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239 CHAPTER 41 Exercises 1. A = h/(2mK)/2 = 4,909x10719/K1/2 where K is in joules. 1 ev = 1,602x10719 3; find \ = 1.23 nm/k1/? for K in ev. 2. d= h/(amev)!/2 = 1.226x1079/v1/2 m = (2.5/v)1/? nm 3. A= (1.5/120)1/2 = 0.112 nm 4, From Exercise 1, hg = 1-23/(K)1/2 Ap = he/E = 622 nm 0.87 nm 5. = h/mv: (a) 0.397 nm; (b) 0.397 pm 6. N= n/(2mk) 1/2 = 0,143 nm 7. = h/mv = 6x10732 m, a = d/sins° = 7.6x10739 m, no. 8. Photon: E = he/A = 248 eV; Electron: p = h/A and K = p*/2m = 0.061 ev a 0 1240 eV/A (nm): (a) 12.4 keV; (b) 1.24 GeV h/m\ = 1.2 km/s ul. h/(2mev)1/2, so v = h2/(2meyd? = 82 kV d= 12. Dsing = \ = (1.5/v)!/2, thus 0.215sing = 0.152, so ¢ = 45°. 13. X= 1.23/(K)1/2 (gy) X= 1.23/(80)1/2 = 0-138 nm; (b) X= 1.23/(100)4/2 = 0.123 nm 14. v = h/m\ = 7.27x108 m/s 15. (a) v = h/md = 1.37 x 107 m/s; = (ke?/mry)1/2 = 2.28 x 106 m/s e i 16. 1/2 mv? = ke?/r, so v = (2ke*/mr)!/2; d= hymv = (r/2mk)!/2hye = 0.32 nm 17. X= h/(2mK)2/2 = 0,143 nm. Then, Ay = AL/d = 2.9 wm 18. (a) By = h2yeam? = 3,29x10713 3; By = 13210713 + (b) AB = 9.91x10713 3 = hf, so £ = 1.49x102) Hz (y ray) 240 19. 20. a1. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. a7. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 36. 37. (a) &, = b2yemt? (b) SE = 112 ev (uv) L = nh/(8mE)3/2 = AE = (9 - 1)h2/amt? = 75.4 eV, x-ray 1/2 mv? = h?/emt?, so v = h/2mL = 3.64 m/s (a) By = 4B; = 80 ev; (b) L = h/(2me,)1/? = 0.137 om (a) & = b2yemt? = 6x10719 3 = 3.8x109 ev; (b) Not possible Ap, = h/Ax = 6.6 x 10774 kg.m/s Ap, = h/Ax = 3.3x10724 kg.m/s (a) AE = h/dt = 6.63 x 10726 3; (b) Ag = 108 Hz (a) Ap = h/Ax = 1.66x1072° kg.m/s; (b) K = (Ap)?/2m = 0.516 Mev x= 8x 10!5 3, and \ = h/(2mey"/2 = 0.128 pm. K = 4.¢ x 10719 g, 50d = h/(2mk)!/2 = 9.709 nm. k = anf = 4,72 x 10! raaym, so p= h/\ = 4.98 x 1074 kg.m/s. Eq = nn?yamt? a@ n?, So By = 13.6 eV. B = h?/mi? = 129 kev. Eq = n2h?emi? = n2(6.024 x 10718) and £ = AE/h. Need upto n = 3. £7 = 2-73 x 106 Hz, £53 = 4.55 x 1016 Hz, £13 = 7.27x10!6 Hz (a) £ = AB/n = 5.43 x 10/4 Hz; (b) At.AE = h, 80 Af = AE/h = 7.69 x 10 Hz. d= n/(2mKy2 = 1.145 x 1020/K1/2 for K in joules. Multiply by e!/2; \ = 2.86 x 10°!l/x1/2, where « is in ev. 241 38. p= mv = 1.82 x 1073 kg.m/s. Then, Ap.Ax = h, so Ap = 1.33 x 106 kg.m/s and Ap/p = 0.0738. 39. (a) X= h/(2mk)"?, 50 K = 151 eV. (b) B = hc/A = 22.4 kev. 40. p= E/c = 1.0667 x 1077 kg.m/s. Sod = h/p = 6.21 x 1017 m Problems 1. (a) At low energy, p = (2m K)1/2 (b) At high energy, E ~ K and p = E/c 2. At high energy p ~ E/c, so \ = he/E = 6.21x10715 m 3. (a) p = mv = 2x10724 kg.m/s (b) Ax = h/Ap = 0.165 nm = 3.2rp 4. § a2 sin®(nmx/L) dx = a2/2 §(1 - cos(annx/L) dx WL/2 = 5. § A® sin?(nmx/L) dx = a2/2 §(1 - cos(2mnx/L) dx = 0.818 6. At x= 0, the condition dy/dx is continuous, AKexp(Kx) = kCcos(kx), becomes AK = kC, 7. v= (2/1)1/2 cos(nnx/L), n= 1, 2, 3 8. ky = (3)2/2k) = 1.732k9. Thus, R = (0.732/2.732)2 = 7.2x1072 9. The swe is d2yyax2 + (2mh2)(z - mu?x2/2)¥ = 0 Find @2y/dx2 = 2aB(2Bx2 - 1)exp(-Bx2), then B = mo/2h and © = Bh?/m = hw/2 10. (a) (0, 0, 1), (0, 1, 0), (1, 0, 0) (b) (ly 1, 0), (1, 0, 1), (0, 1, 1) a1. = (2/L) § x2 sin?(mnx/L) dx = J 2 axst - § x? cos(2mx/L)} ax/L Integrate second term by parts to find: (1/4) 08/3 = (L/2m)* cos(2mnx/t) (x/2)) = (1/3 - 1/2nn2y 12 12. va/y = eK, thus T= vo2yyy2 = eM 2KL, Find K = 3.62x1019, and 2KL = 7.24, so v= 677-24 = 7,2x1074,