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VII Soc.

Studies 1

7th Std S.S 2nd Semester


Ex1 MCQ:-
1. For which type of sarees is Patan famous?
A.Bandhani B.Kanjivaram C.Patola D.Banarasi
2. The rulers of which dynasty ruled over Panchasar?
A.Chavda B.Vaghela C.Solanki D.Pratihar
3. On the banks of which river did Vanraj Chavda build a new kingdom?
A.Saraswati B.Khari C.Rupen D.Banas
4. Which dynasty ruled over Gujarat after the Chavda dynasty?
A.Vaghela B.Solanki C.Rathod D.Chauhan
5. During whose rule did scholar (Kalikasarvagna) Hemchandraacharya live?
A.Kumarpal B.Siddhraj Jaysinh C.Bhimdev Solanki D.Mulraj Solanki
6. During whose rule did Anhilwad Patan come to be Known as Vidya Dam?
A.Siddhraj Jaysinh B.Kumarpal C.Ajaypal D.Mulraj Solanki
7. During the reign of which king was Gujarats prosperity at its apex?
A.Ajaypal B.Bhimdev Solanki C.Siddhraj Jaysinh D.Kumarpal
8. How many king of the Solanki dynasty later renounced the thrones to become hermits?
A. Seven B. Four C. Five D. six
9. In which city was Rani-ki-Vav constructed?
A.Vadnagar B.Patan C.Junagadh D.Vadodara
10. Who built the Rani-ki-Vav?
A.Rani Bhanumati B.Queen-mother (Rajmata) Minaldevi C.Rani Udaymati D.Rani Naikidevi
11. What is the number of levels of Rani-ki-Vav?
A. Seven B. Nine C. Six D. Five
12. On whose instructions were Malav lake in Dholka and Munsar lake in Viramgam constructed by
Siddhraj Jaysinh?
A.Rani Udaymati B.Queen-mother (Rajmata) Minaldevi C.Rani Rupamati D.Siddhraj Jaysinh
13. In which city in Gujarat Sahastraling lake situated?
A.Patan B.Junagadh C.Ahmedabad D.Vadnagar
14. Who successfully defeated Shahbuddin Ghori?
A.Bhimdev Solanki B.Siddhraj Jaysinh C.Rani Udaymati D.Rani Naikidevi
15. Who established Ahmedabad city?
A. Sultan Mahammud Begda B. Emperor Shah Alam C. Sultan Qutub-ud-din D. Sultan Ahmedshah
16. By which name was the important department of the administration known during the Solanki period?
A. Vish B. Panthak C. Mandal D. Jan
17. The famous temple at Somnath during Solanki era was prime centre of religious sect?
A. Shaiva B. Jain C. Vaishnav D. Swaminarayan
18. Which was the famous pilgrim centre for Vaishnavs in the Solanki period?
A. Ambaji B. Somnath C.Patan D. Dwarka
19. In which city in Gujarat is the Sun temple situated?
A. Patan B. Junagadh C. Vadnagar D. Modhera
20. Where is Vimala Vasahi temple situated?
A. Abu B. Ambaji C. Palitana D. Junagadh
21. Where is the famous Kirti Toran situated in Gujarat?
A. Palitana B. Mehsana C. Vadnagar D.Gandhinagar
22. For how many years approximately did the Rajput dynasties rule over Gujarat during the medieval
age?
A. 450 B. 560 C. 650 D. 750
L-2
1. Due to which winds does the rainfall occurs in India?
A. Western B. Seasonal C. Northern D. South-west
2. Which one of the following states experiences more rainfall?
A. Meghalaya B. Andhra Pradesh C. Sikkim D. West-Bengal
VII Soc. Studies 2

3. Which one of the following states experiences less rainfall?


A. Punjab B. Himachal Pradesh C. Bihar D.Rajasthan
4. In which of the following months, is there winter in India?
A.August B.March C.June D.January
5. South-India does not experience much cold because
A. It is far from the equator B. It is near to the equator
C. Here, there are mountains
D. Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of it
6.In which of the following months is there summer in India?
A. May B. September C. August D. December
7.Which one of the following states experiences too much heat?
A.Karnataka B.Gujarat C.Rajasthan D.Punjab
8.Which one of the following river is the river of North-India?
A.Kaveri B.Krishna C.Brahmaputra D.Mahanadi
9.Which river passes through Bihar?
A.Chenab B.Kosi C.Satluj D.Godavari
10.Which one of the following river is the river of South-India?
A.Narmada B.Ganga C.Satluj D.Kosi
11.Which one of the following river merges into the Bay of Bengal?
A.Sabarmati B.Narmada C.Tapi D.Godavari
12.On which river is the Nagarjuna project located?
A.Krishna B.Tungabhadra C.Godavari D.Mahanadi
13. On which river is the Bhakhra-Nangal project located?
A. Chenab B. Ravi C. Satluj D. Jhelum
14. In which state is the Pulicat lake situated?
A. Rajasthan B. Odisha C .Tamil Nadu D. Andhra Pradesh
15. In which state is the Chilka lake situated?
A. Odisha B. Rajasthan C. Andhra Pradesh D. Tamil Nadu
16. Which is the metallic mineral?
A. Coal B. Bauxite C .Limestone D. Copper
17. Which is the non-metallic mineral?
A. Zinc B. Fluorspar C. Gold D. Steel
18 . Which mineral is mainly used to make steel from iron?
A.Manganese B.Copper C.Mica D.Bauxite
19. Which mineral is used to make electric wire?
A. Mica B. Copper C. Bauxite D. Manganese
20. What is the approximate height of the trees in evergreen forests?
A. 15 to 20 meters B. 20 to 25 meters C. 25 to 30 meters D.30 to 35 meters
21. Which tree is found in deciduous or seasonal forests?
A. Mahogany B. Mahudo C. Sesame D. Cane
22. From the wood of which tree is Catechu made?
A. Palm B. Catechu C. Cane D. Chid
23. What is used to make printing ink?
A. Laakh B. Tree of Sundari C. Chid D. Cane
24. Which is the national animal of India?
A. Lion B. Elephant C. Leopard D. Tiger
25. Which is the national bird of India?
A. Parrot B. Peacock C. Swan D. Eagle
26. Which National Park is located in Assam state?
A.Keoladev B.Dachigam C.Kaziranga D.Bandipur
27. In which state is the Kanha National Park located?
A. Karnataka B. Assam C. Madhya Pradesh D. Rajasthan
28. Which National Park is located in Karnataka state?
A. Dachigam B. Bandipur C. Kanha D. Keoladev
29. In which state is the Dachigam National Park located?
A. Jammu-Kashmir B. Rajasthan C. Karnataka D. Madhya Pradesh
VII Soc. Studies 3

30. Why is the life of wild animals put in danger?


A. due to polluted water of industries
B. due to unlimited digging of minerals
C. due to deforestation
D. illegal killing of wild animals
L-3
1. What type of government do we have in India?
A. Socialist B. Presidential C. Democratic D. Dictatorship
2. Who ensures quick and inexpensive function of Judiciary?
A. Lok Adalats B. Gram Panchayats C. Nyaya Panchayats D. Judges
3. Which is the lowest court in India?
A. Village court B. Taluka court C. Lok Adalat D. Mandal court
4. In which city is the Gujarat High court situated?
A. Gandhinagar B. Rajkot C. Ahmedabad D. Vadodra
5. By what name are the disputes related to house, land and property known?
A. Local B. Civil C. Criminal D. Revenue
6. By what name are the cases of theft, robbery, cheating, murder, physical assault and fight in public
places known?
A. Judicial B. Civil C. Criminal D. Fundamental
L-4
1. In which year did Babur Attacked India?
A.1561 C.E. B. 1526 C.E. C.1536 C.E. D.1606 C.E.
2. Who established the Mughal dynasty in India?
A. Akbar B. Humayun C. Babur D. Bairam Khan
3. Who ascended the throne of Delhi after the death of Babur?
A. Humayun B. Shershah B. Kamran D. Akbar
4. Who was born at the palace of the king of Amarkot?
A. Rana Udaysinh B. Akbar C. Rana Ratansinh D. Humayun
5. Which of the following is not a ruler of the Mughal dynasty?
A. Aurangzeb B. Jahangir C. Humayun D. Shershah
6. Whom did Akbar defeat under the guidance of Bairam Khan?
A. Shershah B. Bahadur Shah C. Ibrahim Lodi D. Hemu
7. Which name did Prince Salim adopt when he ascended the throne after the death of Akbar?
A. Jahangir B. Shahjahan C. Humayun D. Aurangzeb
8. The rulers of which Rajput dynasty fought many battles with Akbar?
A. Sisodiya B. Vaghela C. Kantharia D. Solanki
9. Which tax was not levied during the reign of Akbar?
A. Octroi B. Pilgrim C. Mandal D. Land revenue
10. Which of the following book was written by Abul Fazal?
A. Humayun B. Baburnama C. Akbarnama D. Jahangirnama
11. Which of the following rulers set up a mint house to mint silver coins uniform in weight?
A. Humayun B. Akbar C. Shershah D. Babur
12. Where did historic battle between the armies of Akbar and Rana Pratap take place?
A. Haldighati B. Khaiberghat C. Bolanghat D. Panipat
13. Where did Akbar build the Prayer Hall (Ibadatkhana)?
A. Agra B. Fatehpur Sikri C. Bijapur D. Delhi
L-5
1. Where is the crop of tea grown?
A. Sloping land B. Soil in which water is filled C. Sandy land D. Black Soil
2. In which of the following states is jowar grown?
A. Assam B. Maharashtra C. Punjab D. Haryana
3. In which of the following states is corn grown?
A. Jammu-Kashmir B. Punjab C. Haryana D. Madhya Pradesh
4. Which state in India is the leading producer of groundnut?
A. Maharashtra B. Andhra Pradesh C. Gujarat D. Madhya Pradesh
VII Soc. Studies 4

5. On what percentage of the cultivated land in India is irrigation farming carried out?
A. 15 B. 18 C. 22 D. 30
6. Which agriculture is dependent on monsoon only?
A. Normal B. Kharif C. Rabi D. Dry
7. Which country is a leading producer of sugar cane in the world?
A. U.S.A. B. China C. India D. Russia
8. Which crop is the most important crop of India?
A. Jowar B. Jute C. Millet D. Paddy
9. Which of the following things is made in small scale industry?
A. Iron-steel B. Steamer C. Vessels D. Cement
10. At which of the following places in Gujarat are the factories of chemical fertilizer situated?
A. Rajkot B. Bhuj C. Patan D. Kalol
11. What is made in cottage industry?
A. Bus B. Cement C. Papad D. Sugar
12. Which is the main centre for woollen cloth industry?
A. Jamnagar B. Ludhiana C. Maharashtra D. Uttar Pradesh
13. At which of the following places is paper used for newspaper?
A. Hoshangabad B. Nepanagar C. Aurangabad D. Baroda
14. In which country is the biggest road web situated in the world?
A. Japan B. Pakistan C. Sri Lanka D. India
15. Which is the longest highway in India?
A. Highway No. 5
B. Highway No. 6
C. Highway No. 21
D. Highway No. 7
16.Which is the shortest highway in India?
A. Highway No. 21
B. Highway No. 25
C. Highway No. 35
D. Highway No. 10
17.What is written on the milestone of National Highway?
A. (D.M.R.) B.(S.H.) C. (N.H.) D. Nothing
18. At which of the following places is the ropeway situated in Gujarat.
A. Ramgadh B. Pavagadh C. Junagadh D.Songadh
L-6
1. Who was the powerful and influential ruler of the Mughal dynasty?
A. Babur B. Jahangir C. Akbar D. Shah Jahan
2. During whose reign were many architectural monuments built?
A. Shah Jahan B. Akbar C. Jahangir D. Aurangzeb
3. Which one of the following Sikh Gurus was sentenced to death by Jahangir?
A. Guru Teg Bahadur B. Guru Gobindsingh C. Guru Arjun singh D. Guru Hargobindsingh
4. Which Mughal emperor was well-versed in Arabic and Persian languages?
A. Akbar B. Jahangir C. Shah Jahan D. Aurangzeb
5. Which Mughal emperor disliked art, music and painting?
A. Jahangir B. Babur C. Akbar D. Aurangzeb
6. Which Mughal emperor was fond of collecting paintings?
A. Jahangir B. Akbar C. Babur D. Aurangzeb
7. Whose reign can be considered as the Golden Age of the Mughal Empire?
A. Akbar B. Shah Jahan C. Jahangir D. Aurangzeb
8. In which year was Shivaji born?
A. 1674 C.E. B. 1630 C.E. C. 1668 C.E. D. 1642 C.E.
9. Where was Shivaji born?
A. Shiverni fort B. Torana fort C. Purandar fort D. bijapur
VII Soc. Studies 5

10. When was Shivaji coronated?


A. 1664 C.E. B. 1668 C.E. C. 1674 C.E. D. 1630 C.E.
11. Where was Shivaji coronated?
A. Purandar B. Shivneri C. Raigadh D. Torana
L-8
1.In which district is the Somnath Temple located?
A. Porbandar B. Bhavnagar C. Junagadh D. Rajkot
2. What is the number of Jyotirlings in India?
A. 4 B. 8 C. 15 D. 12
3. On the banks of which river is the Dwarkadhish temple located?
A. Bhadar B. Gomti C. Bhukhi D. Saraswati
4. How many steps you have to climb to reach the Dwarkadhish temple?
A. 80 B. 108 C. 101 D. 90
5. The Shikhar of the Dwarkadhish temple rises to how many storeys?
A. 6 B. 8 C. 5 D. 11
6. In which district is the Sun Temple of Modhera located?
A. Himmatnagar B. Patan C. Gandhinagar D Mehsana.
7. Which king constructed the Sun temple of Modhera?
A. Siddhraj Jaysinh B. Mulraj 1 C. Bhimdev 1 D. Kumarpal
8. In which place is the Sun temple of Gujarat located?
A. Pavagadh B. Chotila C. Modhera D. Taranga
9. Where in Gujarat is Rudra Mahalaya located?
A. Siddhpur B. Patan C. Vadnagar D. Dwarka
10. Who started the construction of Rudra Mahalaya at Siddhpur?
A.Rani Rupmati B.Bhimdev Solanki
C.Siddhraj Jaysinh D.Mulraj Solanki
11 On which mountain is Jain pilgrim place Palitana located?
A. Shetrunjaya B.Girnar C.Pavagadh D.Barda
12.Which is the most sacred of Jains pilgrimage centres ?
A.Taranga B.Palitana C.Shankeshwar D.Vadavali
13. Which Jali in Ahmedabad Is world famous?
A.Sidi Saiyyad Jali B.Rani Rupmatis Jali
C.Sidi Bashirs Jali D.Rani Sipris Jali
14.Where is Qutub Minar located?
A.Agra B.Fatehpur Sikri C.Delhi D.Hyderabad
15.Who started the construction of Qutub Minar?
A.Iltutmish B.Alauddin Khilji C.Qutub-ud din-Aibak D.Husen Shah
16.How many storeyed building is Qutub MInar?
A.3 B.7 C.4 D.5
17What is the Dhai din ka Jhopada?
A.A temple B.A mosque C.A church D.A `palace
18. Which mosque was built by Qutub ud din Aibak?
A. Dhai din ka jhopda B. Chirag-e-Delhi
C Moth-ki-Masjid D Qudam-Rasool-Masjid
19 Which was the first mosque constructed in India?
A.Nagina Masjid B Dhai Din ka Jhopada
c. Jama Masjid D.Moti Masjid
20 By what other name is the Bruhadeshwar temple known ?
A.Rajarajeshwara temple B. Lagua Mahadev Temple C. Devadhidev temple D.Hajara temple
21 Where is the Bruhadeshwar temple situated?
A.Chhatarapur B. Puddakal C. Thanjavur D. Konark
22. Which Mughal Emperor established new capital at Fatehpur Sikri?
A. Akbar B. Babur C.Shah Jahan D Jahangir
23. Which is Indias tallest entrance door with a dome?
A. Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur
VII Soc. Studies 6

B. Gateway of India at Mumbai


C. Saint Salim Chistis Darwaza
D. Buland Darwaza of Fatehpur Sikri
24. Which is the most important architecture in Fatehpur Sikri?
A. Moti Masjid B. Jama Masjid C. Shahi Masjid D. Atala Masjid
25. Which Mughal Emperor built Red Fort in Delhi?
A. Humayun B. Jahangir C. Shah Jahan D. Akbar
26. Which Mughal Emperor built Taj Mahal?
A. Shah Jahan B. Akbar C. Humayun D. Jahangir
27. Where is Taj Mahal located?
A. New Delhi B. Agra C. Old Delhi D. Fatehpur Sikri
28. Which Mughal architecture is considered as one of the seven wonders of the world?
A. Red Fort of Agra B. Qutub Minar
C. Red Fort of Delhi D. Taj Mahal
L-12
NORTH AMERICA CONTINENT
1. The name of America is taken from the name of Amerigo Vespucci. Of which country was he an
inhabitant?
A. Norway B. Italy C. Spain D. Portugal
2. How much land area of the world does the North America continent cover?
A. 13% B. 21% C. 16% D. 26%
3. For which crop are the Prairies plains famous?
A. Maize B. Sugarcane C. Paddy D. Wheat
4. Which mountain range of North America is very wide?
A. Rockies B. Appalachian C. Andes D. Alaska
5. Which is the tallest peak in North America?
A. Orizaba B. Logan C. McKinley D. Popocatepetl
6. In which mountain range is the Mt. McKinley situated?
A. Appalachian B. Rockies C. Sierra Madre D. Alaska
7. In which direction is the desert of North America located?
A. South-west B. South-east C. East D. North
8. In which part of North America do the Eskimos live?
A. West B. East C. North D. South
9. Which tropic passes through central Mexico?
A. Tropic of Cancer B. Tropic of Capricorn C. North Pole D. Equator
10. How many standard time zones are there in U.S.A. and Canada?
A. Three B. Four C. Five D. Six
11. Which is the largest country of North America?
A. U.S.A. B. Canada C. Brazil D. Argentina
12. Which is the national tree of Canada?
A. Oak B. Maple C. Berch D. Ash
13. In the production of which mineral does Canada rank first in the world?
A. Platinum B. Mineral Oil C. Gold D. Silver
14. Which is the largest city of Canada?
A. Winnipeg B. Ottawa C. Hamilton D. Toronto
15. Which is the capital of Canada?
A. Montreal B. Toronto C. Ottawa D. Quebec
16. Which is a very important river of Canada?
A. Mackenzie B. St. Lawrence C. Mississippi D. Missouri
17. Which is the national game of Canada?
A. Football B. Ice Hockey C. Cricket D. Tennis
18. Which country ranks first in industry in the world?
A. U.S.A. B. Germany C. U.K. D. Japan
19. Which river has formed the Grand Canyon?
A. Colorado B. Mississippi C. Mackenzie D. Missouri
VII Soc. Studies 7

20. In which city is the Statue of Liberty located?


A. Los Angeles B. Chicago C. Washington D. New York
SOUTH AMERICA CONTINENT
1. What is the rank of the continent of South America in the western hemisphere of the world?
A. Third B. Fourth C. Fifth D. Second
2. Which is the longest mountain range in the world?
A. Andes B. Rockies C. Himalayas D. Alps
3. Which is the highest peak of South America?
A. Cotopaxi B. Ancohuma C. Chimborazo D. Aconcagua
4. Which river in the world has the maximum volume of water?
A. Nile B. Mississippi C. Yangtze D. Amazon
5. Which river has the largest river basin in the world?
A. Amazon B. Congo C. Mississippi D. Nile
6. What passes through the northern part of Brazil?
A. Equator
B. Tropic of Capricorn
C. Tropic of Cancer
D. South Pole
7. Which tropic passes through the southern part of Brazil?
A. Tropic of Cancer
B. Equator
C. Tropic of Capricorn
D. South Pole
8. In which climatic zone is the largest part of South America?
A. Cold Zone B. Torrid Zone C. Rainy Zone D. Temperate Zone
9. What percentage of forests of the world are there in South America?
A. 9% B. 13% C. 18% D. 21%
10. What percentage of land of South America is used for agriculture?
A. 6.8% B. 4.2% C. 3.5% D. 2%
11. About what percentage of population of South America is involved in agriculture?
A. 60% B. 30% C. 75% D. 72%
12. What is the rank of Brazil in the world in terms of area?
A. Third B. Seventh C. Fourth D. Fifth
13. In which part of the South America continent is the Patagonia plateau located?
A. Northern B. Southern C. Eastern D. Western
14. Which country in the world produces maximum sugarcane?
A. U.S.A. B. Brazil C. China D. India
15. Which country leads in the production of coffee?
A. Indonesia B. Thailand C. Brazil D. Colombia
16. Which country in South America produces maximum wheat?
A. Argentina B. Peru C. Chile D. Brazil
17. Which country in South America leads in the production of mineral oil?
A. Ecuador B. Brazil C. Argentina D. Venezuela
18. Which is the national language of Brazil?
A. Spanish B. Portuguese C. French D. English
19. What is the name of the capital of Argentina?
A. Rio de Janeiro B. Montevideo C. Buenos Aires D. Bogota
Ex2 Blanks:-
L-1
1. Currently, the village Anawada situated to the west of Patan was originally known as Anhilwad.
2. Jaishikhari was the father of Vanraj Chavda.
3. Jaishikhari ruled over Panchasar kingdom.
4. Vanraj Chavda established Anhilwad Patan on the banks of river Saraswati.
5. Anhil Bharwad assisted Vanraj Chavda in acquiring his fathers lost kingdom.
6. The kings of the Chavda dynasty ruled over Gujarat for approximately 196 years.
VII Soc. Studies 8

7. The famous scholar (Kalikasarvagna) Shree Hemchandraacharya was patronized during the rule
of Siddhraj Jaysinh.
8. Siddhraj Jaysinh proposed Shree Hemchandraacharya to prepare and write a grammar book.
9. Hemchandraacharya prepared and wrote the grammar book Siddhem Shabdanushasan.
10. Siddhraj Jaysinh carried out the procession of the book Siddhem Shabdanushasan placed on the
seat tied onto an elephant.
11. Gujarats prosperity reached its apex during the reign of Kumarpal.
12. During the reign of Kumarpal, the amalgamation of non-violence, prosperity and education was
noticed in Anhilwad Patan.
13. Queen Udaymati constructed Rani-ki-Vav.
14. Queen Minaldevi was mother of Siddhraj Jaysinh.
15. Queen-mother (Rajmata) Minaldevi waived off the pilgrim tax.
16. Siddhraj Jaysinh constructed Malav lake in Dholka and Munsar lake in Viramgam on the
instruction of Queen-mother (Rajmata) Minaldevi.
17. Siddhraj Jaysinh constructed Sahastraling lake in Patan.
18. Queen Naikidevi was the brave heroic lady of Anhilwad Patan.
19. Queen Naikidevi defeated the army of Shahbuddin Ghori.
20. During the Sultanate era, Sultan Ahmedshah established the new city Ahmedabad on the banks of
river Sabarmati in 1411 C.E.
21. The most important department of administration was known as Mandal during the Solanki period.
22. The sub-section of the Mandal was known as Pathak.
23. During the Solanki period, the followers of the Shaivism sect were in a large number in Gujarat.
24. During the Solanki period, Somnath was Shaivism sects and Dwarka was Vaishnav sects prime
centers.
25. The Kirti Toran at Vadnagar is the most famous among the Kirti Toran in Gujarat.
L-2
1. India is situated between 8 degree to 37 degree North hemisphere.
2. With the seasons the wind also change its course which is the special feature of Indias climate.
3. As southern part of India comparatively nearer to equator it does not experience much cold.
4. India experiences summer season during March to May.
5. Monsoon is a very important season for India.
6. Malabar Coast of Kerala receives more than 300 cm of rainfall.
7. The people of North-India mainly do farming occupation.
8. The river Ganga has made fertile triangular plains near its mouth.
9. Hirakund project is there on Mahanadi.
10. Kolleru Lake is located in Andhra Pradesh.
11. Cotton clothes are preferred by the people of South-India to protect themselves from heat.
12. Rice and fish are used more in food in West Bengal.
13. River Kosi of Bihar is flooded every year.
14. Nal Sarovar is located in Gujarat state.
15. Due to Narmada project Sardar Sarovar Lake is formed in Gujarat.
16. Mineral resources are the backbone of the economy of the country.
17. Fluorspar mineral is used in plastic industries.
18. Sunderban is the Triangular plains of the Ganga.
19. The Deodar is the tree of coniferous forests.
20. Boat is made from Sundari trees.
21. Artistic things like basket, mats, toys are made of cane wood.
22. Turpentine is made from chid juice.
23. Catechu is got from Catechu wood.
24. Mica mineral is use for noise absorption.
25. Keoladev National Bird Park is situated in Rajasthan.
26. The elephant is the huge animal in mammals of the land.
27. The wild ass are found in small desert of Kutch in Gujarat.
28. In India wild ass are found only in small desert of Kutch.
29. One horned rhinoceros is the unique animal of India.
VII Soc. Studies 9

30. The bears are found in Dediyapada forests in Gujarat.


31. Ghorad/Great Indian Bustard is the heaviest bird.
32. Nal Sarovar of Gujarat is very famous place for birds migrating from all over the world.
33. There are 490 Sanctuaries and 89 National Parks in India.
34. In India musk deer is found in Dachigam National Park of Jammu and Kashmir.
35. Less than 2 percentage of water on the earth is suitable for drinking for human beings.
L-3
1. The bullet from the palace was fired by the Queen (Begum).
2. The Queen (Begum) was fond of hunting.
3. The name of the Goddess of Justice is Austin.
4. The eyes of the Goddess of Justice are blindfolded.
5. There is scale in the one (right) hand and sword in the other (left) hand of the Goddess of Justice.
6. Lok Adalats have been put into practice to make judiciary quick and inexpensive.
7. Taluka court is the court at the lower level.
8. The Taluka courts are called Trial courts.
9. The District Judge is the head of all courts in the district.
10. The main court in the state is known as the High court.
11. The Gujarat High court was established in the year 1960 C.E.
12. The Gujarat High court is situated in Ahmedabad city.
13. The highest court of our country is the Supreme court.
14. In Taluka court only civil cases are heard.
15. House, land or property cases are called civil cases.
16. The process of securing justice from the courts is expensive.
17. There is a District sessions court in every district.
18. The police arrests the criminals on the basis of complaints.
The FIR is registered when the police comes to known about the crime.
L-4
1. Babur attacked Delhi in 1526 C.E.
2. Babur was founder of the Mughal Dynasty in India.
3. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the (First) Battle of Panipat.
4. Babur defeated the brave ruler of Chittor Rana Sanga at Kanva.
5. Humayun ascended on the throne of Delhi after Babur.
6. Humayun had to struggle constantly against his brother Kamran.
7. Akbar was born at the palace of the king of Amarkot.
8. Shershah is well-known as a reformer in history.
9. Bairam Khan was a faithful minister of Humayun.
10. Bairam Khan was the guardian of Akbar and took care of administration on his behalf.
11. Hemu set up his rule in Delhi when Akbar was in Punjab.
12. Akbar defeated Hemu in the Second Battle of Panipat under the guidance of Bairam Khan.
13. Akbar won Chittor and Ranthambhore in the battle with Rana Pratap.
14. Prince Salim adopted the name Jahangir and ascended the throne after Akbar.
15. Akbar maintained good relations and won the confidence of the Rajput rulers.
16. Subedari system was implemented during the Mughal period.
VII Soc. Studies 10

17. Akbar was the most tolerant and benevolent king among the Mughal rulers.
18. Akbar regularly attended the religious meet in the prayer hall at Fatehpur Sikri on every Friday.
19. Shershah prepared the revenue system with the help of Todarmal.
20. Among the many battles fought between Mewar and Delhi, the Battle of Haldighat is considered to be
the most important battle.
21. The name of Maharana Prataps horse was chetak.
22. Bhama Shah gave financial help to Maharana Pratap.
L-5
1. In India, about 70 percentage of people are engaged in agriculture activities.
2. Arid regions are suitable for the jowar and millet crops.
3. Cotton is required to make cotton cloth.
4. The longest national highway of India connects Varanasi to Kanyakumari.
5. The shortest national highway of India connects from Kolkata to Bongaun.
6. Indian Airlines provides the service for domestic travel in India.
7. Air India provides the service for international travel in India.
8. In mountaineous region, ropeways is used for transportation
L-6
1. Jahangir was the son of Akbar.
2. Prince Salim assumed the name of Jahangir.
3. Sir Hawking and Sir Thomas Roe were the representatives of the king of England who came to India.
4. Nur jahan was the wife of Jahangir.
5. Shah Jahan believed that Agriculture is the pillar of prosperity.
6. Shah Jahan established a new city Shah Jahanabad near old Delhi.
7. Mughal emperor Aurangzeb had extraordinarily sharp memory.
8. Veer Durgadas fought continuously for 25 years with Aurangzeb in order to free Marwar.
9. Aurangzeb fought for 25 years against Shiya states of Bijapur and Golkonda in the South.
10. The Mughal society had feudal system.
11. Dusshera festival was celebrated in the Mughal empire during the reign of Jahangir in a grand manner.
12. One Man was equal to 55.5 Ratal in Mughal time.
13. The Mughal emperors were fond of grand palaces.
14. Shah Jahan was known as constructer of palaces in history.
15. Shah Jahan built the world famous Taj Mahal.
16. Tavernier and Bernier, the French travellers visited India during the Mughal period.
17. The Golden Age of the Mughal rule means the rule of Shah Jahan.
18. Maharashtra was the homeland of the Shivaji.
19. Shivaji was born in the year 1630 C.E.
20. Shivaji was born at Shivneri fort.
21. Shivaji learnt lessons of politics from grandfather.
22. Shivaji was coronated in the year 1674 C.E.
23. Shivaji was coronated at Raigadh.
24. Shivaji formed cabinet of eight ministers for proper administration of the state.
L-8
1. Somnath temple is at Prabhas Patan near Veraval.
2. The Somnath temple is of the Shaiva sect of Hindu religion.
3. The construction of the new Somnath temple was completed by the year 1951.
4. Somnath is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of Lord Shiva.
5. Adjacent to the Dwarkadhish temple is the mathas of shrimad shankaracharya
6. The matha of Shrimad Shankaracharya in Dwarka is known as the Shardapith.
7. The world-famous Sun temple of Modhera is in Mehsana district.
VII Soc. Studies 11

8. The Sun temple at Modhera has some relationship with the Sun temple at Konark in the east
India.
9. The Sun temple of Modhera is located on the Tropic of Cancer.
10. The construction of Rudra Mahalaya at Siddhpur was completed by Siddhraj Jaysinh.
11. Palitana is the most sacred pilgrimage centres of the Jains.
12. Jain temples at Palitana are on the Shetrunjay mountain (hill).
13. Shetrunjay is regarded as the place of the first Jain Tirthankar Bhagwan Rishbadev.
14. The Qutub Minar in Delhi was expanded by Iltutmish.
15. Qutub Minar is the tallest Minarate in India.
16. Dhai Din ka Jhopada is a mosque.
17. Dhai Din ka Jhopada is the first mosque constructed in India.
18. In the Chola Dynasty, the multi-storeyed pyramid like tower was called Vimana.
19. The Bruhadeshwar temple was built by the great Chola King 1 in Tanjor.
20. The Buland Darwaza in Fatehpur Sikri is the entrance of the Jama Masjid on the south side.
21. The Chola king Rajeshwar built the Bruhadeshwar temple.
22. The height of the Buland Darwaza is 55 metres.
23. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built Red Fort as the fortified family palace.
24. The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal in the memory of his begum Mumtaz.
L-12
NORTH AMERICA CONTINENT

1. The area of North America continent is 2.44 lakh sq km.


2. The north-south length of North America continent is 9654 km.
3. North Pole passes from the north of Canada.
4. The central plains of North America are known as plains of Prairies.
5. The houses of Eskimos, made of ice blocks are known as Igloo.
6. The cyclone which occurs frequently over Texas region is called Tornado.
7. The tropic of Cancer passes through central Mexico.
8. In North America Canada is the largest country in area.
9. The original explorer of America is Amerigo Vespucci.
10. There is a large forest zone called coniferous to the south of the Tundra region in North
Canada.
11. Many varieties of fish are found in the continental shelf of the New Foundland in Canada.
12. The original natives of U.S.A. were Red Indians people.
13. Washington (D.C.) is the capital of U.S.A.
14. Ottawa is the capital of Canada.
15. In Canada, wheat is produced in abundance in the plains of Prairies.
16. Ice Hockey is the national game of Canada.
17. U.S.A. ranks first in all the countries of the world in the development of transportation.

SOUTH AMERICA CONTINENT

1. The continent of South America covers about 13 % land area of the world.
2. In the terms of physiography, South America continent has 4 natural sections.
3. North and South America continents are connected by the isthmus of panama.
4. Brazil is the largest country in South America.
5. In the terms of area, Brazil ranks fifth in the world.
6. The Andes Mountain Range is about 8900 km long.
7. The Titicaca lake situated at a great height in South America is world famous.
8. The length of Amazon river is about 4827 km.
VII Soc. Studies 12

9. The Atacama desert is located along the coasts of Peru and Chile in South America.
10. Only 4.2 % of land is used for agriculture in South America.
11. About 60 % of population of South America is involved in agriculture activities.
12. In terms of area, South America is the fourth largest continent of the world.
13. Alfalfa grass grows in the Pampas grassland.
14. Majority of the population of Brazil lives in its eastern part.
15. Brasilia is the capital of Brazil.
16. Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina.
17. The national language of Argentina is Spanish.

Ex 3 True or False:-
L-1
1. The Chavda dynasty ruled over Gujarat for 196 years. True
2. The Vaghela dynasty succeeded the Chavda dynasty on the throne of Anhilwad Patan. False
3. Siddhraj Jaysinh proposed Hemchandraacharya to prepare and write a grammar book. True
4. Queen-mother (Rajmata) Minaldevi constructed a step well (Vav) for the welfare of the people.
False
5. Siddhraj Jaysinh waived the pilgrim tax on the demand of the people. False
6. Rani-ki-Vav is situated in Patan. True
7. The rulers of the Vaghela dynasty ruled over Gujarat after the Solanki dynasty. True
8. Karandev Vaghela was the last emperor of the Vaghela dynasty. True
9. The sub-section of a Mandal was called Panthak. True
10. The impact of Jainism in Gujarat lapsed in the medieval age. False
11. The famous architecture Siddi Sayyed Grill is situated in Ahmedabad.
L-2
1. The Tropic of Capricorn passes through the middle of the India. False
2. There is an equal rainfall in every part of India. False
3. Winter is a very important season for India. False
4. There is less effect of climate on human beings. False
5. The Satluj is a river of North India. True
6. The Kaveri River flows eastwards and merges into the Bay of Bengal. True
7. Only after, processing minerals are available in pure form. True
8. Forest resources are the backbone of the economy of the people. False
9. Mica is used in purification of kerosene and making of cement. False
10. The trees of deciduous forests shed their leaves in autumn. True
11. Turpentine is got from the wood of catechu tree. False
12. In all over the world lions and tigers both are found only in India. False
13. The Kanha National Park is only for tiger and stag. True
L-3
1. The judiciary of our country is independent and unbiased. True
2. We get quick and inexpensive justice in our courts. False
3. The chief justice of the District court is the head of all the courts in the state. False
4. Only criminal cases are heard by the Taluka court. False
5. An appeal can be made against the judgements of the Taluka court. True
6. The district courts are established only in large districts. False
7. The Lok Adalats add to the burden of the courts. False

L-4

1. Babur died on the battlefield in 1530 C.E. False


2. Babur ascended the throne after Humayun. False
3. Shershah had defeated Humayun twice. True
4. Akbar was only thirteen years old when his father Humayun passed away. True
5. Prince Salim adopted the name Jahangir. True
6. Akbar developed friendly relations with Maharana Pratap. False
VII Soc. Studies 13

7. Akbar organized religious meet in the Prayer Hall on every Tuesday. False
8. Akbar followed the revenue collection method of Sher Shah. True

L-5

1. India is an industrial country. False


2. The agriculture which is dependent only on rain is called dry farming. False
3. Jute plant is putrefied in water. True
4. Millet is the staple diet of most of the Indians. False
5. Cement is used to construct houses and dams. True
6. The currency note paper is made in Nepanagar. False
7. Mineral Oil is extracted from the interior of the earth. True
8. The chemical fertilizers are used in industries. False
9. Transportation improves the emotional integrity of the country.True

L-6
1. After the death of Akbar, his son Shah Jahan ascended to the throne. False
2. Prince Khusrau was the son of Jahangir. True
3. Most of the administrative work of the empire was handled by Noor Jahan. True
4. Shah Jahan believed that trade and history are the pillars of prosperity. False
5. Foreigners did not have the right to take away wealth from India in the Mughal empire. True
6. Villages were not self-reliant during the Mughal peiod. False
7. Poet Raskhan was a disciple of Vaishnav Acharya Vithtalnathji. True
8. Indian textiles were very famous in the markets of Europe and Asia during the Mughal period. True
9. The name of Shivajis father was Sambhaji and the name of his mother was Jijabai. False
10. Guerilla technique means surprise attack on the enemy. True
L-8
1. The Somnath temple is near Junagadh at Prabhas Patan in Veraval district. False
2. The Sun temple at Modhera is located on equator. False
3. The Sun temple of Modhera is a unique example of sculpture and architecture. True
4. The Qutub Minar is a seven- storeyed structure. False
5. The Bruhadeshwar temple is an excellent work of the Chola- Dravidian style of architecture.
True
6. The Red Fort in Delhi was built by Akbar. False
7. The most important building of Fatehpur Sikri is Jama Masjid. True
8. Taj Mahal is a world- famous Makbara. True

L-12
NORTH AMERICA CONTINENT

1. The Atlantic Ocean is located in the east of North America continent. True
2. Baffin is the largest island among the islands in northern Canada. True
3. In North America, vast central plains are known as Pampas. False
4. Rocky mountain range is located in North America. True
5. Popocatepetl Volcano is located in Alaska. False
6. The U.S.A. ranks second in the industrial development in the world. False
7. Maple is the national tree of U.S.A. False
8. Football is the national game of Canada. False
9. The Statue of Liberty is situated in New York. True
10. The U.S.A. ranks first in transportation in the world. True

SOUTH AMERICA CONTINENT

1. The continent of South America covers 12% of land area of the world. False
2. The North and South American continents are connected by the isthmus of Suez. False
3. There are many volcanic mountains in Ecuador in South America. True
VII Soc. Studies 14

4. The basin of Amazon river is the largest basin of the world. False
5. It rains in the Andes mountainous region throughout the year. False
6. Brazil leads in the world in the production of coco and sugarcane. False
7. Pan-American roadway is constructed in Chile-Argentina. True
8. In Brazil, about 60% of population live in villages. True
9. Wheat and grapes are the main crops in Argentina. False
10. In Argentina, about 40% of population live in cities. True

Ex4 Match:-
L-1
1. Siddhem Shabdanushasan Hemchandraacharya
2. Rani-ki-Vav - Rani (Queen) Udaymati
3. Hemchandraacharya Kalikasarvagna (Great Scholar)
4. Dwarka Pilgrim center of Vaishnavas
5. Abu Vimalvashi temple
6. Sahastraling lake Patan
7. Kirti Toran Vadnagar
8. Malav lake Dholka
9. Sun Temple Modhera
L-2
1. The River Tungabhadra the river of South India
2. The River Ganga the river of North India
3. Iron Mercury
4. The Kanha National Park Madhya Pradesh
5. Heaviest bird Great Indian Bustard (Ghorad)
6. Kaziranga Assam
7. Rann of Thar Rajasthan
8. Bandipur Karnataka
9. Dachigam Jammu and Kashmir
10. Corbett Uttarakhand
L-3
1. District sessions court- decides the criminal cases.
2. Taluka court- hears disputes regarding property.
3. District civil court- hears the appeals filed when people do not get justice in Taluka court.
L-4
1. Red Fort- Delhi
2. Founder of the Mughal dynasty in India- Babur
3. Born at palace of the king of Amarkot- Akbar
4. Afghan Sardar- Sher Shah
5. A jewel in Akbars court- Birbal
6. Developed new land revenue system- Todarmal
7. Guardian of Akbar- Bairam Khan
8. Brave ruler of Mewar- Rana Sanga

L-5

1. Cotton cloth- Ahmedabad


2. Jute cloth- Kolkata
3. Iron-steel industry- Bokaro
4. Newspapers Paper- Nepanagar
5. The currency note paper- Devas
6. Chemical Fertilizer- Sindari
7. Refinery of mineral oil- Koyali(Baroda)
8. Woollen cloth industry- Ludhiana

L-6
VII Soc. Studies 15

1. Sentenced to death Sikh Guru Arjun Singh- Jahangir


2. Built Taj Mahal- Shah Jahan
3. Founder of the Maratha state- Shivaji
4. Follower of Viththalnathji- Raskhan
5. Fought for freedom of Marwar- Veer Durgadas
L-8

1. Somnath temple- Prabhas Patan


2. Dwarkadhish temple- Gomti river
3. Sun temple- Modhera
4. Rudra Mahalaya- Siddhpur
5. Palitana- Shetrunjay
6. Sidi Saiyyad Jali- Lal Darwaja, Ahmedabad
7. Qutub Minar- Delhi
8. Dhai Din ka Jhopada- Mosque
9. Bruhadeshwar temple- Thanjavur
10. Buland Darwaza- Fatehpur

L-12
NORTH AMERICA CONTINENT

1. Statue of Liberty- New York


2. White House- Washington
3. Capital of Canada- Ottawa
4. Capital of U.S.A.- Washington (D.C.)
5. House of Eskimos- Igloo

SOUTH AMERICA CONTINENT

1. Cotopaxi- Volcano
2. Amazon- River
3. Panama- Canal
4. Titicaca- Lake
5. Atacama- Desert
6. Anaconda- Python
7. Alfalfa- Grass

Ex5 Ans in one sentence:-


L-1
Q-1.Which dynasties ruled over Gujarat in the medieval period from 746 C.E. to 1304 C.E.?
A-1.The Solanki, Chavda and the Vaghela dynasties ruled over Gujarat in the medieval period from 746
C.E. to 1304 C.E.
Q-2. Which city was the capital of Gujarat during the reign of the Chavda, Solanki and the Vaghela
dynasties?
A-2. The capital of Gujarat during the reign of the Chavda, Solanki and the Vaghela dynasties was
Anhilpur Patan which later came to be known as Anhilwad Patan.
Q-3. Where was a new kingdom established by Vanraj Chavda?
A-3. A new kingdom was established by Vanraj Chavda on the banks of river Saraswati.
Q-4. Why was the new city established by Vanraj Chavda named as Anhilwad Patan?
A-4. The new city established by Vanraj Chavda was named as Anhilwad Patan because his friend Anhil
assisted him acquiring the kingdom.
Q-5. Name the great rulers of the Solanki dynasty.
A-5. The great rulers of the Solanki dynasty were Mulraj Solanki, Bhimdev Solanki, Siddhraj Jaysinh and
Kumarpal.
Q-6. Name the book written by Hemchandracharya.
A-6 The book written by Hemchandraacharya was Siddhem Shabdanushasan.
VII Soc. Studies 16

Q-7. How did Siddhraj Jaysinh pay respect to the book Siddhem Shabdanushasan.
A-7. Siddhraj Jaysinh paid respect to the book Siddhem Shabdanushasan by placing it on the seat tied to an
elephant and carrying out a procession throughout the city.
Q-8. Who had constructed Rani-ki vav? Why?
A-8. Queen Udaymati Built Rani ki vav for the welfare of her subjects.
Q-9.Who got the pilgrim tax waived off in Anhilwad Patan?
A-9. Queen Minaldevi got the pilgrim tax waived off in Anhilwad Patan.
Q-10 When did Rajput rule over the Anhilwad Patan come to an end?
A-10. The Rajput rule over Anhilwad came to an end when the last emperor of the Vaghela dynasty,
Karandev Vaghela was defeated by Alauddin Khilji.
Q-11. Who established Ahmedabad city? When?
A-11. During the Sultanate era Ahmedshah established Ahmedabad in 1411 C.E.
Q-12. Which one among the Kirti Torans is very famous?
A-12. The Kirti toran at Vadnagar is very famous.
L-2
1. In which part of India do the retreating wind (October-November) bring rainfall?
A1. The retreating wind (October-November) bring rainfall in the Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and
Uttrakhand.
2. Which are the main rivers of North India?
A2. The main rivers of North India are sindhu, Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra.
3. Which are the main rivers of South India?
A3. The main rivers of South India are Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri and Tungabhadra.
4. How are the waterfalls formed?
A4. The rivers flowing through the uneven surface of the ground like high and sloppy regions form
waterfalls.
5. Which are metallic minerals?
A5. Raw iron, copper, gold, zinc, tin, nickel, mercury, platinum, etc. are metallic minerals.
6. Which are power generating minerals?
A6. Coal, natural gas, mineral oil, uranium, thorium, radium, etc. are power generating minerals.
7. Which are the main coal-producing states in India?
A7. Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, etc are the main coal-producing
states in India.
8. Which are the main states producing copper in India?
A8. Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, West Bengal, etc are the main states producing copper in India.
9. Which are the main states producing mica in India?
A9. Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Rajasthan are the main states producing mica in India.
10. Which are the main states producing limestone in India?
A10. Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, etc are the main states producing limestone in
India.
11. Which are the main states producing mineral oil?
A11. Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Assam are the main states producing mineral oil.
12. Which trees are found in the coniferous forests of India?
A12. Deodar, pine, spruce and birch trees are found in the coniferous forests of India.
13. Where is the one-horned rhinoceros found in India?
A13. The one-horned rhinoceros is found in India in the marshy areas of Assam and West Bengal.
14. Where are lions found dwelling in Asia?
A14. Lions in Asia are found dwelling in the Gir forests of Gujarat.
15. Where are tigers found dwelling in India?
A15. Tigers in India are found dwelling in Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttarakhand and in some areas
of the Himalayas.
16. Which animals are protected in Bandipur National Park?
A16. Elephant, bear, pig and wild cat are protected in Bandipur National Park.
L-3
1. What is the symbol of judiciary in our country?
VII Soc. Studies 17

A. Austin the Goddess of justice, is the symbol of judiciary in our country.


2. Name the three levels of courts in our country.
A. The three levels of courts in our country are 1) High court 2) District court 3) Taluka court
3. In which type of cases do the courts pass judgement?
A. The courts pass judgement in the civil and criminal cases.
4. How does Lok Adalat dispense justice?
A. Lok Adalats acts as the mediator and finds solution for reconciliation. Thereby it gives speedy and
inexpensive justice.
5. Which is the highest court in the state?
A. The High Court is the highest court in the state.
6. In which city is the Gujarat High court situated?
A. The Gujarat High court is situated in Ahmedabad.
7. Which cases are heard by the Taluka court?
A. Only the civil cases are heard by the Taluka court.
8. How will you describe the judicial process in India?
A. The judicial process in India is complicated, time-consuming and expensive.
9. Why does delay take place in deciding the cases?
A. The court has to investigate the matter minutely to avoid injustice. As a result there is a delay in
deciding cases.
10. What is the function of Lok Adalat?
A. Lok Adalats acts as the mediator and finds solution for reconciliation. Thereby it gives speedy and
inexpensive justice.
11. What type of punishment is given by the criminal courts?
A. The criminal courts give punishments like penalty, life imprisonment or death sentence, etc. on the basis
of the type of crime committed by him/her.
12. Who is known as a judge?
A. The person who imparts justice after hearing the arguments of the lawyers of the petitioner and the
accused is known as a judge.
13. What is the meaning of appeal?
A. A petition filed before the higher court when the judgement of the lower court is not acceptable is called
an appeal.
14. Who is called a witness?
A. A person who presents evidence before the court in support of the petitioner or the defendant is called a
witness.
L-4
1. Between which two rulers did the (First) Battle of Panipat take place? What was the outcome?
A. Between Ibrahim Lodi and Babur, the (First) Battle of Panipat had taken place in which Ibrahim Lodi
was defeated.
2. Against whom Humayun had to struggle a lot?
A. Humayun had to struggle a lot against his brother Kamran and the Afghans.
3. Between which two rulers did the (Second) Battle of Panipat take place? What was the outcome?
A. Between Akbar and Hemu, the leader of Sikander Sur, the (Second) Battle of Panipat had taken place in
which Hemu was defeated.
4. Who ascended the throne after Akbar?
A. Prince Salim who later came to be known as Jahangir ascended the throne after Akbar.
5. Which taxes were not levied by Akbar?
A. During Akbars reign, pilgrim tax was not levied.
6. Which books were written by Abul Fazal?
A. Aine- Akbari and Akbarnama were the books written by Abul Fazal.
7. Which Rajput rulers did not accept Mughal supremacy?
A. The rulers of Sisodiya Rajputs did not accept the Mughal supremacy.
8. Which ruler of Mewar did not accept Akbars supremacy?
A. Maharana Pratap of Mewar had not accepted Akbars supremacy.
9. Which was the landmark battle between Mewar and Delhi?
VII Soc. Studies 18

A. The battle of Haldighati was the landmark battle between Mewar and Delhi.
10. What were the distinct qualities of Rana Prataps horse Chetak?
A. Rana Prataps horse Chetak was specially trained for battles. In the battlefield, Chetak would move
according to Maharana Prataps commands.
L-5
1.Write the names of five states producing wheat in India.
A. In India wheat is grown in Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar.
2.Write the names of five states producing tea in India.
A. In India tea is grown in Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka etc.
3.Write the names of five centres of cotton cloth industry.
A. Cotton industry has developed in the cities of India like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Surat, Coimbatore,
Chennai etc.
4. Which mineral is required for cement industry?
A. Limestone is required for cement industry.
5. What are petrochemicals?
A. The components, separated from the mineral oil are called petrochemicals.
6. Write the name of two-three centres of refineries purifying mineral oil.
A. The refineries purifying mineral oil are located in the cities like Jamnagar, Mumbai, Kochin.
7. What is called a state highway?
A. The road which connects the main centre with main villages, Taluka, centre of cities of District is called
state highway.
8. Write the names of three-four international airports of our country.
A. The international airports of our country are Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Panaji (Goa), Bengaluru, Kochi
and Amritsar.
9. In which places are the ropeways constructed in Gujarat?
A. Ropeways are constructed in Gujarat in Pavagadh, Saputara and Ambaji.
10.What is called dry farming?
A. During the monsoon season, water is collected in low lying areas. Dry farming is practiced in such
areas.
11. What is called irrigation farming?
A. The land where farming is done through irrigation i.e. wells, lakes, canals etc. is called irrigation
farming.
12. What is cottage industry? Give examples.
A. When people make things at home without machinery or slight use of machinery in which investment is
very low is called cottage industry.
L-6
1. Who was the most powerful among the Mughal rulers?
A. Akbar was the most powerful among the Mughal rulers.
2. Whom did Jahangir sentence to death (execute)? Why?
A. Guru Arjun Singh was sentenced to death by Jahangir because he was helping Khusrau.
3. Name the new city established by Shah Jahan.
A. The new city established by Shah Jahan is Shahjahanabad in Delhi.
4. Who established the Maratha state? Where?
A. Shivaji Bhosale established the Maratha state at Pune.
5. Which Indian products were famous worldwide during the Mughal era?
A. The shawls of Lahore ,the carpets of Kashmir ,mat of Fatehpur Sikri , cotton clothes of Gujarat and
muslin of Dhaka were famous world wide.
6. From which ports were the goods imported and exported during the Mughal era?
A. The goods were imported and exported from Khambhat, Surat, Bharuch and many ports of Bengal
during the Mughal era.
7. Where and when was Shivaji born?
A. Shivaji was born at Shivneri fort in 1630 C.E.
8. Who moulded the character of Shivaji?
A. His mother, Jijabai and his mentor Dadoji Kondev moulded the character of Shivaji.
VII Soc. Studies 19

9. Where and when was Shivaji coronated?


A. Shivaji was coronated at Raigadh in 1674 C.E.
10. What arrangement did Shivaji make for the proper administration of his state?
A. Shivaji formed a cabinet of eight ministers for the proper administration of his state.
L-8
1.Where is the Somnath temple?
A. Somnath temple is in Junagadh district at Prabhas Patan, near Veraval.
2. Where is the Matha of Shrimad Shankaracharya?
A. The Matha of Shrimad Shankaracharya is adjacent to the Dwarkadhish temple in Dwarka. It is known as
Shardapith.
3. Who built the Sun temple at Modhera?
A. The Sun temple at Modhera was built by Solanki king Bhimdev 1 of Patan in 1026-1027 C.E.
4. Where is Sidi Saiyyad Jali?
A. Sidi Saiyyad Jali is in mosque, near Lal Darwaza in Ahmedabad.
5. Which was the first mosque in India? Who built it ?
A. Dhai Din Ka Jhopada is the first mosque in India. It was built by Qutub ud -dinAibak.
6. Who built the Red Fort in Delhi?
A.The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built the Red Fort in Delhi.
L-12
NORTH AMERICA CONTINENT
1. Which countries are included in the continent of North America?
A. U.S.A., Canada and Mexico are the countries of North America.
2. For cultivation of crop which are the plains of Prairies famous?
A. The plains of Prairies are famous for the cultivation of wheat.
3. Which is the tallest peak of the continent of North America?
A. Mt. McKinley is the tallest peak of the continent of North America.
4. Name the cyclones and the region of U.S.A. in which they are blown?
A. Cyclones Tornado blow in the central part of U.S.A.
5. Name any five main cities of Canada.
A. The main cities of Canada are Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Winnipeg, Vancouver, Hamilton, Quebec, etc.
6. Which crops are produced in abundance in U.S.A.?
A. Cotton, corn and Wheat are produced in abundance in U.S.A.
7. What is the milestone of the development of U.S.A.?
A. Its special feature of highways known as Super Highways are the milestone of the development of
U.S.A.
8. Who were the original natives of U.S.A.?
A. Red Indians are the original natives of U.S.A.
SOUTH AMERICA CONTINENT
1. By what is the South American continent connected with the North American continent?
A. South American continent is connected by the isthmus of Panama with the North American continent.
2. Which two famous volcanic mountains are located on Ecuador?
A. Two famous volcanic mountains named Chimborazo and Cotopaxi are located in Ecuador.
3. Which are the main rivers in Amazon basin?
A. Amazon and its tributaries like Negro, Japura, Madeira, Tapajos etc are the main rivers in Amazon
basin.
4. Which river in the world has the maximum volume of water? How many km does it cover a distance?
A. Amazon river has the maximum volume of water. It covers a distance of 4827 km.
5. Which grass is famous of Pampas plains?
A. Alfalfa grass is famous of Pampas plains.
6. Where is Anaconda python seen?
A. Anaconda python is seen in the forests of Amazon.
7. Which people are seen more in numbers in Argentina?
A. European people are seen more in numbers in Argentina.
8. For which countries is Panama Canal blessing and a boon?
A. Panama Canal is a blessing for the countries like Japan and the countries of North American.
VII Soc. Studies 20

9. Which city is the capital of Argentina?


A. Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina.
Ex6 Ans in brief:-
L-1
Q-1. Write a few lines on Anhil Bharwad.
A-1. 1) Anhil Bharwad was a brave and fearless man. 2) He was a close friend of Vanraj Chavda. 3) He
was a guide in the forest of his area. 4) Vanraj recaptured his fathers lost kingdom with the help of Anhil
Bharwad. 5) In recognition of this help, Vanraj named the newly established kingdom after Anhil Bharwad
as Anhilwad Patan.
Q-2.Write a few lines on Hemchandraacharya.
A-2. 1) Hemchandraacharya was a scholar in the court of Siddhraj Jaysinh. 2) At the request of Siddhraj he
wrote the famous book on grammar Siddhem Shabdanushasan. 3) This book is regarded as a great
contribution of the Solanki period. 4) To give respect to this book it was placed on the seat of an elephant
and a procession was carried out throughout the city.
Q-3. Why is the Solanki period known as the golden period of Gujarat?
A-3. 1) There was peace, security and prosperity during the Solanki period. 2) In those times Anhilwad
Patan was considered as the most powerful kingdom. 3) Patan became the main centre of education and
was known as Vidya dham during the rule of Siddhraj Jaysinh. 4) Prosperity of Gujarat reached its apex
during the reign of Kumarpal.5) At that time the amalgamation of non-violence, prosperity and education
was noticed in Anhilwad Patan.
Q-4. Why was Naikidevi called a heroic woman.
A-4. 1) After the death of Solanki king Ajaypal, Queen Naikidevi took over the responsibility of the
kingdom even though her son was too young. 2) During this time Shahbuddin Ghori crossed the desert and
attacked Gujarat.3) Queen Naikidevi exhibited enormous courage. 4) She tied her infant son to herself, and
led the army of Gujarat into the battle and successfully defeated Shahbuddin Ghori.
L-2
1. Why does a heavy rainfall occur in Meghalaya and Assam?
A1. One branch of the seasonal winds of Bay of Bengal enters in North-East side of India, passes through
Bangladesh with plenty of humidity. The mountains of Meghalaya and Assam are obstructed in its way.
Therefore, heavy rainfall occurs in Meghalaya and Assam.
2. What do you mean by minerals?
A2. Minerals means the biotic and abiotic materials below the surface of the Earth which are transformed
into substances having different chemical components due to intense heat and pressure.
3. What are the main uses of copper and bauxite?
A3. 1) Copper is used in electrical wires, materials, colored glass, coins and printing industry.2) Bauxite is
used in electrical materials, colors, airplanes, purification of kerosene and making of cement.
4. Which trees are found in evergreen forests and forests of coastal areas of India?
A4. 1) Trees like bamboo, teak, sal, mahogany, sesame are found in evergreen forests of India.2) Trees like
Sunderbans, mangroves, Sundri, palm, kewra and Cher are found in forests of the coastal forests of India.
Q-5 Why does North India experience cold and Central regios of India experience heat?
A-5 Tropic of Cancer (23 degree North hemisphere) passes through the middle of India. The North of India
is far from the Tropic of Cancer. Due to it the climate remains cold and the middle regions of India
experience heat.
6.Which factors do play an important role in creating climatic condition?
A6.The altitude of the place, location of mountains, plateaus, distance from the sea or ocean, the tides and
currents of the sea or the ocean and forest etc. play an important role in creating condition.
7.Why is there an unequal distribution of rainfall in different parts of India?
A7.The rainfall in India is due to seasonal winds. These winds do not always blow in the same direction
throughout the year. This results in unequal distribution of rainfall in different parts of the country.
VII Soc. Studies 21

8. Why is there a moderate climate in South India?


A8. There is a moderate climate in South India because Southern India is a peninsula surrounded by water
bodies along its three sides. Due to this, place near the sea coast experience moderate heat and cold.
L-3
1.Which matter is decided by the civil courts and the criminal courts?
A. 1) The civil courts decides the cases related to house, land, property and financial transaction. 2) The
criminal courts decides the cases related to theft, robbery, murder, physical harm and any types of fights.
2. Why do we say that the judiciary in India is independent and unbiased?
A. In our system of government, judiciary is separated from the executive. The judiciary is independent.
The judges perform their duties without fear or favour. They treat all persons equal before law in this
sense, the judiciary in India is independent and unbiased.
L-5
1.What is the usefulness of the railways and airways?
A.1) The railway is useful for fast, cheap and safe travelling and for transporting goods in bulk quantity.2)
In order to reach from one place to another in short span of time.
EX 7 ANSWER IN DETAIL
L-1
Q-1. Why did Minaldevi waive the pilgrim tax?
A-1. 1) Minaldevi was a benevolent Queen Mother. 2) She was always willing to work for the welfare of
the people. 3) The pilgrims who visited the Somnath temple were required to pay pilgrim tax. 4)Those
unable to pay the pilgrim tax were denied darshan. 5) A number of hermits (sadhus) could not have darshan
of Somnath as they were unable to pay the pilgrim tax. 6) When Minaldevi heard about this incident she
asked her son Siddhraj Jaysinh to waive off the pilgrim tax.
Q-2. Why was the capital shifted from Anhilwad Patan to Ahmedabad?
A-2. 1) Karandev the last king of Vaghela dynasty was defeated in a war with Alauddin Khilji. 2) As a
result the rule of the Rajputs in Anhilwad Patan came to an end. 3) For sometime Anhilwad Patan remained
the capital of Gujarat. 4) During the Sultanate era Ahmedshah established the new city of Ahmedabad on
the banks of river Sabarmati in 1411 A.D. 5) For the security of his kingdom and for the convenience of
administration he shifted the capital from Anhilwad Patan to Ahmedabad.
L-2
1. Write a short note on the rivers of North India?
A.1) The Sindhu, Ganga, Yamuna and Brahmaputra are the rivers of Northern India.2) They are perennial
in nature.3) The Ganga is also known as Bhagirathi. 4) There is a triangular fertile plain near the delta of
river Ganga. 5) The Ganga and Brahmaputra are the major waterways of India and used for navigation
purposes. 6) Besides this, the Jhelum, Chenab, Sutlaj, Ravi and Beas also flow in the North India. 7) Every
year devastating floods in Kosi river in the state of Bihar destroy the lives and property of the people of
that area.
L-4
1. Why was Maharana Pratap defeated in the Battle of Haldighati? OR Maharana Pratap was defeated in
the Battle of Haldighati. Give Reasons
A. Maharana Pratap was defeated in the Battle of Haldighati because 1) Akbar had a well equipped huge
army of lakhs of soldiers. 2) They were loaded with modern weapons, cannons, gun powder and war
tactics. 3) On the other hand, Maharana Pratap had a very small army of 20 thousands soldiers. 4) His
soldiers were very brave and had an advantage of fighting from the hilly regions. So Maharana Pratap was
defeated in the battlefield of Haldighati.
L-5
1. Why is tea crop grown on the slopes of mountains?
A. Slopes are required for tea crops where water flows easily. Long monsoon season and brisk shower of
rain is most suitable for tea. If water logs in the roots of the tea plants, it spoils the plantation. Therefore,
the tea crops are grown on the mountains where water flows easily.
VII Soc. Studies 22

L-6
1.Why were a lot of monuments constructed during Shah Jahans reign?
A. 1) During Shah Jahans reign there was peace within the empire. 2) His encouragement to agriculture
and trade meant more income for the citizens as well as the state. 3) There was also increase in the foreign
trade.4) The treasury was flooded with the money that he inherited from his father and grandfather.5) He
utilized this money for the construction of monumental architectures.
2. Why was there prosperity during the time of Shah Jahan?
A. Shah Jahan inherited a very large empire. There was peace and security in the state. Shah Jahan gave
encouragement to the development of agriculture trade and commerce. The trade with the foreign countries
secured large quantity of silver and gold. The treasury of empire was over flooding with all these income
Shah Jahan has inherited riches for his father and grandfather. Thus, there was prosperity during the reign
of Shah Jahan.
3. Write a short note on Shivaji.
A. 1) Shivaji was born in 1630 C.E. at Shivneri fort in Maharashtra. 2) Shahjiraje Bhonsale was his father
and Jijabai was his mother. 3) He was moulded by his mother and teacher Dadoji Kondev.4) At the age of
16, he laid the foundation of his Swarajya by capturing the Toran fort.5) He captured Chakan, Purander,
sinhagadh and many other forts. 6) Shivaji was coronated at Raigadh in 1674 C.E. and got the title of
Chhatrapati.7) His kingdom was established in Maharashtra. 8) He formed a council of eight ministers for
the proper administration of his state.
L-8
1 Dwarka Dwarka is the famous pilgrim centre for Vaishnav sect. It is situated in Jamnagar on the west
coast of Gujarat . The beautiful temple of Lord Dwarkadhish is situated on the Northern bank of river
Gomti. Thistemple was constructed in thirteenth century C.E . In the Garbhgruh of the main temple is one
metre tall black idol, with four hands , of Dwarkadhish .The Shikhar of the temple is above the
Garbhgruh. It is a 6 storeyed structure, with the height of 60 metres. On the opposite side is the five
storeyed huge Mandap, having height of 35 metres. The dome is erected on 60 pillars (columns). Beautiful
carving is done on the outer walls of the temple. The inner wall of the temple are plain and without any
carving work.
2.Taj Mahal- The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal,
on the bank of river Yamuna in Agra. It is a grand structure in white marble. The entrance of Taj Mahal is
attractive. At the entrance of Taj Mahal is a dome and beneath the dome is the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. It is
a grand structure, with the latice work in different colours of marbles and precious stones. The carving
work is minute and delicate. Taj Mahal is most beautiful monumental work. It has secured a place among
the Seven Wonders of the World.

Ex8 MAP OF INDIA:-


Crops: 2 states producing groundnut, cotton, jute, tea
Industries: 2 states producing cotton cloth, iron and steel, cement
Rivers: Narmada, Mahanadi, Godavari, Kaveri, Ganga
Neighboring countries: Pakistan, China, Afghanistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri
Lanka
Union Territories: Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, Pondicherry
STYLE OF PAPER
Q1 MCQ (16)
Q2 Fill in the blanks (8)
Q3 True or False (8)
Q4 Match the following (7)
Q5 Ans in one sentence (Any 11) (11)
Q6 Ans in brief (Any 5) (10)
Q7 Ans in detail (Any 4) (12)
Q8 Locate the following in the map of India (8)

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