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Chapter1 AnnexIRegulationsforthePreventionofPollutionbyOil
General
AppendicestoAnnexI
1Definitions UnifiedInterpretationsofAnnexI
2Application Notes:ForthepurposesoftheUnifiedInterpretations,thefollowingabbreviationsareused:
3Exemptions
andwaivers MARPOL73/78 The1973MARPOLConventionasmodified
4Exceptions bythe1978Protocolrelatingthereto
5Equivalents Regulation RegulationinAnnexIofMARPOL73/78

IOPPCertificate InternationalOilPollutionPrevention
Chapter2
Certificate
Surveysand
certification SBT Segregatedballasttanks
CBT Dedicatedcleanballasttanks
6Surveys
COW Crudeoilwashingsystem
7Issueor
endorsementof IGS Inertgassystems
certificate
PL Protectivelocationofsegregatedballasttanks
8Issueor
endorsementof CAS ConditionAssessmentScheme
certificateby
another
Government
9Formof 1 Definitions
certificate
10Durationand Reg.1.1 Definitionofoil
validityof 1.1 (Animalandvegetableoilsarefoundtofallunderthecategoryof
certificate
noxiousliquidsubstance,andthereforethisinterpretationhasbeendeleted
11PortState (seeAnnexII,appendixII,ofMARPOL73/78).)
controlon
operational Treatmentforoilyrags
requirements
1.2 Oilyrags,asdefinedintheGuidelinesfortheImplementationofAnnex
VofMARPOL73/78,shouldbetreatedinaccordancewithAnnexVandthe
Chapter3 proceduressetoutintheGuidelines.
Requirements
formachinery Reg.1.5 Definitionofanoiltanker
spacesofall
ships 1.3 FPSOsandFSUsarenotoiltankersandarenottobeusedforthe
PartA transportofoilexceptthat,withthespecificagreementbytheflagandrelevant

Construction coastalStatesonavoyagebasis,producedoilmaybetransportedtoportin
12Tanksforoil abnormalandrarecircumstances.
residues
(sludge)
13Standard 2 Majorconversion
discharge Reg.1.9 2.1 Thedeadweighttobeusedfordeterminingtheapplicationofprovisions
connection
ofAnnexIisthedeadweightassignedtoanoiltankeratthetimeofthe
assignmentoftheloadlines.Iftheloadlinesarereassignedforthepurposeof
PartB alteringthedeadweight,withoutalterationofthestructureoftheship,any
Equipment substantialalterationofthedeadweightconsequentialuponsuchreassignments
14Oilfiltering shouldnotbeconstruedasamajorconversionasdefinedinregulation1.9.
equipment However,theIOPPCertificateshouldindicateonlyonedeadweightoftheship
andberenewedoneveryreassignmentofloadlines.
PartCControl 2.2 Ifacrudeoiltankerof40,000tonnesdeadweightandabovedeliveredon
ofoperational
orbefore1June1982asdefinedinregulation1.28.3satisfyingtherequirements
dischargeofoil

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15Controlof ofCOWchangesitstradeforthecarriageofproductoil*conversiontoCBTor
dischargeofoil SBTandreissuingoftheIOPPCertificatewillbenecessary(seeparagraph19
16Segregation below).Suchconversionshouldnotbeconsideredasamajorconversionas
ofoilandwater definedinregulation1.9.
ballastand
carriageofoil 2.3 Whenanoiltankerisusedsolelyforthestorageofoilandissubsequently
inforepeak putintoserviceinthetransportofoil,suchachangeoffunctionshouldnotbe
tanks construedasamajorconversionasdefinedinregulation1.9.
17OilRecord 2.4 Theconversionofanexistingoiltankertoacombinationcarrier,orthe
Book,PartI shorteningofatankerbyremovingatransversesectionofcargotanks,should
Machinery constituteamajorconversionasdefinedinregulation1.9.
spaceoperations
2.5 Theconversionofanexistingoiltankertoasegregatedballasttankerby
theadditionofatransversesectionoftanksshouldconstituteamajor
Chapter4
Requirements conversionasdefinedinregulation1.9onlywhenthecargocarryingcapacity
forthecargo ofthetankerisincreased.
areasofoil 2.6 Whenashipbuiltasacombinationcarrieroperatesexclusivelyinthe
tankers bulkcargotrade,theshipmaybetreatedasashipotherthananoiltankerand
FormAoftheRecordofConstructionandEquipmentshouldbeissuedtothe
PartA ship.Thechangeofsuchashipfromthebulktradetotheoiltradeshouldnotbe
Construction construedasamajorconversionasdefinedinregulation1.9.
18Segregated
ballasttanks
19Doublehull 3 Definitionofsegregatedballast
anddouble 3.1 Thesegregatedballastsystemshouldbeasystemwhichiscompletely
Reg.1.18
bottom
separatedfromthecargooilandfuelsystemsasrequiredbyregulation1.18.
requirements
foroiltankers
Nevertheless,provisionmaybemadeforemergencydischargeofthesegregated
deliveredonor ballastbymeansofaconnectiontoacargopumpthroughaportablespoolpiece.
after6July Inthiscasenonreturnvalvesshouldbefittedonthesegregatedballast
1996 connectionstopreventthepassageofoiltothesegregatedballasttanks.The
20Doublehull
portablespoolpieceshouldbemountedinaconspicuouspositioninthepump
anddouble roomandapermanentnoticerestrictingitsuseshouldbeprominentlydisplayed
bottom adjacenttoit.
requirements 3.2 Slidingtypecouplingsshouldnotbeusedforexpansionpurposeswhere
foroiltankers linesforcargooilorfueloilpassthroughtanksforsegregatedballast,andwhere
deliveredbefore linesforsegregatedballastpassthroughcargooilorfueloiltanks.This
6July1996
interpretationisapplicabletoships,thekeelofwhichislaid,orwhichareata
21Prevention similarstageofconstruction,onorafter1July1992.
ofoilpollution
fromoiltankers
carryingheavy
4 Unforeseendelayindeliveryofships
gradeoilas
cargo Reg.1.9 4.1 Forthepurposeofdefiningthecategoryofashipunderregulation1.28,a
22Pumproom shipforwhichthebuildingcontract(orkeellaying)anddeliverywerescheduled
bottom beforethedatesspecifiedintheseregulations,butwhichhasbeensubjectto
protection delayindeliverybeyondthespecificdateduetounforeseencircumstances
23Accidental beyondthecontrolofthebuilderandtheowner,maybeacceptedbythe
oiloutflow Administrationasashipofthecategoryrelatedtotheestimateddateofdelivery.
performance ThetreatmentofsuchshipsshouldbeconsideredbytheAdministrationona
24Damage casebycasebasis,bearinginmindtheparticularcircumstances.
assumptions
4.2 Itisimportantthatshipsdeliveredafterthespecifieddatesdueto
25Hypothetical unforeseendelayandallowedtobetreatedasashipofthecategoryrelatedto
outflowofoil theestimateddateofdeliverybytheAdministrationshouldalsobeacceptedas
26Limitations
suchbyportStates.Inordertoensurethis,thefollowingpracticeis
ofsizeand recommendedtoAdministrationswhenconsideringanapplicationforsucha
arrangementof ship:
cargotanks
27Intact .1 theAdministrationshouldthoroughlyconsiderapplicationsona
stability casebycasebasis,bearinginmindtheparticularcircumstances.In
28Subdivision doingsointhecaseofashipbuiltinaforeigncountry,the
anddamage
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stability Administrationmayrequireaformalreportfromtheauthoritiesofthe
29Sloptanks countryinwhichtheshipwasbuilt,statingthatthedelaywasdueto
30Pumping, unforeseencircumstancesbeyondthecontrolofthebuilderandthe
pipingand owner
discharge .2 whenashipistreatedasashipofthecategoryrelatedtothe
arrangement
estimateddateofdeliveryuponsuchanapplication,theIOPP

Certificatefortheshipshouldbeendorsedtoindicatethattheshipis
PartB acceptedbytheAdministrationassuchashipand
Equipment
31Oildischarge
.3 theAdministrationshouldreporttotheOrganizationonthe
monitoringand identityoftheshipandthegroundsonwhichtheshiphasbeen
controlsystem acceptedassuchaship.
32Oil/water
interface
detector 5 Definitionofgenerationofships
33Crudeoil Regs.1.28.2, Forthepurposeofdefiningtheshipsinaccordancewithregulations1.28.2,
washing 1.28.4,1.28.6, 1.28.4,1.28.6,1.28.7,1.28.8,ashipwhichfallsintoanyoneofthecategories
requirements 1.28.7,1.28.8 listedinsubparagraphs1,2,3,4.1,4.2,or4.3oftheseparagraphsshouldbe
consideredasashipfallingunderthecorrespondingdefinition.
PartCControl
ofoperational

dischargeofoil 6 AnnexIsubstanceswhichthroughtheirphysicalpropertiesinhibit

34Controlof effectiveproduct/waterseparationandmonitoring
dischargeofoil
Reg.2.4 6.1 TheGovernmentofthereceivingPartyshouldestablishappropriate
35Crudeoil measuresinordertoensurethatprovisionsof6.2arecompliedwith.
washing
operations 6.2 Atankwhichhasbeenunloadedshould,subjecttotheprovisionsof6.3,
36OilRecord bewashedandallcontaminatedwashingsshouldbedischargedtoareception
Book,PartII facilitybeforetheshipleavestheportofunloadingforanotherport.
Cargo/ballast
operations 6.3 Attherequestoftheshipsmaster,theGovernmentofthereceivingParty
mayexempttheshipfromtherequirementsreferredtoin6.2,whereitis

satisfiedthat:
Chapter5
Preventionof .1 thetankunloadedistobereloadedwiththesamesubstanceor
oilpollution anothersubstancecompatiblewiththepreviousoneandthatthetanker
arisingfroman
willnotbewashedorballastedpriortoloadingand
oilpollution
incident .2 thetankunloadedisneitherwashednorballastedatseaiftheship
istoproceedtoanotherportunlessithasbeenconfirmedinwriting
37Shipboard thatareceptionfacilityatthatportisavailableandadequateforthe
oilpollution purposeofreceivingtheresiduesandsolventsnecessaryforthe
emergencyplan cleaningoperations.

6.4 Anexemptionreferredtoin6.3shouldonlybegrantedbythe
Chapter6
Reception GovernmentofthereceivingPartytoashipengagedinvoyagestoportsor
facilities terminalsunderthejurisdictionofotherPartiestotheConvention.Whensuch
anexemptionhasbeengranteditshouldbecertifiedinwritingbythe

GovernmentofthereceivingParty.
38Reception
facilities 6.5 Inthecaseofshipsretainingtheirresiduesonboardandproceedingto
portsorterminalsunderthejurisdictionofotherPartiestotheConvention,the
Chapter7 GovernmentofthereceivingPartyisadvisedtoinformthenextportofcallof
Special theparticularsoftheshipandcargoresidues,fortheirinformationand
requirements appropriateactionforthedetectionofviolationsandenforcementofthe
forfixedor Convention.
floating
platforms
39Special 7 Conditionsforwaiver
requirements
Regs.3.4,3.5, TheInternationalOilPollutionPreventionCertificateshouldcontainsufficient
forfixedor
14.5.3 informationtopermittheportStatetodetermineiftheshipcomplieswiththe
floating
waiverconditionsregardingthephraserestrictedvoyagesasdeterminedby
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platforms theAdministration.Thismayincludealistofports,themaximumdurationof
thevoyagebetweenportshavingreceptionfacilities,orsimilarconditionsas
Appendicesto establishedbytheAdministration.
AnnexI

AIListofoils
8 Voyagesof72hoursorlessinduration
AIIFormof Regs.3.4and Thetimelimitationof72hoursorlessindurationinregulations3.4and
IOPP 3.5.2.2 3.5.2.2.2shouldbecounted:
Certificateand
Supplements .1 fromthetimethetankerleavesthespecialarea,whenavoyage
AIIIFormof
startswithinaspecialareaor
OilRecord
Book .2 fromthetimethetankerleavesaportsituatedoutsidethespecial

areatothetimethetankerapproachesaspecialarea.
Unified
Interpretations
ofAnnexI 9 Definitionofalloilymixtures
Regs.3.4and Thephrasealloilymixturesinregulations3.4and3.5.2.2.3includesall
Appendicesto 3.5.2.2.3 ballastwaterandtankwashingresiduesfromcargooiltanks.
Unified
Interpretations
ofAnnexI 10 Equivalents

A1Guidanceto
Reg.5 10.1 AcceptancebyanAdministrationunderregulation5ofanyfitting,
Administrations material,appliance,orapparatusasanalternativetothatrequiredbyAnnexI
concerning includestypeapprovalofpollutionpreventionequipmentwhichisequivalent
draughts tothatspecifiedinresolutionA.393(X).AnAdministrationthatallowssuch
recommended typeapprovalshallcommunicateparticularsthereof,includingthetestresults
forsegregated onwhichtheapprovalofequivalencywasbased,totheOrganizationin
ballasttankers accordancewithregulation5.2.
below150min
length Withregardtothetermappropriateaction,ifanyinregulation5.2,any
PartytotheConventionthathasanobjectiontoanequivalencysubmittedby
anotherPartyshouldcommunicatethisobjectiontotheOrganizationandtothe
A2Interim
PartywhichallowedtheequivalencywithinoneyearaftertheOrganization
recommendation
foraunified
circulatestheequivalencytotheParties.ThePartyobjectingtotheequivalency
interpretationof shouldspecifywhethertheobjectionpertainstoshipsenteringitsports.
regulations
18.1218.15
''Protective 11 Surveyandinspection
locationof
segregated Reg.6.1.3and 11.1 IntermediateandannualsurveyforshipsnotrequiredtoholdanIOPP
ballastspaces 6.1.4 Certificate
Theapplicabilityofregulations6.1.3and6.1.4toshipswhicharenotrequired
A3Connection toholdanInternationalOilPollutionPreventionCertificateshouldbe
ofsmall determinedbytheAdministration.
diameterlineto
themanifold
valve
12 Designationofthetypeofoiltankers

A4 Regs.7,19 12.1 OiltankersmustbedesignatedontheSupplementFormBtotheIOPP
Specifications Certificateaseithercrudeoiltanker,productcarrierorcrude
forthedesign, oil/productcarrier.Furthermore,therequirementscontainedinregulation19
installationand differfordifferentagecategoriesofcrudeoiltankersandproduct
operationofa carriers,andcompliancewiththeseprovisionsisrecordedontheIOPP
partflow Certificate.Oiltradesinwhichdifferenttypesofoiltankersareallowedtobe
systemfor engagedareasfollows:
controlof
overboard .1 Crudeoil/productcarrierisallowedtocarryeithercrudeoilor
discharges
productoil,orbothsimultaneously

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.2 Crudeoiltankerisallowedtocarrycrudeoilbutisprohibited
A5Discharges
fromfixedor
fromcarryingproductoiland
floating .3 Productcarrierisallowedtocarryproductoilbutisprohibited
platforms
fromcarryingcrudeoil.

12.2 IndeterminingthedesignationofthetypeofoiltankerontheIOPP
CertificatebasedonthecompliancewiththeprovisionsforSBT,PL,CBTand
COW,thefollowingstandardsshouldapply.
12.3 Oiltankersdeliveredafter1June1982asdefinedinregulation1.28.4
oflessthan20,000tonnesdeadweight
12.3.1 Theseoiltankersmaybedesignatedascrudeoil/productcarriers.

12.4 Oiltankersdeliveredafter1June1982asdefinedinregulation1.28.4
of20,000tonnesdeadweightandabove
12.4.1 OiltankerssatisfyingtherequirementsforSBT+PL+COWmaybe
designatedascrudeoil/productcarrier.

12.4.2 OiltankerssatisfyingtherequirementsforSBT+PLbutnotCOW
shouldbedesignatedasproductcarrier.

12.4.3 Oiltankersof20,000tonnesdeadweightandabovebutlessthan
30,000tonnesdeadweightnotcarryingcrudeoil,fueloil,heavydieseloilor
lubricatingoilascargo,notfittedwithSBT+PL,shouldbedesignatedas
productcarrier.
12.5 Oiltankersdeliveredonorbefore1June1982asdefinedinregulation
1.28.3butdeliveredafter31December1979asdefinedinregulation1.28.2of
70,000tonnesdeadweightandabove
12.5.1 TheoiltankerssatisfyingtherequirementsforSBTmaybe
designatedascrudeoil/productcarrier.

12.6 Oiltankersdeliveredonorbefore1June1982asdefinedinregulation
1.28.3oflessthan40,000tonnesdeadweight
12.6.1 Theseoiltankersmaybedesignatedascrudeoil/productcarrier.

12.7 Oiltankersdeliveredonorbefore1June1982asdefinedinregulation
1.28.3of40,000tonnesdeadweightandabove
12.7.1 OiltankerssatisfyingtherequirementsforSBTshouldbedesignated
ascrudeoil/productcarrier.
12.7.2 OiltankerssatisfyingtherequirementsforCOWonlyshouldbe
designatedascrudeoiltanker.

12.7.3 OiltankerssatisfyingtherequirementsforCBTshouldbedesignated
asproductcarrier.

13 NewformofIOPPCertificateoritsSupplement
Reg.9 InthecasewheretheformoftheIOPPCertificateoritsSupplementis
amended,andthisamendmentdoesnotcauseashorteningofthevalidityofthe
shipsIOPPCertificate,theexistingformofthecertificateorsupplement
whichiscurrentwhentheamendmententersintoforcemayremainvaliduntil
theexpiryofthatcertificate,providedthat,atthefirstsurveyafterthedateof
entryintoforceoftheamendment,necessarychangesareindicatedinthe
existingcertificateorsupplementbymeansofsuitablecorrections,e.g.striking
overtheinvalidentryandtypingthenewentry.

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14 RevalidationofanIOPPCertificate
Reg.10 Whereanannualoranintermediatesurveyrequiredinregulation6ofAnnexI
ofMARPOL73/78isnotcarriedoutwithintheperiodspecifiedinthat
regulation,theIOPPCertificateceasestobevalid.Whenasurvey
correspondingtotherequisitesurveyiscarriedoutsubsequently,thevalidityof
theCertificatemayberestoredwithoutalteringtheanniversaryandexpirydate
oftheoriginalCertificateandtheCertificateendorsedtothiseffect.The
thoroughnessandstringencyofsuchsurveywilldependontheperiodfor
whichtheprescribedsurveyhaselapsedandtheconditionsoftheship.

15 Capacityofsludgetanks
Reg.10 15.1 ToassistAdministrationsindeterminingtheadequatecapacityof
sludgetanks,thefollowingcriteriamaybeusedasguidance.Thesecriteria
shouldnotbeconstruedasdeterminingtheamountofoilyresidueswhichwill
beproducedbythemachineryinstallationinagivenperiodoftime.The
capacityofsludgetanksmay,however,becalculateduponanyother
reasonableassumptions.Forashipthekeelofwhichislaidorwhichisata
similarstageofconstructiononorafter31December1990,theguidancegiven
initems.4and.5belowshouldbeusedinlieuoftheguidancecontainedin
items.1and.2.

.1 Forshipswhichdonotcarryballastwaterinoilfueltanks,the
minimumsludgetankcapacity(V1)shouldbecalculatedbythe
followingformula:
V1= K1CD(m3)
where: K1= 0.01forshipswhereheavyfueloilispurifiedfor
mainengineuse,or0.005forshipsusingdieseloil
orheavyfueloilwhichdoesnotrequire
purificationbeforeuse,
C= dailyfueloilconsumption(tonnes)and
D= maximumperiodofvoyagebetweenportswhere
sludgecanbedischargedashore(days).Inthe

absenceofprecisedataafigureof30daysshould
beused.

.2 Whensuchshipsarefittedwithhomogenizers,sludge
incineratorsorotherrecognizedmeansonboardforthecontrolof
sludge,theminimumsludgetankcapacity(V1)should,inlieuofthe
above,be:
V1= 1m3forshipsof400grosstonnageandabovebut
lessthan4000grosstonnage,or2m3forshipsof
4000grosstonnageandabove.

.3 Forshipswhichcarryballastwaterinfueloiltanks,the
minimumsludgetankcapacity(V2)shouldbecalculatedbythe
followingformula:
V2= V1+K2B(m3)
where: V1= sludgetankcapacityspecifiedin.1or.2abovein

m3,
K2= 0.01forheavyfueloilbunkertanks,or0.005for

dieseloilbunkertanks,and
B= capacityofwaterballasttankswhichcanalsobe

usedtocarryoilfuel(tonnes).

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.4 Forshipswhichdonotcarryballastwaterinfueloiltanks,the
minimumsludgetankcapacity(V1)shouldbecalculatedbythe
followingformula:
V1= K1CD(m3)

where: K1= 0.015forshipswhereheavyfueloilispurifiedfor


mainengineuseor0.005forshipsusingdieseloil

orheavyfueloilwhichdoesnotrequire
purificationbeforeuse,
C= dailyfueloilconsumption(m3)and
D= maximumperiodofvoyagebetweenportswhere
sludgecanbedischargedashore(days).Inthe

absenceofprecisedata,afigureof30daysshould
beused.

.5 Forshipsfittedwithhomogenizers,sludgeincineratorsorother
recognizedmeansonboardforthecontrolofsludge,theminimum
sludgetankcapacityshouldbe:
.5.1 50%ofthevaluecalculatedaccordingtoitem.4aboveor

.5.2 1m3forshipsof400grosstonnageandabovebutlessthan
4000grosstonnageor2m3forshipsof4000grosstonnageandabove
whicheveristhegreater.

15.2 Administrationsshouldestablishthatinashipthekeelofwhichislaid
orwhichisatasimilarstageofconstructiononorafter31December1990,
adequatetankcapacity,whichmayincludethesludgetank(s)referredtounder
15.1above,isavailablealsoforleakage,drainandwasteoilsfromthe
machineryinstallations.Inexistinginstallationsthisshouldbetakeninto
considerationasfarasreasonableandpracticable.

16 Overboardconnectionofsludgetanks
Reg.12.2 15.1 Shipshavingpipingtoandfromsludgetankstooverboarddischarge
outlets,otherthanthestandarddischargeconnectionreferredtoinregulation
13,installedpriorto4April1993maycomplywithregulation12.2bythe
installationofblanksinthispiping.

17 Cleaningofsludgetanksanddischargeofresidues
Reg.12.3 17.1 ToassistAdministrationsindeterminingtheadequacyofthedesign
andconstructionofsludgetankstofacilitatetheircleaningandthedischargeof
residuestoreceptionfacilities,thefollowingguidanceisprovided,having
effectonshipsthekeelofwhichislaidorwhichisatasimilarstageof
constructiononorafter31December1990:

.1 sufficientmanholesshouldbeprovidedsuchthat,takinginto
considerationtheinternalstructureofthesludgetanks,allpartsofthe
tankcanbereachedtofacilitatecleaning
.2 sludgetanksinshipsoperatingwithheavyoil,thatneedstobe
purifiedforuse,shouldbefittedwithadequateheatingarrangementsor

othersuitablemeanstofacilitatethepumpabilityanddischargeofthe
tankcontent
.3 thereshouldbenointerconnectionsbetweenthesludgetank
dischargepipingandbilgewaterpipingotherthanpossiblecommon
pipingleadingtothestandarddischargeconnectionreferredtoin
regulation13.However,arrangementsmaybemadefordrainingof
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settledwaterfromthesludgetanksbymeansofmanuallyoperated
selfclosingvalvesorequivalentarrangementsand
.4 thesludgetankshouldbeprovidedwithadesignatedpumpfor
thedischargeofthetankcontenttoreceptionfacilities.Thepump
shouldbeofasuitabletype,capacityanddischargehead,having
regardtothecharacteristicsoftheliquidbeingpumpedandthesize
andpositionoftank(s)andtheoveralldischargetime.

18 Automaticstoppingdevicerequiredbyregulation15.3.2
Regs.14,15 Regulation15.3.2includesareferencetoregulation14.7whichrequiresbotha
15ppmbilgealarmandastoppingdevicewhichwillensurethatthedischarge
isautomaticallystoppedwhentheoilcontentoftheeffluentexceeds15ppm.
Since,however,thisisnotarequirementofregulation14forshipsoflessthan
10,000grosstonnage,suchshipsneednotberequiredtobeequippedwithsuch
alarmandstoppingdeviceifnoeffluentfrommachineryspacebilgeistobe
dischargedwithinspecialareas.Conversely,thedischargeofeffluentwithin
specialareasfromshipswithout15ppmbilgealarmandanautomaticstopping
deviceisacontraventionoftheConventioneveniftheoilcontentofthe
effluentisbelow15ppm.

19 Controlofdischargeofballastwaterfromoilfueltanks
Reg.14.1 19.1 Thesecondsentenceofregulation14.1shouldbeinterpretedas
follows:

Anyshipof400grosstonnageandabovebutlessthan10,000grosstonnage:

.1 whichdoesnotcarrywaterballastinoilfueltanksshouldbe
fittedwith15ppmoilfilteringequipmentforthecontrolofdischarge
ofmachineryspacebilges
.2 whichcarrieswaterballastinoilfueltanksshouldbefittedwith
theequipmentrequiredbyregulation14.2forthecontrolofmachinery
spacebilgesanddirtyballastwaterfromoilfueltanks.Shipsonwhich

itisnotreasonabletofitthisequipmentshouldretainonboarddirty
ballastwaterfromoilfueltanksanddischargeittoreception
facilities.

19.2 Theaboveequipmentshouldbeofadequatecapacitytodealwiththe
quantitiesofeffluenttobedischarged.

20 Oilfilteringequipment
Regs.14.1, Oilfilteringequipmentreferredtoinregulations14.1and14.2isa15ppm
14.2 bilgeseparatorandmayincludeanycombinationofaseparator,filteror
coalescerandalsoasingleunitdesignedtoproduceaneffluentwithoilcontent
notexceeding15ppm

21 Waiversforrestrictedvoyages
Reg.14.5.3.4 TheInternationalOilPollutionPreventionCertificateshouldcontainsufficient
informationtopermittheportStatetodetermineiftheshipcomplieswiththe
waiverconditionsregardingthephraserestrictedvoyagesasdeterminedby
theAdministration.Thismayincludealistofports,themaximumdurationof
thevoyagebetweenportshavingreceptionfacilities,orsimilarconditionsas
establishedbytheAdministration.

22 Controlsofdischargeofoil
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Reg.15 22.1 Transferofnonoilcargorelatedoilyresiduestosloptanksofoil


tankers
22.1.1 Ifnonoilcargorelatedoilyresiduesaretransferredtosloptanksof
oiltankers,thedischargeofsuchresiduesshouldbeincompliancewith
regulation34.
22.1.2 Theaboveinterpretationshouldnotbeconstruedasrelaxingany
existingprohibitionofpipingarrangementsconnectingtheengineroomand
sloptankswhichmaypermitcargotoenterthemachineryspaces.Any
arrangementsprovidedformachineryspacebilgedischargesintosloptanks
shouldincorporateadequatemeanstopreventanybackflowofliquidcargoand
gasesintothemachineryspaces.Anysucharrangementsdonotconstitutea
relaxingoftherequirementsofregulation14withrespecttooilfiltering
equipment.

23 Oilfuel
Reg.16.2 23.1 Largequantitiesofoilfuel
23.1.1 Thephraselargequantitiesofoilfuelinregulation16.2refersto
shipswhicharerequiredtostayatseaforextendedperiodsbecauseofthe
particularnatureoftheiroperationandtrade.Underthecircumstances
considered,theseshipswouldberequiredtofilltheiremptyoilfueltankswith
waterballastinordertomaintainsufficientstabilityandsafenavigation
conditions.

23.1.2 Suchshipsmayincludeinteraliacertainlargefishingvesselsor
oceangoingtugs.Certainothertypesofshipswhichforreasonsofsafety,such
asstability,mayberequiredtocarryballastinoilfueltanksmayalsobe
includedinthiscategory.

24 Applicationofregulation16.4
Reg.16.4 Whentheseparationofoilfueltanksandwaterballasttanksisunreasonableor
impracticableforshipscoveredbyregulation16.4,ballastwatermaybecarried
inoilfueltanks,providedthatsuchballastwaterisdischargedintotheseain
compliancewithregulations15.2,15.3,15.5and15.6orintoreceptionfacilities
incompliancewithregulation15.9.

25 Oiltankersusedforthestorageofdirtyballast
Regs.18,19, Whenanoiltankerisusedasafloatingfacilitytoreceivedirtyballast
20,33and35 dischargedfromoiltankers,suchatankerisnotrequiredtocomplywiththe
provisionsofregulations18,19,20,33and35.

26 SBT,CBT,COWandPLrequirements

Reg.18.3.2 26.1 CapacityofSBT

Forthepurposeofapplicationofregulation18.3.2,thefollowingoperationsof
oiltankersareregardedasfallingwithinthecategoryofexceptionalcases:

.1 whencombinationcarriersarerequiredtooperatebeneath

loadingorunloadinggantries
.2 whentankersarerequiredtopassunderalowbridge

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.3 whenlocalportorcanalregulationsrequirespecificdraughtsfor
safenavigation
.4 whenloadingandunloadingarrangementsrequirethetankerto
beatadraughtdeeperthanthatachievedwhenallsegregatedballast
tanksarefull
.5 closeupinspectionor/andsteelthicknessmeasurementusing

raftswherepermittedbytherulesand
.6 tankhydrostaticpressuretests.

27 Segregatedballastconditionsforoiltankerslessthan150metresin

length
Reg.18.5 27.1 Indeterminingtheminimumdraughtandtrimofoiltankerslessthan
150metresinlengthtobequalifiedasSBToiltankers,theAdministration
shouldfollowtheguidancesetoutinappendix1.
27.2 Theformulaesetoutinappendix1replacethosesetoutinregulation
18.2,andtheseoiltankersshouldalsocomplywiththeconditionslaiddownin
regulations18.3and18.4inordertobequalifiedasSBToiltankers.

28 Oiltankersasdefinedinregulation1.28.3of40,000tonnes

deadweightandabovewithCBTandCOW
Regs.18.7, 28.1 Oiltankersasdefinedinregulation1.28.3of40,000tonnesdeadweight
18.8 andabovewhicharefittedwithCBTandCOWanddesignatedascrude
oil/productcarriersintheSupplementtotheIOPPCertificateoperateas
follows:

.1 TheyshouldalwaysoperatewithCBTandneithercrudeoilnor

productoilshouldbecarriedindedicatedcleanballasttanksand
.2 Whencarryingacompleteorpartialcargoofcrudeoilthey
should,inthecrudecarryingtanks,alsooperatewithCOWforsludge
control.

28.2 ApprovedproceduresbytheAdministrationforchangeoverbetween
COWandCBTmodesontankerswithcommonorseparateindependentpiping
andpumparrangementsforcargoand(CBT)ballasthandlingshouldbe
continuouslyacceptableaslongascarriageofcrudeoilinCBTmodeisnot
givenaspermissible.

29 CapacityofCBT
Reg.18.8 29.1 ForthepurposesofdeterminingthecapacityofCBT,thefollowing
tanksmaybeincluded:

.1 segregatedballasttanksand
.2 cofferdamsandforeandafterpeaktanks,providedthattheyare
exclusivelyusedforthecarriageofballastwaterandareconnected
withpermanentpipingtoballastwaterpumps.

30 CBToilcontentmeter
Reg.18.8.3 Thedischargeofballastfromthededicatedcleanballasttanksshouldbe
continuouslymonitored(butnotnecessarilyrecorded)bytheoilcontentmeter
requiredbyregulation18.8.3sothattheoilcontent,ifany,intheballastwater
canbeobservedfromtimetotime.Thisoilcontentmeterisnotrequiredto
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comeintooperationautomatically.

31 ProtectivelocationofSBT
Regs.18.12to 31.1 Themeasurementoftheminimumwidthofwingtanksandofthe
18.15 minimumverticaldepthofdoublebottomtanksshouldbetakenandvaluesof
protectiveareas(PAcandPAs)shouldbecalculatedinaccordancewiththe
Interimrecommendationforaunifiedinterpretationofregulations18.12
18.15Protectivelocationofsegregatedballastspacessetoutinappendix2.

31.2 Shipsbeingbuiltinaccordancewiththisinterpretationshouldbe
regardedasmeetingtherequirementsofregulations18.1218.15andwould
notneedtobealteredifdifferentrequirementsweretoresultfromalater
interpretation.
31.3 If,intheopinionoftheAdministration,anyoiltankerthekeelof
whichwaslaidorwhichwasatasimilarstageofconstructionbefore1July
1980complieswiththerequirementsofregulation18.1218.15without
takingintoaccounttheaboveInterimRecommendation,theAdministration
mayacceptsuchtankerascomplyingwithregulations18.1218.15.

32 Oiltankerswithindependenttanks
Reg.19 Oiltankerswithindependenttanksareconsideredasdoublehulloiltankers,
providedthattheyaredesignedandconstructedtobesuchthattheminimum
distancesbetweenthecargotankboundariesandshipbottomandsideshell
platingcomplywiththeprovisionsofregulation19.

33 Widthofwingtanksandheightofdoublebottomtanksatturnofthe

bilgearea
Reg.19.3.3 TherequirementsofReg.19.3.3atturnofthebilgeareasareapplicable
throughouttheentiretanklength.

34 Aggregatecapacityofballasttanks
Reg.19.4 34.1 Anyballastcarriedinlocalizedinboardextensions,indentationsor
recessesofthedoublehull,suchasbulkheadstools,shouldbeexcessballast
abovetheminimumrequirementforsegregatedballastcapacityaccordingto
regulation18.

34.2 Incalculatingtheaggregatecapacityunderregulation19.3.4,the
followingshouldbetakenintoaccount:

.1 thecapacityofengineroomballasttanksshouldbeexcluded

fromtheaggregatecapacityofballasttanks
.2 thecapacityofballasttanklocatedinboardofdoublehullshould
beexcludedfromtheaggregatecapacityofballasttanks(seefigure
1).

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.3 spacessuchasvoidspaceslocatedinthedoublehullwithinthe
cargotanklengthshouldbeincludedintheaggregatecapacityof
ballasttanks(seefigure2).

35 Definitionofdoublesidewingtanks
Reg.19.6.2 35.1 Wingtanksrequiredfortheprotectionoftheentirecargotanklength
byregulation19.6.2,forthepurposeofcompliancewithregulation21.4.2,can
beusedascargotanksforthecarriageofoilotherthanheavygradeoilswhen

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theshipisprovidedwithcargotankssoarrangedthatthecapacityofeach
cargotankdoesnotexceed700m3.

36 DefinitionofCategory2oiltanker
Reg.20.3.2 AnyCategory2oiltankermustbeprovidedwithsegregatedballasttanks
protectivelylocated(SBT/PL).

37 Majorconversioninrespectofregulation20.4
Reg.20.4 Forthepurposeofdeterminingtheapplicationdatefortherequirementsof
regulation20.4ofMARPOLAnnexI,whereanoiltankerhasundergonea
majorconversion,asdefinedinregulation1ofMARPOLAnnexI,thathas
resultedinthereplacementoftheforebody,includingtheentirecargocarrying
section,themajorconversioncompletiondateoftheoiltankershallbedeemed
tobethedateofdeliveryoftheshipreferredtoinregulation20.4ofMARPOL
AnnexI,providedthat:

.1 theoiltankerconversionwascompletedbefore6July1996
.2 theconversionincludedthereplacementoftheentirecargo
sectionandforebodyandthetankercomplieswithalltherelevant

provisionsofMARPOLAnnexIapplicableatthedateofcompletion
ofthemajorconversionand
.3 theoriginaldeliverydateoftheoiltankerwillapplywhen
consideringthe15yearsofagethresholdrelatingtothefirstCAS

surveytobecompletedinaccordancewithregulation20.6of
MARPOLAnnexI.

38 Wingtanksanddoublebottomspacesoftankersasdefinedin

regulation1.28.5usedforwaterballast
Reg.20.6 38.1 Ifthewingtanksanddoublebottomtanksreferredtoinregulation20.6
areusedforwaterballast,theballastarrangementshouldatleastbein
compliancewiththeRevisedspecificationsforoiltankerswithdedicatedCBT
(resolutionA.495(XII)).

39 Definitionofheavygradeoil
Reg.21.2.2 Thereferencetofueloilsinthedefinitionofheavygradeoilinregulation
21.2.2shouldbeinterpretedasreferringtooils,otherthancrudeoils,having
eitheradensityat15Chigherthan900kg/m3orakinematicviscosityat50C
greaterthan180mm2/s.

40 RequirementsfortheConditionAssessmentScheme(CAS)
Reg.21.6.1 ThefirstCASsurveyshallbecarriedoutconcurrentwiththefirstintermediate
orrenewalsurvey:

after5April2005,or
afterthedatewhentheshipreaches15yearsofage,

whicheveroccurslater.

41 Pumproombottomprotection
Reg.22.5 Thetermpumproommeansacargopumproom.Ballastpipingispermittedto
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belocatedwithinthepumproomdoublebottomprovidedanydamagetothat
pipingdoesnotrendertheshipspumpslocatedinthepumproom
ineffective.Thedoublebottomprotectingthepumproomcanbeavoid
tank,aballasttankor,unlessprohibitedbyotherregulations,afueloiltank.

42 Tanksizelimitationanddamagestability
Reg.24.1.2 42.1 Bottomdamageassumptions

Whenapplyingthefiguresforbottomdamagewithintheforwardpartofthe
shipasspecifiedinregulation24.1.2forthepurposeofcalculatingbothoil
outflowanddamagestability,0.3Lfromtheforwardperpendicularshouldbe
theaftermostpointoftheextentofdamage.

43 Hypotheticaloiloutflowforcombinationcarriers
Reg.25 Forthepurposeofcalculationofthehypotheticaloiloutflowforcombination
carriers:

.1 thevolumeofacargotankshouldincludethevolumeofthe
hatchwayuptothetopofthehatchwaycoamings,regardlessofthe

constructionofthehatch,butmaynotincludethevolumeofany
hatchcoverand
.2 forthemeasurementofthevolumetomouldedlines,no

deductionshouldbemadeforthevolumeofinternalstructures.

44 Calculationofhypotheticaloiloutflow
Reg.25.1.2 Inacasewherethewidthbiisnotconstantalongthelengthofaparticularwing
tank,thesmallestbivalueinthetankshouldbeusedforthepurposesof
assessingthehypotheticaloutflowsofoilOcandOs.

45 Intactstability
Reg.27 42.1 Bottomdamageassumptions

45.1 Thevesselshouldbeloadedwithallcargotanksfilledtoalevel
correspondingtothemaximumcombinedtotalofverticalmomentofvolume
plusfreesurfaceinertiamomentat0heel,foreachindividualtank.Cargo
densityshouldcorrespondtotheavailablecargodeadweightatthe
displacementatwhichtransverseKMreachesaminimumvalue,assumingfull
departureconsumablesand1%ofthetotalwaterballastcapacity.The
maximumfreesurfacemomentshouldbeassumedinallballastconditions.For
thepurposeofcalculatingGM0,liquidfreesurfacecorrectionsshouldbebased
ontheappropriateuprightfreesurfaceinertiamoment.Therightinglevercurve
maybecorrectedonthebasisofliquidtransfermoments.
45.2 Forprovingcompliancewithregulation27ofAnnexItoMARPOL
73/78,asanalternativetotheloadingcasedescribedinMARPOLUnified
Interpretation45.1itisacceptedtocarryoutanextensiveanalysiscoveringall
possiblecombinationsofcargoandballasttankloading.Forsuchextensive
analysisconditions,itisconsideredthat:

.1 weight,centreofgravitycoordinatesandfreesurfacemoment
foralltanksshouldbeaccordingtotheactualcontentconsideredinthe
calculationsand
.2 theextensivecalculationsshouldbecarriedoutinaccordance

withthefollowing: .
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.2.1 thedraughtsshouldbevariedbetweenlightballast

andscantlingdraught
.2.2 consumablesincludingbutnotrestrictedtofueloil,
dieseloilandfreshwatercorrespondingto97%,50%and
10%contentshouldbeconsidered
.2.3 foreachdraughtandvariationofconsumables,the
availabledeadweightshouldcompriseballastwaterand
cargo,suchthatcombinationsbetweenmaximumballastand
minimumcargoandviceversaarecovered.Inallcases,the
numberofballastandcargotanksloadedshouldbechosento

reflecttheworstcombinationofVCGandfreesurface
effects.Operationallimitsonthenumberoftanksconsidered
tobesimultaneouslyslackandexclusionofspecifictanks
shouldnotbepermitted.Allballasttanksshouldhaveatleast
1%content
.2.4 cargodensitiesbetweenthelowestandhighest

intendedtobecarriedshouldbeconsideredand
.2.5 sufficientstepsbetweenalllimitsshouldbeexamined
toensurethattheworstconditionsareidentified.Aminimum
of20stepsfortherangeofcargoandballastcontent,between

1%and99%oftotalcapacity,shouldbeexamined.More
closelyspacedstepsnearcriticalpartsoftherangemaybe
necessary.

Ateverystagethecriteriadescribedinparagraph1ofregulation27shouldbe

met.

46 Operatingdraught
Reg.28.1 Withregardtothetermanyoperatingdraughtreflectingactualpartialorfull
loadconditions,theinformationrequiredshouldenablethedamagestabilityto
beassessedunderconditionsthesameasorsimilartothoseunderwhichthe
shipisexpectedtooperate.

47 Suctionwells
Reg.28.2 Forthepurposeofdeterminingtheextentofassumeddamageunderregulation
28.2,suctionwellsmaybeneglected,providedsuchwellsarenotexcessivein
areaandextendbelowthetankforaminimumdistanceandinnocasemorethan
halftheheightofthedoublebottom.

48 Tankswithsmoothwalls
Reg.29.2.3.3 Thetermtankswithsmoothwallsshouldbetakentoincludethemaincargo
tanksofoil/bulk/orecarrierswhichmaybeconstructedwithverticalframingof
asmalldepth.Verticallycorrugatedbulkheadsareconsideredsmoothwalls.

49 Pumpingandpipingarrangements
Reg.29.2.3.3 49.1 Pipingarrangementsfordischargeabovethewaterline

49.1.1 Underregulation30.2,linesfordischargetotheseaabovethe
waterlinemustbeledeither:

.1 toashipsdischargeoutletlocatedabovethewaterlineinthe

deepestballastconditionor

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.2 toamidshipdischargemanifoldor,wherefitted,asternorbow
loading/dischargefacilityabovetheupperdeck.

49.1.2 Theshipssidedischargeoutletreferredtoin49.1.1.1shouldbeso
locatedthatitsloweredgewillnotbesubmergedwhentheshipcarriesthe
maximumquantityofballastduringitsballastvoyages,havingregardtothe
typeandtradeoftheship.Thedischargeoutletlocatedabovethewaterlinein
thefollowingballastconditionwillbeacceptedascomplyingwiththis
requirement:

.1 onoiltankersnotprovidedwithSBTorCBT,theballast
conditionwhentheshipcarriesbothnormaldepartureballastand
normalcleanballastsimultaneouslyand
.2 onoiltankersprovidedwithSBTorCBT,theballastcondition
whentheshipcarriesballastwaterinsegregatedordedicatedclean

ballasttanks,togetherwithadditionalballastincargooiltanksin
compliancewithregulation18.3.

49.1.3 TheAdministrationmayacceptpipingarrangementswhichareledto
theshipssidedischargeoutletlocatedabovethedepartureballastwaterlinebut
notabovethewaterlineinthedeepestballastcondition,ifsucharrangements
havebeenfittedbefore1January1981.
49.1.4 Althoughregulation30.2doesnotprecludetheuseofthefacility
referredtoin49.1.1.2forthedischargeofballastwater,itisrecognizedthatthe
useofthisfacilityisnotdesirable,anditisstronglyrecommendedthatshipsbe
providedwitheitherthesidedischargeoutletsreferredtoin49.1.1.1orthepart
flowarrangementsreferredtoinregulation30.6.5.

50 Smalldiameterline
Reg.30.4.2 50.1 Forthepurposeofapplicationofregulation30.4.2,thecrosssectional
areaofthesmalldiameterlineshouldnotexceed:

.1 10%ofthatofamaincargodischargelineforoiltankers
deliveredafter1June1982,asdefinedinregulation1.28.4,oroil

tankersdeliveredonorbefore1June1982,asdefinedinregulation
1.28.3,notalreadyfittedwithasmalldiameterlineor
.2 25%ofthatofamaincargodischargelineforoiltankers
deliveredonorbefore1June1982,asdefinedinregulation1.28.3,
alreadyfittedwithsuchaline.(Seeparagraph4.4.5oftherevised
COWSpecificationscontainedinresolutionA.446(XI)asamendedby
theOrganizationbyresolutionsA.497(XII)andA.897(21)).

50.2 Connectionofthesmalldiameterlinetothemanifoldvalve
Thephraseconnectedoutboardofwithrespecttothesmalldiameterlinefor
dischargeashoreshouldbeinterpretedtomeanaconnectiononthedownstream
sideofthetankersdeckmanifoldvalves,bothportandstarboard,whenthe
cargoisbeingdischarged.Thisarrangementwouldpermitdrainagebackfrom
thetankerscargolinestobepumpedashorewiththetankersmanifoldvalves
closedthroughthesameconnectionsasformaincargolines(seethesketch
showninappendix3).

51 Partflowsystemspecifications
Reg.30.6.5.2 TheSpecificationsfortheDesign,InstallationandOperationofaPartFlow
SystemforControlofOverboardDischargesreferredtoinregulation30.6.5.2is
setoutinappendix4.

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52 Examplesofpositivemeans
Reg.30.7 Examplesofpositivemeansmaytaketheformofblanks,spectacleblanks,
pipelineblinds,evacuationorvacuumsystems,orairorwaterpressuresystems.
Intheeventthattheevacuationorvacuumsystems,orairorwaterpressure
systemsareused,thenthesesystemsaretobeequippedwithbothapressure
gaugeandalarmsystemtoenablethecontinuousmonitoringofthestatusofthe
pipelinesection,andtherebythevalveintegrity,betweentheseachestand
inboardvalves.

53 Totalquantityofdischarge
Reg.34.1.5 Thephrasethetotalquantityoftheparticularcargoofwhichtheresidue
formedapartinregulation34.1.5relatestothetotalquantityoftheparticular
cargowhichwascarriedonthepreviousvoyageandshouldnotbeconstruedas
relatingonlytothetotalquantityofcargowhichwascontainedinthecargo
tanksintowhichwaterballastwassubsequentlyloaded.

54 Shipboardoilpollutionemergencyplan
Reg.37.1 Equivalentprovisionforapplicationofrequirementforoilpollutionemergency
plans
Anyfixedorfloatingdrillingrigorotheroffshoreinstallationwhenengagedin
theexploration,exploitationorassociatedoffshoreprocessingofseabed
mineralresources,whichhasanoilpollutionemergencyplancoordinatedwith,
andapprovedinaccordancewithproceduresestablishedby,thecoastalState,
shouldberegardedascomplyingwithregulation37.

55 Adequatereceptionfacilitiesforsubstancesregulatedbyregulation

2.4
Reg.38 Unloadingportsreceivingsubstancesregulatedbyregulation2.4(which
includeinteraliahighdensityoils)shouldhaveadequatefacilitiesdedicated
forsuchproducts,allowingtheentiretankcleaningoperationtobecarriedoutin
theport,andshouldhaveadequatereceptionfacilitiesfortheproperdischarge
andreceptionofcargoresiduesandsolventnecessaryforthecleaningoperation
inaccordancewithparagraph6.2oftheUnifiedInterpretations.

56 Requirementsforfixedorfloatingplatforms
Reg.39 56.1 ApplicationofMARPOL73/78
Art.
2(3)(b)
(ii)

56.2 Therearefivecategoriesofdischargesthatmaybeassociatedwiththe
operationoffixedorfloatingplatformscoveredbythisregulationwhenengagedin
theexplorationandexploitationofmineralresources,i.e.:

.1 machineryspacedrainage
.2 offshoreprocessingdrainage
.3 productionwaterdischarge
.4 displacementwaterdischargeand
.5 contaminatedseawaterfromoperationalpurposessuchas
producedoiltankcleaningwater,producedoiltankhydrostatictesting
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water,waterfromballastingofproducedoiltanktocarryout
inspectionbyrafting.

Onlythedischargeofmachineryspacedrainageandcontaminatedballast
shouldbesubjecttoMARPOL73/78(seediagramshowninappendix5).

*Productoilmeansanyoilotherthancrudeoilasdefinedinregulation1.2.

Foroilywaterseparatingequipmentformachineryspacebilgesofships,refertotheGuidelinesandspecificationsfor
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