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MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS

NUFLO

Orifice Plates
for Flow Measurement & Flow Restriction

Orifice plates are one of the most popular devices for the plates under North Star and NuFlo brands, and through the
measurement and control of fluid flow. The shape and collaboration of its Measurement Systems and Flow Control
manufacturing tolerances of plates used in measurement divisions, Cameron's restriction design capabilities include the
applications are defined in the international standardization design of multi-orifice/multi-chamber chokes for regulating
publications of ISO, AGA, ASME and others. From the formulas flow from high-pressure oil and gas wellheads.
and data within these publications, the relationships and values
Cameron also offers multiple holders for orifice plates.
of flow, differential pressure, and plate bore are determined.
These include holders that fit in or between ring joint flanges,
In flow control applications, orifice plates are used as restriction orifice holding blocks, and single and dual orifice fittings.
devices to regulate fluid flow or reduce the flowing pressure See pages 6 to 8 for detailed descriptions.
downstream of the orifice plate. The use of a fixed restriction
orifice can be beneficial and economic by reducing the Plate Styles
demands on other flow system components. Camerons plate styles include
Unlike measurement orifices, the sizing and design of restriction Type 500 a universal plate for use in orifice fittings and
orifices are not defined by standardization organizations. Type 580 and 590 ring-joint flange plate holders. See
Additionally, restriction orifices are often exposed to severe flow Universal Orifice Plates, page 2.
conditions associated with large pressure reductions and the Type 520 a paddle-type plate for use with raised-face
related fluid conditions caused by liquids flashing to a gas, orifice flange unions for measurement applications or for
cavitation, and sonic (choked) flow. In torturous applications, installation between standard ANSI flanges in restriction
mimicking the design of measurement orifices is not sufficient. applications. Special options for flat-face flanges with
Rather, Cameron offers a variety of solutions involving alternate full-face contact are also available. See Paddle Type
designs for the leading edge of the bore, increased plate Orifice Plates, page 3.
thickness, alternate materials of construction, and multi-stage Gas Prover Style a 2-in. diameter plate for use with a
assemblies embedded with specifically sized orifices. NuFlo gas prover system for measuring the mass or volume
of a flowing gas being released to atmospheric pressure.
Cameron has decades of experience designing, sizing, and The plate is similar to the Type 500 orifice plate but has a
manufacturing orifice equipment using Computational Fluid 2-in. diameter to fit in the prover body. See Gas Prover
Dynamics (CFS) techniques and other design tools. Cameron has Orifice Plates, page 4.
manufactured measurement orifice plates and restriction orifice
Bore Designs Design Specifications
The bore in the orifice plate can be shaped or positioned to NuFlo Orifice Plates feature the following features, options,
create advantages for specific measurement applications. and capabilities:
Likewise, the bore design can be customized to enhance the Edges square and sharp, will not reflect a beam of light
performance of flow restriction plates. See Special Profile when viewed without magnification. Non-counter-bored plates
Orifice Bores, page 4, for illustrations and detailed descriptions are available on request for bi-directional flow measurement
of each bore design. or for restriction applications at no additional charge.
Restriction plates can be challenging to engineer due to the Finish 20 micro-inch roughness, directionally polished.
Other finishes are optional.
extreme conditions to which they are subjected. In applications
where a measurement style plate is inadequate, a thick Flatness Flat within 0.010 of an inch per inch of dam
restriction plate or a multi-stage plate may be the answer. height (dam height = pipe diameter minus orifice diameter,
divided by 2)
A thick plate is as thick as the diameter of the bore. In large
diameter applications, the appearance is similar to a wafer Material Grade 316 stainless steel. Other alloys are optional.
meter. Where extreme velocities exist, a thick plate better CRN All plates and the ring joint flange plate holder have
resists supersonic velocity and erosion. In installations where a Canadian Registration Number confirming compliance
high sound levels or reduced durability should be avoided, a with ASME B16.48 and other piping codes. All NuFlo orifice
series of orifices can be used. Each orifice is specifically sized plates are traceable to a mill test report.
and factory installed in a pipe section which is supplied as a Markings All plates are marked with the line size, material
spool assembly. of construction, bore size, reference temperature, and heat
lot number. As an option, the customers tag information
can also be included.
Orifice Sizing
Plate Size and Thickness Orifice plates are available in
Customers also rely on Cameron for expert sizing of orifice
line sizes from 1/2-in. to 60 in. Standard line sizes, 2-inch to
applications. Cameron offers free quotations for measurement
12-inch, are commonly available in both 1/8-in. and 1/4-in.
and restriction orifice plates and provides bore dimensions or
thicknesses. Restriction plates are offered in various thick-
calculation results for a nominal charge. The screen image
nesses according to calculation results based on line size,
below shows calculations for a multi-stage orifice assembly. bore size, pressure drop, material, and flowing temperature.
All calculations are provided for advisement purposes only.
Vent or Drain Holes Vent or drain holes are an option.
Customers must specify diameter and location or pipe
schedule.

Universal Orifice Plates


Type 500
The Type 500 Orifice Plate is a standard design used in most
brands of single and dual chamber orifice fittings. Non-NuFlo
brand dual chamber fittings may require a nitrile seal ring. This
seal ring is available as an optional accessory from Cameron.
Type 500 plates also fit Type 580 and Type 590 ring joint orifice
plate holders (see page 6) for line sizes 10 inches and smaller.
For line sizes larger than 10 inches, the customer must specify the
plate outside diameter (OD) dimension (see table on page 6).
When ordering, please specify:
1. Type number
When sizing a restriction orifice plate, it is important to 2. Line size
remember that the orifice plate is a fixed opening that is 3. Plate OD (Dimension A) if not as listed on page 3
selected based on only one set of conditions. Therefore, when 4. Material
a range of conditions are provided, a determination must be 5. Plate thickness (Dimension B) if not as listed on page 3
made as to which single set of conditions should be used for 6. Orifice bore type
the sizing. Upon request, a what-if analysis for testing the
7. Nitrile seal ring (optional; required for use with some
effectiveness of the plate with other flow conditions can be
non-NuFlo brand dual chamber fittings)
performed once sizing is completed.

2
MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS

Type 500 Dimensions Plate Plate Blank


Diameter of bore to be B Line O.D. Thickness2 Weight3
specified by purchaser Size A B (lbs)

3/4 1.125 1/8 0.06


1 1.312 1/8 0.06
1-1/2 2.000 1/8 0.11
2 2.437 1/8 0.17
2-1/2 2.812 1/8 0.25
3 3.437 1/8 0.34
4 4.406 1/8 0.55
A Dia.
6 6.437 1/8 1.18
8 8.437 1/4 4.06
10 10.687 1/4 6.41
12 13.079 1/4 9.61
16 16.563 3/8 23.20
20 20.563 3/8 39.16

1. All dimensions in inches.


FLOW 2. Other thicknesses available.
Type 500 Orifice Plate 3. Weight for thickness shown.

Paddle Type Orifice Plates


D
Type 520
NuFlo Type 520 Orifice Plates are used with raised-face orifice
flange unions for measurement applications and installed
between standard ANSI flanges for restriction applications.
Cameron also supplies special versions for installation between C
flat-face flanges with full-face contact.
The plate and handle are a one-piece seamless design on
1/8-in. thick orifice plates for line sizes 2-inch though 6 inch
and ANSI classes less than 900. On all other plates, the handle
is welded to the plate as standard; one-piece construction
is available as an option. The flange ANSI class and other
standard information is stamped on the handle. Each handle
A Dia.
includes a hole as indicated in the table below.
When ordering, please specify:
1. Type number
2. Line size and ANSI class
3. Plate OD (Dimension A) if not as listed
Diameter of bore to be B
4. Material specified by purchaser
FLOW
5. Plate thickness (Dimension B) if not as listed
6. Orifice bore type
Line Size Handle Hole Diameter
7. Nitrile seal ring (optional; required for use with some
1/2 thru 2 1/4
non-NuFlo brand dual chamber fittings)
2-1/2 thru 12 3/8
14 thru 24 1/2
26 and larger 3/4
All dimensions in inches.

3
Type 520 Dimensions

125 lbs. 250 lbs. For all


Line & 150 lbs. & 300 lbs. 400 lbs. 600 lbs. 900 lbs. 1500 lbs. 2500 lbs. Pressure Ratings
Size ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI ANSI 125 to 2500 lbs. ANSI

A A A A A A A B C D

1/2 1-7/8 2-1/8 2-1/8 2-1/8 2-1/2 2-1/2 2-3/4 1/8 4 1


3/4 2-1/4 2-5/8 2-5/8 2-5/8 2-3/4 2-3/4 3 1/8 4 1
1 2-5/8 2-7/8 2-7/8 2-7/8 3-1/8 3-1/8 3-3/8 1/8 4 1
1-1/4 3 3-1/4 3-1/4 3-1/4 3-1/2 3-1/2 4-1/8 1/8 4 1
1-1/2 3-3/8 3-3/4 3-3/4 3-3/4 3-7/8 3-7/8 4-5/8 1/8 4 1
2 4-1/8 4-3/8 4-3/8 4-3/8 5-5/8 5-5/8 5-3/4 1/8 4 1
2-1/2 4-7/8 5-1/8 5-1/8 5-1/8 6-1/2 6-1/2 6-5/8 1/8 4 1-1/4
3 5-3/8 5-7/8 5-7/8 5-7/8 6-5/8 6-7/8 7-3/4 1/8 4 1-1/4
4 6-7/8 7-1/8 7 7-5/8 8-1/8 8-1/4 9-1/4 1/8 4 1-1/4
5 7-3/4 8-1/2 8-3/8 9-1/2 9-3/4 10 11 1/8 5 1-1/2
6 8-3/4 9-7/8 9-3/4 10-1/2 11-3/8 11-1/8 12-1/2 1/8 5 1-1/2
8 11 12-1/8 12 12-5/8 14-1/8 13-7/8 15-1/4 1/8 5 1-1/2
10 13-3/8 14-1/4 14-1/8 15-3/4 17-1/8 17-/18 18-3/4 1/4 6 1-1/2
12 16-1/8 16-5/8 16-1/2 18 19-5/8 20-1/2 21-5/8 1/4 6 1-1/2
14 17-3/4 19-1/8 19 19-3/8 20-1/2 22-3/4 n/a 1/4 6 1-1/2
16 20-1/4 21-1/4 21-1/8 22-1/4 22-5/8 25-1/4 n/a 3/8 6 1-1/2
18 21-1/2 23-3/8 23-1/4 24 25 27-5/8 n/a 3/8 6 1-1/2
20 23-3/4 25-5/8 25-3/8 26-3/4 27-3/8 29-5/8 n/a 3/8 6 1-1/2
22 26 27-3/4 27-1/2 28-7/8 n/a n/a n/a 3/8 6 1-1/2
24 28-1/8 30-3/8 30-1/8 31 32-7/8 35-1/2 n/a 3/8 6 1-1/2
30 34-5/8 37-3/8 37-1/4 38-1/8 n/a n/a n/a 1/2 6 1-1/2
36 41-1/8 43-7/8 43-7/8 44-3/8 n/a n/a n/a 1/2 6 1-1/2

All dimensions in inches.

Gas Prover Orifice Plates Orifice Bore Profiles


Gas prover orifice plates are designed specifically for use with Square Edge (Standard) Bore
the NuFlo Gas Prover System. The system comprises a 2-inch
NPT NuFlo prover body and a prover plate. The 316 stainless
steel plate is similar to the 1/4-in. Type 500 orifice plate, but
has a 2-in. diameter to fit inside the prover. Bore size selections
are based on anticipated flow rates. The prover body is D d
constructed of carbon steel and features both a 1/4-in. FNPT
and a 1/2-in. FNPT pressure port.
The principle of operation relies on the velocity of the gas
flowing through the orifice reaching the speed of sound.
Given that the prover vents to atmosphere, supersonic velocity For the common square edge concentric bore orifice, the bore
occurs when the upstream pressure is greater than 10 psig. and bevel is the standard method of limiting the plate edge
Once this velocity is obtained, the actual flowing volume thickness. Unless otherwise specified, plates will be beveled to
passing through the bore cannot increase and is said to be the current accepted AGA standards.
choked. By measuring the upstream pressure and knowing
the upstream temperature and reference density of the gas,
the flowing density, mass flow and volume can be computed.

4
MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS

Quadrant Edge Bore min 1/8" thick


The quadrant edge bore is an orifice with the inlet edge
rounded. Instead of beveling, the plate is counterbored
to the desired edge thickness. The radius of the R 45

quartercircle bore is a function of the orifice-to-pipe D d


ratio (d/D). Thickness at the throat is equal to the radius.
This bore is specifically designed for viscous fluids such
as heavy crudes, syrups, and slurries with Reynolds c
R =d
0.734
0.638
4
Numbers below 100,000. c =1.5 d but less than D 1

Eccentric Bore
Eccentrically bored orifice plates are plates with the Tap angle

orifice off-center, or eccentric, as opposed to concentric. 180

The bore of the eccentric orifice normally is inscribed


in a circle which is 98% of the pipe diameter, so that D 90
solids or slurries may pass through. Eccentric orifice
plates are used in many industries including heavy and d

light chemicals, steel, paper, nuclear and petrochemicals.

Segmental Bore
Segmentally bored orifice plates are provided for Tap angle
measurement where solids are entrained in a gas or
180
liquid flow stream. The circular portion of the bore is
inscribed within a circle which is normally 98% of the
D 90
pipe diameter. The segmental opening may be placed
either at the top or bottom of the pipe. Industries using
d
these bores include sewage treatment, steel, chemical,
water conditioning, paper and petrochemical.

Special Restriction Orifice Bores


Thick Restriction Bore Conical Reverse Bevel Restriction Bore

small D D > 2"

D d D d

d d

Some restriction applications are designed with the assumption The conical orifice is a measurement orifice installed in the
that the fluids will reach sonic velocity through the bore of the flow line with the bevel facing upstream. It is applied in low
restriction (critical flow). It is more predictable to achieve sonic Reynolds Number applications. Due to reduced machining,
velocity through the bore of a thick plate and a thick plate can this style is more economical than the quadrant bore typically
withstand the mechanical wear associated with sonic velocity. used for measurement of viscous fluids, and is sufficiently
accurate for most restriction applications.

5
Multi-Stage Restriction Assembly
A multi-plate restriction assembly reduces the flowing pressure in stages as a means of reducing noise pollution or improving
the durability of the restriction element. Flow is kept subsonic and non-cavitating at each stage by adding stages. Each assembly
is custom-engineered by Cameron for specific operating parameters. Most assemblies are welded with non-removable plates.
These assemblies are commonly used in blowdown applications in which gases are vented to atmospheric pressure with minimal
emitted sound.

4D

Ring Joint Orifice Plate Holders


Cameron offers three types of NuFlo ring joint orifice plate Other sizes, materials, ANSI and special flange ratings are
holders that fit between ring joint flanges. available on special order.
Type 580 and Type 590 plate holders use a standard Type 500 When ordering, please specify:
plate, which allows for economical replacement to renew or 1. Type number
change the bore size. The orifice plate is not included with the 2. Line size
plate holder and must be ordered separately. 3. API ring number or ANSI flange pressure rating
The Type 560 plate holder is a rugged one-piece design that 4. Material
includes an integral plate. 5. Quantity
In conformance with ASME B16.2, all three types of plate 6. Orifice bore type (for Type 560 only)
holders feature an oval gasket ring. Octagonal rings are 7. Plate OD (inches) if not as listed below (for Type 560 only)
available on request. Standard materials are carbon steel and 8. Plate thickness (inches) if not as listed below
316 stainless steel; however, NuFlo plate holders can be (for Type 560 only)
manufactured from nearly any alloy.
Line Plate O.D. Plate Thickness
Orifice Plate Alloys Available Size A B

304 410 Hastelloy B, C 12 12.593 1/4


316 416 Inco 600 14 14.000 1/4
316 L Duplex Inco 625
317 A516-7N Stellite Overlay 16 16.000 3/8
321 Monel Titanium 18 18.000 3/8
347 K-Monel Tanalum
20 20.000 3/8
Other materials available on request.
24 24.000 3/8
26 26.000 3/8
Type 560 plate holders are available in all sizes and ring
30 30.000 1/2
numbers. Please note that 2-in. through 8 in. sizes have 1/4 in.
thick plates as standard; therefore, 1/8 in. should be added to All dimensions in inches. These dimensions
are specific to large-diameter Type 500 plates
the Approx. Gap dimensions given in the table on page 7
used with Type 580 and 590 plate holders.
for accurate measurement. For smaller-diameter plate dimensions, see
the Type 500 Dimensions table on page 3.
Type 580 plate holders sizes 1 1/2 in. and up are available in all
API ring numbers.
Type 590 plate holders are available in 2-in. size and up in all
ring numbers except 2-in. R-23 and 2 1/2-in. R-26.

6
MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS

2'' 2'' 2''


1/8'' 1/8'' 1/8''
1-1/4'' 1-1/4'' 1-1/4''

B B B
Orifice Plate
Spring Hold-Down
Clip Screws

Snap
Ring
A A A
Type 560 Type 580 Type 590
Integral Plate Seal with Snap-Ring Clip with Hold-Down Screws

300 - 600 lbs. ANSI 900 lbs. ANSI 1500 lbs. ANSI 2500 lbs. ANSI

Line API Approx. API Approx. API Approx. API Approx.


Size Ring # A B Gap* Ring # A B Gap* Ring # A B Gap* Ring # A B Gap*

1/2 R-11 29/32 4-1/4 19/32 R-12 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-12 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-13 1 4-1/4 19/32
3/4 R-13 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-14 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-14 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-16 1 4-1/4 19/32
1 R-16 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-16 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-16 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-18 1 4-1/4 19/32
1-1/2 R-20 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-20 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-20 1 4-1/4 19/32 R-23 1-1/16 5-1/4 1/2
2 R-23 1-1/16 4-1/4 19/32 R-24 1-1/16 5-1/4 5/8 R-24 1-1/16 5-1/4 1/2 R-26 1-1/16 5-1/4 1/2
2-1/2 R-26 1-1/16 5-1/4 19/32 R-27 1-1/16 5-1/4 5/8 R-27 1-1/16 5-1/4 1/2 R-28 1-13/16 5-1/4 9/16
3 R-31 1-1/16 5-1/4 19/32 R-31 1-1/16 5-1/4 17/32 R-35 1-1/16 5-1/4 1/2 R-32 1-3/16 6-1/4 9/16
3-1/2 R-34 1-1/16 4-1/4 19/32 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
4 R-37 1-1/16 5-1/4 19/32 R-37 1-1/16 5-1/4 17/32 R-39 1-1/16 5-1/4 1/2 R-38 1-5/16 6-1/4 19/32
5 R-41 1-1/16 6-1/4 19/32 R-41 1-1/16 6-1/4 17/32 R-44 1-1/16 6-1/4 1/2 R-42 1-7/16 7-1/4 19/32
6 R-45 1-1/16 6-1/4 19/32 R-45 1-1/16 6-1/4 17/32 R-46 1-3/16 6-1/4 9/16 R-47 1-7/16 7-1/4 19/32
8 R-49 1-1/16 6-1/4 19/32 R-49 1-1/16 6-1/4 17/32 R-50 1-35/16 6-1/4 9/32 R-51 1-9/16 8-1/4 5/8
10 R-53 1-3/16 7-1/4 23/32 R-53 1-3/16 7-1/4 21/32 R-54 1-7/16 7-1/4 23/32 R-55 2 8-1/4 1-1/16
12 R-57 1-3/16 7-1/4 23/32 R-57 1-3/16 7-1/4 21/32 R-58 1-11/16 8-1/4 3/4 R-60 2-1/8 9-1/4 7/8
14 R-61 1-3/16 7-1/4 23/32 R-62 1-7/16 7-1/4 23/32 R-63 1-7/8 8-1/4 25/32 n/a n/a n/a n/a
16 R-65 1-5/16 7-1/4 23/32 R-66 1-9/16 7-1/4 27/32 R-67 2-1/8 9-1/4 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a
18 R-69 1-5/16 7-1/4 23/32 R-70 1-11/16 7-1/4 3/4 R-71 2-1/8 9-1/4 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a
20 R-73 1-3/8 7-1/4 23/32 R-74 1-9/16 7-1/4 3/4 R-75 2-1/8 10-1/4 7/8 n/a n/a n/a n/a
24 R-77 1-7/16 7-1/4 13/16 R-78 1-7/8 9-1/4 25/32 R-79 2-5/16 11-1/4 1 n/a n/a n/a n/a

All dimensions in inches.


* Approximate distance between flanges.

7
MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS

Orifice Holding Blocks


Orifice holding blocks are used between standard flanges and 1/8'' Orifice Plate Type 520
are ideal in retrofit applications or when exotic wetted materials
1'' 1''
are used. When exotic or non-metallic materials are used, the 1/2'' NPT

cost of orifice flanges with the desired pressure rating can be


expensive and difficult to obtain. Orifice blocks provide an
effective and economical solution. They are available in line
sizes from 1-in. to 12-in., and in ANSI classes as low as
150. Flange taps are standard in all sizes. The tap hole inside
diameter (ID) varies with line size.
When ordering, please specify nominal line size, line ID,
gasket thickness, and material desired.

Single and Dual Orifice Chamber Fittings


Orifice fittings provide an alternative to holding an orifice 1-7/8'' Raised face or flat
face, weldneck,
plate between flanges. They allow for easier and faster Orifice holding threaded or
blocks slip-on flange
inspection or replacement of the orifice plate. Measurement 4-1/8'' (provided by customer)
face to face
accuracy is assured by centering the orifice plate in the pipe
bore. A dual chamber fitting allows the plate to be changed
without depressurizing the flow line or interrupting the flow.
Fittings are available for line sizes ranging from 2 inches
through 6 inches. See NuFlo Single and Dual Orifice Fitting
Models 4055 and 4042 and Clif Mock Model 5030 Orifice
Fitting technical data sheets and related accessory data sheets
for details.

MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS

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