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Department of Mining Engineering

(Established in 2013)

B. Tech - Mining Engineering

Course File
B. Tech IV - I SEM
Subject: MINERAL PROCESSING
Subject Code: 40720

Academic Year 2016 2017


MALLA REDDY ENGINEERING COLLEGE (Autonomous)
(Approved by AICTE & Affiliated to JNTUH)
Maisammaguda, Dhulapally (Post via Kompally), Secunderabad- 500100

Page 1
CONTENTS

S. No Topic

1. Department Vision and Mission


2. Department PEOs
3. Department POs
4. Graduate Attributes
5. PEOs mapping with POs
6. Subject mapping with PEOs
7. Subject mapping with POs
8. Syllabus Copy
9. Course objective and Outcomes
10. Lesson plan
11. Time table
12. Unit wise short and long answer essay questions
13. Unit wise multiple choice questions
14. Unit wise fill in the blanks
15. Unit wise assignments
16. I and II mid exam questions
17. Model question papers Final exams

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Malla Reddy Engineering College
(Autonomous)
Department of Mechanical Engineering

VISION

To be a center of excellence in Mining Education and Research to produce competent


and committed Mining Engineers to face the challenges of the industry and to create good
environment for Nation growth.
Constantly thriving to provide quality education with a stress on new technologies safety and
conservation of minerals.

MISSION

To train students with latest technologies and equip them with skills to run the
industries with safety conservation and productivity.

To have regular contacts with industries research organizations and other institutions and to
provide technical solutions. Continued research activities to understand and analyze all
technical issues and to find solutions with a stress on safety and production.

PROGRAMME EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES:

PEO1: To upgrade students knowledge in Basic Sciences, Earth Sciences, Humanities & Social
Sciences, Management, Environmental Sciences and Basic Engineering domains with an
objective of application of these domains in Mining Engineering.

PEO2: To enrich the field oriented knowledge base of the graduates in the areas of geology,
exploration, mine planning, management, safety, mine valuation, mineral development,
exploitation, mineral beneficiation, environmental impact assessment, reclamation, mine closure
and socio-economic and legal issues through inter disciplinary inputs and guidance with an aim
of producing wholesome mining engineers.

PEO3: To enhance technical and intellectual competence of the students in mining and allied
domains and encourage them for pursuing higher education and carry out R&D activities in the
area of mining & other earth science disciplines that support environmental compliance and
energy security needed for the societal growth.

PEO4: To make the students successful professionals backed with techno-managerial


capabilities to address societal needs with regard to the environment, health and safety, and
conservation of our natural resources.

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PROGRAMME OUTCOMES:

a an ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering,

b an ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data,

an ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs within realistic
c constraints such as economic, environmental, social, political, ethical, health and safety,
manufacturability, and sustainability,

d an ability to function on multidisciplinary teams,

e an ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems,

f an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility,

g an ability to communicate effectively,

the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global,
h
economic, environmental, and societal context,

i a recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning,

j a knowledge of contemporary issues,

an ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for
k
engineering practice.

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The Graduate Attributes for UG Engineering Student
1. Engineering Knowledge: apply Knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals and
an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.
2. Problem Analysis: Identify, formulate, research literature and analyze complex engineering
problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences
and engineering sciences.
3. Design / Development of Solutions: Design solutions for complex engineering problems and design
system components or processes that meet specified needs with appropriate consideration for public
health and safety, cultural, societal and environmental considerations.
4. Conduct investigations of complex problems using research-based knowledge and research
methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data and synthesis of
information to provide valid conclusions.
5. Modern Tool Usage: Select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern engineering
and IT tools, including prediction and modeling, to broadly-defined engineering activities, with an
understanding of the limitations.
6. The Engineer and society: Demonstrate understanding of the societal, health, safety, legal and
cultural issues, and the consequent responsibilities relevant to engineering technology practice.
7. Environment and sustainability: Understand the impact of engineering/technology solutions in
societal and environmental context, and demonstrate knowledge of, and need for sustainable
development.
8. Ethics: Understand and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of engineering
technology practice.
9. Individual and Team work: Function effectively as an individual, and as a member or leader in
diverse technical teams.
10. Communication: Communicate effectively on Broadly-defined engineering activities with the
engineering community and with society at large, by being able to comprehend and write effective
reports and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear
instructions.
11. Project Management and Finance: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of engineering
management principles and apply the same to ones own work, as a member and leader in a team and
to manage projects in multidisciplinary environments.
12. Life-long learning: Recognize the need for, and have the ability to engage in independent and life-
long learning in specialized technologies.

PEOs Mapping with POs

Program Educational Program outcomes(a-k)


Objective
a b c d e f g h i j k

PEO 1 * * *

PEO 2 * *

PEO 3 * * *

Page 5
Subject Mapping with PEOs
The components of the curriculum and their relevance to the POs and the PEOs

Programme curriculum grouping based on different components

Total no of
Curriculum Content contact hours
Course Total number
(%of number of credits POs PEOs
Component TOTAL of credits
of the programme)
HOURS= L+T

Professional IV year
core Mineral Processing 2+4 4 a, b,c,e,f,h,k 1,2,3

Subject Mapping with POs


Core engineering subjects and their relevance to Programme Outcomes.

Contribution of Program Outcomes (a-k) Course outcomes


courses to program
outcomes

IV YEAR

Course No. & Title a b c d e f g h i j k

Mineral Processing * * * * * * * Student will be able to


understand
characteristics and
processing of minerals

Year Course Name Outcomes Program Highly Moderately


Outcomes

Mineral Student will be able to understand *


Processing characteristics and processing of
IV minerals and size preparation after
comminution, Different
concentration methods.

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MALLA REDDY ENGINEERING COLLEGE (AUTONOMOUS)
VI Year B.Tech. Mining Engg. I-Sem L T/P/D C
MINERAL PROCESSING (2016-17) 3 1/-/- 4

PRE-REQUISITE: Development of Mineral Deposits

UNIT-I

Introduction: Scope, objectives and limitations of mineral processing, liberation and


beneficiation characteristics of minerals and coal. Comminution: Theory and practices of
crushing and grinding; different types of crushing and grinding equipments their applications
and limitations.

UNIT-II

Size Separation: Laboratory size analysis and interpretation; settling of solids in fluids;
industrial screens, mechanical classifiers and hydro cyclones.
Gravity Concentration Methods: Jigging, Heavy media separation, flowing film concentrators
theory, applications and limitations.

UNIT-III

Froth Floatation: Physico-chemical principles, reagents, machines, floatation of sulphides,


oxides and coal.

UNIT-IV

Electrical Methods of Concentration: Principles, fields of applications and limitations.

UNIT-V

Flow Sheets: Simplified flow sheets for coal, zinc, iron, and manganese ores.
Magnetic methods of concentration Principles, Fields of Application and Limitation.

OUTCOMES: Student can understand characteristics and processing of minerals and size
separation after crushing, different methods of separation, flow charts for coal, zinc, iron and
manganese.

TEXT BOOKS:
1. Introduction to Mineral Processing V. Malleswar Rao, Indian Academy of Geoscience
2. Mineral Processing Barry AWills, Elsevier.

REFERENCE BOOKS:
1. Mineral Processing S.K. Jain, CBS Publishers & Distributors

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COURSE OBJECTIVES & OUTCOME:

OBJECTIVES:
The student with this course is exposed to the topics of mineral processing and different steps
involved in mineral processing, comminution theories, different crushing and grinding
equipments, different concentration techniques such as classification, jigging, heavy media
separation, flowing film concentration, flotation, electrical and magnetic separation, flow charts
for coal, zinc, iron and manganese.

OUTCOME:
Student can understand characteristics and processing of minerals and size separation after
crushing, different methods of separation, flow charts for coal, zinc, iron and manganese.

Page 8
MALLA REDDY ENGINEERING COLLEGE
(AUTONOMOUS)

DEPARTMENT OF MINING ENGINEERING

COURSE STRUCTURE
LECTURE PLAN AND SCHEDULE

Name of the faculty member: N Venkatesh Branch: Mining Engg


Subject title: Mineral Processing Subject code: 40720
Number of periods per week: 6 Number of credits: 04
Academic year & semester: 2016-17, IV B.Tech I Semester
Number Chapter/Unit as Topic to be covered
of per course
Lecture structure
Hours

1 Introduction of A brief introduction to the subject and explaining outline


the subject of the subject
2 UNIT-1 Scope, objectives and limitations of mineral processing

3 Steps involved in the mineral processing

4 liberation and beneficiation characteristics of minerals


and coal
5 liberation and beneficiation characteristics of minerals
and coal
6 Comminution and theories of comminution

7 Crushing and different crushing euipments

8 Applications and limitations of crushing

9 Grinding and different grinding euipments

10 Applications and limitations of grinding

11 Review of the unit.


An overview of comminution and different equipments of

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crushing and grinding
12 UNIT-2 Introduction of the unit and outline.
13 Laboratory size analysis and interpretation;

14 settling of solids in fluids

15 settling of solids in fluids continuation

16 industrial screens

17 mechanical classifiers

18 hydro cyclones

19 Jigging theory, operation

20 Applications and limitations of Jigging

21 Heavy media separation theory, operation

22 Types of media in heavy media separation. Applications


and limitations.
23 Flowing film concentrators theory, applications and
limitations.
24 Review of the unit.

25 UNIT-3 Introduction of the unit and outline.

26 Overview of flotation process

27 Physico-chemical principles influencing the flotation


process
28 Froth flotation - theory

29 Factors affecting the flotation process

30 Reagents used in the flotation process

31 Flotation machines

32 Flotation of Sulphides

33 Flotation of Oxides

34 Flotation of Coal

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35 Review of the unit.

36 UNIT-4 Introduction of the unit and outline.

37 Electrostatic properties of minerals

38 Electrostatic properties of minerals continuation

39 Overview of the electrical separation method

40 Theory and Operation of electrical separation

41 Theory and Operation of electrical separation


continuation
42 Different methods of electrical separation processes

43 Different methods of electrical separation processes


continuation
44 Applications of electrical separation processes

45 Limitations of electrical separation processes

46 Review of the unit.

47 UNIT-5 Introduction of the unit and outline.

48 Simplified flowsheet for processing of Coal

49 Simplified flowsheet for processing of Zinc ores

50 Simplified flowsheet for processing of Iron ores

51 Simplified flowsheet for processing of Maganese ores

52 Magnetic properties of minerals

53 Overview of the Magnetic separation method

54 Theory and Operation of magnetic separation

55 Different methods of magnetic separation processes

56 Different methods of magnetic separation processes


continuation

57 Applications of magnetic separation processes

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11
58 Limitations of magnetic separation processes

59 Review of the unit.

60 Brief outline and revision of entire syllabus

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12
Time Table:

I II III IV V VI VII
12.50 to
Period/Day
9.30 to 10.20 to 11.10 to 12.00 to 1.30 1.30 to 2.20 to 3.10 to
10.20 11.10 12.00 12.50 2.20 3.10 4.00

MON MP L MP

TUE MP
U
WED
N
THU MP MP Lab / RM Lab

FRI MP C MP Lab / RM Lab

SAT MP H

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13
INTRODUCTION TO THE SUBJECT

The practice of minerals processing is as old as human civilization. Minerals and products
derived from minerals have formed our development cultures from the flints of the Stone Age
man to the uranium ores of Atomic Age.

Minerals by definition are natural inorganic substances possessing definite


chemical compositions and atomic structures. The enormous growth of industrialisation from the
eighteenth century onward led to dramatic increases in the annual output of most mineral
commodities, particularly metals. Mineral processing is usually carried out at the mine site, the
plant being referred to as a mill or concentrator. The essential purpose is to reduce the bulk of
the ore which must be transported to and processed by the smelter, by using relatively cheap,
low-energy physical methods to separate the valuable minerals from the waste (gangue)
minerals.

This enrichment process considerably increases the contained value of the ore
to allow economic transportation and smelting. Compared with chemical methods, the physical
methods used in mineral processing consume relatively small amounts of energy. This subject
deals about the steps involved in mineral processing. The liberation methods such as crushing,
grinding and equipments involved in crushing and grinding are briefly explained. The
concentration methods employed in mineral processing industry such as jigging, dense media
separation, flowing film concentration, flotation, electrical and magnetic methods of separation
processes are briefly explained for different minerals and coal.

The intention is to give students complete knowledge about different mineral


processing techniques and useful theoretical and practical information about the process
equipment used, their systems and operational environment.

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SHORT AND LONG ANSWER ESSAY QUESTIONS:
UNIT - I

1. Define Reduction ratio? Write its value ranges for crushing and grinding?
2. Give different stages of size reduction in comminution with size ranges.
3. Explain about Kicks law of size reduction in detail.
4. Briefly explain about Gyratory crusher and mention its types?
5. Write the empirical formula to calculate the capacity of Jaw crusher and Roll crusher,
also elaborate the parameters involved?
6. Briefly explain about Hammer mills with neat sketch?
7. Briefly explain about rod mills and its working?
8. What are the various ball mills used and explain?
9. What do you understand by Open Circuit and Closed Circuit grinding?
10. Define liberation and comminution.
11. Draw a flow chart showing principal steps in a mineral processing and explain?
12. Explain briefly Rittingers, Kicks and Dobies law of size reduction.
13. Define Comminution? Give different stages of size reduction in comminution with size
ranges.
14. Draw a simplified diagram of Blake Jaw Crusher showing different parts and explain?
15. What are the types of grinding? Differentiate between Open-circuit and Close-circuit
grinding?
16. Briefly explain about Autogenous grinding mills and its types?
17. What are the types of grinding? Differentiate between Wet and Dry grinding?
18. Explain about roller crusher? Draw a relationship between roll diameter, particle size,
gap between rolls and angle of nip?
19. Define Grinding and explain the objectives of grinding? Briefly explain about different
types of grinding?
20. Explain the theory and working of ball mills? Mention the names of different types of ball
mills?

UNIT II

1. What is free settling ratio? Write its empirical formula?


2. Write down the factors effecting the settling of particles?
3. What is free settling and hindered settling conditions in settling of solids?
4. What is screening? List the different types of industrial screening.
5. What is classification? Give different types of classifiers?
6. Explain about Dorr bowl classifier with neat sketch?
7. Explain about Dorr rake classifier with neat sketch?
8. Explain about spiral classifier with neat sketch?
9. Explain about Multizone classifier with neat sketch?
10. What is classification? Explain about Hydrocyclone?
11. Write different types of industrial screens employed in the industry and explain about any
two of them?

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12. What is classification? Explain about Dorr bowl classifier with neat sketch?
13. Explain about Fixed screen plunger Jig with neat sketch?
14. Explain about Fixed screen Diaphragm (Denver) Jig with neat sketch?
15. Explain about different types of movable screen jigs and write an application for each?
16. Derive the equation for terminal velocity of fine particles as per Stoke's law?
17. What is free settling ratio? Derive the equation for it as per Newton's law?
18. Explain in brief Dense Media Separation. Describe different media employed for the
operation with examples
19. Explain about flowing film concentration process and explain the working of wilfley
table?
20. Explain in brief the construction and working of shaking tables in flowing film
concentration process?
UNIT III

1. Write any two examples for frothing agents in flotation of sulphide ores?
2. Explain why flotation process is used for fine particles only?
3. Explain about pulp preparation step involved in flotation process?
4. Write down the purpose of frothing agents in flotation process?
5. Write down the purpose of collectors in flotation process?
6. Write down the purpose of Wetting and Resurfacing agents used in flotation process and
Give an example for each?
7. Give any four applications of flotation process?
8. Write a note on Modifying agents and their action in flotation process?
9. Explain in detail about the different steps involved in the flotation process?
10. Write down the purpose of fallowing in flotation process and Give an example for each:
a) Collector
b) Frother
11. Explain the working of Denver flotation cell with neat sketch?
12. Explain the working of Fagergren flotation cell with neat sketch?
13. Explain the working of Shallow pneumatic air-lift cell with neat sketch?
14. Explain the working of Column flotation cell with neat sketch?
15. Write down the purpose of fallowing in flotation process and Give an example for each:
a) Dispersing agent
b) pH regulators
c) Depressors
16. Explain about different types of collectors? Explain them in detail.
17. Explain the process of flotation of Sulphides?
18. Explain the process of flotation of Oxides?
19. Explain the process of flotation of Coal?
20. Define flotation? Explain about different physico-chemical principles that affects the
flotation process?

UNIT IV

1. What is surface conditioning of minerals?


2. Explain how temperature affects the conductance of particles?
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3. Explain the factors affects the electrical conductivity nature of minerals?
4. Explain the process of charging of particles by conductance and ion bombardment?
5. Explain the process of charging of particles by friction, thermal strains and Light or
radiation?
6. Write any four applications of Dielectric separation system?
7. Explain the mechanism of Electrical separation briefly?
8. Explain conductivity of minerals in electrical separation process and factors affecting
them?
9. Briefly explain the classification of electrical separation process?
10. Explain about High Tension electrical Separator in brief?
11. Explain Dielectric Separation system of electrical separation in brief?
12. What is Electrical Separation? Explain with diagram Belt-type electrostatic Separator in
brief?
13. What is Electrical Separation? Explain with diagram Roll-type electrostatic Separator in
brief?
14. Write the applications of electrical separation process?
15. Write the limitations of electrical separation process?

UNIT V

1. Mention the purpose of Demagnetisers in Magnetic separation process?


2. Name the various magnetic separators employed industrially?
3. Explain about Magnetic precipitator with neat sketch?
4. Explain about dry belt magnetic separators with neat sketch?
5. Write a brief comparison between drum type - wet and dry magnetic separators?
6. Explain about Belt-type wet magnetic separator with neat sketch?
7. Explain about high intensity dry magnetic separator with neat sketch?
8. Explain about pick-up type of dry drum separator with neat sketch?
9. Briefly explain about advances in magnetic separation process?
10. Briefly explain the factors affecting the magnetic separation process?
11. Explain the mechanism of Magnetic separation? Mention the names of different types of
industrial magnetic separators?
12. List different types of industrial magnetic separators? Explain with diagram Dry-Drum
magnetic separator and its operation.
13. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of coal and
explain in detail?
14. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of iron ores
and explain in detail?
15. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of zinc ores
and explain in detail?
16. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of
manganese ores and explain in detail?
17. Write the applications of Magnetic separation process?
18. Write the limitations of Magnetic separation process?
19. What are the minerals responding to Magnetic separation and explain the factors
affecting the separation process?
20. Explain about working of Drum-type wet magnetic separator with neat sketch?

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OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS:

Multiple Choice Questions:

UNIT I

1. In Tumbling mills the Comminution is effected by .? ( )


a) Impact b) Abrasion c) Impact & Abrasion d) None of these
2. The size range for fine grinding is from .. to ? ( )
a) (100 - 10) mm b) (10- 1) mm
c) (1 mm- 100 micron) d) (100 - 10) micron
3. type of grinding is employed in cement industry due to the nature of the material.
( )
a) Dry b) Wet c) Both a & b d) None of these
4. is the term used for reduction of ore to a smaller size. ( )
a) Comminution b) Liberation c) Concentration d) sizing
5. The first principle step involved in the processing of ore to yield the suitable product is
.? ( )
a) Sizing b) Concentration c) Comminution d) Dewatering
6. The size range for superfine grinding is from .. to ? ( )
a) (10 - 1) mm b) (1 mm - 100 micron)
c) (100 - 10) micron d) (10 - 1) micron
7. In Rittingers law of size reduction, Er = a/do. do refers to . ( )
a) A constant b) Original size c) Energy required d) Reduction ratio
8. The actual capacity of roller crusher is less compared to theoretical capacity in the range
of . ( )
a) 10 20 % b) 20 40 % c) 10 35 % d) 25 40 %
9. Which ore material is not treated by dry grinding process among fallowing given?
( )
a) Cr b) Mn c) Mo d) S
10. .mills are used in the ceramic industry and grinding of gold ores.
a) Cascade mills b) Tube mills c) Ball mills d) Rod mills ( )

UNIT II

1. The roll screens are used for size range of .? ( )


a) (100 1000) mm b) (10-100) mm

c) (1-10) mm d) less than 1 mm

2. Among fallowing, which screen does not belong to fixed type of screen? ( )
a) Grizzly b) Punched screen c) Flat screen d) Trommel
3. Among fallowing, which does not affect the settling of particles in a fluid? ( )

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a) Density of fluid b) Viscosity of fluid c) Size of particle d) all the above.
4. Presently ferro-silicon is most widely used media in DMS process due to its
.. ( )
a) Magnetic property b) Reluctance to oxidise
c) High Sp. Gravity d) All the above
5. Initially, was used in the treatment of lead-zinc ores. ( )
a) Magnetite b) ferro-silicon c) Cacl2 Soln. d) Galena
6. Gravity concentration in streaming currents is also known as . ( )
a) Classification b) Flowing film concentration

c) Jigging d) Flotation

7. Which is not an example of movable screen jig? ( )


a) Hancock jig b) James coal jig
c) Halkyn jig d) Denver jig
8. Among fallowing, which is not a mechanical classifier? ( )
a) Spiral classifier b) Dorr rake classifier

c) Dorr bowl classifier d) Launder classifier

9. Among fallowing, which is not a sub-sieve sizing method? ( )


a) Infrasizing b) Sedimentation c) Sieve analysis d) Elutriation
10. The Woven wire cloth screens are used for size range of .? ( )
a) 2 cm 70 microns b) 2 cm 70 mm
c) 2 mm 70 microns d) 2 microns 70 microns

UNIT III

1. .is a process of separating fine particles of different minerals by floating


certain minerals at or on a water surface. ( )
a) Flotation b) Jigging c) Dense media separation d) Classification
2. The air bubbles are introduced in the pulp in the form of . ( )
a) Free bubbles b) Neo-bubbles c) F-bubbles d) None of these.
3. The flotation process is only applicable for particles. ( )
a) Coarse size b) Medium size c) Fine size d) None of these
4. The flotation process will be easier with the of the water repellent forces of a
mineral. ( )
a) Increase b) Decrease c) Do not change d) None of these
5. Among fallowing, which is not an example of Hydrophobic mineral ( )
a) Graphite b) Sulphur c) Antimonite d) Limestone
6. Among fallowing, which does not affect the steady control of flotation process? ( )
a) Aeration rate b) Quality of ore
c) Quantity of ore d) Reagents used
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7. Among fallowing, which is not a processing step involved in the flotation process?
( )
a) Pulp preparation b) Conditioning
c) Aeration d) Cleaning
8. Among fallowing,.type flotation machine do not classified on method of aeration.
( )
a) Mechanical cells b) Pneumatic cells
c) Cascade cells d) Trough type
9. Selection of flotation machine does not depends on ( )
a) Density of ore b) Volume of froth formed
c) Dissolved gases d) Shape of ore
10. Which frother is used for flotation process of sulphide minerals? ( )
a) Hydroxyls aromatic alcohol
b) Synthetic frothers
c) RSO3OH
d) None of these

UNIT IV

1. The capacity of the Belt-type electrostatic separator may range from . ( )


a) 1.5 - 2 tonne/hr b) 3 5 tonne/hr c) 5 8 tonne/hr d) 8 10 tonne/hr
2. ..separator is suitable for the cleaning of many food products and the separation
of scaly particles of ore. ( )
a) Roll-type b) Belt-type c) High tension d) Dielectric separator
3. Differentiation in conductivity of most minerals can be improved by . the feed
temperature. ( )
a) Lowering b) Raising c) Does not affect d) None of these
4. Dielectric constant separation process is applicable to fine particles of size range?
( )
a) finer than 3 mm b) finer than 1 mm c) finer than 0.2 mm d) None of these
5. In electrostatic separation, the mineral particles are charged by ? ( )
a) Induction b) Conduction c) Friction d) All the above
6. Which type of electric separation process will be used for recovery of diamond? ( )
a) Belt type electrostatic separator b) Roll type electrostatic separator
c) High tension separator d) Dielectric separation system
7. Which type of electric separation process is very expensive in industrial application?
( )
a) Belt type electrostatic separator b) Roll type electrostatic separator
c) High tension separator d) Dielectric separation system
8. The spark-over voltage produced in the high tension separation process is to
the density of ambient gas. ( )
a) Directly proportional b) Inversely proportional
c) Does not change d) None of these
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9. Which electrical process is commonly used as a research tool in the study of minerals?
( )
a) Belt type electrostatic separator b) Roll type electrostatic separator
c) High tension separator d) Dielectric separation system
10. Which process is used for separation of diamond from gravity concentrate? ( )
a) Belt type electrostatic separator b) Roll type electrostatic separator
c) High tension separator d) Dielectric separation system

Unit V

1. Which type magnetic separators are commonly used in concentration of ferro-magnetic


sands? ( )
a) Dry type b) Wet type c) Both a & b d) None of these
2. In dry type magnetic separation, the moisture content should not exceed .. ( )
a) 0.1 % b) 0.5 % c) 1% d) 10%
3. At low intensity magnetic field, which magnetic particles can be separated easily?
( )
a) Strongly magnetic b) Weakly magnetic c) Both a & b d) Non-magnetic
4. At high intensity magnetic field, which magnetic particles can be separated easily?
( )
a) Strongly magnetic b) Weakly magnetic c) Both a & b d) Non-magnetic
5. Which process is used for purification of magnetic media used in heavy media separation
process? ( )
a) Magnetic separation b) Electrical separation c) Jigging d) Flotation
6. In double drum type wet magnetic separator, the amount of feed is usually. ( )
a) > 400 lit/min b) 400 600 lit/min c) 600 800 lit/min d) > 800 lit/min
7. In single drum type wet magnetic separator, the feed is containing up to .% of
solids? ( )
a) 10 b) 15 c) 25 d) 30
8. The removal of trapped gangue particles from magnetic aggregates can be facilitated by
providing a ..? ( )
a) Constant magnetic field b) Rotating magnetic field
c) Helical magnetic field d) None of these
9. In magnetic precipitator, the outer system of stationary or rotating magnets induces a
..magnetic field. ( )
a) Constant magnetic field b) Rotating magnetic field
c) Helical magnetic field d) None of these
10. Which magnetic separation process has been developed to treat very fine dust in an
airborne stream? ( )
a) Dry belt type b) Dry drum type
c) Magnetic precipitator d) High intensity dry drum separator

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Fill in the blanks:

UNIT I

1. Write the empirical formula to calculate the capacity of Jaw crusher


_________________?
2. Write the empirical formula to calculate the capacity of Roller crusher
_________________?
3. The size range for primary crushing is from _______ to _________.
4. When the pebbles of the same ore are used as grinding media, the mill is known as
_______________grinding mill.
5. Rotating cylindrical shells using rods as grinding media is known as ___________mill.
6. __________may be referred to breaking down the relatively coarse material to the
ultimate fineness.
7. The size range for secondary crushing is from _______ to _________.
8. ____________ is considered to be an aggregation of minerals from which a metal or
metallic compound can be recovered economically.
9. The crushing medium use in ball mill is ___________
10. Autogenous grinding mills are mainly of two types i.e. ___________ and
___________________.
UNIT II

1. The stationary grizzly screen is set at a slope of ________ to ensure the free slide of ore.
2. Give an example for autogenous media employed in DMS __________
3. The maximum terminal velocity for coarse particles can be represented as v =
_______________________.
4. _________ is a separation process in which particles of various shapes, sizes and
specific gravities are separated by their different rates of travel through a fluid.
5. The free settling ratio can be represented mathematically as _____________.
6. Give an example for soluble salts type media employed in DMS ________________.
7. Cyclone can also be called as ______________________.
8. Dense media separation (DMS) is generally applicable to a feed ranging from about
_____________ to _____________.
9. The maximum terminal velocity for fine particles can be represented as v =
_______________________.
10. _________________________ is an example for fixed screen jig.

UNIT III

1. Write an example for collector in flotation process _______________.


2. Write an example for frother in flotation process _______________.
3. The hydrophilic particles are wetted by ______________, where as hydrophobic
particles are wetted by __________________.
4. Write an example for Dispersing agent in flotation process _______________.
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5. The compounds which dissociate into ions in water are known as ________________.
6. Give an example for hydrophilic mineral _____________.
7. Give an example for hydrophilic mineral _______________.
8. Write an example for pH regulator in flotation process _______________.
9. Write an example for wetting agents in flotation process _______________.
10. Write an example for resurfacing agents in flotation process _______________.

UNIT VI

1. ____________ is defined as the electrical charge which is temporarily fixed on the


charged body.
2. ____________________method is based on the difference between the dielectric
constants of different minerals.
3. The dielectric constant of air is __________________________.
4. __________________electrical separator used for removal of fine dust and fumes from
contaminated air or gas.
5. ___________________electrical separator is suitable for the cleaning of many food
products.
6. Units of electrical conductivity is ________________________.
7. __________________electrical separator used for removal of gold and silver particles
from sand.
8. __________________electrical separator used for separation of titanium beach sands
containing ilmenite, rutile ....etc.
9. The industrial electrostatic separator is of two types.i.e.,___________________ and
_______________________.
10. The spark-over voltage produces in high tension separators is highest in
______________ atmosphere.

UNIT V

1. __________________ is needed to remove the permanent residual magnetism present in


some mineral particles.
2. A single drum wet magnetic separator is based on ________________principle.
3. Write an example for strongly magnetic particles ___________________.
4. Write an example for weakly magnetic particles ___________________.
5. In magnetic precipitator, the entering air travels in ___________________path.
6. Write an application of magnetic separation process __________________________.
7. In single drum type wet magnetic separator, the amount of feed is usually
_____________________.
8. In double drum type wet magnetic separator, the feed is containing up to
_______________ % of solids.
9. In magnetic separators, the magnet assembly is made in alternate polarity to provide
_________________ and _______________of magnetic particles.

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10. Wet magnetic separators are basically two types, they are __________________ and
_______________________.

Unit wise Assignment Questions:

Unit I

1. Draw a simplified diagram of Blake Jaw Crusher showing different parts and explain?
2. What are the types of grinding? Differentiate between Open-circuit and Close-circuit
grinding?
3. Briefly explain about Autogenous grinding mills and its types?
4. What are the types of grinding? Differentiate between Wet and Dry grinding?
5. Explain about roller crusher? Draw a relationship between roll diameter, particle size,
gap between rolls and angle of nip?

Unit II

1. What is classification? Explain about Dorr bowl classifier with neat sketch?
2. Explain about Fixed screen plunger Jig with neat sketch?
3. Explain about Fixed screen Diaphragm (Denver) Jig with neat sketch?
4. Explain about different types of movable screen jigs and write an application for each?
5. Derive the equation for terminal velocity of fine particles as per Stoke's law?
6. What is free settling ratio? Derive the equation for it as per Newton's law?

Unit III

1. Write a note on Modifying agents and their action in flotation process?


2. Explain in detail about the different steps involved in the flotation process?
3. Write down the purpose of fallowing in flotation process and Give an example for each:
a) Collector
b) Frother
4. Explain the working of Denver flotation cell with neat sketch?
5. Explain the working of Fagergren flotation cell with neat sketch?

Unit IV

1. Explain about High Tension electrical Separator in brief?


2. Explain Dielectric Separation system of electrical separation in brief?
3. What is Electrical Separation? Explain with diagram Belt-type electrostatic Separator in
brief?
4. What is Electrical Separation? Explain with diagram Roll-type electrostatic Separator in
brief?
5. Write the applications and limitations of electrical separation process?

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24
Unit V

1. List different types of industrial magnetic separators? Explain with diagram Dry-Drum
magnetic separator and its operation.
2. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of coal and
explain in detail?
3. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of iron ores
and explain in detail?
4. Explain about high intensity dry magnetic separator with neat sketch?
5. Explain about working of Drum-type wet magnetic separator with neat sketch?

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25
I Mid Paper:-

1. Draw a flow chart showing principal steps in a mineral processing and explain?
2. Explain briefly Rittingers, Kicks and Dobies law of size reduction.
3. Draw a simplified diagram of Blake Jaw Crusher showing different parts and explain?
4. What are the types of grinding? Differentiate between Open-circuit and Close-circuit
grinding?
5. Briefly explain about Autogenous grinding mills and its types?
6. What is classification? Explain about Hydrocyclone?
7. Explain the operation of dense media separation?
8. Derive the equation for terminal settling velocity as per Newton's law?
9. What is classification? Explain about Dorr bowl classifier?
10. Explain about Fixed screen plunger Jig?
11. Explain about flotation process of separation?
12. Write down the purpose of fallowing in flotation process and Give an example for each:
a) Collector
b) Frother
13. Explain the working of Denver flotation cell with neat sketch?

II Mid Paper:-

1. Explain the working of Fagergren flotation cell with neat sketch?


2. Write down the purpose of fallowing agents used in flotation process and give an
example for each:
a) Activators
b) Depressors
c) Dispersing agents
d) Wetting agents
3. Explain the process of flotation of Sulphides in brief?
4. Explain about High Tension electrical Separator in brief?
5. Explain Dielectric Separation system of electrical separation in brief?
6. What is Electrical Separation? Explain with diagram Roll-type electrostatic Separator in
brief?
7. Briefly explain the classification of electrical separation process? Explain with diagram
Belt-type electrostatic Separator?
8. Write the applications and limitations of Electric separation process?
9. List different types of industrial magnetic separators? Explain with diagram Dry-Drum
magnetic separator and its operation.
10. Write the applications and limitations of Magnetic separation process?
11. Explain with diagram High intensity dry magnetic separator and its operation?
12. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of coal and
explain in detail?
13. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of iron ores
and explain in detail?
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26
MALLA REDDY ENGINEERING COLLEGE
(AUTONOMOUS)
Maisammaguda, Dhulapally,(Post via Hakim pet), SECUNDERABAD-500 014
B. Tech IV/I Semester
MINERAL PROCESSING
MODEL PAPER - I
Subject: Mineral Processing Time: 3 Hours
Branch: Mining Engineering

1 Mark Questions:

1. Write the empirical formula to calculate the capacity of Jaw crusher and elaborate the
parameters involved?
2. What is free settling ratio?
3. Explain why flotation process is used for fine particles only?
4. Write limitations of electrical separation process?
5. Mention the purpose of Demagnetisers in Magnetic separation process?

2 Mark Questions:

1. What do you understand by Open Circuit and Closed Circuit grinding?


2. Define liberation and comminution.
3. What is free settling and hindered settling conditions in settling of solids?
4. What is screening? List the different types of industrial screening.
5. Write down the purpose of frothing agents in flotation process?
6. Write down the purpose of collectors in flotation process?
7. Give applications of dielectric constant separation?
8. Write down the classification of electrical separation processes?
9. Give applications of Magnetic separation?
10. Explain about Belt-type wet magnetic separator?

10 Mark Questions:

1. Draw a flow chart showing principal steps in a mineral processing. Explain each step in
detail and write any two advantages of mineral processing?
(OR)
Explain briefly Rittingers, Kicks, Dobies and Bonds law of size reduction.

2. Explain Jigging operation? Draw a diagram of Harz Jig showing different parts and
explain its operation.
(OR)
What is classification? Give different types of classifier & explain about Hydrocyclone?

3. Explain in detail about the different steps involved in the flotation process?
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27
(OR)
Explain the working of Denver flotation cell with neat sketch?

4. What is Electrical Separation? Explain High Tension Separator in brief?


(OR)
Explain the mechanism of Electrical separation and conductivity of minerals and factors
affecting them?

5. Explain the mechanism of Magnetic separation? Mention the names of different types of
industrial magnetic separators and give their applications.
(OR)
Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of coal and
explain in detail?

Page
28
MALLA REDDY ENGINEERING COLLEGE
(AUTONOMOUS)
Maisammaguda, Dhulapally,(Post via Hakim pet), SECUNDERABAD-500 014
B. Tech IV/I Semester
MINERAL PROCESSING
MODEL PAPER - II
Subject: Mineral Processing Time: 3 Hours
Branch: Mining Engineering

1 Mark Questions:

1. Define Reduction ratio?


2. Write down the factors effecting the settling of particles?
3. Write any two examples for frothing agents in flotation of sulphide ores?
4. Write the factors affecting the conductivity of minerals in electrical separation process?
5. What are the minerals responding to magnetic separation process?

2 Mark Questions:

1. Give different stages of size reduction in comminution with size ranges.


2. Explain about Kicks law of size reduction in detail.
3. What is classification? Give different types of classifiers?
4. Explain about Dorr bowl classifier with neat sketch?
5. Give any four applications of flotation process?
6. Write a note on Modifying agents and their action in flotation process?
7. Explain about Belt-type electrostatic separator?
8. Explain mechanism of Electrical separation?
9. Name the various magnetic separators employed industrially?
10. Explain about Magnetic precipitator with neat sketch?

10 Mark Questions:

1. List different types of crushers. Draw a simplified diagram of Blake Jaw Crusher
showing different parts and explain. Which factors affect its operation?
(OR)
Define Grinding and explain the objectives of grinding? Briefly explain about different
types of grinding?

2. What is free settling ratio? Derive the equation for it as per Newton's law.
(OR)

Explain in brief Dense Media Separation. Describe different media employed for the
operation with examples.

3. Define Flotation process? How do different flotation reagents like collector, Frother,
Activator & Depressant affect flotation process?
(OR)
Explain the working of Fagergren flotation cell with neat sketch?
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29
4. What is Electrical Separation? Explain Dielectric Separation system in brief?
(OR)
What is Electrical Separation? Explain with diagram Roll-type electrostatic Separator in
brief?

5. Draw a simplified flowsheet for the various stages involved in the processing of iron ores
and explain in detail?
(OR)
List different types of industrial magnetic separators? Explain with diagram Dry-Drum
magnetic separator and its operation.

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30