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Chapter 3

Technical Study

A. The Product

The Juan Seat is an aircraft seat that has a capability to switch between premium

economy class and business flatbed suite. This aircraft seat was furnished and designed to easily

be modified by the cabin crew without delaying the boarding procedures of the passengers. It

will allow the airline crews to adjust cabin seating configuration to increase the total number of

the aircrafts seating capacity base on real time passenger demand for each flight.

To make sure that the product does not decrease the performance and the security of the

passenger, it is built from high strength-to-weight ratio materials. The product was made to

ensure that it does not only provide flexibility and safety but it was also built for the comfort of

both local and international passengers.

The seats will also feature latest technology equipment and gadgets such as a television

which has many features for in-flight entertainment such as games, music, movies, GPS, and e-

books. Each seat also has its own power outlet and a headset. The seat also comes with an

adjustable headrest for increased comfort and to help with sleeping.

They neatly clean the leather cushions to make it ready for assembly.
Once all the covers are on, the workers will complete the seat assembly.
They attached the arm rest to the structure with screws. Then install the 6
footrest which attaches with velcro.
The seat cushion also attaches with velcro. It's done.
Finally, they assembled the pieces into covers, sewing identifcation labels in
each one. Step
They hammer every seam to prevent bulges, then they sew whats called the
french stitch. 5
Meanwhile, workers glue freproof polyester padding to the foam. This layer
between foam and leather will even out the surface. They tear the perimeter
of the padding to thin it out. Finally, it's time to dress the cushions in their
In accordance with the regulatory authorities, they rendered the materials Step
fre-proof cover treated with calcium based solution.
The workers trace the patterns for the cover pieces the cut them out. They 4
line the perimeter of each with double-sided tape. Fold over the edges and
create a knit hem, and trim the corners fat then they sew velcro strip where
Using the foam saw, hey marked line on the cushions creases and cut them 5 Step
cm deep. Just enough to insert the velcro strips.
Workers construct the backrest cushions just like the seat cushions. They did 3
the same thing with the backrest.
When the foam cushions are all ready, they will eventually covered with
genuine leather.
After letting the glue dried for 12 hours, the workers begin the fnal shaping Step
thus making it the cushion assembly. They saw through it laterally to make it
the right thickness, then they temporarily adhere a plastic template of the 2
fnal cushion shape trace it then saw along the trace line.
Using the technical drawing as a guide, they mark and grind the cushions
rounded profle.
The workers cut the cushion pieces using a band saw blade that slices Step
through foam w/o tearing or shredding it.
They spray adjoining surfaces with water-based contact cement and 1
assemble them.
The assembly combined diferent thicknesses in three diferent densities to
make the cushion soft in certain areas and rigid in other areas.
B. Manufacturing Process
C. Plant Size and Production Schedule

C.1 Calculation of factory capacity (in hrs.):

Duration per Seat

Machine, Tools Duration per

Process No. of Workers Batches per Day
and Materials Seat

Cutting the 16 pieces of

1 Bandsaw 30 minutes
Cushion pieces trimmed cushions

Joining the Pieces 2 Cement Spray 40 minutes 12 pieces

Curing 1 Dry Storage 12 hours 1 piece

Bandsaw and
Cutting 6 1 hour 8 pieces
Round file

Furnishing 1 Velcro Strips 30 minutes 16 pieces

Screw, bolts
Final Assembly 2 and Velcro 1 hour 8 pieces
15 hours and
35 minutes
Gantt chart

Below is a Gantt chart showing the proposed projects pre-operating and start-up activities. Juan

Seat Company is to be fully completed in a period of 1 year and 3 months.

Activities/Tasks J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M
of the
Approved Plan
Facilities and
Acquire Raw
Hire Employees
Initial Dry Run
Evaluate and
Test Product
Acquire Raw
Materials for
Full Scale
Production and
Full Scale
This Gantt chart is a charting technique is used to make it easy for the potential stake

holders to know the pre-activities of the company. For the work breakdown structure of the

company, the proponents are going to meet the following schedule:

January. The Proposed Feasibility Study is implemented and ready for actual

implementation of the said document. It is expected to finish within 1 month to allocate the

different obstacles that might be face by the proponents.

February to March. It takes two months to prepare the site for the reason that the place

needs to be completely renovated to fully conform to the business site idea. The acquisition of

equipment will go with the designing of business site schedule. Some of the equipment will be

ordered thus the long acquisition time. The proponents decided to order some of the equipment

because it saves on costs while having higher quality which is superior compared to the

commonly found domestic offers.

April to June. Acquiring Raw materials requires 3 months, because quality checks will

be thorough to prevent any substandard material to pass through.

July to August. These months are allotted to the hiring of employees. The qualifications

are discussed in the management aspect of this proposed feasibility study, their works and their

estimated salary.

September. Dry run for the production of seats will be conducted. It will let the

proponents know if there will be any problems before, during and after a set of seat will be made.

October. Evaluating a product requires great and devoted time for the quality checkers. 1

month is allocated to make sure that the seats that will be manufactured are of high standard.
November to December. In this period the marketing plan will be disseminated to the

different potential customers.

December to February. From these months, the company will acquire all the necessary

materials for the full scale production. It will generally get all the desired equipment and

furniture, fixtures and materials to fill in any missing pieces that will be used in the said


March. The business will be fully ready and equipped to enter the competition.
D. Machineries and Equipment

Machineries/Tools Function/Purpose Quantity Unit Cost
Used to cut/trim
Band saw objects with the 15 P12, 500 P187,500
appropriate blade.
Used to place for
Storage Rack the seat for curing 10 P20,000 P200,000
Total: P 387,500

E. Plant Location

Daang Hari Rd., Pasong Buaya II, Imus City, Cavite Province.

F. Plant Layout
Floor Plan

1st Floor
2nd Floor

Office Room Attic Style

G. Building and Facilities

The Building

The structure will be a big factory house that encompasses the office inside. Most of the

area of the house would be used for the factorys manufacturing process. Parking is also

considered because of delivery trucks that will give the materials needed. It will be stationed

behind the structure and the cars for the executives will be at the front. The office will be near

the faade, and its structure will look like an attic to maximize the space under it. The receiving

area for the customers will also be included inside the office.

As for the outside factory house customization, a large signage would be portrayed. The

house shall be constructed in a way that it would be really for manufacturing room. It would also

put all the people inside there in a safe atmosphere, ensuring that the workers and customers

would be safe and feel relaxed. The factory house will be acquired and will only be renovated

due to the fact that it has an existing structure.

Tabulation of Materials

Raw Materials and Supplies

Materials Quantity Unit Cost
Foam 5 ( 3x3 ft) P890
Cement Glue kilo P250 P250
Velcro Strips 1 P2,000 P2,000
Leather 10 sq. ft P300 P3,000
Aluminum Frame 20 ft P4,000 P4,000
Screws and Bolts 20 pcs. P12 P240
Polyester Resin 1 kilo P4,200 P4,200
m P137.5 P137.5
Double-sided Tape
LED TV 2 P28,500 P57,000
USB Port 2 P534.5 P1,069
Headset 2 P1,340 P2,680
LED TV 2 P28,500 P57,000
USB Port 2 P534.5 P1,069
Total: P 137, 095.50

Office Equipment

Materials Quantity Unit Cost
11 P20,990 P230,890
Window Type
3 P13,990 P41,970
Total: P 272,860
Furniture and Fixtures

Materials Quantity Unit Cost
Office Chair 11 P700 P7,700
Filing Cabinet 4 P1,225 P4,900
Office Table 11 P450 P4,950
Sofa 2 P1,000 P2,000
Printer 2 P3,450 P6,900
Total: P 26,450

Office Supplies

Materials Quantity Unit Cost Total Anticipated

Ball pen 15 P15 P225

Pencil 15 P5 P75

Folder 20 P5 P100

Paper Clip 5 boxes P23 P115

Stapler 6 P25 P150

Staple Wire 10 P5 P50

Ruler 5 P5 P25

Bond Paper 6 reams P160 P960

Fastener 2boxes P20 P40

Envelope 20 P7 P140

Scissor 2 P20 P40

Tape 4 P13.25 P53

Tape Dispenser 2 P51 P102

Sharpener 2 P5 P10

Puncher 1 P62 P62

Eraser 5 P5.50 P27.50

Record Book 5 P75 P375

Emergency Lights 20 P1,050 P20,000

Fire Extinguisher 40 P1,000 P40,000

Warning Labels 30 P20 P600

Trash Cans 10 P55 P550

Telephone 11 P1,250 P13,750

Total: P77,449.50

I. Utilities

a. Electricity, fuel, water, steam and suppliers

1. Factory and Office
2. Utilities balance
3. Availability
4. Sources (implant production or any of various
possible outside sources)
5. Reason for the choice of source
6. Relaibility of the source
7. Alternative souces considered
8. Cost
b. Electricity
1. Maximum or peak power demand in KW
c. Fuel-avarage consumption per hour
d. Water
1. Quality required
2. Average consumption per hour of raw and
softened/treated water for process, cooling,
sanitary, and general utilities
3. Water treatment
4. Storage and distribution

J. Waste Disposal

Solid Waste Management is defined as the discipline associated with control of

generation, storage, collection, transport or transfer, processing and disposal of solid

waste materials in a way that best addresses the range of public health, conservation,

economics, aesthetic, engineering and other environmental considerations.

In its scope, solid waste management includes planning, administrative, financial,

engineering and legal functions in the process of solving problems arising from waste

materials. The solutions might include complex inter-disciplinary relations among fields

such as public health, city and regional planning, political science, geography, sociology,
economics, communication and conservation, demography, engineering and material


In the year 2001, The Philippines passed a law regarding the safe and efficient way

to dispose the waste. Republic Act 9003 aims to mitigate and disseminate information

that will help the country lessen its garbage and to promote recycling. This regulatory law

spares no one.

Integrated Waste Management, Inc. is the partner of Juan Seats to regularly

dispose the garbage to its proper places. It offers their customers state-of-the-art and up-

to-date environment friendly technology to waste management. It also assists in the

development of new methods or innovative concepts of waste disposal and natural

resource conservation.

The dispose materials are not allowed to be stacked in the workplace of our

company. Good and proper disposal of garbage will help the workers to focus more on

their work without having second thoughts of health issue.

Hazardous and chemical substance should be stored in accordance with their

proper handling. Also, in the workplace of the employees, they are encouraged to reuse

the papers during their work to lessen the waste and to help the company conserve its


K. Production Cost
Type of Cost Cost
Raw Material Cost P137,095.50
Labor Cost P1,676,000
Overhead Cost (Fixed Cost)
Operating Cost (Variable Cost)
Pertinent Cost
Total Cost (per unit):

L. Labor Requirements

Number of No. of Employee X

Job Position Type of Labor Pay Scale
Employees Pay Scale

(Service Indirect 16 P8,000/month P128,000/month
Security Guard
(Service Indirect 9 P12,000/month P108,000/month

Factory Worker Direct 100 P12,000/month P1,200,000/month

Engineer Direct 3 P22,000/month P66,000/month

Accountant Direct 1 P22,000/month P22,000/month

Direct 2 P15,000/month P30,000/month

Marketing Head Direct 1 P20,000/month P20,000/month

Human Resource Indirect 2 P18,000/month P36,000/month

Research and
Direct 3 P22,000/month P66,000/month
Overall Cost: P1,676,000/month
Reference: National Wages and Productivity Commission of the

Department of Labor and Employment