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Dr.

Claas van der Linde


Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness
Harvard Business School

October 3, 2002

The Cluster Meta-Study


List of Clusters and Bibliography
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
1 Financial Services Andorra Andorra la Vella Govern d'Andorra. Andorra Pla Estratgic. February 1993. [Cluster Mention.] Andorra Pla Estratgic
2 Shopping Tourism Andorra Govern d'Andorra. Andorra Pla Estratgic. February 1993. [Cluster Mention.] Andorra Pla Estratgic
3 Defense Equipment Australia Northern Adelaide
4 Heavy Industry Australia Hunter Region
5 Information Technology Australia North Sydney
Services
6 Tourism, Arts, Sports Australia Capital Region Canberra Brown, Rod. Clusters: The New Driving Force. A Shared Vision Utilising a Distinctive Firm Culture and Inter-Firm NA (Tourism, Arts, Sports)
Linkages. Canberra Times, p. A:13, December 4, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
7 Automotive Austria Styria ACS - Automobil Cluster Styria
8 Iron and Steel Austria Styria
9 Machine Tools Austria Linz
10 Textiles and Clothing Austria Vorarlberg
11 Textiles and Clothing Austria Nord-Waldviertel
12 Textiles and Clothing Austria South-Vienna
13 Wood and Paper Austria Styria
14 Carpets (Tufted) Belgium South-West Kortrijk and Sint-Niklaas Vanhaverbeke, W. The Tufted Carpets Industry in Belgium. Case, IESE-Barcelona (1992), In: Praktijkvoorbeelden
Flanders Van Strategisch Management, Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, Maastricht 1993
15 Tourism Bermuda Monitor Company. Competitive Advantages for Bermuda's Tourism Cluster. Cambridge, MA, 1997. NA (Bermuda, Tourism)

Babiec, J. with M. Fairbanks. Pink Sand: Strategies for Tourism Clusters in the Age of Competitive Advantage,
forthcoming, 1998.
16 Financial Services Brazil Chadha, Sumir, Mark Harrison, Rod Parsley, Veronica Serra. The Brazilian Financial Cluster. Student report
prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School,
May 1997.
17 Footwear (Leather) Brazil Rio Grande de Sul Sinos Valley, Novo Chadha, Sumir, Mark Harrison, Rod Parsley, Veronica Serra. The Brazilian Financial Cluster. Student report
Hamburgo prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School,
May 1997.

Nadvi, Khalid. Industrial Clusters and Networks: Case Studies of SME Growth and Innovation. UNIDO, Paper
commissioned by the Small and Medium Industries Branch, October 1995.
18 Orange Juice Brazil Sao Paulo? Anon. Brasilien - das Land der Orangenblte. Fnf Unternehmen kontrollieren den Weltmarkt. Neue Zrcher
Concentrate Zeitung, August 7, 2000, p. 14 [Cluster Mention.]

Florida Department of Citrus. Florida-Brazil Processing Linkages. Working Paper prepared by the Economic and
Market Research Department. No place, August 11, 1997.
19 Aerospace Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
20 Agrifood Products Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
21 Cultural Industries Canada Quebec Montreal Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
22 Electr. Power Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
Generation,
Transmission and
Distribution Equipment
23 Apparel (Fashion) Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
24 Forest Products Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
25 Information Technology Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
26 Metals&Minerals Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
27 Petrochemicals Canada Quebec Greater Montreal Area Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
28 Pharmaceuticals Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
29 Plastics Processing Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
30 Surface Transportation * Canada Quebec Gagn, Pierrette and Lefvre. The Qubec Industrial Atlas. Montreal 1993. NA (Canada, Quebec)
Equipment
31 Wastewater Processing Canada Ontario Southwest Monitor Company. Confidential Presentation Slide on the Canadian Wastewater Processing Equipment Industry,
Equipment 1993.
32 Lambs Chile Punta Arenas Anon. Estudio de Caso. Programa de Desarrollo del Cordero de Magallanes. Modernizacion del Sector Ovinos de Modernizacion de Sector
la XII Regioon. Desarrollo del Cluster. No place, July 1999 [Cluster Mention.] Ovinos de la XII Region
33 Cut Flowers Colombia Monitor Company. Presentation Slide on the Dutch Flower Industry, Confidential Document? Based on: Rabobank,
Flower Council of Holland. Cambridge, MA, 1995.

Fairbanks, Michael, and Stace Lindsay. Plowing the Sea: Nurturing the Hidden Sources of Growth in the
Developing World. Boston, 1997.
34 Electronics and Costa Rica Central Valley Ketelhohn, Niels. The Costa Rican Electronics and Information Technology Cluster. Unpublished Research Case,
Information Technology November 1998.

Spar, Deborah. Attracting High Technology Investment. Advisory Service, The World Bank, 1988. [Cluster
Mention.]

Ministry of Economy, Industry, and Business. Industrial Strategy of Costa Rica: A Long Term Vision. Costa Rica,
1997.
35 Tourism Costa Rica Centro Latinoamericano para la Competitividad y el Desarrollo Sostenible. INCAE. Turismo en Costa Rica: El Reto NA (Costa Rica)
de la Competitividad. 1996.

Centro Latinoamericano para la Competitividad y el Desarrollo Sostenible. Lucia M. Marshall. Internal Presentation
Slides for Middle East Project Training, October 17, 1996.
36 Communication Denmark North Jutland Aalborg NorCOM. NorCOM: The Communications Cluster of Northern Denmark. Promotional Brochure, no place, no date
Equipment (1998?).
37 Dairy Products Denmark Moller, Kim, and Henrik Pade (eds.). Industriel Succes: Konkurrencefaktorer i 9 danske branher. Denmark, 1988.

Pade, Henrik. The Danish Dairy Industry. Research Document, Not Published (1989?).

38 Furniture (particularly Denmark Moller, Kim, and Henrik Pade (eds.). Industriel Succes: Konkurrencefaktorer i 9 danske branher. Denmark, 1988.
wood and design)
Pade, Henrik. Denmark as a Significant Furniture Nation. Research Document, Not Published (1989?).

39 Slaughteries and Meat Denmark Pade, Henrik. The Danish Slaughterhouse and Meat Processing Industry. Research Document, Not Published
Packaging (1989?).
40 Thermal Technology Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

41 Technical Appliances Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
for the Disabled Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

42 Pork Meat Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

43 Dairy Products Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 1
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
44 Water Environment Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

45 Furs Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

46 Seed-Growing Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

47 Power Electronics Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

48 Hearing Aids Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

49 Wind Technology Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

50 Maritime Industry Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

51 Mobile/Satellite Denmark Jutland North Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Communications Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

52 Business Tourism Denmark Copenhagen Copenhagen Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

53 Stainless Steel Denmark Jutland East Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

54 Horticulture Denmark Funen Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

55 Healthcare Denmark Oeresund Region Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

56 Textiles/Apparel Denmark Herning-Ikast Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

57 Offshore Industry Denmark Esbjerg Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

58 Furniture Denmark Salling Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

59 Transport Denmark Jutland East-South Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

60 Organic Food Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

61 Children's Play & Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Learning Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

62 Waste Management Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

63 Sensor Technology Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

64 Bio-Informatics Denmark Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

65 Motion Pictures Denmark Copenhagen Copenhagen Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

66 Food Denmark Oeresund Region Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

67 PR/ Communication Denmark Copenhagen Copenhagen Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

68 Pervasive Computing Denmark Copenhagen and Arhus Erhvervsfremme Styrelsen (Danish Agency for Trade and Industry). A New Economy and its New Clusters. NA (Denmark)
Copenhagen, 2001. http://www.efs.dk/publikationer/rapporter/gb_klynge/index.htm; last accessed May 13, 2002.

69 Textiles Denmark Jutland Herning-Ikast Illeris, S. "The Herning-Ikast Textile Industry: An Industrial District in West Jutland." Entrepreneurship and
Regional Development, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1992.
70 Oil, Gas, Electricity Ecuador Western Part of Chiry, Adolfo F., Julio Peterson, Sebastian Popik, Ana Maria Torres. Ecuador. Student report prepared for Prof.
the Nation Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School, May 1998.
71 Shrimp Ecuador Coastal Provinces Chiry, Adolfo F., Julio Peterson, Sebastian Popik, Ana Maria Torres. Ecuador. Student report prepared for Prof.
Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School, May 1998.
72 Tourism * Ecuador Galapagos Chiry, Adolfo F., Julio Peterson, Sebastian Popik, Ana Maria Torres. Ecuador. Student report prepared for Prof.
Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School, May 1998.
73 Wood Products Estonia Seaboard Grnbjerg, Mare Kukk. A Critical Examination of Estonia's National Competitive Advantage. MBA Dissertation at
the Durham University Business School. Durham, England, 1999.
74 Chemicals * Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
75 Construction Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
76 Energy Generation Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Equipment Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
77 Environmental Goods Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
and Services Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
78 Food Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
79 Forest Products Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 2
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
80 Mining, Base Metals Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
81 Telecommunications Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Equipment Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
82 Transportation, Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Maritime Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
83 Well-Being * Finland Hermesniemi, Hannu, Lammi, Markku and Yl-Antilla, Pekka. Advantage Finland - The Future of Finnish National Industrial Strategy for
Industries. ETLA Series B 113, Helsinki, 1996. Finland

Ministry of Industry and Trade (MTI). National Industrial Strategy for Finland. Helsinki, 1993.
84 Woodyard Machinery Finland Anon. Chipper Choice. Wood, chip, and bark-handling systems marketed by Kone Corp.'s Kone Wood. Paper,
Volume 215, Number 4, p. 30, March 5, 1991. [Cluster Mention.]

Anon. Something better in the Woodyard. Paper, Volume 214, Number 4, p. 18, September 18, 1990. [Cluster
Mention.]
85 Eyewear France Rhne - Alpes (E- Morez http://www.districts-industriels.com. Le Club des Districts Industriels Francais. Web Page of the French Industrial
France) Districts Club. Last accessed August 18, 2000.
86 Mail-Order Retailing France Nord - Pas-de- Lille Anon. Single market, single-minded. The Economist Business, p. 66, May 4, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
Calais (N-France)
87 Musical Instruments France Lorraine (NE- Mirecourt
(String Instruments) France)
88 Perfumes France Provence - Alpes - Cannes
Cte d'Azur (SE-
France)
89 Porcelain France Limousin (S- Limoges http://www.districts-industriels.com. Le Club des Districts Industriels Francais. Web Page of the French Industrial
Central-France) Districts Club. Last accessed August 18, 2000.
90 Apparel/ Textiles France Nord - Pas-de- Lille
Calais (N-France)
91 Apparel (High Fashion) France Ile de France (NW- Paris Aslett, Mark, James Kondo, Sandeep Pannu, Karen Park, Andres Rodriguez. New York Fashion:
Central-France) Recommendations from a Global Cluster Analysis. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar
on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School, May 1997.
92 Textiles France Nord - Pas-de- Roubaix-Turcoing Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Calais (N-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
93 Leather (Wool Carding, France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Mazamet
Tanning) France)
94 Meat products France Alsace (E-France) Strasbourg Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
95 Footwear, Textiles France Aquitaine (S- Pyrnes-Atlantiques; Lot Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) et Garonne Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
96 Mechatronics France Aquitaine (S- Pyrnes-Atlantiques and Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Hautes-Pyrnes Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
97 Boards (Wind-, Surf-, France Aquitaine (S- Pyrnes-Atlantiques and Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Snow-, Skate-) France) Landes Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

DATAR (French Delegation for Territorial Planning and Regional Action). Mission dtude des effets induits par
lappel projets sur les systmes productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Paris, March 1,
2001.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
98 Food (Strawberries and France Aquitaine (S- Marmande-Casteljaloux Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Tomatoes) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
99 Food (Salted Ham) France Aquitaine (S- Pyrnes-Atlantiques Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
100 Wooden Interior France Aquitaine (S- Gironde Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Housing Products France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
101 Metalworking, France Auvergne (S- Montlucon Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Electronics Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
102 Plastics (Extrusion) France Auvergne (S- Yssingeaux Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
103 Furniture (wood) France Auvergne (S- Aurillac Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
104 Cutlery (Knives) France Auvergne (S- Thiers Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.
105 Mechanical Equipment France Basse-Normandie Flers Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(Automotive) (W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 3
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
106 Plastics (Mouldmaking) France Basse-Normandie Alenon-Argentan Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
107 Metal Alloys France Basse-Normandie Vire Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
108 Ironmongery (Garden France Basse-Normandie Tinchebray Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Tools, Building (W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
Ironmongery) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

DATAR (French Delegation for Territorial Planning and Regional Action) and OECD (Organisation of Economic Co-
operation and Development). Proceedings of the First International Congress on Local Production Systems
(Clusters). Paris, January 23 and 24, 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
109 Metals (Boiler Making) France Bourgogne (E- Le Creusot, Montceau-les- Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Mines Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
110 Packaging Materials France Bourgogne (E- Dijon Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
111 Leisure Equipment France Bretagne (W- Vannes Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(Land, Water, Air) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
112 Shipbuilding France Bretagne (W- Concarneau Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
113 Packaging Materials France Bretagne (W- Quimper Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

114 Automobile France Bretagne (W- Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Components France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
115 Perfumes and France Centre (W-Central- Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Cosmetics France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
116 Plasma Laser France Centre (W-Central- Orlans Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
117 Wine France Champagne - Epernay, Reims Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Ardenne (NE- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
118 Basket Making France Champagne - Haute valle de la Marne Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Ardenne (NE- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
119 Textiles (Sports, Well- France Champagne - Aube Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Being) Ardenne (NE- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
120 Packaging Materials France Champagne - Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Ardenne (NE- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
121 Wood and Forest France Champagne - Haute valle de la Marne Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Products Ardenne (NE- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
122 Cutlery, Handtools France Champagne - Nogent-en-Bassigny Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Ardenne (NE- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.
123 Food (Porc) France Franche - Comt Morteau Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(E-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
124 Cheese France Franche - Comt Champagnole, Lons-le- Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(E-France) Saunier, Revermont, Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
Saint-Claude L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
125 Clocks, Watches, France Franche - Comt Besanon, Morteau Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Microtechnology (E-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

126 Automotive Supplies France Franche - Comt, Sochaux-Montbeliard Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Alsace (both E- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France), Lorraine L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
(NE-France)
Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

127 Cabinet Making (Wood- France Franche - Comt Champagnole, Morteau, Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Turning) (E-France) Pontarlier, Saint-Claude Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 4
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
128 Luxury Glass Bottles France Haute - Valle-de-la-Bresle Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Normandie (NW- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

http://www.districts-industriels.com. Le Club des Districts Industriels Francais. Web Page of the French Industrial
Districts Club. Last accessed August 18, 2000.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
129 Pharmaceuticals France Haute - Eure "dpartement" Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Normandie (NW- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
130 Metalworking France Ile de France (NW- Seine-Saint-denis, Seine- Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) et-Marne Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

131 Complex Products France Ile de France (NW- Val-de-Marne Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
132 Imaging and Multimedia France Ile de France (NW- Montreuil Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
133 Medical Devices France Ile de France (NW- Seine-Saint-Denis Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
134 Luxury Catamarans France Languedoc - Perpignan Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Roussillon (S- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
135 Footwear and Textiles France Languedoc - Ganges-Le Vigan Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Roussillon (S- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
136 Metal Working France Languedoc - Bziers-Saint-Pons Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Roussillon (S- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

137 Paper and Printing France Limousin (S- Limoges, Rochechouart Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Central-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
138 Metal Working France Lorraine (NE- Meuse Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
139 Plastics France Lorraine (NE- Remiremont-Grardmer Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
140 Wood Sawing France Lorraine (NE- Saint-Di Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
141 Textiles (Cotton France Lorraine (NE- Remiremont-Grardmer Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Spinning and Weaving) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

142 Furniture (Wood) France Lorraine (NE- Neufchteau Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

http://www.districts-industriels.com. Le Club des Districts Industriels Francais. Web Page of the French Industrial
Districts Club. Last accessed August 18, 2000.

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

143 Mechanics (Aircraft, France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Aveyron, Corrze, Lot Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Auto) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
144 Textiles (Spinning and France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Lavelanet Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Weaving) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 5
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
145 Pork-Butchery France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Albi-Carmaux Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

146 Furniture (Wooden) France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Aveyron Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

147 Electronics (Transport- France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Toulouse Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
related) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
148 Health Products France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Toulouse Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

149 Granite Quarrying France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Castres-Mazamet Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

150 Electrical Power France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Tarbes Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Equipment France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

151 Apparel/ Textiles France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Mazamet Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(Woolen) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
152 Electronics Assembly France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Montauban Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(low-voltage) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

153 Paper and Paperboard France Midi - Pyrnes (S-Saint-Gaudens, Saint- Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Girons Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

154 Earthenware (Faience France Nord - Pas-de- Desvres Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Manufacture) Calais (N-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
155 Textiles (Lace-Making) France Nord - Pas-de- Calais Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Calais (N-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
156 Fisheries France Nord - Pas-de- Boulogne Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Calais (N-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

157 Textiles (Embroidery) France Nord - Pas-de- Cambresis Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Calais (N-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
158 Shipbuilding France Pays de la Loire Saint-Nazaire Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
159 Pastries (Brioches) France Pays de la Loire Vende Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
160 Rillettes (Chopped Meat France Pays de la Loire Sarthe nord Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
in Lard) (W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 6
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
161 Seafood France Pays de la Loire Vende Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

162 Footwear France Pays de la Loire Cholet Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(W-France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

http://www.districts-industriels.com. Le Club des Districts Industriels Francais. Web Page of the French Industrial
Districts Club. Last accessed August 18, 2000.
163 Metal-Working France Picardie (N- Thirache area Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(Automobile) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

164 Boiler-Making France Picardie (N- Santerre-Somme Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
165 Taps and Plumbing France Picardie (N- Vimeu Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

http://www.districts-industriels.com. Le Club des Districts Industriels Francais. Web Page of the French Industrial
Districts Club. Last accessed August 18, 2000.
166 Hydraulics, Mechanics France Picardie (N- Albert Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

167 Mechanics France Poitou - Nord Deux-Svres Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Charentes (SW- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

168 Large Yachts France Poitou - La Rochelle Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Charentes (SW- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
169 Pottery (Hand-Made) France Provence - Alpes - Apt Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Cte d'Azur (SE- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

170 Semiconductors France Provence - Alpes - Bouches-du-Rhne Agence de Developpement Economique du Pays d'Aix. Simplanter en Pays d'Aix-En-Provence. (Locating to Pays Datar (France, Systmes
Cte d'Azur (SE- d'Aix-En-Provence.) [Aix-En-Provence, 2000?] [Cluster Mention.] Productifs Locaux)
France)
Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns
Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
171 Confectionery Cherries France Provence - Alpes - Apt Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Cte d'Azur (SE- Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
France) L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
172 Machine-Turning France Rhne - Alpes (E- Valle de l'Arve (Cluses) Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

http://www.districts-industriels.com. Le Club des Districts Industriels Francais. Web Page of the French Industrial
Districts Club. Last accessed August 18, 2000.

http://www.technicvallee.com. Technic Valle. Web Page of the Valle de l'Arve (Machine Turning Cluster in the
French Arve Valley located between the Montblanc Massiv and Geneva, Switzerland). Last accessed August 18,
2000.
173 Apparel, Textiles France Rhne - Alpes (E- Roanne Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 7
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
174 Tools France Rhne - Alpes (E- Roanne Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

175 Cheese (Beaufort) France Rhne - Alpes (E- Tarentaise Valley Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
176 Machine Tools France Rhne - Alpes (E- Loire Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
(Metalworking) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

177 Automotive (Bodywork) France Rhne - Alpes (E- Bourg-en-Bresse Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
178 Plastics (Injection- France Rhne - Alpes (E- Oyannax Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Molding) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Lain, Frdric. "Agglomrations spcialises d'tablissements et systmes localiss de production: une approche
statistique.", Working document no. H001, Direction de la Diffusion et de l'Action Rgionale, Insee, France, 2001.
Principal results at www.datar.gouv.fr/Datar_Site/DATAR_SPLBIS.nsf/64a47503db30cd8dc1256591003bd380/
c437c1a76923d212c1256ae2003b1949/$FILE/ASET.pdf, last access April 9, 2002.

179 Textiles (Medical) France Rhne - Alpes (E- Saint-Etienne Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
180 Carpentry (Wood- France Rhne - Alpes (E- Loire Bougnoux, B., with M. Le Duc and B. Reverdy. Systmes Productifs Locaux. Annuaire Des Projets Slectionns Datar (France, Systmes
Frame Houses) France) Suite Aux Appels A Projets 1998 et 1999. DATAR: Delegation A L'amenagement Du Territoire Et A Productifs Locaux)
L'Amenagement Regional. Paris, January 2001. [Cluster Mention.]

Reverdy, Bernard and Michel Le Duc. Mission dtude des effets induits par lappel projets sur les systmes
productifs locaux lanc par la Datar. Volume 2 Etudes de cas. Delegation LAmenagement du Territoire et
lAction Regionale (Datar), Paris, March 1, 2001.
181 Automobiles, High Germany Baden- van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Performance Wrttemberg and Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.
Bavaria
van der Linde, Claas. The German High Performance Luxury Car Industry. Research Document prepared as part
of the Project on the Competitive Advantage of Nations, Not Published, May 15, 1990.
182 Banking Germany Hesse Frankfurt
183 Buttons Germany Bavaria Brnau Heindl, Niko. Brnauer knpfen sich viele vor. Knapp 20 der Knopffabriken liefern etwa 75 Prozent der deutschen
Produktion.
http://www.oberpfalznetz.de/zeitungsarchiv/2000_05_mai/00_05_25/ges/indu25knopf6.0000574791.html, last
accessed August 29, 2000.
184 Chemicals Germany Central Germany Primarily states of North- Enright, Michael J. The German Chemical Sector. Research Document prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's
Rhine Westphalia and Project on the Competitive Advantage of Nations, Harvard Business School, Draft, August 1987.
Hesse
185 Clocks Germany Baden- Black Forest
Wrttemberg
186 Cutlery Germany North-Rhine Solingen van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Westphalia Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.

van der Linde, Claas. The German Cutlery Industry. Research Document prepared as part of the Project on the
Competitive Advantage of Nations, Not Published, May 15, 1990.
187 Domestic Appliances Germany Primarily southern van der Linde, Claas. The German Domestic Appliance Industry. Research Document, Not Published, 1992.
half of country

188 Eggs Germany Lower Saxony Vechta


189 Fitted Kitchens Germany Lower Saxony Bielefeld / Osnabrck van der Linde, Claas. The German Domestic Appliance Industry. Research Document, Not Published, 1992.
190 Handtools Germany North-Rhine Remscheid
Westphalia
191 Jewelry Germany Baden- Pforzheim
Wrttemberg
192 Locksmith Wares Germany North-Rhine Velbert
Westphalia
193 Machine Tools Germany Baden- van der Linde, Claas. The German Machine Tool Industry. Research Document, Not Published, March 8, 1991.
Wrttemberg
194 Media Germany North-Rhine Cologne, Dsseldorf Informationsdienst der Gesellschaft fr Wirtschaftsfrderung Nordrhein-Westfalen. In-West. (Bi-Monthly Regional
Westphalia Development Promotional Magazine.) Numbers 4, 6/93, 2/95, 1/96, 3/96, 5/98. [Cluster Mention.]
195 Multimedia Germany Berlin Berlin Boston, William. Germany's New Cybercapital. Wall Street Journal Europe, p. 25, February 25, 2000 [Cluster
Mention.]
196 Musical Instruments Germany Saxony Markneukirchen
197 Optical Instruments Germany Hesse Wetzlar van der Linde, Claas. The German Optical Instrument Industry. Research Document prepared as part of the
Project on the Competitive Advantage of Nations, Not Published, May 15, 1990.
198 Packaging Machinery Germany Hesse Giessen Moig, Ivo: Rumliche Konzentration der Verpackungsmaschinenbau-Industrie in Westdeutschland. Eine Analyse
des Grndungsgeschehens. Wirtschaftsgeographie 17. Lit-Verlag, Mnster 2000.

Moig, Ivo. Rumliche Branchencluster und zwischenbetriebliche Vernetzungen. Das Beispiel der
Verpackungsmaschinenbau-Industrie in Deutschland. In: Gesellschaft fr Regionalforschung, Seminarbericht 42,
2000 (see http://www.uni-giessen.de/mossig/vortr.htm, last accessed September 7, 2000).

Moig, Ivo. Rumliche Konzentration der Verpackungsmaschinenbau-Industrie iMittelhessen. Eine Analyse des
Grndungsgeschehens. Geographisches Institut der Justus-Liebig-Universitt, Giessen, Juni 1998.
199 Packaging Machinery Germany Baden- Waiblingen Moig, Ivo: Rumliche Konzentration der Verpackungsmaschinenbau-Industrie in Westdeutschland. Eine Analyse
Wrttemberg des Grndungsgeschehens. Wirtschaftsgeographie 17. Lit-Verlag, Mnster 2000.

Moig, Ivo. Rumliche Branchencluster und zwischenbetriebliche Vernetzungen. Das Beispiel der
Verpackungsmaschinenbau-Industrie in Deutschland. In: Gesellschaft fr Regionalforschung, Seminarbericht 42,
2000 (see http://www.uni-giessen.de/mossig/vortr.htm, last accessed September 7, 2000).

Moig, Ivo. Rumliche Konzentration der Verpackungsmaschinenbau-Industrie im Lankreis Schwbisch-Hall. Eine


Analyse des Grndungsgeschehens. Geographisches Institut der Justus-Liebig-Universitt, Giessen, October
1998.
200 Paint Brushes Germany Bavaria Bechhofen

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 8
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
201 Pens and Pencils Germany Bavaria Nuremberg van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.

van der Linde, Claas. The German Pen and Pencil Industry. Research Document prepared as part of the Project
on the Competitive Advantage of Nations, Not Published, May 15, 1990.
202 Porcelain Germany Bavaria Selb
203 Printing Machinery Germany South and Middle van der Linde, Claas. The German Printing Machine Industry. Research Document prepared as part of the Project
on the Competitive Advantage of Nations, Not Published, Spring 1988.

Porter, Michael E. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York, 1990.


204 Footwear Germany Rheinland-Pfalz Pirmasens
205 Silk * Germany North-Rhine Krefeld
Westphalia
206 Small Firearms Germany Thuringia Suhl
(Hunting Rifles)
207 Straw Hats * Germany Bavaria Lindenberg
208 Surgical Instruments Germany Baden- Tuttlingen
Wrttemberg
209 Toys Germany Thuringia Sonneberg
210 Toys Germany Bavaria Nuremberg
211 Ventilators Germany Baden- Knzelsau Litz, Christian. "Komplizierte Familienverhltnisse." [The German Ventilator Cluster in Knzelsau.] In: McK Wissen
Wrttemberg 01: Cluster. McKinsey Company: Hamburg, 2002, p. 10-18. [Cluster Mention.]
212 Automotive: Vehicle Ghana Suame McCormick, Dorothy. African Enterprise Clusters and Industrialization: Theory and Reality. World Development,
Repair and Metal Work volume 27, no. 9, p. 1531-1551, 1999.
213 Air Cargo Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage
214 Civil Engineering Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage
215 Electronics Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage
216 Motion Pictures Hong Kong Hong Kong Stein, Peter and Bannon, Lisa. Action Films from Hong Kong knock out Hollywood. The Wall Street Journal, p. B1,
April 4, 1994. [Cluster Mention.]
217 Fund Management Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage
218 Apparel (Fashion) Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage

Aslett, Mark, James Kondo, Sandeep Pannu, Karen Park, Andres Rodriguez. New York Fashion:
Recommendations from a Global Cluster Analysis. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar
on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School, May 1997.
219 Sea Cargo Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage
220 Telecommunications Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage
Services
221 Tourism Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage
222 Trading Hong Kong Hong Kong Enright, Michael J., Edith E. Scott, David Dodwell. The Hong Kong Advantage. New York, 1997. Hong Kong Advantage
223 Watches Hong Kong Hong Kong Glasmeier, Amy K. Flexibility and Adjustment: The Hong Kong Watch Industry and Global Change. In: Growth and
Change, Volume 25, Issue 2, p. 224, Spring 1994.
224 Fruit Processing India Andhra Pradesh Chittoor niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

225 Refractory Products India Andhra Pradesh East Godavary niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

226 Agricultural Implements India Andhra Pradesh Gudivada niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

227 Automotive Parts India Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

228 Ceiling Fans India Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

229 Detergents India Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

230 Drugs India Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

231 Electronics India Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

232 Foundry Products India Andhra Pradesh Hyderabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

233 Toys (Wooden) India Andhra Pradesh Kondapalli niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

234 Granite Processing India Andhra Pradesh Kuppam District niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

235 Gold Plating India Andhra Pradesh Machilipatnam niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

236 Cashew Nuts India Andhra Pradesh Palasa niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

237 Apparel (Silk Saris) India Andhra Pradesh Pochampalli niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

238 Graphite Crucibles India Andhra Pradesh Rajhmundry niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

239 Leather Tanning India Andhra Pradesh Warangal niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

240 Refractory Products India Andhra Pradesh West Godavary niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

241 Auto Repair India Andhra Pradesh Vijayawada niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

242 Refractory Products India Bihar Dhanbad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

243 Refractory Products India Bihar Ranchi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

244 Pharmaceuticals India Delhi Delhi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

245 Automotive Parts India Delhi Okhala niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 9
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
246 Sanitary Fittings India Delhi Okhala, Delhi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

247 Dry Cells & Batteries India West Bengal Baranagar niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

248 Dyes India Gujarat Ahmadabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

249 Pharmaceuticals India Gujarat Ahmadabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

250 Steel Rerolling India Gujarat Bhavanagar niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

251 Brass Parts India Gujarat Jamnagar Rosenfeld, Stuart. Pathways to Growth, Networking in Less Developed Regions. In: Firm Connections Vol. 4, No 6,
p. 5, 10, Nov./Dec. 1996a. [Cluster Mention.]
252 Ceramic Tiles India Gujarat Morbi Das, K. Collective Dynamism and Firm Strategy: The Flooring Tile Cluster in Gujarat, India. Working Paper No.
76, Gujarat Institute of Development Research: Ahmedabad, 1996.
253 Wall Clocks India Gujarat Morbi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

254 Diesel Engines India Gujarat Rajkot Rosenfeld, Stuart. Pathways to Growth, Networking in Less Developed Regions. In: Firm Connections Vol. 4, No 6,
p. 5, 10, Nov./Dec. 1996a. [Cluster Mention.]
255 Ferrous Castings India Gujarat Rajkot niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

256 Diamonds India Gujarat Surat


257 Ceramics India Gujarat Thangadh niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

258 Scientific Instruments India Haryana Ambala niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

259 Plastics India Haryana Bhiwani niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

260 Domestic Utensils India Haryana Jagadhari (Yamunagar niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
district) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

261 Rice India Haryana Karnal, Kurushetra niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

262 Textiles (Bed Covers, India Haryana Panipat niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
etc.) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

263 Automotive Parts India Haryana Rohtak niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

264 Gum Making India Jammu - Kashmir Digiana, Ashok Nagar, niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Satwari Jammu Cantt. Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)
(around Jammu) &
Udhampur, Kathua and
Rajouri
265 Refractory Products India Jharkhand Hazaribagh niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

266 Computer Software and India Karnataka Bangalore Taylor, Paul. Software Exports at Record Level. Financial Times, Survey India: Information Technology, p. 1,
Hardware December 1, 1999.

Taylor, Paul. A Dynamic Sector of India's Economy. Financial Times, Survey India: Information Technology, p. 2,
December 1, 1999.

Price, Christopher. Initiative is Winning Enthusiastic Support. Financial Times, Survey India: Information
Technology, p. 3, December 1, 1999. [Cluster Mention.]

Merchant, Khozem. 'Garden City' is Feeling the Strain. India's Main Software Production Centre Needs Rapid
Investment. Financial Times, Survey India: Information Technology, p. 3, December 1, 1999. [Cluster Mention.]

Beauchamp, Christine, Danielle Bodor, Maya Capur, Elizabeth Kuo, Tarek Shoeb. Multimedia in Manhattan.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1997.

Nadvi, Khalid. Industrial Clusters and Networks: Case Studies of SME Growth and Innovation. UNIDO, Paper
commissioned by the Small and Medium Industries Branch, October 1995.
267 Cotton Seed Oil India Maharashtra Amravati niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

268 Textiles (Grey Cloth) India Maharashtra Bhiwandi Rosenfeld, Stuart. Pathways to Growth, Networking in Less Developed Regions. In: Firm Connections Vol. 4, No 6,
p. 5, 10, Nov./Dec. 1996a. [Cluster Mention.]
269 Rice Milling India Maharashtra Gondia niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

270 Diesel Engines India Maharashtra Kolhapur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

271 Motion Pictures India Maharashtra Mumbai (formerly called Moshavi, Sharon. Bollywood Breaks into the Big Time. Business Week, p. 122, 124, September 25, 1995. [Cluster
Bombay) Mention.]
272 Toys (Plastic) India Maharashtra Mumbai (formerly called niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Bombay) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

273 Basic Drugs India Maharashtra Mumbai (formerly called niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Bombay), Thane-Belapur Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)
industrial belt
274 Foundry Engineering India Maharashtra Nagpur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

275 Handtools India Maharashtra Nagpur (Raj.) niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

276 Cashew Nuts India Maharashtra Sindhudurg niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

277 Foundry Products, India Punjab Batala niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Castings Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

278 Machine Tools India Punjab Batala niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

279 Apparel (Woolen India Punjab Ludhiana Tewari, Meenu. Succesful Adjustment in Indian Industry: the Case of Ludhiana's Woolen Knitwear Cluster, World
Knitwear) Development, Volume 27, No. 9, p. 1651-1671, 1999.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 10
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
280 Bicycles India Punjab Ludhiana niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

281 Machine Tools India Punjab Ludhiana niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

282 Foundry Products India Rajasthan Jaipur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

283 Textile Printing India Rajasthan Jaipur (Bagru, Sanganer) Russo, Fabio. Strengthening Indian SME Clusters: Unido's Experience. Case Study, Project US/GLO/95/144. No
place, July 1999.

Clara, Michele with Fabio Russo, Mukesh Gulati. Cluster Development and BDS Promotion: UNIDO's Experience
in India. Paper presented at the International Conference in Hanoi, Vietnam, April 3-6, 2000.
284 Transformers, etc. India Rajasthan Jaipur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

285 Textiles (Powerloom) India Tamil Nadu Ambedkar Nagar niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
(Thanda) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

286 Electric Motors, Pumps India Tamil Nadu Coimbatore niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

287 Machine Tools India Tamil Nadu Coimbatore niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

288 Safety Matches India Tamil Nadu Kovilpatti niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

289 Leather Tanning India Tamil Nadu Palar Valley (Vellore Kennedy, Loraine. Cooperating for Survival: Tannery Pollution and Joint Action in the Palar Valley (India). World
District) Development, volume 27, no. 9, p. 1673-1691, 1999.
290 Hardware India Tamil Nadu Paramakudi (Ramnad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
district) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

291 Textiles (Gauge Cloth) India Tamil Nadu Rajapalayam niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

292 Apparel India Tamil Nadu Salem niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

293 Starch & Sage India Tamil Nadu Salem niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

294 Printing India Tamil Nadu Sivakasi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

295 Safety Matches, Fire India Tamil Nadu Sivakasi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Works Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

296 Apparel (Knitwear) India Tamil Nadu Tiruppur Cawthorne, Pamela. Of Networks and Markets: The Rise and Rise of a South Indian Town, The Example of
Tiruppur's Cotton Knitwear Industry. World Development, Volume 23, Number 1, p. 43-56, 1995.

Nadvi, Khalid. Industrial Clusters and Networks: Case Studies of SME Growth and Innovation. UNIDO, Paper
commissioned by the Small and Medium Industries Branch, October 1995.
297 Footwear (Leather) India Uttar Pradesh Agra Knorringa, Peter. Agra: An Old Cluster Facing the New Competition. World Development, Volume 27, Number 9,
p. 1627-1650, 1999.
298 Foundry Products, India Uttar Pradesh Agra niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Castings Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

299 Lockwares India Uttar Pradesh Aligarh niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

300 Apparel (Silk Saris) India Uttar Pradesh Bhadohi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

301 Carpets India Uttar Pradesh Bhadohi (Mirzapur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
district) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

302 Potteries India Uttar Pradesh Bhadohi (Mirzapur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
district) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

303 Carpets India Uttar Pradesh Chunnar (Mirzapur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
district) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

304 Potteries India Uttar Pradesh Chunnar (Mirzapur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
district) Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

305 Glass Products India Uttar Pradesh Firozabad niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

306 Textiles (Handloom) India Uttar Pradesh Gorakhpur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

307 Leather India Uttar Pradesh Kanpur Rosenfeld, Stuart. Pathways to Growth, Networking in Less Developed Regions. In: Firm Connections Vol. 4, No 6,
p. 5, 10, Nov./Dec. 1996a. [Cluster Mention.]
308 Plastic Goods India Uttar Pradesh Khalilabad (Basti district) niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

309 Ceramic Products India Uttar Pradesh Khurja niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

310 Apparel (Silk Saris) India Uttar Pradesh Mau niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

311 Leather India Uttar Pradesh Mau Aima (Allahabad) niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

312 Voltage Stabilizers, India Uttar Pradesh Mau Aima (Allahabad) niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Transformers Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

313 Sports Goods India Uttar Pradesh Meerut niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

314 Survey Instruments India Uttar Pradesh Roorkee niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

315 Black Beads India Uttar Pradesh Varanasi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 11
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
316 Electric Fans India Uttar Pradesh Varanasi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

317 Pumps India Uttar Pradesh Varanasi niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

318 Dry Cells & Batteries India West Bengal Calcutta niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

319 Transformers, etc. India West Bengal Calcutta niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

320 Jewelry India West Bengal Domjur T & TT Makardah niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
jagat Bavvavpur (Blocks Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)
of Howrah District)
321 Refractory Products India West Bengal Durgapur (Asansol) niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

322 Dry Cells & Batteries India West Bengal Howrah niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

323 Dry Cells & Batteries India West Bengal Howrah niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

324 Foundry Products India West Bengal Howrah Industrial Belt niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

325 Steel Rerolling India West Bengal Howrah Industrial Belt niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

326 Dry Cells & Batteries India West Bengal Midnapur niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

327 Dry Cells & Batteries India West Bengal Siliguri niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

328 Leather India West Bengal Tangra, Topsia, Tiljola niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

329 Scales India Savarkandla niesiet (National Institute of Small Industry Extension Training). List of Industrial Clusters in India (not exhaustive).
Hyderabad, India: nisiet, June 27, 2001. (http://www.nisiet.com/reports.asp, last accessed September 25, 2001)

330 Medical Devices Ireland Olmsted Teisberg, Elizabeth, with the assistance of Yiannis Monovoukas and Scott Wilkin, in collaboration with
Michael E. Porter, Jeffrey Grogan, and executives in 31 Massachusetts medical device firms. Building on Strength:
Upgrading the Medical Device Cluster in Massachusetts. Governor's Council on Economic Growth and
Technology, March 1995.
331 Software Ireland Dublin O Riain, Sean. An Offshore Silicon Valley? The Emerging Irish Software Industry. In: Competition & Change, Vol.
2, p. 175-212, Amsterdam, 1997.
332 Chemicals Israel Haifa Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. Israel: The Chemicals Cluster. Presentation slides, no place, 1997? CAME (Competitive Advantage
of the Middle East Project)
333 Tourism (Medical * Israel Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. Israel Medical Tourism: A New Approach to Our National Tourism CAME (Competitive Advantage
Tourism) Strategy. Presentation slides, no place, 1998? of the Middle East Project)
334 Multimedia * Israel Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. Israel Hi-Tech: Focus on the Multimedia Industry. Presentation CAME (Competitive Advantage
slides, no place, 1998? of the Middle East Project)
335 Plastics, Agro-Plastics Israel Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. Israel: The Plastics Cluster. Presentation slides, no place, 1998? CAME (Competitive Advantage
of the Middle East Project)
336 Apparel Israel Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. Israel: Upgrading the Textile and Apparel Cluster for a New Era of CAME (Competitive Advantage
Competition. Presentation slides, no place, 1998? of the Middle East Project)
337 Tourism Israel Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. Israel: The Tourism Cluster. Presentation slides, no place, 1998? CAME (Competitive Advantage
of the Middle East Project)
338 Biomedicals Italy Emilia Romagna Mirandola Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
(Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
339 Buttons Italy Lombardy (North Grumello - Palazzolo Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
340 Canned Food Italy Campania S. Antonio Nocera Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
341 Carpentry Italy Lombardy (North Basso Mantovano Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
342 Ceramic Products Italy Faenza Conejos, Jordi et al. Strategic Change and Clusters in Catalonia. Generalitat de Catalunya Departament
d'Industria, Comerc I Turisme, Direccio General d'Industria. No place, no date. [Cluster Mention.]
343 Ceramic Products Italy Nove Conejos, Jordi et al. Strategic Change and Clusters in Catalonia. Generalitat de Catalunya Departament
d'Industria, Comerc I Turisme, Direccio General d'Industria. No place, no date. [Cluster Mention.]
344 Ceramic Tiles Italy Emilia Romagna Sassuolo - Casalgrande Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
(Center-North (MO-RE) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
Italy)
Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Italian Institute for Foreign Trade. Spotlighting Italy: Focus on Clusters. The Economist, February 5, 2000,
promotional supplement. [Cluster Mention.]

Rosenfeld, Stuart. Bringing Business Clusters into the Mainstream of Economic Development. European Planning
Studies, Volume 5, Number 1, p. 3-23, 1997.

Porter, Michael E. The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York, 1990.


345 Ceramic Tiles Italy Lazio (Center- Civitacastellana (VT) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
South Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
346 Ceramic Tiles Italy Veneto (North Marostica (VI) - Bassano Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Italy) del Grappa Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
347 Cutlery Italy Friuli (North Italy) Maniago van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
348 Cutlery Italy Lombardy (North Premana van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Italy) Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 12
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
349 Dividers Italy Lombardy (North Palosco Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
350 Dolls Italy Friuli (North Italy) San Daniele Del Friuli Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
351 Electronics Italy Friuli (North Italy) San Daniele Del Friuli Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
352 Factory Automation Italy Northern Italy Turin-Milan-Modena van der Linde, Claas. Note on the Italian Factory Automation Industry. Research Document, Not Published, 1992.

353 Food Italy Emilia Romagna Parma Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
(Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
354 Food: Prosciutto Italy Friuli (North Italy) San Daniele Del Friuli Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
355 Footwear Italy van der Linde, Claas. The Italian Footwear Industry. Research Document, Not Published, August 21, 1992.
356 Footwear Italy Emilia Romagna Fusignano Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
(Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
357 Footwear Italy Emilia Romagna San Mauro Pascoli Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
(Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
358 Footwear Italy Marche (Center- Ascoli Piceno Ma. Rabellotti, Roberta. Is There an "Industrial District Model"? Footwear Districts in Italy and Mexico Compared.
North Italy) World Development, volume 23, no. 1, p. 29-41, 1995.

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
359 Footwear (Leather) Italy Apulia (Center- Casarano (LE) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
South Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
360 Footwear (Leather) Italy Lombardy (North Vigevano (PV) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
361 Footwear (Leather) Italy Marche (Center- Sant'Elpidio Rabellotti, Roberta. Is There an "Industrial District Model"? Footwear Districts in Italy and Mexico Compared.
North Italy) World Development, volume 23, no. 1, p. 29-41, 1995.

Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
362 Footwear (Recreational) Italy Veneto (North Montebelluna (TV) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Mitchell, Chris. Identifying and Stimulating Clusters. A Local Initiative with National Import. In: Firm Connections,
vol. 5, no. 5, p. 11-12, Sept./Oct. 1997. [Cluster Mention.]

Italian Institute for Foreign Trade. Spotlighting Italy: Focus on Clusters. The Economist, February 5, 2000,
promotional supplement. [Cluster Mention.]
363 Footwear (Synthetic) Italy Apulia (Center- Barletta (BA) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
South Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
364 Footwear (Synthetic) Italy Marche (Center- Civitanova (MC) Rabellotti, Roberta. Is There an "Industrial District Model"? Footwear Districts in Italy and Mexico Compared.
North Italy) World Development, volume 23, no. 1, p. 29-41, 1995.

Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
365 Furniture Italy Friuli-Venezia Alto Livenza Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Giulia (North Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
366 Furniture Italy Lombardy (North Cantu, Brianza Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
367 Furniture, Upholstered Italy Emilia Romagna Forli Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
(Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
368 Furniture, Wood Italy Marche (Center- Pesaro (PS) Rabellotti, Roberta. Is There an "Industrial District Model"? Footwear Districts in Italy and Mexico Compared.
North Italy) World Development, volume 23, no. 1, p. 29-41, 1995.

Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
369 Furniture, Wood Italy Veneto (North Bassano del Grappa (VI) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
370 Furniture, Wood (For Italy Basilicata (Center- Matera (MT), Santeramo Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Living Rooms) South Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Italian Institute for Foreign Trade. Spotlighting Italy: Focus on Clusters. The Economist, February 5, 2000,
promotional supplement. [Cluster Mention.]
371 Furniture: Chairs and Italy Friuli (North Italy) Manzano Englisch, Andreas. Das Geheimnis der Stuhlspezialisten. Wie ein Dorf in Norditalien zum grten
Tables Stuhlspezialisten der Welt aufstieg. Welt am Sonntag, April 15, 2001.

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Ffowcs-Williams, Ifor. Stimulating Local Clusters. Paper prepared for The World Bank Workshop for Practitioners
in Cluster Formation, Chihuahua, Mexico, 17-20 November, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
372 Jewelry Italy Vicenza Anon. Single market, single-minded. The Economist Business, p. 66, May 4, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]

Italian Institute for Foreign Trade. Spotlighting Italy: Focus on Clusters. The Economist, February 5, 2000,
promotional supplement. [Cluster Mention.]
373 Machine Tools Italy Emilia Romagna Piacenza Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
(Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Dunn, Gregory. Why is Italy such a Powerhouse in the Machine Tool Industry? Unpublished (?) Report, Embassy
of the United States, Rome, Italy, April 1993

Dunn, Gregory. Italy's Machine Tool Industry Struggles in the Current Worldwide Slump. Unpublished (?) Report,
Embassy of the United States, Rome, Italy, April 1993
374 Machinery Italy Abruzzo (Center- Sant'Egidio Val Vibrata Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
South Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 13
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
375 Agricultural Machinery Italy Emilia Romagna Modena Reggio Emilia Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
(Center-North Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
Italy)
Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
376 Agricultural Machinery Italy Lombardy (North Suzzara (MN) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
377 Packaging Machinery Italy Emilia Romagna Bologna Rosenfeld, Stuart. Bringing Business Clusters into the Mainstream of Economic Development. European Planning
(Center-North Studies, Volume 5, Number 1, p. 3-23, 1997.
Italy)
378 Machinery, Italy Emilia Romagna Rimini Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Woodworking (Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
379 Metal Products Italy Lombardy (North Treviglio Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
380 Metal Products Italy Lombardy (North Lecco Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
381 Metallurgy Italy Lombardy (North Cammuno Sebino Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
382 Motorcycles Italy Emilia Romagna Bologna Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
(Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
383 Musical Instruments Italy Marche (Center- Castelfidardo Steffen, Christine. Auf dem Weg zur Knigin. In den italienischen Marche den Klngen des Akkordeons auf der
North Italy) Spur. Neue Zrcher Zeitung, no. 34, p. 77, February 10/11, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
384 Rubber Gaskets Italy Lombardy (North Sebino Bergamasco Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
385 Scales and Cold Meat Italy Emilia Romagna Santo Stefano Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Cutting Machines (Center-North including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
Italy) January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
386 Silk Italy Lombardy (North Como Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Italian Institute for Foreign Trade. Spotlighting Italy: Focus on Clusters. The Economist, February 5, 2000,
promotional supplement. [Cluster Mention.]
387 Silverware Italy Lombardy (North Lumezzane Val T. Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Mueller, Tom. A Town where Cooperation is King. Business Week, p. 155, December 15, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]

388 Spectacle Frames Italy Veneto (North Belluno Italian Institute for Foreign Trade. Spotlighting Italy: Focus on Clusters. The Economist, February 5, 2000,
Italy) promotional supplement. [Cluster Mention.]
389 Slate Italy Liguria (North Val Fontana Buona Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
390 Tanning, Bovine Italy Veneto (North Arzignano (VI) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Leather Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
391 Tanning, Bovine Skin Italy Tuscany (Center- Santa Croce (PI) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
and Leather North Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
392 Tanning, Goat-Ovine Italy Campania (Center- Solofra (AV) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Leather South Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

393 Apparel/ Textiles Italy Lazio (Center- Sora Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
South Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
394 Apparel/ Textiles Italy Lazio (Center- Sora Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
South Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
395 Apparel/ Textiles Italy Piedmont (North Cossato (BI) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
396 Apparel/ Textiles Italy Tuscany (Center- Prato (FI) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
(Woolen) North Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Enright, Michael J. Organization and Coordination in Geographically Concentrated Industries. In: D. Raff and N.
Lamoreux (eds.). Coordination and Information: Historical Perspectives on the Organization of Enterprise, p. 103-
142. Chicago, 1995. [Cluster Mention.]

Italian Institute for Foreign Trade. Spotlighting Italy: Focus on Clusters. The Economist, February 5, 2000,
promotional supplement. [Cluster Mention.]
397 Apparel/ Textiles Italy Northern Italy Biella Tagliabue, John. Where Small is Beautiful: For Italy's Family-Owned Weavers, Life is Good. New York Times,
(Woolen) sec. 1, p. 35, February 3, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
398 Apparel Italy Abruzzo (Center- Giulianova (TE) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
South Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
399 Apparel Italy Abruzzo (Center- Sant'Egidio Val Vibrata Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
South Italy) (TE) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
400 Apparel/ Textiles Italy Lombardy (North Ostiglia (MN) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
Italy) Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
401 Apparel/ Textiles Italy Lombardy (North Asse Sempione Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
402 Apparel/ Textiles Italy Lombardy (North Bassa Bresciana Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
403 Apparel (Hosiery) Italy Lombardy (North Castel Goffredo Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Rosenfeld, Stuart A. with Pat Dusenbury and Steven Ross. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Business
Clusters, Inter-firm Cooperation, and Growth in Rural North Carolina: A Report to the North Carolina Rural
Economic Development Center. Chapel Hill, NC, no year.

Rosenfeld, Stuart. Bringing Business Clusters into the Mainstream of Economic Development. European Planning
Studies, Volume 5, Number 1, p. 3-23, 1997.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 14
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
404 Apparel (Knitwear) Italy Emilia Romagna Carpi (MO) Paniccia, Ivana. One, a Hundred, Thousands of Industrial Districts. Organizational Variety in Local Networks of
(Center-North Small and Medium-sized Enterprises. In: Organization Studies, 19/4, p. 667-699, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
Italy)
Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Rosenfeld, Stuart. Bringing Business Clusters into the Mainstream of Economic Development. European Planning
Studies, Volume 5, Number 1, p. 3-23, 1997.
405 Apparel (Knitwear) Italy Lombardy (North Lomellina Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
406 Apparel (Knitwear) Italy Lombardy (North Mantovan. Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
407 Water Taps and Valves Italy Lombardy (North Lumezzane Val T. Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]

Mueller, Tom. A Town where Cooperation is King. Business Week, p. 155, December 15, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]

408 Water Taps Italy Piedmont (North Novara-Valsesia Italian Institute for Foreign Trade. Spotlighting Italy: Focus on Clusters. The Economist, February 5, 2000,
Italy) promotional supplement. [Cluster Mention.]
409 Woodworking Italy Lombardy (North Casalasco Viadane Club dei Distretti Industriali. I Distretti. Unpublished table giving overview data over 84 Italian industrial districts,
Italy) including location, industry, employment, number of establishments, production and exports. No place (Prato?),
January 19, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
410 Carbon Fiber Japan Enright, Michael J. The Carbon Fiber Industry. Research Document prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Project
on the Competitive Advantage of Nations, Harvard Business School, March 1987.
411 Cutlery Japan Gife Prefecture Seki van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.
412 Fax Machines Japan Enright, Michael J. The Japanese Facsimile Industry in 1990. Harvard Business School Case Study N9-391-209,
May 2, 1991.
413 Textiles (Synthetic) Japan Fukui, Ishikawa Rosenfeld, Stuart. Industrial-Strength Strategies, Regional Business Clusters and Public Policy, The Aspen
and Toyama Institute Rural Economic Policy Program, 1995.
414 Cosmetics Jordan Dead Sea vicinity Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: Dead Sea Cosmetics Cluster. CAME (Competitive Advantage
Presentation slides, no place, 1997? of the Middle East Project)
415 Pharmaceuticals * Jordan Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: The Pharmaceuticals Cluster. CAME (Competitive Advantage
Presentation slides, no place, 1997? of the Middle East Project)
416 Apparel (Garments) * Jordan Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: The Garments Cluster. CAME (Competitive Advantage
Presentation slides, no place, 1997? of the Middle East Project)
417 Tourism Jordan Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: The Tourism Cluster. CAME (Competitive Advantage
Presentation slides, no place, 1997? of the Middle East Project)
418 Automotive: Vehicle Kenya Ziwani McCormick, Dorothy. African Enterprise Clusters and Industrialization: Theory and Reality. World Development,
Repair and Parts volume 27, no. 9, p. 1531-1551, 1999.
419 Metal Products Kenya Kamakunji McCormick, Dorothy. African Enterprise Clusters and Industrialization: Theory and Reality. World Development,
volume 27, no. 9, p. 1531-1551, 1999.
420 Apparel (Garments) Kenya Nairobi (Eastlands) McCormick, Dorothy. African Enterprise Clusters and Industrialization: Theory and Reality. World Development,
volume 27, no. 9, p. 1531-1551, 1999.
421 Fish Kenya Lake Victoria Kisumu and Uhanya McCormick, Dorothy. African Enterprise Clusters and Industrialization: Theory and Reality. World Development,
Beach volume 27, no. 9, p. 1531-1551, 1999.
422 Banking Lebanon Beirut Bryson, Rebecca, Alexandre Rattle, Christina Schrade, Geoffrey Verter, Stefan Wisbauer. Lebanon Awakening.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1998.
423 Media Lebanon Bryson, Rebecca, Alexandre Rattle, Christina Schrade, Geoffrey Verter, Stefan Wisbauer. Lebanon Awakening.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1998.
424 Tourism Lebanon Bryson, Rebecca, Alexandre Rattle, Christina Schrade, Geoffrey Verter, Stefan Wisbauer. Lebanon Awakening.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1998.
425 Electronics Malaysia Penang Anon. Wo der Pentium tickt und der Export boomt. Penang - Malaysias Silicon Valley. Neue Zrcher Zeitung,
November 9, 2000, p. 25.
426 Multimedia * Malaysia South of Kuala Putrajaya Chowdhury, Jayadev. Asea Nations: Asia's Next Frontier. Chemical Engineering, Vol. 104, No. 20; Pg. 80 A-12, IMP2 (Second Industrial Master
Lumpur (290sq October, 1997. [Cluster Mention.] Plan)
mile section)
Beauchamp, Christine, Danielle Bodor, Maya Capur, Elizabeth Kuo, Tarek Shoeb. Multimedia in Manhattan.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1997.
427 Automobiles Mexico Hodgetts, Richard. Porter's Diamond framework in a Mexican Context. Management International Review. Vol. 33,
No.2, 1993. [Cluster Mention.]
428 Automotive Parts Mexico Chihuahua Southern Chihuahua Ramos-Vaca. Chihuahua Siglo XXI. Presentation Slides for World Bank Competitiveness Seminar, Washington, Chihuahua Siglo XXI
D.C., September 30, 1996.

Kelleher, John. Industry Clusters in Chihuahua. Internal Memorandum to Michael E. Porter, July 31, 1997.
429 Carved Animals, Clay Mexico Oaxaca Rosenfeld, Stuart. Pathways to Growth, Networking in Less Developed Regions. In: Firm Connections Vol. 4, No 6,
Pots, Rugs p. 5, 10, Nov./Dec. 1996a. [Cluster Mention.]
430 Footwear (Shoes) Mexico Mexico State Rabellotti, Roberta and Hubert Schmitz. The Internal Heterogeneity of Industrial Districts in Italy, Brazil and
Mexico. Regional Studies, volume 33, no. 2, p. 97-108, 1999.
431 Footwear (Men's Shoes) Mexico Leon Rabellotti, Roberta and Hubert Schmitz. The Internal Heterogeneity of Industrial Districts in Italy, Brazil and
Mexico. Regional Studies, volume 33, no. 2, p. 97-108, 1999.

Rabellotti, Roberta. Is There an "Industrial District Model"? Footwear Districts in Italy and Mexico Compared.
World Development, volume 23, no. 1, p. 29-41, 1995.
432 Footwear (Women's Mexico Jalisco Guadalajara Rabellotti, Roberta and Hubert Schmitz. The Internal Heterogeneity of Industrial Districts in Italy, Brazil and
Shoes) Mexico. Regional Studies, volume 33, no. 2, p. 97-108, 1999.

Rabellotti, Roberta. Recovery of a Mexican Cluster: Devaluation Bonanza or Collective Efficiency? World
Development, volume 27, no. 9, p. 1571-1585, 1999.

Rabellotti, Roberta. Is There an "Industrial District Model"? Footwear Districts in Italy and Mexico Compared.
World Development, volume 23, no. 1, p. 29-41, 1995.

Nadvi, Khalid. Industrial Clusters and Networks: Case Studies of SME Growth and Innovation. UNIDO, Paper
commissioned by the Small and Medium Industries Branch, October 1995.
433 Furniture * Mexico Chihuahua Central Chihuahua Ramos-Vaca. Chihuahua Siglo XXI. Presentation Slides for World Bank Competitiveness Seminar, Washington, Chihuahua Siglo XXI
D.C., September 30, 1996.

Kelleher, John. Industry Clusters in Chihuahua. Internal Memorandum to Michael E. Porter, July 31, 1997.
434 Petroleum Mexico Hodgetts, Richard. Porter's Diamond framework in a Mexican Context. Management International Review. Vol. 33,
No.2, 1993.
435 Electronics, Information * Morocco DRI/McGraw-Hill and FOCS. Le Maroc Comptitif: A Cluster Development Initiative in Morocco. Washington, DC, Le Maroc Comptitif
Technology September 1996.

DRI/McGraw-Hill, FOCS and Crargie Maroc. Le Maroc Comptitif: Plan d'Action Stratgique. No place,
November 1996.
436 Sea Products * Morocco DRI/McGraw-Hill and FOCS. Le Maroc Comptitif: A Cluster Development Initiative in Morocco. Washington, DC, Le Maroc Comptitif
September 1996.

DRI/McGraw-Hill, FOCS and Crargie Maroc. Le Maroc Comptitif: Plan d'Action Stratgique. No place,
November 1996.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 15
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
437 Apparel * Morocco DRI/McGraw-Hill and FOCS. Le Maroc Comptitif: A Cluster Development Initiative in Morocco. Washington, DC, Le Maroc Comptitif
September 1996.

DRI/McGraw-Hill, FOCS and Crargie Maroc. Le Maroc Comptitif: Plan d'Action Stratgique. No place,
November 1996.

Leymarie, Serge and Jean Tripier. Maroc: Le Prochain Dragon? Paris, 1993.
438 Tourism * Morocco DRI/McGraw-Hill and FOCS. Le Maroc Comptitif: A Cluster Development Initiative in Morocco. Washington, DC, Le Maroc Comptitif
September 1996.

DRI/McGraw-Hill, FOCS and Crargie Maroc. Le Maroc Comptitif: Plan d'Action Stratgique. No place,
November 1996.
439 Textiles (Wool-Dying) Morocco Marrakech Le Maroc Comptitif
440 Carpets (Hand-Made) Nepal Kathmandu Valley Kathmandu Sitaula, Raju. [Nepal Carpet Industry.] http://www.panasia.org.sg/nepalnet/economics/carpets.htm. Last accessed
November 23, 2000.
441 Cut Flowers Netherlands Monitor Company. Presentation Slide on the Dutch Flower Industry, Confidential Document? Based on: Rabobank,
Flower Council of Holland. Cambridge, MA, 1995.

Zegveld, Walter. Creating Competitive Clusters: The Dutch Cut-Flower Case. Internal Presentation Slides, Rijswijk,
Netherlands, October 17, 1996.
442 Dairy Products Netherlands Kamann, D. J. F. and D. Strijker. The Dutch Dairy Sector in a European Perspective. In: Beije, P. R., and H. O.
Nuys (eds.). The Dutch Diamond? Leuven/Apeldoorn, 1995.
443 Dredging Netherlands Sliedrecht Kuijper, J. and S. R. Maltha. Industry Competitive Analysis in the Netherlands. A Practitioner's View. In: Beije, P.
R., and H. O. Nuys (eds.). The Dutch Diamond? Leuven/Apeldoorn, 1995.

Jacobs, Dany, Imke Limpens, Joost Kuijper, Bart van de Ven. De economische kracht van de baggerindustrie.
Clusterstudie met behulp van de 'methode Porter', Apeldoorn: TNO-rapport STB/93/17, 1993.
444 Petro-Chemicals Netherlands Rotterdam Smit, R.M. Rotterdam seen through Porter-coloured Glasses. In: van den Bosch, F.A.J. and A.P. de Man (eds.).
Perspectives on Strategy: Contributions of Michael E. Porter. Dordrech, 1997.
445 Software Netherlands O Riain, Sean. An Offshore Silicon Valley? The Emerging Irish Software Industry. In: Competition & Change, Vol.
2, p. 175-212, Amsterdam, 1997.
446 Maritime Transport Netherlands Rotterdam Smit, R.M. Rotterdam seen through Porter-coloured Glasses. In: van den Bosch, F.A.J. and A.P. de Man (eds.).
Perspectives on Strategy: Contributions of Michael E. Porter. Dordrech, 1997.
447 Agricultural Technology New Zealand Waikato Mitchell, Chris. Identifying and Stimulating Clusters. A Local Initiative with National Import. In: Firm Connections,
vol. 5, no. 5, p. 11-12, Sept./Oct. 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
448 Dairy Products New Zealand Porter, Michael E., Graham T. Crocombe, Michael J. Enright. Upgrading New Zealand's Competitive Advantage. Upgrading New Zealand's
Auckland, 1991. Competitive Advantage
449 Deep Sea Products New Zealand Nelson Mitchell, Chris. Identifying and Stimulating Clusters. A Local Initiative with National Import. In: Firm Connections,
vol. 5, no. 5, p. 11-12, Sept./Oct. 1997. [Cluster Mention.]

Matheson, Donald. Deep Sea Clusters. NZ Education Review, p. 9-10, March 5, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
450 Electric Fences New Zealand Porter, Michael E., Graham T. Crocombe, Michael J. Enright. Upgrading New Zealand's Competitive Advantage. Upgrading New Zealand's
Auckland, 1991. Competitive Advantage
451 Electronic Engineering New Zealand Christchurch Mitchell, Chris. Identifying and Stimulating Clusters. A Local Initiative with National Import. In: Firm Connections,
vol. 5, no. 5, p. 11-12, Sept./Oct. 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
452 Motion Pictures * New Zealand Wellington Ffowcs-Williams, Ifor. Local Clusters and Local Export Growth. New Zealand Strategic Management, Summer, Film-Friendly Wellington
1997. [Cluster Mention.]
453 Forest Products * New Zealand Porter, Michael E., Graham T. Crocombe, Michael J. Enright. Upgrading New Zealand's Competitive Advantage. Upgrading New Zealand's
Auckland, 1991. Competitive Advantage
454 Thoroughbred Horse New Zealand Cambridge, Matamata Akoorie, Michle E. M. Research on Business Clustering and Networking in New Zealand. Current Status and
Breeding Future Directions. University of Waikato, April 1998, revised October 1998.
455 Software New Zealand Porter, Michael E., Graham T. Crocombe, Michael J. Enright. Upgrading New Zealand's Competitive Advantage. Upgrading New Zealand's
Auckland, 1991. Competitive Advantage
456 Yachting and Marine New Zealand Auckland Porter, Michael E., Graham T. Crocombe, Michael J. Enright. Upgrading New Zealand's Competitive Advantage.
Technology Auckland, 1991.
457 Maritime Shipping Norway South-West Coast Idea and Resource Group (maritime industry executives brought together by the Norwegian Ministry of Trade to
upgrade the Norwegian maritime cluster). The Norwegian Maritime Cluster. Internal? Presentation Slides, no
place, September 95.

Ullring, Sven. Challenges in International Shipping. Presentation held at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, January 25, 1995.
458 Surgical Instruments Pakistan Sialkot Nadvi, Khalid. Collective Efficiency and Collective Failure: The Response of the Sialkot Surgical Instrument Cluster
to Global Quality Pressures. World Development, volume 27, no. 9, p. 1605-1626, 1999.

Schmitz, Hubert. From Ascribed to Earned Trust in Exporting Clusters. Journal of International Economics. Vol.
48, p. 139-150, 1999. [Cluster Mention.]
459 Cut Flowers * Palestinian Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Cut Flower Cluster. Presentation CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority slides, no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
460 Processed Food Palestinian Gaza, Nablus, Ramallah, Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Food Processing Cluster. Presentation CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority Hebron slides, no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
461 Olive Oil * Palestinian Northern Districts Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Olive Oil Cluster. Presentation slides, CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
462 Pharmaceuticals * Palestinian Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Pharmaceuticals Cluster. Presentation CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority slides, no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
463 Plastics * Palestinian Gaza City Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Plastics Cluster. Presentation slides, CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
464 Stone Cutting * Palestinian Bethlehem, Hebron, Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Stone Cutting Cluster. Presentation CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority Nablus, slides, no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
465 Apparel/ Textiles Palestinian Gaza Strip, Nablus Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Textile and Apparel Cluster. CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority Presentation slides, no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
466 Apparel (Garments) Palestinian Gaza Strip, Nablus Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Garments Cluster. Presentation CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority slides, no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
467 Tourism Palestinian Center for Middle East Competitive Strategy. The Palestinian Authority: The Tourism Cluster. Presentation slides, CAME (Competitive Advantage
Authority no place, 1997. of the Middle East Project)
468 Cold Storage Facilities * Philippines Anon. Investors urged to locate in Weak Areas to hike RP's Competitiveness. Business Times (Malaysia), p. 24, NA (Philippines)
November 29, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
469 Engineering Designs * Philippines Anon. Investors urged to locate in Weak Areas to hike RP's Competitiveness. Business Times (Malaysia), p. 24, NA (Philippines)
November 29, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
470 Fruit Packaging * Philippines Anon. Investors urged to locate in Weak Areas to hike RP's Competitiveness. Business Times (Malaysia), p. 24, NA (Philippines)
November 29, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
471 Industrial Tree * Philippines Anon. Investors urged to locate in Weak Areas to hike RP's Competitiveness. Business Times (Malaysia), p. 24, NA (Philippines)
Plantation November 29, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
472 Metal Fabrication * Philippines Anon. Investors urged to locate in Weak Areas to hike RP's Competitiveness. Business Times (Malaysia), p. 24, NA (Philippines)
November 29, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
473 Nuts and Bolts * Philippines Anon. Investors urged to locate in Weak Areas to hike RP's Competitiveness. Business Times (Malaysia), p. 24, NA (Philippines)
November 29, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
474 Carpets Poland Lodz Vanhaverbeke, W. The Tufted Carpets Industry in Belgium. Case, IESE-Barcelona (1992), In: Praktijkvoorbeelden
Van Strategisch Management, Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, Maastricht 1993
475 Cork Portugal Sante Maria da Feira, Porter, Michael E. (Confidential?) Presentation Slide on the Portuguese Cork Industry. CAON Presentation, March
Sotubal 15, 1995.

Anon. Single market, single-minded. The Economist Business, p. 66, May 4, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
476 Dairy Products Portugal NW Portugal Entre Douro e Minho Monitor Company. The Competitiveness of Portugal: Building Self-Confidence. Cambridge, MA, 1994.
477 Footwear (Casual, Portugal Coastal region Felgueiras, Oporto, Leiria Monitor Company. The Competitiveness of Portugal: Building Self-Confidence. Cambridge, MA, 1994.
Dress, Safety) around Oporto
478 Apparel/ Textiles Portugal Covilh
(Woolen)
479 Petrochemicals Singapore Jurong Island Chowdhury, Jayadev. Asea Nations: Asia's Next Frontier. Chemical Engineering, Vol. 104, No. 20; Pg. 80 A-12, NA (Singapore;
October, 1997. [Cluster Mention.] Petrochemicals)
480 Semiconductors Singapore Chowdhury, Jayadev. Asea Nations: Asia's Next Frontier. Chemical Engineering, Vol. 104, No. 20; Pg. 80 A-12, NA (Singapore;
October, 1997. [Cluster Mention.] Semiconductors)

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 16
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No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
481 Hard Disk Drives Singapore McKendrick, David. Dispersed Concentration: Industry Location and Globalization in Hard Disk Drives. Report 98-
(Assembly) 03 of The Information Storage Center. Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University
of California, La Jolla, November 1998.
482 Apparel South Africa Western Cape Cape Town McCormick, Dorothy. African Enterprise Clusters and Industrialization: Theory and Reality. World Development,
volume 27, no. 9, p. 1531-1551, 1999.
483 Wheat Milling and * South Africa Cook, Louise. Study finds Milling Sector is not Competitive. Business Day (South Africa), p. 3, December 9, 1997. NA (South Africa)
Baking [Cluster Mention.]
484 Cardboard Spain Catalonia Barcelona Duch, Emiliano. L'Anlisi de Competitivitat als Clusters Clau de Catalunya. Unpublished, confidential (?) slide
presentation, September, 30, 1992.
485 Ceramic Tiles Spain Valencia
486 Furniture: Household Spain Catalonia Senia Ballarin, Eduard and Emiliano Duch. Briefing on the Application and Development of the C.A.O.N. Methodology in
Catalonia. Unpublished slide presentation, September 9, 1993. [Cluster Mention.]
487 Leather Tanning Spain Catalonia Igualada Rodriguez, Maria Dolores with Maria del Mar Prats, Michael J. Enright and Eduard Ballarin. The Catalan Leather
Industry. Harvard Business School Case Study number 9-795-105, February 1995.
488 Motorcycles Spain Catalonia Barcelona Duch, Emiliano. L'Anlisi de Competitivitat als Clusters Clau de Catalunya. Unpublished, confidential (?) slide
presentation, September, 30, 1992.
489 Apparel/ Textiles Spain Catalonia Sabadell Duch, Emiliano. L'Anlisi de Competitivitat als Clusters Clau de Catalunya. Unpublished, confidential (?) slide
(Woolen) presentation, September, 30, 1992.
490 Metals and Mining Sweden Porter, Michael E., rjan Slvell and Ivo Zander. Advantage Sweden Stockholm, 1991.
491 Plastic Products Sweden Jnkping
492 Popular Music Sweden Stockholm Hallencreutz, Daniel, Per Lundequist and Anders Malmberg. Local Embededness and International
Competitiveness - The Case of the Swedish Music Cluster. Department of Social and Economic Geography,
Uppsala University, Sweden, 2001
493 Pulp and Paper Sweden Porter, Michael E., rjan Slvell and Ivo Zander. Advantage Sweden Stockholm, 1991.

Monitor Company. A Rich Cluster in Sweden. Presentation Slide, Confidential Document? Cambridge, MA, July
27, 1996.
494 Transportation Sweden Porter, Michael E., rjan Slvell and Ivo Zander. Advantage Sweden Stockholm, 1991.
Equipment
495 Private Banking Switzerland Geneva Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.

Bumbacher, Urs. The Swiss Banking Industry. Harvard Business School Case Study N9-792-076, June 2, 1992.

Rossier, Jacues. Kann Genf seinen Vorsprung halten? Schlechtere Rahmenbedingungen des Finanzplatzes. Neu
Zrcher Zeiung, May 16, 2000, no. 113, p. B27.

Anon. Genf - die Wiege der internationalen Vermgensverwaltung. Neue Zrcher Zeitung, May 16, 2000, no. 113,
p. B25.

Danthine, Jean-Pierre. Der Finanzplatz braucht ersklassige Fachkrfte. FAME - eine Westschweizer
Bildungsinitiative. Neue Zrcher Zeitung, May 16, 2000, no. 113, p. b49. [Cluster Mention.]

496 Insurance Switzerland Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.
497 Building Controls Switzerland Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
(Climate, Fire Alarm) Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.
498 Chocolate Switzerland Kanton Basel Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.
499 Dyestuffs Switzerland Kanton Basel Basel Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.

Weder, Urs. The Swiss Dyestuff Industry. Harvard Business School Case Study N9-792-047, June 2, 1992.
500 Freight Forwarding Switzerland Kanton Basel Basel Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.

Bumbacher, Urs, and Christian Rappo. The Swiss Freight Forwarding Industry. Harvard Business School Case
Study N9-792-048, June 2, 1992.
501 Hearing Aids Switzerland Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.
502 Paperhandling Switzerland Kanton Basel Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Machinery Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.
503 Pharmaceuticals Switzerland Kanton Basel Basel Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.

Enright, Michael J. The Swiss Pharmaceutical Industry. In: Enright, Michael J., and Rolf Weder (eds.). Studies in
Swiss Competitive Advantage. Berne, 1995.
504 Textile Machinery Switzerland Eastern Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Switzerland Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.

Bandelier, Dsire. The Swiss Textile Machinery Industry. In: Enright, Michael J., and Rolf Weder (eds.). Studies
in Swiss Competitive Advantage. Berne, 1995.
505 Watches (High-End) Switzerland West Geneva Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.

Bumbacher, Urs. The Swiss Watch Industry. Harvard Business School Case Study N9-792-046, June 2, 1992.

Glasmeier, Amy K. Technological Discontinuities and Flexible Production Networks: The Case of Switzerland and
the World Watch Industry. Research Policy 20, p. 469-485, 1991.

Maillat, Denis, Bruno Lecoq, Florian Nemeti, Marc Pfister. Technology District and Innovation: The Case of the
Swiss Jura Arc. Regional Studies, volume 29, no. 3, 1995.

506 Watches (Med- to Low- Switzerland West Jura Arc Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
End) Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.

Bumbacher, Urs. The Swiss Watch Industry. Harvard Business School Case Study N9-792-046, June 2, 1992.

Glasmeier, Amy K. Technological Discontinuities and Flexible Production Networks: The Case of Switzerland and
the World Watch Industry. Research Policy 20, p. 469-485, 1991.

Maillat, Denis, Bruno Lecoq, Florian Nemeti, Marc Pfister. Technology District and Innovation: The Case of the
Swiss Jura Arc. Regional Studies, volume 29, no. 3, 1995.

507 World Trading Switzerland Porter, Michael E., Silvio Borner, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright. Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein
Strategisches Konzept fr die Schweiz (International Competitive Advantage: A New Strategic Concept for
Switzerland). Frankfurt/New York, 1991.
508 Petrochemicals Thailand Gulf of Thailand Chowdhury, Jayadev. Asea Nations: Asia's Next Frontier. Chemical Engineering, Vol. 104, No. 20; Pg. 80 A-12,
Region October, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 17
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
509 Electronic Goods Taiwan Hsinchu Science Park Enz, Werner. Taiwans rascher Aufstieg zu einer Elektronik-Grossmacht. Neue Zrcher Zeitung, July 8/9, 2000, No.
157, p. 29. [Cluster Mention.]
510 Leather Clothes Turkey Oz, Ozlem. The Competitive Advantage of Nations: The Case of Turkey. Dissertation, London School of
Eceonomics, October 1997.
511 Aerospace (Engines) UK East Midlands Derby Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
512 Agriculture/ Food * UK East Midlands Spalding Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
513 Automotive Assembly UK East Midlands South Derbyshire Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
514 Bicycles, Motorcycles UK East Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
515 Concrete & Plaster UK East Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Products Trade and Industry. February 2001.
516 Footwear UK East Midlands Leicester, East Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Northamptonshire, Trade and Industry. February 2001.
Kettering, Northampton,
Wellingborough
517 Apparel (Knitwear) UK East Midlands Leicester Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
518 Machinery & Industrial * UK East Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Equipment Trade and Industry. February 2001.
519 Metal Products (Steel UK East Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Tubes, Iron Casting) Trade and Industry. February 2001.
520 Perfumes/ Toiletries UK East Midlands Nottingham, Broxtowe Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
521 Plastic Products UK East Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
522 Web Design/ Internet * UK East Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Trade and Industry. February 2001.
523 Wood Furniture UK East Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
524 Agriculture/ Food * UK Eastern Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
525 Automotive Assembly UK Eastern Luton Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
526 Biotechnology UK Eastern Cambridge Sainsbury, Lord. "Biotechnology Clusters. Report of a Team led by Lord Sainsbury, Minister for Science."
Department of Trade and Industry, London, 1999.
527 Electronics UK Eastern Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
528 Financial Services UK Eastern Norwich, Peterborough, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Ipswich, Colchester Trade and Industry. February 2001.
529 Furniture UK Eastern Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
530 Instrumentation UK Eastern Cambridge Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
531 Marine Technology UK Eastern Norfolk & Suffolk Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
coastline Trade and Industry. February 2001.
532 Pharmaceuticals/ UK Eastern Cambridge Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Biotechnology Trade and Industry. February 2001.
533 Printing and Paper UK Eastern Peterborough Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
534 R & D Activity UK Eastern Cambridge Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
535 Software Development UK Eastern Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
536 Tourism UK Eastern Norfolk Broads Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
537 Advertising UK London Westminster, Camden, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Kensington and Chelsea, Trade and Industry. February 2001.
Barnet and Kingston-upon-
Thames
538 Antiques, Auctioneering UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
539 Biotechnology * UK London Hounslow Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
540 Business Services * UK London Westminster Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
541 Apparel UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
542 Computer Related UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Trade and Industry. February 2001.
543 Financial Services UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
544 Jewelry UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
545 Leisure Software * UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
546 Music Industry UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
547 Multimedia UK London Clerkenwell Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.

Beauchamp, Christine, Danielle Bodor, Maya Capur, Elizabeth Kuo, Tarek Shoeb. Multimedia in Manhattan.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1997.
548 Oil/ Gas UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
549 Pharmaceuticals UK London Hounslow, Hiilingdon, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
City of Westminster Trade and Industry. February 2001.
550 Photography UK London Camden, Westminster Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
551 Property and Real UK London Croydon, Camden, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Estate Westminster, Kensington, Trade and Industry. February 2001.
Chelsea, City of London,
Tower Hamlets

552 Publishing UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
553 Travel/ Entertainment/ * UK London London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Tourism Trade and Industry. February 2001.
554 TV, Film, Radio UK London Westminster Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
555 Agriculture/ Food UK N. Ireland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of NIGC (Northern Ireland Growth
Trade and Industry. February 2001. Challenge)

Northern Ireland Growth Challenge. Executive Summary and Interim Summary of Progress. No place, May 10,
1995.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 18
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
556 Apparel, Linen, Carpets UK N. Ireland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of NIGC (Northern Ireland Growth
Trade and Industry. February 2001. Challenge)

Northern Ireland Growth Challenge. Executive Summary and Interim Summary of Progress. No place, May 10,
1995.
557 Construction UK N. Ireland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
558 Engineering UK N. Ireland Northern Ireland Growth Challenge. Executive Summary and Interim Summary of Progress. No place, May 10, NIGC (Northern Ireland Growth
1995. Challenge)
559 Health Technologies * UK N. Ireland Northern Ireland Growth Challenge. Executive Summary and Interim Summary of Progress. No place, May 10, NIGC (Northern Ireland Growth
1995. Challenge)
560 Knowledge Creation * UK N. Ireland Northern Ireland Growth Challenge. Executive Summary and Interim Summary of Progress. No place, May 10, NIGC (Northern Ireland Growth
1995. Challenge)
561 Quarrying Equipment UK N. Ireland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
562 Software * UK N. Ireland Northern Ireland Growth Challenge. Executive Summary and Interim Summary of Progress. No place, May 10, NIGC (Northern Ireland Growth
1995. Challenge)
563 Telecom Equipment * UK N. Ireland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
564 Tourism * UK N. Ireland Northern Ireland Growth Challenge. Executive Summary and Interim Summary of Progress. No place, May 10, NIGC (Northern Ireland Growth
1995. Challenge)
565 Tradable Services * UK N. Ireland Northern Ireland Growth Challenge. Executive Summary and Interim Summary of Progress. No place, May 10, NIGC (Northern Ireland Growth
1995. Challenge)
566 Wood & Paper Products UK N. Ireland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
567 Agriculture/ Food * UK NE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
568 Automotive Assembly * UK NE UK Sunderland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
569 Chemicals (Organic) UK NE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
570 Apparel (Outerwear) UK NE UK Sunderland, Easington Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
571 Electrical Industrial UK NE UK Newcastle, Sunderland, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Equipment South Tyneside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
572 Electronics UK NE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
573 Furniture UK NE UK Sunderland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
574 Metal Processing UK NE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
575 Plastics UK NE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
576 Aerospace UK NW UK Cheltenham Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
577 Agriculture/ Food UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
578 Automotive Assembly UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
579 Carpets UK NW UK Manchester Vanhaverbeke, W. The Tufted Carpets Industry in Belgium. Case, IESE-Barcelona (1992), In: Praktijkvoorbeelden
Van Strategisch Management, Rijksuniversiteit Limburg, Maastricht 1993
580 Chemicals (Inorganic UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Specialties) Trade and Industry. February 2001.
581 Electronics UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
582 Environmental * UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Industries Trade and Industry. February 2001.
583 Financial Services UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
584 Furniture UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
585 Household Textiles, UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Clothing Trade and Industry. February 2001.
586 Leisure Software * UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
587 Metals UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
588 Nuclear Fuel UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Processing Trade and Industry. February 2001.
589 Paper & Paperboard UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
590 Pharmaceuticals UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
591 Plastic Products UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
592 Shipbuilding UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
593 Tourism UK NW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
594 Agriculture/ Food/ Fish * UK Scotland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
595 Biotechnology * UK Scotland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
596 Chemicals UK Scotland Grangemouth, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Mossmorran Trade and Industry. February 2001.
597 Civil Engineering UK Scotland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
598 Computer Equipment, UK Scotland Lowland Scotland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Semiconductors Trade and Industry. February 2001.
599 Electronics UK Scotland "Silicon Glen" Stokes, Rob. New Anatomy of Scotland. In: Scotland on Sunday, p. 5, November 16, 1997. [Cluster Mention.] Competitive Advantage of
Scotland
600 Financial Services UK Scotland Edinburgh Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
(Investment Trusts) Trade and Industry. February 2001.
601 Apparel (Knitwear) UK Scotland Borders Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
602 Oil/ Gas / Offshore UK Scotland Aberdeen Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Trade and Industry. February 2001.
603 Shipbuilding & UK Scotland Glasgow Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Engineering Trade and Industry. February 2001.
604 Software UK Scotland O Riain, Sean. An Offshore Silicon Valley? The Emerging Irish Software Industry. In: Competition & Change, Vol.
2, p. 175-212, Amsterdam, 1997.
605 Tourism * UK Scotland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
606 TV Activities * UK Scotland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
607 Whisky UK Scotland Moray, West Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Dunbartonshire, Glasgow Trade and Industry. February 2001.

608 Wood & Paper Products UK Scotland Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 19
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
609 Antiques UK SE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
610 Automobiles: Racing UK SE UK Oxford Aston, Beverly. Advanced Auto-Engineering: A Technology-Led UK Cluster. Business Strategy Review, volume 9,
Cars issue 1, p. 45-53, Spring 1998.

van der Linde, Claas. The British Competition-Car Industry. Research Document, Draft, Not Published, June 17,
1992.

Lilley III, William and Laurence J. DeFranco. "Britain's Grand Prix Fertile Valley: Its Present & Its Future."
InContext: Washington, DC, 1998.

Lilley III, William and Laurence J. DeFranco. Economic Impact of the European Grands Prix. Federation
Internationale de l'Automobile: Brussels, 1999.

Smith, David. The Best in the World: England in Pole Position. In: The Evening Standard, p. 78, November 28,
1994.

Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
611 Computers, Electronic UK SE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Equipment Trade and Industry. February 2001.
612 Consultancy/ Business * UK SE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Trade and Industry. February 2001.
613 Environmental * UK SE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Industries Trade and Industry. February 2001.
614 Financial Services UK SE UK Reigate, Redhill, Brighton, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Milton Keynes, Tunbridge Trade and Industry. February 2001.
Wells, Reading, Worthing

615 Fruit, Vegetables, UK SE UK Kent Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Horticulture Trade and Industry. February 2001.
616 Furniture UK SE UK High Wycombe Marsh, Peter. Adaptability Furnishes Key to Craftsmen's Long Survival Specialist Companies are keeping Alive
High Wycombe's Centuries-Old Furniture Making Industry. Financial Times, September 6, 2000. [Cluster Mention.]

617 Industrial Machinery * UK SE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
618 Instrumentation UK SE UK Medway, Crawley, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Eastleigh Trade and Industry. February 2001.
619 Leisure Software * UK SE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
620 Marine Technology UK SE UK South Coast Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
621 Perfumes/ Toiletries UK SE UK Kent, Sussex, Hampshire, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Elmbridge Trade and Industry. February 2001.
622 Pharmaceuticals/ UK SE UK Kent Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Biotechnology Trade and Industry. February 2001.
623 Publishing UK SE UK Oxford, Portsmouth Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
624 R & D Activity UK SE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
625 Software/ Computer * UK SE UK West of London Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Trade and Industry. February 2001.
626 Web Design/ Internet UK SE UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Trade and Industry. February 2001.
627 Aerospace (Helicopters) UK SW UK Yeovil, Bristol, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Cheltenham Trade and Industry. February 2001.
628 Agriculture/ Food UK SW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
(Dairy) Trade and Industry. February 2001.
629 Antiques UK SW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
630 Automotive Assembly * UK SW UK Swindon Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
631 Direct Marketing * UK SW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Trade and Industry. February 2001.
632 Environmental UK SW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Industries Trade and Industry. February 2001.
633 Financial Services UK SW UK Swindon, Gloucester, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Bristol, Poole, East Devon Trade and Industry. February 2001.

634 Information and UK SW UK Swindon, East Dorset, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Communication Christchurch, Plymouth, Trade and Industry. February 2001.
Technologies Torbay, Forest of Dean
635 Instrumentation UK SW UK Plymouth Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
636 Leather Goods UK SW UK Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
637 Marine Industries UK SW UK Cowes Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
638 Tourism * UK SW UK Coastal Area Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
639 TV/ Digital Media * UK SW UK Bristol Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Trade and Industry. February 2001.
640 Aerospace UK Wales South Wales, Flintshire Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
641 Agriculture/ Food UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
642 Antiques UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
643 Automotive Parts UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
644 Biotechnology * UK Wales Flintshire Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
645 Apparel (Womens) UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
646 Electronics (Consumer) UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
647 Industrial Equipment * UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
648 Metals UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
649 Opto Electronics UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
650 Plastics UK Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
651 Tourism * UK Wales Gwynedd Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
652 Toys & Games UK Wales North Wales Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
653 Wood/ Furniture UK Wales Bridgend and Rhondda Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Cynon Taff Trade and Industry. February 2001.

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No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
654 Agriculture/ Food UK West Midlands Birmingham Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
655 Antiques UK West Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
656 Automotive Parts UK West Midlands Birmingham, Coventry, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Rugby Trade and Industry. February 2001.
657 Ceramics UK West Midlands Stoke on Trent Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
658 Domestic Appliances UK West Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
659 Environmental * UK West Midlands East Staffordshire, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Industries Birmingham, Oswestry Trade and Industry. February 2001.
660 Furniture UK West Midlands Dudly Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
661 Industrial Equipment * UK West Midlands Rugby, Stafford, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Sandwell, East Trade and Industry. February 2001.
Staffordshire,
Birmingham
662 Lockwares UK West Midlands Willenhall Marsh, Peter. Manufacturing 'Clusters' are Key to Lockmakers' Success. Financial Times, December 30, 1998, p.
7. [Cluster Mention.]
663 Metal Products UK West Midlands Birmingham Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
664 Plastic Products UK West Midlands Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
665 Rubber Products/ Tires UK West Midlands Wolverhampton Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Trade and Industry. February 2001.
666 Agriculture/ Food * UK Yorkshire, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
667 Biosciences UK Yorkshire, York Ingham, Veronica. Bioscience Cluster in York, UK. Internal research memorandum prepared for Prof. Michael E.
Humberside Porter, Harvard Business School, Boston, September, 22, 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
668 Caravans UK Yorkshire, Hull Marsh, Peter. Caravan Centre Set Upwardly Mobile Trend. Financial Times, September 9, 2000. [Cluster Mention.]
Humberside
669 Chemicals (Specialty) UK Yorkshire, West Yorkshire, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Humberside Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
670 Construction UK Yorkshire, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
671 Cutlery UK Yorkshire, Sheffield van der Linde, Claas. Deutsche Wettbewerbsvorteile (The Competitive Advantage of Germany). Dsseldorf,
Humberside Vienna, New York, Moscow, 1992.
672 Financial Services UK Yorkshire, Leeds, bradford Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
673 Furniture UK Yorkshire, Leeds Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
674 Leisure Software * UK Yorkshire, South and West Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Humberside Yorkshire Trade and Industry. February 2001.
675 Medical/ Surgical UK Yorkshire, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Equipment Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
676 Metals UK Yorkshire, Sheffield, Rotherham Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
677 Web Design/ Internet * UK Yorkshire, Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
Services Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
678 Apparel/ Textiles UK Yorkshire, Bradford, Kirklees Trends Business Research. "Business Clusters in the U. K. A first Assessment." A Report for the Department of
(Woolen) Humberside Trade and Industry. February 2001.
679 Furniture, Home, Solid USA Alabama Haleyville, AL Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in NA (USA, Appalachia)
Wood Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997.
680 Aerospace USA Arizona Tucson? Rex, Tom R. and Waits, Mary Jo. Most Industries Concentrated in Central Phoenix. AZB Arizona Business, Vol. ASPED (Arizona Strategic Plan
44; No 6; p. 1, June 1997. [Cluster Mention.] for Economic Development);
later: GSPED (Governor's
Greater Tucson Economic Council. Greater Tucson Strategic Economic Plan. Tucson, July 1996. Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development) as
Rosenfeld, Stuart. OverAchievers: Clusters that Work. Chapel Hill, NC, 1996. [Cluster Mention.] well as GTSPED (Greater
Tucson Strategic Partnership
for Economic Development)

681 Bioindustry USA Arizona Maricopa County Greater Tucson Economic Council. Greater Tucson Strategic Economic Plan. Tucson, July 1996. GTSPED (Greater Tucson
Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development)
682 Business Services * USA Arizona Rex, Tom R. and Waits, Mary Jo. Most Industries Concentrated in Central Phoenix. AZB Arizona Business, Vol. ASPED (Arizona Strategic Plan
44; No 6; p. 1, June 1997. [Cluster Mention.] for Economic Development);
later: GSPED (Governor's
Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development)

683 Cattle * USA Arizona


684 Citrus * USA Arizona
685 Construction USA Arizona
686 Apparel (Cotton) * USA Arizona
687 Environmental USA Arizona Tucson Greater Tucson Economic Council. Greater Tucson Strategic Economic Plan. Tucson, July 1996. GTSPED (Greater Tucson
Technologies Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development)
688 Information USA Arizona Rex, Tom R. and Waits, Mary Jo. Most Industries Concentrated in Central Phoenix. AZB Arizona Business, Vol. ASPED (Arizona Strategic Plan
44; No 6; p. 1, June 1997. [Cluster Mention.] for Economic Development);
later: GSPED (Governor's
Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development)

689 Copper USA Arizona Tucson Rex, Tom R. and Waits, Mary Jo. Most Industries Concentrated in Central Phoenix. AZB Arizona Business, Vol. ASPED (Arizona Strategic Plan
44; No 6; p. 1, June 1997. [Cluster Mention.] for Economic Development);
later: GSPED (Governor's
Greater Tucson Economic Council. Greater Tucson Strategic Economic Plan. Tucson, July 1996. Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development)

690 Optics USA Arizona Tucson Arizona Optics Industry Association. Arizona Optics Industry Resource Directory and Industry Analysis. No place, ASPED (Arizona Strategic Plan
May 1996. for Economic Development);
later: GSPED (Governor's
Breault, Robert P. (ed.). Global Networking of Regional Optics Clusters. Proceedings of the 1996 SPIE Annual Strategic Partnership for
Meeting. Denver, 1996. Economic Development) as
well as GTSPED (Greater
Greater Tucson Economic Council. Greater Tucson Strategic Economic Plan. Tucson, July 1996. Tucson Strategic Partnership
for Economic Development)
Waits, Mary Jo and Gail Howard. Industry Clusters: A Multipurpose Tool for Economic Development. Economic
Development Commentary, Volume 20, Number 3, p. 5-11, Fall 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
691 Software USA Arizona Greater Tucson Economic Council. Greater Tucson Strategic Economic Plan. Tucson, July 1996. ASPED (Arizona Strategic Plan
for Economic Development);
later: GSPED (Governor's
Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development) as
well as GTSPED (Greater
Tucson Strategic Partnership
for Economic Development)

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 21
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
692 Teleservices USA Arizona Tucson Greater Tucson Economic Council. Greater Tucson Strategic Economic Plan. Tucson, July 1996. GTSPED (Greater Tucson
Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development)
693 Tourism USA Arizona Rex, Tom R. and Waits, Mary Jo. Most Industries Concentrated in Central Phoenix. AZB Arizona Business, Vol. ASPED (Arizona Strategic Plan
44; No 6; p. 1, June 1997. [Cluster Mention.] for Economic Development);
later: GSPED (Governor's
Strategic Partnership for
Economic Development)

694 Poultry, Eggs * USA Arkansas Fayetteville DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
695 Poultry, Eggs USA Arkansas Fayetteville DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
696 Biotechnology USA California Bay Area Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Blueprint for a 21st Century Community. Phase II Report, San Jose, Joint Venture: Silicon Valley
California, June 1993. Network

Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network. The Joint Venture Way: Lessons for Regional Rejuvenation. San Jose,
California 1995.

Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Joint Venture's Index of Silicon Valley: Measuring Progress Toward a 21st
Century Community. San Jose, California, 1995, 1996, 1997 (annual publication).

California Trade and Commerce Agency. Biotechnology in California.


http://commerce.ca.gov/california/economy/profiles/biotech.pdf. Last accessed September 4, 2000.
697 Computers/Communic./ USA California San Jose Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. analysis 2000. San Jose, California, 2000. Joint Venture: Silicon Valley
Semicond./Software Network
Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Blueprint for a 21st Century Community. Phase II Report, San Jose,
California, June 1993.

Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Joint Venture's Index of Silicon Valley: Measuring Progress Toward a 21st
Century Community. San Jose, California, 1995, 1996, 1997 (annual publication).

Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network. The Joint Venture Way: Lessons for Regional Rejuvenation. San Jose,
California 1995.

Saxenian, AnnaLee. Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge,
1994.

Saxenian, AnnaLee. The Origins and Dynamics of Production Networks in Silicon Valley. Research Policy 20, p.
423-437, 1991.

Voyer, R. Emerging High-Technology Industrial Clusters in Brazil, India, Malaysia and South Africa. Paper
presented at the Technopolis '97 Conference, Ottawa, Canada, September 9-12, 1997. [Cluster Mention.]

California Trade and Commerce Agency. The California Software Industry.


698 Defense/Aerospace USA California Los Angeles/Long Beach Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Blueprint for a 21st Century Community. Phase II Report, San Jose, Joint Venture: Silicon Valley
California, June 1993. Network

Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network. The Joint Venture Way: Lessons for Regional Rejuvenation. San Jose,
California 1995.

Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Joint Venture's Index of Silicon Valley: Measuring Progress Toward a 21st
Century Community. San Jose, California, 1995, 1996, 1997 (annual publication).

California Trade and Commerce Agency. The California Aerospace Industry.


http://commerce.ca.gov/california/economy/profiles/aerospace.html. Last accessed September 4, 2000.
699 Entertainment USA California Silicon Valley and Los California Trade and Commerce Agency. The California Entertainment Technology Industry.
Technology Angeles http://commerce.ca.gov/california/economy/profiles/entertec.html. Last accessed September 4, 2000. [Cluster
Mention.]
700 Environmental Goods & USA California San Francisco Bay Area California Trade and Commerce Agency. The California Environmental Technology Industry. Joint Venture: Silicon Valley
Services http://commerce.ca.gov/california/economy/profiles/envirote.html. Last accessed September 4, 2000. Network(Silicon Valley); as well
as Collaborating to Compete in
Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Blueprint for a 21st Century Community. Phase II Report, San Jose, the New Economy: An
California, June 1993. Economic Strategy for
California (Bay Area)
Joint Venture Silicon Valley Network. The Joint Venture Way: Lessons for Regional Rejuvenation. San Jose,
California 1995.

Joint Venture: Silicon Valley Network. Joint Venture's Index of Silicon Valley: Measuring Progress Toward a 21st
Century Community. San Jose, California, 1995, 1996, 1997 (annual publication).
701 Financial Services: USA California Silicon Valley
Venture Capital
702 Processed Food USA California California Office of Economic Research. The California Food Processing Industry.
http://commerce.ca.gov/california/economy/profiles/food.html. Last accessed September 5, 2000.
703 Golf Equipment USA California Carlsbad Anon. (No Title.) Sports Illustrated, January 30, 1995. [Cluster Mention.]

Wofford, Pete. Why Carlsbad? A Southern California Suburb can rightly Claim to be America's Home of Golf. Golf
World, p. 57, January 27, 1995.
704 Hard Disk Drives USA California Northern California McKendrick, David. Dispersed Concentration: Industry Location and Globalization in Hard Disk Drives. Report 98-
(Design) 03 of The Information Storage Center. Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies, University
of California, La Jolla, November 1998.
705 Information USA California South California Economic Strategy Panel. Collaborating to Compete in the New Economy: An Economic Strategy for Collaborating to Compete in the
Technologies California. Sacramento, 1996. [Cluster Mention.] New Economy: An Economic
Strategy for California

706 Motion Pictures USA California Hollywood Evans, Darran, Natalie Hugh, Tassos Kazinos, and Paul Teague. The Hollywood Filmed Entertainment Cluster.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1997.

Storper, Michael and Susan Christopherson. The Changing Organization and Location of the Motion Picture
Industry: Interregional Shifts in the United States. Report 68, Los Angeles: Graduate School of Architecture and
Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles, 1985.

Storper, Michael and Susan Christopherson. "Flexible Specialization and Regional Industrial Agglomeration: The
Case of the U.S. Motion Picture Industry." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 77, p. 104-117,
1987.
707 Multimedia USA California San Francisco Bay Area California Trade and Commerce Agency. The California Multimedia Industry.
http://commerce.ca.gov/california/economy/profiles/multimed.html. Last accessed September 4, 2000.

Munroe, Tapan. California: Transition to a New Economy. Paper presented to the Commonwealth Club of
California in San Francisco on April 22, 1996. Executive Speeches, Vol. 11, No. 1, p. 31-34, Aug./Sept. 1996.

Beauchamp, Christine, Danielle Bodor, Maya Capur, Elizabeth Kuo, Tarek Shoeb. Multimedia in Manhattan.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1997.
708 Poultry, Eggs USA California Merced DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
709 Poultry, Eggs USA California Modesto DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
710 Telecommunications USA California San Diego California Economic Strategy Panel. Collaborating to Compete in the New Economy: An Economic Strategy for Collaborating to Compete in the
California. Sacramento, 1996. [Cluster Mention.] New Economy: An Economic
Strategy for California

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 22
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
711 Apparel (Fashion) USA California Los Angeles California Trade and Commerce Agency. Apparel and Fashion Design. Collaborating to Compete in the
http://commerce.ca.gov/california/economy/profiles/apparel.pdf. Last accessed September 4, 2000. New Economy: An Economic
Strategy for California

712 Wine USA California Napa Valley Bond, Gregory C. The California Wine Cluster. Teaching case prepared under the supervision of Prof. Michael E.
Porter, Harvard Business School, June 22, 1999.

Alexander, Romy, Rick Arney, Neil Black, Elizabeth Frost, Alex Shivananda. The California Wine Cluster. Student
report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business
School, May 1997.

California Trade and Commerce Agency. The California Wine Industry.


http://commerce.ca.gov/california/economy/profiles/wine.html. Last accessed September 4, 2000.
713 Aerospace USA Connecticut
Manufacturing
714 Biotechnology * USA Connecticut Martin, Theodore E. with Daniel J. Miglio, Robert E. Patricelli and James C. Smith on behalf of the members of the Connecticut Competitiveness
Connecticut Industry Cluster Advisory Boards. Partnership for Growth. Connecticut's Economic Competitiveness Initiative
Strategy. No place, February 1998.
715 Eyelets USA Connecticut Waterbury
716 Financial Services USA Connecticut DRI/McGraw-Hill. The Connecticut Connection: Implementation Strategy for The Connecticut Competitiveness Connecticut Competitiveness
Initiative. Report prepared for the Connecticut Economic Conference Board. 1994. Initiative

Martin, Theodore E. with Daniel J. Miglio, Robert E. Patricelli and James C. Smith on behalf of the members of the
Connecticut Industry Cluster Advisory Boards. Partnership for Growth. Connecticut's Economic Competitiveness
Strategy. No place, February 1998.
717 Small Firearms USA Connecticut Conn. River Valley Weisman, Robert. Filing Sign of Weakened Industry. Colt's Trauma Sign of Wounded Industry. Recession is
Latest Threat to Gun-Makers. The Hartford Courant, March 20, 1992, p. E1. [Cluster Mention.]

Rosenfeld, Stuart. Industrial-Strength Strategies, Regional Business Clusters and Public Policy, The Aspen
Institute Rural Economic Policy Program, 1995.

Best, Michael. The New Competition: Institutions of Industrial Restructuring. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University
Press, 1990. [Cluster Mention.]

Boucher, Norman. "A Natural History of the Connecticut Valley Metal Trade." Regional Review. Federal Reserve
Bank of Boston. Winter 1994.

Eckholm, Erik. Ailing Gun Industry Confronts Outrage over Glut of Violence. New York Times, March 8, 1992,
section 1, part 1, page 1. [Cluster Mention.]
718 Health Services USA Connecticut DRI/McGraw-Hill. The Connecticut Connection: Implementation Strategy for The Connecticut Competitiveness Connecticut Competitiveness
Initiative. Report prepared for the Connecticut Economic Conference Board. 1994. Initiative

Martin, Theodore E. with Daniel J. Miglio, Robert E. Patricelli and James C. Smith on behalf of the members of the
Connecticut Industry Cluster Advisory Boards. Partnership for Growth. Connecticut's Economic Competitiveness
Strategy. No place, February 1998.
719 High Technology * USA Connecticut DRI/McGraw-Hill. The Connecticut Connection: Implementation Strategy for The Connecticut Competitiveness Connecticut Competitiveness
Initiative. Report prepared for the Connecticut Economic Conference Board. 1994. Initiative

Martin, Theodore E. with Daniel J. Miglio, Robert E. Patricelli and James C. Smith on behalf of the members of the
Connecticut Industry Cluster Advisory Boards. Partnership for Growth. Connecticut's Economic Competitiveness
Strategy. No place, February 1998.
720 Martin, Theodore E. with Daniel J. Miglio, Robert E. Patricelli and James C. Smith on behalf of the members of the
Connecticut Industry Cluster Advisory Boards. Partnership for Growth. Connecticut's Economic Competitiveness
Insurance USA Connecticut Hartford Strategy. No place, February 1998.
721 * DRI/McGraw-Hill. The Connecticut Connection: Implementation Strategy for The Connecticut Competitiveness
Initiative. Report prepared for the Connecticut Economic Conference Board. 1994.

Martin, Theodore E. with Daniel J. Miglio, Robert E. Patricelli and James C. Smith on behalf of the members of the
Connecticut Industry Cluster Advisory Boards. Partnership for Growth. Connecticut's Economic Competitiveness Connecticut Competitiveness
Manufacturing USA Connecticut Strategy. No place, February 1998. Initiative
722 Connecticut Department of Economic and Community Development. Industry Clutser and International Data
Maritime USA Connecticut Division. Industry Cluster Progress Report. Hartford, Connecticut, February 2001. [Cluster Mention.]
723 Roychoudhuri, Chandra, Richard Becherer, David Young, Anthony DeMaria. Review of the CONNECT Program
Progress and the Connecticut Photonics Cluster. Proceedings of the 1996 SPIE Annual Meeting, Global
Networking of Regional Optics Clusters. No place, 1996.

Breault, Robert P. (ed.). Global Networking of Regional Optics Clusters. Proceedings of the 1996 SPIE Annual
Optics/Photonics USA Connecticut Meeting. Denver, 1996.
724 DRI/McGraw-Hill. The Connecticut Connection: Implementation Strategy for The Connecticut Competitiveness
Initiative. Report prepared for the Connecticut Economic Conference Board. 1994.

Martin, Theodore E. with Daniel J. Miglio, Robert E. Patricelli and James C. Smith on behalf of the members of the
Telecommunications & Connecticut Industry Cluster Advisory Boards. Partnership for Growth. Connecticut's Economic Competitiveness Connecticut Competitiveness
Information Services USA Connecticut Strategy. No place, February 1998. Initiative
725 DRI/McGraw-Hill. The Connecticut Connection: Implementation Strategy for The Connecticut Competitiveness
Initiative. Report prepared for the Connecticut Economic Conference Board. 1994.

Martin, Theodore E. with Daniel J. Miglio, Robert E. Patricelli and James C. Smith on behalf of the members of the
Connecticut Industry Cluster Advisory Boards. Partnership for Growth. Connecticut's Economic Competitiveness Connecticut Competitiveness
Tourism USA Connecticut Strategy. No place, February 1998. Initiative
726 University of South Florida. Report on Florida's Laser and Optics Cluster. Supported by the Florida High Tech
Optics, Lasers USA Florida Orlando Corridor Council. Spring 1999.
727 Orange Juice Florida Department of Citrus. Florida-Brazil Processing Linkages. Working Paper prepared by the Economic and
Concentrate USA Florida South & Central Market Research Department. No place, August 11, 1997.
728 Carpet and Rug Institute. The Tufted Carpet Industry. http://www.carpet.net/history/. Last accessed November 28,
Carpets (Tufted) USA Georgia Dalton 2000.
729 Strahler, Steven R. How Sweet the Subsidy: But Keeping Candy Plants has Sour Side. Crain's Chicago Business,
Candy USA Illinois Chicago p. 15, May 6, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
730 Mobile Homes, Trailers USA Indiana Elkhart DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
731 DRI/McGraw-Hill. Blueprint for Economic Growth for Indiana (BEGIN). Study prepared for the Indiana Chamber of BEGIN (Blueprint for Economic
Steel and Aluminum USA Indiana Commerce. No place, 1996. [Cluster Mention.] Growth for Indiana)
732 van der Linde, Claas. Note on the Warsaw Orthopedic Devices Industry. Research Document, Not Published,
Orthopedic Devices USA Indiana Warsaw 1992.
733 Pharmaceuticals and DRI/McGraw-Hill. Blueprint for Economic Growth for Indiana (BEGIN). Study prepared for the Indiana Chamber of BEGIN (Blueprint for Economic
Biomedical Equipment USA Indiana Commerce. No place, 1996. [Cluster Mention.] Growth for Indiana)
734 DRI/McGraw-Hill. Blueprint for Economic Growth for Indiana (BEGIN). Study prepared for the Indiana Chamber of BEGIN (Blueprint for Economic
Processed Food USA Indiana Commerce. No place, 1996. [Cluster Mention.] Growth for Indiana)
735 Powers, John. Indianapolis has become a Pro at Amateur Sports. Boston Globe, Sports Section, p. 62, May 31,
1992. [Cluster Mention.]

Shepard, Scott. Memphis' Hopes High as Pyramid Opens. Nashville Business Journal, Volume 7, Number 46,
Sport Events USA Indiana Indianapolis Section 1, p. 6, November 18, 1991. [Cluster Mention.]
736 DRI/McGraw-Hill. Blueprint for Economic Growth for Indiana (BEGIN). Study prepared for the Indiana Chamber of BEGIN (Blueprint for Economic
Transportation Services USA Indiana Commerce. No place, 1996. [Cluster Mention.] Growth for Indiana)
737 Wood Products and DRI/McGraw-Hill. Blueprint for Economic Growth for Indiana (BEGIN). Study prepared for the Indiana Chamber of BEGIN (Blueprint for Economic
Furniture USA Indiana Commerce. No place, 1996. [Cluster Mention.] Growth for Indiana)
738 Small Aircraft USA Kansas Wichita DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
739 Biotechnology USA Kentucky Central Kentucky
740 Schulenberg, Fred. America's Great Coatings Centers: Louisville. American Paint and Coatings Journal, May 19,
Paints and Coatings USA Kentucky Louisville May 26, and June 16, 1986
741 Footwear USA Maine Bangor DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 23
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
742 Footwear, Textile
Goods USA Maine Lewiston DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
743 Feigenbaum, Harvey B. and Stephen C. Smith. The Political Economy of the Maryland Biotechnology Cluster. In:
Business and the Contemporary World, November 1993.

Acs, Zoltan J., Lanny Herron, Harry J. Sapienza. Financing Maryland Biotechnology. Economic Development
Biotechnology USA Maryland Quarterly, volume 6, no. 4, p. 373-382, November 1992.
744 Bray, Hiawatha. Chipmaker to Lease Site in Danvers. Boston Globe, September 27, 2001, p. C1. [Cluster
Ion Implanters USA Massachusetts Boston North Shore Mention.]
745 Jewelry and Silver Executive Office of Economic Affairs of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the University of
Plating USA Massachusetts Taunton/ Attleboro Massachusetts. A Statewide Strategy for Job Creation and Economic Growth. Place?, year?
746 Southeast and adjacent Executive Office of Economic Affairs of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the University of
Marine Sciences USA Massachusetts Cape Cod Massachusetts. A Statewide Strategy for Job Creation and Economic Growth. Place?, year?
747 Olmsted Teisberg, Elizabeth, with the assistance of Yiannis Monovoukas and Scott Wilkin, in collaboration with
Michael E. Porter, Jeffrey Grogan, and executives in 31 Massachusetts medical device firms. Building on Strength:
Upgrading the Medical Device Cluster in Massachusetts. Governor's Council on Economic Growth and
Medical Devices USA Massachusetts Technology, March 1995.
748 Saxenian, AnnaLee. Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128. Cambridge,
Minicomputers USA Massachusetts 1994.
749 Kreid, Ewald, with Joanna Ross, Robert Ruffin, Edward Staehlin, Markus Vlasits. Photonics in Massachusetts: A
Cluster in Transition. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and
Photonics USA Massachusetts Competitiveness, Harvard Business School, May 1998.
750 Murray, Edward P. Cluster-Based Development Strategies: Lessons from the Plastics Industry in North Central
Plastics USA Massachusetts North-Central Massachusetts. Economic Development Quarterly, Volume 13, no. 3, p. 266-280, August 1999.
751 Massachusetts Telecommunications Council. Connection to the Future. An Analysis of the Telecommunications
Telecommunications USA Massachusetts Greater Boston Area Industry in Massachusetts. University of Massachusetts, [1998?].
752 Executive Office of Economic Affairs of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the University of
Apparel USA Massachusetts Fall River, New Bedford Massachusetts. A Statewide Strategy for Job Creation and Economic Growth. Place?, year?
753 Executive Office of Economic Affairs of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts and the University of
Footwear USA Massachusetts Brockton Massachusetts. A Statewide Strategy for Job Creation and Economic Growth. Place?, year?
754 Automobiles USA Michigan Detroit DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
755 Anon. Your Office Chair Probably Made by a West Michigan Firm. The Area is Home to the World's Largest Office
Furniture Makers. The Grand Rapids Press, p. 62, July 20, 1995. [Cluster Mention.]

Clay, Tom, Michael Felix, Chris Hunter, Bruce Shuttleworth, Jeb Spencer. The Competitive Advantage of North
Carolina. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness,
Harvard Business School, May 1997.

van der Linde, Claas. West-Michigan Office Furniture Cluster. Research Memorandum, Not Published, May 20,
Furniture, Office USA Michigan Grand Rapids 1992.
756 Golberg, Trixie Ann, Lee W. Munnich, Margaret M. Bau, Laurie L. Berkwitz. Southeastern Minnesota Industrial
Cluster Study. A Joint Project by the Initiative Fund of Southeastern and South Central Minnesota and the State
and Local Policy Program at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota. No Southeastern Minnesota
Composites USA Minnesota Southeastern Minnesota place, September 1996. Industrial Cluster Study
757 Computers and Twin Cities Industry Cluster
Software USA Minnesota Minneapolis/St. Paul Metropolitan Council, Minneapolis/St. Paul. Twin Cities Industry Cluster Study. Minnesota, July 1995. Project
758 Starling, Elizabeth. The Financial Services Cluster of the Twin Cities: A Follow-Up to the Twin Cities Industry Twin Cities Industry Cluster
Financial Services USA Minnesota Minneapolis/St. Paul Cluster Study. No place, October 1995. Project
759 Golberg, Trixie Ann, Lee W. Munnich, Margaret M. Bau, Laurie L. Berkwitz. Southeastern Minnesota Industrial
Cluster Study. A Joint Project by the Initiative Fund of Southeastern and South Central Minnesota and the State
Industrial Machinery and Local Policy Program at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota. No Southeastern Minnesota
and Computers USA Minnesota Southeast place, September 1996. Industrial Cluster Study
760 Machinery and Twin Cities Industry Cluster
Metalworking USA Minnesota Minneapolis/St. Paul Metropolitan Council, Minneapolis/St. Paul. Twin Cities Industry Cluster Study. Minnesota, July 1995. Project
761 Olmsted Teisberg, Elizabeth, with the assistance of Yiannis Monovoukas and Scott Wilkin, in collaboration with
Michael E. Porter, Jeffrey Grogan, and executives in 31 Massachusetts medical device firms. Building on Strength:
Upgrading the Medical Device Cluster in Massachusetts. Governor's Council on Economic Growth and
Medical Devices USA Minnesota Technology, March 1995.
762 Twin Cities Industry Cluster
Precision Instruments USA Minnesota Minneapolis/St. Paul Metropolitan Council, Minneapolis/St. Paul. Twin Cities Industry Cluster Study. Minnesota, July 1995. Project
763 Golberg, Trixie Ann, Lee W. Munnich, Margaret M. Bau, Laurie L. Berkwitz. Southeastern Minnesota Industrial
Cluster Study. A Joint Project by the Initiative Fund of Southeastern and South Central Minnesota and the State
and Local Policy Program at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota. No Southeastern Minnesota
place, September 1996. Industrial Cluster Study as well
Printing, Publishing and as Twin Cities Industry Cluster
Software USA Minnesota Southeast Metropolitan Council, Minneapolis/St. Paul. Twin Cities Industry Cluster Study. Minnesota, July 1995. Project
764 Golberg, Trixie Ann, Lee W. Munnich, Margaret M. Bau, Laurie L. Berkwitz. Southeastern Minnesota Industrial
Cluster Study. A Joint Project by the Initiative Fund of Southeastern and South Central Minnesota and the State
and Local Policy Program at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota. No Southeastern Minnesota
Processed Food USA Minnesota Southeast place, September 1996. Industrial Cluster Study
765 Nustad Jr., Bruce O. Power of One, Strength of Many. The Minnesota Software Association as an Engine of
Software USA Minnesota Collaboration. In: Firm Connections Vol. 5, No 5, p. 1, 10, Sept./Oct. 1997. [Cluster Mention.]
766 * Mississippi Technology Inc. Enhancing the Competitiveness of the Central Mississippi Region: The
Communications and Communications and Information Technology (CIT) Cluster. Slide presentation prepared for the Working Session,
Information Technology USA Minnesota Central Region Jackson, Mississippi, May 11, 2000.
767 Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997.

Furniture, Home, Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Community College / Cluster Connections. Chapel
Upholstered USA Mississippi Tupelo Hill, NC, September 1998. NA (USA, Appalachia)
768 Solomon, Alan. New York? Nashville? Las Vegas? No, it's Branson, Off Season. Chicago Tribune, Sec.: Travel,
Zone: C, p. 1, November 26, 1995. [Cluster Mention.]

Jinkins, Shirley. Country Kitsch: Branson Fiddles with Pop. The Tampa Tribune, travel section, p. 8, June 11,
Music Shows USA Missouri Branson 1995. [Cluster Mention.]
769 van der Linde, Claas. The Omaha Telecommunications Industry. Research Document, Draft, Not Published,
November 5, 1992.

Telecommunications Feder, Barnaby J. "Omaha: Talk, Talk, Talk of Telemarketing." New York Times, Section 1, p. 1, July 20, 1991.
(Call Processing) USA Nebraska Omaha [Cluster Mention.]
770 Baumann, Robert, Michael Kaswan, Christopher Meyers, Michael Trimarco, Sarah Wright. The Competitiveness of
Las Vegas. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness,
Amusement Tourism USA Nevada Las Vegas Harvard Business School, May 1997.
771 Small Airlines USA Nevada Las Vegas
772 Feldman, Maryann P. and Yda Schreuder. Initial Advantage: The Origins of the Geographic Concentration of the
Pharmaceutical Industry in the Mid-Atlantic Region. In: Industrial and Corporate Change, Volume 5, Number 3, p.
839-862, 1996.

DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]

Collaborative Economics. Netweorks of Innovation: Regions Collaborating to Competing in the Global Market.
Pharmaceuticals/ National Gathering of Biotech/ Life Science Innovation Regions. Presentation Slides, BIO2000 Conference, March,
Biotechnology USA New Jersey 2000.
773 Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Electronic Components USA New York Binghamton Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997. NA (USA, Appalachia)
774 Aslett, Mark, James Kondo, Sandeep Pannu, Karen Park, Andres Rodriguez. New York Fashion:
Recommendations from a Global Cluster Analysis. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar
Apparel (Fashion) USA New York Manhattan on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School, May 1997.
775 Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Flight Simulators USA New York Binghamton Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997. NA (USA, Appalachia)

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 24
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
776 Graphic Sabety, J. Pari and John M. Griffin. Pro-Competitive Alliances: New Vehicles for Regional, State, and Community
Communications USA New York Long Island Based Economic Development. Economic Development Review, vol. 14, no. 2, p. 2-6, Spring 1996. Project Long Island
777 Evans, Darran, Natalie Hugh, Tassos Kazinos, and Paul Teague. The Hollywood Filmed Entertainment Cluster.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1997.

Storper, Michael and Susan Christopherson. The Changing Organization and Location of the Motion Picture
Industry: Interregional Shifts in the United States. Report 68, Los Angeles: Graduate School of Architecture and
Urban Planning, University of California, Los Angeles, 1985.

Storper, Michael and Susan Christopherson. "Flexible Specialization and Regional Industrial Agglomeration: The
Case of the U.S. Motion Picture Industry." Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 77, p. 104-117,
Motion Pictures USA New York New York 1987.
778 Beauchamp, Christine, Danielle Bodor, Maya Capur, Elizabeth Kuo, Tarek Shoeb. Multimedia in Manhattan.
Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard
Business School, May 1997.

Multimedia USA New York Lower Manhattan Cortese, Amy. Cyberspace on the Hudson. Business Week, p. 125, September 25, 1995. [Cluster Mention.]
779 Sternberg, E. The Sectoral Cluster in Economic Development Policy: Lessons from Rochester and Buffalo.
Economic Development Quarterly, Volume 5, Number 4, p. 342-356, November 1991.

Gabor, Andrea. Rochester Focuses: A Community's Core Competence. Harvard Business Review, p. 116-126,
Optics and Imaging USA New York Rochester July-August 1991.
780
Sternberg, E. The Sectoral Cluster in Economic Development Policy: Lessons from Rochester and Buffalo.
Economic Development Quarterly, Volume 5, Number 4, p. 342-356, November 1991.

Graduate students of the Department of Planning and Design. Sectoral Strategies for Western New York. Buffalo:
Waste Management USA New York Buffalo School of Architecture and Planning, University of Buffalo, State University of New York, Spring 1990.
781
Environmental Regional Technology Strategies, Inc. Environmental Technologies as a Business Cluster in North Carolina. Draft
Technologies USA North Carolina Research Triangle report prepared for the North Carolina Alliance for Competitive Industries. Chapel Hill, NC, November 1995.
782 Fiberglas Boats * USA North Carolina East Rosenfeld, Stuart. OverAchievers: Clusters that Work. Chapel Hill, NC, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
783 Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997.

Rosenfeld, Stuart. Industrial-Strength Strategies, Regional Business Clusters and Public Policy, The Aspen
Institute Rural Economic Policy Program, 1995.

Clay, Tom, Michael Felix, Chris Hunter, Bruce Shuttleworth, Jeb Spencer. The Competitive Advantage of North
Carolina. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness,
Harvard Business School, May 1997.
Furniture, Home,
Wooden USA North Carolina Highpoint, Hickory DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.] NA (USA, Appalachia)
784 Clay, Tom, Michael Felix, Chris Hunter, Bruce Shuttleworth, Jeb Spencer. The Competitive Advantage of North
Carolina. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness,
Hogs USA North Carolina East Harvard Business School, May 1997.
785 Clay, Tom, Michael Felix, Chris Hunter, Bruce Shuttleworth, Jeb Spencer. The Competitive Advantage of North
Carolina. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness,
Harvard Business School, May 1997.
Pharmaceuticals/
Biotechnology USA North Carolina Research Triangle Park Rosenfeld, Stuart. OverAchievers: Clusters that Work. Chapel Hill, NC, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
786 Clay, Tom, Michael Felix, Chris Hunter, Bruce Shuttleworth, Jeb Spencer. The Competitive Advantage of North
Carolina. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness,
Harvard Business School, May 1997.

Rosenfeld, Stuart A. with Pat Dusenbury and Steven Ross. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Business
Clusters, Inter-firm Cooperation, and Growth in Rural North Carolina: A Report to the North Carolina Rural
Economic Development Center. Chapel Hill, NC, no year.

Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997.

North Carolina, Rosenfeld, Stuart. Industrial-Strength Strategies, Regional Business Clusters and Public Policy, The Aspen
Apparel (Hosiery) USA Virginia Hickory Institute Rural Economic Policy Program, 1995. NA (USA, Appalachia)
787 * Greater Cleveland Growth Association, Cleveland Tomorrow, Akron Regional Development Board, Cleveland- Northeast Ohio Regional
Biomedical (Medical Cuyahoga County Port Authority. "Northeast Ohio Regional Economic Development Strategies Initiative." Clusters Economic Development
Devices, Biotechnology) USA Ohio Project Update, November 1999 Strategies Initiative
788 Greater Cleveland Growth Association, Cleveland Tomorrow, Akron Regional Development Board, Cleveland- Northeast Ohio Regional
Cuyahoga County Port Authority. "Northeast Ohio Regional Economic Development Strategies Initiative." Clusters Economic Development
Chemicals USA Ohio Project Update, November 1999 Strategies Initiative
789 Cutlery * USA Ohio Fremont
790 * Greater Cleveland Growth Association, Cleveland Tomorrow, Akron Regional Development Board, Cleveland- Northeast Ohio Regional
Instruments and Cuyahoga County Port Authority. "Northeast Ohio Regional Economic Development Strategies Initiative." Clusters Economic Development
Controls USA Ohio Project Update, November 1999 Strategies Initiative
791 * Greater Cleveland Growth Association, Cleveland Tomorrow, Akron Regional Development Board, Cleveland- Northeast Ohio Regional
Cuyahoga County Port Authority. "Northeast Ohio Regional Economic Development Strategies Initiative." Clusters Economic Development
Insurance USA Ohio Project Update, November 1999 Strategies Initiative
792 Greater Cleveland Growth Association, Cleveland Tomorrow, Akron Regional Development Board, Cleveland- Northeast Ohio Regional
Cuyahoga County Port Authority. "Northeast Ohio Regional Economic Development Strategies Initiative." Clusters Economic Development
Metalworking USA Ohio Project Update, November 1999 Strategies Initiative
793 Greater Cleveland Growth Association, Cleveland Tomorrow, Akron Regional Development Board, Cleveland- Northeast Ohio Regional
Motor Vehicles and Cuyahoga County Port Authority. "Northeast Ohio Regional Economic Development Strategies Initiative." Clusters Economic Development
Equipment USA Ohio Project Update, November 1999 Strategies Initiative
794 Schulenberg, Fred. America's Great Coatings Centers: Cleveland. American Paint and Coatings Journal, January
Paints and Coatings USA Ohio Greater Cleveland, Akron 5, March 16, and March 30, 1987.
795 Greater Cleveland Growth Association, Cleveland Tomorrow, Akron Regional Development Board, Cleveland- Northeast Ohio Regional
Plastic Products and Cuyahoga County Port Authority. "Northeast Ohio Regional Economic Development Strategies Initiative." Clusters Economic Development
Household Appliances USA Ohio Project Update, November 1999 Strategies Initiative
796 Specialty Kitchens * USA Ohio Athens Rosenfeld, Stuart. OverAchievers: Clusters that Work. Chapel Hill, NC, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
797 Wood Products * USA Oklahoma East Rosenfeld, Stuart. OverAchievers: Clusters that Work. Chapel Hill, NC, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
798 Electrical Measuring
Equipment USA Oregon
799
Logging / Lumber Rosenfeld, Stuart. Industrial-Strength Strategies, Regional Business Clusters and Public Policy, The Aspen
Supplies / Woodworking USA Oregon Institute Rural Economic Policy Program, 1995.
800 Software USA Oregon Rosenfeld, Stuart. OverAchievers: Clusters that Work. Chapel Hill, NC, 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
801 Pittsburgh High Technology Council and Southwestern Pennsylvania Industrial Resource Center. Thinking
Environmental Differently About the Region: Southwestern Pennsylvania's Manufacturing and Technology Assets. No place, RERI (Regional Economic
Technologies USA Pennsylvania Pittsburgh November 1994. Revitalization Initiative)
802 Information and Pittsburgh High Technology Council and Southwestern Pennsylvania Industrial Resource Center. Thinking
Communications Differently About the Region: Southwestern Pennsylvania's Manufacturing and Technology Assets. No place, RERI (Regional Economic
Products and Services USA Pennsylvania Pittsburgh November 1994. Revitalization Initiative)
803 * Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997.

Pittsburgh High Technology Council and Southwestern Pennsylvania Industrial Resource Center. Thinking NA (USA, Appalachia) as well
Differently About the Region: Southwestern Pennsylvania's Manufacturing and Technology Assets. No place, as RERI (Regional Economic
Medical Devices USA Pennsylvania Pittsburgh Area November 1994. Revitalization Initiative)

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www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26
No. Cluster * Nation Region City Literature Initiative (if applicable)
804 Pittsburgh High Technology Council and Southwestern Pennsylvania Industrial Resource Center. Thinking
Differently About the Region: Southwestern Pennsylvania's Manufacturing and Technology Assets. No place, RERI (Regional Economic
Metals USA Pennsylvania Pittsburgh November 1994. Revitalization Initiative)
805 Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997.

Pittsburgh High Technology Council and Southwestern Pennsylvania Industrial Resource Center. Thinking NA (USA, Appalachia) as well
Pennsylvania Differently About the Region: Southwestern Pennsylvania's Manufacturing and Technology Assets. No place, as RERI (Regional Economic
Plastic Parts USA (NW) & Ohio Erie November 1994. Revitalization Initiative)
806 Jewelry USA Rhode Island Providence DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
807 South & North Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Industrial Machinery USA Carolina Greenville-Spartanburg Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997. NA (USA, Appalachia)
808 Apparel/ Textiles USA South Carolina Greenville DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
809 * Flessner, Dave. Don't Ignore Base, Jobs Study Cautions. The Chattanooga Times, p. A1, July 19, 1997. [Cluster
Automotive Supplies USA Tennessee Chattanooga Mention.] NA (US, TN, Chattanooga)
810 Environmental Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Technologies USA Tennessee Chattanooga Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997. NA (USA, Appalachia)
811 Rosenfeld, Stuart A. (Regional Technology Strategies, Inc.). Exports, Competitiveness, and Synergy in
Appalachian Industry Clusters: A Report to the Appalachian Regional Commission. Chapel Hill, NC, 1997.

Environmental Dusenbury, Pat. Beating Swords into Plowshares. The Nuclear Cluster. In: Firm Connections, vol. 5, no. 1, p. 1,
Technologies USA Tennessee Oak Ridge 11, Jan./Feb. 1997. NA (USA, Appalachia)
812 Flessner, Dave. Don't Ignore Base, Jobs Study Cautions. The Chattanooga Times, p. A1, July 19, 1997. [Cluster
Processed Food USA Tennessee Chattanooga Mention.] NA (US, TN, Chattanooga)
813 Poole, William. "The Nashville Story. With an Abundance of Executive Talent and a Business-Friendly
Entrepreneurial Environment, the Tennessee Valley is Fast Becoming the Silicon Valley of Healthcare."
Healthcarebusiness, p. 58-69, June/July 1998.
Health Care
Management USA Tennessee Nashville Nashville Health Care Council. "Fact Sheet on Nashville's Health Care Industry." December 1, 1998.
814 * Flessner, Dave. Don't Ignore Base, Jobs Study Cautions. The Chattanooga Times, p. A1, July 19, 1997. [Cluster
Industrial Machinery USA Tennessee Chattanooga Mention.] NA (US, TN, Chattanooga)
815 Flessner, Dave. Don't Ignore Base, Jobs Study Cautions. The Chattanooga Times, p. A1, July 19, 1997. [Cluster
Metal Products USA Tennessee Chattanooga Mention.] NA (US, TN, Chattanooga)
816 * Flessner, Dave. Don't Ignore Base, Jobs Study Cautions. The Chattanooga Times, p. A1, July 19, 1997. [Cluster
Packaging Materials USA Tennessee Chattanooga Mention.] NA (US, TN, Chattanooga)
817 Plastics and Rubber * Flessner, Dave. Don't Ignore Base, Jobs Study Cautions. The Chattanooga Times, p. A1, July 19, 1997. [Cluster
Products USA Tennessee Chattanooga Mention.] NA (US, TN, Chattanooga)
818 Walker, Meredith M. Biotech Bonanza: Prospects for Texas. In: SWE, Southwest Economy, Federal Reserve Bank
Biotechnology USA Texas Houston of Dallas, Issue 4, July, August 1999.
819 Bornstein, Julie, Stephan Feldgoise, Mike Harmon, Eric Jeck, Steve Latham. Austin, Texas - Silicon Hills. Student
report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness, Harvard Business
School, May 1997.

Monitor Company. The Electronics Cluster in Austin, Texas. Presentation Slide, Confidential Document?
Cambridge, MA, July 27, 1996.

DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]

ICF Kaiser International. Next Century Economy. A Report for the Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce. Austin,
Information Technology USA Texas Austin April 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
820 ICF Kaiser International. Next Century Economy. A Report for the Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce. Austin,
Biomedical Products USA Texas Austin April 1998. [Cluster Mention.]
821 Al-Mazeedi, Wael, George Appling, Chad Ellis, Stuart Page, J. David Pelly, Katya Roudelson. Houston Oil & Gas
Cluster. Student report prepared for Prof. Michael E. Porter's Seminar on Competition and Competitiveness,
Harvard Business School, May 1998.

Porter, Michael E. "The Houston Oil and Gas Cluster." (Confidential?) Presentation Slide for the Forum on
Oil and Gas USA Texas Houston Technology and Innovation, 2000.
822 Telecommunications Rossel, Marci and Meredith M. Walker. Telecom in North Texas: A Case Study in Agglomeration. In: SWE,
Eq't & Serv. USA Texas Richardson Southwest Economy, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Issue 6, November, December 1998.
823 Waste Management USA Texas Houston van der Linde, Claas. The Houston Waste Management Industry. Research Document, Not Published, 1992.
824 Aircraft Equipment and
Design USA Washington Seattle DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
825 Boat and Ship Building USA Washington Seattle
826 Krakauer, Jon. "Dale Chihuly Has Turned Glass into a Red-Hot Item." Smithsonian, vol. 22, no. 11, p. 90,
Glass (Art Glass) USA Washington Seattle February 1992. [Cluster Mention.]
827 Metal Fabrication USA Washington Seattle
828 Software USA Washington Seattle/Portland
829 Bradsher, Keith. "An Industry's Winners and Losers Once a Free-Trade Pact is Signed." New York Times, Section
A, p. 1, July 21, 1992. [Cluster Mention.]

Jeffries, Linda. "West Virginia's Collectable Glass." New York Times, Section 10, p. 12, October 23, 1983. [Cluster
Mention.]

Glass (Marbles, Zelenko, Laura. "Marble Making West Virginia's Well-Kept Secret." United Press International, BC Cycle, June 16,
Handmade Glass) USA West Virginia 1987. [Cluster Mention.]
830 Synthetic Rubber and
Carbon Black USA West Virginia Parkersburg DRI/McGraw-Hill. America's Clusters: Building Industry Clusters. San Francisco, June 1996. [Cluster Mention.]
831 Small Engines USA Wisconsin
832 Entertainment, Enright, Michael J, Antonio Francs, Edith Scott Saavedra. Venezuela: The Challenge of Competitiveness. New
Telenovelas Venezuela Caracas York, 1996. NA (Venezuela)
833 Petroleum, Enright, Michael J, Antonio Francs, Edith Scott Saavedra. Venezuela: The Challenge of Competitiveness. New
Petrochemicals Venezuela York, 1996. NA (Venezuela)

Note: Possible or potential clusters marked with an asterisk. Literature entries with only cursory or
anecdotal cluster information marked as such. Other literature entries generally contain detailed
cluster information, sometimes though for other clusters than the one they are attached to.

Cluster Meta Study Michael E. Porter, Claas van der Linde Page 26
www.isc.hbs.edu 2002-10-03 of 26