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CBSE X | Mathematics

Board Paper 2015 Solution



CBSEBoard
ClassXMathematics
BoardPaper2015Solution


1. Given quadratic equation is,
px2 2 5px 15 0
Here,a p, b 2 5p, c 15
For real equal roots, discriminant 0
b2 4ac 0


2
2 5p 4p 15 0

20p 60p 0
2

20p p 30 0
p 30 or p 0
But, p 0 is not possible.
p 30

2. Let AB be the tower and BC be its shadow.
AB 20, BC 20 3
In ABC,
AB
tan
BC
20
tan
20 3

1
tan
3
1
but, tan 30
3
30
The Sun is at an altitude of 30 .









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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

3. Two dice are tossed
S=[(1,1),(1,2),(1,3),(1,4),(1,5),(1,6),
(2,1),(2,2),(2,3),(2,4),(2,5),(2,6),
(3,1),(3,2),(3,3),(3,4),(3,5),(3,6),
(4,1),(4,2),(4,3),(4,4),(4,5),(4,6),
(5,1),(5,2),(5,3),(5,4),(5,5),(5,6),
(6,1),(6,2),(6,3),(6,4),(6,5),(6,6)]
Totalnumberofoutcomeswhentwodicearetossed=6x6=36
Favourable eventsofgetting productas6are:
(1 6 6), (6 1 6),(2 3 6),(3 2 6)
i.e.(1,6), (6,1), (2,3), (3,2)
Favourable eventsofgetting productas6 = 4
4 1
P(getting productas6)=
36 9

4.


mOPT 90 radius is perpendicular to the tangent
So, OPQ = OPT QPT
=90 60

=30
mPOQ =2QPT 2 60 120
reflexmPOQ = 360 120 240
1
mPRQ = reflexPOQ
2
1
= 240
2
120
mPRQ 120

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

SECTIONB

5.



GiventhatmPRQ=120
Weknowthatthelinejoiningthecentreand
theexternalpointistheanglebisectorbetween
thetangents.
120
Thus,mPRO=mQRO= = 60
2
Alsoweknowthatlengthsof tan gentsfromanexternalpoint
areequal.
Thus,PR=RQ.
JoinOPandOQ.
SinceOPandOQaretheradiifromthecentreO,
OP ^ PRandOQ ^ RQ.

Thus,DOPRandDOQRarerightangledcongruenttriangles.
Hence,POR=90 -PRO=90 - 60 = 30
QOR=90 -QRO=90 - 60 = 30
1
sin QRO=sin30 =
2
PR
But sin30 =
OR
PR 1
Thus, =
OR 2
OR = 2PR
OR = PR +PR
OR = PR + QR

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

6.


LetthegivencircletouchthesidesABandACofthetriangleatpointsFandE
respectivelyandletthelengthoflinesegmentAFbex.
Now,itcanbeobservedthat:
BF=BD=6cm (tangentsfrompointB)
CE=CD=9cm (tangentsfrompointC)
AE=AF=x (tangentsfrompointA)

AB=AF+FB=x+6
BC=BD+DC=6+9=15
CA=CE+EA=9+x
2s=AB+BC+CA=x+6+15+9+x=30+2x
s=15+x
sa=15+x15=x
sb=15+x(x+9)=6
sc=15+x(6+x)=9
Areaof ABC= s s a s b s c

54 15 x x 6 9

54 3 6 15x x2

18 6 15x x2
324 6 15x x 2

54 15x x2
x2 15x 54 0
x2 18x 3x 54 0
x(x 18) 3(x 18)
x 18 x 3 0
x 18 and x 3
Asdistancecannotbenegative,x=3
AC=3+9=12
AB=AF+FB=6+x=6+3=9

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

7. 4x 2 4bx (a2 b2 ) 0
a2 b2
x 2 bx 0
4
b a2 b2
x 2 x
2

2 4
2 2
b b a b b
2 2
x2 2 x
2 2 4 2
2
b a2
x
2 4
b a
x
2 2
b a
x
2 2
b a b a
x ,
2 2
ab ab
Hence, the roots are and .
2 2

8. S5 S7 167 and S10 235
n
Now, Sn
2
2a n 1 d
S5 S7 167
5 7
2a 4d 2a 6d 167
2 2
5a 10d 7a 21d 167
12a 31d 167 ....(1)
Also, S10 235
10
2a 9d 235
2
10a 45d 235
2a 9d 47 ....(2)
Multiplying equation (2) by 6, we get
12a 54d 282 .....(3)
Subtracting (1) from (3), we get
12a 54d 282

12a 31d 167

23d 115
d 5
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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

Substituting value of d in (2), we have
2a 9(5) 47
2a 45 47

2a 2
a 1
Thus, the given A.P. is 1, 6, 11, 16,..........

9. ABC is right angled at B.
AC2 AB2 BC2 ....(1)

Also, A 4,7 , B p,3 and C 7,3

Now, AC2 7 4 3 7 3 4 9 16 25
2 2 2 2

AB2 p 4 3 7 p2 8p 16 4
2 2 2

p2 8p 16 16

p 8p 32
2

BC2 7 p 3 3 49 14p p2 0
2 2

p2 14p 49
From (1), we have
25 p2 8p 32 p2 14p 49
25 2p2 22p 81
2p2 22p 56 0
p2 11p 28 0
p2 7p 4p 28 0
p p 7 4 p 7 0
p 7 p 4 0
p 7 and p 4

10. Given, the point s A(x,y), B( 5,7) and C( 4,5) are collinear.
So, the area formed by these vertices is 0.
1
x 7 5 55 y 4 y 7 0
2
1
2x 25 5y 4y 28 0
2
1
2x y 3 0
2
2x y 3 0
y 2x 3

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

SECTIONC

11. Hereitisgiventhat,
T14=2(T8)
a+(141)d=2[a+(81)d]
a+13d=2[a+7d]
a+13d=2a+14d
13d14d=2aa
d=a.(1)

Now,itisgiventhatits6thtermis8.
T6=8
a+(61)d=8
a+5d=8
d+5d=8[Using(1)]
4d=8

d=2
Subs.thisineq.(1),wegeta=2
Now,thesumof20terms,
n
Sn 2a (n 1)d
2
20
S20 2a (20 1)d
2
=102(2) 19( 2)
=10[4 38]
= 340

12. Forthegivenequation, 3x 2 2 2x 2 3 0
Comparing thisequation withax2 bx c 0, weobtain
a 3,b 2 2,c 2 3
Now, D b2 4ac
( 2 2)2 4( 3)( 2 3)
8 24 32 4 2
Using quadraticformula,weobtain
b b2 4ac
x
2a
( 2 2) 4 2
x
2 3


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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Pa
aper 2015
5 Solution

2 24 2 2 24 2
x or x
2 3 2 3
2 2 2 2 2 2
x orx=
3 3
3 2 2
x orrx
3 3
2
x 3 2 orx
o
3
2
xx 6 orx
3

13. LettBCbetheh
heightatwh bservedfrompointA.
hichtheaerroplaneisob
Then,BC=1500 3
In15seconds,theaeroplanemovesfrompointA AtoD.

AaandDareth heretheangglesofelevaation60an
hepointswh nd30
areeformedresspectively.

D y metress
LettBA=xmettresandAD

BC=x+y


InCBA,
BC
n60=
tan
BA
1500 3
3
x
x 1500 m ....(1)

InCBD,
BC
n30=
tan
BD
1 1500 3

3 xy
x y 1500(3) 4500
1500
1 y 4500
y 3000 m ....(2)

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

Weknowthat,theaeroplanemovesfrompointAtoDin15secondsandthedistance
coveredis3000metres.(by2)
distance
Speed
time
3000
Speed
15
Speed 200m/s
18
Convertingittokm/hr=200 720km/hr
5

14. Here, P(x,y) divides line segment AB, such that
3
AP AB
7
AP 3

AB 7
AB 7

AP 3

AB 7
1 1
AP 3
AB AP 7 3

AP 3
BP 4

AP 3
AP 3

BP 4
P divides AB in the ratio 3: 4
3 2 4 2 3 4 4 2
x ; y
3 4 3 4
68 12 8
x ; y
7 7
2 20
x ; y
7 7
2 20
The coordinates of P are ,
7 7








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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

15. Herethejarcontainsred,blueandorangeballs.
Letthenumberofredballsbex.
Letthenumberofblueballsbey.
Numberoforangeballs=10
Totalnumberofballs=x+y+10
Now,letPbetheprobabilityofdrawing aballfromthejar
x
P(aredball)=
x+y+10
1 x

4 x+y+10
4x x+y+10
3x y 10(i)
Next,
y
P(ablueball)=
x+y+10
1 y

3 x+y+10
3y x+y+10
2y x 10(ii)
Multiplyingeq.(i)by2andaddingtoeq.(ii),weget
6x 2y 20

x+2y 10
5x=30
x=6
Subs.x=6ineq.(i),wegety=8
Totalnumberofballs=x+y+10=6+ 8+10=24
Hence,totalnumberofballsinthejaris24.













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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

16. Radiusofthecircle=14cm
CentralAngle, =60,
Areaoftheminorsegment
q 1
=
pr2 - r2 sin q
360 2

60 1
=
p 142
- 142 sin60
360 2
1 22 1 3
= 1414 - 1414
6 7 2 2
2214
= - 49 3
3
2214 147 3
= -
3 3
308 - 147 3 2
= cm
3
308 - 147 3 2
Areaoftheminorsegment = cm
3

17. Diameterofthetent=4.2m
Radiusofthetent,r=2.1m
Heightofthecylindricalpartoftent,hcylinder=4m
Heightoftheconicalpart,hcone=2.8m
Slantheightoftheconicalpart,

= hcone2 + r2
2 2
= 2.8 + 2.1
= 2.82 + 2.12
= 12.25 = 3.5m
Curvedsurfaceareaofthecylinder=2 rhcylinder
22
=2 2.14
7
=220.38=52.8m2
22
Curvedsurfaceareaoftheconicaltent= rl= 2.13.5=23.1m2
7
Totalareaofclothrequiredforbuildingonetent
=Curvedsurfaceareaofthecylinder+Curvedsurfaceareaoftheconicaltent
=52.8+23.1
=75.9m2
Costofbuildingonetent=75.9100=Rs7590
Totalcostof100tents=7590100=Rs7,59,000

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

759000
Costtobebornebytheassociations= =Rs.3,79,500
2
Itshowsthehelpingnature,unityandcooperativenessoftheassociations.

18. Internaldiameterofthebowl=36cm
Internalradiusofthebowl,r=18cm
2 3 2
Volumeoftheliquid,V= r = 183
3 3
Lettheheightofthesmallbottlebeh.
Diameterofasmallcylindricalbottle=6cm
Radiusofasmallbottle,R=3cm
Volumeofasinglebottle= R2h= 32h
No.ofsmallbottles,n=72
10 2
Volumewastedinthetransfer= 183
100 3
Volumeofliquidtobetransferredinthebottles
2 10 2
= 183 183
3 100 3
2 10
= 183 1 -
3 100
2 90
= 183
3 100
Volumeoftheliquidtobetransferred
Numberofsmallcylindricalbottles=
Volumeofasinglebottle
2 90
p183
72 = 3 2
100
p3 h
2 9
183
72 = 3 2 10
3 h
2 9
181818
h= 3 10
32 72
\ h = 5.4cm
Heightofthesmallcylindricalbottle=10.8cm






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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

19. Sideofthecubicalblock,a=10cm
Longestdiagonalofthecubicalblock=a3=103cm
Sincethecubeissurmountedbyahemisphere,thereforethesideofthecubeshould
beequaltothediameterofthehemisphere.
Diameterofthesphere=10cm
Radiusofthesphere,r=5cm
Totalsurfaceareaofthesolid=TotalsurfaceareaofthecubeInnercrosssection
areaofthehemisphere+Curvedsurfaceareaofthehemisphere
6a2 r2 2 r2
6a2 r2
6 10 2 3.1452
= 600 + 78.5 = 678.5cm2
Totalsurfaceareaofthesolid=678.5cm2

20. No.ofcones=504
Diameterofacone=3.5cm
Radiusofthecone,r=1.75cm
Heightofthecone,h=3cm
Volumeofacone
1
= pr 2 h
3
1 3.52

= p 3
3 2
1 3.5 3.5
= p 3cm3
3 2 2
Volumeof504cones
1 3.5 3.5
= 504 p 3cm3
3 2 2
LettheradiusofthenewspherebeR.
4
Volumeofthesphere = pR3
3
Volumeof504cones=Volumeofthesphere
1 3.5 3.5 4
504 p 3 = pR3
3 2 2 3
5041p3.53.533
= R3
322 4p
5043 49
R3 =
64

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

789372
R3 =
64
82773
R3 =
64
237
R =
4
21
\ R = = 10.5cm
2
Radiusofthenewsphere=10.5cm

SECTIOND

21. Letbethelengthofthelongersideandbbethelengthoftheshorterside.
Giventhatthelengthofthediagonaloftherectangularfieldis16metresmorethan
theshorterside.
Thus,diagonal=16+b
Sincelongersideis14metresmorethanshorterside,wehave,
=14+b
Diagonalisthehypotenuseofthetriangle.
Considerthefollowingfigureoftherectangularfield.



ByapplyingPythagorasTheoreminDABD,wehave,
Diagonal2 = Length2 + Breadth2
(16 + b) = (14 + b) + b2
2 2


256 + b2 + 32b = 196 + b2 + 28b + b2
256 + 32b = 196 + 28b + b2
60 + 32b = 28b + b2

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

b2 - 4b - 60 = 0
b2 - 10b + 6b - 60 = 0
b(b - 10) + 6(b - 10) = 0
(b + 6)(b - 10) = 0

(b + 6) = 0or (b - 10) = 0
b = -6orb = 10
Asbreadthcannotbenegative,breadth=10m
Thus,lengthoftherectangularfield=14+10=24m

22. ConsiderthegivenA.P.8,10,12,
Heretheinitialtermis8andthecommondifferenceis108=2and1210=2
GeneraltermofanA.P.istnandformulatofindouttnis
t n = a + (n - 1)d
t 60 = 8 + (60 - 1)2
t 60 = 8 + 592
t 60 = 8 + 118

t 60 = 126
Weneedtofindthesumofthelast10terms.
Thus,
Sumoflast10terms=Sumoffirst60termsSumoffirst50terms
n
Sn = 2a + (n - 1)d
2
60
S60 = 28 + (60 - 1)2
2
S60 = 30[16 + 592]
S60 = 30[134]

S60 = 4020

Similarly,
50
S50 = 28 + (50 - 1)2
2
S50 = 25[16 + 492]
S50 = 25[114]
S50 = 2850
Thusthesumoflast10terms=S60 - S50 = 4020 - 2850 = 1170

Therefore,
Sumoflast10terms=Sumoffirst60termsSumoffirst50terms

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

23. Letxbethefirstspeedofthetrain.
Distance
Weknowthat = time
Speed
Thus,wehave,
54 63
+ = 3hours
x x +6
54(x+6) + 63x
=3
x (x+6)
54(x+6) + 63x = 3x (x+6)
54x + 324 + 63x = 3x2 + 18x
117x + 324 = 3x2 + 18x
3x 2 - 117x - 324 + 18x = 0
3x 2 - 99x - 324 = 0
x 2 - 33x - 108 = 0
x 2 - 36x + 3x - 108 = 0
x (x - 36) + 3(x - 36) = 0
(x + 3)(x - 36) = 0

(x + 3) = 0 or (x - 36) = 0
x = -3 orx = 36
Speedcannotbenegativeandhenceintialspeedofthetrainis36km/hour.

24. Considerthefollowingdiagram.


LetPbeanexternalpointandPAandPBbetangentstothecircle.
WeneedtoprovethatPA=PB
NowconsiderthetrianglesOAPandOBP
mA=mB=90
OP=OP[common]
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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

OA=OB=radiiofthecircle
Thus,byRightAngleHypotenuseSidecriterionofcongruencewehave,
OAPOBP
Thecorrespondingpartsofthecongruenttrianglesarecongruent.
Thus,
PA=PB

25. Inthefigure,CisthemidpointoftheminorarcPQ,Oisthecentreofthecircleand
ABistangenttothecirclethroughpointC.
WehavetoshowthetangentdrawnatthemidpointofthearcPQofacircleisparallel
tothechordjoiningtheendpointsofthearcPQ.
WewillshowPQAB.
ItisgiventhatCisthemidpointpointofthearcPQ.
So,arcPC=arcCQ.
PC=CQ


ThisshowsthatPQCisanisoscelestriangle.
Thus,theperpendicularbisectorofthesidePQofPQCpassesthroughvertexC.
Theperpendicularbisectorofachordpassesthroughthecentreofthecircle.
SotheperpendicularbisectorofPQpassesthroughthecentreOofthecircle.
ThusperpendicularbisectorofPQpassesthroughthepointsOandC.
PQOC
ABisthetangenttothecirclethroughthepointConthecircle.
ABOC
ThechordPQandthetangentPQofthecircleareperpendiculartothesamelineOC.
PQAB.







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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Pa
aper 2015
5 Solution

nstructtheABCaspeergivenmeaasurements.
26. Con

Intthehalfplan
neofABwhhichdoesno
otcontainC
C,drawAX
succhthatBA AXisanacutteangle.
3)WWithsomeapproprriatteradiusan ndcentreA,Drawanarrcto

inttersectAXaatB1 .Similarly,withcennterB1 andthesameraadius,

draawanarcto ointersectB
BXatB2 succhthatB1B2 =B3B4 =B4B5 =B5B6

B6B7 =B7B8
4)DrawB6B.
5)T yparallelto B6B.tointeersectAYattB'.
ThroughB8 drawaray
6)ThroughB'drawarayparallelto BCtointerssectAZatC'.
Thus,AB'C'istherequirredtriangle.



27.




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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

LetABbethesurfaceofthelakeandPbethepointofobservationsuchthat
AP=20metres.LetCbethepositionofthecloudandCbeitsreflectioninthelake.
ThenCB=CB.LetPMbeperpendicularfromPonCB.
ThenmCPM 30 andmC'PM 60
LetCM=h.ThenCB=h+20andCB=h+20.
In CMPwehave,
CM
tan30
PM
1 h

3 PM
PM 3h...................(i)

In PMC'wehave,
C'M
tan60
PM
C'B BM
3
PM
h 20 20
3
PM
h 20 20
PM ...................(ii)
3
Fromequation(i)and(ii),weget
h 20 20
3h
3
3h h 40
2h 40
h 20m
Now,CB CM MB h 20 20 20 40.
Hence,theheightofthecloudfromthe
surfaceofthelakeis40metres.

28. LetSbethesamplespaceofdrawingacardfromawellshuffleddeck.
n S 52 C1 52

(i)Thereare13spadecardsand4ace'sinadeck
Asaceofspadeisincludedin13spadecards,
sothereare13spadecardsand3ace's

acardofspadeoranacecanbedrawnin 13 C1 3 C1 13 3 16
16 4
Probabilityofdrawingacardofspadeoranace=
52 13

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Board Paper 2015 Solution

(ii)Thereare2blackKingcardsinadeck
acardofblackKingcanbedrawnin 2 C1 2
2 1
Probabilityofdrawingablackking=
52 26

(iii)Thereare4Jackand4Kingcardsinadeck.
Sothereare52 8=44cardswhichareneitherJacksnorKings.
acardwhichisneitheraJacknoraKingcanbedrawnin 44 C1 44
44 11
ProbabilityofdrawingacardwhichisneitheraJacknoraKing=
52 13

(iv)Thereare4Kingand4Queencardsinadeck.
Sothereare4 4=8cardswhichareeitherKingorQueen.
acardwhichiseitheraKingoraQueencanbedrawnin 8 C1 8
8 2
ProbabilityofdrawingacardwhichiseitheraKingoraQueen=
52 13

29. Take x1 , y 1 1, 1 , 4,2k and k, 5
Itisgiventhattheareaofthetriangleis24sq.unit
Areaofthetrianglehavingvertices x1 , y 1 , x 2 , y 2 and x 3 , y 3
isgivenby
1
= x1 y 2 y 3 x 2 y 3 y 1 x3 y 1 y 2
2
24 1 2k 5 4 5 1 k 1 2k
1
2

48 2k 5 16 k 2k 2

2k 2 3k 27 0
2k 9 k 3 0
9
k or k 3
2
9
Thevaluesofkare and3.
2

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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution

30. PQRSisasquare.
Soeachsideisequalandanglebetweentheadjacentsidesisarightangle.
Alsothediagonalsperpendicularlybisecteachother.
InPQRusingpythagorastheorem,
PR 2 =PQ2 +QR2

PR 2 42 42
2 2

PR= 2 42
1 42
OR PR= OQ
2 2
FromthefigurewecanseethattheradiusofflowerbedORQisOR.
1
AreaofsectorORQ r 2
4
2
1 42

4 2
1
AreaoftheROQ= RO OQ
2
1 42 42

2 2 2
2
42

2

AreaoftheflowerbedORQ
=AreaofsectorORQ AreaoftheROQ
2 2
1 42 42
=
4 2 2
2
42
1
2 2
441 0.57
251.37cm2
AreaoftheflowerbedORQ=Areaofthe flowerbedOPS
=251.37cm2
Totalareaofthetwoflowerbeds
=AreaoftheflowerbedORQ+AreaoftheflowerbedOPS
=251.37 251.37
502.74 cm2


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CBSE X | Mathematics


Board Paper 2015 Solution


31. Heightofthecylinder(h)=10cm
Radiusofthebaseofthecylinder=4.2cm
Volumeoforiginalcylinder=r2h
22
4.2 10
2

7
554.4cm3
2
Volumeofhemisphere= r3
3
2 22
4.2
3
3 7
155.232 cm3

Volumeoftheremainingcylinderafterscoopingouthemispherefromeachend
Volumeoforiginalcylinder 2 Volumeofhemisphere
554.4 2 155.232
243.936 cm3

Theremainingcylinderismeltedandconvertedto
anewcylindricalwireof1.4cmthickness.
Sotheyhavesamevolumeandradiusofnewcylindricalwireis0.7cm.
Volumeoftheremainingcylinder=Volumeofthenewcylindricalwire
243.936 r2h
22
243.936 0.7 h
2
7
h 158.4 cm

Thelengthofthenewcylindricalwireof1.4cmthicknessis158.4cm.

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