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GSM

Channel Concepts



.


).(GSM


.

.


.1 .
.2 .
.3 .

:

/_ _

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) ( TDMA FRAM
).(8time slot
).(physical channel
).(logical channel

Physical ch .1 ) ( traffic
) (traffic channel
.
.2 ) ( handover ) (FACCH

TDMA 25MHz
124) (carrier ) (200KHz

) (15/26 ms
) (577 s ). (burst
992=8*124
) (frame .

.
.

.
.1 ) (dedicated channel
. MS
.2 ) (Common channel
). (Idle Mode

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. TDMA frame

TDMA ( 1)

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)(logical channel
. GSM
(Traffic channel) .1 TCH
.
Control channel .2
.

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Mobile: 009647808198654
)(Traffic Channel
) (Multi-Frame . frame26
) (26 TDMA-Frame ) (120 ms 24
traffic .


.1 ) (frame ) (TS0
) (Broadcast ch
.
(TS13) .2
) (SACCH .
(TS26) .3 .

..
.. Full rate Tch .1 .
) (64Kbps ) (16Kbps
) (13kbps ) (GSM
) (22.8kbps
) (one time slot )(frame
.. half rate Tch .2
) (6.5kbps )(64Kbps
) (8Kbps GSM
). (11.4kbps
GSM

...

.

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Super frame =51 Multi frame =6.12 s
Multi frame =26 Frames =120 ms
Frames = 8 Time slots =4.615 ms
Time slot =156.25 bits =576.92 s


. GSM
GSM
20ms .
) (260bit ..
.1 )(Class1
182bit )(Class 1a 50 bit)(Class 1b132bit
4bit tail 3bit to parity
189bit 456bit
. 20ms

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Alah.salieh@mod.iraqiaf.org
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CONTROL CHANNELS


GSM
) (BTSs


.
) (BCCH
..
.1 )(location area
.2 .
.
...
)(Broadcast Channel Information)....(BCH


(broadcast channel) .1 .
(common control channel) .2 .
(Dedicated control channel) .3 .

)(broadcast channel
BCH
)(Point to Multipoint )(Downlink


) (downlink
) (TS0 . GSM

BTSs .
BCH synchronization
cell

.
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(Broadcast control channel) .1 )(BCCH


) (Downlink
) (MSs

)(location area Identity
)( LAI :

.
.
) (BCCH 51
4 .5

(Frequency correction channel) .2 FCCH


TSO
GSM
.

.BSC

(SCH)Synchronization channel. 3
TS0
. FCCH
.
.
) (BSIC
. GSM

). (51

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Mobile: 009647808198654
) (common control channel
)(CCCH
)(point to point

. .
BCH
TS0 GSM BCH
.

(PCH)Paging channel. 1


.
.
IMSI .

.RACH


.GSM
Random access Channel (RACH).2

:) (
.1 ). (PCH
.2 .

:
) (RACH
)Stand Alone Dedicated Control (SDCCH
Channel

)Access Grand Channel (AGCH

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Access Grand Channel (AGCH) .3



AGCH CCCH

RACH CCCH

)Dedicated Control Channels (DCCH



.

.1
)Stand_ Alone Dedicated Control Channel (SDCCH

.

MSC .
SDCCH
) (
)(PCH
SDCCH
BCH
CCCH

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.2
)Slow Associated Control Channel (SACCH

SDCCH
.
SACCH



) (Time Advance Instructions
) (SDCCH
) (TCH
) (BCH .
) (SDCCH
/ .


Fast Associated Control Channel


SDCCH FACCH
SDCCH
FACCH
) ( ) (bit
TCH
FACCH TCH

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,
,


.

:

...............

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