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VI Science 1

STD VI Science Assignment Paper style:-

Q1. M.C.Q

[15]

L -1 to 8

2 nd SEM

Q2. TRUE OR FALSE [5] Q3.ANSWER IN ONE SENTENCE (ANY15)

Q4. CLASSIFY Q5. GIVE REASON

[3]

(ANY 4) [8]

Q6. ANS IN SHORT (ANY 7) [14] Q7. ANS IN DETAIL (ANY 3) [9] Q8. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN (ANY 2)

Q9 DEFINE (ANY 4) Q10 EXPERIMENT [3]

[4]

[4]

[15]

Ex 1 Choose the correct alternative.

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1) Which of the following is an animal having bones (vertebrate)?

A.cockroach B. earthworm C. snail D.snake

2) Which of the following is a oviparous (laying eggs) animal?

  • A. crocodile B. rat C. whale D. dog

3) Which of the following is a viviparous (giving birth to young ones) animal?

  • A. snake B. fish C. rat D. pigeon

4) Which of the following is an insect?

  • A. rat B. sparrow C. mosquito D.snake

5) Which of the following animals can live in water as well as on land (Amphibian)?

  • A. squirrel B. chameleon C. fish D. frog

6) Which of the following is an animal with six legs?

  • A. centipede B. spider C. cockroach D. housefly

7) Which of the following is an organism with eight legs?

  • A. earthworm B. scorpion C. cockroach D. housefly

8) Which of the following animals is without legs?

  • A. snail B. earthworm C. tortoise D. crab

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9) How many stars are there in the big Dipper constellation? (a)Three (b) five (c) Seven (d) nine 10) During which time duration is the big dipper constellation seen in the sky at night (a)September to February (b) February to august (c) December to February (d) September to November 11) How many stars are there in Cassiopeia Constellation? (a)Three (b) five (c) seven (d) nine 12) In which direction is Orion constellation Seen during December to February in the Sky at night?

  • (a) North (b) south (c) west (d) east

13) Which bright star is seen near the Orion Constellation?

  • (a) Pole (b) vyadh (Sirius) (c) banraj (Rigel)

(d) Angiras

14) Which is the brightest star among all the stars seen in the sky?

  • (a) Vyadh (Sirius) (b) pole (c) banraj (d) kratu

15) Which is the brightest planet?

  • (a) Mercury (b) Jupiter (c)mars (d) Venus

16) Which planet appears red?

  • (A) Mercury (b) Jupiter (c) mars (d) Venus

17) What is the sun?

  • (a) Planet (b) satellite (c) Nak

shatra (d) star 18) What is kritika?

  • (a) Planet (b) constellation (c) Nakshatra (d) satellite

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19) In which state does the matter have definite Shape?

  • (a) Solid (b) liquid (c) gaseous (d) none of the given

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20) In which state of matter are the minute particles or molecules of a substance arranged randomly?

  • (a) Solid (b) liquid (c) gaseous (d) none of the above

21) Which matter spreads in all available space?

  • (a) Kerosene (b) mercury (c) copper (d) smoke

22) What is the space occupied by a matter called?

  • (a) Volume (b) weight (c) mass (d) shape

23) What is formed if heat is absorbed from water?

  • (a) Steam (b) air (c) ice (d) smoke

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24 What happens on heating solid matter? (a)expansion(b)contraction (c)decrease in volume (d)increase in weight

  • 2. What is the change in the volume of liquid matter on heating?

    • (a) Decreases (b)increases (c)remains constant (d)nothing can be said

      • 3. In which state of matter is the expansion of the matter maximum on heating?

        • (a) Solid

(b) liquid (c) gaseous(d)solid and liquid

  • 4. What is used to measure the temperature of the object?

    • (a) Thermos (b) barometer (c)thermometer (d)Volta meter

      • 5. By which method of transfer of heat does the iron rod get heated?

        • (a) conduction of heat (b)convection of heat (c)radiation of heat (d)all the given

          • 6. Which substances get heated by the method of convection of heat?

            • (a) Solids (b) solid & liquid (c) Only gaseous (d)liquids & gaseous

              • 7. How is milk heated in pan (vessel)?

                • (a) By conduction of heat (b) by convection of heat(c) by radiation of heat (d) all the given.

                  • 8. By which method of transfer of heat does solar energy (heat) reach us?

                    • (a) Conduction of heat (b) convection of heat (c) radiation of heat (d) all the given

                      • 9. Which liquid gets heated by the method of conduction of heat?

                        • (a) Water (b) castor oil(c) milk (d) mercury

                          • 10. Which of the following substances is good conductor of heat?

                            • (a) Ebonite (b) plastic (c) copper (d) wood

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  • 11. Which type of change is the formation of ice from water?

    • a. Fast b. non-agreeable c. Periodic d. Reversible

      • 12. Which type of change is the change of phases of moon?

A .Fast b. Non-periodic c. Natural d. Man-made

  • 13. Which type of change is the bursting of firecracker?

    • a. Fast b. Slow c. Periodic d. Reversible

  • 14. Which type of change is the breaking of glass?

    • a. Natural b. Non-agreeable c. Slow d. Reversible

      • 15 Which is an example of a periodic motion?

        • a. Growth of a living organism b. Revolution of the earth around the sun

        • c. Conversion of ice into water d. increasing of fingernail

          • 16 Which factor is responsible for the phenomenon of change?

            • a. Volume b. State c. Energy d. Colour

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  • 17 Which gas of the air is necessary for the combustion of the substance?

A Nitrogen b Oxygen c Carbon – dioxide d Helium

  • 18 Which gas of air turns decanted lime water milky?

A Nitrogen b Oxygen c Carbon – dioxide d ozone

  • 19 The proportion of which gas in the air is maximum?

a) Nitrogen b) Oxygen (c) carbon – dioxide (d) ozone

20 What is water vapor present in air called?

A Gas b Dust particles c Dew d Moisture 21 What is the percentage of carbon – dioxide in air?

VI Science 3

 

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1.

What is the fundamental source of energy?

a.

Wind

b. petrol

c. coal

d. sun.

2.

Which energy source do plants use to synthesize {prepare} their food?

a.

Wind

b. sun

c. wood

d. water.

  • 3. From where do animals get energy?

A. coal

b. wood

c. air

d. food.

  • 4. Which device is used to cook food using solar energy?

    • A. solar water heater b. solar water pump

c. solar cooker

d. solar cell.

  • 5. Which appliance is used to heat water using solar energy?

    • a. solar water heater

b. solar cooker

c. solar cell

d. solar cell

  • 6. From where does a lantern get energy?

A. air

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b. light

M.C.Q’s

c. sun

d. kerosene

  • 1. Which is the biotic factor affecting the environment?

A.

Soil

B. Temperature

C. Vegetation

D. Sunlight

2.

Which is the abiotic factor affecting the environment?

A.

animals

B. Vegetation C. Microorganisms D. Air

  • 3. Which is the natural factor purifying air?

    • A. Water B. sun C. Plastic D. Smoke of vehicles

      • 4. Who pollute(s) the soil maximum?

        • A. Paper B. Plastic C. Excreta and urine of animals D. Fallen leaves

          • 5. What should be done to stop air pollution?

            • A. More industries should be established B. Use of wood should be increased

            • C. More trees should be grown D. More vehicles should be run

. Ex 2 Ans in one sentence

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Q1In which characteristics are diversities found in animals? Ans1 Diversities found in animals are seen on the basis of food, habitat, size, colour, and shape and body

structure. Q2Which bird builds the nest by stitching leaves? Ans2 Tailor bird builds the nest by stitching leaves. Q3To which class does the whale belong? Ans3 The whale belongs to mammalian class. Q4 Give the name of an animal living in burrow and devoid of legs? Ans4 Animal living in burrow and devoid of legs is snake. Q5What are called herbivores? Ans5 The animals that feed on green plants, fruits and vegetables are called herbivores. Q6By which organ does a fish get the oxygen dissolved in water? Ans6 Fish get the oxygen dissolved in water by gills. Q7What are called amphibians? Ans.7Animals which can live both in water as well as on land are called amphibians. Q8What are called terrestrial animals? Ans. 8 Animals which live on land are called terrestrial animals. Q9 Give names of two animals with eight legs. Ans. 9 Spider and Scorpion are animals with eight legs. Q10. Give two names of animals with two legs. Ans. 10 Animals with two legs are peacock and parrot. Q11. Give two names of animals with hoofs. Ans. 11 Animals with hoofs are cow and camel. Q12 Give names of two animals seen only at night. Ans12 Animals seen only at night are bat and owl.

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Q13 What is the shape of the Big Dipper constellation?

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Ans The shape of Big Dipper Constellation is like a water serving bowl. Q14During which time duration is Cassiopeia constellation seen in the sky at night? Ans Cassiopeia constellation can be seen in the sky at night during September to February. Q15With the help of which two star clusters can the Pole star be identified? Ans The Pole star can be identified with the help of Big Dipper and Cassiopeia constellations. Q16Which star appears remaining at the same position in the sky? Ans Pole star appears remaining at the same position in the sky. Q17What is the shape of the Orion constellation? Ans The shape of the Orion Constellation is like a deer. Q18How many stars are there in Orion constellation? Ans There are five stars in the Orion and three stars are in the middle. Q19What is the shape of Cassiopeia constellation? Ans The shape of Cassiopeia constellation is like ‘W’ or ‘M’. Q20In which direction does the Pole star always appear? Ans The Pole star always appear in the North direction. Q21Give the name of star known as Shikari (Dog Star) Ans Vyadh (Sirius) star is known as ‘Shikari’. Q22Which is the nearest planet to the sun? Ans Mercury is the nearest planet to the sun. Q23Which star is visible during day time? Ans Sun is visible during day time. Q24 Give the names of two planets nearest to the earth. Ans Venus and Mars are two planets nearest to earth

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Q25What happens if more time is taken to eat crumbled ice ball, in summer? Ans If more time is taken to eat crumbled ice ball in summer then it gets melted and turns into liquid form

due to heat. Q26 What is meant by the volume of a substance? Ans The space occupied by a substance is called the volume of a substance. Q27What is necessary to change the state of matter? Ans It is necessary to supply heat or to absorb heat from it, to change the state of matter. Q28In which state is coconut oil found in winter? Ans Coconut oil is found in solid state in winter. Q29 In which state is the substance most compressible? Ans A substance is most compressible in gaseous state. Q30 What is seen on the surface of the lid kept on the vessel while cooking? Ans We sees tiny droplets of water attached on its inner surface if the lid is kept on the vessel while

cooking. Q31In which states do the substances spread in all the available space? Ans The substance spreads in all the available space in gaseous state.

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  • 2. What is the total kinetic energy of molecules present in the substance called?

    • A. The total kinetic energy of molecules present in the substance is called heat.

      • 3. State the use of thermometer?

A Thermometer is used to measure the temperature.

  • 4. By which method of transfer of heat do solids get heated?

    • A. Solid gets heated by conduction of heat.

      • 5. By which method of transfer of heat do liquids get heated?

        • A. Liquid gets heated by convection of heat.

          • 6. In which method of transfer of heat is medium not necessary?

A Medium is not necessary for transfer of heat by radiation.

  • 7. Due to which method of transfer of heat are there land breeze and sea breeze?

A Land breeze and sea breeze are caused due to convection of heat.

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  • A. The handles of pressure cooker are made of ebonite.

9. State the principle of thermometer?

  • A. The principle of thermometer is the volume of liquid increases when heated and decreases when cooled.

10. State the use of thermos flask?

  • A. Thermos flask is used to keep hot things hot for longer time and cold things cold for longer time.

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Q What is a natural change?

  • A. The change that occurs naturally by themselves are called natural changes e.g. rising of sun, phases of

moon.

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What is a non-agreeable change?

A The changes which harm us or our environment are called non-agreeable change E.g. Spoiling of milk,

 

cutting of trees.

13

Due to which type of change is the environment affected?

A Due to non-agreeable change our environment is affected.

14

Which type of changes is the rusting of iron considered?

  • A. The rusting of iron is a natural slow, non-agreeable, irreversible change.

    • 15 On grinding wheat, we get flour but we cannot get back wheat again from flour. Which type of change

is this?

  • A. On grinding wheat we get flour but we cannot get back wheat again from flour is irreversible change.

    • 16 In which change can we get the original thing by changes?

  • A. In reversible change we can get the original thing by changes

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  • 17 State two main components of air?

  • A. Two main components of air are Nitrogen and Oxygen.

    • 18 What is the percentage of Oxygen gas in air?

  • A. The percentage of oxygen present in air is 21%.

    • 19 Which gas of air is useful in respiration of living organism?

  • A. Oxygen is useful in respiration of living organism.

20 In which form is moisture present in atmosphere found?

  • A. Moisture is present in the form of rain, dew and snow in atmosphere.

21What happens when an inverted empty glass in water is tilted? A. When an inverted empty glass in water is tilted the air in the glass comes out in the form of bubbles and

water enters in the glass. 22What is moving air called? A Moving air is called wind. 23What happens when glass is kept inverted on a burning candle? A When a transparent glass is kept inverted on a burning candle the candle extinguishes after some time.

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Q What is energy? A. The capacity to do work is called energy. Q What is energy source? A The objects from which the energy is obtained are called sources of energy. Q What would happen if there is no petrol in scooter? A If there is no petrol in scooter it will stop working. Q From where do we get necessary energy to work? A. We get necessary energy to do work from the food we eat. Q From where does motorcar get energy? A Motorcar gets energy from petrol, diesel and CNG.

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Q-1 What is environment? Ans-1 Environment means the world surrounding us. Q-2. From where do we get energy? Ans-2 We gets energy from the food we eat. Q-3 What is pollution? Ans-3 Pollution is unwanted changes in the air, water and soil.

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Q-4 State two main factors purifying air? Ans-4 two main factors purifying air are sun and vegetation. Q-5 which organisms prepare their food by using solar energy directly? Ans-5 Green vegetation prepares their food by using solar energy directly.

Ex-3 True or false

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  • 1 The Big Dipper and Cassiopeia do not appear in the sky at the same time-True

  • 2 There are seven stars in the Cassiopeia-False

  • 3 Orion constellations is seen during February to August in the sky at night-False

  • 4 Venus can be seen with unaided eyes-True

  • 5 The planet next to Mars in order is Jupiter-True

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  • 6 Liquid matters have no definite volume-False.

  • 7 Gaseous matters have no definite shape and has not definite volume- True.

  • 8 On putting a stone into a brimful glass with water, some water comes out of the glass-True.

  • 9 Solid matters are not made up of minute particles-. False

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  • 1. Heat has capacity to do work. TRUE

  • 2. On heating, the volume of solid, liquid & gaseous substances matter increases .TRUE

  • 3. Mercury is a solid substance. FALSE

  • 4. Mercury is used in thermometer. TRUE

  • 5. In vacuum, the transfer of heat does not take place by any other method. FALSE

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  • 6. To press a rubber ball is called a physical change True

    • 7 The tide and ebb in the sea is a natural change True 8. Periodic change occurs daily -False

      • 9. The growth of a child is a man –made change. False

10. Each change is associated with some energy .True

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  • 11 Air is a mixture. True

12 Nitrogen gas is used for the combustion of the substance. false

  • 13. Fresh decanted lime water is milky. false

    • 14 Air does not occupy space. false

    • 15 Wind is a moving form of air. true

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  • 1. All the living organisms of the environment are called abiotic factors. False

  • 2. Green plants use carbon dioxide of air for photosynthesis process. True

  • 3. Due to solar heat micro-organisms of air destroy. True

  • 4. Soil is also a component of environment. True

Ex4 Define

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  • 1 Amphibians- Animals which can live both in water as well as on land are called Amphibians.

  • 2 Avian- Animals flying in the sky and having hollow bones are called avian.

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1.

Heat- Heat means total kinetic energy of molecules present in the object.

2.

Conduction of heat- In solids the molecules which gets heated, heat other nearby molecules & conduct

heat from one molecule to other molecules. This way of transformation of heat is called conduction of heat.

3.

Poor conductors of heat – The substances in which conduction of heat is slow are poor conductors of

heat.

4.

Good conductors of heat – The substances in which conduction of heat is fast and easy are good

conductors of heat

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5.

Physical change – The change by which the physical state volume, or shape are changed are called

physical change.

VI Science 7

  • 6. Periodic change – The change which get repeated at certain time intervals are called periodic change

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  • 7. Moisture – The amount of water vapour present in air is called moisture.

  • 8. Wind – The moving air is called wind.

Ex6 Give reason

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  • 1 A fish cannot survive if taken out of the water because fish breathes oxygen dissolved in water through

gills only. It cannot take oxygen from air. So if fish is taken out of water it cannot survive.

  • 2 The earthworms are called friends of farmers because earthworms turn the soil up and down and make it soft. They help in decaying of organic matter. After the death of earthworms their body decays and the

organic matter is added to the soil which increases the fertility of the soil.

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  • 3 The sun appears larger than other stars because sun is very close to us. The nearer objects appear larger in

size. The other stars are very far as compare to the sun. So they appear smaller to us.

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  • 4 The fragrance of a perfume spreads all over the room because when the perfume is sprayed, fragrant

particles get released in the gaseous form. Gas has the property to diffuse. So the fragrance of a perfume

spreads in the entire room in very short time.

  • 5 The glasses of spectacles of a person become dim for a short time while taking hot tea because [a] The

steam from hot tea spreads in air b)Some steam comes in contact with the glasses of the person taking hot tea. c) The glasses being comparatively cooler the steam condenses on them in the form of tiny droplets

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  • 1 At the joint of two rails of railway, a small gap is kept because to create an allowance for expansion of

rail whenever temperature rises. Without this gap the rail may bend in hot weather and cause accidents.

  • 2. To cover a wheel of bullock cart with iron ring (rim), at first it is heated and then water is poured on it

because when iron ring is first heated it will expand and can be easily put on the wheel. Then as water is

poured on the ring it contracts and gets fixed on the wheel.

  • 3. A tyre-tube gets burst some times in summer because in tubes of the vehicle air is filled with pressure. In

summer due to heat, air in the tube expands. So the air pressure in tyre tube increases. Due to more

pressure tyre- tube get burst in summer.

  • 4. Ice is kept in sawdust because saw dust is poor conductor of heat. When the ice is kept in the saw dust

the heat of the atmosphere does not pass to ice and so ice does not melt rapidly

  • 5 The cable bends more between two electric poles in summer as compared to that in winter because the

cables are made up of copper or aluminum. In summer due to extreme heat the wire expands. As a result the length of the wire increases and loops are formed.

  • 6. The whistle of pressure cooker is raised up because in a pressure cooker steam is produced at high

temperature and pressure. This steam causes pressure inside the pressure cooker. When this pressure increases to certain limit the heavy whistle gets raised up due to the pressure of the steam. So some steam

escapes and the pressure in the pressure cooker is maintained. 7.Ice is placed in a box of thermocol because thermocol is poor conductor of heat. The heat from outside does not conduct to the inner side of the box. So if ice in kept in box of thermocol it does not become hot and can remain without melting for a longer time

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  • 8. When decanted lime water is kept open in air its upper surface becomes milky after some time because

carbon dioxide of air produces while insoluble particles by chemical reaction with decanted lime water.

Hence upper surface becomes milky after some time.

  • 9. when a piece of ice is kept in a glass having outer surface shining its outer surface appear dim because

when ice is kept in the glass the outer surface of the glass becomes cold . The moisture of the air comes in

contact with the cold surface of the glass and condenses in the water droplets. So the outer surface of the glass appears dim.

VI Science 8

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10.Industrial zone should be established far away from residential area because 1) Harmful gases, smoke

and chemicals used in the factories spread in the atmosphere .2) Minute fibers of cotton and other substances from the textile mills pollute air.3) The noise of the working machine cause noise pollution. Extra give reasons

11.

Venus is called the morning star/evening star…because it is brightest just before sunrise and just after

sun set.

12.

The Earth is also known as the Blue planet or the watery planet ….because it is mostly covered by

water.

13.

Saturn is known as ringed planet because it has visible rings of ice and rocks.

Ex7 Give two points of difference between:

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Vertebrates

Invertebrates

 

1.

They have a long back bone.

They do not have bones or back bone.

2.

They are less in numbers. They are big in size.

They are more in numbers. They are small in size.

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Stars

Planets

 
  • 1. Stars are self-luminous.

  • 1. Planets are not self-luminous.

  • 2. Stars are uncountable.

  • 2. There are nine planets.

  • 3. Stars twinkle.

  • 3. Planets give steady light.

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SOLID SUBSTANCE

LIQUID SUBSTANCE

  • 1. They have definite shape.

1.

They do not have definite shape.

  • 2. In solids molecules are arranged closely.

2. In liquids the molecules are far from each other as compared to solids.

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Good conductors of heat and Poor conductors of heat

Good conductor of heat (1) the substances in which conduction of heat is fast and easy are called Good

conductors of heat. (2) Example – gold, copper, silver, aluminum, etc. Poor conductor of heat (1) The substance in which the conduction of heat is slow is called Poor conductors

of heat. (2) Example- wood, paper, plastic, ebonite etc.

Conductionof heat and convection of heat

.Conduction of heat :(1)In solids the molecules which gets heated, heat other nearby molecules and

conduct heat from one molecule to other molecule. (2)Solids are heated by conduction of heat. Convection of heat (1) In convection the heated molecule became lighter and move upward and heavy

molecule move downward to occupy their position. (2)Liquids and gases are heated by convection of heat.

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Biotic components of environment and Abiotic components of environment

Biotic components of environment: 1) All living organisms found in the environment are called biotic

components. (2) e.g. plants, animals, microorganism etc. Abiotic components of environment: (1) The non –living things found in the environment are called abiotic

components. (2) e.g. air, water, soil, light, temperature etc.

Ex- 5 Ans in short

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Q1Thumb imprint is taken in place of signature of illiterate people. Why?

VI Science 9

Ans1 Illiterate people do not know to write; hence they cannot do their own signature. So to take concern on certain document such a specimen is required that gives the identity of the person. The thumb imprint of one person does not resemble to that of any other person. So thumb imprint can be taken in evidence in place of signature of illiterate people. Q2 By what other name are the animals with mammary glands known as? Write their two characteristics and two examples. Ans2. The animals with mammary glands are known as the animals of class mammalian. They are of

higher class of animals compare to other group or class Characteristics: 1.They give birth to young ones.2. They have hairs on their body. Examples: cow, tiger, rat, deer, man, etc. are animals with mammary glands. Q3What is the difference in the beaks of crane, sparrow and parrot? Ans. 3 The beak of the crane is long and pointed. The beak of the sparrow is short, thick and strong. The

beak of the parrot is red, thick and bent from front. Q4 How is the following animals useful to us?

Ans. 4 A) Dog-The dog guards our home. B) Honey bee-The Honeybee gives us honey. c) Earthworm-The earthworm softens the field soil and makes the soil fertile. d) Sheep-The sheep gives us milk and wool. Q5 State the habitat of the following animals:

1. Snake- burrow

  • 2. Frog – moist soil and water

  • 3. Cockroach – drainage & dirty places

  • 4. Chameleon – on the branch of a tree

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Q6 What is star cluster (constellation)? Name five known star clusters. Ans Some groups of stars form a definite figure or pattern. Such group of stars is called star cluster. E.g. Big Dipper, Cassiopeia, Orion, Kritika. Q7 State the names given to stars of the Big Dipper constellation. Ans The names given to stars of Big Dipper Constellation are Marichi, Vashistha, Angira, Atri, Pulah, Kratu, and Pulastya. Q8 State the names of planets of solar system in order. Ans The names of planets of solar system in order are Mercury, Venus Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

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Q9 Coconut oil kept in a bottle with narrow opening gets frozen in winter, then what do you do to remove it out? Why? Ans. When coconut oil kept in a bottle with narrow opening gets frozen in winter; we keep it in sunlight or on gas stove. So due to the heat the oil becomes hot and turns into liquid. So that it can be easily taken out of the bottle. Q10 Write two general properties of solid matters. 1 Solids have definite shape and volume. 2 The molecules are closely arranged.

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Q8 What are the effects of heat on a substances? A. Substances expand on heating. On heating solid turns into liquid and liquids turns into gaseous. Q9 Why does the volume of the substance increases on heating it? A A substance is made up of molecules. On heating the substance, the kinetic energy increases. As the kinetic energy increases the molecules perform motion. So the distance between the molecules increases. Hence the volume of the substance increases on heating it. Q10 Why does a Tyre – tube get burst in summer?

  • A. In tubes of the vehicle air is filled with pressure. In summer due to heat, air in the tube expands. So the air pressure in tyre tube increases. Due to more pressure tyre- tube burst in summer.

Q11 Explain conduction of heat in solid matters.

VI Science 10

  • A. In solids, heat is transferred by conduction. In solids the molecules which get heated, heat other nearby molecules and such heat is conducted from one molecule to other molecule. Thus the transfer of heat takes place from hot end to cold end.

Q12 Explain convection of heat in liquid matters. Ans) On heating a liquid the heated molecules become lighter & move upwards and the cooler heavy

molecules move downwards to occupy their position. By such transportation of heat liquids are heated. Q13 State the necessary points for the conduction of heat (transfer of heat). A (1) The objects should be in contact. (2) The temperature of both objects should be different. (3)

Conduction of heat takes place from hot object to cold objects. Q14 Why do people go to a hill station for outing in summer? A People go to a hill station for outing in summer because as height increases the temperature decreases

and so to have cool and pleasant surrounding people prefer to go to

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hill stations in summer.

Q15 Explain fast changes and slow changes giving examples?

  • A. The changes happening so slowly that they cannot be observed at first sight or cannot be noted

immediately are called slow changes. For examples: changes of seasons, formation of curd from milk, growing of plant etc. Fast changes- The changes occurring fast are called fast changes. e.g.: Bursting of fire crackers, breaking of glass, earthquake. Q16 Explain reversible change and irreversible change giving example?

  • A. The changes in which we get a new thing from the original thing and again we can get back the original

thing are called irreversible change. Heating of water into vapour, melting of wax, pressing rubber ball etc.

Irreversible changes- The changes in which we cannot get the original thing back are called irreversible

change. e.g.: Burning of coal, cooking of

food, grinding wheat into flour.

Q17 In daily life, which substances do we keep to make them dry in sunlight?

transfer of heat do they get dried?

By which method of

  • A. In daily life, grains, fruits, vegetables and wet clothes are kept to make them dry in sunlight.

They are dried by the radiation of heat

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State the components of air? A The components of air are Nitrogen, (78%), Oxygen (21%), Carbon – dioxide (0.04), Helium ,Neon ,

Argon , Krypton , Xenon , Ozone, Moisture particles (0.96%) . Q.2 Air is a Mixture .Explain?

  • A. Air contains gases like Nitrogen, Oxygen, Carbon - dioxide, water vapour and some other gases. It also

contains dust particles .The proportion of components varies place to place and time to time. Each

component of air retains its property, so air is a mixture. Q.3 What does a puncture repairer do to find a puncture in a tube of vehicle? Why? A First of all puncture repairer fills air in the tube of the tyre to find the puncture. Then he immerses the

tube in water. Air bubbles come out from the place where there is a puncture in the tube .Thus he can find the location of a puncture in a tube. Q.4 Why is an inflated balloon not accommodated in the match box?

  • A. On inflating a balloon air is filled and balloon enlarges. So it cannot be accommodated in the match

box. Q5. State two properties of air?

  • A. Two properties of air are 1 Air occupies space 2 Air has mass.

Q.6 Ice itself is cold, yet why does it appear as if water vapour comes out of it?

  • A. Ice is a cold substance. The moisture present on its close surroundings cools due to ice. This cold

moisture appears around the ice in the form of minute particles as if water vapour coming out of it. Q.7Why does a shopkeeper keep the nozzle of the funnel a little higher above the tin while pouring

kerosene in a tin?

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A There is air in the empty tin. While pouring kerosene in the tin by keeping the nozzle of the funnel little

higher up above the tin, the air enclosed in the tin gets the passage to escape. So kerosene can be filled in the tin easily

L-7

State the sources of energy.

  • A. The sources of energy are wood, coal, petrol, diesel, kerosene, C.N.G., L.P.G., wind, sun and flowing

water. Q What happens if we don’t get energy?

  • A. If we don’t get energy we would not be able to do any activity. Our brain would not think and our body

would not be able to perform any physiological process. Q Energy obtained from petrol is a form of solar energy. Explain.

  • A. Sun is the fundamental source of energy for plants and animals. Petroleum is formed by chemical reaction due to heat and pressure of the earth.

Q Give the names of devices developed by man to use solar energy.

  • A. The name of devices developed by man to use solar energy are 1)Solar cooker 2)Solar water

heater 3)Solar cell4)Solar car 5)Solar water pump 6)Solar battery. Q How do vegetation provides us energy?

  • A. The green vegetation synthesize their food in the presence of sunlight. We use plants or plant product as

food to get energy from them. Q Compared to other sources of energy the importance of solar energy is more. Explain. A Sun is the fundamental source of energy. Most of the other energies are derived from the sun. Sun is the

inexhaustible, free of cost, pollution free and easily available source of energy. It is available at all the places throughout the year in large quantity. So the importance of solar energy is more.

  • Q. What happens if energy sources like petrol, diesel, kerosene or gas decrease?

  • A. All vehicles like cars, scooters etc. run on petrol, diesel or gas. If energy sources like petrol, kerosene or

gas decreases, the transportation will stop. So people will not be able to go from one place to another place

or carry goods easily.

L-8

  • 1. State the biotic and abiotic components of the environment?

Ans. All the living organisms found in the environment are called biotic components and air, water, soil,

light, temperature, salt etc. are abiotic components of the environment.

  • 2. How does air get polluted?

Ans. Air gets polluted due to (1) Smoke of vehicles. (2) Smoke of factories (3) Exhalation of living

organisms (4) Minute particles suspended in air.

  • 3. State the natural factors purifying the air and write how they purify it. Ans. The natural factors purifying the air are (1) Sun – Microorganisms are killed due to the heat of the heat of the sun. (2) Plants- They absorb carbon dioxide through their stomata from the air and prepare their food. Thus proportion of carbon dioxide decreases from the air and the air is purified.

  • 4. What should be done to conserve trees? Ans. (1) We should stop cutting trees. (2) We should explain to people the importance of trees. (3) We should grow more trees (4) We should take proper care of them and nurture them.

  • 5. What type of effects are found on the health when one drinks polluted water?

Ans. Polluted water is injurious to health. By drinking polluted water we may suffer from diseases like

typhoid, cholera, jaundice, diarrhea, dysentery etc.

  • 6. What can we do to stop wastage of water?

Ans. To stop wastage of water following measures should be taken. (1) Water for household usage should be done as per required and not in excess. (2) In agriculture, drip irrigation and channel irrigation should be

used. 3)Water used in industries should be regulated. (4) Proper storage and management of rain water should be done. (5) Reuse of water purification methods should be employed. (6) Dams should be built on rivers to store water.

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  • 7. How does soil gets polluted?

Ans. (1) By mixing of various waste, garbage, polythene bags, plastics, tins etc. in the soil (2) By spraying

of insecticides on crops using chemical fertilizers etc the soil gets polluted.

Ans in detail

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Q1 In what ways animals are useful to us. Ans. 1) Dog guards our house. 2) Cow, buffalo and goat give us milk. 3) Sheep, gives us wool. 4) Horse, donkey, camel carry load. 5) Honey bee gives us honey. 6) Earth worm soften the soil and makes it fertile. 7) Hens give us eggs and meat. 8) Ox is used in agriculture. Q2 Give brief information about animals without bones. Ans. 1) Animals in which bones are not available are called invertebrates. 2) They are small in size and have soft body. 3) They are large in number. 4) They are animals of various classes and groups.

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Q3 Give the introduction about the Big Dipper constellation. Ans. 1) There are seven stars in the Big Dipper. 2) They are Marichi, Vashistha, Angira, Atri, Pulah, Kratu and Pulastya. 3) It is seen only from February to August in the sky at night. 4) This star cluster is seen overhead slightly northwards. 5) These stars are brighter than other stars. 6) With the help of big dipper, Pole star can be identified.

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Q4 Write the general properties of liquid substances. Ans The general properties of liquid substances are:

1) They do not have definite shape .They take the shape of the container.2)They have definite volume.3)In liquids the molecules are far from each other as compared to solids.4)On heating liquids ,they turn into gaseous state and on cooling liquid turns into solid state. Q5 Write the general properties of gaseous substances. Ans The general properties of gaseous substances are 1They do not have definite shape and definite volume.2 Their molecules are very far from one another.3 They diffuse in all directions 4 On cooling they turn into liquid state and then into solid

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Q1 Where is air used in daily life? A 1) Air is used in respiration by living organisms 2) Air is necessary for combustion 3) Air is filled in

wheels of vehicles 4 )Air is used to dry clothes 5) It is used in propagation of sound

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Q-1 State the uses of solar energy.

  • A. Solar energy is used:

    • 1. In solar cooker for cooking.

    • 2. In solar water heater to heat water.

    • 3. In solar energy battery to run electric lamps at public roads.

    • 4. In solar car.

    • 5. In solar cell to run calculator, wrist watch etc.

    • 2. Why is the Sun called the main source of energy? Explain it.

      • A. The Sun gives energy in the form of light and heat to the earth. 2. Green vegetation on the earth prepare

their food with the help of sunlight.3. This green vegetation provides food to animals.4. Animals like tiger; lions get food by hunting small animals.5. Every living being, wood, coal, mineral oil, and natural gas are sources of energy formed from solar energy. So, the sun is called the main source of energy.

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Q How are trees useful to us? A. Trees are useful to us in following ways; 1) Trees provide us with food. 2) They maintain the proportion of carbon dioxide in air

3) They keep the environment cool and help in rainfall. 4) They provide us wood for furniture as well as medicines and many useful things in our daily life. Q .How does water get polluted? A Water gets polluted; 1) By taking bath or washing cattle in water reservoir. 2) By washing clothes or cleaning utensils in water reservoirs. 3) By mixing of dirty water of drainage in water reservoir. 4) By mixing of polluted water of factories or industries in the water reservoirs. 5) By falling of dust, garbage leaves etc. in the water reservoirs

Ex8 CLASSIFY

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  • 1. Classify the following animals into oviparous and viviparous animals Rat, fish, cat, crocodile, deer, frog, ostrich, whale, lizard, bat.

Oviparous animals. [Egg laying]:- fish, crocodile, frog, ostrich, lizard Viviparous animals. [Mammals] :- rat , cat , deer , whale , bat

  • 2. Classify the following animals into herbivores and carnivores. Elephant, snake, rat, lion, frog, deer, goat, crocodile, rabbit, lizard.

Herbivores: Elephant, rat, deer, goat, rabbit.

Carnivores: snake, lion, frog, crocodile, lizard.

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  • 3 Classify the following substances into solid, liquid and gaseous substances.

Oil, wood, steam, aluminum, mercury, smoke, plastic, oxygen, kerosene, air, stone, water.

Solid substance: wood, Aluminium, plastic, stone. Liquid substance: oil, mercury, kerosene, water. Gaseous substance: steam, smoke, oxygen, air.

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  • 4 Classify the following substances into good conductors of heat and poor conductors of heat

(ebonite,iron,leather,aluminium,wool,glass,copper,paper,silver,jute,wood,asbestos,gold) Good conductor of heat: copper, silver, Aluminium, iron, gold Poor conductor of heat: Wood, ebonite, wool, asbestos, jute, leather, wool, glass, paper

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5 Classify into natural change and manmade change. (Conversion of milk into curd, spoiling of milk, rusting of iron, making of an electromagnet of a nail,

lightning in the sky, lighting of an electric bulb, earthquake, making of furniture from wood, change of seasons)

Natural change: Spoiling of milk, rusting of iron, lightning in the sky, earthquake, change of

seasons. Man-made: Conversion of milk into curd, making of an electromagnet of a nail, lighting of an

electric bulb, making furniture from wood.

  • 6 Classify the following changes into fast change and slow change:

(Growth of a plant, thundering, rusting of iron, bursting of a firecracker, lighting in the sky, burning of

incense stick, burning of petrol, earthquake, moving of hour-hand on the dial of the clock)

Fast change: thundering, bursting of a firecracker, lighting in the sky, burning of petrol, earthquake.

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Slow change: Growth of a plant, rusting of an iron, burning of incense stick, moving of hour-hand on the dial of the clock.

Experimentl-4

  • 1. Describe the experiment to show that solid expands on heating and contracts on cooling.

Aim: To show that solid expands on heating and contracts on cooling. Apparatus: Ring, metallic sphere, stand, spirit lamp, fork. Diagram:

Procedure:1)Take a metallic sphere and a circular ring.2)Check whether the sphere passes through the circular ring or not. 3) Heat the sphere with a spirit lamp.4) Hold the hot sphere with a fork and try to pass it through the circular ring.5) Let the sphere cool down and again try to pass it through the circular ring. Observation:1)Before heating the sphere can easily pass through the ring.2)After heating the sphere cannot pass through the ring.3)On cooling the sphere can easily pass through the ring. Conclusion: Solid expands on heating and contracts on cooling.

  • 2. Describe the experiment to show that gaseous matter expands on heating and contracts on cooling.

Aim: To show that gaseous matter expands on heating and contracts on cooling. Apparatus: Big bottle, balloon, thread, fork, candle. Diagram:

Procedure: 1) Take one big bottle and fill some water in it .2)Attach one balloon on the mouth of the bottle

and fix it with thread.3)Hold bottle with a fork.4)Heat the bottle and observe.5)Now let the bottle get

cooled down. Observation: 1) After heating the bottle the balloon tied on the bottle inflates.2)When the bottle is cooled

the balloon contracts and come s to its original state. Conclusion: Gases expands on heating and contracts on cooling.

3Describe the experiment to prove that oxygen gas of the air is necessary for combustion. Aim: To prove that oxygen gas of the air is necessary for combustion Apparatus: Transparent glass and candle Diagram:

Procedure: 1) Light a candle and keep it erect on a flat surface.2) Cover the candle with a transparent glass

and observe. Observation: The candle extinguishes after sometime. Conclusion: Oxygen is necessary for combustion.

4 Describe the experiment to prove that air has mass. Aim: To prove that air has mass. Apparatus: Two big balloons ,a small stick. Diagram:

Procedure:1)Take two big balloons of same size as shown in the figure.2)Tie two inflated balloons with a

string in such a way that both the balloon balance perfectly.3)Prick one of the balloon and observe. Observation: The balance tilts towards the inflated balloon. Conclusion: This proves that air has mass.

Ex Give two examples of each of the following. 1 Animals having mammary glands . Ans Cow and dog. 2Animals flying in the sky.

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Ans crow and parrot. 3Animals having long neck. Ans Camel and giraffe. 4Animals useful to carry heavy loads. Ans camel and horse. 5Arboreal animals. Ans Monkey and squirrel. 6Animals living in forest. Ans Lion and tiger. 7Animals living in water. Ans Fish and seahorse 8Animals having morelegs. Ans Millipedes and centipedes. 9Animals having horns. Ans deer and cow. 10Animals without bones.(Invertebrates) Ans spider and ant.

VI Science 15 Ans crow and parrot. 3Animals having long neck. Ans Camel and giraffe. 4Animals

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