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# POLITEKNIK SULTAN SALAHUDDIN ABDUL AZIZ SHAH

LAB SHEET

## Programme Diploma in Mechanical Engineering

JJ 512 : Basic Hydraulic Experiment 3: Hydraulic System
Course Code

## LEARNING OUTCOME (CLO) :

Upon completion of this laboratory, students should be able to:
i. Identify appropriate equipment for use in experiments.(C4)
ii. Organize appropriately experiments in groups according to the standard of
procedures.(P5)
iii. Report briefly the pneumatic and hydraulic experiments in group.(A3)
BASIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

## Approved by: ZAHID DAIM

EXPERIMENT OUTCOMES:

## i. Hydraulic circuit connections correctly.

ii. Understanding the function of the equipment used in the circuit connectivity.
iii. Can ensure that problems occur during circuit connection

DESCRIPTION OF EXPERIMENT:

For it to be possible actively to extend and retract the cylinder, a double-acting cylinder is
needed (e.g. the boom of an excavator). Double-acting cylinder are classified into single-
rod cylinder with different areas each side of the piston and double-rod cylinders with the
same area each side of the piston. Because of the different volumes of the single-rod
cylinder, it travels at different velocities when it is operated by directional control valves.
In this experiment, the shut-off valve DZ2 (throttle) is used to control the travel velocity.
The throttle, or orifice plate, is installed in the pressure line downstream of the directional
control valve. Of course, any throttle valve, e.g. throttle check valve DF2 and fine throttle
valve DF1 could be used here instead of DZ2. A 4/2-way valve DW3 is used to control
the flow, since the flow must be controlled in two directions (double-acting cylinder).

DESCRIPTION OF EXERCISE

Consider a circuit with which it is possible to extend and retract the cylinder at different
velocities. The velocity will be controlled by mean of the shut-off valve DZ2.
The pressure can be adjusted with the pressure relief valve DD1, and read from the
pressure gauge DZ1.

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BASIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

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## Fig. 1 Exercise sheet Experiment 4 Double-acting cylinder

Solution

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BASIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

## Fig. 2 Connection diagram experiment 4 Double-acting cylinder

PREPARATION OF EXPERIMENT
Have the following equipment to hand for the experiment:

## 1 4/2 directional control valve DW3

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BASIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

1 cylinder

## 1 pressure gauge DZ1 with manifold

Pressure hoses
1 stop watch

SAFETY PRECAUTION:

## Make sure the equipment is placed in the right situation

Make sure the tube is connected properly

## SETTING UP THE EXPERIMENT

Now set up the circuit observing the following points:
1. Make sure the pump is switched off and the circuit is not pressurized.
2. Mount the following into the test panel:

PROCEDURE:

## 1. Make sure the supply pressure at 4-5 bar

2. Take the components involved and put on the table in practice.
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BASIC PNEUMATIC SYSTEM

3. Arrange the components in the right place according to the circuit diagram.
4. Make sure the hoses and pneumatic components are in proper condition before
operations.
5. Before opening pressure switch, call a technician / lecturer to check the
connection in the system.
6. Open pressure switch and run the experiment.

RESULT:

## - Is the circuit is connected correctly?

- Are circuit shall have the leak?
- Are circuit right function?

CONCLUSIONS:

## 1. Describe the way the circuit works.

2. What is the function of two pressure valve?
3. State the logic of the AND function

REFERENCES:

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