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Constitutional reform in the Philippines, also known as Charter Change or Cha-

cha, refersto the political and legal processes needed to amend the current
1987 Constitution of the Philippines. Under the current interpretation of the
1987 constitution, amendments can be proposed by one of three methods:

Peoples Initiative or "PI" is one of the modes in which the 1987 Constitution of
thePhilippines could be amended. The other two modes are via Constituent
Assembly or "Con-Ass"and Constitutional Convention or "Con-Con", which also
allow revisions.

Under Article XVII, Sec.2 of the Constitution,

Amendments to this Constitution may likewise be directly proposed by the
people through initiative upon a petition of at least twelve per centum of the total
number of registered voters, of which every legislative district must be
represented by at least three per centum of the registered
votes therein.

The process of amending the 1987 constitution of the Philippines is popularly

known to many Filipinos as Charter Change. Any proposed amendment or revision
to the 1987 Constitution shall only be valid when ratified by the majority of
Filipinos in a plebiscite.

Constituent assembly or Con-Ass is one of the three methods by which the 1987
Constitution of the Philippines can be proposed.

The other two modes are via People'sInitiative and Constitutional Convention. All
three required ratification by a majority vote in a national referendum.

A Constituent assembly is composed of all members of the bicameral Philippine

Congress (Senate and the House of Representatives). It is convened by Congress
to propose amendments to the 1987 constitution. Under Article XVII of the
Constitution of the Philippines,amendments pass upon a vote of three-fourths of
all members of Congress, but it is not clear if the Congress should vote as a single
body or as separate Houses. The convention of Congress into a Constituent
Assembly is not explicitly provided for in the Constitution.

Constitutional convention or con-con is one of the three modes in which

the"Constitution of the Philippines can be amended. The other two modes are via
a People's Initiative or "PI" and Constituent Assembly or "Con-Ass".

Under Article XVII, Sec.3 of the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines The
Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of all its Members, call a constitutional
convention, or by a majority vote of all its Members, submit to the electorate the
question of calling such a convention

The 1987 constitution does not specify how delegates to a Constitutional

Convention would be chosen
Delegates for past conventions were chosen by means specified in the legislation
calling for the convention. For example, in 1971 under an earlier constitution,
Republic Act No.6132 provided that delegates to a constitutional convention
would be chosen in a special election by the national legislative district level.

The 1987 constitution specifies that any proposed amendment to the

1987 Constitution must by ratified by a majority of voters in a plebiscite.

The process of amending or revising the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines has
become known to many Filipinos as Charter Change.

Plebiscite The direct vote of all the members of an electorate on an important

public question such as a change in the constitution

vote, referendum, ballot