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Assignment Problems

Chapter 6

Question 1

A simply supported wood beam of rectangular cross section and span length 1m

carries a concentrated load P at midspan (see figure). The cross section has dimensions 150mm x 200mm. Calculate the maximum permissible value of the load P if σ allow =7 Mpa and τ allow =1 Mpa.

Ans: 43.8 kN Question 2

A wood beam ABC with simple supports at A and B and an overhang BC is

subjected to loads 3P and P acting as shown in figure. The beam has actual dimensions of 90mm x 286mm. (a) Determine the maximum permissible load P based upon an allowable bending stress in the wood of 8 MPa. (b)

Determine the maximum permissible load P based upon an allowable

shear stress in the wood of 0.7 Mpa. (Disregard the weight of the beam).

Ans: (a) P=4.09 kN , (b) P=6.67 kN   286mm 90mm

Question 3

A hollow square aluminum box beam has the cross section shown in the figure. Calculate the maximum and minimum

shear stresses τ max and τ min in the webs of the beam due to a shear force V=60 kN.

Ans: τ max =7.63 MPa , τ min =5.53 MPa Question 4

The T-beam shown in the figure has cross sectional dimensions as follows: b=220mm, t=15mm, h=300mm and h 1 =275mm. The beam is subjected to a shear force V=62kN. Calculate the maximum shear stress τ max in the web of the beam.

Ans: τ max =19.5 MPa z

Question 5

A projecting arm in a mechanical device is modeled as a cantilever beam AB (see figure). The arm is loaded at the free end by a force P=900N. The cross section has the dimensions shown in figure. If the length L is 0.15m, what are the maximum normal stress σ max and maximum shear stress τ max due to load P? (Hint: Consider both τ xy and τ xz .)

Ans: σ max =56.2 MPa τ max =1.50 MPa Question 6

A beam of T cross section is formed by nailing together two boards having the dimensions shown in the figure. If the total shear force V acting on the cross section is 1600N and each

nail carry 750N in shear, what is the maximum allowable nail

spacing s?

Ans: s = 85.1mm Question 7

 • A hollow wood beam with plywood webs has the cross-sectional dimensions shown in the figure. The plywood is attached to the flanges by means of small nails having an allowable load in shear of 130N. Find the maximum allowable spacing s of the nails at cross sections where the shear force V is equal to (a) 900N and (b) 1350N. • Ans: (a) s = 66.5mm, (b)s = 44.3mm

Question 8

A sign for an automobile service station is supported by two aluminum poles of hollow circular cross section, as shown in the figure. The poles are being designed to resist a wind pressure of 75 lb/ft 2 against the full area of the sign. The dimensions of the poles and sign are h 1 =20 ft, h 2 =5 ft, and b=10 ft. To prevent buckling of the walls of the poles, the thickness t is specified as one-tenth the outside diameter d.

(a) Determine the minimum required diameter of the poles based upon an allowable

bending stress of 7500 psi in the aluminum.

(b)

of 2000 psi. ANS: (a) d 10.52 in.; (b) d 2.56 in.

Determine the minimum required diameter based upon an allowable shear stress Question 9

Abridge girder AB on a simple span of length L=14 m supports a distributed

load of maximum intensity q at midspan and minimum intensity q/2 at

supports A and B that includes the weight of the girder (see figure). The girder is constructed of three plates welded to form the cross section shown.

Determine the maximum permissible load q based upon (a) an allowable

bending stress allow 110 MPa and (b) an allowable shear stress allow 50

MPa. ANS: (a) q max 184.7 kN/m; (b) q max 247 kN/m Question 10

A simple beam with an overhang supports a uniform load of intensity q=1200

lb/ft and a concentrated load P 3000 lb at 8 ft to the right of A and also at C (see figure). The uniform load includes an allowance for the weight of the beam. The allowable stresses in bending and shear are 18 ksi and 11 ksi,

respectively.

Select from Appendix C available, the lightest I-beam (S shape) that will support the given loads. (Hint: Select a beam based upon the bending stress and then calculate the

maximum shear stress. If the beam is overstressed in shear, select a heavier

beam and repeat.) Question 11

A hollow steel box beam

has the rectangular cross

section shown in the

figure. Determine the maximum allowable shear

force V that may act on

the beam if the allowable shear stress is 36 MPa.

Ans.: Vmax = 273 kN Question 12

The nails are on both sides of the beam and each can

resist a shear of 2 kN. In addition to the distributed loading, determine the maximum load P that can be applied to the end of the beam. The nails are spaced 100

mm apart and the allowable shear stress for the wood is τ allow = 3 MPa. Ans.: P = 3.7 kN  Question 13

Knowing that a given

vertical shear V causes a maximum shearing

stress of 75 MPa in the

hat-shaped extrusion shown, determine the corresponding shearing

stress at (a) point a, (b)

point b. Ans.: τ a = 41.4MPa τ b = 41.4MPa Question 14

A plate of 2-mm thickness is

bent as shown and then used as a beam. For a vertical shear of 5

kN, determine the shearing

stress at the five points indicated, and sketch the shear flow in the cross section.

Ans.: τ a = 10.76MPa τ b = 0MPa τ c = 11.2MPa τ d = 22MPa τ e = 9.35MPa 