from December 31, 2016. With this, people
will be able to buy perishables such as sh, meat, vegetables or anything else at the press of a
button on their mobile. There will be no need to carry purse for purchases, as all transactions will
be done on the mobile.

212. The book The Immortals of Meluha has been authored by whom?
[A]Aravind Adiga
[B]Vikram Seth
[C]Kiran Desai
[D]Amish Tripathi
Answer:Amish Tripathi
Explanation:
The book The Immortals of Meluha has been authored by Amish Tripathi. The book is based on
the belief that perhaps the actions, the deeds and karma are the only deciding factors in
transforming an ordinary man to Mahadev God of Gods.

213. Which Indian short film has won the award at the 2016 UNESCO Salon Youth Video
Competition?
[A]3 Shades
[B]Ambani the investor
[C]Magical Piano
[D]Ahlaya
Answer:Magical Piano
Explanation:
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Magical Piano, a short lm by the Toonz Media Group, has won an award at the prestigious
UNESCO Salon Youth Video Competition 2016. Magical Piano is story about a child who
receives a magical piano for his birthday. Using the magic of music, the kid goes own to clean
the whole planet and then the whole universe, making it a cleaner and happy place to live. This
unique story was written by Mayul Verma, an upper primary student from Agra, Uttar Pradesh.

214. Which countrys Davis team has won the 2016 Davis Cup tennis tournament?
[A]Argentina
[B]Switzerland
[C]Serbia
[D]Croatia
Answer:Argentina
Explanation:
The Argentina Davis Cup team has won the 2016 edition of Davis Cup tennis tournament by
defeating Croatia in the nal by 3-2 in Zagreb, Croatia. It is their rst Davis Cup title. Del Potro
and Federico Delbonis are played a remarkable play to win the title. Argentina had lost in the
nal of the tournament four times earlier while Croatia won the title in 2005.

215. Who has been appointed as the Director-General of Military Operations (DGMO)?
[A]Lalit Kumar
[B]Shokin Chauhan
[C]A K Bhatt
[D]Ranbir Singh
Answer:A K Bhatt
Explanation:
Lt-General A K Bhatt has been appointed as the new Director-General of Military Operations
(DGMO) and will be in charge of all army operations including on the LoC which has seen
heightened tension. Bhatt will succeed Lt-General Ranbir Singh, who has been appointed as the
General Ocer Commanding (GOC) of the Mathura-based Strike 1 Corps.

216. Which Indian snooker has won bronze at IBSF World Snooker Championship 2016?
[A]Pankaj Advani
[B]Geet Sethi
[C]Manan Chandra
[D]Aditya Mehta
Answer:Pankaj Advani
Explanation:
The 15-time World Billiards and Snooker Champion, Pankaj Advani has recently won bronze
medal at the IBSF World Snooker Championship by defeating Andrew Pagett of Wales in the nal

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by 2-7 in Doha. Advani is the only player in the world to compete at the world championship level
in both sports and be successful in all the formats of both billiards and snooker.

217. Which film has won the Golden Peacock award at the 2016 International Film Festival of India
(IFFI)?
[A]Rauf
[B]Daughter
[C]The Throne
[D]Cold of Kalandar
Answer:Daughter
Explanation:
Iranian lm Daughter has won the prestigious Golden Peacock award at the 47th International
Film Festival of India (IFFI). The lm is a family drama set in southern Iran that brings out inter-
generational conict between a strict father and a young daughter. It has been directed by Reza
Mirkarimi. The lm also won the best actor male award for Farhad Aslani, who won the Silver
Peacock prize and Rs.10 lakh in cash.

218. Who will head the newly constituted committee of chief ministers on demonetisation?
[A]Manohar Lal Khattar
[B]Pinarayi Vijayan
[C]Shaktikanta Das
[D]N Chandrababu Naidu
Answer:N Chandrababu Naidu
Explanation:
The Union Government has decided to constitute a committee with Chief Ministers of ve states
to suggest measures to normalise the situation in the wake of demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs
1,000 denomination notes. The committee will be headed by Andhra Pradesh CM N Chandrababu
Naidu.

219. Which advisory committee has been formed by the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India
(IBBI) on service providers?
[A]Ajay Tyagi committee
[B]M S Sahoo committee
[C]Uday Kotak committee
[D]Mohandas Pai committee
Answer:Mohandas Pai committee
Explanation:
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) has recently constituted two high-level
committees to gather inputs on various aspects, including on service providers and corporate
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liquidation. The 9-member advisory committee on service providers is headed by educationist


Mohandas Pai while the panel on corporate insolvency and liquidation is chaired by noted banker
Uday Kotak. IBBI seeks to consolidate and amend laws relating to reorganisation as well as
insolvency resolution of corporate persons, partnership rms and individuals in a time-bound
manner.

220. The 50th anniversary of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
(UNCITRAL) has been hosted by which country?
[A]India
[B]Germany
[C]Singapore
[D]Malaysia
Answer:India
Explanation:
India has recently hosted the 50th anniversary of United Nations Commission on International
Trade Law (UNCITRAL) in New Delhi as part of its commitment to the purposes and principles of
the United Nations and the evolution of its specialized programmes and agencies. India is only
one of 8 countries that has been a member of UNCITRAL from its inception, and has recently
been re-elected for a term of six years. The purpose of the UNCITRAL is to promote the
progressive harmonization and unication of international trade law.

221. Indias first and Asias longest cycle highway has been opened in which state of India?
[A]Uttar Pradesh
[B]Andhra Pradesh
[C]Odisha
[D]Assam
Answer:Uttar Pradesh
Explanation:
Indias rst and Asias longest cycle highway has been opened in Uttar Pradesh. The 207-km-long
cycle highway runs between Etawah and Agra. It was inaugurated by state Chief Minister
Akhilesh Yadav. It is about 7-feet-wide and is separated by a divider from main highway which
ensures the safety of cyclists.

222. The book Migrants, Refugees and the Stateless in South Asia has been authored by whom?
[A]Shashi Tharoor
[B]Partha Ghosh
[C]Sunil Khilnani
[D]Pratap Bhanu Mehta
Answer:Partha Ghosh
Explanation:
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The book Migrants, Refugees and the Stateless in South Asia has been authored by Partha
S.Ghosh. The book addresses the concept of migration with the aim of building theory as well as
drawing from existing theories to understand South Asian realities. It highlights the less-explored
cultural dimensions of migration music, literature, cinema and art thereby extending migration
research into the realms of security discourse.

223. Who will be honoured with the 2016 Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR)
Distinguished Indologist Award?
[A]Michael Kosterlitz
[B]Yu Long Yu
[C]Yoshinori Ohsumi
[D]Heinrich Freiherr
Answer:Yu Long Yu
Explanation:
Prof. Yu Long Yu of China will be honoured with the 2nd Indian Council for Cultural Relations
Distinguished Indologist Award by the President Pranab Mukherjee at Rashtrapati Bhavan in
New Delhi. The award has been instituted by ICCR to recognize eminent Indologists working
abroad who have made outstanding contribution to the study and research of Indias philosophy,
thought, history, art and culture. The award amount is $20, 000.

224. The 2016 World Ayurveda Congress will be hosted by which country?
[A]China
[B]Japan
[C]Nepal
[D]India
Answer:India
Explanation:
The 7th World Ayurveda Congress (WAC) will be held from December 2, 2016 at Science City in
Kolkata, West Bengal.The mega event is being organized by the World Ayurveda Foundation with
support of Ministry of AYUSH and the State Government of West Bengal. The focus of congress is
Strengthening the Ayurveda Ecosystem.

225. The 2016 Heart of Asia (HoA) Istanbul Ministerial Process will be hosted by which country?
[A]Pakistan
[B]India
[C]Iran
[D]China
Answer:India
Explanation:

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The 7th edition of Heart of Asia (HoA) Istanbul Ministerial Process will be held in Amritsar,
Punjab from December 3, 2016. The prime motive of this conference will be to explore eective
ways to combat terrorism, particularly Pakistan-sponsored terrorists.

226. What is the Indias GDP growth forecast for FY 17, as per recently report by Morgan Stanley?
[A]7.3%
[B]7.5%
[C]7.7%
[D]7.6%
Answer:7.3%
Explanation:
As per recently report by Morgan Stanley, Indias GDP growth forecast has been cut from 7.7% to
7.3% in the FY17 as the governments move to cancel old high-value notes is expected to
adversely impact the near-term economic activity. Morgan Stanley has also lowered the growth
projection for FY 18 (2017-18) to 7.7% from 7.8%. Beside this, Indias GDP growth for FY
(2018-19) forecast at 7.9%.

227. Who has been honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2016 Raymond
Crossward Book award?
[A]Ruskin Bond
[B]Roopa Pai
[C]Amitav Ghosh
[D]Gulzar
Answer:Ruskin Bond
Explanation:
Ruskin Bond has been honoured with the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 14th edition of
Raymond Crossword Book Award on November 29, 2016 in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

228. Who has been appointed as the new Delhi chief secretary?
[A]K K Sharma
[B]Gopal Rai
[C]M M Kutty
[D] Nutun Guha
Answer:M M Kutty
Explanation:
MM Kutty, a 1985 batch IAS ocer, has been appointed as the new Delhi chief secretary. He
replaced K. K. Sharma, who was transferred to the Union HRD Ministry as OSD. Prior to this
appointment, he was working as the Additional Secretary in the Union Ministry of Environment
and Forests.
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229. Hashim Mansoor, who has recently won gold in the Asian Karate Championship, is belonged to
which state?
[A]Himachal Pradesh
[B]Uttar Pradesh
[C]Jammu and Kashmir
[D]Kerala
Answer:Jammu and Kashmir
Explanation:
Hashim Mansoor (6) from Jammu and Kashmir has recently won gold in the Asian Karate
Championship at the Talkatora stadium in New Delhi. Mansoor represented India in the sub-junior
category (below 25 kg) in the championship, which featured participants from 19 other countries.
After this win, he has now qualied for the World Championship, to be held in September 2017.

230. Who has won the 2016 Formula 1 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix?
[A]Sebastian Vettel
[B]Nico Rosberg
[C]Max Verstappen
[D]Lewis Hamilton
Answer:Lewis Hamilton
Explanation:
Lewis Hamilton, a British Formula One racing driver from England, has won the 2016 Abu Dhabi
Grand Prix in United Arab Emirates (UAE).

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