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ReynoldsNumber
IntroductionanddefinitionofthedimensionlessReynoldsNumberonlinecalculators

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TheReynoldsNumber,thenondimensionalvelocity,canbedefinedastheratioof

theinertiaforce(uL),and
theviscousorfrictionforce()

andinterpretedastheratioof

thedynamicpressure(u2),and
theshearingstress(u/L)

andcanbeexpressedas

Re=(u2)/(u/L)

=uL/

=uL/(1)

where

Re=ReynoldsNumber(nondimensional)

=density(kg/m3,lbm /ft 3 )

u=velocitybasedontheactualcrosssectionareaoftheductorpipe(m/s,ft/s)

=dynamicviscosity(Ns/m2,lbm /sft)

L=characteristiclength(m,ft)

=/=kinematicviscosity(m2/s,ft 2/s)

ReynoldsNumberforaPipeorDuct
Forapipeorductthecharacteristiclengthisthehydraulicdiameter.

L=dh

where

dh=hydraulicdiameter(m,ft)

TheReynoldsNumberforaductorpipecanbeexpressedas

Re=udh/

=udh/(2)

where

dh=hydraulicdiameter(m,ft)

ReynoldsNumberforaPipeorDuctinImperialUnits
TheReynoldsnumberforapipeorductcanalsobeexpressedinImperialunits

Re=7745.8udh/(2a)

where

Re=ReynoldsNumber(nondimensional)

u=velocity(ft/s)

dh=hydraulicdiameter(in)

=kinematicviscosity(cSt)(1cSt=106m2/s)

TheReynoldsNumbercanbeusedtodetermineifflowislaminar,transientorturbulent.Theflowis

laminarwhenRe<2300
transientwhen2300<Re<4000
turbulentwhenRe>4000

Inpracticelaminarflowisonlyactualforviscousfluidslikecrudeoil,fueloilandoils.

ExampleCalculatingReynoldsNumber
ANewtonianfluidwithadynamicorabsoluteviscosityof0.38Ns/m2andaspecificgravityof0.91flowsthrougha25mmdiameterpipewithavelocityof2.6m/s.

Thedensitycanbecalculatedusingspecificgravitylike

=0.91(1000kg/m3)

=910kg/m3

TheReynoldsNumbercanthenbecalculatedusingequation(1)like

Re=(910kg/m3)(2.6m/s)(25mm)(103m/mm)/(0.38Ns/m2)

=156((kgm/s2)/N)

=156~Laminarflow

1(N)=1(kgm/s2)

RelatedMobileAppsfromTheEngineeringToolBox
ReynoldsNumberCalculatorApp

freeappsforofflineuseonmobiledevices.

OnlineReynoldsCalculator
Densityandtheabsolute(dynamic)viscosityisknown
Thecalculatorbelowcanbeusedifthedensityandtheabsolute(dynamic)viscosityofafluidisknown.ThecalculatorisvalidforincompressibleflowflowwithfluidsorgaseswithoutcompressionastypicalforanairflowinaHVACsystemsorsimilar.

0.146 Density(kg/m3,lbm /ft 3)

20 Velocityu(m/s,ft/s)
0.5 CharacteristiclengthL(hydraulicdiameterdh)(m,ft)

0.0000122 Absolute(dynamic)viscosity(Ns/m2,lbm /sft)

Calculate!

Thedefaultvaluesareforairat60 oF,2atmpressureanddensity0.146lbm /ft 3,flowing20ft/sbetweentwometalsheetswithcharacteristiclength0.5ft.Dynamic(absolute)viscosityis1.22105lbm /sft.

Kinematicviscosityisknown
Thecalculatorbelowcanbeusedwhenthekinematicviscosityofafluidisknown.

5 Velocityu(m/s,ft/s)

0.102 CharacteristiclengthL(hydraulicdiameterdh)(m,ft)

0.000001004 Kinematicviscosity(m2/s,ft 2/s))(1cSt=106m2/s)

Calculate!

Thedefaultvaluesareforwaterat20oCwithkinematicviscosity1.004106m2/sinaschedule40steelpipe.Thecharacteristiclength(hydraulicdiameter)ofthepipeis0.102m.

RelatedTopics
FluidMechanicsThestudyoffluidsliquidsandgases.Involvesvelocity,pressure,densityandtemperatureasfunctionsofspaceandtime
FluidFlowandPressureDropPipelinesfluidflowandpressurelosswater,sewer,steelpipes,pvcpipes,coppertubesandmore
WaterSystemsHotandcoldwaterservicesystemsdesignproperties,capacities,sizingandmore
PipingSystemsDimensionsofpipesandtubes,materialsandcapacities,pressuredropcalculationsandcharts,insulationandheatlossdiagrams

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