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Mapping the brain. The mental map (mindmap) is a technique developed by psycholo
gist Tony Buzan in the early 70s. Its goal is to help organize projects in a few
minutes, stimulate creativity, overcome the obstacles of writing and provide an
effective method for the production and exchange of ideas. This technique (Mind
maping) takes into account how our brain receives, processes and stores informat
ion, resulting in a visual image that enhances our ability to extract, record an
d store information easily. Mind maps are also traditionally known as:
• • • •
"Maps of words." "Maps of ideas." Clusters - grouping, bunch. "Semantic networks
Often used the terms "mental map", "concept map" and "semantic network" but bein
g standard techniques, each of them has a formal definition to clarify its featu
res and scope. There are different techniques, each with different capabilities,
scope and uses. Compared with concept maps, mind maps have the advantage of sim
plicity of form, which can perform some specific tasks faster, but from the stan
dpoint of efficiency, its benefits are smaller, and as a tool for the study and
development, the mental map also presents, as we shall see, some drawbacks:
"Graphical representation of a comprehensive process that facilitates making eff
ective notes and reviews. Lets unify and integrate separate concepts to analyze
and synthesize them, sequentially, in a growing and organized structure composed
of a set of images, colors and words, integrated linear ways of thinking and sp
atial. " Zoraida Forestry, Beyond education, 1996, Editorial Galac, p. 217.
"I must create a system or be a slave of another man's" William Blake (1752-1827
Although our mind works differently, we have all learned to outline the informat
ion under the shade of a linear system. Radiant thinking and theories of Tony Bu
zan advocate a system similar to the way in which Web information structure, ie
from pages (IDEAS) centered on a concept that bind to other forming a network of
ideas or flows of thought.
Radiant thinking is an ability to multi-perception that has the human brain to p
rocess different information simultaneously. It is the natural form and virtuall
y automatic that has always operated the human brain.
Our brain (repository of knowledge), works in a linear associative addition, com
paring, integrating and synthesizing, is ready to combine all we know, that is,
everything we have learned, with the new information we acquire in any learning
process. The overall functioning of the brain in learning and thinking activity
is connected with the "idea of the whole" in the construction of knowledge. Mind
Maps are a new technique / strategy designed to implement this approach to lear
ning - The basis for developing mental maps is in radiant thinking which is to e
stablish multiple relationships between concepts or ideas branching from a centr
al core . "They are the technique that best fits your brain works to achieve gre
ater performance, through the stimulation of thought radiating through the use o
f images, symbols, color and word. "Mind maps are a guarantee for the developmen
t of mental abilities. -Facilitate the development of self-esteem and cooperatio
n among the students, and make the learning process a stimulating, entertaining
and effective in its results. For us it is easier to evoke these new concepts, i
deas, partnerships and processes, mind maps are a good alternative because it is
non-linear graphs. They have nothing to do with concept maps, a result also of
linear thinking. If concept maps work with a multitude of ideas, mind maps are f
ocused on one idea, from which radiate a number of branches that have to do with
that central idea. In this process of integration of acquired knowledge and we
intend to acquire, mind maps allow us to organize a theme so that we can
achieve deeper learning, with less effort. The development work contributes to t
he retention of the subject matter,€and becomes a useful tool for preparing exam
inations and to review them at one time learned in many of the daily activities
of the process of continuous learning. By the mental maps we can address these a
ctivities with a new approach, putting the ideas into a structure that will tran
slate concepts into perspective, analyze relationships and set priorities. It is
an effective method for the generation of ideas by association. On many occasio
ns, we face the process of learning complex ideas, which in many cases we trasmi
tir.Los mental maps we facilitate the work, just to be an ideal tool both for ta
king notes as to translate the ideas in a meeting , class, conference or brainst
orming been put on the table. The secret of this technique is to think in terms
of keywords or symbols that represent ideas. It begins in the middle of a page w
ith the main idea, and work outward in all directions, in the sense of clockwise
. Creating an organized structure consisting of key words and images that consti
tute the branches of the map (Basic Organizing Ideas - IOB-)
I.O.B. (T. Buzan *, pag. 76, 77):
The human brain is able to establish an infinite number of associations. Mental
maps get more complex if each one of the top ten key ideas we associate more con
cepts derived from them. They are, therefore, a pedagogical and didactic very us
eful to organize, sort and categorize the information you know about a topic
determined. As a mnemonic device can be very useful for the student to organize
and classify grammatical structures, concepts, vocabulary, etc. he has learned,
even serving as a technique of self-assessment, and that will help you become aw
are of what he knows and what not. Release our students from the tyranny of the
organization in advance of content that occurs when trying to follow "at the bot
tom of the letter", allowing the full development of their mental capacities, st
imulating the expression in all its facets, awakening your imagination, developi
ng their skills of synthesis and analysis and contribute to a better use of time
, in short, is a method to capture on paper the natural process of thought. Idea
lly, start planning with traditional tools, colored pencils and paper, while tod
ay there are many tools that help us both in the preparation of such as publicat
ion and distribution, which will look in a specific . At the time of establishin
g guidelines in the mental mapping, serve as a reference to this proposal, altho
ugh the ideal is that each one is able to shape their own development process: 1
- Baseline. Dispose of paper or page, if we use tools, large enough so that the
space is not a problem in being creative and translating ideas that pass throug
h our minds. Always write the keyword or symbol in the middle, surrounding it wi
th some way that makes highlight. At this point, start quickly and without stopp
ing to analyze the work, writing key words around the circle in the direction of
clockwise, surround them and unite them with another symbol to the word or symb
ol by arrows original central ( forms, color) that originate from the central id
ea. Once completed, stopping to check and correct the result.
2 - Shaping our map. Think of the possible relationships of items external to th
e core items, linking concepts to words to clarify the relationship. Use differe
nt types of arrows, colors, etc.. Pondering the results and edit the content by
deleting or relocating Concepts, Words and ideas, if necessary.
3 - Complete our map. Go freely adding other key words and ideas, combining the
concepts to expand our map so radiant. Continue to develop relationships and med
itation, so that if necessary, expand the map in time.
Upon completion of the map, have tools that allow us to "go clean the map," whic
h undoubtedly will give us an opportunity to improve it.
ACTIVITIES THAT CAN BE USED IN THE MENTAL MAP. Personal agenda planning, profess
ional, school. Conferences. Workshops. Distribution activities. Research. Taking
notes and memos. Summarize information. Prepare materials. Troubleshooting. Pla
nning. Study. Jobs. Presentations. Brainstorming. Distribution of tasks.
1.€Where the purpose is to represent knowledge, relationships between ideas are
not usually defined, are implicit, all alike, which robs the mind map the most i
mportant information. 2. The absence of relation types and inhibits interactivit
y reduces reflection. 3. His typical pattern has a central idea and subordinate
ideas only, but this scheme is false in knowledge representation in any subject
area because they may miss important values. 4. The resulting tree is not easily
modified over time, because it is impossible to predict the growth of each bran
ch. 5. Some believe that the creativity of the user's mental map is limited and
very small with respect to which can be expressed in concept maps and even more
with regard to semantic networks. 6. A mind map helps to memorize, but not neces
sarily understanding. 7. Others think that mental maps are not adequate to repre
sent nature and life events. 8. It is not allowed the connection of ideas betwee
n different branches, which limits interactions. 9. The branches are always subj
ective and open to endless discussions and criticisms. SOME ADVANTAGES OF THE ME
1. Require a hierarchy of ideas. By forcing the hierarchy, they help the strict
differentiation of the areas. 2. Assist in communication from lists. 3. Maps are
suitable for constructing active sites. 4. They can be used to plan writing and
to identify its contents. 5. They help store, through the categorization of ide
as and customization of the symbols of concepts (by changing the geometry of sym
bols, colors defining the funds, to the texts, etc.)..
Mental maps and computer applications with almost every tool analyzed the user c
• • • • • • • • • • • • • •
Start mapping of a template, to avoid possible initial confusion. Sort ideas, as
signing minded a "kind of idea", and each type of idea a particular visual appea
rance. Represent specific ideas with images of any type or size, including anima
ted GIF. Assign external documents (texts, images, multimedia) to any idea, to d
eepen their understanding or development. Connect a mind map with another. Conne
ct ideas to URLs. Write text or imported. Save and open maps on websites. Skip t
he map mental map concept map (and vice versa) without loss of data or informati
on. Export the map to a text. Export the map to an image file. Email it directly
or indirectly. Attach external programs to ideas. and etc.

Manuel Perez Herrera manuel@jnc.es
or http://usuarios.iponet.es/casinada/21vmap.htm # anchor1 or http://www.iss.stt
homas.edu/studyguides/espanol/mapping.htm or http://usuarios.iponet.es/casinada
/ 21vmap.htm
• Ramana Rao
or http://usuarios.iponet.es/casinada/00mapam.htm
• Mindjet
or http://www.gdsig.com.ar/mindjet/
• Tony Buzan.
or http://www.oficinaonline.com/buzanmx/paginaprincipal/
5.0.1 released a Visual Mind-Mind Mapping Software http://www.visual-mind.com/
2 MindGenius Business
3 VisiMap Professional 4.0
4 Axon Idea Processor
The Axon Idea Processor is a sketchpad for Visualizing and Organizing ideas. The
Idea Processor exploits visual attributes Such as: color, shape, size, scale, p
osition, depth, shadow, link, icon, etc. Facilitate recall visual cues, associat
ion, and discovery. Diagrams help you to model and solve complex problems. Visua
lization reinforced your short term memory.
5 MindMapper v3.5 Professional
Mindmap 6
7 NovaMind 1.1.1
NovaMind 1.1.1. Nova Mind is clearly oriented software to work with Mind Mapping
and Mind Maps. It runs natively on MacOS X. Software to facilitate creativity.
It includes several automated features. Its features are focused exclusively for
the development of mental maps and has the flexibility to do so. You can add im
ages, symbols and leave only text to any branch (Branco). The toolbar is quite c
ustomizable. Bring a good help. The notes for each idea are always available wit
h a click on each idea. Bring an option to add hyperlinks (hyperlinks), but has
no option to export as a web page.
8 Plumb Design Visual Thesaurus
It is a page that presents an interactive thesaurus,€by way of mental maps. Visu
ally pleasing and may be useful.
9 KartOO
Truly a search page is a search engine that works as a mental map. The first pag
e presents you with a space where you put the search words, click, click [Go] an
d returns a mental map of what he found. Pay attention to everything that appear
s when you move the cursor over the link or links.
Inspiration July 10
Versatile tools for development of mental maps. There are versions for Windows a
nd Mac is more than a mind mapping software. It has an option called RapidFire,
which facilitates brainstorming. You can add hypertext and also allows audio rec
ordings. The export function of web pages, is performed without problems. A fair
ly complete tool and not solely focused on the mental maps or mind mapping.
11 http://www.conceptdraw.com/en/products/mindmap/main.php ConceptDraw MINDMAP 1
.2. ConceptDraw MINDMAP 1.2. Powerful tool, similar to Inspiration. Wizards Brin
g brainstorming, mindmapping and other functions. There are versions for window
and MacOS. The charting tools is extensive. It
diagrams can be found computers, marketing elements, Mindmapping, etc. The expor
t options include image, html, PowerPoint, PDF and text. Like the previous progr
ams have the option of adding hypertext and attach graphics. It also allows a be
tter handling of text.
12 Shared Space 2.0
The program allows you to make a mental map with external elements or different
documents or files. Shared Space is clearly aimed at being a sort of mental orga
nizing ideas and documents associated with the ideas through a visual space. It
is a very good program to work with projects that include several documents .. P
C and Mac versions are available.
OmniGraffle 2.1 13
It is a program to develop diagrams, but can be easily used for mindmapping. The
program is versatile. It runs on MacOS X. The quality of the diagrams and the p
erformance of the interface are quite good.
14 Axon Idea Processor
~ http://web.singnet.com.sg/ axon2000/index.htm
15 Axon Idea Processor
Rosa María Sordo Vilchis. Rosa María Sordo Vilchis is a Psychologist, Family The
rapist, Master in Business Management, Master of NLP and research development pr
ocess and accelerated learning. http://www.mapasmentales.info/
Taken from Ontoria, A., et al (1992): Concept Maps, Madrid, Narcea SA
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Felix de Gustin United Microcomputers