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Embracing a Dictionary of Briticisms, Americanisms, Colloquinl Phrases,
etc., in current use ; the Grammatical Uses of Prepositions and
Prepositions Discriminated; a List of Homonyms und Ilomo-
phonons Words ; a Collection of Foreign FLrases,
and a Completa List of Abbreviations and
Contractions used in Writing
ana Printing.


L,atoProfessor elect of Logic and Rhetoric in the University of Wisconsin, late
Superintendent of Public Instruction State of Wisconsin, Ei-Presiaent
Illinois Wesleyan University, Member of tho Philosophical
Society of Great Britain, author of "The Sup-
plemental Dictionary," "Hand Book
of Abbreviations," &c.

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to. si

New York :
Chicago : Toronto

Fleming H. Revell Company

London and Edinburgh

UOPYRIGHT 1S83-1886, 1898,

This work is designed to aid students, literary men, public

speakers and others, in finding the best word to express the

thought they wish to convey.

The author believes that the Antonyms will be of as great

assistance in furnishing words of opposite meaning as the

Synonyms in supplying synonymous words.

The special works of Roget, Soule, Skeats, Campbell,
Archdeacon Smith, etc., and the various standard dic-

tionaries, have been laid under contribution for this work.

For the solution of -Cross Word Puzzles special attention

is called also to the lists of Americanisms and Briticisms and

the immensely valuable table of Homonyms (words spelt
alike but differing in use) original features of easily

recognized importance.


ABACK. SYN. Backwards, rearwards, ble, disconcert, dishearten, moitlty,

behind, back.
aft, abaft, astern, shame, humiliate.
ANT. Onwards, forwards, ahead, be- ANT. Countenance, cheer, uphold,
fore, afront, beyond, afore. encourage, rally, inspirit, animate, in-
Abandon. SYN. Leave, forsake, de- cite,embolden, abet, buoy.
sert,renounce, cease, relinquish, dis- Abate. SYN. Terminate, remove, sup-
continue, cast off, resign, retire, quit, press, lower, reduce, mitigate, dimiu-
forego, forswear, depart from, vacate, ish,moderate,lessen, subside,decrease.
surrender, abjure, repudiate. ANT. Prolong, continue, revive, de-
ANT. Pursue, prosecute, undertake, velop, increase, aggravate, magnify,
seek, court, cherish, favor, protect, brew, ferment, rage, extend, enlarge,
claim, maintain, defend, advocate, re- amplify, raise, enhance.
tain, support, uphold, occupy, haunt,
Abbreviate. SYN. Shorten, reduce,
hold, assert, vindicate, keep. abridge, contract, curtail, epitomize,
Abandoned. SYN. Profligate, wick- condense, prune, compress.
ANT. Lengthen, prolong, extend,en-
ed, vicious, unprincipled, reprobate,
large, produce, elongate, amplify, ex-
incorrigible, sinful, graceless, demor-
pand, dilate.
alized, dissolute, depraved, bad, licen- Abbreviation. SYN. Abridgment,re-
tious, corrupt.
duction, contraction, curtailment, ab-
ANT. Virtuous, conacientious, cor-
stract, summary, epitome, condensa-
rect, upright, worthy, righteous, self- tion, compression.
controlled, high-principled, steady, ANT. Elongation, prolongation, ex-
good. tension, production, amplification, en-
Abase. SYN. Degrade, disgrace, bring
largement, expansion, dilation, expa-
low, reduce, humble, demean, stoop, tiation, explication, dilution.
humiliate, depress, lower, sink, dis- Abderite. SYN. Cynic, sardonic, de-
risive, sarcastic, jocular, flippant, non-
ANT. Promote, exalt, honor, raise, chalant, sportive, sprightful, buoyant.
elevate, dignify, aggrandize. ANT. Lachrymose, plaintive, maun-
Abasement. SYN. Degradation, de- dering, querimonious, plaintive, dole-
pression, disgrace, humiliation, ab- some, lackadaisical, grumbling, croak-
jection, dishonor, shame. ing, lugubrious.
ANT. Promotion, elevation, honor, Abdicate. SYN. Abandon, relinquish,
exaltation, dignity, aggrandizement. resign, surrender, vacate.
Abash. SYN. Confound, confuse, dis- ANT. Retain, maintain, claim, occu-
compose, bewilder, daunt, cow, hum- py, assert, grasp, seize, usurp.
Abdomen. STN. Belly, paunch. tolerate, anticipate, confront, await,
Abduction. STN. Abstraction, sub- bear, face, watch.
traction, deprivation, ablution, rape, ANT. Deport, migrate, move, jour-
seizure, appropriation. ney, proceed, resist, mislike, forefend,
ANT. Addition, adduction, replace- avoid, shun, reject, abandon, forfeit.
ment, restitution, restoration, surren- Ability. STN. Power, cleverness, fac-
der, reinstatement. ulty, skill, capacity, talent, expertness,
Aberrant. STN. Erratic, devious, di- aptitude, dexterity, efficiency, compe-
vergent, incontinuous, desultory, dis- tency, qualification.
connected, wandering, idiotic, incon- ANT. Weakness, incapacity, imbe-
sistent, inconsecutive, abnormal, ex- cility, inability, unreadiness, rnala-
ceptional. droitness.
ANT. Continuous, rectilineal, true, Abject. STN. Degraded, outcast, mis-
consistent, uniform, consecutive, nor- erable, vile, pitiable, worthless, des-
mal, natural, faithful, regular. picable, groveling, fawning, squalid,
Aberration. STN. Wandering, diver- base-minded, slavish, beggarly,servile,
gence, deviation, desultoriness, ram- cringing, low, wretched, sordid.
bling, disconnectedness, hallucination, ANT. Honorable, dignified, eminent,
inconsecutiveness, idiocy, insanity, ex- exalted, esteemed, worthy, venerable,
ception, abnormity. noble, princely, illustrious, independ-
ANT. Uniformity, consecutiveness, ent, self-assertive, self-reliant, vain,
continuity, connectedness, principle, arrogant, insolent, haughty.
law, order, type, norm, project, line, Abjure. STN. Renounce, deny, apos-
tenor, progression, rectiliuearity, reg- tatize, discard, recant, disclaiir, disa-
vow, repudiate, revoke, retract, dis-
Abet. STN. Aid, support, promote, own.
countenance, uphold, assist, instigate, ANT. Profess, assert, demand, vindi-
encourage, incite, advocate, sanction, cate, claim, cherish, advocate, retain,
subsidize, embolden.
ANT. Thwart, contradict, obstruct, acknowledge, appropriate, hug.
Able. STN. Strong, powerful, clever,
oppose, baffle, confound, discourage,
skillful, talented, capable, fitted, effi-
disapprove, disconcert, counteract,de- mas-
cient, effective, learned, gifted,
ter, dissuade, frustrate, impede, de-
nounce, expose. terly, telling, nervous, vigorous.
Abettor. STN. Supporter, advocate, ANT. Weak, inefficient, unskillful,
instigator, promoter, assistant, com- silly, stupid, incapable, ineffective,
panion, accomplice, ally, encourager, unqualified.
associate, adviser, confederate, par- Ablution. STN. Washing, purifica-
ticfjis criminis, coadjutor, accessary, tion, cleansing, abstersion, defecation.
helper. ANT. Pollution, soilnre, defilement,
ANT. Opponent, connteracter, foe, dirt, contamination, taint, stain.
adversary, detector, baffler, antago- Abnegation. STN. Denial, disallow-
nist, disconcerter, dissuader, rival. ance, renunciation, abjuration, stint,
Abeyance. STN. Suspension, reser- abstinence.
vation, dormancy, expectation, inter- ANT. Assertion, vindication, claim,
mission. indulgence, concession, license.
ANT. Revival, renewal, operation, Abnormal. STN. Irregular, erratic,
resuscitation, action, enjoyment, pos- peculiar, unusual, exceptional, mon-
session, exercise, force. strous, aberrant, devious, divergent,
Abhor. STN. Hate, abominate, detest, eccentric, strange.
loathe, despise, dislike, eschew, nau- ANT. Typical, normal, regular, or-
seate. dinary, usual, natural, customary, il-
ANT. Love, admire, enjoy, approve, lustrative.
affect, covet, relish, crave, desire. Aboard. STN. Afloat.
Abide. STN. Dwell, stay, inhabit, con- ANT. Ashore.
tinue, rest, tarry, lodge, reside, live, Abode. STN. Home, stay, placa, resi-
wait, sojourn, remain, expect, endure, dence, domicile, habitation, lodging*.
berth, quarters : with the idea of per- Above-named. SYN. Above-men-
manence. tioned, above-tlescribftl, above-cited,
ANT. Halt, perch, tent, bivouac.car- named above, aforesaid, mentioned
avansary with the idea of transience.
: above.
&boliNli. SYN. Destroy, eradicate, in- ANT. Named below, described be-
validate, make void, obliterate, extir- low.
pate, abrogate, annul, subvert, cancel, Above. SYN. Over, beyond, exceeding,
revoke, quash, nullify, overthrow, an- ANT. Below, within, beneath.
nihilate, supersede, suppress,expunge. Abreast. SYN. Beside, alongside.
ANT. Support, sustain, cherish, pro- ANT. Ahead, astern.
mote, continue, confirm, restore, re- Abridge. SYN. Abbreviate, diminish,
pair, revive, reinstate, enact, institute, shorten, lessen, curtail, restrict, con.
re-enact. tract, condense, epitomize, compress.
Abominable. SYN. Abhorrent, foul, ANT. Amplify, expand, spread out.
accursed, detestable, hateful, horrible, Abridgment. SYN. Abstract, abbre-
loathsome, odious, offensive, execra- viation, contraction, summary, synop-
ble, nauseous, impure. sis, epitome, compendium, analysis,
ANT. Delectable, desirable, admira- outline, digest.
ble, enjoyable, lovable, charming, de- ANT. Amplification, expatiation, ex-
lightful, grateful, pure. pansion, disquisition, dilution, com-
Abominate. SYN. Abhor, loathe, de- ment, annotation, exposition, para-
test, execrate, hate. phrase.
ANT. Desire, like, long for, love. Abroach. SYN. Aflow, afloat, abroad,,
Abomination. SYN. Loathing, de- revealed.
testation, hatred, abhorrence, plague, ANT. Close, fast, tight, secret, re-
nuisance, evil, annoyance, infliction, served,
curse. Abroad. SYN. Far, away, apart, dis-
ANT. Love, affection, desire, enjoy-
persed, aloof, adrift, about, distracted,
ment, longiug, acquisition, gratifica- confused.
tion, blessing, treat, delight, benefit. ANT. Near, close, housed, collected,
Iboriglnal. SYN. Primordial, pri- fast.
meval, pristine, autochthonic, imme- Abrogate. SYN. Abolish, cancel, eet
morial, indigenous, native, original. aside, annul, repeal, expunge, rescind.
ANT. Subsequent, adventitious, im-
ANT. Enact, re-enact, confirm, en-
ported, exotic, immigrant, recent, up- . force, continue, revive.
start, modern, late, novel, fresh.
Abortion. SYN. Failure,miscarriage, Abrogation. SYN. Abolition, repeal,
discontinuance, dis-establishment.
misadventure, downfall, mishap, mis-
ANT. Institution, establishment, en-
production, defect, frustration, blun-
der, mess. actment, confirmation, continuance,
ANT. Success, consummation, com- sanction.
pletion, achievemenl,realization, per- Abrupt. SYN. Sudden, steep, precip-
fection, exploit, feat, development. itous, craggy, coarse, curt, blunt, vio-
Abound. SYN. Stream, swell, flow, lent, harsh, unceremonious, rugged,
increase, overflow, superabound, lux- rough.
ANT. Undulating, easy, gliding, pol-
uriate, teem, swarm, flourish, prevail,
be plentiful, wanton, revel, multiply. ished, smooth, blending, courteous.
ANT. Fall, waste, dry, lack, wane, Abscond. SYN. Decamp, bolt, depart,
evaporate, drain, die, decay, vanish, disappear, stenl away, run off, hide,
lessen, decrease. withdraw, retreat.
About. SYN. Almost, with respect to, ANT. Show, emerge, appear.
near, nearly, touching, concerning, Absence. SYN. Want, departure, In-
surrounding, relative to, relating to, attention, non-existence, failure, sepa-
in relation to, approximately, touch- ration, lack, non-appearance, distrac-
ing, roughly, generally. tion.
ANT. Afar, away or afar from, pre- ANT. Presence, supply, appp.nn.iice,
cisely, exactly. existence, manifestation, evidence, at-
tention, immanence, inherency, con- ANT. Contaminative, offensive, cor.
sideration. ruptive.
Absent, a. STN. Not present, gone Abstinent. STN. Temperate, abstem-
away, elsewhere, inattentive, thought- ious, continent, sober, self-denying,
less, listless, preoccupied. austere.
ANT. Present, in this place, here, ANT. Self-indulgent, sensual, intem-
attentive. perate, epicurean, dissipated, inconti-
Absent. . STN. Keep away, depart, nent, debauched.
withdraw. Abstract, v. STN. Separate, detach,
ANT. Be present, stay, remain. [See part, eliminate, draw away, remove,
ABSCOND.] take away, appropriate, purloin, steal,
Absolute. STN. Perfect, complete,un- thieve, draw from.
conditional, irrelative, irrespective, ANT. Add, unite, conjoin, adduce,
supreme, despotic, autocratic, certain, impose, restore, surrender, return.
authoritative, unqualified, unequivo- Abstract, n. ("See ABRIDGMENT.]
cal, irresponsible, arbitrary. Abstraction. STN. Separation, poi-
ANT. Imperfect, incomplete, condi- loining, removal, appropriation, gene-
tional, conditioned, contingent, rela- ralization, classification, reverie, ab-
tive, dependent, constitutional, dubi- sorption, inattention, absence.
ous, accountable, responsible. ANT. Addition, conjunction, union,
Absolve. STN. Acquit, release, exon- adduction, importation, restoration,
erate, liberate, exempt, discharge, ex- restitution, individualization, enume-
culpate, pardon, forgive, free, clear. ration, analysis, specification, observ-
ANT. Charge, accuse, compel, bind, ation, attention.
Abstracted. [See ABSTRACT and AB-
obligate, convict, condemn, inculpate,
impeach, oblige. STRACTION.]
Absonant. STN. Dissonant, discord- Abstruse. STN. Hidden, recondite,
ant, contrariant, repugnant, inconso-
difficult, profound, deep, curious, ob-
scure, mystical, occult, hard, dark.
nant, inharmonious, incompatible, in- ANT. Patent, popular, superficial,
appropriate, impertinent.
ANT. Consonant, agreeable, consist- simple, obvious, trite, intelligible, lu-
cid, plain, easy, manifest, clear.
ent, harmonious, compatible, appro-
Absurd. STN. Irrational, ridiculous,
priate, pertinent, congruous, suitable,
proper. monstrous, senseless, asinine, stupid,
Absorb. STN. Swallow, drown, con- chimerical, unreasonable, preposter-
sume, imbibe, engross, drink in, suck ous, silly, nonsensical, foolish.
ANT. Sensible, rational, reasonable,
np, engulf, monopolize, exhaust.
consistent, sound, substantial, logical,
ANT. Eject, emit, exude, disgorge,
wise, sagacious, reflective, philosoph-
dissipate, distract, distil, disperse. ical.
Abstain. STN. Refrain, forbear, re- Abundance. STN. Plenty, largeness,
fuse, demur, avoid, cease, stop, keep copiousness, sufficiency, plentitude,
back, desist, discontinue, withhold, exuberance, ampleness, profusion, lux-
scruple. uriance, wealth.
ANT. Indulge, exceed, reveal, wan- ANT. Karity, scarcity, paucity, defi-
ciency, scantiness, dearth, failure,pov-
Abstemious. STN. Abstinent, mod- erty.
erate, self-denying, sober, temperate, Abundant. STN. Plentiful, copious,
sparing, frugal. plenteous, large, ample, overflowing,
ANT. Sensual, self-indulgent, glut-
teeming, full, lavish, luxuriant, boun-
tonous, greedy, intemperate. tiful, abounding, profuse, liberal, rich.
Absterge. STN. Wipe, cleanse, puri- ANT. Rare, scarce, scant, deficient,
fy, sponge, scour, scrub.
short, insufficient, niggardly, sparing,
ANT. Foul, bespatter, contaminate,
dry, drained, exhausted, impover-
bedaub, soil, pollute, begrime. ished.
Abstersive. STN. Scouring, purify- Abuse, v. STN. Injure, damage, spoil.
ing, detergent. r^tUartio. vaaltreat. treat-ill, ill-use, ill-treat, re-
Tile, scandalize, disparage, reproach, ant, welcome, agreeable, pleasuraM
upbraid, asperse, malign, slander, vi- seasonable, gratifying.
tuperate, prostitute, defame, pervert, ANT. Urgrateful, unwelcome, dis
misuse, misemploy, vilify. greeable, unpleasant.
ANT. Tend, protect, conserve, con- Acceptation. SYN. Meaning, sig
sider, regard, shield, cherish, praise, nincanco, signification.
extol, laud, vindicate, panegyrize, re- Access. SYN. Approach, adit, course
spect. entrance, avenue, admittance, mod
Abuse, n. SYN. Mistreatment, invec- way, passage, road.
tive, ill-treatment, opprobium, scur- ANT. Exit, egress, departure, excld
rility, vituperation, ribaldry, oblo- sion, repulse. /

quy, reproach, insolence, misusage, Accessible. SYN. Affable, approach

ill-usage. able, easy, conversible.
ANT. Good-usage, good-treatment, ANT. Distant, cold, difficult, unap
kindness, praise, deference, respect. proachable.
Abusive. SYN. Insulting, insolent, of- Accession. SYN. Arrival, addition,
fensive, opprobrious, reproachful, vi- increase, influx, augmentation, rein-
tuperative, rude, denunciatory, scur- forcement, enlargement, extension.
rilous. ANT. Departure, abandonment, re-
ANT. Respectful, kind, panegyrical, iguatiou, retirement, diminution, de-
laudatory, attentive. crease, efflux, ebb, drain, subsidence,
Abut. SYN. Extend, project, impinge, Accessory or Accessary, a. SYN.
approximate. Assistant, additive, additional, auxil-
ANT. Recurve, retreat, diverge, re- iary,supplementary, conducive
turn, recede.
ANT. Essential, inherent, immanent,
Abyss. SYN. Gulf, profound, gorge, incorporate, superfluous, irrelevant,
deep, pit, chasm, depth. malapropos, obstructive, cumbersome.
ANT. Surface, cavity, depression, in- Accessory, n SYN Accomplice, as-
dentation. sociate, abettor, ally, colleague, con-
Academical. SYN. Collegiate, clas- federate, helper.
sical, learned.
ANT. Foe, antagonist, adversary, ri-
ANT. Illiterate, nncollegiate. val.
Accident. SYN. Chance, fortuity, dis-
Academy. SYN. School, seminary, aster, incident, adventure, casualty,
college, university, educational estab-
hazard, contingency, calamity, misad-
lishment, institute,
venture, mishap.
Accede. SYN. Assent, consent, acqui- ANT. Law, purpose, appointment,
esce, comply with, accept, concur, ap- ordainment, provision, preparation.
prove, coincide. Acclamation. SYN. Applause, hom-
ANT. Dissent, decline, withdraw, re- com-
age, gratulation, salutation, joy,
fuse, protest, demur.
mendation, plaudit, hosanuau, cheer,
Accelerate. SYN. Hasten, urge, ex- shouting, exultation, triumph, ap-
pedite, quicken, speed, urge on, press proval.
forward, hurry, promote, dispatch, fa- ANT. Obloquy, censure, execration,
contumely, outcry, sibilation, denun-
ANT. Delay, obstruct, impede, clog, ciation.
retard, hinder, shackle, drag. Acclivity. SYN. Ascent, rise, incline.
Accent. SYN. Stress, rhythm, pulsa- ANT. Declivity, descent.
tion, beat, emphasis. Accommodate. SYN. Convenience,
ANT. Smoothness, inaccentuation, oblige, adapt, supply, reconcile, suit,
monotony, equableness, babble, flow. fit, adjust, furnish, serve, harmonize.
Accept. SYN. Welcome, hail, admit, ANT. Inconvenience, disoblige, dis-
recognize, avow, acknowledge, take, turb, misfit, incommode, deprive, ag-
accede to, receive, assent to. gravate.
ANT. Refuse, decline, reject, disown, Accommodating. SYN. Kind, on-
disavow, ignore, repudiate. selfish,obliging, polite^
Acceptable* SYN. Grateful, plea*- yielding, conciliatory.
ACT. Disobliging, selfish, churlish, ANT. Autocratic, Independent, irre.
rude, imperious, dictatorial, exacting, eponsible, absolute,supreme, despotic.
inconsiderate, unaccommodating. Accoutre. STN. Adorn, fit out, equip,
Accompany. STN. Follow, consort, furnish, dress, furnish with arms.
attend, join, co-exist, escort, convoy.
ANT. Desert, abandon, leave, avoid, Accredit. STN. Believe, trnst, en-
eschew, quit, discard. trust, delegate, depute, commission,
Accomplish. STN. Execute, perfect, ANT. Disbelieve, distrust, suspect,
perform, fufil, do, carry out, attain,
recall, supersede, discard, dismiss.
realize, consummate, achieve, finish, Accredited. STN. Authorized, com
ANT. Fail of, frustrate, defeat, dis- missioned, acknowledged, confiden-
tial, trusted.
concert, destroy, baffle, mar, spoil. ANT. Unauthorized, unacknowledg-
Accomplice. STN. Abettor, confede- ed, distrusted.
rate, accessory, ally, associate, part- Accumulate. STN. Collect, gamer,
ner,' colleague, coadjutor, assistant.
grow, mass, heap, store, bring togeth-
particips criminit. er, hoard, gather, agglomerate, hus-
ANT. Rival, foe, adversary, antago-
band, augment, amass, increase.
ANT. Dissipate, disperse, diminish,
Accord. STN. Agree, consent, harmo-
scatter, expend, waste.
comport, consist,
nize, tally, answer, Accumulation. STN. Heap, collec-
conform, grant, concede, surrender, tion, store, mass, aggregation, hoard.
ANT. Disagree, differ, misfit, mis- ANT. Segregation, separation, unit,
comport, miscouform, withhold, deny, individual.
Accuracy. STN. Exactness, correct-
Accordingly. STN. Agreeably, suit- ness, strictness, precision, exactitude,
ably, conf or mably,hence, consequently,
nicety, fidelity.
ANT. [SeeAGRKEABLY.J ANT. Inexactness, looseness, sloven-
Accordant. STN. Compatible, conso- liness, incorrectness.
nant, harmonious, consistent, consent- Accurate. STN. Careful, exact, faith-
ing, acquiescent. ful, precise, correct, close, truthful,
ANT. [See COMPATIBLE.] strict, just, actual, nice.
Accost. STN. Address, salute, invoke, ANT. Careless, inexact, faulty, in-
hail, greet, stop, apostrophize, speak correct, inaccurate, loose, defective.
to, call to. Accusation. STN. Charge, indict-
ANT. Shun, avoid, elude, pass, ig- ment, imputation, impeachment, ar-
nore. raignment.
Account, n. STN. Narration, report, ANT. Acquittal, absolution, vindica-
rehearsal, story, statement, narrative, tion, discharge.
recital, relation, description, motive, Accuse. STN, Charge, incriminate,
value, importance, advantage, ground, impeach, arraign, tax, taunt, censure,
reason, profit. cite, summon, criminate.
ANT. Silence, suppression, project, ANT. Defend, vindicate, discharge,
misannouncement, of no account, at- acquit, absolve, condone, pardon, ex-
tempt, without value, deed, project. onerate, release.
Account, v. STN. Deem, esteem, con- Accustom. STN. Habituate, familiar-
sider, regard, hold, judge, rate, esti- ize, form, inure, train, reconcile.
mate, value, reckon, explain, solve. ANT. Disaccustom, dishabituate, es.
ANT. Disfteem, misestimate, mys- trauge, wean, alienate.
tify, under-* ate, under- value, perplex, Ace. STN. Unit, atom, point, title, jot,
darken. item.
Accountable. STN. Responsible, li- ANT. Numbers, quantity, bulk, gum,
able, amenable, punishable, answera- mass, collection, aggregate, total.
ble, accredited, delegated, eubordj. Acerbity. STN. Harshness, acridity,
tartness, acidity, bitterness, acrimony,
ACS 18 A01
erabbedness, moroeeness, sourness, Acquirement. Snr Knowledge, at.
roughness. tainment, accomplishment, learning,
ANT. Sweetness, mildness, softness, erudition, acquisition.
mellowness, gentleness, amiableness ANT. Intuition, inspiration, genius.
Ache. n. STN. Pain, suffering, smart, Acquit. STN. Discharge, exonerate,
anguish, pang. absolve, exculpate, release, dismiss,
ANT. [See PAIN.] liberate pardon.
Achieve. SYN. Accomplish, do, gain, ANT. Charge, accuse, impeach, con-
perform, execute, effect, fulfil, finish, strain, implicate, bind, compel, con-
attain, win. demn, oblige, sentence.
ANT. [See Do.] Acquittance. STN. Release, receipt,
Achievement. STN. Exploit, feat, discharge.
attainment, accomplishment, perform- ANT. Bond, claim, charge, obliga-
ance. tion.
ANT. [See ATTAIN and ATTAIN- Acrid. STN. Harsh, sour.
MENT.] ANT. Mellow, sweet, luscious.
Articular. STN. Spinous, sagittate, Acrimonious. STN. Sharp, biting,
prickly, thorny, sharp-pointed, has- stinging, pungent, acrid, ill-natured,
tate, bristly. sarcastic,
ANT. Obtuse, blunt, abrupt. ANT. Smooth, sweet, pleasant,good-
Acid. SYN. Sharp, acidulous, acetous, natured, bland.
vinegarish. Acrimony. STN. Sharpness, bitter-
ANT. Mellow, luscious, mealy, rich. ness, sourness, causticity, acerbity, as-
Acknowledge. STN. Avow, admit, perity, tartness, ill-feeling, hostility,
recognize, own, accept, profess, en- animosity.
dorse, grant, concede, concern. ANT. Smoothness, courtesy, mild-
ANT. Disavow, disclaim, disown, re- ness, blandness, pleasantness, friend-
pudiate, ignore, deny. ship, amiability.
Acknowledged. STN. Agreed, set- Across. STN. Athwart, against, trans-
tled,understood, decided, customary. versely. Transverseness to a line of
ANT. Not agreed, undecided, unset- movement becomes, opposition.
tled, not customary. ANT. Lengthwise, along, concur-
Acme. STN. Summit, zenith, climax, rently, parallel.
apex, pitch, culmination, meridian. Act. v. [See Do.]
ANT. Base, floor, ground, founda- Act. n. STN. Deed, performance, ac-
tion, nadir, depth, depression, foot, tion, movement, proceeding,
root. operation, play.
Acquaint. STN.
Advertise, inform, ANT. Inaction, rest, repose, cessa-
impart, make known, divulge, teach, tion, suspension, quiet, immobility,
notify, apprise, advise, tell. inertia, quiescence.
ANT. Misinform, deceive, delude, Action. [See ACT.]
mislead, misguide, hoodwink. Active. STN. Nimble, agile, lively,
Acquaintance. STN. Knowledge, in- sprightly, brisk, quick, expert, dex-
timacy, familiarity, experience, com- terous, supple, wide-awake, prompt,
panionship. busy, industriout,diligent.
ANT. Ignorance, tmfamiliarity, in- ANT. Slow, inactive, Indolent, slug-
experience. It has also the collo- gish, heavy.
quial meaning of a person with whom Activity. STN. Agility, quickness,en-
one is acquainted. ergy, briskness, vivacity, promptness,
Acquiesce. STN. Assent, concur, alertness, celerity, rapidity.
repose, agree, yield, be resigned, ANT. Inactivity, awkwardness, IH-
comply. dolence, slowness, sloth, clumsiness,
ANT. Dissent, demur, object. heaviness, sluggishness, lassitude.
Acquire. STN. Gain, earn, procure, Actor. STN. Doer, worker, agent, per-
obtain, get, realize, win, reap. former, principal, player, tragedian,
ANT. Lose, forfeit, surrender, miss, comedian.
forego. ANT. [See Aoxmr.]
Actual. Developed, positive, un-
STIC. extend, enlarge, sum up, cast up, sub-
questionable, demonstrable, certain, join, amplify, annex.
real, authentic. ANT Deduct, subtract, dissever, ab-
ANT. Potential, undeveloped, hypo- stract.
thetical, supposition, possible, vir- Addendum. STN. Acquisition, im-
tual, theoretical, fabulous, fictitious, provement, supplement, complement,
unreal. desideratum, concomitant, annexa-
Actually. STN. Verity, truly, deci- tion, appendage.
dedly, assuredly, positively. ANT. Surplusage, detriment, dete-
ANT. Potentially, hypothetically, rioration, detraction, drawback.
theoretically Addicted. STN. Given, accustomed,
Actuate. STN. Urge, instigate, stir, prone, inclined, disposed, habituated.
induce, influence, incline, dispose, in- ANT. Unaddicted, disinclined, unac-
cite,impel, prompt, drive. customed, indisposed, averse, free.
ANT. Deter, discourage, retard, in- Addltament. STN. Adjunct, annex-
hibit, hinder, prevent, impede, dis-
ation, supplement, addition, acquisi-
tion, increase, augmentation, access-
Acuity. STN. Pointedness, aculea- ion.
tion, acumination. ANT. Deduction, detraction, draw-
ANT. Bluntiiess, hebetude, obtuse-
ness. back, decrement, deterioration.
Aculeated. SYN. Armed, epinous, Addition. STN. Accession, enlarge-
acuminated, punctuous. ment, increase, extension, accretion,
ANT. Unarmed, blunt, obtuse, sting- appendage.
less, pointless.
Ac men.
ii STN. Point, penetrative-
Address, n. STN. Tact, manners.
ANT. Awkwardness, unmannerli-
ness, sharpness, discernment, talent, ness.
sagacity Address, v. STN. Accost, greet, sa-
ANT. Bluntness, obtuseness, stupid-
lute,approach, apostrophize, appeal,
ity, dulness, indiscernment, hebetude.
hail,woo, court.
Acute. SYN. Pointed, penetrating, sa- ANT. Elude, avoid, shun, ignore,
gacious, perspicacious, keen, astute, pass.
piercing, sharp, shrewd, keen-sighted, Adduce. STN. Allege, apply, cite, ad-
severe, distressing, vance, offer, introduce, produce, add,
ANT. Dull, blunt, obtuse, stupid,un-
import, name, mention, quote.
discerning, heavy, chronic, stolid. ANT. Retract, except, withdraw, de,
Acutely. STN. Sharply, deeply, pain- duct, deduce, suppress.
fully, poignantly, intensely.
ANT. Bluntly, obtusely, stupidly, Adept. STN. Expert, adroit, handy,
master, performer, professor, artist.
stolidly, pleasantly, ANT. Awkward, clumsy, inexpert,
Adage. STN. Maxim, saying, motto, tyro, novice, lubber, blunderer.
saw, apothegm, aphorism, by-word, Adequate. STN. Equal, sufficient,
proverb, dictum. fit, satisfactory, full, competent, capa-
ANT. Discourse, disquisition, yarn,
ble, able.
harangue. ANT. Unequal, insufficient, incom-
Adapt. STN. Fit, accommodate, suit,
petent, inadequate.
adjust, conform, admeasure, harmo- Adhere. STN. Stick, cohere, cleave,
nize, attune.
hold, attach, unite, fix, join, cling.
ANT. Misfit,misconform, misapply. ANT. Disunite, part, separate, di-
Adaptation. STN. Accommodation, vide, secede, sunder, sever.
adjustment, admeasurement, conform- Adherence. STN. Adhesion, attach-
ity, coincidence. ment, devotion, fidelity, cleaving to,
ANT. Inconfonnity, incongruity, in- constancy, endearment.
compatibility, disharmony, misfi ^mal- ANT. Separation, disunion, unfaith-
formation, mismeasurement. fulness, desertion, treachery.
Add. STN, Adduce, adjoin, increase, Adherent, SYN. Follower, supporter,
ally, disciple, admirer, backer, aid, expostulate, warn, dissuade, prohibit,
partisan. inhibit, defy.
ANT. Opponent, deserter, ad versa: y Adjust. SYN. Harmonize, collocate,
renegade, antagonist. arrange, localize, adapt, affix, right,
Adhesion. [See ADHERENCE.] suit, classify, set in order, reconcile,
Adhesive. SYN. Sticky, viscous, glu- accommodate, compose.
tinous. ANT. Dislocate, disarrange, disturb,
ANT. Inadhesive. confound, dismember, disorder, con-
Adieu. SYN. Good-bye, (which ls,"God fuse, discompose, derange.
be with ye,") farewell, leave-taking,
Adjuvant. SYN. Accessary, auxili-
parting salutation, valediction. ary, promotive, productive, assistant,
ANT. Greeting, welcome, recogni- rnini<=trative, ancillary, useful, con-
tion, salutation. ducive.
Adipose. SYN. Obese, corpulent, se- ANT. Obstructive, detractive, re-
baceous, oleaginous, pinguetudinous. tardative, preventive, counteractive,
ANT. Leathery, skinny, bony, thin, irrelevant, useless.
anatomical, mummified. Admeasurement. SYN. Size, ad-
Adit. SYN. Entrance, ingress, access,
justment, dimensions, adaptation.
approach, avenue. ANT.
ANT. Exit, egress, month, outlet, Misshapement, misconforml-
debouchure. ty, misfit, mismatch, mismeasure-
Adjacent. SYN. Near, neighboring, Administer. SYN. Distribute, award,
contiguous, close, nigh, bordering,
conterminous. accord, dole, give, impart, afford, dis-
ANT. Remote, distant, separate, charge, dispense, execute, perform,
Adjoin. SYN. r. t. annex, add, con- furnish, contribute, conduct.
ANT. Withdraw, withhold, refuse,
nect, append, supplement, attach,
unite, v. i. Border, neighbor, touch, retain, assume, resume, resign, deny,
abut, approximate, verge, trench. divert, appropriate, misadminister,
ANT. v. t. Disjoin, dismember, dis- betray, misconduct, mismanage.
connect, detach, disintegrate, disu- Admirable. SYN. Wonderful, excel-
nite, v.i. Part, separate, recede, re- lent, surprising, astonishing, praise-
turn, diverge, be distant, removed, worthy, pleasing.
remote, incontiguous. ANT. Commonplace, mediocre, ri-
Adjourn. SYN. Postpone, suspend, diculous, abominable, displeasing.
defer, prorogue, delay, protract, put Admiration. SYN. Wonder, appro-
off. val, appreciation, adoration, rever-
ANT. Expedite, despatch, urge, ence.
hasten, conclude, complete, seal, con- ANT. Disapproval, disesteem, con-
summate, terminate. tumely, opprobrium, ridicule, con-
Adjudge, Adjudicate. SYN. Con- tempt, dislike.
fer, award, assign, present, decide, Admire. SYN. Wonder, gaze, ap-
arbitrate. prove, appreciate, extol, esteem, love,
ANT. Withhold, reserve, retain, re- applaud, affect, adore, revere, re-
fuse, dismiss, relegate; spect.
Adjunct. SYN. Addition, additament, ANT. Abhor, ridicule, disesteem,
attachment, appendage, auxiliary, execrate, abominate, contemn, mis-
appurtenance, aid, acquisition, advan- like, despise, slight.
tage, help. Admissible. SYN. Allowable, per-
ANT. Essence, substance, body, missible, probable, reasonable, just,
clog, detriment, impediment, draw- proper, fair, right, qualified.
back, hindrance, obstruction, detrac- ANT. Unallowable, inadmissible,
tion. improper, unreasonable, absurd, pre-
Adjure; SYN. Conjure, entreat, en- posterous, monstrous, unfair, wrong,
join, urge, supplicate, move, beseech, unqualified, excluded.
command. Admission. SYN. Concession, al-
ANT. Deprecate, remonstrate, dare, lowance, acknowledgment, acceptance.
AST. Denial, protestation, nega- Adventitious, superfluous, redund-
ant, alien, artificial, spurious, smug-
tion, contradiction, rejection.
wdmlt. SYN. Receive, pase, permit, gled.
ANT. Essential, necessary, verit-
accept, grant, concede, allow, ac-
able, regular, ingenerate, ingrained,
knowledge, confess,own, avow, suffer.
ANT. Exclude, debar, disallow, re- congenital, fundamental, genuine, in-
herent, proper.
ject, deny, discharge, dismiss, eject, Adulation. SYN. Flattery, com-
extrude, repudiate, disavow, disown.
pliment, sycophancy, courtship, in-
Admittance. SYN. Introduction, cente, praise, blandishment, fawning,
entrance, pass, permit, passport,
re- cringing.
privilege, acceptance, welcome, ANT. Detraction, obloquy, defama-
ception. tion, calumny, traducement, sarcasm,
AST. Exclusion, denial, ejection,
ridicule, satire, bespatterment.
prohibition, bar, hindrance, rejec- Adult. SYN. Man, woman.
tion, repudiation. ANT. Youth, stripling, boy, child,
Admonish. SYN. Remind, fore- infant
warn, advise, warn, dissuade, cau- Adulterate. SYN. Debase, corrupt,
tion, counsel, reprove, censure, deteriorate, vitiate, contaminate.
buke. ANT. Make pure, genuine, unde-
Encourage, instigate, abet, teriorate.
applaud, countenance.
incite, urge, Adulterated. SYN. Impure, nn-
Admonition. SYX. Warning, ad- genuine, spurious, concocted, mixed,
vice, counsel, caution, reproof. falsified, deteriorated, garbled, viti-
ANT. Applauding, encouraging, in- ated.
citing, urging, countenancing. ANT. Pure, genuine, original, un-
Ado. SYN. Hubbub, commotion, mixed, unadulterated,undeteriorated,
fuse, excitement. sound.
AWT. Calm, composure, quiet, or- Adumbration. SYN. Shadow, fore-
derliness, staidness, tranquillity. shadowing, presage, prognostic, de-
Adopt* SYN. Assume, select, affillt- lineation, premonition, hint, sketch,
ate, take, elect, arrogate, choose, en- prototype, suggestion.
dorse, avow, appropriate. ANT. Body, substance, fulfillment,
ANT. Reject, decline, repudiate, realization, substantiation, antitype.
disavow, discard, renounce, abandon, Advance, v. SYN. Propel, elevate,
disown, disclaim. promote, further, lend, propagate,
Adore. SYN. Admire, hallow, glo- progress, increase, prosper, rise,
rify, praise, venerate, reverence, wor- ANT. Retard, hinder, withhold,
ship, idolize. withdraw, recall, depress, degrade,
ANT. Abhor, despise, disesteem, suppress, oppose, retreat, decrease.
abominate, execrate, blaspheme. Advancement. [See ADVANCE.]
Adorn. SYN. Beautify, bedeck, or- Advantage. SYN. Gain, success,
nament, decorate, embellish, deck, superiority, help, assistance, benefit,
garnish, gild, enrich. good, avail, interest, utility, service,
ANT. Mar, spoil, deform, deface, profit, acquisition.
disfigure, impoverish, denude, des- ANT. Loss, disappointment, defeat,
poil, strip, bare, disembellish. frustration, inferiority, obstacle, ob-
4 drift. SYN. Loose, afloat, agog, struction, difficulty, dilemma, disad-
abroad, abroach, distracted, disor- vantage, drawback.
dered. Advent. SYX. Approach, arrival,
ANT. Fait, tight, right, lashed, accession, coming.
moored, secure, collected, composed. ANT. Departure, exit, exodus, re-
Adroit. SYN. Handy, skillful, dex- tirement, relinquishment, quittance.
terous, expert, proficient, clever. Adventitious. SYN. Extrinsic, re-
ANT. Awkward, clumsy, unskillful, dundant, superfluous, adscititiouSs ir-
inexpert, lubberly. regular, casual, imported.
A dfttitit iou*,or A vcitltious. SYN. ANT. Regular, proper, pertinent.
essential, appropriate, necessary, In- strain, curb, mislead, misadvise,
trins! }. hoodwink, deceive, delude,misinform.
Adventure. SYN. Incident, crisis, Advisable. SYN. Politic, judi-
chunee, hazard, occurrence, event, cious, expedient, desirable, wise, pru-
enterprise, casualty, undertaking, dent, beneficial, profitable.
experiment, venture, trial, romance. ANT. inadvisable, impolitic, In-
ANT. Matter-of-fact, matter-of- judicious, inexpedient, undesirable,
course. unprofitable.
Adventurous. SYN. Bold, brave, Advocate, n SYN. Pleader, coun-
daring, enterprising, courageous, gal- sellor, upbolder, propagator, promo-
lant, venturesome, rash,
fearless, ter, supporter, countenancer, defend-
chivalrous, hazardous. er, maintainer.
ANT. Timid, unenterprising, inad- ANT. Opponent, adversary, dis-
venturous, cowardly, nervous, hesita- countenancer, accuser, impugner,
ting, cautious. gainsayer.
Adversary. SYN. Antagonist, foe, Advocate, [See NOUN.]

enemy, rival, assailant. Afar. SYN. Abroad, away, aloof.

ANT. Accessory, abettor, alder, ANT. Near, at home, close.
Triend, helper, assistant, ally, accom- Afluble. SYN. Courteous, accessible,
plice. condescending, conversible, gracious,
Adverse. SYN. Opposed to, un- sociable, gentle, complaisant, urbane,
lucky, hard, hostile, antagonistic, un- polite, easy, approachable.
propitious, opposite, conflicting, con- ANT. Exclusive, discourteous, dis-
trary, unfavorable. tant, inaccessible, unapproachable,
ANT. Favorable, friendly, amic- incooversible, haughty, contemptu-
able, propitious, fortunate, lucky. ous, supercilious.
Adversity. SYN. Ill-luck, misfor- Affair. SYN. Matter, business, con-
tune, misery, calamity, disaster, dis- cern, subject, topic, transaction.
tress, uusuccess, failure, ruin,trouble, ANT. Detail, item, point, feature,
affliction, sorrow. circumstance.
ANT. Good-luck, prosperity, hap- Affect. SYN. Like, desire, favor,
piness, success, advancement. seek, assume, move, influence, con-
Advert to. SYN. Refer to,allude to, cern, interest, feign, pretend.
ANT. Dislike, .eschew, shun, repel,
notice, remark, glance at, regard,
touch upon, hint at. repudiate.
ANT. Ignore, pass, drop, omit, Affectation. BYN. Pretence, arti-
overlook. fice, hypocrisy, assumption, simula-
Advertent. SYN. Attentive, re- tion, mannerism, euphuism, airs.
ANT. Genuineness, naturalness, un
gardful, mindful, watchful, thought-
ful, observant, considerate. affectedness, simplicity, artlessness.
ANT. Affectlblllty. SYN. Sensibility,
Inattentive, inadvertent,
casual, thoughtless, heedless, inob- sensitiveness, susceptibility, impressi-
servant, inconsiderate. bility, excitability, irritability, ner-
Advertise. SYN. Publish, inform, ANT. Insensibility, inseusateness,
advise, circulate, announce, notify, cal
hebetude, unimpresslbleness,
proclaim, promulge. lousness.
ANT. Suppress, hush, conceal, ig-
Affection. SYN.
Influence, condi-
nore, hoodwink, misguide, mislead,
misinform. tion, state, inclination, bent, mood,
humor, feeling, love, desire, pro-
Advice. [SeeADVisi.] pensity.
Advise. SYN. Admonish, warn, de- ANT. Insensibility, indifference,
liberate, counsel, persuade, urge, repugnance, disaffection, repulsion.
prompt, instigate, incite, instruct, ac- Affiance. Homage, trust, confidence,
quaint, inform. reliance, betrothal, fealty, faith,
ANT. Dissuade, dwtor, expostulate, plighting.
rwnoastraVe, prohibit, UiiiibiV, r AT. Unfealty, disloyalty, distn/
treason, suspicion, Infidelity, false- Affray. STN. Broil, tumult, brawl,
ness. meltfe, fracas, disturbance, uproar,
Affiliate. STN. Annex, graft, in- quarrel, strife, wrangle, altercation.
ANT. Order, tranquillity, pacifica-
corporate, unite, adopt, inoculate.
ANT. Dismember, disannex, dis- tion, dispersion, quelling.
affiliate, sever, transplant, separate, Affright. STN. Startle, astonish,
disjoin, disunite. terrify, alarm, dismay, cow, frighten,
A ffl 1 iatlon . [See AFFILIATE. ]
ANT. Encourage, re-
STN. Relationship, rela- embolden,
Affinity. assure.
tion, kindred, conformity, connection,
Affront. STN.
alliance, similarity, analogy, homo- Outrage, provoca-
geneity, harmony, correlativeness, tion, insult, ill-treatment, abuse,
sympathy, interdependence, inter- wrong, offence, Indignity.
connection, intercommunity.
ANT. Homage.salutation, courtesy,
ANT. Dissimilarity, discordance, apology, amends, compliment.
disconnection, independence, antag- Afire. STN. Ablaze, alight, burning,
onism, antipathy, repugnance, inter- ignited.
repulsiveness. ANT.Out, extinguished, quenched.
Affirm. STN. Assert, swear, testify, Afloat. STN. Adrift, abroad, at sea,
tell, aver, propound, asseverate, de- abroach, loose, distracted, dazed.
pose, state, declare, endorse, main- ANT. Ashore, snug, tight, close,
tain. fast, collected, concentrated.
ANT. Deny, dispute, doubt, demur, Afoot. STN. Working, launched,
negative, contradict, gainsay, oppugn, aSoat, agoing, inaugurated, started,
impugn, oppose. instituted, established.
Affix. STN. Attach, annex, subjoin, ANT. TJncommenced, Incomplete,
adjoin, connect, fasten, unite, append. projected, proposed, contemplated,
ANT. Detach, disunite, separate, designed.
remove, disengage, unfasten. Afore. STN. Precedent, antecedent,
Affliction. STN. Trouble, trial, foregoing, ahead, a-front, before, b<u-
grief, pain, disease, misery, hardship, yond, sooner.
sorrow. ANT. Behind, following, subse-
ANT. Consolation, relief, allevia- quently, after, astern, aback, rear-
tion, assuagement, or, more positive- wards.
ly :
boon, blessing, gratification, Aforesaid. STN. Above-mentioned,
pleasure. stated, fore-named, foregoing, pre-
Affluence. STN. Abundance, plenty, ceding, fore-mentioned.
wealth, riches, opulence. ANT. Following, subjoined, after-
ANT. Want, scarcity, penury, in- cited, forthcoming.
digence, poverty, impecuniosity, Afraid. STN.
straitness, lack.
Fearful, apprehen-
Afflux. sive, timid, timorous, cowardly, faint-
STN. Accession, importa- hearted, cautious, careful, frightened,
tion, augmentation, increase, addi- alarmed, terrified, suspicious, dis-
tion, influx.
trustful, anxious.
ANT. Decrease, detriment, detrac- ANT. Fearless, inapprehensivn, un-
tion, diminution, exhaustion, failure,
ebb. solicitous, easy, indifferent, secure,
confident, bold, hopeful, eager, reck-
Afford. BTH. Produce, supply, give,
less, audacious, venturesome.
yield, grant, confer, bestow, impart, Afresh. STN.
administer, extend.
Anew, again, fre-
ANT. quently, repeatedly, intermittently.
Withhold, deny, withdraw, ANT. Continuously, uniformly, un-
retain, stint, grudge.
interruptedly, unintermittently, con-
Affranchise. STN.
Free, liberate, nectedly,
enfranchise, manumit, qualify, open. Aft. [SeeAsAS-r.]
ANT. Enthral, enslave, subjugate, After. STN. Behind, following, BU*
disfranchise, disqualify, close. ceedlng.
ANT. Afore, before, Introducing, ANT. Dissipation, dispersion, sepa-
preceding. ration, division, segregation,disunion,
A^aiii. SYN. Anew, afresh, repeat- individual, unit, element, ingredient,
edly, frequently. item.
ANT. Continuously, uniformly, un- Aggression. SYN. Invasion, attack,
interruptedly, unintermittently, once. offence, onslaught, encroachment, as-
Against. SYN. Over, opix>site, sault, provocation, incursion.
abutting, opposing, resisting, despite, ANT. Resistance, retaliation, re-
across, athwart, counter. pulsion, withdrawal, retreat, evacua-
ANT. With, for, accompaning, aid- tion, accession, acceptance, qualifica-
ing, suiting, promoting. tion.
Agape. SYN. Astare,agog, aston- Aggrieve, SYN. Wound, trouble,
ished, curious, inquisitive, enter- annoy, hurt, vex, disappoint, molest,
tained, amused, eager. maltreat, grieve, afflict, injure, wrong,
ANT. Incurious, listless,lukewarm, ANT. Soothe, conciliate, assuage,
absent. console, satisfy, compensate.
Age. SYN. Period, generation, era, Aghast. SYN. Affrighted, aston-
epoch, date, century, antiquity, se- ished, astare, dumbfounded, be-
nility, eldership, seniority. wildered, horror-struck.
ANT. Youth, infancy, boyhood, ANT. Cool, fearless, unaffected, un-
childhood, moment, instant. moved, indifferent, unexcited, un-
Aged. SYN. Old, ancient, antiquated, alarmed.
elderly, senile, patriarchal, primeval, Agile. SYN. Nimble, active, fleei,
time-honored, olden. brisk, alert, fetitly, lithe, prompt,
ANT. Juvenile, youthful, young,up- ready, quick, supple, nimble, swift,
start, recent, fresh. sprightly.
Agency. [See AGENT.] ANT. Slow, heavy, awkward, inert,
Agent. SYN. Doer, performer, ac-
clumsy,bulky, ponderous,elephantine.
tor, force, means, instrument, influ-
ence, cause, promoter, operator.
Agitate. SYN. Disturb, trouble, ex-
cite, ruffle, stir, fluster, oscillate, insti-
ANT. Counteragent, counteractor,
gate, convulse, shake.
counteraction, opponent, neutralizer, ANT. Calm, compose, allay, pacify,
Agglomerate. SYN. Accumulate,
conglomerate, lump, agglutinate, en- It is sometimes used of argumenta-
tangle, heap, confuse, amalgamate. tive consideration, as, to agitate a
ANT. Scatter, dissipate, sift, sepa-
rate, disentangle, disject, divide, dis- SYN. Start, moot, ventilate, pro-
unite, part, unravel, detach, differ-
ence. pound.
ANT. Solve, settle, determine.
Aggrandize. SYN. Promote, dig- Ago. SYN. Past, gone, since.
nify, exalt, ennoble, enrich, advance, ANT. Coming, future, hence, here*
augment, make great, magnify, ele- after.
vate, signalize.
ANT. Depress, degrade, enfeeble, Agog. SYN. Abroad, abroach, astir,
Impoverish, debase, humiliate, lower, adrift, agoing.
ANT. Asleep, indifferent,incnriou8,
abase, disgrace, dishonor.
Aggravate. SYN. Exasperate, pro- somnolent, heedless, collected, cool.
voke, wound, heighten, intensify, ir- Agony. SYN. Pain, torture, tor-
ritate, make worse, increase, enhance ment, distress, woe, throe, suffering,
embitter, magnify. pang, excruciation.
ANT. Soothe, conciliate, assuage, ANT. Assuagement,comfort, peace,
diminish, palliate, neutralize, soften, ease, relief, gratification, enjoyment,
lessen, alleviate. attenuate,mitigate. rapture, ecstacy, composure.
Aggregate, Aggregation. SYN. Agree. SYN. Suit, tally, accord, fit,
Sum,result,total, mass, whole, totality, harmonize, combine, assent, concur,
collection, amount, collation, combi- acquiesce, admit, consent, conforr*
nation. consort, comport, coincide.
Avt Differ, disagree, revolt, pro- Airy. SYN. Light, ethereal, spiritual,
test, decline, refuse, dissent, demur. joyous, sprightly, lively, animated,
frolicsome, fairy-like.
Agreeable. SYN. Obliging, pleas- ANT. Dull, inert, stony, ponderous,
ant, accommodating, grateful, accept-
able, welcome, suitable, consistent,
plow, heavy, cheerless, sullen, dole-
consonant, amiable, gratifying, pleas- some, lugubrious, leaden, wooden.
ing, good-natured, complaisant.
Akin. SYN. Related, agnate, cognate,
ANT. Disobliging, unpleasant, un- homogeneous, similar, consanguine-
accommodating, disagreeable, ob- ous, congenial, allied, sympathetic.
noxious, ungrateful, unwelcome, unac- ANT. Unrelated, unconnected, for-
ceptable, offensive. eign, alien, heterogeneous, uncon-
SYN. con- genial, hostile, unallied, antagonistic,
Agreeably. Suitably,
unsympathetic, dissimilar.
formably, consistently, accordingly,
pleasantly, acceptably, gratefully. Alacrity. SYN. Quickness, readiness,
ANT. Unsuitably, inconsistently, briskness, activity, cheerfulness, com-
impertinently, inappropriately, inhar- pliance, willingness, promptitude.
moniously,unbefittingly,unpleasantly. ANT. Slowness, reluctance, repug-
SYN. Contract, com- nance.
Agreement. Alarm, n. SYN. Apprehension, fright,
pact, bond, concord, concurrence,con-
formity, harmony, unison, conso- fear, timidity, consternation, tocsin,
nance, bargain, covenant, obligation, war-cry, war-note, reveille, dread, af.
undertaking, treaty. fright, disquietude, dismay.
ANT. (As without legal force or ANT. Confidence, security, quiet.
bond). Understanding, promise, pa- Alarm, v. SYN. Warn, wake, terrify,
role. intimidate, frighten.
Agriculture. SYN. Cultivation, hus- ANT. Compose, embolden, reassure,
bandry, farming, tillage. rally.
ANT. Sterility, unproductiveness, Alarming. SYN. Terrible, fearful,
waste, fallowness, inculture. frightful, portentous, ominous, threat-
Aground. SYN. Stranued, ashore. ening.
ANT. Afloat, off. ANT. Soothing, assuring, encourag-
Ahead. SYN. Forward, afore, afront, ing, inviting, propitious, hopeful, al-
onwards. luring, enticing, attractive.
ANT. abaft, astern, behind, aback, Alert. SYN. Active, brisk,nimble, pre-
aft, pared, prompt, vigilant, ready, wake-
Aid. SYN. Help,assist,guccor, support, ful,watchful, on the watch, lively.
befriend, co-operate, contribute^ avor, ANT. Slow, sleepy, lazy, absent, un-
foster, protect, abet, encourage, insti- ready, oblivious, sluggish, inactive,
gate, subsidize. unwatchful, dilatory, drowsy.
ANT. Oppose, resist, counteract, dis- Alien. SYN. Foreign, strange, undo-
courage, thwart, withstand, confront, mesticated, inappropriate, irrelevant,
deter, baffle. impertinent.
Ailment. SYN. Complaint, sickness, ANT. Pertinent, essential, proper,
illness, disease. appropriate, relevant, germane, afcin,
ANT. Recovery, convalescence, san- apropos, naturalized.
health, robustness, vigor, salubri-
ity, Alienate. SYN. Estrange, abalienate,
ousness. transfer, wean, disaffect. convey.
Aim. n. SYN. Tendency, intent, aspira- ANT. Conciliate, retain, endear, en-
tion, bent, drift, object, scope, goal, tail, bind, secure.
purpose, mark, end, design, intention. Alienation. SYN. Insanity, aberra-
ANT Shunning, disregarding, dis- tion, hallucination, derangement, im-
alfecting, overlooking, avoiding. becility.
Aim. v. SYN. Seek, level, propose, de- ANT. Sanity, soundness, sobriety,
sign, affect, intend, mean, purpose. rationality.
ANT. Shun, disregard, disaff ect, ig- Alight. SYN. Perch, drop, descend,
nore, overlook, avoid. dismount.
ANT. Mount, ascend, spring, soar, apportion, deal, dispense, parcel, dte
start. tribute, divide, mete out, portion out.
Alike. SYN. Resembling, similar, to- ANT. Refuse, withhold, retain, ap-
gether, twin-fellow, analogous, identi- propriate, resume, mlsapportion, mis-
cal, equal, equivalent, same, homo- denl.
geneous, akin, equally. Allotment. SYN. Piece, assignment,
ANT. Unlike, heterogeneous, apart, parcel, award, apportionment.
dissimilar, variously, differently, un- ANT. Misappropriation, seizure,en-
equally. oroacumeut.
Ailment. SYN. Food, sustentation, Allow. SYN. Concede, apportion, al-
nutriment, pabulum, victuals, provis- lot,assign, afford, tolerate, authorize,
ion, meat, sustenance, nourishment. grant, remit, recognize, acknowledge,
ANT. Poisou, bane, venom, starva- avow, confess, admit, permit, suffer,
tion, exhaustion. sanction, yield.
Alive. SYN. Quick, living, breathing, ANT. Withhold, withdraw, resume,
warm, lively, vivacious, alert, exist- refuse, deny, disallow, repudiate, pro-
ing, existent, safe, subsisting, active, test, \vithstuud, resist, disapprove, r&>
brisk, animated. ject.
ANT. Dead, departed, cold, lifeless, Allowance. [See ALLOW.]
defunct, inanimate, dispirited, du.. Alloy. SYN. Admixture, deterioration,
All. SYN. Whole, complete, entire, adulteration, drawback, diminution,
total, every, integral, perfect, full. decrement, impairment, debasement^
ANT. (preceding). Some, part. depreciation, disparagement.
Allay. SYN. 8oothe,alleviute, repress, ANT. Purity, genuineness, enhance,
mitigate, quiet, moderate, appease, muiit, integrity.
compose, soften, pacify, mollify as- Alloyed. SYN. Mixed, deteriorated,
suage,tranquilize, palliate, culm. impaired, diminished, adulterated.
ANT. Excite, rouse, aggravate, stir, ANT. Pure, absolute, perfect, com-
kindle, fan, impassion, provoke, in- plete, genuine, unmixed, unimpaired,
cite. undeterioMtted, uudimiuished,un adul-
Allege. STN. Declare, affirm, assert, terated, enhanced.
asseverate, depose, plead, cite, quote, Allude. SYN. Point, indicate, suggest,
assign, advance, maintain, say. hint, signify, insinuate, refer, imply,
ANT. Contradict,gaiusay, refute, de- intimate.
ny, disprove, neutralize, quash, repel. ANT. Specify, demonstrate, declare,
Allegiance. SYN. Subjection, obedi- mention, state.
ence, loyalty, fealty, homage. Allure. SYN. Entice, seduce, attract,
ANT. Disloyalty, rebellion, resist- tempt, decoy, inveigle, wheedle, lure,
ance, disaffection, malcontentment, cajole.
treason. ANT. Alarm, deter, terrify, scare,
Allegory. SYN. Parable, metaphor, warn.
fable, illustration, image. Allurement. [See ALLURE].
ANT. History, fact, narrative. Allusion. SYN. Reference, insinua-
Alleviate. SYN. Lighten, lessen, as- atiou.
suage, mitigate, soothe, moderate, re- ANT. Specification, demonstration,
lieve, remit, diminish. mention.
ANT. Aggravate, enhance, increase, Ally. SYN. Friend, companion, sup-
embitter, augment. porter, aider, abetter, accomplice, as-
Alliance. SYN. Compact, treaty, co- sistant, confederate, helper, associate,
operation, union, connection, partner- accessory, colleague, coadjutor.
ship, league, combination, coalition, ANT. Foe, enemy, opponent, adver-
confederation, friendship, relation, sary, baffler, counteractor, antagonist.
relationship. Aloof. SYN. Apart, away, separately.
ANT. Disunion, enmity, divorce, dis- ANT. Close, near, together.
cord, disruption, antagonism, separa- Aloud. SYN. Audibly, loudly, clamor-
tion, estrangement, hostility. ously, sonorously, vociferously, ob
Allot. SYN. Assign, grant, award, give, etreperousljr.
AWT. Softly, 6ilently,inaudibly, sup- Amazement. SYN. Astonishment^
pressedly. awe, wonder, bewilderment, surprise,
Alter. SYN. Substitute, change, vary, stupefication, marvel.
modify, exchange, diversify, remodel. ANT. Expectation, preparation, an-
ANT. Retain, perpetuate, conserve, ticipation, familiarity, calmness, com-
stereotype, arrest, solidify, stabilitate. posure, coolness, self-possession.
Alterable. SYN. Variable, mutable, Amazing. SYN. Astounding, aston-
changeable, movable, revocable. ishing, bewildering, marvellous, pro-
ANT. Invariable, immutable, fixed, digious, miraculous, vast, portentous,
unchangeable, permanent, perpetual, ominous, striking, wonderful, surpris-
unalterable, immovable. ing, astounding, extraordinary.
Alteration. SYN. Variation, differ- ANT. Common, ordinary, familiar,
ence, diversification, shifting, modifi- trivial, commonplace, customary, frt
cation, change,pennutation, mutation, quent, usual.
mutability. Ambagious. SYN. Tortuous, indi-
ANT. Retention, perpetuation, con- rect, anfractuous, circumlocutory, cir-
servation, changelessness, identity, cuitous, periphrastic, ambiguous, un-
stabilitation, nxity.permanence. intelligible, pointless, disjointed.
Altercation. SYN. Dispute, wrangle, ANT. Simple, straightforward, plain,
contentious, quarrel, dissension, com- direct, obvious, intelligible, lucid, con-
motion, variance, disturbance, affray, densed, pointed, terse, pungent, teU-
controversy, brawl. ing.
ANT. Unanimity, concord, compro- Ambiguous. SYN. Equivocal, vague,
mise, agreement, reconciliation, con- doubtful, enigmatical, uncertain, ob-
sonance, conversation,harmony. scure, unintelligible, perplexing, in-
Alternative. STN. Choice, resource, distinct, dubious.
opinion. ANT. Univocal,pbvious, plain, clear,
ANT. Compulsion, quandary, neces- unambiguous, indisputable, necessary,
sity, fix. unmistakable, unequivocal, lucid.
Altiloquence. SYN. Bombast, in- Ambition. SYN. Aspiration, emula-
flatedness, turgidity, euphuism, mag- tion, appetition.
niloquence. ANT. Indifference, inappetency,con-
ANT. Plain-spokenness, vernacular, tentment, moderation.
mother-tongue, Ameliorate. SYN. Improve, raise,
Altitude. SYN. Height, tallness, ver-
better, advantage, promote, advance,
ticality, ascent, loftiness, eminence,
elevation. amend, rectify, meliorate.
ANT. Debase, depress, deteriorate,
ANT. Lowness, depression, descent,
injure, impair, vitiate, spoil, mar.
declination, depth.
Altogether. SYN. Collectively, com- Amenable. SYN. Liable, dependent,
bined, in one, totally, entirely, wholly, responsible, answerable, accountable,
fully, completely, utterly, thoroughly. subject, pliant, impressible,ductile,dc-
ANT. Separately, individually, par- cile.

ANT. Independent, autocratic, un-
Amalgamate. SYN. Fuse, commix, amenable, irresponsible, refractory,
in- obstinate.
mix, compound, unite, consolidate,
corporate. Amend. SYN. Improve, mend, repair,
ANT. Separate, disintegrate, decom- correct, rectify, better, ameliorate, re-
pose, disunite, dissipate, detach, dis- form.
perse, analyze. ANT. Deteriorate, degenerate, neg-
Amalgamation. [See AMALGA- lect,aggravate, tarnish, blemish, spoil,
MATE ]7 corrupt, vitiate, impair, mar.
Amass. SYN. Collect, accumulate, ag- Amends. SYN. compensation, satis-

gregate, heap, gather, store up, hoard, faction, acknowledgment, atonement,

pile up. expiation, recompense, indemnity, re-
ANT. Divide, dissipate, waste, scat- muneration, apology, reparation, res-
ter, disperse, parcel, portion, spend. titution.
ANT. Iiisult, fault, offense, injury. Amount, r. STN. Reach, rise, come,
Amenity. SYN. Pleasantness, mild- attain, extend.
ness, blandness,graciousness,geniiility, ANT. Fall, recede, relapse, decline,
compliableness, courtesy, obliging- fail.
ness. Amount, n. STN. Total, aggregate,
ANT. Unpleasantness, moroseness, sum, whole, quantity,totality,equality.
harshness, austerity, roughness, un- ANT. Failure, decrease, deficiency,
graciousness, bearishness, rigor, as- portion, instalment, deficit, insuffi-
perity, angularity, discourtesy. ciency.
Amerce. STN. Find, bind, mulct, con- Ample. STN. Large, bountiful, liberal,
demn. copious, spacious, roomy, diffusive,
ANT. Remit, acquit, absolve, indem- full,complete, sufficient, plentiful
nify, release. abundant.
Amiable. STN. Lovable, good, kind, ANT. Narrow, niggardly, insuffi-
benevolent, charitable, delectable, en- cient, stingy, scant, mean, stint, bare.
gaging, fascinating, agreeable, lovely, Amplification. [See AMPLIFY].
pleading, charming, attractive. Amplify. STN. Enrich, enlarge, in-
ANT. Churlish, disagreeable, hate- crease, augment, multiply, dilate, de-
ful, abominable, ill-natured, ill-con- velop, swell, expatiate, expand, dis
ditioned, unamiable. cuss, unfold, extend,
Amicable. Srn. Friendly ,propitious, ANT. Retrench, amputate, curtail,
favorable, kind, cordial, neighborly, condense, abbreviate, epitomize, gath,
sociable. er, collect, sum.
ANT. Unfriendly, unpropitious, un- Amplitude. [See AMPLE].
favorable, unkind, cold, distant, an- Amputate. STN. Prune, lop, curtail,
tagonistic, hostile, adverse. clip,remove.
Amidst. STN. Between, among, be- ANT. Extend,enlarge,augment,elon-
twixt. gate, amplify, t rain, trail, develop,pra
ANT. Outside, without, beyond. duce.
Amiss. STN. Wrong,untrue, wide, Analogy. STN.Relation,resemblance.
bad, false, defective, short, inappro- proportion, similarity, similitude, co-
priate, inopportune, injudicious, un- incidence, affinity, comparison, par-
timely, abortive. . ity.
ANT. Right, true,good, complete, ef- ANT. Disproportion, dissimilarity,
fective, successful, satisfactory, con- disharmony, irrelativeness, heteroge-
summate, expedient, appropriate, op- neousness, incongruity, inaffinity.
portune. Analysis. STN. Dissection,separation,
Ami) Y. STN. Friendliness, peace, eo- anatomy, segregation, decomposition,
ciableness, good-will. resolution, partition.
ANT. Coolness, distance, indiffer- ANt. Composition, synthesis, aggre-
ence, hostility, opposition, acrimony, gation, combination, coalition, amal-
antagonism, asperity, hatred, dislike, gamation, coherence.
repugnance, unfriendliness. Anarchy. STN, Disorder, tumult, re-
AiiiiK-Mly . STN. Pardon, acquittal, re- bellion, riot, misgovernment, insubor-
mission, condonation, oblivion, dis- dination.
pensation, absolution. ANT. Order, subjection,government,
ANT. Penalty, retaliation, punish- organization, control, law.
ment, retribution, requital, visitation, Anatomy. STN. Dissection, division,
infliction, exaction, trial, account. segregation, analysis, resolution, dis-
Among. Sro AMIDSI
j. memberment.
Amorphous. STN. Shapeless, un- ANT. Synthesis, collocation, organi-
arranged, unformed, incompact, in- zation, union, construction, structure,
choate, incomplete, unordered, float- form, body.
ing,unmouldcd, natant, discurrent. Ancient. STN. Old, antiquated, old-
ANT. systematized, arranged, com- fashioned, antique, obsolete, old-time,
pact, finished, shapely, crystallized,de- aged, primeval, primordial, immemo
, stereotyped, moulded. rial, time-honored.
AKT. New, young, modern, juvenile, Animate. SYN. Enliven, Inspirit, iik
upstart, fresh, parvenu. stigate, quicken, exhilarate, embolden,
Ancillary. SYN. Assistant, subservi- rouse, revivify, cheer, gladden, stir,
ent, promotive, auxiliary, accessory, prompt, incite, stimulate.
ANT. Dishearten, deter, cow, stifl<S
conducive, available, useful, applic-
able. depress, damp, deaden, discourage.
ANT. Insubservient,redundant, inap- Animated. SYN. Boused, excited, in-
propriate, irrelevant, alien, inopera- spirited, exhilarated, enlivened, viva-
tive, unconducive, adverse, counterac- cious, stirred, lively, brisk, enlivening,
tive, obstructive,impertinent, prevent- inspiring, spirited.
ive. ANT. Sluggish, indolent, indifferent,
Anew. SYN. afresh,again, repeatedly. dull, languid, flat,tame.
ANT. Of old, continuously, uninter- Animation. SYN. Life, vivacity, live-
ruptedly. liness, airinesp,cheerfulness,brisknes ;

Anlractuoslty. SYN. Tortnousness, alacrity, buoyancy,spirit,exhilaration,

ambagiousness, angularity,ambiguity, sprlghtliness, promptitude, alertness,
circumlocution, disjointedness. activity.
ANT. Straightforwardness, direct- ANT. Expiration, spiritlessness, dul-
ness. ness, dolerulness, deadness, stolidity,
Angelic. SYN. Pure, ethereal, spirit- inertness.
ual, lovely, heavenly, seraphic, rap- Animosity. SYN. Hatred, antipathy,
turous, divine. dissention, aversion, acrimony, feud,
ANT. Foul, hideous, demoniacal, di- strife, rancor, antagonism, bitterness,
abolical, hellish, fiendish. acerbity, hostility, enmity, malice, an-
Anger, n. SYN. Ire,incen8ement,vexa- ger, malevolence, ill-will, malignity,
tion, grudge, pique, exasperation, in- feeling against.
dignation, enmity, displeasure, irrita- ANT. Congeniality, companionship,
tion, passion, spleen, gall, resentment, friendship, sympathy, fellow-feeling,
rage, animosity, fury, choler, wrath. unanimity, harmony,concord, regard,
ANT. Peace,peacefulness, peaceable- alliance, kindliness.
ness, appeasement, forgiveness, good- Annals. SYN. Chronicles, memorials,
will, patience, forbearance, reconcili- records, registers, history, archives.
ation, conciliatoriness, mildness. ANT. Tradition, legend, romance,
Anger, v. SYN. Enrage, vex, kindle, lays.
fret, ruffle, chafe,infuriate,exasperate, Annex. SYN. Add, attach, fasten, affix,
provoke, irritate, incense, wound, in- subjoin, append, connect, unite.
flame, imbitter. ANT. Withdraw, detach, disconnect,
ANT. To appease, compose, forbear,
separate, disengage, disunite, remove.
allay,soothe, calm, conciliate, heal.
Angry. SYN. Wrathful, irate, resent- Annihilate. SYN. Abolish, destroy,
ful, ireful, incensed, furious, irficible, bring to nought, uproot, eradicate,
choleric, moody, nettled, toucl y, sul- nullify, exterminate, end, extinguish,
len, piqued, excited, provoked,! iging, demolish, obliterate, efface.
chafed, hasty, hot, exasperated, indig- ANT. Keep, conserve, preserve, fos-
nant, passionate. ter,tend, protest,cherish,develope,sta-
ANT. Peaceful, forgiving, fo -bear- bilitate, augment, cultivate, perpetu-
ing, calm,good-ternpered, unrest ntful.
Anguish. SYN. Pain, pang, wo ), sor- Annotation. SYN. Explanation, crit-
row, distress, grief, discomfor ,
tor- icism, remark, note,commeutary, elu-
ture, excruciation, agony, tormt at. cidation, observation, comment.
ANT. Ease, pleasure, eiijoymei t, ec- ANT. Statement, assertion, proposi-
stasy, rapture, relief, solace, coi ifort, tion, narrative, text.
assuagement. Announce. SYN. Declare, propound,
Animadversion. SYN. Rebukt, dis- give notice, enunciate, advertise, pub-
approval, censure, blame. lish, report, notify, make known, give
ANT. Praise, approval, encourage- out, reveal, herald, proclaim, intimate,
ment, eulogy. pvomulge.
AST. Conceal, suppre?. hush, rtiflf, Antagonist. SYN. Adversary, oppo-
withhold, shroud, bury, burke. nent, rival, competitor, foe, enemy.
Annoy. SYN. Tease, vex, irritate, dis- ANT. Aider, abettor, accomplice, a<v
turb, affront, molest, pain, disquiet.in- eessoiy, ally.
commode, tantalize, bother, weary, in- Antagonistic. SYN. Adverse, oppos-
convenience, plague, discommode, ha- ing, inimical, hostile, repugnant, con-
rass, chafe, trouble. trary.
ANT. Soothe, conciliate, appease, re- ANT. Favoring, aiding, harmonious,
gard, quiet, accommodate, study , tend, friendly, agreeable to.
foster, cherish, smooth, gratify Antecedence. SYN. Anteriority, pri-
Annoyance. SYN. Trouble, discom- ority, precursorship, premonition, In-
fort, vexation, worry, nuisance, both- troduction, preparation, pre-existence.
er, uneasiness, plague, bore. ANT. Posteriority, subsequence, suc-
ANT. Joy, gladness, gratification, de- cession, sequel, supervention, conse-
light, ease, pleasure. quence.
Annul. SYN. Cancel, obliterate, make Antecedent. [See ANTERIOR.]
void, quash, nullify, revoke, rescind, Anterior. SYN. Prior, foregoing, an-
destroy, set aside, abrogate,extiuguish, tecedent, previous, precursive, prece-
abolish, repeal. dent, earlier, Introductory, prelimina-
ANT. Foster, protect, conserve, con- ry, former.
firm, maintain, enact, re-enact, insti- ANT. Posterior, later, subsequent,
tute, establish. consequent, succeeding.
Anomalous. SYN. Irregular, abnor- Anticipate. SYN. ForestalUprejudge,
mal, exceptional, unusual, eccentric, expect, foretaste, apprehend, prevent,
ANT. Regular, normal, usual, ordi- prearrange, prepare, prejudge, meet,
nary, common, wonted, in theorderof obviate, intercept, forecast.
things. ANT. Remember, recollect, remedy,
Anomaly. SYN. Irregularity, abnor- undo, cure, misapprehend.
mity, exception, informality, peculiar- Anticipation. SYN. Prevention, ex-
ity, eccentricity. pectation, forestallment,awaiting,pre-
ANT. Conformity, regularity, illus- occupation, preconception, foresight,
conformance, exemplification,
tration, forethought,foretaste,prelibation,pre-
specimen. elusion, pregustation, antepast, fore-
Anon. SYN. Soon, shortly, presently. cast, provision.
ANT. Hereafter. ANT. Surprise, unpreparedness. un.
Anonymous. SYN. Nameless, unat- expectedness.inexpectation, actual en-
tested, authorless, unidentified, unau- joyment, non-expectation, realization,
thenticated, consummation.
ANT. Authenticated, attested, identi- Antipathy. SYN. Repugnance, dis-
fied,authorized, verified, signed. like,hatred, detestation, contrariety,
Answer. SYN. Reply, response, coun- aversion, distaste, uncongeniality, an-
ter-argument.confutation, acceptance, tagonism, hostility, opposition, abhor-
(as of a challenge), tally, counterpart, rence.
solution, vindication, apology, excul- ANT. Sympathy, kindliness, congen-
pation, defense, rejoinder, repartee, iality, fellow-feeling,amnity, harmony.
retort. Antiquated. SYN. By-gone, quaint,
ANT. Challenge, question, defiance, old-fashioned, obsolete.
summons, interrogation, query. ANT. Fashionable, modish, stylish,
&n*werable. SYN. Liable,amenable, modern.
accountable, responsible, correspond- Antique. SYN. Archaic, ancient, an-
ent, agreeing, cestral.
ANT. Independent, unanswerable, ir- ANT. Modern, recent, new-fangled.
responsible, different, unsuitable, dis- Antithesis. SYN. Contrast, opposi-
agreeing, disMmilHr. tion, contradiction, antagonism.
Antagonism. SYN. Hostility, oppo- ANT. Identity, sameness, converti-
sition, animosity, enmity. bility, coincidence, coalescence.
ANT. Amity, alliance, association. Anxiety. SYN. Care, trouble, eager-
ness, disquiet, apprehension, careful- latively, indiscriminately, confusedly,
ness, diffidence, solicitude,misgiving. synthetically.
ANT. Carelessness, ease, confidence, Apocalypse. SYN. Revelation, man-
contentment, acquiescence, content- if estation, unveiling, exhibition, divest-
edness, apathy, light-hear tedness, non- ment, exposure, disclosure.
chalance. ANT. Concealment, suppression, ob-
Anxious. SYN. Solicitous, careful, scuration, veiling, shrouding, eclipse,
uneasy, concerned, restless, watchful, envelopment.
disturbed, unquiet. Apocryphal. SYN. Obscure, doubt-
ANT. Without care, careless, inert, ful, unauthorized, unauthentic, spuri-
ease, unconcerned, calm, composed. ous, legendary, uncertain, unauthenti-
cated, unverified.
Apaee. SYN. Rapidly, fast, astride, ea- ANT. Palpable,acoepted, authorized,
gerly, ahead, expeditiously, speedily.
ANT. Slowly, imperceptibly, leisure- authentic, genuine, current, undispu-
ted, verified, attested.
ly, creepingly, crawlingly, sluggishly,
tardily. Apologue. SYN. Fable, fiction, para-
Apart. STN. Aloof, away, separately,
ANT. Precept, history, narrative.
secret, asunder, privately, aside, se-
cretly, separate.
Apology. SYN. Defense,justification,
ANT. Close, together, united, along plea, exculpation, excuse, vindication,
acknowledgment, confession.
with, hand hand.
ANT. Charge, imputation, impeach-
Apartment. SYN. Koom, chamber, ment, offense, incrimination, injury,
hall, lodging, berth. accusation, wrong, insult.
ANT. Resident, dweller, lodger, oc-
Apostate. [See RENEGADE].
cupant, inmate,tenant, housebuilding. Apothegm. SYN. Proverb,adage, dic-
Apathy. SYN. Indifference, insensi- tum, maxim, saw, saying.
bility, unfeelingness in company, in- ANT. (As not so condensed). Exhor-
susceptibility, unconcern, sluggish- tation, sermon, discourse,disquisition.
ness, hebetude. Appal. SYN. Affright, alarm, terrify,
ANT. Anxiety, care, eagerness, in- scare, daunt, cow, shock, frighten, dis-
terestedness, sensibility, susceptibili- couraged, dishearten, horrify, dismay,
ty, sensitiveness,irritability, curiosity. astound.
Apathetic. SYN. Unfeeling, stoical, ANT. Encourage, rally, assure, em-
cold, frigid, indifferent, impassive, in- bolden, reassure.
sensible, insensitive. Apparel. SYN. Clothes, robes, vest-
ANT. Anxious, careful, sympathetic, ure, vestments, raiment, garniture,
sensitive, susceptible. habiliments, habit, dress, clothing, ca-
Ape. v. SYN. Mimic, imitate, simulate, parison, trappings, housings.
personate, represent. ANT. Nudity, disinvestiture, desha-
ANT. Not to imitate, vary, modify, bille, tatters, rags.
change. Apparent. SYN. Obvious, plain, con-
Aperture. SYN. Opening, gap,chasm, spicuous, manifest, appearing, unmis-
fissure, cleft. takable, clear, probable, seeming, pre-
ANT. Closure,blocking up,seclusion, sumable, likely, patent, ostensible,vlsl-
imperviousness, blank wall, shutting ble, evident,indubi table,notorious,cer-
up. tain.
Apex. [See ACME]. ANT. Uncertain, dubious, inappar-
Aphorism. SYN. Adage, apothegm, ent, minute, unobservable, improba-
maxim, saying, precept, rule, prov- ble, insupposable, hidden, real.
erb. Appeal. SYN. Accost, address, apos-
ANT. Lecture, exhortation,desserta- trophize, invite, cite, invoke, urge, re-
tion, disquisition. fer, call upon, entreat, request, resort.
Apiece. SYN. Distributively, individ- ANT. Deprecate, repudiate, protest,
ually, separately, severally,analytical- disavow, disclaim, defy, abjure.
ly- Appearance. SYN. Advent, coming,
ANT. Collectively, together, aceuniu- arrival, presence, apparition, aspeot.
tnamfestatlon,probablliry,llkeness, ex- A.NT. Spontaneity, growth, produo.
hibition, mien, manner,semblance,air, tion, evolution, development.
show, look, pretense, likelihood, pre- Applicable. SYN. Available, ancilla.
snmption. ry, convenient, useful, pertinent, con-
ANT. Departure, disappearance, un- ducive, appropriate.
jikelihood, non-appearance, conceal- ANT. Useless, unavailable, incondo-
ment, evanition. cive, inapplicable, irrelevant.
Appease. SYN. Pacify. BSPURRO, miti- Application [See DILIGENCE].
gate, conciliate, propitiate, moderate, Apply. SYN. Adduce, use, employ, al-
satisfy, stay, allay, quiet, soften, calm. lot, dedicate, devote, exercise, appor-
compose, soothe, hush, cool, tranquil- tion, direct, engage.
ize. ANT. Disuse, divorce.discard, super-
ANT. Excite, provoke, aggravate, ex- sede, alienate, remove, misapply, mis-
asperate, inflame,embitter,incense, in- direct, divert, misappropriate, misem-
tensify, stimulate, kindle. ploy.
Appellation. SYN. Name,patronym- Appoint. SYN. Fix, determine, instal,
ic, cognomen, style, description,desig- allot, order, prescribe, institute, em-
iiation, title, denomination, term. ploy, apportion, apply, designate, as-
ANT, Namelessness,non-description, sign, intrust, invest, ordain, arrange.
anonymousness. ANT. Reverse, cancel, recall, with-
Append. SYN. Affix, supplement,sub- draw, reserve, withhold, retain, undo,
join, attach. suspend, disarrange, disappoint.
ANT. Separate, disengage, discon- Apportion. SYN. Assign, deal, allot,
nect, detach. grant, share, divide, dispense, admin-
Appendage, Appendix, n. SYN. ister, distribute, appoint.
ANT. Reserve, retain, refuse, with-
Addition, annexation, adjunct, supple-
ment. hold, assume, resume, cancel, divert,
ANT. Subtraction, separation, amal- suspend, reapportion, reappoint.
gamation, disconnection, detachment, Apportionment. [See APPORTION].
Apposite. SYN. Suitable,appropriate,
disjunction, division, incorporation.
Appended. SYN. Added, joined, nf- befitting, timely, congruous,
fixed, subjoined, attached, appended, consistent, pertinent, seasonable, rele-
additional, concomitant. vant, fit, meet, adapted, apropos.
ANT. Detracted, disconnected, sepa- ANT. Untimely, irrelevant, imperti-
rated, disjoined, divided nent, unfitting, mistimed, misplaced,
misspoken, inappropriate,misjudged.
Appertaining. [See CONCERNING].
Appraise. SYN. Value, survey, esti-
Appetite. SYN. Passion, desire, pro-
mate, price.
pensity, proclivity,inclination,propen- ANT. Undervalue.discard, condemn,
sion, appetency, want , craving, dispo-
brand, misappreciate, misestimate.
sition, tendency, proneness.
ANT. Repugnance, aversion, antipa- Appreciate. SYN. Esteem.recognize,
thy, loathing, indifference, apathy. acknowledge, respect, value, prize, re-
gard, reckon, estimate.
Applaud. SYN. Laud, praise, extol, ANT. Undervalue, misconceive, mis-
approve, eulogize, commend, cry up, judge, ignore, misappreciate.
magnify, encourage, cheer. Apprehend. SYN. Comprehend, un-
ANT. Disapprove, denounce, decry,
derstand, take, expect, seize, conceive,
censure, execrate. arrest, fancy, dread,imagine,presume,
Applause. SYN. Praise, plaudit, laud- anticipate, fear, conjecture.
ation, encomium, commendation, ap- ANT. Ignore, miss, lose, misconjec-
probation, acclamation, approval, eu- ture, misconceive, misapprehend, mis-
logy, acclaim. anticipate.
ANT. Obloquy, condemnation, de- Apprehension. [See APPREHEND].
nunciation, dissatisfaction, contempt, Apprise, or. Apprize. SYN. Tell,
ceasure.blame,vituperation,sibilation. inform, disclose, publish, advise, ad-
Appliance. SYN. Contrivance, mech- vertise, communicate, enlighten, i\

anism, arrangement, means, agency. quaint.

ANT. Hoodwink, mystify, deceive, Arbitrary. SYN.Tyrannlcal,
mislead. harsh, dictatorial, imperious,
Approach. STN. Access, avenue, en- bearing, overbearing, selfish, absolute,
trance, adit,vestibule, arrival, approx- irresponsible, tyrannous, domineer-
imation, advent, Bearing, admission, ing,peremptory.
appropinquation, admittance, mode, ANT. Mild, modest, lenient, consid-
path, way, advance, similarity. erate, obliging, limited, equitable,
ANT. Exit, egress, debouchure, out- constitutional.
let, departure, recession, distance, di- Arbitrate. STN. Settle, adjust, com-
versity, disparity. pose, decide, determine,accommodate,
Approbation. STN. Approval, satis- adjudicate.
faction, praise, encouragement, con- ANT. Dispute, claim, appeal, misde-
firmation, assent, consent,permission, termine, litigate, contend, misjudge.
commendation, concurrence, accept- Archaic. [See ANCIENT].
ANT. Disapproval, censure, blame,
Architect. STN. Constructor, con-
triver, designer, builder, surveyor,
dissatisfaction, discouragement, repu-
diation, protest, denial, refusal, dis- ANT. Workman
claimer, disavowal, disparity, dissimi-
carrying out plans,
destroyer, extinguisher.
Ardent. SYN. Longing, passionate, as-
Approval. [See APPROBATION]. piring, -warm, eager, fervent, excited,
Approve. STN. Like, comment, sanc- fiery, glowing, zealous, fervid, fierce,
tion, praise, support, second,
promote, keen, vehement, hot, affectionate, im-
encourage, authorize.
ANT. Disapprove, dislike, censure, passioned, burning, heated.
ANT. Cool, cold, indifferent, dis-
blame, disown, disavow.
passioned, apathetic, passionless, un,
Appropriate. [See FIT]. impassioned, phlegmatic, platonic.
Approximate. STN. Approach, re- Ardor.
semble, border, abut, near, trench. [See ARDENT].
ANT. Separate, differ, vary, recede, ArdlloiiM. STN. Difficult, hard, lofty,
diverge, deviate. onerous, laborious, steep, precipitous.
Appurtenant. STN. Belonging, con- f v r. Easy, practicable,unlaborious,
nected, appropriate, appended, homo- light, trivial.
geneous, attached, co-ordinate, con- Argue. SYN. Discuss, debate, prove,
comitant. question, evidence, establish, imply,
ANT. Unconnected, disconnected, sift.dispute, persuade, controvert,con-
Inappropriate, detached, isolated, in- tend, demonstrate, reason.
congruous, unallied, unrelated, inde- ANT. Dictate, assert,propound,com-
pendent, heterogeneous. mand.
Apt. STN. Fit, apposite, clever, meet, Argument. STN. Reasoning, contro-
liable, becoming, appropriate, ready, versy, evidence, discussion, topic, dis-
fitting, suitable, pertinent, qualified, pute.
prompt, adapted, likely. ANT. Assertion, assumption,without
ANT. Unfitted, ill-timed, awkward, proof or evidence.
unlikely, inapt. Arid. STN. Dry, parched, sterile, un-
Aptitude. STN. Fitness, liability, sus- productive.
ceptibility, suitableness, read'iness, ANT. Moist, dewy, watered, fertile,
quickness, cleverness, proneness, ten- luxuriant, exuberant, verdant, bloom-
dency. ing, productive.
ANT. Unfltaess, nnsuitableness, in- Aright. STN. Right, well, rightly, cor-
susceptibility, slowness, stupidity, un- rectly, truly, properly, uprightly, un-
readiness, awkwardness. exceptionably, justly, suitably, appro-
Arbiter. STN. Arbitrator, judge, um- priately.
pire, moderator, director, referee, ad- ANT. Wrongly, awry, incorrectly,
judicator. improperly, defectively, erroneously.
ANT. Appellant, claimant,disputant, Arm. STN. Equip, gird, accoutre, ar-
litigant. ray.
ANT. Disarm, ungird, divest, dis- ANT. Bash fulness, servility, consld-
array. erateness, deference, courtesy, mod-
Army. SYN. Troops, soldiery, legion, esty, shyness, diffidence, politeness.
soldiers, military, phalanx, host, mul- Arrogate. SYN. Claim, assume, vin-
titude. dicate, assert, demand.
ANT. Fewness, a small number, In- ANT. Forego, waive, resign, surren-
dividual, paucity, single person. der, abandon, disclaim.
Aromatic. [See FRAGRANCE]. Art. SYN. Science, literature, aptitude,
Around. SYN. About, environing, en- readiness, adroitness, skill, dexterity,
circling. cunning, deceit, duplicity, tactics, pro-
ANT. Within, amid, among. fession, artifice, management, trade,
Arouse. SYK. Stir, excite, disturb, an- business, calling.
imate, wake up, stimulate, alarm, pro- ANT. Inaptitude,maladroitness,can-
voke, cheer. dor, openness, frankness, mismanage-
ANT. Allay, assuage, mitigate, paci- ment.
compose, moderate, still, quiet.
fy, Artful. SYN. Cunning, designing, ma-
Arraign. SYN. Summon, accuse, cen- neuvering, sharp, knowing,subtle, sly,
sure, indict, charge, impeach. crafty, wily, shrewd.
ANT. Acquit, eoiidoue, discharge, re- ANT. Simple, undesigning, artless,
lease. open, innocent, unsophisticated.
Arrange. SYN. Order, put In order, Artifice. SYN. Maneuvre, cheat, wile,
group, array, place, adjust, range, lo- contrivance, craft, trick, fraud, mach-
cate, dispose, assort, deal, sort, parcel, ination, punning, imposture, strata-
classify. gem.
ANT. Derange, disarrange, confuse, ANT. Fairness, candor, simplicity,
disturb, disperse, jumble, disorder. openness.
Afrangement. [See ORDER]. Artificial. SYN. Invented,fabricated,
Arrant. SYN. Notoriousvconsummate, fictitious, constructed, manufactured,
atrocious, vile, flagrant, veritable, un- pretended, simulated, false, assumed,
qualified, utter, infamous, cinphii! ic. concocted, contrived,deceptive, artful,
ANT. Suspicious, slight, mitigated, affected, unnatural, constrained.
likely. ANT. Natural, inartificial, genuine,
Array, v. SYN. Vest, deck, equip, dec- spontaneous, transparent, artless, un-
orate, rank, adorn, dress, accoutre, in- affected. [See ARTFUL].
vest, attire, place, arrange, draw up, Artless. [See ARTFUL].
marshal, set in order, dispose. Ascend. SYN. Rise, mount, soar, sur-
ANT. Disarray, disarrange, confuse, mount, go up, climb, tower, scale.
jumble, divest, denude, strip. ANT. Fall, descend, sinl..
Array, n. Arrangement, order, dispo- Ascendancy. SYN. Superiority, ad-
sition, sight, exhibition, show, parade. vantage, mastery, control, influence,
ANT. Disarray, disorder, confusion, supremacy, sway, domination, author-
confusedness, jumble. ity.
Arrest, r. SYN. Seize, take, stop, cap- Ascertain. SYN. Prove, verify, find
ture, withhold, restrain, hold, detain, out, discover, confirm, detect, deter-
apprehend. mine, learn, discern.
ANT. Release, dismiss, liberate, free, ANT. Guess,conjecture,surmise,3up-
discharge, expedite. pO3e, presume.
Arrival, [^oo ARRIVE]. Ascribe. SYN. Assign, attribute, im-
Arrive. SYN. Reach, attain, come to, pute, refer, render, allege, charge.
enter, get '.
>, land. ANT. Deny, refuse, exclude, disso-
ANT. Embark, depart, start. ciate, disconnect, dissever.
Arrogance. SYN. Haughtiness, con- Askant. SYN. Awij, r-^ew, asquint,
temptuousness, overbearingness, hau- obliquely, aslant.
teur, browbeating, loftiness, self-con- ANT. Stralghtforwards, forwards,
ceit, stateliness, vainglory, insolence, rectili nearly,
ahead, straight.
self-importance, assumption, discour- Aspect. SYN. Front, face, phase, side,
tesy. appearance, presentation," exhibition,

rposure, feature, view, air, mien, de- nounce, depose, maintain, state, avet-,
portment, countenance, bearing, com- avow, avouch, affirm, allege, protest,
plexion, sight. claim.
ANT. Back, obverse, rear. ANT. Deny, contradict, contravene,
Asperity. SYN. Acerbity, harshness, waive, abandon.
acrimony, bitterness, sharpness, tart-
Assets. SYN. goods, proceeds, posses-
ness, sourness, roughness,moroseness, sions, effects, property.
severity, crabbedness.
ANT. Debts, liabilities.
ANT. Mildness, softness, sweetness, Asseverate. [Set- ASSERT].
gentleness, pleasantness, smoothness. Assiduity. SYN. Attention, persever-
Asperse. SYN. Slander, calumniate, ance, puiiis, patience, exertion, labor,
bespatter, befoul, defy, attack.defame, application, effort, iuteiitness, con-
vilify, traduce, scandalize, malign, de- stancy, sedulousnes?, diligence.
tract from, blacken, tarnish, befoul, ANT. Indolence, remissness, inat-
backbite. tention, desultoriness, inconstaney,
ANT. Clear, defend, eulogize, vindi- Assiduous. [See ASSIDUITY].
cate, shelter, shield, praise, laud, ex- Assign. SYN. Attribute, apportion,.al-
tol, uphold. lege, refer, specify, consign, intrust,
Aspiration. SYN. Longing, desire, commit, point out, allot to, adduce, ad-
aim, wish, craving, ambition, endeav- vance, appoint, convey.
or, hope, appetition, effort, eagerness. ANT. Withhold, withdraw, resume,
ANT. Apathy, indifference, aimless- retain, refuse, disconnect, dissociate.
ness, lulness, inertia,callousness,care- Assimilate. SYN. Compare, liken,
lessness, aversion, avoidance, reject- match, engross, identify, incorporate,
ion, repudiation. absorb, appropriate.
Assail. [See ASSAULT]. ANT. Separate, segregate, part, con-
Assault. SYN. Onset, attack, aggres- trast, reject.
sion, onslaught. Assist. SYN. Help, succor, aid, support,
ANT. Defense, resistance, repulsion, relieve, befriend, second, co-operate
retaliation, undermining, sapping, with, back, benefit, further.
stratagem. ANT. Hinder, resist, oppose, antag-
Assay. SYN. Test, endeavor, prove, onize, counteract, clog, prevent.
try. Assistance. SYN. Help, aid, counte-
ANT. Survey, conjecture,guess,scan. nance, support, abettance, protection,
Assemble. SYN. Gjuther, collect, con- maintenance, coadjutorship.
gregate, amass, muster, call together, ANT. Resistance, obstruction, op-
convoke, convene. position, counteraction, antagonism,
ANT. Scatter, disperse, go away, dis- drawback, clog, preventive.
miss. Assistant. SYN. Helper, aider, at-
Assembly. SYN. Meeting, concourse, tendant, coadjutor, auxiliary, ally, as-
assemblage, multitude, group, synod, sociate, contributor, partner, confed-
conclave, conference.convocatioa, uni- erate.
son, company, congregation, collec- ANT. Hinderer, opposer, rival, foe,
tion, crowd, gathering, convention, ag- antagonist.
gregate. Associate. SYN. Companion, friend,
ANT. Dispersion, dissipation, disun- ally, coadjutor, consort, helpmate,
ion, disruption. comrade, partner.
Assent, n. SYN. Coincidence, agree- ANT. Rival, alien, foe, antagonist.
ment, concert, acknowledgment, con- Association. SYN. Union, connec'
sent, acquiescence, approval, concur- tion, conjunction, con^ortment,com-
rence, approbation, compliance. com-
panionship, alliance, familiarity,
ANT. Dissent, disagreement, differ-
munity, membership, society, com,
ence, disavowal, repudiation, declen- pany, denomination, partnership, fel-
sion, disclaimer, protest. lowship, fraternity, frieadship.
Assent, r. [See CONCEDE], ANT. Disunion, disconnection, es-
Assert. SYN. Asseverate, declare, pro- trangement, separation, severance, in-
Aba 31 AT*
dependence, avoidance,dlsniption,cHs- A NT. Calm, tranquil, assured, bold,
membermeut, solitude, individuality. undisturbed.
Assorted. SVN Separated, chosen, Astonishing. SYN. Amazing, won-
selected, clarified. drous, surprising, wonderful, striking,
ANT. Mingled, mixed, confused, un- marvelous.
classified, jumbled, heaped up. ANT. Foreseen, unamazed, common,
Assortment. SYN. Collection, dispo- astonished at nothing, ordinary, nat-
sition, distribution, class, quantilx sr-
ural, usual, every-day, trite.
lection, stock, miscellany, lot, variety. Astonishment. KYN. Wonder, sur-
ANT. lliMmogamexn, disarrange- prise, marvel, amazement, admiration,
ment, displacement, misplacement. uwe, bewilderment, stupefaction, fas-
A *u ;::. SYN. Mitigate, soothe, con- cination.
sole, soften, moderate, pacify, lenify. ANT. Expectance, expectation, anti-
allay, ease, alleviate, abate, diminish, cipation, foreseeing, at>sence of won-
lessen, compose, appease, calm, tran- der, awe, etc.
quillize. Astray.SYN. Loose, abroad, missing,
ANT. Exasperate, excite, increase, about, at large, wrong, erring, wan-
stimulate, incite, provoke, inflame, em- dering.
bitter, aggravate. ANT. Right, close, at home, safe.
Assuagement. [See ASSUAGE]. Astute. SYN. Crafty, shrewd, knowing,
Assume. SYN. Take, appropriate, ar- sharp, discriminating, sagacious, pen-
rogate, wear, exhibit, postulate, sup- etrating, acute, discerning, keen.
pose, presume, usurp, claim, pretend, ANT. Dull, unobserviug, undiscrim-
feign, affect. mating, stolid, asinine,auserine,blind.
ANT. Waive, allow, doff,render, sur- Asunder. SYN. Separate, apart, dis-
render, concede, grant, demonstrate, united, divided, in twain.
abandon, argue, prove. ANT. In one, close, united, together.
Assumption. SYN. Arrogance, bold- Athletic. SYN. Strong, vigorous, pow.
ness, impudence, self-confidence, self- erful, stalwart, brawny,muscular, able-
reliance, effrontery, presumptiou.con- bodied, lusty, sinewy, robust.
viction, certainty, self-assertion. ANT. Weak, puny, effeminate, nerv-
ANT. Distrust,timidit" ,bashfulness, less, strengthless,unbraced.
misgiviug,self-distrust, consternation, Atom. SYN. Molecule, particle, mote,
dismay, alarm. speck, scrap, bit.
Assure. SYN. Advise, advertise, prom- ANT. Mass, whole, aggregate, lump.
ise, infor; i, rally, console, encourage, Atonement. SYN. Reconciliation. ex-
countenance, aid, support, convince, piation, compensation, preparation,
uphold, certify. satisfaction, recompense.
ANT. Misinform,mlsadvise, mislead, ANT. Alienation, separation,enmity,
deceive, discomfit, disconceit, deter, estrangement, division, offense, trans-
discourage, warn, dissuade, unsettle, gression.
intimidate. Atrocious. SYN. Monstrous, nefari-
Assurance- SYN. Arrogance, impu- ous, wicked, outrageous, villainous,
dence, boldness, self-conndence, self- enormous, shameful, heinous, cruel,
reliance, promise, assertion, presump- flagrant, facinorous, flagitious.
tion, effrontery, self-assertion. ANT. Laudable, noble, honorable,
ANT. Distrust, timidity, bashfuluess, generous, humane, admirable, chival-
mis^ivin^', #elf-distrust,consternation. rous.
Astonish. SYN. Startle, surprise. eon- Attach. SYN. Fasten, apply, append,
fouii'l, amaze, astound, fill with won- add, fix, subjoin, annex, unite, concili-
der, stupefy, alarm, terrify, electrify, ate, tie, connect, conjoin, attract, win,
scare, dumbfounder. bind.
ANT. Rally, encourage, assure, em- ANT. Unfasten, Ioose,di8unite, untie,
bolden. disconnect, detach, alienate, estrange,
Astonished. SYN. Amazed, astound- repel.
ed, overwhelmed, dumbfounded, thun- Attachment. [See ATTACH].
derstruck. Attack. (-. SYN. Assail, assault, iuvad%
32 ATT
encounter, charge, besiege, Impugn, prove, involve, demonstrate, establish,
contravene. imply, bespeak.
ANT. Defend, resist, repel, protest, ANT. Deny, controvert, contradict,
withstand oil one's own part, or for contravene, disprove, disestablish, ex-
another, support, aid, shield, uphold, clude, neutralize, upset, oppugn, re-
vindicate, shelter. fute.
Attack, n.SYS. Invasion, assault, Attestation. [See EVIDENCE].
onset, aggression, onslaught. Attire. SYN. Robes, garments, cloth-
ANT. Defense, resistance, repulse, ing, vestments, habiliment, habit, rai-
protection, aid, vindication, support, ment, clothes, garb, apparel, accoutre-
maintenance, shelter. ment, livery, uniform, costume.
Attain. SYN. Reach, extend, master, ANT. Nudity, divestment, exposure,
arrive at, compass, earn, win, achieve, denudation, bareness, disarray, disha-
accomplish, get, obtain, acquire, gain, bille, tatters, rags, patches, shreds.
secure, grasp. Attitude. SYN. Posture, position, sit-
ANT. Lose, fail, forfeit, miss, aban- uation, standing, composition, colloca-
don, resign. tion, aspect, pose, lie.
Attainment. SYN. Information, ac- ANT. Evolution, exercise, bearing,
quirements, accomplishments. deportment, movement, gesticulation,
ANT. Intuition, inspiration, genius. maneuvre, gesture.
Attract. SYN. Influence, induce, dis-
Attemper. SYN. Moderate, subdue,
compound, commingle, adapt, adjust, pose, incline, tempt, prompt, allure,
harmonize, modify, blend, attune,mix, charm, fascinate, invite, entice.
ANT. Repel, deter, indispose, disin-
mold, work, medicate, amalgamate, nc-
commodate. cline, estrange, alienate.
ANT. Discompose, confuse, spoil, ag- Attraction. SYN. Inducement, influ-

gravate, mar. ence, adduction, inclination, disposi-

Attempt. SYN. Try, endeavor, strive, ^iou, charm, beauty, allurement.
ANT. Repulsion, disinclination,aver-
undertake, seek, essay, attack, violate,
force. sion, indisposition, deformity, repug-
ANT. Disregard,abandon, pretermit, nance.
dismiss, neglect, shun, drop.
Attractive. SYN. Winning, alluring,
tempting, inviting, engaging, captivat-
Attempt, n. [See EFFORT]. ing, fascinating, enticing, interesting,
Attend. SYN. Listen, heed, notice, ob- charming, pleasant, beautiful, agree-
serve, wait on, serve, mind, watch, ac- able.
company, consort, follow, imply, in- ANT. Unattractive, repugnant, re-
pulsive, uninteresting, disagreeable,
ANT. Wander, disregard, leave, for-
unpleasant, deformed, ugly, deterrent,
sake, abandon, desert, exclude, neu- loathsome, forbidding.
Attribute, v. SYN. Refer, assign, asso-
Attention. SYN. Observation, notice, ciate, apply, ascribe, charge, impute,
regard, watchfulness, heed, considera- connect.
tion, circumspection, study, vigilance, ANT. Divorce, disconnect,dissociate,
ANT. Disregard, inadvertence, re- Attribute, n. SYN. Property, quality,
mission, indifference, carelessness,ab- characteristic, attainment, sign, mark,
straction, distraction, absence.
indication, manifestation.
Attentive. [See OBSEKVANT]. ANT. Its correlative, viz. Essence,
Attenuate. SYN. Educe, elongate, re- nature, substance, etc., or, spuriously,
duce, fine-drawn, narrow, contract, affectation, misnomer, semblance, as-
diminish, compress. sumption, mask, veil.
ANT. Broaden, increase, expand, di- Attrition. SYN. Sorrow, repentance,
develop, amplify.
late, swell, enlarge, penitence, compunction, re-
Attest. SYN. Vouch, aver, assert, cer- morse, self-reproach.
tify, witness, vouch for, affirm, testify, ANT. Impenitence, callousness, ob-
evidence, support, confirm, suggest, duracy, reprobation, relentlessnesa.
Ai-1 33

Attune. SYN. Temper, attemper, har- ANT. Mild, affahle, kindly, tender,
monize, adjust, accommodate. feeling, bland, inaalgent, genial.
ANT. Unstring, disharmonize, disar- Authentic. SYN. Genuine, veritable,
range, discompose, dislocate, disturb, reliable, real, original, trustworthy,
disconcert. uot spurious, true, legitimate,certain,
Audacious. SYN. Insolent, adventur- accepted, current, received.
ous, venturesome, presumptuous, val- ANT. Unreliable, spurious, false,
iant, rash, bold, daring, reckless, en- apocryphal, disputed, exploded, re-
terprising. jected, counterfeit, unfounded, unau-
ANT. Timid, cowardly, cautious, in- thorized, baseless, fabulous, fictitious.
adventurous,un venturesome, unenter- Authenticate. SYN. Confirm, settle,
prising. establish, verify, substantiate, identify.
Audacity. SYN. Boldness, rashness, ANT. Contravene, disprove, dises-
temerity, recklessness, hardihood. tablish, refute, upset.
ANT. Caution, self-preservation, ti- Author. SYN. Creator, producer, in-
midity, calculation, forethought, fore- ventor, originator, pareut,cause, con-
sight, diffidence, inadventurousness. structor, agent, maker, composer, fab-
Audience. SYN. Hearers, assembly, ricator, committer, perpetrator, doer.
auditory, conference, parley, recep- ANT. Destroyer, annihilator, de-
tion, interview. molisher, spoiler, undoer, reverser.
ANT. Soliloquy, monologue, apos- Authoritative. SYN. Decisive, sure,
trophe. conclusive, authentic, powerful, firm,
Augment. [See ENI^RGE]. potent, dictatorial, imperious, arbi-
Augmentation. SYN. Increase, en- trary, arrogant. imperative, dogmatic,
largement, amplification, enrichment, commanding.
supply, enhancement, addition, acqui- ANT. Weak, inconclusive, vague, in-
sition, improvement. determiuate, indefinite, vacillating, un-
ANT. Deduction, detraction, diminu- decisive, bland, conciliatory, affable,
tion, contraction, withdrawal, reserva- lenient, persuasive.
tion, expenditure, loss, waste, detri- AuV/ority. SYN. Ground, justifica-
ment, deterioration, impoverishment, tion, authenticity, genuineness, con-
reduction, curtailment. jh'cj en3ss, decisiveness, control, di-
Augury. SYN. Prophecy, prediction, ec' 'on, jurisdiction, government, reg-
divination,conjecture, omen, prognos- ulation, power, right, rule, sway, suf-
tication. ferance, supremacy, dominion.
ANT. Experience, science, observa- ANT. Groundlessness, spuriousness,
tion. indecision, inconclusiveness. inoper-
August, a. SYN. Majestic, dignified, ativeness, incompetency, weakness,
stately, noble, pompous, imposing, usurpation, wrong.
grand, solemn, exalted. Authorize. [See EMPOWER].
ANT. Mean,undignified,unimposing, Autocracy. [See AUTOCRATIC].
common, vulgar, despicable, paltry, Autocratic. SYN. Independent, ar-
unnoticeable, beggarly, common- bitrary, despotic, irresponsible, abso-
place. lute.
Auxpiclons. SYN. Propitious, lucky, ANT. Dependent, subordinate, re
favorable, encouraging, satisfactory, sponsible, constitutional, limited.
successful, hopeful, promising, happy, Auxiliary. SYN. Helpful, abetting,
golden, fortunate, opportune, pros- aiding, accessory, promotive, condu-
perous. cive, assistant, ancillary, assisting,
ANT. Unpropitious, unfavorable, subsidiary, helping.
discouraging, unsatisfactory, inau- ANT. Unassisting, unconducive, un-
i>icio u s,unpromising, abortive, hope- promotive, redundant, superfluous,
WMl obstructive, retardative. irrelevant,
Austere. SYN. Hard, rigid, stern, se- cumbersome.
vere, morose, unrelenting, unyield- Avail, v. SYN. Suffice, hold, stand, en-
ing, strict, rigorous, harsh, sour, re- dure, answer, tell, proflt,help, benefit,
lentless. advantage, service, use, utility.
ANT. Fail, fall, disappoint, betray. lot, employment, vocation, occupa-
Avail. SYN. Profit, help, benefit, tion, business, pursuit, line.
advantage, uso, utility, service. ANT. Holiday, leisure, idleness,
ANT. Disadvantage, hindrance, help- self-abandonment, misemployment.
lessness, tility. Avoid. SYN. Quit, shun, abandon, de-
A valla b SYN. Useful, appropri- sert, forsake, relinquish, fly, eschw,
able, convertible, attainable, handy, elude, dodge, escape, shirk.
conducive, applicable, procurable, ad- ANT. Seek, court, approach, accost,
vantag helpful, profitable, suit- address, affect.
able, serviceable. Avouch. SYN. Aver, protest, declara,
ANT. Useless, inappropriate, inap- propound, asseverate, profess.
plicable, unprocurable, inconducive, ANT. Deny, contradict, oppose, op,
irrelevant, Inoperative, unavailable. pugn, contravene, coatrovert,gainsay
Avarice. SYN. Greed, cupidity, ra- Avow. [See AVOUCH].
pacity, penuriousness, niggardliness, Awaken. [See BOUSE].
miserliness, stinginess, covetousness,
acquisitiveness, griping, greediness.
A ward. Assign, apportion, attribute
ANT. Large-heartedness, unselfish- accord, grant, distribute, divide, allot^
ness, liberality, bountifulness, pro- give, determine, decree, order, ad-
fuseness, squander, prodigality, ex- judge.
travagance, waste. ANT. Refuse, withhold, withdraw,
Avaricious. [See LIBERAL. ANT]. retain, misappropriate, misapportion.
Avenge. SYN. Vindicate, right, visit, Aware. SYN. Conscious, sensible, in-
retaliate. formed, certified, assured, known, ap-
ANT. Waive, don, forego, con- prised, cognizant.
done, remit, forgive, overlook. ANT. Unconscious, insensible, igno-
Avenue. SYN. Approach, adit, access, rant, unaware, uninformed.
entrance. Away. SYN. Far, afar, separate, de-
ANT. Exit, egress. tached, loose, abroad.
ver. SYN. Assert, asseverate, affirm, ANT. Close, near.
-'depose, avouch, protest, oblige, de- Awe. SYN. Fear, dread, veneration,
clare. reverence.
ANT. Deny, contradict, contravene, ANT. Fearlessness, contempt, disre-
disavow, disclaim, repudiate, gainsay, spect, familiarity, irreverence.
oppugn. Awful. SYN. Fearful, direful, appall-
Average. SYN. Mean, medium, mid- ing, terrible, alarming, dreadful, hor-
dle, mediocre. rible, solemn, portentous, horrific.
/ ANT. Extreme, excess, defect, per- ANT. Inocuous, informidable, un-
fectness, perfection. imposing, unastonishing, common-
Averse. SYN. Hostile, disinclined, in- place, unnoticeable, unalarming, al-
disposed, repugnant, backward, un- luring.
willing, reluctant, loath. Awhile. SYN. Briefly, a little.
ANT. Keady, disposed, eager,prone, ANT. Ever, always, forever, ever,
inclined, desirous more.
Aversion. SYN. Hatred, dislike, dis- Awkward. SYN. Ungainly, clown-
taste, repugnance, uucongeniality, ab- ish, clumsy, maladroit, unhandy, un-
borrence, antipathy. couth, rough,boorish,bungling,gawky.
ANT. Love, desire, affection, liking, ANT. Neat, clever, dexterous, skil-
congeniality, cyn.pathy, ardor, eager- ful, adroit, handy.
ness, avidity. Awry. SYN. Crooked, aslant, askew,
Avidity. SYN. Cupidity, avarice, de- atwist,bent,cnrved, distorted, twisted,
sire, greed, longing, rapacity, eager- wrong.
Bess. ANT. Right, straight, true, direct.
ANT. Coldness, indlfference,apathy, Axiom. SYN. Self-evident truth, aph-
insensibility, antipathy, nausea, aver- orism, truism, apophthegm, maxim.
sion, repugnance, loathing. ANT.Nongense,absurdity,8tultiloquy.
.zure. a. SYN. Blue, cerulean, eky- Balance. SYN. Weigh, poise, pit, et,
olue, bluish, blue-colored. counterpoise, counteract, neutralize,
ANT. Orange, ochreous, orange-col- equalize, estimate, redress, adjust.
red, orange-flame. ANT. Upset, tilt, cant, subvert, mis-
po.ise, overbalance.
Balderdash. SYN. Gasconade, flum.
mery, rhodomontade,bombast, fustian,
BABBLE, v. SYN. Prate, prattle, froth.
dribble, chatter, gabble, twaddle, ANT. Sense, wisdom, logic, reason,
blab, cackle. sobriety, truthfulness.
ANT Enunciate, vociferate, hush, Balk. SYN. Estop, bar, thwart, frus-
suppress. trate, foil, stop, prevent, hinder, neu.
Babbler. SYN. Blab, chatterbox, gos- tralize,nulliry, mar, counteract, disap.
sip, tattler, tell-tale. point, defeat, baffle.
ANT. Confident, confessor. ANT. Aid, abet, promote, advance,
Babbling. SYN. Prating, blabbing, encourage, instigate.
talkativeness, tattling,cackling,gossip, Balmy. [See AROMATIC].
loquacity, garrulity. Bandy. SYN. Interchange, exchange,
ANT. Reticence, reserve, secretive- reciprocate, cross, pass.
Bess, closeness, refrain, incommuni- ANT. Quash, silence, drop, burke,
cativeness, taciturnity. close, stifle, extinguish.
Babel. SYN. Hubbub, confusion,clam- Baneful. [See PERNICIOUS].
or, jargon, din, discord, clang. Banish. STN. Expel, abandon, dispel,
ANT. Elocution, articulation,monot- eject, extrude, exclude, relegate, expa-
ony, distinctness, consecutiveness, in- triate, repudiate, disclaim.
tonation, enunciation, unisonousness. ANT. Cherish, foster, protect, con-
Backbiter. STN. Detractor, traduc- sider, encourage, locate, retain, enter-
er, calumniator, slanderer, cynic, ma- tain, domiciliate, domesticate, harbor.
ligner, defamer. Banishment. SYN. Outlawry, ostra-
ANT. Vindicator, upholder, pallia- cism, expatriation, expulsion, perse-
tor, advocate, mitigator, defender, be- cution.
friender. ANT. Remaining, cherishing, foster-
Backslider. STN. Kenegade, abjur- Ing, retaining.
er, recreant, apostate. Banquet. STN. Feast, festivity, treat,
ANT. Professor,confes8or,adherent, entertainment, festival, carousal, ca-
zealot, bigot. rouse, regalement, cheer.
ANT. Fast, abstinence, starvation.
Backsliding. [See BACKSLIDER]. Banter. SYN. Badinage, chaff, mock-
Backwardness. SYN. Reluctance,
ery, derision, ridicule, irony, jeering,
slowness, shyness, hesitation, unwill- raillery.
ingness, repugnance. ANT. Discussion, discourse, argu-
ANT. Forwardness, readiness, will- ment.
ingness, promptitude, alacrity. Barbarous. SYN Rude, strange, un-
Backward. [See BACKWARDNESS]. civilized, brutal, cruel, ferocious, in-
Bad. [See GOOD). human, merciless, outlandish, savage,
Bailie. STN. Frnstrate,counteract,eB- uncouth, atrocious, flagitious, unfet-
top, disconcert, elude, mock, thwart, tered, nefarious, gross.
confound, defeat,perplex, restrain, up- ANT. Polite, civilized, refined, hu-
set, foil, mar, balk, neutralize, dodge, mane, urbane.
counterfoil. Barely. [See HAKDLY].
ANT. Point, aid, abet, enforce, pro- Bargain. SYN. Transaction, negotia-
mote, advance, encourage.
assist, tion, business, profit, speculation, hig-
Bait. SYN. Morsel, snare, decoy, en- gling, gain,hawking,chaffer, haggling.
ticement, allurement, inducement. ANT. Loss, misprofit.
ANT. Warning, scarecrow, dissuas- Barren. [See STERILE].
ive, deterrent, prohibition, intimida- Base., adj. SYN. Vile, dishonorable,
tion, threat. low, sordid, ignoble, worthiest*, mean.
infamous, shameful, grovelling, disin- sition, appearance, direction, course.
genuous, disesteemed, cheap, corrupt, ANT. Misbehaviorjiuisdirectioi^miB-
deep. observation.
ANT. Lofty, exalted, refined, noble, Beastly. [See BBUTAL].
esteemed, honored, valued, pure, cor- Beat. SYN. Strike, pound, batter, sur-
rect, shrill. pass, thrash, cudgel, overcome, de-
Baseless. [See GROUNDLESS]. feat, conquer, worst, whack, belabor,
Bashful. STN. Modest, diffident, shy, vanquish.
retiring, reserved. ANT. Defend, protect, shield, fall,
ANT. Bold, impudent, forward, un- shelter, surrender, stroke,caress, pat.
reserved, pert, conceited,ostentatious, Beatitude. STN. Blessedness, bliss,
egotistic. beatification.
Bask. STN. Luxuriate, repose, lounge, ANT. Misery, pain, suffering, pun-
dally. ishment.
ANT. Stir, work, toil, slave, drudge,
Beautiful. [See BEAUTY, and HAND-
Baste. STN. Buffet, cudgel,pound,beat. SOME].
ANT. Soothe, tickle, caress, sti oke. Beautify. STN. Decorate, adorn, or-
Battle. SYN. Fight, conflict, contest, nament, deck.
ANT. Deform, mar, stain, de-
combat, engagement, encounter, ac- spoil,
tion. face, disfigure, befoul, soil, denude,
ANT. Peace, truce, pacification, ar- bare, strip.
bitrament, council, mediation. Beauty. STN. Loveliness, grace, fair-
Bauble. STN. Toy, trifle, plaything, ness, seemliness, comeliness, pictur-
knicknack, gewgaw, gimcrack, kick- esqueness, exquisiteness, adornment,
shaw. embellishment.
ANT. Valuable, possession, acquisi- ANT. Foulness, ugliness, deformity,
tion. gera, ornament, decoration, jewel. hideousness, bareness, unattractive-
Basis. [See FOUNDATION]. ness.
Bawl. STN. Shout, vociferate, halloo, Because. STN. Owing, consequently,
roar, bellow. accordingly.
ANT. Whisper, mutter, babble.mum- ANT. Irrespectively, independently,
ble. inconsequently, unconnectedly.
Bays. STN. Laurels, trophy, success, Beck. STN. Nod, sign, signal, symbol,
prize,premium, achievement, victory, token, indication, authority, orders,
triumph. instruction, subserviency, influence,
ANT. Failure, defeat, disgrace, stig- call, command, control, mandate.
ma, brand. ANT. Independence, insubservi-
Beach. STN. Shore, coast, strand, sea- ence.
coast, seaboard, seashore. Become. STN. Befit, grace, beseem,
ANT. Sea, ocean, deep, main. behove.
Beaming. STN. Shining, gleaming, ANT. Misbeeeem, misfit, misbecome,
bright, radiantjbeautiful, transparent, disgrace.
translucid. Becoming. STN. Beseeming, neat,
ANT. Dull, opaque, dingy, beamless, proper, decorous, comely, seemly,

wan, matt. befitting,graceful, decent, suitable,

Bear. STN. Carry, lift, transport, con- improving.
vey, maintain, uphold, suffer, undergo, ANT. Unbeseeming, unseemly, un-
support, tolerate, waft, yield, sustain, comely, unbecoming, unbefitting, un-
hold, harbor, entertain, fill, enact, en- graceful, indecent, unsuitable, miino-
dure, admit, produce, generate. proving, derogatory.
AWT. Drop, refuse, decline, resign, Bedaub. STN. Bespatter, befoul, dis-
expel, eject, resist, repel, protest, re- color, mar, disfigure, deface, besmear,
sent, reject. spoil, soil, stain.
Bearing. STN. Behavior, deportment, ANT. Cleanse, absterge, purify, em-
manner, aspect, carriage, mien, de- bellish, whiten, decorate, beautify.
eanor, port, conduct, inclination, po- Bedeck. iSee DBCH&
Bedizen. SYN. Tawdry, betinselled, Beginning. SYN. Commencement,
gaudy, flashy, bespangled. prepara-
start, origin, rise, initiation,
ANT. Adorned, robed, decorated, tion, preface, prelude, inauguration,
beautified. inception, threshold, opening, source,
Befall. SYN. Happen, occur, betide, outset, foundation.
fall, supervene, bechance. ANT. End, close, termination, con-
ANT. Miss, pass, spare, pretermit. clusion, consummation, completion.
Befitting. SYN. Fitting, decent, be- Beguile. [See BEFOOL].
coming, suitable, appropriate, proper, Behalf. SYN. Side, interest, advan-
consistent, expedient, desirable. tage, aid, bestead.
ANT. Obligatory, compulsory, unbe- ANT. [See BESTEAD].
fitting, indecent, unbecoming, unsuit- Behavior. SYN. Conduct, bearing,
able, inappropriate, incompatible, in- demeanor, proceeding, comportment,
expedient, improper. action, manner, deportment.
Befool. SYN. Deceive, cheat, mystify, ANT. Misdemeanor, misbehavior,
bamboozle, ensnare, hoodwink, mis- misconduct.
ANT Behest. SYN. Injunction, command,
Guide, enlighten, advise, un-
instruction, mandate, commission, re-
deceive, lead.
Before. SYN. Precedently, anteriorly,
quirement, trust.
ANT. Option, liberty, non-interfer-
antecedently. ence, discretion.
ANT. After, afterwards, subsequent-
ly, posteriorly, later, behind.
Behind. [See BEFORE].
Befriend. SYN. Assist, countenance, Behold. SYN. Look, discern, regard,
support, advocate, promote, protect, view, descry, look upon, gaze,contem-
defend. plate, observe, see, scan, survey.
ANT. Oppose,di?countenanced,with- ANT. Overlook, disregard, ignore,
etand, thwart, decry, defame, oppress, miss, blink, wink, connive.
annoy. Beholden. SYN. Bound, obliged, in-
Beg. SYN. Ask, request, entreat, sup- debted, thankful, grateful.
plicate, beseech, implore, pray, peti- ANT. Unindebted, unobliged, un-
tion, crave. bound, unthankful, ungrateful.
ANT. Insist, exact, extort, require, Beholder. SYN. Spectator, observer,
bystander, witness, looker-on.
Beggar. SYN. Mendicant, petitioner, ANT. [See BEHOLD].
suitor, suppliant, applicant.
ANT. Exactor, extortioner. Belief. SYN. Assent, faith, trust, cre-
dence, avowal, assurance, admission,
Beggarly. Miserable, poor, stinted,
conviction, opinion,permission, creed,
wretched, niggardly, stingy, scant, il-
liberal. reliance, concession, confidence.
ANT. Noble, princely, stately, prod- ANT. Dissent, unbelief, distrust, de-
nial, misgiving, disavowal, rejection,
igal,sumptuous, liberal, profuse, gor- disbelief.
geous, magnificent.
Beggary. SYN. Want, penury, desti- Bellicose. SYN. Quarrelsome, pug-
tution, indigence, mendicancy. nacious, belligerent, irascible, conten-
ANT. Affluence, riches, abundance, tious.
ANT. Peaceful, peaceable, unquar-
relsome, pacific, uuwarlike, unexcita-
Begin. SYN. Initiate, commence, pre- ble,good-tempered, genial.
pare, start, originate, arise, inaugu-
rate. Belligerent. SYN. Contending, en-
ANT. Achieve, complete, terminate, gaging, fighting, opposed, adverse, ri-
conclude, consummate, finish, close, val, conflicting, antagonist, assailant,
end. hostile.
Beginner. SYN. Tyro, novice, neo- ANT. Neutral, pacific, peaceful, non-
phyte, learner, pupil. belligerent, appeased, reconciled.
ANT. Adept, expert, master, au- Bellow. [See BAWL].
thority. Belonging. SYN. Related, connected.
appertaining, cognate, congenial, ob- ANT. Evil, loss, disadvantage, detri.
ligatory, ment, damage, calamity, bereavement,
ANT. Unrelated, unconnected, Irrel- injury, privation.
evant, impertinent. alien, uncongenial, Benevolence. SYN. Kindness, good-
discretional, optional, uninvolved, un- will, charity, philanthropy,kindliness,
implied, independent. kind-heartedness, benignity, benefi-
Belong to. SYN. Pertain to,appertain cence, liberality.
to, regard, relate to. ANT. Unkindness,harshnas3,barbar-
ANT. Not to belong to, not to apper- ity, niggardliness, maleficence, malig-
tain to, not to relate to. nity, illiberality, ill-will, churlishness.
Beloved. SYN. Cared for, cherished, Benevolent. [See BENEFICENT],
ANT. Hated, loathed. Benignant. [See BENEFICENT].
Below. SYN. Under, beneath, adown, Benison. [See BENEDICTION],
underneath. Bent. SYN. Inclination, angle, direc-
ANT. Above, over, aloft. tion, bias, determination, disposition,
Bend. SYN. Curve, deviate, incline, intention, prepossession, propensity,
tend, swerve, diverge, mold, persuade, predilection, turn, leaning.
influence, bias, dispose, direct, lower, ANT. Indisposition, aversion.
subordinate to, lean, deflect, bow, con- Bequeath. SYN. Give, grant, leave by
descend, yield, stoop, submit. will, devise, will,bestow, impart, de-
ANT. Proceed, continue, extend, ad- mise,leave. To
n. Legacy,inheritance.
vance, stand, stiffen, break, crush, re- ANT. Withhold, alienate. To n. Dis-
gist. inheritance, transference, abaliena-
Beneath. SYN. Below, underneath, tion,dispossession.
under, adown. Bereave. SYN. Rob, deprive, divest,
ANT. Above, over, overhead, aloft.
Benediction. SYN. Blessing, com- dispossess, impoverish, reduce, spoil,
mendation, approval, benison, grati- ANT. Replenish, compensate, rein-
tude, thankfulness, thanksgiving. state, satisfy, enrich, benefit.
ANT. Curse, malediction, disapprov-
al, censure, obloquy, execration, in-
Bereavement. SYN. Destitution, af-
gratitude. fliction, deprivation, loss.
Benefaction. SYN. Grant, gratuity, ANT. Gift, blessing, donation, bene-
boon, donation, aims, present, gift, faction, compensation,reparation, res-
toration, reinstatement, substitution,
endowment, bequest, favor, presenta-
tion. restitution, consolation.
ANT. Deprivation, reservation, dis- ANT. [See BENEFACTION, and BENE-
favor, presumption, confiscation, dis- FIT],
endowment. Bereft. SYN. Robbed, deprived, des-
Benefactor. SYN. Friend, supporter, titute, denied, spoiled.
contributor, upholder, well-wisher, fa- ANT. Endowed, enriched, compen-
vorer, well-doer, patron. sated, consoled, possessed.
ANT. Foe, opponent, dtsfavorer, an- Beseech. SYN. Entreat, pray, solicit,
tagonist, rival, backfriend, oppressor. ask, implore, crave, request, suppli-
Beneficial. SYN. Profitable,salutary, cate, petition, beg.
advantageous, wholesome, salubrious. ANT. Insist, demand, exact, intimi-
ANT. Prejudicial, noxious, hurtful, date, command, coerce.
unprofitable, detrimental. Beseem. SYN. Befit, suit, belong, ap-
Beneficent. SYN. Bountiful, benevo- pertain.
lent, benignant. ANT. Unbeseem, disgrace.
ANT. Hard, uncommiserating, grip- Beseeming. SYN. Befitting, belong-
ing, unbenencent,illiberal, oppressive, ing, suitable, appertaining, consistent,
compatible, requisite, decent, grace-
Benefit. SYN. Boon, behoof, service, ful.
utility, avail, use, good, advantage, ANT. Unbefitting, unseemly, unsnit 1

profit, favor, blessing. able, improper, indecent, ungraceful.

Benrt. STN. Hem, surround, environ, ANT. Misindicftte. mislead, mlsde-
encircle, besiege, beleaguer, embar- clare, misteach, belie, mask, hide.
rass. Betray. SYN. Deceive, delude, dupe,
ANT. Liberate, abandon. circumvent, ensnare, dishonor, mani-
Beside. SYN. Close, near, alongside, fest, indicate, reveal.
additionally, over and above, together, ANT. Protect, preserve, guard, con-
moreover. serve, foster, cherish, fence, conceal,
ANT. Separate, apart, inclusively. cover, suppress.
Besiege. SYN. Beset, beleaguer, sit, Between, Betwixt. [See AMIDST].
invest. Bevy. n. SYN. Assembly, parterre,gal-
ANT. Abandon. (Phrase, "Raise the axy, constellation, nock.
siege"). ANT. Gang, crew, herd, mob.
Besmear. [See BEDAUB]. Bewail. SYN. Lament, deplore, rue,
Besotted. STN. Intoxicated, steeped, bemoan, sorrow, grieve, mourn for.
stupefied, drunk, drenched, doltish, ANT. Exult, hail, rejoice, welcome,
grosu, prejudiced. greet.
ANT. Sober, temperate, clear, un- Beware. SYN. Care, refrain, consid-
biased, unprejudiced, enlightened, re- er, heed, look, fear, avoid.
fined. ANT. Ignore, overlook, neglect, in-
Bespatter. STN. Besprinkle, befoul, cur, brave, dare.
bedaub, revile, vilify, asperse. Bewilder. SYN. Daze, dazzle, con-
ANT. Absterge, sponge, cleanse, pu- found, mystify, puzzle, embarrass, as-
rify, vindicate, defend, clear. tonish, perplex, confuse, mislead.
Bespeak. SYN. Betoken, foreorder, ANT. Guide, inform, lead, instruct,
forestall, provide, prearrange, indi- enlighten, edify.
cate, evidence. Bewildered. [See CONFUSED].
ANT. Belie, resign, countermand. Bewitch. SYN. Enchant, fascinate,
Bestead, r. SYN. Convenience, serve, charm, captivate, entrance.
uphold, assist, accomodate, benefit. ANT. Exorcise, disillusionize, disen-
ANT. Thwart, damage, incommode, chant.
oppose, injure. Beyond. SYN. Over, further, past,
Bestead, n. SYN. Interest, behalf, ad- more.
vantage, benefit, part, side. ANT. Here, close, near, hither, less,
ANT. Injury, disadvantage, opposi- short.
tion, detriment, damage. Bias. [See BENT].
Bestir. Commonly used reflexively Bicker. SYN. Wrangle, quarrel, jar,
for, to stir one's self. [See STIB]. dispute, contend.
Bestir, n. [See STIB]. ANT. Chat, gossip, converse, agree.
Bestow. SYN. Confer, give, present, Bickering. SYN. Wrangling, dis-
award, accord, grant. puting, contention, strife, altercation,
ANT. Withhold, withdraw, reserve, dispute.
alienate, transfer, appropriate,usurp, ANT. Conversing, chatting, agree-
seize. ing.
Better. t>. SYN. Meliorate, improve, Bid. SYN. Tell,reque8t,instruct,direct,
amend, emend, ameliorate, rectify.re- order, proffer, charge, command, pro-
form. pose, offer.
ANT. Make worse. ANT. Forbid, deter, prohibit, re-
Betide. SYN. Befall, occur, happen. strain.
ANT. [See BEFALL]. Bide. SYN. Wait, remain, tarry, stay,
Betimes. SYN. Early,beforehand,pre- await, expect, anticipate, continue,
paredly, readily. bear, abide, endure.
ANT. Behindhand, slowly, eluggish- ANT. Quit, depart, migrate, move,
ly. belatedly. resist, resent, repel, abjure, protest,
Betoken. SYN. Teach, indicate, pro- rebel.
claim, presage, augur, portend, fore- Big. SYN. Large, great, wide, huge,
ebow, signify, forebode, evidence, de- bulky, proud, arrogant, pompous, fat,
clare, manifest, involve, imply. massive, gross.
ANT. Little, nnall, narrow, minute, ANT. Acquit, exculpate, exonerate,
ulight, lean, affable, easy, unaffected. encourage, praise, approve.
Bigoted. STN. Prejudiced,intolerant, Blamable. [See BLAMELESS].
narrow-minded, blindly devoted, one- Blameless. STN. Pure, innocent, ir-
sided, confined. responsible.
ANT. Unprejudiced, open-minded, ANT. Criminated, implicated, an-
large-minded, broad, comprehensive, swerable, blameworthy, faulty, guilty,
liberal. hlamable.
Bigotry. STN. Prejudice, Pharisaism, Blancb. STN. Bleach, whiten.
obstinacy, credulity, fanaticism, in- ANT. Darken, color, obfuscate.
tolerance, superstition. Bland. STN. Soft, mild, gentle, com-
ANT. Liberality, charity, enlight- plaisant, courteous, affable, gracious,
enment, toleration, eclecticism, lati- tender, benign.
tudinarianism. ANT. Harsh, abrupt, rough.
Bill. SYN. Account, reckoning, score, Blandiloquence. STN. Glossiness,
charges, jaw, mandible, beak. blarney, humbug, flattery, specious-
Bind. STN. Fetter, engage, tie,fasten, ness, adulation.
secure, lace, twine, oblige, compel, re- ANT. Bluntness, roughness, abrupt-
strict, restrain, secure. ness.
ANT. Untie, loose, unfaster., acquit, Blandishment. STN. Coaxing,flat-
free, liberate. tery, wheedling, fawning, cajolery.
Binding. STN. Restrictive, obliga- ANT. Roughness, bluutuess, unTnan-
tory, restraining, stringent, styptic, nerliness.
costive, astringent. Blank. STN. Bleak, bare, utter, un-
ANT. Loosening, opening, enlarging, mitigated, broad.
distending. ANT. Modified, qualified, mitigated.
Birth. STN. Parentage, extraction, Blasphemy. STN. Swearing, pro-
nativity, family, race, origin, source, faneness, impiety.
rise, lineage, nobility. ANT.Reverence,veneration,godliness.
ANT. Death, extinction, plebeianism. Blast, v. STN. Blight, shrivel, de-
Bit. STN.Morsel, piece,fragment, part. stroy, wither.
ANT Mass, whole. ANT. Restore, expand, swell.
Biting. STN. Pungent, censorious, Blast, n. STN. Breeze, efflation, ex-
piercing, gnawing, sarcastic,sardonic, plosion, blight, burst, blaze, frustra-
trenchant. tion, destruction, squall, gale, tem-
ANT. Pleasant, genial, soothing,com- pest, hurricane, afflation.
placent, flattering. ANT. Zephyr, gentle breeze, neu-
Bitter. STN. Harsh, eour, sharp, tart, tralization.
acrimonious, sarcastic, severe, sad, Blatant. STN. Noisy, bellowing, vocif-
afflictive, intense, stinging, pungent, erous, clamorous, braying.
acrid, cutting. ANT. Quiet, low-toned, gentle.
ANT. Sweet, mellow, pleasant, affa- Blaze. [See BLAST].
ble, kindly, genial, light, mitigated, Blazon. STN. Notify, signalize, pnb-
trivial. licate, adventure, circulate, propa-
Bitterness. [See ANTIPATHT]. gate, disseminate.
Blacken. STN. Bespatter, befoul, be- ANT. Cover, conceal, hide, suppress,
daub, defame, decry, calumniate, dis- hush, palliate, shroud, bury.
honor, asperse, traduce, vilify, slan- Bleach. STN. Whiten, blanch.
der, malign. ANT. Darken, blacken, soil. [See
ANT. Vindicate, clear, eulogize. BLANCH].
Blackguard. STN. Scoundrel, ras- Bleak. STN. Blank, bare, open, cold,
cal, rapscallion, blackleg, villain. exposed, stormy, nipping.
ANT. Gentleman. ANT. Warm, sheltered, verdant, lux-
Blame. STN. Censure, chide, rebuke, uriant, zephyrous, balmy, halcyonic.
reproach, vituperate, dispraise, disap- Blemish. STN. Spot, blur, blot, flaw,
prove,condemn, reprehend,reprobate, speck, fault, imperfection, stain, daub,
reprove. taruish,defacement, discoloration, di-

flgureraent, disgrace, dishonor, defect. murderous, inhuman, cruel, ruthless,

ANT. Purity, unsulliedness, honor, savage.
intactness. ANT. Humane, kind, merciful.
Blench. SYU. Start, shy, shudder, re- Bloom. SYN. Blossom, bud, flower,
coil, shrink. sprout, germinate, beauty, freshness,
ANT. Encounter, dare, venture,face, delicacy.
stand. ANT. Decay, decadence, coarse-
Blend. SYN. Mix, harmonize, unite, ness, blight, blast, harshness, rough-
combine, fuse, merge, amalgamate, ness, toughness, superannuation, ca-
mingle, commingle, coalesce. daverousness, ghastliness.
ANT. Run, separate, divide, dissoci- Blooming. SYN. Flourishing, fair,
ate, confound. flowering, blossoming, young, beauti-
Bless. SYN. Felicitate, endow, enrich, ful.
gladden, rejoice, cheer, thank. ANT. Fading, waning, blighted, old,
ANT. Deprive, sadden, impoverish, blasted, paralyzed, superannuated, un-
ignore, curse, anathematize. sightly, deformed.
Blessedness. [See JOT]. Blot. v. SYN. Obscure, tarnish, spoil,
Blessing. SYN. Felicitation, benedic- sully, spot, discolor, pollute, obliter-
tion, endowment, donation, gift, grat- ate, erase, blur, stain, blotch, smear,
itude, thankfulness, thanks, benefit. smutch.
ANT. Impoverishment, deprivation, ANT. Elucidate, clear, absterge,per-
bereavement, malediction, thankless- petuate, cleanse, manifest, conserve.
nees, obliviousness, catastrophe, disas- Blot out. STN. Erase, efface, cancel,
ter, calamity, detriment, curse, dam- expunge, wipe out, obliterate,destroy.
ANT. Restore, replace.
Blight. [See BLAST]. Blotch. [See BLOT].
Blind. SYN. Sightless, unseeing, eye- Blow. SYN. Puff, blast, breath, stroke,
less, depraved,undiscerniog, ignorant,
infliction, wound, disappointment, af-
prejudiced, uninformed, unconscious, fliction, knock, shock, calamity, mis-
unaware. fortune.
ANT. Far-sighted, penetrating, sen- ANT. Assuagement, consolation, re-
sitive, keen, discriminating, clear- comfort, blessing, sparing.
sighted,pure-minded,aware,conscious. Bluff. SYN. Bare, open, bold, abrupt,
Blink. SYN. Wink, ignore, connive, frank, plain-spoken, blunt.surly, rude,
blustering, swaggering, brusque, hec-
ANT. Notice, visit, note, mark.
toring, coarse, discourteous, rough,
Bliss. SYN. Blessedness, joy, ecstasy,
rapture. Ant. Undulating,inclined, inabrupt,
ANT. Condemnation, accnrsedness,
courteous, polished, reserved.
suffering, misery, woe. Blunder. SYN. Error, mistake, mis-
Blithe. SYN. Light, merry, joyous,
understanding, fault, oversight, inac-
happy, bright, elastic, gladsome, bon-
curacy, delusion, slip.
ny, vivacious, lively, cheerful, blithe- ANT. Accuracy, truthfulness, exact-
some, gay.
ANT. Heavy, dull, dejected, sullen. ne86,correctne6s,faultle66ness,ratiflca-
Block. SYN. Stop, arrest, flll,obstruct. tion, atonement, foresight,prevention,
ANT. Free, liberate, open, pave. hit, success, achievement, correction.
Blunt, a. SYN. Dull, obtuse, pointless,
Blockhead. SYN. Dolt, dunderhead, edgeless, insensitive, bluff, coarse, im-
jolterhead, dunce, ninny, numskull, polite, plain-mannered, uncivil, rude.
dullard, simpleton, booby, loggerhead, ANT. Sharp, keen, pointed, acute,
ignoramus. aculeated, sensitive, polished, bland.
ANT. Sage, adept, luminary, school-
iloquent, courteous, reserved.
man, philosopher, savant. Blunt, i' SYN. To subdue, repress,
Bloodshed. SYN. Slaughter, massa- tranquilize, discourage, ossify, numb,
cre, carnage, butchery. harden.
Bloodthirsty. SYN. Gory, bloody, ANT. Quicken, sharpen, instigate,
suscitate, stimulate, animate, excite, ANT. Depress, dispirit, relax.

vitalize. Bombast. STK. Rhodomontade,brag-

Blur. [See BLEMISH]. ,

gadocio, gasconade, bluster, inflated-

Jtluxli. SYN. Bloom, color, carnation, ness, pomposity, exaggerativeness,
complexion, aspect, shame, confusion, fustian.
guiltiness, self-reproach. .- ANT. Truthfulness, moderation, re-
. ANT. Innocence, purity, guiltless- frain, veracity,modesty, temperate-
ness, unconsciousness, boldness, ef- ness, humility.
Bluster. SYN. Storm,
Bombastic. [See OSTENTATION].
rage, puff, in- Bond. SYN. Tie, fastening, chain, as-
sult, blow, swagger, fume, brag.
ANT. [See BRAG]. sociation, manacle, fetter, compact,
obligation, security.
Blustering. [See BLUFF]. ANT. Freedom, option, discretion,
BO.ISJ. r. SYN. Vaunt, brag, swagger,
honor, parole.
swell, bluster, vapor, triumph, glory.
ANT. [See BRAG.]. Bondage. SYN. Servitude, confine-
ment, imprisonment, incarceration,
Boasting. [See OSTEKTATION]. subjection, serfdom, thraldom, captiv-
Bode. SYN. Foretell, betoken, fore-
ity, slavery.
shadow, presage, predict, prophesy, ANT. Freedom,
promise, forebode, herald, announce,
liberty, independ-
ence, manumission, liberation.
prognosticate, portend, augur.
ANT. Relate, record, narrate, re-
Bondsman. SYN. Slave, serf, pris-
member. oner, captive, vassal.
SYN. Collectively, wholly, ANT. Freeman, yeoman, gentleman,
summarily, unitedly, compactedly, to- lord, master.
gether, corporeal, fleshy, material, Bonny. SYN. Fair, pretty, pleasant,
physical. lively, cheerful, shapely, buxom.
ANT. Piecemeal, partially, ghostly, ANT. Dull, unseemly, ill-favored,de-
fragmentarily, gradually, spiritual.
Body. SYN. Substance, mass, .whole, Bonus. SYN. Premium, douceur,boon,
substantiality, collectiveness, assem-
blage, collection, matter, association,
ANT. Fine, penalty, mulct, amerce-
organization. ment, discount.
ANT. Spirit, soul, individual. Booby. SYN. Idiot, dunce, numskull.
Boggle. SYN. Halt, hesitate, dubitate, ANT. Wiseacre, solon, oracle.
faltev, blunder, blotch, botch, spoil, Booklsli. SYN. Studious, erudite, pe-
mar. dantic, learned.
ANT. Encounter, face, advance, re- ANT. Unbookish, unstudious, ineru-
fine, clear, work, perfect, complete, dite, unlearned, ignorant, uneducated.
beautify. :
Boorish. [See CLOWNISH].
Boll. SYN. -Bubble, effervesce, rage, Bootless. SYN. Useless,profitless, un-
explode, fume. availing, abortive.
ANT. Calm, subside, recover, cool. ANT. Useful, profitable, availing, ef-
Boisterous. SYN. Loud, violent, un- fective, effectual.
restrained, tempestuous, stormy, un- Booty. SYN. Plunder, blackmail, loot,
controlled, intemperate. spoils, prey, pillage.
ANT. Peaceful, calm, serene, self- ANT. Restitution, fine, confiscation,
possessed. forfeiture, amercement, penalty.
Bold. SYN. Courageous, fearless, ad- Border. SYN. Limit, boundary,brink,
venturous, brave, self-confident, for- rim, verge, brim, edge, edging, band,
ward, intrepid, dauntless, valiant,dar- hem, enclosure, confine.
. ing, aiv-laric in-, lion-hearted, doughty. ANT. Land, tract, iuterior, substance,
ANT. Timid, fearful, inadventur- space, centre.
ous, shy, bashful, retiring. Border on. SYN. Be contiguous to,
Bolster. SYN. Support, prop, help, be adjacent to, conterminous with,ad-
id, sustain, subsidize, patch, tinker, join, adjacent to.
fcuoy. ANT. Remote from, away from.
Bore. SYN, Perforate, pierce, weary, Braggart. [SeeBiuoJ.
penetrate. Braid. SYN. Bind, tie, weave, plait.
ANT. Please, gratify, delight. ANT. Unbind, dishevel.
Bottom. SYN. Breast, hollow, valley, Branch. SYN. Member, bifurcation,
deep, bed, centre, heart, mind, soul, bough, limb, offspring, shoot, spray,'
will. sprig, twig, ramification, offshoot, rel-
AWT. Surface, exterior, manner, de- ative, scion.
portment, demeanor. ANT. Trurik, stock, stem, race, fam-
Botch. SYN. Patch, cobble, blunder, ily, house.
clump, disconcert, spoil, jumble,mess, Brand, v. SYN. Denonnce.stigmatize.
bungle, mar, blacksmith. disgrace, mark.
ANT. Fine-draw, trim, harmonize, ANT. Distinguish, honor, decorate.
mend,beautify,embroider,manipulate, Brand, mlj. SYN. Disgrace, stigma, in-
handle, manage. famy, mark.
Both. SYN. Twain. ANT. Decoration, badge,distinction,
ANT. Neither. honor.
Bother. SYN. Fuse, worry, pester, Brandish. SYN. Flourish, fence, ag-
excitement, stir, plague, vex, annoy, whisk, shake, wave.
itate, wield,
tease, confusion, vexation, flurry, ANT. Stay, arrest, suspend.
trouble. Bravado. SYN. Boasting, bragging,
ANT. Calm, composure, orderliness, vaunting, bluster.
peace, quiet. ANT. [See OSTENTATION].
Bottom. SYN. Deep, profound, floor, Brave. [See GALLANT].
groundwork, depth, ground, foot. Brawl. SYN. Wrangle, broil, scold,
ANT. Top, summit, apex, crown, brow, roar, shout, vociferate.
surface. ANT. Whisper, softness,mellowness,
Bound, n. SYN. Limit, boundary, in- melodiousness, intonation.
closure, confine, border. Brawny. SYN. Muscular, powerful,
ANT. [See BORDER]. strong, athletic, sinewy, herculean,ro-
Bound, t
. SYN. Confine, limit, cir-
bust, stout.
cumscribe, terminate.restrict, restrain. ANT. Lean, weak, fragile, delicate,
ANT. Enlarge, open, extend; spread effeminate, feeble.
Bound, r. SYN. To leap, jump, Bray. SYN. Pound, bruise, beat, pul-
frisk, verize.
spring, skip. ANT. Compact, compound, amalga-
ANT. Hobble, limp, crawl, creep, mate, conglomerate.
shamble. Breach. SYN. Rupture,divulsion, gap,
Boundary. [See BOUND]. quarrel, violation, non-performance.
Boundless. SYN.TTnbounded,immeas- ANT. Integrity, conservation, heal-
urable, infinite, unlimited, illimitable, ing, reconciliation, inviolateness, ful-
unmeasurable. fillment.
ANT. Narrow, restricted, limited, Break. SYN. Fracture, rupture, shat-
confined, circumscribed. ter, shiver, destroy, tame, curb, de-
Bountiful. [See LIBERAL]. molish, tear asunder, rend, burst, sev-
Bounty. SYN. Liberality, bounteous- er, smash, split, subdue, violate, in-
ness, benevolence, munificence, dona- fringe.
tion, gift, generosity, charity,benigni-
ANT. Heal, piece, conjoin, protect,
ty. conserve, encourage, rally, observe,
ANT. Illiberality, closeness, hard- obey. ,
i\ess,churlishness, stinginess, niggard- BreaMt. [See BOSOM].
liness. Breath. SYN. K.>-pi r;tt ion, inspiration
Bower. SYN. Shady recess, arbor, expiration, inhalation, exhalation,
retreat, alcove. Met. Life..
ANT. Open place. ANT. To latter. Cessation, passing,
Brae. SYN. Boast, vaunt, swagger, departure, perishing, dying, death.
bully. Breathe. [See BREATH].
ANT. Cringe, whine, whimper. Breathless. SYN. Exhausted, eager,

absorbed, fascinated, attentive, bewil- Bristling. STN. Full, stocked, multi-

dered, astounded. tudinous, crowded, swarming, multi-
ANT. Cool, calm, collected, unex- farious.
cited, fresh, indifferent, inattentive, ANT. Bare, nude, scant, devoid, va-
unastonished. cant.
Dreed* v. STN. Generate, procreate, Brittle. [See FRAGILE].
engender, propagate, produce, beget, Broach. STN. Moot, start, launch,
hatch, nourish, train, instruct, evolve, originate, suggest, exhibit, propound.
cause. ANT. Reserve, secrete, seal, repress,
ANT. Destroy, eradicate, extinguish, cork, bottle.
extirpate, stifle. Broad. STN. Wide, extensive, expan-
Dreed, n. [See LINEAGE]. sive, ample, liberal, comprehensive,
Dreedlng. STN. Nurture, education, unreserved, indelicate, coarse,generic.
training, discipline, instruction, man- ANT. Narrow, restricted, confined,
ners, air, demeanor, decorum. limited, bigoted, prejudiced, illiberal,
ANT. Ill-manners, ill-training, ill- narrow-minded, reserved, veiled, enig-
behavior, ignorance. matical, shrouded,shaded, refined, del-
Drevlty. SYN. Shortness, closeness, icate, sketchy, specific, pointed.
conciseness, succinctness, terseness, Broadcast. STN. Scattered abroad,
compendiousness, pointedness, abbre- dispersed, profusely, unsparingly, in-
viation, abridgment. discriminately, injudiciously, exten-
ANT. Length, protraction, elonga- sively.
tion, extension, prolixity, diffusive- ANT. Collectedly, concentratively,
ness, interminableness, tediousness. sparingly, reservedly, locally, partial-
Drew. STN. Concoct, compound, mix, ly, discreetly, charily.
hatch, prepare, season, threaten, im- Droll, n. [SeeAFFRAT].
pend, increase, collect, form, gather, Drook. i'. STN. Bear, tolerate, suffer,

grow. endure, undergo, submit to, permit.

ANT. Pass, disperse, break, spoil, ANT. Resist, resent, reject.
miscompound, mar. Brotherhood. STN. Fraternity, as-
Bridle. STN. Curb, restrain, govern, sociation, fellowship, society, sodality.
control, master, moderate, compress. Brotherly. SYN. Fraternal, kind, af-
ANT. Loosen, liberate, relax, vent, fectionate, tender.
discharge. ANT. Unkind, hard, harsh, unf rater-
Brief. [See SHORT]. nal.
Dright. STN. Shining, brilliant, bur- Browbeat. STN. Intimidate, bully,
nished, luminous, lucid, sparkling, overbear, cow, overawe, boycott,
limpid, clever, happy, witty, joyous, bulldoze.
cheerful, radiant. ANT. Encourage,rally, countenance,
ANT. Opaque, dull, dead, muddy, support.
stupid, slow, sullen, dejected, cheer- Bruise, v. [See BREAK].
less, joyless, imbecile. Drunt. STN. Impulse, attack, aggres-
Brilliant. STN. Flashing, radiant, sion, onslaught, onset, assault, shock.
shining, lustrous, glorious, luminous, ANT. Resistance, endurance, repul-
effulgent, beaming, sparkling. sion.
ANT. [See BRIGHT]. Brutal. STN. Savage, inhuman, rude,
Bring. STN. Fetch, procure, convey, unfeeling, merciless, ruthless, brut-
carry, bear, adduce, import, produce, ish, barbarous, sensual, beastly, ig-
cause, induce. norant, stolid, dense, cruel, violent,
ANT. Export, remove, abstract, sub- vindictive, bloodthirsty, intemperate.
tract, prevent, exclude, debar, trans- ANT. Humane, civilized, generous,
port. intelligent, polished, chivalrous, con-
Mr ink. STN. Quick, lively, vivacious, scientious, self-controlled.
active, alert, nimble, sprightly, spirit- Brutish. [See BRUTAL].
ed, animated, prompt, effervescent. Bubble. SYN. Trifle, toy, fancy, con-
ANT. Slow, heavy, dull, inactive, in- dream, froth, trash.
ceit, vision,
^k)lent,6luggisb.unenergetic, stagnant. ANT. Acquisition, prize, treasury
reality, substance, verity, jewel, good, ANT. Heavy, depressed, cheerless,
advantage. joyless, dejected, moody, desponding.
Bud. r. SYN. Sprout, blossom, bloom, Burdoii. v. [See LOAD].
germinate. Burden, n. SYN. Load, weight, Incu-
Buffoon. SYN. Wag, clown, jester. bus, obstruction, oppression, grief,
ANT. Wit, genius, philosopher, pe- difficulty, affliction.
dant, visionary, dissembler, prig, en- ANT. Ease, lightness, airiness, expe-
thusiast, hypocrite. dition, facility, acceleration, abjuga-
tion, liberation, light-heartedness, al-
Bugbear. SYN. Hobgoblin, goblin,
leviation, assuagement, mitigation,
gorgon, ghoul, spirit, spook, specter,
ogre, scarecrow. consolation, disburdenment.
Burial. SYN. Interment, sepulture,
Building. SYN. Edifice, architecture, inhumation, entombment.
construction, erection, fabric, struc-
ture. ANT. Exhumation, disinterment.
ANT. Ruin, dilapidation, dismantle- Burke. SYN. Stifle, shelve, strangle,
ment, demolition.
Builder. ANT. Enucleate, propound, pro-
Bulk. SYN. Mass, whole, entirety, in- mulge, publicate, promote, foster, re-
animate, eliminate, ventilate, bruit,
magnitude, ex-
tegrity, majority, size, suscitate.
tension, body, volume, bigness, large- SYN. Parody, travesty,
ness, massiveness, dimension.
satire, caricature, grotesque, droll,
ANT. Tenuity, minority, dismem-
farcical, comic, ludicrous.
berment, disintegration, diminution, ANT. Classic, pure, severe, tragic,
portion, contraction, section, atom,
historic, grave, truthful.
Bulk. [See SIZE]. Burly. [See BULKY].
Burn. SYN. Ignite,kindle, brand, con-
Bulky. SYN. Huge, unwieldy, heavy, sume, cauterize, rage, glow, smoulder,
large, ample, ponderous, burly, cum-
blaze, flash, cremate, incinerate.
brous, gigantic, brawny, massive. ANT. Extinguish, stifle, cool, wane,
ANT. Small, light, slight, airy, thin,
subside, glimmer, lower, pale.
delicate, nimble, attenuated, slender,
sylph-like, puny, tiny.
Burning. [See ARDENT].
Bully. BYN. swash-buckler, swag- Burnish. SYN. Brighten, glaze, pol-
ish, gloze, gloss.
gerer, braggadocio.
ANT. [see BLUSTERER]. ANT. Scratch, dull, abrade, bedim,
Bullying. [See BLUSTERING]. cloud, frost, matt.
Bulwark. SYN. Rampart, fortress, Burst, v. SYN.
Extrayasate, displode,
explode, discharge, shiver,shatter,dia-
fortification, palladium, citadel, in-
rupt, rend, break, split.
trenchment, stronghold, parapet, bas- ANT. Cohere, hold, etand.
ANT. Storming, seige, investment, Bury. SYN. Inter, inhume, conceal,
repress, suppress, obliterate, cancel,
bombardment, cannonade, boarding. entomb, compose, hush.
Bungler. SYN. Botcher, clown, lub- ANT. Disinter, exhume, bruit, exca-
ber, fumbler, novice. vate, expose, resuscitate,publicate,ag-
ANT. Adept, adroit, master, artist, gravate.
workman, proficient, professor. Business. SYN. Occupation, profes-
Buoy. SYN. Float, support, sustain, sion, vocation, transaction, trade, call-
elevate, elate, assure, animate, cheer, ing, office, employment,interest, duty,
inspire. affair, matter, concern.
ANT. Sink, drown, depress, swamp, ANT. Stagnation, leisure, inactivity.
overcome, deject, crush, fail, betray. Bustle. SYN. Business, activity, stir,
Buoyant. SYN. Sprightly, spirited, commotion, energy, excitement, haste,
vivacious, lively, light, floating, hope- hurry, eagerness, flurry.
ful, cheerful, elastic, JOY"> ANT. Idleness, vacation, inactivity.
Indolence, Indifference, unconcerned- Cajole. SYN. Tempt,lure,coai,flatter,
ness, coolness, calm, stagnation,quiet, wheedle, delude, cheat, inveigle,
desertion. dupe.
Busy. SYN. Industrious, diligent, as- ANT. Chide, rate, scold, warn."
siduous, engaged, occupied. Calamity. SYN. Disaster, misfortune,
ANT. Idle, slothful, lazy, indolent, mishap, catastrophe, misadventure,
unoccupied. trouble, visitation, affliction, reverse,
But. SYN. Save, except, barring, yet, blight.
beside, excluding, still, excepting, not- ANT. God-send, blessing, boon.
withstanding. Calamitous. SYN. Disastrous, ill-
ANT. With, including, inclusive, fated, fatal, unlucky, hapless, unfor-
nevertheless, however, notwithstand- tunate, inauspicious, troublous, ill-
ing. starred, ill-omened.
Butchery. [See CARNAGE]. ANT. Felicitous, fortunate, auspic-
Buxom. SYN. Bonny, blithe, shapely. ious, favorable, propitious, advanta-
ANT. Lean, slender, ill-shaped. geous.
Buy. SYN. Purchase, bribe, subsidize, Calculate. SYN. Estimate, consider,
suborn. weigh, number, count, apportion, pro-
ANT. Sell,vend, hawk, retail. portion, investigate, reckon,rate,com-
Buyer. [See BUY]. pute.
ANT. Guess, conjecture, hit, chance,
C risk, stake, miscalculate.
Calculated. SYN. Fitted, congenial,
Cabal. SYN. Confederacy, conspiracy, adapted, conducive.
combination, coterie, gang, faction, ANT. Unfitted, unadapted, unconge-
plot, political intrigue, junto, league. nial,unconducive, adverse, unqualifi-
ANT. Parliament, legislation, coun- ed, unsuited, miscalculated, ill-adapt-
cil, government, empire, synod. ed.
Cabalistic. SYN. Mystic, symbolical, Calculating. SYN. Wary, cautious,
fanciful, occult. circumspect, sagacious, careful, far-
Am. Patent, practical, instructive, sighted, guarded.
lucid, simple. ANT. Shortsighted, dull, obtuse,
Cabbage. SYN. Rob, steal, filch, crib, improvident, incautious,rash,careless.
pocket, ehirk,pillage,abstract,purloin. Calculation. SYN. Estimation, con-
ANT. fSee PURLOIN]. sideration, balance,apportionment, in-
Cachinnation. SYN. Grin, chuckle, vestigation, reckoning, computation,
giggle, snigger, titter, cackle. anticipation, forethought, regard, cir-
ANT. Long-facedness, whine, whim- cumspection, watchfulness, vigilance,
per. caution, care.
Cackle. [See CACHTNNATION]. ANT. Inconsiderateness, inconsider-
Cadaverous. SYN. Pale, exsanguine- ation, incaution, indiscretion, miscal-
ous, bloodless, hueless, pallid, ghastly,
cnlation.misconception.exclusion, ex-
ashy. ception, omission, carelessness, sepd
ANT. Rosy, incarnadine, sanguine,
chubby, brawny.
Calibre. SYN. Gauge, diameter, abil-

Caducity. SYN. Decline, infirmity, ity, capacity, force, strength, power.

decrepitude, senility, decadence, tran-
ANT. Its correlative, as character,
sience, delicacy. mind, etc.
ANT. Vigor, youth, freshness, vitali- Call back. [See RECALL].
renovation, permanence.
ty, Call out, [See PROCLAIM],
Cage. SYN. Imprison,immure, confine, Call together. [See CONVENE].
incarcerate, cabin, crib. Called. SYN. Named, designated, de-
ANT. Liberate, free, dismiss, unbar. nominated, yclept termed.
Caitiff*. SYN. Rascal, miscreant,rogue, Unnamed, undesignated, mis*
churl, villain, ruffian. named, misdesignated.
ANT. Worthy, gentleman, patriot, Calling. [See BUSINESS].
philanthropist. Callous. [See HABD].
Calm. SYN. Smooth, pacify, compose, tonnage, calibre, ability, faculty, om.
allay, still, soothe, appease, assuage, pability, cleverness, talents, magni-
quiet, tranquilize. tude, parts, competency, comprebea.
ANT. Stir, excite.agitate,disconcert, siveness, accommodation.
ruffle, lash. heat, discompose. ANT. Narrowness, restriction, Inca-
Calumniate. [See SLANDER]. pacity, coarctation, coutractedness.
Calumniator. [See BACKBITER]. Capital. SYN. Chief, excellent, im-
Calumnious. STN. Slanderous, de- portant, cardinal, principal, consum-
famatory, scurrilous, abusive. mate, high.
ANT. [See ABUSIVE]. ANT. Inferior, unimportant, subor-
Calumny. SYN. Slander, defamation, dinate, minor, defective, mean.
detraction, libel, tradiicement, back- Capitulate. SYN. Stipulate, yield,
biting, opprobrium, aspersion. surrender, submit.
ANT. Vindication,clearance, eulogy, ANT. Resist, struggle, contend.
panegyric. Caprice. [See VAGARY].
Camp. SYN. Encamp, bivouac. Capricious. STN. Wayward, uncer.
Cancel. SYN. Efface, blot out, annul, tain, fanciful, freakish, fitful, fickle,
expunge, nullify, quash, rescind, re- changeful, whimsical, humorsome, in-
peal, revoke, abrogate, obliterate, dis- constant, crotchety.
charge, era-e, abolish, countervail. ANT. Firm, unchanging, inflexible,
ANT. Enforce, enact, re-enact, con- decided, unswerving, constant.
firm, perpetuate, contract. Captious. SYN. Carping, caviling,
Candid. STN. Fair, honest, open, sin- censorious, hypercritical, cross, fault*
cere, frank, artless, impartial, plain, finding, critical, cynical, petulant, ir-
straightforward, aboveboard, transpa- ritable, splenetic, touchy, peevish,
rent, unreserved, ingenious. fretful.
ANT. I'nfair, close, mysterious, re- ANT. Appreciative, commendatory,
eerve 1, shuffling, disingenuous, iusin- encouraging, complimentary, approv-
ce-e. Jesuitical. ing, laudatory, flattering.
Candidate. SYN. Aspirant, petition- Captivate. [See BEWITCH].
er, canvasser, applicant, claimant, so- Captivated. SYN. Taken, charmed,
licitor. smitten, fascinated, enslaved,. captur-
ANT. Waiver, decliner, abandoner, ed, enthralled.
resigner. abjurer, non-competitor. ANT. Free, unaffected, uninflu-
Canon. STN. Rule, measure, regula- enced, unscathed, insensible, insens-
tion, test, law. itive.
ANT. Misguidance, antinomy, Irreg- Captivating. SYN. Charming, be-
ularity, misrule. witching, fascinating, alluring, se-
Canvass, r. SYN. Question, Investi- ductive, attractive.
gate, challenge, test, dispute, solicit, ANT. Hideous, loathsome,repulsive.
sift, examine, discuss, apply for, re- uucapt iviit ing. uninteresting.
quest. Captivity. [See THRALDOM.]
ANT. Pretermit, allow, ignore, dis- Capture, v. Tsee SEIZE],
regard, admit, pass, misexamine, mis- Capture, n. [See PRIZE].
investigate. Care. SYN. Attention, pains, anxiety,
Capable. [See ABLE]. concern, trouble, circumspection, re-
Capability. SYK. Cleverness, apti- gard, solicitude, caution, prevention,
tude, talent, capacity, power, facility, custody, preservation, thrift, heed,
faculty. foresight, wariness, economy, pru-
ANT. Dulness, inaptitude, awkward- dence.
ness, difficulty. ANT. Inattention, neglect, disregard,
Capacious. SYN. Spacious, compre- carelessness, indifference, temerity,
hensive, voluminous, ample, accom- remissness, improvidence, unguard-
modative, extensive, wide. edness, incaution.
ANT. Narrow, restricted, limited, Career. SYN. Course, success, walk,
confined, shallow, contracted, petty. line, progress, history, way of llf%
Capacity. STN. Space, size, volume, passage, race.
ANT. Misproceeding, misdeport- Carriage. SYN. Transportation, con-
ment, unsuccess, miscarriage. veyance, bearing, manner, conduct, de-
Careful. [See THOUGHTFUL]. meanor, walk, gait, mien, behavior,
Careless. [See THOUGHTFUL. ANT]. deportment, vehicle.
Caress, v. [See FONDLE]. ANT. Misconveyance, miscarriage,
Caress, n. SYN. Endearment, bland- misconduct, misconsignmeat.
ishment, wheedling, fondling, strok- Carry. [See BEAK].
ANT. Vexation,
Carry on. [See TRANSACT].
irritation, annoy-
ance, teasing, persecution, provoca-
Carry through. [See COMPLETE].
Case. SYN. Occurrence, circumstance,
Cargo. STN. Freight, burden, load, contingency, event, plight, predica-
consignment, merchandise, lading, ment, fact,subject, condition, instance.
ANT. Hyppthesis,supposition, fancy,
AWT. Conveyance, bearer, carrier. theory, conjecture.
Caricature. SYN. Mimicry, parody, Cash. SYN. Money, specie, coin, cur-
travesty, burlesque, extravagance, ex-
rency, capital.
Cast. f. SYN. Hurl, send down, throw,
aggeration, hyperbole, monstrosity,
farce. fling, pitch, impel, project, construct,
ANT. Portraiture, representation, mold, frame.
ANT. Kaise, elevate, recover, erect,
resemblance, justice, fidelity, truth-
f u Iness. accept, approve, retain, carry, ignore,
miscalculate, misprovide, break, dis-
Carnage. SYN. Massacre, slaughter, sipate, dismember, dislocate.
bloodshed, butchery.
ANT. Ransom, deliverance, quarter. Cast, n, SYN. Mould,stamp,kind,fignre,
Carnal. SYN. Fleshly, sensual, self- form, aspect, mien, air, style, manner,
indulgent, licentious, animal, coarse,
base, worldly, impure, libidinous,
ANT. Malformation, deformity, ab-
secular. normity.
ANT. Spiritual, ethereal, pure, self- Cast away. [See REJECT.].
controlled, temperate, exalted, re- Cast down. [See MELANCHOLY].
fined. Cast out. [See EJECT].
Carnival. SYN. Revel, rout, fes- Caste. SYN. Order, class,rank,lineage,
tivity, masquerade. race, blood, dignity, respect.
ANT. Fast, mortification, lent, ANT. Degradation, taboo,disrepnte,
retirement. abasement, reproach.
Caroi. SYN. Sing, warble, chirp, trill, Castigate. SYN. Whip, flagellate,
whistle, chirrup, chant, hum. cane.
ANT. Whine, croak, cry, dirge, la- ANT. Reward, encourage, decorate,
ment. caress.
Carouse. SYN. Festivity, feast, ban- Casual. SYN. Accidental, occasional,
quet, revel, debauch. incidental, contingent,unforeseeu, for-
ANT. Fast, starvation, maceration, tuitous.
abstinence. ANT. Regular, ordinary, systematic,
Carousal. SYN. Wassail, revel, ban- periodic, certain, fixed. [See CAS-
quet, orgies. UALTY!.
ANT. [See BANQUET]. Casualty. SYN. Accident, contingen-
arp. SYN. Cavil, censure, challenge, cy, chance, fortuity, hap, misfortune,
overhaul, canvass, hypercriticise, ob- occurrence, mischance. [See ACCI-
ject, catch. DENT].
ANT. Allow, concede, admit, com- ANT. Appointment,assignment, pro-
pliment, encourage, approve, applaud, vision, ordinance, enactment.
endorse, acquiesce, assent. Casuistry. SYN. Sophistry, Jesuitry,
Carpet. (Metaphorical). SYN. Table, fallacy, refinement, quibble, straw-
board, consideration, consultation. splitting.
ANT. Shelf, rejection, disposal, ob- ANT, Reason, conscience, commoo-
ttTion. sense.

Catalogue, n. [See RECORD]. Cavalier, [See ABROGANT!

Catastrophe. SYN. Revolution, dis- Cavil. [See CARP].
aster, calamity, misfortune, misad- Cavity. [See OPENING].
venture, reverse, blow, visitation. Caviller. [See CAVILJ.
ANT. Blessing, victory, triumph, fe- Cease. SYN. Intermit, stop, desist, alv
licitation, achievement, ovation, suc- stain, discontinue, quit, refrain, end,
cess, godsend. pause, leave off.
Catch. SYN. Take, seize, grip, clutch, ANT. Ceaseless, never-ending, ever-
capture, secure, ensnare, snatch, hit, lastmg,constant,incessant. [See ETV>
arrest, comprehend, overtake, appre- NAL].
hend. Ceaseless. [See CEASE],
ANT. Lose, miss, misapprehend, es- Cede. [See RELINQUISH].
cape. Celebrate. [See HONOR].
Catching. [See PESTIFEROUS]. Celebrated. SYN. Famed, renowned,
Catechlsni. SYN. Erotetics, socratics, illustrious, eminent, glorious, fa.
interrogation, creed, system, compend- mous, noted, distinguished, notable,
ium. exalted.
ANT. Reading, excogitation, elab- ANT. Unrenowned, obscure, undis.
oration. tinguished, unknown, disgraced,mean.
Catechumen. SYN. Tyro, learner, Celebration. SYN. Commemoration,
pupil, novice, scholar. solemnization, observance.
ANT. Master, doctor, professor, ANT. Oblivion, inobservance, ob-
teacher, savant. solescence, desuetude.
Categorical. SYN. Plain, positive, Celebrity. SYN. Fame, honor, glory,
declaratory, peremptory, affirmative, star, reputation, distinction, renown,
absolute, demonstrative, distinct. notability, eminence, notoriety.
ANT. Obscure, uncertain.ambiguous, ANT. Obscurity, meanness, inglori-
dubious, contingent, hypothetical, ha- ousness, ignomiuy,disgrace,contempt,
zy, oracular, enigmatical, mystical. cipher, nobody.
Category. STN. State, kind, predica- Celerity. SYN. Rapidity, speed, haste,
ment, condition, nature, order, mode, velocity, swiftness, quickness, fleet-
sort, class. ness, despatch.
ANT. Essence, truth, being. ANT. Slowness, inertness, slaggish-
ne-s. tardiness, cnmhrnnsnees.
Causality. SYN. Eventuality, oper-
Celestial. SYN. Heavenly,
ativeness, potentiality, effectuality, ethereal,
productiveness, conduciveness. atmospheric, supernal, angelic, ra-
ANT. Prevent! veness, retardative- diant, eternal, immortal, seraphic, di-
vine, godlike, elysian.
ness, obstructiveness, counteractivity,
ANT. Earthly, terrestrial, terrene,
unproductiveness, ineffectiveness, in-
operativeness, barrenness. sublunary, human, mortal, hellish, in- .

Causation. [See CAUSALITY]. Cement. SYN. Bind, bond, unite, per-
Cause, r. [See PRODUCE].
Cause, n. SYN. Source, origin, petuate, consolidate.
pro- ANT. Detach, dissolve, dissociate,
ducer, agent, creator, purpose, induce-
disintegrate, divorce.
ment, reason, account, principle, mo- Censorious. [See CAPTIOUS].
tive, object, suit, action. Censure, r. [See BLAME].
ANT. Effect, result,accomplishment, Censure. SYN. Blame, stricture,
end, production, issue, preventive.
reproach, reprobate, inculpate, re-
Caustic. SYN. Burning, mordant, pun- prove, condemn, reprehend, chide,
gent, irritating, biting, pointed, sar- berate, scold, upbraid, disapproval,
castic, trenchant, severe. remonstrance, rebuke, reprimand,
ANT. Pointless, mild, soothing, con- dispiaise.
ciliating, vapid, flat, tame. ANT. Praise, eulogy, approbation,
Caution. SYN, [See CARE and CALCU- encouragement, commendation.
LATION]. Central. SYN. Mediate, accessible
Cautious. [S"e CIRCUMSPECT], convenient
ANT. Remote, inaccessible, incon- Chafe. SYN. Gall, rub, vex, irritate,
yenient. chagrin, tease, harass, disappoint,
Centralize. SYN. Concentrate, fix, grieve, annoy, worry, calcitrate, re
localize, collect. sent, resist, fret, fidget, writhe.
ANT. Disperse, disseminate, distrib- ANT. Soothe, smooth, coax, calm,
ute, apportion, divide, delocalize. humor, console, submit, endure, sue-
Ceremonial. SYN. minis-
Official, cumb, crouch, truckle.
terial, functional, pompous, imposing,
tli a II". SYN. Banter, badinage, non-
sumptuous, scenic. sense, frivolity, trash, chaffer.
ANT. Ordinary, private, unimpos- ANT. Emphasis, seriousness, sense,
ing, unostentatious, undramatic. substance, reason, argument, marrow,
Ceremonious. SYN. Punctilious, pith, gist.
Chaffer. SYN. Haggle,
formal, prim, precise. bargain, hig-
ANT. Brusque, blunt, supercilious, gle, stickle, boggle.
ANT. Close, conclude, agree, negoti-
bluff, unceremonious.
Ceremony. SYN. Display, pageant, Chagrin, v. [See CHAFF.].
solemnity, rite, formality.
ANT. [See FASHION]. Challenge, v. SYN. Defy, summon,
Certain. SYN. True, fixed, regular, dare, question, investigate, brave, can-
established, incontrovertibie,undoubt-
ANT. Pass, allow, grant, concede.
ful, indubitable, infallible, unmistak-
able, sure, unfailing, real, actual, un- Champion, n. SYN. Hero, warrior,
deniable, positive, convinced, assured. combatant, vindicator, challenger, de-
ANT. Uncertain, dubious, excep- fender, protector.
ANT. Renegade, deserter, poltroon,
tional, irregular, casual, occasional,
questionable, doubtful, vacillating, un- miscreant, traitor, coward, adversary,
decided, uncertain. opponent.
Certainly. SYN. Surely, positively, Chance, v. [See HAZARD].
Chance, n. SYN. Accident, fortuity,
ANT. Possibly, probably, perhaps, hazard, haphazard, fortune, random,
contingently, doubtfully, occasion- casualty, bef ailment, luck.
ANT. Law, rule, sequence, conse-
Certainty. SYN. Assurance, demon- quence, causation, effectuation, in-
strableness, positiveness, unquestion- tention, purpose, design, certainty.
ableness, confidence, conviction. Change, v. BYN. Vary, alter, modify,
ANT. Dubiousness, precariousness, diversify, qualify, transmute, eubsti
casualty, vicissitude, uncertainty, ir- tute, fluctuate, shift, veer, exchange.
ANT. Conserve, retain, stabilitate,
regularity, hesitation, doubt, mis-
fix, clinch, stand, endure, last, hold.
giving, conjecture, indecision.
Certify. SYN. Acknowledge, aver, at- Change, n. [See VABIATION].
test, vouch, avow, avouch, testify, pro- Changeable, Changeful. [See
test, declare, demonstrate, prove, evi- CAPKICIOUS and CHANGELESS].
dence, inform, assure. Changeless. SYN. Regular, settled,
ANT. Disprove, disavow, misinform, steady, firm, stationary, consistent,
misadvise. resolute, reliable, undeviating, uni-
Cessation. SYN. Stopping, halt, dis- form, immutable, immovable.
continuance, quiescence, suspension, ANT. Irregular, unsettled, unsteady,
intermission, lull, respite, stop, rest, wavering, fluctuating, capricious, ir-
abeyance, pause. resolute, vacillating, variable, muta-
ANT. Continuance, uninterrupted- ble, plastic.
ness, unintermission, incessancy. Chaplet. SYN. Garland, wreath, cor-
Cession. SYN. Concession, yielding, onal.
surrender, abandonment, relinquish- Character. SYN. Symbol, letter, na-
ment, grant. ture, type, disposition, genius, tem.
ANT. Retention, claimanee, mainte- perament, cast, estimation, repute, of-
nance, appropriation, usurpation, vin- fice, reputation, part, aapacity, class,
dbmtkm, assumption. ^rder, sort, stamp, kind, quality,
species, sign, tone, mark, figure, rec- Chaste. SYN. Pure, modest, nncotv
ord. laminated, spotless, immaculate, un-
ANT. Vagueness, anonymousness, dented, virtuous, incorrupt, simple,
nondeseription, disrepute. unaffected, nice.
Characteristic. SYN. Distinction, ANT. Impure, corrupt, meretri-
peculiarity, diagnosis, idiosyncrasy, cious, gaudy, flashy, over-decorated.
speciality, individuality, personality, Chasten. SYN. Purify, discipline,
singularity. chastise, correct, castigate, improve,
ANT. Nondescription, abstracted- spiritualize, afflict, refine.
ness, generality, miscellany. ANT. Indulge, sensualize, brutalize,
Characterize. SYN. Mark, distin- degrade, corrupt, pamper, carnalize,
guish, describe, particularize, style, spoil, demoralize.
designate, individualize, specify,iden- Chat, See BABBLE].

tify. Chattels. SYN. Effects, goods, wares,

ANT. Hint, insinuate, sketch, sug- movables, furniture.
gest, adumbrate. ANT. Freehold.
Charge. SYN. Direct, enjoin, ad- Chatter. SYN. Rattle, jabber, cackle,
vise, admonish, arraign , inculpate, en- prattle, twaddle.
trust, commit, load, accuse, impeach, ANT. Reason, sense, argument, re-
attack, assault, impute, carry. ticence, philosophy, conversation.
ANT. Clear, free, discharge, acquit, Cheap. SYN. Common, inexpensive,
liberate. uncostly, mean, vile, worthless, low-
Chargeable. SYN. Attributable, as- priced.
cribable, imputable. ANT. Rare, costly, worthy, expen-
ANT. Not attributable, not ascriba- sive,honorable, noble, high.
not imputable.
ble, Cheat, v. SYN. Overreach, fleece, si-
Charity. [See BENEVOLJSNCE]. lence, trick, gull, cozen, juggle, de-
Charitable. SYN. Kind, benign, be- fraud, swindle, dupe, beguile, deceive,
nevolent, beneficent, liberal, consid- deprive, hoodwink, prevaricate, dis-
erate, forgiving, compassionate, pla- semble, shuffle, inveigle.
cable, inexacting, inextreme. ANT. Enlighten, guide, remunerate,
ANT. Uncharitable, unkind, harsh, compensate, undeceive, disabuse.
selfish, churlish, illiberal, censorious, Cheat, n, SYN. Deception, fraud, im-
unforgiving, uncompassionate, im- position, trick, artifice, illusion, im-
placable, extreme, exacting, retalia- posture, swindle, finesse, deceit, lie,
tive, revengeful. fiction.
Charlatan. [See QUACK]. ANT. Troth, reality, verity, fact,
Charm, v. SYN. Bewitch, enchant, certainty, genuineness, verification,
fascinate, lay, soothe, mesmerize, de- honesty, authenticity.
light, enrapture, transport, entice, al- Check, n. SYN. Repulse, hindrance,
lure, entrance, captivate, subdue. set back, rebuff.
ANT. Disenchant, disillusionize, ex- ANT. Encouragement, freedom, lib-
cite, rouse, disturb, annoy, Irritate, erty.
alarm, terrify, repel, disgust. Check, SYN. Curb, restrain, stop,
Charm, n. SYN. Spell, incantation, en- stay, repress, hinder, impede, inhibit,
chantment, fascination, attraction, al- cohibit, bridle, control, obstruct.
lurement. ANT. Loose, liberate, instigate, nc-
ANT. Disenchantment, repulsion, celerate, license, indulge, allow, abet.
fear. Cheer, v. [See ENCOURAGE].
Chary. SYN.
Careful, cautions, cal- Cheer, n. SYN. Hope, happiness, com-
culating, frugal, shy, wary, sparing, fort, hospitality, plenty, conviviality.
slow, saving, reluctant. ANT. Dejection, sullenness, gloom,
ANT. Liberal, lavish, profuse, eager. starvation, niggardliness, dearth, in*
Chase, v. SYN. Pursue, hunt, follow, hospitableness, churlishness, unsocia-
drive, prosecute. bleness.
ANT. Abandon, relinquish, discard, Cheerful. SYN. Lively, gay, bright,
dismiss, avoid, elude, evade. happy, bonny, merry, joyful, pleaa*
nt, buoyant, stmnY, enlivening, In Choice, a. STN. Select, exquisite, pre>
good spirits, sprightly, blithe, joy- cious, dainty, cherished, valuable, ex.
ous. eellent, rare.
ANT. Lifeless, dull, gloomy, un- ANT. Common, ordinary, Inferior,
happy, dejected, depressed, sullen, cheap, valueless,despicable, trumpery.
joyless, melancholy, depressing, dis- Choke. STN. Throttle, strangle, gag,
piriting. smother, burke, suffocate, stifle.
Cheerfulness. [See CHEEBFUL]. ANT. Eliminate, educe, promote,de-
Cheerless. [See CHEERFTTL]. monstrate, discuss, disseminate, moot,
Cherish. STN. Foster, nurse, pro- bruit, ventilate.
mote, nourish, nurture, comfort, pro- Choler. [See ANGEK].
tect, entertain, value, encourage. Choleric. STN. Hasty, testy, impetu-
ANT. Stifle, abandon, discard, dis- ous, irascible.
courage, check. ANT. Cool, phlegmatic, serene, plac-
Chew. STN. Masticate, munch, eat. id, dispassionate, stoical.
ANT. Gorge, bolt whole. Choose. STN. Select, elect, prefer, ap-
Chicanery. STN. Artifice, subtlety, propriate, adopt, cull, pick out.
sophistry, subterfuge, prevarication, ANT. Leave, dismiss, reject, refuse,
shift, trickery, dodge, quibble, mysti- disclaim, repudiate, ignore, decline.
fication, pettifogging, underhanded- Chronicle, v. STN. Record, register.
ANT. Chronicle, n. [See ANNALS].
Openness, candor, fairness,
cogency, demonstrativeness, sound-
Chuckle. STN. Grin, crow, cackle.
ness. ANT. Cry, wail, grumble, whimper,
Chide. STN. Kate, scold, trounce, re- whine.
prove, reprimand, rebuke, blame, ad- Churchyard. STN. Burying-ground,
burial place, cemetery, God's acre, ne-
monish, objurgate.
ANT. Applaud, flatter, compliment. cropolis, graveyard.
Chief, adj. (chef, the head). [See CAP- Churlish. STN. Illiberal, niggardly,
ITAL]. inhospitable, unsociable, unneighbor-
Chief, n. [See CHIEFTAIN]. ly.
Chiefly. [See MAINLT]. ANT. Liberal, bountiful, hospitable
Chieftain. STN. Captain, general, neighborly, sociable.
chief, commander, head man, leader. Cipher. STN. Nonentity, dot, nothing,
ANT. Follower, attendant, retainer, trifle, button, (flg.) straw, pin, rush,
subaltern, vassal, satellite, rninion,ad-
herent. ANT. Somebody,big-wig,Bomethlng.
Childish. STN. Weak, silly, puerile, notability, celebrity, triton, colossus,
infantine, imbecile, foolish, trifling, star.
paltry, trivial.
Circuit. STN. Tour, circumference.
ANT. Strong, resolute, manly, wise, ANT. Line, straightness, directness.
judicious, sagacious, chivalrous, pro- Circuitous. STN. Indirect, tortuous,
found, politic. devious, serpentine, round about, sin-
Chimerical. [See VISIONABY]. uous, winding.
Chivalrous. STN. Courageous, gener- ANT. Linear, direct, straight.
ous, knightly, gallant, heroic, adven- Circular. STN. Round, spherical.
turous, valiant, spirited, handsome, ANT. Lineal, direct.
high-minded. Circulate. STN. Disseminate^lSuse,
ANT. Unhandsome, dirty, sneaking, propagate, publish, notify, spread,
pettifogging, scrubby, dastardly, .;-9o- travel.
reant, ungenerous, ungentlemanly. ANT. Suppress, avert, hush, cease,
Choice, n. STN. Option, adoption, se- stagnate.
lection, election, preference, alterna- Circumference. STN. Periphery,en-
tive. closure, circuit, outline, boundary.
ANT. Compulsion, necessity, rejec- ANT. Diameter, crossing, bi-section,
tion, refusal, unimportance, indiffer- transection, transverslon.
ence, refuse. Circumlocution. STN. Periphrasis,
verbosity, inconciseness, insuccinct- ANT. Demoralization, savagery, nn-
ness, ambiguousness, anfractuosity. civilization, barbarism, rudeness,
ANT. Terseness, point, conciseness, brutality.
succinctness, condensation, directness, Claim, v. SYN. Demand, ask, require,
plainness, simplicity, coherence. insist, pretense, right, privilege, title,
Circumscribe. SYN. Define, desig- request, maintain.
nate, delineate, limit, enclose. confine, ANT. Forego, waive, disclaim, ab-
restrict, fence. jure, disavow, abandon, concede, sur-
ANT. Expand, dilate, dissipate, die- render, repudiate.
enclose, distend. Claim, n. SYN. Assertion, vindication,
Circumscribed. SYN. Limited, nar- pretension, title, right, privilege, ar-
row, restricted. rogation, demand.
ANT. Limitless, ample, unconflned. ANT. Waiving, abjuration, dis-
Circumspect. SYN. Cautious, wary, claimer, surrender.
careful, heedful, attentive, prudent, Claimant. SYN. Assertor, vindica-
watchful, scrupulous, vigilant. tor, appellant, litigant.
ANT. Heedless, incautious, careless, ANT. Rt'liuqui.-her, resigner, con-
reckless, invigilant. incircumspeot. ceder, waiver, renouncer, abjurer.
Circumstance. SYN. Detail, feature, Clamor. SYN. Contention, conten-
point, event, occurrence, incident, sit- tiousness, squabble, tumult, hubbub,
uation, position, fact, topic, condition, noise, uproar, outcry, obloquy.
particular, specialty.
ANT. Silence, acquiescence, ret-
ANT. Deed, case, transaction. icence.
Circumstantial. SYN. Inferential, Clamorous. [See NOISY].
constructive, minute, detailed, elabor- Clandestine. SYN. Furtive, secret,
ate, specific. ely, stealthy, surreptitious, hidden,
ANT. Jocular, positive, inaccurate, disguised, concealed, private, under-
loose, general. hand.
Circumvent. SYN. Ensnare, entrap, Clasp. SYN. Grasp, connect, unite,
outwit, diplomatize. bracket, concatenate, embrace.
ANT. Force, subjugate, reduce, com- ANT. Relax, sever, unclasp, discon-
pel. nect, detach, exclude.
Circumventlon.fSee CIRCUMVENT]. Class. [See ORDER].
Citadel. SYN. Fortress, castle, strong- Classical. SYN. Pure, refined, ele-
hold, acropolis. gant, polished, chaste, augustan.
Cite. SYN. Summon, call,quote, adduce, ANT. Corrupt, debased, inelegant,
mention, name, select, refer to. harsh, barbarous, uiielassical, un-
ANT. Discard, dismiss, canvass, dis- couth.
pute, reject, contradict, disprove, dis- Classification. (tXao-ic- SYN. Order,
credit, challenge. species, nature, character, cast,stamp,
Citizen. SYN. Townsman, inhabitant, group, kind, section, sect, category,
burgess, subject, denizen. assortment, designation, description,
ANT. Alien, foreigner, visitor, exile. genus.
Civic. SYN. Municipal, corporate, ur- ANT. Individuality, speciality, isola-
bane, oppidan. tion, alienation, division, distinction,
ANT. Suburban, provincial, rural, singularity, exclusion, heterogenity.
cosmopolitan. Classify. SYN. Arrange, systematize,
Civil. SYN. Well-mannered, political, adjust, rank, class, tabulate, dispose,
courteous, well-bred, complaisant, af- collocate, assort.
fable, urbane, polite, obliging, accom- ANT. Derange, confound, disorder,
modating, respectful. disorganize, intermix.
ANT. Disobliging, unaccommodat- Clause. SYN. Portion,paragraph, stip-
ing, disrespectful, boorish, clownish, ulation, provision, article, condition,
churlish, uncivil. chapter, section, passage.
Civilization. SYN. Amelioration, ANT. Document, instrument, muni-
culture, cultivation, humanization, re- ment.
finement. Clean, t. SYN. Purify, clarify.

ANT. Pollute, befoul, bespatter, summation, acme, point, head, merid.

defile. ian, culmination, zenith.
Clean, adj. SYS. Pure, neat, cleanly, ANT. Base, floor, bathos, anti-climax,
clear, purified, cleansed, untarnished, depth, gulf, nadir.
spotless, uuclogged, upright. Climb. SYN. Ascend, mount, clamber,
ANT. Impure, untidy, dirty, entan- swarm, surmount, scale, escalade,soar,
gled, hampered, unclean. creep up, rise.
Clean v. SYN. Clarify, disencumber, ANT. Descend, drop, fall, slip, tum-
disentangle, disembarrass, vindicate, ble, swoop.
liberate, set free, release, exonerate, Cling. SYN. Fasten, hold, adhere, em-
exculpate, justify, retrieve, acquit,ab- brace, stick, cleave, hang, twine, hug.
eolve, whitewash, extricate, eliminate. ANT. Drop,recede,secede,apostatize,
ANT. Befoul, contaminate, pollute, abandon, relax, forego, swerve, sur-
clog, encumber, embarrass, involve, render.
implicate. Clip. SYN. Curtail, prune, contract,
Clear, adj. SYN. Open, pure, bright, abridge.
transparent, free, disencumbered, dis- ANT. Elongate, cherish, grow, nour-
entangled, disengaged, absolved, ac- ish.
quitted, serene, unclouded, evident, Cloak. SYN. Conceal, disguise, mask,
apparent, distinct, manifest, conspic- veil, hide, cover, palliate, screen, mit-
uous, unobstructed, plain, obvious, in- igate, extenuate.
telligible, lucid. ANT. Exhibit, propound, promulge,
ANT. Thick, muddy, foul, opaque,
portray, aggravate, expose, demon-
encumbered, entangled, condemned, strate, reveal.
convicted, turbid, dubious, indistinct, Close. Adj. SYN. Narrow, limited, re-
stricted, condensed, packed, secret,
Clearly. SYN. Plainly, obviously, dis-
compressed, solid, firm, compact, re-
tinctly, evidently, palpably, lucidly,
served, niggardly, shut, fast, dense.
explicitly, perspicuously. ANT. Wide, open, ample, spacious,
ANT. Opaquely, indistinctly, Imper-
airy, unconfined, dispersed, rarefied,
fectly, confusedly.
Cleave. SYN. Sunder, subtle, vaporous, patent, public, ad-
split, divide,ad-
vertised, open-handed, liberal, frank.
here, rend, di?sever, stick.
ANT. Conserve, unite, splice, bond, Close, v. SYN. Shut, conclude, stop,
cement, agglutinate, consolidate, sep- complete.
ANT. Open, initiate, conduct, pro-
arate, depart, desert, apostatize, se-
cede. tract.

Clemency. [See MEBCY], Clothe, f. SYN. Invest, robe, drape,

Clergyman. SYN. Pastor, divine, par- dress, array, attire, cover.
ANT. Denude, strip, divest.
son, preacher, presbyter, minister, el-
der, deacon, bishop, dominie, rector,
Clothes. [See HABILIMENTS].
prelate, priest, monk, friar, vicar, Cloudy. [See MUGGY and OBSCURE].
curate. Clownish. SYN. Bustic, boorish,
ANT. Layman, laic, congregation,la- bucolic, boeotiau, awkward, clumsy,
ity, flock. cloddish, untutored, rude.
Clever. SYN. Able, ready, talented, ANT. Polite, civil, urbane, affable,
quick, ingenious, dexterous, adroit, ex- graceful, polished, refined, courtly,
pert, gifted, quick-witted, skillful, well- high-bred, intelligent, educated.
ANT. Weak, dull, stupid, slow, ill-
Clumsy. SYN. Awkward, inexpert, un-
couth, maladroit, botching, bungling,
contrived, doltish, uninventive, awk- unskillful, unwieldly, unhandy, ill-
ward, clumsy, bungling, botched. shaped.
Climate. SYN. Air, atmosphere, tem- ANT. Neat, workmanlike, artistic,
perature, weather, clime, sky, region, handy, skillful, clever, expert, adroit,
sphere, latitude. dexterous.
ANT. Earth, globe, world, sphere. Cluster. SYN. Bunch, group, gather*
Climax. SYN. Summit, height, con- ing. muster, throng.
ANT. Scattering, sprinkling, die- compel, drive, counteract, check, con-
torsion. strain, force, confine, intimidate.
Clutch, r. SYN. Grasp, grab, seize, ANT. Permit, persuade, urge, insti-
catch, grip, grapple with, snatch, gate, encourage, liberate, induce, se-
pounce. duce, tempt.
ANT. Liberate, release, emancipate. CoetaneouB. SYN. Coeval, contem-
Coagulate. SVN. Mix, blend, fuse, porary, synchronous.
coalesce, amalgamate, condense. ANT. Incoincident, inoontemporane-
ANT. Rarefy, expand, dissipate, sub- ous, anachronistic, asynchronous.
tilize, Coeval. [See COETANEOUB].
Coadjutor. SYN. Assistant, ally, co- Coexist. SYN. Concur, comport, ac-
operator, accessory, accomplice. company, coalesce, coincide.
ANT. Opponent, counteractor, an- ANT. Disconcur, discomport.
tagonist, baffler, adversary. Coexistent. SYN. Concurrent, co-
Coalesce. SYN. Harmonize, blend, etaneous, contemporary, coincident,
mix, combine, join, unite, amalga- compatible, correspondent, correla-
mate, cohere. tive.
ANT. Disagree, discomport. ANT. Discurrent, incontemporane-
.Coalition. SYN. Combination, con- ous, incompatible, adverse, repugnant,
sentaneity, compromise, consociation, antagonistic.
union, alliance, league, compact, amal- Coextenslon. SYN. Commensurate-
ness, equality, parallelism, conter-
gamation, composition, confederacy.
ANT. Dissociation, disruption, dis- minousness.
ANT. Incommensurateness, inade-
agreement, dissentience.
Coarse. SYN. Common, ordinary, in- quacy, inconterminousness, disparity,
delicate, vulgar, gross, unrefined, im- divergency, inequality.
modest, rough, rude, unpolished. Coextensive. [See COEXTENSION!.
ANT. Fine, refined gentle, polished, Cogent. SYN. Forcible, powerful, po-
delicate, choice. tent, strong, persuasive, influential.
Coax. SYN. Wheedle, fawn, flatter, ANT. Weak, ineffectual, powerless,
ca.ole, persuade, overcome, seduce, feeble.
allure, circumvent. Cogitate. SYN. Think, ruminate, re-
ANT. Intimidate, coerce, impel, in- meditate, brood, speculate, con-
stigate, drive. template, ponder, muse.
Cobble. SYN. Patch, botch, bungle, ANT. Idle, maunder, dream.
clout. Cogitation. [See COGITATE].
ANT. Repair, manipulate, fine- Cognizance. SYN. Notice, observa-
draw. tion, recognition, knowledge, experi-
Cobweb. SYN. Trifle, cipher, moon- ence.
shine, prejudice, bugbear, phantasy, ANT. Inadvertence, neglect, ignor-
caprice. ance, inexperience, oversight, con-
ANT. Substance, verity, axiom, law. nivance.
reality, perpetuity, institution, truth. Cognizant. SYN. Aware, informed.
Cockney. SYN. Londoner, citizen, ANT. Unaware, ignorant, unin-
swell. formed.
ANT. Clodhopper, bumpkin, lout. Cohere. SYN. Stick, adhere, conform,
Coddle. SYN. Spoil, humor, pamper, unite, coalesce.
nurse, caress. ANT. Sever, separate, disunite, dis-
Codger. SYN. Gaffer, churl, curmud- integrate.
geon. Coherent. SYN. Consecutive, consist-
ANT. Swell, fop, spendthrift, scape- ent, complete, sensible, compact, log-
grace, puppy. ical, close.
Codify. SYN. Summarize, digest, in- ANT. Inconsecutive, rambling, dis-
corporate, embody, condense. united, inconsistent, discursive, loose,
ANT. Expunge, abrogate, annul, silly, illogical, aberrant.
disembody, disincorporate, rescind. Colilblt. SYN. Prevent, hinder, curb,
Coerce. SYN. Restrain, inhibit, impel, restrain, inhibit.
ANT. Indulge, permit, incite, insti- Colloquy. SYN. Conference, consul-
gate, encourage, urge. tation, conversation, council, confabu-
Coin. SYN. Fabricate, counterfeit, in- lation.
vent. ANT. Clamor, outcry, tumult, ba-
ANT. Misform, miscontrive. bel.
Coincide. [See AGREE]. Collnctatlon. SYN. Wrestling, con-
Coincidence. SYN. Chance, fortuity, tention, competition.
casualty, concurrence, correspon- ANT. Coadjutorship, assistance, sup-
dence, contemporaneousness, coni- port, backing.
mensurateness, harmony, agreement, Collusion. SYN. Connivance, accom-
consent. pliceship, confederacy.
ANT. Design, purpose, adaptation, ANT. Baffling, frustration, counter-
asynchronisin, anachronism, dishar- action,defeat,discomfiture,discoDcert-
mony, incommensurateuess, discord- ment, betrayal, exposure, informer-
ance, variation, difference. ship, traitorship.
Cold. [See FRIGID]. Color. SYN. Hue, tint, complexion,pre-
Collate. SYN. Adduce, collect, com- tense, speciousness, tinge, garbling,
pare, gather, induct, extract, cite. falsification,distortion, perversion,
ANT. Verify, identify, recognize, varnish.
authenticate. ANT. Achromatism, paleness, naked-
Collateral. SYN. Indirect, related, ness, openness, genuineness, transpar-
connected, parallel. ency, truthfulness.
ANT. Direct, linear, essential, in- Colorable. SYN. Specious, ostensible,
tegral. deceptive, dressed, tinged, warped.
Colleague. SYN. Helper, companion, ANT. Genuine, candid, open, naked,
associate, ally, confederate, coadjutor, transparent.
partner, assistant, adjutant, assessor. Colossal. [See GIGANTIC].
ANT. Co-oponent, co-rival, counter- Combat, v. f See RESIST J.
agent, co-antagonist, competitor, col- Combat, n. SYN. Encounter, conflict,
luctator. contention, struggle, contest, engage-
Collect. SYN. Collate, gather, glean, ment, arms, battle.
sum, infer, learn, congregate, assem- ANT. Surrender, submission, media-
ble, convoke, convene, muster, amass, tion, reconciliation, truce, arbitration.
garner, accumulate. Combination. SYN. Union, associa-
ANT. Classify, arrange, distribute, tion, consortment, concert, confedera-
dispose, dispense, divide, sort, deal. cy, alliance, league, coalition, cabal,
Collected. SYN. Calm, composed, ynthesis, co-operation.
cool, attentive, self-possessed, firm, ANT. Division, disunion,disruption,
placid, serene, unmoved. dissolution, dispersion, analysis, oppo-
A.NT Excited, distracted, wander- sition, resistance, inter-repellence.
ing, dazed, scared, bewildered. Comely. SYN. Seemly, graceful, ele-
Collection. SYN. Assembly, assem- gant, shapely, suitable, fitting, hand-
blage, store, gathering, collation. some, decent, becoming.
ANT. Dispersion, distribution, dis- ANT. Unseemly, ungraceful, inele-
pensation, division, arrangement, dis- gant, unshapely.
posal, classification. Comfortable. SYN. Snug, satisfied,
Collision. SYN. Encounter, conflict, pleasant, agreeable, cozy, commodi-
crash, opposition, impact, concussion, ous, convenient, consoled.
clash. ANT. Uncomfortable, dissatisfied,
ANT. Interswerving, interdlver- troubled, miserable, wretched, cheer-
gence, shave. less, unhappy, disagreeable, forlorn.
Collocate. SYN. Place, locate, ar- Comfortless. [See COMFORTABLE].
range, classify, tabulate, allocate. Comic. [See LUDICROUS].
ANT. Move,dislocate, distribute, Comity. SYN. Urbanity, pleasantness,
dispense, disturb, disperse, confound, affability, blandness.
confuse, displace, misplace. ANT. Rudeness, d'-tantness, rough-
Collocation. [See COLLOCATE]. ness, churlishness.
Command, r. SYN, Order, direct, in- Commodious. SYN. Ample, easy,
struct, charge, bid, enjoin. convenient, spacious, suitable, com-
ANT. Supplicate, entreat, persuade, fortable.
beg, petition, suggest, represent. ANT. Inconvenient, incommodious,
Command, n. [See MANDATE]. narrow, ill-contrived, incommensur-
Commanding. [See AUTHORITA- ate, discommodious.
TIVE]. Commodity. SYN. Staple, ware, ar-
Commemorate. SYN. Perpetuate, ticle, stock.
celebrate, solemnize, keep. ANT. Drug, offal, refuse, garbage.
ANT. Ignore, drop, abolish, forget, Common. SYN. Ordinary, familiar,
obliviate. habitual, every-day, frequent, coarse,
Commence. SYN. Begin, start, open, vulgar, low, mean, universal.
initiate,inaugurate, enter upon, eet ANT. Unusual, exceptional, scarce,
about, undertake. rare, uncommon, refined, partial, in-
ANT. Finish, terminate, conclude, frequent, sporadic, egregious, ex-
consummate, complete. cellent.
Commend. SYN. Praise, laud, extol, Commotion. SYN. Agitation, dis-
approve, recommend, encourage, ap- turbance, tumult, excitement, turmoil,
plaud, eulogize. perturbation.
ANT. Blame, censure, disapprove, ANT. Quiescence, calm, subsidence;
discourage, denounce, condemn, dis- pacification, tranquillity, mitigation,
commend. appeasement, soothing, allaying, mod-
Commendation. [See APPROBA- erating.
TION], Communicate. SYN. Adjoin, join,
Commensurate. SYN. Equal, ade- touch, reveal, disclose, divulge, pro-
quate, sufficient, co-extensive, conter- mulgate, publish, attach, co-operate,
minous. unite, impart, tell, announce, declare.
ANT. Unequal, short, scant, inade- ANT. Separate, disjoin, recede, stop,
quate, insufficient, incommensurate. suppress, conceal, secrete, withhold,
Comment, v. SYN. Note, observe, reserve.
interpret, illustrate, expound, dilate, Communication. [See INTER-
explain, expatiate, criticise. COURSE].
ANT. Confound, confuse, obscure, Communion. SYN. Participation,
mystify, misinterpret, misapprehend, share, converse, agreement, partner-
misconceive, misrepresent. ship, comportjonment, fellowship, as-
Comment, n. [See OBSERVATION]. sociation, intercourse.
Commentator. SYN. Interpreter, ANT. Exclusion, deprivation, non-
explainer, note-maker, scholiast, ex- participation, disqualification, discon-
positor, glossarUt, elucidator. nection, alienation, disruption.
ANT. Mystifier, misinterpreter, Community. SYN. Aggregation, as-
puzzler, enigmatist, CEdipus. sociation, commonwealth, co-ordina-
Commerce. SYN. Trade, traffic, mer- tion, society, sympathy, order, class,
chandize, barter, exchange, business, brotherhood, fraternity, polity, unity,
communication, dealing, intercourse. nationality, similarity, homogeneity.
ANT. Stagnation, exclusion, inac- ANT. Segregation, secession, inde-
tivity, interdict, embargo, dullaese. pendence, dissociation, disconnection,
Commiserate. SYN. Despise, con- rivalry, hostility, animosity, estrange-
temn, pity, compassionate, condole, ment, dissimilarity, contrariance,
sympathize. heterogeneity.
ANT. Admire, envy, disregard, mal- Commute. SYN. Alter, mitigate, sub-
treat, molest, ignore, condemn. stitute, exchange, compensate, barter,
Commiseration. [See PITY], equalize, balance, modify.
Commit. SYN. Perpetrate, execute, ANT. Misappropriation, misconvert,
confide, do, relegate, intrust, assign, misappropriate, disallow, stabilitate,
allocate, consign. perpetuate, stereotype.
ANT. Miscommit, xnisconsign, mis- Compact, n. [See AGREEMENT],
intrust, omit Compact. Adj. SYN. Dense, close.
hard, solid, firm, pithy, concise, con- round, enclose, environ, circumscribe,
densed, contracted, compendious, con- embrace, achieve, effect, effectuate,
yenient, concentrated, consolidated, consummate, complete, circumvent.
concrete. ANT. Expand, dispand, unfold, am-
ANT. Ductile, brittle, friable,diffuse, plify, display, dismiss, liberate, dis-
unshapely, straggling, sparse, broad- card, fail, bungle, botch, misconceive,
cast, dispread. mismanage, miscontrive.
Companion. SYN. Associate, mate, Compassion. SYN. Pity, sympathy,
comrade, colleague, ally, partner, ac- condolence, tenderness,fellow-feeling,
complice, coadjutor commiseration, pardon.
ANT. Rival, toe, antagonist, adver- ANT. Hard-heartedness, unforgive-
sary. ness, cruelty,antipathy, denunciation,
Companionable. SYN. Pleasant, af- condemnation, vindictiveness, retali-
fable, sociable, convertible, friendly, ation.
easy, agreeable, gregarious. Compassionate. [See KINO].
ANT. Disagreeable, churlish, unso- Compatible. SYN. Consistent, con-
ciable, distant, reserved, ungeuial, sentaneous, harmonious, co-existent,
cold, inaccessible, unneighborly, soli- correspondent, congruous, accordant,
tary. agreeable, congenial, consonant.
Companionship. SYN. Converse, ANT. Incompatible, impossible, in-
acquaintance, familiarity, intimacy, supposable, inconsistent, discordant,
friendliness, association. hostile, adverse, antagonistic, incon-
ANT. Ignorance, distance, avoid- gruous, destructive, inter-repugnant,
ance, estrangement, alienation, un- contradictory.
familiarity, wlitude, isolation.
Compeer. SYN. Equal , co-ordinate,
Company. SYN. Aggregation, asso-
peer, fellow, mate, compatriot, com-
ciation, union, sodality, order, fra- rade.
ternity, guild, corporation, society, ANT. Inferior, superior, solitary.
community, assemblage, assembly,
crew, posse, gang, troop, audience,
Compel. SYN, Force, oblige, drive,
constrain, necessitate, make, coerce,
congregation, concourse. bind.
ANT. Rivalry, opposition, disquali- ANT. Persuade, convince, coax, al-
fication,antagonism, counter-agency,
lure, egg, induce, tempt, seduce, ac-
competition, counter-association.
quit, cozen, liberate, release.
Compare. SYN. Assimilate, collate,
parallel. Compendious. SYN. Condensed,
ANT. Contrast, oppose, dissociate, concentrated, brief, short, succinct,
disconnect, pit, distinguish. concise, abridged, commodious, con-
Comparable. SYN. Resembling, ap- venient, useful, handy, comprehen-
proximate, similar. sive,compact.
ANT. Dissimilar, unlike, remote, in- ANT. Diffuse, vague, prolix, shape-
ferior. cumbrous, undigested.
Comparative. SYN. Relatively, pro- Compendium. [See ABRIDGEMENT].
portionately. Compensate. SYN. Atone, satisfy,
ANT. Absolutely, actually,positively, remunerate, indemnity, reimburse,
superlatively. pay, requite, reward, recompense,
Comparison. [See LIKENESS]. make amends for.
Compartment. SYN. Division, par- ANT. Defraud, deprive, cheat, dis-
tition, allotment, sphere, space. satisfy, injure, damage.
ANT. Its correlative; viz., anything Compensation. SYN. Remunera-
of which a compartment.
it is
tion, equivalent, wages, pay, allow-
Compass, n.SYN. Area, enclosure, ance, restoration, restitution, satisfac-
circuit, circumference, horizon. tion, atonement, expiation, indemnifi-
ANT. Common, space, tract, expanse, cation,amercement, damages.
boundlessness, limitlessness, inden- ANT. Deprivation, injury, non-pay-
niteness. ment, gratuity, donation, fraudulence,
Compass, v. SYN. Encompass, sur- damage.
Compete. SYN. Contend, rival, cope, fold, involved, deep, many-sided, ab-
emulate. struse, close, tangled, obscure.
ANT. Participate, share. ANT. Obvious, plain, simple, direct,
Competence. SYN. Power, adequacy, inobscure, superficial, vague, loose,
sufficiency, wealth, ability. unraveled.
ANT. Incompetence, weakness, in- Complexion. SYN. Face, aspect, col-
ability, insufficiency, want, poverty, or, look, feature, appearance, charac-
impecuniosity, indigence. ter, hue, interpretation, indication.
Competent. [See ADEQUATE]. ANT. Unindicativeness,concealment,
Competition. SYN. Rivalry, emula- reticence, inexpression, heart, core.
tion, race, two of a trade. Complexity, n. [See COMPLEX].
ANT. Association, colleagueship, al- Compliance. SYN. Yielding, sub-
liance, joint-stock, copartnership, mission, obedience, acquiescence, eou-
confederation. sent, ductility, docility.
Competitor. SYN. Rival, emulator, ANT. Resistance, repulsion, disobe-
opponent, adversary, antagonist. dience, refusal, non-compliance.
ANT. Participator, partner, auxil- Compliant. [See SUBMISSIVE].
iary, colleague. Complicated. SYN. Confused, intri-
Compilation. SYN. Collation, com- cate, involved, perplexed, entangled.
position, patchwork. ANT. Clear, simple, uninvolved, lu-
ANT. Effusion, creation. cid, unraveled.
Complacent. SYN. Pleased, satisfied, Compliment, v. [See PRAISE].
content, pleasant, affable, kind, man- Compliment, n. SYN. Homage, cour-
nerly, acquiescent, amiable. tesy, fl attery, praise.
ANT. Dissatisfied, irritated, churl- ANT. Insult, discourtesy, contempt.
ish, unmannerly, morose, austere, Complimentary. SYN. Commend-
grudging. atory, laudatory, panegyrical, eulo-
Complain. [See GROWL]. gistic, encomiastic, lavish of praise.
Complaint. SYN. Murmur, discon- ANT. Disparaging, condemnatory,
tent, repining, grievance, damnatory, denunciatory, reproach-
remonstrance, expostulation, lamen- ful, abusive, objurgatory, vitupera-
tation, sickness, disease. tive, defamatory.
ANT. Congratulation, rejoicing, ap- Comply. [See YIELD].
probation, complacency, boon, bene- Component. SYN. Ingredient, ele-
fit, applause, jubilee, health, sanity. ment, constituent, factor, con tent, rud-
Complaisant. [See POLITE], iment.
Complement. SYN. Completion, ful- ANT. Aggregate, sum, entirety, ad-
nllment,totality, supply, counterpart, ventitious, compound,nou-constituent,
correlative. foreign, heterogeneous.
ANT. Deficiency, deficit, insufficien- Comport. SYN. Demean, conduct,car-
cy, abatement, detraction, defalcation, ry, bebuve, tally, consist, harmonize,
diminution, drawback. match, agree, suit, coincide.
Complete, v. [Ste ACCOMPLISH]. ANT. M isdt'iiieau, misconduct, forget,
Complete, adj. SYN. Full, perfect, fin- rary, differ, disagree, contrast, mili-
ished, adequate, entire, consummate, tate.
total, exhaustive, thorough, accom- Compose. SYN. Construct, compile,
plished soothe, allay, calm, put together, con-
ANT. Incomplete, partial, imperfect, stitute, draw up, frame, form, pacify,
unfinished, inadequate. mitigate, settle, adjust, write.
Completely. SYN. Fully, totally, al- ANT. Analyze, awaken, etir, dissect,
together, wholly, perfectly, entirely, criticise, irritate, excite.
thoroughly. Composed. [See COLLECTED and
ANT. Partially, incompletely, Imper- PLACID].
fectly. Composition. SYN. Compound, con-
Completion. [See TERMINATION]. formation, structure, mixture, combi-
Complex. SYN. Intricate, multifari- nation, compromise, adjustment, set*
ous, compound, complicated, mulfcl- tlement, commutation.
ANT. Analysis, segregation, exami- ANT. Persuasion, coaxing, alluring,
disturb- Inducing.
nation, criticism, discussion,
ance, aggravation, perpetuation.
Compunction. SYN. Contrition, pen-
ee- itence, misgiving, remorse, regret,
Composure. SYN. Tranquillity sorrow.
reneness, self-possession, sedateness, ANT. Satisfaction,self-complacency,
calm, repose. assurance.
ANT. Perturbation, restlessness,mo- SYN. Calculate, reckon,
bility, disturbance.
count, number, appraise, value, esti-
Compound, v. SYN. Concert, mix,
mate, cast up, rate.
amalgamate, fuse. ANT. Conjecture, guess, surmise.
ANT. Resolve, analyze. Comrade. [See COMPEEK].
Compound, n. SYN. Mixture, com- Concatenation. SYN. Linking, con-
bination,amalganiiitiou, juuction,unifi- nection, stringing, continuity.
cation, coalescence. ANT. Discatenation, unlinking, un-
ANT. Decomposition, analysis, dis- changing, severance, intermission,dis-
section, resolution. connection.
Comprehend. SYN. Comprise, em- Concave. SYN. Hollow, scooped, pit-
body, grasp, understand, conceive, ap- ted, excavated, retreating, alveolar.
prehend, enclose, include, involve,em- ANT. Convex, tumular, protuberant,
brace. relievant, embossed, intumescent.
ANT. Exclude, except, misunder- Conceal. SYN. Hide,secrete,disguise,
stand. keep secret, dissemble, screen, sup-
Comprehension. SYN. Understand-
ing, conception, capacity, perception, ANT. Reveal,manifest, exhibit,avpw,
apprehension. confess, expose, promulgate, publish,
ANT. Misunderstanding, misconcep- divulge.
tion. Concede. SYN. Surrender, grant, al-
Comprehensive. SYN. Wide, ample, low, yield, admit, resign.
general, extensive, large, broad, all, ANT. Refuse, withhold, deny, con-
embracing, generic, significant, capa- tradict, contest, claim, contend.
cious, inclusive, compendious, preg- Conceit. SYN. Idea, notion, thought,
affectation, vanity, abstraction, imag-
ANT. Narrow, restricted, shallow, ination, conception, whim, vagary,
exclusive, adversative, exceptive. egotism.
Compress. SYN. Condense, compact, ANT. Substance, reality, verity, con-
crowd, squeeze, contract, abridge, cretion, body, fact, naturalness, sim-
epitomize, summarize. plicity, unaffectedness, humility.
ANT. Expand, dilate, diffuse, colli- Conceited. SYN. Egotistical, self-con-
quate. ceited, vain.
Compression, f Sec COMPRESS]. ANT. Self-depreciating, simple, un-
Comprise, v. SYN. Embrace, include, assuming, unaffected.
comprehend, imply.
involve, contain, Conceive. SYN. Imagine, apprehend,
ANT. Exclude, except, discard, bar, believe, suppose, design, think,under-
omit, reject. 6land.
Comprobation. SYN. Induction,co- ANT. Produce, express, propound,
evidence, co-testimony. declare, execute, misconceive.
ANT. Disprpof,counter-evldence,ref- Conception [See CONCEIVE].
utation, rejoinder, intercontrariance. Concentrate. SYN. Asaemble, con-
Compromise, v. SYN. Arbitrate, ad- verge, muster, congregate, convene,
just, compose, settle, endanger, impli- draw, conglomerate, condense, local-
cate, involve. ize, centralize.
ANT. Aggravate, excite, foster, per. ANT. Disperse, scatter, dismiss, de-
petuate, exempt, enfranchise, disen centralize.
gage, extricate, exonerate. Concentration. [See CONCEN-
Compulsion, n. 8YN.For.ce,restraint, TRATE).
control, coercion. Concern* SYN. Interest, regard, anx-
iety, matter, affair, institution, solic- Concomitant. SYN. Accompanying
itude, moment, regret, sympathy, sor- attending, attendant, synchronous.
row. ANT. Precedent,subsequent, diverse,
ANT. Indifference, disregard, care- unconnected, independent, irrelative.
lessness, congratulation, chuckling. Concord. SYN. Harmony, accord-
Concerning. SYN. About, of, relat- ance, agreement, peace, union, unity,
ing, regarding, touching, in relation unanimity, amity.
to, respecting, with respect to, with ANT. Discord, disagreement, vari-
regard to, with reference to, relative ance, animosity.
to. Concordance. [See CONCORD].
ANT. Omitting, disregarding. Concourse. SYN. Assembly, assem-
Concert, v. [See CONTRIVE]. blage, crowd, throng, convergence,
Concert, n. SYN. Onion, combination, mob.
ANT. Cabinet, conclave, cabal, dis-
concord, harmony, agreement, associ-
ation, co-operation. persion, desertion, solitude.
ANT. Dissociation, counteraction, Concrete. SYN. Firm, compact, con-
opposition. solidated, indurated, embodied, par-
Concession. ticularized.
[See CONCEPE]. ANT. Loose, sloppy, luteous, shift-
Conciliate. SYN. Win, gain, enlist,
ing, boggy, swampy, yielding, unre-
pacify, make friendly, reconcile, pro-
sisting, abstract, generalize.
ANT. Lose, estrange, excommuni-
Concur. SYN. Approve, acquiesce, as-
dis- sent, coincide, meet, converge, con-
cate, eject, alienate, irritate,
please. centrate, agree.
Concise. SYN. Condensed, terse, preg- ANT. Diverge, radiate, disagree,
nant, expressive, pointed, neat, com- dissent, part, differ.
pendious, succinct, summary, brief,
Concussion. [See COLLISION and
short. COMMOTION],
ANT. Diffuse, prolix, verbose, cir- Condemn. SYN. Blame, convict, re-
cumlocutory, rambling, discursive. prove, cast, censure, denounce, doom,
Conclave. SYN. Council, assembly, ANT. Absolve, acquit, exonerate,
bureau, synod, cabiuet, caucus. pardon, justify, r.pprove.
ANT. Crowd, multitude, assemblage, Condense. [See ABRIDGE].
population, throng, populace, mob, Condescend. SYN. Stoop,
concourse. descend,
Conclude. SYN. Close, terminate, deign, vouchsafe.
ANT. Disdain, scorn, spurn.
complete, end, decide, finish, infer, Condescension, n. [See CONDE-
deduce, determine, argue.
ANT. Begin, initiate, start, opeo,pro- SCEND].
SYN. Affability, graciousness, favor,
long, protract, perpetuate, doubt, dis-
pute. ANT. Haughtiness, arrogance, pride,
Conclusion. [See CONCLUDE and
TERMINATION J. superciliousness, disdain, scorn.
Conclusive. SYN. Definitive, indis-
Condign. SYN. Deserved, merited,
meet, just, adequate.
putable, final, positive, decisive. ANT. Undeserved, unmerited, scant,
ANT. Uncertain, dubious, question- excessive.
able, hypothetical, !?upposititious,prob- Condiment. SYN. Sauce, pickle, pre-
lematical, theoretical, vague, indeter- serve, seasoning.
minate, inconclusive. ANT. Gall, wormwood, ashes, aloe*
Concoct. SYN. Compound, prepare, Condition. SYN. State, case, mood,
mix, hatch, brew. term, mode, qualification, requisite,
ANT. Spoil, upset, disconcoct, dis-
stipulation, predicament, proviso, sit.
concert, mar, misprepare. uation, circumstances, plight.
Concoction. SYN. Brew, mixture, ANT. Relation, dependence, situa.
compound. tiou, circumstance, concession, ht-
ANT. Crudity, rawness, ingredient. fillmeut, adaptation.
Conditionally. SYN. Provisionally, ANT. Monologue, silence. [See CON-
relatively, provided, hypothetical^, VENTION].
contingently. Confess. SYN. Avow, aver, own, re-
ANT. Absolutely, unconditionally, veal, disclose, acknowledge.
categorically, positively. ANT. Disaver, disavow, suppress,
Condole. SYN. Sympathize, console, silentiate, deny.
commiserate. Confession. SYN. Creed, catechism,
ANT. Congratulate, exhilarate, dis- articles, doctrines, tenets, profession,
regard, rally, discompassionate, dis- declaration, subscription.
commiserate. ANT. Heresy, apostacy, protest, con-
Condolence. [See CONDOLE]. demnation, refutation, index, renun-
ciation, abjuration.
Condonation. SYN. Indulgence, ex-
cuse, amuesty, pardon, forgiveness.
Confidant. SYN. Confessor, adviser,
ANT. Expiation, satisfaction, atone- confederate.
ment. ANT. Traitor, betrayer, rival.
Conduce. SYN. Concur, contribute,
Confide. SYN. Trust, lean, hope, be-
avail, aid, tend, coincide, converge, lieve,depend, rely.
ANT. Doubt, distrust, disbelieve.
assist, help, make for, conspire, lead,
subserve. Confidence. SYN. Trust, faith, be-
ANT. Indispose, counteract, defeat, lief, self-reliance, assurance, depend-
neutralize. ence, reliance.
Conducive. [See CONDUCE]. ANT. Distrust, mistrust, doubt, mis-
SYN. Contributive, promotive, sub- giving.
sidiary, causative, effective, produc- Confident. SYN. Positive, assured,
tive. sure, certain, impudent, bold, san-
ANT. Preventive, counteractive, guine.
contrarian t, repugnant, destructive. ANT. [See CERTAIN].
Conduct* v. SYN. Lead, bring, carry, Confidential. SYN. Private, secret,
transfer, direct, guide, control, man- trustworthy, intimate.
age, administer. ANT. Public, open, patent, official,
ANT. Mislead, miscarry, mismanage, treacherous, insidious.
misconduct, misadminister.
Conduct, n. [See BEHAVIOR]. Configuration. SYN. Shape, outline,
delineation, form, figure, conforma-
Confabulation. [See COLLOQUY]. tion, contour.
Confection, n. [See CONCOCTION, ANT.
CONDIMENT and COMPOUND. Used of Shapelessness, amorphous-
ness, formlessness, iadelineation, con-
sweet compounds].
tortion, distortion, deformity.
SYN. Sweetmeat, sugarplum, cake,
Confine. SYN. Immure, limit, bound,
imprison, circumscribe, restrict, en-
Confederacy, Confederation. close,narrow, incarcerate, bind.
SYN. Alliance, treaty, league, union,
ANT. Dilate, expand, extend, widen,
association. unfasten, liberate, loosen, disenclose.
ANT. dis-
Confined. [See CIRCUMSCRIBE],
Disruption, secession,
union. Confirm. SYN. Strengthen, stabilitate,
Confederate. SYN. Leagued, allied, establish, substantiate, settle, prove,
united, combined. fix, perpetuate, sanction, corroborate,
ANT. Disunited, dissolved. ratify.
Confederate, n. [See COMPANION]. ANT. Weaken, shake, upset, cancel,
Confer. SYN. Compare, collate, die- abrogate, repeal, annul, confute, re-
cuss, deliberate, converse, consult,
give, present. Confirmation. [See CONFIRM].
ANT. Dissociate, contrast, hazard, Confiscate. SYN. Seize, escheat, dis,
conjecture, withhold, withdraw. possess, sequestrate, distrain.
Conference. SYN. Discussion, dis- ANT. Restore, release, refund.
course, consultation, parley, conven- Conflagration. SYN. Ignition, fire,
tion convocation, meeting. combustion, arson, incendiarism.
AWT. Extinction, smoulder, quench- ant, dissonant, disagreeable, ungrate
f ul, antagonistic, alien,dissimilar, un-
Conflict. SYN. Encounter, engage- congenial.
ment, contest, battle, fight, combat. Congenital. SYN. Coeval,coetaneous.
ANT. Reconciliation, pacification, natural, inherent, innate, immanent,
amity, arbitration. ingrained, incarnate, connate, iugeu-
Conflicting. SYN. Adverse, opposed, erate.
opposing, dashing, discordant, irrec- ANT. Unnatural, uncongenial, ac-
oncilable, contradictory. quired, habitual, extraneous, artificial,
ANT. Harmonizing, consistent, con- ascititious, adventitious, assumed.
sentaneous, congruous. Congestion. SYN. Congeries, accu-
Confluence. SYN. Conflux, meeting, mulation, glomeration, redundancy,
concourse, convergence, concurrence. plethora.
ANT. Reflux, refluence, dispersion, ANT. Dissipation, diffusion, clea>
overflow, diffluence. ance, evacuation, colliquatioa.
Conform. SYN. Agree, consent, har- Conglomerate. [See AGGLOMER-
monize, adapt, fit, tally, suit, obey, ATE].
comply, unite, yield. Conglutlnate. [See AGGLUTINATE].
ANT. Disagree, dissent, vary, disso- Congratulate. SYN. Felicitate.
ciate, secede, misfit, di^similate, mis- ANT. [See CONDOLE].
adapt. Congregate. [See AGGREGATE].
Conformation, n, [See CONFORM
and CONFIGURATION]. Congregation. [See AGGREGATION],
Congress. SYN. Parliament,council,
Conformity. [See CONFORMATION], conclave, assembly, syiiod,legislature,
Confound. SYN. Confuse, disorder, convention.
trouble, disarrange, intermix, abash, ANT. Cabal, conclave, mob.
astound, mystify, obscure, stupefy, Congruous. SYN. Agreeing, harmo.
disconcert, mix, Iblend, intermingle,
uious, coherent, homogeneous, conso
perplex, discompose. nant, accordant.
ANT. Arrange, classify, order, allo- ANT. Discordant, dissonant, inconv
cate, distribute, dispense, unravel,
gruous, heterogeneous.
enucleate, eliminate, elucidate, rally,
Conjecture, v. SYN. Gues.,divination,
hypothesis, theory, notion, surmise,
Confraternity. [See COMPANY]. supposition.
Confront. SYN. Oppose, face, en- ANT. Computation, calculation, in-
counter, resist, intimidate, menace.
ANT. Rally, encourage, abet, counte- ference, reckoning, proof, deduction.
nance. Conjecture, n. [See SUPPOSE].
Confuse. [See CONFOUND]. Conjoin. [See CONCATENATE].
Confusion. [See ORDER]. Conjuncture. SYN. Crisis, turning-
Confused. SYN. Abashed, embar- point, contingency, occasion, oppor.
rassed, perplexed, disconcerted, dis- tunity, exigency, emergency.
organized, promiscuous.chaotic, com- ANT. Arrangement, provision, or,
plex, involved, disarranged, disor- dainment, preparation, course.
dered. Conjure. SYN. Implore, importune;
ANT. Unab ashed, unembarrassed, crave, entreat, beseech, supplicate.
systematic, unconfused, organized, ar- ANT. Deprecate, protest, remon.
ranged. strate, expostulate.
Confute. [See REFUTE]. Connect. [See UNITE].
Congeal. SYN. Freeze, benumb, con- Connection. SYN. Junction, con.
gelate. junction, union, association, concate-
ANT. Thaw, relax, melt, chafe, dis- nation, relation, affinity, relevance,
solve. intercourse, communication, Unarm an,
Congenial. SYN. Natural, concord- relationship, kindred.
ant, consonant, grateful, sympathetic, ANT. Disconnection, disjunction,
kindred. dissociation, independence, irrele-
Ai. Unnfrnnral.ahbi vance, disunion.
Connive. SYN. Wink, pretermit, pass, Consentaneous. SYN. Agreeing,
overlook. correspondent, consonant, congruous.
ANT. Notice, visit, censure, investi- [See HARMONIOUS.].
gate. Consequence. SYN. Effect, issue,
Connubial. SYN. Conjugal, matri- result, inference, coherence, deduc-
monial, nuptial. tion, conclusion, outcome, import-
ANT. Single, celibate, illicit, adul- ance, note, moment, dignity.
terous. ANT. Cause, causation, antecedence,
Conquer. SYN. Subdue, vanquish, sur- premise, origin, datum, postulate,
mount, overcome, overpower, over- axiom, unimportance, insignificance,
throw, defeat, crush, master, subju- inconsequence, inconsecutiveness, ir-
gate, prevail over. relevance, meanness, paltriness.
ANT. Fail, fall, retreat, succumb, Consequent. SYN. Inferred, deduced,
fly, submit, surrender, lose, forfeit, resultant, accruing, attendant.
sacrifice, resign, cede. ANT. Assumed, conjectured, ante-
Conquest. [See CONQUER]. cedent, conducive, productive, incon-
SYN. Victory, triumph, overthrow, sequent.
discomfiture, subjugation. Consequential. SYN. Coherent, con-,
ANT. Failure, defeat, retreat, sur- nected, cogent, logical, pompous, ar-
render, forfeiture, submission, dis- rogant.
comfiture. ANT. Incoherent, disconnected, in.
Consanguinity. SYN. Kindred, valid, illogical, inconsequential, af-
blood, lineage. fable, conversible, accessible, easy,
ANT. Disconnection, dissociation. humble-minded.
Conscience. SYN. Sense, intuition, Consequently. SYN. Accordingly,
integrity, principle.
therefore. [See ACCORDING].
ANT. Irresponsibility, license. ANT. Irrelevantly, inconsequently.
Conscientious. SYN. Scrupulous, Conservation. SYN. Preservation,
exact, equitable, strict, upright, high- keeping, protection, guardianship,
principled. maintenance, stabilitation, perpetua-
ANT. Unscrupulous, lax, unprinci- tion.
pled, reprobate, unconscientious. ANT. Neglect, exposure, abrogation,
Conscious. SYN. Aware, 'cognizant, destruction, abolition.
sensible. Conservative. SYN. Undestroyed,
ANT. Unaware, unconscious, in- unsuppressed, stationary, unrepealed.
sensible. ANT. Changed, new-fangled, radical,
Consciousness. SYN. Sense, sensa- progressive, modifiable, alterable,
tion, intelligence, perception. transitional.
ANT. Insensibility, unconsciousness. Consider. SYN. Attend, revolve, med-
Conscription. SYN. Impressment, itate, think, reflect, investigate, re-
drafting. gard, observe, judge, opine, infer, de-
ANT. Enlistment, volunteering. duce, weigh, cogitate, deliberate, pon-
Consecrate. SYN. Dedicate, devote, der, deem.
enshrine, hallow, sanctify. ANT. Disregard, ignore, pretermit,
ANT. Desecrate, secularize, pro- despise, guess, conjecture, hazard.
fane. Considerable. SYN. Important,
Consecration. [See CONSECRATE large, extensive.
and DEVOTION]. ANT. Unimportant, trifling, incon-
Consecutive. SYN. Orderly, ar- siderable.
ranged, coherent, continuous. Considerate. SYN. Thoughtful, at-
ANT. Disordered, undigested, inco- tentive, forbearing, unselfish, judi-
herent, rambling, inconsequent, in- cious, ser ious,pr ud ent, circumspect, r
consecutive, discursive. flective, careful, cautious.
Consent. SYN. Submit, agree, ac- ANT. Thoughtless, inconsiderate
quiesce. inattentive, rude, overbearing,selflsl^
ANT. Eesist, disagree, dissent, de- injudicious, rash, careless.
Aline, refuse.
Consideration. SYN. Importance, ANT. Invisible, Inconspicuous, In.
suspect, consequence, motive, induce- observable, noticeable, microscopic.
ment, compensation, subsidy, remu- Conspiracy. SYN. Intrigue, cabal,
neration. plot, treason, treachery, machination,
ANT. Meanness, insignificance, un- coalition.
Importnijce. ANT. Legislation, parliament, con-
Considering. SYN. Because, regard- gress, synod. Comp. Conclave and ca-
ing. bal.
ANT. Irrespectively, independently. Conspire. SYN. Concur, conduce, con.
Consign. [See ASSIGN]. tribute, agree, unite, hang, pull to-
Consignment. SYN. Custody, com- gether, co-operate, league, baud.
mission, delegation. ANT. Oppose, counteract, withstand,
A> L.
Miscommitment, misconsign- run counter to.
nT>nt. Constant. SYN. Uniform, regular, in-
Coi.slst. [See CONSTITUTE]. variable, perpetual, continuous, firm,
Consistence. [See CONSISTENCY]. fixed, steady, immutable.faithf ul,truo,
Consistency. SYN. Consistence, con- trustworthy.
gruity, composition, substance, mate-
ANT. Irregular, exceptional, vari-
rial,amalgamation, compound, mass, able, casual, accidental, incidental,
density, solidity, closeness, compact- broken, interrupted, inconstant, fickle,
ness, coherence, uniformity,harmony, untrustworthy, faithless, treacherous,
analogy, proportion.
ANT. Volatility, vaporousness, sub- Consternation. SYN. Amazement,
tility, tenuity, sublimation, incohe- bewilderment, astonishment, astound-
rence, inconsistency, incongruity, dig- ing, horror, terror, dismay.
proportion, contrariety, contradiction.
ANT. Encouragement, boldness,
Consistent. SYN. Congruous, accord- fearlessness, assurance, anticipation,
ant, consonant, agreeing, compatible,
welcome, expectation, greeting, con-
harmonious. gratulation.
ANT. Incongruous,at variance with,
Constituent. SYN. Voter, returner,
not agreeing with, incompatible, in- sender, deputer, appointer, patron,
harmonious. ingredient, element, component.
ANT. Representative, nominee, com-
Consociation. [See ASSOCIATION
and COMPANY]. mittee, constitution, system, whole.
"Console. SYN. Relieve, soothe, solace, Constitute. SYN. Form, make, com-
pose, appoint, depute, organize, insti-
encourage, comfort, assuage. tute.
ANT. Congratulate, felicitate, aggra-
ANT. Dissolve, destroy, discompose,
vate, oppress, disturb, trouble, annoy,
irritate, irreconcile, dissatisfy.
decompose, disorganize, abrogate, an-
nul, unmake.
Consolidate. SYN. Condense, incor- Constitution. SYN. Temperament,
porate, conglutinate, cement, solder, frame, temper, character, habit, na-
bond, weld, thicken, strengthen, fuse. ture, government, polity, state, con-
ANT. Weaken, dissipate, disunite,
sistence, composition, substance, or-
dismember, disintegrate, colliquate, ganization, structure, regulation, law.
dissolve, melt, vaporize, sublimate,at- ANT. Accident, habituation, modifi-
tenuate, triturate, lulverize. cation, Interference, anarchy, despot-
Consonant. [See CONGRUOUS and ism, tyranny, rebellion, revolution,
CONSISTENT]. dissipation, disorganization, demoli-
Consort, r. SYN.
Associate, herd, com- tion, destruction.
pany, fraternize. Constitutional. SYN. Fundamental,
ANT. Avoid, abandon, excommuni- legal, lawful, legitimate, natural.
cate, black-ball, banish, exclude. ANT. Unconstitutional, illegal, Ille-
Conspicuous. SYN. Visible, easily gitimate, unnatural, unchanged.
seen, prominent, distinguished, mani- Constrain. [See COERCE].
fest, eminent, famous, noted, salient, Construct. SYN. Compose, build, fab-
observable, noticeable, magnified. ricate, form, erect, invent, frame.
ANT. Derange, destroy, demolish, ANT. Sporadic, endemic, prevent-
overthrow. ive, antipathetic.
Construction. SYN. Composition, Contain. SYN. Hold, include, com-
fabrication, explanation, rendering, prise,embrace, comprehend, inclose.
erection, fabric, edifice, reading, un- ANT. Drop, exclude, extrude, emit,
derstanding, interpretation, view. discharge, afford, yield, produce.
ANT. Dislocation, dismemberment, Contaminate. SYN. Defile, taint,
demolition, displacement, misplace- corrupt, sully, befoul, soi' .

ment, misconstruction, misunder- ANT. Purify, cleanse, lave, clarify,

standing, miscoDception, misinterpre- sanctify, chasteu.
tation. Contemn. SYN. Despise, disdain, de-
Construe. SYN. Parse, resolve, ana- ride, vilify, slight, disregard, scorn.
lyze, interpret, understand, render. ANT. Respect, revere, venerate, re-
ANT. Nullify, neutralize, mystify, gard.
aistort, falsify, misconstrue, misinter- Contemplate. SYN. Meditate, be-
pret, misconceive, mistranslate. hold, observe, ponder, study, purpose,
Consult. SYN. Interrogate, canvass, design, intend, project.
question, deliberate, confer, advise ANT. Ignore, overlook, waive, aban-
with, regard, consider, ask advice of, don.
care for, promote. Contemporary. [See COETANE-
ANT. Resolve, explain, expound, di- ous].
rect, instruct, dictate, counteract, con- Contempt. [See CONTEMN].
travene. Contemptible. SYN. Despicable^
Consume. SYN. Use, appropriate, mean, vile, pitiful, disreputable, pal-
burn, oat up, devour, spend,squander, try, trifling, trivial.
assimilate, occupy, absorb, employ, ANT. Important, grave, weighty,
utilize, waste, destroy, spoil, ravage, honorable, respectable, venerable.
expend, pine, wither, decay. Contemptuous.
ANT. Reject, supersede, disuse, dis- [See SUPERCILI-
card. Contend. SYN.
Consummate, v. SYN. Complete, Strive, compete,
cope, dispute, vie, contest, struggle,
perfect, execute, finish, accomplish, grapple, argue, maintain, disagree,
conclude, seal, end.
ANT. Neglect, drop, interrupt, nul- wrangle.
ANT. Resign, concede, allow, relin-
lify, undo, baffle, frustrate, mar, de-
quish, forego, surrender, waive.
feat, spoil.
Consummate, a. SYN. Perfect, Content. SYN. Full, satisfied, pleased,
gratified, contented, willing, resigned.
egregious, excellent, complete, fin- ANT. Unsatisfied, dissatisfied, un-
ANT. Imperfect, rude, common, me- willing, reluctant, discontented.
diocre, faulty, defective, ordinary. Contented. [See CONTENT].
Consummation. [See CONSUM- Contention. [See STRIFE].
MATE and COMPLETION]. Contentious. [See CONTEND and
Consumption. SYN. Decline, de- QUARRELSOME], SYN. Litigious, per-
cay, expenditure, waste, decrement, verse, wayward, splenetic, cantanker-
lessening, decrease. ous, exceptions.
ANT. Growth, development, en- ANT. Pacific, obliging, considerate,
largement, augmentation. obsequious, accommodating, easy.
Contact. SYN. Touch, contiguity, Conterminous. SYN. Commensu-
continuity, apposition, adjunction. rate, adjoining, contiguous, abutting.
AST. Proximity, adjacence, inter- ANT. Unequal, inconformable, ad-
ruption, disconnection, separation, jacent, proximate, remote, inconter-
distance, isolation, non-contact. minous.
Contagious. SYN. Catching, epidem- Contest, v. [See CONTEND].
ic, infectious, pestilential, commu- Contest, n. [See CONTENTION].
nicated, transferred, transmitted, in- <' ntext. SYN. Tenor, treatment, tex>
fections. ture. composition, matter.
ANT. Text, quotation, citation, pas- decrease, retrench, curtail, form,
sage, extract. agree.
Contexture. [See TEXTURE]. ANT. Expand, amplify, dilate, elon-
Contiguous. [See CONTAGIOUS, gate, reverse, cancel, abandon. t

ADJACENT and CONTERMINOUS]. Contract, n. STN. Covenant, 'agree-

Continence. STN. Abstinence, self- ment, compact, bond, pact,stipulation,
control, refrain, (n). Chastity, sobri- bargain.
ety,temperance. ANT. Promise, assurance, parole.
ANT. Licentiousness, self-indulg- Contradict. STN. Oppose, dissent,
ence, incontinence, dissoluteness, in- negative, controvert, deny, disprove,
temperance. confute, refute, gainsay, contravene.
Contingency. [See ACCIDENT]. ANT. State, propound, maintain,
Contingent, a. STN. Dependent, in- argue, confirm, affirm, endorse.
cidental, resultant, co-emcieiit, hy- Contradiction. STN. Repugnance,
pothetical, uncertain, conditional. contrariety, inconsistency, incompati-
ANT. Positive, absolute, independ- bility.
ent, unmodified, unaffected, uncon- ANT. Harmony, coincidence, con-
trolled, irrespective. currence, alh'rmatiou, proof, state-
Contingent, n. SYN. Contribu- ment.
tion, subsidy, supply, succor, rein- Contraposition. STN. Oppositeness,
forcement, auxiliaries, donation, sub- confrontment, facing.
scription. ANt. Side, flank, collateralness.
ANT. Army, sum, host, campaign, Contrarious. [See CONTENTIOUS],
fund, capital. Contrary. STN. Opposed, opposite,
Continual. [See CONSTANT and repugnant, antagonistic, adverse, in-
EVERLASTING]. compatible, inconsistent.
Continually. STN. Constantly, per- ANT. Agreeing, consentaneous,com-
sistently,always, ever, perpetually, patible, kindred, coincident, consist-
unceasingly, repeatedly, frequently, ent.
continuously. Contrast. STW. Opposition, contra-
ANT. Casually, occasionally, contin- riety, dissimilarity.
gently, sometimes, rarely, fitfully, in- ANT. Harmony, similarity, compari-
termittently. son, similitude.
Continuation. STN. Sequence, con- Contribute. STN. Conduce, add, sub-
tinuance, continuity, duration, suc- scribe, give, co-operate, assist, tend,
cession, connection, extension, pro- supply.
longation, perpetuation, concatena- ANT. Refuse, withhold, misconduce,
tion. misapply, contravene.
ANT. Interruption, cessation, dis- Contribution. STN. Donation, obla-
continuance, break, gap. tion, offering, gift, subscription, sub-
Continue. STN. Last, persist, en- sidy, aid, assistance.
dure, remain, abide, stay, persevere, ANT. Withholding, retention, disal-
proceed. lowance, misappropriation, misappli-
ANT. Cease, fail, stop, pause, break, cation, contraventioQ.
discontinue. Contrition. [See ATTRITION].
Continuity. [See CONTINUATION]. Contrivance. [See CONTRIVE and
Contortion. STN. Twisting, writh- DEVICE].
ing, wresting, distortion, deformity, Contrive. STN. Plan, design, arrange,
convolution. fabricate, adapt, manage, scheme, de-
ANT. Symmetry, uniformity, shape- vise, concert, adjust.
liness, configuration, contour. ANT. Hit, hazard, run, chance, ven-
Contour. [See CONFIGURATION]. ture, bungle, over-vault, over-do.
Contraband. STN. Illicit, inter- Contriving. [See CONTRIVE].
dicted, smuggled. Control, v. STN. Chec-, curb, mode-
ANT. Licit, uninterdtated, free. rate, repress, guide,regulate,restrain,
Contract, v. STN. Abridge, abbrevi- coerce, manage, administer, govern.
ate, narrow, lessen, reduce, compress, ANT. Neglect, abandon, license,

Hberate,free, mismanage, misconduct. Converge. SYN. Tend, bear, incline,

Control, n. [See VEKB and COMPUL- lead, coincide, conduce, contribute,
SION J. meet, concentrate, corradiate.
Controversy. SYN. Dispute, dis- ANT. Diverge, deviate, radiate, mix,
agreement, quarrel, strife, alterca- foul, enter gle.
tion, contention, disputation, wrangle, Conversant. SYN. Familiar, ae.
bickering, question. quainted, proficient, experienced,
ANT. Agreement, unanimity, coin- versed, learned.
cidence. ANT. Unfamiliar, unacquainted, ig-
Coiitrovertlble. SYN. Questionable, norant, unversed, unlearned, strange,
dubious. inconversant.
ANT. Unquestionable, incontrovert- Conversation. SYN. Converse, dia-
ible. logue, talk, conference, colloquy, con-
Contumacy. SYN. Rebelliousness, fabulation, chat.
stubbornness, restiveness, wayward- ANT. Speech, oration, harangue,
ness, self-will, untractableness. babel, jabber, babble, prattle, dribble,
ANT. Submissiveness, docility, tract- mutter, soliloquy, apostrophe, mono-
ableness, servility, cringing, fawning, logue, interpellation, interruption,
flattery. silence, taciturnity,
Contumely. SYN. Contemptuous- Converse, v. SYN. Talk, discourse,
ness, scornfulness, arrogance, disre- speak, chat.
spect, obloquy. ANT. Keep silent.
ANT. Respect, regard, obligingness, Converse, a. SYN. Opposite, reverse,
accommodation, considerateness, flat- contrary, opposed, contradictory,
tery, adulation, obsequiousness, fawn- counter, relative, correlative.
ing. ANT. Identical, same, one, insepa-
Contusion. SYN. Bruise, knock, rable, ir distinguishable, connate, uni-
blow. form, direct, primary, uninverted.
ANT. Soothing, smoothing, stroking, Conversion. SYN. Change, altera-
caress, pat. tion, transmutation, transformation,
Convene. SYN. Assemble, collect, iiitercharge,
gather, meet, congregate, call togeth- ANT. Persistence, permanence, con-
er, levy, convoke.
summon, muster, servation, retention, identity.
ANT. Disperse, dismiss, disband. Convert, v. SYN. Change, alter,
Convenient. SYN. Handy, apt, transmute, transform, apply, appro*
adapted, fitted, suitable, helpful, com- priate, turn.
modious, useful, timely, seasonable, ANX, Conserve, perpetuate, stabil-
opportune. itate, stereotype, clinch, alienate,
ANT. Inconvenient, awkward, ob-
divert, misappropriate, misapply.
structive, useless, superfluous, unsea-
sonable, untimely, inopportune.
Convertible. SYN. Identical, com
Convention. SYN. Assemblage. meet- mensurate, conterminous, equivalent,
ing, gatheriug, conference, cabinet,
ANT. Variant, incommensurate, un-
convocation, congress, session, synod,
treaty, compact. equ'valent, contrary, contradictory,
ANT. Recess, non -convention, disso-
lution, prorogation, promise, under- Convey. SYN. Take, carry, transfer,
standing, word, parole. relegate, bear, transmit, consign,
Conventional. SYN. Customary, transport, remove.
usual, ordinary,
ANT. Bring, adduce, fetch, drop,
stipulated, preva-
lent, social, house, stow, deposit.
ANT. Unusual, unsocial, legal, com- Conveyance. [See CONVEY].
pulsory, s tutu table, immutable, nat- Convict. SYN. Sentence, condemn.
ural, invariable. ANT. Acquit, discharge.
Conventual. SYN. .Cosnobitual, reg- Conviction. SYN. Assurance persua-
ular, monastic. sion, belief.
ANT. Social, secular, laic. ANT. Doubt, rf*" giving, disbelief.
Convince. SYN. Persuade, enlighten, ANT. Negotiate, arbitrate, compro.
inoculate, indoctrinate. mise, surrender.
ANT. Misguide, mislead, misadvise, Copious. [See ABUNDANT].
mystify, puzzle, perplex, mispersuade, Copy. n. SYN. Imitation, portraiture,
unsettle. fac-simile, counterfeit, duplicate, im-
Convivial. SYN. Hospitable, social, age, likeness, transcript.
festive, gay, festal, jovial, jolly. ANT. Original, prototype, model,
ANT. Inhospitable, unsociable, un- example, pattern.
neighborly, churlish, abstemious, aus- Cordial. SYN. Warm, earnest, pin-
tere, ascetic. cere, reviving, invigorating, affection-
Convocate. [See CONVENE]. ate, hearty.
Convocation. [See CONVENTION]. ANT. Cold, distant, formal, cere-
Convoke. [See CONVENE]. monious.
Convolution. SYN. Coil, involution, Core. SYN. Heart, kernel, nucleus,
implication, spiral, twist, contortion. centre.
ANT. Unravelling, explication, evolu- ANT. Face, exterior, aspect, appear-
tion, enucleation. ance, complexion, ostensibility, pre-
Convoy. SYN. Escort, guard, protec- text.
tion, conduct. Corner. SYN. Cavity, hole, nook, re-
ANT. Loss, betrayal, capture, inter- cess, retreat.
ception. ANT. Coin, abutment, prominence,
Convulse. SYN. Agitate, shake, per- salience, angle, protrusion, elbow,
turb, disturb. protection, convexity.
ANT. Soothe, collocate, compose, as- Cornice. SYN. Beading, moulding,
suage. projection.
Cool. v. SYN. Ventilate, refrigerate, al- ANT. Entablature, fluting, corruga-
lay, damp, temper, moderate. tion, cavity, groove.
ANT. Warm, heat, chafe, irritate, Corollary. SYN. Inference,deduction,
excite, inflame. additament, superadditior.
Cool. a. SYN. Cold, frigid, unim- ANT. Problem, proposilion.
passioned, calm, indifferent, self-pos- Corporal. SYN.Bodily. fleshly, physi-
sessed, deliberate, dispassioned, col- cal, material, corporeal.
lected, apathetic, composed. ANT. Mental, moral, spiritual.
ANT. Warm, hot, ardent, eager. Corps. SYN. Body, regiment, band,
Coolness. SYN. Coldness, indiffer- spuadron, troop, compai y.
ence, self-possession, distance, calm- ANT. Aggregate, army, host, force,
ness. mass, organization.
ANT. Heat, ardor, eagerness, pas- Corpse. SYN. Carcass, remains, dust,
sion, excitement, warmth, heartiness. clay.
Coop. [See CONFINE], ANT. Soul, person, individual.
Co-operate. SYN. Assist, abet, Corpulent. SYN. Stout, burly, fat,
contribute, concur, work together, portly, gross, lusty, plethoric, fleshy.
help, conspire. ANT. Lean, thin, attenuated, slight,
ANT. Thwart, oppose, counteract, emaciated.
rival. Corpuscle. SYN. Atom, particle,
Co-operation. [See CO-OPERATE monad, jot,molecule.
and UNION]. ANT. mass, body, aggregate, or-
Co-ordinate. SYN. Consociate, co- ganization, matter.
incident, equal, coequal, equivalent, Corpuscular. [SEE CORPUSCLE].
tantamount, equipollent, interequiv- Corradlate. SEE [CONVERGE].
alent. Correct, adj. SYN. True, exact,fault-
ANT. Extraneous, diverse, alien, less, accurate, proper, decorous, right.
unequal, unequivalent, in co-ordinate, ANT. False, untrue, incorrect,
disparate. faulty, wrong.
Copartner. [See PARTNER]. Correct, v. SYN. Chasten, punish,
Cope. SYN. Contend, vie, struggle, rectify, amend, reform, emend, re-
compete, strive. dress, set right, improve.
ANT. Spare, falsify, corrupt. ANT. Mend, repair, purify, cleanse
Correctloiie SYN. Ainendment. dis- correct, ameliorate, better.
cipline, emendation, chastisement, Corrupt, a. SYN. Defiled, polluted^
punishment. vitiated, decayed, depraved, putrid,
ANT. Deterioration, debasement, rotten, infected, tainted, profligate,
retrogradation, reward, recompense. contaminated
Corrective. SYN. Regulative, al- ANT. Pure, uncorrupt, undented.
terative, preventative, restorative. Corruption. SYN. Decomposition,
ANT. Confirmative, conducive, pro- decay, putrescence, adulteration, dev.
vocative, stimulative, intensitive. pravity, rottenness, defilement, de
Correlation. SYN. correspondence, terioration, perversion, debasement,
interrelation, interdependence, mu- taint, contamination, putrefaction.
tuality, apposition. ANT. Vitality, organization, purity,
ANT. Contradiction, independence, purification, amelioration.
inter-repugnance. Coruscate. SYN. Blaze, flame, flash,
Correlative. [SEE COBBEIATION]. scintillate, glisten.
Correspond. SYN. Match, tally, ANT. Pale, smoulder, darken, loom,
fit, answer, agree, suit, harmonize. lower, glimmer, gleam, glare, beam,
ANT. Vary, differ, disagree, jar, shimmer.
clash, Coruscation. [See CORUSCATE].
Correspondence. SYN.
Fitness, Cosmlcal. SYN. Universal, general.
agreement, adaptation, congruity. ANT. Local, topical, national, per x
answerableness, match, congeniality, sonal.
communication, letter, writing, des- Cost.u. SYN. Requlre.consume, absorb.
patches. ANT. Bring, produce, yield, afford,
ANT. Conversation, tolloquy, con-
fetch, return.
fabulation, reservation, withdrawal, Cost. n. SYN. Expenditure, outlay,
withholding, non-intercourse, differ-
disbursement, payment, compensa-
ence, repugnance.
tion, price, worth, expense, charge,
Correspondent, a. [SEE SUITABLE].
Corrigible. SYN. Amenable, docile, ANT. Receipt, income, emolument,
ANT. Intractable, return, profit, perquisite, revenue.
stubborn, incor-
rigible. Costly. SYN. Valuable, expensive,
Corroborate. SYN. Strengthen, con- high-priced, rich, precious, sumptu-
firm, fortify, support.
ANT. Weaken, invalidate, shake,
ANT. Valueless, cheap, low-priced,
confute, rebut, enfeeble. mean, worthless, beggarly, paltry.
Corrpboratioii. SYN. Confirmation, Costume. SYN. Uniform, livery,
fortification, strengthening. robes.
ANT. Counterevidence, contradic- ANT. Disguise, transformation, in-
tion, irvalidation, shaking.refutation. cognito.
Corrode. SYN. Eat, rust, gnaw, Cosy. SYN. Snug, comfortable, chatty
canker, wear, crumble. ANT. Bare, comfortless, cross.
ANT. Repair, renew, furbish, con- <
'otemporary. [See COETANEOUS].
solidate. Council. SYN. Cabinet, bureau,

Corrosion. See COBBODW and BUST].

[ chamber, consultation, conclave, par-
Corrosive. [See CORRODE]. liament, congress,synod, company,
Corrugate. SYN. Furrow, groove, assemby. meeting, conference, con-
rumple, crumple, wrinkle, ruffle, vention, convocation.
crease. ANT. League, conspiracy, cabal, in-
ANT. Plane, flatten, roll. trigue, mob, multitude, crowd.
Corrugation. [See COBBUGATE]. Counsel, n. SYN. Advice, instruction,
Corrupt, v. SYN. Spoil, deteriorate, monition, admonition, warning, rec-
impair, putrefy, vitiate, demoralize, ommendation.
debase, defile, contaminate, pollute, ANT. Misguidance, misinstructiou,
deprave. betrayal.
Connsel. v. SYN. Advise, instruct, Countervail. SYN. Counteract, o^.
warn, guide, admonish. pose, withstand.
ANT. Misguide, misinstruct, be- ANT. Aggravate, intensify.subserve.
tray. Countless, a. SYN. Innumerable,
Counselor* {See COUNSEL]. numberless, unnumbered.
Count. SYN. Compute, reckon, enu- ANT. Few, scant, sparse.
merate, estimate, number, sum, cal- Countryman. SYN. Rustic, clown,
culate. boor, compatriot, swain, yeoman, bus.
ANT. Hazard, conjecture, guess, bandman, farmer, agriculturist, la-

lump, confound. borer, peasant, fellow-countryman,

Countenance, v. SYN. Help, aid, fellow-subject, fellow-citizen, subject,
abet, favor, sanction, patronize, sup- citizen, inhabitant, native.
ANT. Oppidan, townsman, cockney,
port, encourage.
ANT. Oppose, confront, discourage, foreigner, alien, stranger.
discountenance, browbeat. Couple, v. Bracket, link, conjoin,
Countenance, n. SYN. Aid, abet, en- unite, splice, buckle, button, clasp,
pair, yoke, connect, tie, brace.
courage, support. ANT. Loose, part, isolate, separate,
ANT. Discountenance.
Counter. SYN. Opposed, detach, divorce, uncouple, unclasp,
contrary, untie.
ANT. According, coincident. Courage. SYN. Bravery, boldness,
valor, pluck, fortitude, resolution,
Counteract. SYN. Counterinfluence, gallantry, fearlessness, intrepidity.
counterfoil, foil, baffle, neutralize, op- ANT. Timidity, cowardice, pusilla-
pose, rival, thwart, hinder. nimity, poltroonery, dastardliness.
ANT. Aid, help, abet, promote, con-
serve, co-operate, subserve.
Course. SYN. Order, sequence, con-
SYN. Contradic- tinuity, direction, progress, line, way,
Countereyidence. mode, race, career, road, route, series,
tion, confliction.
ANT. Corroboration, confirmation. passage, succession, round, manner,
plan, conduct, method.
Counterfeit, v. SYN. Simulate, mis-
ANT. Disorder, discursion, solu-
represent, impersonate. tion, interruption, deviation, hin-
ANT. Expose, unmask, detect.
drance, error, conjecture, hazard,
Counterfeit, n. SYN. Cheat, trick, speculation, caprice.
juggle, fraud, artifice, fabrication, pre- Court, v. SYN. Woo, seek, affect,
tense, ruse, sham. flatter, pursue.
ANT. Exposure, detection, unmask- ANT. Repel, abjure, disaffect, in-
ing, unveiling, reality, verity, fact, sult, avoid, hnn, repudiate.
truth. Courteous. [See POLITE].
Counterfeit, a. [See FALSE]. Courtesy. SYN. Politeness, urban-
Counterfoil. [See BAFFLE]. graciousness.
ity, civility, affability,
Countermand. [See COMMAND]. ANT.
Churlishness, rudeness, arro-
Counterpart. SYN. Match, fellow, gance, ungraciousness, incivility.
tally, brother, twin, copy. Courtly. SYN. Dignified, polished,
ANT. Correlative, complement, sup- refined, aristocratic, high-bred, man-
plement, opponent, counter-agent,re- nerly.
verse, obverse, opposite, antithesis, ANT. Undignified, rough, unpolish-
contrast, contradiction. ed, coarse, unrefined, plebeian, awk-
Counterpoise, v. SYN. Balance, ward, boorish, rustic, unmannerly.
equalize. Covenant, n. SYN. Agreement,
ANT. Over-balance, aggravate. bond, stipulation, compact, contract,
Counterpoise, n. SYN. Makeweight, league, bargain.
equilibrium. ANT. Promise, intimation, assur-
ANT. Preponderance. ance, parole, understanding.
Counterpressure. SYN. Resistance, Cover, v. SYN. Hide, conceal, cloak,
etubborness, renitency. screen, secrete, protect, meet, secure,
ANT. Yielding, giving, resilience. overspread, clothe, shield, shelter.
cov 72 CKB
ANT. Expose, reveal, betray, ex- deranged, creaky, touched, cranky,
hibit,produce, mis-suffice. chiuky.
Covert, a. [See COVEB and SECRET]. ANT. Sound, sensible,clear-headed,
Coverture. SYS. Marriage, matri- shrewd, strong-minded, sane.
Craft. STN. Art. artifice, cunning,
mony, wedlock.
ANT. Celibacy, virginity. guile, stratagem, maneuvre, wiliness,
trickery, duplicity, chicanery, in-
Covet. STN. Long for, wish for, trigue, underhandedness, dodge.
yearn for, hanker after, desire. ANT. Openness, fairness, candor,
ANT. Despise, dislike, undervalue,
honesty, frankness, sincerity, artless-
ness, ingenuousness, str aightf or ward-
Covetous. STN. Acquisitive, avari- ness.
cious, greedy, grasping, rapacious. Crafty. [See CKAFT and SL.T].
ANT. Unselfish, liberal, self-sacri- Cram. STN. Stuff, choke, squeeze,
ficing, profuse, bountiful, charitable. ram, pack, gorge.
Covetousness. [See COVETOUS and ANT. Disgorge, vent, discharge,
AVABICE]. unload, unpack, eviscerate, empty,
Cow. STN.
v. Frighten, abash, in- eliminate.
timidate, oppress, browbent. Cramp, t'. STN. Bind, narrow, re-
ANT. Countenance, rally, encour- strict, confine, clog, hamper, fetter,
age, inspirit. cripple.
Coward. STN. Craven, dastard, re- ANT. Free, liberate, loose, relieve.
creant, poltroon, renegade. extricate,enlarge, widen, expand,ease,
ANT. Champion, hero, daredevil, unfetter.
desperado. Cranky. STN. Crotchety, queer.
Cowardly. [See TIMID]. [See CRACKED].
Cower. STN. Shrink, stoop, crouch. Crapulence. STN. Surfeit, head-
ANT. Rise, stand, dare, face, con- ache, dissipation, debauchery, excess,
front. muddiness.
Coxcomb. STN. Fop, dandy, puppy, ANT. Temperance, sobriety, clear-
prig, pedant. ness, freshness.
ANT. Genius, savant, authority, Crash, n. STN. Jar, clang, clash, res-
celebrity, philosopher, sage. onance.
Coxcombical. STN. Vain, affect- ANT. Murmur, whisper, babble,
ed, conceited, dandified, p dantic, rumbling, reverberation, din.
priggish. Crassitude. STN. Density, thick-
ANT. Unaffected.unconceited, sensi- ness, corpulence, obesity, burliness,
ble. brawniness, animalism, pinguitude,
Coy. STN. Shy, reserved, bashful, lumpish uess, besottedness.
shrinking, retreating, modest. ANT. Tenuity, spareness, slight-
ANT. Bold, forward, rompish, hoy- ness, agility, activity, spirituality, in-
denish. tellectuality.
Cozen. STN. Circumvent, wheedle, Crave. STN. Intreat, implore, beg,
swindle, gull, cheat, dupe, overreach, ask, beseech, supplicate, cry.
coax, seduce, deceive. ANT. Demand, insist, require,
ANT. Enlighten, undeceive, dis- seize.
abuse. Craven. [See COWARD].
Crabbed. STN. Sour, morose, cross- Crazy. STN. Idiotic, broken-down,
grained, petulant, churlish, irritable, mad, crazed, crack-brained, lunatic,
crusty. demented, daft, insane, aberrant.
ANT. Pleasant, open, easy, genial, ANT. Sound, robust, vigorous, un-
conversable, warm, cordial, hear^. impaired.
Crack, t. STN. Split, break, splinter, Cream. STN. Marrow. pitb,gist,acme.
chip, snap. ANT. Refuse, offal, dregs, dross,
ANT. Mend, repair, unite, piece, garbage.
Bplice. Crease. [See CORRUGATE].
Cracked. STN. Crazy, flighty, queer, Create. STN. Form, produce, make,
compose, constitute, beget, engender, ANT. Lawful, virtuous, right, jurt
generate, fashion, originate, educe, innocent, moral, meritorious, credit-
invent, imagine, cause. able, honorable, praiseworthy, laud-
ANT. Annihilate, destroy, demolish. able.
Creature. SYN. Being, animal, thing, Criminality. [See CRIMINAL and
body, brute. GUILT].
ANT. Chimera, ghost, bugbear. Criminate. SYN. Charge, implicate,
Credence. SYN. Belief, faith, trust, accuse, impeach, arraign.
credit, confidence. ANT. Acquit, extricate, absolve.
ANT. Disbelief, distrust, denial. Crimp, v. [See CORRUGATE].
Credential, or Credentials. Crimp, a. SYN. Brittle, friable, crisp.
SYN. diploma, title, testa-
Missive, ANT. Tough, stubborn, viscous,
ment, seal, warrant, letter, vouchers, pasty, lentous.
certificates, testimonials. Crlmple. [See CRUMPLE].
ANT. Self-license, Belt-constitution, Cringe. SYN. Crouch, bend, bow,
self-appointment, autocracy. fawn, grabble, grub.
Credible. SYN. Probable, likely, ANT. Face, confront, defy, dare.
trustworthy. Crinkle. [See CBIMPLE].
ANT. Improbable, incredible, un- Cripple. SYN. Weaken, impair, cur-
likely,untrustworthy, tail, cramp, disable.
Credit, n. SYN. Belief, trustworthi- ANT. Strengthen, renovate, aug-
ness, reputation, security, honor, ment, liberate, free, ease, enlarge, ex-
praise, merit, confidence, faith. pedite.
ANT. Disbelief, distrust, untrust- Criterion. SYN. Test, touchstone,
worthiness, shame, insecurity, dis- proof, standard, measure.
grace, censure. ANT. Eye, glance, intention, con-
Creditor. SYN. Claimant, lender, jecture, scan.
mortgagee. Critic. SYN. Judge, censor, arbiter,
ANT. Debtor, borrower, mortgagor. savant.
Credulity. SYN. Gullibility, eimplic- ANT. Author, writer, performer, ar-
ANT. Incredulity scepticism, suspi-
Critical. SYN. Nice, delicate, axact,
ciousness, shrewdness. fastidious, discriminating.censorious,
Creed. SYN. Belief, catechism, articles, accurate, dubious, precarious. ticklish,
confession, subscription. crucial, important, momentous, haz-
ANT. Protest, abjuration, recanta- ardous.
tion, retractation, disbelief, non- ANT. Inexact, popular, loose, easy,
subscription. undiscriminating, safe, determined,
Crest. SYN. Top, summit, apex, bead, decided, settled, retrieved, redressed.
crown. Criticise. SYN. Examine, scan, per-
ANT. Base, foot, bottom, sole. pend, analyze, discuss, anatomize, ani-
Crestfallen. SYN. Castdown, humil- madvert.
iated, abashed. ANT. Slur, survey, overlook, skim.
ANT. Inspirited, elated, confident. Criticism. SYN. Stricture, censure,
Crew. SYN. Complement, company, animadversion.
gang, herd, set, miscellany, horde, ANT. Approval, praise. [See
swarm, band. APPROBATION].
ANT. Supercargo, bevy, galaxy, con- Croak. SYN. Complain, murmur,
stellation, picking, cream, elite. grumble.
Crime. SYN. Offense, misdeed, wrong, ANT. Crow, whistle, sing, chirp
misdemeanor, felony, enormity. chuckle, cackle, rejoice.
ANT. Good deed, well-doing, duty, Crone. SYN. Hag, witch, beldame.
obligation, exploit, achievement. ANT. Lass, damsel, maiden, belle.
Criminal. SYN. Illegal, felonious, Crony. SYN. Ally, chum, mate.
vicious, culpable, wrong, iniqu'tous, ANT. Foe, rival, back-frierd.
sinful, immoral, guilty, nefarious, Crooked. SYN. Bent, incurved, angu-
flagitious. lar, deformed, bowed, disfigured,
CEO 74 cuar
turned, curved, awry, anfractuous, Cruel. SYN. Savage, barbarous, piti.
tortuous, underhanded. less, inexorable, unrelenting, ruthless,
ANT. Straight, linear, direct, hon- truculent, hard-hearted, harsh, un-
est, straightforward. merciful, brutal, inhuman, maleficent,
Crop. v. SYN. Mew, reap, reduce, malignant.
shave, shorten, curtail. ANT. Humane, forbearing,generous,
ANT. Elongate, grow, foster, raise, merciful, forgiving, benevolent,benef-
trail, train. icent.
Crop. n. SYN. Reaping, harvest, in- Crumble. SYN. Disintegrate, pulver-
gathering. ize, triturate.
ANT. Produce, yield, abundance, ANT. Consolidate,conglutinate,bond,
growth, fruit. amalgamate.
Cross. SYN. Ill-tempered, fretful, ill- Crumple. [See CBINKLE and CORRU-
humored, crusty, peevish, pettish, GATED
snarling, snappish, spleeny, splenetic, Crusli. v. SYN. Pulverize, triturate,
petulant, fractious. pound, bray, crumble, overpower, de-
ANT. Amiable, good-tempered, good- molish.
humored, blithesome, genial. ANT. Consolidate, compact, cake,
Cross-grained. SYN. Perverse, way- solidify, compress, amalgamate, up-
ward, peevish, morose, cantankerous, raise, stabilitate, aggrandize.
ill-conditioned. Crusty. [See CROSS].
ANT. Genial, pleasant, agreeable, Cudgel, v. SYN. Pound, bruise.buffet,
jolly, obliging, accommodating. batter.
Crotchety. [See CAPRICIOUS]. ANT. Stroke, pat, clap, tickle.
Crouch. [See CRINGE and COWER], Cuff. v. SYN. Slap, box, smack,
Crow. v. To make a noise like a cock. punch, pummel, hustle, buffet.
Used metaphorically. ANT. Cudgel, flagellate, thrash,
SYN. Exult, rejoice, cackle, chuckle, cane, strap, lash, whip.
boast. Cull. SYN. Bunch, gather, pick, col-
ANT. Whine, howl, grumble, croak, lect.
cry, whimper. ANT. Scatter, drop, throw, dissemi-
Crowd. SYN. Throng, mob, swarm, nate.
pack, herd. Culmination. SYN. Consumma-
ANT. Cream, elite, bevy, galaxy, tion, zenith, acme, meridian, apex,
constellation, cabinet. success, completion.
Crown, n. SYN. Top, crest, summit, ANT. Fall, descent, decline, failure,
head, brow, apex. downfall, degradation, defeat, abor-
ANT. Basement, base, bottom, floor, tion.
pavement, pedestal, foundation, foot, Culpability. [See CULPABLE and
sole. GUILT].
Crown. . SYN. Complete, consum- Culpable. SYN.
Blamable, blame-
mate, seal, conclude. worthy, censurable, guilty.
ANT. Mar, spoil, frustrate. ANT. Blameless, innocent, excus-
Crucial. SYN. Searching, probing, able, laudable, praisworthy.
severe, discriminating, sharp, critical, Culprit. SYN. Offender, criminal,
piercing. delinquent, malefactor.
ANT. Superficial, indifferent, mild, ANT. Example, pattern, model,
uncritical, lenient, lax. hero, saint.
Crude. SYN. Raw, undigested, nn- Cultivate. SYN. Promote, foster,
considered, half-studied, harsh, un- study, improve, fertilize, till, advance,
ehaped, unchastened, unfinished, un- refine, improve, civilize, nourish,
refined, ill-prepared. cherish.
ANT. Well-prepared, well-digested, ANT. Neglect, desert, abandon,
well-considered, well-studied, ripe, stifle, prevent, discourage, abolish,
well-adapted, well-proportioned, well- blight, blast, paralyze, eradicate, ex-
expressed, classical, finished, refined, tirpate, uproot.
artistic, elaborate, highly-wrought. Cumber. SYN. Clog, impede, op*
j>ress, load, incommode, obstruct. ecration, imprecation, denunciation,
ANT. Liberate, expedite, alleviate, anathema, bane, blight.
extricate, lighten, relieve, support, ANT. Blessing, benediction, joy,
free, rid. crown, glory.
Cunning. [See CRAFT], Curse, v. SYN. Execrate.
Cupidity, n. SYN. Avarice, ac- ANT. Bless.
Cursory. SYN. Rapid, hasty.desultory,
quisitiveness, covetousness, stingi-
ness. careless, superficial, slight, summary.
ANT. ANT. Searching, minute, elaborate,
Prodigality, extravagance,
liberality. profound.
Curb. v. SYN. Restrain, cohibit, Curtail. [SEE ABBREVIATE].
hold, repress, check, moderate. Curve, v. SYN. Incurve, bend, infiex,
ANT. Indulge, liberate, release, falcate, arcuate.
emancipate, loose, urge, free, incite, ANT. Straighten, unbend, rectil-
instigate, impel. ineate.
Curdle. SYN. Coagulate, condense, Curve, n. SYN. Incurvation, flexion,
thicken. deflexion.
ANT. Colliquify, diffuse, circulate. ANT Rigidity, inelasticity, inflexi-
Cure. n. SYN. Kemedy, alleviation, bility, rectilinearity.
restorative, heal-all, amelioration, re- Custody. SYN. Keeping, guardian-
instatement, restoration, renovation, ship, conservation, care.
convalescence. ANT. Neglect, betrayal, exposure,
ANT. Aggravation, confirmation, abandonine.U, desertion, liberation,
complaint, disease, ailment, inocula- jeopardy, discharge.
tion, contagion, corruption. Custom. SYN. Manner, habit, use,
Cure. v. [See HEAL]. usage, fashion, practice, prescription.
Curiosity. SYN. Inquisitiveness, ANT. Law, regulation, dictate, com-
interest, wonder, marvel, interroga- mand, rule, disuse, non-observance,
tiveness, rarity, phenomenon, celeb- desuetude.
rity, oddity, lion. Cut. 11. SYN. Sever,elice,sunder, cleave,

ANT. Indifference, heedlessness, shear, carve, chop, gash, avoid, elude.

disregard, abstraction, absence, weed, ANT. Unite, splice, accost, approach,
drug, dirt, cipher, bagatelle, song. court, address, salute.
Curious. SYN. Inquiring, inquisi- Cutting. SYN. Sharp, biting, mordant,
tive, scrutinizing, prying, meddling, trenchant, piercing, bitter, sarcastic,
singular, searching, interrogative, provoking, stinging, sardonic, exas-
peeping, peering, rare, unique, odd, perating, satirical, severe, disappoint-
recondite. ing, cruel.
ANT. Indifferent, uninquiring, in- ANT. Mild, conciliatory (Compliment-
curious, uninterested, trite, common, ary, soothing, flattering, indulgent,
superficial. consoling, gratifying.
Curmudgeon. SYN. Miscreant, Cynical. SYN. Sarcastic, snarling,
wretch, rascal, churl, ill-conditioned snappish, sneering, cross-grained, cur-
rish, carping,
ANT. Trump, good fellow, brick. ANT. Genial, lenient, complaisant,
Currency. SYN. Circulation, vogue, urbane.
publicity, prevalence.
Suppression, repression, re-
call, stagnation, rejection, disbelief, I> A BBLE.SYN. Meddle, mix, trifle,
withdrawal. skim.
Current. SYN. Running, prevalent, ANT. Study, elaborate, investigate,
ordinary, present, popular, general, delve, dig, fathom, gauge.
floating, exoteric, vulgar. Daft. SYN. Silly, innocent, idiotic,
ANT. Rejected, obsolete, exploded, lunatic, light-headed, cracked.
confined, private, secret, esoteric. ANT. Sane, sound, sensible, prac-
Curse, n. SYN. Malediction, ex- tical, rational, shrewd, deft.
mealy-mouthed, delicious, toothsome, vert, detrude, drive, rush, s^nd, fly,
delicate, fastidious. speed, dart, scatter, strike, cour Be.
Daiiity. SYN. Choice, rare, refined, ANT. Raise, reinstate, erect, creep,
tasty, exquisite, luxurious, epicurean, crawl, lag, hobble.
ANT. Common, coarse, unrelishing, Dashing. SYN. Adventurous, showy,
nasty, dirty, omnivorous, greedy, brave.
gluttonous. ANT. Shrinking, dowdy, timid.
Dally. SYN. Trifle, play,wanton,sport, Dastard. fSeeCowAKDj.
fondle, delay, procrastinate, dawdle. Data. SYN. Facts, grounds, basis,
ANT. Toil, labor, work, study, fag, axioms, postulates.
stir, bustle, hasten. ANT. Conjecture, assumption, prob-
Damage. SYN. Injury, hurt. loss,mis- lem, proposition, inference, deduc-
chief, detriment, impairment. tion.
ANT. Compensation, recovery, rein- Date. [See TIME].
statement, advantage, benefit, repara- Daub. [See BEDAUB].
tion, blessing.
Damnable. [SEE EXECRABLE). Daunt. SYN. Terrify, scare, frighten,
Damp. SYN. Coo), blunt, dishearten, cow, dishearten, appall, intimidate,
quench, slack, moderate, humid, wet,
moist, discourage, discountenance, ANT. Countenance, encourage,rally,
repress. inspirit.
ANT. Urge, inflame, incite, fan, ex- Dauntless. SYN. Yaliant, gallant,
cite. fearless, lion-hearted, intrepid.
Danger. SYN. hazard, risk,
Peril, ANT. Cautious, cowardly, timid.
jeopardy, insecurity, venture. Dawdle. SYN. Lag, dally, idle.
ANT. Security, custody, defense, ANT. Haste, speed, dash, rush, work,
safety, premunition, precaution. fag.
Dapper. SYN. Spruce, neat, natty,
Daw SYN. Gleam, begin, appear,
open, break.
ANT. Slovenly, awkward, unwieldy, ANT. Wane,set, sink, close, depart.
untidy. Dazzle SYN. Daze, bewilder, con-
Dare. SYN. Venture, face, brave, haz- fuse.
ard, risk, defy, challenge. ANT. Enlighten, illumine.
ANT. Shrink, shun, dread, cower.
Daring. SYN. Adventurous, dashing, Dead. SYN. Defunct, deceased, de-
bold, courageous.venturesome, daunt- parted, gone, inanimate, lifeless, in-
less, foolhardy, fearless, brave, intre-
sensible, heavy, unconscious, dullj
pid, valorous. spiritless, cheerless, deserted, torpid,
ANT. Cautious, timid,inadventurous.
ANT. Vital, living, animate, viva-
Dark. SYN. Black, dusky, sable,
cious, susceptible, alive, joyous, stir-
swarthy, opaque, obscure, enigmatical,
ring, thronged, bustling.
recondite, abstruse, unintelligible,
blind, ignorant, besotted, benighted,
Deaden. SYN. Benumb, paralyze,
dim, shadowy, inexplicable, secret, blunt, damp, subdue.
ANT. Sharpen, quicken, enliven.
mysterious, hidden, murky, nebulous,
cheerless, dismal, dim,gloomy,8ombre. Deadly. SYN. Mortal, fatal, malig-
joyless, mournful, sorrowful. nant, baleful, pernicious, noxious,
ANT. White, fair, light, radiant, venomous, destructive, baneful, im-
bright, lucid, crystalline, transparent, placable.
brilliant, plain, intelligible, enlight- ANT. Vital, life-giving, healthful,
ened, glaring, dazzling, illumined, wholesome, nutritious.
festive, luminous. Deadneas. SYN- Torpor, flatness,
Darling. SYN. Pet, love, sweet, faintness, heaviness.
pretty, dear, favorite, delight. ANT. Quickness, vitality, life, vivac-
ANT. Antipathy, abomination, hor- ity-
ror. Deaf. SYN. Surd, hard of hearing,
Dash. SYN. Burl, cast, throw, sub- disinclined, averse, inexorable, in-
sensible, rumbling, inaudible, heed- Debauch, Debauchery, n. SYS.
less, dead. Riot, revel,excess, orgies, gluttony.
ANT. Acute, listening, disposed, in- ANT. Meal, moderation, frugality,
terested, attentive, willing, suscepti- asceticism, abstinence, fast, macera-
ble, sensible, alive. tion.
Deal. SYN. Bargain, chaffer, trade, Debauch, v. SYN. Seduce, corrupt,
dispense, market, communicate, nego- ravish, violate, pollute, defile, vitiate.
tiate, traffic. ANT. Purify, enlighten, ameliorate,
ANT. Hold, close, stop, fail. elevate, make better.
Dealing. SYN. Intercourse, commu- Debility. SYN. Weakness, feebleness,
nication, trade, traffic, negotiation, frailty, infirmity, incapacity, imbecil-
commerce, practice. ity,enervation, lassitude, languor.
ANT. Lack, failure, closing, bank- ANT. Strength, vigor, robustness,
ruptcy, stagnation, withdrawal, non- energy, tone, nerve, muscularity.
communication. Debt. SYN Debit, liability,default, ob-
Dear. SYN. High-priced, costly, ex- ligation, claim, score, something due.
pensive, beloved, precious, loved. ANT. Liquidation, assets, credit,
ANT. Cheap, inexpensive, misliked, trust, grace, favor, obligation, accom-
vile. modation, gift, gratuity.
Dearth. [See ABUNDANCE"]. Debtor. [See CREDITOR].
Death. SY>'. Departure, demise, de- Decadence. [See DECAY].
cease, dissolution, mortality, fall, Decamp. SYN. Start, fly, bolt, ab-
failure, termination, cessation, expira- scond.
tion, release, exit. ANT. Appear, answer, show.
.ANT. Birth, rise, life, growth, vigor, Decay, v. SYN. Decline, wane, sink,
animation, spirit, activity, operation, dwindle, rot, wither, perish, waste,
action, commencement, vitality, au- ebb, decrease.
spices, inauguration. ANT. Rise, grow, increase, flourish,
Deathless. SYN. Undying, immortal, luxuriate, vegetate, expand, enlarge.
unfading, everlasting. Decay, n. SYN. Declension, waning,
ANT. Mortal, ephemeral, fragile, sinking, wasting,decrease, corruption,
fugitive, momentary, transient, fleet- decadence, putrefaction, rottenness,
Ing. dry rot, consumption, decline.
Debar. SYN.Exclude, stop, thwart, ANT. Rise, growth, birth, increase,
obstruct, hinder, prevent, deter, de- fertility,exuberance. luxuriance, pros-
prive, disqualify, deny, prohibit, pre- perity.
clude. Decayed. SYN. Rotten, corrupt, un-
ANT. Inclose, embrace, admit, per- sound, decomposed, declined, faded,
mit, aid, allow, indulge, qualify, en- unprosperous, impoverished,
title. wasted away.
Debase. SYN. Degrade, lower, de- ANT. Sound, wholesome, healthful,
press, deprave, deteriorate, corrupt, fresh, prosperous, flourishing, wealthy
alloy, impair, disgrace, humble. Decease. [SEE DEATH].
ANT. Raise, enhance, exalt, honor, Deceit. SYN. Cheat, imposition, trick,
promote, ameliorate, purify, improve. fraud, deception, double dealing, de-
Debased. [See DEBASE]. lusion, circumvention.g-uile, be;*uile-
Debate. SYN. Contend, dispute, argue, nuMit treachery, sham, insidiousness,

moot, controvert, contest, wrangle, indirection, duplicity, cunning, arti-

discuss, deliberate,question, ventilate. fice.
ANT. Yield, concede, surrender, ad- ANT. Enlightenment, instruction,
mit, allow. guidance, reality, verily, fair dealing,
Debatable. SYN. Dubious, doubtful, honesty, openness.
inestimable, uncertain, problematical, Deceitful. SYN. Deceptive, delusive,
floating, unsettled, disputable. fraudulent, fallacious.
ANT. Certain, sure, unquestionable, ANT. Open, fair, honest, truthful,
Indisputable, self-evident, incontest- veracious.
Deceive. SYN. Trick, cheat, beguile,
delude, gull, dupe, take in, over reaoh, ANT. Bise, improvement, advance-
mislead, betray, eusnare, entrap, cir- ment, culmination.
cumvent. Decline. [See DECLENSION and Ao.
ANT. Enlighten, advise, illumine, CEPT].
guide, disabuse, undeceive, deliver. Declivity. SYN. Descent, fall, slope,
Decency. SYN. Modesty, propriety, incline, devexity.
Ascent, rise, verticality.
Deceiver. [SEE DECEIVE]. Decoction. SYN. Concoction, dish,
Decent. [SEE BECOMING]. compound, plate, platter, mess, ex-
Deception. [SEE DECEIT]. ANT. Crudity, infusion, rawness,
Deride. SYN. Determine, fix, settle,
adjudicate, terminate, resolve. greenness, maceration.
ANT. Waver, raise, moot, drop, Decompose. SYN. Analyze, segre-
doubt, waive, suspend, misjudge, mis- gate, individualize, resolve, dissolve.
determine. ANT. Compound, concoct, mix, or-
Decided. SYN. Determined, ruled, ganize, compose.
resolute, firm, unwavering. Decomposition. [See DECOMPOSE].
ANT. Undecided, unsettled, irreso- Decorate. [See ADORN].
lute, vacillating. Decorum. SYN. Seemliness, pro-
Deciduous. [See EPHEMERAL]. priety, dignity, order, decency, good
SYN. Bead, spell, inter- manners, good behavior, modesty.
Decipher. ANT. Unseemliness, impropriety,
pret, solve, unravel, explain, unfold.
ANT. Cipher, symbolize, impuzzle. disturbance, disorder.
mystify, enigmatize. Decoy. SYN. Allure, entice, ensnare,
entrap, seduce, mislead, inveigle,
Decision. SYN. Determination, con- lure, tempt.
clusion, sentence, judgment, resolu- ANT. Guide, instruct, warn, con-
tion, firmness. duct, disabuse, extricate.
ANT. Irresoluteness, vagueness,
indecision, uncertainty, unsettlement.
Decrease, v. SYN. Diminish, les-
sen, subside, abate, lower, decline,
Decisive. [SEE CONCLUSIVE]. retrench, curtail, reduce, wane.
Deck. [SEE ADORN.] ANT. Increase, grow, amplify, ex-
Declaim, SYN. Harangue, recite, pand, augment, extend, enlarge.
apostrophize, speak, debate, inveigh. Decree. SYN. Decision, determi-
ANT. Bead, study, compose, elabor-
nation, mandate, law,edict. manifesto,
rule, verdict, order, judgment, ordi-
Declamation. SYN. Oratory, elo- nance, proclamation.
cution, harangue, effusion, debate. ANT. Cue, hint, suggestion, intima-
ANT. Stammering, titubancy, hesi- tion, request.
tation, tardiloquence. Decrement. [See AUGMENTATION].
Declamatory. SYN. Loud, noisy,
Decrepit. SYN. Infirm, weak, crip-
incoherent, discursive, loose, inconse- pled, superannuated, effete, broken
cutive, grandiloquent,rbetorical,high- down, enfeebled, tottering, aged.
Bounding. ANT. Strong, robust, agile, youth-
ANT. Close, connected, logical, stud- ful, active.
ied, exact, quiet, consecutive. Decrepitude. [See DECREPIT].
Declaration. SYN. Avowal, exhibi- Decry. SYN. Depreciate, traduce,
tion, manifestation, statement, ordi- vituperate, disparage, defame, vilify,
nance, assertion, affirmation, profes- derogate, detract, censure, abase, de-
sion. nounce.
ANT. Denial, concealment, suppres- ANT. Extol, laud, praise, eulogize,
sion. panegyrize.
Declare. f see ANNOUNCE]. Dedicate. SYN. Devote, consecrate,
Declension. SYN. Decay, deca- offer, set, apportion, assign, apply,
dence, degeneration, deterioration, separate, hallow, set apart.
fall. ANT. Alienate, misapply, dese.
crate, misappropriate, misconvert, ANT. Victory, triumph, success.
misuse. Defeat, v. SYN. Conquer, overcome,
Deduce. SYN. Draw, Infer, con- worst, beat, baffle, rout, overthrow,
clude, gather. vanquish, frustrate, foil.
ANT. State, premise, hazard, con- ANT. Secure, promote,lnsure,speed,
jecture, guess, induce, anticipate, fore- advance, establish, aid.
see, predict, induct. Defect. SYN. Shortcoming, omission,
Dednclble. [See DEDUCE]. fault, imperfection, flaw, blemish,
Deduct. SYN. Subtract, bate, re- want.
move. ANT. Supply, sufficiency, emenda-
ANT. Add, annex, subjoin. tion,compensation, virtue, ornament,
Deduction. SYN. Conclusion, in- complement.
ference, abatement. Defection. SYN. Failure, dereliction,
ANT. [See CONCLUSION]. abandonment, rellnquishment, deser-
Deed. SYN. Act, action, commis- tion.
sion, achievement, perpetration, in- ANT. Substitution, supply, super-
strument, document, muniment, ex- abundance, adherence.
ploit, feat. Defective. SYN. Faulty, imperfect,
ANT. Omission, failure, abortion, insufficient, deficient, wanting, short.
false-witness, innocence, cancelling, ANT. Correct, complete, sufficient,
disproof, invalidation, retractation, im- full, ample, abundant, satisfactory.
possibility, non-performance, recall, Defense. SYN. Resistance, protec-
reversion, undoing. tion, vindication, plea, justification,
Deem. SYN.
Judge, estimate, con- excuse, rampart, bulwark, apology,
sider, believe, think, suppose, con- shelter, guard.
ceive. ANT. Abandonment, surrender, be-
ANT. Misjudge, misestimate, mis- trayal, exposure.
consider. Defenseless. SYN. Unsheltered, ex-
Deep. SYN. Profound, subterranean, posed, unguarded, unprotected, un-
submerged, designing, abstruse,recon- armed.
dite, learned, low. sagacious, penetra- ANT. Sheltered, guarded, fortified,
ting, thick, obscure, mysterious, oc- defended, protected, armed.
cult. Intense, heartfelt. Defendant. SYN. Accused, prisoner.
ANT. Shallow, superficial, artless, ANT. Prosecutor, accuser, plaintiff.
undesigning, familiar, commonplace. Defensible. SYN. Vindicable, justifi-
Deeply [SEE DEEP].
able, tenable.
Deface. SYN. Mar, spoil, injure, dis- ANT. Unjustifiable, untenable, un-
figure, deform, damage, mutilate, des- warrantable, indefensible.
troy. Defer. SYN. Delay, postpone, waive,
ANT. Decorate, adorn, embellish. adjourn, prorogue, put off, retard,
Defalcation. SYN. Failure, non-pay- procrastinate, protract, hinder, pro-
ment, arrears, deficit. long.
ANT. Payment, acquittal, balance, ANT. Expedite, hasten, quicken,
satisfaction, assets. press, urge, hurry, overdrive, de-
Defame. [SEE DECRY]. spatch.
Detainer. [SEE DEFAME]. Deference. SYN. Respect, considera-
Default. SYN. Lapse, forfeit, omis- tion, condescension, contention, re-
sion, defect, delinquency, absence, gard, honor, veneration, submission,
want, failure. reverence, obedience, homage, allegi-
ANT. Maintenance, appearance, plea, ance.
satisfaction, forthcoming, supply, pres- ANT. Disrespect, contumely, contu-
ence. macy, disregard, slight, impudence,
Defaulter. SYN. Debtor, insolvent, disobedience, non-allegiance, defi-
bankrupt. ance, attention.
ANT. Defrayer, liquidator. Defiance. [SEE DEFERENCE].
Defeat, n. SYN. Frustration, over- Deficiency. SYN. Want,inperfecti,
throw, discomfiture. lack, short-coming.
ANT. Fullness, abundance. ANT. Disgorgenieiit, vomit.
Deficient. [SEE DEFECTIVE]. Degradation. [See DEBASE].
Defile. [See CONTAMINATE]. Degrade. [See DEBASE].
Define. SYN. Mark out, limit, desig- Degree. SYN. Grade, rank, stage,
nate, specify, eliminate, elucidate, ex- step, extent, measure, mark, rate,
plain, fix, settle, determine,
bound. position, quality, class, station, range,
ANT. Confound, confuse, obscure, quantity, amount, limit, order.
mystify, misstate, misconceive, mis- ANT Space, mass, magnitude, size,
construe, misdeflne. numbers.
Definite. SYN. Clear, specified, de- Doliortatlon. [See DISSUADE].
termined, definitive, restricted, spe- Deign. [See CONDESCEND].
cific, certain, ascertained, precise, Dejected. SYN. Dispirited, gloomy,
exact, fixed, limited, bounded, posi- melancholy, desponding, depressed,
tive. downcast, low-spirited.
ANT. Vague, unspecified, undeter- ANT. Elated, inspirited, blithe, gay,
mined, indefinite, obscure, confused, cheerful.
intermingled, Dejection. [See DEJECTED].
Definition. SYN. Determination, Delay, v. [See DEFER].
limitation, specification, restriction. Delectable. SYN. Pleasant, amiable,
ANT, Confusion, vagueness, accepta- agreeable, enjoyable.
tion, description, explanation, ANT. Unpleasant, unamiable, dis-
ception, misstatement. agreeably un enjoyable.
Deflect. SYN. Turn, deviate, diverge, Delegate. SYN. Appoint, depute,
swerve, divert, rocurve. commission.
ANT. Continue, proceed, straighten, ANT. Recall, supersede, relegate,
unbend, prolong, produce. discommission.
Deflection. SYN. Deviation, diver- Deleterious. SYN. Destructive, nox-
gence, alienation, swerving, incurva- ious, injurious, poisonous, pernicious.
tion, curvity, falcation. ANT. Wholesome, nutritious, escu-
ANT. Straightness, directness, rec- lent, conservative, beneficial.
tilinearity, inflexibility, prolongation, Deliberate, v. SYN. Consider, medi-
prosecution, undeviatingness. tate, consult, weigh, reflect, ponder,
Deforni. [See ADORN]. debate, perpend.
Deformity. SYN. Ugliness, disfigure- ANT. Shelve, burke, discard, hazard,
ment, hideousness, abnormity, mon- chance, risk.
strosity. Deliberate, a. SYN. Grave, pur-
ANT. Grace, beauty, decoration, posed, intentional, designed, deter-
ornament. mined, resolute, earnest, unbiased,
Defraud. [See CHEAT]. unprejudiced.
Defray. SYN. Meet, liquidate, pay, ANT. Playful, jocose, facetious, ir-
settle, bear, discharge, quit. resolute, unresolved, undetermined,
ANT. Dishonor, repudiate.dissatisfy, dubious, compulsory, suggested, dic-
misappropriate, embezzle. tated, instigated, biased, prejudiced.
Defrayment. SYN. Payment, quit-
Deliberation. [See DELIBERATE
tance, liquidation, compensation, dis- and COOL].
ANT. Non-payment, failure, insolv-
Deliberately. [See DELIBERATE].
ency,appropriation,misappropriation, Delicacy. SYN. Nicety, dainty, mor.
embezzlement, repudiation. sel, refinement, tact, softness, luxury,
Defy. SYN. Scorn, challenge, provoke, modesty, scruple, sensitiveness, fra-
despite, brave. [See DABE]. gility.
ANT. Coarseness, rudeness.rawness,
Degenerate. SYN. Deteriorate- de-
cline, grow worse, retrograde. mughness,indelicacy,commons,neces-
ANT. Recover, improve, Jiend, ad- saries, fare, physic, vigor, robustness.
vance. Delicate. [See DELICACY and COARSE].
f)o<rliitition. SYN. Swallowing, gorg- Delicious. SYN. Exquisite, luxurious,
ing, gluttony, absorption. delightful, dainty, choice.
ANT. Coarse, common, unsavory, un- Demesne. [See DOMAIN].
palatable, nauseous, loathsome. Demise, t [See BEQUEATH],

Delight. SYN. Enjoyment, pleasure, Demise, n. [See DEATH].

happiness, transport, ecstasy, joy, Democratic. SYN. Popular, level,
gratification, gladness, rapture, bliss. ing, radical, subversive, unlicensed,
ANT. Pain, suffering, sorrow, unarc.iica.. destructive, republican.
trouble, misery, displeasure, dissatis- ANT. Kegul. imperial, aristocratic,
faction, disappointment, discomfort, oligarchical, constitutional, conserva-
dejection, depression, distress, melan- tive,tyrannical, despotic, autocratic.
choly, discontent. Demolish. [See DESTROY].
Delightful. [See DELIGHT]. Demoniacal. SYN. Fiendish, hell.
Delineate. SYN. Describe, figure, Ish, diabolical.
sketch, portray, depict, draw, repre- ANT. Angelical, seraphic, heave-'ly.
sent, paint. Demonstrate. SYN. Prove, s-how,
ANT. Misrepresent.caricature, exag- exhibit, manifest, evince, illustn'o.
gerate, misportray. A r. Di sprove, conceal, misdemoi -
Delinquency. SYN. Crime, offense, strate, misexeniplify.
guilt, culpability, criminality. Demoralize. [See DISHEARTEN].
ANT. Innocence, blamelesscess. Demulcent. SYN. Soothing, soft-
Delinquent. SYN. Criminal, cul- ening, allaying, lenitive.
prit, offender. ANT. Irritating, chafing, blister-
ANT. Worthy, paragon, pattern. ing.
Delitiscence. SYN. Concealment, Demur. SYN. Dubitate, hesitate,
hiding, skulking, shirking. halt, pause, doubt, scruple, object.
ANT. Appearance, publicity, for- ANT. Approve, acquiesce, agree,
wardness, self-presentation, openness. assent, consent.
Deliver. SYN. Liberate, free, save, Demure. SYN. Sedate, staid, grave,
uttar, set free, surrender,yield, trans- modest, downcast, sober, dispassion-
mit, concede, give up, rescue, pro- ate, prudish, discreet.
nounce, hand, give, entrust, consign. ANT. Lively, vivacious, facetious,
ANT. Confine, capture, suppress, wanton, wild, noisy, boisterous, rom-
retain, betray, withdraw, assume, ap- pish, hoydenish, indiscreet.
propriate, misdeliver. Denial. [See DENT],
Delude. [See DECEIVE]. Denizen. SYN. Citizen, subject, in-
Deluge. SYN. Inundation, rush, flood, uabitant, sojourner, dweller, freed-
redundance. man.
ANT. Mist, moisture, dearth, ANT. Foreigner, alien, stranger,
drought, aridity, subsidence, exsicca- exile, traveler.
tion. Denominate. SYN. Name, call,
Delusion. [See DECEIT], designate, specify, denote, style, title.
Delve. SYN. Dig, penetrate, dive, in- ANT. Misname, miscall, describe,
vestigate, search. delineate, suggest.
ANT. Scratch, rake, slur, dabble, Denomination. SYN. Name, des-
dally, skim. ignation, description, kind, class,
Demand. SYN. Claim, require, ask order, appellation.
for, call for, insist. ANT. Non-description, misnomer.
ANT. Disclaim, waive, forego, peti- Denote. [See DENOMINATE],
tion, request, supplicate. Denounce. SYN. Reprobate, decry,
Demarcation. SYN. Definition, con- proscribe, brand, stigmatize, vituper-
nguration,outline, sketch,delineation, ate,defame.
bounding, inclosure, plan, limita- ANT. Applaud, eulogize, vindicate,
tion. panegyrize, uphold.
ANT. Indeflnitenes8,openness,space, Dense. SYN. Slow, thick, stupid,
waste, plain, void. stolid, solid, stout, compact, consoli-
Demean, f See BEHAVB and CONDE- dated, condensed, close, thick-set.
SCEND J. ANT. Quick, clever, intelligent,
Demerit. [See MERIT and FAULT]. rare, rarefied .
uncompacted, sparse.
Dent. SYN. Indentation, notch,cavity. Deportation. SYN. Arrival, impor.
ANT. Tumor, protuberance, but- tation, placement, reconsignment.
ton, knob, tooth. ANT. Exportation, emigration, dis-
Denticulated. SYN. Notched, crenel- placement.
lated, indented. Deportment. SYN. Behavior, car.
ANT. Toothed, serrated. riage, movement, demeanor, charac-
Dentlculation. [SEE DENTICULA- ter, conduct.

TED]. AIJX. Misbehavior, misdeport-

Denude. SYN. Strip, divest, bare, ment.
spoil. Depose. [SEE ENTHRONE].
ANT. Invest, drape, decorate, en- Deprave. [SEE DEBASE].
rich,ornament. Deprecate. SYN. Disavow, disclaim,
Denunciation. [SEE DENOUNCE]. expostulate, intercede.
ANT. Beg, supplicate, ask, entreat,
Deny. SYN. Refuse, reject, withhold, request, imprecate, invoke.
negative, contradict.gainsay.disclaim,
disavow, disown, oppose.
Depreciate. [SEE. DISPABAGE].
ANT. Grant, accept, concede, ad- Depredation. SYN. Havoc, robbery,
mit, affirm, confirm, afford, yield, in- spoliation, plunder, trespass, invasion,
dulge. encroachment.
Depart. SYN. Leave.quit, go, decamp, ANT. Pilfering, perquisite, abstrac-
start, sally, retire, withdraw, aban- tion, pocketing, restitution, compen-
don, remove, vanish.
ANT. Stay, cling, remain, come, ar- Depredator. [See DEPBF.DATION],
rive, alight. Used also for die. Depress. [See ELEVATE].
Departed. [See DEPART and DE- Depression. SYN. Lowering, degra-
FUNCT]. dation, debasement, dejection, dis-
Department. SYN. Section.division, couragement, hollow, valley, dip.
portion, function, office, branch, pro- ANT. Raising, elevation, exaltation,
vince, line. promotion, preferment, amelioration,
ANT. Institution, establishment, art, encouragement, rallying, rising, emi-
science, literature, service, state, nence, mound, prominence.
whole, organization, community, so- Deprive. SYN. Strip,bereave. despoil,
ciety, body. rob, divest, dispossess,abridge,depose,
Dependence. [SEE DEPENDENT prevent, hinder.
and RELIANCE], ANT. Invest, endow, compensate,
Dependent. SYN. Hanging, resting, enrich, supply, present, reinstate, in-
contingent, trusting, relying, subject, demnify.
relative. Depute. SYN. Appoint, commission,
ANT. Independent, irrelative, irre- charge, entrust, delegate, authorize,
spective, absolute, free. accredit, constitute.
Depict. STN. Portray, color, paint, ANT. Recall, discard, dismiss, dis-
draw, delineate. commission, supersede.
AST. Misrepresent, exaggerate, de- Deputy. SYN. Vicegerent, lieuten-
form, caricature. ant, representative, agent, commis-
Deplorable. SYN. Lamentable, mis- sioner, legate, envoy, delegate, proxy,
erable, pitiable, sad, calamitous, disas-
trous ANT. Principal, master, chief, gov-
ANT. Welcome, glad, acceptable, ernor, sovereign, ruler, head.
felicitous, beneficial, joyous. Derange. [See ABBANGE].
Deplore. SYN. Regret,lament,moorn, Derangement. [See AKFRR^.
bewail, bemoan. Dereliction. SYN.
ANT. Welcome, hail. Abandonment,
failure, short-coming, desertion, re-
Depopulate. SYN. Waste, dispeople,
linquishment, neglect.
desert, coandon, unpeople. ANT. Performance, observance, ad-
ANT. Occupy, tenant, colonize, in-
herence, attention.
habit, settle, replenish, stock, fill, Deride. [See DEBISION].
DEB 83 DE8
Derision. SYN.Scorn, contempt, Desert. .
mockery, irony, sarcasm, contumely, Deserter. SYN. Renegade, run.
disrespect. away, recanter, abjurer, apostate,
ANT. Respect, regard, admiration, traitor, forsaker.
reverence. ANT. Adherent, supporter. ally,be-
Derisive. SYN. Scornful, contemptu- friender, disciple, bigot, slave.
ous, disrespectful. Deserve. SYN. Merit, earn, justify,
ANT. Respectful, deferential, rev- win.
erential. ANT. Forfeit, misdeserve, lose.
Derivation. SYN. Origin, source, Desiderate. SYN. Desire, want;
descent, beginning, cause, etymology, need, require.
root, spring, analysis. ANT. Disregard, forget, supersede,
ANT. Result, issue, formation, ap- discard
plication, use. Desideratum. SYN. Requisite,
Derive. SYN. Deduce, trace, follow, complement, essential, want.
track, draw, resolve. ANT. Surplusage, superfluity, in.
ANT. Misdeduce, misattribute, mis- cumbrance', drawback.
trace. Design. SYN. Comtemplate, pur.

Derogate. SYN. Detract, dispar- pose, intend, plan, prepare, project.

age, depreciate, decry, deteriorate. ANT. Hit, risk, guess, conjecture
ANT. Esteem, value, laud, enhance, chance, fluke, misconceive, miscon
extol, exaggerate, over-estimate,over- trive.
value. Design, n. SYN. Contemplation, pur
Derogation. [See DEBOGATE]. pose, plan, preparation
Descant. SYN. Dissert, discuss, ex- draft, delineation, sketch, drawing
patiate, enlarge, talk, dwell, amplify. artifice, cunning, artfulness, guile,
ANT. Condense, abridge, abbre- contrivance, intent, project, scheme.
viate, curtail, confine, clip, delineate. ANT. Execution, performance, re-
Descend. [See ASCEND]. sult, issue,construction, structure,
Descendant. SYN. Offspring, prog- candor, fairness, openness, artless-
eny, stock, scion, seed, branch, issue, ness, sincerity, simplicity, change,
house, family, lineage. incident.
ANT. Author, founder, parent, an- Designate. [See DENOMINATE].
cestor, progenitor, stock, root, source, Designation. [See DESIGNATE].
origin. Designed. [See DESIGN]. SYN. In-
Descent. [See DESCEND], tended, prepared, purposed, adapted,
Describe. SYN. Draw, delineate, calculated, planned, contrived, inten-
portray, explain, illustrate, define, tional.
picture, depict,represent, relate, nar- ANT. Fortuitous, casual, accidental,
rate, recount. miscalculated, miscontrived, unin-
ANT. Confound, confuse, mystify, tended.
misrepresent, caricature, distort. Designing. [See DESIGN aad ART-
Description. [See DENOMINATION]. FUL] .

Descry. SYN. Discern, recognize, Desinence. SYN. Termination, con-

discover, distinguish, espy, detect, clusion, cessation, discontinuance, ca-
observe, mark, perceive. dence, period, finality.
ANT. Miss, overlook, misobserve. ANT. Origination, initiation, inaug-
Desecrate. SYN. Profane, secu- uration, continuance, progression,
larize, misuse, abuse, prostitute, pol- commencement, inception.
lute. Desirable. SYN. Expedient, advisa-
ANT. Use, employ, devote, dedi- ble, valuable, acceptable, proper, ju-
cate, consecrate, solemnize, sanctify, dicious, beneficial, profitable,good,en-
purify, reconcile. viable, delightful.
Desert, n. SYN. Wild, waste, wil- ANT. Undesirable, unadvisable,inex-
derness, solitude, void. pedient, objectionable, improper, in-
ANT. Inclosure, field. oasture,gar- judicious, unprofitable, evil.
den, oasis. Desire, n. SYN. Longing, affection,
propension, craving, concupiscence, Despotic. SYN. Autocratic, domi-
appetency. neering, arbitrary, arrogant, imperi-
ANT. Loathing, hate, repugnance, ous, seii-willed, irresponsible,absolute,
disgust, aversion, abomination, hor- cruel, tyrannical.
ror. ANT. Limited, constitutional, hu-
Desire. [SEE COVET]. mane, merciful.
Desist. Sins. Cease, stop, discontinue, Destine. SYN. Purpose, intend, de-
drop, abstain, forbear, leave off. sign, doom, ordain, devote.
ANT. Continue, proceed, persist, ANT. Allieuate, divorce, misapply,
persevere. divert.
Desolate, a. SYN. Bereaved, forlorn, Destination. SYN. Purpose, inten-
forsaken, comfortless, deserted, unin- tion, design, consignment, object, end,
habited, desert, wild, waste, bare, fate, doom, arrival, application, use,
bleak, lonely. scope, appointment, point, location,
ANT. Cheered, cheerful, consoled, goal, aim.
attended, cultivated, sheltered, fertile, ANT. Operation, tendency, exer-
luxuriant, animated, lively, gay, fre- cise, action, movement, design, initia-
quented. tion, project, effort.
Desolate, v. SYN. Waste, spoil, sack, Destiny. SYN. Fate, decree, lot, for-
plunder, pillage, ravage, devastate, tune, predestination, necessity, doom,
depopulate. end.
ANT. People, colonize, plant, de- ANT. Will, volition, choice, deliber-
velop, fertilize, cultivate, enrich, en- ation, freedom, freewill.
liven. Destitute. [See DEPRIVE and
Desolation. [See DESOLATE]. NEEDY].
Despair, n. SYN. Hopelessness, de- Destroy. SYN. Demolish, annihilate,
spondency, desperation. subvert, ruin, overthrow, undo, waste,
ANT. Hopefulness, elation, antici- consume.
pation, hilarity, confidence, sanguine- ANT. Eestore, reinstate, repair,
ness, expectation. fabricate, make, construct, create.
Despair, v. SYN. Despond, faint. Destructive. SYN. Detrimentai.hurt-
ANT. Hope, trust,confide, rely, pre- ful, noxious, injurious, deleterious,
sume, rally. baleful, baneful, ruinous, subversive.
Desperate. SYN. Wild, daring, au- ANT. Wholesome, conservative, pre-
dacious, determined, reckless, aban- servative, beneficial, reparatory, sub-
doned, rash, furious, frantic, despair- sidiary, restorative.
ing, regardless,mad,desponding,hape- Desuetude. SYN. Disuse, obsolete-
less, inextricabJe,irremediable, ness, non-observance.
ANT. Cool, calm, cautious, timid, ANT. Use, vogue, custom, practice,
ehy, irresolute, remediable, hopeful, observance, exercise, operation, per-
promising, propitious. manence, perpetuation.
Despicable, f See CONTEMPTIBLE]. Desultory. SYN. Rambling, discur-
Despise. [See DESPICABLE and CON- sive, loose, unmethodical, superficial,
TEMN]. unsettled, erratic, inexact, spasmodic,
Despite, prep. SYN. Notwithstanding, fitful, freakish, aberrant, unsystemat-
opposing, resisting. ic, cursory, roving, hasty, slight.
ANT.Concurrently,consentaneously, ANT. Settled, consecutive, earnest,
ai .ling, abetting. serious, persevering, continuous, me-
Despite, n. [See DESPITE, prep, and thodical, exact, diligent, untiring, re-
SPITE]. current, periodical, systematic.
Despoil. SYN. Strip, denude, ravage, Detach. [See ATTACH].
devastate, rob, havoc, spoliate. Detail, v. SYN. Particularize, enu-
ANT. Decorate, adorn, embellish, merate, recount, individualize, sift,
enrich, reinstate, rehabilitate. analyze, specify.
Respond. [See DESPAIR]. ANT. Generalize, condense, con-
Despot. SYN. Tyrant, autocrat. glomerate, gather, sketch, suggest
ANT. Slave, subject. abstract, classify, amalgamate.
Detail, n. SYN. Element, compo- Detractor. SYN. Slanderer, cynic,
nent, particular, specialty, point. backbiter.
ANT. Account, statement, recital, ANT. Flatterer, sycophant, eulogist.
totality, representation. Detriment. SYN. Loss, harm, hurt,
Detain. STN. Stay, keep, arrest, injury, deterioration, impairment,
check, withhold, delay, restrain, em- disadvantage, prejudice, damage, in-
bargo, stop. convenience.
ANT. Liberate, expedite, acceler- ANT. Enhancement, improvement,
ate, dismiss, loose, disembargo. remedy, reinstatement, repair, aug-
Detect. SYN. Discover, descry, un- mentation.
mask, expose. Detrimental. SYN. Injurious, hurt-
ANT. Miss, lose, misobserve,ignore, ful,pernicious.
connive. ANT. Beneficial, profitable, aug-
Detention. STN. Retention, re- mentative.
taining, hindrance. Detrude. [See DASH].
ANT. Relinquishment, abandon- Detruncatioii. SYN. Lopping, dis-
ment, letting go. ramification, pollarding, dismember-
Deter. SYN. Warn, stop, dissuade, ment, discorporation, amputation,
disincline, indispose, dispirit, hinder, stripping.
prevent, discourage, dishearten, ter- ANT. Training, trailing, grafting,
rify, scare. inoculation, luxuriance.
ANT. Encourage, incite, provoke, Develop. SYN. Educe, enucleate,
move, allure, prompt, tempt, seduce, eliminate, enunciate, lay open, dis-
persuade. close, unravel, unfold, clear, am-
Deterge. [See ABSTERGE]. plify, expand, enlarge,
Deteriorate. [See AMELIORATE]. ANT. Envelope, wrap, obscure, mys-
Determinate. [See DEFINITE]. tify, conceal, narrow, restrict, con-
Determination. [See DEFINITION tract, condense, compress, involve.
and DECISION]. Development. SYN. Outgrowth,
Determine. [See DEFINE and DE- fruit, crop, harvest, product, bud.
CIDE]. ANT. Cause, origin, source, princi-
Detersloii. [See DETERGE]. pal.
Detest. [See ABOMINATE]. Devexlty. [See DETORTION].
Detestable. [See DETEST and ABOM- Deviate. SYN. Digress, wander,
INABLE]. swerve, deflect, err, sway, depart, di-
Dethrone. SYN. TIncrown, depose. varicate, diverge.
ANT. Anoint, enthrone, crown. ANT. Continue, advance.
Dethronement. [See DETHRONE]. Device. SYN. Artifice, expedient,
Detonate. SYN. Explode, pop. design, plan, stratagem, project,
ANT. Smoulder, hang, puff. symbol, emblem, show, invention,
Detortlon. SYN. Wresting, viola- contrivance, cognizance.
tion, twisting, distortion, perversion, ANT. Fair-dealing, openness, mis-
decurvity, devexlty, recurvation. contrivance, abortion, fortune, luck,
ANT. Direction, aim, rectilinearity, hazard, hit, incognito.
rectification. Devil. SYN. Satan, lucifer, fiend,
Detract. SYN. Lessen, deteriorate, arch-fiend, foul fiend, demon.
depreciate, disparage, defame, decrj, ANT. Arch-angel, angel, seraph,
derogate, calumniate, scandalize, vil- cherub.
ify, diminish. Devllisli. [See ANGELIC].
ANT. Augment, enhance, raise, in- Devious. SYN. Tortuous, circu-
rrease. itous, untracked, trackless, pathless,
Detraction. SYN. Diminution, de- ambagious", roundabout, distorted.
terioration, depreciation, slander, ANT. Direct, plain, trodden, fre-
backbiting, derogation. quented, straightforward.
ANT. Augmentation, improvement, Devise. SYN. Contrive, plan, ma-
enhancement, eulogy, compliment, neuvro, concert, manage.
flattery. ANT. Mii-contrive, mismanage.

Devoid. SYN. Void, wanting, desti- Dictate. SYN. Prompt, suggest, en-
tute,unendowed, unprovided. join, order, direct, pre.--crit)e, decree,
ANT. Furnished, supplied, replete, instruct, propose, command .

provided, gifted. ANT. Follow, repeat, obey, echo,

Devolve upon. SYN. Impose, answer.
place, charge, commission, depute, Dictation. SYN. Imperative, imperi-
accrue, attach, befall, fall. ous, domineering, arbitrary.
ANT. Deprive, withhold, recall, can- ANT. Condescending, affable, indiil-
cel, alienate, miss, pretermit, pass, gent, modest, unassuming, suppliant,
lapse, skip. supplicatory, precatory, persuasive,
Devote. [See DEDICATE]. insinuating.
Devoted. SYN. Attached, fond, ab- Dictatorial. [See DICTATE and AR-
sorbed, consecrated, ardent, loving, BITRARY].
dedicated, given, abandoned. Diction. SYN. Style, expression,
ANT. Alienated, estranged, averse. rhetoric, phraseology, language,
Devotion. SYN.
Piety, devoutness, grammar.
Ayr. Solecism, provincialism, mis-
religiousness, dedication, self-aban-
donment,cousecration, ardor, self -sur- pronunciation.
Dictionary. SYN. Lexicon, word-
render, self-sacrifice, love, attach-
ment. book, vocabulary, glossary.
ANT. Impiety, profanity, selfish- Didactic. SYN. Instructive, direc-
ness, aversion, alienation, antipathy, tive, moral.
indifference, apathy. ANT. Unsound, misinstructive, er-
Devour. SYN. Eat, consume, swal- roneous, pernicious, misleading.
low, gorge, gobble, bolt, absorb. Die. SYN. Expire, depart, perish, de-
ANT. Disgorge, vomit. cline, decease, disappear, wither, lan-
Devout. SYN. Eeligious, pious, guish, wane, sink, fade, decay, cease.
godly, saintly, holy, prayerful. ANT. Begin, originate, rise, live, de-
ANT. Irreligious, impious, pro- velo.fte l grow, strengthen, flourish,
fane, unholy. luxuriate, vegetate.
Devoutless. [See ANT. to DEVO- Diet. SYN. Food, victuals, nourish-
TION]. ment, viands, nutriment, sustenance,
Dexterity. [See ABILITY]. fare, cheer, regimen.
Dexterous. [See AWKWARD]. ANT. Starvation, fasting, abstinence,
Diabolical. [See DEVILISH], gluttony, omnivorousness.
Diadem. SYN. Crown, coronet, Differ. SYN. Vary, dissent, be unlike,
coronal, chaplet, wreath, fillet, tiara, disagree, dispute, contend.
circlet. Ayr. Agree, assent, f See ASSCNT].
ANT. Liberty-cap, fool's-cap, daisy- Difference. SYN. Separation, de-
chain. struction, dissimilarity, unlikeness,
Diagnostic. SYN. Symptom, in- disagreement, dissonance, discord,
dication, feature, sign, cue. contrariety, dissent, distinction, dis-
ANT. Development, crisis, forma- similitude, estrangement, variety.
tion, consummation, head, deception, ANT. Community, consociation, con-
illusion, misindication. donation, similarity, likeness, agree-
Dialect. SYN. Provincialism, ac- ment, sympathy, consonance, har-
cent, idiom, tongue, language, speech, mony, consentaneousness, reconcilia-
phraseology. tion, uniformity, identity.
Dialectic. SYN. Khetorical, logical, Differentiate. SYN. Particularize,
argumentative. individualize, distinguish, identify,
ANT. Conversational, colloquial, verify, specify, segregate, dissemi-
common-place. nate, fuse, lump, mass.
Dialogue. SYN. Tete-a-tete, con- ANT. Generalize, classify, confound,
versation, discourse, colloquy, con- amalgamate, confuse.
fabulation. Differentiation, n. [See DIF*KR-
ANT. Monologue, oration, solilo- ENTIATE].
quy, apostrophe. Difficult. SYN. Hard, intricate, ID*
87 DIR
volved, perplexing, enigmatical, ob- Diligence. SYN. Care, assiduity, at-
scure, trying, arduous, troublesome, tention, application, heed, industry.
up hill, unmanageable, unamenable, ANT. Indifference, carelessness,
reserved, opposed. neglect, inattention, heedlessness,des-
ANT. Easy, plain, straight, pimple, ultoriness, inertness, idleness.
lucid, categorical tractable, amenable,

unreserved, favorable. Dimension. SYN. Measurement,size,

Difficulty. [See DIFFICULT]. configuration, delineation, mass, bulk,
Diffident. [See MODEST]. ""extent.
Diffuse. PYN. Discursive, prolix, ver- ANT. Mismeosurement, segment.
bose, diluted, copious. Dimidiate. SYN. Halve, bisect.
ANT. Laconic, epigrammatic, terse, ANT. Unite, integrate.
condensed. Diminish. SYN. Lessen, reduce,con-
Dig. [See DELVE]. tract, curtail, dwarf, decrease, sub-
Digest, v. SYN. Sort, arrange, dis- side, shorten, abate, retrench.
pose, order, classify, study, ponder, ANT. Increase, enlarge, expand, ex-
consider, prepare, assimilate, incor- tend, amplify, magnify.
porate, convert, methodise, tabulate. Diminutive. [See DIMINISH and
ANT. Displace, confound, compli- SMALL].
cate, derange, disorder, discompose, Dimness. [See DIM and OBSCURE],
eject, refuse, reject, disturb. Din. SYN. Racket, clamor, rattle, res
Dignified. SYN. Exalted, stately, ononce, clangor, reverberation.
noble, grand, august, lofty, pompous, ANT. Crash, report, burst, explo-
honored, elevated. sion, pop, bang.
ANT. [See LOFTY]. Dingy. SYN. Dull, dusky, rusty, be-
Dignify. SYN. Aggrandize, elevate, dimmed, soiled, tarnished, dirly,dim,
invest, adorn, exalt, advance, pro- colorless, obscure, dead, soou.-tj.
ANT. Bright,burnished,f?lossy,higb-
mote, honor.
ANT. Degrade, disinvest, humiliate, colored. radiant, luminous, gleaming,
Dint. SYN. Agency, instrumentality,
Digress. [See DEVIATE].
force, power, emcacy.
Dllaceratlon. (See LACERATION]. ANT. Weakness, inoperativeness,
Dilapidation. SYN. Ruin, decay, inefficacy, uselessuess, helplessness,
disintegration, downfall, crumbling, opposition, counterforce.
demolition, dismantlement. Dip. t>. |
ANT. Solidity, reparation, integrity, Dip. n. SYN. Declination, depression,
soundness, construction, fabric, struc- devexity, slope.
ture. ANT. Elevation, ascent, acclivity,
Dilate. SYN. Stretch, widen, expand, gradient.
swell, distend, enlarge., descant, ex- Diplomacy. SYN. Embassoge, min-
patiate. istry, ambassadorship,representation,
ANT. Narrow, contract,r'estrict,con- tact, contrivance, management, nego-
strtct,particularize, dissect, anato- tiation, out-witting, circumvention.
mize, concentrate, epitomize, con- ANT. Cancel, recall, conge, miscon-
dense. trivonce, mismanagement, mal-admin-
Dilatory. SYN. Tardy, procrastina- istration, over-vaulting, self-entangle-
ting, slow, loitering, behindhand, lag- ment, self-defeat, self-stultification.
ging, dawdling. Diplomatic. SYN. Judicious, know-
ANT. Quick, prompt, beforehand, ing, wise, prudent, well-contriver^
vigilant, eager, alert,
hasty, precip- clever, astute, politic, discreet, well-
itate, rash, ardent. planned, well-conceived, sagacious,
Dilemma. SYN. Fix, hobble, quan- well-managed.
dary, doubt, difficulty, scrape. ANT. Injudicious, bungling, stulti-
ANT. Extrication, rebutment, free- fying, ill-managed, undiplomatic.
dom, advantage, superiority, escape, Dire. See DREADFUL].

solution, retort. Direct. [See INSTBUCT].

Direct. [See STRAIGHT]. Disburse. [See EXPEND].
Direction. SYN. Course, tendency, Discern. SYN. Descry, observe, re-
inclination, line, control, command, cognize, see, distinguish, discover, be-
bearing, superscription, order, ad- hold, penetrate, discriminate, differ-
dress. entiate, separate, perceive.
ANT. Misdirection,deviation,miscon- ANT. Overlook, confound, mis-
trol, misinstruction, aberration. discern.
Directly. SYN. Straightly, straight- Discernible. SYN. Visible, conspic-
way, immediately, undeviatingly, at uous, manifest, palpable, apparent,
once, promptly, quickly, instantly. plain, perceptible, evident.
ANT. Indirectly, by-and-by, inter- ANT. Invisible, inconspicuous, ob-
veniently. scure, indiscernible, impalpable,micro-
Director. SYN. Ruler, controller, *C3pic, minute.
manager, master, leader, guide. Discernment. SYN. Discrimination,
ANT. Body, company, institution, far?ightedness,clearsightedness, pene-
concern, subordinate, follower. tration, observation, sagacity, judg-
Dirge. SYN. Requiem, lament, thren- ment.
ody, elegy, wake, coronach. ANT. Heedlessness, blindness, inob-
ANT. Anthem, Te Deum, Jubilate. servance, shortsightedness, duluess,
Dirt. SYN. Foulness, dung, filth, un- den-ity, hebetude.
cleanness, meanness, sordidness . Discharge. SYN. Liberate, empty,
ANT. Cleanness, purity, ablution, dismiss, acquit, release, free, execute,
integrity. perform, send away.
Dirty. [See DIET and NASTY]. ANT. Confine, charge, detain.
Disability. SYN. Disqualification, Disciple. SYN. Follower, student,
impotency, unfltness, incapacity, for- believer, votary.
feiture, incompetency.
ANT. Master, teacher, leader, pro-
ANT. Qualification,recommendation, fessor.
deserving, merit.
fitness, Disciplinarian. SYN. Martinet,
Disabled. [See DISABILITY]. tight hand.
Disabuse. SYN. Undeceive, inform, ANT. Sloven, kingdog.
coriect, enlighten, rectify. Discipline. SYN. Order, strictness,
ANT. Deceive, mislead, prejudice, training, government, instruction.
prepossess, hoodwink, inveigle, stulti- drilling,control,coercion, punishment,
fy, bamboozle. organization.
Disadvantage. [See ADVANTAGE]. ANT. Disorder, confusion.rebellion,
Disaffection. [See AFFECTION]. mutiny, encouragement, reward, dis-
Disagreeable. [See AGREEABLE], organization.
Disagreement. fSee QUARREL]. Disclaim. [See CLAIM].
Disallow. [See ALLOW]. Disclose. SYN. Discover, reveal, con-
Disannul. [See ANNUL]. make known, pro-
fess, detect,divulge,
Disappear. [See VANISH]. mulgate.
Disappoint. SYN. Betray, deceive, ANT. Cover, conceal, lock, suppress.
frustrate, baffle, delude, vex, mortify, Discolor. SYN. Daub, stain, taint, dis.
defeat, foil. figure.
ANT. Realize, justify, verify, fulfil, ANT. Paint, color, embellish, tin's
encourage, satisfy, gratify. decorate, illuminate.
Disapprobation. [See APPROBA- Discomfit. [See DISCONCERT].
TION]. Discomfort. SYN. Disquiet, vexation,
Disarm. [See ARM]. annoyance, trouble, unpleasantness,
Disarrange. [See ARRANGE]. disagreeableness.
Disarray. [See ARRAY]. ANT. Comfort, ease, pleasantness,
Disaster. [See CALAMITY]. agreeableness.
Disavow. [See ACKNOWLEDGE]. Discommendation. [See COM.
Disband. [See MUSTER]. MENDATION].
Disbelief. [See BELIEF]. Discompose. [P"e T^RANGF ]

Disburden. [See BURDEN]. D.sco^.vei'1.. SYN. Aoa.-u, co-fuse.


confound, upset, baffle, derange, dis- Discretion. [See DISCREET].

compose, thwart, disturb, defeat, fret, Discretional. SYN. Optional.
interrupt, vex, ruffle, disorder, unset- ANT. Compulsory, obligatory.
tle, frustrate, discomfit. Discrimination. SYN. Penetration,
i\ST. Encourage, rally,countenance, sagacity, acuteness, nicety, shrewd-
aid, concert, concoct, arrange, order, ness, judgment, discernment, insight,
prepare, scheme, contrive, hatch, de- distinction.
sign. ANT. Dullness, confusedness, indis-
Disconcerted. [See DISCONCERT]. criminateuess, shortsightedness, heb-
Dlscouforuiity. [See CONFORM- etude, indiscernment.
ITY]. Discursive. [See CONSECUTIVE].
Discongriiity. [See CONGRUOUS]. Discuss. SYN. Debate, argue, sift
Disconnect, Disconnected, Dis- canvass,examine.
connection. [See CONNECTION]. ANT. Mystify, confound, obscure.
Disconsolate. SYN. Sad, forlorn, Disdain, n. SYN. Contempt, sooru,
melancho'y, inconsolable, broken- haughtiness, disregard, supercilious-
hearted, sorrowful, unhappy, desolate, ness.
woful. ANT. Respect, reverence, admira-
ANT. Joyous, cheerful, merry, hap- tion, respectfulness, considerateness,
py, gay, jovial, gladsome, blithe. humility.
Discontent. [See CONTENT]. Disdain, r. [See SCORN].
Discontented. [See CONTENTED]. Disdainful. [See DISDAIN].
A CONTINU- Disease. SYN. Complaint, disorder,
JP ~"-r~tiiiuaiice. [See
ANCEj. illness, indisposition, distemper, ail-
Discontinuity. [See CONTINUA- meiit, malady, sickness.
TION). ANT. Health, convalescence, sanity,
Discord. [See CONCORD]. salubrity.
Discordance. See ACCORD].
[ Disembody. [See EMBODY].
Discountenance. [See COUNTE- Disenable. [See ENABLE].
NANCE!. Disenchant. [See ENCHANT].
Diseiithrone. [See ENTHRONE]. Disencumber. [See ENCUMBER].
Discourage. [See ENCOURAGE]. Disengage. [See ENGAGE].
Discouragement. [See ENCOUR- Disentangle. fSee ENTANGLE].
AGE]. Disentitled. [See ENTITLE].
Discourse. [See CONVERSATION]. Disesteem. [See ESTEEM].
Discourtesy. [See COURTESY]. Disfavor. [See FAVOR].
Discover. SYN. Find, invent, de- Disfigure. [See ADORN].
scry, disclose, unearth, ferret out, as- Disfranchise. [See ENFRANCHISE].
certain, discern, make known, detect, Disgorge. (See GORGE].
betray, indicate, manifest. Disgrace, v. tr. [See DISHONOR],
ANT. Conceal, suppress, repress, Disgrace, n. [See HONOR].
miss, lose, overlook, mask, cover, Disguise. [See GUISE].
screen. Disguised. [See GUISE.].
Discredit. [See CREDIT]. Disgust. SYN. Nausea,loathing,abom-
Discreditable. [See DISREPUTA- ination, aversion, dislike,repugnancs,
BLE]. abhorrence, distaste.
Discreet. SYN. Discerning, wise, ANT. Desire, liking, partiality, pre-
prudent, circumspect, cautious, wary, dilection, reltsh, fondness, longing,
regulative, sensible, judicious. avidity.
ANT. Undiscerning, blind, foolish, Dishearten. [See ENCOURAGE].
imprudent, indiscreet, unrestrained, Dishevel. SYN. Disorder, entangle,
reckless, injudicious, silly. disarrnnge.
Discrepancy. SYN. Dissonance, dis- ANT. Tire, dress, plait, bind, weavft.
harmony, discord, contrariety, dis- braid.
agreement, difference, variation. Dishonest. [See HONEST!.
ANT. Consonance, harmony,accord- Dishonor, n. [See HONOR].
nce, agreement, correspondence. Dishonorable. ISee HONORABUK],
f>licllnc. [See INCLINE]. ANT. Equal, co-ordinate, well-ai.
Disinfect. [See INFECT]. sorted, well-matched.
Disingenuous. (See INGENUOUS]. Dispasslon. [See PASSION],
Disiiiiiiherlt. [See INHERIT and Dispatch. SYN. Expedite, send,
DISOWN]. accelerate, hasten, execute, conclude.
Disintegrate. ]See INTEGRATE]. Used also in the sense of kill.
Disinter. [See INTER]. ANT. Retard, detain, obstruct, im-
Disinterested. [See INTERESTED pede.
and SELFISH]. Dispel. SYN. Disperse, scatter, dissi-
Disenthral. [See ENTHRAL] .
pate, drive away, dismiss.
Disjoin. [See JOIN]. ANT. Collect, recall, summon, con-
Dislike. [See LIKE]. vene, congregate, conglomerate,mass,
Dislocate. [See LOCATE]. accumulate.
Dislodge. [See LODGE], Dispensation. SYN. Economy.deal-
Disloyal. [See LOYAL]. iug, revelation, distribution, arrange-
Dismal. [Lat. dies inalus, evil day.] ment, visitation, exemption, immu-
STN. Dreary, ominous, foreboding, nity, privilege, abandonment, dis-
lonesome, cheerless, gloomy, sad, de- missal, disuse, indulgence.
pressed, lugubrious, funereal, sorrow- ANT. Reservation, injunction, pro-
ful, melancholy, tragic, blank. hibition, enfoicement, retention, re-
ANT. Gay, propitious, promising, striction.
cheerful, lively, elated, joyous, laugh- Dispeople. [See PEOPLE].
able, ridiculous, comic. Disperse. SYN. Dispel, scatter, dis-
Dismantle. SYN. Disrobe, divest, seminate, separate, break up, spread
denude, despoil, disarm, strip. abroad, deal out, distribute, dissipate.
ANT. Kobe, invest, drape, adorn, ANT. Collect, summou, recall,gather,
arrange, equip, endue. concentrate, meet.
Dismay, v. STN. Affright, astonish, Dispirit. [See ENCOURAGE].
terrify, dishearten, daunt, scare, Displace. [See PLACE].
frighten, appall. Displant. [See PLANT].
ANT. Encourage, rally, inspirit, Display. SYN. Show, exhibit, unfold,
assure, allure. evidence, evince, flaunt, vault, ex-
Dismay, n. [See TERROR]. pose,ostentation, spread out, parade.
Dismember. SYN. Disintegrate, ANT. Hide, conceal, dissemble, sim-
disincorporate, detruncate. ulate, suppress, wrap, cloke.
ANT. Integrate, incorporate, or- Displease. [See PLEASE].
ganize, engraft, reorganize. Displeasure. [See PLEASURE].
Dismiss. SYN. Banish, discard, aban- Disport. [See SPORT].
don, cashier, send off, divest, dis- Dispose. [See ARRANGE and IN.
charge. CLINE].
ANT. Retain, detain, keep, main- Disposition. [See DISPOSE, AB-
Dismount. SYN. Alight, descend. Dispossess, See POSSESS].

ANT. Mount, start. Dispraise. [See PRAISE].

Disobey. [See OBEY], Dlspread. [See SPREAD].
Disoblige. [See OBLIGE]. Disprlze. [See PRIZE].
Disorder. [See OKDER]. Disproof. [See PROOF].
Disorderly. [See ORDERLY]. Disprove. [See PROVE].
Disorganize. [See ORGANIZE]. Disproportion. [See PROPORTION].
Disown. [See OWN]. Disputant. SYN. Litigant, competi-
Disparage. SYN. Depreciate, decry, tor, claimant.
undervalue, derogate, lower, detract, ANT. Partner, auxiliary, advocate.
underestimate. Disputatious. SYN. Litigious, ar-
ANT. Extol, laud, panegyrize.over- gumentative, cantankerous, quarrel-
estimate. exaggerate. some, querulous.
Disparate. SYN. Unequal, differ- ANT. Conciliatory, unquarrelsome,
eat, ill-assorted, ill-matched. in querulous.

Dispute. Argue, question, can-

SYN. Dlssilieiice. SYN. Avoidance, repul-
vass, contest, contend, challenge, de- siou,aversion,di3like,interrepugnance,
bate, controvert, controversy, differ- antipathy.
ence, gainsay, impugn, quarrel, al- ANT. Approach, attraction, appe-
tercation. tency, desire, affection, sympathy, in-
ANT. Waive, concede, allow, forego. terest.
Disqualify. See QUALIFY]. [
Dissimilar. [See SIMILAR].
Disquiet. See QUIET].
Dissimilitude. See SIMILITUDE].

Disquietude. STN. Anxiety, solici- Dissipate. [See SQUANDER].

tude, uneasiness, embarrassment, ap- Dissociate. [See ASSOCIATION and
prehension, agitation, disturbance, SEVER].
commotion, dissatisfaction. Dissolute. SYN. Abandoned, profli-
ANT. Peace, pacification, assurance, gate, loose, licentious, wanton, vi-
calmness, confidence, contentment,
acquiescence. ANT. Upright, conscientious, strict,
Disquisition. SYN. Essay, treatise, self-controlled, correct.
discussion, dissertation. Dissoluteness. [See DISSOLUTE].
ANT. Effusion, tirade, diatribe.rhod- Dissolution. [See DECOMPOSITION].
omontade, blarney. Dissolve. [See MELT and CONSOLI-
Disregard. See REGARD].
Disrelish. [See RELISH]. Dissonance. [See CONSONANCE].
Disreputable. See REPUTABLE]. [
Dissuade. [See PERSUADE].
Disrespect, f See RESPECT].
Disrobe. See DISMANTLE].
Distance. SYN. Interval, removal,
Disruption. SYN. Disintegration, separation, interspace, remoteness,
discord, dissension, a breaking up, absence, space, length.
separation, alienation, hostility. ANT. Proximity, nearness, adja-
ANT. Union, amalgamation, recon- cency, contiguity, neighborhood, pro-
ciliation. pinquity, contact, presence.
Dissatisfaction. [See SATISFAC- Distant. SYN. Far, remote, aloof,
TION]. apart, asunder,separate,indistinct, ob-
Dissect. SYN. Take to pieces, anat- scure.
omize, scrutinize, investigate. ANT. Close, near, adjacent, contig-
ANT. Or asp, comprehend, slur, uous.
skim, unite, integrate, organize, com- Distaste. [See TASTE].
pound, collocate, conjo' n, confound. Distasteful. [See TASTE].
Dissemble. SYN. Disguise, conceal, Distemper. SYN. Disorder, disease,
repress, smother, restrain, cloke. ilment.
ANT. Exhibit, manifest, protrude, ANT. Health, sanity, vigor, conva-
vaunt, pretend, simulate, feign, as- lescence.
sume, expose, profess, proclaim. Distend. [See DILATE].
Dissembler. SYN. Feigner, hypo- Distil. SYN. Drop, emanate, drip,
crite, disguiser, suppressor, con- percolate.
caler. ANT. Absorb, condense, retain,suck,
ANT. Exhibitor, vaunter, pretender, hold.
simulator. Distinct. SYN. Separate,independent,
Disseminate. SYN. Spread, propa- unconnected, detached, disjoined, un-
gate, preach, proclaim, publish, pro- like, definite, obvious, different, dis-
mulgate, scatter, circulate. similar, clear, conspicuous, plain, per-
ANT. Repress, suppress, stifle, dis- spicuous.
countenance, extirpate, eradicate. ANT. United, consolidated, con-
Dissent. [See ASSENT and CON- joined, one, obscure, dim, confused,
SENT]. indistinct.
Dissertation. [See DISQUISITION]. Distinction. SYN. Difference, sepa-
Disservice. [See SERVICE]. ration, dignity, eminence.
Dissever. [See SEVER]. ANT. Unity, identity, debasement
IM**ldeuce. jSee A. HIKE 1. insignificance, degradation.
Distinctness. SYN. Clearness, plain- Diversify. SYN. Vary, alter, change
ness, conspicuousness, perspicuity. modify, variegate.
ANT. Confusion, indistinctness,bazi- ANT. Conserve, prosecute stabili-
ness. tate, settle, fix, stereotype, crystallize,
Distinguish. SYN. Discern, descry, arrest.
perceive, characterize, make famous, Diversity. SYN. Difference, dissimi
know, discriminate, see,discover, sepa- larity, variation.
rate, divide, dissimilate. differentiate. geueousuess, dissonance.
ANT. Miss, overlook, confound, con ANT. Similarity, identity, unifo--m-
fuse. ity, homogeueousness, co-ordination,
Distinguished. SYN. Illustrious, coincidence, consonance.
noted, celebrated, conspicuous, emi- Divert. SYN. Alter, change, deflect,
nent, marked, famous. alienate, delight, please, gratify., en-
ANT. Obscure, inconspicuous, hid- tertain, amuse.
den not famous.
, ANT. Continue, prosecute, prolong,
Distinguishable. [See DISTIN- produce, restrict, confine, pain, annoy.
GUISH). Divest. SYN. Disruan'le, denude.strip,
Distortion. [See DETORTION and disrobe, unclothe, disencumber, de.
Distract. STN. Divide, dissipate, dis- ANT. Clothe, robe, irvest, shroud,
sever, disconcert,discompose,perplex, envelop, encumber, indue.
bewilder, convulse, madden, disturb. Divide. SYN. Separate, dissect, bi-
ANT. Unite, fix, concentrate,collect, sect, portio., part, divo;-ce,segiegate,
compose. sever, sunder, deal out, disunite, keep
Distraction. SYN. Inattention, mad- apart, part among, allot, distribute,
ness, absence. multiply.
ANT. Attention, composure. ANT. Unite, collocate, classify, cou-
Distress, v. SYN. Harass, embarrass, vene, congregate, conglomerate, con-
trouble, grieve, annoy, vex, mortify, glutinate, commingle, join,consociate,
pain, disturb, afflict, worry. co-ordinate.
ANt. Soothe,compose,please,gratify, Divination. SYN. Prediction, sor-
gladden, console, elate, comfort. cery.magic, witchcraft, augury. omens.
Distress, n. [See AFFLICTION and ANT. Instruction, information, in-
TROUBLE]. vestigation, study, learning
Distribute. [See DISPENSE]. Division.
District. See CIRCUIT and REGION]. [See DIVIDE ar.d SEPA-
Distrust. See TRUST].
[ Divorce, v. SYN. Separate, discon-
Disturb. SYN. Derange, discompose, nect, dissever, divert, alienate.
disorder. discommode,plague,comuse, ANT. Conjoin, unite, connect, ap-
rouse, agitate, annoy, trouble, inter- ply, reconcile, reunite.
rupt, incommode, worry, vex, molest, Divorce, n. [See verb].
disquiet. Divulge. [See CONCEAL].
ANT. Order, collocate, arrange, Do. SYN. Work, act, accomplish, exe-
pacify, soothe, quiet, compose, leave. cute, achieve, transact, finish, enact,
Disunion. [See UNION], perform, produce, complete.
Disuse. [See USE and DESUETUDE]. ANT. Undo, mar, neglect, omit.
Divarication. SYN. Deviation, di- Docile. SYN. Compliant, amenable,
vergence, digression, diversion. easily managed, yielding, gentle,quiet,
ANT. Continuity, rectilinearity, di- pliant, tractable, teachable, tame.
rectness, prolongation, ANT. Intractable, stubborn, obsti.
Diversion. SYN. Detour, divergence, nate, self-willed, dogged.
deviation, recreation,amusemeut,pas- Dock. SYN. Curtail, lop, abbreviate,
time, sport, enjoyment. prune.
ANT. Continuity, directness, pro- ANT. Grow, elongate, nourish, p*Ot
cedure, business, task, work, study, long, train, coax.
labor, avocation. Docked. [See POCK],
Doctrinal. SVN. Didactic, catechet- Dominance. SYN. Lordship, ma
ical, theological. tery, superiority, preponderance,
ANT. Practical, operative. prevalence.
Doctrine. SYN. Tenet, article* belief, ANT. Inferiority, subjection, servi.
creed, dogma, teaching, precept, tude, weakness, inprevalence, mi-
principle. nority.
ANT. Practice, operation, duty, con- Dominant. [See DOMINANCE].
duct, action. Domination. [See DOMINANCE].
Dodge, [See BAFFLE].
i). Domineer. SYN. Lord, tyrannize, as-
Dodge, n. [See ARTIFICE]. sume, u^urp.
Doer. SYN. Agent, actor, performer, ANT. Submit, succumb, defer, yield,
originator, perpetrator, maker. bow, patronize.
ANT. Undoer, preventer, hinderer, Domineering. [See ARROGANT].
baffler, neutralizes marrer. Dominion. SYN. Power, authority,
Dogged. SYN. Obstinate, morose, rule, tyranny, despotism, govern-
sullen, impracticable, prejudiced. ment, control, empire, sway, realm,
ANT, Docile, genial, agreeable, con-
territory, jurisdiction.
ciliatory, easy, indulgent, liberal,com- ANT. Weakness, submission, subju-
plaisaut. gation, Inferiority, servitude.
Dogma. [See DOCTRINE]. Doll. SYN. Assume, wear.
Dogmatic. SYN. Doctrinal, theolog- ANT. Doff, cast.
ical, imperious, dictatorial, authorita- Donation. [See PRESENTATION and
tive, nrrogart, magisterial, self-opin- GIFT].
ioriated, positive. Doom. SYN. Judgment, fate, sentence,
ANT. Practical, active, moderate, verdict, condemnation, lot, destiny.
mode- 1, diffident, vacillating. ANT. Liberation, respite, escape,
Doleful. SYN. Dolorous, rueful, mel-

pardon, acquittal, approval.

ancholy, piteous, somber, sorrowful, Dormant. 2vN. Sleeping, slumber-
woebegone, dismal. ing, latent, undeveloped, quiescent,
ANT. Merry, joyful, gay, blithe, inert.
beaming. ANT. Vigilant, wakeful, active,
Dolt. SYN. Numskull, ignoramus, dul- operative, developed, energetic.
lard, ass.
ANT. Savant, genius, philosopher, Dotage. SYN. Imbecility, senility, fa-
scholar, luminary. ANT. Intelligence, acuteness, judg-
Dollish. SYN. Stolid, jolterheaded,
thick-skulled. ment, penetration, vigor.
ANT. Quick, sharp, acute, long- Doubt, n. SYN. Dubiousness, dubita-
headed. tion, scruple, hesitation, snspense,dis-
Domain. SYN. Estate, lordship, ter- trust, suspicion, perplexity, uncer-
ritory, inclosure. tainty, ambiguity, difficulty, indecis-
ANT. Waste, wilderness, wild. ion.
Domestic. SYN. ANT. Certainty,clearness, precision,
Domiciliary, pri-
vate. determination, decision, conviction,
ANT. Foreign, public. satisfaction.
Domestication. SYN. Settlement, Doubt, v. SYN. Dubttate, hesitate,
colonization, localization, tamiug. vacillate, waver, demur.
ANT. Dissettlement, displacement, ANT. Decide, determine, resolve,
dislodgment. ejection, deportation, assent.
exile, dispeoplement. Doubtful. [See DOUBT and EQUIV-
Domicile. SYN. Kesidence, abode, OCAL J.
settlement, home. Doubtless. SYN. Certainly, clearly,
ANT. Estrangement, migration, precisely, indisputably.
homelessness, houselessness, wilder- ANT. Perhaps, probably, possibly.
ness, wild, world. Doughty. SYN. Redoubted, redoubt-
Domiciliary. [See DOMICILE and able.
ANT. Craveo, puny.
Dowdy. SYN. Dull, shabby, common, Drench. SYN. Wash, inundate, soak,
plain, homely, dingy, scrubby, saturate, steep, shower, drown.
ANT. Stylish, dressy, gay, modish, ANT. Drain, strain, sponge, mop,
gorgeous, dandified, tawdry. dry, exsiccate.
Downfall. [See FALL]. Drenched. [See DRENCH].
Downright. [See ABSOLUTE]. Dress. SYN. Garniture, preparation,
Downwards. SYN. Below, beneath, arrangement, clothing, habiliments,
adown. accoutrements, vestments, uniform,
ANT. Upwards, aloft. raiment, apparel, attire, clothes, ar-
1 trail, n. Syn. Copy, transfer, tran- ray, garments, livery, costume, garb,
script, sketch, abstract, order, check. investiture.
ANT. Original, deed, cash. ANT. Nudity, disorder, disarrange-
Draft, v. SYN. Draw, drain, exhaust. ment, undress, deshabille.
ANT. Supply, replenish, import. Driblet. SYN. Drop, dole, instalment,
Drag. SYN. Draw, pull, haul, bring. scrap, morsel, bit, particle.
ANT. Carry, convey, push, propel, ANT. Total, whole, aggregate, mass.
raise, heave. Drift. SYN. Tendency, direction, mo-
Drain, v. SYN. Draw, strain, drip, tion, tenor, meaning, purport, ob-
percolate, drop, exhaust, empty, dry. ject, intention, purpose, scope, aim,
ANT. Replenish, fill, supply, pour, result, issue, inierence, conclusion,
moisten, drown, inundate, drench, end, course.
swill. ANT. Aimlessness, pointlessness,
Draught. SYN. Drink, traction, vagueness, uumeaninguess, iadefinite-
breeze, check. ness, coufuj-edness, aberrancy.
ANT. Drought, burden, non-ventila- Drill. SYN. Teach, exercise, instruct,
tion, deposit. train, ordinate, discipline.
Draw. SYN. Drag, pull, attract, in- ANT. Confuse, disarrange, disorder,
duce, haul, entice, inhale, sketch, de- misinstruct, miseducate, dishabituate.
lineate, describe. Drink. SYN. Imbibe, swallow, quaff,
ANT. Push, carry, propel, throw, re- absorb, drain, draught.
pel, drive, compel, impel, thrust. ANT. Disgorge, replenish, pour,
Drawback. [See DETRIMENT]. exude, water, moisten.
Drawl, v. SYN. Drag, lag, drone. Drip. SYN. Drop, ooze, percolate.
ANT. Gabble, rattle, prattle. ANT. Imbibe, swallow, absorb, suck,
Dread, n. SYN. Fear, shuddering, dry, retain, hold.
terror, horror, alarm, intimidation, Drive, See DRAW].

apprehension. Drivel. SYN. Fatuity, nonsense, tri-

ANT. Courage, confidence, welcome, fling, snivel, babble.
assurance. ANT. Soundness, coherence, sub-
Dreadful. SYN. Fearful, shocking, stance, solidity.
monstrous, dire, terrible, frightful, Driveller. SYN. Idiot, babbler, do-
terrific, horrible, alarming, awful. tard.
ANT. Encouraging, inspiriting, as- ANT. Speaker, debater, logician,
suring, promising, hopeful. orator.
Dream, n. SYN. Trance, vision, fancy, Droll. STN. Whimsical, comical, odd,
reverie, hallucination, romance. queer, amusing, laughable, funny,
ANT. Fact, reality, substance, verify, comic, fantastic, farcical.
realization. ANT. Sad, lamentable, tragic, lu-
Dreamy. SYN. Fanciful, visionary, gubrious, funereal.
speculative, abstracted, absent, foggy. Drollery. SYN. Fun, whimsicality,
ANT. Collected, earnest, attentive, comicality, trickery, buffoonery, face-
awake, active, energetic, practical. tiousness, pleasantry.
Dreary. [See DISMAL]. ANT. Gravity, dismality. rueful-
Dregs. SYN. Refuse, sediment, offal, ness, priggishness, starch, lugubrious-
lees, offscouring, dross, trash. ness.
ANT. Cream, flower, pink, pickings, Drone. [See DBAWL].
, sample. Droop. SYN. Sink, flag, decline.
pine, languish, drop, bend, incurve, Dulcify, Dulcorate. [See
fade. EN I.

ANT. Revive, flourish, luxuriate, Dull. SYN. Stupid, stolid, doltish,

prosper, rally, raise. insensible, callous, heavy, gloomy,
Drop. SYN. Ooze, emanate, distil, dismal, cloudy, turbid, opaque, dowdy,
percolate, fall, decline, descend, faint, sluggish, sad, tiresome, commonplace,
droop. dead.
ANT. Evaporate, rally, rise, soar, ANT. Sharp, clever, lively, ani-
ascend, recover. mated, sensible, cheerful, exhilara-
Dross. SJTN [see CREAM]. ting, brignt, transparent, brilliant,
Drought. SYN. Dryness, aridity, burnished.
parching, thirst. DullarU. [See BLOCKHEAD].
ANT Moisture, refreshment, dew, Dumb. SYN. Inarticulate, mute,
deluge, slakiug, quenching, watering, silent, still.
irrigation. Ant. Clatter, tumult, uproar.
Drown. SYN. Sink, immerse, Dumbfounded. [See ASTONISH].
swamp, overwhelm, engulf, deluge, Dunce. n. [See BLOCKHEAD].
inundate, submerge. Dupe. [See CHEATJ.
ANT. Dry, drain, expose, air, ven- Duplicity. [See ARTFUL].
tilate. Durable. SYN. Lasting, perma-
Drowsy. SYN. Heavy, drooping, nent, stable, persistent, abiding, con-
sleepy, dozy, comatose, torpid, stu- stant, continuing.
pid, somnolent. ANT. Evanescent, transient, im-
ANT. Light, vigilant, alert, awake. permanent, unstable.
Drudge, v. SYN. Slave, labor, plod. Durance. SYN. Confinement, in-
ANT. Bask, luxuriate, hit off, play,
carceration, imprisonment.
dally. ANT. Liberty, largeness.
Drug. [See CIPHER]. Duration. SYN. Period, continu-
Dry. v. SYN. Drain, parch.
ance, term, space, protraction, pro-
ANT. Drench, moisten, wet.
Dry. SYN. Arid, parched, moisture- ANT. Momentariness, instantane-
less, juiceless, barren, tame, sar- ousness, infinity, eternity.
castic, vapid, lifeless, dull, tedious, Dutiful. SYN. submis-
uninteresting, monotonous.
ANT. Moist, fresh, juicy, lively, en- sive, respectful, docile, deferential,
tertaining ANT.
Dubious. Disobedient, intractable, re-
Ductile. SYN. exten- bellious, undutiful.
Duty. SYN. Obligation, part, busi-
sible, tractile, extensile, tractable, do-
cile, irresolute. ness, responsibility, allegiance, func-
ANT. Inelastic, inflexible, tough, tion,omce, province, calling, trust,
obdurate, resolute, firm, obstinate. commission, service.
Dudgeon. SYN. Indignation, spleen, ANT. Freedom, exemption, immu-
resentment, umbrage. nity, license, dispensation, desertion,
ANT, Complacency, contentment,
serenity, satisfaction.
Dwarf, i'. SYN. Lower,stunt, depress.
Dr . SYN. Owing, attributable, just, ANT. Heighten, elevate, raise.
fair, proper, suitable, becoming, tit, Dwarf, n. SYN. Pigmy, imp, abor-
owed, appropriate, obligatory. tion, puck.
ANT. Irrelative, unattributable, in- ANT. Giant, monster, Hercules.
dependent, undue, unfair, improper, Dwell. SYN. Stop, stay, rest, in-
extravagant, deficient. habit, sojourn, lodge, linger, tarry,
Dulcet. SYN. Sweet, soothing, melo- live, reside, abide.
dious, soft, warbling, euphonious. ANT. Move, travel, hasten, speed,
ANT. Harsh, grating, discordant, migrate, wander, depart, flit, roam.
noisy, clamorous, dissonant, rancor- Dweller. [See DWELL and DENIZKV
ou*, cacophonous. Dwelling. See A BODE J.
Dwindle. SYN. Pine, waste, dimin Eclectic. SYN. Exceptive, selective,
ish, decrease, fall off, decline,
melt. broad.
ANT. Expand, enlarge, increase, ANT. Narrow, prejudiced, petty, par-
grow, flourish, augment, develop. tial, intolerant, biased, warped, dog-
Eclipse, n. SYN. Failure, obscuration,
overshadowing, shading, diminution,
EARLY. SYN. Soon,betimes,forward,
outshining, outdoing, outri vailing.
ANT. Illumination, effulgence, re-
shortly, quickly, ere long, anon,
utiual, beforehand. appearance, brightness, lustre, re-
ANT. Late, tardily, backward, ves- nown, re-illumination, re-effulgence,
pertinal, belated.
Earn. SXN. Merit, acquire, achieve, Eclipse, v. SYN. Obscure, outdo, out-
realize. shine, overshadow, outvie, outrival,
obtain, win, gain, deserve,
ANT. Forfeit, forego, waste, lose, darken, shade, overcast, dim, cloud.
spend, squander.
ANT. Recommend, brighten, illus-

Earnest. SYN. Eager, serious, intent, trate,enhance, heighten.

determined, strenuous, solemn, grave, Economy. SYN. Administration, dis-
warm, ferveut, intense, ardent. pensation, management, rule, arrange-
ANT. Indifferent, idle, playful, des- ment, distribution, husbanding.
ultory, irresolute, uoiearnest, spor- ANT. Maladmmistration,waste, mis-
tive, jesting, flippant. rule, mismanagement, disorder, prod-
"Ease. SYN. Enjoyment, comfort, rest, igality.
repose, tranquillity, refreshment, re- Economize. SYN. Husband, devel-
lief, quiet, contentment, satisfaction, op, utilize.
favx'lity, readiness. ANT. Waste, misuse, sacrifice.
ANT. Trouble, annoyance, vexation, Ecstasy. SYN. Rapture, inspiration,
disquiet, difficulty, awkwardness. fervor, frenzy, transport,emotion,joy,
Easy. SYN. Quiet, comfortable, man- delight, enthusiasm, happiness.
ageable, indulgent, facile, lenient, un-
ANT. Indifference, cooluess,dulness,
constrained, gentle, not difficult, un- weariness, tedium,bore, fidget, misery
ooncerned, self-possessed. Ecumenical. SYN. Universal, cath-
ANT. Uneasy, disturbed, uncomfort- olic.
able, difficult, unmanageable, hard, ex- ANT. Partial, national, private, lo-
acting, anxious,awkward, embar rassed. cal,domestic.
Ebb. SYN. Retire, recede, decrease, Edible. SYN. Esculent, wholesome,
sirk, decline, decay, wane. culinary, eatable.
ANT. Flow, increase, abound, swell. ANT. Noxious, poisonous, uneat-
Ebriety. SYN. Soberness, freshness, able, deleterious.
temperance. Edifice. SYN. Structure, building,
ANT. Inebriety, intoxication, crap- tenement, fabric.
ulence. ANT. Ruin, heap, demolition, dis-
Ebullition. SYN. Boiling, efferves- mantlement.
cence, outburst, paroxysm, eruption. Edify. SYN. Enlighten, instruct, im-
ANT. Refrigeration, cooling, subsi- prove.
dence, composure. ANT. Misguide, mislead, misinform.
Eccentric. SYN. Peculiar, singular, Educate. SYN. Instruct, nurture, dis-
idiosyncratic, flighty, aberrant, anom- cipline, train, teach, develop, ground,
alous, wayward, strange, irregular, school, initiate.
abnormal, odd, whimsical, erratic. ANT. Miseducate, misinstruct, mis-
ANT. Regular, ordinary, customary, nurture.
normal, common, usual, unuoticeable, Educe. SYN. Draw, eliminace,produce,
wa remarkable. elicit.
Echo. SYN. Reverberation, resonance, ANT. Adduce, apply, insert, deposit,
repetition, imitation, answer. bestow.
ANT. Sound, voice, original, ques- Efface. SYN. Erase, obliterate, eradi-
tion, proposition, statement, opinion. cate, destroy, blot out.caucel.expuugtt.
ANT. Eestore, revive, delineate, Im- ANT. Refluence, infusion, aosorp.
print, portray. tiou, retention, exhaustion.
EttV'-t. v. SYN. Produce, cause, com- Effluvium. SYN. Exhalation, emana-
plete, achieve, accomplish, fulfil, real- tion, malaria,miasma, stink.
ize, execute, consummate. ANT. Ventilation, scent, disinfectant,
ANT. Prevent, obviate, frustrate, zephyr, balm.
mar. Effort. SYN. Trial, attempt, endeavor,
Effect, n. SYN. Result, consequence, exertion.
issue, pi. Goods, chattels, property, ANT. Failure, misadventure, unsuc-
movables, commodities. cess, frustration, futility, inactivity,
ANT. Origin, cause. ease, facility, spontaneity.
Effective. SYN. Powerful, conducive, Effrontery. SYN. Barefacedness, im-
operative, cogent, telling, able, po- pudence, brass.
tent, talented, efficacious, efficient,ser- ANT. Modesty,timidity,bashfalne3s,
viceable, effectual. coyness.
ANT. Weak,ineffeetive,inconducive, Effulgence. SYN. Splendor, lustre.,
inoperative, futile, nugatory. brilliancy, luminosity.
Effectuate. SYN. Produce, ensure, ANT. Darkness, obscuration, ten-
secure, stabilitate,compa3s, complete, ebrosity.
establish. Effuse. SYN. Copious, effluent, abuu-
ANT. Prevent, hinder, nullify, de- dant.
feat, nip, blight, strangle, stifle, abol- ANT. T^y, scanty, sparing, jejune.
ish. Effiisioflr SYN. Pouring, discharge,
Effeminate. SYN. Feminine, deli- emission, effluence, oration, speech,
cate, womanly, womanish, timorous, address.
feeble, mild mannered, soft, unmanly, ANT. I uf usion, refluence, absorption,
weak, enervated, emasculated. essay, document, instrument, reading.
ANT. Manly, robust, vigorous, vi- Egotism. SYN. Conceit, vanity, self-
rile, hardy. assertion, self-conceit, self-praise,
Effervesce. SYN. Boil, bubble, foam, self-exaltation, conceitedness.
mantle, froth, ferment, sparkle, ex- ANT. Considerateuess, deference,
plode, bluster. self-abnegation .

ANT. Subside, bear, brook, digest, Egregious. SYN. Remarkable, pecu.

acquiesce, refrain, flatten. consummate.
liar, excellent,
Effete. SYN. Worn, exhausted, barren, ANT. Ordinary, commonplace,every.
decrepit. day, mediocre.
ANT. Productive, vigorous, fertile, Egress. SYN. Exit, departure, sally,
prolific,exuberant. outlet.
Efficacy. SYN. Efficiency, compe- ANT. Adit, inlet, approach, avenue,
tency, virtue, agency, capability, use- entrance.
fulness, energy,productiveness,effect- Eitlier. ANT. Neither (ne being th
iveness. negative prefix).
ANT. Inefficiency, inutility, ineffect- Ejaculate. [See EJACULATION].
iveness. Ejaculation. SYN. Exclamation, ut-
Efficiency. [See EFFICACY], terance, cry.
Efficient. [See EFFECTIVE]. ANT. Obmutescence, silence,speech-
Effigy. SYN. Statue, figure, represen- lessuess, dumbfoundedness, oration,
tation, image. speech, drawl.
ANT. Caricature, misrepresentation, Eject. SYN. Cast, throw, discharge,
distortion, daub. dislodge, emit, thrust out, oust, cast
Efflorescence. SYN. Budding, luxu- out, expel, extrude, evert.
riance, outburst, ci-ystallizatiou,gran- ANT. Accept, receive, retain, house,
ulation. store, lodge, accommodate, admit,
ANT. Nudity, bareness, denudation, welcome, introduce, inject.
defloresceuce, absorption, desiccation. Ejection. [See EJECT].
Effluence. SYN. Outpouring, emis- Eke* SYN. Help, increase, augment!
sion, discharge, abundance, overflow. raise.
98 ELU
ANT. Stop, diminish, stint, with- rudimental, simple, inchoate, compo.
hold, drain, exhaust. nent, constituent, ultimate.
Elaborate. SYN. Execute, forge, pre- ANT. Immaterial, incorporeal, in-
pare, concoct, mature. palpable, compound, collective, aggre-
ANT. Misconceive, mismanage, mis- gate, developed, organized.
contrive, hit, conjecture, guess, ex- Elevate. SYN. Raise, dignify, en-
temporize, chance. noble.
Elapse. SYN. Pass, slip, lapse, glide ANT. Lower, degrade, depress, hum-
away, intervene. ble, demean debase.

ANT. Wait, abide, hold, continue, Elevation. SYN. Height, rise, rais-
halt, endure. ing, altitude, loftiness, tallness, im-
Elastic. SYN. Ductile, extensile, alter- provement, amelioration, tefinement,
able, resilient, modifiable, flexible, superiority, eminence.
buoyant, springy. ANT. Depth, fall, decline, depres-
ANT. Tough, unchangeable, rigid, sion, shortness, stuntedness, deterior-
inflexible, inelastic, crystallized, dull, ation, debasement, degradation, in-
inert. feriority.
Elated. SYN. Cheered, joyed, inspir- Elicit. SYN.
Draw, evoke, educe,
ited,overjoyed, proud, inflated. enucleate,
eliminate, express, ex-
ANT. Depressed, dispirited, disap- tract, evolve.
pointed, abashed, confounded, humil- ANT. Insert, implant, introduce, in-
iated, disconcerted, dejected. oculate, insinuate, infuse, instil, in-
Elder. SYN. Senior, father. corporate, suggest, extort.
ANT. Junior, son. Eligible. SYN. Capable, suitable,
Elect, a. SYN. Elite, choice, accepted, worthy, desirable, preferable, choice,
chosen. prime.
ANT. Rejected. reproba f e. ANT. Undesirable, worthless,unprof-
Elected, f See ELECTION]. itable, ordinary, indifferent, ineligi-
Election. SYN. Choice, acceptance, ble.
selection, preference. Eliminate. SYN. Cast out, exclude,
ANT. Postponement,rejection,repro- eject, reject, elucidate, explain, enu-
bation. cleate, segregate.
Electrify. SYN. Astonish, astound, ap- ANT. Mystify, obscure, involve,
amaze, dumbfounder.
pall, thrill, smuggle, foi?t, import, confound.
ANT. Soothe, compose, cairn, mes- Elision. SYN. Omissio-i. ejection, ex-
cerption, abridgment, ellipse.
Elegance. SYN. Beauty, grace, re- ANT. Insertion, introduction, im-
finement, symmetry, gracefulness, plantation, augmentation, elongation,
taste. inoculation.
ANT. Deformity, awkwardness, in-
Elliptical. SYN, Suggestive, latent,
elegance, disproportion, ungraceful- pregnant, significant, allusive, subau-
ness, coarseness, rudeness. ditive.
Elegant. SYN. Graceful, lovely, well ANT. Categorical, full, expository,
formed, well made, symmetrical, ac- explanatory, declaratory, enunciative.
complished, polished, refined, hand- Elocution. SYN. Oratory, declama-
some. tion, eloquence.
ANT. Inelegant, deformed, unsym- ANT. Reading, lection, balbutiation.
metrical, ill-proportioned, ungrace- Elongation. SYN. Production, ex-
ful, coarse, rude. tonsiou.
Elegy. SYN. Dirge, threnody, lament, ANT. Apocope, curtailment.
jeremiad. Eloquence. [See ELOCUTION].
ANT. Psean, jubilee. Elucidate. SYN. Explain, clear. 11.
Element. SYN. Component, part, lustrate, make plain, expound.
atom. ANT. Mystify, obscure, confuse.
ANT. Whole, total, mass, aggregate. Elude. SYN. Escape, avoid, baffle,
Elementary. SYN. Physical, mate- shun, eschew, evade, parry, fence,
rial, natural, elementary, primary, mock, frustrate.
LU i
ANT. Encouiiter, meet, confront, folded, wrapt, enveloped, surrounded,
court, dare, defy. begirt, encircled.
jGlusory. SYN. Slippery, intnngible, ANT. Exposed, unfolded, open, un-
indetaiuable, fugitive, shadowy, un- encircled.
substantial. Embrace. SYN. Clasp, comprehend,
ANT. Persistent, stable, solid. include, hug, comprise, contain, close,
Emaciation. SYN. Leanness, atten- embody, incorporate.
uation, wasting. AKT. Exclude, reject, except.
ANT. Fatness, obesity, corpulence. Embroider. SYN. Emboss, enrich,
Emanate. SYN. Originate, flow, emblazon, embellish.
spring, rise, proceed, issue. ANT. Botch, patch, cobble, darn.
ANT. Terminate, culminate, end, Embroil. SIN. Implicate, commingle,
eveae, issue, arrive, eventuate. entangle (in quarrel), disturb, dis-
Emanation. [See EMANATE]. tract, trouble.
Emancipate. SYN. Liberate, en- ANT. Extricate, separate, remove,
franchise, rescue. arrange, compose, pacify.
ANT. Enthrall, subjugate, enslave, Embryo. SYN. Germ, nucleus, rudi-
bind, disqualify. ment, origin.
Embalm. SYN. Conserve, preserve, AIIT. Development, shape, com-
treasure, store, enshrine, consecrate. pletion, maturity.
ANT. Expose, desecrate, abandon, Emendation. SYN. Correction,
vulgarize. amendment, rectification, reforma-
Embargo. SYN. Restraint, detention, tion.
prohibition, stoppage. ANT. Error, defect, incorrectness,
ANT. Permit, permission,discharge, fault, corruption.
liberation, dismissal, conge. Emerge. SYN. Escape, issue, evene,
Embark. SYN. Launch, eu'er, start. appear.
ANT. Arrive, anchor, land. ANT. Enter, incur, retreat, recede,
Embarrass. SYN. Entangle, uiscon- abscond.
cert, trouble, perplex, contuse, ham- Emergency. SYN. Crisis, conjunc.
ture, pitch, embarrassment, strait,
per, clog, distress, puzzle, encumber.
ANT. Extricate, liberate, expedite, necessity, exigency, casualty, diffi-
facilitate, accelerate, assist, disen- culty.
cumber. ANT. Bescue, deliverance, solution,
Embellish. [See ADORN]. subsidence, provision, anticipation,
Embezzle. SYN. Appropriate, con- arrangement.
Emersion. [See IMMERSION].
fuse, falsify, peculate, misappropri-
ate. Emigration. SYN. Exodus, coloni-
zation, flit.
ANT. Square, balance, clear.
ANT. Abode, sojourn, settlement,
Embitter. SYN. Aggravate, molest.
stay, domiciliation, immigration.
ANT. Alleviate, soothe, sweetea. Eminence. [See HEIOHT].
Emblazon. [See BLAZON]. Eminent. [See HIGH].
Emblem. SYN. Device, cognizance, Eminently. See HIGHLY].|

sign, token, symbol, representation, Emission. [See DISCHARGE].

type, badge, mark. Emollient. SYN. Softeuiug, laxative,
ANT. Disguise, decoy, incognito, balsamic.
domino, blind, ruse. ANT. Astringent, irritant, galling.
Embody. SYN. Express, methodize, Emolument. [See PROFIT].
systematize, codify, incorporate, ag- Emotion. SYV. Passion, feeling, ex-
gregate, integrate, compact, intro- citement,agitation, perturbation,
duce, enlist, combine. trepidation, tremor.
ANT. Eliminate, segregate, analyze, ANT. Indifference, insensibility, im-
dissipate, disintegrate, dismember, passiveness, imperturbability, stoi-
colliquats disband, disembody. cism.
Embolden. [See ENCOURAGE]. Emphatic. SYN. Earnest, forcible
Embosomed. SYN. Concealed, en- strong, energetic, impressive, posi-
tivf ,
important, special, egregious, brace, gird, engird, hem in, beset, en
consummate. compass.
ANT. Mild, unemphatic, cool, unim- ANT. Disenclose, disencircle, disen-
passioned, unimportant, ordinary, coinpass.
unnoticeable, common-place. Enclose. SYN. Shut, encircle,environ,
Empierce. (See PIERCE j. include, circumscribe, envelop, wrap,
Empire. SYN. Dominiou,sovereigiity, afforest.
rule, sway, kingdom, realm. ANT. Open, disclose, exclude, bare,
ANT. Independence, insurrection, diseucircle, expose, develop, disaf-
anarchy. forest, disenclose.
Empirical. SYN. Experimental, ten- Enclosure. SYN. Fence, ring, limit,
tative, quackif-h. boundary, park, close,circle,fieJd, pre-
ANT. Scientific, regular, inductive, cinct.
uniform, constant. ANT. Space, common, waste, wild,
Employ. YX. U-e. apply, economize, desert, wilderness, void.
occupy, engage, engross. Encomium. SYN. Panegyric, lauda-
ANT Discard, dismiss, misuse, mis- tion, praise, compliment, commenda-
employ. tion, eulogy.
Empower. SYN. Enable, commission, A.NT. Vituperation, vilification, ob-
encourage, qualify, delegate, warrant, loquy, taunt, invective.
sanction, diiect, authorize. Encompass
ANT Hinder, [See ENCIRCLE].
prevent, discourage, Encounter. SYN. Meet, confront,
disable, disqualify.
face, withstand, attack, assault, com-
Empty. SYN. Vacant, void, clear, un-
bat, engagement.
encumbered, unobstructed, unoccu- ANT
pied, waste,uninhabited,nnfrequented,
Elude, avoid, escape, miss,
devoid, vacuous, def.titute,unnlled,un- En, ourage. SYN. Embolden, rally,
furnished, untenanted, evacuated, de-
ficient, weak, Billy, idle, senseless.
enhearten, cheer, incite, stimulate,fos-
ANT. Full, occupied, encumbered, ter, cherish, promote, urge, impel, ad-
obstructed, cultivated, colonized, in- vance, coui.tenance,forward,reassure,
habited, informed, well-instructed, ex- animate, inspirit, prompt, abet.
ANT. Deter, discourage, dissuade,
perienced, sensible, significant, forci-
ble, important, substantial.
Emulate. SYN. Rival, vie, compete, Encroach. SYN. Invade, trespass, in-
trude, transgress, infringe.
aspire. ANT. Respect, recognize, observe.
ANT. Disaffect, shun, forego, aban-
Encrust. SYN. Coat,line, plaster,face.
don, despise, contemn, waive. ANT. Expose, abrade, scrape.
Enable. SYN. Empower, strengthen,
Encrustation. SYN. Plaster.coating,
ANT. Disqualify, hinder, disable. lining, integument.
ANT. Abrasion, exfoliation, peeling.
Enact. [See ACT ami ABROGATE].
Eiiamor. SYN. Captivate, fascinate, Encumber. SYN. Oppress, obstruct,
enslave, charm, endear, bewitch, en- ANT. Disencumber, free, disburden.
AST. Repel, disgust, estrange, dis- End. [See TERMINATION].
enchant, horrify. Endanger. SYN. Imperil,expose,per
Encamp. SYN. Settle, pitch, quarter, il, jeopardize, hazard, risk.
ANT. Cover, defend, protect, shield,
AST. March,decamp, retire, retreat. screen.
Enchain. SYN. Bind, fetter, manacle, Endear. SYN. Attach, conciliate, gain.
enslave. ANT. Estrange, alienate, embitter.
ANT. Loose, liberate, extricate, dis- Endearment. [See BLANDISH-
enthrall, manumit. MENT].
Enchant. [SeeENAMOR]. Endeavor. [See ATTEMPT].
Encircle. SYN. Surround, environ,in- Endless. SVN. Interminable, illim-
ti, hem, circumscribe,compass.eui- itable, uueiiUi.ug, unceasing, bound-
101 ENO
less, deathless,imperishable, ever- Engender. SYN. Generate, produow.
lasting, perpetual, eternal, infinite. create, breed, propagate.
ANT. Terminable, limited, tem- ANT. Stifle, destroy, extinguish, neu-
porary, brief, transient, periodic, tralize, blight, prevent.
ephemeral, fugitive, finite. Engird. [See GIRD].
Endow. SYN. Present, enrich, Engorge. |
furnish, qualify, adorn, invest, supply, Engrave. SYN. Print, imprint, sculp-
clothe, endue. ture, stereotype.
ANT. Denude, spoliate, strip, dis- ANT. Obliterate, erase, levigate.
endow, deprive, divest. Engross. [See ABSORB].
Endowment. SYN. Gift, provis- Engulf. [See ABSORB].
ion, benefit, benefaction, taleut,capac-
Enhance. [
ity, attainment, qualification.
Enigmatical. SYN. Puzzling, per-
ANT. Impoverishment, spoliation, plexing, obscure, mystic.
ANT. Lucid, explanatory, plain, self-
disendowment, incapacity, poverty, evident.
Endue. [See CLOTHE and ENDOW].
Enjoin. SYN. Impress,com.mand,com-
Endure. mission, direct, order, ordain, admon-
JSee LAST and TOLERATE]. ish, appoint, oblige, prescribe.
Enemy. [See FRIEND]. ANT. Recall, dispense,remit,absolve,
Energy. [See ACTIVITY]. release, exonerate, dissuade.
Enervate. SYN. Weaken, enfeeble,
unnerve, deteriorate, debilitate, re- Enjoy. SYN. Like, relish, possess.
ANT. Dislike. disrelish.sufl"er,loathe,
lax, unstring, unhinge.
ANT. Strengthen, brace, invigor- forfeit, lose, tolerate, endure.

ate, harden, nerve.

Enkindle. [See KINDLE].
Enfeeble. [See ENERVATE]. Enlarge. SYN. Amplify, expand, aug-
Enfold. SYN. Wrap, envelop, en- ment, broaden, swell, stretch out, ex-
tend, stretch, dilate, increase.
close, embrace, comprise. ANT. Narrow, lessen, contract, re-
ANT. Unwrap, develop, disclose.
strict, diminish, curtail, reduce.
Enforce. SYN. Urge, compel, re-
quire, exact, exert, strain.
Enlighten. SYN. Illumine, edify, in-
struct, illuminate, inform, teach.
ANT. Kelax, waive, forego, remit, ANT. Mislead, darken, confound, ob-
scure, mystify, perplex.
Enfranchise. SYN. Libernte,qualify.
Enlightened. [See ENLIGHTEN and
Disfranchise, disqualify. Enlist. SYN. Enter, register, enroll,
Engage. SYN. Promise, undertake, incorporate, embody.
vouch, employ, occupy, hire, gain, at- ANT. Withdraw, erase, expunge, dis-
tract, enlist, stipulate, pledge, agree, miss, disband, disembody.
buy, adopt, involve. Enliven. SYN. Wake, cheer, vivify,
ANT. Decline, refuse, withdraw, dis- quicken, invigorate, exhilarate, rouse,
miss, discard, extricate, disengage. inspirit, amui-e, excite, animate.
Engaged. SYN. Occupied, employed, VNT. Oppress, depress, stupefy,wea-
selected, intent, chosen, affianced, be- ry, tire, paralyze, deaden.
trothed. Enmity. SYN. Discord, hate, hostility,
ANT. Free, unemployed,disengaged, malevolence, maliciousness, aversion,
unaffiauced. malignity, ill-feeling, animosity, oppo-
Engagement. (For military sense, sition, bitterness, acrimony, asperity.
see BATTLE.) SYN. Promise, pledge, ANT. Friendship, love, affection, es-
agreement. teem, friendliness, cordiality.
ANT. Release from engagement, re- Ennoble. SYN. Exalt, dignify, elevate,
lease, liberation. ameliorate, aggrandize.
Engaging. SYN. Attractive, interest- ANT. Debase, degrade, deprave, de-
ing, winning. teriorate, depress.
ANT. Unattractive, uninteresting.re- Enormity. SYN. Atrocity, perpetra-
pultiive. tion, abomination, sin.
ANT. Innocence, guiltlessness, clean ANT. Disentangle, unravel, extrt-
hands, clear conscience. cate.
Enormous. SYN. Huge, immense, gi- Enter. STN. Invade, penetrate.
gantic, colossal, elephantine, vast, ANT. Issue, depart, leave, quit,
gross, monstrous, prodigious. vacate.
ANT. Diminutive, insignificant, triv- Enterprise. [See ADVENTURE].
ial, venial, average, ordinary, regular. Enterprising. STN. Active, bold,
Enough. STN. Sufficient, ample, plen- daring, adventurous, speculative,
ty, abundance. dashing, venturesome.
ANT. Bare, scant, insufficient, inade- ANT. Inactive, timid, inadventur-
quate, short. ous, cautious.
Enrage. STN. Provoke, incite, mad- Entertain. STN. Harbor, main-
den, incense,excite,aggravate,irritate, tain, conceive, foster, receive, rec-
inflame, embitter, infuriate, exasper- amuse.
ate. ANT. Eject, exclude, deny, debar,
ANT. Soothe, conciliate,pacify,tame, annoy, weary, bore, tire.
mollify, allay, quiet. Enthrall. [See ENSLAVE].
Enrapture. SYN. Beatify, entrance, Enthrone. SYN. Crown, install.
enchant, fascinate, bewitch, captivate, ANT. Depose, dethrone, debase, de-
transport, charm, attract, ravish. grade.
ANT. Disgust, nauseate, torture,hor- Enthusiasm. STN. Excitement,
rify, frenzy, sensation, inspiration, trans-
Enrich. STN. Aggrandize, endow, port, rapture, warmth, fervor, fer-
store, augment, fertilize, decorate,en- vency, zeal, ardor, vehemence, pas-
hance. sion, devotion.
ANT. Impoverish, reduce, rob, beg- ANT. Coldness, callousness, indif-
gar, fleece, denude, disfigure. ference, disaffection, repugnance,
Enrobe. STN. Drape, invest. alienation, contempt.
ANT. Disrobe, divest. Enthusiastic. [See ENTHUSIASM].
Enroll. [See ENLIST.). EKtice. SYN. Allure, seduce, lurej
Enrollment. [See ENROLL]. tempt, attract, decoy.
Ensconce. [See HIDE]. ANT. Deter, warn, hinder, repel.
Enshrine. STN. Consecrate, treas-
ure, embalm, cherish. Enticing. [See ENTICE].
ANT. Expose, desecrate, forget. Entire. STN. Whole, complete, un-
Enslave. STN. Captivate, charm,
impaired, total, perfect, all, full, solid,
integral, undiminished.
subjugate, enthrall. ANT. Partial, broken, impaired, in-
ANT. Eepel, disgust, alienate, es-
trarge, liberatt. manumit, disen-
thrall. Entirely. [See ENTIRE].
Ensue. STN. Follow, accrue, super- Entitle. SYN. Qualify, empower.
vei.e, befall. tit, enable, name, style, denominate,

ANT. Precede, threaten, premon- designate, characterize.

Jsh, forewarn.
ANT. Disqualify, disentitle, dis-
Ensure. STN. Fix, determine, se- able, not designate, not characterize.
cure, eeal. Entity. STN. Existence, being.
ANT. Imperil, hazard, jeopardize, ANT. Nonentity, chimera.
forfeit. Entomb. STN. Bury, inter, inhume.
Entail. STN. Bequeath, leave, de- ANT. Disinter, exhume.
volve, demise, involve, necessitate, in- Enatrammel. STN. Entangle, im-
duce. pede, obstruct, hamper, decoy, en-
ANT. Alienate, supersede, nullify, trap.
prevent, obviate. ANT. Disentangle, liberate, extri-
Entangle. STN. Knot, mat, en- cate, expedite, disentrammel, disen-
trap, ensnare, ravel, implicate, in- thrall.
volve, perplex, embarrass, inveigle, Entrance, n. STN. Introduction,
compromise. opening, entry, iulet, porch, admia*
sion, penetration, avenue, portal, rate, co-ordinate, adequate, alike
ingress, adit. equivalent, even, equable, sufficient,
ANT. Exit, egress, departure, de- impi 'tial, co-extensive, smooth.
bouchure. ANT. [Inequal, incommensurate, in-
Entrance, r. [See ENnAPTUKE]. co-ordinate, inadequate, disparate,
Entrap. [See ENTBAMMEL]. variable.
Entreat, v. tr. SYS. Implore, Equality. [See EQUAL].
obsecrate, beg, beseech, importune, Equanimity. SYN. Calmness, com-
crave, solicit, supplicate, pray, ask, posure, tranquillity, collectedness,
urge, petition. even-mindedness.
ANT. Command, insist, bid, enjoin. ANT. Restlessness, disquiet, pertur-
Entry. SYN. Entrance, initiation, bation, impatience.
beginning, record, note, minute, reg- Equip. SYN. Accoutre, garnish, in-
ister, memorandum. vest, prepare, furnish, arrange.
ANT. Conclusion, quittance, dis- ANT. Divest, dismantle, denude,
posal, blank, omission, falsification, despoil, derange.
misentry, misrecord. Equipage. SYN. Accoutrements,
Kiit wine. SYN. Lace, convolve, in- trappings, furniture, habiliments, ap-
terlace, weave. paratus, carriage, attendance, reti.
ANT. Disentwine, dissever. nue.
Enumerate. SYN. Specify, name, ANT. Dismantlement, unstateliness,
number, recount, detail, reckon, com- Equipment. [See EQUIP].
pute, calculate, call over. Equipoise. [See BALANCE].
ANT. Confound, Miscount, mis- Equipollent. [See EQUIVALENT].
reckon. Equiponderant. [See EQUIPOISE
Enunciate. SYN. propound,
State, a. id EQUIVALENT],
pronounce, syllable Equitable. SYN. Fair, just, propor-
ANT. Mutter, babble, balbutiate, tionate, impartial, upright, proper,
stammer. reasonable, even-handed, honest.
Envelop. [t-eeDEVEiop]. SYN.
. ANT. Unfair, unjust, dispropor-
Wrap, enfold, encase, environ, in- tionate, partial.
wrap, enclose, cover. Equity. [See EQUITABLE].
ANT. Unwrap, develop, reveal, Equivalence. [See EQUIVALENT].
expose, unfold, extract. Equivalent. SYN. Equiponderant,
Envelope, n. [Seetwr^L equipollent
Envenom, [see POISON]. .A NT. Unequal, vmequivalent.
.Environ. SYN. Surround, hem, in* Equivocal. SYN. Dubious, am-
close, encircle, enfold. biguous, doubtful, double-sided.
ANT. Disinclose, disenfold. ANT. Uuivocal, plain, direct, clear,
Envy. SYN. Grudging, jealousy, Eradicate. SYN. Extirpate, abolish,
suspicion. extinguish, exterminate, excise, up-
Ephemeral. Transient, eva-
SY.V. root, destroy, root out.
nescent, fleeting, fugacious, fugitive, ANT. Implant, import, instil, foster,
momentary. propagate, cherish, encourage.
ANT. Abiding, persistent, perma- Eradication, See ERADICATE J

nent, perpetual, eternal, perennial, Erase. SYN. Obliterate, efface, ex-

immortal. punge, blot, cancel.
Epigrammatic. SYN. Pointed, ANT. Mark, write, delineate.
terse, graphic, concise, laconic. Erasure. [SEE ERASE].
ANT. Diffuse, circumlocutory, point- Erect. SYN. Elevate, raise, establish,
less. plant, uplift, construct, build, found,
Epitome, [see ABBREVIATION]. institute, set up.
Equable. SYN. Uniform, regular, ANT. Lower, supplant, subvert, der
proportionate, even, smooth, easy. press, remove, destroy, demolish.
ANT. Irregular, desultory, vari Erection. [See ERECT].
able, fitful, disjointed, uneasy. Erode. [See COUROUE].
Equal. SYN. Uniform, commence* Err. SYN. Deviate, wander, mistak*
ERR 104

blunder, misjudge, stumble, stray, go promotive, regulative, in

astray, misapprehend. duced, imported, adventitious, asci-
ANT. Succeed, prosper, correct, rec- titions, redundant, superfluous.
tify. Establish. SYN. Plant, fir, settle,
Errand. STN. Message, commission, fouud, demonstrate, organize, confirm,
mission, delegation, charge. institute, prove, substantiate.
ANT. Misdelivery, misannounce- ANT Suppliant, unsettle, break-up,
ment. disestablish, misstate, confute, refutej
Erratic. STN. Desultory, aberrant, upset, subvert, presumn, suppose,
abnormal, flighty, changeful, capri- guess, conjecture, surmise.
cious. Established. [See ESTABLISH].
ANT. Regular, normal, methodical, Estate. SYN. Lands, fortune. property,
calculable, unalterable, steady, unde- possessions, demesne, order, rank,
viatir.g. condition, freehold, domain.
Erring. STN, Misguided, misled, sin- ANT. State, community, country,
ful, wandering. waste, chattels, goods, effects.
ANT. Virtuous, good, upright. Esteem. SYN. Price, value, consider,
Error. SYN. Fault, mistake, blunder, deem, judge, believe, estimate, think,
falsity, deception, fallacy, untruth, regard, affect, appreciate, revere,
hallucination. honor, respect, admire, venerate,
ANT. Correction, correctness, truth, prize, love, like.
accuracy, soundness, rectification. ANT. Disregard, disconsider, dis-
Erudition. STN. Learning, lore, let- affect, dislike, undervalue, underrate,
ters, scholarship. decry, depreciate.
ANT. Illiterateness, duncedom, Estimable. STN. Amiable, delect-
sciolism. able, worthy, good, meritorious, de-
Eruption. STN. Outburst, explosion, berviag, lovable, praiseworthy.
discharge, eructation, exsumation. ANT. Un amiable, iiidelec table, un-
ANT Absorption, engulfing, en- worthy, bad.
grossment, swallowing, irruption, in- Estimate. [See ESTEEM].
burst, devourment. Estimatior . [See ESTEEM].
Escape. SYN. Elude, decamp, ab- Estrange. See ALIENATE].

scond, fly, flee, evade, avoid. Esurient. [See STAHVED].

ANT. Incur, confront, encounter, Eternal. STN. Infinite, endless,
meet, suffer. everlasting, deathless, imperishable,
Escheat. [See CHEAT]. never-dyh.g, ceaseless, ever-living,
Eschew. See AVOID!.
I perpetual, undyirg, unceasing.
Escort. [See CONVOY]. ANT. Ephemeral, transient, tem-
Esculent. [See EDIBLE]. poral, fleeting, evanescent, sublunary.
Esoteric. SYN. Piivate, special, ex- Etiquette. SYN. Manners, breed-
acter, advanced. ing, fashion, conventionality.
ANT. Public, popular, rudimentary, ANT. Boorihness, rudeness, misob-
exoteric. servance, singulaiity, uon-conform-
Especial. [See SPECIAL] ance.
Espousal. [See MAHBIAGE], Eulogy. [See PRAISE].
Espy. [SeeSpT.]. Euphonious. SYN. Musical, mellif-
Essay, v. [See ASSAY]. luous, silvery, sweet-toned.
Essay, n. [See ASSAT and DISQUISI- ANT. Harsh, dissonant, discordant.
TION]. Euphuism. SYN. Affectation, pe-
Essence. STN. Being, life, entity, na- dantry, purism, highflying, finical-
ture, substance. ity, factitiousness.
ANT. Accident, property, addita- ANT. Simplicity, rusticity, blunt-
ment, garb, clothing, surroundings. ness, naturalness, mother-tongue,
Essential. STN. Innate, inherent, vernacular.
requisite, necessary, vital, immanent, Euphuistlc. [See EUPHUISM].
'vjndispensable, leading. Evacuate. SYN. Void, abandon,
Axi Accidental, qualitative, quan- desert.
Occupy, seize, fill, hold. spicuous, manifest, indisputable, ob-
Evade. (See ELUDE] vious, clear, palpable, incontrovert-
Evanescent. [See EPHEMERAL], ible.
Evaporate. SYN. Melt, colliquute, ANT Doubtful, obscure, question-
liquefy, vaporize, disappear, dissolve, able, uncertain, dubious.
exhale, distil. Evil. SYN 111, noxious, deleterious,
ANT. Consolidate, compact,solidify, wrong, bad, mischievous, hurtful, sin-
Indurate, crystallize. ful, unhappy, adverse, unpropitious,
Evaporation. [See EVAPORATE]. wicked, corrupt, harmful, unfair, no-
Evasion. SYN. Prevarication, torious, miserable, sorrowful
shuffle, fencing, shiit,subterfuge,quib- ANT. Wholesome, beneficial, right,
bie, equivocation. virtuous, holy, pure, happy, fortu-
ANT. Answer, counter-argument, nate, felicitous, joyous, welcome,
grappling grateful, good.
Even. SYN. Level, smooth, uniform, Evince. SYN. Exhibit, evidence,
equable, plain, flush, well-balanced, show, prove, manifest, demonstrate.
equal. ANT. Suppress, disprove, negative,
ANT. Inclined, abrupt, rugged, conceal.
variable, uneven. Eviscerate. SYN. Disembowel, draw,
Event. SYN. Occurrence, circum- ANT. Stuff,cram, pad.
stance, episode, adventure, issue, acci- Evoke. SYN. Excite, educe, pro-
dent, result, fact, incident. voke, elicit,produce, eliminate, ex-
ANT Cause, antecedent, opera- tract, summon, call out.
tion, inducement, contribution, con- ANT. Allay, stifle, stop, silence, pre-
vergence, predisposition, tendency. vent, seal.
Eventful. SYN. Remarkable, mem- Evolution. [See ALTITUDE].
orable, signal, important, marked, Exacerbate. [See EXASPERATE],
noted, critical, stirring, notable. Exact. [See ACCURATE].
ANT. Ordinary, unmarked, unim- Exactly. SYN. Precisely, accurately,
portant, eventles8,uninteresting, char- correspondeutly
acterless, trivial. ANT Loosely, inadequately, incor-
Ever. SYN. Always, continually, for- rectly, differently, otherwise.
ever, eternally, constantly, inces- Exaggerate. SYN. Amplify, en-
santly large, heighten, magnify, overstate,
ANT Never. overdraw, strain, overpaint, overesti-
Everlasting. SYN. Infinite, end- mate.
less [See ETERNAL]. ANT. Disparage, attenuate, palli-
Everslon. SYN. Evolution, Expli- ate, understate, underestimate, lenity,
cation. mitigate, soften, qualify, modify.
ANT. Inversion, Involution, impli- Exalt. [See ELEVATE],
cation. Exalted. [See EXALT].
Every. SYN. AIL Examine. SYN. Weigh, ponder, in-
ANT. None. vestigate, perpend, test, scrutinize,
Evict. SYN Dispossess, eject. criticize, prove, study, discuss, in-
ANT. Reinstate, admit, settle, lo- quire, search, ovvjrua-il, explore, ii
cate, lodge. spect.
Eviction. [See EVICT]. ANT. Discara, conjecture, guew,
Evidence. SYN. Manifestation, at- slur, misconsider, misinvestigate.
traction, averment, testimony, dep- Examination. [See INQUIRY],
osition, declaration, appearance, Example. SYN. Sample, specimen,
sign, token, proof, indication, exem- pattern, model, copy, illustration, in.
plification, illustration. stance, issue, development.
ANT. Surmise, conjecture, counter- ANT. Stock material, substanct/,
evidence, disproof, refutation, con- law, rule, character, principle, sys-
cealment, suppression, misindication, tem, quality, case.
fallacy. Exanimate. [See INANIMATE].
Evident. SYN. Pluin, visible, con- Exasperate. [See AOOBAV^TX].
Excavate. SYN. Dig, hollow, trench, A.NT. Guess, surmise.
discover, disirter Excommunicate. SYN. Exclude^
ANT. Bury, fill level, conceal, inter, banish, bar, eject, black-ball.
inhume. ANT. Admit, readmit, inaugurate,
Exceed . [See SURPASS]. enroll.
Exceeding. [See EXCEED]. Excrescence. SYN. Superfluity, re-
Exceedingly. [See EXCEED] dundancy, imposthume, tumor.
Excel. r see SURPASS] . ANT Eradication, extirpation, ex-
Excellence. [See EXCEL]. cision, levigation, exsection.
Except, prep. SYK. Excepting, sav- Excruciate. SYN. Agonize, torture,
ing, without, unless, exclusive of torment, rack.
Except, v SYN Exclude, save, ANT. Soothe, please, tranquilize.
bar, *egre!,'ate, negative Excruciating. [See EXCRUCIATE]
ANT Count, include, reckon, state,
classify, propound, affirm, admit.
Exculpate. SYN. Defend, vindicate,
exonerate, acquit, release.
Exception. SYN. Qualification, sep- ANT. Charge, inculpate, Implicate.
aration, exclusion.
ANT. Statement, rule, class, propo-
Excursion. SYN. Trip, ramble, tour,
sition journey, jaunt.
Exceptionable. SYN. Objection- Excursive. [See DISCURSIVE].
able, undesirable. Excusable SYN, Justifiable, venal,
ANT Unobjectionable, desirable, pardonable
unexceptionable, exemplary. ANT. Inexcusable, unpardonable
Exceptional. SYN. Kare, peculiar, Excuse. SYN. Exculpate, absolve,psr-
uncommon, irregular, unusual, ab- don, forgive, over look, condone, i emit,
normal. indulge, justify, vindicate, defend, ac-
ANT. Common, regular, normal, quit, mitigate, extenuate, release, ex-
usual, ordinary empt, exonerate,
Exceptions. [See CONTENTIOUS]. ANT. Charge, inculpate, condemn,
Excess. SYN. Advance, increase, sentence, exact, strain, accuse.
abundance, redundancy, superfluity, Execrable. SYN. Detestable, loath-
extravagance, surplus, debauchery, some, accursed, cursed, villamous,dia-
intemperance. bolical,hateful,abominable,danjiable.
ANT. Deficiency, failure, short- ANT. Desirable, eligible,respectable,
coming, insufficiency, temperance, laudable.
sobriety. Execrate. [See ABOMINATE].
Excessive* SYN. Enormous, un- Execration. SYN. Curse, impreca-
due, exorbitant, overmuch, super- tion, denunciation, anathema, detesta-
abundant, superfluous, unreasonable, tion, malediction.
immoderate, inordinate, extravagant. ANT. [See BENEDICTION].
ANT. Insufficient, scant, inade- Execute. [See CONSUMMATE].
quate. Exemplary. SYN. Laudable, praise-
Exchange. [See CHANGE] worthy, conspicuous, honorable, wary,
Excision. [See ERADICATION]. meritorious, worthy, excellent.
Excitability. SYN Sensibility, ANT. Detestable, objectionable, ex-
sensitiveness, irascibility, irritability. ceptionable.
ANT. Immobility, imperturbability, Exemplify. SYN. Illustrate, mani-
Insensitiveness-composure-hebetude. fest,embody, exhibit, represent.
Excitation. [See ROUSE!. ANT. Betray, falsify, misrepresent,
Excite. SYN. [See ALLAY]. belie.
Exclaim. [See EJACULATE], Exempt. SYN. Free, irresponsible,
Exclude. [See ADMIT]. unamenable, clear, liberated, privi-
Exclusive. [See EXCLUDE and COM- leged, absolved.
PREHENSIVE]. ANT Subject, responsible, liable,
Excogitation, n. A complete cogita- amenable.
tion, (q.v.) SYN. Elaboration, deduc- Exemption. SYN. Freedom, immu-
tion. nity, dispensation, privilege, license.
107 EXP
ANT. Liability, amenableness, sub- Exorbitant. [See EXCESSIVE].
jection, responsibility. Exoteric. [See ESOTERIC J.
Exercise, v. SYN. Practise, train, cul- Exotic. [See FOREIGN].
tivate, develop. Expand. SYN. Swell, dilate, spread,
ANT. Rest, ease, disuse, respite, re- extend, open, diffuse, develop, unfold,
lax, recreate. enlarge, amplify.
Exercise. SYN. Exertion, use,prac-
. ANT. Contract, curtail, attenuate,
tice, application, training) employ- restrict, condense.
ment, drill. Expanse. SYN. Vast, void, space,
ANT. Rest, ease, relaxation, recrea- breadth.
tion. ANT. Limit, enclosure, confine,
Exertion. SYN. Effort, labor, toil. bound.
ANT. Relaxation, recreation, rest. Expatiate. SYN. Amplify, enlarge,
Exhalation. SYN. Mist, damp, efflu- dilate.
vium. ANT. Contract, condense, epit-
ANT. Absorption,exsiccation,inhala- omize, summarize.
tiou. Expatriate. [See BANISH].
Exhale. SYN. Emit, give out,breathe Expect. SYN. Anticipate, await,
out, evaporate. forecast, forebode, wait for, rely on,
ANT. Inhale, breathe in, Inspire, look for, foresee.
contain. ANT. Welcome, hail, recognize,
Exhaust. SYN. Empty, spend, con- greet, realize.
sume, debilitate, waste, void, drain, Expectation. SYN. Expectancy,
weaken, weary. trust, confluence. See HOPE].

ANT. Fill, replenish, augment, in- Expediency. SYH. Utility, advan-

vigorate, refresh. tage, interest.
Exhaustion. [See EXHAUST]. ANT. Inexpediency, disadvantage,
Exhibit. SYN. Show, manifest. inutility, detrimeat.
evidence, evince, betray, demonstrate, Expedient. [See EXPEDIENCY],
ANT. Suppress, conceal, secrete,
Expedite. [See ACCELERATE].
mask, hide.
Expedition. SYN. Haste, speed,
Exhibition. SYN. Representation, despatch.
ANT. Delay, tardiness, procrasti-
sight. [See PAGEANT]. nation.
Exhilarate. SYN. Gladden, re- Expel. [See EJECT].
joice, inspirit, elate.
ANT. Depress, dispirit, unnerve, Expend. SYN. Spend, disburse, lay
unhinge. out, waste, consume, use.
Exhort. SYN. Urge, advise, counsel, ANT. Save, husband, economize.
enjoin, incite, animate. Expense. SYN. Price, cost, charge,
ANT. Deprecate, dissuade, warn, payment, expenditure, outlay.
remonstrate. ANT. Income, profit, receipt.
Exhume. [See INTER]. Expensive. SYN. Costly, valuable,
Exigency. SYN. Urgency, press- rich, high-priced, dear, extravagant.
ure, emergency, conjuncture, crisis. ANT. Cheap, worthless, poor, eoo
ANT. Provision, preparation, sup- nomioel.
ply, rule, course. Experience, v. SYN. Try, feel, un-
Exile, v. SYN.
Banish, relegate. dergo, encounter, endure.
ANT. Welcome, reinstate, domesti- ANT. Evade, escape, miss, lose.
cate, domiciliate. Experience, n. SYN. Experiment,
Exile, n. [See BANISHMENT]. trial, test, proof, habit, knowledge.
Existence. SYN. Being, entity, ANT. [ See TRIAL].
creature. Experienced. SYN. Skilled, prac-
ANT. Nonenity, non-existence, ticed, familiar, accustomed, conver-
chimera. sant.
Exit. [See APPROACH and BORES*]. ANT. Inexperienced, strange, un-
Exonerate. [See EXCULPATE 1. practiced.
Experiment. SYN.
Trial, illustra- misslatement, solecism,
tion, test, exemplification. enigma, suppression.
ANT. Conjecture, assumption, hy- Expulsion. fSee EXPEL].
pothesis. Expunge. SYN. Efface, obliterate,
Expert. [See CLEVER]. erase, cancel, blot out.
Expiate, See ATONEMENT).
ANT. Write, delineate, mark, trace.
Expire. [See DIE and TERMINATE]. Expurgation. [See ABSTERGE].
Explain. SYN. Expound, teach, illus- Exquisite. SYN. Choice, rare, re-
trate, clear up, interpret, elucidate, fined, delicate, perfect, matchless, in-
decipher. tense, consummate, delicious.
ANT. Mystify, obscure, darken, be- ANT. Common, coarse, ordinary.
wilder, misinterpret. Exquisitely. [See EXQUISITE].
Explanation. SYN. Exposition, ex- Exsufflation. SYN. Ebullition,
plication, interpretation, sense, de- eruption, eructation.
scription. ANT. Absorption, inhalation, gorge-
ANT. Mystification, obscuration, ment, deglutition.
confusion, misinterpretation. Exsuscitate. [SeeSusciTATE].
Explanatory. (See EXPLAIN]. Extant. SYN. Existent, surviving, cur-
Explication. [See EXPLANATION], rent, forthcoming, present.
Explicit* STN. Plain, detailed, inob- ANT. Defunct, lost, obsolete, past
scure, declaratory, categorical, stated, Extempore. SYN. Offhand, unpre-
distinctly stated, express, definite, meditated.
determinate. ANT. Studied, prepared, premedi-
ANT. Implicit, implied, hinted, sug- tated.
gestive, obscure. Extend. SYN. Prolong, stretch, ex-
Explode. [See BURST]. pand, enlarge, increase, augment,
Exploit. L See ACHIEVEMENT J. reach, spread, amplify, avail, apply.
Explore. [See EXAMINE]. ANT. Curtail, contract, restrict, nar-
Explosion. [See EXPLODE]. row, limit, recur, return, miss, fail.
Exponent. SYN. Interpreter, pro- Extensile. [See EXTEND and DUC-
pound* r, advocate, representative. TILE J.
ANT. System, opinion, creed, prin- Extension. [See EXTEND and
ciple. SPACE].
Expor~ t>iN. S lip. produce. Extensive. [See SPACIOUS].
ANT. Import, consume. Extent. SYN. Degree, distance, quan-
Expos< {'lee CONCEAL].
tity, space, size.
Expose d. SYN. Unprotected, un- ANT. Diminution, restriction, limit-
guarde \ 61* langered, defenseless.
ANT. Guarded, defended, pro- Extenuate. STN. Mitigate, qualify,
tected. palliate.
Exposition. [See EXPONENT and ANT. Aggravate, heighten, enhance.
EXPLANATION] . Exterior. SYN. Outside, surface,face,
Expositor. [See EXPONENT]. aspect, phase.
Expository. [See EXPLANATORY]. ANT. Interior, heart, core.
Expostulate. SYN. Object, remon- Exterior, a. SYN. Outer, outward,
strate. external, on the outside, foreign.
ANT. Coincide, abet. ANT. Inner, inward, internal, do-
Expound. [See EXPLAIN]. mestic.
Exterminate. EXTERMINA-
Express, v. SYN. [See ENUNCIATE [See
and STATE]. TION].
Express, a. SYN. Specific, pointed, Extermination. STN. Eradication,
direct. extirpation, abolition, destruction.
ANT. General, vague, leisurely. ANT. Settlement, replenishment,
Expression. SYN. Countenance, augmentation, colonization, popula-
'ook, indication, phrae. term. tion, propagation, increase.
ANT. Face, features, lineament, External. STN. Outer, exterior, ap-
parent, manifest, superficial, visible, Extreme. SYN. Terminal, final, re-
palpable. mote, utmost, farthest, ln*t, extrava-
ANT. Inner, internal, inappareut, gant, immoderate, most violent, dis-
hidden, inmost, intestine. tant, ultimate.
Extinction. SYN. Destruction, sti- ANT. Initial, primal, moderate, ju-
fling, suffocation, death, cessation, dicious.
annihilation, obsolescence. Extremity. SYN. End, termination,
ANT. Origination, inception, plant- close, conclusion.
ing, birth, fife, course, operation, ac- ANT. Beginning, commencement,
tion, exercise, prosperity, continu- opening, origin, body, centre, bulk.
ance, survival. Extricate. ISee INVOLVE].
Extinguish. SYN. Abolish, destroy, Intrinsic. [See EXTBANEOUS].
extirpate, eradicate, kill, quench, an- Extrude. SYN. Thrust out, eject, ex-
nihilate, put out. pel.
ANT. Implant, replenish, cherish, ANT. Intrude, insert, introduce.
promote, invigorate, propagate, es- Exuberant. [See ABUNDANT],
tablish, confirm, secure. Exudation. SYN. Ooze, drip, perco*
Extirpate. 8 >e ERADICATE].
Extol. [SeePKAisEj. ANT. Absorption, aridity, parching.
Extort. SYN. Wring, despoil, fleece, Exude. [See EXUDATION].
exact, express, squeeze out, wrench, Exult. See EXULTANT].

wrest, extract. Exultant. SYN. Rejoicing, elated,

ANT. Coax, wheedle, cajole, cheat. jubilant, joyous, triumphant.
Extortionate. SYN. Hard, close- ANT. Mournful, depressed, dispir-
fisted, severe, rigorous, exorbitant, ited.
preposterous, monstrous, exacting. Exultation. SYN. Transport,delight,
ANT. Liberal, indulgent, bountiful, triumph, joy, ecstasy.
reasonable, fair, moderate. ANT. Mourning, depression.
Extract. SYN. Draw, educe, elicit,
cite, excerpt, select, take out, gather,
quote, collect, extol.
ANT. Replace, insert, restore, im- FABLE. SYN. Apologue, fiction, par-
pose, incorporate, reinsert. able, allegory, romance, invention,
Extraneous. SYN. Extrinsic, exter- fabrication, untruth, novel, falsehood.
nal, foreign, outside, alien, uncon- ANT. History, narrative, fact.
nected, unrelated, ascititious, adven- Fabric. SYN. Work, construction, edi-
titious. fice, tissue, structure, web, texture.
ANT. Intrinsic, internal, vital, con- ANT. Destruction, dismantlement,
nected, essential. demolition, fragment, wreck, tatters,
Extraordinary. SYN. Unwonted, ruin, rags, shreds.
uncommon, peculiar, unusual, un- Fabricate. SYN. Construct, make,
precedented, wonderful, marvelous, form, forge, invent, falsify, manu-
prodigious, monstrous, remarkable, facture, produce, frame, devise, coin,
strange, preposterous. misrepresent.
ANT. Wonted, common, usual, or- ANT. Demolish, tear, spoil, lacerate,
dinary, frequent, unremarkable, un- dismember, destroy, narrate, copy,
important. represent, portray, repeat.
Extravagance. SYN. Waste, waste- Fabulous. SYN. Fictitious, incredi-
fulness, prodigality, profusion. ble, feigned, imaginary, pretended,
ANT. Carefulness. tSee ECONOMY]. false, monstrous.
Extravagant. SYN.Wild,monstrous, ANT. Actual, real, historic, authen-
preposterous, absurd, prodigal, waste- tic, reasonable, fair. true.
ful, reckless, excessive,lavi8h,profuse, Face. [See ASPECT].
abnormal. Facetious. SYN. Witty, funny, hu-
ANT. Sound, sober, consistent, ra- morous, jocular, waggish, playful,
tional, fair, economical, frugal, care- droll, jocose.
ful, regular, usual. ANT. Heavy, matter-of-fact, dulL,
grave, serious, lugubrious, sombre, daring, resolute, prominent,
saturnine. marked, conspicuous, glaring.
Facile. SYN. Docile, tractable, man- Fair. STN. Open, clear, spotless, un-
ageable, indulgent, weak, irreso- spotted, untarnished, reasonable, un-
lute, easy, affable, flexible, character- blemished, serene, beautiful, just,
less, pliable. honorable, equitable, impartial.
ANT. Sturdy, obstinate, determined, ANT. Lowering, dull, foul, disfig-
resolute, pig-headed,crusty,inflexible, ured, ugly,unfair,dishonorable,fraud-
self-willed, self-reliant. ulent.
Facilitate, f See FACILE and EXPE- Fairly. [See FAIB].
DITE]. Fairness. [See FAIR].
Facility. STN. Ease, address, readi- Faith. [See BELIEF].
ness, quickness, adroitness, dexterity, Faithful. STN. True, firm, attached,
pliancy. loyal, accurate, close, consistent, cor-
ANT. Labor, effort, awkwardness, respondent, exact, equivalent, stauneh,
difficulty. incorruptible.
Facinorons. [See ATROCIOUS], ANT. False, fickle, capricious, wa-
Fact. STN. Truth, deed, occurrence, vering, inaccurate, untrue, faithless,
certainty, circumstance, event,reality. inexact.
ANT. Fiction,supposition,falsehood, Faleation, Falciform. [See
unreality, lie, delusion, chimera, in- CURVE],
vention, romance. Fall. SYN. Drop, descend, droop, de-
Faction. [See CABAL]. cline, gravitate, sink, lapse.
Factious. STN. Oppositions, excep- ANT. Kise, ascend, soar, mount, re-
tions, litigious, crusty, malcontent,ad- cover, climb.
versative. Fallacy. STN. Sophistry, error, blun-
ANT. Agreeable, genial,complaisant, der, misconception, bugbear, fiction,
amenable, loyal, public-spirited, har- delusioQ, chimera.
monious, co-operative, auxiliary,sym- ANT. Truth, verity, fact, iOgic.argu-
pathetic. ment, soundness, proot, postulate, ax-
Factitious. STN. Artificial, affected, iom.
euphuistic, conventional, cramped, Fallible. SYN. Erring, uncertain, ig-
finical, ascititious, norant, weak.
ANT. Natural, unaffected, genial, ANT. Infallible, certain, omniscient,
truthful, genuine, pure. unerring.
Faculty. [See CAPABILITY]. Fallow. STN. Quiescent, idle, uncul-
Facuiidity. [See ELOQUENCE]. tivated, unproductive, uutilled.
Fade. SYN. Fall, fail, decline, sink, ANT. Cultivated, worked, tilled,
droop, dwindle, vanish, change, pale, sown, productive, operative, prolific,
bleach, set, etiolate. fruitful.
ANT. Kise, increase, grow, bloom, False. STN. Untrue, erroneous, falla-
flourish, abide, stand, last, endure. cious, sophistical, spurious, deceptive,
Fading, Faded, v. [See FADE]. fabrication, counterfeit, mendacious,
Fag. STN Work, toil, slave, drudge. sham, mock, bogus, unfaithful, fib,
ANT. Bask, idle, lounge, dawdle, falsity, fiction, dishonorable, faithless.
strike. ANT. True, correct, sound, conclu-
Fail. SYN. Fall, miss, miscarry, fall sive, authentic, real, genuine, candid,
short, trip, lose. honorable, faithful.
ANT. Succeed* exceed, surpass, ex- Falsehood. STN. Untruth, error, fal-
cel, achieve, abound, yield. lacy, sophistry, deception, forgery,lie,
Pain. adj. and adv. [See GLAD and cheat.
GLADLY]. ANT. Truth, correctness, verity,fact,
Faint. STN. Weak, languid, fatigued, authenticity, genuineness, honesty,
unenergetic, timid, irresolute, feeble, honor, reality.
exhausted, half-hearted, obscure,dim, Falsify. STN. Mistake, misinterpret,
pale, faded, inconspicuous. misrepresent, belie, betray, garble,
A*T. Strong, vigorous, energetic, cook.
ANT. Verify, correct,rectify,certify, ANT. Grave, serious.solemn, dismal,
beck, justify, exhibit, publicate, ex- tragical, funereal, ghastly.
iose, declare. Fare. v. SYN. Do, live, feed, subsist,
fewlter. SYN. Halt, hesitate, hobble, speed.
slip, dubitate, stammer, demur, waver, ANT. Toil, fast, fail, droop, sink,
flinch, vacillate. drop, faint, halt, falter.
ANT. Proceed, run, speed, flow, dis- Fare. n. SYN. Provision, passage-
course, determine, persevere, resolve, money.
career. ANT. Starvation, famine, absti-
Fame. SYN. Beport, rumor, bruit, nence, pauperism, mendicity.
news, tidings, renown, glory, honor, Fascinate. [See BEWITCH].
laurels, celebrity, reputation, credit. Fascination. [See FASCINATE].
ANT. Silence, suppression, hush, dis- Fashion. SYN. Form, shape, guise,
grace, dishonor, disrepute. style,appearance, character, figure,
Familiar. SYN. Household, com- mould, mode, custom, practice, usage,
mon, free, frank, affable, every-day, manner, way, ceremony.
well-acquainted, accustomed, conver- ANT. Person, work, dress, speech,
sant, ictimate. formlessness, shapelessness, derange-
ANT. Uncommon, rare, strange, ex- ment, eccentricity, strangeness, out-
traordinary, unaccustomed, unac- landishuess.
quainted, new, inconversant, unfamil- Fast. SYN. Firm, secure, fixed, con-
iar. stant, steadfast, stab1e,unyieldiug, tin-
Family. [See ^AMTLIAB]. swerving, rapid, accelerated, wild,
Famous. SYN. Renowned, glorious, reckless, dissipated, pay.
celebrated, illustrious, far-famed. ANT. Loose, insecure, slow, tardy,
ANT. Unknown, obscure, unsung, steady, sober, virtuous.
inglorious. Fasten. SYN. Secure, hold, compact,
Fail . f See ALLAY]. tie, bind, join, unite, affix, annex,
Fanatic. SYN. Enthusiast, bigot, vis- grapple, attach, fix.
ionary, zealot. ANT. Undo, loose, sever, relax, de-
ANT. Skeptic, unbeliever, cynic. tach, remove, unfasten.
Fanatical. [See FANATICISM], Fastidious. SYN. Critical, over-nice,
Fanaticism. SYN. Frenzy, enthusi- over-refined, censorious puuctillious,
asm, superstition, bigotry. particular, squeamish, dainty.
ANT. Indifference, latitudinarian- ANT. Easy, indulgent, uncritical,
ism, disbelief, profanity, disregard, coarse, omnivorous.
skepticism, coldness, cynicism. Fat. SYN. Corpulent, fleshy, brawny,
Fanciful. SYN. Grotesque, chimeri- pursy, rich, luxuriant, portly, stout,
cal, unreal, imaginary, quaint, eccen- fertile, unctuous, obese, oleaginous.
tric, freakish, humorsome, erroneous, ANT. Lean, slender, attenuated,
capricious, whimsical, erratic, absurd, emaciated, barren, poor, scant, raar-
fitful. rowless, exsanguineous, anatomical.
ANT. Natural, literal, regular, real, Fatal. SYN. Calamitous, deadly, de-
sober, ordinary, truthful, accurate, structive, mortal, lethal.
correct, orderly, calculable. ANT. Beneficial, wholesome, nutri-
Fancy. SYN. Thought, belief, idea, tious, vitalizing, salubrious, restora-
supposition, imagination, caprice, no- tive, slight, superficial, harmless.
tion, conceit, vagary, inclination, Fate. SYN. Necessity, destiny, lot,
whim, humor, predilection, desire. end, fortune, doom.
ANT. Object, subject, fact, reality, ANT. Will, choice, decision, free-
order, law, truth, system, verity, aver- dom, independence.
sion, horror. Fathom. SYN. Gauge, pierce, meas-
Fantastic. fSee FANCIFUL]. ure, sound, probe.
Fantasy. [See FANCY]. ANT. Survey, glance, scan, over-
Far. [See DISTANT], look, miss, graze, skim.
Farcical. SYN. Ludicrous, comic, Fathomless. SYN. Bottomless, pro-
funny, nonsensical, droll, pantomimic. found, abysmal.
ANT. Superficial, shallow, skin-deep. shocking, terrific, afraid, horrible,
fatigue, n. SYS. Weariness, languor, dreadful.
enervation, exhaustion, lassitude. ANT. Bold, venturesome, confident,
ANT. Freshness, vigor, activity, audacious, consolatory, inspiriting,
indefatigability. assuring, alluring, attractive, hope-
Fatigue, v. SYN. Harass, -weary, tire, ful, inviting.
jade. Fearless. See COURAGEOUS].

ANT. Inspirit, refresh, animate, en- Feasible. SYN. Possible, manageable,

1'vfll. coutrivable, permissible, practicable.
Fatuity. SYN. Folly, imbecility, ANT. Impossible, unallowable.
idiotcy, infatuation. Feat. [See ACHIEVEMENT].
ANT. Wisdom, sense, soundness, Featly. [See FEAT]. SYN. Neatly,
discernment, sobriety. cleverly, dexterously, adroitly.
Fatuous. [See FATUITY]. ANT. Clumsily, hardly, bunglingly.
Fault. SYN. Defect, error, imperfec- Feature. SYN. Component, element,
tion, flaw, misdeed, failure, omission, characteristic, indication, portion,
want, drawback. mark, lineament, sign.
ANT. Sufficiency, correctness, com- ANT. Whole, system, countenance,
pleteness, perfection. case, arrangement. (Here the anto-
Faultless. SYN. Complete, perfect, nym is the Correlative.) Misindica-
correct, accurate, stainless, blame- tion, falsification, excrescence, blind,
less mask, disguise.
ANT. Incomplete, imperfect, incor- Federation. [See CONFEDERACY].
rect, inaccurate,defective, corrupt, er- Feeble. SYN. Wretched, weak, poor,
roneous, faulty. frail, debilitated. dull,forceless, puny,
Faulty. [See FAULT]. nerveless, enfeebled, enervated,faint,
Favor. SYN. Permission, grace, con- infirm, incomplete, vain, fruitless,
cession, predilection, gift, civility, scanty, pitiable.
benefit, kindness, good-will, regard, ANT. Strong, robust, active, effec-
condescension,prefurence,boon, coun- tive, successful, abundant.
tenance, patronage. Feeling. SYN. Touch, sensation, con-
ANT. Refusal, denial, prohibition, tact, pathos, tenderness, impression,
disfavor, withdrawal, withholding, consciousness, sensibility, emotion,
frowu, disapproval, injury, discounte- sentiment, passion, sensitiveness.
nance. ANT. Insensibility, callousness. Im-
Favorable. SYN. Permissive, indul- perturbability, inexcitabil ty, cold-
gent, propitious, concessive, partial, ness, insensateness.
fond, liberal, advantageous, auspi- Feign. [See PRETEND].
cious, friendly. Feint. [See FEI-JN].
ANT. Rei'actant, nnpropitious, un- Felicitate. [See CONGRATULATE].
favorable, impartial. Felicitous. SYN. Happy, timely,
Favoritism. SYN. Partiality, iu- successful, opportune, joyou.
vidiousuess. ANT. Unfortunate, unhappy, un-
ANT. Odium, nrejudice, antipathy. timely, unsuccessful, disastrous, inop-
Fa\vii upon. S N. Flatter, wheedle, portune, sad.
cajole, cringe, palaver, slaver Felicity. I See FELICITOUS].
ANT. Insult, deride, satirize, cen- Fell. SYN. Cruel, barbarous, inhuman,
sure, rebuke, reprimand, defy, dare. savage, bloody, direful, merciless, pit-
Fealty. [See FIDELITY]. iless, ruthless, remorseless,relentles,
Fear. SYN. Apprehension, solicitude fierce, truculent.
alarm, fright, dread, terror, trepida- ANT. Generous, chivalrous, hu-
tion, dismay, consternation, misgiv- mane, lenient, propitious.
ing, horror, timidity, awe. Fell. SYN. Cut, level, prostrate, de-
ANT. Assurance, confidence, cour- molish, subvert, waste, bare.
age, fearlessness, trust, boldness. ANT. Plant, erect, support, propa-
Fearful. SYN. Timid, hesitating, ter- gate, stock, upraise, rear.
rible, awful, apprehensive, frightful, Fellow. &YN. Companion, adherent-
FEL 113

mate, equal, compeer, comrade, col- geniality, clanship, pacification, recon-

league, member, match, tally, correla- ciliatiou, sociality, ueighborliness,.
tive, partner, friend, associate. Fever. SYN. Heat, ardor, fervor,
ANT. Foe, opponent, stranger, mis- broil, flush, ferment, passion.
match, opposite, antagonist. ANT. Coolness,composure, frigidity,
Fellowship. s\s. Association, iciuess, indifference.
membership, company, partnership, Few. SYN. Scant, rare, lacking.
sociality, brotherhood, familiarity, ANT. Many, abundant, numerous.
intimacy, society, acquaintance. Fibre. SYN. Strength, sinews, thews,
ANT. Severance, disconnection, dis- toughness.
memberment. ANT. Laxity, debility, flabbiness.
Felonious. FSee CRIMINAL], Fickle. SYN. Fanciful, fitful, capri-
Feminine. STN. Delicate, cious, irresolute, changeable, vacil-
womanly, lating, mutable, unreliable, veering,
tender, modest, soft.
ANT. shifting, variable, restless, inconstant,
Robust, manly, indelicate, unstable.
rude, rough, unfeminine. ANT. Sober, orderly, reliable, welt
Fence. STN. Circumscribe, enclose,
regulated, calculable, trustworthy,
protect, elude, parry, stave. steady, uniform.
ANT. Open, disenclose, catch, re- Fiction. SYN. Invention, fabrica-
ceive, suffer. tion, creation, figment, fable, false-
Ferine. [See SAVAOE]. hood, romance, myth.
Ferment. SYN. Seethe, concoct,brew, ANT. Fact, truth, verity, reality.
warm, chafe, effervesce, rankle, fes- Fictitious. SYN. Unreal, supposi.
ter. tious, spurious, imaginary.
ANT. Damp, cool, dissipate, sub- ANT. Real, true, historical, genu-
side, disperse, evaporate, heal. ine, authentic, veritable.
Ferocity. [See FIERCENESS], Fidelity. SYN. Fealty, attachment,
Fertile. SYN. Rich, luxuriant, teem- truthfulness, allegiance, accuracy,
iug, productive, exuberant, causative, closeness, exactness, faithfulness, in-
conducive, pregnant, fraught,prolific, tegrity, loyalty, honesty.
fecund, fruitful, ingenious, invent- ANT. Treachery, disloyalty, disaf-
ive. fection, untruthfulness, inaccuracy,
ANT. Poor, sterile, barren, unpro- inexactness, infidelity.
ductive, ineffective, inconducive,fruit- Field. SYN. Ground, scope, province,
less, inoperative, uuinventive, un- arena, scene, opportunity, room.
imaginative. ANT. Circumscription, constraint,
Fervor. [See ARDOR], exclusion, debarment, interdiction,
Fester. [See FERMENT]. Fiendish. [See ANGELIC].
Festive. SYN. Convivial, jovial, gay, Fierce. SYN. Wild, savage, violent,
merry. raging, fiery, furious, impetuous, fe-
ANT. Solitary, deserted, ascetic, rocious.
gloomy. ANT. Mild, tame, docile, harmless,
Festivity. [See FESTIVE]. calm, gentle.
Fetch. [See BRING], Fierceness. [See FIERCE].
Fetid. SYN. Stinking, corrupt, foul. Fiery. SYN. Hot, vehement, ardent,
ANT. Inodorous, fresh, perfumed, fervent, fierce, passionate, irascible,
scented, balmy. choleric, excited, enkindled, glowing,
Fetter. SYN. Manacle, hinder, re- fervid, impassioned, irritable, hot-
impede, shackle.
strain, clog, brained.
ANT. Free, liberate, expedite, ac- ANT. Cold, icy, indifferent, phleg-
celerate. matic, passionless, unimpassioned,
Feud. SYN. Fray, affray, broil, con- mild, quenched, extinguished, tame.
tention, enmity, antipathy, animosity, Fight. SYN. Battle, contention, strug*
quarrel, strife, bitterness, dissension, gle, conflict, combat, contest, action,
hostility. engagement, encounter.
ANT. Friendliness, sympathy, con- ANT. Pacification, reconciliation.
Figurative. SYN. Metaphorical, po- showy, elegant, ostentatious, presump
etical, tropical, rhetorical, symboli- tuous, nice, casuistical, subtle.
cal, typical, emblematical. ANT. Coarse, large, rough, blunt,
ANT. Literal, prosaic, unpoetical, rude, unfinished, mean,petty,illiberal,
nnmetaphorical. unimposing,paltry,modest, unaffected,
Figure. SYN. Aspect, shape, emblem, affable, categorical, plain-spoken, un-
type, image, condition, appearance, analyticai, unreflective, indissectlve.
form, symbol, metaphor, likeness, de- Finery. SYN. Over-ornament,tawdri-
lineation, illustration. ness, tinsel, gewgaw, trinkets, trash,
ANT. Misrepresentation, deformity, dressiness, bedizenment.
disfigurement. ANT. Ornament, dress, decoration,
Filch. [See CABBAGE]. adornment, chastity, simplicity, sobri-
File. STN. Rasp, polish, smooth, fin- ety.
ish, perfect, improve, refine. Finical. SYN. Affected,over nice, dan-
ANT. Roughen, denticulate,
jag, dyish, dallying, foppish, spruce, fac-
acuminate, barb, cusp, notch. titious, euphuistic.
Filiation. [See AFFILIATION]. ANT. Unaffected, .effective, practi'
cal, energetic, real, genuine, natural,
Fill. STN. Replenish, content, supply,
outspoken, blunt, coarse, rude.
satisfy, gorge, glut, occupy, appoint,
etuff, store, rise, swell, grow, expand,
Finish. SYN. Complete, perfect, ac-
increase. complish, conclude, achieve, end,
ANT. Exhaust, deprive, drain, dis- shape, terminate.
ANT. Begin, commence,start,under-
eatisfy, stint, vacate, misappoint, sub-
take, fail, miscoutrive, mismanage,
side, shrink, ebb, evaporate, diminish.
botch, mar.
Filter. SYN. Strain., percolate, refine, Finished. SYN. Artistic, perfect, re-
ooze, exude, leak, depurate,
fined, high.
defecate, clarify. ANT. Inartistic, incomplete, rude,
ANT. Befoul, muddle, disturb, thick-
poor, coarse, unfinished.
Finite. SYN. Limited, bounded, termi-
Filthy. SYN. Dirty, nasty, dingy, im- nable, restricted.
pure, unclean, squalid, foul. ANT. Uuiimited.unbounded, infinite.
ANT. Pure, sweet, clean. Fire. [See FIERY].
Filtration. [See FILTER], Firm. SYN. Fast, secure, strong,stead-
Fiinbriated. SYN. Fringed, tasselled, fast, solid, stable, established, rooted,
filamentous. immovable, robust, uushaken,sturdy,
ANT. Bound,hemmed,unfringed,sel- resolute, determined, fixed, decided,
Flnal. SYN. Terminal, last, latest,con- ANT. Loose, insecure, weak, ill-
clusive, definite, developed, ultimate, rooted, tottering, vacillating, irreso-
decisive. lute, ductile, exorable, indulgent, dis-
ANT. Initiative, open, unconcluded, affected, wavering, unreliable.
progressive, continuous, current, in- First. SYN. Leading,primary,pristine,
cipient, inaugural, inchoate, rudi- original, foremost, primitive, princi-
mental, nascent. pal, primeval, highest, chief, earliest,
Finality. [See FINAL]. onmost.
Find. SYN. Meet, confront, ascertain, ANT. Subsequent, secondary, subor-
experience, perceive, discover, fur- dinate, subservient, lowest, unimpor-
nish, invent. tant, last, hindmost.
ANT. Miss, elude, overlook, lose, Fit. SYN. Decent, befitting, meet, apt,
withhold, withdraw, miscontrive. fitting, adapted, seemly, appropriate,
Fine. SYN. Thin, minute, slender, deli- becoming, decorous.qualified, congru-
cate, pure, smooth, filmy, gaozy,keen, ous, peculiar, particular, suitable.pre-
artistic, choice, finished, high, granrl, pared,adequate, calculated, contrived,
noble, sensitive, refined, generous, expedient, proper, ripe.
honorable, ex.^ellent, superior, pre- ANT. Awkward, ungainly,misfitting,
>retty, beautiful, ill-euited, unseemly, inappropriate,
unsuitable, unprepared, Inadequate, cede, ekulk, hide, shrivel, collapsa,
miscalculated, miscontrived, inexpe- furl.
dient, improper, unfit. Flavor. SYN. Taste, savor, smack,
Fitful. SY.V. Capricious, fickle, un- odor, relish, zest.
stable, restless, inconstant, mutable, ANT. Insipidity, tastelessness, in-
impulsive, desultory, fanciful, une- odorousness, inawkishnesm, scentless-
qual, irregular. ness.
ANT. Regular, equable, systematic, Flaw [See BLEMISH].
orderly, calculable. Flee [See ESCAPE],
Fitness [See FIT]. Fleece. SYN. Strip, despoil, shear.
Fitting [See FIT]. ANT. Invest, endow, endue.
Fix. SFN. Place, settle, fasten, link, lo- Fleet [See SWIFT).
cate, attach, consolidate, tie, plant, Fleeting [See FLEET].
root, establish, secure, determine, de- Fleshy [See FAT].
cide. Flexible. SYN. Pliant, lithe, supple,
ANT. Displace, unsettle, disarrange, elastic, easy, indulgent, ductile, flex-
remove, uproot, transfer, transplant, ile, yielding, pliable.
disestablish, weaken, shake, reverse, ANT. Tough, rigid, inelastic, inflex-
disturb, change, unfix. ible, hard, inexorable.
Flaccid. SYN. Flabby, limber, lax, Flexion [See FLEXIBLE].
tabid. Flexure [See FLEXION].
ANT. Firm,muscular,braced,plump, Flicker. SYN. Flutter, quiver, bick-
chubby, brawny, er, falter, waver, glimmer, shimmer,
Flag. SYN. Droop, pine, weary, tire, scintillate.
give in, faint, succumb, languish, de- ANT. Stream, blaze, gleam, shine,
cline. beam.
ANT. Hold, freshen, flourish, perse- Flight. SYN. Volitation, departure,
vere, battle, struggle, persist, recruit, escape, evasion, disappearance, fly-
recover. ing, stampede, soaring, hegiru, flee-
Flagitious. SYN. Facinorons. atro- ing, exodus.
cious, enormous, monstrous, disgrace- ANT. Recurrence, return, reappear-
ful, nefarious, scandalous, flagrant, ance, perching, alighting, repose.
heinous, aggravated, Flighty [See ECCENTRIC].
ANT. Noble, creditable, honorable, Flimsy. SYN. Gauzy, poor, thin,
meritorious, distinguished, pardon- transparent, trifling, trivial, puerile,
abie, ju>tifiable.excusable,extenuated. inane, slight, superficial, weak, shal-
Flagrant [See FLAGITIOUS], low.
Flaring. SYN. Flaming, glaring.con- ANT. Solid, sound, irrefragable, sub-
spicuous, gaudy, bright, over-colored, stantial, cogent.
flaunting, flashy, showy, tawdry, os- Flinch. SYN. Blench, swerve, wince,
tentatious. recoil.
ANT. Toned, subdued, harmonized, ANT. Dare, face, bear, meet, en-
dull, dim,dowdy, dingy, neutral, col- dure.
orless. Fling. SYN. Cast, throw, emit, toss,
Flashy [See FLARING]. hurl, ejaculate.
Flat. SYN. Dull, tame, insipid, vapid, ANT. Snatch, grasp, hold, keep, re-
spiritless, level, horizontal, tain, arrest.
even, downright, mawkish, tasteless, Flippant. SYN. Pert, forward, super-
lifeless. ficial, thoughtless, saucy, malapert.
ANT. Exciting, animated, interest- ANT. Flattering, servile,obsequious,
ing, thrilling, sensational. accurate, considerate, deferential,
Flatter [See FAWN]. complimentary, respectful.
Flatterer [See FLATTER]. Flit [See FLUTTER].
Flaunt, r. SYN. Boast, vaunt, flout, Flitting [See FLUTTER],
flutter, flounce, display, flourish, par- Float. SYN. Swim, spread, prevail.
ade, figuie. AVT. Sink, drown, die, founder,
ANT. Suppress, conceal, retire, re- vanish.
Flock, v. SYN. Herd, congregate, subside, collapse, rest, lull, pause, re.
tli, one. assemble, crowd. pose, sink.
ANT. Disperse, scatter, separate, Flux. SYN. Flow, motion, progres-
segregate. sion, change, substitution, transmuta-
Flock, n. [SeeF^ocK, v.~\. tion.
Flood. SYN. Deluge, inundation, ANT. Stagnation, stillness, invari-
abundance. ableness, identity, immutability, crys-
ANT. Drought, drain, ebb, scarcity, talliza'ion. arrestation.
subsidence. Fly [See FLEE].
Florid. SYN. Rubicund, flowery, san- Focus. SYN. Centre, stand-point, ren-
guine, ornate, overwrought, meretri- , dezvous, convergence, nucleus.
cious. ANT. Circle, dispersion, dissipation,
ANT. Pallid, exsanguineous, bare, divergence.
unadorned, nude, sober, chaste. Foe [See FRIEND].
Flounce [See FLAUNT]. Foggy. SYN. Confused, dazed, absent,
Flounder. SYN. Roll, blunder, stupid, hazy, obscure, misty.
bungle, boggle, wallow, tumble. ANT. Clear, alive, alert, awake,
ANT. Emerge, flow, course, career, luminous, lucid, bright, shrewd,sharp.
speed, rise, flourish, skim. Foible. SYN. Peccadillo,failmg, fault,
Flourish. SYN. Prosper, thrive, weakness, infirmity.
speed, triumph, brandish, wave. ANT. Crime, atrocity, enormity,
ANT. Fail, fade, decline, miscarry, sin.
founder, arrest, sheath, ground. Foil v. [See BAFFLE].
Flout [See FLAUNT]. Foil. n. SYN. Set-off, background, con-
Flow. SYN. Stream, issue, progress, trast, enhancement, setting, elucida-
glide, course, career, run. tion.
ANT. Halt, stick, stickle, stop, hesi- ANT. Eclipse, outshining, extinc-
tate, fail, stint, beat, recoil, regurgi- tion, overshadowing.
tate, ebb. Foist. SYN. Falsify, counterfeit, palm,
Flower. SYN. Perfection, blossom, pass.
bloom, acme, pride, ornament, gem, ANT. Expose, detect, verify, authen-
cream. ticate.
ANT. Disappointment, deformity, Fold. SYN. Double, enfold, embrace,
blot, abortion, scum, dregs, blight. envelop, inclose, wrap.
Flowing. SYN. Copious, abundant, ANT. Unfold, disengage, expose.
fluent, exuberant, easy, eloquent. Follow. SYN. Pursue, chase, accom-
ANT. Dribbling, dry, strained, pany, obey. Imitate, succeed, result,
meagre, labored, unready, difficult. ensue, attend, shadow, observe, copy.
Fluctuate. SYN. Waver, oscillate, ANT. Avoid, elude, quit, disobey,
hesitate, vacillate, vary, veer. precede, cause, produce, abandon,
ANT. Persist, abide, stay, stick, ad- shun.
here. Follower. SYN. Partisan, adherent,
Fluent [See FLOWING]. disciple, henchman, retainer, pursuer,
Flummery. SYN. Nonsense, trash, attendant.
emptiness, froth. ANT. Leader, teacher, antagonist,
ANT. Sense, nourishment, satisfac- opponent, rival.
tion, solidity, reason. Folly. SYN. Madness, nonsense, mis-
Flurry, v. SYN. Agitate, excite, worry, conduct, imprudence, silliness, fool-
ruffle, fluster. ishness, weakness, absurdity, imbe-
ANT. Soothe, compose, quiet, calm, cility.
mesmerize. ANT. Sense, wisdom, sanity, judg-
Flurry n. [See VERB]. ment, prudence, sobriety.
Fluster [See FLURRY]. Foment. SYN. Excite, cherish, fan,
Fluted [See CORRUGATE]. propagate, encourage.
.Flutter. SYN. Vibrate, quiver, palpi- ANt. Allay, extinguish, discourage,
tate, flicker, flit. extirpate, quench.
ANT. Perch, roost, nestle, settle, Fond. SYN. Loving, attached, affeo-
tionate, foolish, silly, weak, doting, Forerunner. SYN. Predecessor, pre-
empty, enamored, devoted. cursor,harbiuger, herald, omeu,avaut-
ANT. Unloving, averse, uuaffection- courier.
ate,strong-minded, austere, rational, ANT. Successor, follower.
well-grounded, sensible, undemonstra- Foresee. SYN. Predict, anticipate,
tive. foretell, forecast, foreknow, forebode,
Fondle. SYN. Dandle, pet, caress. divine.
ANT. Tease, worry, annoy, chafe, ANT. Reflect, remember, recollect,
irritate, ruffle. recuil.
Fondness [See FOND]. Forestall [See ANTICIPATION]
Foolish. SYN. Senseless, idiotic, Forestallmeiit [see FOKBBTAXX].
crazed, shallow, weak, silly, injudi- Foretell. SYN. Predict, preindicate,
cious, irrational, absurd, contempti- prognosticate, forebode, prophesy,
ble, objectionable, witless, brainless, presage, augur, foreshow, betoken,
imbecile preposterous, ridiculous, portend, forewarn.
nonsensical, simple. ANT. Recite, narrate, detail.
ANT. Sensible, sane, deep, clear- Forewarn [See WARN].
sighted, sound, sagacious, strong- Forfeit. SYN. Fine, penalty, mulct,
minded, wise, prudent, judicious, cal- amercement, damages, loss.
culating, advisable, eligible. ANT. Premium, bribe, douceur, re-
Footing. SYN. Standing, status, con- muneration, compensation, reward,
dition, foundation, foothold. gratuity.
ANT. Dislodgment, ousting. Forefeud. SYN. Stave, obviate, pre-
Foppish. SYN. Finical, coxcombical, vent.
dandified, dressy. ANT. Rectify, mend, cure, redress,
ANT. Modest, unassuming, unaf- remedy.
fected, dowdy, slovenly, clownish. Forge. SYN. Work, frame, produce,
Foray. SYN. Raid, sally, inroad, drag- elaborate,fabricate, counterfeit, feign,
make falsely.
onade, escapade. falsify, form, shape,
ANT. Flight, retreat,recall, decamp- ANT. Shatter, batter, shiver, blast,
ment, stampede. fuse, detect, expose, verify, miscon-
Forbear. SYN. Abstain, refrain, strue, misfabricate, misshape.
withhold, forego, avoid. Forgery. SYN. Falsification, counter-
ANT. Seek, indulge. feit.
Forbid [See BID J. ANT. Signature, verification,attesta-
Forbidding. SYN. Repulsive, de- tion.
ter rent, prohibitory, offensive. Forget. SYN. Lose, pretermit, un,
ANT. Attractive, ent ouraging,allur- learn, obliviate, overlook.
ing, seductive, permissive. ANT. Acquire, learn, remember, rec-
Force. SYN. Power, strength, agency, ollect, mind, retain, treasure.
instrumentality, compulsion, cogency, Forgive [See PARDON].
vigor, might, dint, vehemence, pres- Forgotten. SYN. Unremembered. by-
sure, host, army, coercion, validity, gone, slighted, overlooked, obsolete,
violence. disregarded, neglected.
ANT. Feebleness, weakness,crmnter- ANT. Remembered, present, treas-
action, neutralization, inefficiency, ured, guarded, regarded, cherished.
inconclusiveness, debility, pointless- Forlorn. SYN. Abandoned, deserted.
ness. forsaken, solitary, destitute, desolate,
Forego. SYN. Waive, drop, abandon, hapless, luckless, helpless, disconso-
abjure, renounce, give up, relinquish, late, lone, woe-begone, lonesome,
yield, surrender, resign. wretched.
ANT. Claim, assume, vindicate, seize, ANT. Supported.attended, cherished,
grasp, retain. protected, befriended, cheered.
Foreign. SYN. Strange, exotic, out- Form. SYN. Shape, mould,fashion,con-
landish, alien, irrelevant, extraneous. stitute, arrange, frame, construct,con-
ANT. Domestic, native, congenial, trive. conceive, make, produce,create,
pertinent, germane. devise.
ANT. Deform, dislocate, distort,di8- Fortunate. SYN. Lucky, propitious,
sipate, derange, dismember, disinte- happy, felicitous, prosperous, auspi-
grate, analyze, disorganize. cious, providential, successful.
Formal. SYN. Regular, complete, ANT. Unlucky, unfortunate, unhap-
shapely, sufficient, correct, stately, py, infelicitous.
dignified, ceremonious,pompou=, stiff, Fortune [See CHANCE].
precise, explicit, exact, affected, me- Forward. SYN. Advanced, ready,
thodical. eager, anxious, obtrusive, self-assert-
ANT. Irregular, incomplete,inform- ive, impertinent, progressive,onward,
al, inadequate, incorrect, easy, un- confident, bold, presumptuous.
assuming, unceremonious. ANT. Tardy, backward, reluctant,
Formalism. SYN. Rigidity,ceremo- indifferent, slow, retiring, modest.
niousness, pomposity, externalism, pa- Foster [See CHERISH].
rade, punctilio. Foul [See CORRUPT].
ANT. Simplicity, unostentatious- Found. SYN. Establish, institute, fix,
ness, unaffectednesg, unceremonious- set, build, setup, base, endow, rest,
ness. ground, plant, root.
Formality. SYN. Ceremony, parade, ANT. Disestablish,subvert,supplant,
affectation, stateliness, punctilious- uproot.
ness, etiquette. Foundation. SYN. Institution, es-
ANT. See Formalism. tablishment, footing, base, basis, ori-
Formation. SYN. Shape, structure, gin, ground, groundwork, rudiments,
construction. substratum, underlying principle.
ANT. Deformity, malformation, dis- ANT. Disestablishment, superstruc-
location, distortion. ture.
Former. SYN. Preceding, antecedent, Founder, n. SYN. Author, instituter,
previous, prior, earlier, ancient, by- establishes originator, planter.
gone, anterior, first-mentioned, fore- ANT. Subverter, destroyer.
going. Founder, v. [See FOUND and SINK].
ANT. Succeeding, subsequent, pos- Fractious. SYN. Snappish, peevish,
terior, latter, modern, coming, future. cross, pettish, fretful, touchy, petulant,
Formidable. SYN. Awful, terrible, testy.
alarming, terrifying, discouraging, se- ANT. Good-humored, blithesome,
rious, appalling.fe.,rful, dreadful,hor- genial, agreeable, complaisant-
rible, shocking. Fragile. SYN. Delicate, frail, brittle,
ANT. Despicable, weak, contempti- weak, slight, frangible.
ble, light, trivial. ANT. Tough, hardy, stout, strong.
Formless [See FOBM]. Fragment. SYN. Piece, bit, chip,mor-
Forsake [See ABANDON]. sel, driblet, scrap, remnant.
Forswear [See ABJURE]. ANT. Bulk, body, mass, whole.
Forthwith. SYN. Immediately, in- Fragrant. SYN. Odorous, scented,
stantly, directly, instantaneously. perfumed, balmy, sweet-smelling,aro-
ANT. By-and-by, hereafter, soon, matic, sweet-scented, odoriferous, spi-
presently. cy.
Fortify. SYN. Strengthen, confirm, ANT. Inodorous, scentless, fetid.
corroborate, garrison, brace, intrench. Frail. SYN. See Fragile. Add. Irres-
ANT. Weaken, invalidate, dismantle. olute, erring, mutable.
Fortitude. SYN. Courage, endurance, ANT. Resolute, virtuous, lasting.
braveness, calmness, resignation, har- Frame [See FORM].
dihood, composure, resolution, stoi- Franchise. SYN. Freedom, immuni-
cism, firmness. ty, exemption, right.
ANT. Timidity, flinching.impatience, ANT. Obligation, disability, juris-
irritation, faintness, delicacy, effemi- diction, liability, disqualification.
nacy, womanishness, childishness. Frangible [See FRAGILE].
Fortuitous. SYN. Accidental, unde- Frank. SYN. Ingenuous, cnndid,open,
signed. unreserved, artless,free, familiar, hon-
AMT. Designed, purposed. est, easy, sincere, out-spoken, plain.
ANT. Disingenuous, close, reserved. ANT. Patient, forbearing,contented,
Frantic. SYN. Mad, raving, furious, meek, resigned, unmurmuring.
distracted, wild, frenzied, maniacal. Friable [See FRAGILE].
ANT. Sane, sober, calm, collected, Fribble [See TRIFLE].
cool, unruffled, composed. Friction. SYN. Rubbing, grating, at-
trition, abrasion, contact.
Fraternity [See BROTHERHOOD]. ANT. Lubrication, detachment, iso-
Fraternize. SYN. Sympathize, con-
lation, non-contact.
sort, co-operate, associate with. Friend. SYN. Associate, companion,
ANT. Renounce, abjure, forswear.
Fraud acquaintance, familiar, ally, chum,
[See CHEAT.).
messmate, coadjutor, confidant, adhe-
Fraught. SYN. Loadal,full,pregnant, rent.
teeming, abounding, charged. ANT. Opponent, foe, adversary, an-
ANT. Devoid, divested,exempt,emp- tagonist,enemy.
ty, wanting, poor, scant. Friendless [See FRIEND and FOR-
Freakish. SYN. Sportful, frisky, LORN].
whimsical, fanciful. capricious, erratic. Friendly. SYN. Well-inclined, well-
ANT. Steady, sober, demure, un- disposed, amicable, kindly, social,
whimsical, unfanciful, reliable, con- neighborly, sociable, affectionate, fa-
sistent, uniform, equable. vorable, cordial.
Free. SYN. Detached, playing, opera- ANT. Ill-inclined, ill-disposed, hos-
ting, open, unoccupied, unobstructed, tile, inimical, adverse, antagonistic.
unimpeded,permitted, unhindered,ex- Friendship [See FRIEND].
empt, gratuitous, unconditional, at Fright [8e ALARM].
liberty, clear, liberal, untrammelled, Frightful. SYN. Terrible, horrible,
uncounued, careless, loose, easy, mu- alarming, ugly, hideous, monstrous,
nificent, unreserved, frank, bountiful, dreadful, direful, awful, shocking,
generous, bounteous. horrid, terrific.
ANT. Subservient, bound, shackled, ANT. Pleasing, attractive, beauti-
restricted, clogged, occupied, ob- ful, fair, encouraging, lovely.
structed, impeded, compulsory,unlaw- Frigid. SYN. Cold, inanimate, life-
ful, biased, subject, liable, amenable, less, passionless, distant, forbidding.
conditional, qualified, niggardly, stin- ANT. Warm, ardent, impassioned.
gy- Fringed [See FIMBRIATED].
Freight [See CARGO]. Frippery. SYN. Trumpery, finery,
Frenzy. SYN. Fanaticism, madness, tawdrinese.
raving, fury, fire. ANT. Apparel, costume, uniform,
ANT. Calm, composure, collected- dress, decoration, ornament.
ness, coolness, sanity, sobriety, equa- Frisk. SYN. Sport, leap, jump, play,
nimity. dance, wanton.
Frequent. SYN. Many, repeated, nu- ANT. Lie, ruminate, rest, repose,
merous, recurrent, general, continual, roost, mope, sulk.
usual, common. Frisky. SYN. Sportive, playful, wan-
ANT. Few, solitary, rare, scanty,cas- ton.
ual. ANT Demure, sedate, meditative,
Fresh. SYN.New, young, vigorous, pensive.
cool, recent,renewed, unimpaired. un- Fritter. SYN. Dribble, waste, idle,
tarnished, unfaded, blooming, ruddy, dissipate.
novel, untried, modern, unskilled. ANT. Economise, husband, culti-
ANT. Old, stale, jaded, weary, for- vate.
mer, stagnant, ordinary, original, im- Frivolous. SYN. Trifling, silly, triv-
paired, tarnished, faded, decayed, pal- ial, petty, worthless.
lid, sickly, putrid, mouldy, musty, fus- ANT. Serious, earnest, important,
ty. grave.
Fret [See CHAFE]. Frolic. SYN. Play, game, sport, fes-
Fretful. SYN. Irritable, fractious, tivity, entertainment, gambol, gayety,
peevish, impatient, petulant, waspish. lark, spree, merry-making, prank.
ANT. Study, undertaking, purpose, Fumbler [See BUNGLER].
engagement, occupation. Fume. SYN. Vapor, chafe, frown.
Frolicsome. SYN. Playful, game- ANT. Acquiesce, smile.
some, sportive, wanton, festive. Function. SYN. Office, part, charac-
ANT. Serious, grave, studious, la- ter, capacity, business, administra-
borious, earnest. tion, discharge, operation, exercise,
Front [See FACE]. power, duty, employment.
Froth [See BALDERDASH]. ANT. Usurpation, maladministra-
Froward. SYN. Contrary, perverse, tion, misconduct, misdemeanor.
untoward, wayward, refractory, frac- Functionary. SYN. Official, officer,
tious, disobedient. servant, personage.
ANT. Favorable, docile, amenable, ANT. See Function.
ductile, obedient. Fund. SYN. Stock. capital,investment.
Frown agreeable,
[See FAVOR]. ANT. Expenditure, outlay, disburse-
Frugal. SYN. Sparing, economical, ment.
parsimonious, abstinent, abstemious, Fundamental. SYN. Primary, im-
temperate, saving, thrifty, provident. portant, indispensable, essential.
ANT. Profuse, luxurious, extrava- ANT. Secondary, unimportant, ad-
gant, prodigal, self-indulgent, intem- ventitious, ascititious, non-essential.
perate. Funereal. SYN. Lugubrious, dismal,
Fruit. SYN. Production, outcome, woeful, sombre, mournful, plaintive,
outgrowth, result, consequence, pro- deathlike, solemn.
duce, reward. ANT. Joyous, festive, ridiculous,
ANT. Seed, origin, cause, growth, funny, stirring, lively, farcical.
operation. Funny. SYN. Sportive, droll, comical,
Fruitful. SYN. Productive, prolific, laughable, humorous, jocose, ridicu-
pregnant, fraught, causative, effect- lous, ludicrous, diverting.
ual, useful, successful, fertile, abun- ANT. Dull, tedious, mournful, lugu-
dant, plenteous, fecund, plentiful. brious, dismal, grave, serious, sad,
ANT. Unproductive, sterile, barren, lamentable.
fruitless, ineffectual, useless,abortive. Furbish. SYN. Brighten, polish,
Fruition. STN. Eeaping, attainment, burnish.
enjoyment, use, possession. ANT. Dull, cloud, tarnish.
ANT. Disappointment, loss, non- Furious [See FRANTIC].
attainment. Furnish SYN. Supply, provide,
Fruitless [See FRUITFUL]. equip, afford, yield, bestow, purvey,
Frustrate [See BAFFLE]. give.
Frustration [See FRUSTRATE and ANT. Withhold, withdraw, disman-
Fugacious. SYN. Ephemeral, fugi- Further [See ADVAJTCEJ.
tive, fleeting, transient. Furtive. SYN. Stealthy, clandestine,
ANT. Persistent, perennial, perpet- secretive, secret, sly.
ual, permanent. ANT. Open, public, undisguised, un-
Fugitive [See FUGACIOUS]. reserved, unconcealed.
Fulfil. SYN. Fill, complete, discharge, Fury [See FUBIOUS].
verify, accomplish, achieve, execute, Fuse. SYN. Liquefy, melt, smelt,
effect. amalgamate, commingle, consolidate.
ANT. Neglect, ignore, disappoint, ANT. Disunite, disincorporate, dif-
falsify. fuse, disamalgamate.
Fulminate. SYN. Thunder, clamor, Fusion [See FUSE and BLEND].
roar, vociferate, denounce. Fuss. SYN. Stir, excitement, tumult,
ANT. Laud, panegyrize, eulogize.
worry, ado, bustle, flurry, fidget.
Fulsome. SYN. Excessive, gross, ANT. Quiet, peace, sedateness, tran-
loathsome, nauseous, sickening, fawn- quillity, composure, calm.
ing, offensive. Fustian [See BOMBAST].
ANT. Chaste, sober, nice, delicate.
Fumble Fusty [See FRESH].
[See BUNGLE]. Futile. SYN. Weak, ineffective, use-
less, nugatory, unavailing, vain, tri- Gamesome [See GAME and MKB.
fling. KYj.
ANT. Powerful, effective, cogent, Gang [See CREW].
useful, solid, substantial. Garb. SYN. Dress, uniform, clothing,
future. SYN. Forthcoming, coming, costume, vestments, apparel.
advenient. ANT. Undress, tatters, rags, shreds,
ANT. Gone, bygone, past. nudity.
Garble. SYN. Misrepresent,misquote,
G. mutilate, cook, dress, color, falsify,
pervert, distort.
ANT. Quote, cite, extract, recite.
'GABBLE, n. SYN. Prate, jabber, jar- Garbled [See GABBLE],
gon,stuff, babble, rattle, twaddle, gib- Garnish. SYN. Deck, furnish, adorn,
ber, chatter, gibberish.
ANT. Conversation, speech, elo- dress, furbish, beautify, embellish,,
decorate, ornament.
quence, reticence, taciturnity, minc- ANT. Denude, strip, dismantle.
ing, mouthiness, euphuism, grandilo-
Garniture [See GARNISH].
Garrulity. SYN. Verbosity, loquaci-
Gabble^ v. [See GABBLE, n.]. talkativeness, chatter.
Gaffer [See CODGER]. ty,
ANT. Reticence, taciturnity, lacon-
Gag. SYN. Silence, stifle, burke, muz- ism.
zle, hush.
ANT. Evoke, provoke, inspire, ani- Garrulous [See GARRULITY].
mate. Gather [See COLLECT].
Gage. SYN. Engage, bind, pledge, se- Gaud. SYN. Trinket, trumpery,flnery,
cure, pawn, deposit. gewgaw, bauble, kickshaw, gimcrack,
ANT. Intimate, promise, acquit, re- whim.
lease, ANT. Decoration, ornament, gem,
Gaiety [See GAY]. jewel, valuable.
Gain. v. SYN. Acquire, get, win, pro- Gaudy. SYN. Tawdry, fine, meretri-
cure, obtain, profit, benefit, earn, at- cious, bespangled, glittering, showy,
tain, realize, achieve, reap, reach. gay, garish.
ANT. Lose, forfeit, suffer. ANT. Rich, simple, hnndsorae, chaste.
Gain. n. [See GAIN, t'.J. Gauge. SYN. Measure, fathom, probe.
Gainful. SYN. Profitable, beneficial, AJJT. Survey, conjecture, view,ecan,
advantageous, winning. guess, observe, mismeasure.
ANT. Unprofitable, detrimental, in- Gaunt. SYN. Grim, savage, lean,lank,
jurious, disadvantageous, gainless, hungry, thin, spare, attenuated, ema-
losing. ciated.
Galiiless [See GAINFUL]. ANT. Docile, tractable, tame, sleek,
Gainsay [See AFFIRM]. well-fed.
Galaxy f Seo BEVY]. Gawky. SYN. Awkward, ungainly, un-
Gallant. SYN. Brave, chivalrous, in-
couth, clumsy, clownish.
trepid, courteous, heroic, fearless, ANT. Neat, handy, graceful, hand-
courageous, valiant, bold, splendid, some.
showy, gay. Gay. SYN. Merry, blithe, lively, jol-
ANT. Cowardly, churlish, discourte- ly, sportive, sprightly, smart, festive,
gladsome, pleasuresome, cheerful.
Gambol, v. SYN. Frolic, sport, frisk, ANT. Heavy,melancholy,grave,sad,.
play, caper, jump. sombre, dull, dowdy.
ANT. Tire, wenry, droop, flog. Gaze. SYN. Stare, contemplate, scan,
Gambol, n. [See GAMBOL, u. '). behold, regard, view, glower, gloat.
Game. SYN. Sport, recreation, pas- ANT. Wink, ignore, overlook, ogle r
time, amusement, frolic, diversion, disregard, glance.
play. Gelatinous. SYN. Viscous, albumin-
ANT. Study, toil, labor, business, ous, mucilaginous, gumuiy,glairy,tfl
duty, weariness, flagging. tiaous, semifluid, lentous.
\NT. Limpid, sparkling, crystalline. Germ. SYN. Seed, nucleus, embryo,
Gelid. SYN. Frigid, cold, icy. origin, bud.
ANT. Warm, genial. ANT. Fruit, development, result.
Generality. SYN. Mass, bulk, body, Germane. SYN. Allied, kindred, re-
majority. lated, homogeneous, appropriate,
ANT. Section, minority, exception, akin, pertinent, relative.
Individuality. ANT. Unconnected, foreign, alien,
Generalization [See ABSTRAC- irrelevant.
TION]. Germinate. SYN. Sprout, shoot, bud,
Generate. SYN. Engender, produce, vegetate.
propagate, originate, beget, breed. ANT. Rot, decay.
ANT. Stifle, extinguish, terminate. Gesticulate [See ATTITUDE].
Generation. SYN. Age, period, era, Gesture [See ATTITUDE].
epoch, lifetime, offspring, stock, race, Get. SYN. Gain, procure, acquire, earn,
origination, breed, progeny, forma- obtain, attain, secure, achieve.
tion. ANT. Lose, forfeit, surrender, fore-
ANT. Perpetuity.eterni*T,immortal- go-
Generic. SYN. General, common, col-
Gewgaw SYN.
[See GAUD],
Ghastly. Deathlike, -wan, grim,
lective. cadaverous, spectral, pallid, hideous,
ANT. Particular, personal, specific. shocking.
Generous. SYN. Noble, chivalrous, ANT. Blooming, fresh, comely,
liberal, disinterested, bountiful, mag- seemly, buxom, ruddy.
nanimous, open-hearted, munificent, Ghost. SYN. Spectre, apparition,
honorable. spirit, vision, shade, phantom.
ANT. Mean, ignoble, illiberal, self- ANT. Body, animal, organism.
ish, churlish. Gibe. SYN. Sneer, scoff, ridicule, jeer,
Genial. SYN. Warm, cordial, balmy, mock, deride, rail at, taunt.
cheering, merry, festive, joyous, ANT. Salute, compliment.
nearly, revivifying, restorative. Giddy. SYN. Whirling, vertiginous,
ANT. Cold, cutting, harsh, deleteri- thoughtless, inconstant, unsteady,
ous, noxious, deadly, blighting, de- lofty, beetling, dizzy, hare-brained,
structive, uugenial, lethal. flighty.
Genius. SYN. Taleut,cleverness,inven- ANT. Stationary, slow, ponderous,
tiveness, creativeness, intellect, skill, thoughtful, earnest, steady, low, un-
giftedness, ideality, endowment, na- elevated, wary, circumspect.
ture, gift, character, faculty. Gift. SYN. Donation, present, grant,
ANT. Stolidity, stupidity, inanity, boon, gratuity, benefaction, endow-
imbecility. nent, talent, faculty, alms, douceur.
Genteel. SYN. Polite, well-bred, re- ANT. Reservation, refusal, wages,
fined, courteous, fashionable, elegant, purchase, earnings, compensation, re-
aristocratic, polished, graceful. muneration, inanity, stupidity, for-
ANT. Rude, boorish, ill-bred, clown- feit, penalty, fine, surrender.
ish, unfashionable, unpolished, inele- Gigantic. SYN. Colossal, huge, enor-
gant, plebeian. mous, herculean, giant, cyclopean,
Gentility [See GENTEEL]. vast.
Gentle. SYN. Courteous, polite, high- ANT. Puny, dwarfish, feeble.
bred, mild, bland, tame, docile, ami- Giggle, n. SYN. Cachinnation, grin,
able, meek, soft, placid, tender. titter.
ANT. Rough, rude, coarse, fierce, ANT. Sob, whimper, whine, blubber.
savage. Giggle, v. [See GIGGLE, n.].
Genuine. SYN. Authentic, true, real, Gild [See ADORN].
pure, unalloyed, natural, unaffected, Gird. SYN. Surround, encircle, hem,
sincere, unadulterated, veritable, environ, belt, enclose, engirdle, en-
sound. compnss, girdle, begird.
ANT. Spurious, fictitious, adulter- ANT. Disclose, open, expand, disen-
ated, apocryphal. circle, disengm.le, ungird.
Girdle [See GIRD]. Glister [See GLARE],
Girth [See GIRD] . Glitter [See GLARE].
Gist. SYN. Essence, pith, marrow, sub- Gloat. SYN. Revel, glut, feast.
stance, kernel, force, main point. ANT. Avoid, shun, loathe, abomin-
ANT. Surplusage, redundancy, ad- ate.
ditament, environment, accessories, Glomeratlon [See CONGLOMERA-
garb, clothing. TION].
Give. SYN. Bestow, grant, confer, im- Gloom. SYN. Gloaming, twilight, ob-
part, yield, produce, surrender, con- scurity, shadow, obscuration, dull-
cede, present, afford, communicate, ness, cloudiness, cloud, dejection, sad-
furnish. ness.
ANT. Withhold, withdraw, refuse, ANT. Light, radiance, clearness,
retain, grasp, fail, restrain, deny. brightness, daylight,
Glabrous. SYN. Smooth, polished, Glorify. SYN. Exalt, honor, elevate,
bald, shiny, sleek, glacial, glassy. laud, praise, signalize, magnify, ag-
ANT. Rough, hairy, bristly, hank, grandize, adore, panegyrize, extol.
wrinkled, shaggy, hirsute. ANT. Depress, debase, abuse, cen-
Glad. SYN. Happy, joyous, pleased, sure, degrade, decry, abase, defame.
gratified, blithesome, gleeful, glad-
Glorious [See CELEBRATED].
some, delighted, cheerful, elated, joy- Glory. SYN. Brightness, radiance,
ful. effulgence, honor, fame, celebrity,
ANT. Unhappy, sorrowful, disas- pomp, luster, magnificence, splendor,
trous, sorry, disappointed, dismal. renown.
Gladden. SYN. Bejoice,cheer,gratify, ANT. Obscurity, ignominy, cloud,
exhilarate. dishonor, degradation.
ANT. Grieve, dispirit, disappoint, Gloss, n. SYN. Polish, luster, misin-
depress, afflict, trouble, wound. terpretation, distortion, perversion,
Glance [See GAZE]. twist, plea, pretense, speciousness.
Glare. SYN. Beam, shine, gleam, ray, ANT. Nebulousness, haze, literal-
radiate, glow. ness, truth, representation, interpre-
ANT. Shimmer, scintillate, glitter, tation, reality, verity.
smoulder, glimmer, glisten, glister, Glow [See GLARE].
sparkle, flash, flicker. Glowing. SYN. Shining, intense,hot,
Glassy. SYN. Vitreous, smooth, pof- ardent, fiery, fervent, fervid.
ished, glacial, glabrous, brittle, trans- ANT. Dull, languid, cool.
parent, crytalline, pellucid, limpid, Gloze [See GLOSS].
glossy, silken. Glut. v. SYN. Gorge, fill, stuff, cram,
ANT. Rough, uneven, rugged,pliant, satiate, cloy, surfeit.
tough, opaque, luteous, muddy,turbid, ANT. Disgorge, empty, void.
scabrous. Glut. n. SYN. Surplus, redundancy,
Glaze. SYN. Vitrefy, gloss, polish, superflui'y, overstock.
burnish, furbish. ANT. Sca-ci y.<lrainage,exhaustion,
AKT. Roughen, corrugate, rumple, dearth, fnilare. scantiness.
crumple. Glutinous (See GELATINOUS].
Gleam [See GLARE j. Gluttony. SYS. Greed, gormandize-
Glee [See GLAD]. ment, voracity, deglutition.
Glib. SYN. Slippery, voluble, smooth, ANT. Abstinence, frugality, abste-
fluent, ready, talkative, flippant. miousness, temperance, vegetarian-
ANT. Rough, abrupt, hesitating, ism.
stammering. Go. SYN. Move, depart, pass, travel,
Glimmer [See GLARE], vanish, reach, extend, proceed, stir,
Glimpse. SYN. Sight, inkling, glance, set out, budge.
glimmering, survey. ANT. Stand, stay, come,remain, per-
ANT. Observation, scrutiny, investi- sist, abide, rest, endure, lack, fail.
gation, inspection, analysis, examina- Godless [See WICKED].
tion, Godliness [See FIKTY ].

Glisten [See GLARE]. Good. adj. SYN. Bight, complete, vir-

tnous, sound, pious, benevolent, pro- Gracious. SYN.Affable, courteous,
pitious, serviceable, suitable, efficient, benignant, kind, civil, condescending,
sufficient, competent, valid, real, ac- merciful, friendly, tender, gentle, be-
tual, considerable, honorable, repu- neficent.
table, righteous, proper, true,upright, ANT. Haughty, discourteous, ill-
just, excellent. disposed, ungracious, churlish.
ANT. Wrong, imperfect, unsound, 'Gradation. SYN. Stage, tier, degree,
vicious, profane, niggardly, unpropi- rank, standing, graduation, ordina-
tious, unserviceable, unsuitable, in- tion,arrangement, precedency.
efficient, inadequate, incoinpetent,in- ANT. Equality, uniformity, frater-
valid, ncticious, supposititious, incon- nity, abruptness, saltation.
siderable, mean, disgraceful, disrepu- Grade [See GRADATION].
table, bad, evil. Gradual. SYN. Slow, continuous, un-
Good. n. SYN. Boon, benefit, advan- intermittent, gradational, regular,
tage,gain,blessing,mercy, virtue, pros- .step by step, progressive.
perity, weal, profit, interest, welfare. ANT. Sudden, momentary, instanta-
ANT. Hurt, injury, loss, detriment, neous, periodic, recurrent, intermit-
evil, disadvantage, ill, calamity, inflic- tent, discontinuous, broken, discon-
tion, curse. nected.
Good-humored. SYN. Good-na- Graduate [See CLASSIFY].
tured,good-tempered, amiable,cheer- Grand. SYN. Large, dignified, im-
ful. posing, important, eventful, magnif-
ANT. Ill-humored,ill-natured, cross, icent, grandly, majestic, august, ex-
unamiable. alted, stately, splendid, lofty, eleva-
Goodly. SYN. Pleasant,desirable,ex- ted, pompous, gorgeous, sublime, su-
cellent, fair, coMc'y, considerable, perb.
graceful, fine. ANT. Little, undignified, unimpos-
ANT. Unpleasant, undesirable, un- ing, secondary, interior, unimpor-
comely, inconsiderable. tant, petty, paltry, beggarly, mean,
Goods [See CHATTELS]. common, insignificant.
Gorge [See GLUT and SWALLOW]. Grandeur. SYN. Dignity, magnifi-
Gorgeous. SYN. Magnificent, splen- cence, display, pomp, ostentation.
did, costly, rich, superb, grand, ANT. Meanness, paltriness.
strong. Grandiloquence. SYN. Verbosity,
ANT. Poor, naked, bare, cheap, din- pomposity, mouthiness, grandiosity,
gy, threadbare. antiloquence, stiltedness, euphuism,
Govern. SYN. Kule, direct, control, turgidity, fustian, bombast.
moderate, guide, sway, supervise, ANT. Simplicity, plain-spokenness,
manage, command, conduct. naivete, unaffectedness, vernacular.
ANT. Misrule, misdirect, miscon- Grandiose [See GRAND]. SYN. See
Governor [See GOVERN]. Grant. SYN. Give, allot, bestow, con-
Grab [See SNATCH], fer, transfer, admit, allow, concede,
Grabble [See GROVEL]. convey, impart, yield, cede.
Grace. SYN. Favor, beauty, conde- ANT. Withhold, withdraw, reserve,
scension, kindness, elegance, charm, resume, deny.
excellence, pardon, mercy. Graphic. SYN. Picturesque, illustra-
ANT. Disfavor, deformity, unkind- tive, descriptive, pictorial, forcible,
ness, pride, inelegance, awkward- vivid, feeling, described, pictur-
ness, gawkiness. esquely.
Graceful [See GRACE, GOODLY and ANT. Unpicturesque, unillustrative,
GRACELESS]. undescriptive.
Graceless. SYN. Ungraceful, vicious, Grapple [See CONTEND].
scampish, reprobate, abandoned, Grasp. SYN. Seize, hold, clasp, re-
worthless. tain, comprehend, catch, grip, clutch,
ANT. Graceful, virtuous, conscien- grapple.
tious, upright, worthy. ANT. Loose, lose, abandon, relin-
quish, surrender, release, miss, mis- ANT. narrow, puny, scanty,
understand. few, short, mean, ignoble, weak, un-
Grasping [See AVARICIOUS?]. important.
Orate. SYN. Bub, scrape, jar, scratch. Greediness. SYN. Voracity, rapac-
ANT. Glide, slip, lubricate. ity, [See AVIDITY].
Crateful. SYN. Pleasant, acceptable, Gree'*~. ANT. Gluttonous, voracious,
agreeable, thankful, obliged, wel- hungry, desirous, avaricious.
come. ANT. Abstemious, abstinent, indif-
ANT, Unpleasant, unacceptable, dis-
ferent, contented.
agreeable, ungrateful, disobliged. Greet [See ADDRESS].
Gratification. SYN. Pleasure, en- Gregarious. SYN. Social, sociable,
joyment, satisfaction, indulgence, de- cousociative.
light, reward. ANT. Unsocial, unsociable, solitary.
ANT. Pain, dislike, disappointment, Grief. SYN. Trouble, tribulation, woe,
abstinence, abnegation, stinting, in- mourning, regret, affliction, sorrow,
urement, discipline. sadness.
Gratify. SYN. Please, satisfy, indulge, ANT. Joy, exultation, delight, ela-
humor. tion, hilarity.
ANT. Displease, dissatisfy, disap- Grievance. SYN. Burden, injury,
point, stint, discipline, inure, harden, complaint, trouble, oppression, hard-
deprive, deny. ship, injustice.
Gratitude. SYN. Thankfulness,grate- ANT. Congratulation, boon, rejoic-
fulness. ing, benefit, alleviation, disburden-
ANT. Unthankfulness, ingratitude, ment, riddance, privilege.
thanklessness, oblivion, resentment, Grieve. SYN. Trouble, burden, annoy,
indignation. distress, bewail, wound, pain, sorrow,
Gratuitous. SYN. Free, uncompens- hurt, afflict, mourn, lament, complain,
ated, voluntary, unwarranted, ground- deplore.
less, wanton, unnecessary, unsought. ANT. Ease, console, soothe, please,
ANT. Compulsory, involuntary, rejoice, exult, gratify, alleviate.
obligatory, necessitated, warranted, Grievous. SYN. Sad, heavy, afflic-
well-founded .
tive, lamentable, deplorable, sorrow-
Gratuity [See GRATUITOUS and ful, painful, burdensome, calamitous,
BONUS]. baleful, hurtful, disastrous, unhappy.
Gratulatlon [See CONGRATULA- ANT. Joyous, delightful, pleasant,
TION J. glad, consolatory, grateful, welcome,
Grave. SYN. Sad, serious, momen- acceptable, trifling, light, trivial.
tous, weighty, pressing, sedate, de- Grievously [See GRIEVOUS].
mure, thoughtful, sober, sombre, sol- Grim. SYN. Fierce, ferocious, terri-
emn, important, aggravated, heavy, ble, hideous, ugly, ghastly, sullen,
cogent. stern.
ANT. Joyous, merry, facetious, un- ANT. Mild, docile,attractive, placid,
important, ridiculous, trivial, light, benign.
frivolous, futile. Grind. SYN. Crush, pulverize [See
Gravity [See WEIGHTY and SOL- OPPRESS].
EMNITY]. Gripe. SYN. Grasp, seize.clutch, gnaw,
Gravely [See GRAVE]. pain, squeeze, screw, pinch, lay hold
Graze. SYN. Shave, scrape, skim, of.
abrade, shear. ANT. Abandon, relax, soothe, ease,
ANT. Strike, impinge, collide, en- relieve.
counter. Grisly [See GHASTLY].
Great. SYN. Big, wide, huge, numer- Gr<an. SYN. Moan, whine, growl,
ous, protracted, excellent, large, im- grumble.
mense, bulky, majestic, gigantic, vast, ANT. Giggle, cackle, chuckle, tit-
grand, sublime, august, eminent, ter, laugh.
magnanimous, noble, powerful, ex- Grope. SYN. Feel, search, grabble,
alted, noticeable. fumble.
ANT. Grasp, seize, hold, expose. Gruff*. SYN. Rough, surly, bearish,
Gross. SYN. Entire, vulgar, vicious, harsh, rude, blunt.
impure, coarse, bloated, sensual, ani- ANT. Smooth, mild, affable, court-
mal, bulk, indelicate, outrageous,
unseemly, shameful. Grumble [See GROWL].
ANT. Partial, net, pure, refined. Grumpy [See GRUMBLE and SURLY].
Grotesque. SYN. Whimsical, quaint,
Grunt [See GROWL].
old, burlesque, archaic, caricatured,
Guarantee, v. SYN. Insure, answer
distorted. for, pledge [See WARRANT].
ANT. Classic, chaste, fina, fashion- Guard [See PROTECT].
able, graceful, severe. Guarded [See CALCULATING].
Ground, v. [See FOUND]. Guardian. SYN. Keeper, protector,
Ground, n. SYN. Basis, foundation, conservator, custodian, preserver,
premise, reason, cause, account, plea. warder.
ANT. Superstructure, statement, ar- ANT. Traitor, betrayer, pupil. ward.
gument, inference, deduction. Guess. SYN. Conjecture, siirmise, di-
Grounded. SYN. Rooted, established, vine, suppose, suspect, fancy, im-
initiated, inaugurated, prepared, in- agine.
doctrinated, trained.
ANT. Examine, prove, investigate,
ANT. Ungrounded, untangled, un- establish, demonstrate, elaborate, de-
prepared, uninitiated, baseless, un-
founded, unauthorized, groundless.
Guest. SYN. Visitor.
Groundless. SYN. Vain, suppositi- ANT. Entertainer, host.
tious, unfounded, baseless, fanciful,
Guidance. SYN. Direction, control
gratuitous, chimerical, false. [See MANAGEMENT].
ANT. Well-founded, substantial, au- Guide. SYN. Lead, direct, conduct,
thoritative, actual, authentic. pilot, regulate,superintend,influence,
Group. SYN. Cluster, bunch, knot, train,manage.
assemblage, collocation, class, collec- ANT. Mislead, misconduct, misdi-
tion, clump, order, assembly. rect, mismanage, misregulate, mis-
ANT. Isolation, individual, crowd, guide, miseducate, betray, deceive.
confusion, medley. Guile. SYN. Craft, treachery, deceit,
Grovel. SYN. Crawl, cringe, wallow, cunning, insidiousness, artifice, fraud,
creep, grub, fawn, grabble. hypocrisy, trickery.
ANT. Soar, aspire, mount, rise. ANT. Honesty, simplicity, frank-
Grow. SYN. Increase, advance, ex- ness, generosity, candor, sincerity.
tend, expand, enlarge, gain ground, Guileless [See GUILE and CRAFT].
accrue, become, develop, amplify. Guilt. SYN. Criminality, sin, offence,
ANT. Dimmish, recede, contract, culpability [See GUILE and CRIME].
fail, stop, die, wane. Guiltless [See GUILE and INNO-
Growl. SYN. Snarl, grumble, com- CENT].
plain, remonstrate, murmur, grunt. Guise. SYN. Aspect, garb, semblance,
ANT. Chuckle, cackle, grin, purr, plea, demeanor, dress, appearance,
acquiesce. fashion, mien, manner.
Growth [See ADVANCEMENT and ANT. Character, person, individual,
PROGRESS]. sentiment, disposition, opinion, life,
Grudge. SYN. Spare, retain, covet,
t>. mind, soul, self.
envy, withhold. Gulf [See ABYSS].
ANT. Spend, impart, welcome, sat- Gull [See CHEAT].
isfy, gratify. Gulp [See SWALLOW].
Grudge, n. SYN. Spite, grievance, Gumption. SYN. Shrewdness, clever-
aversion, rancor, hatred, pique, dis- ness [See ACUTENESS].
satisfaction, discontent, refusal. Gush. SYN. Burst, stream, flow, gush,
ANT. Welcome, satisfaction, ap- spout, rush, pour out, flow out.
proval, contentment, complacency, ANT. Drip, drop, dribble, trickle,
bestowal, benefaction. strain, drain, ooze, filter, percolt{<
Gust, SYN. Squall, blast, puff, fit,
n, reverence, enshrine, sanctify, dedi-
outburst, gale, breeze. cate.
ANT. Calm, tranquillity subsidence, ANT. Desecrate, profane, blaspheme,
re^tr^int, composure, zephyr. abominate, execrate.
Out. t. SYN. Disembowel, eviscerate. Halt. SYN. Stop, rest, limp, falter,
(in*. SYN. Entrails, viscera, bowels. hammer, stammer, demur, dubitate,
intestines. pause, hold, stand still, hesitate.
Guzzle [See GORGE]. ANT. Advance, decide, determine,
speed, flow, career.
H Hamper. SYN. Hinder [See FET-
1IAKILI.1IICNT, HABILI- Hand. SYN. Laborer, workman, opera-
MENTS. SYN. tive, artisan, agency, influence, index.
Dress, vestments, ANT. Employer.
robes, uniform, apparel, garb, cloth-
ing, clothes.
Handle. SYN. Feel, treat, use, man-
ANT. Deshabille, undress. age, manipulate, touch, wield, discuss.
Habilitate ANT. Drop, mismanage, bungle.
[See HABILIMENTS and Handmaid. SYN. Servant, auxiliary,
Habllltatlon. SYN. Qualifieation,en- supporter.
ANT. Antagonist, opponent.
titlement, empowerment.
ANT. Disqualification, depression, Handsome. SYN. Comely,good-look-
debasement, dishabilitation. ing, generous, liberal, beautiful, am-
Habit. SYN. Habituation, custom, ple, pretty, graceful, lovely, elegant.
familiarity, association,
ANT. Uncomely, ill-looking, ungen-
usage, practice, way, manner. erous, illiberal, unhandsome.
ANT. Dishabituatiou, inexperience, Handy. SYN. Near, convenient, use-
iaconversance, desuetude [See HA- ful, helpful, manageable, dexterous,
BILIMENT]. ready, expert.
Habitation [See ABODE]. ANT. Remote, Inconvenient, awk-
Habitual. SYN. Regular, ordinary, ward, useless, cumbrous, unwieldy,
perpetual, customary, usual, familiar, unhandy.
accustomed, wonted. Hang. SYN. Rest, lean, depend, sus-
A.NT. Irregular,extraordlnary,occa- pend, poise.
sional, unusual, exceptional, rare. ANT. Stand.
Habituate [See HABIT and ACCUS-
Hanker [Used with the prep, after],
TOM J. SYN. Long, yearn, crave, hunger.
Haggard. SYN. Wild, wasted, worn, ANT. Dislike, shun, loathe, abomi-
attenuated, wrinkled, ghastly, hollow- nate, detest, abhor,>avoid.
eyed, lean, gaunt. Hap [See LUCK].
ANT Sleek, smug, chubby, plump. Hapless [See LUCKLESS].
Haggle. SYN. Higgle, chaffer, bar- Haply [See PERHAPS].
gain, stickle. Happen [See LUCK and BEFALL].
ANT. Yield, deduct, abate, reduce, Happiness. SYN. Enjoyment, well-
discount. being [See BLISS].
Hail. SYN. Accost,address,salute,call, Happy. SYN. Lucky, fortunate, felici-
welcome, greet. tous, successful, delighted, joyous,
ANT. Ignore, pass, cut, avoid. merry, blithesome, prosperous, glad,
Hale [See HEALTHY]. blissful.
Halcyon. SYN. Calm, serene, balmy, ANT. Unlucky, unfortunate.infelici-
unruffled. tous, unsuccessful, sorrowful, sorry,
ANT. Stormy, troublous, tempestu- disapointed, dull, lugubrious, de-
ous, blustering, boisterous. sponding, unhappy.
Hall'. SYN. Moiety, bisection, dlmidi- Harangue. SYN. Speech, oration, dec-
ation. lamation, effusion, rant.
ANT. Integrity, entirety, totality, ANT. Stammer,stutter,mutter,mmn-
whole. ble, drawl, insinuation, suggestion,
Hallow. SYN. Consecrate, venerate, reasoning, blandiloquence.
Harass. SYN. Weary, annoy, fatigue, Harm. SYN. Hurt, mischief, injury,
jade, tease, irritate, chafe, molest, detriment, damage, evil, wrong, mis-
worry, vex, harrow, pester, tor a. ent, fortune, ill, mishap.
tire, perplex, distress. ANT. Beuefit, boon, ainel (oration,
ANT. Refresh, comtort, solace, re- improvement, reparation, compensa-
lieve, soothe,animate, inspirit. tion, healing, remedy.
Harbinger. SYN. Announcer, her- Harmless. SYN. Innocuous, innox-
ald, precursor, forerunner. ious, inoffensive, innocent, gentle.
ANT. Reporter, narrator, relator, ANT. Nocuous, noxious, hurtful,
historian, follower, attendant. savage, cruel, deadly, violent, mis-
Harbor, n. SYN. Haven, rest, refuge, chievous, destructive, pernicious.
shelter, anchorage, home, asylum, Harmonious. SYN. Congruous, ac-
port. cordant, proportioned, uniform, me-
ANT. Labor, toil, peril, exposure, lodious, musical, dulcet, tuneful, con-
voyage, roving, roaming, wandering, sistent, peaceful, agreeable, amica-
pilgrimage, tossing. ble, friendly, concordant.
Harbor, v. SYN. Cherish, accommo- ANT. Incongruous, discordant, dis-
date, entertain, encourage, indulge, proportioned. unshapely, harsh, nn-
shelter, foster, lodge. melodious, sharp, grating, unfriend-
ANT. Eject, expel, discard, discour- ly, riotou, unpeaceful. quarrelsome.
age, stifle, exclude, banish, dismiss. Harmonize fSee ACCORD].
Hard. SYN. Firm, dense, solid, com- Harmony [See AGREEMENT and
pact, unyielding, impenetrable, ar- CONCORD J.
duous, difficult, grievous, distressing, Harness, n. [See ACCOUTREMENTS],
rigorous, oppressive, exacting, un- Harp. v. (Metaphor.) SYN. Strum,
feeling, stubborn, harsh, forced, con- hammer, drum, peg.
strained, inexplicable, flinty, severe, ANT. Touch, handle, treat, man-
cmel, obdurate, hardened, callous. age, illustrate.
ANT. Soft, fluid, liquid, elastic, brit- Harrow [See HABASS].
tle, penetrable, easy, mild, lenient, Harsh. SYN. Rough, grating, severe,
tender, ductile, uninvolved, simple, sharp, rugged, acrimonious, abusive,
intelligible, perspicuous. soul-jarring, rancorous, rigorous,
Harden. SYN. Inure, train, habituate, discordant, gruff.
confirm, indurate, consolidate, com- ANT. Smooth, melodious, lenient,
pact. suave, bland, gentle, genial, kindly.
ANT. Disinure, relax, enervate, de- Harshly [See HARSH].
bilitate, dishabituate, soften, melt, Haste. SYN. Speed, celerity, expedi-
mollify, colliquate, vaporize. tion, hurry, despatch, excitement,
Hardened [SeeHAKD].- heedlessness, swiftness.
Hardihood. SYN, Resolntion, in- ANT. Slowness, tardiness, delay,
trepidity, pluck [See AUDACITY J. coolness, reflection, moderation,
Hardly. SYN. Barely, just, scarcely, steadiness.
narrowly, merely. Hasten. SYN. Accelerate, urge, ex-
ANT. Fully, amply, easily, largely, pedite, speed, press, hurry, haste,
abundantly. quicken.
Hardship. SYN. Trouble, burden, ANT, Retard, impede, obstruct, de-
annoyance, grievance, calamity, in- mur, hesitate, halt.
fliction, endurance, affliction. Hasty. SYN. Speedy, rapid, superfi-
ANT. Pleasure, amusement, allevia- cial, hurried, irascible, impetuous,
tion, recreation, gratification, relief, reckless, headlong, crude, incom-
assuagement, facilitation, boon, treat. plete, undeveloped, immature, swift,
Hardy. SYN. Inured, robust, strong, precipitate, fiery, passionate, slight,
resolute, stout-hearted, vigorous, in- quick, excitable, rash, cursory.
trepid, brave, manly, valiant. ANT. Slow, leisurely, careful, close,
ANT. Weak, uninured, delicate, ir- reflective, developed, matured, com-
resolute, enervated, debilitated, ten- plete, elaborate, thoughtful, delib-
der, fragile. erate.
HAT 129 HEA.

Hatch. SYN. Prepare, conooct, de- ANT. Harm, hurt, wound, pierca,
vise, scheme, brew, plot, contrive, in- ulcerate.
cubate. Healthy. SYN. Vigorous, sound, ro-
ANT. Disconcert, upset, expose, dis- bust, strong, hale, salubrious, whole-
sipate, counteract, baffle, mar, spoil, some, hearty, healthful.
frustrate, neutralize. ANT. Unhealthy, unsound, weak,
Hate [See ABHOR]. delicate, fragile, noxious, pernicious,
Hateful. SYN. Abominable, detesta- insalubrious.
ble, vile, odious, heinous, execrable,
Health [See HEALTHY].
loathsome, repulsive. Heap [See ACCUMULATE].
ANT. Lovable, lovely, desirable, Hearsay. SYN. Report, rumor, gos-
delightful, attractive, enticing, en- sip.
joyable, tempting, pleasant. ANT. Personal knowledge.
Haughty [See AFFABLE]. Heart. SYN. Core, nucleus, kernel,
Hani [See DRAG]. interior, center, character, disposi-
Haunt [See ABANDON], tion, courage, hardihood, nature, life,
Have. STN. Own, possess, feel, enter- feeling, benevolence.
tain, accept, bear, enjoy, keep.
ANT. Exterior, hand, action, aspect,
ANT. Want, need, lose, forego, dis- manifestation, conduct, deed, tim-
card, reject, miss, desiderate, covet, idity.
desire. Heart-broken. SYN. Disconsolate,
Haven [See HARBOR]. broken-hearted, woe-begone, incon-
Havoc. SYN. Desolation, ruin, waste, solable.
wreck, ravage,demolition,destruction, ANT. Cheerful, hopeful, trusting.
devastation. Heartiness [See HEABTY].
ANT. Conservation, enhancement, Hearty. SYN. Healthy, robust, cor-
enrichment, augmentation, develop- dial, sound, warm, honest, earnest,
ment, producti veness,luxuriance,pros- genuine, well, sincere, heartfelt,
perity. hale.
Hawk. STN. Sell, peddle, retail. ANT. Unhealthy, delicate, infirm,
ANT. Reserve, store, suppress, with- cold, insincere.
hold, house, bond. Heartily. SKN. Cordially, zealously,
Hawker, n. [See HAWK]. sincerely, earnestly.
Hazard. SKN. Peril, risk, jeopardy, ANT. Half-heartedly, insincerely.
danger, chance, imperil, dare. Heat. SYN. Warmth, ardor, passion,
ANT. Safety, security, protection, excitement, fever, ebullition, intens-
warrant, certainty, calculation, law. ity.
Hazy. SYN. Foggy, nebulous, misty, ANT. Coolness, indifference, subsi-
filmy, gauzy, cloudy, murky, calig- dence, calmness, composure, reflec-
inous. tion.
ANT. Diaphanous, clear, crystal- Heathenish. SYN. Unconverted, un-
line, transparent. christian, pagan, uncivilized, unbe-
Head. SYN. Top, crown, chief.leader, lieving.
ruler, mind, source, section, division, ANT. Christian, believing, polished,
topic, gathering, culmination, ciisis, refined, civilized.
leadership, guide, commander, acme, Heave. SYN. Lift, raise, uplift, up-
summit. raise, sublevate, hoist.
ANT. Tail, bottom, foot,
follower, ANT. Dash, sink, lower, detrude,
servant, retainer, subordinate, sub- precipitate.
ordination, inferiority, body, bulk, Heavenly [See CELESTIAL and Atr-
subject, continuation. OELIOJ.
Heading [See TITLE"!. Heaviness [See HEAVY].
Headlong [See HASTY]. Heavy. SYN. Weighty, ponderous,
Headstrong [See OBSTINATE], inert, slow, stupid, dull, impenetrable,
Hi-ill. SYN. Cure, repair, restore, stolid, cumbrous, grievous, afflictive,
remedy, assuage, cicatrize, recon- oppressive, burdensome, sluggish, la*
cile. borious, depressed.
-tir-C 180 HUT
ANT. Light, trifling, trivial, agile, ANT. Acquisition, merit, wages,
active, quick, brisk, joyous, allevia- compensation.
tive, condolatory, inspiriting, ani- Hermetically. SYN. Air-tight, close-
mating, buoyant. ly.
Hector, v. SYN. Bully, swagger, an- ANT. Loosely, misfittingly.
noy, bluster, boast, vaunt, harass,
Hero [See CHAMPION!.
threaten, tease, worry. Heroic. SYN. Brave, undaunted, chiv-
ANT. Cower, shrink, hide, skulk, ab- alrous, daring, romantic, gallant, fear-
scond. less, courageous, intrepid, dauntless.
Hector, [See HECTOR, .]
n. ANT. Dastardly,cowardly, cravenly,
Heed. v.SYN. Mind, regard, notice, poltroonish.
Hesitate. SYN. Dubitate, waver, de-
aitend to, observe.
ANT. Disregard, slight, ignore. mur, scruple, falter, stammer, pause,
Heed. n. [See HEED, t>.]. doubt
ANT. Decide, determine, run, flow,
Heedful. SYN. MindfuJ, careful, con- career.
siderate, cautious, wary, circumspect. Heterodox.
ANT. Unmindful, careless, heedless,
SYN. Unsound, hereto
reckless, unheedful. ANT. Sound, orthodox.
Heedless [See HEEDFUL]. Heterogeneous. SYN. Strange, dis-
Height. SYN. Altitude, elevation, similar, alien, discordant.
talluess, summit, exaltation, culmina- ANT. Accordant, congruous, homo-
tion, top, apex, climax, acme, crisis. geneous, sLuilar.
ANT. Depth, lowness. depression, Hew. SYN. Cut. hack, chop, fall.
littleness, base, abasement. ANT. Mould, model, form, carve, en-
Heighten. SYN. Exalt, increase, en- grave, sculpture, levigate, turn.
hance, intensify, color, vivify, aggra- Hibernal. SYN. Wintry, arctic, bru-
vate, raise, exaggerate, lift up, ampli- mal, glacial.
fy- ANT. Summerly, zephyrous, balmy,
ANT. Lower, depress, diminish, de- halcyonic.
teriorate, abase, temper, tone, exten- Hide. SYN. Conceal, secrete, mask,
uate, modify, quality. dissemble, store, protect, disguise, en-
Heinous. SYN. Hateful, fragrant, Jo sconce, screen, cover, burrow.
testable, flagitious, atrocious, odious, ANT. Expose, discover, exhibit,man-
abominable, execrable, enormous. ifest, betray, strip.
ANT. Excellent, laudable, merito- Hideous. SYN. Frightful, unshapely,
rious, praiseworthy, distinguished, monstrous, horrid, horrible,ugly,gris-
justifiable, excusable, palliable. ly, grim, ghastly.
Hellish [See AHGELIC]. ANT. Graceful, beautiful, captiva-
Help. v. SYN. Aid, succor, remedy, ting, attractive.
prevent, avoid, assist, promote, co- Hie. SYN. Fly, haste, speed.
operate, relieve, second. ANT. Falter, stop, stay, lag, stick.
ANT. Oppose, obstruct, aggravate, Higgle [See HAGGLE].
incur. High. SYN. Elevated, lofty, tall, emi-
Help. n. [See HELP, .]. nent, excellent, noble, haughty, vio-
Helpless [See FORLORN]. lent, proud, exalted.
Hem. r. [See BORDER]. ANT. Depressed, low, stunted, ig-
Herald, n. [See HARBINGER]. noble, mean, base, affable.
Herculean [See GIGANTIC]. Highly. SYN. Greatly, exceedingly,
Herd. r. [See CONGREGATE]. extremely, very much.
Hereditary. SYN. Inherited, ances- ANT. Hardly, barely, scarcely.
tral, lineal. Hilarity [See DESPAIR].
ANT. Conferred, acquired, won, Hinder. SYN. Prevent, interrupt, ob-
HerenF. SYN. Schism, unorthodoxy. struct, retard, debar, embarrass, im-
ANT. Orthodoxy, catholicity pede, thwart, block, stop.
Heritage. SXN. Inheritaace, entail- AT. Accelerate, expedite, enable,
ment, legacy, Uoquvst. promote, facilitate.
flinderance [See HINDER]. ANT. Profane, evil, impure, on
Hinge. STN. Move, turn, hang, de- holy.
pend, work, rotate, circulate. Homage. STN. Fealty, allegiance,
ANT. Halt, crepitate, jar, grate. submission, worship, deference, al,
Hint. n. [See CUE]. fiance, respect, veneration.
Hint. v. [See SUGGEST], ANT. Treason, rebellion, disaffeo.
Hire. STN. Engage, commission, em- tion, insubordination, defiance.
ploy, rent. Home [See ABODE J.
ANT. Buy, purchase. Homely. STN. Plain, course, un-
Hit. STN. Strike,succeed, chance, comely.
reach, hazard, mistake, touch. ANT. Handsome, beautiful, re-
ANT. Fail, mischance, err. miss. fined, courtly.
Hitcb. STN. Stick, stickle, oar, jam, Homogeneous [See HETEBOGENE-
catch, hang. ousj.
ANT. Run, glide, elide, rotate, flow. Honest. STN. Honorable, upright,
Hoard. STN. Treasure, accumulate, virtuous, proper, right, sincere, con-
husband, store up, amass, heap up, scientious.
lay up. ANT. Dishonest, dishonorable, vi-
ANT. Waste, squander, dissipate. cious, improper, wrong, insincere.
Hoarse. STN. Harsh, grating, husky, Honesty. STN. Integrity, probity,
raucous, rough, gruff. uprightness, straightforwardness,
ANT. Mellifluous,inellow,rich,6weet, fairness, sincerity, honor, rectitude,
melodious. virtue, justice, veracity.
Hoary. SYN. White, gray, silvery, ANT. Dishonest,chicanery,trickery,
frosty. insincerity, deception, fraud, unfair-
ANT. Dark, raven, jet. ness, guile.
Hoax. STN. Befool, gammon, bam- Honor. STN. Respect, reverence, no-
boozle, dupe, trick, trepan. eminence, reputation,
bility, dignity,
ANT. Guide, enlighten, undeceive,
fame, high-mindedness, spirit, self-
inform, direct, correct, regulate. respect, renown, grandeur, esteem.
Hobby. STN. Limp, falter. ANT. Disrespect, contempt, irrever-
ANT. Bun, course, speed, leap. ence, slight, obscurity, degradation,
Hobble. STN. Pursuit, whim, amuse- disgrace, abasement, demoralization,
ment, specialty, idiosyncrasy. cowardice, dishonor, infamy.
ANT. Nuisance, horror, aversion, Honorable. STN. High-minded, up-
bugbear, scarecrow, incubus. right [See HONEST J.
Hoyden. STN. Romp, tomboy. Honorary. STN. Gratuitous, uno*-
ANT. Prude. ficia'i, unremunerative, nominal, titu-
Hold. STN. Keep, grasp, retain, sup- lar.
port, restrain, defend, maintain, oc- ANT. Official, remunerative, pro-
cupy, possess, sustain, regard, con- fessional, jurisdictional.
eider, cohere, continue, have. Hoot. SifN. Hiss, execrate, denounce,
ANT. Drop, abandon, surrender, sibilate, decry.
fail,release, desert, forego, vacate, ANT. Cheer, honor, acclaim, eulo-
concede, break, cease. gize, salute, welcome.
Hollow, adj. (Metaphor.) STN. Emp- Hope. STN. Anticipation, prospect,
ty,concave, foolish, weak,faithless, in- vision, longing, confidence, desire,
sincere, artificial, unsubstantial, void, expectation, trust,
flimsy, transparent, senseless, vacant, ANT. Despair, despondency, dis-
unsound, false. trust, disbelief, abandonment, abjura-
ANT. Full, solid, well-stored, strong, tion.
firm, sincere, true, genuine, substan- Horrible. STN. Abominable, detest-
tial, able, dreadful, fearful, hideous, ghast-
Holy. STN. Sacred, reverend, pure, ly, terrific, hateful, direful, horrid,
consecrated, religious, saintly, pioUB, awful, frightful.
devout, divine, hallowed, devout, ANT. Lovely, desirable, enjoyable,
HOB 133

attractive, beautiful, fair, pleasant, Humble. SYN. Low, lowly, obscure,

amiable. meek, modest, unassuming, unpre-
Horrid [See HORRIBLE]. tending, submissive.
Horror. SYN. Fear, dread, shrink- ANT. High, lofty, eminent, proud,
ing, loathing, detestation, awe, dis- boastful, arrogant, assuming, preten-
may, fright, terror, excessive fear. tious.
ANT. Love, attraction, allurement, Humid. SYN. Moist, wet, vaporous,
enticement. spongy, damp.
Horse. SYN. Steed, charger, courser, ANT. Dry, arid, parched, moisture-
Bozinante, nag, barb. less.
Hospitable. SYN. Sociable, neigh- Humiliate [See HUMBLE and
borly, charitable. ELEVATE].
ANT. Unsociable, exclusive, retired, Humiliation [See ABASEMENT].
unueighborly, churlish, recluse. Humility [See HUMBLE].
Host. SYN. Multitude, number, assem- Humor. SYN. Disposition, temper,
blage, army. mood, caprice, jocoseness, pleasantry,
ANT. Handful, sprinkling, knot, frame, drollery, fun.
group, corps, section. ANT. Nature, personality, mind,
Hostage. SYN. Sponsor, bail, surety. will, purpose, seriousness.
ANT. Dictator, conqueror. Humorous. SYN. Facetious, comical,
Hostility [See ANIMOSITY]. witty, funny,
Hot. SYN. Fiery, burning, fervent, ANT. Grave, serious, sober, matter-
glowing, pungent, violent [See AR- of-fact.
DENT]. Humorsome [See FANCIFUL].
Hound. SYN. Pursue, hunt, prose- Hunt See HOUND,].

cute. Hurl [See DABT].

ANT. Liberate, discard, abandon, Hurry (See ACCELERATE].
spare. Hurt. v. SYN. Wound, bruise, harm,
House [See ABODE]. damage, pain, grieve.
Hubbub [See BABBLE]. ANT. Heal, soothe, console, repair,
Huddle. SYN. Mix, confuse, derange, reinstate, compensate, benefit.
heap. Hurt. n. SYN. Harm, injury, damage,
ANT. Assort, arrange, adjust, clas- wound, detriment, mischief.
sify. ANT. Benefit, pleasure.
Huge. SYN. Enormous, monstrous, Hurtful. SYN. Mischievous, injuri-
colossal, vast, bulky, large, great, ous, pernicious, baleful, deleterious,
prodigious, immense, stupendous, baneful, noxious, detrimental, preju-
gigantic. dicial
ANT. Petty, undersized, pigmy, Husband [See ECONOMIZE],
puny. Ilusli [See SILENCE].
Human. SYN. Ethnical, cosmical, an- Husky [See HOARSE].
thropological, rational, civilized. Hustle [See JOSTLE J.
ANT. Inhuman, beastly, irrational. Hybrid. SYN. Mixed, impure, mon-
Humane. SYN. Benign, kind, tender, grel, mule.
mercif ul, benevolent, compassionate. ANT. Pure, unmixed, thoroughbred.
ANT. Unkind, cruel, unmerciful, in- Hypocrisy [See HYPOCRITE].
human. Hypocrite. SYN. Feigner, pretender,
Humanity. SYN. Man, mankind, dissembler, imposter, cheat, deceitful
kindness, tenderness, compassion, person.
sensibility,philanthropy,benevolence. ANT. Saint, believer, Christian, sim-
ANT. Unkindness, cruelty, inhu- pleton, dupe, bigot, fanatic, lover of
manity, bestiality, irrationality, bar- truth.
barity. Hypocritical. SYN. Pharisaical,
Humanize. SYN. Civilize, ameli- ^anctimoftious, smug, smooth, mealy,
orate, enlighten, christianize, refine. unctuous, mincing.
ANT. Barbarize, degrade, debase, ANT. Plain-spoken, candid, truth-
depress, brutalize. ful, sincere, genuine, transparent.
133 ILL
ANT. Loathe, execrate, abominate.
Ignite [See KINDLE].
Ignoble. SYN. Mcun, base, dishonor-
able, humble, plebian, lowly.
IDEA. SYN. Image, notion, concep- ANT. Honorable, noble, eminen ,

tion, belief, doctrine, supposition, un- exalted, lordly, grand, notable, illus-
derstanding, fiction, fancy, thought, trious.
opinion, impression, sentiment. IgiiominiouH. SYN. Shameful, scan-
ANT. Object, iorm, subject, thing,
dalous, dishonorable, infamous.
reality. ANT. Honorable, reputable, credit-
Ideal. SYN. Mental, notional, concep- able.
tional, intellectual, creative, spiritual, Ignominy. SYN. Disgrace, reproba-
poetical, supposititious, fictitious, un- shame, reproach, contempt, dis-
real, imaginary, chimerical, fanciful, honor, infamy, obloquy.
imaginative. ANT. Credit, reputation, honor, dis-
ANT. Physical, visible, material,
tinction, glory, lustre, renown.
tangible, historical, real, actual, pal- Ignoramus. SYN. Dunce, dullard.
pable, substantial. ANT. Savant, luminary.
ideality. SYN. Fancy, creativeness, Ignorance [See KNOWLEDGE].
genius. Ignorant. SYN. Untaught, uneduca.
ANT. Imitation, uninventiveness, ted. uninformed, unlearned, illiterate,
unimaginativeness, copyism. unlet tered.
Identity. SYN. Unite, integrate, re- ANT. Wise, learned, cultured, cul-
cognize, verify, incorporate. ti vat cd ,irell-informed.
ANT. Divide, disunite, confound,
confuse, overlook, mistake.
Ignore SYN. Disown, repudiate, over-
Identical. SYN. Same, self-same, ANT. Own, notice, mark, visit, rec-
particular. ognize.
ANT. Different, separate, contrary.
111. n. SYN. Evil, misfortune [See
Identity. SYN. Oneness, unity, same- HARM and MISCHIEF].
ness, personality, individuality, con- 111. a. SYN. Bad, sick, unwell, indis-
ANT. Difference, distinctness, sepa- posed, poorly, out of sorts, diseased.
ANT. Well, healthy, strong, vig-
rateness, plurality, contrariety. orous See GOOD).
Idiocy. SYN. Imbecility, aberration,
Ill-bred. SYN. Impolite, uncivil, ill-
insanity, fatuity.
ANT. Sanity, sagacity, intelligence, mannered, rude.
ANT. Polite, well-behaved, civil,
sense, judgment.
Idiom. SYN. Specialty, peculiarity, courteous, refined. .

characteristic, phrase, turn.

Illegal See LEGAL].

ANT. Solecism, barbarism. Illegible [See LEGIBLE].

SYN. Peculiarity,
Illegitimate [See LEGAL],
Idiosyiicracy. Illiberal [See LIBERAL].
constitution, temperament, specialty, Illicit [See LICIT],
characteristic, individuality, SI^KU- Illiterate [See LITERARY].
larity, eccentricity. Illogical [See LOGICAL].
ANT. Community, universality, Ill-treat. SYN. Maltreat, abuse, ill-
generality. use, misuse.
Idiot. SYN. Imbecile, fool. . ANT. Treat well [See ABUSE].
ANT. Luminary, sage, authority. Illuminate. SYN. Lignceu, enlight-
Idle. SYN. Void, unoccupied, waste, en, emblazon, irradiate.
vain, empty, unemployed, useless, in- ANT. Darken, obscure, bedim.
active, lazy, indolent. Illusion. SYN. Dream, mockery, de-
ANT. Tilled, occupied, populated,
ception, delusion, hallucination, p.ian-
filled, employed, assiduous, industri-
ous. tasm, vision, myth, false show, er-
ror, fallacy.
Idolize. SYN. Worship, adore, ven- ANT. Fora, reality, body,substa ice.
Illusive. SYN. Deceptive, vision try,
unreal, disappointing, fugitive, erro-

Imbolden. SYN. Enhearten, em-

neous, false, imagmary,chimerical,de- bolden, inspirit [See ENCOURAGE].
lusive, illusory. Imbrue. SYN. Wet, moisten, soak,
ANT. Substantial, satisfactory, real, drench.
true, permanent, solid. ANT. Wring, dry, wipe, drain.
Illustrate. SYN. Elucidate, inter- Imbue. SYN. Tmge, dye, stain, im-
pret, exemplify, demonstrate, repre- preguate, inoculate, ingrain, affect,
sent, explain, embody, paint, image, infect.
make clear. ANT. Disimbue, disinoculate, dis-
ANT. Obscure, misinterpret, mys- abuse, cleanse, clear, purge, disin-
confuse, misrepresent, darken.
tify, fect.
Illustrative [See ILLUSTRATE]. Imitate. SYN. Represent, copy, re-
Illustrious. SYN. Renowned, glori- semble, follow, portray, depict, re-
ous, brilliant, deathless, eminent, peat, pattern after, mock, ape, coun-
distinguished, celebrated, conspicu- mimic.
ous, noble, famous. ANT. Misrepresent, caricature, al-
ANT. Ignominious, disgraceful, dis- ter, vary, dissimilate, differentiate,
reputable, inglorious, infamous. modify, remodel, distort.
Ill-will. SYN. Antipathy, hatred, Imitation [See IMITATE].
malevolence, dislike, aversion [See Imitative. SYN. Mimicking, carica-
ENMITY and AVERSION]. turing, copying, unoriginal, servile,
Image. SYN. Statue, likeness, repre- apish.
sentation, effigy, copy, metapnor, ANT. Original, creative, inventive.
idea, conception, fiction, shadow, Immaculate. SYN. Pure, sinless,
picture, vision. spotless, stainless, virgin, unpolluted,
ANT. Person, original, substance, undefiled, unsullied, unblemished,
subject, object, reality, truth, ver- unspotted.
ity. ANT. Impure, corrupt, sinful, con-
Imagery. SYN. Poetry, fancy, illus- taminated, denied, tainted, polluted,
tration, metaphor, similitude. spotted.
A.N r . Prose, statement, fact. Immanent. SYN. Inherent, innate,
Imaginary, adj. [See IMAGE and subjective, indwelling, internal, in-
ILLUSIVE]. trinsic, congenital, ingrained, natu-
Imaginative. SYN. Creative, con- ral, implicit.
ceptive, ideal, poetical, romantic, in- ANT. Emanent, transitive, pro-
ventive, original. jective, developed, exsilient. phe-
ANT. Unimaginative, unpoeticai, nomenal, explicit, accidental, asci-
unromautic, prosaic, matter-of-fact, titious.
literal, Immunity. SYN. Cruelty, atrocity,
Imagine. SYN. Conceive, suppose, savagery, ferocity, truculeiice.
Rurmise, understand, fancy, fabricate, ANT. Mildness, gentleness, tender-
deem, presume, think, appreuead. ness, docility, mansuetude.
ANT. Kepresent, exhibit, demon- Immaterial. SYN. Spiritual, incor-
strate, prove, substantiate, verify, poreal, unimportant, insignificant,
depict. trivial, trifling, unessential.
Imbecile. SYN. Foolish, idiotic, fat- ANT. Material, physical, corporeal,
uous. essential, Important.
ANT. Shrewd, sagacious, clever. Immature. SYN. Unripe, green,
Imbecility. SYN. Feebleness, se- crude, imperfect, unfinished, unde-
nility, weakness, dotage. veloped.
ANT. Strength, energy, vigor, vi- ANT. Ripe, complete, finished, ma-
rility, power. ture, developed.
Imbibe. SYN. Acquire, leam. assim- Immeasurable. SYN. Vast, bound-
ilate, absorb, drink, swallow, take in, less, illimitable, immense, unfath-
suck in. omable, infinite.
ANT. Discard, reject, renounce, ANT. Finite, bounded, limited, cir-
disavow, abjure, repudiate. cumscribed, shallow, restricted.
Immediate. SYN. Proximate, con- Imp. STN. Brat, scamp, devil, do-
tiguous, present, direct, instant, mou.
next. ANT. Cherub, angel.
ANT. Distant, remote, future, me- Impact. SYN. Contact, application,
diate. impression, collision.
Immediately. SYN. Without delay, ANT. Isolation, separation, inter-
instantly, forthwith, directly, pres- val, removal, avoidance, non-con-
ently, straightway. tact, shave.
ANT. With delay, after a while. Impair. SYN. Deteriorate, injure, re-
Immemorial. SYN. Primitive, an- duce, damage, enfeeble, vitiate, di-
cient, archaic, primordial, time- minish, lessen.
honored, remote. ANT. Enhance, improve, augment,
ANT. Recent, modern, late, up- repair.
start, fresh. Impalpable [Soe PALPABLE].
Immense [See IMMEASURABLE and Imparity [See PARITY].
Immerse. SYN. Dip, plunge, sink, Impartial [See PARTIAL],
soak, steep, macerate, duck, sub- Impassable [See PASSABLE],
merge, drown, inundate, douse, over- Impassible. SYN. Immaterial, im-
whelm. mortal.
ANT. Dry, drain, parch, ventilate, ANT. Passible, mortal.
air. Impassioned. SYN. Excited, fervid,
Immersion [See IMMERSE]. passionate, glowing, vehement, im-
Imtnetliodical [See METHODI- petuous, spirited.
ANT. Unimpassioned, cool, impas-
STN. Migration, col- sive.
onization, settlement. Impassive [See IMPASSIONED].
ANT. Emigration, exodus. Impatient [See PATIENT].
Imminent. SYN. Impending, hov- Impawn [See PAWN].
ering, threatening. Impeach. SYN. Accuse, arraign, in-
ANT. Warded, staved, escaped. dict, criminate.
ANT. Acquit, absolve, abet, vin-
Immiscibility [See MISCIBLE]. dicate.
Immissioii. SYN. Introduction, in-
jection, insertion.
Impeccability [See PECCABILITY].
ANT. Ejection, emission, discharge. Impede [See ACCELERATE],
Immitigable [See MITIGATE]. Impediment. SYN. Hindrance, ob-
Immobility [See MOBILE]. stacle, obstruction, stumbling block.
Immoderate [See MODERATE]. ANT. Aid, aidance, help, assistance,
Immodest. SYN. Indecent, shame- succor, support, furtherance, coad-
ful,impudent, indecorous. jwvancy.
ANT. Modest, decorous, becoming, Impel [See URGE],
proper [See BECOMING]. Impend. SYN. Hover, threaten.
Immolate. SYN. Sacrifice, victim- ANT. Pass, spare.
ize. Impenetrable [See PENETRABLE].
ANT. Spoil, humor, indulge, feed, Impenitent [See PENITENT].
pamper. Imperative. SYN. Urgent, irresist-
Immoral [See MORAL], ible, dictatorial, inexorable,p%rempio-
Immortal [See MORTAL]. rily, compulsory, obligatory.
Immovable [See MOVABLE]. ANT. Indulgent, lenient, mild, en-
Immundicity [See MUNDICITY]. treative, supplicatory, optional, dis-
Immunity. SYN. Exemption, dis- cretional.
pensation, freedom, privilege. Imperceptible [See PERCEPTIBLE].
ANT. Liability, obligation, juris- Impercipieiit [See PBRCIPIENT].
diction, impost, burden, amenabil- Imperfect [See PERFECT],
ity. Imperfection. SYN. Deficiency,
Immure [See INCARCERATE]. fault, failing, blemish, vice [See DB-
Immutable [See MUTABLE].
Imperlorate [See PERFORATE]. Implore [See ENTREAT].
Imperial. SYS. Majestic, royal, mag- Imply. SYN. Involve, mean, indicate,
nificent, supreme, superb. suggest, hint, import, denote, include.
ANT. Ignoble, servile, slavish.mean, ANT. Express, declare, state, pro-
paltry, beggarly. nounce.
Imperil [See ENDANGER]. Impolite [See POLITE].
Imperious. SYN. Arrogant, exacting, Impolitic [See POLITIC].
dictatorial, authoritative, domineer- Imponderable [See PONDERABLE],
ing, haughty, lordly. Imponderous See PONDEROUS].
ANT. Yielding, submissive, com- Imporous [See POROUS],
pliant, docile, ductile, lenient, gentle, Import. SYN. Introduce, bring.
mild. ANT. Export, banish.
Imperishable [See PERISHABLE]. Import. SYN. Purport, meaning,
Im permanence [See PEBMA- drift, tenor, significance.
ANT. Statement, proceeding.
Impermeable [See PERMEABLE] Importance. SYN. \V eight, moment,
Impersonal [See PERSONAL] consequence, significance, significa-
Impersonate. SYN. Act, enact, rep- tion, avail, concern.
resent. ANT. Unimportance, insignificance,
ANT. Detect, unmask, expose. nothingness, immateriality.
Impertinent [See PERTINENT]. Important. SYN. Significant, express-
Imperturbable [See PERTURB and ive, relevant, main, leading, consid-
STOICAL]. erable, great, dignified, influential,
Impervious [See PERVIOUS]. weighty, momentous, material, grave,
Impetrate. SYN. Entreat, implore, essential.
obsecrate, pray, imprecate. ANT. Insignificant, trivial, inex-
ANT. Demand, command, claim, in- pressive, irrelevant, inconsiderable,
sist, deprecate, debort, dissuade, ex- petty, mean, uninfluential.secondary,
postulate, remonstrate. unimportant, minor.
Impetuous [SK- HASTY], Importation [See IMPORT. .].
Impiety [See PIETY]. Importunate. SYN. Over-urgent,
Impious. SYN. Profane, irreverent, over-entreative, pressing.
godless, wicked, blasphemous. ANT. Modest, diffident.
ANT. Reverent, pious, godly, de- Importune. SYN. Pester,
solicit, ask
vout, reverential. urgently, press.
Implgiiorate [See PAWN]. ANT. 8urrender,abandon,sacrifice.
Impinge [See IMPACT]. Impose. SYN. Lay, inflict, fix, set,
Implacable [See PLACABLE]. place, enjoin.
Implant [See PLANT]. ANT. Remove, disburden.
Implement. SYN. Instrument, uten- Impose on. SYN. Delude, deceive,
sil, tool, appliance. dupe, circumvent [See CHEAT, .].
AN*. Labor, work, science, art, Imposing. SYN. Striking, effective,
manufacture, agriculture. dignified, grand, impressive, majes-
Impletion. SYN. Filling, satisfac- tic,august, commanding.
tion, supply. ANT. Ineffective,undignified, petty.
ANT. Failure, exhaustion, depriva- Imposition [See CHEAT, n.J.
tion, disappointment. Impossible [See POSSIBLE].
Implicate. SYN. Connect, associate, Impost. SYN. Imposition, tax, bur-
charge, criminate, involve, entangle, den, custom, toll, tribute, excise,duty.
infold, compromise. ANT. Exemption, immunity, pro-
ANT. Disconnect, dissociate, acquit, ceeds, revenue.
extricate. Impostor. SYN. Cheat, deceiver, dis
Implication [See IMPLICATE]. tembler, charlatan, knave.
Implicit. SYN. Implied, involved, in- ANT. Detector, undeceiver, guide,
dicated. enligh tener.
ANT. Expressed, explicit,developed. Imposture [See IMPOSTOR and
Implied [See IMPLICIT 1. CHEAT!.
Impotence. SYN. Incapacity, weak- lent, saucy, shameless, brazen-faced,
ness, disqualification, disability. rude, bold, immodest.
ANT. Capacity, vigor, ability, qual- ANT. Servile, obsequious, syco-
ification. phantic, bashful, retiring, diffident,
Impotent. SYN. Weak, powerless, deferential, modest.
useless, feeble, helpless, nerveless, Impudence. STN. Impertinence, in-
enfeebled. solence, assurance, effrontery, rude-
ANT. Strong, vigorous, powerful, ness, sauciness, shamelessnet-s, au-
virile. dacity, hardihood.
Impound [See POUND"]. ANT. Obsequiousness, subservi-
Impoverish fSee ENKICHJ. ency, abasement, sycophancy, flunk-
Impracticable [See PBACTICA- eyism, humility [See MODESTT].
BLEj. Impugn. STN. Gainsay, controvert,
Imprecate [See IMPETRATE]. oppose, deny, attack, blame.
Impregnable [See PREGNABLK]. ANT. Declare, state, allege, pro-
Impregnate. SYN. Fill, insert, im- pose, defend, repel, approve, com-
bue, mix, combine, saturate, steep, mend.
vivify, fecundate, teach. Impulse. STN. Incentive, push, in-
ANT. Remove, evolve, extricate, citement, force, influence, instiga-
render simple, separate, destroy, ex- tion, feeling, sudden thought, mo-
tinguish, quench, be studious, learn. tive.
Impress, n. STN. Imprint, print, ANT. Rebuff, repulse, premedita-
device, motto, impression, stamp tion, deliberation [See
[See DEVICE and STAMP]. Impulsive. SYN. Rash, hasty, way-
Impress, v. STN. Stamp, print, im- ward, impressible [See RASH].
print, inculcate, fix deeply. Impure. STN. Foul, unchaste, dirty
ANT. Learn, be Impressed, be stu- [See PUBE].
dious, be mindful. Impute. SYN. Ascribe, refer, charge.
Impressive. STN. Forcible, sol- ANT. Withdraw, retract.
emn, affecting, imposing, impor- Inability [See ABILITY].
tant. Inaccessible [See ACCESSIBLE].
ANT. Weak, unimpressive, feeble, Inaccurate [See ACCUBATE].
tame, jejune, dry, vapid, unimpor- Inaction [See ACTION].
tant, insignificant. Inactive. STN. Idle, lazy, inert, in-
Imprison. SYN. Immure, incarce- dolent, sluggish, slothful.
rate, shut up, confine. ANT. See Active.
ANT. Free, liberate, open, set free. Inactivity [See ACTIVITY].
Imprisonment. SYN. Restraint, Inadequate [See ADEQUATE].
incarceration, durance, confinement. Inadmissible [See ADMISSIBLE],
ANT. Freedom, liberation. Inadvertence. SYN. Inadvertency,
Improper [See PBOPEB]. oversight, negligence, inattention,
Improve. STN. Better, amend, ame- carelessness [See BLUNDER].
emend, correct, mend, rec-
liorate, ANT. Correction, attention.
reform [See AMELIORATE].
tify, Inadvertent. STN. Inobservant,
Improvement. SYN. Advancement, careless, heedless.
amendment, progress, increase, cor- ANT. Careful, observant, accurate.
rection, proficiency. Inalienable. STN. Alien, entailed,
ANT. Degeneracy, degeneration, in transferable.
deterioration, debasement, retrogra- ANT. Unentailed, transferable.
datlon, retrogression. Inane. SYN. Empty, pointless, vapid,
Improvident. SYN. Imprudent, i
feeble, characterless.
wasteful, prodigal, reckless, care- ANT. Significant, pointed, power-
less, thoughtless; shiftless. ful, sensible, forcible.
ANT. Prudent, careful, saving, eco- Inanimate [See ANIMATE].
nomical, provident [See THOUGHT- Inanition. SYN. Emptiness, exhaus-
FUL], f tion, starvation.
Impudent. STN. Impertinent, inso- ANT. Fullness, plethora, repletion.
Inanity. SYN. Emptiness, vacuity, ANT. Whiten, pale, etiolate.
pointlessness,unmeaningness [See Incarnation. SYN. Embodiment,
INANITION]. impersonation.
ANT. Meaning, significance, signifi- SYN. Disembodiment, spiritualizn-
cation. tion, abstraction.
Inappetency [See APPETITE]. Incase. SYN. Inclose, enshrine, im-
Inapplicable [See APPLICABLE]. panel, board, batten.
Inapposite [See APPOSITE J. ANT. Unpack, extract, expose, dis-
Inappreciable. SYN. Infinitesimal, close.
minute, imperceptible. Incautious [See CAUTIOUS].
ANT. Perceptible, ponderable, ap- Incendiarism. SYN. Arson, confla-
preciable, calculable. gration.
Inappropriate [See PROPER]. ANT. Extinction, quenching, anni-
Inapt [See APT]. hilation.
Inarticulate. SYN. Dumb, mute, Incendiary [See INCENDIARISM].
confused, inorganic. Incense. SYN. Inflame, irritate, pro-
ANT. Articulated, enunciated, or- voke, sting, nettle, exasperate, chafe,
ganic. compound. gall.
Inartificial [See ARTIFICIAL]. ANT. Allay, soothe, pacify, appease,
Inattention [See ATTENTION], mollify, conciliate.
Inaudible. SYN. Low, inarticulate, Inception [See BEGINNING].
suppressed, muttering, mumbling, sti- Incentive. SYN. Inducement, excita-
fled, muffled. tion, rousing, motive, stimulus, spur.
ANT. Audible, outspoken, sonorous, ANT. Discouragement, warning, dis-
articulate, clear, ringing, loud. suasive, prohibition, deterrent.
Inaugurate. SYN. Initiate, com- Inceptor [See INCEPTION].
mence, install. Incertitude [See CERTAINTY].
ANT. Deprive, divert, conclude, ter- Incessant. SYN. Continual, uninter-
minate. rupted, unintennittent, perpetual, un-
Inauguration [See INAUGURATE ceasing.
and TERMINATION]. ANT. Periodic, occasional, inter-
Inauspicious [See AUSPICIOUS]. rupted, intermittent.
Inborn [See CONGENITAL]. Inclioatlon [See BEGINNING and
Incalculable [See CALCULATE]. Incidence. SYN. Impingement, im-
Incandescence. SYN. Incalescence, pact, stroke.
glow, white heat ANT. Reflectlon,resilience.rebound.
ANT. Iciness, congelation, refrig- Incident [See INCIDENCE and
eration, crystallization. EVENT].
Incantation. SYN. Recitation, spell, Incidental. SYN. Casual, occasional,
charm, invocation. appertinent, concomitant, concurrent,
ANT. Exorcism, evocation. accidental, fortuitous.
Incapable. SYN. Unqualified, un- ANT. Systematic, regular, indepen-
able, incapable, unfitted, weak, in- dent, disconnected, irrelative, essen-
competent, feeble, disqualified, in- tial, immanent, inherent, uniform,
sufficient. invariable.
ANT. Qualified, able, fitted, strong, Incipience [See INCEPTION].
clever. Incipient [See INCEPTION and BE-
Incapacious [See CAPACIOUS]. GINNING].
Incapacity [See CAPACITY]. Inclrcumspect [See CIRCUM-
Incarcerate. SYN. Immure, impris- SPECT].
on. Incite (See URGE],
ANT. Liberate, release. Incivility. SYN. Discourtesy, ill-
Incarceration [See IMPBLSON- breeding, ill-manners, uncourteou*-
Incarnadine. SYN. Redden, rubri- ANT. Civility, urbanity, good
cate. crimson. ners, politeness.
Inclement, SY-T.
Harsh, tyrannical, Incomprenensible. SYN. Myste-
cruel, unmerciful, severe, stormy, rious, unfathomable, enigmatical.
rough, rigorous. ANT. Comprehensible, cognizable,
ANT. Mild, benign, clement, genial, plain.
merciful. Incomprehension [[See COMPRE-
Incline, r. BYN.Slope, bear, lean, HENSION],
point, tend, dispose, induce, dip, bias, Incompressible [See COMPRESS].
prompt, slant, be disposed. Inconceivable [See CONCEIVE].
ANT. Trend, diverge, ascend, deter, Inconclnnlty. SYN. Inelegance
rise, indispose, disincline. stiffness, barbarism, slang, euphuism,
Inclination. SYN. Leaning, elope, cacophony .

tendency, disposition, proneness, apt- ANT. Concinnity, elegance, ease,

ness, predilection, bias, bent, attach- purity, grace, gracefulness, euphony.
ment, affection, liking, wish. Inconclusive [See CONCLUSIVE],
ANT. Inaptitude, inaptne'ss, dislike, Incongruous [See CONGRUOUS.]
disinclination [See BENT]. Inconsiderable [See CONSIDERA-
Inclose [See CONFINE and COVJIR]. BLE].
Include [See CONTAIN and EM- Inconsiderate [See CONSIDERATE].
BRACE]. Inconsistent [See CONSISTENT.]
Inclusive. SYN. Comprehensive, em- Inconsolable. SYN. Cheerless, joy-
bracing, additive, implied. less, spiritless, melancholy, gloomy,
ANT. Exclusive excepted, renuncia- disconsolate, comfortless, forlorn,
tive, adversative. heartsick, in dispair.
Incognizable [See COGNIZANCE]. ANT. Cheerful, hopefnl. consolable.
Incoherence. SYN. Disunion, dis- Inconsonant [See CONSONANT].
ruption, inconsecutiveness, solution, Inconstant. SYN. Fickle, mutable,
disconnection. variable, fitful, unstable, unsteadfast,
ANT. Coherence, continuity, close- changable (See CAPRICIOUS and
Incoherent. SYN. Unconnected, in- Incontestable. SYN. Indisputable,
congruous, inconsequential, loose. unquestionable, unassailable, impreg-
ANT. Coherent, connected [See CO- nable.
HERENT]. ANT, Dubious, questionable, prob-
Incombustible. SYN. Uninflamma- lematical, supposititious, aroitrary,
ble, aphlogistic. assumptive, hypothetical.
ANT. Inflammable, combustible. Incontiguous [See ADJACENT and
Income. SYN. Proceeds, pay, allow- CONTERMINOUS] .

ance. Incontinent (See CONTINENCE].

ANT. Disbursement, expenditure. Incontinently [See INCONTINENT],
Incommensurable [See COMMEN- Incontrovertible FSee CONTRO-
Incommode [See ACCOMMODATE]. Inconvenience, v. SYN.
Incommunicable. SYN. Intrans- mode, discommode, disturb, molest.
ferable, inalienable. ANT. Suit, aid, benefit, subserve, as-
ANT. Transferable, alienable, com- sist, help.
municable. Inconvenient [See CONVENIENT],
Incomparable. SYN. Matchless, Inconversible (See AFFABLE].
unique, consummate, transcendent. Inconvertible [See CONVERTIBLE].
ANT. Common, orflinary, average. Incorporal [See CORPORAL].
Incompasslonate. SYN. Hard- Incorporate [See INTEGRATE].
hearted, unmerciful. Incorrect [See CORRECT].
ANT. Clement, benignant, compas- Incorrigible [See CORRIGIBLE].
sionate, merciful. Incorruptible [See CORRUPT],
Incompatible [See COMPATIBLE]. Interruption [See CORRUPTION],
Incompetence [See COMPETENCE], Incrassate [See THICKEN].
Incompetent [See ADEQUATSJ. Increase v. SYN. Advance, heighten,
Incomplete [See COMPLETE! dilut- enhance, aggregate, pile up,
INC 140 INT)

raise,magnify, spread [See DE- A.NT. Reversible, alterable, muta-

CBEASE]. ble.
Increase, n, SYN. Accep?ion,growth, Indefensible [See DEFENSIBLE].
extension [See AUGMENTATION]. Indefinite [See DEFINITE].
Incredible. SYN. Surpassing belief, Indelible. SYN. Indestructible, in-
fabulous, marvelous [See CREDI- defeasible, ineffaceable, persistent,
BLE] irreversible.
Incredulity [See CREDULITY]. ANt. Mutable, evanescent, tran-
Increment [See AUGMENTATION]. sient, eff aceable.
Incrnst. SYN. Coat, overlay, plaster. Indelicate. SYN. Coarse, broad, in-
ANT. Scrape, abrade, levigate, ex- decent.
foliate. ANT. Nice, refined, modest, deli-
Inculcate. SYN. Impress, urge, en- cate.
force, Infuse, instil, implant, press, Indemnify. SYN. Compensate, se
teach. cure, satisfy, reimburse.
ANT. Insinuate, suggest, disavow, ANT. Fine, mulct, amerce.
abjure, denounce. Independent [See DEPENDENT].
Inculpate. SYN. Charge, criminate. Indescribable. SYN. Unaccount-
[See IMPLICATE]. able, inexpressible, ineffable, unutter-
Incumbent. SYN. Pressing, binding, able.
coercive, indispensable, urgent, de- ANT. Familiar, ordinary.
volvent, obligatory. Indestructible. SYN. Imperishable,
ANT. Optional, discretional. indiscerptible.
Incur. SYN. Meet, run. ANT. Perishable, destructible, dis-
ANT. Avoid, Bhun, elude, escape. soluble.
Incurable. SYN. Irremediable, irre- Indeterminate [See DETERMIN-
deemable. ATE].
ANT. Tractable, removable, rem- Indicate. SYN. Show, evidence, be-
ediable. tray, evince, manifest, declare, speci-
Incuriosity [See CURIOSITY]. fy, denote, point out, betoken, desig-
Incursion. SYN. Invasion.encroach- nute, mark.
ment, inroad, irruption, foray, raid, ANT. Conceal, contradict, negative,
dragonnade, sally. misindicate, misdirect, falsify.
ANT. Encampment, settlement, Indication. SYN. Sign, token,man-
abode, retreat. ifestation, evidence, demonstration,
Incurvation [See BEND]. note, symptom, proof, mark,proguc 3-
Iiidagation [See EXAMINE]. tic.
Indebted. SYN Obliged, beholden. ANT. Silence, undemonstrativeness,
ANT. Disobliged, unbenolden. surmise, misdirection, misindication,
Indecent. SYN. Indelicate, immod- misguidance.
est, improper [See BECOMING and Indict [See CHARGE].
INDELICATE]. Indifference. SYN. Triviality, un-
Indecision See DECISION].
importance, insignificance, coolness,
Indecisive [See DECISION]. carelessness, apathy, insensibility,
Indecorum. SYN. Impropriety, composure.
coarseness, incorrectness. ANT. Importance, significance,
ANT. Propriety, decorum, correct- weight, gravity, eagerness, interest,
ness. affection, ardor.
Indeed. SYN. Truly, verily, certain- Indifferent. SYN. Luke-warm, care-
ly, really, in truth, in fact. less, unconcerned [See APATHETIC].
ANT. Erroneous, untrue, void of Indigent. SYN. Poor, straitened,
truth, false, fallacious. needy, impecunious.
Indefatigable. SYN. Unwearied, in- ANT. Wealthy, rich, monied.
cessant, persistent, indomitable. Indigestible. S.
Crude, raw,
ANT. Indo'ent, indifferent, idle. heavy.
Indefeasible. SYN. Irreversible, ANT. Digestible, nutritive, light.
unalterable, immutable. Indignation. SYN. Resentment, an-
IND 141

ger, denunciation, displeasure, exas- biguous, imperfect, uncertain fse

peration, ire, wrath, protestation. DISTINCT].
ANT. Gratification, admiration, ap- Indistinguishable. SYN. Indis-
plause, approval, complacency. cernible, inappreciable, minute, con-
Indignity. SYN. Insult, rudeness, fused.
contemptuousness, opprobrium, dis- ANT. Distinguishable, conspicuous.
grace, slight, reproach, ignominy, dis- Indite. SYN. Prompt, suggest, di<x
respect, outrage, affront. word, compose.
tat c,
ANT. Deference, compliment, hom- ANT. Write, transcribe, pen (as un
age, respect. amanuensis).
Indulgence [See DILIGENCE]. Individual. SYN. Personal, specific,
Indirect [See STBAIGHT and IN- peculiar, indivisible, identical, singu-
STBUCT]. lar, idiosyncratic, special, single, sep-
Indiscernible [See DISCERNIBLE]. arate, particular.
Iiidlscerptible [See INDESTBUCTI- ANT. General, common, collective,
BLE]. plural.
Indtscpverable. SYN. Untraceable, Invisible. SYN. Minute, atomic, ulti-
incognizable. mate.
ANT. Cognizable, traceable, discov- ANT. Divisible, discerptible, sep-
erable. arable.
Indiscreet [See DISCBEET]. Illdocillty. n. SYN. Inefficiency, in-
Indiscretion. SIN. Misconduct, mis- competence, inaptitude, ineptitude,
behavior, misdoing, misdeed, derelic- imbecility, incapacity, obstinacy, dog-
tion, delinquency, lapse, trip, slip, gdduess stubbornness.
flaw, blot, omissiou,trespass,/auxpa, ANT Efficiency, competency, apti-
peccadillo tude, power, pliancy, teachableness,
ANT. Guilt, crime, innocence, good willingness.
behavior, guiltlessness, incorruption, Indoctrinate [See INSTBTJCT].
impeccability. Indolence [See ACTIVITY],
.Indiscriminate. SYN. Mixed, con- Indolent [See ACTIVE].
fused, medley, promiscuous, ill-as- Indomitable. SYN. Invincible, un-
sorted, undiscerning, uudisiingUish- tamable, irrepressible, indefatigable.
ing, undiscrimiuating. ANT. Effortless, feeble, languid.
ANT. Careful, sorted, select, dis- Indorse. SYN. Sanction, approve,
cerning. subscribe, accept.
Indiscrimination. SYN. Indis- ANT. Protest, repudiate, cancel, ab-
tinctness, indistinction, uncertainty, jure, renounce.
doubt, confusion,promiscuousness. Indubitable [See DOUBT and IN-
ANT. Discrimination, distinctness, CONTESTABLE].
distinct! m, differentiation. Indubious. SYN.TTnambiguous,plain,
Indispensable. SYN. Necessary, es- apparent, clear [See EQUIVOCAL],
sential, requisite, needful, expedient. Induce, v. Produce, cause, prompt,
ANT. Unnecessary, unessential, in- persuade, instigate, impel, actuate,
expedient, dispensable. urge, influence, move, prevail on.
Indisposed. SYN. Disinclined, un- ANT. Slave, prevent, disincline, dis-
willing, reluctant, sick, ailing. suade.
ANT. Inclined, prompt, ready, will- Induction. SYN. Collection, colla-
ing, eager, desirous, sound, healthful. tion, gathering, application (as cor-
Indisputable. SYN. Unquestionable, relative to it).
indubitable, infallible, sure, certain ANT. Statement, generalization,
[See INCONTESTABLE]. proposition, class, principle, law, de-
Indissoluble. SYN. Inviolable, in- duction, inference, argumentation,
separable, indis^erptible, indestructi- discourse.
ble. Indue [See DIVEST].
ANT. Separable, terminable, dis- Indulge. SYN. Spoil, pamper, humor,
cerptible, dissoluble. gratify, cherish, bask, revel, grovel,
Indistinct. SYN. Indiscriminate, am- foster, favor, allow.
ANT. Thwart, deny, contradict, dis- Inexhaustible. SYN. Incessant, un-
appoint, discard, abjure, counteract, wearied, Indefatigable, perennial, il-
renounce, mortify, discipline. limitable.
Indulgent. SYN. Compliant, for- ANT. Limited, scant, poor.
bearing, tender, tolerant. Inexistence [See EXISTENCE].
ANT. Harsh, severe, rough [See Inexorable. SYN. Merciless, unre-
SUBMISSIVE]. lenting, implacable, unalterable.
Indurate [See HARDEN]. ANT. Lenient, exorable, indulgent,
Industrious. SYN. Diligent, labori- benignant, clement.
ous, busy, assiduous active, hard- Inexpedient. SYN. Undesirable, in-
working. advisable, disadvantageous.
ANT. Lazy, shiftless, idle. ANT. Advisable, profitable, expedi-
Industry. SYN. Activity, toil, assi- ent.
duity, diligence, perseverance. Inexpensive [See EXPENSIVE].
ANT. Inactivity, ease, indiligence,
Inexperience. SYN. Ignorance, in-
conversance, unfamiliarity, strange-
Inebriety [See EBKIETY]. ness.
Ineffable. SYN. Inexpressible, in- ANT. Experience, familiarity.
conceivable, insurpassable, indeclar- Inexpert [See EXPERT].
able, indescribable, exquisite, perfect.
ANT. Common, trivial, superficial,
Inexpiable. SYN. Unatonable, un-
vulgar, conversational, colloquial, ob- ANT. Expiable, redeemable, par-
vious, commonplace. donable, atonable.
Ineffectual. SYN. Fruitless, useless,
vain, idle, unavailing, abortive, in-
Inexplicable. SYN. Mysterious,
operative, ineffective. ANT. Obvious, plain, easy.
ANT. Effective, effectual, success-
ful [See EFFECTIVE].
Inexpressible [See INDESCRIBA-
Inelastic [See ELASTIC]. BLE JT
Inelegant [See ELEGANCE].
Inexpressive. SYN. Characterless,
Ineligible [See ELIGIBLE]. ANT. Expressive, telling, speaking.
Inept See A.FT ).
Inextensive [See SPACIOUS].
Inequality. SYN. Disparity, dispro-
portion, unevenness, inadequacy, dis-
Inextension [See EXTEND and
similarity, imparity. SPACE].
ANT. Equality, parity, co-extension, Inextinguishable [See EXTIN-
adequacy, similarity, level, balance, GUISH].
identity. Inextricable. SYX. Overwhelming,
Inequitable [See EQUITABLE]. irredeemable, fatal.
Inert. SYN. Indolent, slothfnl, lazy,
ANT. Remediable, redeemable.
sluggish, heavy, inactive, passive, dor-
Infallible [See FALLIBLE].
mant. Infamous. SYN. Disgraceful, vile,
ANT. Active, energetic, alert, brisk. shameful, dishonorable, scandaloul
Inertness [See INEHT]. [See HONORABLE].
Inestimable. SYN. Priceless, pre- Infamy. SYN. Despair, degredation,
cious, invaluable [See ESTTMABLY]. disgrace, ignominy, obloquy, extreme
Inevitable. SYN. Unavoidable, in- vileness, dishonor.
fallable, certain, irresistable, fixed. ANT. Honor, reputation, celebrity,
ANT. Avoidable, uncertain, indeter- glory, renown.
minate. Infantile. SYN. Puerile, childish, im-
Inexact [See ACCURATE]. becile.
Inexcitable [See EXCITABILITY]. ANT. Manly, mature, vigorous, ro-
Inexcusable. SYN. Unmitigated,un- bust.
pardonable, indefensible, unjustifi- Infatuation. SYN. Fatuity, halluci-
able. nation, madness, self-deception.
ANT. Mitigahle. paliable, justifiable, ANT. Clear-sightedness, sagacity,
vindicable, defensible, pardonable. wisdom, sanity, soundness.
Jnn-H*lfole [See FEASIBLE]. ANT. Firm, strong, sure, cogent,
Infect. SYN. Taint, corrupt, contami- forcible, sound.
nate, pollute, defile [See CONTAMI- Infirmity. SYN. Weakness, decrepi-
NATE ]. tude, unsoundnesa [See INFIRM].

Infection. SYN Taint, poison, con- ANT. Strength, vigor, healthfulness,

tamination, corruption, contagion. soundness.
ANT. Purification, disinfection, an- Infix [See Fix].
tidote. Inflame. SYN. Fire, kindle, excite,
Infectious [See CONTAGIOUS]. rouse, fan, incense,madden, infuriate,
infelicity. SYN. Unhappiuess, mis- exasperate, Irritate, Imbitter, auger,
ery. enrage.
ANT. Felicity, happiness, blessed- ANT. Quench, extinguish, allay, cool,
ness, joyousm-*. pacify, quiet.
filler. SYN. Gather, collect, conclude, Inflate. SYN. Distend, expand.
derive, deduce, argue. ANT. Exhaust, empty, squeeze, flat-
ANT. State, enunciate, propound, ten, compress.
anticipate, progiiosticate, conjecture, In tin led. SYN. Pompous, turgid, bom-
assume, guess. bastic.
knference. SYN.Deduction,corollury, ANT. Plain, unaffected, simple.
conclusion, consequence. Inflect [See BEND].
ANT. Statement, proposition, enun- Inflection. SYN. Bend, curvature,iu-
ciation. flexion, flexion.
Inferiority. SYN. Subordination, ANT. Straightness, rectilinearity,
minority, poverty, mediocrity, subjec- directness.
tion, servitude, depression. 1 11 fl e x I b 1 e [ See FLEXIBLE].

ANT. Superiority, majority, excel- Inflexion [See INFLECTION].

lence, eminence, independence, mas- Inflict. SYN. Impose, put, lay on.
ttry, exaltation, elevation. ANT. Remove, alleviate, suspend,
Infernal [See ANGELIC], spare.
Infertility. SYN. Barrenness, pov- Infliction. SYN. Grievance, trouble,
erty,sterility,unproductiveness, waste. nuisance.
ANT. Richness, exuberance, fruit- ANT. Gratification, pleasure, accom-
fulness, productiveness. modation, sparing, remission, condo-
Infest. SYN. Trouble, harass, tease, nation.
annoy, pester,molest, plague, disturb. Influence, n. SYN. Effect, control,
ANT. Comfort, gratify, regale, re- causation, affection, impulse, power,
fresh. credit,cbaracter,sway, weight, ascend-
Infidel. SYN. Skeptic, unbeliever,her- ancy, prestige, authority.
etic, freethinker. ANT. Inefficiency, ineffectiveness,
ANT. Believer, Christian, devotee, imperativeness, nullity, neutrality,
Infidelity. SYN. Unbelief, disbelief, Influence, v. SYN. Move, affect,
skepticism. sway, persuade, direct, bias [See Mo VK
ANT. Belief, faith, religiousness and AFFECT],
[See FIDELITY]. Influential. SYN. Potent, powerful,
Infiltrate. SYN. Instil, inoculate, per- etflcuciou*, forcible, persuasive, con-
meate, saturate, soak. trolling, guiding, considerable.
ANT. Strain, draw off, defiltrate. ANT. Weak, ineffective, inoperative,
Infinite [See IMMEASURABLE]. nnpersuasive, inconsiderable.
Infinitesimal. SYN. Inappreciable, I n II u \

inconspicuous, minute, microscopic, Infold [See ENFOLD].

indiscernible, atomic. Inform. SYN. Enlighten, instruct.edi-
ANT. Enormous, immeasurable, fy, educate, acquaint, apprise, com-
vast. municate, notify, tell, impart.
Infirm. SYN. Weak, decrepit, lame, ANT. Misjudge, mieinstruct, mis-
ioforcible.unsound, failing,irresolute, lead, deceive, hoodwink, mystify.mis-
feeble, enfeebled. inform.

Informal [See FORMAL]. Inhabit. SYN. Tenant, colonize, set-

Information. SYN. Instruction, ad- tle,dwell in, reside in, live in, oc-
vice, counsel, notice, notification, cupy.
knowledge. ANT. Abandon, forsake, migrate.
ANT. Concealment, biding, occulta- Inhabitant. SYN. Occupant, tenant,
tion, mystification, resident, native, inmate.
Infraction. SYN. Violation, infringe- ANT. Stranger, traveler, foreigner,
ment, breaking, disturbance, breach, visitor, intruder.
non-observance. Inhale. SYN. Inspire, snuff, absorb.
ANT. Observance, maintenance,con- ANT. Exhale.
servation, respect, integrity. Inharmonious [See HARMONI-
Infrangible [See FRANGIBLE]. OUS],
IB frequency. SYN. Rarity, fewness, Inherent. SYN. Innate, congenital,
paucity, dearth, scantiness. imminent, ingrained, _inborn, intrin-
ANT. Multitude,abundance,frequen- sic, natural, inbred.
cy, recurrence. ANT. Foreign, ascititious, tempo-
Infrigidatiou [See INCANDES- rary, separable, extraneous.
CENCE], Inherit. SYN. Occupy, possess, en-
Infringe. SYN. Break, violate, trans- joy.
gress, contravene. ANT. Acquire, earn, gain, squan-
ANT. Observe, conserve, preserve, der, alienate, dissipa'ce, bequeath,
keep within bounds. leave, demise, devise.
Infuriate [See INFLAME], Inheritance. SYN. Beouest, legacy,
Infuse. SY>. Steep, soak, water, in- heritage, hereditament, patrimony,
insinuate, breathe into,
stil, infiltrate, possession.
introduce, inspire, impart. ANT. Purchase, donation, acquisi-
ANT. Strain, dry, drain, unteach,re- sition, dissipation, alienation, for-
tract, divert. feiture, lapse, escheatmen*.
Ingenious. SYK. Skillful, adept,clev- Inheritor. SYN. Heir, successor, dev-
er, inventive, ready, frank, sincere. isee, legatee.
ANT. Unskillful, slow, uninventive, ANT. Devisor, testator.
unready. Inhesion. SYN. Introsusception, m-
Ingenuous. SYN. Noble, candid, gen- nateness, inherence, indwelling, in-
erous, frank, sincere, straightfor- grainedness, immanence.
ward, honorable, open, artless, hon- ANT. Emanence, emission, ejec-
est. tion, extrusion, extraction.
ANT. Mean, reserved, sly, disin- Inhibit. SYN. Prevent, hinder, pro-
genuous, insincere. hibit, restrain, debar.
Inglorious. SYN. Shameful, dis- ANT. TJrge incite, permit, er cour-

graceful, uurenowued. age, impel.

ANT. Illustrious, glorious, renown- Inhospitable [See HOSPITABLE].
ed. Inhuman [See HUMANJ.
Ingraft [See GBAFT]. Inhume [See INTER].
Ingratiate. SYN. Kecommend, in- Inimical [See FRIENDLY].
sinuate. Inimitable. SYN. Transcendent,
ANT. Discommend, alienate, es- matchless, incomparable.
trange. ANT. Ordinary, mediocre.
Ingratitude [See GRATITUDE]. Iniquity. SYN. Injustice, wrong, sir ,
Ingredient. SYN. Element, ingredi- evil-doing, wickedness, crime, grie^
ent,component, constituent. ance.
ANT. Non-ingredient, refuse, resi- ANT. Justice, integrity, virtue, ho
duum, counter-agent, incongruity. liness.
Ingress [See EGRESS], Initiate [See INAUGURATE].
Ingulp [See GULP]. Initiative. SYN. Start, leadership
Ingurgitate [See SWALLOW], commencement, example.
Inhabile [Se- *ni" -nd AWK- ANT. Wake, rear, prosecution, ter
INJ 115

Inject [See EJECT]. ANI Disabuse, unteach, prnne, dl>

In ju<li< ion* [See JUDICIOUS]. vest.
In junction. SYN. Mandate, order, Inodorous. SYN. Inodorate, scent-
command, exhortation, precept. less,without smell, wanting smell.
ANT. Disobedience, Insubordina- ANT. Odorous, odoriferous, strong
tion, non-compliance, non-observ- scented, redolent, uidorous, pun-
ance. gent.
Injure. SYN. Damage, wound, hurt, Inoffensive [See OFFENSIVE].
wrong, impair, maltreat, cripple,mar, Inofficious [See OFFICIOUS].
spoil, sully, harm. Inoperative [See OPERATIVE].
ANT. Benellt, profit, repair, ad- Inopportune [See OPPORTUNE].
vance, advantage. Inordinate. SYN. Extravagant, dis-
Injurious. SYN. Hurtful, deleteri- proportionate, unregulated, exorbi-
ous, prejudicial, noxious, detrimen- tant, excessive, Immoderate, irregu-
tal, baleful, pernicious, wrongful, lar.
mischievous, damaging, baneful. ANT. Regular, just, moderate.
ANT. Helpful, beneficial, advanta-
Inorganic. SYN. Inanimate, azoic,
geous [See PERNICIOUS]. mineral.
Injustice [See JUSTICE and INIQUI- ANT. Organic, organized.
Inlet. SYN. Opening, com- Inosculate. SYN. Blend, unite, in-
mencement, entrance. tertwine, solidify, anastomose, inter-
ANT. Outlet, egress, debouchure. sect, interpenetrate.
I innate [See INHABITANT]. ANT. Separate, diverge, bifurcate,
Inn. SYN. Hotel, tavern, public house. disunite, divorce.
Innate [See CONGENITAL]. Inquietude [See QUIET, .].
Inner, Inmost. SYN. Interior, vi- Inquiry. SYN. Interrogation, ques-
tion, asking, investigation, search, ex-
tal, secret, close.
ANT. Exterior, outer, amination, research, scrutiny, explo-
outermost, ration.
open. ANT. Conjecture, guess, intuition,
Innocence. SYN. Innocuousness, In-
offensiveness, guilelessness, guiltless- hypothesis, assumption, supposition.
ness, simplicity, purity, sinlessness. Inquisitive. SYN. Prying, peeping,
ANT. Hurtfulnesp, offensiveness, meddling, curious [See CURIOUS].
guile, guilt, contamination, corrup- Inquisitorial. SYN. Minute, arbi-
tion, impurity, sinfulness. trary, over-curious, scrutinizing.
Innocent. SYN. Sinless, harmless, ANT. Superficial, perfunctory, unin-
innoxious, lawful [See BLAMELESS]. quisitive, incurious, Inobservant, un-
Innocuous SYN. Inoffensive, harm- scrutinizing.
less,wholesome. Inroad. SYN. Invasion, raid, incur-
ANT. Obnoxious, hurtful, deleteri- sion, dragonnade, irruption, trespass,
ous, insidious. infringement.
Innovation. SYN. Alteration, rever- ANT. Occupation, settlement, evac-
sal, novelty, newfangledness. uation, retreat, sally, outbreak, excur-
ANT. Conservation, maintenance, sion, egress.
archaism, old-fashion, obsoleteness. Insalubrity [See SALUBRITY].
Innoxious. SYN. Wholesome, harm- Insane [See MAP].
less [See NOISOME]. Insanity. SYN. Mental aberration,
Innumerable [See NUMBERLESS]. mental uneoundness [See LUNACY].
Innutritions. SYN. Indigestible, Insatiable. SYN. Voracious, unap-
harmful, ungeoial, uncongenial. peasable, omnivorous, ravenous, rapa-
ANT. Digestible, healthful, conge- cious greedy.
nial. ANT. Moderate, delicate, fastidious,
Inobservance [See OBSERVANCE]. dainty, squeamish.
Inoculate. SYN. Impregnate, indoc- Inscribe. SYN. Letter, write, label,
trinate, tinge, insert, imbue, instil, designate, delineate, mark, imprint,
ingrain, ingraft. eugrave, dedicate, address.
ANT. Erase, efface, cancel, obliter- I
Insolence. SYN. Arrogance, aseump.
ate, expunge. tion, impudence.
Inscroll. SYN. Enlist, register, en- ANT. Deference, consideration,
roll, pattern, flourish, record, calen- politeness, modesty, bashfulness.
dar. Insolent. SYN. Haughty, overbear,
ANT. Erase, disenroll, cashier, ex- ing, contemptuous, abusive, saucy,
punge, obliterate, efface, deface. impertinent, opprobrious, offensive,
Inscrutable. SYN. Unintelligible, pert, outrageous, scurrilous, rude
untraceable, mysterious, unfathom- [See ABUSIVE and PERT].
able, profound, insolvable, impenetra- Insoluble [See SOLUBLE],
ble, hidden. Insolvable [See INSCRUTABLE].
ANT. Obvious, self-evident, famil- Insolvent. SYN. Bankrupt, ruined,
iar, intelligible, explainable. penniless, beggared.
Insecure [See SECURE]. ANT. Flush, flourishing, monied,
Insensate. SYN. Brute, insensitive, thriving.
insensible, unfeeling, stolid,insuscept- Inspect. SYN. Scrutinize, examine,
ible, unimpressible. investigate, search, overhaul, look
ANT. Sensitive, feeling, quick, saga- into, supervise.
cious, discriminating, observing, sus-
ANT. Overlook, connive, dismiss,
ceptible, acute, impressible. glance, misobserve, misinvestigate,
Insensibility [See SENSIBILITY]. Inspector
Insensible [See SENSIBLE]. [See INSPECT],
Inspiration. SYN. Poesy, frenzy,
Inseparable [See SEPARABLE]. impulse, revelation,intuition, afflatus.
Insert [See INTRODUCE]. ANT. Study, elaboration, learning,
Inside. SYN. Within, internally. acquirement, observation, education.
ANT. Without, outside, extraneous-
ly,externally. Inspire. SYN. Animate, inspirit, in-
Insidious. SYN. Wily, treacherons, flame, imbue, impel, encourage, in-
designing, dangerous, deceitful, ely, hale, enliven, cheer, breathe in, in-
fuse, exhilarate.
crafty, artful.
ANT. Straightforward, sincere, un- ANT. Depress, dispirit, discourage,
designing, innocuous.
Insignificant [See SIGNIFICANT]. Insplssatlon. SYN. Thickening, tur-
Insincere [See SINCERE]. bidity, incrassation, densiflcation.
Insinuate. SYN. Introduce, insert, ANT. Helming, straining, percola-
tion, precipitation, clarification, tenu-
worm, ingratiate, intimate, suggest,
infuse, hint.
ANT. Withdraw, retract, alienate,ex- Instability. SYN. Mutability, waver-
tract. ing, fickleness, inconstancy.
ANT. Stability, firmness, constancy.
Insipid. SYN. Tasteless, vapid, unin-
teresting, characterless, flavorless, Install. SYN. Establish, institute, in-
flat, insulse, lifeless, prosy, stupid.
duct, invest, inaugurate, invest with
ANT. Tasty, sapid, relishing, racy, office.

interesting, engaging. ANT. Deprive, disinstal, strip, de-

Insist. SYN. Stand, demand, main- grade, di sin vest, eject.
tain, contend, persist, persevere, Instalment. SYN. First-fruits, part-
urge. payment, driblet.
ANT. Abandon, waive, concede, sur- ANT. Payment, reimbursement, ac-
render, yield, forego quittal, liquidation, cancelment.
Insnare. SYN. Intrap, cajole, decoy, Instance. SYN. Entreaty, request,
allure, catch, inveigle, net, enmesh, prompting, persuasion, example, so-
entoil, entangle, entrap. licitation, case, illustration, exempli-
ANT. Enlighten, warn, deter, dis- fication, occurrence,point,precedence.
suade, rescue, liberate, release, extri- ANT. Dissuasion, deprecation, warn-
cate. ing, rule, statement, principle, mis-
Insobriety [See SOBRIETY]. exemplification.
Instant. SYN. Momeni, second, min- property, quality,
ity, efficacy, virtue,
ute, twinkling, trice, flash. force, counteragency, neutralization.
ANT. Period, duration, cycle, time, Iiisuavlty [See SUAVITY].
permanence, perpetuity, eternity. Insubordinate. SYN. Resistant,re-
Instantaneous. SYN. Immediate, calcitrant, rebellious, undutiful, re-
instaut,niomentary [See IMMEDIATE]. fractory.
Instantly, svx. Immediately, forth- ANT. Submissive, dutiful, docile,
with, straightway, directly, presently, obedient, subject.
at once, without delay. Insubstantial [See SUBSTANTIAL].
ANT At a future time, with delay, liistibstantiality [See SUBSTAN-
in the future [See DIRECTLY.]. TIAL].
Instigate [See URGE]. Insufferable. SYN. Intolerable, im-
Instil SYN Pour, infuse, introduce, permissible, unallowable, unendur-
import, implant, insinuate, inculcate. able, unbearable.
ANT Drain, strain, extract, eradi- ANT. Tolerable, allowable, endur-
cate, eliminate, remove, extirpate. able, supportable.
Instinct. SYN. Prompting, impulse, Insufficient [See SUFFICIENT].
intuition, iuc.inaticn. Insult, v. SYN. Affront, outrage, dis-
ANT. Reason, reasoning, abstrac- honor, provoke, mock, ridicule.
tion, deliberation, experience, experi- ANT. Respect, salute, honor, praise,
ment, elaboration, judgment. flatter, compliment, gratify.
Instinctive. SYN. Natural, volunta- Insult, n. SYN. Affront, abuse [See
ry, spontaneous, intuitive, impulsive. INDIGNITY].
ANT. Cultivated, forced, reasoning, Insuperable [See SUPERABLE].
rationalistic. Insupportable. SYN. Unbearable,
Institute. STN. Found, establish, in- intolerable, insufferable, unendur-
vest, erect, instal, appoint, induct, or- able.
dain, originate, begin, form, organ- ANT. Endurable, comfortable, to be
ize. borne.
ANT. Disestablish, subvert, disin- Iiisuppresslble [See SUPPRESS-
vest, degrade, deprive. IBLE].
Instruct. STN Enlighten, educate, Insure. SYN. Provide, stabilitate,
inform, indoctrinate, acquaint, teach, guarantee, secure, warrant.
edify, train, discipline, direct, initi- ANT. Imperil, jeopardize, shake,
ate, command. stake.
ANT. Misinform, mlseducate, mis- Insurgent, n. SYN. Malcontent, reb-
instruct, misguide, mislead, misac- mutineer, rioter.
el, traitor,
quaint, deceive, neglect, barbarize, ANT. Patriot, adherent, supporter,
brutalize. constabulary, executive, ruler, magis-
Instruction. SYN. Teaching, edu- trate.
cation, information, counsel, advice, Insurgent, a. SYN. Rebellious, un-
direction, order, command. ruly.
ANT. Misteaching, misinformation, ANT. Loyal, patriotic, obedient.
misguidance, misdirection, misiu- Insurmountable [See INSUPER-
struction, obedience, pupilage. ABLE].
Instructor [See^lNSTRUcrj. Insurrection. SYN. Rebellion, riot,
Instrument. SYN. Implement, uten- rising, anarchy, tumult, mutiny, sedi-
sil, tool, document, deed, record, me- tion, emeute, pronouncement, revolt.
dium, muniment, means, channel, ANT. Law, peace, order, obedience,
machine, agent. government, submission, subjection,
ANT. Misapplication,connteraction, servitude, bondage, subsidence, pacifi-
counteragent, neutralizer, opponent, cation, acquiescence.
bar, obstruction, preventive, stop. Insusceptible [See SUSCEPTIBLE].
Instrumentality. SYN. Agency, in- Intact. SYN. Pure, undented, uneon-
tervention, medium, use, employment, taminated, oncorrupted, Bafe, unin-
means. jured, unhurt, scatliiess, inviolate,
ANT. Non-intervention, epontane- sacred-
ANT. Foul, defiled, contaminated, tention, drift, meaning, purport, aim,
corrupt, hurt, touched, affected, in- view.
jured. ANT. Chance, lot, fate, accident.
Intangible [See TANGIBLE]. Intent, adj. STN. Eager, fixed, Vjent.
Integrate. STN. Sum, complete, so- ANT. Indifferent, diverted, dis-
lidity, consolidate, incorporate, unite, tracted.
combine, mix, blend. Intention [See PURPOSE].
ANT. Disintegrate, discompound, Intentional. STN. Purposed, de-
analyze, dismember, amputate, dis- signed, deliberate, intended, done on
unite, detach, remove. purpose, contemplated, premedita-
Integration [See INTEGKATH]. ted, studied.
Integrity. STN. Uprightness, honor, ANT. Undesigned, casual, uninten-
honesty, probity, truthfulness, can- tional, accidental, fortuitous.
dor, single-mindedness.con.<cientious- Inter. SYN. Bury, inhume, entomb.
ness, entireness, rectitude, complete- ANT. Exhume, disinter.
ness, parity. Intercede. STN. Mediate, inter-
ANT. Unfairness, sleight, nnder- pose, interfere, advocate, plead.
handedness, meanness, chicanery, du- ANT. Abandon, incriminate, charge,
plicity, fraud, roguery, rascality. inculpate, accuse.
Integument. STN. Covering, pro- Intercept. SYN. Arrest, stop, catch,
tection, envelope, crust. seize, neutralize.
ANT. Nudity, bareness, callowness, ANT. Send, despatch, forward, de-
abrasion, exposure. pute, commission, delegate, inter-
Intellect. STN. Understanding, mind, change, exchange, intercommuni-
reason, instinct, consciousness, sense, cate.
brains, ability, talent, genius. Intercession [See INTERCEDE].
ANT. Matter, mechanism, organiza- Interchange, n. STN. Barter, recip-
tion, force, growth, propension, pas- rocation, reciprocity, intercommuni-
cation, correspondence, intercourse,
Intellectual. SYN. Mental, meta- mutuality.
physical, psychological, inventive, ANT. See Intercept.
learned, cultured. Intercommunication [See IN-
ANT. Unintellectual, unmetaphysi-
cal, unlearned.
Intercourse. STN. Correspondence,
Intelligence. STN. Understanding, dealing, intercommunication, intima-
apprehension, comprehension, con- commerce.
cy, connection,
ception, announcement, report, ru- ANT. Reticence, suspension, cessa.
mor, tidings, news, information, pub- tioii, disconnection, interception, in-
lication, intellectual capacity, mind,
knowledge, advice, notice, instruc-
tion, intellect
Intercurrence. STN. Intervention,
ANT. Misunderstanding, misinfor- intrusion, intervenience, intercep-
mation,misconception, stupidity, dull-
ness, suppression, ignorance, dark-
ANT. Non-intervention, non-inter,
ness, concealment, silence, non-publi- ception, unobstucted:ie~s.
cation, misguidance, misintelligence, Interdict. STN. Prohibit, restrain,
misreport, misapprehension. estop, disallow, debar, proscribe, for
Intelligible [See INSCRUTABLE]. bid.
Intemperate, a. [See TEMPERATE]. ANT. Concede, indulge, grant, air
Intend [See PURPOSE]. low.
Intensity. STN. Tension, force, con- Interest, n. STN. Concern, business
centration, strain, attention, eager- advantage, profit, attention, curiosity
ness, ardor, energy. behalf, cause, share.
ANT. Laxity, debility, relaxation, ANT. Unconcern, disconnection, re-
languor, indifference, coolness, hebe- pudiation, disadvantage, loss, inatten-
tude, diminution. tion, incuriosity, indifference.
fulfill, n. STN. Design, purpose, in- Interfere [See INTEBPOSE].
Interior. STN. Inside, innei,, toward, ANT. Desultory, incursive, maraud-,
internal, inland. ing, buccaneer! ig, freebootiug, fili-
ANT. Exterior, outside. bustering, skirmishing, guerilla.
Interjacent [See INTERMEDIATE]. Interpellation. STN. Interlocution,
Interject [See INJECT]. suspension, interference.
Interlace. STN. Cross, reticulate, in- ANT. Promotion, prosecution, flow,
tertwine, interweave, intersect. conduct, uniuterrupteduess.
ANT. Radiate, diverge, unravel, dis- Inter penetration. STN. Interiu.
connect. gression, iuterdigitation, dovetail, in-
Interlocution. STN. Interruption, oculation.
interpellation. ANT Interseparation, interreour-

ANT. Speech, oration, flow, uniu- ren?e, interdivergence.

terruptedness Interpolate. STN. Interlard, inter-
Interloper. STN. Intruder, super- weave, import, garble, gloss, inter-
numerary. sperse, furbish, introduce.
ANT. Member, constituent. j
ANT. Expunge, elide, erase, verify,
Intermeddle [See INTERPOSE]. authenticate, expurgate.
Intermediate. STN. Intervening, '

Interpose. STN. Introduce, insert,

included, interposed, comprised, mid- intervene, interfere, meddle, inter-
die, moderate, interjacent. cede, arbitrate, mediate.
ANT. Circumjacent, surrounding, ANT. Withdraw, retract, retire, re-
enclosing, embracing, outside, ex- cede, remove, extract.
treme, excluded, exclusive. Interpret S>TN Translate, render,
Interment [See INTER]. construe, explain, expound, expone,
interminable. STN. Unending, end- represent, declare, understand, eluci-
less, everlasting, perpetual, infinite, date, decipher, solve.
boundless, illimitable, limitless ANT. Misinterpret, misunderstand,
ANT. Terminable, brief, moderate, mistake, misconceive, falsify, distort,
curt, short, momentary. mlsdeclare, misrepresent.
Intermingle [See MINGLE]. Interpretation. STN Version, ex-
Intermission. STN. Cessation, in- planation, rendering, exposition, defi-
terruption, discontinuance, suspen- nition, sense, solution.
sion, recurrence, pause, rest, stop, ANT. Misinterpretation, misrender-
interval ing, problem, difficulty, text.
ANT. Continuity, continuance, per- Interpreter [See INTERPRET].
manence, perpetuity, constancy, un- Interrogate See QUESTION].

interruptedness. Interrupt. STN. Break, disconnect,

Intermit. STN. Suspend, relax, dis- discontinue, intersect, disturb, stop,
continue, break. hinder.
ANT. Continue, prosecute, urge, dis- ANT. Continue, prosecute, expedite.
patch. Intersect [See INTERLACE].
Intermix [See MINGLE]. Intersperse. STN. Interlard.powder,
liitermutation. n. STN. Intervari- scatter.
ation, interdiscrepancy, interreci- ANT. Expunge.
procity, interchange, mutuality. Interstice. STN. Chink, interval, in-
ANT. Unity, uniformity, interresist- terspace, cleft, cranny, fissure, gap,
ance, interdependence. crack.
Internal. STN. Inner, interior, In- ANT. Seam, suture, stop-gap.
side. Intertwine [See INTERLACE].
ANT. Outer, exterior, outside. Interval. STN. Interim, meantime,
International. STN. Interpolitical, period, gap, intermission, Interspace,
interdiplomatic. cessation, space between, season.
ANT. Independent, non-interven- ANT. Continuity, simultaneousness,
tive, intestine, uninterruptedness.
Internecine. STN. Exterminating, Intervention. SYS. Intrusion, in-
deadly, irreconcilable, inextinguish- sinuation, interference, intercession,
able. mediation, agency, interposition.
ANT. Continuance, non-interven- ANT. Wall, rampart, mound, mole,
tion, uninterruptedness, noninterfer- embankment, glacis, bastion, forbear-
ence. ance, deference, respect.
Interview. SYN. Colloquy, confab- Intrepid. SYN. Fearless, brave, un-
ulation, consultation, conference, terrified, courageous, valorous, he-
meeting. roic, chivalrous, doughty [See DAUNT-
ANT. Isolation, independence, ex- LESS].
clusion, avoidance. Intricacy. SYN. Complexity, com-
Interweave [See INTERLACE]. plication, entanglement, perplexity,
Intestate. SYN. Unwilled, undevised, confusion.
unbequeathed. ANT. Directness, obviousness,
ANT. Willed, bequeathed, devised. method, disposition, array, system.
Intestine. SYN. Interior, domestic, Intricate. SYN. Complicated, in-
civil. volved, mazy, labyrinthine,entaugled,
ANT. External, foreign, internation- tortuous.
al. ANT. Simple, uninvolved, plain, di-
Inthrall. SYN. Confine, cage, impris- rect, obvious.
on, incarcerate, intomb, enslave. Intrigue. SYN. Cabal, plot, conspir-
ANT. Liberate, release, disengage, acy, machination, artifice, design,
free, unfetter. manoeuvres, cunning, duplicity, trick-
Intimate, t-. SYN. Impart, commu- ery,* chicanery, love affair, amour,
nicate, announce,declare,tell.suggest, ruse.
hint, insinuate, mention briefly. ANT. Insurrection, rebellion, con-
ANT. Reserve, repress, withhold,
gress, assembly, force, violence, as-
sault, openness, candor, sincerity,
Intimate, adj. SYN. Close, familiar, honesty, probity, straight-forward-
exact, nice, near, friendly, conver- ness.
sant. Intrinsic. SYN. Native, inherent, in-
ANT. Distant, unfamiliar, superfi-
nate, genuine, immanent, natural,
true, real, iuward.
Intimidate. SYN. Frighten, alarm, ANT. Extrinsic, acquired, adventi-
threaten, deter, dishearten, scare, tious, borrowed,pretended,ascititious,
appall, browbeat, cow. external, added, assumed.
ANT. Encourage, inspirit, animate,
Introduce. SYN. Present, u=her in,
conduct in, make known, bring in,
Intolerable [See INSUFFERABLE],
Intolerant [See TOLERANT]. preface, begin.
Intomb. SYN. Inter, bury, inhume,
ANT. Come after, succeed, follow,
end, conclude.
incarcerate, imprison, immure.
ANT. Exhume, disinter, disentomb, Introduction. SYN. Induction, im-
liberate, release. portation, leading, taking, presenta-
Intonation. SYN. Melody, accentua- tion, insertion, commencement, pre-
tion, resonance, ring. liminary, preface, initiative, portico,
ANT. Jar, jabber, gabble, babel,gib- vestibule, entrance, gate, preamble,
ber, rattle. prelude.
Intoxication. SYN. Venom, poison, ANT. Eduction, extraction, exporta-
obfuscation, bewilderment, delirium, tion, elimination, ejection, encircle-
hallucination, ravishment, ecstasy, ation, estrangement, conclusion, com-
inebriation, drunkenness, inebriety. pletion, end, egress.
ANT. Antidote, clarification, so- Introductory. SYN. Prefatory,
briety, sanity, ebriety, melancholy, initiatory, commendatory,precursory,
depression. preliminary, preparatory.
Intractable [See TRACTABLE]. ANT. Completive, final, conclusive,
Intransient [See TRANSIENT]. alienative, supplemental, terminal,
Intreiichmeiit. SYN. Ditch, dyke, valedictory.
moat, circumvallation, encroachment, Introvert. SYN. Involve, invert,
infringement, trespass. replicate.
ANT. Explicate, evolve, encircleate, ANT. Exculpate, advocate, defend,
eliminate. laud, eulogize, panegyrize.
Intrude [Sec INTEBFEBE]. Inveigle. SYN. Cajole, wheedle [See
Intrusion [See INTBUDE]. DECOY].
I ii t rust. SYN. Put in trust, consign, Invent. SYN. Discover, contrive, con-
commit [See CONFIDE]. coct, imagine, elaborate, conceive, de-
Intuition. SYN. Instinct, apprehen- sign, devise, fabricate, originate, find
sion, recognition, insight. out, frame, forge, feign.
ANT. Information, learning, in- ANT. Imitate, copy, execute, repro-
struction, elaboration, acquirement, duce.
induction, experience. Inventive [See INGENIOUS].
Intuitive [See INSTINCTIVE"). Inventor. SYN. Creator, contriver,
Intumescence. SYN. Swelling, pro- originator, author.
tuberance, turgescence. ANT. Destroyer.
ANT. Subsidence, evenness,attenua- Inventory. SYN. Schedule, register,
tion, concavity. catalogue [See RECOBD, n.J.
I lit \viue. SYN. Twist, wreath, plait,
Invert. SYN. Upset, reverse, over-
interlace, braid, bind. turn, subvert [See OVEBTHBOW].
ANT. Untwist, disengage, untie, un- Inversion. SYN. Reversal, deflec-
lace, unravel, unbind. tion, alteration, permutation, viola-
Inundate. SYN. Overflow,submerge, tion, transposition.
deluge, flood, overwhelm. ANT. Verticality, erectness, stabil-
ANT. Drain, reclaim, dry, desic- ity, permanence, persistence, con-
cate, parch. servation, sequence, fixity, state, or-
Inurbanltr. SYN. Boorishnees, der.
coarseness, rudeness. Invest [See DrvESTj.
ANT. Urbanity, politeness, refine- Investigate [See EXAMINE].
ment. Investigation. SYN. Examination,
Inure [See ACCUSTOM]. search, scrutiny, research, study, in-
Inutility. SYN. Uselessness, ineffl- quiry, exploration, ventilation.
cacy, futility. ANT. Discovery, solution, clue, in-
ANT. Utility, usefulness, efficiency, dication, thread.
efficacy. Investiture. SYN. Investment.
Invade. SYN. Attack, assault, en- ANT. Divestiture, divestment.
croach, occupy, assail, violate, en- Investment [See INVESTITUBE].
croach upon, intrude upon, infringe Inveterate. SYN. Confirmed, incar-
upon, trench upon. nate, ingrained, deep-rooted, chronic,
ANT. Vacate, abandon, evacuate, re- habitual.
linquish. ANT. Incipient, undeveloped, un-
Invalid. SYN. fafirm, sick, weakly, formed.
frail, feeble. Invidious. SYN. Unfair, gratuitous,
ANT. Strong, vigorous, healthy, partial, inconsiderate, hateful, en-
well. vious, offensive.
Invalidate. SYN. Annul, overthrow ANT. Fair, impartial, due, just, con-
[See ANNUL]. siderate.
Invaluable. SYN. Inestimable, pre- Invigorate [See ENEBVATE].
ciou?, priceless [See VALUABLE]. Invincible. SYN. Impregnable, im-
Invasion. SYN. Irruption, encroach- movable, inexpugnable, unsubduable,
ment [See INCURSION]. irresistible, indomitable, unconquer-
Invective. SYN. Obloquy, denuncia- able, insuperable, insurmountable.
tion, castigation, vituperation, repro- ANT. Weak, spiritless, powerless,
bation, abuse, railing, sarcasm,satire, puny, effortless.
diatribe, reproach. Inviolable. SYN. Impregnable, in-
ANT. Commendation, encomium, vincible, strict, immovable, unim-
eulogy, panegyric, laudation. peachable, unalterable.
Inveigh. SYN. Denounce, reprobate, ANT. Alterable, weak, frail.
attack, vituperate, abuse. Inviolate. SYN. Guarded, treasured,
close, virgin, intact, uninjured, sa- Ironical. [See IRONY].
cred, unprofaned. Irradiate [See ILLUMINATE].
ANT. Betrayed, surrendered, di- Irrational [See RATIONAL].
vulged, entered into, profaned. Irreclaimable [See RECLAIMABLE].
Invisible [See VISIBLE]. Irreconcilable [See RECONCIL-
Invite. SYS. Ask, summon, call, chal- ABLE].
lenge, attract, allure, tempt, incite, Irrecoverable. SYN. Past, hopeless,
request, solicit. irredeemable.
ANT. Forbid, exclude, discard, dep- ANT. Hopeful, saved, redeemable.
recate, repel. Irredeemable [See REDEEMABLE].
Inviting. STN. Attracting, calling, Irreducible. SYN. Uncongenial, un-
summoning, alluring, tempting.
commensurable,discordant, unchange-
ANT. Forbidding, repelling, re- able, out of order.
jecting. ANT. Congenial, commensurable,
Invoke. STN. Summon, call, impre- reducible, concordant, in order.
cate, conjure, invite, challenge, in-
Irrefragable [SeeREFBAGABLE].
vocate, implore, beseech, appeal to. Irrefutable [See REFRAGABLE].
ANT. Deprecate, ignore, warn, in-
Irregular [See REGULAR].
hibit, elude, defy, deter. Irrelevant [See RELEVANT].
Involuntary [See VOLUNTARY]. I r religion [See RELIGION].
Involution. SYN. Complication, en-
tanglement, implication, mingling. Irreligions.SYN .Undevout,ungodly,
ANT. Evolution, evolvement, sep- godless, profane, impious.
ANT. Religious, godly, reverent,
aration, extrication, disconnection.
reverential, pious, devout.
Involve. SYN. Implicate, confound, Irremediable [See REMEDIABLE].
mingle, envelop, compromise, in- Irremlssible. SYN. Unjustifiable,
clude, complicate, entangle.
ANT. Separate, extricate, discon- indefensible, inexpiable, unpardon-
Involved. SYN. Implicated, con-
ANT. Justifiable, defensible, re-
missible, pardonable.
cerned, complicated, confused, com- Irremovable. SYN.
promised. Immovable,
ANT. Unconnected, unconcerned, fixed, rooted, firm, steadfast, riveted,
simple, lucid, uncompromised. ANT. Inconstant, unsteady, unstable,
Invulnerable [See VULNERABLE].
Inward. SYN. Internal, interior, in- unsettled, unfixed, unfastened.
ner. Irreparable [See REPARABLE],
ANT . External, exterior, outward. Irreprehensible [See REPREHEN-
Iota. SYN. Jot, particle, tittle, trace, SIBLE].
atom. Irrepressible. SYN. Unrepressible,
ANT. Whole, mass. ungovernable, uncontrollable, insup-
Irascible [See HASTY and ANOBY]. pressible, free, unconfined, excitable.
Irate [See HASTY and AGBY]. ANT. Repressible, governable, con-
Ire [See WBATH]. bound down.
trollable, calm,
Iridescent. SYN. Prismatic, opaline, Irreproachable [See BLAMELESS].
polychromatous, nacreous. Irreprovable. SYN. Irreproach-
ANT. Achromatic. blanched,neutral. able, irreprehensible, unexception-
dingy, colorless, etiolated, monochro- able, unobjectionable, unimpeach-
matic. able.
Irk. SYN. Weary, tire, tease, bore, op- ANT. Culpable, peccable,reprehensi-
press, jade. ble, nn commend able, blameworthy,
ANT. Interest, rivet, animate, re- impeachable.
fresh, inspirit Irresistible [See RESISTIBLE].
Irksome [See TEDIOUS]. Irresolute [See RESOLUTE].
Irony. SYN. Satire, banter, quiz, rally, Irrespective [See RESPECTIVE].
taunt, sarcasm, raillery, ridicule. Irresponsible. SYN. Unbound, un-
ANT. Compliment, seriousness. encumbered, unaccountable, not an-
1KB 153 JOG
rwerable, excusable, lawless, arbi- ANT. Refresh, recruit, bait, invig-
trary, despotic. orate, inspirit.
ANT. Responsible, obligatory, bind- Jangle, SYN. Jargon, babel, con.
ing, imperative, chargeable on, under temion, wrangle, bickering, squabble,
obligation, lawful, legal, legitimate. quarrel.
Irretrievable [See RETRIEVABLE.]. ANT. Argument, debate, discourse.
Irreverence [See REVERENCE]. Jangle, v. SYN. Bicker, wrangle,
Irreversible [See REVERSIBLE]. squabble, quarrel, dispute, nag, jar.
Irrevocable [See REVERSIBLE]. ANT. Agree, hunuouize, accord,
Irrigate. SYN. Water, wet, inundate, concur.
submerge. Jauty, or Jaunty. SYN. Flighty,
ANT. Dry, drain, parch. airy, fantastic, showy, flaunting.
Irrigation [See IRRIGATE], ANT. Staid, sober, sedate, demure,
Irritable [See HASTY]. dignified.
Irritant [See LENIATIVE]. Jar. SYN. Interfere, clash, quarrel
Irritate SYN. Tease, provoke, annoy, |
exasperate, worry, incense. Jargon. SYN. Gibberish, jangle,
ANT. Soothe, caress, pacify, tame, slang, cant, lingo, patois, confused
Irritation [See IRRITATE]. ANT. Speech, conversation, litera-
ture, discourse, oration, eloquence.
Irruption. SYN. Incursion, invasion,
Jaundiced. SYN.
inundation, inburst. Biased, preju-
ANT. Eruption, excursion, sally, re- diced, warped, prepossessed.
treat, outburst.
ANT. Unbiased, unprejudiced, un-
Isolate. SYN. Insulate, dissociate, janndiced.
Jealous. SYN. Envious, self-anxious,
ANT. Unite, associate. covetous, invidious, suspicious.
ANT. Unenvious, liberal, genial,
Isolation. SYN. Segregation, de-
self-denying, indifferent, unjealous.
tachment, disconnection, insularity,
self-containedn ess. Jealousy. SYN. Suspicion, envy,
ANT. Organization, co-membership, rivalry, solicitude.
community, connection, concatena- ANT. Certainty, magnanimity,
tion, continuity. friendliness, guuerousness, without
Issue. SYN. Effect, outcome, manifes- Jeer. SYN. Sneer, taunt, scoff, deride,
tation, end, result, progeny, posterity,
scout, flout, mock, rally, banter.
conclusion, consequence, upsbot, ANT. Flatter, auulate, fawn, cringe,
children, offspring.
ANT. Cause, operation, working, compliment, eulogize.
principle, law, system, action, in-
Jejune. SYN. Bare, scant, poor, thin,
fluence, origination, commencement,
weak, barren, sterile, poverty-struck,
paternity, ancestry. ANT. Rich, exuberant, racy, abun-
Iteration. SYN. Repetition, reitera- dant, interesting, overwrought, re-
tion, harping, recurrence, succession. dundant.
ANT. Single statement.
Jeopardy. SYN. Danger, peril, haz-
Itinerant. SYN. Wandering, travel- ard, risk.
ling, locomotive, roving, roaming, ANT. Safety, security, provision, in-
journeying, nomadic. surance.
ANT. Stationary, domestic, fixed, Jest. SYN. Joke, raillery, fun, sport,
settled, allocated, local. quip, witticism.
ANT. Earnest, seriousness, gravity.
Jilt. SYN. Flirt, coquette.
Jingle. SYN. Rhyme, chime, tinkle,
JABBER. SYN. Prate, mumble tingle.
[ ANT. Euphony, consonance, mel-
Jade. SYN. Fatigue, tire, weary, op- ody, harmony.
press, wear, harass, exhaust, worry. Jocose. SYN. Humorous, funny, jocu-
waggish, jolly, merry, facetious.
lar, ANT. Sorrow, pain, trouble, misery,
ANT. Melancholy, serious, earnest, melancholy, grief, affliction, tears,
grave, lugubrious, lackadaisical. depression, despondency, despair.
Jocular [See JOCOSE], Joylul. SYN. Happy, joyous, glad-
Jocund. SYN. Merry, joyous, jovial, some, blissful [See JOCUND].
gay, gleeful, blithesome, careless, Jubilant. SYN. Joyous, triumphant,
mirthful, hilarious, sprightly, spor-
festive, congratulatory, exultant.
tive, joyful, lively, vivacious.
ANT. Doleful, mournful, sorrowful,
ANT. Melancholy, dull, grave,
wailing, penitent, penitential, lugu-
mournful, sorrowful, darksome, cheer-
brious, remorseful.
less, woful, rueful, doleful, careworn.
Join. JSYN. Unite, adhere, adjoin, Jubilee. SYN. Holiday, feast, rejoic-
add, couple, connect, associate, an- ing, merriment, festivity, revel,paean,
nex, append, combine, link, accom- carnival, high-day.
ANT. Fast, humiliation, mourning,
pany, confederate.
ANT. Separate, disjoin, subtract, penitence, lent.
disconnect. Judge. SYN. Justice, magistrate, ar-
Joint. SYN. Articulation, junction, bitrator, umpire, referee, critic, con-
flexure, elbow, knee. noisseur, authority, arbiter.
ANT. Solution, disconnection, dis ANT. Criminal, ignoramus, novice,
junction, uniformity, continuity. tyro.
Joke [See JEST]. Judgment. SYN. Decision, deter-
Jollification. SYN. Revelry, fes- mination, adjudication, sagacity, pen-
tivity, conviviality, fun, carnival, etration, judiciousness, sense, intel-
merry-making. lect, belief, estimation,opinion, ver-
ANT. Weariness, tediousness, so- dict, sentence, discernment, discrimi-
berness, tedium, monotony. nation, intelligence, prudence, award,
Jolly. SYN. Gay, joyful, gladsome, condemnation.
mirthful, genial, jovial, jubilant, ro-
ANT. Argument, consideration, in-
bust, lively,plump, merry. quiry, speculation, proposition, in-
ANT. Sad, mournful, joyless, cheer- vestigation, pleading, insagacity, in-
less, unmirthful, lugubrious, morose, judiciousness, evidence, pronuncia-
gloomy, lean.
Jollity [See JOVTAUTY]. Judicial. SYN. Juridical, forensic.
Jostle. SYN. Hustle, push, thrust,jog, Judicious. SYN. Wise, sagacious, ex-
jolt, incommode. pedient, sensible, prudent, discreet,
ANT- Clear, lead, extricate, convoy, well-judged, well-advised, polite, dis-
escort, precede, pilot, attend. cerning, thoughtful.
Jot. SYN. Tittle, cipher, trifle, rush,
ANT. Foolish, unwise, silly, impru-
fig, particle, atom, thought, idea, bit, dent, indiscreet.ill-judged, ill-advised,
scrap, morsel, fraction, iota, whit. impolitic, inexpedient, rash, blind, in-
ANT. Deal, power, world, mass, jurious.
light, load, ocean. Juggle. SYN. Conjure, cheat, bam-
Journey. SYN. Travel, excursion, boozle, shuffle, trick, beguile, circum-
tour, voyage, trip. vent, swindle, overreach, mystify,
Jovial. SYN. Jolly, genial, convivial. mislead.
ANT. Ungenial, melancholy, uncon- ANT. Expose, correct, enlighten,
vivial, saturnine, lugubrious, guide, lead, undeceive, disillusion-
Joviality. SYN. Merriment, jollity, ize, detect.
mirth, hilarity. Jugglery. SYN. Trickery, impos-
ANT. Sadness, seriousness, sober- ture, cheating [See DECEIT].
ness. Jumble [bee ABRANGE].
Joy. SYN. Gladness, pleasure, delight, Jump. SYN. Leap, bound, spring,skip,
happiness, exultation, transport,felic- bounce.
ity, ecstasy, rapture, bites, gaiety, ANT. Walk.
mirth, merriment, festivity, hilarity, Junction. SYN. Joining, connection,
union, combination, coalition, attach-
ment, fastening, annexation, alliance, ANT. Mature, later, manly, woman-
confederacy. ly, elderly, aged, senile, anile, super-
ANT. Separation. disconnection,dis-
annuated, adult.
uniou, division, segregation, disper-
Juxtaposition. SYN. Proximity,
sion, loosening, unfastening, unifor-
contiguity, contact [See CONTACT].
mity, continuity.
Juncture [See CONJUNCTURE].
Jungle. SYN. Thicket, brake, involu-
tion, ravelling, entanglement, laby-
rinth, wilderness. KEEN. SYN. Eager, vehement, sharp,
ANT. Open place, order, arrange- piercing, penetrating, acute, cutting,
ment, array, system. biting, severe, sarcastic, satirical, ar-
Junior. SIN. Younger. dent, prompt, shrewd.
ANT. Senior, elder. ANT. Indifferent, languid, blunt,
Jurisdiction. STN. Administration, dull, blind.
cognizance,government,control,8way, Keep. SYN. Hold, restrain, retain, de-
power, legalization, magistracy, lia- tain, guard, preserve, suppress, re-
bility. press, conceal, tend, support, main-
ANT. Freedom, independence, Im- tain, conduct, continue, obey, haunt,
munity, exemption. observe, frequent, celebrate, protect,
Just. SYN. Exact, fitting, true, fair, adhere to, practise, binder, sustain.
proportioned, harmonious, honest, ANT. Release, acquit, liberate, send,
reasonable, sound, honorable, nor- dismiss, betrnj^ neglect, divulge, dis-
mal, impartial, equitable, upright, card, abandon, intermit, disobey, dis-
regular, orderly, lawful, right, right- regard, transgress, forsake, desert,
eous, proper. oblivate.
ANT. Inexact, misfitted, dispropor- Keeper [See KEEP].
tioned, ill-proportioued, untrue, in- Keeping. SYN. Care, guardianship,
harmonious, unfair, unreasonable, un- maintenance, custody [See CARE].
sound, dishonorable, partial, unequit- Keepsake. SYN. Souvenir, remem-
able, unjust, irregular, abnormal, dis- brancer, a gift of affection.
orderly. Ken. SYN. View, survey, knowledge,
Juwtlce. SYN. Efluity, impartiality, cognizance.
fairness, right, reasonableness, pro- ANT. Oversight, ignorance, incog*
priety, uprightness, desert, integrity. nizance. inobservance, inexperience,!
ANT. Injustice, wrong, partiality,un- mdisceruibility.
fairness, unreasonableness, unlawful- Kernel [See CORK].
ness, uiadequateness. Key. SYN. Clew, guide, explanation,
JuMtlflciitlon. SYN. Vindication, solution [See EXPLANATION].
apology, defence, advocacy, mainte- Kick. SYN. Oaloitrate, rebel, resist,
nance, plea, exoneration, exculpa- spurn.
tion. ANT. Caress, soothe, flatter, obey,
ANT. Condemnation, censure, con- yield.
viction, protest, abandonment, incul- Kill. SYN. Slay, murder, assassinate,
pation, crimination, implication, ag- destroy, slaughter, butcher, immolate,
gravation. massacre, deaden, put to death, de-
Justify. SYN. Clear, vindicate, exon- spatch.
erate, defend, absoh e, excuse. ANT. Resuscitate, revivify, vivify,
ANT. Condemn, censure, convict, reanimate.
criminate. Kin. SYN. Race, kindred, offspring,
JuMtiieKH. SYN. Exactness, correct- kind, family, sort, ilk, genus, kidney,
ness, propriety [See ACCURACY]. class, r elationsh ip, consanguinity, kins-
Juntle [See JOSTLE]. folk, blood.
Juvenile. SYN. Youthful, young, in- ANT. Foreignership, strangership,
fantine, boyish, girlish, early, imma- disconnection, inaffinity, irrelation.
ture, adolescent, pubescent, child- Kind, n, SYN. Style, character, <l-
i*iu puerile. aeriptkm. designation, denomination.
genus, species, sort, class, nature, set, notice. information,instruction,le*i--
breed. ing, enlightenment, scholarship, *t-
ANT. See Kin, dissimilarity. tainments, acquirements.
Kind. a. SYN. Benevolent, benign, ANT. Misapprehension, inobserv-
tender, indulgent, humane, clement, ance, incomprehension, misunder-
lenient, compassionate, gentle, good, standing, misconception, incouver-
gracious, forbearing, kind-hearted. sance, inexperience, ignorance, un-
ANT. Unkind, harsh, severe, cruel, familiarity, incognizance, misintor-
hard, illiberal. mation,deceptlon, misinstrnctioa, an-
Kindle. SYN. Light, ignite, excite, educatedness, untutorediiess, rude-
inflame. ness, illiterateness.
ANT. Extinguish, suppress, quench,
Kindness [See KIND].
Kindred, n. [See KIN]. LABOR. SYN. Work, toil, burO-n,
Kindred, a. SYN. Congenial, allied, drudgery, exertion, effort, industry,
cogi. ate, akin, related. task, duties.
ANT. Uncongenial, unallied, unre- ANT. Indolence, ease, inactivity,
lated. facility, skill, recreation, rest, re-
Kingdom. SYN. Empire, realm, do- freshment.
minion, sovereignty, monarchy. Labored. SYN. Elaborate, studied,
Kingly. SYN. Royal, regal, imperial, carefully wrought.
magnificent, noble. ANT. Not elaborate, unstudied, easy,
ANT. See Magnificent off hard.
Knave. SYN. Hogue, cheat, rascal, Laborer. SYN. Workman, working-
villain, miscreant, scoundrel. man, employe, operative, bread-win-
ANT. True-penny, gentleman, inno- ner, hand.
cent, dupe, simpleton, gull, oaf. ANT. Employer.
Knavery [See KNAVE]. Laborious. SYN. Assiduous, diligent,
bkimvisli. SYN. Fraudulent, villain- painstaking, indefatigable, arduous,
ous, dishonest [See HONEST]. burdensome, toilsome, wearisome, in-
Knit [See JOIN and INTERLACE]. dustrious, hard-working, active, diffi-
Knot. SYN. Tie, bond, intricacy, diffi- cult, tedious.
culty, perplexity, cluster, collection, ANT. Idle, indiligent, lazy, indo-
band, group, protuberance, joint. lent, easy, facile, light, feasible, sim-
ANT. Loosening, unfastening, disso- ple.
lution, solution, explication, unravel- Labyrinth. SYN. Maze, complexity,
ling, dispersion, multitude, crowd, in- bewilderment, involution, perplexity,
dentation, evenness, smoothness, cav- inexplicable, difficulty.
ity. ANT. Clue, explication, elimination,
Knotty. SYN. Tough, bard, difficult, enucleation.
complicated. Lace [See BIND].
ANT. Plain, simple, easy, obvious. Lacerate [See TEAR].
Know. SYN. Perceive, understand, Lack. n. SYN. Failure, scarcity, defi-
comprehend, recognize, apprehend, ciency, want, need, demand, insuffi-
distinguish [See PEHCEIVEJ. ciency.
Knowing. SYN. Shrewd, nstnte, dis- ANT. Fulness, abundance, sufficien-
cerning, sharp, acute, sagacious, pen- competence.
cy, satisfaction, supply,
etrating, proficient, skillful, intelli- Lack. v. SYN. Want, require, need,
gent, experienced, well-informed, ac- be destitute of.
complished. ANT. Supply, have abundance of.
ANT. Simple, dull, innocent, gulli- Laconic. SYN. Terse, curt, epigram-
ble,undiscerning, stolid, siuy. matic.
Knowledge. SYN. Apprehension, ANT. Prolix, wordy, tedious, prosy,
comprehension, recognition, under- garrulous, circumlocutory, loqua-
standing, conversance, experience, ac- cious.
quaintance, familiarity, cognizance, Lade [See LOAD].
till cl" 11 [SeeLOAD]. flow, flux, progress, escheatinent, dev-
Lading [See LOAD]. olution, reversion, elapsing.
Lag. sy.x. Loiter, linger, saunter,
ANT. Stability, uprightness, station-
dn \vdlj, dally, tarry, Idle. ariness, fixture, nrrestation, stoppage,
ANT. Press, hasten, ipeed, ruh, retention, inheritance, possession.
hurry, stir. Large. 6YN. Big, bulky, extensive,
Laggard. SYN. Loiterer, saunterer, abundant, capacious, ample, liberal,
dawdler, slow goer, sluggard. comprehensive, enlightened, catholic,
ANT. One moving quickly. great, vast, wide.
Laical* SYN. ANT. Small, mean, narrow, -circum-
Secular, non-li^el, civil,
temporal. scribed, contracted, scanty, illiberal,
ANT. Clerical, legal, ministerial, ec- niggardly, bigoted, petty, sordid.
clesiastical, sacerdotal,priestly,oaoon-
Lascivious. SYN. Lustful, libid-
ical, spiritual. inous, lewd, lecherous, wanton.
ANT. Pure, chaste, continent.
Lull}' |_8ee CLERGYMAN].
Lame. SYN. Weak, faltering, hobbling, Lasli. SYN. Censure, castigate, satir-
ize, beat, tie, fasten, bind, flog, strike,
hesitating, ineffective, impotent, srip-
whip, scourge.
ple<i, halt, defective, imperfect. ANT. Extol, compliment, eulogize.
ANT. Robust, agile, potent, efficient,
Lassitude [See LANGUOR
satisfactory, cogent, convincing, tol- Last. v. SYN. Continue, remain, hold,
ling, effective.
endure, abide, live.
Lament. SYN. Deplore, mourn, be- ANT. Cease, fail, fade, fly, wane,
wail, regret, grieve tor, bemoan, wail depart, disappear, terminate.
for. Last. a. SYN. Latest, ending, linal,con-
ANT. Welcome, hall.
cluding, hindmost, past, extreme,low-
Land. SYN. Plant, place, fix.
e?t, remotest, ultimate.
ANT, Extricate, rt-iiiovu, disestablish, ANT. First, introductory, initiatory,
upset. opening, foremost, ensuing, highest,
Language. SYN. Speech, talk, con-
minor, next, nearest.
versation, dialect, discourse, tongue,
Lasting. SYN. Enduring, abiding,
diction, phraseology, articulation, ac- permanent, perpetual, durable [See
cents, vernacular, expression. PERPETUAL].
ANT. Jargon, jabber, gibberish, ba- Late. SYN. Slow, tardy, delayed, ad-
bel, gabble, cry, whine, bark, howl,
vanced, deceased, past, recent.
roar, &c., obniutescence, dumbness, ANT. Early, present, existing, forth-
muteness, inarticulat6ness,speechles8- coming, coming, future.
Lately. SYN. Recently, of late.
Languid. SYN. Faint, weary, feeble, ANT. Formerly, remotely.
unnerved, unbraced, pining, droop- Latent. SYN. Invisible, inapparenl,
ing, enervated, exhausted, flagging, unobserved, hidden, concealed, un-
spiritless. developed, implicit, potential, inhe-
ANT. Strong, healthy, robust, rig- rent, secret, occult.
orous, active, braced. ANT. Visible, apparent, manifest,
Languish. SYN. Pine, droop, sink, conspicuous, exposed, unconcealed, aiv
faiiit, wither, sigh, decline. tive, developed, explicit.
ANT. Flourish, luxuriate, bloom, Lateral. SYN. Indirect, oblique, sec-
prosper, thrive. ondary. resultant,collateral,deviative
Languor. SYN. Lassitude, weariness, additive, parallel, adjunct! ve, inci-
weakness. dental.
ANT, Strength, vigor, freshness, ANT. Lineal, direct, primary, imme-
energy, lithesomeness. diate.
Lank. SYN. Lean, loose, slender, slim, Latter [See LAST].
long, lax, raw-boned. Laud [See PRAISE].
ANT. Plump, short, full, rounded, Laudable [See PRAISEWORTHY].
crisp, curled. Laudation [See PANEGYRIC].
Lapse. SYN. Gliding, falling, flow, on- Laughable [See RIDICULOUS J.
Lan<r1i at. SYS. Mock at, ridicule, gurate, convoy, persuade, direct, it*
deride FSee MOCK j. fluence.
liauirliter. SYS. Merriment, glee, de- ANT. Misconduct, mislead, follow,
rision, ridicule, cachinnation, con- dissuade, abandon, leave, misguide.
tempt. Lead. n. SYN. Priority, pre-eminence,
ANT. Weeping, tears.mourning, sor- initiative, guidance, control.
row, admiration, veneration, respect, ANT. Subordination, inferiority,
whimper, whine. submission.
Launch. SYN. Propel, hurl, embark, Leader. SYN. Chief, director, guide,
expatiate, enlarge. pioneer, head.
ANT. Repress, recall, ignore, avoid. ANT. Follower.
Lave [See WASH]. Leading [See LEAD].
Lavish. SYN. Profuse, unsparing, ex- League. SYN. Bond, combination, al-
travagant, bountiful, wasteful, prod- liance, compact, confederacy, union,
igal. coalition, confederation.
ANT. Chary, sparing, niggardly, ANT. Dissolution, disconnection,
economical, dainty, close, retentive. neutrality, secession, disunion, dis-
Lavish, v. SYN. Pour, heap, squander, ruption, alienation, divorce.
waste. Leak [See OOZE].
ANT. Husband, store, keep, retain, Lean. v. SYN. Incline, rest, support,
accumulate, hoard, treasure, spare. tend, bend, depend, hang, repose,con-
Law. SYN. Rule, edict, regulation, de- flde, slope.
cree, command, order, statute, enact- ANT. Stabilitate, erect, re-erect,
ment, mode, method, sequence, prin- raise, rise, straighten.
ciple, code, legislation, adjudication, Lean. a. SYN. Meagre, lank, tabid,
jurisdiction, jurisprudence. emaciated, shrivelled, bony, thin,
ANT. Misrule, disorder, anarchy, scraggy, skinny, slender, scanty.
rebellion, insubordination, hazard, ANT. Fat, brawny, plump, well-con-
chance,irregularity, caprice, casualty, ditioned.
accident. Leaning. SYN. Tendency, inclina-
Lawful. SYS. Legal, permissible, or- tion, proclivity, propensity,partiality,
derly, right, allowable, fair, constitu- bias, liking.
tional, rightful, legitimate. ANT. Avoidance, aversion, repug-
ANT Illegal, impermissible, unlaw- nance, loathing.
wrong, lawless, unfair.
ful, Leap. SYN. Jump, bound, bounce,
Lawless. SYN. Wild, rebellious, dis- spring, vault, hop.
orderly, savage, marauding, violent. ANT. Plunge, dip, dive, duck. walk.
ANT. Peaceful, loyal, orderly, civil- Learn. SYN. Acquire, attain, imbibe,
ized, honest, tractable, well-disposed collect, glean, understand, gatner.
Lawyer. SYN. Counsellor, attorney, ANT. Lose, forget, teach, instruct.
counsel, advocate. Learned. SYN. Conversant, erudite,
ANT. Client. read, skilled, scholarly, literary,
Lax. SYN. Loose, vague, incoherent, knowing, well-informed, versed.
dissolute, licentious, unprincipled, re- ANT. Inconversant, illiterate, ig-
miss, flabby, slack. norant, unlearned, unscholarly.
ANT. Concise, coherent, compact, Learner. SYN. Tyro, novice, pupil,
strict, rigid,severe, principled, con- student, beginner, scholar, disciple,
scientious, attentive. catechumen.
Lay. SYN. Place, establish, deposit, al- ANT. Teacher, master, professor,
lay, prostrate, arrange, dispose, put, adept, authority.
spread, set down. Learning. SYN. Knowledge, erudi-
ANT. Erect, raise, lift, excite, dis- tion, literature, lore, letters, acquire-
arrange, disorder, scrape, abrade. ments, attainments, scholarship, edu-
Layman [See CLERGYMAN]. cation, tuition, culture.
Lazy [See LABORIOUS]. ANT. Ignorance, boorishness,
Lead. v. SYN. Conduct, guide,precede, literiteness, emptiness, sciolism, in-
induce, spend, pass, commence, inau- tuition, revelation, inspiration.
Least. RVN. Smallest, lowest, mean- Lentous [See GELATINOUS].
est, last. I.,rs.'ii See DIMINISH].

ANT. Greatest, highest, first, nuiin, Lesson. SYN. Precept, warning, in-
principal. struction, lecture, homily, informa-
Leave, v. [Bee ABANDON and BE- tion.
QUEATH]. ANT. Misiustruction, misguidance,
Leave, n. SYN. Liberty,pennission, li- misinformation .

cense, concession. Let. SYN. Permit, allow, suffer.

ANT. Restriction, prohibition, pre- ANT. Prevent, hinder.
vention, inhibition, refusal. Let. v. SYN. Hinder [See Above].
Legal. SYN. Legitimate, lawful, al- Lethal. Deadly, mortal, fatal, poi-
lowable, juridical, constitutional. sonous, venomous.
ANT. Illegal, illegitimate, unlawful, AKT. Invigorative, remedial, sana-
unallowable, lay, unconstitutional. tive, wholesome, restorative, vivify-
Legend. SYN. Myth, fable, marvel- ing, vital, genial.
lous story, fiction. Lethargy. SYN. Drowsiness, torpor,
ANT. History, fact, actual occur- oblivion, stupor, swoon, trance.
rence. ANT. Vigilauce,alertness,live]ine88,
Legible. SYN. Plain, decipherable, mindfuluess, wakefulness, alacrity,
well-written, caligraphic. activity, life.
ANT. Obscure, undecipherable, ill- Letter. SYN. Epistle, note, communi-
written, illegible, cabalistic, crypto- cation, message, missive.
graphic. Lettered. [See LEARNED].
Legitimate. SYN. Allowable, nor- Level, n. BYN. Plane, surface, floor,
mal, fair, licit, real, genuine, fairly equality, aim, platform, ground, co-
deduced, lawfully begotten. ordinateness, horizontally.
ANT. Illegitimate, unallowable, un- ANT. Unevenness, acclivity, decliv-
fair, illicit. ity, inequality, inco-ordinateness,
Leisure. SYN. Freedom, vacation, op- verticality.
portunity, convenience, ease, quiet, Level, v. SYN. Plane, smooth, roll,
retirement, spare time, unoccupied flatten, equalize, raze.
time. ANT. Roughen, furrow, disequalize,
ANT. Constraint, employment, oc- graduate.
cupation, distraction, labor, bustle, Level, a. Horizontal, plain, flat, even,
toil,busiuess, absorption, engagement. smooth.
Leisurely. SYN. Easy, deliberate, ANT. Rough, uneven, broken, roll-
sauuteriug. ing.
ANT. Eager, hurried, precipitate, Levigate. SYN. Comminute, tritu-
rapid, expeditious. rate, pulverize, smooth, polish, plane.
Lend. SYN. Advance, loan, grant, af- ANT. Compound, amalgamate, in-
ford, present. dent, roughen, batter.
ANT. Resume, retract, appropriate, Levity. SYN. Lightness, frivolity, in-
retain, withhold, refuse. constancy, flightiuess, vanity, thought-
Lengthen. SYN. Elongate, stretch lessness.
out, prolong [See EXTEND]. ANT. Earnestness, gravity, serious-
Lengthy. SYN. Diffuse, prolix, te- ness.
dious, long-drawn, verbose. Levy. SYN. Baise,impose, muster, ex-
ANT. Concise, compendious, curt, act.
short, brief, laconic, compact, con- ANT. Forego, surrender, reimburse,
densed, succinct. repay, liquidate.
Lenient [See MILD and KIND], Liable [See AMENABLE].
Lenitive. SYN. Palliative, initiative, Libel. SYN. Defamation, detraction,
soothing. traducement, calumny, slander, de-
ANT. Inflammatory, exaggerative, famUory publication, lampoon.
provocative, aggravating, Irritant, ANT. Retraction, vindication, apol-
exasperating. ogy, eulogy, panegyric, puff, advo-
Lenity [See KINDNESS], cacy, encomium.
LIB 160 Lll

Libellous. BYN. Defamatory, calum- ANT. Mortality, decease, death,

nious. noa-eristence, dullness, torpoi, por-
ANT. Laudatory, eulogistic. traiture, lethargy, lifelessm-ss.
Liberal. SI-N. Free, gentle, refined, Lifeless [See LIFE and DEAD].
polished, generous, bountiful, catho- Lift. SYN. Raise, elevate, upraise, up-
lie, enlarged, copious, ample, profuse, heave, exalt, hoist, elate, erect.
large, handsome, munificent, abun- ANT. Lower, sink, depress, crush,
dant, noble-minded, bounteous, toler- overwhelm, degrade, dash, cast, hurl.
ant, plentiful. Ligament-. SYN. Bond, band, band-
ANT. Churlish, low, mean, boorish, age, ligature, brace, strap, girth.
ungenerous, illiberal, grasping, nig- ANT. Divulsion, discerption, discon-
gardly, avaricious, greedy, gainful, nection, fracture, dislocation, sever-
narrow-minded, bigoted, prejudiced, ance, laceration, splinter, breach, dis-
contracted, scanty, inadequate. bandment, shield, fender, discon-
Liberate [See CONFINE]. nector.
Libertine. SYN. Kake, debauchee. Light, n. SYN. Luminosity, radiance,
ANT. Ascetic, anchorite, recluse, beam, gleam, phosphorescence, scin-
hermit, puritan, saint. tillation, coru.- cation, flash, bright"
Liberty. SYN. Freedom, leave, in- ness, brilliancy, effulgence, splendor,
dependence, permission, privilege, li- blaze, candle, lamp, lantern, explana-
cense, franchise, immunity, insult, tion, instruction, illumination, under-
impropriety, volition, voluntariness, standing, interpretation, day, life.
exemption. ANT. Darkness, dimness, obscurity,
ANT. Slavery, servitude, restraint, ehade, duskiness, gloom, extinction,
constraint, submission, dependence, misiaterpretation, ignorance, nusun-
obligation, compulsion, deference, re- derstanding, night, death, confusion,
spect, considerateness, necessity, fa- mystification, tenebrosity.
tality, predestination. Light, a. SYN. Imponderous, port-
Llbrate [See BALANCE]. able, unweighty, buoyant, volatile,
Licence, n. [See LIBERTY]. easy, digestible, scanty, active, unen-
License, t. SYN. Permit, allow, in- cumbered, empty, slight, gentle, un-
dulge. steady, capricious, vain, frivolous,
ANT. Restraint, disallow, withhold, characterless, thoughtless, unthought-
forbid, prohibit. ful, unconsidered, inadequate, incom-
Licentious. SYN. Voluptuous, disso- pact, unsubstantial, inconsiderable,
lute, rakish, debauched, self-indul- not difficult, bright, whitish, trifling.
gent, lax, profligate, loose, unbridled. ANT. Heavy, ponderous, weighty,
ANT. Temperate, strict, sober, immovable, leaden, solid, hard, in-
self-controlled, ascetic, self-denying, digestible, full, lazy, encumbered, bur-
rigid. dened, oppressed, weighed, loaded,
Licit. SYN. Lawful, legal, allowable, laden, ballasted, grave, serious, im-
equitable. portant, violent, steady, firm, prin-
ANT. Illegal, illicit, unfair. cipled, cautious, reflective, reliable,
Lie. n.SYN. Falsehood, untruth, fabri- liable, sensible, earnest, thoughtful,
cation, subterfuge, evasion, fib, fic- well-considered, well-weighed, ade-
tion, falsity. quate, stiff, compact, dark, dark-col-
ANT. Truth, fact, veracity. oreci.
Lie. v. SYM. Rest, repose, be, remain. Lightsome [See CHEERFUL,].
ANT. Rise, move, stir. Like. n. SYN. Equal, correspondent,
Lief. SYN. Gladly, willingly, readily. similar, resembling.
ANT. Slowly, unwillingly, reluctant- ANT. Unequal, different.dissimilar.
ly, !oth. Like. t;. SYN. Love, approve, enjoy,
Life. SYN. Vitality, duration, exist- relish, affect.
ence, condition, conduct, animation, ANT. Hate, dislike, loathe, mislike,
vivacity, personality, etate, society, detest, abhor, abominate.
morals, spirit, activity, history, ca- Likely [See PROBABLE].
reer. Likelihood. [See PROBABILITY],
Likeness. SYN. Similarity, resem- Liquidate [See FAY].
blance, correspondence, similitude, List. SYN. Catalogue, roll, register,
parity, copy, imitation, portrait, rep- inventory, schedule I See KECOSD].
resentation, image, effigy, carte de Listen. SYN. Hear, attend, hearken,
visite, picture. incline, give ear, heed.
ANT. Dissimilarity, dissimilitude, ANT. Disregard, ignore, refuse, re-
disparity, inequality, unlikeues:-, orig- pudiate.
inal. Listless. SYN. Indifferent, careless,
Likewise. SYN. So, also, too, as well, uninterested, vacant, languid, indo-
to boot, besides. supine, lackadaisical, torpid,
ANT' Not, otherwise. heedless.
Liking. SYN. Love, approval, relish, ANT. Eager, interested, curious, ar-
nifection, taste, inclinatiou,partiolity, dent, attentive, absorbed, active, en-
fondness. gaged, earnest.
ANT. Hatred, dislike, disrelish, Literal. SYN. Exact, grammatical,
aversion, repugnance, loathing, disin- verbal, close, real, positive, actual,
clination, abhorrence. plain.
I.in it [See BOUND].
i ANT. General, substantial, meta-
Limitless [See INFINITE]. phorical, free, spiritual.
Limpid. SYN. Transparent, translu- Literary. SYN. Erudite, scholarly,
cent, crystalline, pure, lucid, clear. studious.
ANT. Opaque, turbid, luteous, foul, ANT. Illiterate, unscholarly, un-
muddy. studious.
Line. SYN. Cord, thread, length, out- Literature. SYN. Lore, erudition,
line,row, direction, verse, course, reading, study, learning, attainment,
method, succession, sequence, con- scholarship, literary works.
tinuity. ANT. Genius, intuition, inspiration.
ANT. Breadth, contents, space, di- Litlie. SYN. Pliant, flexible, limber,
vergency, deviation, fluctuation, vari- supple, elastic, agile, pliable.
ation, interruption, discontinuance, ANT. Tough, inflexible, inelastic,
solution. stiff.
Lineage. SYN. Descent, house, fam- Litigious. SYN. Quarrelsome, disputa-
ily, race, ancestry, progeny, breed, tious, contentious.
descendants. ANT. Complacent, contented, ac-
ANT. Ancestor, founder, source, quiescent, genial, facile.
origin. Litter. SYN. Scatter, mislay, discom-
Lineament. SYN. Line, mark, fea- pose, disorder, derange.
ture, form, profile. ANT. Clear, clean, order, lay, meth-
ANT. Face, countenance, visage, as- odize, arrange.
pect. Little. SYN. Small, tiny, pigmy,dimin-
Linear. SYN. Direct, straight, recti- utive, short, brief, scanty, unimpor-
linear. tant, insignificant, slight, weak, in-
ANT. Incurved,divergent,collateral, considerable, trivial, illiberal, mean,
lateral, curvilinear, zigzag. petty, paltry, dirty, shabby, dwarf.
Linger. SYN. Tarry, loiter, saunter, ANT. Big, bulky, large, enormous,
lag, hesitate, wait. huge, monstrous, full-sized, long, full,
ANT. Haste, speed, press, push. developed, much, important, grave,
Link [See CONNECTION]. serious, momentous, liberal, gene-
Liquefaction [See MELT]. rous, noble, high-minded, handsome.
Liquescence [See MELT]. Live. v. SYN. Vegetate, grow, survive,
Liquid. SYN. Fluid, liquescent, melt- continue, abide, dwell, last, subsist,
ing, running, watery, fluent, soft, behave, act, breathe, exist.
mellifluous, limpid, flowing, clear, ANT. Die, perish, wither, demise,
smooth. migrate, vanish, fade, fail, languish,
ANT. Solid, solidified, concrete, con- depart, drop, decease.
gealed, hard, dry, indissolvable, in- Live. a. SYN. Animate.
soluble, harsh, discordant. ANT. Inanimate, defunct.
Livelihood. SYN. Maintenance, sup- ANT. Chat, colloquy, conrfcrsatioo,
port, living, substance, sustenance. confabulation.
ANT. Privation, starvation, want, in- Loiter [See LAO].
anition, beggary. Loll. SYN. Lounge, recline.
Lively. SY>". Brisk, animated, keen, ANT. Rise, stir.

eager, blithe, alert, vivid, vivacious, Lonely [See LONESOME].

quick, spirited, vigorous, sprightly, Lonesome. SYN. Forlorn, dreary,
active. forsaken, \vild,;olitary. desolate, lone-
ANT. Lifeless, torpid, dull, inani- ly-
mate, indifferent, listless, insensate. ANT. Cheerful, befriended, festive,
Livery. SYN. Uniform, garb, badge, frequented, populous, gay, animated,
dependence, servitude, retainership, bustling.
retinue, subservience. Long. SYN. Protracted, produced, dil-
ANT. Freedom, immunity, nisub- atory, lengthy, tedious, prolix, exten-
servience. sive, diffuse, far-reaching.
Living, a.
[See LIVE, a.]. ANT. Short, curt, curtailed, brief,
Living [See LIVELIHOOD].
71. speedy, quick, concise, condensed.
Load. SYN. Weight, lading, cargo,
ti. Longing. SYN. Eagerness, desire, as-
oppression, incubus, drag, burden. piration, craving, yearning, wishing.
ANT. Refreshnjent, support, solace, ANT. Indiffereuce,repugnance,aver-
alleviation, emptiness, lightness. sion.
Load. i SYN. Burden, charge, lade,
. Look. n.
cargo, cumber, oppress. Look. SYN. See, behold, contem-
ANT. Disburden, unload, disencum- seem, appear, face.
plate, observe,
ber, lighten, alleviate, believe. ANT. Overlook, miss, misobserve,
Loan. SYN. Advance, mortgage, hy- misbeseem, lurk, smoulder.
pothecation. Look at. SYN. See, view, eye, gaze
ANT. Recall, resumption, foreclo- at, behold, witness, inspect.
sure. ANT. [See LOOK],<