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use and maintenance

aprilia part# 8102759

Pegaso 650
1996 aprilia s.p.a. - Noale (VE) 3!&%49 7!2.).'3 4%#(.)#!,

The following precautionary warnings are ( The operations preceded by this


used throughout this manual in order to symbol must be repeated also on
convey the following messages: the opposite side of the vehicle.
If not expressly indicated otherwise, for the
aSafety warning. When you find this
symbol on the vehicle or in the
reassembly of the units repeat the disas-
sembly operations in reverse order.
manual, be careful to the potential risk
of personal injury. Non-compliance with The terms right and left are referred to
the indications given in the messages the rider seated on the vehicle in the nor-
preceded by this symbol may result in mal riding position.
grave risks for your and other peoples 7!2.).'3 02%#!54)/.3
safety and for the vehicle! '%.%2!, !$6)#%
First edition: december 1996

Reprint: january 2000


c
tion.
Indications to make the opera-
tions easier. Technical informa-
Before starting the engine, carefully read
this manual and in particular the section
SAFE DRIVE.
Your and other peoples safety depends
not only on your quickness of reflexes and
on your agility, but also on what you know
about the vehicle, on its efficiency and on
your knowledge of the basic information for
SAFE DRIVE. Therefore, get a thorough
knowledge of the vehicle, in such a way as
to be able to drive in the traffic safely.
Produced and printed by:
editing division
Soave (VERONA) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 045 76 11 911
Fax +39 - 045 76 12 241
E-mail: customer@stp.it
www.stp.it

On behalf of:
aprilia s.p.a.
via G. Galilei, 1 - 30033 Noale (VE) - Italy
Tel. +39 - 041 58 29 111
Fax +39 - 041 44 10 54
www.aprilia.com

2 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


c This manual must be considered
as an integral part of the vehicle c In some countries the antipollution
and noise regulations in force re-
In this manual the various versions are in-
dicated by the following symbols:
and must always accompany it, even in
case of resale.
quire periodical inspections.
& optional
aprilia has carried out this manual with the
The user of the vehicle in these countries
must: 2 catalytic version
maximum attention, in order to supply the contact an aprilia Authorized Dealer to VERSION:
user with correct and updated information.
However, since aprilia constantly im-
have the non-homologated components
replaced with others homologated for I Italy V Poland
proves the design of its products, there use in the country in question; U United Kingdom % Israel
may be slight discrepancies between the
characteristics of your vehicle and those
carry out the required periodical inspec-
tions. A Austria K South Korea
P Portugal M Malaysia
c
described in this manual. For any clarifica-
tion concerning the information contained
in this manual, do not hesitate to contact
When asking your Dealer for spare " Finland R Chile
your aprilia Official Dealer.
parts, specify the spare parts code
indicated on the SPARE PARTS IDENTIFI- B Belgium Q Bermuda
For control and repair operations not ex- CATION LABEL. D Germany - United States
of America
F France ^ Australia
pressly described in this publication, for the
purchase of aprilia genuine spare parts, Write down the identification code in the
accessories and other products, as well as space here below, in order to remember it
also in case of loss or deterioration of the E Spain ] Brazil
G Greece South Africa
for specific advice, contact exclusively
aprilia Official Dealers and Service Cent- label.

O Holland New Zealand


ers, which guarantee prompt and accurate The label is positioned under the rider sad-
assistance. dle, stuck to the frame.
Thank you for choosing aprilia. We wish C Switzerland [ Canada
you a nice ride. Denmark ` Croatia
All rights as to electronic storage, repro-
J Japan Slovenia
S Singapore
duction and total or partial adaptation, with
any means, are reserved for all Countries.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 3


4!",% /& #/.4%.43
SAFE DRIVE .....................................................................................................5 CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND TOPPING UP .................... 39
BASIC SAFETY RULES: ............................................................................6 CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL AND THE OIL FILTER ........................... 40
CLOTHING .................................................................................................9 FRONT WHEEL ....................................................................................... 42
ACCESSORIES........................................................................................10 REAR WHEEL ......................................................................................... 44
LOAD ........................................................................................................10 CHAIN ...................................................................................................... 46
ARRANGEMENT OF THE MAIN ELEMENTS ...............................................12 REMOVING THE FUEL TANK................................................................. 48
REMOVING
ARRANGEMENT OF THE INSTRUMENTS ...................................................14 THE RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES................................................................ 48
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS ..............................................................14 CHECKING THE STEERING................................................................... 49
INSTRUMENTS AND INDICATORS TABLE............................................15 CHECKING
MAIN INDEPENDENT CONTROLS ...............................................................16 THE REAR FORK FULCRUM AXIS ........................................................ 49
CONTROLS ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE HANDLEBAR .......................16 INSPECTING THE FRONT AND REAR SUSPENSIONS ....................... 49
CONTROLS ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE HANDLEBAR ....................17 REAR SUSPENSION............................................................................... 50
REAR SUSPENSION
&
IGNITION SWITCH...................................................................................18
STEERING LOCK.....................................................................................18 WITH HYDRAULIC PRELOAD ADJUSTMENT ............................... 50
AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT...............................................................................19 IDLING ADJUSTMENT ............................................................................ 52
ADJUSTING THE ACCELERATOR CONTROL ...................................... 52
UNLOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE....................................................19
GLOVE/TOOL KIT COMPARTMENT.......................................................19 e
ADJUSTING THE COLD START CONTROL ( )................................... 52
CRASH HELMET HOOK ..........................................................................20 SPARK PLUG .......................................................................................... 53
ANTI-THEFT HOOK .................................................................................20 BATTERY................................................................................................. 54
REAR LUGGAGE RACK ..........................................................................20 CHECKING THE ELECTROLYTE LEVEL.............................................. 55
RECHARGING THE BATTERY ............................................................... 55
MAIN COMPONENTS.....................................................................................21 LONG INACTIVITY OF THE BATTERY ................................................. 55
FUEL.........................................................................................................21 CHANGING THE FUSES......................................................................... 56
ENGINE OIL .............................................................................................21 CHECKING THE SIDE STAND AND THE SAFETY SWITCH ................ 57
BRAKE FLUID (recommendations) ..........................................................22 ADJUSTING
DISC BRAKES..........................................................................................22 THE HEADLIGHT BEAM ......................................................................... 58
FRONT BRAKE ........................................................................................23 BULBS ..................................................................................................... 58
REAR BRAKE...........................................................................................24 CHANGING THE HEADLIGHT BULBS ................................................... 59
ADJUSTING THE REAR BRAKE .............................................................24 CHANGING THE REAR LIGHT BULB.................................................... 60
CLUTCH ...................................................................................................25 CHANGING THE FRONT DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS.................. 60
COOLANT ................................................................................................26 CHANGING THE REAR DIRECTION INDICATOR BULBS .................... 61
TYRES......................................................................................................27
EXHAUST SILENCERS ^ ....................................................................28
CHANGING
CATALYTIC SILENCERS 2 .................................................................28
THE NUMBER PLATE BULB................................................................... 61
TRANSPORT.................................................................................................. 62
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE.............................................................................29 DRAINING THE FUEL TANK................................................................... 62
PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPERATIONS .............................................29
STARTING................................................................................................30 CLEANING ..................................................................................................... 63
DEPARTURE AND DRIVE .......................................................................32 LONG PERIODS OF INACTIVITY ........................................................... 64
RUNNING-IN ............................................................................................34 TECHNICAL DATA ........................................................................................ 65
STOPPING ...............................................................................................34 LUBRICANT TABLE ................................................................................ 68
PARKING..................................................................................................34 Importers ............................................................................................. 70-71
SUGGESTIONS TO PREVENT THEFT ...................................................35 WIRING DIAGRAM - Pegaso 650............................................................ 72
MAINTENANCE ..............................................................................................36 WIRING DIAGRAM KEY - Pegaso 650 ................................................... 73
REGULAR SERVICE INTERVALS CHART .............................................36
IDENTIFICATION DATA...........................................................................37
AIR CLEANER..........................................................................................38

4 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


safe drive
"!3)# 3!&%49 25,%3 The use of medicins, alcohol and drugs or Most road accidents are caused by the
psychotropic substances notably increases drivers lack of experience.
To drive the vehicle it is necessary to be in
the risk of accidents. NEVER lend the vehicle to beginners and,
possession of all the requirements pre-
Be sure that you are in good psychophysi- in any case, make sure that the driver has
scribed by law (driving licence, minimum
cal conditions and fit for driving and pay all the requirements for driving.
age, psychophysical ability, insurance,
particular attention to physical weariness
state taxes, vehicle registration, number
and drowsiness.
plate, etc.).
Gradually get to know the vehicle by driv-
ing it first in areas with low traffic and/or pri-
vate areas.

6 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


Rigorously observe all road signs and na- Avoid obstacles that could damage the ve- Always drive with both hands on the han-
tional and local road regulations. hicle or make you lose control. dlebars and both feet on the footrests (or
Avoid abrupt movements that can be dan- Avoid riding in the slipstream created by on the riders footboards), in the correct
gerous for yourself and other people (for preceding vehicles in order to increase driving posture.
example: rearing up on the back wheel, your speed. Avoid standing up or stretching your limbs
speeding, etc.), and give due consideration while driving.
to the road surface, visibility and other driv-
ing conditions.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 7


COOLER
OIL

The driver should pay attention and avoid Use only the vehicles specific fuels and lu- If the vehicle has been involved in an acci-
distractions caused by people, things and bricants indicated in the "LUBRICANT dent, make sure that no damage has oc-
movements (never smoke, eat, drink, read, CHART"; check the oil, fuel and coolant curred to the control levers, pipes, wires,
etc.) while driving. levels regularly. braking system and vital parts.
If necessary, have the vehicle inspected by
an aprilia Official Dealer, who should care-
fully check the frame, handlebars, suspen-
sions, safety parts and all the devices that
you cannot check by yourself.
Always remember to report any malfunc-
tion to the technicians to help them in their
work.
Never use the vehicle when the amount of
damage it has suffered endangers your
safety.

8 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


ONLY ORIGINALS

A12
345

Never change the position, inclination or Any modification of the vehicle and/or the #,/4().'
colour of: number plate, direction indica- removal of original components can com-
Before starting, always wear a correctly
tors, lights and horns. promise vehicle performance levels and
fastened crash helmet. Make sure that it is
Any modification of the vehicle will result in safety or even make it illegal.
homologated, in good shape, of the right
the invalidity of the guarantee. We recommend respecting all regulations size and that the visor is clean.
and national and local provisions regarding
Wear protective clothing, preferably in light
the equipment of the vehicle.
and/or reflecting colours. In this way you
In particular, avoid all modifications that in- will make yourself more visible to the other
crease the vehicles performance levels or drivers, thus notably reducing the risk of
alter its original characteristics. being knocked down, and you will be more
Never race with other vehicles. protected in case of fall.
This clothing should be very tight-fitting
and fastened at the wrists and ankles.
Strings, belts and ties should not be hang-
ing loose; prevent these and other objects
from interfering with driving by getting en-
tangled with moving parts or driving mech-
anisms.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 9


Do not keep objects that can be dangerous !##%33/2)%3 Make sure that the equipment is well fas-
in case of fall, for example pointed objects tened to the vehicle and not dangerous
The owner of the vehicle is responsible for
like keys, pens, glass vials etc. in your during driving. Do not install electrical de-
the choice, installation and use of any ac-
pockets (the same recommendations also vices and do not modify those already ex-
cessory.
apply to passengers). isting to avoid electrical overloads, be-
Avoid installing accessories that cover
cause the vehicle could suddenly stop or
horns or lights or that could impair their
there could be a dangerous current short-
functions, limit the suspension stroke and
age in the horn and in the lights. aprilia
the steering angle, hamper the operation of
recommends the use of genuine accesso-
the controls and reduce the distance from
ries (aprilia genuine accessories).
the ground and the angle of inclination in
turns.
Avoid using accessories that hamper ac- ,/!$
cess to the controls, since this can prolong
Be careful and moderate when loading
reaction times during an emergency.
your luggage. Keep any luggage loaded as
Large fairings and windscreens assembled
close as possible to the centre of the vehi-
on the vehicle can produce aerodynamic
cle and distribute the load uniformly on
forces capable of compromising the stabili-
both sides, in order to reduce imbalance to
ty of the vehicle while driving.
the minimum. Furthermore, make sure that
the load is firmly secured to the vehicle, es-
pecially during long trips.

10 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


KG!

Avoid hanging bulky, heavy and/or danger- Do not carry any bag if it is not tightly se- Do not exceed the maximum load allowed
ous objects on the handlebars, mudguards cured to the vehicle. for each side-bag.
and forks, because the vehicle might re- Do not carry bags which protrude too much When the vehicle is overloaded, its stability
spond more slowly in turns and its ma- from the luggage rack or which cover the and its manoeuvrability can be compro-
noeuvrability could be unavoidably im- lights, horn or indicators. mised.
paired.
Do not carry animals or children on the
Do not place bags that are too bulky on the glove compartment or on the luggage rack.
vehicle sides and do not ride with the crash
helmet hanging from its string, because it
could hit people or obstacles making you
lose control of the vehicle.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 11


!22!.'%-%.4 /& 4(% -!). %,%-%.43

+%9
1) Ignition switch/steering lock 8) Rear luggage rack
2) Fuel tank plug 9) Passenger footrest
3) Fuel cock 10) Central stand &
4) Battery 11) Side stand
5) Fuses 12) Shifting lever
6) Glove/tool kit compartment 13) Expansion tank
7) Passenger grab rail

12 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


+%9
1) Front brake master cylinder 7) Rear brake master cylinder
2) Engine oil level plug-dipstick 8) Passenger footrest
3) Horn 9) Passenger grab rail
4) Engine oil filter 10) Saddle lock
5) Rear brake control lever 11) Crash helmet hook
6) Anti-theft hook (for the aprilia Body- 12) Rear brake fluid tank
Guard armored cable &) 13) Air cleaner
use and maintenance Pegaso 650 13
!22!.'%-%.4 /& 4(% ).3425-%.43 ).3425-%.43 !.$ ).$)#!4/23

+%9 +%9
1) Horn push button (f) 1) Green direction indicator warning light (c)
2) Direction indicator switch (c) 2) Green neutral indicator warning light (q)
3) Dimmer switch (b - a) 3) Red engine oil pressure warning light (j)
4) High beam signalling push button (a) 4) Blue high beam warning light (a)
5) Cold start lever (e) 5) Green low beam and parking light warning light (p)
6) Clutch lever 6) Amber low fuel warning light (g)
7) Left rear-view mirror 7) Revolution counter
8) Instruments and indicators 8) Total kilometres odometer
9) Right rear-view mirror 9) Speedometer
10) Front brake lever 9) Speedometer - only km/h scale ^
11) Engine stop switch (n - m) 10) Coolant temperature indicator (h)
12) Throttle grip 11) Partial kilometres odometer
13) Light switch (o - p - ) 12) Odometer trip control
14) Start push button (r)
15) Ignition switch/steering lock (n - m - s)

14 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


).3425-%.43 !.$ ).$)#!4/23 4!",%
Description Function
Direction indicator
It blinks when the direction indicators are on.
warning light c
Neutral indicator warning light q It comes on when the gear is in neutral.
It comes on every time the ignition switch is brought to position "n" and the engine is not run-
ning, thus checking the proper functioning of the lamp. If during this phase the lamp does not
turn on, it must be replaced. The warning light must go off when the engine is running.
Engine oil pressure
warning light j

a
If the warning light comes on during the normal running of the engine, this
means that the oil pressure in the circuit is insufficient. In this case, immediate-
ly stop the engine and contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
It comes on when the headlight is in "high beam" position or when the high beam signalling is
High beam warning light a operated.
Parking light
It comes on when the lights are on.
and low beam warning light p
It comes on when the quantity of fuel left in the tank is about 6 L (electrical reserve).
Low fuel warning light g In this case, provide for immediate topping up, see p. 21 (FUEL).
It indicates the number of revolutions of the engine per minute.

a
Revolution counter
Never exceed the engine max. rpm, see p. 34 (RUNNING-IN).

Total kilometres odometer It indicates the total number of kilometres covered.


Speedometer It indicates the driving speed.
It indicates the approximate temperature of the coolant in the engine. When the pointer starts
moving beyond level "40", the temperature is sufficient for driving the vehicle. The normal
running temperature range is indicated by the graduated area of the scale. If the pointer
Coolant temperature indicator h reaches the red area, stop the engine and check the coolant level, see p. 26 (COOLANT).

Partial kilometres odometer


a If the maximum allowed temperature is exceeded (red area of the scale), the en-
gine may be seriously damaged.
It indicates the partial number of kilometres covered. To set it to zero, use the odometer trip control.
Odometer trip control Rotate it anticlockwise to set the partial kilometres odometer to zero.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 15


-!). ).$%0%.$%.4 #/.42/,3

#/.42/,3 /. 4(% ,%&4 3)$% /& 4(% (!.$,%"!2

c The electrical parts work only when the ignition


switch is in position "n".

1) HORN PUSH BUTTON (f)


The horn is activated when the push button is pressed.

2) DIRECTION INDICATOR SWITCH (c)


To indicate the turn to the left, move the switch to the left; to
indicate the turn to the right, move the switch to the right. To
turn off the direction indicator, press the switch on its centre.

3) DIMMER SWITCH (b - a)
When the light switch (right side of the handlebar) is in posi-
tion "o", if the dimmer switch is in position "a", the high
beam comes on, while if it is in position "b", the low beam
comes on.

4) HIGH BEAM SIGNALLING PUSH BUTTON (a)


It makes it possible to use the high beam for signalling to
forthcoming vehicles while overtaking and in case of peril
and/or emergency.

5) COLD START LEVER (e)


The starter for the cold start of the engine is operated by rotat-
ing the lever "e" downwards.
To disconnect the starter, move the lever "e" to its initial po-
sition.

16 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


#/.42/,3 /. 4(% 2)'(4 3)$%
/& 4(% (!.$,%"!2

c The electrical parts work only when the ignition


switch is in position "n".

1) ENGINE STOP SWITCH (n - m)

a Do not operate the engine stop switch n - m in


running conditions.

This is a safety or emergency switch.


With the switch in position "n", it is possible to start the en-
gine; the engine can be stopped by moving the switch to posi-
tion "m".

a
With stopped engine and ignition switch in posi-
tion "n", the battery may discharge.
When the vehicle has come to rest, after stopping
the engine, move the ignition switch to position "m".

2) HEADLIGHT SWITCH (o - p - )
When the light switch is in position "", the lights are off; when
the switch is in position "p", the parking lights are on; when
the switch is in position "o", the low beam or the high beam is
on.
The high/low beam can be operated by means of the dimmer
switch, see p. 16 (CONTROLS ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE
HANDLEBAR).

3) START PUSH BUTTON (r)


When the start push button "r" is pressed, the starter makes
the engine run. For the starting, see p. 30 (STARTING).

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 17


Key
Position Function
removal

The steer- It is possi-


ing is ble to
locked. remove the
It is neither key.
possible to
Steering start the
lock engine, nor
to switch on
the lights.

Neither the It is possi-


)'.)4)/. 37)4#( 34%%2).' ,/#+ engine, nor ble to
The ignition switch is positioned on the the lights remove the
Never turn the key to position "s" in run- can be key.
steering column plate.

c
ning conditions, in order to avoid losing switched on.
control of the vehicle.
The key (1) operates the ignition
The engine It is not pos-
switch/steering lock, the saddle
OPERATION and the sible to
lock and the fuel tank lock.
To lock the steering: lights can be remove the
Two keys are supplied together with the
U Turn the handlebar completely leftwards. switched on. key.
vehicle (one spare key).
U Turn the key (1) to position m and
press it.
U Release the key.

c Turn the key and steer the han-


dlebar at the same time.

U Rotate the key (1) anticlockwise (left-


wards), steer the handlebar slowly until
the key (1) reaches position s.
U Extract the key.

18 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


!58),)!29 %15)0-%.4

',/6%4//, +)4 #/-0!24-%.4


The compartment is positioned under the
rear part of the saddle;
to reach it:
U Unlock and raise the saddle.

The tool kit (4) includes:


3, 4, 5, 6, 8 mm Allen spanners
5,5-7 mm double fork spanner
8-11 mm double fork spanner
10-13 mm double fork spanner
19 mm simple fork spanner
24 mm simple fork spanner
double-ended, cross-/cut-headed screw-
5.,/#+).',/#+).' U To lock the saddle, position the tang (3) driver
4(% 3!$$,% in its seat, then lower and press the sad-
screwdriver handle
18 mm spark plug socket spanner
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see dle, thus making the lock snap shut. socket spanner rod
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON tool case

a
THE STAND).
U Insert the key (1) in the saddle lock (2). Before leaving, make sure that Max. allowed weight: 1.5 kg
U Turn the key (1) clockwise and raise and the saddle is properly locked.
remove the saddle.

c Before lowering and locking the


saddle, make sure that you have
not left the key in the glove/tool kit com-
partment.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 19


#2!3( (%,-%4 (//+ !.4) 4(%&4 (//+ 2%!2 ,5''!'% 2!#+
Thanks to the crash helmet hook, you no The anti-theft hook (4) is positioned on the
Max. allowed weight: 9 kg
longer have to carry the crash helmet with right side of the vehicle, near the riders
you every time you park the vehicle. footboard.
To prevent the vehicle from being stolen, it

a
Do not ride with the crash helmet
is advisable to secure it with the aprilia
Body-Guard armored cable & (5), avail-
hanging from the hook, as this
may seriously compromise your
able at any aprilia Official Dealer.
safety.

a
Do not use the hook to lift the ve-
To hang the crash helmet:
hicle or for any purpose other
U Raise the saddle. than securing the vehicle once it
U Withdraw the eyelet (1) of the cable (2) has been parked.
from the hook (3).
U Pass the cable (2) through the visor
opening or through the apposite loop on
the crash helmet.
U Insert the eyelet (1) completely in the
hook (3).
U Lower the saddle and lock it.

20 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


-!). #/-0/.%.43 %.').% /),

&5%, c Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km

a
The fuel used for internal com- 1 km = 0.625 miles
bustion engines is extremely in-
flammable and in particular con- Check the engine oil level every 500 km,
ditions it can become explosive. It is see p. 39 (CHECKING THE ENGINE OIL
important to carry out the refuelling and LEVEL AND TOPPING UP).
the maintenance operations in a well- It is necessary to change the engine oil af-
ventilated area, with the engine off. Do ter the first 1000 km and successively eve-
not smoke while refuelling or near fuel ry 6000 km, see p. 40 (CHANGING THE
vapours, in any case avoid any contact ENGINE OIL AND THE OIL FILTER).
with naked flames, sparks and any oth-
er heat source to prevent the fuel from
catching fire or from exploding. Further,
KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
Use only premium grade petrol
c Use high-quality 5W-40 oil, see
p. 68 (LUBRICANT TABLE).
prevent fuel from flowing out of the fuel (4 Stars U ), in conformity with the DIN

a
filler, as it could catch fire when getting Engine oil can cause serious
51600 standard, min. O.N. 98 (N.O.R.M.)
in contact with the red-hot surfaces of damage to the skin if handled
and 88 (N.O.M.M.).
every day and for long periods.
the engine.
In case some fuel has accidentally been
2 ^: Use only unleaded petrol, in con- Wash your hands carefully after using
formity with the DIN 51607 standard, min. the oil.
spilt, make sure that the area has com-
O.N. 95 (N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.).
pletely dried and before starting the ve-
hicle verify that there is no fuel inside FUEL TANK CAPACITY Do not dispose of the oil in the environ-
the fuel filler neck. (reserve included): 22 L ment.
Since petrol expands under the heat of TANK RESERVE: Put it in a sealed container and take it to
the sun and due to the effects of sun ra- 5 L (mechanical reserve). the filling station where you usually buy
diation, never fill the tank to the brim. it or to an oil salvage center.
To refuel, proceed as follows:
Screw the plug up carefully after refuel- U Insert the key (1) in the tank plug lock(2).
ling. Avoid any contact of the fuel with U Turn the key clockwise, pull and open
the skin and the inhalation of vapours; the fuel flap.
do not swallow fuel or pour it from a re-
ceptacle into another by means of a
tube.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 21


a
Make sure that the brake disc is $)3# "2!+%3
neither oily nor greasy, especial-

a
ly after maintenance or checking The brakes are the parts that
operations. most ensure your safety and for
Check that the brake cable is neither this reason they must always be
twisted nor worn out. perfectly working.
Prevent water or dust from accidentally
getting into the circuit. The brake fluid must be changed once a
year by an APRILIA Official Dealer.
In case maintenance operations are to
be performed on the hydraulic circuit, it This vehicle is provided with front and rear
is advisable to use latex gloves. hydraulic disc brakes.
When the disc pads wear out, the level of
If the brake fluid gets in contact with the the fluid decreases to automatically com-
skin or the eyes, it can cause serious ir- pensate for their wear.
"2!+% &,5)$ RECOMMENDATIONS ritations.

c
Carefully wash the parts of your body The front brake fluid tank is positioned on
This vehicle is provided with that get in contact with the liquid. Con- the handlebar, near the front brake lever
front and rear disc brakes, with sult a doctor or an oculist if the liquid coupling.
separate hydraulic circuits. gets in contact with your eyes.
The following information refers to a The rear brake fluid tank is positioned un-
single braking system, but is valid for Do not dispose of the brake fluid in the der the right side; to reach it, remove the
both. environment. right side, see p. 48 (REMOVING THE
RIGHT AND LEFT SIDES).

a
Sudden resistance or clearance KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN
problems on the brake lever may Periodically check the brake fluid level in

a
be due to troubles in the hydrau- When using the brake fluid, take the tanks, see p. 23 (FRONT BRAKE) and
lic system. care not to spill it on the plastic the wear of the pads, see p. 51 (CHECK-
For any doubt regarding the perfect or painted parts, since it can ING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR).
functioning of the braking system and damage them.
in case you are not able to carry out the
usual checking operations, contact
your APRILIA Official Dealer.

22 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


&2/.4 "2!+% Topping up: U To reassemble the components, follow
the reverse order.

a
Checking The brake fluid may flow out of

c a
the tank. Do not operate the front Check the braking efficiency. If
Position the vehicle on firm and brake lever if the screws (2) are necessary, contact your APRILIA
flat ground. loose or, most important, if the brake Official Dealer.
fluid tank cover has been removed.
U Keep the vehicle in vertical position and In case of excessive stroke of the brake
rotate the handlebar, so that the fluid U Unscrew the two screws (2) of the brake lever, of excessive elasticity or in case
contained in the tank is parallel to the fluid tank (3). there is air in the circuit, contact your
brake fluid tank cover. U Remove the cover (4). APRILIA Official Dealer, since it may be

c
U Make sure that the fluid level exceeds necessary to bleed the system.
the "MIN" mark. In order not to spill the brake flu-
U If the fluid does not reach the "MIN" id while topping up, keep the flu- In any case, the bleeding must be car-
mark, provide for topping up. id in the tank parallel to the tank rim (in ried out after the first 1000 km.

c
horizontal position).
Remember:
U Remove the gasket (5). 1 miles = 1.6 km
U Fill the tank (3) with brake fluid, see p. 68 1 km = 0.625 miles
(LUBRICANT TABLE), until it covers the
glass (1) completely.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 23


a
The brake fluid may flow out of
the tank. Do not operate the rear
brake lever if the brake fluid tank
plug is loose or has been removed.

U Unscrew and remove the plug (2).

c In order not to spill the brake flu-


id while topping up, keep the flu-
id in the tank parallel to the tank rim (in
horizontal position).

U Remove the gasket (3).


U Fill the tank (1) with brake fluid, see p. 68
2%!2 "2!+% (LUBRICANT TABLE), until it reaches !$*534).' 4(% 2%!2 "2!+%
the "MAX" mark.
U To reassemble the components, follow The brake pedal is positioned ergonomical-
Checking

c
ly during the assembly of the vehicle.
the reverse order.
If necessary, it is possible to adjust the
Position the vehicle on firm and
height of the brake pedal:

a
flat ground. Check the braking efficiency.
If necessary, contact your U Loosen the lock nut (4).
U Keep the vehicle in vertical position, so APRILIA Official Dealer. U Screw the brake adjuster (5) completely.
that the fluid contained in the tank (1) is U Screw the lock nut (6) completely on the
parallel to the plug (2). In case of excessive stroke of the brake pump control rod (7).
U Make sure that the fluid level exceeds lever, of excessive elasticity or in case U Screw the pump control rod (7) com-
the "MIN" mark. there is air in the circuit, contact your pletely, then unscrew it by giving 3-4
U If the fluid does not reach the "MIN" APRILIA Official Dealer, since it may be turns.
mark, provide for topping up. necessary to bleed the system. U Unscrew the brake adjuster (5) until the
brake pedal reaches the desired height.
Topping up: In any case, the bleeding must be car- U Lock the brake adjuster (5) by means of
ried out after the first 1000 km. the lock nut (4).
U

c
Remove the right side, see p. 48 (RE- U Unscrew the pump control rod (7) and
MOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT bring it in contact with the pump piston.
Remember:
SIDES). U Screw the rod in order to ensure a mini-
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles mum clearance of 0.51 mm between
the pump control rod (7) and the pump
piston.

24 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


a
Make sure that there is a certain
clearance between the brake ad-
juster (5) and the point of con-
tact, to prevent the brake from remain-
ing operated and the co nsequ en t
untimely wear of the braking elements.

Clearance between brake adjuster and


point of contact: 0.5 1 mm.

U Lock the pump control rod by means of


the lock nut (6).

a
Check the braking efficiency.
If necessary, contact an APRILIA #,54#( U Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING).
Official Dealer. U Operate the clutch completely and and
ADJUSTING THE CLUTCH engage the 1st gear.

c
After the adjustment, make sure that the
Make sure that the engine does not stop,
wheel rotates freely with released Remember:
that the vehicle does not tend to advance
brake. 1 miles = 1.6 km
or that the clutch does not slip during the
1 km = 0.625 miles
acceleration phase or while the vehicle is
running.
Adjust the clutch every 6000 km and if the
engine stops or tends to advance when the

a
If it is not possible to obtain a
clutch lever is pulled and the gears are en-
correct adjustment or if the
gaged, or if the clutch slips causing a delay
clutch does not function proper-
in the acceleration in comparison with the
ly, contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.

c
engine speed.
Carry out the adjustment by means of the Make sure that the clutch cable
adjuster (1). is intact: it must not present flat-
U Withdraw the protection element (2). tened parts and the sheath must not be
U Loosen the lock nut (3). worn out in any point.
U Rotate the adjuster (1) until the idle
stroke of the clutch lever is about 10 mm.
U Tighten the lock nut (3) and check the
adjustment again.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 25


#//,!.4 Checking and topping up

a a
Do not use the vehicle if the Check the coolant level and top
coolant is below the minimum up the expansion tank with cold
prescribed level. engine.

c Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
U Stop the engine and wait until it has
cooled down.

c
1 km = 0.625 miles
Position the vehicle on firm and
Check the coolant level every 1000 km and flat ground.
after long rides; change it every 2 years.
U Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with

a
the two wheels resting on the ground.

a
Have the coolant changed by an Do not remove the expansion U Make sure that the level of the fluid con-
APRILIA Official Dealer. tank cap when the engine is hot, tained in the expansion tank (1) is includ-
since the coolant is under pres- ed between the "MIN" and "MAX" marks
The coolant is made up of 50% water and sure and its temperature is high. (see figure).
50% antifreeze. This mixture is ideal for If it gets in contact with the skin or with U If not, unscrew and remove the filling
most running temperatures and ensures clothes it may cause severe burns plug (2).
good protection against corrosion. and/or damages. U Top up until the fluid reaches approx. the
Ii is advisable to keep the same mixture "MAX" mark. Do not exceed this level,
also in the hot season, since in this way The coolant is noxious: otherwise the fluid will flow out of the
losses due to evaporation are reduced and tank when the engine is running.
it is not necessary to top up very frequent- DO NOT SWALLOW IT U Put back the filling plug (2).
ly.

a
The mineral salt deposits left in the radiator KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN In case of excessive consump-
by evaporated water are thus reduced and tion of coolant and in case the
the efficiency of the cooling system re- expansion tank (1) remains emp-
mains unchanged. ty, make sure that there are no leaks in
If the outdoor temperature is below 0, the circuit. Have it repaired by an APRIL
check the cooling circuit frequently and if IA Official Dealer.
necessary increase the antifreeze concen-
tration (up to maximum 60%).
For the cooling solution use distilled water,
in order not to damage the engine.

26 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


If, on the contrary, the inflation pressure If the tyres are new, they may still be
is too low, the tyre sides are under covered with a slippery film: drive care-
greater stress and the tyre itself may fully for the first miles. Do not oil the
slip on the rim or it may become loose, tyres with unsuitable fluids.
with consequent loss of control of the If the tyres are old, even if not complete-
vehicle. In case of sudden braking the ly worn out, they may become hard and
tyres could even get out of the rims. may not ensure good road holding.
Further, the vehicle could skid while In this case, replace them.
turning.
Check the surface and the wear of the INFLATION PRESSURE
tyres, since tyres in bad conditions can SOLO RIDER
impair both the grip and the controlla- front:
bility of the vehicle. off-road ........................... 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
Change the tyre when it is worn out or asphalted road................ 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
492%3 in case of puncture on the tread side, if
the puncture is larger than 5 mm. After rear:
This vehicle is provided with tyres with in- off-road ........................... 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
repairing a tyre, have the wheels bal-
ner tube. asphalted road ............... 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
anced. Use only tyres in the size sug-
gested by aprilia, see p. 65 (TECHNICAL RIDER AND PASSENGER

a
Periodically check the tyre infla- front:
DATA).
tion pressure at room tempera- off-road ........................... 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
Make sure that the tyres always have
ture. asphalted road................ 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
their valve sealing caps on, to prevent
If the tyres are hot, the measurement is
them from suddenly going flat. Change, rear:
not correct.
repair, maintenance and balancing op- off-road ........................... 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
erations are very important and should asphalted road................ 220 kPa (2.2 bar)
Carry out the measurement especially
be carried out by qualified technicians
before and after long rides.
with appropriate tools. MINIMUM TREAD DEPTH LIMIT
If the inflation pressure is too high, the
For this reason, it is advisable to have
ground unevenness cannot be damp- front: 2 mm
the above mentioned operations carried
ened and is therefore transmitted to the rear: 2 mm
out by an APRILIA Official Dealer or by a
handlebar, thus compromising the driv-
qualified tyre repairer.
ing comfort and reducing the road hold-
ing during turns.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 27


%8(!534 3),%.#%23 ^ Check the exhaust silencer and the silenc- #!4!,94)# 3),%.#%23 2
er pipes, making sure that there are neither

a a
signs of rust, nor holes and that the ex- Avoid parking the vehicle-cata-
Tampering with noise control haust system can work effectively. lytic version near dry brush
system prohibited. If the noise produced by the exhaust sys- wood or in places easily accessi-
tem increases, immediately contact your ble to children, as the catalytic silenc-
Owners are warned that the law may pro- aprilia Official Dealer. ers becomes extremely hot during use;
hibit: be very careful and avoid any kind of
U The removal or rendering inoperative by contact before they are completely
any person other than for purposes of cooled down.
maintenance, repair or replacement, of The catalytic vehicle is fitted with a silencer
any device or element of design incorpo- with metal catalytic converter of the "plati-
rated into any new vehicle for the pur- num-rhodium bivalent" type.
pose of noise control prior to its sale or This device provides for the oxidation of
delivery to the ultimate purchaser or the CO (carbon monoxide) and of the HC
while it is in use; and (unburned hydrocarbons) contained in the
U the use of the vehicle after such device exhaust gases, changing them into carbon
or element of design has been removed dioxide and steam, respectively.
or rendered inoperative by any person.

a
Do not use leaded petrol, since it
causes the destruction of the
catalytic converter.

28 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


).3425#4)/.3 &/2 53% 02%,)-).!29 #(%#+).' /0%2!4)/.3

a
Before departure, always carry Component Check Page
out a preliminary checking of the Front and rear disc Check the functioning, the idle stroke of the control
vehicle to make sure that it func- brakes levers, the fluid level and make sure there are no leaks. 22-23
tions correctly and safely, see the fol- Check the wear of the pads. If necessary, top up the fluid 24-51
lowing table (PRELIMINARY CHECKING tank.
OPERATIONS). The non-performance of Accelerator Make sure that it works smoothly and that it is possible to
these checking operations can cause open and close it completely, in all steering positions. 52
severe personal injuries or damages to If necessary, adjust and/or lubricate it.
the vehicle. Engine oil Check and/or top up if necessary. 21-39-40
Wheel/tyres Check the tyre surface, the inflation pressure, wear and
27
Do not hesitate to consult your APRILIA tear and any damage.
Official Dealer in case there is some- Brake levers Make sure that they work smoothly. If necessary, lubri-
22-23-24
thing you do not understand about the cate the articulations and adjust the stroke.
functioning of some controls or in case Steering Make sure that the steering rotates smoothly, without any
you suspect or discover some irregular- 49
clearance or slackening.
ities. Clutch The idle stroke at the end of the clutch lever must be
It does not take long to carry out a about 10 mm; the clutch must operate without jerking 25
check-up and this operation ensures and/or slipping.
you much more safety. Side stand and Make sure that it works smoothly and that the spring ten-
center stand & sion brings it back to its normal position. If necessary,
lubricate joints and hinges. Make sure that the safety
57
switch on the side stand operates correctly.
Fastening elements Make sure that the fastening elements are not loose.

If necessary, adjust or tighten them.
Drive chain Check the slack. 46-47
Fuel tank Check the fuel level and top up, if necessary. Make sure
21-48-62
there are no leaks or air bubbles in the circuit.
Coolant The coolant level in the expansion tank must be included
26
between the "MIN" and "MAX" marks.
Lights, warning Check the proper functioning of the acoustic and visual
lights, horn and devices. Change the bulbs or intervene in case of failure. 5461
electric devices

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 29


34!24).' U Let the stand up. U Press the start push button "r" (5) with-
U Get on the vehicle. out accelerating, then release it as soon

a
Exhaust gases contain carbon U Move the fuel tap lever (1) to position as the engine starts.
monoxide, which is extremely "ON".

a
noxious if inhaled. U Rotate the key (2) and move the ignition As soon as the engine has start-
Avoid starting the engine in closed or switch to position "n". ed, the engine oil pressure warn-
badly-ventilated rooms. At this point the engine oil pressure ing light "j" must go out. If this
The non-observance of this warning warning light "j" must come on. does not occur, or if the warning light
may cause loss of consciousness or U Lock at least one wheel, by pulling a comes on while the engine is running,
even lead to death by asphyxia. brake lever. this means that there is no sufficient

c
U Position the shifting lever in neutral pressure in the circuit. In this case, stop
With the side stand down, the (green warning light "q" on). the engine immediately and contact an
engine can be started only if the U Move the engine stop switch (3) to posi- APRILIA Official Dealer.
gears are in neutral; in this case, if you tion "n".
try to engage the gears, the engine U Make sure that the light switch (4) is in U If the vehicle is started with cold engine,
rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) down-

c
stops. position .
With the side stand up, it is possible to To avoid excessive wear on the wards.
start the engine either in neutral gear or battery, do not keep the start

a
with engaged gears and pulled clutch push button "r" pressed for more than Never press the start push button
lever. fifteen seconds. If the engine does not "r" (5) with the engine running:
start in this lapse of time, wait ten sec- you may damage the starter.
onds and then press the start push but-
ton "r" again.

30 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


Starting with flooded engine
If the starting is not carried out properly or if
there is too much fuel in the intake ducts
and in the carburettor, the engine may get
flooded.
To clean a flooded engine:
U Carry out the first eight operations de-
scribed for the starting.
U Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) up-
wards.
U Press the start push button "r" (5) for a
few seconds (letting the engine spin
over) with completely open throttle
U Keep at least one brake lever pulled and (Pos. B). If the engine does not start
do not accelerate until you start. Wait f or a few seconds and then repeat
Starting with cold engine
the starting procedure.

a
Never leave abruptly with cold When the room temperature is low (about
engine. 0 C), it may be difficult to start the engine STARTING AFTER A LONG PERIOD OF
To reduce the emission of pollut- at the first attempt. INACTIVITY
ing substances and the consumption of In this case: After a long period of inactivity, make the
fuel, warm the engine up by proceeding U Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) down-
at low speed for the first miles. starter run for about ten seconds without
wards. accelerating, in order to ensure the filling of
U Press the start button "r" (5) for at least
U Ride at reduced speed for the first miles, the float chamber. To start the engine,
ten seconds and at the same time rotate slightly open the throttle and carry out the
in order to warm the engine up. the throttle grip slightly.
U Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) up- starting procedure.
wards after the engine has warmed up. If the engine starts
U Release the start push button "r" (5)
and the throttle grip.
U Rotate the cold start lever "e" (6) up-
wards.
If the idling is unstable, twist the throttle
grip slightly and frequently.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 31


a a
$%0!2452% !.$ $2)6% If you drive with a passenger, in- Never accelerate abruptly or ex-

c
struct him/her so that he/she cessively when releasing the
Before departure, carefully read does not create problems during clutch lever, in order to prevent
the "RIDING SAFELY" chapter, manouvres. Before leaving, make sure the clutch from "slipping" (slow re-
see p. 5 (RIDING SAFELY). that the stands are completely folded. lease) or the front wheel from raising
(rearing up) (quick release).
If you run out of the "standard" fuel quantity To leave:
while riding, move the fuel tap lever (1) to U Ride at reduced speed for the first miles, U Slowly release the clutch lever (2) and at
position "RES", in order to use the fuel re- in order to warm the engine up. the same time accelerate by rotating the
serve. U With released throttle grip (Pos. A) and throttle grip moderately (Pos. B).
Fuel reserve: 5 L (mechanical reserve). engine idling, pull the clutch lever (2) The vehicle will start moving.

c
completely.

a
U Engage the first gear, by pressing the Never exceed the recommended
Immediately provide for topping
up, see p. 21 (FUEL). shifting lever (3) downwards. rpm, see p. 34 (RUNNING-IN).
U Release the brake lever (pulled on the
U

a
Properly adjust the inclination of starting). Increase the speed by gradually rotating
the rear-view mirrors. If you the throttle grip (Pos. B), without ex-

a
drive without passenger, make On departure, the abrupt release ceeding the recommended rpm, see
sure that the rear foot rests are closed. of the clutch lever may cause the p. 34 (RUNNING-IN).
engine to stall or the vehicle to
jerk forwards.

32 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


a
Shift the gears one by one; the If you stop uphill, decelerate completely
simultaneous downshifting of and use the brakes only to keep the ve-
more than one gear may make hicle steady.
you exceed the maximum rpm (red line). The use of the engine to keep the vehi-
cle steady may cause the overheating of
Before and during the downshifting, re- the clutch.
lease the throttle grip and decelerate, in

a
order to avoid the "red line". Before beginning to turn, slow
down or brake driving at moder-
To shift down, proceed as follows: ate and constant speed or accel-
U Release the throttle grip (Pos. A). erating slightly; avoid braking at the last
U If necessary, pull the brake levers mod- moment: it would be very easy to skid.
erately and decrease the speed of the
vehicle. If the brakes are operated continuously
To engage the second gear: U Pull the clutch lever (2) and lower the on downhill stretches, the friction sur-
shifting lever (3) to shift down. faces may overheat, thus reducing the

a
Proceed quickly. U If the brake levers are pulled, release braking efficiency. Exploit the engine
Never ride the vehicle at too low them. compression and shift down by putting
rpm. U Release the clutch lever and accelerate on both brakes intermittently.
moderately. Never drive downhill with the engine
U Release the throttle grip (Pos. A), pull off!

a
the clutch lever (2) and lift the shifting le- Avoid opening and closing the
ver (3). Release the clutch lever (2) and throttle grip repeatedly and con- When visibility is insufficient, switch on
accelerate. tinuously, so that you do not ac- the low beam even during the day, in or-
U Repeat the last two operations and shift der to make your vehicle more visible.
cidentally lose control of the vehicle.
up. If you have to brake, close the throttle In case of wet ground or scarce wheel
The downshifting should be carried out in and put on both brakes in order to ob- grip (snow, ice, mud, etc.), drive slowly,
the following situations: tain uniform deceleration, properly ex- avoiding sudden brakings or manoeu-
U When riding downhill or when braking, in erting pressure on the braking parts. vres that could make you lose grip and
order to increase the braking action by fall down.
using the compression of the engine. By putting on the front brake only or the
U When riding uphill, if the gear engaged is rear brake only, you reduce the braking
not suitable to the speed (high gear, force considerably, thus running the
moderate speed) and the engine rpm de- risk of locking one wheel and conse-
creases. quently losing grip.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 33


a
Pay the utmost attention to any U During the first 100 km put on the brakes 34/00).'
obstacle or variation of the with caution, avoiding sharp and pro-

a
ground. Uneven roads, rails, longed brakings. This ensures a correct I f po s s i b le , a v o i d s t o p pi n g
manhole covers, indications painted on bedding-in of the pads on the brake disc. abruptly, slowing down suddenly
the road surface, building site metal U During the first 500 km, never exceed and braking at the last moment.
plates become rather slippery by rain. 4000 rpm.
For this reason all these obstacles have U Between the first 500 and 1000 km, nev- U Release the throttle grip, gradually put
to be carefully avoided, driving smooth- er exceed 5000 rpm. on the brakes and at the same time shift
ly and bending the vehicle as little as down in order to decrease the speed,

a
After the first 1000 km, carry out
possible. Always use the turn indicators see p. 32 (DEPARTURE AND DRIVE).
the checking operations indicat-
in time when you intend to change lane Once the speed has decreased, before
ed in the column "After running-
or direction, avoiding sharp and dan- stopping the vehicle:
in" of the REGULAR SERVICE INTER-
gerous movements. U Pull the clutch lever in order to prevent
VALS CHART, see p. 36 (REGULAR
Switch off the direction indicators as the stopping of the engine.
SERVICE INTERVALS CHART), in order
soon as you have changed direction.
to avoid hurting yourself or other peo- When the vehicle has come to rest:
Be extremely careful when you overtake
ple and/or damaging the vehicle. U Position the shifting lever in neutral
other vehicles or are overtaken.
In case of rain, the water cloud created U Between the first 1000 and 2000 km (green warning light "q" on).
U Release the clutch lever.
by big vehicles reduces visibility; the drive more briskly, change speed and
U While the vehicle is at rest, keep at least
air shift may make you lose control of use the maximum acceleration only for a
the vehicle. few seconds, in order to ensure better one brake on.
coupling of the components; never ex-
25..).' ). ceed 5500 rpm. 0!2+).'
U After the first 2000 km you can expect

a
The running-in of the engine is important to Park the vehicle on firm and flat
ensure its correct functioning. better performance from the engine,
however, without exceeding the max rpm ground, to prevent it from falling
If possible, drive on hilly roads and/or down.
roads with many bends, so that the engine, (6250 rpm).
Neither lean the vehicle against walls,
the suspensions and the brakes undergo a Engine maximum rpm nor lay it on the ground.
more effective running-in. for the running-in Make sure that the vehicle and especial-
Keep to the following indications: Mileage km Max. rpm ly its red-hot parts do not represent a
U Do not open the throttle completely if the danger for persons and children. Do not
0 - 500 4000 leave the vehicle unattended when the
speed is low, both during and after the

c
running-in. 500 - 1000 5000 engine is on or the key is inserted into
1000 - 2000 5500 the ignition switch.
Remember: Do not sit on the vehicle when the stand
1 miles = 1.6 km over 2000 6250 is down.
1 km = 0.625 miles

34 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


35''%34)/.3
4/ 02%6%.4 4(%&4
NEVER leave the ignition key inserted and
always use the steering lock.
Park the vehicle in a safe place, possibly in
a garage or a protected place.
If possible, use the appropriate aprilia
Body-Guard armored cable &, or an ad-
ditional anti-theft device.
Make sure that all documents are in order
and the road tax has been paid.
Write down your personal data and tele-
phone number in this page, to facilitate the
U Stop the vehicle, see p. 34 (STOPPING). POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON THE identification of the owner in case of finding
U Move the engine stop switch (1) to posi- STAND after theft.
tion "m".
U Rotate the key (2) and move the ignition
CENTRAL STAND &
SURNAME: ...............................................
switch (3) to position "m". U Seize the left grip and the left passenger
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see grab rail (5).
U Press the stand lever (6) downwards. NAME: .......................................................
beside (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE
ON THE STAND). SIDE STAND ADDRESS: ................................................
U Move the fuel tap lever (4) to position
U Seize the left grip and the left passenger
"OFF". ...................................................................
grab rail (5).
U Press the side stand with your right foot

a Never leave the key in the igni-


tion switch.
and extend it completely (7).
U Incline the vehicle until the stand rests
on the ground (8).
U Steer the handlebar completely left-
TELEPHONE NO.: ....................................

c Very often stolen vehicles are


identified thanks to the data writ-
U Lock the steering, see p. 18 (STEERING
wards. ten in the use/maintenance manual.

c
LOCK) and extract the key (2).
Make sure that the vehicle is sta-
ble.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 35


-!).4%.!.#% 2%'5,!2 3%26)#% ).4%26!,3 #(!24
After running-in Every 6000 km Every 12000 km

a
Before beginning any mainte- Component
(1000 km) or 8 months or 16 months
nance operation or any inspec- Battery - electrolyte level  
tion of the vehicle, stop the en- Spark plug  
gine, extract the key from the ignition Carburettors  
block, wait until the engine and the ex- Drive chain every 500 km: 
haust system have cooled down and if Timing chain 
possible lift the vehicle by means of the Wheel centering 
proper equipment, on firm and flat Steering bearings and steering  
ground. Keep away from the red-hot Wheel bearings 
parts of the engine and of the exhaust Air cleaner  
system, in order to avoid burns. Engine oil filter  
The vehicle is made up of not edible Engine oil filter (on the frame) 
parts. Never bite, suck, chew or swallow Clutch clearance  
any part of the vehicle for any reason. Tappet clearance  

a
If not expressly indicated other- Braking systems  
wise, for the reassembly of the Cooling system  
units repeat the disassembly op- Light system  
erations in reverse order. Brake fluid  every year: 
Brake fluid 
Ordinary maintenance operations can usu- Coolant every 1000 km:/every 2 years:
ally be carried out by the user, but some- Fork oil 
times a basic knowledge of mechanics and Engine oil  every 500 km:/every 6000 km:
specific tools are required. If you need as- Tyre pressure  every month: 
sistance or technical advice, consult your Engine idling rpm  
aprilia Official Dealer, who can ensure you Fuel cock  
prompt and accurate servicing. Nut, bolt, screw tightening  
After any maintenance operation, carry out Suspensions and attitude  
the "Preliminary checking operations", see Brake fluid bleeding 
p. 29 (PRELIMINARY CHECKING OPER- Spoke tension  
ATIONS). Fuel pipes  every 4 years: 

c
Front and rear brake pad wear  
Remember:  = check, clean, adjust, lubricate or change, if necessary.  = clean;  = change;  = adjust.
Carry out the maintenance operations more frequently if you use the vehicle in rainy and dusty areas or
1 miles = 1.6 km on uneven ground. Have maintenance operations on the components indicated by carried out by
1 km = 0.625 miles APRILIA Official Dealers ONLY.

36 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


)$%.4)&)#!4)/. $!4! ENGINE NUMBER FRAME NUMBER
It is a good rule to write down the frame
The engine number is stamped on the rear The frame number is stamped on the right
and engine numbers in the space provided
part of the left engine crankcase. side of the steering column.
in this manual.
The frame number can be used for the pur- Engine no. Frame no.
chase of spare parts.

c Do not alter the identification


numbers if you do not want to in-
cur severe penal and administrative
sanctions. In particular, the alteration of
the frame number results in the immedi-
ate invalidity of the guarantee.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 37


!)2 #,%!.%2 REMOVAL U Seize the air cleaner vertically and strike

c U Remove the saddle, see p. 19 (UN- it more than once on a clean surface.
Remember: U If necessary, clean the filter with a com-
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
1 miles = 1.6 km U Rotate the air cleaner conveyor (1) pressed air jet (directing it from the in-
1 km = 0.625 miles clockwise, raise and remove it. side towards the outside of the filter).
U Extract the air cleaner (2). U Clean the outer part of the air cleaner
Check the air cleaner every 6000 km or 8 with a cloth.
months, change it every 12000 km or more Partial cleaning
frequently if the vehicle is used on dusty or Changing
wet roads.

a
Do not press or strike the metal U Replace the air cleaner with a new one
It is possible to clean the air cleaner partial- net of the air cleaner. of the same type.
ly after using the vehicle on this kind of Do not use screwdrivers or alike. U Make sure that the gasket (3) is intact; if
roads. it is damaged, change it.
U Every 6000 km, remove the plug (4), so

a
The partial cleaning of the filter that any impurity that may have accumu-
does not exclude or postpone lated inside the filter case can be dis-
the replacement of the filter it- charged.
self.

38 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


U Withdraw the plug/dipstick (1) again and
read the oil level on the graduated mark-
ing:
MAX = maximum level
MIN = minimum level
The difference between "MAX" and
"MIN" is about 300 cm#.
U The level is correct if the oil reaches ap-
prox the "MAX" mark on the dipstick.

a
Never exceed the "MAX" mark,
nor leave the oil below the "MIN"
mark, in order to avoid serious
damage to the engine.
#(%#+).' 4(% %.').% /), U Stop the engine and let it cool down for
,%6%, !.$ 4/00).' 50 at least ten minutes, in order to allow the U If necessary, top up the engine oil tank
oil to flow back to the oil pan and to cool through the filling hole (2), after extract-
Carefully read p. 21 (ENGINE OIL) and down. ing the plug/dipstick (1).
p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). U Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING)

c
and let it idle for about one minute, in or-
Remember: der to ensure the filling up of the oil tank.
1 miles = 1.6 km U Stop the engine.
1 km = 0.625 miles U Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with
the two wheels resting on the ground.

c
Check the engine oil level every 500 km,
change it after the first 1000 km and suc- The non-performance of the op-
cessively every 6000 km, see p. 40 erations described above may
(CHANGING THE ENGINE OIL AND THE result in a wrong measurement of the
OIL FILTER). level.

To carry out the checking: U Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick

c
(1).
Position the vehicle on firm and U Clean the part in contact with the oil with
flat ground. a clean cloth.
U Insert the plug/dipstick in the filling hole
(2) completely, without tightening it.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 39


5

#(!.').' 4(% %.').% /), U Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING) U Unscrew and remove the drain plug posi-
!.$ 4(% /), &),4%2 and let it idle for a few minutes, in order tioned on the frame (5).
to facilitate the outflow of the oil during U Drain the oil and let it drip into the con-
Carefully read p. 21 (ENGINE OIL) and the draining phase. tainer (4) for a few minutes.
p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). U Stop the engine. U Check and if necessary change the seal-

c
U Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with ing washer of the drain plug positioned
Remember: the two wheels resting on the ground. on the frame (5).
1 miles = 1.6 km U Screw and tighten the drain plug posi-

a
1 km = 0.625 miles When warmed up, the engine tioned on the frame (5).
contains hot oil; therefore, while
Check the engine oil level every 500 km, carrying out the operations de- Driving torque of the drain plug posi-
change it after the first 1000 km and suc- scribed here below be particularly care- tioned on the frame: 27 Nm (2.7 kgm).
cessively every 6000 km. ful, in order to avoid burns.
U Move the container (4) and position it un-
To change the oil, proceed as follows: U Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick der the engine base, in correspondence

c
(1). with the drain plug positioned on the en-
Position the vehicle on firm and U Unscrew and remove the four screws gine (6).
flat ground. (2). U Unscrew and remove the drain plug posi-
U Remove the oil pan guard (3). tioned on the engine (6).
U Stop the engine and let it cool down for U Put a container (4) with at least 2500 cm# U Drain the oil and let it drip inside the con-
at least ten minutes, in order to allow the capacity in correspondence with the tainer (4) for a few minutes.
oil to flow back to the oil pan and to cool drain plug on the frame (5).
down.

40 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


7

9 8

10

U Remove the metal residues from the U Loosen the clamp (9) and disconnect the U Remove the engine oil filter (13).
drain plug (6) magnet. pipe (10). U Spread an oil film on the sealing ring of
U Check and if necessary replace the seal- U Unscrew and remove the engine oil filter the new engine oil filter.
ing washer of the drain plug (6). positioned on the frame (7) and clean it U Fit the new engine oil filter.
with a compressed air jet. U Put back the cover (12), screw and tight-
Change the sealing washer of the drain U Check the seal of the engine oil filter po- en the two screws (11).
plug (6) every 12000 km (or every sec- sitioned on the frame (7), screw and U Pour about 1600 cm# of engine oil
ond engine oil change). tighten it. through the filling opening (14), see p. 68
(LUBRICANT TABLE).
U Screw and tighten the drain plug (6). Driving torque of the engine oil filter po- U Tighten the plug/dipstick (1).
sitioned on the frame: 35 Nm (3.5 kgm). U Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING)
Driving torque of the drain plug (6) posi- and let it idle for about one minute, in or-
tioned on the engine: 40 Nm (4 kgm). U Connect the pipe (10) and tighten the der to ensure the filling up of the engine
new clamp (8). oil circuit.
Clean the engine oil filter positioned on U Unscrew and extract the plug/dipstick
the frame (7) every 12000 km (or every Change the engine oil filter after the (1).
second engine oil change). first 1000 km and successively every U Pour other 600 cm# of oil through the fill-

c
6000 km (or every time you change the ing opening (14).
Prepare a pipe clamp (8) to re- oil). U Check the oil level, see p. 39 (CHECK-
place the original one (special ING THE ENGINE OIL LEVEL AND
type). U Unscrew the two screws (11) and re- TOPPING UP)).
move the cover (12).

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 41


a
&2/.4 7(%%, DISASSEMBLY The vehicle may fall down.
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see Provide for balancing the vehi-

a
The disassembly and reassem- p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON cle, in order to prevent it from
bly of the front wheel may be dif- THE STAND). falling down.
ficult for unskilled operators. If U Unscrew and remove the four screws (1).
necessary, contact an APRILIA Official U Remove the oil pan guard (2). U Position and fix a load weighing about 40
Dealer. kg on the rear luggage rack, in order to

a
If you want to perform these operations Due to the weight and dimen- support the front part of the vehicle.
personally, keep to the following in- sions of the vehicle, the follow-

a
structions. ing operation cannot be per-
formed by one person only. Make sure that the vehicle is sta-
Proceed with care and make sure that ble.
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
you can support the weight of the vehi- U Have the handlebar held still in driving

c
While disassembling and reassembling cle. position, so that the steering is locked.
the wheel, be careful not to damage the U Loosen the two screws (3) of the wheel
Weight of the vehicle without
brake pipe, the disc and the pads. driver (ready for starting): 200 kg pin clamp.
Before performing the operations de- U Unscrew and remove the two screws (4).
scribed here below, let the engine and U Raise the front part of the vehicle and have U Move the mudguard support (5) as much as
a suitable support (the weight of which

c
the silencer cool down until they reach necessary and unscrew the wheel pin (6).
room temperature, in order to avoid should be about 350 mm) placed under the
engine, so that the front wheel can rotate To facilitate the extraction of the
burns.
freely and the vehicle cannot fall down. wheel pin, slightly lift the wheel.

42 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


U
U
Manually extract the wheel pin (6).
Take the spacer ring (left side).
U Position the wheel between the fork
rods. c Weight of the vehicle without
driver (ready for starting):

c
200 kg.

a
Grease the inside of the speed-
Upon removal, check the posi-
ometer/odometer control, see U
tion of the speedometer/odome- Raise the front part of the vehicle and re-
p. 68 (LUBRICANT TABLE).
ter control: it will be useful during the move the support positioned under the
reassembly. U Position the speedometer/odometer con- engine during disassembly.
trol tang (7) in the relevant seat in the U Lower the vehicle and position it on the
U Remove the speedometer/odometer wheel hub. stand.
control (7) from the wheel seat. U Correctly position the odometer control U Correctly position the oil pan guard (2).
U Remove the wheel, carefully withdrawing seat in correspondence with the special U Screw and tighten the four screws (1).
the disc from the brake caliper. antirotation pin (8). U With pulled front brake lever, press the
U Shift the mudguard support (5) as much handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork

a
Never pull the front brake lever as necessary to insert the wheel pin (6) downwards. In this way the fork rods will
after removing the wheel, other- partially (from the right side of the vehi- settle properly.
wise the caliper pistons may go cle). U Screw and tighten the two screws (4).
out of their seats, thus causing the out- U Insert the spacer ring between the wheel U Tighten the wheel pin clamp screws (3).
flow of the brake fluid. In this case con- hub and the fork left rod.
sult your APRILIA Official Dealer, who Wheel pin clamp screw driving torque:
will carry out the proper maintenance
operation.
a Grease the wheel pin, see p. 68
(LUBRICANT TABLE).
10 Nm (1 kgm).

a
After reassembly, pull the front
REASSEMBLY U Insert the wheel pin (6) completely (fitting brake lever repeatedly and
the spacer ring) and tighten it. check the correct functioning of
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). the braking system.
Wheel pin nut driving torque:
80 Nm (8 kgm).

a
While reassembling the wheel, Check the wheel centering.
be careful not to damage the U Correctly position the mudguard support
brake pipe, the disc and the (5). Have the driving torques, centering and
pads. balancing of the wheel checked by your

c a
Due to the weight and dimen-
APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid
sions of the vehicle, the follow-
Insert the disc in the brake cali- accidents that may be harmful for you
ing operation cannot be per-
per with care. and/or other people.
formed by one person only.
Proceed with care and make sure that
you can support the weight of the vehi-
cle.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 43


a
2%!2 7(%%, While disassembling and reas- U Raise the rear part of the vehicle, have a
sembling the wheel, be careful suitable support (the height of which

a
The disassembly and reassem- not to damage the brake pipe, should be 350 mm) placed under the en-
bly of the rear wheel may be diffi- the disc and the pads. gine, so that the rear wheel can rotate
cult for unskilled operators. If freely and the vehicle cannot fall down.
necessary, contact an APRILIA Official DISASSEMBLY

a
Dealer. U Position the vehicle on the stand, see The vehicle may fall down.
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON Provide for balancing the vehi-
If you want to perform these operations THE STAND). cle, in order to prevent it from
personally, keep to the following in- U Unscrew and remove the four screws (1). falling down.
structions. U Remove the oil pan guard (2). Make sure that the vehicle is stable.

Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). U Lock the wheel pin (3) rotation, by

a
Due to the weight and dimen-
sions of the vehicle, the follow- means of the suitable spanner.
Before carrying out the following opera- U Unscrew and remove the nut (4) and
ing operation cannot be per-
tions, let the engine and the silencer formed by one person only. take the washer (5).
cool down until they reach room tem- Proceed with care and make sure that
perature, in order to avoid burns. you can support the weight of the vehi- Wheel nut driving torque:
cle. 100 Nm (10 kgm).

c Weight of the vehicle without


driver (ready for starting): 200 kg.
c To facilitate the extraction of the
wheel pin, slightly raise the
wheel.

44 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


U Extract the wheel pin (3) manually and
take the washer (6).
U Make the rear wheel advance and re-
U Make the wheel move backwards and
align the pin seat on the wheel hub with
the pin seats on the rods of the rear fork.
c Weight of the vehicle without
driver (ready for starting): 200 kg.

lease the drive chain (7) from the crown U Raise the rear part of the vehicle and re-

a
gear (8). move the support positioned under the
U Withdraw the wheel from the rear fork Grease the wheel pin, see p. 68 engine during disassembly.
from behind, carefully withdrawing the (LUBRICANT TABLE). U Lower the vehicle and position it on the

c
disc from the brake caliper. stand.
To facilitate the insertion of the U Correctly position the oil pan guard (2).

a
Never pull the rear brake lever wheel pin, slightly raise the U Screw and tighten the four screws (1).
after removing the wheel, other- wheel.

a
wise the caliper piston may go After reassembly, pull the rear
out of its seat, thus causing the outflow U Insert the wheel pin (3) complete with brake lever repeatedly and
of the brake fluid. In this case consult washer (6) from the left side of the vehi- check the correct functioning of
your APRILIA Official Dealer, who will cle. the braking system.

c
carry out the proper maintenance oper-
ation. Make sure that the wheel pin has Check the wheel centering.
been inserted completely.
REASSEMBLY Have the driving torques, centering and
U Fit the washer (5) and screw the nut (4) balancing of the wheel checked by your

a Carefully insert the disc in the


brake caliper.
completely.
U Check the chain tension, see p. 46
(CHAIN).
APRILIA Official Dealer, in order to avoid
accidents that may be harmful for you
and/or other people.
U U Lock the wheel pin (3) rotation by means
Position the rear wheel between the rods
of the rear fork. of the suitable spanner and tighten the
U Make the wheel advance and position nut (4).
the drive chain (7) on the crown gear (8).
Wheel pin-nut driving torque:
100 Nm (10 kgm).

a
Risk of injuries.
Do not use your fingers to align

a
the seats. Due to the weight and dimen-
sions of the vehicle, the follow-
ing operation cannot be per-
formed by one person only.
Proceed with care and make sure that
you can support the weight of the vehi-
cle.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 45


a
Incorrect maintenance may
cause the untimely wear of the
chain and/or damages to the pin-
ion and/or the crown.
Carry out the maintenance operations
more frequently if you use the vehicle in
difficult conditions or on dusty and/or
muddy roads.

CHECKING THE SLACK


To check the slack, proceed as follows:
U Stop the engine.
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see

#(!). p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON ADJUSTMENT


THE STAND).
U Position the shifting lever in neutral. If after the check it is necessary to adjust
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). the chain tension, proceed as follows:
U Make sure that the vertical oscillation, in
an intermediate point between pinion U Lock the rotation of the wheel pin (1) by
The vehicle is equipped with an endless
chain, in which the ring link joint is not and crown in the lower part of the chain, means of the suitable spanner.
used. is about 35 45 mm. U Loosen the nut (2).

c
U Move the vehicle forwards, or turn the
wheel, in order to be able to check the ver- For the wheel centering num-

a
An excessive slackening of the
chain can cause it to come off of tical oscillation of the chain even when the bered reference marks are pro-
the sprockets, which often re- wheel turns; the slack must be constant in vided, which are connected with the
sults in accidents or serious damage to all the rotation phases of the wheel. movement of the adjusters (3) and (4).
These reference marks can be seen in-

a
the vehicle. If in some positions the slack is
Periodically check the slack and adjust side two slots (5) and (6) positioned on
higher than in others, this means
it if necessary, see beside (ADJUST- the rods of the rear fork, before the
that there are crushed or seized
wheel pin.
MENT). links; in this case, contact an APRILIA Of-
To change the chain, contact an APRILIA ficial Dealer. To prevent the risk of sei- U Act on the left (3) and right (4) adjusters
Official Dealer, who will ensure you zures, lubricate the chain frequently, see
prompt and accurate servicing. and adjust the chain slack, making sure
p. 47 (LUBRICATION AND CLEANING).
that the slots (5) and (6) coincide with the
If the slack is uniform, but higher or lower same reference marks on both sides of
than 35 45 mm, adjust it, see beside (AD- the vehicle.
JUSTMENT).

46 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


CHECKING THE WEAR OF CHAIN, LUBRICATION AND CLEANING
PINION AND CROWN

a
Further, check the chain and sprockets The drive chain is provided with
and make sure that they do not present: O rings among the links, in order
to keep the grease inside them.
U Damaged rollers.
Carry out the adjustment, lubrication,
U Loose pins.
cleaning and change of the chain with
U Dry, rusty, crushed or seized links.
great care.

c
U Excessive wear.
U Lacking O rings.
Remember:
U Sprocket or teeth excessively worn or
1 miles = 1.6 km
damaged. 1 km = 0.625 miles

a
If the chain rollers are damaged, Lubricate the chain every 500 km or when-
U Lock the wheel pin (1) rotation by means the pins are loose and/or the O ever necessary.
of the suitable spanner. rings are damaged or lacking, it
is necessary to change the whole chain Lubricate the chain with spray grease for
U Tighten the nut (2).
unit (both sprockets and chain). chains only, see p. 68 (LUBRICANT TA-
BLE).
Wheel pin-nut driving torque:

a
100 Nm (10 kgm). Lubricate the chain frequently, Never wash the chain with water jets,
especially if there are dry or steam jets, high-pressure water jets and
U Check the chain slack, see p. 46 rusty parts. The crushed or highly inflammable solvents.
(CHECKING THE SLACK). seized links must be lubricated and
made work again.
If this is not possible, contact an
APRILIA Official Dealer, who will provide
for changing the chain.

U Finally, check the wear of the rear fork


protection shoe.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 47


2%-/6).' 4(% &5%, 4!.+ U Remove the saddle, see p. 19 (UN- 2%-/6).'
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE). 4(% 2)'(4 !.$ ,%&4 3)$%3
Carefully read p. 21 (FUEL) and p. 36 U Move the fuel tap lever (1) to position
(MAINTENANCE). "OFF". Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
U Unscrew and remove the central screw
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see (2). U Remove the saddle, see p. 19 (UN-
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON U Take the rubber element (3). LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
THE STAND). U ( Unscrew and remove the three screws U Unscrew and remove the four screws
(4). (8).

a
Risk of fire. U Disconnect the electric connector (5) of U Remove the side (9).
Wait until the engine and the ex- the low fuel sensor.
haust silencer have completely U Disconnect the water drain pipe (7) from
cooled down. the fuel tank plug.
U Disconnect the fuel breather pipe (7).

a
Fuel vapours are noxious for U Lift the tank and remove it.
your health.
Before proceeding, make sure
that the room in which you are working
is properly ventilated.
Do not inhale fuel vapours.
Do not smoke and do not use naked
flames. Do not dispose of fuel in the en-
vironment.

48 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


).30%#4).' 4(% &2/.4
!.$ 2%!2 3530%.3)/.3

a
Have the front suspension oil
changed by an APRILIA Official
Dealer, who will ensure you
prompt and accurate servicing.

Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).

c Remember:
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles

#(%#+).' 4(% 34%%2).' #(%#+).' Change the front suspension oil every
4(% 2%!2 &/2+ &5,#25- !8)3 12000 km.
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). Further, carry out the following checking
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). operations:
Every now and then it is advisable to check
U With pulled front brake lever, press the
the steering, in order to verify if there are Periodically check the tightening of the pin
slacks. and of the needle bearings of the rear fork. handlebar repeatedly, thrusting the fork
downwards.
To check the steering it is necessary to: To carry out this operation, proceed as fol- The stroke must be gentle and there
U Carry out the first four operations rele- lows: must be no trace of oil on the rods.
vant to the disassembly of the front U Carry out the first four operations rele- U Check the fastening of all the compo-
wheel, see p. 42 (DISASSEMBLY). vant to the disassembly of the rear nents and the functionality of the front
U Keep the rear part of the vehicle down. wheel, see p. 44 (DISASSEMBLY). and rear suspension joints.
U Shake the fork in the direction of travel U Shake the wheel perpendicularly to the

a
(see figure). direction of travel (see figure). If you notice irregularities in the
operation or if the help of a qual-

a a
If you find that there is a consid- If you find that there is a consid- ified technician is necessary,
erable slack, contact your erable slack, contact your contact your APRILIA Official Dealer.
APRILIA Official Dealer to restore APRILIA Official Dealer to restore
the optimal steering conditions. the optimal use conditions.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 49


2%!2 3530%.3)/.
The rear suspension consists of a spring-
shock absorber unit, fixed to the frame by
means of silent-blocks.
For the setting of the vehicle attitude, the
shock absorber is provided with an adjust-
ing ring nut (1), a locking ring nut (2) and a
screw (3) for the adjustment of the hydrau-
lic braking with extended shock absorber.
The standard adjustment, set by the manu-
facturer, is suitable for a driver weighing
about 70 kg.
If your weight and needs are different, for
example in case of ride with passenger According to the conditions of use of the 2%!2 3530%.3)/.
and full load, contact an aprilia Official vehicle, it is possible to adjust the hydraulic 7)4( (9$2!5,)# 02%,/!$
Dealer. braking with extended shock absorber by
adjusting the screw (3); for the adjustment,
!$*534-%.4 &
Thanks to this kind of suspension, it is pos-

a
Adjust the hydraulic braking keep to the following indications:
sible to adjust the preload of the spring and
with extended shock absrober of the hydraulic braking with extended
according to the conditions of Raveled or irregular road surface - hard
shock absorber.
use of the vehicle. adjustment:
U rotate the screw (3) to the right (clock-

a
Adjust the preload of the spring

a
If the vehicle attitude has been wise). and of the hydraulic braking with
set for full load, do not turn the extended shock absorber ac-
screw (3) to the left (anticlock- Normal or regular road surface - soft ad- cording to the conditions of use of the
wise), in order to avoid sudden jerks justment: vehicle.
while riding. U rotate the screw (3) to the left (anticlock-
If necessary, contact an APRILIA Official When the spring preload is increased, it
wise).
Dealer. is necessary to increase also the hy-
draulic braking with extended shock ab-
sorber, in order to avoid sudden jerks
while riding.

50 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


ADJUSTING THE PRELOAD OF THE To carry out a rapid checking of the wear of
SPRING AND OF THE HYDRAULIC the pads, proceed as follows:
BRAKING WITH EXTENDED SHOCK
&
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
ABSORBER p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
Soft adjustment - for light load (for exam- THE STAND).
ple, solo rider). U Carry out a visual checking of the friction
material thickness by looking between
Spring:
U Rotate the handwheel (4) completely
the brake caliper and the pads. Proceed:
from below for the front brake caliper
leftwards (anticlockwise).
(6).
Shock absorber: from above for the rear brake caliper
URotate the adjusting screw (5) complete- (7).
ly leftwards (anticlockwise). U If the thickness of the friction material

CHECKING THE BRAKE PAD WEAR (even of one pad only) has reduced to
Intermediate adjustment - for normal load about 1 mm, replace both pads.
(for example, rider and passenger).
Carefully read p. 22 (BRAKE FLUID (rec-

a
Spring: ommendations)), p. 22 (DISC BRAKES),
U Starting from the soft adjustment posi- Have the pads changed by your
p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
tion, rotate the handwheel (4) rightwards APRILIA Official Dealer.
(clockwise), giving it 25 clicks. The following information refer to a sin-
Shock absorber: gle braking system, but are valid for
U Starting from the soft adjustment posi- both.

c
tion, rotate the adjusting screw (5) right-
wards (clockwise), giving it a full turn (9 Remember:
clicks). 1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles
Hard adjustment - for heavy load (for ex-
ample, rider, passenger and luggage). Check the brake pad wear after the first
Spring: 1000 km and successively every 6000 km.
U Rotate the handwheel (4) completely The wear of the brake pads depends on
rightwards (clockwise). the use, on the kind of drive and on the
road. The wear will be greater when the ve-
Shock absorber:
U Rotate the adjusting screw (5) complete-
hicle is driven on dirty or wet roads.
ly rightwards (clockwise).

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 51


By SCREWING IT (clockwise), you in-
crease the engine rpm.
By UNSCREWING IT (anticlockwise),
you decrease the engine rpm.
U Twist the throttle grip, accelerating and
decelerating a few times to make sure
that it functions correctly and to check if
the idling speed is constant.

c Do not adjust the air screw, to


avoid variations of the carbura-
tion setting.

If necessary, contact your APRILIA Offi-


)$,).' !$*534-%.4 cial Dealer. !$*534).'
4(% #/,$ 34!24 #/.42/, e
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
!$*534).' Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).
Adjust the idling every time it is irregular. 4(% !##%,%2!4/2 #/.42/,
The ideal slack of the cold start control
To carry out this operation, proceed as fol-
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). should be about 2-3 mm.
lows:
U Ride for a few miles until reaching the To adjust the slack, proceed as follows:
The ideal slack of the accelerator control U Remove the protection element (5).
normal running temperature, see p. 15
(Coolant temperature indicator h).
should be about 2-3 mm. U Loosen the nut (6) (by screwing it).
U Keep the vehicle in vertical position, with To adjust the slack, proceed as follows: U Act on the adjuster (7) placed at the be-
both wheels resting on the ground. U Remove the protection element (2). ginning of the accelerator control cable.
U Check the engine idling rpm on the revo- U Loosen the nut (3) (by screwing it).
U Act on the adjuster (4) placed at the be-
Once you have carried out the adjustment,
lution counter.
tighten the nut (6) (by unscrewing it), thus
The engine idling speed must be about ginning of the accelerator control cable.
locking the adjuster (7) and put back the
1400 100 rpm. Once you have carried out the adjustment, protection element (5).
If necessary: tighten the nut (3) (by unscrewing it), thus
U Adjust the knob (1) positioned on the left locking the adjuster (4) and put back the
side of the vehicle. protection element (2).

52 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


U Energetically blow some air, in order to
prevent the removed residues from get-
ting into the engine.
If the spark plug has crackings on the in-
sulating material, corroded electrodes or
excessive deposits, it must be changed.
U Check the spark plug gap with a thick-
ness gauge.
The gap must be 0.6 0.7 mm; if neces-
sary adjust it, carefully bending the earth
electrode.
U Make sure that the washer is in good
conditions.
With the washer on, screw the spark
30!2+ 0,5' To remove and clean the spark plug: plug by hand in order not to damage the
U Take off the spark plug cap (1). thread.
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). U Remove all the dirt from the base of the U Tighten the spark plug by means of the

c spark plug, then unscrew it with the spanner you will find in the tool kit, giving
Remember: spanner you will find in the tool kit and it half a turn to compress the washer.
1 miles = 1.6 km extract it from its seat, taking care that
1 km = 0.625 miles neither dust nor other substances enter Spark plug driving torque:
the cylinder. 20 Nm (2 kgm).
Check the spark plug every 6000 km, U Make sure that there are neither carbon

a
change it every 12000 km. Periodically re- deposits, nor corrosion marks on the The spark plug must be well
move the spark plug and clean it carefully, electrode and on the central porcelain tightened, otherwise the engine
removing carbon deposits; change it if nec- part; if necessary, clean them with the may overheat and be seriously
essary. special cleaners for spark plugs, with an damaged.
iron wire and/or a metal brush. Use the recommended type of spark
To reach the spark plug:
U Remove the fuel tank, see p. 48 (RE-
plug only, see p. 65 (TECHNICAL DA-
TA), in order not to compromise the life
MOVING THE FUEL TANK).
and performance of the engine.

U Position the spark plug cap properly, so


that it does not come off due to the vibra-
tions of the engine.
U Put back the fuel tank.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 53


a In case of contact with the skin,
rinse with plenty of water.

In case of contact with the eyes, rinse


with plenty of water for fifteen minutes,
then consult an oculist without delay.

If the electrolyte is accidentally swal-


lowed, drink a lot of water or milk, then
continue drinking milk of magnesia or
vegetable oil and consult a doctor with-
out delay.

a
"!44%29 The battery gives off explosive gases; During the recharging or the
keep it away from flames, sparks, ciga- use, make sure that the room is
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). rettes and any other source of heat. properly ventilated and avoid in-

c
haling the gases released during the re-
Remember: charging.
1 miles = 1.6 km
1 km = 0.625 miles KEEP AWAY FROM CHILDREN

Check the electrolyte level and the tighten- Never invert the connection of the bat-
ing of the terminals after the first 1000 km tery cables.
and successively every 6000 km or 8
months. Do not incline the vehicle too much, in
order to avoid dangerous leaks of the

a
The electrolyte in the battery is battery fluid.
toxic and caustic and if it gets in
contact with the skin it can Connect and disconnect the battery
cause burns, since it contains sulphuric with the ignition switch in position "m".
acid.
Wear protection clothes, a face mask Connect first the positive cable (+) and
and/or goggles during maintenance op- then the negative cable ().
erations. Disconnect following the reverse order.

54 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


a
Upon reassembly, always con-
nect the battery breather pipe, to
prevent the sulphuric acid va-
pours from corroding the electric sys-
tem, painted parts, rubber elements or
gaskets when they exit the breather
pipe itself.

U Extract the battery from its container and


put it in a cool and dry place.
U Remove the element plugs.
U Connect the battery with a battery charg-
er.
U A recharge with an amperage equal to
#(%#+).' U Top up by adding distilled water only. 1/10th of the battery capacity is recom-
4(% %,%#42/,94% ,%6%, mended.
U After the recharging operation, check the
Carefully read p. 54 (BATTERY). 2%#(!2').' 4(% "!44%29 electrolyte level again and if necessary
top up with distilled water.
To check the electrolyte level, proceed as Carefully read p. 54 (BATTERY).
follows:
U Remove the left side, see p. 48 (RE- Check the electrolyte level, if necessary ,/.' ).!#4)6)49
MOVING THE RIGHT AND LEFT top up, then: /& 4(% "!44%29
SIDES). U Make sure that the ignition switch is in If the vehicle remains unused for a long pe-
U Unscrew and remove the screw (1). position "m". riod, remove the battery and place it in a
U Remove the battery cover (2). U Disconnect, in order, the negative () cool and dry place. Recharge it completely,
U Make sure that the fluid level is included and positive (+) cable. by using a trickle charge.
between the two "MIN" and "MAX"
If the battery remains on the vehicle, dis-

a
notches stamped on the battery side. Upon reassembly, connect first
connect the cables from the terminals.
Otherwise: the positive cable (+) and then
U Remove the element plugs. the negative cable (). It is important to check the charge periodi-
cally (about once a month), during the win-

a
Never exceed the "MAX" notch, U Remove the battery breather pipe. ter or when the vehicle remains unused, in
since the level increases during order to prevent the deterioration of the
the recharge. battery.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 55


#(!.').' 4(% &53%3

Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).


If an electric component does not work or
works irregularly, or if the vehicle fails to
start, it is necessary to check the fuses.
c If you use one of the spare fuses
(4) (5) (6), put a new fuse in the
proper seat.
Check the 7.5 A and the 15 A fuses first

a
Do not repair faulty fuses. and then the 20A fuse. ARRANGEMENT OF THE FUSES
Never use fuses different from
the recommended ones. 7.5 (1), 15 A (2) and 20A (3) fuses: 20 A fuse (3) - From the battery to:
The use of unsuitable fuses may cause U Turn the ignition switch to position "m", key switch, regulator, fan.
damages to the electric system or, in to avoid any accidental short circuit. 15 A fuse (2) - From the key switch to:
case of short circuit, even a fire. U Remove the saddle, see p. 19 (UN- all light loads.

c If a fuse blows frequently, there


probably is a short circuit or an
overload in the electric system. In this
LOCKING/LOCKING THE SADDLE).
U Extract the fuses one by one and check if
the filament (7) is broken.
U Before replacing a fuse, try to find out the
7.5 A fuse (1) - From the key switch to:
ignition.

case it is advisable to consult an cause of the trouble, if possible.


APRILIA Official Dealer. U Replace the damaged fuse with a new
one having the same amperage.

56 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


#(%#+).' 4(% 3)$% 34!.$ To check the proper functioning of the
!.$ 4(% 3!&%49 37)4#( safety switch (3), proceed as follows:
U Seat on the vehicle in driving position.
Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE). U Fold the side stand (1).
U Start the engine, see p. 30 (STARTING).
The side stand (1) must rotate without hin- U With released throttle grip (Pos. A) and
drances. engine idling, pull the clutch lever (4)
Carry out the following checks: completely.
U The springs (2) must not be damaged, U Engage the first gear, pushing the shift-

worn, rusty or weakened. ing lever (5) downwards.


U The side stand must rotate freely, if nec- U Lower the side stand (1), thus operating
essary grease the joint. the safety switch (3).
At this point the engine must stop.
The side stand (1) is provided with a safety

a
switch (3) that makes the starter rotation
and the engine ignition impossible with en- If the engine does not stop, con-
gaged gears and side stand (1) down. tact an APRILIA Official Dealer.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 57


!$*534).' To adjust the headlight beam: "5,"3
4(% (%!$,)'(4 "%!- U Adjust the screw (1) with an 8 mm fixed

a
spanner. Before changing a bulb, turn the
To rapidly check the correct direction of the
By SCREWING IT (clockwise), you set ignition switch to position "m".
beam, place the vehicle on flat ground, 10
the beam upwards. Change the bulb wearing clean
m away from a wall.
By UNSCREWING IT (anticlockwise), gloves or using a clean and dry cloth.
Turn on the low beam, sit on the vehicle
you set the beam downwards.
and make sure that the beam projected on Do not leave fingerprints on the bulb,
the wall is slightly under the horizontal line since these may cause its overheating
of the headlight (about 9/10th of the total and consequent breakage.
height). If you touch the bulb with bare hands,
remove any fingerprint with alcohol, in
order to prevent it from blowing fre-
quently.

Carefully read p. 36 (MAINTENANCE).

DO NOT FORCE THE ELECTRIC


CABLES

58 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


HIGH BEAM BULB (LEFT SIDE)
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
U Move the protection element (4) with
your hands.
U Release the check spring (5) positioned
at the rear of the bulb socket (6).
U Extract the bulb (7) and replace it.

LOW/HIGH BEAM BULB (RIGHT SIDE)


#(!.').' To change the bulbs, proceed as follows: Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).
4(% (%!$,)'(4 "5,"3 U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
PARKING LIGHT BULB
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS). U Position the vehicle on the stand, see

c
THE STAND).
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON U Move the protection element (8) with
Before changing a bulb, check THE STAND). your hands.
the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING U Rotate the bulb socket (9) anticlockwise
THE FUSES).

a
and extract it from its seat.
To extract the bulb socket, do U Slightly press the bulb (10) and rotate it
The headlight contains: not pull the electric wires. anticlockwise.
U One high beam bulb (7) (left side). U Extract the bulb.
U One parking light bulb (3). U Move the protection element (1) with
U One low/high beam bulb (10) (right side). your hands. For the installation:

c
U Seize the bulb socket (2), pull it and re-
move it from its seat. Insert the bulb in the bulb sock-
U Withdraw the parking light bulb (3) and et, making the two bulb pins co-
replace it with one of the same type. incide with the relevant guides on the
socket.

U Correctly install a new bulb of the same


type.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 59


#(!.').'
4(% 2%!2 ,)'(4 "5," c Insert the bulb in the bulb sock-
et, making the two bulb pins co-
incide with the relevant guides on the
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND).
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS). socket. U Unscrew and remove the two screws (4).

c
U Remove the protection glass (5).
Before changing a bulb, check U Correctly install a new bulb of the same

a
the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING type. Upon reassembly, tighten the
THE FUSES). two screws (4) carefully, in order
not to damage the protection
To change the bulb, proceed as follows: #(!.').' 4(% &2/.4 glass.
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see $)2%#4)/. ).$)#!4/2 "5,"3
U Press the bulb (6) slightly and rotate it
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND). Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS). anticlockwise.

c
U Unscrew and remove the two screws (1). U Extract the bulb from its seat.

c
U Pull the protection glass outwards (2), by Before changing a bulb, check
exerting pressure on the lower area. the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING Insert the bulb in the bulb sock-
U Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it THE FUSES). et, making the two bulb pins co-
anticlockwise. incide with the relevant guides on the
U Extract the bulb from its seat. To change the bulbs, proceed as fol- socket.
lows:
For the installation: U Correctly install a new bulb of the same
type.

60 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


#(!.').' 4(% 2%!2 $)2%#4)/. U Press the bulb (3) slightly and rotate it #(!.').'
).$)#!4/2 "5,"3 anticlockwise. 4(% .5-"%2 0,!4% "5,"
U Extract the bulb from its seat.

c
Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS). Carefully read p. 58 (BULBS).

c c
Insert the bulb in the bulb sock-
Before changing a bulb, check et, making the two bulb pins co- Before changing a bulb, check
the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING incide with the relevant guides on the the fuses, see p. 56 (CHANGING
THE FUSES). socket. THE FUSES).

To change the bulbs, proceed as follows: U Correctly install a new bulb of the same To change the bulb, proceed as follows:
U Position the vehicle on the stand, see type. U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON
THE STAND). THE STAND).
U Unscrew and remove the screw (1). U Unscrew and remove the screw (4).
U Remove the protection glass (2). U Remove the light unit (5).
U Extract the bulb socket (6).

a
Upon reassembly, tighten the U Withdraw the number plate bulb (7) and
screw (1) carefully, in order not replace it with a new one of the same
to damage the protection glass. type.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 61


42!.30/24

a
Before transporting the vehicle,
it is necessary to empty the fuel
tank and the carburettor comple-
tely, see beside (DRAINING THE FUEL
TANK) making sure that both are com-
pletely dry.
During transport, the vehicle must be
kept in vertical position, it must be firm-
ly anchored and the 1st gear must be
engaged, in order to avoid any leak of

c
fuel, oil, coolant.
U

a
In case of failure, do not tow the Position the vehicle on the stand, see The vehicle is provided with two
vehicle, but ask for assistance. p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON carburettors. Carry out the emp-
THE STAND). tying operations on both float cham-
U Stop the engine and wait until it has bers.
$2!).).' 4(% &5%, 4!.+ cooled down.
U Prepare a container with capacity ex- U To empty the float chamber, put the free
Carefully read p. 21 (FUEL).
ceeding the fuel quantity present in the end of the pipe (1) into a receptacle.

a
Risk of fire. tank and put it on the ground on the left U Acting through the hole positioned on the
Wait until the engine and the side of the vehicle. frame (2), open the carburettor breather
exhaust silencer have comple- U Remove the fillercap. by loosening the drain screw (3).
tely cooled down. Fuel vapours are no- U Empty the fuel tank by means of a manu-
xious for your health. al pump or a similar system. When all the fuel has flowed out:
Before proceeding, make sure that the

a a
room in which you are working is pro- Tighten the drain screw (3) care-
perly ventilated. After draining the tank, tighten fully, to avoid fuel leaks from the
Do not inhale fuel vapours. the fillercap. carburettor breather pipe during
Do not smoke, nor use free flames. refilling.
DO NOT DISPOSE OF FUEL IN THE EN-
VIRONMENT. If necessary, contact an APRILIA Official
Dealer.

62 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


a
#,%!.).' To clean the lights, use a sponge
soaked with water and a neutral
Clean the vehicle frequently if it used in detergent, rubbing the surfaces
particular areas or conditions, such as: delicately and rinsing frequently with
plenty of water.
U Polluted areas (cities and industrial are-
Polish with silicone wax only after hav-
as). ing carefully washed the vehicle.
U Areas characterized by an high percent-
Do not wash the vehicle under the sun,
age of salinity and humidity (sea areas, especially during the summer, when the
hot and humid climates). body is still warm, since if the shampoo
U Particular conditions (use of salt and
dries before being rinsed away, it can
anti-ice chemical products on the roads damage the paint.
during the winter).
U Avoid leaving deposits of industrial and
Do not use liquids at a temperature ex-
polluting powders, tar spots, dead in- To remove dirt and mud from the painted ceeding 40C to clean the plastic com-
sects, bird droppings, etc. on the body. surfaces use a low- pressure water jet, ponents of the vehicle. Do not direct
U Avoid parking the vehicle under trees,
carefully wet the dirty parts, remove mud high-pressure water or air jets or steam
since in some seasons residues, resins, and filth with a soft car sponge impregnat- jets on to the following components:
fruits or leaves fall down, which contain ed with a lot of water and shampoo (2 4% wheel hubs, controls on the right and
substances that may damage the paint. parts of shampoo in water). left side of the handlebar, bearings,
Then rinse with plenty of water and dry with brake pumps, instruments and indica-

a
After the vehicle has been chamois leather. To clean the outer parts tors, exhaust pipes, glove/tool kit com-
washed, its braking functions of the engine use a degreaser, brushes partment, ignition switch/steering lock,
could be temporarily impaired and wipers. radiator wings, fuel cap, lights and elec-
because of the presence of water on the tric connections.
grip surfaces. Calculate long braking After washing the vehicle, always:
distances to avoid accidents. U Position the vehicle on the stand, see
Do not use alcohol or solvents to clean
Brake repeatedly to restore normal con- p. 35 (POSITIONING THE VEHICLE ON the rubber and plastic parts, the saddle
ditions. THE STAND). and the headlight: use water and mild
U Remove the cap (1).
soap.
Carry out the preliminary checking op- U Empty its content into a container and
erations, see p. 46 (PRELIMINARY deliver it to a salvage centre.

a
Do not apply protection waxes
CHECKING OPERATIONS). onto the saddle, in order not to
make it too slippery.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 63


,/.' 0%2)/$3 /& ).!#4)6)49 U Remove the battery, see p. 55 (RE- AFTER A PERIOD OF INACTIVITY
CHARGING THE BATTERY). U Uncover and clean the vehicle, see p. 63
After a long period of inactivity of the vehi- U Wash and dry the vehicle, see p. 63
cle some precautions are necessary to (CLEANING).
(CLEANING). U Check the electrolyte level in the battery
avoid any problem. U Polish the painted surfaces with wax.
and install it, see p. 55 (LONG INACTIV-
Further, it is important to carry out the nec- U Inflate the tyres, see p. 27 (TYRES).
ITY OF THE BATTERY).
essary repairs and a general check up be- U By means of a suitable support, position U Make sure that the fuel drain screw is
fore the period of inactivity, since you could the vehicle so that both tyres are raised thoroughly screwed (breather pipe clos-
forget to carry them out later. from the ground. ing index), see p. 62 (DRAINING THE
Proceed as follows: U Place the vehicle in an unheated, not-hu-
FUEL TANK).
U Drain the fuel tank and the carburettors, mid room, away from sunlight, with mini- U Refill the fuel tank, see p. 21 (FUEL).
see p. 62 (DRAINING THE FUEL mum temperature variations. U Carry out the preliminary checking oper-
TANK). U Cover the vehicle avoiding the use of
ations, see p. 29 (PRELIMINARY
U Extract the spark plug and pour a tea- plastic or waterproof materials. CHECKING OPERATIONS).
spoon (5-10 cm#) of engine oil into the

a
cylinder. Move the ignition switch to posi-
tion "n"; press the start push button "r" Have a test ride at moderate
for a few seconds, to distribute the oil speed in a low-traffic area.
evenly on the cylinder surfaces.
Put back the spark plug.

64 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


4%#(.)#!, $!4!

DIMENSIONS Max. length ..................................................... 2180 mm


Max. width....................................................... 880 mm
Max. height (front part of the fairing included) 1265 mm
Seat height...................................................... 840 mm
Distance between centres............................... 1480 mm
Min. ground clearance .................................... 200 mm
Weight ready for starting ................................. 200 kg
ENGINE Type ................................................................ ROTAX 655 - one-cylinder, 4-stroke with 5 valves, 2 camshafts at
the head, dry crankcase lubrication.
Number of cylinders ........................................ 1
Total displacement .......................................... 651,9 cm#
Bore / stroke.................................................... 100 mm / 83 mm
Compression ratio ........................................... 9 0,5 : 1
Starting............................................................ electric
Engine idling rpm ............................................ 1400 100 rpm
Valve clearance (cold)..................................... 0.1 mm (intake) - 0.15 mm (exhaust)
Clutch.............................................................. multidisc in oil bath, with manual lever control on the left side of the
handlebar.
Cooling............................................................ liquid-cooled
CAPACITY Fuel (reserve included) ................................... 22 L
Fuel reserve .................................................... 5 L (mechanical reserve) - 6 L (electrical reserve).
Engine oil ........................................................ oil change 2150 cm# - oil and oil filter change 2200 cm#.
Coolant............................................................ 1.4 L (50% water + 50% antifreeze with ethylene glycol)
Seats............................................................... 2
Vehicle max. load
(driver + passenger + luggage) ....................... 180 kg
TRANSMISSION Type ................................................................ mechanical, 5 gears with foot control on the left side of the engine.

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 65


GEAR RATIOS Ratio Primary Secondary Final ratio Total ratio
1st 37/72 = 1 : 1.946 12/33 = 1 : 2.750 16 / 47 = 1 : 2,937 15.720
2nd 16/28 = 1 : 1.750 10.003
3rd 16/21 = 1 : 1.312 7.502
4th 22/23 = 1 : 1.045 5.976
5th 24/21 = 1 : 0.875 5.001
CARBURETTOR Number............................................................ 2
Model............................................................... Mikuni BST 33
Choke tube ...................................................... 31.5 mm
FUEL SUPPLY Fuel: - normal version...................................... premium grade petrol (4 Stars U) according to the DIN 51600
standard, min. O.N. 98 (N.O.R.M.) and 88 (N.O.M.M.)
Fuel: - version 2 ^ ..................................... unleaded petrol according to the DIN 51607 standard, min. O.N. 95
(N.O.R.M.) and 85 (N.O.M.M.)
FRAME Type................................................................. Composite structure made of steel and alloy, with removable cradle
and saddle pillar
Steering inclination angle ................................ 28
Fore stroke ...................................................... 109 mm
SUSPENSIONS Front ................................................................ hydraulically operated telescopic fork
Stroke .............................................................. 180 mm
Rear................................................................. hydraulic mono-shock absorber
Stroke .............................................................. 49 mm
BRAKES Front ................................................................ disc brake - 300 mm - with hydraulic transmission
Rear................................................................. disc brake - 220 mm - with hydraulic transmission
WHEELS Type................................................................. aluminium with spokes
Front ................................................................ 2.15 19
Rear................................................................. 3.00 17
TYRES FRONT ............................................................ 100 / 90 - 19 57 H
- alternative .................................................... 100 / 90 - R19 57 H; 100 / 90 - 19 57 S; 100 / 90 - 19 57 T
- Inflation pressure for solo rider
- off-road ........................................................ 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
- asphalted road............................................. 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
- Inflation pressure for rider and passenger
- off-road ........................................................ 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
- asphalted road............................................. 180 kPa (1.8 bar)
66 use and maintenance Pegaso 650
TYRES REAR .............................................................. 130 / 80 - R17 65 H
- alternative ................................................... 140 / 70 - 17 66 H; 130 / 80 - 17 65 S;
130 / 80 - 17 65 T; 130 / 80 - 17 65 H
- Inflation pressure for solo rider
- off-road........................................................ 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
- asphalted road ............................................ 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
- Inflation pressure for rider and passenger
- off-road........................................................ 190 kPa (1.9 bar)
- asphalted road ............................................ 220 kPa (2.2 bar)
IGNITION Type ................................................................ CDI - Nippon Denso
Standard spark plug........................................ (12 x 1.25) NGK DR8 EA - NGK DR8 ES
Spark plug gap................................................ 0.6 0.7 mm
ELECTRIC Battery............................................................. 12 V - 12 Ah
SYSTEM Fuses .............................................................. 7.5 - 15 - 20 A
Generator (with permanent magnet) ............... 12 V - 280 W
BULBS Low/high beam................................................ 12 V - 55 / 60 W
High beam....................................................... 12 V - 60 W
Parking light .................................................... 12 V - 3 W
Direction indicators ......................................... 12 V - 10 W
Rear parking light/stoplight ............................. 12 V - 5 / 21 W
Number plate light ........................................... 12 V - 3 W
Speedometer .................................................. 12 V - 3 W
Revolution counter .......................................... 12 V - 2 W
Coolant temperature indicator......................... 12 V - 1.2 W
WARNING Neutral indicator .............................................. 12 V - 3 W
LIGHTS Direction indicators ......................................... 12 V - 3 W
Low fuel .......................................................... 12 V - 3 W
Engine oil pressure ......................................... 12 V - 3 W
Low beam ....................................................... 12 V - 3 W
High beam....................................................... 12 V - 3 W

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 67


,5"2)#!.4 4!",%

ngine oil (recommended): 0


SUPERBIKE 4, SAE 5W-40 or 4T FORMULA RACING, SAE 5W-40.
s an alternative to the recommended oil, it is possible to use high-quality oils with characteristics in compliance with or superior to the
CMC G-4, A.P.I. SG specifications.

ork oil (recommended): 0


F.A. 5W or 0
F.A. 20 W fork oil;
an alternative FORK 5W or FORK 20W fork oil.
f you need an oil with intermediate characteristics in comparison with the 0
F.A. 5W and 0 F.A. 20 W or FORK 5W and
FORK 20W, these can be mixed as indicated below:
AE 10W = 0 F.A. 5W 67% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 33% of the volume or
FORK 5W 67% of the volume + FORK 20W 33% of the volume.
AE 15W = 0 F.A. 5W 33% of the volume, + 0 F.A. 20W 67% of the volume or
FORK 5W 33% of the volume + FORK 20W 67% of the volume.

earings and other lubrication points (recommended): 0


AUTOGREASE MP or GREASE 30.
s an alternative to the recommended product, use high-quality grease for rolling bearings, working temperature range -30 C+140 C,
ripping point 150 C230 C, high protection against corrosion, good resistance to water and oxidation.

rotection of the battery poles: neutral grease or Vaseline.

pray grease for chains (recommended): 0 CHAIN SPRAY or CHAIN LUBE.

aWARNING
Use new brake fluid only.
rake fluid (recommended): 0 F.F., DOT 5 (compatible with DOT 4) or BRAKE 5.1, DOT 5 (compatible with DOT 4).

aWARNING
Use only antifreeze and anticorrosive without nitrite, ensuring protection at -35 C at least.
ngine coolant (recommended): 0 ECOBLU -40 C or COOL.

68 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


./4%

!3+ &/2 '%.5).% 30!2% 0!243 /.,9


use and maintenance Pegaso 650 69
)MPORTERS

70 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


)MPORTERS

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 71


7)2).' $)!'2!- 0EGASO 

72 use and maintenance Pegaso 650


7)2).' $)!'2!- +%9 0EGASO 

1) Direction indicator warning light 35) Horn


2) High beam warning light 36) Headlight
3) Parking light warning light 37) Cooling electrofan
4) Engine oil pressure warning light 38) Spark plug
5) Dashboard bulbs 39) Fuses
6) Neutral indicator warning light 40) Engine oil pressure sensor
7) Low fuel warning light 41) Multiple connectors
8) Coolant temperature indicator 42) Diode 2
9) Dashboard 43) Dashboard resistance
10) Left dimmer switch 44) Switch on the clutch lever
11) Right dimmer switch 45) Spark advance resistance
12) Ignition switch 46) Low fuel sensor
13) Blinking 47) Side stand switch
14) Rear right direction indicator 48) High beam bulb
15) Rear light 49) Light relay
16) Rear left direction indicator 50) Number plate light
17) Neutral switch 51) Stoplight/parking light bulb
18) Rear stoplight switch
19) Front stoplight switch
20) Coolant temperature thermistor
21) Cooling electrofan thermal switch
22) Starter
#!",% #/,/523
23) Start relay
24) Battery Ar Orange
25) Voltage regulator Az Light blue
26) Generator B Blue
27) CDI Bl White
28) Spool G Yellow
29) Diode 1 Gr Grey
30) Front left direction indicator M Brown
31) Pick up N Black
32) Low/high beam bulb R Red
33) Front parking light V Green
34) Front right direction indicator Vi Violet

use and maintenance Pegaso 650 73


aprilia s.p.a. wishes to thank its customers for the purchase of this vehicle.

Do not dispose of oil, fuel, polluting substances and components in the envi-
ronment.

Do not keep the engine running if it isnt necessary.

Avoid disturbing noises.

Respect nature.

74 use and maintenance Pegaso 650