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242 CHAPTER 42 Exercises le 10. qa. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. (ay (24/7 (by (12)2/?h (ece + 1)1/2) = 3.46, ace + 1) = 12, soe n= 4, £= 2, mg = 0, +1, #2, my = 41/2 by = 0, 4h (a) 0, +h; (b) 90°, +45° (a) @ = 4; (by n 25 (a) £= 0, 1, 2; mg = 0, +1, +2 (9 states); (b) E = -13.622/n? = -6.04 ev (a) B = -13.627/n? = -30.6 ev; (>) € = 0, 1; mg = 0, 41 cosd = L,/L = me/(e(e + 1)]1/2 = 4/(20)1/2, so 6 = 26.6° L/h = 2.448 = cece + 1))2/2, thus e = 2. Maximum L, = 2h States for £: 2, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22 States for n: 2, 8, 18, 32, 50, or 2n’ Pm ect + ayh = (iy? + 152) + 22 = (ty2 + ty2) + mg2h? ? for each n. (a) 46 is completely unknown; (b) Ly and Ly are unknown. From Eq. 42.8, P = 4nrg*(1/mrg>)e"? = (4/ry)e72 = 0.54/r9 = 1.02x1910 From Eq. 42.9: P = e"lyer, = 8.68x107 ‘a 0 (a) e1/rq = 0.37/19; (b) 4e7@/rg = 0.54/r9; (c) 16e7l/ry = 0.29/r9 1s. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 243 (a) 9e-1/27 1281, = 8.06x107; (b) e71/8rg = 8.68x107; (c) 0. (1/3) exp(-2r/r9) 4nr2ar = = (4/193) (-1exp(-2r/r9) (r9/2) + J (9/2)exp(-2r/rp) (2r)ar = (4/193) tol -X9/2exP(-2x/t9) (2F) +f (t9/2)exP(-2x/rQ) (2dr) = (exp(-2r/rp)] = 1 § Pdr = (4/r,3){ r2exp(-2r/rq)ar = = (4/t93) (-193/2e? - 163/2e? - rg3/4e2] + 1 = 1 - 5/e? = 0.32 V = he/edy = 24.8 kV Ao = he/ev = 4.98x1071} m Slope=a=5x 107 H2l/2 No = he/ev = 1.24x1076/v = 1240 nm/v £(Lg) = £(KB) - £(Ky) or I/dyq = 1/Agg - 1/Axai Aue = 5-59 nm (cfd)? = az - 1), 80 4 Mrg = (Bq - 1)2/( 4 - 1)? (a) X= (41/46)2(0.71) = 0.56 nm; (b) \ = (41/25)2(0.71) = 1.91 nm AE(Ky) = 1240/0.71 = 1746 eV; AE(Kg) = 1240/0.63 = 1968 eV E, = -2870 - 1746 = -4616 ev, By = -4616 + 1968 = -2648 ev 23y (nm, &, mg, mg): (1, 0, 0, 41/2), (2, 0, 0, 41/2), (2, 1, 1, +1/2), (2, 1, 0, 41/2) aol 2 3 Zz 1 2-5 6-14 2 0 O21 0,1,2 a) 0,0,+1 0,0, +1,0,+1, +2 NOBLE: 2 = 1 (H); 5 (B); 14 (Si) = eL/2m = (eh/am)(e(@ + 1)1/2yh = (12)1/2eham = 3.21x10723 g/t 244 32. (a) E = +upB = +3.71x10724 3 (b) £ = 2E/h = 11.2 GHz 33. (a) AE = he(1/Ay - 1/dg) = 2.14 mev; (b) AU = 2upB = 2.14 mev = 3.42x10722 g, thus B= 18.4 T 34. F = wy dB/dz = 1.8x10725 N, thus a = 6.2x103 m/s? = 1/2 at? = 0.78 mm ro u Problems 1. 8rgP = x2(2 - x)2e"* = (4x? - 4x3 + xtye™™ 8rq dP/dx = xe™*(8 - 16x + 8x2 - x3) = 0 With x = 5.2 find dp/dx ~ 0 2. P= ar¥?; so aP/dr = Aexp(-2r/rq) (4x3 - r4/r5), so r = 4rg. 3. Prob. fj Par= (4/23) (-t917/2 - rrg2/2 - r93/4)exp(-2r/t9)] = 1- 13e74 = 0.76 4. ray = (4/193) § x3 exp(-2r/ry) dr = (%9/2)3(6)§ exp(-2r/r9) dr = (4/r63) (3r94/8) = 1.515. 5. Electron: ev = mgc*(y - 1) leads to y = 1.078, thus v = 0.3736 Ye = h/ymyv = 6.04 pm dy = 1240 nm/E = 31 pm