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Term Definition

The effective throat of a complete penetration groove weld The thickness of the thinner part joined
shall be

Term Definition

When welding lengthwise connecting two round bars, the Flare V Groove weld
proper symbol would be

Term Definition

Fillet welds may be used to connect skewed T joints provided 30


the plates are set at an angle of not less than

Term Definition

The minimum thickness for a plug weld in material 1" thick 5/8"
shall be

Term Definition

Welding shall not be done when: When ambient temperature is lower than 0F or
Surfaces are wet or exposed to rain, snow, or
high wind or When welders are exposed to in-
clement conditions.

Term Definition

When ambient temperature is lower than 0F or AWSA5.17 & A5.23


Surfaces are wet or exposed to rain, snow, or
high wind or When welders are exposed to in-
clement conditions.

Term Definition

When welding 5/16" plate in the field, a welder must be Structural


certified for

Term Definition

Re-entrant copes shall have a minimum radius of: 1"

Term Definition

Where tight fit of intermediate stiffeners is specified, it shall 1/16"


be defined as allowing a gap of up to

Term Definition

Spatter is caused by Welding current too high or arc length too long

Term Definition

In order to insure sound welds at the ends of a joint. The Extension bars & runoff plates
following shall be used

Term Definition

In repairing cracks in a weld, remove the crack and sound weld 2"
metal how far beyond each end of the crack

Term Definition

The removal of slag from a deposited weld bead is: Mandatory

Term Definition

What electrodes have low hydrogen coating? Electrodes ending 5, 6, or 8.


Term Definition

With which process would an ER70S-X electrode be used GMAW

Term Definition

Oven storage of low hydrogen electrodes is: To avoid damage by atmospheric moisture

Term Definition

Welded joints not pre-qualified shall be: Qualified

Term Definition

Welder certification may be waived by No one

Term Definition

Peening is not permitted on Root and surface layers of welds


5.27

Term Definition

The suggested minimum nominal thickness of backing bars for mar-16


SMAW process is

Term Definition

Pre-heat and interpass temperatures must be sufficient to Prevent crack formation

Term Definition

Low hydrogen electrodes exposed to the atmosphere for One time


longer periods then that permitted by codes shall be

redried no more than

Term Definition

The minimum effective length of a fillet weld shall be: Overall length of full size fillet including boxing

Term Definition

Caulking of welds; What is it and is it permitted Caulking of welds is to plastically deform weld or base metal
surfaces to seal or obscure discontinuities as undercut, piping
porosity, pin holes,
cracks, etc. Caulking is not permitted on most
metals.

Term Definition

In gas metal arc welding the electrode is: Consumable

Term Definition

The effective area of a fillet weld is: The effective weld length X the effective throat.

Term Definition

The minimum length of an intermittent fillet weld shall be: 1 1/2"

Term Definition

The 'U' in joint designation TC-U9a refers to: Metal thickness, U = Unlimited

Term Definition

Arc strikes outside the area of permanent welds should be: Avoided
Term Definition

Base metal specification may be found in: ASTM

Term Definition

Information regarding back gouging of roots in a single bevel Note 4


groove weld without backing is found in footnote
section:

Term Definition

What is the required root opening for the SMA welded CJP 0 to 1/8"
single-U-groove weld:

Term Definition

When spacers are used in the double-bevel groove weld, the Spacer removed by gouging to sound metal be-fore welding
weld is not to be complete until: second side.

Term Definition

The size of the spacer for double-V groove weld using a 30 1/8" X 3/8"
bevel and welded in the overhead position shall be:

Term Definition

What is the required root opening for a single-V-groove weld 1/2"


to a back-up strip welded in the vertical position
at 20 angle:

Term Definition

A single J-groove weld preparation in the horizontal position 45


shall be made with SMAW & groove angle of:

Term Definition

What is the root opening for a partial joint penetration square 1/8"
groove weld butt joint of material 1/4" thick:

Term Definition

A break in the arrow shaft in the symbol in the single bevel Which plate to chamfer
groove weld indicates:

Term Definition

What is the maximum base metal thickness in a single bevel U = Unlimited


groove weld:

Term Definition

What is the included angle of preparation for the double-V- 20


groove weld. Using a spacer and a 1/2" root

Term Definition

In an E70 1 8 electrode, what does the E designate Electrode

Term Definition

Before welding a joint, the surfaces to be welded shall be free Scale, slag, rust, moisture, grease, etc.
of what?
Term Definition

If a welder is qualified by testing in 3/8 inch thick tubular NO


structural steel in the 6-GR position CJP using a
E701 8 electrode, is the welder qualified to weld a PJP on 1
inch thick Structural Steel plate in the vertical down

position?

Term Definition

It is usually good practice to oscillate which of the mild steel E6010 & E6011
SMAW electrodes

Term Definition

The E7024 electrode may be used in what positions? Flat and horizontal

Term Definition

Which of the SMAW electrodes has an iron powder covering? Electrodes with last digit "4"

Term Definition

Which of the SMAW electrodes has an iron powder and low- Electrodes with last digit "8"
hydrogen covering?

Term Definition

Which welding process would an E7018 electrode be used SMAW


with?

Term Definition

Which welding process would an E70T-X electrode be used FCAW


with?

Term Definition

Single bevel groove, with 45 angle and backing, the root 1/4"
opening must be what?

Term Definition

The maximum size of a fillet weld in the flat position, and in 3/8"
one pass shall be how much?

Term Definition

Continuous solid wire electrode ( E70S-X ) used in semi- GMAW


automatic welding would be used in which process?

Term Definition

Members distorted by welding may be straightened by


application of limited amounts of localized heat. The
temperature of heated areas as measured by approved
Q&T1100F, Other 1200F
methods shall not exceed how much for Quenched and
tempered ( Q. & T.) steel nor how much for other steels.?

Term Definition

What is the minimum thickness of material to be used for weld 0.05"


washers?
Term Definition

When parts are to be fillet welded, in a lap joint of material 3/16" Max
under 3" thick the allowable separation of faying

surfaces shall not exceed how much?

Term Definition

The maximum size electrode allowed for the root pass of an 5/32"
overhead fillet weld is what diameter?

Term Definition

What is the maximum permitted carbon equivalent for 0.65%


reinforcing steel that may be welded without prior
qualification
tests?

Term Definition

The first 7 in the E71T-7 designates what? The tensile strength in 10,000's of psi

Term Definition

The last digit "7" in E7027 designates what? Type of flux coating on electrode - Iron powder /
Iron oxide; & type of current used - AC or
DCEN.

Term Definition

When welding a flat fillet root pass, the largest allowable 3/16"
electrode is what diameter?

Term Definition

The "S" in E70S-3 designates what? GMAW - Solid wire electrode

Term Definition

The digit "1" in E7018 indicates that welding is to be in what All positions
positions?

Term Definition

Which of the SMAW electrodes has an iron powder and iron SMAW mild steel electrodes where last digit is
oxide covering?
"7", ie. E6027

Term Definition

The E6011 electrode will give more penetration than all other E6010only
SMAW electrodes except what?

Term Definition

The "60" in E6011 indicates what 60,000 psi Tensile strength

Term Definition

The effective throat thickness of a fillet weld is computed by The root to the face
measuring the shortest distance between what two

points?
{AW
Term Definition

Low hydrogen shielded metal arc electrodes shall be protected 4 hours


from moisture. The E70XX low hydrogen electrodes

shall be returned to an oven within what period of time?

Term Definition

In butt weld root pass in the horizontal position,the thickness 5/16"


of weld metal that may be built up behind the ad-

vancing arc shall be how large?

Term Definition

Between "Structural Welding Code - Steel" Dl.l and "Structural 0.055 = approx. 1/16 inch.
Welding Code - Sheet Steel" D1.3, there is M

a metal thickness overlap of the minimum for Dl.l and the


maximum for D1.3. How much overlap of metal
thickness is there?

Term Definition

Even if prior qualification is made, what is the maximum 0.75%


permitted carbon equivalent for reinforcing steel that

is to be welded?

Term Definition

In which positions is 1/2" the maximum size allowed for a fillet Vertical
weld made in one pass?

Term Definition

Using DC straight polarity, the electrode is which; . . . . Negative


positive, negative or neutral

Term Definition

The minimum preheat and interpass temperature for ASTM 225F


A572 grade 60 structural steel 2" thick welded with

SMAW process is how much?

Term Definition

The minimum preheat and interpass temperature for 32F


structural steel 1/2" welded with the SMAW process and

an electrode other than Low Hydrogen is how much?

Term Definition

The largest electrode permitted when welding in the flat 5/16"


position is what diameter

Term Definition

E7018 electrodes are used with what type of welding current AC & DCEP
Term Definition

Should back-up strips or bars be removed from all welds? No; Not mandatory but permissible
Explain

Term Definition

Shielded metal arc electrodes with low hydrogen covering 2 hours


shall be kept dry in storage ovens. Low hydrogen

electrodes of the E80XX series when taken from the oven shall
be used within what period of time?

Term Definition

Except for root pass, the largest electrode permitted for out of 01-abr
position welding is what diameter

Term Definition

Reverse polarity means that the electrode is which; .. . Positive


positive, negative or netural ?

Term Definition

What does "CJP" in the tail specifications part of a weld Complete Joint Penetration
symbol mean?

Term Definition

What kind of metal is classified as 6061-T6? Aluminum

Term Definition

Safety precautions shall conform to the latest edition of what ANSI/AWSZ49.1


specification published by the American Welding
Society?

Term Definition

If the tensile strength of a single pass weld made with an 60,000 psi
E6010 electrode is 60,000 p.s.i. what would the tensile

strength of a six pass weld be?

Term Definition

The amount of lap required for a fillet welded lap joint shall be 1 inch
at least five times the thickness of the thinner
plate not less than how much?

Term Definition

Backing strips are used to prevent melting through roots of Metal, weld metal, carbon,flux, gas, glass tape, etc.
grooves welds by using what for backing material?

Term Definition

The minimum angle of the plates in a skewed T joint, to be 30


welded with fillet weld, shall not be less than how
many degrees to be considered as effective in transmitting
applied force?

Term Definition

The minimum thickness of a plug or slot weld in 3/8" plate is 3/8"


how much?
Term Definition

The largest size of crater permitted and left at the end of a No crater of any size is allowed
weld is how much?

Term Definition

A fillet weld when measured for size shall be measured how? Leg length of the largest inscribed isosceles rt.

triangle

Term Definition

what are the education and experience requirements for a CWI: 5 years experience, or 3 years & a technical degree;
CWI? CAWI? CAWI: 2 years experience, or 6 months & a technical degree

Term Definition

welding inspectors can be categorized how? 1) code or governing body; 2) purchaser's, customer's, or
owner's (QA); 3) fabricator's, manufacturer's, or contractor's
(QC); 4) architect's or engineer's

Term Definition

what document(s) cover(s) safety in welding and cutting? ANSI Z49.1

Term Definition

which is most general of the following terms: code, standard, standard


specification?

Term Definition

ASME B31.1 & B31.3 cover what subjects? B31.1 covers pressure vessels and power piping, B31.3 covers
chemical process piping

Term Definition

Interpass temperatures are measured what distance from the 1"


joint?

Term Definition

What topics are covered by ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel V covers nondestructive examination; VIII covers Unfired
Code sections V, VIII, & IX? Pressure Vessels, and IX covers Welding and Brazing
Qualifications

Term Definition

In structural applications, when the metal thickness is less AWS D1.3 - sheet metal
than 1/8", what AWS code applies?

Term Definition

Fillet welds may be measured using a tolerance of :____ -1/32"

Term Definition

is the name of the document that prescribes the details of how WPS - Welding Procedure Specification
a weld must be performed.

Term Definition

When it is impractical for the welding inspector t witness all random-partial


tests and observe all welds during production, what kind of
inspection results?
Term Definition

the welding inspector is responsible for judging acceptability a written document


of a product in accord with what?

Term Definition

which code choices are available for taking AWS QC1 AWS D1.1; API 1104; AWS D1.2 (structural aluminum); AWS
CWI/CAWI exams? D1.5 (Bridge); AWS D15.1 (Railroad); ASME VII & IX; ASME IX,
B31.1, & B31.3

Term Definition

AWS D1.1 specifies that nondestructive testing must be SNT-TC-1a


performed by an individual qualified in accordance with what
document?

Term Definition

ASME B31.1 & B31.3 cover what subjects? B31.1 covers pressure vessels and power piping, B31.3 covers
chemical process piping

Term Definition

Interpass temperatures are measured what distance from the 1"


joint?

Term Definition

welding symbols are defined in what publication? AWS A2.4

Term Definition

What topics are covered by ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel V covers nondestructive examination; VIII covers Unfired
Code sections V, VIII, & IX? Pressure Vessels, and IX covers Welding and Brazing
Qualifications

Term Definition

In structural applications, when the metal thickness is less AWS D1.3 - sheet metal
than 1/8", what AWS code applies?

Term Definition

which code choices are available for taking AWS QC1 AWS D1.1; API 1104; AWS D1.2 (structural aluminum); AWS
CWI/CAWI exams? D1.5 (Bridge); AWS D15.1 (Railroad); ASME VII & IX; ASME IX,
B31.1, & B31.3

Term Definition

for fillet welds on material greater than 1" thick or greater, 1/16", no exceptions
what is the allowable undercut? Are there exceptions?

Term Definition

in cases of dispute over welding terms, what document AWS A3.0


prevails?

Term Definition

the standard describing the requirements for welding cross- API 1104
country pipeline is:

Term Definition

acetylene becomes unstable above what pressure? 15psi


Term Definition

safety training is mandated under the provisions of what OSHA


agency?

Term Definition

Name the ending numbers in the classification E-70XX for low 70X5, 70X6, 70X8
hydrogen SMAW electrodes

Term Definition

Name the position numbers in the classification of E-70XX 701X is all positions, 702X is flat and horizontal only
SMAW electrodes

Term Definition

T or F: according to AWS D1.1, steel backing on groove welds TRUE


must be continuous.

Term Definition

At what level are currents considered "primary shock currents" 6mA


and hence dangerous?

Term Definition

what is the most common ASTM structural steel? What is its A-36, 36ksi (36,000 psi), and 58ksi
minimum yield strength? What is its minimum Ultimate
Tensile Strength (UTS)?

Term Definition

AWS D1.1 states that all surfaces to be welded and surfaces thick scale, slag, moisture, rust, grease, and other foreign
adjacent must be free from what elements? material. Paint & mill scale (not loose or thick) are acceptable

Term Definition

what is the numerical designation for the AWS filler metal A5.1
specification "Carbon Steel Covered Arc Welding Electrodes"?

Term Definition

what is the numerical designation for the AWS filler metal A5.5
specification "Low Alloy Steel Covered Arc Welding
Electrodes"?

Term Definition

The American Welding Society certifies welding inspectors AWS QC1


according to what document?

Term Definition

what topics do the sections of AWS D1.1 cover? 1) General Requirements; 2) Design of Welded Connections; 3)
Prequalification of WPSs; 4)Qualification; 5) Fabrication; 6)
Inspection; 7) Stud Welding; 8) Strengthening and Repair of
Existing Structures

Term Definition

what are the two kinds of welding inspectors defined by the Fabrication/Erection (QC), and Verification (QA)
AWS D1.1? What are their roles?
Term Definition

"Authorized Inspector" is a term associated with what? By an "Authorized Inspector" is one who has bottom-line QC
what organization are they certified? responsibility; they are certified by the National Board of
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors

Term Definition

How often are new editions of the AWS AD1.1 published? every 2 years

Term Definition

what does the "Code of Ethics" of the AWS QC1 consider to be public safety
the most important obligation of a welding inspector

Term Definition

what is a MTR? Material Test Report

Term Definition

For material less than 1" thick what is the maximum allowable 1/32" exception: up to 1/16" for any accumulated length up to
undercut in a fillet weld? Are there exceptions? 2" in 12"

Term Definition

the term "Contract Documents" refers to what? 1) all applicable codes; 2) the (structural) plans; 3) the
specifications

Term Definition

what is a specification? a document that describes the requirements for a particular


object or component

Term Definition

what is a weld discontinuity? an interruption in the typical structure of the material

Term Definition

what is a weld defect? a discontinuity or discontinuities that render a product


unacceptable

Term Definition

what is an RFI? Request For Information

Term Definition

the maximum atmospheric exposure time allowed by AWS 4 hours


D1.1 for E-7018 electrodes is what?

Term Definition

According to AWS D1.1, the separation between faying 1/16"


surfaces of butt joints landing on a backing bar cannot exceed
what amount?

Term Definition

what is the national organization for concrete and soils ASCET


technicians?

Term Definition

under the provisions of AWS D1.1, who is ultimately and the contractor
legally responsible for assuring that the welders are certified?
Term Definition

most often, preheat and interpass temperatures are measured temperature-indicating crayons (also contact pyrometer)
using what?

Term Definition

when the base metal must be preheated prior to welding, AWS 3" (or thickness of material, whichever is greater))
D1.1 specifies that the arts must be heated to the required
minimum for at least how far in all directions prior to welding?

Term Definition

ASTM is an abbreviation for what? American Society for Testing and Materials

Term Definition

once removed from their original containers, AWS D1.1 250F


requires that low-hydrogen electrodes be maintained in
electrode ovens at what minimum temperature?

Term Definition

What is an ITL? Independent Testing Laboratory

Term Definition

A CWI or CAWI must have passed what eye test(s)? 20/40 with or without correction and Jaeger J-2 at 12" near
vision acuity (color test may be required by employer, but is
not required by AWS)