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IRP 22 Hazard and Risk Assessment Register

Column Headings

Column
Letter
Operational Phase A Categorization of the hazard scenario by operational phase.

Item B Item number for hazards.

UBD/MPD/Both C Identification of whether the hazard applies to UBD, MPD or Both (B)

Single jeopardy statement used to identify potential problems due to failure in pre-job planning, training, procedures, or
Hazard Scenario What If D
equipment failure.

Applicable E Choose "Y" if "Hazard Scenario What If" applies to operation and "N" if it does not.

Threats/Consequences F A list of the potential consequences (HSE and NPT) of the "what if" occurring.

HSE G The risk of a situation/event with the potential to cause harm (to people, assets, or the environment).

NPT H The risk of Non Productive Time (NPT), including lost time and costs, formation damage and/or any deviation from the plan.

Controls/safeguards, and detailed recommended practices for high risk HSE items and referenced to specific prescriptive
Required HSE Critical Controls / Safeguards O
IRP 22 enforced requirements.
Recommendations, considerations, and informational statements on how to reduce, eliminate, or manage Medium/Low
Considerations J
Risk HSE items and all NPT items.

List of actions required to reduce/eliminate the potential occurrence and/or severity if the hazard cannot be eliminated
entirely.
Actions to be Taken / By Who and When K
Who = Party/parties responsible for each action assigned.
When = Date by which the action is to be completed.

Primary Responsible Party L Categorization of the hazard scenario by primary responsible party.

Primary Category M Categorization of the hazard scenario by primary category (equipment, well program, etc.)

Risk Ranking - severity of the event (consequence multiplied by likelihood of occurrence)


High Risk - Engineering, Procedures, and Training required to control/mitigate risk.
1
Medium Risk - Procedures and Training required to control/mitigate risk. Should consider Engineering.
2
Low Risk - Training required to control/mitigate risk. Should consider Engineering and Procedures.
3

General Notes about Register


Register is divided into 8 sections, coinciding with the operational phases of UBD/MPD/AD operations.

Additional items may be added to each section by the IRP committee or the end user. The list of items in the register is not exhaustive and will change with time as
additional hazards are identified. Last item number used (as of 2015-03-11) is: 228 Begin any additional numbering with 229. Note that #152 was deleted as it was
redundant.
The IRP 22 Committee invites organizations to share lessons learned and additions to the Risk Register by emailing safety@enform.ca
Use alt+enter to create multiple line items within a single cell

Validations of operational phase, relevance, primary responsible party, primary category and y/n columns use the data in the tabs mathcing their name. All validations are
set up to validate any value from the entire column so when adding a new item it will automatically be included in the validation.

To subscript for H2S, O2, N2 etc, select the character to subscript, right click and choose format cells, check of subscript

Risk Register is set up to print on LEGAL paper in landscape layout.

June 2009 DRAFT


IRP 22 - Hazard and Risk Assessment Register
G
Y
R G
Y
R

Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Use hex kelly, square kelly not recommended.
RCD leakage.
Use power swivel instead of kelly.
Injury to personnel.
22.1.3.2 Use top drive instead of kelly.
Improper kelly (square Unable to run square kelly through
1. Planning 1 BOTH Y 22.2.2.3 Use coiled tubing. Rig Contractor Rig Equipment
vs. hex) RCD.
22.2.6.3 RCD supplier standard operating procedures /
Delay in drilling well (lost time and
risk register.
cost).
Drill string diagram.
1 1

Verify lease survey accuracy.


Verify rig specific layout accuracy.
Poor emergency response.
Primary UBD/MPD service supplier to provide site
Problems fitting equipment on location.
specific lease spacing diagram.
Decreased access/egress in case of
Primary UBD/MPD service provider to conduct site
emergency. 22.1.3.4 UBD/MPD
1. Planning 2 BOTH Lease size inadequate Y inspection as soon as possible. Separation
Inadequate flare spacing on location. 22.3.3.1 Service Provider
Use drill side pipe racks only (if possible).
Tree clearance could cause forest fire.
Verify regulatory stack height/flaring requirements.
Delay in rig up and startup of
operations

1 1

Concurrent rig up of rig Onsite supervisors to formulate rig up plan.


Harm to personnel. Operating Lease
1. Planning 3 BOTH and UBD/MPD package Y 22.3.4 Company man to coordinate overall strategy.
Lost time and cost. Company Requirements
causes confusion Safety hand to be involved during rig up.
1 1

Potentially wash/wear casing bowl,


and cause RCD failure or BOP failure. Check rig alignment before nippling up BOP/RCD.
1. Planning 4 BOTH Improper rig alignment Y 22.2.6.3 Rig Contractor RCD
Potential loss of well control if bowl Check rig alignment during UBD/MPD operation.
wears out.
1 1

Conduct review with reservoir/production engineers


Fluid carryover may cause a fire,
Improper separator - too 22.1.3.4 regarding potential inflow rates. UBD/MPD
1. Planning 5 BOTH Y environmental damage/injury. Separation
small 22.1.3.5 Review separator sizing requirements with service Service Provider
Wait on right size equipment.
1 1
company.
Imrproper equipment size. Conduct review with reservoir/production engineers
Inadequate required surface back regarding potential inflow rates.
new IRP22 section MPD Equipment MPD/UBD
1. Planning 223 MPD MPD Equipment Rental Y pressure. Review separator sizing requirements with service
TBD Provider Equipment Rental
Potential gas inflow. company.
Potential well control issues. 1 1
Review offset information for the area.
Threaded unions are Poor quality control in NPT thread
No threaded unions to be used for other than shipping UBD/MPD
1. Planning 6 BOTH used in high pressure Y design/manufacture may result in 22.2.4.1 Choke/Flowline
lines. Service Provider
pipe work. flowline failure. 1 1

Membrane nitrogen is
High corrosion rate. Consider use of service gas that does not contain Operating
1. Planning 7 UBD used in sour Y 22.1.3.1 Well Program
Potential flammable conditions. oxygen. Company
environment 1 1

Choose appropriately sized separator for flush


Spill - environmental damage 22.1.3.4 production. Operating
1. Planning 8 BOTH Condensate carryover Y Well Program
Start fire in immediate vicinity 22.1.3.5 Review procedures for transient operations (such as Company
1 1
initial blowdown).
Failure to flush/purge H2S exposure to personnel. Low
UBD/MPD
1. Planning 9 BOTH lines, vessels, surface Y volume, high concentration. 22.3.13 Purge with an inert gas. Separation
Service Provider
equipment Potential for injury/death. 1 1

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Consider 2 barrier when pipe is static.
Loss of Barrier. High H2S content should make barrier policy more Operating
1. Planning 10 BOTH Barrier Failure Y Well Program
Potential for injury/death. Company
1 1 visible.
Insufficient tank farm 22.1.3.4 Operating
1. Planning 11 BOTH Y Release of drilling fluid to environment. Applicable provincial regulations to be followed. Separation
berms 1 1 22.3.14 Company
Equipment spacing, venting and issues regarding
General H2S concerns Operating
1. Planning 12 BOTH Y Potential for injury/death. 22.3.13 personnel safety must be addressed throughout the Lease Management
Company
1 1 entire lease for the entire operation.
Eliminate one element of the requirements for
Air Drilling - LEL and combustion (fuel, oxygen, or ignition source).
Flammable mixture, potential for 22.1.3.7 Operating
1. Planning 13 UBD UEL within flammable Y Consider inert gas operations. Well Program
fire/explosion. 22.3.15 Company
limits Never flow returns to a closed separator.
1 1
Add inert gas to reduce flammability.

Air Drilling - Unexpected Use inert gas if the risk of creating conditions suitable for
Potential for downhole fire and/or 22.1.3.7 Operating
1. Planning 14 UBD hydrocarbon zone Y combustion exists. Well Program
ignition at surface. 22.3.15 Company
encountered Consider inert gas operations.
1 1

Air Drilling - Mud ring Potential for dowhnole ignition. Monitor hole cleaning and fluid influx carefully while
Operating
1. Planning 15 UBD occurs with combustible Y Loss of BHA, damage to equipment, 22.3.15 drilling. Well Program
Company
mixture in hole. potential for injury/death, loss of well. Consider inert gas operations.
1 1

Gas/Fluid at rig floor (potential


Begin operation with new stripper elements.
hydrocarbon release, ignition or fire). 22.3.16
Coiled Tubing - Coil Inspect sealing elements after each trip.
1. Planning 16 UBD Y Harm to personnel. 221.3.7 RCD Supplier Training
pack-off fails Back up elements available on location.
Formation damage if well must be IRP21
Monitor for leakage during operation.
killed.
1 1

Potential loss of well. Carefully define coil operating limits.


Coiled Tubing - Coil Formation damage if well has to be Monitor coil fatigue life.
22.3.16 Coil Tubing
1. Planning 17 BOTH string failure (downhole Y killed. Pressure test coil before job. Well Program
IRP 21 Contractor
washout) Increased risk to personnel while Use appropriate corrosion inhibitor package.
tripping. 1 1
Minimize high pressure coil cycling. .

Gas/fluid release at rig floor (potential Carefully define coil operating limits.
hydrocarbon release/ignition/fire). Monitor coil fatigue life.
Coiled Tubing - Coil
Harm to personnel. 22.3.16 Pressure test coil before job. Coil Tubing
1. Planning 18 BOTH string failure (surface Y Well Program
Formation damage if well must be IRP 21 Use appropriate corrosion inhibitor package. Contractor
washout)
killed. Minimize high pressure coil cycling.
Environmental damage. Run leak point back into well if possible.
1 1

Pressure build up in atmospheric tanks


Inadequately vented due to high liquid flow rate or high 22.3.15 Ensure installation design considers maximum input
UBD/MPD
1. Planning 19 BOTH "closed" atmospheric Y solution gas content leading to 22.1.3.7 rates to closed atmospheric tanks and sufficiently sized Choke/Flowline
Service Provider
tanks. possible tank rupture, personnel injury IRP 21 vent lines are provided.
or environmental spill. 1 1

With several and diverse companies


on site the potential for mismatched
Temporary pipe and Ensure clear policy and direction is provided on
hammer union connections are greatly UBD/MPD
1. Planning 20 BOTH hammer union Y 22.2.4.1 acceptable temporary pipe design and hammer unions. Choke/Flowline
increased. Service Provider
mismatch Ban hammer unions with potential for mismatch.
Threat of personnel injury and
environmental spills. 1 1

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Possible inadequate returns
monitoring and/or flow modeling fails
to recognize losses in zone of greater
Failure to note losses,
depletion/lower pore pressure than Ensure adequate monitoring, early recognition of losses,
1. Planning 21 BOTH possibly leading to Y 22.3.12 Rig Contractor Mud System
planned for. well planned well control procedures.
loss/kick situation
Possibility of well kick exceeding
equipment rating, personnel injury,
equipment damage or loss of well.
1 1

HPHT wells surface temperature


High temperature (i.e. For HPHT wells consider use of additional temperature
exceeding BOP, etc. temperature
HPHT wells) exceeding monitoring and ESD procedures for Temperature HH Operating
1. Planning 22 BOTH Y rating leading to premature failure, 22.1.3.1 BOP System
BOP seals temperature conditions at BOP stack. Company
loss of containment, personnel injury,
rating Use proper sealing rubber for high temperature.
loss of well control. 1 1

Pressure communicated to surface


through drill pipe.
Use 2 non-ported float valves.
1. Planning 23 BOTH Ported floats are used Y Cannot hold back pressure on annulus 22.2.3 NRV Supplier NRV
Run NRV as contingency for drop-in check valve.
as pressure is comunicated to surface
through drill pipe. 1 2

Unclear lines of Risk to personnel, equipment, All lines of authority to be clearly defined in program/pre- Operating
1. Planning 24 BOTH Y 22.2.3 Well Program
authority environment. 1 2 spud. Company
Inadequate fire Operating Lease
1. Planning 25 BOTH Y Injury, loss of equipment. 22.1.3.7
protection 1 2 Company Requirements
Identify potentially oxygen deficient areas and include in
Oxygen deficient onsite orientation.
1. Planning 26 UBD Y Potential for injury. 22.3.3 All N/A
environments Workers in high risk areas must wear appropriate
1 2
monitoring device.
Response to alarm
Confusion on location increases HSE Clearly define response to alarm conditions and Operating Lease
1. Planning 27 BOTH condition is not clearly Y 22.3.3
risks. communicate the response to personnel on location. Company Requirements
defined 1 2

Multiple alarm systems Confusion on location increases HSE Clearly define response to alarm conditions and Operating Lease
1. Planning 28 BOTH Y 22.3.3
on location risks. 1 2 communicate the response to personnel on location. Company Requirements
Use enclosed cutting separation process.
H2S - Toxic gas released Vacuum degas fluid/solids stream before cuttings
UBD/MPD
1. Planning 29 BOTH during cuttings Y Potential for injury/death. 22.3.13 separation. Separation
Service Provider
separation process. Monitor/alarm any area where there is a potential for a
1 2
sour gas release.

H2S - Toxic gas released Use enclosed fluid separation process.


Vent tanks through scrubbers. UBD/MPD
1. Planning 30 BOTH from fluid storage Y Potential for injury/death. 22.3.13 Separation
Monitor/alarm any area where there is a potential for a Service Provider
system. sour gas release from the fluid storage system.
1 2

H2S - Toxic gas release 22.3.13 Purge with non-toxic or inert gas before opening UBD/MPD
1. Planning 31 BOTH Y Potential for injury/death. Separation
when sampling cuttings 22.1.3.2 sampler. Service Provider
1 2

H2S - Improper sour Full review of NACE MR 0175/NACE 15156 for H2S
Rapid degradation of steel - not fit for Operating
1. Planning 32 BOTH service material Y 22.3.13 wells. Well Program
service. Company
selection 1 2 Review IRP 1 Critical Sour Drilling

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Calculate volume of gas released from separator
Oil Based Mud - pressure to atmospheric pressure.
Risk of fire/explosionq and personnel 22.3.10 UBD/MPD
1. Planning 33 BOTH Solution gas release Y Low pressure separator reduces gas in solution. Separation
exposed to harmful vapors. 22.3.14 Service Provider
from drilling mudqq Use separate fluid storage system with totally enclosed
1 2
and vented tanks.
Muster area is not Increased risk for personnel to search Clearly define muster area during wellsite safety Operating Lease
1. Planning 34 BOTH Y 22.3.3
clearly defined. location for missing workers. 1 3 meetings. Company Requirements
H2S - Elastomer Loss of Barrier. Aniline testing elastomers. Operating
1. Planning 35 BOTH Y 22.3.13 Well Program
failure/incompatibility Potential for injury/death. 1 3
Proper material selection for elastomers. Company
Shortage of experienced
Inability to identify all safety critical Ensure that personnel planning the operation are Operating
1. Planning 36 BOTH people in planning Y N/A
issues in the operation. competent to do so. Company
stages 2 1

Use dill pipe without grooves.


Use pipe with no hardbanding.
Use drillpipe with flush hardbanding.
Service kelly to eliminate sharp edges and ensuring kelly
RCD leakage. is as straight as possible.
Condition of drill pipe Injury to personnel. RCD supplier pre-job inspection.
1. Planning 37 BOTH and kelly (grooves, Y Premature RCD element wear. Rig Contractor Drill String
external scale, etc.) Delay in drilling well (lost time and Drill pipe/kelly inspection.
cost). RCD supplier SOPs/risk register.
Drill string diagram.
Kelly savers with rubber inserts are not recommended as
they can severely damage the RCD element.
Avoid abrupt OD transitions between Kelly and drill pipe.
2 1

Review all drill sting components for strippability and


sealability with the RCD.
RCD leakage.
BHA plan includes Spiral drill collars, jars, bumper subs and stabilizers are
Injury to personnel.
running spiral drill not recommended. Operating
1. Planning 38 BOTH Y Unable to strip through RCD element. Drill String
collars or other non- Function/stripping tests of odd-profile BHA components Company
Delay in drilling well (lost time and
strippable components. (on and/or offsite) is recommended.
cost).
Avoid use of kelly valves with rubber casing savers.
Replace spiral DC with Rigid DC or HWDP.
2 1

Determine whether other operations will occur on pad at


Simultaneous operations on pad wells the same time as the drilling operation. Operating Lease
1. Planning 39 BOTH Working on pad wells Y
increases risk of HSE incidents. Ensure that one site supervisor is appointed and that Company Requirements
2 1
lines of authority are clear.

Onsite orientation and training.


Supervisors to ensure that all personnel have been
trained in the various components of the rig up
operation.
Identify tasks in tool box safety meetings.
Crew shortage and/or Harm to personnel. Ensure all workers understand their right to refuse
1. Planning 40 BOTH Y 22.3.2.2 All N/A
inexperience Lost time and cost. unsafe work, or request training/guidance for tasks that
they are not yet competent in.
Consider EMS onsite during rig up operations.
Focus on shift change communication information
transfer.
Check IRP 22.3.2.2 Operational Communications
2 1

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IRP 22 - Hazard and Risk Assessment Register
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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Consider multiple NRVs in BHA.
Consider metal/metal seals.
NRV seal compatibility
1. Planning 41 BOTH Y Potential for NRV to fail prematurely. Test seals with drilling fluid/reservoir fluid prior to drilling NRV Supplier NRV
with fluid
operation.
2 1
Consider profile nipple down hole as a backup.

Rental equipment in Equipment failure during critical times Operating


1. Planning 42 BOTH Y Inspect all rental equipment upon arrival on location. All
poor repair may elevate existing HSE risks. Company
2 1

High PI well probability, build some 'fat' into modeling,


Exceed volume limits, Shut in well, calculations and permit applications. Operating
1. Planning 43 BOTH High Rate Flaring Y Well Program
cease operations. AER Directive 60: Upstream Petroleum Industry Flaring, Company
2 1
Incinerating, and Venting (see www.aer.ca)
Gas Chromatograph to qualify modeling.
Exceed allowable limits for SO2 - Continuous H2S content monitoring in fluid stream.
High H2S Flaring Operating
1. Planning 44 BOTH Y 172ppb/volume. Shut in well, cease Well Program
AER Directive 60: Upstream Petroleum Industry Flaring, Company
operations.
2 1
Incinerating, and Venting (see www.aer.ca)
Consult appropriate forestry regulations.
Inadequate lease Operating
1. Planning 45 BOTH Y Risk of forest fire. Ensure required fire mitigation is in place (sprinkler Separation
spacing for flare. Company
2 2 system, water storage, etc.)
Conduct review of lighting requirements with service
Increased potential for HSE incidents companies at pre-spud. Operating Lease
1. Planning 46 BOTH Inadequate lighting. Y
such as slips, trips or falls. Consider constructing a lighting diagram. Company Requirements
2 2
Rent light towers as required.
Equipment not
Contamination of fluids on location Inspect equipment upon arrival and before being Operating
1. Planning 47 BOTH flushed/cleaned pre/post Y Separation
with prior job waste. released. Company
job 2 2

Unclear responsibility for Potential equipment failure if not used Determine responsibility during pre-spud and confirm in Operating
1. Planning 48 BOTH Y All
rental equipment properly. 2 2 onsite safety meetings. Company

Communicate risks of bears, etc. during safety meeting. Operating Lease


1. Planning 49 BOTH Exposure to wildlife Y Risk to personnel or wildlife.
Establish protocol for personnel leaving location on foot. Company Requirements
2 2

Formal Chain of command.


Noise, pressure, vibration, egress,
Formal lockout/tagout/control of work.
Equipment/Personnel communication -
1. Planning 50 BOTH Y Formal PTW/Logistics Plan. All Lease Management
Congestion Miscommunication=Potential for
Review IRP 7 Standards for Wellsite Supervision of
injury/death.
2 2
Drilling, Completions and Workovers.

Cold venting (regulatory exemption may be required).


Automatic liquid high level shut-down in separator.
Flare stack spacing, height and ground clearance from
Separator liquid carry- Spill - environmental damage
combustable materials.
over into flare line Fire, explosion from flare stack, UBD/MPD
1. Planning 51 BOTH Y 22.1.5.5 Procedures and equipment in place for managing Separation
and/or shipping pump personnel exposure Service Provider
separator level if level no high level shut-down.
failure Seperator over-pressure
Audible and visual alarm.
Ensure adequate redundancy of pressure shipping and
pump shipping capacity.
1 2

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Automatic liquid low level shut-down in separator.
Procedures and equipment in place for managing
Separator gas carry-
Gas at rig tanks. separator level if level no low level shut-down. UBD/MPD
1. Planning 52 BOTH under down the liquid Y 22.1.5.5 Separation
Fire, explosion, personnel exposure. Audible and visual alarm. Service Provider
shipping lines
LEL/UEL gas monitoring and alarming at the shaker
1 2
Liquid shipping to a remote tank system.

Trying to flare with high Use of supplementary fuel gas (Propane).


Operating
1. Planning 53 UBD CO2 mol% Y No burn - cold vent. AER Directive 60: Upstream Petroleum Industry Flaring, Well Program
Company
2 2 Incinerating, and Venting (see www.aer.ca)
Oil Based Mud -
Increased solubility in oil Poor H2S Stripping / Separation. UBD/MPD
1. Planning 54 BOTH Y Separation
based mud (GOR Potential for injury/death. Service Provider
variability) 2 2

Coiled Tubing - Slips fail Tools dropped in hole, resulting in lost Manage risk with appropriate procedures and checks to
Coil Tubing
1. Planning 55 UBD to hold BHA Y time, high-risk fishing operation. IRP21 make sure slips are engaged and holding. Well Program
Contractor
components Potential gas/fluid release at rig floor. Consult IRP21 Coiled Tubing Operations
2 2
Wait on correct NRVs/subs.
No drill string well control.
Drill string NRVs
Delay in drilling well (lost time and
1. Planning 56 BOTH missing or wrong Y NRV supplier standard NRV Supplier NRV
cost).
size/thread operating procedures/risk register.
Drill string damage. 2 3 Drill string diagram.
Flare gun ignites forest Consider using an auto-ignition system if flaring in an UBD/MPD
1. Planning 57 BOTH Y Risk to environment/personnel. Separation
or grassland 2 3 area or time of year when there is a high risk of fire. Service Provider

Raise rig sub height by building up lease around casing


bowl.
Verify and check equalizing line clearance if built too
Attempts to try and fit RCD could high.
cause injury to personnel. Change BOP equipment.
RCD doesnt fit under Can not drill UBD/MPD. Use different rig.
1. Planning 58 BOTH Y RCD Supplier RCD
sub Delay in drilling well (lost time and Use different RCD.
cost). Add pony sub under rig.
RCD supplier to go to location to check out rig's sub prior
to job.
Accurate BOP stack-up and rig substructure
clearance measurements
3 1

Ensure adequate communications between supplier and


Equipment Delay in drilling well (lost time and Operating
1. Planning 59 BOTH Y operator. N/A
available/Timing cost) Company
3 1 Confirm timing at pre-spud.
Air Drilling - Water influx Hole cleaning problems, delay in Operational plan should include contingency for Operating
1. Planning 60 UBD Y Well Program
is encountered operation. 3 1 switching to mist, foam and mud operations. Company
Premature RCD element wear.
Drill string inspection.
Wrong size RCD stripper elements on
Drill pipe and/or tool Verify drill string size.
location. Operating
1. Planning 61 BOTH joint size different than Y Drill String
Delay in drilling well (lost time and Company
planned RCD supplier SOPs/risk register.
cost).
Drill string diagram.
RCD fails to pressure test. 3 2

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Frequent motor failures or poor
performance increases number of trips
Ensure PDM supplier is aware of downhole operating
required along with the associated
Improperly specified environment for application. Directional
1. Planning 62 BOTH Y risks. PDM
PDMs Inspect Company
Wait on PDMs suitable for UBD/MPD
data for PDMs received vs. order placed.
environment temperature and fluid
compatibility.
3 2

Motor supplier should be involved in planning stage to


Dump subs in motors Wait on blanked dump subs and/or trip Directional
1. Planning 63 BOTH Y ensure that the proper motor specification is being PDM
are not blanked off out of hole. Company
3 2 supplied.
Solids - Vac truck Operating
1. Planning 64 BOTH Y Release of toxic gas near separator Formal Communication method - radios Lease Management
handling 3 2 Company
Solids - re-injection Plugged BHA Suction side discipline UBD/MPD
1. Planning 65 BOTH Y Separation
down drill string Drill string washouts. 3 2 Suction Screens Service Provider

Higher and/or unstable BHP. Consider magnet/junk basket run to clean out casing
Re-entry - Casing exit Tight hole or stuck pipe. exit. Operating
1. Planning 66 BOTH Y Well Program
debris in well Plugged choke/separator dump valves. Monitor torque/drag carefully throughout drilling and Company
Damage to bit and/or BHA. tripping through exit.
3 2

Environmentally responsible disposal AER Directive 50: Drilling Waste Management (see
Solids - waste Operating
1. Planning 67 BOTH Y of H S contaminated cuttings www.aer.ca) Lease Management
management Company
2
3 3
Operating Company waste management policies

Exceed separator throughput capacity.


High PI well probability, build some 'fat' into modeling, Operating
1. Planning 68 BOTH Flush Liquid Production Y Release of burning oil/condensate Well Program
calculations, and permit applications. Company
from flare tip.
3

Ensure well is never placed on vacuum.


Aspiration of O2 from Explosive mixtures. Always fill drill string with liquid or inert gas during
Fire and explosion. IRP 18 tripping. UBD Service
1. Planning 220 UBD ambient air into the Y Well Control
Damage to downhole equipment 22.1.5.5 Always maintain monitorable positive pressure on Provider
drillpipe or well and/or well casing. wellbore.
Conslut IRP18 Fire and Explosion Hazard Management
1 1

Ensure hand signals are in place for important


communications. Operating
2. Rig Up / Harm to personnel due to erroneous
Loss of radio Establish radio protocol in safety meeting. Company /
Pressure Test / 69 BOTH Y communications. 22.3.2.2 Lease Management
communication Supply sufficient head sets for men working in high-noise UBD/MPD
Commissioning Lost time and cost.
environments. Service Provider
1 1
Establish battery changing schedule.

Company man to coordinate hoisting activities with


picker operator and supervisors.
2. Rig Up / Harm to personnel and/ or damage to Picker Operator /
Pre-fab BOP components can be difficult to install in low
Pressure Test / 70 BOTH Lifting hazards Y equipment. 22.3.5 UBD/MPD Lease Management
clearance areas.
Commissioning Lost time and cost. Service Provider
Safety hand to be involved during rig up.
1 1
Spotting UPD/MPD equipment.
Inadequate or non- Operating
2. Rig Up / Trip and fall hazards particularly Install suitable work decks and barriers for any elevated
existent work Company /
Pressure Test / 71 BOTH Y around RCD installation/removal and work tasks, particularly RCD installations. RCD
platforms/barriers (i.e. UBD/MPD
Commissioning seal element change out. Adequate communication
RCD work platform) 1 1
Service Provider

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Consider heat tracing and/or warm air/N2 circulation to Operating
2. Rig Up / Possible freezing in piping dead legs,
Ambient temperatures maintain clear lines. Company /
Pressure Test / 72 BOTH Y liquid traps, etc. with resultant Lease Management
below freezing Avoid liquid traps in installation, utilize "clear line" start UBD/MPD
Commissioning blockage.
1 1
up procedure. Service Provider
Inadequate or non-
2. Rig Up / Improperly or non-grounded Implement an electrical grounding plan for the
existent electrical
Pressure Test / 73 BOTH Y equipment skids leading to personnel installation. All All
grounding of equipment
Commissioning injury and equipment downtime. Inspect and test installation for electrical grounding.
skids 1 1

Inadequate or non-
2. Rig Up / Personnel injury, equipment damage
existent electrical
Pressure Test / 74 BOTH Y when prematurely powering up Implement electrical lockout/tagout procedures. All All
lockout/tagout
Commissioning electrical circuits.
procedures. 1 1

Inadequate or non- Personnel injury, equipment failure,


2. Rig Up / existent lockout/tagout environmental spills as a consequence
Implement lockout/tagout procedures for temporary
Pressure Test / 75 BOTH procedures for utility Y of inadvertent removal of skidded All All
skidded equipment utility supply.
Commissioning supply (i.e. instrument equipment utility supply (i.e. instrument
air) air). 1 1

2. Rig Up / No high-pressure Review in safety meetings.


UBD/MPD
Pressure Test / 76 BOTH warning signs on Y Increased risk to personnel. Inspect prior to pressure testing. Separation
Service Provider
Commissioning pipework 1 2 Inspect temporary pipe work.
Ensure adequate spares on location.
2. Rig Up /
RCD fails to pressure Visually check rig annular (ring gaskets/stud threads)
Pressure Test / 77 BOTH Y Lost time and cost. RCD Supplier RCD
test prior to rig up.
Commissioning
2 1
Ensure proper rig alignment.
2. Rig Up / BOP should be tested and serviced as per AER
BOP elements fail to
Pressure Test / 78 BOTH Y Lost time and cost. Directives prior to job. Rig Contractor BOP System
pressure test
Commissioning 2 1 Rig should stock spare components as appropriate.
Service company must be able to demonstrate MTR,
Primary flow line from certification for pipework.
2. Rig Up /
stack to separation Supplier to provide SOP for rig up and pressure test. UBD/MPD
Pressure Test / 79 BOTH Y Lost time and cost. Choke/Flowline
equipment fails to Rig matting to be supplied in muddy/soft ground Service Provider
Commissioning
pressure test conditions to enable proper makeup/alignment of
2 1
pipework.

Onsite orientation and training.


Supervisors to ensure that all personnel have been
trained in the various components of the rig up
operation.
2. Rig Up / Identify tasks in tool box safety meetings.
Crew shortage and/or Harm to personnel.
Pressure Test / 80 BOTH Y Ensure all workers understand their right to refuse All Lease Management
inexperience Lost time and cost.
Commissioning unsafe work, or request training/guidance for tasks that
they are not yet competent in.
Consider EMS onsite during rig up operations.
Identify inexperienced crew/short term crew with green
hand or green hard hats.
2 1

Surface equipment may not be


Offsets to be analyzed as a guide for planning the
suitable in terms of pressure Operating
2. Rig Up / Well parameters operation.
rating/flow rate capability - wait on Company /
Pressure Test / 81 BOTH different from program - Y Assume worst-case scenario when planning the well. Well Program
equipment. UBD/MPD
Commissioning PRESSURE Consider flush-production scenario encountered in UBD
Fluid system may not be capable of Service Provider
operations.
achieving required pressure profile. 2 1

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Possibly pressurize mud pump system
2. Rig Up / Failure to install check Discuss requirements in pre-spud. Operating
through nitrogen injection line (suction
Pressure Test / 82 UBD valve on each injection Y Check valve to be installed downstream of all pumping Company / UBD Compression
line may fail).
Commissioning line equipment in operations using a service gas. Service Provider
Gas lock mud pump. 2 1

Surface equipment may not be Offsets to be analyzed as a guide for planning the
2. Rig Up / Well parameters suitable for handling sour fluid. operation.
different from program - Operating
Pressure Test / 83 BOTH Y Additional concerns with regards to Assume worst-case scenario when planning the well. Well Program
H2S Company
Commissioning HSE for safe operations, fluid Plan for sour operations if there is even a small potential
transportation, etc. 2 1
of encountering sour gas.
2. Rig Up /
Harm to personnel. Supervisors have obligation to stop unsafe Operating
Pressure Test / 84 BOTH Poor weather Y Lease Management
Lost time and cost. work/activities. Company
Commissioning 2 2

2. Rig Up / Rig Contractor /


Ensuring adequate fuel gage and grounding.
Pressure Test / 228 BOTH Fueling Equipment Y Harm to personnel and equipment. UBD/MPD All
Review SOPs.
Commissioning 2 2 Service Provider
2. Rig Up / Consider extensive use of rig matting.
Ice, mud, uneven terrain can increase Operating
Pressure Test / 85 BOTH Poor ground conditions Y Sawdust, etc. to be available to improve footing on Lease Management
potential for slips, trips and falls. Company
Commissioning 2 2 snow/ice in winter operations.
Commission in yard test if unit has been idle for a
2. Rig Up / Compression or N2 unit significant length of time. Compression
Pressure Test / 86 UBD Y Lost time and cost. Compression
fails to start Service company to show maintenance records. Supplier
Commissioning
3 1
Inspect fuel tanks before filling with diesel onsite.
Paperwork with NRVs to include documentation of shop
NRVs fail to pressure
2. Rig Up / pressure test.
test or no Failure to pressure test increases
Pressure Test / 87 BOTH Y Consider onsite pressure testing apparatus. NRV Supplier NRV
documentation of likelihood of a leaking NRV occurring.
Commissioning Have contingency procedures.
pressure test
3 1
Have spare(s) NRV available.

Equipment damage, and lost time. Adequate fuel filtering system to be in place for all critical Operating
2. Rig Up /
Poor quality diesel fuel Pump/compressor failure during components. Company /
Pressure Test / 88 BOTH Y Compression
on location UBD/MPD operations may result in Inspect rental fuel storage tanks before filling (especially UBD/MPD
Commissioning
well control issues. 400 bbl tanks not normally used for fuel storage). Service Provider
3 1

Detailed UBD/MPD program in place.


Written procedures for critical operations available on rig
Operating
Harm to personnel, equipment or floor.
3. Drill Out and Rig crews unfamiliar Company /
89 BOTH Y environment. 22.1.5 Review procedures with all personnel in a safety meeting Training
Hole Conditioning with process UBD/MPD
Lost time and cost. before drillout.
Service Provider
Consider dry run for critical procedures prior to drilling
out.
1 1

Process flow diagram posted in dog house.


Walk the pump lines before commencing drillout
Possible overpressure of RCD or
Valves incorrectly procedure.
3. Drill Out and manifold at surface. 22.1.5 UBD/MPD
90 BOTH positioned on stack or Y Consider labeling all valves and marking them as Choke/Flowline
Hole Conditioning Possible fluid release to 22.3.4 Service Provider
manifold normally open or normally closed.
atmosphere/environment.
All well control piping to be blown dry and/or heated to
prevent freezing.
1 1

Purge with nitrogen prior to lighting flare.


3. Drill Out and Separator not purged Potential backflash/explosion in UBD/MPD
91 BOTH Y 22.1.3.7 Ensure backpressure system is operable on pressurized Flare/Vent System
Hole Conditioning prior to lighting flare separation equipment. Service Provider
1 1 separator before lighting flare.

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Ensure hand signals are in place for important
communications.
Overpressure at surface, dead-
3. Drill Out and Poor communications Establish radio protocol in safety meeting. Operating
92 BOTH Y heading pumps and other HSE 22.3.2.2 Lease Management
Hole Conditioning during well conditioning Supply sufficient head sets for men working in high-noise Company
concerns.
environments.
1 2
Review roles in safety meeting.

Test injection pumps during rig up and commissioning.


Chemical injection Risks of carryover from separator
3. Drill Out and Store chemicals as per manufacturers UBD/MPD
93 BOTH pumps are not working Y (environmental concern). Mud System
Hole Conditioning recommendations. Service Provider
or not calibrated. Corrosion concerns.
Consider connecting injection pumps to data system.
2 2

Detailed UBD program in place, including pump


Excessive slugging and/or surface schedule.
3. Drill Out and Poorly designed hole Operating
94 UBD Y pressure and flow rates. Written procedure in doghouse/UBD control unit. Well Program
Hole Conditioning conditioning procedure Company
Possible fluid carryover. Procedure reviewed by engineering and discussed in
2 2
safety meeting.
Inability to react in real-time to well Test sensors and data system during commissioning
3. Drill Out and Data system not conditioning events. phase and confirm operation prior to drillout. UBD/MPD
95 BOTH Y Data Acquisition
Hole Conditioning functioning properly Possible errors in implementing hole Ensure sensors are heat traced so that they don't freeze Service Provider
conditioning pump schedule. 2 2
and provide erroneous data.

Formation integrity test Unable to apply UBD/ MPD program. May require additional casing string or redesign of
3. Drill Out and Operating
96 BOTH insufficient for planned Y Possible well control concerns, lost MPD/UBD operation. Well Program
Hole Conditioning Company
operations time or harm to personnel. Remedial cement job/re-drill and test.
2 2

Drill out while pumping at high rate.


Higher BHP than predicted. Consider tooth bit versus PDC.
Unstable BHP. Monitor torque and drag while drilling shoe.
3. Drill Out and Float shoe debris in well Operating
97 BOTH Y Stuck pipe. Observe returns at shaker. Drill String
Hole Conditioning after drillout Company
Plugged choke. Direct returns to shaker, bypassing separator.
Damage to BHA/bit. Control drill through plug.
Consider drilling out with slick assembly.
3 2

Bit to casing clearance.


3. Drill Out and MPD Service
224 MPD In Casing Test Y Damage to equipment. Follow detailed SOPs. Well Program
Hole Conditioning Provider
3 3 Ensure homogeneous mud in hole.

Potential harm to personnel if BHA Displace to gasified/drilling fluid system in controlled


floats fail. manner after drillout.
3. Drill Out and Damage to BHA during Directional
98 BOTH Y Lost time and cost due to round trip. Ensure all injection rate meters are functioning and the MWD
Hole Conditioning drillout Company
Compromised BHA integrity may result required rate is being pumped.
in a well control scenario. Observe pressures during hole conditioning.
3 2

NRV not installed near Excessive bleed-off time/connection Reference and review drill string diagram.
Operating
3. Drill Out and surface prior to time. Discuss in safety meeting and confirm installation
99 UBD Y Company / UBD NRV
Hole Conditioning conditioning with Possibly require re-conditioning hole visually before commencing operations.
Service Provider
compressible fluid after long bleed-off time to install NRV. Add drill string floats.
3 2

Failure to consider the shutdown Operating


No strategy for sequence may result in hole problems, Company /
4. Drilling 100 BOTH Y 22.3.9 Add contingency plans. Well Program
"planned" shut downs high pressures at surface, UBD/MPD
unnecessary well kill, etc. 1 1
Service Provider

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Failure to consider the shutdown Operating
No strategy for sequence may result in hole problems, Company /
4. Drilling 101 BOTH Y 22.3.9 Add contingency plans. Well Program
"unplanned" shut downs high pressures at surface, UBD/MPD
unnecessary well kill, etc. 1 1
Service Provider
Separation equipment certification must be current.
Gas release and harm to 22.1.3.5 PSVs installed and relief lines rigged up. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 102 BOTH Separator fails Y Separation
personnel/environment. 22.2.4.5 Rig's well control equipment rigged in and operational in Service Provider
1 1
case of catastrophic failure.

Skidded equipment with permanent


piping installations often incorporate
Dead legs/liquid traps pipe dead legs or liquid traps (i.e.
on permanently piped concentric reducers instead of
Consider inspection of skidded equipment permanent
skid equipment - eccentric reducers) where acidic or UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 103 BOTH Y piping for dead legs and liquid traps and remove or Separation
increased incidence of corrosive liquids accumulate and are Service Provider
provide means of inspection and documentation.
internal corrosion, leak not easily flushed.
and/or rupture Possible leak or rupture with resultant
personnel, equipment and
environmental consequences.
1 1

Consider onsite Ultrasonic Thickness (UT) monitoring


program.
Maximize separator pressure to minimize velocity in flow
line.
Service company to provide erosion management
document.
Operate within Flow Control Matrix parameters.
Washout occurs on Train on critical operations such as shutting in or
Gas release on location.
primary flowline from diverting to secondary flow line. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 104 BOTH Y Personnel injury. 22.3.9 Well Program
BOP stack to the Maintain flow velocities in primary flowline below (55 Service Provider
Damage to equipment.
separation equipment m/sec) in absence of detailed erosion modeling.
Reduce number of flowline turns.
Ensure 10 internal diameters spacing between flowline
turns. This allows the flow to straighten prior to the next
turn.
Primary flowline must contain targeted tees (turns) and
be a minimum 101.6 mm in outside diameter or larger.
Maximize liquid injection rate.
1 1

Over time pipe wall erodes or corrodes Implement pipe inspection procedures and
leading to reduction in pressure documentation prior to each rig up, and NDT wall
Pipe wall thickness 22.2.2.4 UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 105 BOTH Y integrity, possible leak or rupture with thickness inspections at vulnerable points throughout Separation
erosion 22.2.2.1 Service Provider
resultant personnel, equipment and operation.
environmental consequences. UT testing when possible.
1 1

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When

Check rig alignment before and during operation.


Monitor RCD performance while drilling.
Replace elements as per supplier's SOPs before major
leakage occurs.
Gas/Hydrocarbon fluid release at rig
RCD drill string sealing Have a backup element ready for quick installation.
floor. 22.2.2.3
element failure or Consider installing a new element during low risk times
4. Drilling 106 BOTH Y Ignition and explosion risk. 22.2.6.3 RCD Supplier RCD
RCD Control Unit (out of hole, prior to starting drilling after a trip, etc.).
Possible formation damage if well has 22.3.6
Failure Complete regular inspection of the control unit and its
to be killed.
operability.
Indication of failure is to be considered a well control
event.
Consider a redundant back-up unit onsite.
1 1

Ensure degasser fluid level/capacity.


MPD Service
4. Drilling 225 MPD Degasser fails/overflows Y Harm to environment. Operate within well program specifications. Separation
Provider
2 2 Operate within equipment specifications.
Operate within well scope.
Use of secondary flow Loss of well control. Ensure adequate drilling fluid weight and surface back MPD Service
4. Drilling 226 MPD Y Well Program
line (rig bleed-off line) Harm to equipment and personnel. pressure (SBP). Provider
1 1
Ensure adequate kill mud on location.
Review offset data for area.
Harm to personnel or environment.
Inadequate/improper Follow driling program.
4. Drilling 227 BOTH Y Damage to equipment. All RCD
RCD size Plan for maximum pressures expected.
Possible loss of well control.
1 1
Ensure contingency plans are in place.
Improperly attempting to change the Reference supplier's SOPs for changing the RCD
No procedures in place RCD element may result in fires, element.
22.2.2.3
4. Drilling 107 BOTH for replacing RCD Y explosions or other catastrophic HSE Rehearse equalizing procedure prior to conducting RCD Supplier RCD
22.3.7
element events. operations.
Harm to personnel. 1 1
Back pressure required during process.
Reference supplier's SOPs for the use and maintenance
RCD element Choke plugging, equipment damage. 22.2.2.3
4. Drilling 108 BOTH Y of the RCD. RCD Supplier RCD
deteriorates Compromise of well control barrier. 22.3.7
1 1 Have bearing/rubbers available.
Establish maximum torque limit on pipe during drilling
Possible gas/hydrocarbon fluid at rig operations.
floor. Inspect all drill string components according to the
Drill string failure 22.3.9
4. Drilling 109 BOTH Y Ignition and explosion risk. appropriate risk assessed API or DS-1 category. Rig Contractor Well Program
(washout or twist-off) 22.3.11
Formation damage due to well kill. Monitor drilling data for signs of pipe washout.
Possible pipe light situation. Include drill string failure in planned/unplanned shut-
down procedures.
1 1

Consider installing new kelly hose prior to commencing


UBD operations.
Kelly hose to be certified for hydrocarbon liquid service
Gas/fluid release at rig floor. when using OBM.
Harm to personnel. Run surface drill pipe screens periodically and check for
22.2.6.4
4. Drilling 110 UBD Kelly hose failure Y Ignition and explosion risks. rubber debris. Rig Contractor Rig Equipment
22.3.9
Formation damage if well has to be Pressure test kelly hose prior to starting operations.
killed. Consider using a hose certified for gas service in high
risk operations (natural gas injection, etc.).
Kelly hose issues also apply to other flexible rubber
components in the rig's mud circulation system.
1 1

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Hoses to be certified for hydrocarbon liquid service when
using OBM.
Circulating through Failure of hoses results in release of
Pressure test hoses prior to starting operations.
4. Drilling 111 BOTH flexible hoses/shock Y hydrocarbons, potential injury to 22.2.2.1 Rig Contractor Rig Equipment
Use a hose certified for gas service in high risk
hose personnel.
operations (natural gas injection, etc.).
1 1
Use hard line whenever possible.
Kill fluid must be available on site, as per regulatory
Formation damage.
Well has to be killed for 22.1.3.2 requirements. Operating
4. Drilling 112 BOTH Y Ignition and explosion risks. Well Control
well control 22.1.3.5 Flow control matrix in place, and observed. Company
Potential harm to personnel.
1 1
Well control procedure in place and rehearsed.
Poor understanding of
the relationship of the Failure in well control procedure may On-site orientation and training is to include well control RCD Supplier /
4. Drilling 113 BOTH UBD/MPD kit and the rig Y result in well control problems, loss of 22.1.5 considerations. UBD/MPD Well Control
kit with regards to well control, injury or death. Discuss at pre-job safety meeting. Service Provider
control events 1 1

Test NRVs before initial installation.


Possible gas/reservoir fluid
Replace BHA NRVs after every trip.
communication to surface.
Include contingency to set a plug or another retrievable
May require well kill to trip safely. 22.2.3.1 Operating
4. Drilling 114 BOTH BHA NRV failure Y NRV as deep as possible. NRV
Unable to trip with remedying the 22.3.10 Company
Install screens above NRV to catch debris from the drill
situation (well kill, set a plug, or
string.
retrieve/replace NRV).
Run a minimum of two NRVs in the BHA.
1 1

Review requirements for PWD data and importance with


directional company prior to starting operations.
Operational parameters often consider Include decision points in program regarding PWD data
availability of real time PWD data. failure.
Absence of PWD data may result in Maintain a well calibrated two phase flow model MWD
PWD Failure/MWD poor decision making regarding well throughout operation. Contractor /
4. Drilling 115 BOTH Y MWD
Annular Pressure fails control. Use pressure data obtained from MPD software. UBD/MPD
Possible trip out of the hole (cost). Implement pumping program in accordance with MWD Service Provider
Uncertainty regarding down hole tool SOPs to minimize potential for tool failure.
pressure. UBD program should include potential decision points to
trip, including whether the operation can safely proceed
without PWD data.
2 1

Inaccurate flow Potential to operate outside of flow Review fluid data and simulation software use with UBD UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 116 BOTH Y Well Control
simulation control matrix due to wrong input data. service provider. Service Provider
2 2

Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE


Rig crew unaware of Possible damage to equipment, injury, Operating
22.2.3.1 incidents in UBD/MPD operations.
4. Drilling 117 BOTH dangers of trapped Y or loss of life if NRV is broken out with Company / MPD NRV
22.1.5.1 Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in
pressure below NRV trapped pressure below it. Service Provider
1 1
accordance with the RP referenced.
Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE
No written procedures in Possible damage to equipment, injury, Operating
incidents in UBD/MPD operations.
4. Drilling 118 BOTH place for bleeding off Y or loss of life if NRV is broken out with 22.2.3.1 Company / MPD NRV
Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in
the NRV trapped pressure below it. Service Provider
1 1
accordance with the RP referenced.
Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE
Inadequate pressure Operating
Possible injury or loss of life if hose or incidents in UBD/MPD operations.
4. Drilling 119 BOTH rating for NRV bleed-off Y 22.2.3.1 Company / NRV NRV
tool fails. Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in
hose and tool Provider
1 1
accordance with the RP referenced.

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE
NRV bleed-off hose in Possible injury or loss of life if hose incidents in UBD/MPD operations. Operating
4. Drilling 120 BOTH Y 22.2.3.1 NRV
poor condition fails. Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in Company
1 1
accordance with the RP referenced.
Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE
NRV bleed-off hose is Hose may whip and injure/kill incidents in UBD/MPD operations. Operating
4. Drilling 121 BOTH Y 22.2.3.1 NRV
not securely anchored personnel on the rig floor. Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in Company
1 1
accordance with the RP referenced.
Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE
incidents in UBD/MPD operations.
Retrievable NRV Unseated NRV can cause serious Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in
4. Drilling 122 BOTH Y 22.2.3.1 NRV Supplier NRV
unseats under pressure damage to equipment or injury/death. accordance with the RP referenced.
Do not allow unqualified personnel to seat, inspect, or
1 1
touch retrievable NRVs.

Job planning must include maximum allowable surface


pressure for the mud weight used for the operation.
Well is accidentally shut Possible formation breakdown at weak
Operational adjustments must be made based on the UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 123 BOTH in while pumping single Y point. 22.3.12 Choke/Flowline
formation integrity test/leakoff gradient. Service Provider
phase (liquid) Well control problems/blowout.
Consider installing a pressure relief valve upstream of
the choke.
1 1

Air introduced into


Job planning stage is to consider the air volume required
circulating system while Potential for explosive mixtures and/or 22.1.3.7 Operating
4. Drilling 124 UBD Y to create a combustible/reactive mixture downhole based Well Program
making drill pipe fire (surface or downhole). IRP 18 Company
on the drilling fluids being used, reservoir fluids, etc.
connection/tripping 1 1

Overpressure of equipment, error in


P&ID to include electronic and manual pressure
Insufficient pressure well control operations may result in 22.1.3.2 UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 125 BOTH Y measurement points. Data Acquisition
measurement points equipment damage or injury to 22.2.2.1 Service Provider
Confirm requirements at pre-spud and rig visit.
personnel. 1 1

Unclear well control strategy,


Secondary flow line tied responsibility for operating 22.1.3.2 Consult Process Flow Diagrams for appropriate UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 126 UBD Y Well Control
in to UBD manifold valves/chokes may result in well 22.2.2.1 recommendations. Service Provider
control problems. 1 1

Well control problems may not be


Improperly configured 22.1.3.2 Consult Process Flow Diagrams for appropriate Operating
4. Drilling 127 UBD Y dealt with safely, resulting in possible Well Control
BOP stack 22.2.2.1 recommendations. Company
loss of well control. 1 1

Reference appropriate regulatory body regarding


Insufficient kill fluid / kill Operating
4. Drilling 128 BOTH Y Loss of well control. 22.2.5 minimum kill fluid volume requirements. Well Control
fluid density on location Company
1 1 Kill fluid must be readily accessible.
Operating
Flow through tubing Washout below BOP may result in loss No flow allowed through any 2" (or smaller) flow. Company /
4. Drilling 129 BOTH Y 22.2.2.1 Well Control
spool or casing bowl of well control. No flow through equalization lines. UBD/MPD
1 1
Service Provider
Dual annular is used for Potential hydrocarbon release, Safety consideration are similar to the use of RCDs.
4. Drilling 130 UBD surface pressure Y pressure at the rig floor, etc. if the 22.1.3.2 Ensure that the design of the stack meets recommended RCD Supplier RCD
containment stripping annular fails. 1 1 practices.

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When

Job planning must include maximum allowable surface


Excessive back pressure for the mud weight used for the operation.
Possible formation breakdown at weak
pressure during single- Operational adjustments must be made based on the MPD Service
4. Drilling 131 MPD Y point. 22.3.12 Choke/Flowline
phase (liquid) MPD formation integrity test / leakoff gradient. Provider
Well control problems/blowout.
operations Consider installing a pressure relief valve upstream of
the choke.
1 1

Flush BOP stack prior to using components for


operational purposes.
Blind ram or pipe ram
4. Drilling 132 BOTH Y Potential loss of well control. 22.2.2.1 Check regulator pressure for rams and annular to ensure All Well Control
failure.
maximum closing pressures are observed.
1 1
Minimize cycling of BOPs.
P&ID to include electronic and manual pressure
Failure to detect kicks/losses (and
Inaccurate or insufficient measurement points. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 133 BOTH Y intensity) may result in well control 22.1.3.2 Data Acquisition
PVT measurements Confirm requirements at pre-spud and rig visit. Service Provider
incident.
1 1
Use of mass flow meters.
Use closed fluid storage system when drilling UB with oil
Changing flash point of Flashpoint and fluid properties change
4. Drilling 134 BOTH Y 22.3.10 based system. Rig Contractor Mud System
oil based drilling fluid with inflow.
1 1 Monitor fluid properties while drilling.
Inability to transfer fluid
Unable to access fluid for well control Operating
4. Drilling 135 BOTH from storage tanks to Y 22.2.5 Confirm requirements at pre-spud and rig visit. Well Control
purposes. Company
active system 1 1

Wellhead cellar full of


Possible immersion hazard in the Operating
4. Drilling 136 BOTH liquid/mud, immersion Y 22.3.3.1 Pump out and barrier off cellar prior to RCD, etc. rig up. Lease Management
event of a trip or fall. Company
hazard 1 2

High inflow rates could exceed


Size separator for flush production events.
separator ratings (liquids or gas).
Accurately measure return flow parameters - rates and
High-rate flush Increased potential for pipe erosion. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 137 BOTH Y 22.1.3.1 pressures. Separation
production encountered Possibly suspend operations before Service Provider
Develop and post Flow Control matrix in dog house and
planned TD.
UBD/MPD control room.
Exceed RCD pressure rating. 1 2

The use and benefits of and ESD need to be weighed


ESD closes on the
Over pressure RCD, resulting in failure against the potential hazards of operating the ESD
primary flow line from UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 138 BOTH Y and/or gas release at rig floor. 22.2.2.2 (intentionally or accidentally). Well Program
the BOP stack to the Service Provider
Exceed formation strength at shoe. UBD/MPD program should justify the use (or lack
separation equipment
1 2
thereof) of an ESD.

Possible adverse effects on fluid


Monitor fluid trends for signs of oil/condensate
system. Operating
Unplanned production.
Possible surface separation Company /
4. Drilling 139 BOTH condensate/oil Y 22.3.10 Program to include contingency plans if oil/condensate Well Program
challenges or storage problems. UBD/MPD
production production is a possibility, including dealing with
Flammability/explosion risk in Air Service Provider
emulsions.
Drilling operations. 1 2

Operating
Unclear responsibilities Delay in implementing well control A diagram containing key personnel roles,
Company /
4. Drilling 140 BOTH of key personnel on Y procedures may increase the potential 22.3.2 responsibilities, and reporting structure improves Lease Management
UBD/MPD
location. for a severe well control incident. communications and data dissemination on location.
1 2
Service Provider
Operating
Unclear reporting Delay in implementing key decisions A diagram containing key personnel roles,
Company /
4. Drilling 141 BOTH lines/structure on Y may result in well control incidents, 22.3.2 responsibilities, and reporting structure improves Lease Management
UBD/MPD
location exceeding equipment ratings, etc. communications and data dissemination on location.
1 2
Service Provider

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE
Failure to bleed off float Operating
Any trapped pressure below the NRV incidents in UBD/MPD operations.
4. Drilling 142 BOTH down to atmospheric Y 22.2.3.1 Company / NRV NRV
poses a risk to personnel. Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in
pressure Provider
1 2
accordance with the RP referenced.
Bleed-off to atmosphere Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE
is located in an area Workers are exposed to flying debris, incidents in UBD/MPD operations. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 143 BOTH Y 22.2.3.1 NRV
where workers are hazardous mist. Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in Service Provider
present 1 2
accordance with the RP referenced.
Release of gas/fluids at rig floor.
Top drive seal and/or
4. Drilling 144 BOTH Y Ignition/explosion risk. 22.3.10 Service and inspect before job. Rig Contractor Rig Equipment
wash pipe failure
Potential harm to personnel. 1 3

Implement pumping program in accordance with MWD


tool SOPs to minimize potential for tool failure.
4. Drilling 145 BOTH MWD tool failure Y Trip out of the hole. MWD Contractor MWD
Choose tools with a high MTBF in the demanding UBD
2 1
environment.
Odours. Continuous pilot ignition system.
Potential explosive mixture. Methane disperses rapidly into atmosphere. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 146 BOTH Flare pilot goes out Y Flare/Vent System
Optics for crew of potential explosion High concentration of nitrogen may reduce flare ignition Service Provider
risk. 2 2
and combustion efficiency.

Consider dual sample catcher manifold system.


Must be able to isolate sample catcher from primary flow
Nonconformance with regulatory
Geological sampling line.
requirement to collect samples. UBD Service
4. Drilling 147 UBD system not working or Y Service company to provide/follow sample catching Sample Catcher
Potential harm to personnel, clearing Provider
plugged procedure.
plugged sample catcher.
Adjust sample catching procedure based on volume of
samples caught each time.
2 2

Test injection pumps during rig up and commissioning.


Chemical injection Risks of carryover from separator Store chemicals as per manufacturers
UBD Service
4. Drilling 148 UBD pumps are not working Y (environmental concern). recommendations. Mud System
Provider
or not calibrated Corrosion concerns. Consider connecting injection pumps to data system.
Spear pumps/parts are to be available onsite.
2 2

Switch to second choke on dual-choke manifold.


Include choke washout in the planned/unplanned
Temporary loss of back pressure
shutdown operations.
High surface back control.
Follow SOPs. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 149 BOTH presure or UBD/MPD Y Harm to personnel or enviornment. Choke/Flowline
Follow drilling program. Service Provider
choke washout Damage to equipment.
Switch to secondary choke.
Possible loss of well control.
Have adequate mud density on location.
Have contingency SOPs.
1 1

Flowline erosion. Follow flow control matrix in program.


Higher than planned Operating
4. Drilling 150 BOTH Y Noise (flaring). Ensure separator PSV capacity is appropriate for Well Program
gas/oil inflow rates Company
Higher potential for equipment failure. anticipated maximum possible gas flow rate.
2 2

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When

Consider installing wear bushing during UBD operation.


Can't set tubing hanger.
Damage to wellhead Make sure rig alignment is good throughout operation. Operating
4. Drilling 151 BOTH Y Tubing hanger won't seal. Well Program
sealing areas Isolate well with packer/bridge plug, then run Company
Wellhead leaks.
hanger/pressure test and check sealing areas.
2 2

NRV leaking while making a


connection. Test NRVs before initial installation.
Near Surface NRV Slight injection gas/fluid blow from drill Install screens above NRV to catch debris from the drill Operating
4. Drilling 153 BOTH Y NRV
failure pipe at surface. string. Company
Lost time to trip and replace leaking Run wireline retrievable NRVs.
NRV. 2 2

Data technician or other responsible person to maintain


Failure to continuously
Possibly designing well procedures data system and assure data integrity. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 154 BOTH monitor data stream Y Data Acquisition
based on wrong information. All decision makers on location should have access to Service Provider
accuracy
2 2
the real time data stream.
Chemicals are used in Health hazards of workers exposed to Appropriate protective gear to be available based on
4. Drilling 155 UBD Y Mud Company Mud System
injection/return system chemicals. 2 3 MSDS/SDS sheets of all chemicals on location.
Operating
4. Drilling 156 BOTH Excessive casing wear Y Loss of well. Well Program
2 3 Company
Establish procedure to monitor for leaks.
Leaks in low pressure Environmental spill, potential fire
4. Drilling 157 BOTH Y Procedures must be in place for shipping fluid, ensuring RCD Supplier Separation
tank farm pipework hazard.
2 3 that no pipework is over-pressured.

Spill during Review trucking contractor's SOPs.


Environmental spill, potential fire Trucking
4. Drilling 158 BOTH offloading/loading Y Inspect condition of trucking contractors shipping lines. Mud System
hazard. Contractor
drilling fluid All employees must go through the onsite orientation.
2 3

Ensure bottoms up calculation times for sample retrieval


is accurate.
Planned hole depth not achieved.
Drill out of zone into Monitor changes in ROP/inflow/changes in directional Directional
4. Drilling 159 BOTH Y Costs incurred with sidetracking. Well Program
shale or coal control, and other drilling parameters to flag lithology Company
Possible stuck pipe, loss of BHA.
changes.
3 1
Monitor changing LWD data, if available.
Follow UBD program procedures.
Overbalanced pressure Operating
4. Drilling 160 BOTH Y Possible formation damage. Monitor trends on data system for signs of increasing Well Program
spike Company
3 1 BHP, decreasing inflow rates, etc.

Procedure in place for unplanned and planned shutdown


of gas injection system.
Possible overbalanced situation Consider back-up compression requirements.
Gas injection system Compression
4. Drilling 161 UBD Y (formation damage). Compression equipment supplier to provide Compression
fails Supplier
Lost time and cost. maintenance schedule / onsite parts list.
Gas injection metering may require frequent calibration
checks and consideration for redundant meters.
3 1

Lost time and cost. Procedure in place for unplanned and planned shutdown
Higher BHP than planned. of gas injection system.
UBD Service
4. Drilling 162 UBD Mist pump failure Y Unstable BHP. Function test prior to starting operations. Well Program
Provider
Stuck pipe/poor hole cleaning. Install screens in the suction line and ensure clean fluid
MWD failure. 3 1
is being pumped.

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When

Manage drawdown throughout all stages of the


operations.
Formation damage. Operating
Include minimum pressure to prevent breakout as a well
Stuck pipe. Company /
4. Drilling 163 BOTH Borehole instability Y design parameter. Well Program
Lost BHA/fishing costs. UBD/MPD
Avoid exiting into shale/coal seams, and avoid planning
Target not reached. Service Provider
a trajectory that crosses known trouble zones.
Minimize time in the hole without circulating.
3 1

Check drill string specifications and recent inspections.


Planned hole depth is not achieved. Implement good drilling practices - minimize doglegs,
Torque and drag are too Drill string failure. monitor hole cleaning parameters, conduct wiper trips Operating
4. Drilling 164 BOTH Y Well Program
high Pipe buckling. when required. Company
Stuck pipe. Include chemical options for friction reducers in the
planning stage of the well.
3 2

Compromised hole cleaning could


Conduct frequent mud or foam checks.
increase potential for stuck pipe. UBD/MPD
4. Drilling 165 BOTH Unstable flow in annulus Y Change pump rates/surface back pressure to change Well Program
Difficult to interpret inflow rates and Service Provider
flow regime in wellbore.
well behavior. 3 2

Formation damage. Operating


Follow MPD/UBD program for hole cleaning procedures
Stuck pipe. Company /
4. Drilling 166 BOTH Hole cleaning problems Y and monitoring. Well Program
Lost BHA/fishing costs. UBD/MPD
Monitor returns.
Target not reached. 3 2
Service Provider
Monitor fluid trends for signs of water production and
Formation damage to reservoir section
make trajectory adjustments accordingly.
already drilled.
Unplanned formation UBD program to consider contingency with regards to Operating
4. Drilling 167 BOTH Y Possibly suspension of air drilling Well Program
water production pump rates required for hole cleaning (air--foam-two- Company
program.
phase transitions).
Fluid handling/storage/trucking issues.
3 2
Consider a contingency plan to deal with emulsions.
Increased hole cleaning concerns.
Observe MWD supplier's recommendation for maximum
Possible equipment damage due to Operating
4. Drilling 168 UBD Low inflow rates Y allowable nitrogen injection rate. Well Program
increased drill string/well purge time Company
Increase awareness of possible hole cleaning problems.
required. 3 2

Lost time and cost. Connection procedures in place and rehearsed.


Excessive drill string Unstable BHP. Back pressure schedule available and updated by onsite
4. Drilling 169 BOTH Y Rig Contractor Training
connection time Possible formation damage from Engineer to optimize connection procedure to minimize
pressure spikes. 3 2
BHP spikes.

Connection procedure discussed with MWD personnel


before being finalized.
Lost time and cost. Connection procedure must consider MWD tool
Unstable BHP. requirements and limitations.
4. Drilling 170 BOTH Surveying problems Y MWD Contractor MWD
Possible formation damage from Consideration for EMMWD tools for when injecting two-
pressure spikes. phase fluids into drill string.
Positive pulse MWD has limitations with two-phase fluids
above 20-30% gas volume fraction in the standpipe.
3 2

Test integrity prior to drillout.


Drill string integrity Gas release at rig floor. Operating
5. Tripping 171 BOTH Y 22.3.11 Test drill string integrity when breaking out last near- Well Control
failure Potential pipe light. Company
1 1 surface NRV.

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Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Drill string ejected from well. Pipe light calculations to be updated based on current
Damage to equipment and/or well parameters. Operating
5. Tripping 172 BOTH Pipe light Y 22.3.7 Well Program
injury/death of personnel. Pipe light calculations need to be done befofe tripping Company
Pipe buckling. 1 1
out of the hole.
22.1.3.1 Determine decision points for when various equipment is
Increased RCD wear, pipework Operating
5. Tripping 173 UBD High flow rate from well Y 22.1.3.5 required, including push-pull equipment, and rig assisted Well Program
erosion. Company
1 1 22.2.2.4 snubbing units.
Operate RCD within supplier's specifications.
Immediate release of gas/wellbore Inspect RCD element before tripping.
RCD failure - stripping 22.2.2.3
5. Tripping 174 BOTH Y fluids to the rig floor. Consider replacing RCD element when bit is back at the RCD Supplier RCD
through RCD 22.1.3.5
Risk of ignition, injury or death. shoe.
1 1
Flow well to reduce the flowing well head pressure.
Operate RCD within supplier's specifications.
Equalizing procedure Immediate release of gas/wellbore Follow procedure recommended by RCD supplier when
22.2.2.3
5. Tripping 175 BOTH not implemented for Y fluids to the rig floor. equalizing pressure. RCD Supplier RCD
22.2.3.17
changing RCD elements Risk of ignition, injury or death. Review BOP diagram during prespud.
1 1
Vent bleedoff to a safe area.
Operate/install snubbing adaptor as per supplier's
Immediate release of gas/wellbore specifications.
RCD failure - with
5. Tripping 176 BOTH Y fluids to the rig floor. 22.3.7 Inspect/pressure test integrity of snubbing adaptor RCD Supplier RCD
snubbing adaptor
Risk of ignition, injury or death. pressure seal on RCD before commencing snubbing
1 1
operations.
Release of gas/wellbore fluids to the
RCD seal integrity is 22.2.2.3 Wear device should "leak" rather than fail
5. Tripping 177 BOTH Y rig floor. RCD Supplier RCD
unknown 22.3.7 catastrophically.
Risk of ignition, injury or death. 1 1

Test NRVs before initial installation.


Possible gas/reservoir fluid
Replace BHA NRVs after every trip.
communication to surface.
22.2.3.1 Include contingency to set a plug or another retrievable Operating
May require well kill to trip safely.
5. Tripping 178 BOTH BHA NRV failure Y 22.3.10 NRV as deep as possible. Company / NRV NRV
Unable to trip with remedying the
22.3.7 Install screens above NRV to catch debris from the drill Provider
situation (well kill, set a plug or
string.
retrieve/replace NRV).
Run a minimum of two NRVs in the BHA.
1 1

Release of injection gas at rig floor. Improper use of NRVs are a leading cause of HSE
Possible injury/death to personnel if 22.2.3.1 incidents in UBD/MPD operations.
5. Tripping 179 BOTH NRV Bleed-off tool fails Y NRV Supplier NRV
bleed-off tool fails mechanically or 22.3.7 Review supplier's SOPs and implement their use in
hose comes lose. 1 1
accordance with the RP referenced.
Pipe light calculations and associated equipment
Reservoir pressure is Deeper pipe light point. 22.1.3.1 Operating
5. Tripping 180 BOTH Y requirements to be updated based on current well Well Control
higher than anticipated Increased RCD wear/failure potential. 22.1.3.5 Company
1 1 parameters.
Snubbing unit to be equipped with fail safe slip design to
prevent pipe light condition.
Pre-job inspection minimizes the potential for equipment Snubbing
5. Tripping 181 UBD Snubbing unit failure Y Lost time and cost. 22.3.7 Well Program
downtime. Contractor
Unsupported pipe length buckling calculations shall be
1 1
made.
Consider the use of variable pipe rams as backup to the
Potential gas release to surface.
annular.
5. Tripping 182 BOTH Annular BOP failure Y Potential loss of well control 22.2.2.1 Rig Contractor Well Control
Cannot change RCD element until Annular BOP (and a
equipment.
1 1
second barrier) are both operational.

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Washout in primary Higher surface pressure if well has to 22.3.7 Procedure in place (and rehearsed) to divert to UBD/MPD
5. Tripping 183 BOTH Y Choke/Flowline
flowline (while Stripping) be shut in. 22.3.9 secondary flow line to fix leak. Service Provider
1 2

Buckling, yield, or Damage to equipment. Calculate buckling strength. Snubbing


5. Tripping 184 BOTH Y 22.3.11 Well Program
collapse of drill string Injury to personnel. 1 2 Confirm calculations with maximum operating WHP. Contractor
Use maximum diameter for pipe light calculations.
Increased cross sectional area Operate pipe heavy and pipe light slips.
Varying outer diameters 22.2.2.3 Snubbing
5. Tripping 185 BOTH Y increases snubbing force and Avoid running jars and bumper subs. Well Program
in BHA 22.3.7 Contractor
associated risks. If stripping through RCD ensure all BHA components are
1 2
strippable.

Failure to properly Very unlikely scenario.


Pipe connection may come apart. Snubbing
5. Tripping 186 BOTH torque pipe connections Y Follow SOPs for making up and breaking out Well Program
Potential loss of BHA/wellbore. Contractor
while tripping connections while tripping.
2 1

Well is to be considered live despite low inflow rate.


Low gas flow rate from RCD to remain engaged at all times - well is never to be
Low pressure at surface reduces risk Operating
5. Tripping 187 UBD reservoir (<0.25 Y open to atmosphere. Well Program
to personnel and the environment. Company
MMscfd) Monitor wellhead flowing pressure for changes
2 2
throughout operation.
Possibility for hydrates. Methanol and injection pump available on site.
Flowing temperature Potential equipment damage, Calculations should be done in the well planning stage to UBD/MPD
5. Tripping 188 BOTH Y Choke/Flowline
changes injury/death to personnel if hydrate define the temperature/pressure window under which Service Provider
breaks loose. 2 2
hydrates may develop.
Formation damage if the well has to be
killed for trips. UBD program is to include the snubbing procedures and
Inadequate space to rig Snubbing
5. Tripping 189 UBD Y Possible injuries to personnel if trying equipment to be used. Well Program
up snubbing equipment Contractor
to rig up equipment in extremely tight Snubbing contractor should be involved in pre-spud.
space. 2 2

Failure in
Possible damage to equipment.
communications during Procedures to be reviewed in a safety meeting prior to Operating
5. Tripping 190 UBD Y Injury to personnel. Lease Management
stripping/snubbing commencing stripping/snubbing operations. Company
Gas/well bore fluids release to surface.
operations
2 2

Driller has poor visibility


Rig up in best location possible.
of work floor due to Potential damage to equipment. Snubbing
5. Tripping 191 UBD Y Conduct JSA and hazard assessment prior to Well Program
snubbing unit or push Hazard to personnel. Contractor
commencing operations.
pull unit 2 2

Complex BHAs, tubular BHA tools/drawings are required in the planning stages.
Snubbing
5. Tripping 192 UBD dimensions and inability Y Gas release at rig floor. Only strippable components, or components that can be Well Program
Contractor
to stage tools staged in the hole easily should be installed.
2 2 .
Uncertainty with regards to whether Bleed off string, inflow test and continue tripping if BHA
Near Surface NRV Operating
5. Tripping 193 UBD Y near surface, or BHA NRVs are NRV integrity exists. NRV
failure Company
leaking may take some time. 3 3 Only BHA NRVs are a major concern when tripping.

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When

Not able to remove drill string


Adding spacer spool between RCD and annular
components.
preventer.
Increase drill string integrity risk with
Lubricator spacing for Adding a pony sub under the rig.
connections below lowermost NRV.
staging in/out odd sized Sumping casing bowl.
5. Tripping 221 UBD Y Bit must be pulled closer to the Rig Contractor Well Control
drill/work string Using smaller BOP diameter.
diverter element prior to closing the
components Using double gate rams.
blind ram during tripping.
Connection of lowermost BOP to tubing head spool (no
Cannot install packers and/or
DSA).
completion assemblies in well.
2 2

Inflow test all connections below the lowermost NRV


prior to removal from the well using annular preventor
and RCD.
Conduct motor pump test prior to pulling motor through
Loss of drill string Loss of well control.
RCD.
5. Tripping 222 UBD integrity below the Y Fire/explosion. 22.2.3.1 Rig Contractor Well Control
Maximize lubricator space to minimize the number of
lowermost NRV
connections below the lowermost NRV that have to be
removed from the well prior to closing the blind ram.
Consider adding an NRV below the motor and/or as
close to the bit as possible.
1 1

Operate/install snubbing adaptor as per supplier's


Immediate release of gas/wellbore specifications.
22.3.7
6. Wireline 194 BOTH RCD adaptor fails Y fluids to the rig floor. Inspect/pressure test integrity of snubbing adaptor RCD Supplier RCD
22.3.9
Risk of ignition, injury or death. pressure seal on RCD before commencing snubbing
1 1
operations.

Wireline lubricator Gas/wellbore fluids release at surface. Low probability of occurrence. Wireline
6. Wireline 195 UBD Y Wireline Tools
leaks/fails. Potential harm to personnel. Pressure test with water or nitrogen before equalizing. Contractor
2 2

Grease injector head Wireline


6. Wireline 196 UBD Y Gas release at surface. Run wireline BOPs. Wireline Tools
fails 2 2 Contractor
Fishing operation may require the well to be killed.
Loss of weight of tools may cause the wireline to be
Logging tools get stuck Wireline
6. Wireline 197 UBD Y Lost time and cost. expelled out of the hole (even with a grease injector Fishing
in the hole Contractor
rigged up).
2 2
Consider LWD as an alternative.
No pressure gauge on Potential damage to equipment, harm Wireline
6. Wireline 198 UBD Y Manual gauge must be installed on the lubricator. Wireline Tools
lubricator to personnel. 2 2 Contractor
Standard cased-hole/open-hole equipment is not set up
Unable to run in hole Delays (time and cost). Wireline
6. Wireline 199 UBD Y for operating at high surface pressures. Well Program
due to pressure Gas leaks through pack-off. Contractor
2 3 Run grease injector.
Improper RCD adapter Confirm requirements for adaptor in pre-spud or when
6. Wireline 200 BOTH Y Wait on equipment (time and cost). RCD Supplier RCD
on location 3 1 calling out the wireline unit.
7. Suspend Well Pipe light condition
Damage to equipment. 22.3.7 Same controls as stripping/snubbing drill pipe out of the Operating
for Rig Out or 202 BOTH occurs while running Y Well Program
Injury to personnel. 22.3.9 hole are required. Company
Completion tubing 1 1

Stabbing valve with crossover to tubing connection must


7. Suspend Well
Plug in tubing or tubing 22.3.7 be made up and ready for use on the rig floor. Operating
for Rig Out or 203 BOTH Y Immediate gas flow to surface. Well Program
end plug fails 22.3.9 Consider having profile sub with nipple as part of tubular Company
Completion
1 1
string.

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Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
7. Suspend Well Potential for bridge plug Pressure at surface while rigging out
22.3.8 A double barrier is required when rigging out the BOP Operating
for Rig Out or 204 UBD to leak after pressure Y BOP can have catastrophic HSE Well Program
22.3.9 stack. Company
Completion testing results. 1 2

Gas flow at surface without well Maintain the ability to flow the well to the separation
7. Suspend Well Dognut leaks when
control. package until the well head is secured. Operating
for Rig Out or 205 UBD BOPs are being rigged Y 22.3.8 Well Program
Possible loss of well, injury/death to Check for leaks continuously while unbolting BOPs. Company
Completion out
personnel. Keep nuts on well head studs while first raising BOPs.
1 2

7. Suspend Well Tubing or wireline set


Operating
for Rig Out or 206 UBD bridge plug fails to Y Unable to nipple up well head. Retrieve plug and set a new plug. Well Program
Company
Completion pressure test 2 2

High surface pressure could cause a


7. Suspend Well
Pressure testing a plug pipe light condition. Pipe light calculations must be made prior to pressure Operating
for Rig Out or 207 UBD Y Well Program
with pipe in the hole Potential damage to equipment, injury testing if pipe is in the hole while testing. Company
Completion
to personnel. 2 2

7. Suspend Well Ensure good hole cleaning on last trip out of the hole
Tight hole or stuck pipe Time and cost. Operating
for Rig Out or 208 BOTH Y with drillpipe/bit. Well Program
when running tubing Potentially have to kill the well. Company
Completion Conduct scraper run prior to running production packers.
2 2

Run wear bushing while drilling to minimize potential of


7. Suspend Well Unable to land damaging the wellhead.
Time and cost. Operating
for Rig Out or 209 UBD dognut/tubing in Y Note that the wear bushing may also create a problem in Well Program
Potentially have to kill the well. Company
Completion wellhead that it may be difficult to remove.
Written procedure recommended for landing the dognut.
2 2

7. Suspend Well Liquid remains in the


Conduct adequate blow-down of well (dry gas scenario) Operating
for Rig Out or 210 UBD hole prior to well Y Formation damage may result (cost). Well Program
in liquid sensitive formations. Company
Completion suspension/completion
3 3

Well suspension plan to be in place and approved by


Potential hydrocarbon release at
Wellhead fails or is operator. Operating
8. Rig Out 211 BOTH Y surface. 22.3.9 Well Program
damaged during rig out Rig out plan to be reviewed on site. Company
Harm to personnel.
1 1

Company man to coordinate hoisting activities with


picker operator, and supervisors.
Harm to personnel.
8. Rig Out 212 BOTH Lifting hazards Y 22.3.5 Pre-fab BOP components can be difficult to install in low Picker Operator Lease Management
Lost time and cost.
clearance areas.
1 1
Safety hand to be involved during rig up.
Ensure hand signals are in place for important
communications.
Harm to personnel due to erroneous
Loss of radio Establish radio protocol in safety meeting. Operating
8. Rig Out 213 BOTH Y communications. 22.3.3.3 Lease Management
communication Supply sufficient head sets for men working in high-noise Company
Lost time and cost.
environments.
1 1
Establish battery changing schedule.

Concurrent rig up of rig Onsite supervisors to formulate rig up plan.


Harm to personnel. Operating
8. Rig Out 214 BOTH and UBD/MPD package Y 22.3.4 Company man to coordinate overall strategy. Training
Lost time and cost. Company
causes confusion Safety hand to be involved during rig up.
1 1

23 of 29 03/05/2017 DRAFT
IRP 22 - Hazard and Risk Assessment Register
G
Y
R G
Y
R

Applicable
Relevance Required HSE Primary
Operational Hazard Scenario Primary

HSE
NPT
Item (UBD/MPD/B Threats/Consequences Critical Controls / Considerations Responsible
Phase What If ? Category
oth) Safeguards Party
Actions to be taken / By Who and When
Onsite orientation and training.
Supervisors to ensure that all personnel have been
trained in the various components of the rig up
operation.
Crew shortage and/or Harm to personnel.
8. Rig Out 215 BOTH Y Identify tasks in tool box safety meetings. All Training
inexperience Lost time and cost.
Ensure all workers understand their right to refuse
unsafe work, or request training/guidance for tasks that
they are not yet competent in.
Consider EMS onsite during rig up operations.
2 1

Conduct review of lighting requirements with service


Increased potential for HSE incidents companies at pre-spud. Operating
8. Rig Out 216 BOTH Inadequate lighting Y Lease Management
such as slips, trips or falls. Consider constructing a lighting diagram. Company
2 2
Rent light towers as required.
Consider extensive use of rig matting.
Ice, mud, uneven terrain can increase Operating
8. Rig Out 217 BOTH Poor ground conditions Y Sawdust, etc. to be available to improve footing on Lease Management
potential for slips, trips and falls. Company
2 2 snow/ice in winter operations.
Harm to personnel. Supervisors have obligation to stop unsafe Operating
8. Rig Out 218 BOTH Poor weather Y Lease Management
Lost time and cost. 2 2 work/activities. Company

Purge lines with inert gas or water prior to rigging out.


Potential explosive gas release while
Check LEL prior to using hammer on hammer unions -
Improperly purged rigging out. UBD/MPD
8. Rig Out 219 BOTH Y use brass hammer. Separation
equipment Vessel entry for clean up is not Service Provider
Use separator that can be cleaned without entering.
possible with explosive gas in vessel.
Ensure flare is distinguished.
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24 of 29 03/05/2017 DRAFT
1. Planning
2. Rig Up / Pressure Test / Commissioning
3. Drill Out and Hole Conditioning
4. Drilling
5. Tripping
6. Wireline
7. Suspend Well for Rig Out or Completion
8. Rig Out
9. Other Hazards and Operations
UBD
MPD
Both
3rd Party Rental
All
Coil Tubing Contractor
Compression Supplier
Directional Company
MPD Equipment Provider
MPD Service Provider
Mud Company
MWD Contractor
MWD Contractor / UBD/MPD Service Provider
NRV Supplier
Operating Company
Operating Company / MPD Service Provider
Operating Company / NRV Provider
Operating Company / UBD Service Provider
Operating Company / UBD/MPD Service Provider
Picker Operator
Picker Operator / UBD/MPD Service Provider
RCD Supplier
RCD Supplier / UBD/MPD Service Provider
Rig Contractor
Rig Contractor / UBD/MPD Service Provider
Safety Services
Snubbing Contractor
Trucking Contractor
UBD Service Provider
UBD/MPD Service Provider
Wireline Contractor
All
BOP System
Choke/Flowline
Compression
Data Acquisition
Drill String
Fishing
Flare/Vent System
Lease Requirements
Lease Management
Mud System
MWD
MPD/UBD Equipment Rental
N/A
NRV
PDM
RCD
Rig Equipment
Sample Catcher
Separation
Training
Well Control
Well Program
Wireline
Wireline Tools
Y
N