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DIgSILENT Technical Documentation

ABB REF 542+


Power Factory
Relay model description
DIgSILENT GmbH
Heinrich-Hertz-Strasse 9
D-72810 Gomaringen
Tel.: +49 7072 9168 - 0
Fax: +49 7072 9168- 88
http://www.digsilent.de
e-mail: mail@digsilent.de

ABB REF 542+


Power Factory
Relay model description

Published by
DIgSILENT GmbH, Germany

Copyright 2009. All rights


reserved. Unauthorised copying
or publishing of this or any part
of this document is prohibited.

doc.TechRef, Build 515 18 Juli 2011


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1 MODEL GENERAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................................... 4

2 RELAY NOT SUPPORTED FEATURES ...................................................................................................................... 6

ABB REF 542+ Power Factory relay model description 3


2 Relay not supported features

1 Model general description

The following functionalities are modelled:

Overcurrent protection:

2 directional time defined phase overcurrent elements (I> ->, I>> -> block)

3 time defined phase overcurrent elements (I>, I>>, I>>> block)

1 IDMT phase overcurrent element (Phase IDMT block)

2 time defined earth current elements using the measured earth current (EF> meas, EF>> meas block) ,2 time
defined earth current elements using the calculated earth current (EF> calc, EF>> calc block)

2 directional time defined earth current elements using the measured earth current (EF> -> meas, EF>> ->
meas block), 2 directional time defined earth current elements using the calculated earth current (EF> -> calc,
EF>> -> calc block).

NOTE: when the Net Type parameter is set to earthed the Max Torque angle parameter in the Earth dir block
must be set equal to 0; when the Net Type parameter is set to isolated the Max Torque angle parameter in the
Earth dir block must be set equal to -90.

1 sensitive directional time defined earth current element (EF> sens)

1 IDMT earth overcurrent element using the calculated earth current (Earth IDMT calc block), 1 IDMT earth
overcurrent element using the measured earth current (Earth IDMT meas block). NOTE: in the model the Angle
operating sector variable is equal to 90- Angle alpha.

Voltage protection:

3 overvoltage elements for the phase-ground voltage (U> phase, U>> phase, U>>> phase block)

3 overvoltage elements for the line-line voltage (U> line, U>> line, U>>> line block)

3 undervoltage elements for the phase-ground voltage (U< phase, U<< phase, U<<< phase block)

3 undervoltage elements for the line-line voltage (U< line, U<< line, U<<< line block),

Frequency protection:

6 overfrequency / underfrequency elements (Frequency1, Frequency2,Frequency6 block)

6 frequency gradient elements (dfdt1,dfdt2dfdt6 block).

NOTE: The frequency and the frequency gradient output can be put together by an AND condition using the Logic
Frequency 1 AND , Logic Frequency 2 AND Logic Frequency 6 AND blocks. If the AND logic isnt used Logic

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2 Relay not supported features

Frequency 1 AND , Logic Frequency 2 AND Logic Frequency 6 AND must be disabled and Logic Frequency 1
OR , Logic Frequency 2 OR Logic Frequency 6 OR must be used instead.

Distance protection:

5 distance zones (Zone 1,Zone 2, Zone 3, Zone Overreach, Autoreclose block)

Starting logic (Starting block). The starting logic implemented in the model is a simplified version: only the
overcurrent starting is available.

Directional backup trip (Dir backup Time block)

Starting backup trip

Differential:

1 Differential block implementing a double I bias differential characteristic with 2nd and 5th harmonic restraint,
unrestrained differential characteristic and CT ratio internal compensation (Differential, Winding 1 adapter,
Winding 2 adapter block). Note: the differential Restraint percentage 1 (slope of the Slightly biased region) must
be calculated manually taking care of the values of the Threshold current and of the Slightly biased region
threshold relay setting.

1 Restricted differential (Restricted Differential block)

Automatic reclosing (Ph Reclosing, Earth reclosing ,Z reclosing block) for the overcurrent and the distance
protective elements. Please configure the Tab page of the 79 block to set the reclosing/lockup logic. Only a
simplified version of the Start and trip Controlled operation mode is supported (no Specific times settings are
available)

Please note that for any protective block only one Setting set is supported.

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2 Relay not supported features

2 Relay not supported features


The following features are not supported:

Inrush blocking

Motor protection

Unbalanced load protection

Low load protection

Directional power protection

Frequency supervision

Synchronism check

Switching resonance protection

High harmonic protection

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