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4/6/2016 FM&E:Lesson4.

SelectionofFarmMachines

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SelectionofFarmMachines

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Lesson4.SelectionofFarmMachines
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Sitepages
SelectionofTractor
Currentcourse
FM&E Landholding1hpforevery2haofland
Participants
General
Croppingpatternmorethanonecrop1.5ha/hp
Topic1 Soillesswheelbase,highergroundclearanceandlowoverallweightinlightsoil
Topic2
Lesson3.Heat ClimaticsandVeryhotandcool
Treatmentof
farmequipment RepairfacilitiesHasdealernearby
Lesson4.
Selectionof RunningCostLessSFCsominingcostisless.
FarmMachines
Topic3 Initialcostandresalevaluekeepresalevalueinmind,initialcostshouldnotbe
Topic4 high
Topic5
TestreportReleasedfromfarmmachinerytestingstationsshouldbeconsultedfor
Topic6
guidance
Topic7
Topic8 SELECTIONCRITERIAFORTHEMACHINES
Topic9
1.Trademark:Wecannotjudgethemachinebyitsappearance.Chooseanequipment
Topic10
of wellknown and reputed trade mark e.g. HMT 2511, HMT 3511 etc. It is
Topic11
distinguishedbythemarkofatradertohisgoodstodistinguishfromothertraders.
Topic12
Topic13 2.TradeName:do(Dettol,crocinetc.)
Topic14
3.Model:BuythelatestmodelwithbetterfeatureslikeMahindraB275,MahindraDI
Topic15
Courses
540,andFarmtrac50etc.
4.Whether or not the machine is an approved design: BIS or ISO mark
(Internationalstandardorganization)(BeauroofIndianStandards).
5.Repair facilities: To see whether the machine is repairable or not, how far is the
servicestationorexistenceofrepairshop,howeasilytherepaircanbedone?
6.Availabilityofspareparts:Whethercomponentsofmachineareeasilyavailable?

7.Designfeatures:

i)Pointsofweari.e.typeofbearingetc.provisionforlubrication
ii)Easeofadjustmentsi.e.discangle,tiltangle
iii)Safetyprovisionsi.e.shieldingofrotarymembers
iv)Appearanceofthemachine(eyeappeal,aesthetics)
v)Vibrationsandnoiseinthemachineshouldbelow
8.Easeofoperation:Itshouldnotrequireunnecessaryamountofpowerandlabourto
operate.Easeofoperationmaydependuponcorrectadjustment.Modernmachinesare
equippedwithpowerandhydraulicliftsandonceadjustedproperlytheywouldrequire

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4/6/2016 FM&E:Lesson4.SelectionofFarmMachines

littleefforttooperateexpectingsteeringandturning.
9.Easeofadjustment:Methodsandprovisionsforadjustmentsofvariousparts,and
adjustmentshouldbeeasytomakeandlesstimeconsuming.DiscouragetheIamin
hurryattitudetomakecorrectadjustments.
10. Adaptability of machine to work and working conditions (environment and
versatility): Select the machine or tool which can work under a wide range of
conditions. It must be easy to adopt the equipment to different soil, crop and
environmentalconditions.
11. Quick change of units: For machines which are one built in unit packages and
design to change them like from plough to cultivator or like multi crop planter, the
timerequiredforthechangeovermustbeminimum.
12. Maneuverability: See if the equipment is a trailed or mounted type. Mounted
equipmentsareeasytoliftandeasytoturn.Trailequipmentswhichareattachedto
the draw bar of a tractor cannot make sharp turns. Extended and swinging drawbars
are one aid for short turning. (articulated frames are provided in some equipment).
Chooseamachinewithapropersizeofwheels.Asmallwheelsinksintoloosesoil,
dropsintoshallowditchesandfurrowsandforthetractorturningisdifficult.
13. Human comfort: Human comfort is an important factor in the selection and
operation of equipment. The seat must be comfortable, stable and adjustable to suit
differentsizedindividuals.Thereshouldbeproperoperatorsafetyprovisions.
14.Someotherfactorsare:
Powerrequirement:Powerrequiredforoperatingtheequipment.Itdeterminesthe
sizeoftheequipment.
Costofoperation:Initialcostandoperationalcostofm/ci.e.economicalviability
ofthemachine.
Initialcostofthem/c
Availabilityoncustomhiring
Yearsofservicesexpected
Economicsoftheequipmentinrelationtosizeoffarmandworktobeperformed
Ifpossiblepurchasemultipurposemachineswithminimumadjustmentsfor
examplewheelhandhoe,tillplanter,ridgerseeder
Capacityofthemachinee.g.ifyouhave10acrefieldoldtractorcandoforthat.

Lastmodified:Tuesday,18March2014,11:24AM

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