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. 1010 m '( )* M !"#


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. 1cm '( )* M E = 10N / C ' E - q./ # , '
1 ,3 !"# . q ' 2
5cm , 4cm , 3cm , 2cm =< * ,; , , " , 9 E 2 7,3
.q ' 2 (M *) ' 9 x ?, " )E = f (x
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?, . AB = 2a A B ,9 ' A + q q @,9, ',9
. AB EF9' O ' C, q, , a - 1 A
?, MA = MB = 2a ) AB M J ' EM 2 #
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. q <' 2 = = )LM N . a ,9L 9 ,9 OL( +q ,9*A ',9 A
.N L ) =Q 2 )*, A
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@, ' )LM D C B A N a=20cm NU
. q = 1C 29
' J: , 9 C, 9 1 #
.N C O
]. [C , D ) EF9' M '
A ,9' 2 C , A, 2 ) ,9' 2
. q' = 1C ,9 29
EF9' M NLU ' # C, 9
)DC _ ( < 2
. D B A A 2 C ' !"#
.C ' * ( OL ' 2 A a9'9

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d = 10cm " 9 ', <Fb ,9 ,9 ,bd , A e
. E = 3.104 V / m
* , f . ,9 ,bF @ 1 !"# 9
,bF * ( OL 9 (' 9 ' ;< 2 A
. *A " * O ,bF
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Ub C,# E = 103 V / m '7_9 A e

)7L )* , (
'_) . O , i , j , k 7 ) ))9 7L

O, i , j , k E = E i : ( )
,L, He 2+ (OL * ' ;< 1 !"#
) . B ( 4 , 2 , 0 # ) A ( 2, 0, 0 O ' ' (' 9
"'. 9 9
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.B ' NM 3 "! # )' A ' ' L NM 3 L( 2

AB
( )
W F = 6 , 4.10 18
J 1: A

E pe ( B ) = 6 , 4.1018 J 2

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A j O 9 k d( !"# U AC = 3000V 9 kN C A j , f*
. )' C )* ( L(
v = 3 , 25.10 m / s :
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2+
. U = 10 V :
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9 )e " '( ( He ,L, e ) ,3 *"9 3 MeV "! #
W = 2MeV :
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', <Fb 9e 9 9, 9eC,L B A ,9 ,bd 9e m ( 1) < 2 <= ! , 9 * 9)
. L ,Ln 9 E = 5 103 V 3 d = 10cm "
, E 9 C, # 1
B A ,9 ,bF
F j N NM ,9 ,bF , NU 2
. q = 10 9 C ,@ ' x N = 3cm
OL( * Fe ' C, # 1 2
. q ' 2
* Fe ' ;< ,3 !"# 2 2
. M 'O N ' 9 (' q ' 2
x M = 7cm M ' F )
9" ' NM 3 ,)A mnr 3
?,# O ' ,9 ,bFL
. E pe = 0
E - E pe ' NM 3 ,*) J( 1 3
. x q
;< ,3 a9'9 E pe (M) E pe (N) !"# 2 3
. ' NM 3 ,; ) 9 '
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', <Fb ,9, B A ,9eC,L ,9 ,bd , f*
, , U AB = 600V 9 / d = 6cm "
9 < n e . E _9' ' - B A
19 31
q = e = 1, 6 10 C 9' m e = 9,1 10 kg 9L9
' (' te v0 ( " O ' (' m
(1) < 2 _ . v M ( " M
E 9 C, # 1
F C, a9'9 B A ,9 ,bF ,
9 Qn 9 k NUte 9 '
. M O O
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. ') K O ,9 ' , , 2
,3 a9'9 KM = 1, 3cm " ) . M K ,9 ' , VM VK "! # 3
VO VK
< . v 0 = 10 m / s
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L( M 9 k te 9 "! " ( # , 3 * ' f,* 9 4
. F ' 9 k

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