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EXPERIM ENT 6A

TITLE: Generating AC OBJECTIVES:

At the end of the experiment, the students are able to:

  Describe how three-phase current is produced  Design of a three-phase system and the nomenclature of the line conductors  Measuring and differentiating the voltage of a three-phase system  Determining and designating the relationships between the voltages  Measuring and explaining the phase-shift angles between voltages

Theory:

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7.00
126

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DISCUSSION:

CONCLUSION:

1. Please brief how 3 phase alternating current is generated

In a symmetric three-phase power supply system, three conductors each carry an alternating current of the same frequency and voltage amplitude relative to a common reference but with a phase difference of one third the period. The common reference is usually connected to ground and often to a current-carrying conductor called the neutral. Due to the phase difference, the voltage on any conductor reaches its peak at one third of a cycle after one of the other conductors and one third of a cycle before the remaining conductor. This phase delay gives constant power transfer to a balanced linear load. It also makes it possible to produce a rotating magnetic field in an electric motor and generate other phase arrangements using transformers (for instance, a two phase system using a Scott-T transformer).

The symmetric threephase systems described here are simply referred to as threephase systems because, although it is possible to design and implement asymmetric threephase power systems (i.e., with unequal voltages or phase shifts), they are not used in practice because they lack the most important advantages of symmetric systems.

In a threephase system feeding a balanced and linear load, the sum of the instantaneous currents of the three conductors is zero. In other words, the current in each conductor is equal in magnitude to the sum of the currents in the other two, but with the opposite sign. The return path for the current in any phase conductor is the other two phase conductors.

• 2. Please draw the 3 types of 3 phase connection systems with labels respectively.

From this experiment, we can identify more closely with the three-phase system results from three phase currents are measured. Motor stator winding consists of overlapping offset by an electrical angle of 120 °. When the stator winding is connected to the main or 3-phase AC source, it sets the rotating magnetic field at synchronous speed. We can also learn how to measure the phase angle in the three-phase circuit. The resulting wave of the oscilloscope showed a reading of phase angle of 126°. This difference proves that each phase coil of 3-phase circuit has a phase angle difference of 120°. Although at first there was a mistake in making measurements for a reading of phase angle, the result of guidance from the lecturers, we can solve it.

It has 4 types of connection. • Connection Y-Y • Y-Δ connections • Δ Δ-connection • Δ-Y connection

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The results of the study, we can identify more closely with the three-phase system results from three phase currents are measured. Motor stator winding consists of overlapping offset by an electrical angle of 120 °. When the stator winding is connected to the main or 3-phase AC source, it sets the rotating magnetic field at synchronous speed. We can also learn how to measure the phase angle in the three-phase circuit. The resulting wave of the oscilloscope showed a reading of phase angle of 126°. This difference proves that each phase coil of 3-phase circuit has a phase angle difference of 1200. Although, at first there was a mistake in making measurements for a reading of phase angle, the result of guidance from the lecturers, we can solve it.

It has 4 types of connection. • Connection Y-Y • Y-Δ connections • Δ Δ-connection • Δ-Y connection

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E XPERIMENT 6B

TITLE: Delta Connection

OBJECTIVES:

At the end of the experiment, the students are able to:

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10

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1.00 mA
1.28
mA
1.07 mA
63.1
mV
48.4 mv
7.4mv
1.09mW
108.19 mW
12.57 mW
0.11
0.99
0.15

** Please to refer graph for phasor diagram

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DISCUSSION

This study was conducted to identify the operating expenses in the third phase delta connection. In this delta connection, it has a 3 phase line and without the neutral line. The three coils are connected together at the terminals are not the same as opposed to star connection. each end of the coil will be connected to the other coil beginners. The voltage induced in each coil is called the phase voltage and the current flowing through the coil is known as phase currents. The voltage between any two terminal line voltage is called and the current flowing in the line is called the line current. In delta connection the phase voltage is equal to the line voltage. Delta connection form a closed circuit, the output voltage plus the three-phase coil is zero. While the line current is the phase current √3 times. To get the total power is the result of multiplying the total amount of current and voltage.

CONCLUSION

The results of the study we can identify further how the connection of 3-phase circuit in delta connection is made. Phase voltage is the voltage measured across a single component in the three- phase source or load. While the line voltage is present on any of the three-phase line between source and load. We also can identify how to take measurements in a delta connection. The voltage flowing through the line taken is equal to the voltage phase. It is proven that in the delta connection, line voltage is equal to the voltage phase. We also can understand the concept of starters in three-phase systems such as starter not only used to limit the current flow but also provide protection for the entire system that is connected via starter. We can also identify the total power and the power for each load.

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ATTACHMENT